OPEL BLITZ a.o. Rüsselheim, Hesse, Germany 1861 – 2014

Opel

Bonn_Polizeiauto_Deutschlandfest_(Logo-und-Grill)

Adam Opel AG
Type Aktiengesellschaft
Industry Automotive
Founded January 21, 1862
Founder(s) Adam Opel
Headquarters RüsselsheimHesseGermany
Number of locations 11 manufacturing facilities in six countries
Area served
  • Africa
  • Asia
  • Europe (except United Kingdom)
  • South America
Key people
Products Automobiles
Commercial vehicles
Production output Decrease 1,057,000 vehicles (2013)
Services
  • Vehicle financing
  • Vehicle insurance
Revenue
  • Increase $ 14.886 billion (2011)
  • $ 14.884 billion (2010)
Employees 35,428 (2013)
Parent General Motors Company
Divisions OPC
Subsidiaries
Website opel.com

1024px-RüsselsheimMainMarktstrOpelHauptportalAdamOpel

Opel’s main portal and site building near the train station in front of the statue of the founder Adam Opel in Rüsselsheim

Adam Opel AG (Opel) is a German automobile manufacturer headquartered in RüsselsheimHesse, Germany and a subsidiary of the American General Motors Company. The company designs, engineers, manufactures and distributes Opel-branded passenger vehicles, light commercial vehicles and vehicle parts for distribution in Africa, Asia, Europe and South America. Opel designed and manufactured vehicles are also sold under the Buick brand in the United States, Canada, Mexico and China, the Holden brand in Australia and New Zealand and the Vauxhall brand in the United Kingdom.

1913 Opel - 19131913 Opel

Opel traces its roots to a sewing machine manufacturer founded by Adam Opel in 1862. The company began manufacturing bicycles in 1886 and produced its first automobile in 1899.

1921 Opel onderstel en motor1921 Opel onderstel en motor

Opel became a share-limited company (German: Aktiengesellschaft) in 1929; United States-based General Motors took a majority stake in Opel that same year. General Motors assumed full control in 1931 and today Adam Opel AG is a wholly owned subsidiary of General Motors Company. Although Adam Opel AG continues to be a share-limited company, shares of the company are not publicly listed. Adam Opel AG is the parent company of General Motors UK Limited, better known as Vauxhall, and various other General Motors subsidiaries.

1930 Opel B ATM11Militr2009_6_00041930 Opel B

During the 1970s and 1980s, Opel and Vauxhall ranges were rationalised into one consistent range across Europe.

