HUPMOBILE Automobiles, Hupp Motor Car Company, Detroit, Michigan, United States 1909-1941

1909 HUPMOBILE model 20 Runabout

1909 HUPMOBILE model 20 Runabout

Hupmobile

 hupmobile_logo2Hupmobile-car-logo-2

Hupp Motor Car Company
Automobile Manufacturing
Industry Automotive
Founded 1909
Defunct 1940
Headquarters Detroit, Michigan, United States
Products vehicles
Automotive parts
Hupp grille badge, on a 1941 Skylark
Hupp grille badge, on a 1941 Skylark

Hupmobile was an automobile built from 1909 through 1940 by the Hupp Motor Car Company, which was located at 345 Bellevue Avenue in DetroitMichigan. Its first car, the Model 20, was introduced to the public at the Detroit Auto Show in February 1909. The company initially produced 500 vehicles.

History

hupmobile_logo2

Founding

Robert Craig Hupp (June 2, 1877 in Grand Rapids, Michigan – 1931), a former employee of Oldsmobile and Ford, founded the company with his brother Louis Gorham Hupp (November 13, 1872 in Michigan – December 10, 1961 in Michigan) in 1908. Production began in 1909. In 1910, production increased by more than 5000. Following disagreements with his financial backers Robert Hupp sold his stock in the Hupp Motor Car Company and established the short-lived RCH Automobile Company, later the Hupp-Yeats Electric Car Company. In 1912, Hupp would be one of two automakers pioneering the use of all-steel bodies, joining BSA in the UK. Hupp’s panels were produced by Hale & Kilburn, which was run by Edward BuddCarl Wickman, a car dealer in Hibbing, Minnesota, used an unsold 7-passenger model as the first vehicle for what became Greyhound. In 1913 Frank E. Watts was hired as a designer.

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Expansion

Hupp Motor Car Company continued to grow after its founder left. A new plant was purchased in 1924 as Hupp competed strongly against Ford and Chevrolet. DuBois Young became company president in 1924 moving up from vice-president of manufacturing. By 1928 sales had reached over 65,000 units. To increase production and handle the growth in sales, Hupp purchased the ChandlerChandler-Cleveland Motors Corporation (Chandler Motor Car) for its manufacturing facilities.

1910-22 Hupmobile

Decline

Sales and production began to fall even before the onset of the depression in 1930. A strategy to make the Hupmobile a larger, more expensive car began with the 1925 introduction of an 8-cylinder model, followed by the discontinuance of the traditional 4-cylinder Hupmobile. While aiming for a seemingly more lucrative market segment, Hupp essentially turned its back on its established clientele. The company made the same mistake that many other medium-priced carmakers were making at the same time. In an attempt to capture every possible sale, they offered many different models. With Hupmobile’s relatively low production volume, the result was that no model could be produced in sufficient quantity to keep manufacturing costs low enough to provide an operating profit.

1915 Hupmobile Service Double sided Porcelain Sign

New models

Hupp abandoned its more conservatively styled product line and turned to industrial designer Raymond Loewy to design its 1932 Hupp cyclefender, a flashy roadster that did well at the track, but sales continued to decline. 1934 saw the introduction of a striking restyle called the “Aerodynamic” by Loewy, as well as the lower-priced series 417-W using Murray-built slightly-modified Ford bodies.

Despite technical innovations, squabbles among stockholders and an attempted hostile takeover in 1935 took their toll on the company. By 1936 the company was forced to sell some of its plants and assets and in 1937 Hupmobile suspended manufacturing. A new line of six- and eight-cylinder cars was fielded for 1938, but by this time Hupp had very few dealers, and sales were disappointingly low.

Desperate for a return to market strength, on February 8, 1938, Hupmobile acquired the production dies of the Gordon Buehrig designed Cord 810/812 from the defunct Cord Automobile Company. Hupp paid US$900,000 for the tooling. Hupmobile hoped that using the striking Cord design in a lower-priced conventional car, called the Skylark, would return the company to financial health. Enthusiastic orders came in by the thousands, but production delays soured customer support.

1920's Hupmobile 6 Automobile Radiator Grille

Joint venture

Lacking adequate production facilities, Hupmobile worked out a deal with the ailing Graham-Paige Motor Co. to share the Cord dies. Hupmobile and Graham would both sell similar models, which would all be built at Graham-Paige’s facilities. While each marque’s product used its own power train, the Graham edition, called the Hollywood, otherwise differed from the Skylark in only a few minor details.

1932 hupmobile_32_emblem_14

Closure

In 1939 the Hupmobile Skylark finally began delivery. Unfortunately, it had taken too many years to produce and most of the orders had been canceled. Production lasted only a couple of months, and only 319 Skylarks were produced. Hupmobile ceased production in late summer. Graham-Paige suspended production shortly after the last Hupmobile rolled off the line.

images

Technical innovations

In a constant effort to remain competitive, Hupp introduced a number of new features. They were one of the very first automakers to equip their cars with “free wheeling,” a device that enjoyed immense, but brief, popularity in automobiles in the 1930s. Hupmobile also pioneered fresh-air car heaters with the Evanair-Conditioner.

Hupmobile-car-logo-3

Legacy

In 1914, Eric Wickman tried to establish a Hupmobile dealership but couldn’t sell them so he started transporting miners in one of the vehicles and founded Greyhound Lines. The National Football League was created at Ralph Hay’s Hupmobile dealership in Canton, Ohio in 1920.

The Skylark’s grille later inspired the grilles used on Lincoln Continental models in the 1940s. Their heater technology became widely adopted in the industry. The Hupmobile dealership in Omaha, Nebraska is a prominent historic landmark. The dealership building in Washington, D.C. is now the H Street Playhouse.

Hupmobile Spaceship

Models Gallery

1909 Hupmobile 20HP 4Cyl DV-06 ARM 07 1909 HUPMOBILE model 20 Runabout 1909 Hupmobile Runabout, USA 1909 1909 Hupmobile Runabout, USA 1909 Hupmobile-Model-20-runabout

1909 HUPMOBILE model 20 Runabout

hupmobile_logo2

1910 Hupmobile 12, USA 1910 1910 Hupmobile 12, USA d 1910 Hupmobile 12, USA c 1910 Hupmobile 12, USA b 1910 Hupmobile 12, USA a

1910 Hupmobile 12, USA e

1910 Hupmobile 12, USA

1910-22 Hupmobile

1910 Hupmobile Model 20 Roadster

1910 Hupmobile Model 20 Roadster

1910 Hupmobile Racing

1910-hupmobile-racing

1910 hupmobile_1910

1910 Hupmobile Model 20 runabout

1910-hupmobile-model-20-runabout

1911 Hupmobile Model 20 1911 Hupmobile model D 1911 Hupmobile Runabout ad 1911 hupmobileB

1911

 1912 - HUPMOBILE ad in spain 1912 Hupmobile 0511 1912 Hupmobile Model 20 17 1912 Hupmobile Model 20 Torpedo Roadster 1912 HUPMOBILE Model 20, 4-cyl., 20 hp, 86 1912 hupmobile-1912Hupmobile 1912

