Officine VIBERTY Turino Italy

Logo officine Viberti

Viberti

Articulated trolleybus Fiat 2472 with Viberti body in MilanoArticulated trolleybus Fiat 2472 with Viberti body in Milano

Fiat Viberti Monotral CV61Fiat Viberti Monotral CV61

Viberti Logo

Viberti badge

Officine Viberti was an Italian manufacturer of trailers, coach and bus bodies and mopeds, better known by its integral Monotral chassisless self-supporting coaches and buses. It was based in Turin. Viberti made the Vi-Vi moped from 1955 until 1957 in alliance with the German motorcycle manufacturer Victoria.

History

The company was founded in 1922 to build civilian and military transport vehicles and was a supplier to the Italian armed forces during World War II. One of its products was the SPA-Viberti AS.42 armored car.

Viberti is now part of the Acerbi-Viberti Group.

See also

040 126 584 & 588 FIAT 405 Viberti buses 1568 - Lancia Esatau - 1511-1595 Viberti 1938 Carrozzeria Viberti arambul 1938 Viberti EIAR means Ente Italiano Audizioni Radioniche 1949 Fiat 1100 ELR Viberti Ambulancia 1949 viberti fiat 1100BLR ambulanza Ordine Mauriziano 1950 FIAT 680 Ru Viberti CV5 1950 Viberti Autosnodato 1951 fiatambulance 1949-1953 1100 ELR Viberti as well, I guess 1954 Fiat 682.RN Viberti CV.7 1 entro il 1972 1955 Fiat 682 RN Viberti Monotral 1955 Fiat 682.RN Viberti CV.6 entro il 1972 1955 Fiat 682RN Viberti Articulated Bus Factory Photo 1955 Fiat 682RN Viberti GT Intercity Bus Factory Photo 1955 Fiat 682RN Viberti Transit Bus Factory Photo 1955 Lancia car porter - Esatau P chassis, bodied by Viberti in 1955 1955 Lancia car porter - Esatau P chassis, bodied by Viberti 1955 Lancia V11 Viberti Transit Bus 1956 Fiat 411 Monotral Snodato Viberti 1956 Fiat 692.RN Viberti CV.6 1956 Golden Dolphin Viberti, Italian gas turbine bus 1956 OM Super Orione Viberti TS 23779 SAP Trieste 6 1956 1956 Viberti p 3 1957 lancia_esatau_1957_images_1_b 1958 Fiat 306-2 Viberti CV.24B 1958 1972-1979 1958 FIAT 2472 Viberti 4-axle articulated trolleybus on route 90 1958 FIAT 2472 Viberti 4-axle 1958 filosnodato Fiat 2472 Viberti CGE 1959 Fiat 306 2 Con Carrozzeria Viberti 1959 Fiat 306-2 con carrozzeria Viberti 1959 Lancia Esatau Viberti IMCD 1960 Fiat 306-2 Viberti CV.24B 1972-1980 1960 Fiat 405 Viberti CV39 1960 1961 Fiat 413 Viberti Monotral CV61 in Profumo di donna, 1974 1961 Viberti Monotral CV61 Fiat 413 ATM Torino 1961 1962 Lancia Esatau P V.11 Viberti Monotral 1964-FIAT 690 N1 - Rim.VIBERTI 1965 Lancia 703.08 Viberti AV.9 1965 Viberti advertisement 1968 Bus 703 Lancia and Fiat 306 of the company Officine Viberti of Turin 1978 Viberti JHM-1978-1321 - (I) Turin, autobus 2004 Viberti Turbo City U I 303300-2 ALFA ROMEO 350A VIBERTI FORSE Articulated trolleybus Fiat 2472 with Viberti body in Milano Autobotte Fiat 615N Viberti Autobotte Fiat 642N Viberti Autobus Fiat 680 carrozzato dalla Viberti. Autobus Viberti Autocarro Lancia Beta 190 Viberti Autocisterna Fiat 682N3 Viberti ESSO Autotreno cisterna Fiat 682N Viberti Bussen Viberti(I) Camion Fiat 634 Viberti Camion Fiat 682N Viberti Camion Lancia Esatau Viberti DSCN6698 (Lancia Esagamma 718) Tags bus torino oldtimer doubledecker Fiat 306 it's a monocoque Viberti Monotral CV24 with Fiat 306 engine, gearbox and axles Fiat 413 Viberti Fiat 413 Viberti ... Fiat 666 Viberti fiat 680 N pub-carrosse-viberti-barilla-img Fiat 680 RN Viberti Fiat 682 N2 Viberti Fiat 682 Viberti a Fiat 682 Viberti Fiat 682N2 3 assi Viberti Fiat 682n3 3 assi Perlini e rimorchio Viberti Piero Della Valentina Fiat 682n4 Scremin Bassano e Fiat 682n2 3 Assi Viberti Autotrasporti Ghezzi Mezzolombardo Raduno Oldtimer San Felice Bolzano Italy July 2012 Fiat 690 N1 - 8x2 Nachlaufachse Umbau Viberti Fiat 690 N3 Viberti 577 in viale Isonzo Fiat Viberti Monotral CV61 Fiat-Viberti filobus viberti ri Furgone Fiat 642RN2 Viberti trasporto latte Furgone OM Taurus 340 Viberti images Iveco 316 Viberti Lancia Esatau con rimorchio Viberti Lancia Esatau P V.11 Viberti Monotral a Lancia Esatau Viberti in Vento Logo officine Viberti Officine Viberti Torino - 1957 officine Viberti OM Super Taurus Viberti Monotral a OM Super Taurus Viberti Monotral OM Viberti 15 T 180 Pegaso Monotral Viberti (1955) pegaso-monotral-viberti-02 pegaso-monotral-viberti-07 pegaso-monotral-viberti-10 Pullman-Autobus-VIBERTI-Fiat-680-Bus-Milano semir.viberti towing a Viberti 141T trailer esatau864 tro_viberti V009_grande Viberti 1 Viberti 2 Viberti 11 Viberti BVF 203 Viberti Golden Dolphin Viberti Logo Viberti tonon5 Viberti Torino b Viberti Torino Viberti Turbo City S I Viberti U842 I Viberti VF 180 6x6 viberti-monotral-05 viberti-monotral-09 viberti-motocarro1 Victoria Viberti zo9nyu