1930-45 truck profile 2 opel blitz 1 1931 Opel Blitzbus 61 1931-75 Opel Blitz 1931-1975 1932 Opel Blitz vrachtwagenchassis van 1,5 T 1932 Opel Blitzbus Ludewig Bros 1934 Opel Arke Opel+v Rooijen 1934 Opel Blitz Brandweer 1934 Opel Blitzbus 71 35t lkw 1934 Opel Blitzbus 71 1934 Opel carr. Van Rooijen 1934-l-34230-opel-carr-domburg 1935 Opel Blitz Aero Strassenzepp Doppeldecker 1935 Opel Blitz by Ludewig Bros 1935 Opel Blitzbus 35hist-kraft-6-87-woodstove 1935 Opel Blitzbus35 brandau odenwaldstrasse1940-heightdifference 1935 Opel Blitzbus35 civy-on-woodstreet 1935 Opel Blitzbus35 ero-karosserieaufbau 1935 Opel Blitzbus35 vordenbombenangriff Brandenburg, Lkw-Produktion 1936 Opel Blitzbus 36 dolly Roermond-abus-in-nl-martin-wallast 1936 Opel Blitzbus 36 earlywar 1936 Opel Gas 466 de Rijnstreek ATO-09 1936 opel_blitz_1 1936 Opel-Blitz-LF15 1937 blitzbus35_l_ludewich-folder 1937 Opel Blitz Ludewig Aero 1937 Opel Blitzbus 37 gtu-nr78 1937 opel blitzbus 1937 Opel-Blitz-1937-gm 1938 4 opel blitz aero 1938 NN-70-53 Opel type BR8W ex bus 1938 Opel - 1938 1938 Opel Blitz Ambulance 1938 opel blitz bus 2 1938 opel blitz bus 21 1938 Opel Blitz by Ludewig Bros 1 1938 Opel Blitz mit Stromlinien-Aufbau der Firma Ludewig 1938 Opel Blitz Oldtimerbus AM 99 32 1938 Opel Blitz Van der Ploeg opbouw 1938 Opel blitz15sanka Opel-Blitz Typ 2,5-32 1938 Opel Blitzbus  cabrio 1938 Opel Blitzbus 37 woodgas-dolly-snow 1938 Opel Blitzbus 37 1938 opel blitzbus 53 fr ludewig 1938 Opel Blitzbus 94 Altenberg 1938 Opel Blitzbus35 luxurious train 1938 opel blitzbus53 fl ludewig-street 1938 Opel Bus Lindgren Sweden 1938 Opel Den Oudsten en Domburg (47 aanv.op proef) (2) 1938 Opel Den Oudsten en Domburg (47 aanv.op proef) 1938 Opel Den Oudsten en Domburg 1938 Opel nr 6 Hainje 1938 Opel Schuman 1938 OPEL-Blitz 3,5 Doppelstockbus-Sattelzug 1939 formal German Feuerschutzpolizei Opel Blitz pumper with Magirus bodywork 1939 Opel Blitz 1,5 to in Speyer. 1939 Opel Blitz 3.6-47-W39 1939 Opel Blitz Bus (2) 1939 Opel Blitz bus 1939 Opel Blitzbus 82 deutsche-arbeiterfront-werkstatt 1939 Opel Blitzbus 83 operationsroom 1939 Opel Blitzbus 93 Auwärter 1939 Opel Blitzbus 95 Moeve 1939 Opel Bus Zweden 1939 Opel Den Oudsten en Domburg (47 aanv.op proef) 1939 Opel-Hainje foto genomen op 7-4-1941 door Jan Voerman DABO 30 Assen station 1940 Opel Blitz (2) 1940 Opel Blitz 3to, Wagen 112 1940 Opel Blitz Schwungjuhle 1940 Opel Blitz 1940 Opel Blitzbus 51 verheul-maarse n-kroone 1940 Opel Blitzbus 93 3reutter-infrontoffactory 1940 Opel blitzbus damaged-ontrain 1940 opel-blitz-36-36-leistung-75psbauartgeschwindigkeit-65kmh-50095 1940 tankloeschfahrzeug-tlf-1543-auf-opel-106263 1941 Opel B183 Hainje 1941 Opel Blitz - O.C. Axelsen 1941 Opel Blitz NV-05-93 1941 Opel carr. Hainje Heerenveen B-12212a coll. Jan Harmsen Drachten 1942 opel busse-blitz 1943 Opel bus_ambulance_wit_2_zps84598f53 1944 OpelBus_zpsb1af25cd 1946 Opel Opleggerbus ATO-21 1947 Opel Blitzbus 94 postwar-factory 1949 Opel Oldtimer-Kleinbus 1951 opel-busse-oldtimer-02b-100002 1952 Opel Biltz Omnibus, sd 1952 Opel Blitz 1.75T 1952 Opel Blitz Krankenwagen Miesen 1952 Opel Blitz modernise en DSCN8169 1952 opel blitz1.75anorama_lf_1 1953 opel blitz (0000162-01) oude opel blitz in goede staat 1954 Opel Blitz 1,75to Typ 330 Panoramabus b 1954 Opel Blitz 2 1954 Opel Blitz carr. Domburg  NN-70-96 1954 Opel Blitz Feuerwehr 1954 Opel Blitz NS-66-06 1954 Opel Blitz NV-72-83 1954 Opel Blitz SF 26 68 1954 Opel Blitz Super Mit Anhänger 1954 Opel Blitz Wagen 114. in Süddeutschland unterwegs 1955 Opel Blitz 1,75to Typ 330 Panoramabus der Adam Opel AG 1955 Opel Blitz Kraanwagen 1955 Opel Blitz SF 26 68a 1956 Nr-106 Opel Blitz-2500  12 pers. autobus 19-03-56--10-09-64(2) 1956 Opel Blitz auf der IAA 1998 in Hannover 1957 Opel Blitz Panoramabus 1957 Opel Blitz personnel carrier 1957 Opel Blitzbus35 moellers-reisedienst.de 1958 Opel Bl 2 1959 Opel Blitz 1.75 ton TBE RV-35-02 1959 Opel Blitz RV-35-02 1960 Opel Blitz bus SN-14-04 1960 Opel Blitz DSC-0478-border 1960 Opel Blitz tankwagen 1960_Opel_Blitz_Firetruck_by_compaan_art 1961 Opel Blitz Bova 1962 Opel Blitz 2,1 t, autobus XF-10-40 1962 Opel Blitz F332Z  TJ-07-18 1962 Opel Blitz Friesland 1962-63 Opel Blitz DSCN8170 1965 Bedford-Blitz, 2009 in Eberswalde als historisches Fahrzeug 1965 Opel Blitz Lansen WATO 17 Tet 080 1965 Opel Kleinbus Horn 1977 Opel Bedford Blitz CF 250 OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA 2003 Optare Alero a 2003 Optare Alero b 2004 Optare Alero 43708534 43709939 Bonn_Polizeiauto_Deutschlandfest_(Logo-und-Grill) i-Opel Blitz 21 camper embleem logotipos-de-las-marcas-de-coches-opel made-for-movie-opel-blitz-25-32-01 Opel B Opel BLits Opel BLITZ (Kfz.305, 4x2) Opel Blitz `Strassenzepp Essen` Omnibus 1930 Opel Blitz `Strassenzepp Essen` Omnibus 1930s Opel Blitz als ambulance Opel Blitz Ambulance Review Opel Blitz Ambulance Opel Blitz Camper bus Opel Blitz Feuerwehr 20t0abs Opel Blitz Firetruck opel blitz lf15 Opel Blitz ME Blitz 507-800 Opel Blitz Omnibus Strassenzepp Essen [LIMITED to 500px] Opel Blitz peine01 OPEL BLITZ Police Truck Opel Blitz reclame1 Opel Blitz reclame2 Opel Blitz Sparbank Foto-LBPUYLHY Opel blitz03 Opel Blitzbus v d NAO 31 zitpl VSL040 Opel Logo's Opel Movano - Dropside Opel Movano Sp Opel Opel_Blitz opel_blitz_ww Opel-Blitz 3,6-47 bus Opel-Blitz-1-75-330-729x486-b2538bddcc39b39c Opel-Blitz-Drehleiter-DL-18-729x486-3cf4678f11a5799d OpelBlitzEDoppelkabinenwagen12196 opel-blitz-vor-dem-schloss-26283

