Buses and more FODEN Sandbach, Cheshire, England Part I till 1950

FODEN Trucks and Buses Sandbach, Cheshire, England Part I till 1950

Edwin Foden, Sons & Co.

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Foden logo

002 Edwin_Foden_1841-1911

Edwin Foden (1841-1911) who lends his name to Foden’s Motor Works Band too

Foden Trucks was a British truck and bus manufacturing company which has its origins in Sandbach, Cheshire in 1856. PACCAR acquired the company in 1980, and ceased to use the marque name in 2006.

History

003 Foden_5_ton_steam_lorry_registration_WX_2682

1930 Foden steam lorry

004 Foden_1959_S20_dropside_lorry_reg_LSU_891

1959 Foden S20 dropside

005 Foden_heavy_truck_unit_with_Gardner_150_engine

Foden S21 tractor unit – DAX6/32 6×2 Twin Steer Tractive Unit, JDN 672E

006 Foden_S36_flatbed_(1967)_reg_LTO_766E

1967 Foden S36 flatbed

In 1856 Edwin Foden (1841–1911) became apprenticed to the agricultural equipment manufacturing company of Plant & Hancock. He left the company for an apprenticeship at Crewe Railway Works but returned to Plant & Hancock at the age of 19. Shortly afterwards he became a partner in the company. On the retirement of George Hancock in 1887 the company was renamed Edwin Foden Sons & Co. Ltd. The company produced massive industrial engines, as well as small stationary steam engines and, from 1880, agricultural traction engines.

Experimental steam lorries were first produced shortly after the turn of the 20th century. In 1878, the legislation affecting agricultural use was eased and as a result, Foden produced a successful range of agricultural traction engines. The perfecting of the compound traction engine in 1887 gave a significant marketing advantage and later proved invaluable to the development of the steam lorry.

In 1896 the restrictions affecting road transport were eased, which permitted vehicles under 3 tons to travel at up to 12 mph (19 km/h) without a red flag. The time was right and Foden produced a series of four prototype wagons. The experience gained from this, enabled Foden to build a 3 ton wagon for the War Office 1901 self-propelled lorry trial.

This design was consistently faster and more economical over the arduous road trials but was placed second overall as it was claimed that the Thornycroft entry had better off-road performance. Foden’s wagon was nevertheless regarded by most commentators as a clear winner (the result was questioned in Parliament by Crewe’s MP. This model was the basis for a highly successful line of vehicles which were produced over the next 30 years. The great majority of Foden steam lorries were overtype, but undertypes were also produced, including the unsuccessful E-type and the O-type “Speed-6″ and “Speed-12″, which was a much more modern vehicle.

By 1930 Edwin’s son, Edwin Richard, (1870–1950) (known to everyone as simply E.R.) could see the future lay in diesel power. In late 1932 he resigned from the Board of Directors, following several years of bitter wranglings, and subsequently retired; he was 62 and ready for retirement, having spent his entire working life at Foden’s. His son Dennis could not afford to resign, but was not prepared to let things ride; however, with financial input from across the immediate family a new company was set up to design and produce diesel lorries. George Faulkener, related to Dennis by marriage, became Works Manager and Ernest Sherratt, both ex-Foden employees, helped to design a new diesel wagon. Edwin Richard Foden was persuaded to come out of retirement and head the new company which became known as ERF.

In 1932, however, Foden finally realised that the future was diesel, and changed their production almost immediately,  though the production of steam vehicles continued in diminishing numbers until 1934.

Post-war initially saw the re-introduction of the old models with few improvements, though Foden entered the bus chassis market in 1946 (a number of prototypes, including a double-decker had been built in the 1930s) by 1950 they had developed a rear-engined model, predating Leyland’s Atlantean model by 7 years. Although the Foden PVR was a high-framed single decker, the cruciform chassis bracing Foden used made an underfloor engine location as in the competitive AEC Regal IV, Leyland Royal Tiger or Daimler Freeline a non-starter. The completely new FE and FG lorry ranges were introduced in 1948, along with the new Foden FD6 two-stroke diesel engine, which became the standard engine for certain Foden heavy lorry models, such as the S18 FE6/15 Rigid Eight-Wheeler – the optional Gardner 6LW-engined version was the S18 FG6/15. (The S18 designation refers to the new cab that was produced for the new range.) The FD6 two-stroke engine, along with Gardner engines, was also fitted in Foden motorcoaches and buses. Only one Foden PVD double decker had the Foden Engine but it was popular in the PVS and PVR single-deckers, especially in coaching applications because it was a much higher revving than the Gardner 5LW or 6LW. Bus and coach production ceased in 1956 but the last chassis only left the works in 1959 when it was registered 367CKA and received an early Plaxton Panorama body.

