OPTARE Buses Leeds England UK start 1985

Optare

Optare Group Limited
Type Public (LSE: OPE)
Industry Bus building
Founded 1985
Headquarters Sherburn-in-ElmetEngland
Products Buses
Parent Ashok Leyland
Website www.optare.com
01 Optare_Manufacturing_Plant

Optare’s new state-of-the-art manufacturing plant at Sherburn in Elmet, near Leeds
02 Blazefield_Starship_Versa

An Optare Versa destined for use on Transdev Blazefields’ StarShip service

Optare plc is a bus manufacturer based in Sherburn in ElmetNorth YorkshireUK. Its parent company Ashok Leyland, part of the Hinduja Group, is ranked within the top five global bus manufacturers.

The company operates two main business units, Bus Manufacturing and Product Support and manufactures a full range of bus types from minibuses to full-size single deckers, with a new double-decker currently undergoing preproduction testing. As well as bus manufacturing, the group operates a nationwide and international sales division, together with the Optare Product Support parts and service network.

The Optare name originated in 1985, with a new business formed from the remnants of the Charles H Roe operation which had been closed in 1984 by its owners Leyland Bus. The closure was in anticipation of a steep decline in demand expected to result from the deregulation of bus services. In order to differentiate itself from its competitors, the new company’s philosophy was to offer its customers more choice, hence the name Optare which is Latin for “to choose”.

Deregulation brought about a time of changing and challenging market conditions for UK bus manufacturers, with the breakup of the nationalised manufacturing industry dominated by British Leyland and its subsidiaries, and the breakup of the traditional home markets through the deregulation of bus services and privatisation of the Scottish Bus GroupNational Bus CompanyPTE operations and many municipal companies.

In the consequent upheaval in markets and demand through the 1980s and 1990s, the Optare business underwent several changes in ownership, but on the whole, retained its senior management. During this time Optare benefited from the development of close relationships with particular customers who were not necessarily tied to larger suppliers, through political or corporate ties. Wilts & Dorset and Reading Buses became notable loyal Optare customers, with several high profile new London operators also choosing Optare as a market differentiator, such as Harris Bus‘s use of the Optare Excel. Optare also introduced several technological innovations, with an early electric buses trial, introducing the first UK low-floor double decker, the Optare Spectra, and the ground breaking Optare Solo (“so low”) low floor midibus, both in 1997.

In its early years, Optare developed a number of body on chassis products but now only builds fully integral designs which have the benefit of low weight, high strength and market leading fuel efficiency. The company has also exported a number of models.

History

Formation of Optare

03 Optare_Olympian

An Optare-bodied Leyland Olympian for Yorkshire Rider

In September 1984, Leyland announced that it was closing the Charles H. Roe vehicle bodywork building business in Leeds. In response, Russell Richardson, a former plant director at Roe, backed by the West Yorkshire Enterprise Board and many redundant former employees, created Optare in February 1985.

The company was created at a very difficult time for the bus and coach industry, with the challenges of privatisation and deregulation meaning very few orders for new vehicles. The first orders came from the still publicly owned West Yorkshire Passenger Transport Executive (WYPTE) and South Yorkshire Passenger Transport Executive (SYPTE), keen to support the locally based company. The publicly owned but arms-length company Yorkshire Rider, as successor to the WYPTE bus fleet, also took early vehicles.

When the Roe business closed down, WYPTE had an unfulfilled order for five Leyland Olympian coach-seated double-decker buses in place for its Metro coach operation. These five part finished buses went from Roe to Eastern Coach Works as shells for completion, but subsequently ten more were completed as Optare buses but to the Roe design, the first of which was completed in September 1985, the 17th Optare bus body. Five went to WYPTE, and five to its successor Yorkshire Rider, and a further five standard seated Olympians were also delivered to WYPTE, two as convertible open top buses.

The first Optare designed bodies were fourteen Dennis Dominos for SYPTE built starting in February 1986. Optare also bodied fifteen Leyland Cubs for WYPTE. A preserved Cub later visited the Optare plant in 2005.

Starting in August 1986 Optare built fifteen minibuses converted from the Freight Rover Sherpa vans, for WYPTE.

CityPacer and StarRider

04 1986 Optare City Pacer

A 1986 London Buses Optare CityPacer taken in the 80s OV6

Optare products initially continued on from inherited Roe designs but it was clear from the start that if the new business was to survive, it had to make its mark with new and innovative models of its own.

In 1986 Optare introduced its first true product, the CityPacer minibus. This was based on a heavier version of the MAN-VW LT55 van chassis, to which Optare made modifications prior to bodying. The engine was a six-cylinder 2.4-litre and the body seated 25, with space for a further 5 standing passengers, a size that met the minibus vogue of the late 1980s. While its competitors looked like the modified vans they were, the CityPacer had attractive styling notable for its large one-piece raked windscreen. London Transport bought 52, and other major operators bought small batches. More than 290 CityPacer’s were produced in total between 1986 and 1992.

1987 saw the introduction of the StarRider which was based on the Mercedes-Benz 811D chassis. This was a heavier chassis with a proven reliability record and had seating for 33 passengers. London Transport took 123 StarRiders and a total of just under 320 were built between 1987 and 1994.

Expansion

05 Midland_Classic_W675_DDN

An Optare MetroRider at Cobham bus rally at Wisley Airfield

In 1988 the first full size Optare product appeared, the Delta. This was a single-deck bus based on the DAF SB220 chassis. The Delta bodywork featured contemporary styling and was aluminium with a bolted frame licensed from Alusuisse. The Delta successfully found a niche in the full-size single deck bus market, which was very limited at that time. Approaching 370 Delta’s were built before production ended in 1998.

Dennis had effectively created a new market segment, known as a midibus, with the introduction of the Dennis Dart. Optare soon introduced a competitor, the Vecta, albeit slightly bigger and wider than the Dart at that time, seating 40 in a full width 2.5m body. The chassis was the MAN 11.190 and featured a ZF gearbox and full air suspension. The bodywork was a scaled down version of the Delta.

The CityPacer and StarRider were phased out in the years after Optare purchased the design for the MCW Metrorider in 1989, rebranding it as the Optare MetroRider. This was a larger design than the CityPacer, and more robust when compared to the StarRider. It was Optare’s first venture into fully integral vehicle manufacturing, and became the mainstay of the Optare midi/minbus offering until the low floor Solo was introduced in 1997.