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OM Officine Meccaniche Milan Brescia Italy 1899 – 1975

Miani e Silvestri&C-A.Grondona Comi&C

Officine Meccaniche

1938 OM Titano Varesina1938 OM Titano Varesina

Officine Meccaniche
Industry Automotive
Fate absorbed (as part of the Fiat Group) into IVECO.
Founded 1899
Defunct 1975
Headquarters MilanItaly (HQ)
BresciaItaly (Automotive)
Products Automobiles
Railroad locomotives and equipment (Milan)
Cars and Sports Cars (Brescia, before 1934)
Commercial Vehicles (Brescia, 1925)

Officine Meccaniche-Milano-Brescia già Miani e Silvestri&C-A.Grondona Comi&C

1929 OM Superba 665 orange vr TCE

OM Superba 665 1929
Om 1002

OM 120 truck

Officine Meccaniche or OM was an Italian car and truck manufacturing company, founded in 1918 in Milan as Societa Anonima Officine Meccaniche. It disappeared as such in 1975 subsumed into Iveco, but still exist as a forklift builder.

OM Elektrostapler l

 Origins

1932 OM 469F1932 OM 469F

The inception of the company had resulted from the merger of two companies, Grondona Comi & C and Miani Silvestri & C.

OM 469 N Spider1922 OM 469N

Originally, OM manufactured railway stock. Car production started in 1918, using the plant of the former Brixia-Zust (Brixia-Züst), just after OM took over Zust car company of Brescia, Northern Italy. The first OM car, Tipo S305, primarily an old Zust model, appeared in 1918 with a 4712 cc four-cylinder side-valve in-line engine.

1930 OM 5 BODPL1930 OM 5 BODPL

The OM cars era

1932 ОМ-32 Autocarretta da Montagna, 4x41932 ОМ-32 Autocarretta da Montagna, 4×4

Further models were Tipo 465 (with a 1327 cc four) in 1919, Tipo 467 (1410cc) and Tipo 469 (1496cc) in 1921. 1923 saw an all new model, Tipo 665 ‘Superba’ with a 2-litre six-cylinder engine. This model was extremely successful in racing – won top five positions in the 2-litre class in 1925 and 1926 at Le Mans but the greatest achievement was the victory in the first Mille Miglia race in 1927 where Ferdinando Minoia and Giuseppe Morandi lead home an O.M. ‘123’ at average speed of 48.27 miles per hour (77.7 km/h) for 21 hours 4 minutes 48seconds. Some cars were equipped with Roots superchargers.

