AMBULANCES + HEARSES part XIV on Alphabet beginning with P till R

AMBULANCES + HEARSES part XIV on Alphabet beginning with P till R

A 1927 Packard ambulance, in front of the Detroit Fire Department headquarters downtown. Burton Historical Collection.

Packard – Ambulances – Flowercars – Hearses -mostly by Henney coachbuilders from 1916 till 1958 when Packard fuseerde met Studebaker.

Only in 1985 made Bayliff some Packard Hearses (Bayliff Coach Corporation, 1979-1992; Lima, Ohio)

Panhard PL 17 Ambulance par Pichon Parat

Panhard ambulances

PAZ Ambulances and Ambulance Bus

Peugeot Ambulances and Hearses from 1934 till recent

Phänomen krankenwagen – ambulances

President Woodrow Wilson’s Pierce-Arrow

Pierce-Arrow Ambulances and Hearses

Plymouth Plaza estate ambulance

Plymouth Ambulances and Hearses

Polski Fiat 621L AMBULANCE with interior

Polski Fiat Ambulances

PONTIAC Ambulances + Hearses

Porsche Ambulances of fast resque and Hearses

 1981 Puch Binz ambulance

Steyr-Daimler-Puch Haflinger Pinzgauer Ambulance

That were all the P ambulances and hearses

STEYR – Daimler – Puch AG Steyr Austria 1864 – 2001

Steyr-Daimler-PuchLogo_STEYR-PUCH

Steyr-Daimler-Puch AG
Former type Aktiengesellschaft (Joint stock company)
Industry Transportation, Defense
Fate Split up by divisions; remainder acquired
Founded 1864
Defunct 2001
Headquarters Steyr, Austria
Products Vehicles (cars, trucks, buses, motorcycles), Weapons

Steyr-Daimler-Puch was a large manufacturing conglomerate based in Steyr, Austria, which was broken up in stages between 1987 and 2001. The component parts and operations continued to exist under separate ownership and new names.

1924 Steyr vintage cabrio bus

1939 Steyr vintage cabrio bus

History

AustroDaimler_Sascha

Austro Daimler Sascha

The company, initially known as Josef und Franz Werndl and Company was founded in 1864 as a rifle manufacturer. It grew rapidly during the First World War, by the end of which it employed 14,000 people. The company began producing bicycles in 1894, and Steyr automobiles after 1918. In September 1917 Steyr recruited Hans Ledwinka, now remembered as one of the great automobile engineers of the twentieth century, but then relatively unknown, to the position of “Chefkonstrukteur”, to lead the creation of their automobile manufacturing businessThe first Steyr car, the six cylinder Type II “12/40” appeared in 1920. It was heavy and well-built, if a little cumbersome; soon, however, it spawned sports versions with an impressive list of international achievements. The small but luxurious 1.5 L six Type XII of the late twenties won international motor press acclaim.

1939 Steyr220L

1939 Steyr 220 L

Logo of Steyr-Puch on the Pinzgauer

Logo of Steyr-Puch on the Puch 500

The company changed it name to Steyr-Werke AG in 1924. In 1934, Steyr merged with Austro-DaimlerPuch to form Steyr-Daimler-Puch. The range produced in these years mainly consisted of very modern designs, sporting partially or complete unit construction bodies in streamlined livery, from the one-litre Steyr 50 to the 2.3 L 220 “six”.

1929 Waffenrad_niesner_1929

During World War II, when Austria was part of the Third Reich, Steyr-Daimler-Puch’s Generaldirektor Georg Meindl became one of the first German industrialists to suggest the use of slave labour from concentration camps to boost manpower at Steyr. The request was approved and prisoners were brought by guarded train from the Mauthausen-Gusen camp complex at Gusen 30 km distant. Later, on 5 January 1942 Meindl wrote a letter to SS Gruppenfürhrer Ernst Kaltenbrunner recommending a new ‘satellite’ prison camp be constructed to house prisoners nearer the Steyr factory complex, explaining how this would reduce the time and loss of prisoners in transit to and from work while also reducing security and transport overhead costs. This was approved and prisoners were used for facilities construction (bomb shelters, etc.), and to supplant manufacturing labor. This practice heretofore was not common at other larger German companies, though others followed suit including Mercedes-Benz and MAN. The vehicle range was for military use, including the Steyr RSO Raupenschlepper Ost with an air-cooled 3.5 L V8 engine designed by Ferdinand Porsche, who worked for the company at that time. War-time production there also included small arms, assault rifles, machine guns, and aircraft engines.