The Spectra double-decker set new standards in design, forcing a rethink of how a double-decker should be styled.

DAF/United Bus

06 Wilts_&_Dorset_3185

Front view of a Spectra of  Wilts & Dorset
07 Compass_Bus_R84_EDW

Autobus Classique bodied Mercedes-Benz Vario in Horsham in April 2009

In 1990, Optare joined a group called the United Bus, which included DAF Bus.

Having already used a DAF SB220 chassis on the Delta, now as part of United Bus, Optare collaborated with DAF to design the Optare Spectra. It was based on the modified design of the MCW Metrobus purchased by Optare, and combined parts from it and the SB220 to form a new double deck chassis, designated DB250, with Optare bodywork called Spectra. Due to the United bus relationship and joint design, the Spectra was built exclusively on DB250 chassis. As well as having a striking front end, the Spectra was also recognisable for having no rear window. Introduced in 1990 it was described as a “partly low-floor double-decker”. Despite the association with DAF, in 1991 Optare also launched a conventional height midibus in on the MAN 11-190 chassis, the Vecta.

After the collapse of United Bus in 1993, Optare was again returned to independent status with another management buyout. The reaction to the collapse of United Bus was the release in the next two years of two Delta derived single deck buses on different non-DAF chassis, the Sigma and Prisma. The Prisma was noticeable in having a generic Mercedes-Benz style front end rather than the recognisable Optare family face.

Optare acquired Autobus Classique in 1996, shortly after the launch of their Nouvelle luxury minicoach. Optare significantly redesigned and rebadged it in 1997 as the Nouvelle 2, and it served similar markets to the StarRider/MetroRider coach versions. Also in 1997 a relationship with a Spanish mini and midi coach manufacturer named Ferqui SL began, with the importation of the Solera luxury midicoach into the UK.

While part of United Bus, Optare also for a time became the exclusive UK dealer for the distinctive full size Bova Futura coach.

Low floor era

Optare began introduction of low-floor buses in the UK in 1995 with the launch of the Optare Excel full size single decker. Although low floor single decker buses had begun to appear as early as 1993. Initially, the Excel used Cummins engines and Allison transmissions with later examples (Excel 2) having Mercedes-Benz engines available as an option. The introduction of the Excel marked the start of sustained period of selling integral bus products rather than body on chassis combinations, which continued until the Darwen merger briefly brought East Lancs models to the range.

With modifications of the DB250 chassis to become the DB250LF, in 1997, the Spectra became the first fully low-floor double decker bus on offer in the UK.

Also in 1997 the Solo was launched and became a success for Optare. With a unique design of a front axle forward of the door, it allowed a low-floorlayout in a very short bus, and also came equipped with kneeling suspension for even greater access. Its styling and innovation led to a Millennium Products award and the Queen’s Award for Innovation.

North American Bus Industries

In 2000, Optare was bought by Hungarian owned North American Bus Industries. This gave Optare products exposure in the North American market. With an export version of the Solo finding success at several US airports and with Miami Dade Transit in Florida.

The NABI era saw the introduction of the Alero low-floor minicoach in 2001, filling a gap in the market for a low floor vehicle for use on low intensity services such as demand responsive transport, already covered at the higher capacity by the Solo. In 2004 the new derivatives of Solo were introduced offering a longer variant and also a narrower ‘SlimLine’ model to further capture the market. Also introduced in 2004 was the first new bus model since the Solo, the Tempo, a full size single decker with another striking design, even when considered in the environment of increasingly stylish competitor products.

On 1 August 2005, North American Bus Industries found themselves in financial difficulties, and speculation about the future of Optare was ended with the announcement that Optare had, once again, been acquired by its management. This change did not affect the further roll out of the new range, leading to the Versa and a radically restyled Solo (the Solo SR), both with a distinctive raised part of the roofline towards the front of the bus.

Darwen takeover

The Optare logo used before the Darwen reverse takeover.

On 12 March 2008 the Optare senior directors accepted a complete buyout offer made by Jamesstan Investments, an investment company controlled by the Darwen Group‘s parent company chairman Ron Stanley. Optare initially remained an independent company but by 17 July 2008, a reverse takeover by Darwen Group had been completed. Darwen was the much smaller company, but its AIM listing saw the enlarged Optare gain a stock exchange listing itself as Optare plc. The combined business employs 830 people with a £90 million turnover.

With the respective histories of the two entities, Optare plc can be considered the successor company to the historical British bus manufacturers Charles H. Roe (through Optare), founded in Leeds in 1923, and East Lancashire Coachbuilders, (through Darwen), founded in 1934 in Blackburn.

Optare plc

09 Optare_works,_Leeds

The former plant in Cross Gates,Leeds seen in April 2009.

The Optare website was relaunched with a new logo, and with the ex-East Lancs Olympus and Esteem models listed as Optare products. At the time of merger, Optare manufactured buses from three sites, the primary sites being in Leeds (the former Leyland Bus site) and Blackburn (the former East Lancs site), with a further facility in Rotherham.

The merger brought together the single deck and midibus portfolio of Optare, with the primarily double deck order book of Darwen.

After the merger, Optare began rationalisation of its bus manufacturing business. In 2009 the production of Esteem single-deck bodywork was ceased, and the manufacturing site at Rotherham was closed.

Ashok Leyland

In summer 2010, Ashok Leyland (former Indian subsidiary of British Leyland) bought a 26% stake in Optare.

Subsequently, in December 2011, Ashok Leyland increased its stake to 75.1%

2011 saw the inevitable closure of the Leeds factory, and the core business relocated to a new fully enclosed 13,000m2 building in nearby Sherburn-in-Elmet. Then in 2012 restructuring was complete when the former East Lancs site was also closed putting all manufacturing process under one roof at Sherburn.

Optare Product Support (formerly Unitec)

The Optare parts and service division Unitec has locations at the former Rotherham factory, as well as in ThurrockEssex.

In 2009 Unitec was renamed to Optare Product Support.

Coach imports

As of 2008, the minicoach models Toro, Solera and Soroco were imported by Optare from the Spanish manufacturer Ferqui, and marketed as Optare products. They were luxury minicoach bodies built on Mercedes-Benz chassis, however, due to significantly reduced demand for mini and midi coaches, as part of its restructuring process, Optare took the decision to concentrate on its bus manufacturing activities and the relationship with Ferqui was formally ended in 2012.