1930 OM 665 Convertible 19301930 OM 665 Convertible

In 1925 OM began to build trucks and buses, using licensed Swiss Saurer engines and other mechanical components. Ties with Saurer persisted all along OM life.

1930 OM 665 F11930 OM 665 F1

Fiat take-over and post-war years

1936 OM 5 BLDPL Interurbano1936 OM 5 BLDPL Interurbano

OM was taken over by the Fiat Group in 1938 and in the following year passenger car production ceased, and OM became a commercial vehicle and train part manufacturer.

1955 OM Leoncino Bartoletti GT Bus

1955 OM Leoncino Bartoletti GT Bus

Main new product in the WWII post-war era was the Leoncino (1950) a light truck in the 2.0 to 2.5 tons range, which was an immediate success. It became the forefather of several series of heavier but structurally similar models, namely TigrottoTigreLupettoCerbiatto and Daino, launched between 1957 and 1964. Bus chassis versions of several of these models were also available.

1938 OM Taurus 380 Portesi1938 OM Taurus 380 Portesi

In the 60s and 70s the light and medium-weight OM truck ranges were sold in Switzerland as Saurer-OM or Berna-OM, in Austria as Steyr-OM, in France as Unic-OM, and in Germany as Büssing-OM.

1937 ОМ Titano1937 ОМ Titano

The end of OM

1945 - OM BUD 51945 – OM BUD 5

In 1968 OM was definitively merged into the Fiat Group as a brand belonging to the Commercial Vehicles division, which also included Fiat and Unic.

1951 OM CL 511951 OM CL 51

In 1975 it was absorbed (as part of the Fiat Group) into IVECO and the OM brand disappeared from the truck and bus markets, although it still survives as an independent forklift manufacturer.