1958 saw the introduction of lightweight glass-reinforced plastic (GRP) used in cab production and this led to the manufacture of the first British-built, mass-produced tilting cab in 1962. The first Foden GRP cab was the distinctively-styled S21 model. The S21 was initially nicknamed both “Spaceship” and “Sputnik” by the commercial vehicle press, although it was briefly known as the “Sabrina” in the early 1960s, while other people gave it the “Mickey Mouse” nickname. The more traditional metal-and-wood S20 cab, introduced in 1956, was still fitted to many Foden lorries until at least 1963, after which it was just fitted to special vehicles until 1968. The aforementioned GRP tilt cab, introduced in 1962, was designated S24 – the Sabrina nickname returned, because the S24 and the later versions S34, S36 and S39 are all collectively known as “Sabrina”, and this time the name has stuck:-

S21 Cab production continued until 1969.

007 Foden-familyFamily Foden

The Foden Family, outside the Elworth factory, c.1961. From L to R. (1) James Edwin Foden, son of William Foden. (2) William Foden, son of the founder Edwin Foden. (3) Reginal Gordon Foden, son of William Foden. (4) David Colville Foden, son of James Edwin Foden. (5) Hugh Foden, son of David Colville Foden. The vehicle is the “Pride of Edwin” a 5 ton Compound engined that now held by the The Science Museum intheir Wroughton store.

In 1964, a change in the Construction & Use Regulations favoured articulated vehicles over the older rigid designs and a new model was introduced to compete in the 32 ton market. More than 75% of heavy chassis sold in Britain in the following years were tractor units.

A massive new production facility was developed in the early 1970s on a green field site, adjacent to the Foden works. A combination of this expenditure and the economic downturn of the period saw Foden’s run into financial difficulty in December 1974. It was given support by Harold Wilson’s Labour government. Foden’s struggled as its home market continued to be depressed. It was 1977–78 before Foden returned to reasonable profitability. Large MOD contracts to supply military vehicles helped with this recovery.

After a period in receivership in 1980 the company was acquired by the American firm PACCAR, and is now a division of that company. After the takeover of Leyland Trucks by PACCAR in 1998, independent Foden production ceased, and was replaced by models of DAF Trucks rebadged as Fodens (DAF Trucks having been acquired by PACCAR in 1996). These vehicles have had the option of either CATDetroit Diesel, or Cummins ISMe engines.

Marque retirement

008 Foden_Alpha_3000_2004

2004 Foden Alpha 3000

In 2005, it was announced by PACCAR that Foden production was likely to cease in 2006. The reason given was that Foden production would be terminated to release manufacturing capacity at Leyland Trucks to allow for increased volume of DAF brand trucks.

The last Foden was produced in July 2006, putting an end to 150 years of Foden truck manufacturing. The final vehicle to roll off the production line at the factory in Leyland was an 8×4 rigid, which was delivered to the nearby British Commercial Vehicle Museum.

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1917 foden-6-nhp-9-ton

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1914 foden-wagon-4-nhp-5-ton

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1918 FODEN 1

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1918 FODEN

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1918 Foden 5t steam dump truck

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1918 foden-7-nhp-10-ton

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1918 foden-steam-bus-4-nhp-4-ton

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1919 foden-7-nhp-10-ton

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1921 foden-wagon-5-ton

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1926 foden-6-nhp-9-ton

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1926 foden-wagon-5-ton

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1926 foden-wagon-4-nhp-5-ton

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1927 Foden Steam Lorry

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1927 foden-wagon-5-ton

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1928 Foden Steam Car

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1928 Foden’s Steamtruck

Foden 4nhp 6-ton C-type Wagon

1929 foden-tractor-4-nhp-6-ton

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1929 foden-wagon-5-ton

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1929 foden-wagon-5-ton

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1930 Foden A20 Steam truck Australië

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1931 Foden’s Steamtrucks

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1931 foden-tractor-4-nhp-6-ton

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1934 Foden DG Dropside Recovery Truck Engine Gardner Diesel Registration 773 BRE

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1938 Foden DGS-7 Flatbed Engine Gardner Diesel Registration CED 198

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1941 Foden DG6-12, 6×6

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1944 Foden Jan

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1944 Foden

SONY DSC

1945 FODEN

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1945 foden-dg

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1946 Foden DG Granit Truck

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1946 FODEN DG © Dave Strickland