Products

Buses

Current
10 2013 Optare Solo SR HybridFirst Manchester Solo SR with Hybrid Drive
12 Optare Solo SR EVFull electric drive Optare Solo SR in service with Dorset County Council
2012 Optare Bonito
Optare Bonito Bonito small and accessible bus (2012 -)
2013 Optare Solo SR for route 470
2013 Optare Solo SR for route 470 Solo SR (2007 – )
2014 Optare Solo SR EV
2014 Optare Solo SR EV (Solo SR EV 2012-)
Optare-Tempo-SR-picture-2
Optare Tempo SR Tempo single decker (2004 -) (restyled Tempo SR 2011 – )
2006 Optare Versa NEC 7 November 2006
Optare Versa NEC 7 November Versa, midibus between Solo and Tempo (2006 -)
2012 Optare Metrocity
2012 Optare Metrocity MetroCity, two door midibus for London (2012 -)
2014 Optare-Metrodecker-front-three-quarter-press-shot
Optare Metrodecker front three quarter press shot MetroDecker, Integral double decker (2014 -)

Discontinued

1985 Optare City Pacer Minibus1985 Optare City Pacer Minibus CityPacer minibus (1985–1992, replaced by the MetroRider)

Optare StarRider HarrowBuses G82KUBOptare StarRider HarrowBuses G82KUB StarRider minibus (1987–1994, replaced by the MetroRider

Optare ColumboRider in Agyaat The Unknown, 2009

Optare ColumboRider in Agyaat The Unknown, 2009 Optare ColumboRider (1987 – ?)

1989 Optare Delta UK 1990 Optare Delta 1992 Optare Delta DAF UK

3x Optare Delta  Delta single decker (1988–1999)

1992 Optare MetroRider UK

 

1992 Optare MetroRider UK MetroRider minibus (1989–2000, replaced by Solo)

1992 Optare Spectra bus-photo.net 1994 Optare Spectra with H46-28F body Optare 'Spectra' double decker Optare Spectra W164RFX 3164 was a Millennium edition to the Spectra fleet Wilts&Dorset 3185

6x Optare Spectra 1992 Optare MetroRider UK (1991–1997, low floor 1997–2005)

1994 Optare vecta 1995 Optare Vectra  UK Optare Vecta 13x Optare Vecta midibus (1991–1997)

Optare Sigma. Optare-Sigma

2 x Optare Sigma (1994–1996, single-deck version of the Spectra)

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA Optare Prisma 1 Optare Prisma bodied Mercedes-Benz 04053x Optare Prisma (1995–1998) single decker, Mercedes front

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA 2000 Optare Excel 2002 Optare Excel UK Optare Excel registered P508 NWU. Wilts & Dorset Optare Excel 36095x Optare Excel (1995–1999) (Excel 2 1999 – 2004, replaced by Tempo)

1998 Optare Solo UK OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA 2011 Optare Solo Optare Padbus 412 Optare Solo Classic Optare Solo M1020 Optare Solo midi bus YJ59GFV Stagecoach Optare Solo Exeter

8x Optare Solo Solo low floor midibus (1997-2012, replaced by restyled SR model(Solo+ 2008)(Solo EV 2009- 2012 Replaced by restyled SR EV model)

2003 Optare Alero, was a 7.2 metre, 16 seat low-floor minibus 2008 Optare Alero low-floor-mini-buses-alero-plus-al01-46438 Optare Alero 1 Optare Alero, launched in 2000 was a 7.2 metre, 16 seat low-floor minibus5 x Optare Alero low floor minibus, (Alero 2001 – 2006, Alero Plus 2006 – 2008) 16pl

2009 Optare Esteem UK Preston Bus 209 PN57NFC Scania / East Lancs Esteem in Preston Bus Station OptareEsteem

Optare Esteem Demonstrator Esteem single decker (formerly East Lancs Esteem) (2008–2009)

NEC Optare Rapta - new design nsf 061108 MCOptare Rapta double decker (2009)

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA 2010 Optare OlympusOptare Olympus double decker (formerly East Lancs Olympus) (2008 -2011)

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

2011 Optare Visionaire UK Visionaire open-top double decker (formerly East Lancs Visionaire) (2008 -2011)

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERAOptare OmniDekka double decker (formerly East Lancs Omnidekka) (2008-2011, only adopted by Nottingham City Transport)