1952 OM Taurus 3401952 OM Taurus 340

OM 469 N Spider 1929 OM Superba 665 orange vr TCE 1930 OM 5 BODPL 1930 OM 665 Convertible 1930 1930 OM 665 F1 1932 OM 469F 1932 ОМ-32 Autocarretta da Montagna, 4x4 1936 OM 5 BLDPL Interurbano 1936 ОМ-36DM, 4x4 1937 OM 4CPO Esperia 1937 OM Titano 137, 11300cm3, 137cv, cabine couchette 1937 ОМ Titano 1938 OM CPO Orlandi 1938 OM Taurus 380 Portesi 1938 OM Taurus 1938 OM Titano Varesina 1940 ОМ Taurus 1941 OM Taurus Esperia 1945 - OM BUD 5 1945 OM Taurus, 4500cm3, 70 à 80cv suivant l'année 1949 OM Taurus 340 1949 OM Taurus 340a 1951 OM CL 51 1951 OM CL51 Autopompa 1951 ОМ CL51 1952 OM CL 52 1952 OM Taurus 340 1952 ОМ-20.110 (CL52), 4x4 1953 OM ORIONE 1954 OM Orione 580 Menarini 1954 stefer 1955 OM Leoncino Angelo Orlandi Smart Van 1955 OM Leoncino Bartoletti GT Bus 1955 OM Leoncino Dalla Via GT Bus 1955 OM Leoncino Scall 1955 OM TIGROTTO 35-N 1956 OM Super Orione Viberti TS 23779 SAP Trieste 6 1956 1956 ОМ-6600 (СР56), 6x6 1958 OM Tigrotto del 1958 1959 OM TIGRE - A.I.T.E. 1959 OM Tigre 1960 OM Leoncino Borsani 1960 OM TIGROTTO carrozzeria Menarini c.c.4941 1961 OM Tigre+Tigrotto 1962 OM LUPETTO 1962 OM TIGROTTO - A.I.T.E. 1964 O.M. Tigrotto Borsani stefer 1964 OM TIGROTTO - A.I.T.E 1964 OM Tigrotto-Smit Joure nr.2, in 1972 vernummerd in 25 1964 om-hng 1965 OM Tigrotto Menarini 1969 OM Leoncino XJ-11-42 1972 OM Cerbiatto DA-64-58 1973 OM Zwitserland Museumplein A dam 1974 om-02-transporttotaal 1976 OM-UNIC 20C Van à chevaux 1977 OM Leoncino (in de oude OM fabriek in Brescia wordt nu de Iveco Daily gebouwd) 1977 OM Leoncino 35L BT-GN-47 1977 OM Leoncino 35L a OM Logo BusFiatOmAntofagasta LEONCINO OM Carrozzeria BARBI spa a LEONCINO OM Carrozzeria BARBI spa Logo_om.svg Officine Meccaniche 469N OM 40.o Salone Automobile Torino CARROZZERIA BARBI SPA OM 110 Om 120 1002 OM 120 OM 180 NT OM 260pk Abbas om 665-09 Om 1002 OM 4820 OM Abbas OM ALn 772 1082 om autocarro-cl51-02 om autocarro-cl51-06 OM Beverdam OM CL51 4x4 om cl-52-04 om cl-52-09 OM CPO om daino-45-04 om daino-45-06 om daino-45-09 OM Elektrostapler l OM Interlimburg OM LEONCINO bl OM Leoncino Borsani OM Leoncino in film OM LUPETTO 1 19 seats 68cv  4156cc OM Lupetto 25 OM lupetto Borsani 002 OM Lupetto Borsani in film OM Lupetto bus M3391M-1012 OM Menarini Bus OM Microbus a OM Microbus Om Officine Meccaniche 1899-1975 I OM Officine Meccaniche, polizia 18286 OM Oldtimer Bus OM Orione 580 Portesi OM Orione Borsani OM SUPER ORIONE - End 50 years OM Super Orione articolati 0 OM Super Orione articolati a OM Super Orione articolati OM Super Orione Carrozzeria BARBI spa
OM Super Orione Siccar OM super orione OM Super Taurus OM Super Taurus Macchi OM Tanker Italië OM Taurus 380 Portesi OM Tigre Borsani OM Tigre Esperia OM TIGRE La pioggia non mi ha fermato quando vedo un pazzesco Spettacolo ! I veicoli di A.I.T.E OM TIGRE P1 45places 6870cc 170cv OM Tigre trattore stradale tractor unit San Vendemiano OM Tigre OM TIGROTTO  ORLANDI OM Tigrotto 4x4 VVFF Trentino 2001 OM Tigrotto 23 posti a OM Tigrotto 23 posti b OM Tigrotto 23 posti c OM TIGROTTO 55 - A.I.T.E. OM TIGROTTO BARBI OM Tigrotto Borsani z OM TIGROTTO Camper - A.I.T.E. OM Tigrotto Grandes OM TIGROTTO Microcirco OM Tigrotto Orlandi Scuola Baraldi OM Tigrotto Portesi om tigrotto-65-01 om tigrotto-65-06 om tigrotto-65-08 om tigrotto-borsani-03 om tigrotto-borsani-07 OM TITANO - A.I.T.E. om titano-01 om titano-05 om titano-09 om titano-11 om titano-12 OM TITANOa OM van Abbas Pinksterwold NL OM-Officine-Meccaniche-Milano OM-Officine-Meccaniche-Milano-Logo Trattori OM a Venturina

ÖAF Wien Austria

ÖAF

ÖAF LogoLogo ÖAF

Buses AUSTRO FIAT Austria

Austro FIAT
Austro Fiat Omnibus AFN 11-42 um 1930

Austro Fiat in Wenen werd in 1925 al overgenomen door MAN en werd toen de Östereichisches Auto Fabric ÖAF. Het merk heeft dus maar kort bestaan. ÖAF behandelen we een stuk later.

Austro Fiat Omnibus AFN Langversion für Post
Austro Fiat O25 der Oberösterreichischen Kfz.AG
Austro Fiat 3 achsiger Omnibus um 1925
Austro Fiat 3 ton
Austro Fiat 5 DN 120 A der Post & Telekom Austria
Austro Fiat Omnibus Sonerausführung für die Gemeinde Wien um 1925

Gräf&Stift

Gräf & Stift was an Austrian manufacturer of automobilestrucksbuses and trolleybuses, from 1902 until 2001, latterly as a subsidiary of MAN. Founded in 1902 by the brothers Franz, Heinrich and Karl Gräf, and the investor, Wilhelm Stift. Before the Second World War, the company was a well-known manufacturer of luxury automobiles, including the one that famously took part in the Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand. By the 1930s Gräf & Stift had begun making trucks and buses, and it ceased car manufacturing in 1938. The company merged with Österreichische Automobil Fabriks-AG (ÖAF) in 1971, becoming ÖAF-Gräf & Stift AG, and later the same year was taken over by MAN AG. It continued in business as a subsidiary of MAN, and the Gräf & Stift name remained in use as an MAN brand for the Austrian market and for trolleybuses until 2001, when ÖAF-Gräf & Stift AG was renamed MAN Sonderfahrzeuge AG. It was located in Vienna, and the production facilities continue in use there, but no longer using the Gräf & Stift name.