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1946 foden mobile crane

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1946 Foden Removal truck

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1946 Foden Timber Tractor Powered by a Gardner Diesel Registration HGP 730

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1946 foden-dg

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1946 foden-dg

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1946 foden-dg

1946 Foden DG6/S20 Recovery Truck

1946 foden-dg

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1946 foden-dg

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1946 foden-dg

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1946 foden-dg

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1946 foden-f1-diesel-flat-bed

Foden F1 diesel lorry, 1931

1946 foden-f1-diesel-flat-bed

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1946 Foden’s

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1946 foden-stg

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1946 foden-s-type

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1947 foden-morgan Len Rogers Collection

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1947 foden-s-type Ian Hardy

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1949 Foden

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1950 Trucks

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Till here the Trucks from Foden till 1950

now

Time for the Buses

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1918 Foden Steam bus 1

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1918 FODEN

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1918 Foden-steam-bus

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1918 foden-steam-bus-4-nhp-4-ton

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1922 foden-steam-bus-4-nhp-4-ton

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1930 Foden Buses COBHAM

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1934 Foden Wheildons Uttoxeter

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1946 Foden PSVs

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1946 foden-pvsc

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1947 Foden bus advert

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1947 Foden bus advert

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1947 Foden bus MTU296

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1947 Foden Bus

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1948 Foden

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1948 Foden PVD6 Claire Pendrous

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1948 FODEN

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1949 burlingham foden coach AWG590

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1949 burlingham foden coach cooke’s MPL499

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1949 Foden Coach LMA284

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1949 Foden dd OED217

GE DIGITAL CAMERA

1949 Foden PSV LMA284

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1949 Foden Coach Hotel

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1949 Foden coach, Lytham Hall, 160

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1949 Foden Philips fdm724 bus

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1949 Foden Sandbach MTU296

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1949 Ledgard Foden MUA866

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1950 Foden coach with Wadham Bros. coachwork, registration number KMB 95

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The end off part I

Filed Under: AECBurlinghamCATCumminsDAFDetroit DieselEnglandERFFODEN,LeylandPACCARThornycroftWadham Bros

Buses + more FODEN Sandbach, Cheshire, England Part II from 1950 till now


FODEN

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part II

Trucks

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1950 Foden

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1950 Trucks

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1951 Foden FG-HT-6-50 Ballast Tractor Powered by a Gardner Diesel Engine Registration JGB941

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1952 FODEN mobil crane

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1952 Foden haukes resize

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1953 Foden S18 Box Van Powered by a Gardner Diesel engine Registration MVP983

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1954 Fodens 3 nieuwe NL

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1955 FODEN 8×8

KONICA MINOLTA DIGITAL CAMERA

1955 Foden og 4-6

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1955 Foden S18 Flatbed Engine a Gardner Diesel Registration VKP722

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1955 FODEN Tapijtwagen

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1956 Foden FE4-8 White © Len Rogers

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1956 Foden Laxey Mills

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1957 FODEN 8×8 1

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1957 Foden ModTrans

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1957 foden-s20 © Len Rogers

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1957 foden-s34

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1958 Foden FG5-14 Tanker of Nestle.

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1958 Foden haukes NL

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1958 foden-s20 © oldclassiccar

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1958 foden-s34

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1958 foden-s34

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1959 Foden Kamp-Barneveld NL

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1959 foden-fg

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1960 Foden

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1960 foden heavy

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1960 Foden Kermis

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1960 Foden L 15

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001

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1960 Foden S20 recovery 2 © Len Rogers Collection

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1960 foden-fg-10

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1960 foden-kr6 Esso Tanker

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1960 Foden’s Trucks in file

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1961 Foden Dropside Of B.S. Eaton

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1961 Foden Kipper

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1961 Foden Kraanwagen

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1961 Foden

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1961 Foden+Perkins motor+DAF Gril v Berend Oorlog Woldendorp © transportnostalgie

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1961 Haukes  Foden NL© transportnostalgie.nl

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1962 Foden Lorrie

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1962 Foden S21 Spaceship Sputnik

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1962 Foden S21 Tractor Registration YUV

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1963 FODEN 1 BJJ Pioneer

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1963 Foden Ltd.ERF 10

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1963 Foden Tanker Truck

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1963 foden-s34

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1964 Foden Birmingham ©oldclassiccar.co.uk

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1964 Foden Gardner Superpicture

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1964 FODEN Hoveringham

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1964 foden-s20

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1964 foden-s34

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1964 foden-s34

Photographic Negative - Acetate

1965 Foden 342266PD

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1965 Foden met beroemde mickey mouse cabine © Len Rogers Collection