That was all Viberti

VÉTRA Société des Véhicules et Tracteurs Electriques Paris 1925-1964 France

Vétra

  TROLLEYBUS VETRA Logo
Vétra
Former type Private
Industry Transportation
Fate Bankrupt
Founded 1925
Defunct 1964
Headquarters Paris, France
Area served Worldwide
Products Trolleybuses, electric locomotives

Vétra (or Vetra), or more formally the Société des Véhicules et Tracteurs Electriques, was a French manufacturer of trolleybuses and electric locomotives. Founded in 1925, it became one of Western Europe’s largest builders of trolleybuses during the middle decades of the 20th century, making in excess of 1,750 vehicles, for cities in France and in several other countries. The company ceased production in 1964.

History

1950 Limoges Vetra VBRh trolleybus 271 in 1988Limoges was one of the last places where Vétra trolleybuses operated. This 1950-built example was photographed in 1988.

Vétra was founded in 1925 and was based in Paris. After initially experimenting with production of accumulator railcars, the company made its first trolleybus in 1927. The first Vétra trolleybuses were two vehicles, model MV, supplied to the AubagneCuges trolleybus system, which was located just east of Marseille and began operation on 22 September 1927. In the decades that followed, Vétra had a near-monopoly on French trolleybus production. Trolleybus systems operating in France also bought their fleets nearly exclusively from Vétra. From the 1930s through the 1950s, the “overwhelming majority” of trolleybuses in use on French systems were built by Vétra. On a smaller scale, the company also sold trolleybuses to systems located in other countries.

1939 VETRA CS35 (et VBRH)

1939 VETRA CS35 (et VBRH)

The traction motors and other electrical equipment in Vétra trolleybuses were supplied by Alsthom (now called Alstom) in all or nearly all cases, while many mechanical parts, often including chassis, came from Berliet. The vehicle bodies were fabricated by various different companies, Berliet included. In its 38 years of trolleybus production, the company made no less than 31 different models. Some were only small variations on another model. For example, the VBRh was basically the same as the VBR except was 2.9 m tall instead of 2.7 m, and the h suffix in the model number stood for “haute” (high).

1948 Vétra-Berliet VBRh n° 272 ex-Paris Limoges F

1948 Vétra-Berliet VBRh n° 272 ex-Paris Limoges F

Models produced included both two-axle and three-axle rigid vehicles, with large numbers of each. In its history, Vétra only built one articulated trolleybus. This was a prototype for Algiers, Algeria. Built in 1950/51, it was designated model VA4.SR and had four axles, three in the front section and one in the trailing section. It was tested on the Paris trolleybus system in January 1951. This prototype was unsuccessful, and it was eventually rebuilt into a three-axle rigid vehicle.

1954 VETRA-BERLIET VA3B2 3 axelss

1954 VETRA-BERLIET VA3B2 3 axelss

Vétra also made some freight vehicles for a non-passenger trolleytruck line between Villey-Saint-Étienne and Varangéville, France. It also built small electric locomotives for use on mine railways.

1943 Vétra-Berliet CB60 n° 10 Limoges F

1943 Vétra-Berliet CB60 n° 10 Limoges F

In 1961 Pegaso, the Spanish truck and bus maker, reached an agreement with Vetra to launch to the Spanish market a Pegaso trolleybus, called model 8010, based on Vetra technology. The operation, however, was a failure, due to the contemporary import to Spain of several tenths of ex-London Transport BUT units; and only one Pegaso 8010, with a Seida body, was ever built.

1959-68 VETRA BERLIET Barcelona

1959-68 VETRA BERLIET Barcelona

By the early 1960s, several French trolleybus systems had closed, and most of those that remained were destined to close within a few years, so were not purchasing new trolleybuses. Facing a steep decline in orders, Vétra filed for bankruptcy. Production ended in 1964, with the completion of an order for two VBH85 trolleybuses for Fribourg, Switzerland.

Vetra 29 roule sur la ligne 8-9 en direction du Jura.

Vetra 29 roule sur la ligne 8-9 en direction du Jura. Suisse.

Customers

Vétra sold trolleybuses to transit systems in 12 different countries, on three continents, including as far away as Chile. However, the majority were sold to systems in France. The overall total was in excess of 1,750, a quantity that has been matched or exceeded by only very few other trolleybus manufacturers.

Europe

1957 Vétra VBF-model trolleybus in Grenoble in 1965. This vehicle originally served the Paris trolleybus systemA 1957 Vétra VBF-model trolleybus in Grenoble in 1965. This vehicle originally served the Paris trolleybus system.