Coaches

Discontinued

Ford Transit Optare Bonito A085

Ford Transit Optare Bonito A085 Bonito

Optare Toro Mercedes Benz u62

Optare Toro Mercedes Benz u62 Toro

Optare Solera Ferqui fy02lcl

Optare Solera Ferqui fy02lcl Solera

Optare Soroco Mercedes Benz 2006

optare-soroco-mercedes-benz-2006 Soroco

NO PICTURE Optare Rapido

NO PICTURE Optare Viedo

1985 Optare City Pacer Minibus 1986 Optare City Pacer 1988 OPTARE Delta 1989 Optare Delta UK 1990 Optare Delta 1992 Optare Delta DAF UK 1992 Optare MetroRider UK 1992 Optare Spectra bus-photo.net 1994 Optare Spectra with H46-28F body 1994 Optare vecta 1995 Optare Vectra  UK 1996 Optare Sigma  UK 1996 Optare Sigma OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA 1998 Optare City Pacer 570 sits OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA 1998 Optare Solo UK 2000 Optare Excel 2000 Optare MetroRider UK 2002 Optare Excel UK 2003 Optare Alero, was a 7.2 metre, 16 seat low-floor minibus 2006 Optare Versa NEC 7 November 2006 OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA 2008 Optare Alero OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA 2008 Optare Soroco 2009 Optare Esteem UK OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA 2010 Optare Olympus OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA 2010 Optare Versa (2) OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA 2010 Optare Versa OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA 2011 Optare Solo OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA 2011 Optare Tempo OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA 2011 Optare Visionaire 2012 Optare Bonito 2012 Optare Metrocity 2013 Optare Solo SR for route 470 2013 Optare Solo SR Hybrid 2014 Optare Bonito 081112 1 2014 Optare Solo SR EV 2014 Optare-Metrodecker-front-three-quarter-press-shot Alero, was a 7.2 metre, 16 seat low-floor minibus Blazefield_Starship Optare Versa Compass Bus R84 EDW Ford Transit Optare Bonito A085 low-floor-mini-buses-alero-plus-al01-46438 Midland Classic W675 DDN NEC Optare Rapta - new design nsf 061108 MC Optare Alero 1 Optare Alero, launched in 2000 was a 7.2 metre, 16 seat low-floor minibus Optare City Pacer Optare ColumboRider in Agyaat The Unknown, 2009 Optare Delta  Southern Transit J205 VHN Preston Bus 209 PN57NFC Scania / East Lancs Esteem in Preston Bus Station Optare Excel A Stansted Transit R817WJA Optare Excel registered P508 NWU. Optare Harris Optare Lodge's low floor bus Optare MetroRider Optare Mini Bus First London Optare old logo Optare Olympian Optare Optima Opus Optare Padbus 412 Optare Solo Classic Optare Prisma 1 Optare Prisma 1a Optare Prisma bodied Mercedes-Benz 0405 Optare Sigma. Optare Solera Ferqui fy02lcl Optare Solo M1020 Optare Solo midi bus YJ59GFV Optare Solo SR left hand drive hybrid Optare Soroco Mercedes Benz 2006 Optare 'Spectra' double decker Optare Spectra W164RFX 3164 was a Millennium edition to the Spectra fleet Optare Stagecoach to Newport Optare StarRider HarrowBuses G82KUB Optare StarRider Optare Tempo SR bus Optare Toro Mercedes Benz u62 Optare Vecta 1 Optare works, Leeds Optare_Manufacturing_Plant OptareEsteem Optare-Sigma Optare-Tempo-SR-picture-2 Stagecoach Optare Solo Exeter Wilts & Dorset Optare Excel 3609 Wilts&Dorset 3185

Buses LEYLAND + History – Great Brittan UK

Leyland Bus

Leyland Badge.jpg

Leyland Bus was a British bus manufacturer. It emerged from the Rover Group (formerly British Leyland) as a management buyout of the bus business. It was subsequently acquired by Volvo Buses in 1988 and the name finally disappeared in 1993.

History

2-axle Leyland Olympian in Hong Kong.A 2-axle Leyland Olympian in Hong Kong.

References

Leyland till 1931

1908 LEYLAND VAPEUR 1920 Leyland 3640hp bus Charabanc

1924 Leyland A13 with Knape B25RP body

1920 Leyland Amberley 1920 LEYLAND AUTOBUS MODELE 1920 Leyland N Type Short Brothers (1928 rebody) 1921 Leyland LT1 Leyland B31R seat1924 Leyland A13 with modified bodywork in BCN livery 1924 Leyland bus, Amberley 1925 Leyland A13 no.8, CW 5639 1925 Leyland Motors 1926 Leyland G7 Short Brothers bodywork CD 7045 1926 LEYLAND TROLLEYBUS Adelaide 1927 LEYLAND CUB MARTIN SMITH 1927 Leyland PLSC1 Lions that were delivered to Dundee 1928 Leyland 1929 GSR Ambulance number 1 was a GSR bodied Leyland TS2, new to the Irish Omnibus Company in 1929 1929 Leyland Lionesse Burlingham bodied  DN 6228 1929 Leyland LT1 Lion, ex Metro No.22 Australië 1929 Leyland Tiger TS2 1929 Leyland Tigers, this is No.29 (TS 9114). ts9114 1929 Leyland Titan 14 1929 Leyland Titan 1929 1930 Leyland in 1930 1930 LEYLAND LION LT 1 1930 Leyland Lion LT1 DV-4117 Hall lewis B32 1930 Leyland Lion preserved bus GW 713 1930 Leyland Lioness 1 DM6228 1930 Leyland Lioness, and has No.8 1930 LEYLAND TIGER TS 1930 Leyland Tiger TS2-6 RH-206 Ransomes C26R 1930 Leyland Titan TD1 buses

1931-1940

1932 Leyland Tiger PS2 35 1932 Leyland Titan PDl 1932 Leyland Titan TD1 Leyland body GE 2446 1932 Leyland Titan TD2 GX-131 Birch H30-26R Berk 1932 LEYLAND TITAN TD2 1933 Leyland Cub ABH358 with a Duple body 1933 Samuel Ledgard  Leyland Titan TD2 1934 ECW B33R body Leyland LT5B Lion Sam Ledg lgky7082 1934 Leyland LION LT5A VD3433 1934 Leyland Lion LT5A 1934 LEYLAND LOWBRIDGE PD2 1934 LEYLAND TIGER PS1-DUPLE - FALCON COACHES 1934 Leyland Tiger TS6T AUF-851Short Bros B40C 1934 B39C 1946 1935 Leyland TD4 new to Ledgard in 1935 with a Leyland metal framed body 1935 Leyland Tiger TS7 1935 Leyland Titan PD2 119 1935 Leyland Titan-Bus Bodies Bus PortElizabeth 1936 and is a Leyland TS7 with an English Electric C32F body 1936 Leyland Cheetah LZ with delightfully traditional Barnaby bodywork 1936 Leyland modfinal 1936, a Leyland TS7 with an English Electric C32F body 1937 Duple C33F body in Park Lane, Leeds, is a Leyland TS7 1937 Leyland LZ2 Waveney C32F seats 1937 - 1959 1937 Leyland LZ2 Waveney C32F seats 1937 - 1959a 1937 Leyland TF Cub OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA 1937 Leyland TIGER TS7 Coronation P358 WG5495 1937 Leyland TS7 new to Ledgard in 1937 with a Duple C32F body 1938 Leyland Aquilina b Sliema Malta 1938 Leyland CHEETAH LZ2A halfcab Burlingham Body WG7261 1938 LEYLAND TIGER TS8 - SUNDERLAND DISTRICT 1939 Leyland Cheetah Alexander body C39F WG7627 1939 Leyland Cub 1939 Leyland LZ4 Cheetah BTP-946 Wadham B32 1939 LEYLAND TIGER TS8 Alexander body CSF226 1939 Leyland Tiger TS8 Alexander body CSF243 1940 Leyland TD7 with Leyland H30-26R body 1940 Leyland vehicle is a 1940 Titan TD7 1940+1952 Leyland Titans. At the rear is PNW91, a 1952 PD2-12, while leading the way is JNW288, a 1940 TD7 lgpnw91