1935 Puch_250_R

After the war, Steyr-Daimler-Puch built Diesel engined trucks and buses, small and heavy tractors and also resumed passenger car production. First, Steyr assembled the FIAT 1100E, then put their own engine in a Fiat 1400, renaming the car the “Steyr 2000”. From 1957 through to the early 1970s it produced the tiny Puch 500 under license from FIAT, again with an engine of Austrian design.

1939 Steyr 380 Cabrio

1939 Steyr 380 Cabrio

Most prominent, however, was its range of off-road cars, from the two-cylinder Haflinger and the 4 x 4 or 6 x 6 Pinzgauer, the Fiat Panda 4×4 (999cc) to the Mercedes-Puch G. SDP was the initial designer and manufacturer of these utility vehicles. The Haflinger was produced from 1959–1974, the Pinzgauer from 1971–2000, and the Puch G (also known as Mercedes G-Class) from 1979.

Haflinger geproduceerd door Steyr-Daimler-Puch.

Haflinger produced by Steyr-Daimler-Puch.

The company produced a line of motorcycles and motor scooters marketed in the United States through Sears Roebuck including the SR 125 motorcycle which was delivered in a cardboard crate box to the customer’s home.The Austro-Daimler branch built heavy tractors and trucks for the imperial Austrian army (before 1915). The main Steyr civil agricultural tractor production started in 1947.

Pinzgauer_prototyp

Pinzgauer

After the war Steyr-Daimler-Puch resumed manufacturing bicycles and mopeds, gradually establishing distributors in several countries to manage their sales. Steyr also made bicycles for sale for other retailers, most notably Sears. In the mid 1970s “Steyr-Daimler-Puch America” was incorporated in Connecticut to manage importation and distribution of bicycles and mopeds. Puch Austro-Daimler bicycles remained in production at Graz in Austria until the motorcycle and bicycle fabrication portions of the company there were sold in the mid 1987 to Piaggio & C. S.p.A. of Italy.

Arnim_4

Arnim

Because of their extreme durability and toughness Steyr products won many enthusiastic friends around the world.

Gradual dissolution

In 1987, Steyr-Daimler-Puch AG began selling portions of its different production lines to form separate companies, which included Steyr Nutzfahrzeuge AG (SNF) (still based in Steyr) for truck manufacturing, Steyr Bus GmbH (in Vienna) for bus manufacturing, Steyr-Daimler-Puch Fahrzeugtechnik AG (SFT) and the EUROSTAR joint venture in Graz-Liebenau for assembly of automobiles and, in 1990, Steyr Tractor (Steyr Landmaschinentechnik AG).

Puch_250_SGS_09

Puch 250 SGS 09

Other production lines were also spun off or sold outright to form independent companies, including Puch’s motorcycle division going to Piaggio and Steyr Mannlicher producing weapons. In 1990, the diesel engine division was spun off into Steyr Motorentechnik GmbH, which in 2001 became an independent company, renaming itself Steyr Motors GmbH. Steyr Landmaschinentechnik AG (Steyr Tractor) was sold to Case Corporation in 1996 and renamed Case Steyr Landmaschinentechnik (and is part of CNH since 1999).

Steyr 40 als Kleinbus

Steyr 40 als Kleinbus

Automobile production remained with Steyr-Daimler-Puch Fahrzeugtechnik (SFT) until Magna International acquired a majority holding, in 1998, and in 2001–2 SFT was absorbed fully by Magna, becoming Magna Steyr.

2005-MAGNA-STEYR-Mila-Concept-SA magna-steyr_mila-ev_4

2008-Magna-Steyr-MILA-Alpin-Concept-Front-And-Side 2011-magna-steyr-mila-aerolight-front-1080x1920 magna-steyr-mila-concept-front-view Magna-Steyr-Powertrain-ECS-Eco-Truck-by-Krug-lg

In 1998, the production of military vehicles was sold to an Austrian investor company, which named it Steyr-Daimler-Puch Spezialfahrzeug GmbH (SSF). In 2003, SSF was sold to the U.S. company General Dynamics, a defence equipment manufacturer.