Seida Pegaso 5070 Seida Pegaso 6035 SEIDA Trolleybus 3 asser Vetra

Seida bodied three-axle Vétra trolleybus for the city of Madrid

 

The Lyon trolleybus system purchased by far the largest number of Vétra trolleybuses of any system, a total of 372, comprising seven different models. Other large buyers in France were Marseille (145, of seven different models), Paris (133), St. Etienne (78), and Limoges (43). After the closure of the Paris system, in 1966, its 38 VBF trolleybuses were sold to the Grenoble system, and 40 of its VBRh trolleybuses were sold to Limoges; 24 of the latter entered service there, and some remained in service until 1989.

Other European countries where Vétra found buyers were Austria, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Spain and Switzerland. Most were small orders, but in Spain, 45 Vétras were purchased by Madrid and a total of 55 by Bilbao, in multiple orders.

Outside Europe

Vétra also found a good market in North Africa, where it sold to all but one of the eight trolleybus systems in operation, including Algiers,Constantine (3 separate operators) and Oran, in Algeria; Cairo, Egypt; Casablanca, Morocco; and Tunis, Tunisia. The sole exception was the system in Tétouan, Morocco, which bought all of its trolleybuses from Saurer. The trolleybuses sold to some of these systems in the 1930s were designed by Vétra but built by various other companies.

The company sold trolleybuses to a total of only two systems outside Europe and North Africa. Santiago, Chile, purchased 100 in 1952–53, and Niterói, Brazil, opened its trolleybus system with 45 Vétras in 1953. The Niteroi vehicles were model VBRh, which was Vétra’s most widely sold model in the post-war era, bought by many cities. By contrast, the Santiago vehicles were a unique model, VA2, and were approximately the same size as, and bore a strong resemblance to, trolleybuses that the Santiago system had purchased from the U.S. company Pullman-Standard in 1946–48 and 1952.

Last active examples

Lyon_trolleybus_471_in_1981A small fleet of short-chassis vehicles in Lyon were the last Vétra trolleybuses in service anywhere.

By 1983, with the retirement of St. Etienne’s last Vétra trolleybuses, Limoges and Lyon were the only systems anywhere that continued to use Vétras in service. The last active examples in Limoges were ex-Paris VBRh vehicles built in 1949–54, and these were retired in June 1989. This left the Lyon trolleybus system as the last operator of Vétra trolleybuses anywhere.

Although Lyon once had a large fleet of Vétra trolleybuses, by late 1981 all that remained were ones from a batch of 22 VBH85 trolleybuses, built jointly by Vétra and Berliet in 1963, which had a short chassis and were used only on Lyon route 6, which follows narrow streets and has hairpin turns. In 1984/85, Lyon operator TCL chose to refurbish seven of these, rather than buy a new batch of non-standard-length trolleybuses just for one route.[16] As a result, these last Vétra trolleybuses (renumbered 1701–1707) received an extended life, remaining in service until early 2000.

Preservation

More than 30 Vétra-built trolleybuses have been preserved, with 33 examples accounted for as of 2000, all but four being in France.

By operators

Some are owned by transit agencies that are currently still operate trolleybuses, but the vehicles concerned may or may not be in operating condition. The Limoges trolleybus system has preserved 1944/45 CB60 No. 18, and the Lyon system has preserved 1962 Vétra-Berliet ELR No. 10 (which is ex-Marseille 331 in 1977). The St. Etienne system has preserved three different examples: 1952 VCR No. 72, 1955 VA3B2 No. 151 (ex-Marseille 155), and 1962 VBBh/ELR No. 126.

At museums

Trolleybus Vetra-2Three restored Vétra trolleybuses on display at the Musée des transports urbains, interurbains et ruraux, in Paris

Most of the surviving Vétra trolleybuses are in the collections of museums or preservation groups. The largest number, by far, is owned by theAssociation pour le Musée des Transports Urbains, Interurbains et Ruraux (AMTUIR), in Paris, which counted 10 Vétra trolleybuses in its collection as of 2000. The Musée Provençal des Transports Urbains et Ruraux (MPTUR), in La Barque, has three Vétra trolleybuses. The Amis du Rail et des Transports de Marseille (ARTM), in Marseille, has two.

At least three Vétra trolleybuses are preserved outside France, including Limoges No. 5 (a 1943 CB60), which is owned by an individual but is kept at The Trolleybus Museum at Sandtoft, in the UK, and operates occasionally at the museum. Lyon 1704, a 1963 Vétra-Berliet VBH85, from the batch that were the very last Vétra trolleybuses in service anywhere, joined the Sandtoft collection in 2006.

1939 VETRA CS35 (et VBRH) 1939 Vétra CS55 n° 21 Poitiers F 1943 Vetra CB60 inside 1943 Vetra CB60 trolleybus 5, 964 H 87 1943 Vetra Inside 1943 Vétra-Berliet CB60 n° 10 Limoges F 1947 Vétra CS60 n° 53 Marseille 1948 Vétra-Berliet VBRh n° 272 ex-Paris Limoges F 1950 Limoges Vetra VBRh trolleybus 271 in 1988 1950 Vétra VA3 n° 124 Perpignan 1951 VETRA VBRH (et CS35) 1954 VETRA-BERLIET VA3B2 3 axelss 1957 Vétra VBF-model trolleybus in Grenoble in 1965. This vehicle originally served the Paris trolleybus system 1959-68 VETRA BERLIET Barcelona 1963 VETRA-BERLIET VBH85 Lyon 1972 Vetra CB 60 à Limoges 1981 Vetra ELR à Saint-Étienne Lyon_trolleybus_471_in_1981 Berliet Vetra 325 JE 06 Berliet-Vetra trolleybus, of STAS (Société de Transports de l'Agglomération Stéphanoise) St Ettiene Lyon Vetra VBH85 No. 1704 Seida Pegaso 5070 Seida Pegaso 6035 SEIDA Trolleybus 3 asser Vetra TROLLEYBUS VETRA - Ligne 183 TROLLEYBUS VETRA Logo Trolleybus Vetra-2 Vetra (Carde y Escoriaza) Spanje Vetra 4.7 Vetra 29 roule sur la ligne 8-9 en direction du Jura. Vetra 30 et 26 déclassés attendent leur sort. Vetra EH87 1704 7830 LG 69 Lyon (France) Vetra sur trolleybus CB 60 Vétra VBF n° 637 ex TAG Grenoble (Colombes - France) VETRA-BERLIET VA3B2 (Badge) LYON