1913 Hupmobile Model 32 Two-Seater

1913-hupmobile-model-32-two-seater

1913 Hupmobile Torpedo 12-16 hp decapotable - Publicite Automobile de 1913

1913-hupmobile

 1914 Hupmobile 32 COUPÉ

1914-hupmobile-32-coupé

1914 Hupmobile ad 1914 Hupmobile HAK 32 (1914)

1914-hupmobile-hak-32

1914 Hupmobile Model H 15-18hp with Coachwork by Oakley Ltd.

1914 Hupmobile Model H 15-18hp with Coachwork by Oakley Ltd.

1914 hupmobile-touring--04 (1)1914 Hupmobile

1914 Hupmobile HAK 32 (1914) 1915 Hupmobile Service Double sided Porcelain Sign 1915 Hupmobile 1915 hupmobile-1915-dirk-mark

Hupmobile 1915

1916 Hupmobile

1916 Hupmobile

1917 hupmobile dirk-van-der-mark

1917 hupmobile dirk-van-der-mark NL

1918 Hupmobile-Ad-8-24-1918_revised

1918 Hupmobile-Ad

1919 Hupmobile 17 HP, USA a 1919 Hupmobile 17 HP, USA b 1919 Hupmobile 17 HP, USA c

1919 Hupmobile 17 HP, USA

1920 Hupmobile 1920's Hupmobile 6 Automobile Radiator Grille

1920 Hupmobile

1921 Hupmobile 2 1921 Hupmobile a 1921 Hupmobile model R

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA
OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

1921 Hupmobile Touring Car Convertible 1921 HUPMOBILE TOURING-vi 1921 Hupmobile 1921 hupmobile-series-r4-2 1921 hupmobile-series-r4-4

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA
OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

1921 studebaker light 6s

1921 Hupmobile

1922 Hupmobile Model R 1922 hupmobile R10-112touring4cyl3speedOLO

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1922 Hupmobile Touring Sedan 1922 Hupmobile touring 1922 Hupmobile 1922 hupmobile-series-r7-3 1922 hupmobile-touring--11 1922-hupmobile-boyce-motometer-hood-ornament-mike-martin 1922-hupmobile-brake-light-mike-martin 1922-hupmobile-mike-martin

1922 Hupmobile

1923 hupmobile antique 1923 Hupmobile Coupe 1923 Hupmobile Model R (6191529886) FOT1138703 1923 Hupmobile R Series Roadster 1923 Hupmobile Tourer 1923 Hupmobile 1923 hupmobile-1923-09-dirk-mark

1923 Hupmobile

1924 Hupmobile RRS Special Roadster

1924 Hupmobile RRS Special Roadster

1924 Hupmobile Touring

1924 Hupmobile Touring

1925 Hupmobile Ad-02 1925 Hupmobile Model E 1925 Hupmobile Model E-1 (E-8) 1925 Hupmobile Series E Tow Truck 2 1925 Hupmobile Tourer

Hupmobile 1925

1926 Hupmobile Four Door Sedan

1926-hupmobile-four-door-sedan

1927 Hupmobile Ad-03 1927 Hupmobile Ad-04 1927 Hupmobile Eight Coupé, (8 Zyl., 4402 cm3, 67 PS) 1927 Hupmobile Opera 1927 Hupmobile-Eight-Ad-Art-by-Larry-Stults-1927-08

Hupmobile 1927

1928 hupmobile ad id2704 1928 Hupmobile Ad-01 1928 Hupmobile Ad-02 1928-Hupmobile-Century-E-4 DV-14-SHC-01

1928-hupmobile-century-e-4-dv

Hupmobile 1928

1929 Hupmobile Series M De Luxe Century 4-D Sedan

Hupmobile Series M De Luxe Century 4-Door Sedan 1929

1929 hupmobile aug 1929 Hupmobile Series A (Century Six, Century 6) 1929 Hupmobile Series M De Luxe Century 4-D Sedan 1929 Hupmobile-New-Century-Six-and-Eight-Ad-Art-by-Bernard-Boutet-de-Monvel-1929-02

Hupmobile 1929

1930 hupmobile 6cyl coupe ad 1930 hupmobile ad 1930 hupmobile adv 1930 Hupmobile Model S Coupe 1930 Hupmobile model S Roadster, USA a 1930 Hupmobile model S Roadster, USA b 1930 Hupmobile model S Roadster, USA c 1930 Hupmobile model S Roadster, USA d 1930 Hupmobile Six Roadster, USA a 1930 Hupmobile Six Roadster, USA b 1930 Hupmobile Six Roadster, USA c 1930 Hupmobile Six Roadster, USA d 1930 Hupmobile Six Roadster, USA e 1930 Hupmobile Six, USA a 1930 Hupmobile Six, USA b 1930 Hupmobile Six, USA c

Hupmobile 1930

1931 hupmobile Ad-01 1931 Hupmobile Century Eight L Model Sedan 1931 Hupmobile Century Eight Phaeton

1931 Hupmobile

1932 hupmobile ad 1932 Hupmobile Ad-01 1932 Hupmobile Custom Roadster Hood Ornament 1932 Hupmobile Eight Sedan, USA 1932 Hupmobile F 222 Eight Cylinder Four-Door Sedan 1932 Hupmobile Series-I 226 Rumbleseat Coupe 1932 hupmobile_32_emblem_14

1932 Hupmobile 4-door sedan

Hupmobile 4-Door Sedan 1932

1933 hupmobile 322f convert coupe 1933 hupmobile Ad-02 1933 Hupmobile B-316 Roadster 1933 Hupmobile KK321 4 door sedan 1933 Hupmobile Sedan 1933 hupmobile33 1933 hupmobile-k-321-convertible-coupe

1933 Hupmobile

1934 Hupmobile 417 W Sedan 1934 Hupmobile 417W Manufactured in Detroit 1934 hupmobile 427 eight 1934 Hupmobile Ad-1 1934 Hupmobile Aerodynamic Coupe 1934 Hupmobile Aero-Dynamic 1934 Hupmobile AeroLine 1934 Hupmobile rear 1934 Hupmobile Sedan 1934 Hupmobile-3-Window-Coupe1 1934 Hupmobile-1934-ham

1934 Hupmobile 417 W Sedan

Hupmobile Series 417-W 4-Door Sedan 1934

dwg by Alexis de Sakhnoffsky
dwg by Alexis de Sakhnoffsky

1935 hupmobile 518-d sedan 1935 Hupmobile Ad-01 1935 hupmobile Ad-02 1935 Hupmobile J-521 Aerodynamic Coupe 1935 Hupmobile Series 518 Sedan 1935 Hupmobile Series518Sedan1 1935 Hupmobile Stewart Warner Speedometer Speedo Assembly NOS 1935 Hupmobile. 1935 hupmobile-series-521j-8 1935 hupmobile-series-521j-1935-13

1935 Hupmobile

1936 hupmobile cover 1936 hupmobile range

Hupmobile 1936

1937 Hupmobile 618G Custom Series Coupe 1937 hupmobile sedan

1937 Hubmobile

1938 hupmobile Ad-01 1938 Hupmobile Skylark Postcard-01 1938 Hupmobile 1938 hupmobile-series-822e-12

1938 Hupmobile

1939 hupmobile Skylark Convertible 1939 Hupmobile Skylark

Hupmobile 1939

1940 hupmobile sedan 1940 Hupmobile Skylark a 1940 hupmobile Skylark Convertible 1940 Hupmobile Skylark Postcard-01 1940 Hupmobile Skylark R-015, 4-door sedan 1940 Nick-dunkavich-1940-hupmobile

1940 Hubmobile

1941 hupmobile skylark 1941 Hupp badge

1941 Hupp Skylark based on the iconic Cord 810

1941 Skylark, based on the iconic Cord 810

Chandler en Hupmobile ad Chandler download emblems-7 hupmobile 11 Hupmobile 63628 Hupmobile Ad b Hupmobile ad Hupmobile Aerodynamic Coupe