Leyland 1941-1950

1941 Leyland Titan TD4 1942 Leyland Titan TD5 1942 Leyland Titan 1942 Leyland 1945 Leyland TB3's with Massey B32R bodies, new to Teeside in 1936 and acquired by Southend 1946 Leyland Hainje  B-31744a 1946 Leyland PD1s with Leyland H30-26R bodies 1947 Leyland Motors bus advert - You travel better now! 1947 Leyland PD1A with an unusual Bristol Brislington H30-26R body lgkhw622 1947 Leyland PD1A with Leyland H32-26R body bck422 1947 Leyland PD1A with Leyland H32-26R body lgbck621 1947 Leyland PD1A with Leyland H32-26R body lgbck633 1947 Leyland PD1A with Leyland H32-26R body 1947 Leyland Pegaso B164449 SP 1947 Leyland PS1 Alexander BMS206 1947 Leyland Tiger OPS-1 carr. Kusters [1947-1952] NB-21-76 1947 leyland Tiger PS1 FWX779 Barnaby C35F 1948 Casha Bedford Leyland Malta 1948 Leyland 7RT lgkgu263 1948 Leyland PD1A with an ECW H30-26R body lgkhy395a 1948 Leyland Tiger PS1 BCB-340 Crossley B32F 1948 Vivero lugo bus 1949 Leyland ‘Tiger’ Heavy Recovery Vehicle 1949 Leyland Comet Bus TBB 938 at Riverside 1949 Leyland Comet CPO1 with Park Royal B30F bodywork 1949 Leyland Gnu 1949 Leyland Tiger Burlingham 1949 LEYLAND WARRINGTON 1950 Leyland Comet CP01 with Harrington 'Dorsal Fin' C29F bodywork 1950 Leyland Comet MRL 910 1950 Leyland lgkyy799 1950 Leyland lowbridge PD2-3 lgeuh959 1950 Leyland Olympic Transit Bus 1950 Leyland PD2-1 JWU131 1950 Leyland PD2-3 fleet no. 90 (FFY 407) - advert plate c 1950 Leyland Tiger PS1-1 with Burlingham body lgkup949 1950 leyland Verheul FRAM7328 1950 Leyland Verheul Piet Hein

Leyland 1951-1960

1951 Leyland PSU 1-1 Royal Tiger Willowbrook B43F body lg1952u 1951 Leyland Royal Tiger Harrington C41C originally Grey-Green 1951 Leyland Royal Tiger PSU1-15 with Harrington C41C body 1951 Leyland Titan PD2-1 EDB-547Leyland H30-26R 1952 Leyland carrosserie Den Oudsten NB-95-54 1952 Leyland Casha Bedfor Bambina Malta 1952 Leyland Comet 1952 Leyland Den Oudsten Groningsch-Drentsch Snelvervoer bus 22 (GADO 7644) van het type Leyland-Den Oudsten LO te Schoonebeek GDS 22 Malta Bus, Oldtimer Leyland, Valletta Bus Terminal 1952 Leyland Olympico EL44 ex Olte fuera de CUTCSA 1952 Leyland RT LOPSU 1-1 carrosserie Den Oudsten NB-95-56 1952 Leyland Tiger NB-80-73 1952 Leyland Verheul GVB Amsterdam OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA 1952 Leyland- Verheul 1953 Leyland HR40 Olympic prototypes with Weymann B40F 1953 Leyland Royal Tiger PSU1-15 H.V. Burlingham C37C seats 1953 - 1970 1953 Leyland Tiger carr. Den Oudsten NB-75-22 1953 Leyland Tiger TS8-Beadle integral 31 seat 1953 Leyland Verheul MK-GVB Amsterdam 1953 LEYLAND Werkspoor 1953 Leyland with Beadle Integral body 1953 Leyland-Verheul Maarse & Kroon 73 Autobus M&K73 erfg 1954 Caruana Leyland Royal Tiger 1954 (1979) Malta 1954 Caruana- Leyland Royal Tiger 1954 (1979) Malta 1954 Leyland carrosseriebouwer Roset Maarse-Kroon-JulesVerne 1954 Leyland Den Oudsten 1954 1954 Leyland Ierland 1954 Leyland Royal Tiger Worldmaster- Kromhout TBZ 100- Verheul, Waddinxveen 1954 Leyland Titan PD2-20 UTF-930 MCW H34-29R 1954 Leyland Verheul (Holland Coach) 1955 Leyland Beadle 4791 1955 Leyland Creamline MCY 242 1955 Leyland ECPO2-1R Comet with Duple C36F body 1955 Leyland Panthers Morris Bros Tilling Stevens Express Mark II 1955 Leyland Tiger Cub with Burlingham C41F body lguua796 1956 Leyland Steer Coach Built by The South African Railways 1957 LEYLAND Tiger Cub 1957 Leyland Titan PD2-20 203-BEH Willowbrook L27 28R 1957 Leyland Verheul Leeuwarden FRAM4258 1958 Leyland Cuba 3 1958 Leyland Den Oudstenbus (NS 7577) 1958 Leyland LO - Den Oudsten 7639 van het HBM 1958 Leyland LV Verheul WSM serie 1958 Leyland RET Rotterdam 1958 Leyland RTM 38 1958 Leyland RT-Werkspoor WSM 4697 1958 Leyland Titan PD2-30 PBU-943Roe H37-28R 1958 Leyland Verheul » Leyland 5375 serie 5300 1958 Leyland Werkspoor » 4677 NBM 1958 Leyland, LE-WS Werkspoor 1958 Leyland8 Cuba 4 1958 Leyland-Werkspoor LE-WS - WSM 4697 1958-59 Leyland Olympic Cuba 1959 Casha Leyland  Malta 1959 Leyland Casha  Valletta Malta 1959 LEYLAND Leopard No 776 1959 Leyland Olympic in Cuba 1959 Vella  Leyland Malta 1960 Leyland Titan PD2-37 33MTD Massey H37-27F 1960 Leyland Verheul heeft plek voor 70 p Maarse-Kroon73-11 1960 Leyland, RTW Verheul 1960 VAN HOOL LEYLAND A98DARV