Cést Tout

Finis

SEIDA Sociedad Española de Importación y Distribución de Automóviles

Seida

1951-seida1951-pegaso

1951 Seida Metalbloc

Sociedad Española de Importación y Distribución de Automóviles (S.E.I.D.A. or, more commonly, Seida) was a Spanish cars and trucks dealer and coachbuilder that later evolved into making integral chassisless motorcoaches, and that in 1998 was subsumed into Evobus.

History

Presentació autobús Pegaso Seida

Chrysler dealer

Seida was incorporated in 1925, and began as the dealer for Spain of all the brands of Chrysler Corporation. As such, it became very well known, and in the 1930s its main showroom in Madrid, located in downtown main avenue, Gran Vía, and known as Salón Chrysler, was noted by its luxury, serving even as sporadic art gallery for some avant-garde exhibitions. By the same years, Seida opened a new rationalist repair shop and gas station building in Espronceda Street, by the renowned architect José de Azpiroz, that became a hall-mark of the modern architectural trends in Madrid.

In April 1935 Seida sponsored the show in Madrid of an american hell driver named Miller on a Plymouth car.

That same year, 1935, Seida began to assemble Chrysler’s Dodge trucks in a new plant built in Zorroza, on the docks of Bilbao. Several hundreds of them were made both before and after the Spanish Civil War.

The links with Chrysler Corporation persisted until 1969, when Chrysler Europe disembarked in Spain through the acquisition of Barreiros.

1961 Seida Pegaso Bilbao Sp

Mobile bank office for Banco de Bilbao in a bus body built by  Seida in 1961 over a Pegaso 5040 chassis

Coachbuilder

In the 1940s, after the Spanish Civil War, Seida extended the premises in Zorroza with a new building to a Chrysler design, and switched to coachbuilding, the first bus chassis bodied being a hundred of German Klöckner units released in 1942. In those years Seida expanded its business to become shipowner, purchasing the merchant steamer Sendeja.

By the 1950s Seida lead the Spanish market of coach bodies, having patented, as Metalbloc, an all-metal body structure. By then Seida became the preferred bodybuilder for Pegaso, which was at the time the most pervasive bus and coach chassis maker in Spain. Specially memorable were its bodies for the Pegaso Z-404 coach or urban bus chassis, that used to receive a striking body which featured the same cross-shaped radiatorgrille that Touring put in its carrozzerie for the Pegaso Z-102 sports cars.

1945 autocares H-S modelo 202, carrozados por Seida para el Ejército del Aire

1945 autocares H-S modelo 202, carrozados por Seida para el Ejército del Aire

Along those years Seida other significant works were the bodies for Hispano-Suiza trolleybuses for the city of San Sebastián, Dodge two-level coaches for Iberia airliner, double-deck Guy and single-deck Pegaso buses, for the city of Madrid, and ACLO and Pegaso inter-city line coaches for Alsa. For the city of Madrid too, Seida made its most impressive bodies; namely four three-axle Vétra VA3B2 trolleybuses with GEE (General Eléctrica Española) electrical equipment.

1955 Pegaso Z-404 Seida

1955 Pegaso Z-404 Seida

Rootes and Babcock dealer

For a few years along the 50s, Seida was also dealer in Spain for the British Rootes Group car brands, and too for the short-lived Spanish-made Babcock truck.

1960 - PEGASO BUS SEIDA

1960 – PEGASO BUS SEIDA

The Kässbohrer connection

In 1963 Seida reached an agreement with German Kässbohrer to license-build Setra chassisless coaches. These were equipped with Pegaso engines and other mechanical units and were marketed with simultaneous double badge as Setra Seida and Pegaso. Initially Seida built models S14 and S10 from Setra, the first one, a full-length 12-meter 55 seat vehicle, being with a great difference the most demanded. A few years later the S154, recently launched by Setra, replaced the S14 while the S10 was discontinued.

1961 Pegaso flota tb1168 seida 9 g

1961 Pegaso flota tb1168 seida 9 g

Despite being rather expensive, these coaches were very successful in the Spanish market, to the point that Seida opened a second plant in Vigo. In the 1970s MAN, Mercedes-Benz or Cummins engines were offered as alternative power units to the Pegaso ones, and the Setra Seida and Pegaso badging was replaced by just Setra.

1961 TB 1168 Pegaso 5020 Seida

1961 TB 1168 Pegaso 5020 Seida © Isidoro Hernandez

In 1981 Seida inaugurated a new modern plant in Castro Urdiales, but soon ran into difficulties, including bitter disagreements with Kässbohrer, and suffered in the late 80s and early 90s a long and rather complex financial and legal process, which included several changes of the society registered name and ownership. The plant in Vigo meanwhile was sold to Talleres Varela Bus, a general auto repair shop.

The end

In 1998 the Castro Urdiales plant went to the hands of Daimler-Benz‘s Evobus concern and Seida successor company disappeared.