KF2-22A0
KF2-22A0

Hupmobile Gr Hupmobile Model R Hupmobile six Hupmobile Skylark Hupmobile Spaceship Hupmobile hupmobile_ad hupmobile_logo2 hupmobile-618-14 hupmobile-618-15 Hupmobile-car-logo-1 Hupmobile-car-logo-2 Hupmobile-car-logo-3 Hupmobile-hood-script hupmobile-model-a1-9 hupmobile-roadster-03 hupmobile-touring--04 images vintage-automobile-ads-don-struke

Buses DESOTO USA

Buses DESOTO USA

8-desoto-grille

Official Logo DeSoto

1934-DeSoto-Airflow

1934-DeSoto-Airflow

1935-DeSoto-Airstream

1939 Coche 29, Dodge, Desoto o Fargo Agosti carr..Juan Flores(p) (puerta) Angel Labombarda(Derecha)

1939 Coche 29, Dodge, Desoto o Fargo Agosti carr..Juan Flores(p) (puerta) Angel Labombarda(Derecha)

1939 DeSoto

1939 DeSoto

1942 Desoto Open Bus

1942 Desoto Open Bus

1946 Desoto PikiWiki Israel 3691 BUS

1946 Desoto PikiWiki Israel 3691 BUS

1946 Desoto Thai Bangkok Bus 46-22 open

1946 Desoto Thai Bangkok Bus 46-22 open

1950 DESOTO Beach bus

1950 DESOTO Beach bus

1950-DeSoto

1950-DeSoto

1951 Desoto Hilo Sampan Bus a

1951 Desoto Hilo Sampan Bus

1951 Desoto Hilo Sampan Bus

1951 Desoto Hilo Sampan Bus

1950 DESOTO Beach bus a

1951 Desoto Hilo Sampan Bus

1952 Desoto BEACH BUS b

1952 Desoto BEACH BUS

1952 Desoto SampanBus

1952 Desoto SampanBus

PhotoELF Edits: 2009:07:30 --- Batch Resized

1953 Border Coaches DeSoto

1954 Desoto Saigon 05

1954 Desoto Saigon

1954 desoto trunk

1954 desoto trunk

PhotoELF Edits: 2009:07:30 --- Resized

1955 Border Coaches DeSot0

desoto

1955 Desoto Askam Fargo Dodge Thaibus Bangkok 25-55 Desoto

1955 Desoto Askam Fargo Dodge Thaibus Bangkok

1957 Desoto Bus

1957 Desoto Bus

1958 Desoto bus long xuyen sadec - Cho moi Vietnam

1958 Desoto bus long xuyen sadec – Cho moi Vietnam

1959 DeSoto Bus EH 3970

1959 DeSoto Bus EH 3970

1960 Desoto Bangkok Thai Bus

1960 Desoto Bangkok Thai Bus

1962 Desoto Off-road bus, Koryazhma

1962 Desoto Off-road bus, Koryazhma

1965 Desoto images

1965 Desoto off road bus

1965 Fargo Desoto Thai Bus Bangkok

1965 Fargo Desoto Thai Bus Bangkok

DeSotoFluidDriveWeb-Large

Desoto © Dennis David

1967 Desoto Schoolbus 1967

1967 Desoto Schoolbus

1973 Desoto Himilayanschoolbus 700

1973 Desoto Himilayanschoolbus 700

2005 DeSoto AS250 D - WD Turkije

2005 DeSoto AS250 D – WD Turkije

2007 DeSoto AS250 D - WD bus

2007 DeSoto AS250 D – WD bus

2012 DeSoto County MS school bus

2012 DeSoto County MS school bus (The last is no DeSoto)

End

Filed Under: ASKAM, CHRYSLER, DESOTODODGEFARGO, BUSESTrucks,USA

Buses DIAMOND Chicago USA

Buses DIAMOND T Chicago USA

47L DIAMOND T LOGO ROUILLÉ OK

DIAMOND   T  Logo 

Diamond T Motor Car Company

De Diamond T Motor Car Company was een producent van personenwagens (tot 1910) en vrachtwagens (van 1910 tot 1966) in Chicago (Illinois), Verenigde Staten.

De vader van de grondlegger, Joseph Edward Tilt, werd geboren op 29 oktober 1843 en is overleden op 28 september 1930, zijn moeder Sarah B. Thompson, is geboren in de Verenigde Staten van Amerika in 1854; de datum van haar overlijden is onbekend. Joseph kwam in 1871 vanuit Ierland naar de Verenigde Staten en is daar genaturaliseerd. Hun zoon, Charles Arthur Tilt, de grondlegger zelf, werd geboren in juni 1877. Hij groeide op in Chicago, waar zijn vader schoenen en laarzen fabriceerde, die hij verkocht in zijn eigen winkels onder de merknaam “Diamond T”, met ongeveer 150 medewerkers. Het bijbehorend logo bevatte de ‘Diamant’ voor de kwaliteit en de ‘T’ voor Tilt.

De grondlegger

Charles A. Tilt begon met werken in 1896 in de schoenfabriek van zijn vader. Na acht jaar in allerlei banen gewerkt te hebben, keerde hij op vierentwintigjarige leeftijd terug naar Chicago om te werken voor Charles W. Knight, uitvinder van de beroemde Silent Knight motor. Knight was een zakenrelatie van vader Joseph en huurde een deel van een gebouw naast de schoenenfabriek. Charles was gedurende 1904 en 1905 werkzaam voor Charles Knight en leerde daar het technische vak. In de herfst van 1905 begon hij zijn eigen bedrijf, een machinefabriekje van één verdieping hoog aan de achterkant van de schoenenfabriek. Met besef van marketing gebruikte hij hetzelfde logo als zijn vader bij de oprichting van zijn eigen Diamond T Motor Car Company

Er zijn een aantal interessante verhalen over de financiële ondersteuning van Tilts start in het bedrijfsleven. Met zijn vader stond hij niet op beste voet op dat moment. Een artikel in de pers uit die tijd vermeldt dat hij met $ 1.000 eigen gespaard geld zijn bedrijf startte. Een andere bron meldt dat hij begon met geld, dat hij had gekregen van zijn moeder.Hij trok zich in 1946 uit het bedrijf terug en overleed in 1956 Het bedrijf

De Diamond T Motor Car Company of Chicago begon in 1905 als bouwer van personenauto’s. Tussen 1905-1910 alleen met de hand en naar wens van de klant. De auto’s waren van een roadster-type met een viercilindermotor. Ze werden alleen lokaal in Chicago verkocht. De eerste Diamond T truck werd gebouwd voor L. Wolff Manufacturing Co., een groot loodgietersbedrijf. Deze truck was net als alle andere Diamond T producten geassembleerd, dat wil zeggen samengesteld uit onderdelen die door andere fabrikanten dan Diamond T geproduceerd werden. “Old No 1″, zoals de truck nu genoemd wordt, had een 4-cilinder Continental motor, Timken assen, Brown Lipe versnellingsbak en een AO Smith chassis. Hij had kettingaandrijving, zoals toen gebruikelijk was. Dat de bouwkwaliteit hoog was blijkt uit het feit dat deze truck tot ver in de jaren 30 in gebruik is geweest.

Het bedrijf werkte eerst alleen lokaal, maar in 1915 werd er een beperkte dealerorganisatie opgezet. Het bedrijf groeide daarmee uit tot een landelijke fabrikant. In 1917 werd er een nieuwe en veel grotere fabriek gebouwd op de 26e straat en de Belt Railroad, nog steeds in Chicago. De vrachtwagens werden daar voortaan op een lopende band gebouwd.