Leyland 1960 >>

1961 Ledgard JWU131 was an Leyland lowbridge PD2-1 built for Felix Motors in 1950, sold to Ledgard 1962, MDT221, an AEC Regent 1961 Leyland East Yorkshire 5381 1961 LEYLAND Leaflet no 800 1962 Leyland - Van Hool  VAD 7319 1962 Leyland RTC LRTC 1-1 Leyland carr Stoelen GTW 23 1962 Leyland Verheul CN Busdiensten Utrecht 1962 Leyland World Tiger Cub carr. Stoelen, Lier, B VB-08-10 1962 Leyland, LE-HO Verheul 1962 Leyland, LV Verheul Malta Bus, Oldtimers Duple Dominant and Leyland, Valletta Bus Terminal 1963 Leyland Albion Lowlander LR7 with Alexander body 1963 Leyland Den Oudstenbus De duikboot 1963 Leyland LERT 2-1 0.680 170pk carr Den Oudsten GTW 490 1963 Leyland LERT 2-1 0.680 170pk carr Den Oudsten GTW 495 1963 Leyland LERT 2-1 0.680 179pk carr Den Oudsten GTW 401 1963 Leyland LERT 2-1 0.680 179pk carr Den Oudsten GTW 411 1963 Leyland LERT 2-1 0.680 179pk carr Den Oudsten GTW 420 1963 LEYLAND ROYAL TIGER CUB RTC 1-1 1963 Leyland RTC Roset 1963 Leyland, RTC Roset 1963 VAN HOOL-LEYLAND 1963-74 Leyland Leopard PSU3 Duple Alpine Continental C49F seats 1964 Casha Leyland  Malta 1964 Leyland - Verheul, Waddinxveen 1964 Leyland Barbara Valletta Malta 1964 Leyland Casha  Malta 1964 Leyland Hainje 1964 Leyland LERT 2-1 0.680 170pk carr Den Oudsten GTW 421 1964 Leyland LERT 2-1 0.680 170pk carr Den Oudsten GTW 485 1964 Leyland PD1 Iris 1965 Leyland 4600-5000 Werkspoor » NACO bolramers IJTunnel Amsterdam 1965 Leyland-Hainje W Vink 1965 Leyland-Hainje WimVink OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA 1965 photo Leyland PSU3-3RT Leopards with Plaxton Panorama C51F bodies lgaum413c 1966 Leyland Aquilina 66 1966 Leyland Atlantean Engine 11100cc Diesel 1966 Leyland Barbara Malta Bigibba 1966 Leyland DAF  Valletta Malta 1966 Leyland Den Oudsten » 7591 NACO 7500 1966 Leyland LERT 2-1 0.680 170pk carr Den Oudsten GTW 476 1966 Leyland Roset  Jan van Galen 1966 Leyland, LV Verheul 1967 Leyland DEN OUDSTEN AB 1967 Leyland Verheul KLM 7 december 1967 1967 Leyland, RTW Jonckheere 1967 Leyland-RT-Verheul WSM 5440 1968 Leyland Den Oudsten DVM 260 NL 1968 Leyland Den Oudsten NZH 1968 LEYLAND Journal 1968 LEYLAND LVB 1968 Leyland LVB668 0.680 carr Roset+Verheul GTW302 1968 Leyland LVB668 0.680 carr Roset+Verheul GTW303 1968 Leyland LVB668 0.680 carr Verheul GTW454 1968 Leyland, LVB 668 Verheul 1968 Leyland, LVB668 Verheul 1969 Leyland Leopard-Pennine new to Todmorden J.O.C. 1969 Leyland LVB668 0.680 carr Verheul GTW461 1970 Leyland Double Decker 1970 Leyland, LOK Den Oudsten OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA 1971 Leyland Pegasus Debono  Malta 1971 Leyland TC Hainje vMK 306 Adam Aveenseweg 1971 Leyland TC Verheul vMK 251 garage Aalsmeer 28-8-1971 1971 Leyland, LOK Den Oudsten 1971 Leyland, LOK Domburg i.o.v Verheul 1971 Leyland-Roset Amsterdam CS achterzijde coll.ADvZ 1972 Leyland den Oudsten 1972 Leyland Worldmasters were used on long-distance Australia operating for Ansett Pioneer. Bodywork Ansair 1972 Plaxton Panorama Leyland Malta 1973 Leyland Leopard Coach 1973 Leyland Leopard Malta 1973 Leyland Leopard PSU3-3R with Alexander C49F 1973 Leyland with Willowbrook  B53F 1974 Leyland Leopard Lewis Bulls RRN873 1975 Leyland Aquilina Malta 1976 LEYLAND 80 Years (25 21-92014 1976 Leyland Nation bus JIL2793 1976 LEYLAND NATIONAL 126L 1976 LEYLAND NATIONAL 601 1976 Leyland National London Transport 1976 Leyland National 1978 Lynx Leyland KIOI JMV 1979 Leyland, LVB668 Den Oudsten 1979-85 Leyland National 2 OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA 1986 Plaxton Leyland UK