1961-75 A Gräf & Stift double-decker bus in service in Vienna

1961-75 A Gräf & Stift double-decker bus in service in Vienna

The beginnings

The Gräf brothers started a bicycle service workshop in Vienna in 1893, quickly branching out into bicycle manufacturing. Their bicycles sold well, requiring the company to relocate to be able to increase capacity. While the bicycle business in Europe was booming, the brothers also saw potential in the fledgling automobile, and commissioned Josef Kainz to design one. The result was an unusual voiturette with by a one-cylinder De Dion-Bouton engine fitted in front of the vehicle, powering the front axle, built sometime between 1895 and 1898, according to various sources. It was thus arguably the world’s first front-wheel drive automobile, but it never saw mass production, with only one copy ever made, even though the technology was eventually patented in 1900. However, the voiturette remained in regular use until 1914 and was in working condition yet at the dawn of the 1970s.

Partnership with Willy Stift

In 1901, the brothers started cooperating with the Austrian businessman Wilhelm (Willy) Stift, an automobile importer who had already ventured into automobile manufacturing under the marque Celeritas. Celeritas automobiles were then assembled using French engines at the Gräf workshops, and in 1904 the gentlemen founded a joint company, named Gräf & Stift. Later, the company manufactured automobiles for the Spitz brand, owned by the automobile vendor Arnold Spitz. When Spitz went bankrupt in 1907, Gräf & Stift started building automobiles under their own brand.

The company concentrated on large, sophisticated and luxurious cars, which became popular with the Austrian aristocracy and even the Habsburg royal family. Apart from luxury cars, Gräf & Stift also became an important manufacturer of buses as well as tram bodies.

Assassination in Sarajevo

1911 Gräf & Stift Double Phaeton in which the Archduke Franz Ferdinand was riding at the time of his assassination on June 28, 1914
The 1911 Gräf & Stift Double Phaeton in which the Archduke Franz Ferdinand was riding at the time of his assassination on June 28, 1914

One of the Gräf & Stift luxury limousines, a Double Phaeton (engine no. 287), was bought by Count Franz von Harrach on 15 December 1910. Harrach’s car was fitted with a four-cylinder engine delivering 32 PS. In 1914 in Sarajevo, the Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife rode together with Harrach in this car, whenGavrilo Princip assassinated the Archduke. The assassination provoked a series of diplomatic manoeuvres that quickly led to declarations of war and the onset of the First World War.

Between the wars

1928 Gräf & Stift.

1928 Gräf & Stift.

As the war broke out, Gräf & Stift started manufacturing trucks in order to meet wartime demand, which, together with buses and special vehicles, became the company’s main business and enabled it to flourish in a rather difficult time. Manufacturing of passenger cars was resumed only in 1920, with a 2-litre intermediate-size model, Typ VK. The VK remained in production until 1928 (since 1926 as the modernized VK 2), but already in 1921 Gräf & Stift returned to making luxury cars, with a range of large six-cylinder models available through the 1920s and early 1930s. In 1930, the company presented its first eight-cylinder car, the sumptuous Typ Sp 8, in 1937 superseded by the Sp 9.

To acquire necessary volume to assure the profitability of carmaking business, Gräf & Stift also launched smaller models, badged G 35G 36 and G 8, powered by a 4.6-litre eight-cylinder engine. To cater for lower segments of the market, the company entered an agreement with Citroën, assembling one of the French automaker’s models as the MF 6 in 1935-36 (it had a 2.65-litre six-cylinder engine, with Gräf & Stift having had ceased the manufacturing of their own six-cylinders in 1935). Later, a joint-venture was started with Ford of Cologne, which provided for eight-cylinder Ford-licensed vehicles, badged Gräf-Ford V8, to be assembled by Gräf & Stift.