1962 Pegaso 5020 Seida 1964 Aclo 407 bus, rebodied as a single-deck bus by Seida de Bilbao in 1964 1972 Seida Pegaso del model 5062 AN 20-20  82 1974 Setra Seida S 154 ALSA 84 - Pegaso Z408 Seida Autobús Pegaso-Seida 5020 bdjs Pegaso – Seida 5061 DR Pegaso 505 Seida M-235023 137 Pegaso 5010 o 5020, eso sí Comet Seida Pegaso 5061 Comet SEIDA Pegaso 5062 Comet Seida Pegaso Comet 5633 DR Seida Pegaso Seida PEGASO Z-404 SEIDA DE MODELTRANS Pegaso Z-404 Seida Pegaso Z-408 Seida S14 Seida Vigo T. Varela Bus S.A. Saurer Unknown Seida

Saurer Seida

Seida Pegaso 5070 Seida Pegaso 6035 SEIDA Trolleybus 3 asser Setra-Seida S 154 TB 1168 Pegaso 5020 Seida Z401_Seida

Finish

PEGASO Catalonia Spain II

PEGASO Catalonia Spania II

 

Pegasus

Pegaso - Pegaso Algar Pegaso afkoppelen Pegaso a Pegaso 486111505 Pegaso 9424 Pegaso 7226 Pegaso 7217 firefighting (SP) PEGASO 7217 (2) Pegaso 6420 in combinatie met MAN Pegaso 6050 leaving the Enasa factory at Zona Franca Pegaso 6041 (Jorsa) Pegaso 6040 isidoropegasobelmonteyg5 Pegaso 6040 isidorobelmonte4oj0 PEGASO 6038 -  Van Hool Bodywork Pegaso 6035A Pegaso 6035-A Luce Captura-de-pantalla-2013-06-11-a-las-17.33.08-615x344 PEGASO 6035 +6035-A1 Pegaso 6035 (Hugas) Pegaso 6031A Cilsac Ex Continental Auto pegaso 6031-A 200 CV pegaso 6031a 9wu pegaso 6031 A2 aobradors5ei PEGASO 6025 Pegaso 6025 pegaso 6020 1dr2 PEGASO 6000N Pegaso 5424 Sp OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA Pegaso 5117 Pegaso 5081 con carrocería Unicar U-75, Pegaso 5074 (Setra Seida S122) Pegaso 5070 SETRA SEIDA Kässbohrer Pegaso 5070 (Setra Seida S14) R Spanje Pegaso 5065 DR I Pegaso 5064A-1 Pegaso 5062B Unicar U75 PEGASO 5062 B Pegaso 5062 (Beulas) PEGASO 5061 DR Pegaso 5061 Comet, el autobús número 1 Pegaso 5051 Pegaso 5031 Pegaso 5031 L-1 Setra Seida PEGASO 5024 Pegaso 5022 Pegaso 5020 Pegaso 3055 pegaso 3055 teruelca6 Pegaso 3050 Pegaso 3046 cisterna Ejército español Pegaso 3045D 4x4 Pegaso 2181 Pegaso 2080 Pegaso 2080 (2) Pegaso 2040-50 Pegaso 2040-50 6x4 Pegaso 2040 Pegaso 2040 Tanker Pegaso 2040 Tanker Montana Pegaso 2040 Tanker b Pegaso 2040 +++ Pegaso 2040 ++ Pegaso 2040 + Pegaso 2012a Pegaso 2012 Pegaso 2012 b Pegaso 2011g Pegaso 2011f Pegaso 2011a Pegaso 2011-50 Pegaso 2011-50 (2) Pegaso 2011 Pegaso 2011 Transportes Tradisa SA Pegaso 2011 Transdonat SA Pegaso 2011 Grupotir SA Pegaso 2011 d Pegaso 2011 c Pegaso 2011 (2) Pegaso 1431 PEGASO 1100-1 Brandweer Pegaso 1086 Pegaso 1083 Pegaso 1083 midden Pegaso 1080 NL Pegaso 1066 Pegaso 1066 (2) Pegaso 1065 europa PEGASO 1065 BU-5653 Pegaso 1064-1 Pegaso 1064 'Cabezón' Pegaso 1063 Pegaso 1063 Cabezón Pegaso 1063 A Pegaso 1061 Pegaso 1060 LA Pegaso 1060 L Pegaso 1060 A Pegaso 604 Beulas OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA PEGASO 407 Pegaso 401 Pegaso 360 Jan Blokzijl Pegaso 309 tanker PEGASO 207 Pegaso 107 Pegaso 99 Pegaso 98 Pegaso 68 Pegaso 41 Pegaso 34.Damas Pegaso 22 Pegaso 12 Pegaso 11ad pegaso 10jf7 Pegaso 010 pegaso 7zckz7 Dakar Pegaso 6x2 Pegaso 6x2 a Pegaso 4 asser Colombia Pegaso 000fefasaautobusaos6065 Pegaso + Tram