Eerste Wereldoorlog

Tijdens de Eerste Wereldoorlog bouwde Diamond T 1500 trucks van het model “B” voor het leger. De model B vrachtwagen maakte gebruik van een motor die was ontwikkeld door Ing. C.C. Hinkley. Na de oorlog gebruikte Diamond T deze Hinkley 4-cilindermotoren ook in haar civiele trucks.

Tijdens het Interbellum

In 1919 startte men een actieve campagne om de dealerorganisatie landelijk nog verder uit te breiden. De grote depressie van de jaren 30 remde dit streven af, maar het bedrijf bleef toch groeien.

In de jaren 20 werden verschillende technische innovaties en stylingveranderingen ontwikkeld. Een gesloten cabine met drie-punts rubber ophanging werd geïntroduceerd in 1923. Er kwam een totale restyling in 1926 met elektrische verlichting ter vervanging van carbidlampen. De massieve rubber banden werden vervangen door luchtbanden. In 1927 en 1928 past Diamond T zijn ontwerpen wederom drastisch aan. De vrachtwagens veranderden van logge, lompe maar onverwoestbare constructies naar een meer modern design. Deze nieuwe trucks hadden Hercules 6-cilindermotoren, hydraulische remmen op alle wielen, volledig gesloten cabines, waren lichter en dus veel sneller. Vormgeving werd een belangrijk verkoopargument. De vrachtwagens werden ook niet meer geadverteerd als The Nation’s Freight Car, maar als De mooiste truck in Amerika en werden ook wel de Cadillac onder de trucks genoemd. Mede doordat er alleen nog maar trucks werden gebouwd, werd het bedrijf een van de drie grootste onafhankelijke truckfabrikanten. Diamond T’s beste jaar was 1936, toen er 8.750 nieuwe trucks werden gebouwd.

Tweede Wereldoorlog

Tijdens de Tweede Wereldoorlog werd de fabriek weer ingezet in de oorlogsproductie en werden er, op basis van het civiele model Diamond T 980/981, 4 militaire modellen in meerdere varianten gebouwd:

Aangezien deze voertuigen via de Lend-Lease act ook geleverd zijn aan de geallieerde landen en het feit dat veel van deze voertuigen, na de oorlog, door het Amerikaanse leger in dumps achtergelaten werden, kreeg Diamond T een internationale bekendheid. Er werden in de oorlog meer dan 50.000 heavy-duty militaire voertuigen geproduceerd, die tot op heden nog bij veel (kleine) landen in gebruik zijn.

Naoorlogse jaren

Na de oorlog werd de productie van luxe trucks weer opgenomen tot het jaar 1958. In dat jaar werd Diamond T overgenomen door de White Motor Company, de Chicago-afdeling bleef daarna nog als zelfstandige divisie doordraaien. In 1966 fuseerde de fabriek met een andere White divisie, Reo, en dit nieuw ontstane bedrijf ging vervolgens door als Diamond Reo. Daarmee verdween Diamond T Motor Car Company als zelfstandig merk voorgoed.

In de totale 51-jarige geschiedenis als zelfstandig bedrijf werden er ongeveer 250.000 Diamond T trucks gebouwd.

In dit blog gaan we puur kijken naar Bussen, een paar trucks en brandweerwagens van DIAMOND T

al komen die laatste terug nadat ik de bussen in zijn geheel heb afgerond.

1927 Diamond T Sneek B-12001a

1927 Diamond T Sneek B-12001 The Netherlands

1927 Diamond T Sneek B-12001b

1927 Diamond T Sneek B-12001 The Netherlands

1932 Diamond T Hainje B-13888

1932 Diamond T carr. Hainje B-13888 The Netherlands

1932 Diamond T Leeuwarden B-17265

1932 Diamond T Leeuwarden B-17265 The Netherlands

1932 Diamond T van de LAB (Leeuwarder Autobedrijf) met een carrosserie v Hainje Heereveen B-13888

1932 Diamond T van de LAB (Leeuwarder Autobedrijf) met een carrosserie v Hainje Heereveen B-13888

1933 Diamond T 210

1933 Diamond T 210

1934 Diamond T Hainje B-15313 Heerenveen

1934 Diamond T Hainje B-15313 Heerenveen The Netherlands

1934 Diamond T loading-a-ddodle-bug-feb-1934-in-San-Antonio

1934 Diamond T loading-a-ddodle-bug-feb-1934-in-San-Antonio

1934 Diamond Texaco Tankwagen

1934 Diamond Texaco Tankwagen

1934 Diamond T North Bay to Huntsville, Ontario Rearview

1934 Diamond T North Bay to Huntsville, Ontario, Canada

1934 Diamond T North Bay to Huntsville, Ontario

1934 Diamond T North Bay to Huntsville, Ontario, Canada.

This photograph is copyrighted by John F. Walker

 © John F. Walker

1935 Diamond-T bus

1935 Diamond-T bus

1935 diamondtlz4

1935 diamondtlz4

1936 SIA-DiamondT 03 1000

1936 SIA-DiamondT

1937 DIAMOND 1 EN 6 KL

1937 DIAMOND 1 EN 6 KL

1937 Diamond T Truck a

1937 Diamond T

1937 Diamond T Truck

1937 Diamond T

1937 Diamond-T [1937-1952] NB-48-48

1937 Diamond-T [1937-1952] NB-48-48 The Netherlands

1937 SIA-DiamondT lede

1937 SIA-DiamondT

1938 DIAMOND Schiedamsche Cartonage fabriek

1938 DIAMOND T Schiedamsche Cartonage fabriek

1938 Diamond T 612D - Repstad

1938 Diamond T 612D – Repstad

1938 Diamond T a Sneek Nederland

1938 Diamond T Sneek Nederland

1938 Diamond T B-4935a Sneek Nederland

1938 Diamond T B-4935 Sneek Nederland

1938 Diamond T carr Renkema Middelstum B-21584

1938 Diamond T carr. Renkema Middelstum B-21584 The Netherlands

1938 Diamond T Dutch Radio Jan De Vries

1938 Diamond T Dutch Radio Jan De Vries Hilversum Holland

1920 diamond t

DIAMOND T

1938 DIAMOND T Fun Bus

1938 DIAMOND T Fun Bus

1938 Diamond T Hainje Heerenveen B-4935

1938 Diamond T Hainje Heerenveen B-4935 Holland

1938 Diamond T Hainje Heerenveen B-4935a

1938 Diamond T Hainje Heerenveen B-4935 The Netherlands

1938 Diamond T, loading passengers for a City Tour

1938 Diamond T, loading passengers for a City Tour

1938 Diamond-Hainje, 30 zitplaatsen

1938 Diamond-Hainje, 30 zitplaatsen, Holland.

1938 Diamond-Hainje, foto van Jan Voerman te Noordwijk

1938 Diamond-Hainje, foto van Jan Voerman te Noordwijk, The Netherlands.

1938 seagrams DiamondT 01 resized

1938 seagrams DiamondT

diamond t logo Trucks

diamond t logo Trucks

1938 seagrams DiamondT 02 resized

1938 seagrams Diamond T

1938 seagrams DiamondT 05 resized

1938 seagrams Diamond T

1939 Diamond T Bus

1939 Diamond T Bus

1939 Diamond T Classics 100 1315.highlight

1939 Diamond T Classics 100

1939 Diamond T, carr. Hainje. Hoekstra – de Jong Oudega HO

1939 Diamond T, carr. Hainje. Hoekstra – de Jong Oudega HO Holland

1939 Diamond T-BorderMaker

1939-diamond-t-bordermaker. fire&rescue.