Leyland Buses without Dates

ACLO of Leyland Argentina AMZ 88 Leyand Tiger Verheul (vz) Ashok Leyland in the CTB striped livery grinds out of Colombo Sri Lankastripe Cassar Leyland Malta Daf-Leyland 11 met carrosserie van Verheul. De eerste miljonairs voor de TET. 40 zit en 25 staanplaatsen. Bus heeft 11 jaar dienst gedaan in Ootmarsum. ERR5 leyland Edmonton Malta Bus, Leyland Ford, Valletta Bus Terminal HTM 117 Leyland Verheul Leyland - SMH trolleybus NESA NR 39 Leyland Alejandro Silva LEYLAND ATLANTEAN 185 Leyland Atlantean DL47 Leyland Atlantean FBN 232C leyland atlantean LA1 FYS998 the famous Leyland Atlantean Manchester Transport Museum bus A706 Leyland Atlantean PDR1 Alexander 'AL'BKC 236K Leyland Atlantean, LXS14K Leyland Atlantean Leyland Atlantean-Busaf BusPretoria Leyland Atlantische Manchester Transport Museum bus Leyland autobus van Maarse & Kroon NB-45-08 in onzachte aanraking met de tram van lijn 3 (motorwagen 438) Leyland bus 1 hh N Leyland bus Toensberg hh N Leyland Comet-Harrington MYA590 showing 'Dorsal Fin' and 'Pirates Hat' strakes on rear wheel arches. Leyland Debono Valletta Malta Leyland double bus Leyland Duple Domnant Malta + Leyland Leyland Duple Wilkinson Leyland fg RKA 432N Leyland Fleetline Alexander AD Type leyland FRAM 5070 Leyland La Grand Duple Leyland WUP Leyland Leopard  Alexander Y Type Leyland Leopard Alexander Y Type MFR306P Leyland Leopard Duple Links en Duple Leyland Safequard R OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA Leyland Leopard Plaxton Leyland Leopard PSU4A-2R had a 43 seat Pennine body Cloudy skies in Draycott LEYLAND LEOPARD RRS 46 R Leyland Leopard with Harrington Cavalier C41F Leyland LOPSUC 1-11 - DAB Leyland Lynx 01 Leyland Lynx bus J373AWT Leyland Maarse-Kroon GZ-85134 LEYLAND OLYMPIAN FLX LEYLAND OLYMPIAN FPG Leyland Olympian Southern Vectis OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA Leyland Oman Leyland Panther Cub GTP 175F number 175 Leyland Panther Leyland PD3-6 with Massey 68 seat lowbridge body LEYLAND PS1 - ISLE OF MAN ROAD SERVICES Leyland Regal Busways Leyland Roset 880093 Leyland Royal Tiger 91 Leyland Royal Tiger Patgay Aus Leyland Royal Tiger with a Ghia-designed body by Casaro Leyland Royal Tiger. A very nice example of this Park Royal Bodied coach Leyland Royal Tiger Leyland Silver Star Coach Leyland Tiger Cub Leyland Swift Leyland TD4 RV 6367 Leyland Terrier Lex Film a Leyland Terrier Lex Film Leyland Terrier Midi Bus LEYLAND TIGER - PREMIER COACHES (WATFORD) Leyland Tiger Alexander (Belfast) N-Type 1007 Leyland Tiger Coach in the Kruger National Park LEYLAND TIGER CUB - EDINBURGH CORPORATION Leyland Tiger Cub Rawtenstall Corporation Transport Leyland Tiger Duple Dominant (2) Leyland Tiger E48 LEYLAND TIGER PS 1 OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA Leyland Titan B15 leyland TMP6 Leyland Vivero lugo bus Leyland Wallasey Atlantean Plaxton bodied Leyland Leopards KAU564V, RVO657L & RVO668L Barton VAVO Leyland

This is it qua Buses

History of British LEYLAND follows:

British Leyland

British Leyland
Industry Automotive
Fate Renamed
Predecessor(s) British Motor Holdings (BMH)
Leyland Motor Corporation (LMC)
Successor(s) Rover Group
Leyland DAFLDV Van Group
Founded 1968
Defunct 1986
Headquarters Longbridge (Austin Rover), BirminghamCowley, Oxford

1986 – 2005: Washwood Heath, Birmingham LDV Vans

Key people Lord Stokes
Michael Edwardes
Graham Day
Products Automobiles
Employees 250,000

British Leyland was a vehicle-manufacturing company formed in the United Kingdom in 1968 as British Leyland Motor Corporation Ltd(BLMC). It was partly nationalised in 1975, when the UK government created a holding company called British Leyland, later BL, in 1978. It incorporated much of the British-owned motor vehicle industry, and held 40 percent of the UK car market, with roots going back to 1895.

Despite containing profitable marques such as JaguarRover and Land Rover, as well as the best-selling Mini, British Leyland had a troubled history. In 1986 it was renamed as the Rover Group, later to become MG Rover Group, which went into administration in 2005, bringing mass car production by British-owned manufacturers to an end. MG and the AustinMorris and Wolseley marques became part of China’s SAIC, with whom MG Rover attempted to merge prior to administration.

Contents

History

0 1972 BLMC share

BLMC share

BLMC was created in 1968 by the merger of British Motor Holdings (BMH) and Leyland Motor Corporation (LMC), encouraged by Tony Benn as chairman of the Industrial Reorganisation Committee created by the Wilson Government (1964–1970). At the time, LMC was a successful manufacturer, while BMH was perilously close to collapse. The Government was hopeful LMC’s expertise would revive the ailing BMH. The merger combined most of the remaining independent British car manufacturing companies and included car, bus and truck manufacturers and more diverse enterprises including construction equipment, refrigerators, metal casting companies, road surface manufacturers; in all, nearly 100 different companies. The new corporation was arranged into seven divisions under its new chairman, Sir Donald Stokes (formerly the chairman of LMC).

While BMH was the UK’s largest car manufacturer (producing over twice as many cars as LMC), it offered a range of dated vehicles, including the Morris Minor which was introduced in 1948 and the Austin Cambridgeand Morris Oxford, which dated back to 1959. After the merger, Lord Stokes was horrified to find that BMH had no plans to replace these elderly designs. Also, BMH’s design efforts immediately prior to the merger had focused on unfortunate niche market models such as the Austin Maxi (which was underdeveloped and with an appearance hampered by using the doors from the larger Austin 1800) and the Austin 3 litre, a car with no discernible place in the market.

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

BMH had produced several successful cars, such as the Mini and the Austin/Morris 1100/1300 range (which at the time was the UK’s biggest selling car). While these cars had been advanced at the time of their introduction, the Mini was not highly profitable and the 1100/1300 was facing more modern competition.

The lack of attention to development of new mass-market models meant that BMH had nothing in the way of new models in the pipeline to compete effectively with popular rivals such as Ford’s Escort and Cortina.

Immediately, Lord Stokes instigated plans to design and introduce new models quickly. The first result of this crash program was the Morris Marina in early 1971. It used parts from various BL models with new bodywork to produce BL’s mass-market competitor. It was one of the strongest-selling cars in Britain during the 1970s, although by the end of production in 1980 it was widely regarded as a dismal product that had damaged the company’s reputation. The Austin Allegro (replacement for the 1100/1300 ranges), launched in 1973, earned a similarly unwanted reputation over its 10-year production life.

1975 Austin 1800

The company became an infamous monument to the industrial turmoil that plagued Britain in the 1970s. Frequent industrial action instigated by militantshop stewards frequently brought BL’s manufacturing capability to its knees. Despite the duplication of production facilities as a result of the merger, there were multiple single points of failure in the company’s production network which meant that a strike in a single plant could stop many of the others. Dealers, starved of stock found their customers defecting to contemporary products from FordVauxhall, and the burgeoning Japaneseimports.