Neither of those ventures proved successful enough to assure the profitability of the passenger car business of Gräf & Stift, so the company decided to pull out of it. Its last own model was the rather modern C 12, fitted with a new twelve-cylinder engine, which was only made in very limited numbers in 1938, when the company ceased automobile production to concentrate on truck and bus manufacturing.

After World War II

Gräf & Stift remained in the truck and bus manufacturing business after 1945, continuing as a family-owned enterprise, being run by members of the Gräf family. The company built its first trolleybuses in 1948.

MAN subsidiary

1980-built Gräf & Stift trolleybus in service in 2003 in Romania

A 1980-built Gräf & Stift trolleybus in service in 2003 in Romania

In 1971 the company merged with Österreichische Automobil Fabriks-AG (ÖAF) to form ÖAF-Gräf & Stift AG, which in turn was taken over by MAN AG the same year. ÖAF-Gräf & Stift AG continued manufacturing under that name, as a subsidiary of MAN. Still based in Vienna, it was focused on supplying trucks and buses for the Austrian market, mostly based on MAN designs, and additionally specialised in trolleybuses. It was MAN’s main trolleybus producer in the 1980s and 1990s, and these were sold under the Gräf & Stift name, with trolleybuses’ being supplied to several European cities, including SalzburgSolingen and Bergen(Norway), among others.

As of 31 December 2000, ÖAF-Gräf & Stift AG had 897 employees, and its sales for the six-month period from 1 July 2000 through 31 December 2000 (the company’s “Short Fiscal Year 2000”) totalled €111 million.

Use of the longstanding Gräf & Stift name ended in 2001, when MAN renamed the company MAN Sonderfahrzeuge AG, as part of reorganizations following its June 2001 acquisition of Neoplan. This in turn became MAN Nutzfahrzeuge Österreich AG in 2004. In that year, MAN built a new plant on Gräf & Stift’s original site in the Liesing district of Vienna and continues to be the biggest employer in the area.

Gräf und Stift-Automarken-Logo

ÖAF

ÖAF LogoÖAF Logo

Österreichische Automobil-Fabrik
Type Subsidiary of MAN SE
Industry Automotive
Founded 1907
Headquarters FloridsdorfAustria
Products vehicles
Website Official Website

ÖAF is an initialism for Österreichische Automobil-Fabrik, previously known as Österreichische Austro-Fiat, an Austrian (Austro-Hungarian) car and truck manufacturer.

 Austro-Fiat

ÖAF was created by FIAT in 1907 and is now part of the German MAN group. The manufacture of automobiles began in the new plant built for the occasion in Vienna in 1908, while the number was only 50 employees. A truck of 4 tonnes, similar to the Italian Fiat model was manufactured from 1911. It was originally Austro-Fiat, which during the First World War began to develop their own products.

In 1925 the Austro-Fiat brand expired and the company became Osterreichische Automobil Fabrik AG, under the abbreviation ÖAF, with preservation of the trademark filed earlier. Also in 1925, a separate company took over sales of Italian FIAT cars, and Austro-Fiat became affiliated with Austro-Daimler and Puch. The last private car, Type 1001A, was different from the earlier Type 1001, having 34 bhp (25 kW) engines and conventional rear axles.

The latest model Fiat’s truck was TS 1924, equipped with a 45 hp (34 kW) Fiat engine. The company began production of other models in Austria, which has enabled the company to begin developing its own models. The most popular submitted in 1925 was the AFN light truck AFN with 1.75 tons of payload. This truck used a 42 hp 4 Cylinder Fiat engine 2850 cc, it also used gimbals and real tires, not solid tires, which allowed for a speed of 65 km/h. In 1928, the AF2 appeared and the following year a bus called the Austro-Fiat-1001. It is from this time that the company discontinued the manufacture of passenger cars to concentrate on commercial vehicles, trucks, vans and buses. This allowed the AFL/AFY to be manufactured from 1930 to 1937.

MAN acquisition

Austrian Army ÖAF-sLKW truck

Austrian Army ÖAF-sLKW truck

In 1938, when Austria was annexed by the Third Reich, German MAN obtained the majority of shares owned by Fiat in ÖAF, reducing the Italian firm’s share to 15%. ÖAF had begun equipping some of its trucks with diesel engines from MAN in 1934.