1940 Diamond 4-ton Truck 6x6

1940 Diamond 4-ton Truck 6×6

1941 Diamond T Wrecker 1

1941 Diamond T Wrecker 1

1941 Halftrack-production-3

1941 Halftrack-production-3

1944 Diamond T Argentina

1944 Diamond T Argentina

1944 Diamond T Gibraltar Evacuee Camp, Jamaica - Bound for the City

1944 Diamond T Gibraltar Evacuee Camp, Jamaica – Bound for the City

1945 Diamond TM-20 Tanktransporter B&W

1945 Diamond TM-20 Tanktransporter B&W

1946 Diamond Ayats 2dq9

1946 Diamond T Ayats

Diamond T images

1946 Diamond T ..

1946 Diamond T NL

1946 diamond t-school bus 10151

1946 diamond t-school bus

1946 Diamond-T Bus Aus

1946 Diamond-T Bus Aus

1947 Diamond carr. Verheul [1947-1952] NB-28-26

1947 Diamond carr. Verheul [1947-1952] NB-28-26 The Netherlands

1947 DiamondT 201 België

1947 DiamondT 201 België

1948 Diamond T Hainje ZWH B-29001

1948 Diamond T Hainje ZWH B-29001

1948 Diamond t Sneek Nederland

1948 Diamond T ZWH B-29003 The Netherlands

1948 Diamond T ZWH B-29003

1948 Diamond T ZWH B-29003

1948 the white Diamond

1948 the white Diamond

1949 Diamond Ayats Sp

1949 Diamond Ayats Spain

1949 Diamond-T-Domburg latere nrs. 32-41)022

1949 Diamond-T-Domburg latere nrs. 32-41)022

1950 L-33227 Diamond-T

1950 L-33227 Diamond-T The Netherlands

1951 752 Diamond T-Aquilina Malta

1951 752 Diamond T-Aquilina Malta

1951 diamond t 1951-1954

diamond t 1951-1954

1952 Diamond 509 C carr. Domburg NB-39-32

1952 Diamond 509 C carr. Domburg NB-39-32 The Netherlands

1952 Diamond T Tilt-Cab Model 921C Tractors

1952 Diamond T Tilt-Cab Model 921C Tractors

1953 Diamond T 931C Series a

1953 Diamond T 931C Series a

1953 Diamond T M20

1953 Diamond T M20

1953 Doyles of Taumaranui Diamond T EH4316. Photo Graeme Bennett

1953 Doyles of Taumaranui Diamond T EH4316. Photo Graeme Bennett

1954 338 Diamond T-Schembri as 796

1954 338 Diamond T-Schembri as 796 ©Marco Zemmit

1958 Diamond T 630

1958 Diamond T 630

1958 Diamond T 950 and 951 Series

1958 Diamond T 950 and 951 Series

1966 Diamond T sherwood park-DLtwin+cancars-cox1966may14

1966 Diamond Bus Lines sherwood park

2005 Temsa Diamond AA 360 LS

2005 Temsa Diamond AA 360 LS

The last two are no real Diamonds

47L DIAMOND T LOGO ROUILLÉ OK

END

Filed Under: AYATSBUSESCONTINENTALDIAMOND TDOMBURGHainjeOLD BUSESRenkemaREOTEMSATrucksUSAVERHEULWHITE

Buses DITTMAR Chicago Illinois USA

Buses DITTMAR Chicago Illinois USA

This is going to be a short blog.

There is almost no information about DITTMAR.

Paul O. Dittmar started South Suburban Motor Coach Co. to operate between a Chicago rapid transit terminal and outlying suburbs in 1927, and in 1931 he and others formed SafeWay Lines, Inc. for the purpose of establish­ing a deluxe nonstop bus service between Chicago and New York. For this venture he teamed with Harry A. Fitz­John to design the so-called Autocoach, a compact 14­-passenger sedan-style parlor bus which was built by Reo. SafeWay Lines was soon sold and turned away from the small Autocoaches, but in 1935 Dittmar again designed a bus of his own, this time for the suburban company, now expanded and known as South Suburban SafeWay Lines. The DMX had, an aluminum-alloy cab-over-engine body and a Hercules engine, and during the years of its produc­tion several different models were offered with seating capacities from 25 to 33. About 150 were built,’33 of them delivered to South Suburban Safe W ay itself.

What is clear, he worked with Fitzjohn and that chapter is coming soon:

1933 Dittmar-Fitzjohn Autocoach Safeway Lines, inc. Chicago. Il

1933 Dittmar-Fitzjohn Autocoach Safeway Lines, inc. Chicago. Il

1935 Dittmar-DMX DL 195

1935 Dittmar-DMX De Luxe Motor Stages od Illinois 185

Dittmar Fitzjohn Autocoach C). Lansing Michigan Ad

Dittmar Fitzjohn Autocoach C). Lansing Michigan Ad

1938 Dittmar International H 002

1938 Dittmar International Harvester

1938 Dittmar International Harvester 008

1938 Dittmar International Harvester

1938 International Harvester Dittmar

International Harvester Dittmar 1938

The last 3 pictures came from: http://www.collectorcarads.com/International-Dittmar/51775

END

Filed Under: DITTMARFITZJOHNInternational HarvesterOLD BUSESUSA

Buses DODGE (Brothers) Detroit USA

Buses DODGE Detroit USA

001

Dodge is een Amerikaans automerk dat in 1914 werd opgericht door John Francis Dodge en diens broer Horace Elgin Dodge. In 1928 werd het merk overgenomen door Chrysler en van 1998 tot 2007 maakte het deel uit van het Duitse concern Daimler Chrysler.

De broers John en Horage Dogde waren als kind al door mechaniek gepassioneerd. Na in Detroit in een fabriek van scheepsmotoren te hebben gewerkt richtten ze in 1887 een fietsbedrijfDodge Brothers Bicycle & Machine Factory, op. Beiden vulden elkaar hiervoor goed aan. John was het meest geïnteresseerd in het commerciële, Horace in het technische. Ze waren ook harde werkers en het bedrijf boekte al snel succes.

Voorgeschiedenis

In 1901 begonnen ze ook motorfietscomponenten te produceren. Ze ontmoetten ook Ransom Olds, de oprichter van Oldsmobile, die hen in onderaanneming de eencilinder van zijn nieuwe auto liet bouwen. Die auto had succes en de onderneming van John en Horace werd de grootste motorenproducent ter wereld. In 1903werd ook Ford klant voor de bouw van onderdelen van de Ford Model A. Omdat Henry Ford de eerste bestelling niet kon betalen kregen John en Horace voor 10 procent aandelen in de jonge autobouwer en belangrijke posities in de raad van bestuur. Het gigantische succes van de T-Ford maakte van de broers miljonairs.

Begin jaren 1910 wilde Henry Ford herstructureren om minder geld aan de aandeelhouders te hoeven uitkeren. De Dogdes hadden het wel gehad met de man en kondigde aan dat ze uit de raad van bestuur zouden stappen en een eigen auto gaan bouwen. De woedende Ford verdubbelde het loon van zijn werknemers, verlaagde zijn prijzen en investeerde in zijn tractorfabriek om maar geen dividenden meer te hoeven uitkeren. De aandeelhouders begonnen in 1917 een rechtszaak die in 1919 eindigde toen Ford de aandelen van de Dodges terugkocht.