Pegaso bus Barcelona Pegaso bus Grupo Alvi Pegaso Bus Particular Foto Pegaso bus Pegaso busje Pegaso Bussen Pegaso c Pegaso Camions Pegaso Cementwagen Pegaso Chili Pegaso Cirereta 5081-1 Esp PEGASO Coach 6100 Pegaso combifoto Pegaso Comet 5 Pegaso Comet 1090 Pegaso Comet 1091 Pegaso Comet 1100 Rechts Pegaso Comet a sp Pegaso Comet b sp Pegaso Comet Kraanwagen Pegaso Comet sp (2) Pegaso Comet Sp Pegaso Convo E Pegaso convoi exceptioneel Pegaso Convoi Extraordinaire Pegaso Coremost Antarctica pegaso d seida II 17au Pegaso Dakar (2) Pegaso Dakar 2 Pegaso Dakar a Pegaso Dakar Rally en Pegaso bus PEGASO Dakar Pegaso Diesel (supongo que Z-401) a Pegaso Diesel (supongo que Z-401) b Pegaso Diesel (supongo que Z-401) c Pegaso Diesel (supongo que Z-401) Pegaso Diesel 125CV Pegaso Diesel Autobus Pegaso Diesel urbanos Pegaso Diesel Y Z-9 159bishf1 Pegaso Diesel z401 25az0 Pegaso Dobo pegaso dseidaurbano5nz PEGASO dur pegaso ebro c500 Pegaso Ekus 75.32 Pegaso El Seida V preservado de Continental Auto no es un 5061 sino un 5051 Conti_137_A Pegaso elcarbonero 8bo8165yb6 Pegaso EMT 708 (32) pegaso enas arcaaltafulla2 PEGASO ENASA 5031 L-1 + 6031 N PEGASO ENASA 5061 DR PEGASO ENASA 6045 pegaso enasa madrid PEGASO ES MICAMION HISPANO SUIZA DE HUESCA ALOSA Pegaso Europa de los bomberos de Logroño que sique en activo Pegaso Fabrecat PEGASO ferrol1 Pegaso Frigo Iberica Pegaso Frigo Pegaso garage (2) Pegaso Garage Pegaso GE-3063-E I Pegaso Gerposa Santander Pegaso Gerposa Pegaso gg Pegaso Gilabert Pegaso Goya Pegaso harbour Pegaso Hercules Spanje Pegaso hoge den Pegaso hoog PEGASO II Pegaso images Pegaso in de bergen Pegaso in tafereel met Aquaduct Pegaso isidorojereznm2 Pegaso J-4 1100 Ad Pegaso jkd Pegaso kabel PEGASO Kraan Pegaso Kraanwagen Pegaso Land Rover Pegaso Leyland 14,5 T esp Pegaso Leyland N-191149SP Pegaso Limo bus Pegaso Los Dimos Pegaso luna gt 20 Pegaso M&M Pegaso M Pegaso Más Monocascos de A.T.E.S.A

Pegaso Masa Pegaso veewagen Colombia Pegaso VEC Zaragoza PEGASO VAN HOOLa Pegaso Van Hool PEGASO VAN HOOL (2) Pegaso v Pegaso Unicar La Cirereta va a l'Oreneta 94 PEGASO UNICAR Cirereta 34 Pegaso Turbo Pancho Mayor Pegaso Turbo intercooling Ad Pegaso truck Pegaso Truck met oplegger pegaso truck medicalsuppolf2 Pegaso Troner Presno Pegaso Troner Plus 1236.38-T  360 - Plus Pegaso Troner 1237.40-T  370-24v TR Pegaso Troner 1236.38-T  360 - TX Pegaso trolley truck at the Valtellina Dam Project Pegaso trolebs0187bisyi0 Pegaso trolebs0186bisbx1 Pegaso Trekker nieuw Pegaso Transportes Pirenaicos Pegaso transportes modernos sa Pegaso Transdonat Pegaso Trans Modernos Pegaso Trans Modernos AX Pegaso Tractor 2045 Pegaso Touring Thrill Pegaso Tecno Turbo Pegaso Tecno 1234.38-T Pegaso tanker Pegaso Tanker Sosayo Pegaso Tanker Santo Pegaso Tanker C25 Pegaso Tanker Aeropuorto Pegaso Super Pegaso Sprig Pegaso sport Pegaso Spijder Enasa Pegaso Special JOINT RESOLVE 26 PEGASO Spaanse bussen sanjaimemj6 Pegaso SP Pegaso Sonia pegaso solo 5002os4 PEGASO SOLO 500 Man 460 Pegaso small PEGASO Sla Lourdes 8570463 orig Pegaso Seida protohd3 Pegaso Seida papelero Pegaso seida diseovn1 50's Pegaso Seida Bilbao Pegaso Sava J-4 links PEGASO Sava 168 Pegaso Rosmo Bus Pegaso rood Pegaso Rood wit Pegaso Rodriquez Pegaso Rivera Pegaso rits Pegaso Ride UK PEGASO reeks spanje Pegaso Rally PEGASO Rally Dakar PEGASO Race Transporter PEGASO Race Transporter a Pegaso Rabassada - 001 Pegaso Quepos SJB3533 2011 pegaso podria. Pegaso Perrosato Pegaso Orwi Pegaso Orus Pegaso Orange Pegaso open Pegaso Oldtimer 07 malta bus victoria line 84 Pegaso NL Pegaso Nervionsa Pegaso Municipal de Irun Pegaso Municipal de Irun a PEGASO Monstral 6045 Pegaso monotralcalleic1 Pegaso Monotral B-308641 Pegaso Monotral 6038 Pegaso Monotral 6030 N 176 Pegaso Monogasco Ad 2 Pegaso monogasco  anunciotm5 Pegaso MONOCASCO PLANOS Pegaso Mofletes pegaso mofletes 3 ejes Colombia Pegaso Militaires Pegaso Microbus Urbana Pegaso Michelin Pegaso met tank Pegaso met Seat's Pegaso met oplegger Pegaso met oplegger en last Pegaso met kraan Pegaso met grote bak Pegaso met drums Pegaso Mateu

PEGASO Catalonia Spania I

Pegasus

ENASA – National Company Autocamiones SA
Type State ( INI )
Sector Automotive
Destination Sold to Iveco in 1990
Predecessor Hispano-Suiza
Established 1946
Founder (s) Vilfredo Ricart
Extinction 1994
Its Barcelona , Catalonia
Products Vehicles , tractors and armored

Pegasus was the brand that markets its vehicles the company state located in Catalonia ENASA ( National Company Autocamiones SA ).Founded in Barcelona in 1946 , the company maintained its headquarters in the district of Sagrera until 1980 , when he moved to the Zone . Throughout its existence, ENASA manufactures all kinds of vehicles, although it is remembered primarily for its trucks and buses. In1990 it was sold to Italian company Iveco and 1994 ceased its activity.