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1965 Foden Tanker Truck

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1965 foden-s21 © Ian Hardy

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1966 Foden Dump truck in the Quarry at Scorton

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1966 Foden S21

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1966 foden-fg

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1966 foden-s21 © Len Rogers Collection

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1966 foden-s21

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1966 foden-s21 © BillClowes2000

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1966 foden-s36

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1966 foden-s-type-05

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1966 foden-s-type-09

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1967 Foden S21 Engine Gardner Diesel Registration JDN

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1967 Foden ТЕ, 6×6

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1967 foden/erf-s36

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1967 foden-s36 ©2007cyvms.co.uk

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1967 foden-s36

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1967 foden-s36

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1967 foden-s36

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1967 foden-s36

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1967 Ted Pickston Foden small

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1968 Foden S 36

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1968 Foden S 36

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1968 Foden S 36

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1968 foden-s24

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1948 foden-s

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1969 Foden S36 8 wheel Flatbed Registration YMT

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1969 foden-s24

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1970 AboodsFoden-vi Australia

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1970 Foden S39 Tractor Registration OBF

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1970 Foden Tanker truck

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1970 foden-s24

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1970 foden-s24

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1971 Foden S39 Tractor Registration WHH Border

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1972 Foden S20 Church © Len Rogers Collection

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1974 foden-s80

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

1976 Foden Gadin

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1977 FODEN Cementmolen

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1978 Foden MMV, 6×6

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1978 Foden S39 Bulk Tipper Registration BHP505Y

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1978 foden-s10 © Len Rogers Collection

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1978 foden-s10

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1978 foden-s10

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1978 foden-s10

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1978 foden-s10 © Peter Skerry

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1979 Foden LMV, 8×8

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1979 Foden S10 Mk3

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1980 Foden 1354

Foden Military Trucks

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Foden first Dumper

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Foden ht319b

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foden-dg-6-12-10ton-germany-1946

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foden-dg-6-12-10ton

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Foden – 1976 EDE pic

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Foden 8×8 UK

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Foden 139 gallery 06

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Foden 159 Military

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Foden 7969

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Foden 55403

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Foden 63188

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Foden British Trucks 04

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Foden Crane

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foden drops l2

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Foden DSC03432

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Foden Dscf2366

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Foden GS6x6RecoveryVehicle

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Foden military a

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Foden Military Ad

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Foden Recovery 3779

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Foden Recovery DSC00080

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Foden Trucks

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Foden UN Recovery 765

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Foden Wrecker

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Foden

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foden-6×6-heavy-recovery

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foden-6×6-heavy-recovery

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foden-8×8

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foden-16ton-8×4-low-mobility-tanker

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foden-16ton-8×4-low-mobility-truck

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foden101 6×6 Recovery

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foden dumper-10

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1980 Foden Haulmaster © Len Rogers Collection

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1980 Foden S10 Haulmaster 30 ton

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1980 Foden S10 testhree

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1980 foden-s80-02

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1980 foden-s80

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1980 foden-s80

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1982 FODEN Trekker

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1982 foden-s80

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1983 foden-s83

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1983 foden-s83

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1984 FODEN Veewagen

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1985 Foden МMV, 6×6

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1986 Foden file0020 © Rufus Carr

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1987 foden-s106  © Semmy Trailer

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1988 Foden Houttruck

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1988 foden-s106 © Len Rogers

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1989 Foden gray © Len Rogers Collection

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1989 foden-s83

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1990 Foden 3300 © Len Rogers Collection

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1990 FODEN Containervervoer

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1991 Foden Alpha © Len Rogers

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1991 foden-s106

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1993 Foden 4375

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1993 Foden IMMLC, 8×8

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1995 FODEN Tanker

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1996 Foden-intercounty © Len Rogers Collection

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1997 foden-s106 © Len Rogers Collection

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1998 foden-stg © Len Rogers Collection

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1999 foden-kr6

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1999 foden-s106 © Peter Skerry

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2000 Foden (Curtain Side)

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2001 Foden MMV, 6×6

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2001 foden-a3-6t-03(daf cabin)

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2001 foden-a3-6t-10(daf cabin)

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2001 foden-alpha

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2002 foden-a3-6t-07(daf cabin)

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2002 foden-a3-6t-11(daf cabin)

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2002 foden-alpha

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2003 foden-alpha

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2003 foden-alpha 3000

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2003 foden-alpha-3000 © Len Rogers Collection