Geschiedenis

In 1914 richtten de broers The Dodge brothers motor vehicle company op en introduceerden hun eerste auto. De auto had een 3,5 liter van 40 pk en kostte 785 USD. Dat was veel meer dan de T-Ford maar de Dodge was wel moderner dan de uit 1908 daterende T. De auto had succes en het eerste jaar werden reeds 45.000 exemplaren gebouwd.

Het merk Dodge kreeg al snel een naam voor de betrouwbaarheid van haar auto’s. Die betrouwbaarheid deed ook het Amerikaanse leger voor Dodge kiezen tijdens de Eerste Wereldoorlog. Dodge produceerde legervrachtwagens tijdens de oorlog die ook door het Franse leger werden ingezet. In 1918 kreeg het bedrijf een erekruis van Frankrijk.

In 1920 waren reeds 140.000 Dodges geproduceerd en groeide het merk uit tot de op één na grootste constructeur in de Verenigde Staten, na Ford. In januari dat jaar stierf John Dodge aan een longontsteking en in december stierf Horace Dodge aan griep en levercirroseFrederick Haynes nam de leiding over Dodge Brothers over tot de weduwes van de broers, Anna en Matilda, het voor 146.000.000 USD, destijds het grootste overnamebedrag uit de geschiedenis, verkochten aan Dillon, Read & Company die hierbij General Motors overtrof. Op 31 juli 1928 werd het bedrijf doorverkocht aan Chrysler voor 175.000.000 USD.

Nadat Chrysler de Britse Rootes Group en het Franse Simca in 1967 overnam en er Chrysler Europe mee vormde werd de merknaam Dodge in Europa gebruikt voor lichte bedrijfsvoertuigen die voorheen Commer en Karrier hadden geheten. Ook de pick-up– en bestelwagenversies van de Simca 1100 heetten vanaf dan Dodge.

In de jaren zeventig kwam Chrysler in zware financiële problemen. Chrysler Europe ging in 1977 ten onder en werd in 1978 voor symbolische bedrag van 1 dollar verkocht aan Peugeot. De fabriek werd verkocht aan Renault dat de Dodge-vrachtwagens verkocht als Renaults en ze uiteindelijk uitfaseerde. De fabriek werd uiteindelijk een motorenfabriek. In 1998 kwam Dodge samen met Chrysler in handen van het Duitse DaimlerChrysler.

000 1915-dodge-archives

1915-dodge-archives

002

1925 Dodge-Verheul L+R Dodge Lith NL

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1928 Dodge-Brothers USA

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1929 Dodge Brothers ad

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1929 Dodge Brothers ad

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1929 Dodge Brothers ad

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1929 Dodge Brothers ad

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1929 Dodge Brothers ad

008a Dodge bus 1930-1939 after an accident

Dodge bus 1930-1939 after an accident

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1930 Dodge Verheul NL

010

1931 Dodge Verheul NL

1935 Dodge Wayne Bodied School Bus

1935 Dodge Wayne Bodied School Bus

011

1936 Henson’s Dodge AUS

1936dodge

1936 Dodge

012

1938 ESA 40 Dodge Perkins Medema NL

013

1938-196 Dodge Thailand

014

1939 Coche 29, Dodge, Agosti carr..Juan Flores(p) (puerta) Angel Labombarda(Derecha)

015

1939 NZ Dodge Postoffice Bus

IMCDb.org 1939 Dodge WD in

IMCDb.org 1939 Dodge WD

Ex- RAF WW2 Dodge VK Truck 1940

Ex- RAF WW2 Dodge VK Truck 1940

dodge vintage-bus

Dodge Vintage Bus Spain

1942 Dodge Schoolbus

1942 Dodge Schoolbus

016

1943 Dodge Wilson

017

1944 Dodge Thai Bus 25

018

1945 Dodge Hainje B-31857 ©Jan Voerman

images

019

1946 ESA 5 Dodge Hainje NL

020

1946 ESA 12-2 Dodge Noodcarrosserie ESA

021

1946 Dodge Schoolbus

022

1946 Van Hool Dodge-Chassis NL

023

1946-Dodge-power-wagon-schoolbus-24

024

1946-Dodge-bus-carrosserie-de-Schelde-van-de-Marnedienst-foto-1951 NL

025

1946-Dodge-de-Schelde NL

026

1946-Dodge-de-Schelde-ESA-45-en-47 NL

DodgeSchoolBusWeb-Large

Dodge School Bus

1947 DODGE BUS WAGON WITH WOODIE TEARDROP

1947 DODGE BUS WAGON WITH WOODIE TEARDROP

027

1947 Dodge F-30185

028

1947 Dodge-Highlander

1948 Dodge Bus Chassis-04

1948 Dodge Bus Chassis

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1948 Dodge Amersfoort NL

030

1948 Dodge Brothers 240 (Majoral) Spanje

031

1949 Dodge 21 zitpl TMP NL

IMG_20100830_182050

@

032

1949 Dodge 21 zitpl TMP NL

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1949 Dodge 31 zitpl TMP14 NL

034

1949 Dodge Adena-firedept rf

034a dodge-school-bus-05

dodge-school-bus

035

1949 Dodge autobus Heiloo NL

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1949 Dodge PREVOST Stretch 6 Can. © J.P. Lajeunesse

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1950 Dodge Kew 125L Sannes Norway

039

1950 Dodge School bus pick-up

040

1952 Dodge Yellow school bus

041

1952 Dodge-Convoyer

042

1953 Dodge-school-bus © Hank Suderman

043

1954 Dodge Wayne

044

1955 Dodge School bus

045

1956 Dodge EBY-614 2836 Maltaship

046

1956 Dodge hwh stn 44 History

047

1956 Dodge PikiWiki Israel 3691 BUS

048

1957 Dodge Schoolbus

049

1958  Dodge AMZ-de Muynck 35 NL

050

1958 Dodge School Buses

051

1959 Dodge 12 deurs

052

1959 Dodge

MINOLTA DIGITAL CAMERA

1960 Army Dodge Power Wagon

Exif_JPEG_PICTURE

1960 Dodge Bus

001

053

1961 Dode SchoolBuses

054

1961 DODGE Malta

055

1962 Dodge-school-bus

056

1962 Dodge-school-bus

057

1963 Dodge Leyland FRY-363 2500 Maltaship

1963 Dodge bus

1963 Dodge bus

058

1964 Dodge-Haugesund Turistbiler Norway

059

1965 Dodge Malta © Keith Till

Dodge A 100 bus, U.S.Army. Dodge A 100 bus

U.S.Army. Dodge A 100 bus

060

1965 Dodge sportsman wagon

061

1965 Dodge

Dodge Camper

1966 Dodge Motorhome

062

1966 DODGE A100 CAMPER

064 1966 Dodge Sportsman wagon school-van © J.P. Joans

065

1966 Dodge

066

1967 Dodge Sportsman Wagon

067

1968-Dodge school-bus

068

1970 DODGE A100

dodge-b300-bus-benzine-zwart

1974 dodge-b300-bus-benzine-zwart

Dodge D700 Bus (1976)

dodge-d700-bus-1976

Dodge D400 Bus (1977)

Dodge D400 Bus (1977)

Dodge Cars Logo

DODGE CAR LOGOS

Dodge D400 Bus (1978)

Dodge D400 Bus (1978)

Dodge D500 Bus (1980)

Dodge D500 Bus (1980)

Dodge D700 Bus (1980)

Dodge D700 Bus (1980)