History

It all started on September 25, 1941, when the Spanish regime created the Instituto Nacional de Industria (INI) in order to face the problems of transport, defense and others. In 1946, the Technical Centre for the Study of the Automobile (CETA), created by engineer Vilfredo Ricart , was commissioned to develop a diesel truck 7/8 tons. At the same time, the INI was created Automobile Technical Council and all this was the origin ENASA, the company had manufactured the truck. On 26 June 1946 the company was established with a registered capital of 240 million pesetas of the time, and through the INI was forced sale of the old Hispano Suiza , located Sagrera ( the current Park Pegasus). ENASA took charge of personnel and facilities, taking advantage of the popularity it had in passing the old company.

And thus was born the Pegasus, which was very similar to the Hispano Suiza 66d, followed by Diesel Pegasus (Pegasus II) around 1949, and then the Z-206 engine with a six-cylinder 100 mm in diameter 120mm race, which gave 120 hp at 1,800 rpm, and an eight-speed gearbox, although subsequently it increased the power to 140 hp. This model was known by the nickname “Mofletes “(” cheeks “). Based on these mechanics also appeared a coach with a curious body. This type of engine architecture, together with direct injection that was followed in the construction of the Pegasus engines.

Timeline

Pegasus II

Pegaso ” Mofletes
Pegaso Troner Presno

 The Troner , last Pegaso truck
  • 1949: Pegaso Z-701 first tractor ENASA
  • 1950 Paris Motor Show, self-presentation racks.
  • 1951 Paris Motor Show, was presented the legendary grand touring car Pegaso Z-102 , with several bodies ENASA intended to give prestige to the brand.
  • 1953: Launch of the facilities of the new plant to Madrid Barajas. It sells the model Z-207 model “Barajas”. Prototype military truck m3
  • 1960 Reorganization of technical structure, creating the Central Technical Department , standing in Sagrera, and assuming all the functions of CETA.
  • 1962: Agreement with Leyland was born as a result of which the model Pegaso Comet again had four valves per cylinder.
  • 1963: We developed the model in 1065, called “Europe” because it fulfilled the new guidelines of the European Conference of Ministers of Transport 1960. Presentation of 4×4
  • 1964 begins marketing vehicles three and four axles. It sells Comet
  • 1966: Purchase of Vehiculos Sociedad Anonima de Industriales (SAVA), based in Valladolid, entering the field of trucks and engines 1.5, 1.8 and 3.4 liters
  • 1967: The project and development of a new 12-liter diesel engine versions aspirated and supercharged with a wide range of powers.
  • 1968: Improvements in department experience, Sagrera.
  • 1969: Creates the Delegation Projects factory Madrid, who began his studies for the application of military vehicle manufacturing, 4×4 and 6×6.
  • 1971: Began relocating factory Sagrera Zone (now COMESA).
  • 1973: They mounted 12-liter turbo engine, and the pilot would be working on a new bridge further reducing the rate of planetary wheels.
  • 1974: Starts together with Jaro BV (Netherlands-based) study the cab tilt
  • 1976: We construct new facilities Experiences ZF Barcelona (Zone). Implemented in the cabin tilt series. Mounted in series, the new 12-liter engine, and become amphibious armored.
  • 1977: They build armored military vehicles.
  • 1980: Ends relocating Sagrera Zone. Purchase of the British company Seddon Atkinson
  • 1981: Test comparison between two Pegasus engines (9156.13 and 9180.00) and five European engines 2,000 hours. Collaboration agreement with ZF German factory.
  • 1983: Presentation of the range T1. According to manufacture the bus MAN 6420.
  • 1984 introduced the CAD-CAE to design and engineering.
  • 1985: Pre-sale agreement am the American company International Harvester. Launch of the range T-2 “Techno”.
  • 1987: Launch of the range throne. According to market the MAN range Ekus
  • 1988: Attempted sale Mercedes German holding 28 billion pesetas.
  • 1990: Sales for the Italian group Iveco billion pesetas.
  • 1995: End of the manufacture of Pegasus.

Models Featured

  • Z-206 “Mofletes”, derived from the Hispano Suiza 66d with a six-cylinder engine of 100 mm diameter by 120 mm race, which gave 120 hp at 2,200 rpm, and an eight-speed gearbox.
  • Z-102/103, legendary super sports car with eight-cylinder V engine, two valves per cylinder, double overhead camshaft head, aluminum alloy and other important technical innovations for its time
  • Coach Binivell mono hull, engine derived from the Z-206 engine boosted to 140 hp, which was used to link the airports.
  • Z-207 “Barajas”, known for its revolutionary solutions such as six-cylinder engine in V 120 ° (Joint Venture Cummins), independent front suspension with coil springs and shift six-speed, with the second and third synchronized in the same letter that the clutch and its characteristic corrugated cabin.
  • Coach Z-408 derived from Barajas pro engine 165 hp, 10 feet long total, representing a breakthrough in passenger transport.
  • 1060 and derivatives
  • Pegasus monotral Viberti
  • Buses 5020 and 5041
  • Pegasus-Comet model 1090 as a result of the agreement with Leyland, also with a cabin “Panoramic” feature.
  • 1065 “European” model of long duration, and large diversification. 4×2 gearbox and gear in the differential.
  • 6035 City bus with mixed leaf spring suspension-air exchange with automatic clutch, and rubber floor sandwich. Horizontal engine and all groups under the floor.
  • 1100 with four-cylinder engine, derived from Comet
  • T-1, with new cabin tilt
  • City bus 6420 as a result of the agreement the German company MAN am, to emphasize the independent front suspension and all her pneumatic and low floor for easy access.
  • T-2 “Techno” with new boxes ZF S6-36 and S6-90 up to 4×4 relations.
  • T-3 “Tron” collaboration DAF cab and engine up to 360 hp.