At its peak, BLMC owned almost 40 manufacturing plants across the country. Even before the merger BMH had included theoretically competing marques that were in fact selling substantially similar “badge engineered” cars. To this was added the competition from yet more, previously LMC marques. Rover competed with Jaguar at the expensive end of the market, and Triumph with its family cars and sports cars against Austin, Morris and MG. Individual model lines that were similarly sized were therefore competing against each other, yet were never discontinued nor were model ranges rationalised quickly enough – for instance BMH’s MGB remained in production alongside LMC’s Triumph TR6, whilst in the medium family segment, the Princess was in direct competition with upscale versions of the Morris Marina and cheaper versions of the Austin Maxi, meaning that economies of scale resulting from large production runs could never be realised. In addition, in consequent attempts to establish British Leyland as a brand in consumers’ minds in and outside the UK, print ads and spots were produced, causing confusion rather than attraction for buyers. This, combined with serious industrial relations problems (with trade unions), the 1973 oil crisis, the three-day week, high inflation, and ineffectual management meant that BL became an unmanageable and financially crippled behemoth which went bankrupt in 1975.

1970s restructuring

Sir Don Ryder was asked to undertake an enquiry into the position of the company, and his report, The Ryder Report, was presented to the government in April 1975. Following the report’s recommendations, the organisation was drastically restructured and the Labour Government (1974–1979) took control by creating a new holding company British Leyland Limited (BL) of which the government was the major shareholder. Between 1975 and 1980 these shares were vested in the National Enterprise Board which had responsibility for managing this investment. The company was now organised into the following four divisions:

  • Leyland Cars (later BL Cars) – the largest car manufacturer in the UK, employing some 128,000 people at 36 locations, and with a production capacity of one million vehicles per year.
  • Leyland Truck and Bus – the largest commercial and passenger vehicle manufacturer in the UK, employing 31,000 people at 12 locations, producing 38,000 trucks, 8,000 buses (including a joint venture with the National Bus Company) and 19,000 tractors per year. The tractors were based on theNuffield designs, but built in a plant in Bathgate, Scotland.
0 British Leyland 270 tractor fitted with aftermarket loader in the USA.

British Leyland 270 tractor fitted with aftermarket loader in the USA.

  • Leyland Special Products – the miscellaneous collection of other acquired businesses, itself structured into five sub-divisions:
  • Leyland International – responsible for the export of cars, trucks and buses, and responsible for manufacturing plants in Africa, India and Australia, employing 18,000 people
0 1977 Rover SD1

1977 Rover SD1

There was positive news for BL at the end of 1976 when its new Rover SD1 executive car was voted European Car of the Year, having gained plaudits for its innovative design. The SD1 was actually the first step that British Leyland took towards rationalising its passenger car ranges, as it was a single car replacing two cars competing in the same sector: the Rover P6 andTriumph 2000. More positive news for the company came at the end of 1976 with the approval by Industry Minister Eric Varley of a £140 million investment of public money in refitting the Longbridge plant for production of the company’s “ADO88” (Mini replacement) model, due for launch in 1979.[7] However, the UK success of the Ford Fiesta, launched in 1976, redefined the small car class and ADO88 would soon be cancelled. Massive investment in the Longbridge plant would nevertheless take place in preparation for the introduction of the slightly larger “LC8” subcompact hatchback, which would be launched as the Austin Mini Metro.

In 1977 Sir Michael Edwardes was appointed chief executive[8] by the NEB and Leyland Cars was split up into Austin Morris (the volume car business) and Jaguar Rover Triumph (JRT) (the specialist or upmarket division). Austin Morris included MG. Land Rover and Range Rover were later separated from JRT to form the Land Rover Group. JRT later split up into Rover-Triumph and Jaguar Car Holdings (which included Daimler).

BLCV

0 Coventry Climax forklift truckCoventry Climax forklift truck

In 1978 the company formed a new group for its commercial vehicle interests, BL Commercial Vehicles (BLCV) under managing director David Abell. The following companies moved under this new umbrella:

  • Leyland Vehicles Limited (trucks, tractors and buses)
  • Alvis Limited (military vehicles)
  • Coventry Climax (fork lift trucks and specialist engines)
  • Self-Changing Gears Limited (heavy-duty transmissions)

BLCV and the Land Rover Group later merged to become Land Rover Leyland.

BL Ltd

In 1979 British Leyland Ltd was renamed to simply BL Ltd (later BL plc) and its subsidiary which acted as a holding company for all the other companies within the group The British Leyland Motor Corporation Ltd to BLMC Ltd.[9]

0 1983 Austin Metro

1983 Austin Metro

BL’s fortunes took another much-awaited rise in October 1980 with the launch of the Austin Metro (initially named the Mini Metro), a modern three-door hatchback which gave buyers a more modern and practical alternative to the iconic but ageing Mini. This went on to be one of the most popular cars in Britain of the 1980s. Towards the final stages of the Metro’s development, BL entered into an alliance with Honda to provide a new mid-range model which would replace the ageing Triumph Dolomite, but would more crucially act as a stop-gap until the Austin Maestro and Montego were ready for launch. This car would emerge as the Triumph Acclaim in 1981, and would be the first of a long line of collaborative models jointly developed between BL and Honda. By 1982 the BL Cars Ltd division renamed itself Austin Rover Group, shortly before the launch of the Maestro and Michael Edwardes was replaced by Harold Musgrove as chairman and chief executive. Jaguar and Daimler remained in a separate company called Jaguar Car Holdings, but were later sold off and privatised in 1984.

A rationalisation of the model ranges also took place around this time. In 1980, British Leyland was still producing four cars in the large family car sector—the Princess 2Austin Maxi, Morris Marina and Triumph Dolomite. The Marina became the Ital in August 1980 following a superficial facelift, and a year later the Princess 2 received a major upgrade to become the Austin Ambassador, meaning that the 1982 range had just two competitors in this sector. In April 1984, these cars were discontinued to make way for a single all-new model, the Austin Montego. The Triumph Acclaim was replaced in that same year by another Honda-based product – the Rover 200-series.

Jaguar sale