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2004 foden-alpha-3000

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Foden in New Zealand

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FODEN oneseater

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Foden’s L04

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2004 FODEN de allerlaatste, the last one made by Paccar USA,

Final Truck

001

Buses from 1950

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1950 Foden coach with Wadham Bros. coachwork, registration number KMB 95

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1950 Foden on the left

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1950 Foden PVFE6 Coach Registration MTU 296

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1950 Foden

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1950 Ledgard Foden MUA866

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1951 Foden PVSC6 OEH739

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1951 Foden PVRF6 Metalcraft body

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1952 Foden Bus

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1952 Foden PVRF6 fitted with a Windover ‘Kingsway’ C39C NJH847

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1952 Foden PVRF6 with Metalcraft’s “British” coach body

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1952 Foden PVRF6 KUY-536Metalcraft C41C a

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1952 Foden PVRF6 KUY-536Metalcraft C41C b

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1952 foden-pvsc

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1952 Foden aanhanger bus

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1953 Foden NTU125

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1953 Foden PVSC6 EWH-195 Whitson RC35C

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1953 foden-pvsc

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1953 foden-pvsc-whitson body

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1954 Foden Bus Salopia Whitson

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1954 Foden Motor Works OLG 855

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1954 Foden PVRF6 coach England

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1954 foden-pvsc

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1955 Foden Coach

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1955 wbc21foden Australië

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1956 Foden Harrington body vrf372sepia

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1956 Foden KWU-24 lr

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1956 Foden’s Australia 0043

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1957 Foden Murray valley coaches Australië © Dirk HR Spennemann

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1957 MVC Foden

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1962 foden New Zealand

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1965 Foden Ye Ole semibus

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1967 Foden Recovery Truck © Claire Pendrous

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1969 Foden Bus 1626

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1970 Foden Bus

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1970 Foden EZ3408

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Foden Ad

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1974 Foden MBA MO 3410

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1978 FODEN

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1980 Foden Coach (HRF427V)

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1980 Foden-NC

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FINISH

Filed Under: AECARMYBurlinghamCATCumminsDAFDetroit DieselEnglandERF,FODENGardnerHarringtonLedgardLeylandPACCARPerkinsThornycroftWadham BrosWatham BrothersWhitson

Buses Bodybuilder BURLINGHAM England GB UK

Bussen BURLINGHAM UK

Former Alexander P169, WG2373, is a 1934 Leyland Lion LT5B with a 1947 Burlingham B35F body
This Leyland Lion LT5B was new to Alexander in 1934 as their P169, WG2373. It was rebodied by Burlingham in 1947 and finally withdrawn by Alexander in 1960
Bussen Burlingham bodied Leyland Lionesse DN 6228 1929

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/H._V._Burlingham Ik kan nergens een logo vinden van Burlingham.. Wat ik wel weet is dat het een coachbuilder was from Blackpool, Lancashire. Ze begonnen in 1928 en dat duurde tot 1960 toen Duple het overnam. Dat was maar voor 29 jaar, want toen hield het helemaal op, ook bij Duple. Nu dan naar de plaatjes van bussen.

Stevensons 21, RF8719, a Morris Dictator new in July 1931 with a Burlingham C32R body. Rebuilt in 1948 and fitted with a Leyland radiator, withdrawn in December 1952
1934 Foden Burlington Bodied Bus
a Leyland LT5B Lion new to W. Alexander in 1934 with an  Alexander C32F body which was rebodied in 1947 with a Burlingham B35F body

Burrows 50, EWW943, a Bristol K6A new in

September 1945 with a Strachan UL27-28R
body was rebodied with a Burlingham
H33-28RD body in May 1957

Bussen Burlingham (1937) UK
   1940 Albion Valkyrie CX13, rebodied in October
1957 with a 33 seat Burlingham body

Preserved North Western 372, AJA132, a 1938
Bristol L5G, rebodied by Burlingham in 1950

Burrows and Sons number 83, HGC280, a

Daimler CWA6 with Burlingham H65R body

Bussen Burlingham bodied (C41F)            Halifax Corporation AEC Reliance

1956 AEC Regal Burlingham Seagull

BURLINGHAM BEDFORD GANNET

Bedford SB3 H V Burlingham Seagull                 C41F seats 1959 – 1964

Bussen Burlingham bodied (C41F) Halifax                                                                                                Corporation AEC Reliance

Preserved ex Blackpool Corporation 1937 Leyland

TS7 which was converted to an engineers tender.
Originally No 7 carried a Burlingham FB34C body

          Burlingham Daimler CVD6-BMS415
                                                                                         Burlingham Seagull 38 pers bus