069

1980 Buseta Dodge D300 Pájaro Azul

070

1981 Dodge ram-school-bus

dodge

071

1981 Dodge-ram-school-bus

072

1982 Dodge PTH s600 Bus

073

1983 Dodge 50

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1983 DODGE S800V 16 seater

075

1984 Dodge 16 seat buses

076

1985 DODGE 20

077

1985 Dodge-D

078

1986 Dodge D700-Caio

079

1994 VanHool Dodge Buses Serbus

080

1998 Dodge-commando-g13-wadham-stringer-vanguard-coach

081

2001 Dodge 2500 mini bus spotted in Denali

082

2005 Thomas Dodge Left Front

084

1990 G13-Dodge-Renault bus

080

1998 Dodge Renault ints text

083

Metalpar Dodge Linea Buses Tucapel Concepcin

085

Dodge Renault

086

DODGE images

001

The END

Filed Under: AGOSTIBusetaCAIOCamperChryslerCOMMERDaimlerChryslerde MuynckDE SCHELDEDODGEDodge BrothersFirebrigadeFordHainjeKARRIER,MedemaMetalparOLD BUSESOldsmobilePerkinsPeugeotPrevostRENAULTSimca,USAVan HoolVERHEULWadham BrosWilson

Buses, Coachbuilders, Hearses, Ambulances FLXIBLE Ohio USA

flxible [1434]
flxible [1434] (Photo credit: brianjmatis)
Buses, Coachbuilders, Hearses, Ambulances FLXIBLE Ohio USA

Flxible

001

@002

A 1987 Flxible Metro-B, owned by WMATA Metrobus, parked in Washington, D.C.

The Flxible Co. (originally the Flexible Sidecar Company) was an American manufacturer of motorcycle sidecars, funeral cars, ambulancesintercity coachesand transit buses, based in the U.S. state of Ohio. It was founded in 1913 and closed in 1996.

003

Flxible 1963 Buick hearse conversion

History

In 1913, Hugo H. Young and Carl F. Dudte founded the Flexible Sidecar Co. in Loudonville, Ohio, to manufacture motorcycle sidecars with a flexible mounting to the motorcycle. The flexible mounting allowed the sidecar to lean on corners along with the motorcycle, and was based on a design patented by Young.

In 1919, the company’s name was changed to The Flxible Co. (still pronounced “flexible”) so that the name could be registered as a trademark.

After low-priced automobiles became available in the 1920s, the motorcycle sidecar demand dropped and in 1924, Flxible turned to production of funeral cars (hearses), and ambulances, which were primarily manufactured on Buick chassis, but also occasionally on StudebakerCadillac and REO chassis, and intercity buses, initially (1930s and early ’40s) built on GMC truck chassis, and powered with Buick Straight 8 engines.

004

1947 Flxible Clipper highway coach

In 1953, Flxible absorbed the bus-manufacturing portion of the Fageol Twin Coach Company, and accepted its first order for transit buses from the Chicago Transit Authority. In 1964, Flxible purchased Southern Coach Manufacturing Co. of Evergreen, Alabama, and built small transit buses at the former Southern Coach factory until 1976. Flxible was purchased by Rohr Industries in 1970, and a new factory and corporate headquarters were built in Delaware, Ohio, in 1974, with the original factory in Loudonville, Ohio, being used to manufacture parts and sub-assemblies. Flxible was sold to Grumman Corporation in 1978 and became known asGrumman Flxible. The name reverted to Flxible when Grumman sold the company in 1983 to General Automotive Corporation. In 1996, Flxible declared bankruptcy and its assets were auctioned. The last Flxible vehicles produced were eight 35 ft (11 m) CNG-fueled Metro buses that went to Monterey-Salinas Transitin MontereyCalifornia. The former Flxible factory in Loudonville, Ohio, is now a bus maintenance facility for Motor Coach Industries, while the former factory in Delaware, Ohio, is now a parts facility for North American Bus Industries.

Production outside the United States

005

Mexican-made DINA Flxliner bus, in second-class service, berthed in the SilaoGuanajuato central terminal, 2006.

006

A Changjiang CJ6800G1QH bus in Beijing,China, showing the similarity to the Flxible Metro.

Flxible’s intercity buses were popular in Mexico and in Latin American countries. However, high import duties into these countries limited sales. In the early 1960s, Flxible began licensing a producer in Mexico, DINA S.A. (Diesel Nacional), to manufacture Flxible designed intercity coaches, and this continued until the late 1980s. In 1965 and 1966, Flxible also licensed its “New Look” transit bus design to Canadair Ltd., an aircraft manufacturer in Ville St-Laurent, Quebec.

In 1994, Flxible’s parent company, General Automotive Corporation, and three other American companies, Roger Penske, Mark IV Industries, and Carrier, entered into a joint venture with Changzhou Changjiang Bus, a Chinese manufacturer located in ChangzhouJiangsu province, to produce buses based on the Flxible Metrodesign and with the Flxible name. The resulting company, China Flxible Auto Corporation,[citation needed] manufactured buses in a variety of lengths, from 8 m (26 ft 3 in) to 11 m (36 ft 1 in). These buses, which include both front- and rear-engine designs, and share only their general exterior appearance with the American-built Flxibles, were sold to many transit operators in major Chinese cities, including Beijing and Shanghai. A trolleybus version was manufactured for just one operator, the Hangzhou trolleybus system, which bought a total of 77 between the late 1990s and 2001. However, for these vehicles, Changzhou Changjiang supplied the chassis and Metro-style bodies to the Hangzhou Changjiang Bus Company (in Hangzhou), and that company equipped them as trolleybuses.

Charles Kettering and General Motors

007

Charles F. Kettering

Charles Kettering, a Loudonville, Ohio native and vice president of General Motors, was closely associated with Flxible for almost the entire first half of the company’s existence. In 1914, Flxible was incorporated with the help of Kettering, who then became president of the company and joined the board of directors. Kettering provided significant funding for the company in its early years, particularly after 1916, when Kettering sold his firm, the Dayton Engineering Laboratories Company (Delco), to GM for $2.5 million. Kettering continued to serve as president of Flxible, until he became chairman of the board in 1940, a position he held until his death in 1958. After selling Delco to GM in 1916, Kettering organized and ran a research laboratory at GM, and by the 1950s, held the position of vice president at GM. As a result of Kettering’s close relationship with both GM and Flxible, many GM parts were used in the production of Flxible vehicles, particularly prior to GM’s 1943 purchase of Yellow Coach (a competing bus manufacturer, of which GM had been a majority owner since 1925). For example, most Flxible ambulanceshearses, and buses from the mid-1920s to the early-1940s were built on Buick chassis, and Flxible’s “Airway” model buses of the mid-1930s were built on a Chevrolet chassis.

008

1955 Flxible VistaLiner (VL100)

In 1958, and as a result of the consent decree from the 1956 anti-trust case, United States v. General Motors Corp., GM was mandated to sell their bus components, engines, and transmissions to other manufacturers, free of royalties. However, in the early 1950s and prior to the consent decree, Flxible built a small number of buses with GM diesel engines while Kettering still served on the board. It has been postulated that GM may have made its diesel engines available to Flxible to reduce the criticisms of GM’s business practices that some felt were monopolistic. The same has been said about GM’s decision in the 1960s and 1970s not to produce a 35 ft (11 m) “New Look” transit bus with an 8-cylinder engine. However, it is also possible that GM chose not to enter this market because the potential sales did not warrant the added costs of engineering and production. Another result of the consent decree (which was not settled in its entirety until 1965) was that GM was barred from having any of its officers or directors serve as an officer or director for any other bus manufacturing company. This provision would have applied to Kettering, had he not died in 1958.