Military Vehicles 

Pegaso 3050

3050 military truck

  • 3046, military truck 4×4, 170 hp. Could transport 5 tons by road, or 3 tons all terrain. Dragged up to 4.5 tonnes and its range was 1,000 km
  • 3055, truck, SUV 6×6, equipped with 200 or 220 hp engine. Could transport 10 tons or 6 tons in road SUV and towing capacity 7,500 kg SUV, or 14.5 tonnes on the road.
  • VAP, large capacity 4×4 amphibious vehicle navigation engine with 170 hp. Suitable for transportation, establish beachhead or auxiliary naval maneuvers. Capable of reaching 90 km / h road, with a range of 800 km. Longitudinal slopes may exceed 60%, and 30% side. The ship speed was 5.5 knots.
  • BLR, Light Armored Vehicle with wheels, 4×4 transportable by air, 170 hp engine that can reach 110 km / h on roads with a range of 800 km. The loading capacity was 15 people, including the driver, the tires were bulletproof. The ability to overcome remaining 60% was longitudinal, lateral and 30%.
  • BMR, Middle wheeled armored vehicle, 6×6, amphibious and transportable by air independent suspension for each wheel, power steering shafts front and rear. All mechanical groups were protected by the helmet shield, engine 306 hp. That can reach above 100 km / h and overcome remaining as above.

Bodywork biggest

As usual policy, the Pegasus was sold in the case of trucks, cab and chassis, and coaches, sold a frame with mechanical groups, which after all had floats in this section is not more intends to disclose the companies that worked on this necessity.

Gary Girona Body of luxury coaches.

Setra-Seid, coachbuilder specializing in auto body bearers, and very fast as coaches.

Castrosua specializes in coaches and buses.

Irizar coaches gran turismo.

FRUEHAUF, semi truck.

Marzasa, military bodies.

Ugarte, Body Coach.

Unibus y Servicios, special bodywork.

Leziñena, semi truck.

There are many that do not go in this regard, especially those who only supplied boxes for transport, and the sports car bodywork.

External impact 

Throughout its history Pegasus received several awards in exhibitions held outside our frontiers axis as material exported to various countries, especially in Latin America. In planting branches to manufacture vehicles, eg Guanahay Cuba, Venezuela Desiauto.

Exports began in 1961 in Colombia, pro continued in Egypt, Venezuela, Congo, Portugal, Peru, Cuba, Costa Rica, Equatorial Guinea, Sudan, Poland, etc..

Also noteworthy dealer network across Europe to attend the TIR trucks.

See also 

Pegaso Z-102

 1904 HISPANO SUIZA-00 ( Vista general de la fabrica) 1907-1910 HISPANO SUIZA-01 1908 Hispano-Suiza 12-15 HP 1908-46 Hispano-Suiza d´Avtómoviles 1911 Hispano Suiza King Alfonso XIII Double Berline a 1911 Hispano Suiza King Alfonso XIII Double Berline 1911-1920 HISPANO SUIZA-02 1913 Hispano-Suiza (E) Alphonse XIII Torpedo 1915-Hispano-Suiza-15-20HP-Omnibus 1918 Antoni Bellet Hispano Suiza 15-20 1918 Antoni Bellet Hispano Suiza 15-20a 1919 HISPANO SUIZA LOGO 01 1920 HISPANO-SUIZA Bus 1921 Hispano-Suiza H6B 1921-1925 HISPANO SUIZA-03 1922 Hispano Suiza  30-40  R Spanje 1922 Hispano Suiza 30-40. Four cylinders, 4710 cc, 43 Horsepower Madrid 1922 Hispano-Suiza (F) Coupe-Chauffeur Landaulet 1922 hispano-suiza-tasche-greve-1 1922 La viajera Hispano-Suiza de Sagalés 1924 Hispano-Suiza H6B Million-Guiet Dual-Cowl Phæton 1925 HISPANO SUIZA Argentina T49 M 1925 HISPANO-SUIZA Bus 1926 Hispano Suiza Brewster 1926 Hispano Suiza REINA VICTORIA HOTEL Y HOTEL NIZA 1926 Hispano Suiza 1926-30 Hispano-Delage 500cv (Special) Engine 27000 cc 1926-1930 HISPANO SUIZA-04 1929 Hispano Argentina Bus 1929 Hispano-Suiza T49 - cabriolet body by D'Ieteren 1930 hispano suiza 45hp 1930 hispano suiza ad 1930 hispano suiza hispano-suiza v-12 1930 Hispano-Amilcar Special  11760cc 1931 Viajera imperial Hispano-Suiza sobre chasis de camión T69 1931-1935 HISPANO SUIZA-05 1932 hispano suiza 1932 Hispano-Suiza (E) T56 BIS LABOURDETTE