Steyr trucks

Steyr’s first truck was the Typ III, presented in 1920. Steyr built traditional bonneted trucks in the post war years, but in 1968 the distinctive cab over Steyr 90 series was introduced. This was followed by the 91 and the 92 series, built until MAN took over Steyr’s truck production in 1990. A version of the 92 series is still built as the 12M18/12S18 for a number of military users, and was also sold by Britain’s ERF as the ES-series. Some MAN trucks are still available with “Steyr” branding for the Austrian market.

Beginning in 1994, Steyr used MAN’s F2000 cab for the NSK series (Neue Schwere Klasse, or “new heavy class”), while the light and medium duty trucks were the NLK and NMK (Neue Leichte Klasse and Neue Mittlere Klasse), based on MAN’s similarly situated L2000 and M2000 ranges respectively. The NLK ranged from the 6S10 (6.5 tons, 102 PS) to the 11S23 (11 tons, 233 PS). The NMK range was from 12 tonners up to the three-axle 25S26. These cabins were referred to as “Typ 152” in Steyr’s internal parlance.

1922 Steyr III - mit 2,5 to Nutzlast 1924 Steyr OesterreichPostmotorschlittenRadstaetterTauern_HohlmayrSsGasthaus_Baydekarte 1932 steyr 40D340 1934-38 Steyr 150 155k 1935 Steyr-440 (40D), 6x6 1938 Steyr-250 1939 Steyr-643 (40D), 6x6 1940 Steyr М-К 1941 Steyr 1500 A light truck 1941 Steyr-270 (1500А), 4x4 1947 Steyr 480bh4 Röntgenbus 1949 steyr 680a 1949 Steyr Diesel 380 e 1950 Steyr 380 Abschleppwagen 1950 Steyr 380 1950 Steyr 380b Flatz p1 1950 Steyr 380b Flatz96 p2 1950 Steyr 380b Ruestwagena 1950 Steyr 480 kipper 1950 Steyr 480 truck 1950 Steyr 480ab 1950 Steyr 580 series of 4x4 3-ton trucks 1950 Steyr 580bh1 1950 Steyr 580bh3 DCF 1.0 1950 STEYR flambant neuf des Transports Bouchat de GESVES 1951 Steyr 380g b1 1951 Steyr 480 goes p1 1951 Steyr 586 p1c 1951 Steyr 586 1951 Steyr 586f 301279aa 1951 Steyr Diesel 380 II 1951 Steyr Diesel 380 IIa 1952 Steyr 380 TLF 1953 Steyr 260 Kastenwagen (2) 1953 Steyr 260 Kastenwagen 1953 Steyr 260 1957 Steyr-480 1958 steyr586bhfw 1961 STEYR 380 1962 Steyr 586 XS-83-64 1962 STEYR 680 TRANSPORT DE TROUPES 1964 steyr hocke 1964 Steyr Steyr-Puch 586 1965 Steyr-Puch Pinzgauer, Noriker 1965 1967 steyr diesel 680 M 2 1968 Lkw Steyr 680M, der Vorgänger des Lkw Steyr 12M18 1968 Steyr-680МА, 4x4 1969 Steyr-680М3, 6x6 1970 Steyr-Fiat 1100 T 1,3 1973 STEYR-PUCH PINZGAUER 712 Mz 1974 Steyr-Puch Pinzgauer 1975 STEYR-PUCH PINZGAUER 710 Ky 1975 STEYR-PUCH PINZGAUER 710 Mz 1979 Steyr1004 1980 steyr 1890 40vb34 1980 Steyr 1890 1980 Steyr Red 1983 Steyr 1291.280М, 4x4 1983 Steyr 1490 S29 6x4 1984 Steyr 1491.310 1985 Steyr en 1986 Steyr 1491.330M, 6x6 1987 STEYR 15 S 18 Coca Cola 1988 STEYR 50 604 1989 Steyr 25 S 31 1991 STEYR 19 S 31 40 1991 Steyr 19S29 airfield fire-fighting vehicle, 4x4 1992 Steyr Puch Noriker 1993 Steyr 35М36, 6x6 1993 Steyr Puch Pinzgauer 718M 1993 Steyr-19S36-HD-Silosattelzug-blau-Silo-grau-Schoer 1994 Steyr 12M18 4x4