870 frame problems

Main article: Flxible Metro#Litigation resulting

In the mid-1980s, several Grumman 870 buses operated by the New York City Transit Authority (NYCTA) developed cracks in their underframes. This prompted NYCTA President David Gunn to remove the entire fleet from service. Soon, several other companies reported cracked 870 frames. However, the frame issues primarily affected NYCTA 870s and not the 870s owned by the franchisees of the New York City Department of Transportation. NYCTA attempted to get the remainder of its pending order for new buses transferred to GM, but was barred from doing so unless they could prove that the 870s were flawed and unsafe. The buses were eventually returned to Flxible and resold to Queen City Metro and New Jersey Transit. Grumman blamed the problems with the NYCTA 870s on NYCTA’s maintenance practices, despite the fact that transit operations in ChicagoWashington, D.C.Houston, and Los Angeles had also reported problems with their 870s. Ironically, NYCTA ordered fifty Metros in 1995, but Flxible closed its doors while the order was being produced, and NYCTA obtained the remaining new buses from Orion.

Flxible Owners International

009

Clipper-era Flxible nose emblem

Flxible Owners International (see external link) was founded in the mid-1980s as an offshoot of the Family Motor Coach Association, and is dedicated to the preservation of buses and coaches produced by Flxible. The organization holds a rally in Loudonville biannually, in even-numbered years and normally in mid-July, where many preserved Flxible coaches and buses may be seen.

The majority of vehicles owned by members are of the Clipper series (Clipper, Visicoach, Starliner) that were produced from the 1930s until 1967. However, there are also quite a few “non-clipper” Flxible coaches that are owned, maintained, and operated by proud Flxible owners. This includes the Starliner, VL100 (VistaLiner), Hi Level, and Flxliner as well as some of the more modern transit buses. Most of these vehicles have been converted to motor homes; however, there are still a few examples of seated coaches belonging to members.

Products

010

Unitrans Flxible New Look.

011

1925 Flxible Buick-Bus

012

1927 Flxible Bus

013

1930 Flxible in Hillsboro Road Garage Durham North Carolina

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1932 FLXIBLE BUICK CHASSIS

015

1932 FLXible BUICK Flxible Parlor Coach body mounted on a 1932 Buick commercial chassis

016

1934 Flxible WoodFrame

017

1934 Flxible-Airway Ader Coach Lines 23

018

1937 Flxible 20-CL-78 MacKenzie Trailways 103 at Park Square Boston

019

1937 Flxible Chevrolet Clipper-Demo

020

1937 Flxible first Clipper Airway

021

1938 First al steel 1st clipper

022

1938 Flxible 29BR-38 Bowen Motor Coaches 401

023

1938 Flxible-Bus

024

1939 Flxible 29CR Clipper Tri-State Trailways 261

025

1941 Flxible 25-CR-41 1941

026

1941 Flxible All Steel Clipper

027

1941 Flxible-Clipper

028

1944 Flxible 29BR-44 Continental Bus System 580

029

1946 Flxible 29BR-46

030

1946 Flxible bus ©Tommy Beech

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1946 Flxible-Bus

032

1946 flxible-bus ©Tommy Beech

033

1947 Flxible 29BR BZ-ShortLine RI-372

034

1947 Flxible 29BR-47 Capitol Bus Company 64

035

1947 Flxible 29BR-Airporter Demo

036

1947 Flxible 67360015

037

1947 Flxible Aerocoach Early bumper Trailways

038

1947 Flxible Airporter

039

1947 FLXible CARETATNYIAP

040

1947 Flxible Clipper (a-k-a an ‘Airporter’) CAREYAIRPORTER

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1947 FlxIble special-maine-bus

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1947 Flxible-Bus

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1948 Flxible 288148

044

1948 FLXIBLE CLIPPER EARLY2

045

1948 Flxible-Bus

046

1949 Flxible 29 passenger coach© Joe Palangio Collection

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1949 flxible back-770234

048

1949 Flxible camper

049

1949 Flxible Bus

050

1949 Flxible coach. ©Joe Palangio Collection

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1953 Flxible Ad

052

1953 Flxible ©Joe Palangio Collection

053

1953 Flxible-Bus

054

1954 Flxible – Harran Transit of West Babylon, NY

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1954 Flxible 218GM1-54-37SU Reading Transportation Co. 3706

056

1954-flxible-bus-10386

057

1955 Flxible 228JT1-55 Vistaliner P36

058

1955 Flxible VistaLiner (VL100)

060

1956 Flxible 228JT1 Flxible Factory Indianapolis

061

1956 Flxible 228JT1-56+PR

062

1956 Flxible 228JT1-56-37IC-AC Trailways of New England 904

063

1956 Flxible 228JT1-56-37IC-AC Trailways Travel Bureau Corp.906 Boston

064

1956 Flxible 228JT1-56-37IC-AC

065

1958 Flxible Clipper (ser# B58-1604-A) FLXAIRPORTER58

066

1958-Flxible-VL-100-“Diplomata”

067

1958 Flxible VL-100 Diplomata

068

1958 Flxible VL-100 Diplomata

069

1959 Flxible Twin Coach Model FT2P-40 FLXFT40CTA

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1960 FLXible Clipper-RAY-1 ‘High Level Cruiser’

071

1961 Flxible 236DD1-Demo

072

1961 Flxible Flxliner Mountlassen

073

1961 FLXIBLE PLANT a Clipper, a transit and a ‘High Level Cruiser’

075

1962 Flxible Charter 1

076

1962 FLXIBLE CHICAGO SURFLINES Twin Coach Fageol

077

1962 Flxible coach ©Hank Suderman Collection

078

1962 Flxible Model F2D6V-401-1

079

1965 Flxible Starliner

080

1965 Flxible Starliner

081

1967 Flxible-Flxette

082

1972 Flxible Ansett Airport Melbourne Australië ©Colin Davison

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1972 flxible -mod ©Joe Palangio Collection

084

1972 Flxible Visicoach

085

1978-Flxible-45096-City-Transit-Bus-Rockford-Illinois-Transit-System

086

2007-Flxible-Vista-Liner-Beautifully-restored-GM-PD4501-Scenicruiser-Blytheville-from-1956

087

2010-Flxible-Rally-241

088

100 years Flxible

089

FlxIble-A-Coach

090

Flxible-Bus-conversion

000

Flxible-Badge-Comparison

091

Flxible-BusVDDW-Ned

092

Flxible-BusVDDW-Ned

093

1933-Holland-Coachcraft-Van

094

Fowler-Landliner-RV

095

1937-Hunt-House-Car

096

1962-Buick-prototype-RV

097

Flxible-Caravan

098

Flxible-Caravan

099

Flxible-Co.-Astraliner-Concept-Bus-For-Continental-Trailways-Dallas-Texas

100

Flxible-Comparison

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1984 Flxible-CTA-bus-3528-on-route-62-at-the-Loop ©Bob Hussey

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flxible-custom-bus

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Flxible-Grn-Custom-Coach

104

Flxible-inside

105

Flxible-Metro-Grumman-870

106

Flxible-RearVents

107

Flxible-New-Look

108

Flxible-Red-Bus

109

Flxible-Red-Custom-Coach

110

Flxible-Steering-Wheels

111

Flxible-Super

112

Flxible-Television-Mobile-Unit

113

flxible-new-look

114

Flxibles

115

ansair-flxible-clipper