öaf, gräf und Stift, man bus ÖAF Logo Öaf Gräf & Stift ÖAF Gräf & Stift NGE 152 M17 Öaf busse oldtimer-02b-1000301955 ÖAF

1955 ÖAF Trambus DT 551955 ÖAF

1955 ÖAF bus, ccw.cz1955 ÖAF

1955 ÖAF bus, ccw.cz front1955 ÖAF

After the Second World War, the Floridsdorf factory was in the Russian zone and the plants were used for Russian reparations. In 1955, ÖAF was released from these payments and the factory began producing trucks again. They went to Austria to build military trucks but the Austrian army eventually selected rival Steyr for its famous Pinzgauer. The Tornado was ÖAF’ s challenger, best-selling truck in Austria.

In 1970, the company was privatized again; MAN then let it merge with Gräf & Stift, out of which ÖAF Gräf & Stift arose which in 1971 was fully taken over by MAN.

Vehicles

ÖAF Tornado 19-230ÖAF Tornado 19-230

  • ÖAF Tornado 16-192 with Trilex-Felgen
  • ÖAF Tornado 16-192 with Trilex-Felgen
  • ÖAF Tornado 19-186ÖAF Tornado 19-186
  • ÖAF Tornado 19-192ÖAF Tornado 19-192
  • ÖAF Tornado 9256

    ÖAF Tornado 9256

  • ÖAF Husar

    ÖAF Husar

  • MAN with ÖAF-Grille

    1982 MAN with ÖAF-Grille

  • 1977 ÖAF light wheeled tank

    1977 ÖAF light wheeled tank

    KONICA MINOLTA DIGITAL CAMERA

    100 jahre ÖAF

    ÖAF trt4klein

    ÖAF Tornado Racing Team

    Gräf und Stift-Automarken-Logo

    Futher wit Gräf & STift

1907 Gräf und Stift 18-32 PS

1907 Gräf und Stift 18-32 PS

1911 Gräf & Stift 40 HP Bois de Boulogne Tourer

1911 Gräf & Stift 40 HP Bois de Boulogne Tourer France

1911 Gräf & Stift Double Phaeton in which the Archduke Franz Ferdinand was riding at the time of his assassination on June 28, 1914

1911 Gräf & Stift Double Phaeton in which the Archduke Franz Ferdinand

was riding at the time of his assassination on June 28, 1914

1913 Graf und Stift Sub-5

1913 Graf und Stift

1916 Graf und Stift М16

1916 Graf und Stift М16

1918 Gräf & Stift Dolomitenwagen_a

1918 Gräf & Stift Dolomitenwagen-bus

1921 Gräf & Stift Model

1921 Gräf & Stift Model

1922 Gräf und Stift 7.7 Litre 110 bhp SR4

1922 Gräf und Stift 7.7 Litre 110 bhp SR4

1923 Gräf & Stift, Brandweer

1923 Gräf & Stift, Brandweer

1923 graf-stift-spoormaker

1923 graf-stift-spoormaker

1924 Gräf & Stift SP

1924 Gräf & Stift SP

1926 Gräf und Stift S3 Coupe de Ville

1926 Gräf und Stift S3 Coupe de Ville

1927 Gräf & Stift VK 2

1927 Gräf & Stift VK

1928 graef & stift feuerwehr mannschaftswagen

1928 gräf & stift feuerwehr mannschaftswagen

1931 Gräf & Stift SP 5

1931 Gräf & Stift SP 5

1931 Gräf und Stift SP8 Pullman Limousine

1931 Gräf und Stift SP8 Pullman Limousine

Gräf & Stift LOGO

1932 Gräf und Stift SP8 Sport Coupe

1932 Gräf und Stift SP8 Sport Coupe

1935 Gräf & Stift SP 8 Sport-Phaeton 4 portes

1935 Gräf & Stift SP 8 Sport-Phaeton 4 portes

1935 Gräf & Stift

1935 Gräf & Stift

1936 Gräf & Stift SP 8

1936 Gräf & Stift SP 8

1936 Gräf und Stift SP8, the Rolls-Royce of Austria 5,9ltr motor

1936 Gräf und Stift SP8, the Rolls-Royce of Austria 5,9ltr motor

1936 Graf und Stift V6M

1936 Graf und Stift V6M

1937 Gräf & Stift V 6 Bus

1937 Gräf & Stift V 6 Bus © Holger Erdmann

1938 Gräf & Stift Omnibus

1938 Gräf & Stift Omnibus

Gräf&Stift

1938 Gräf & Stift V 6 D 1938 4x2 bus, 39k WW2 photo

1938 Gräf & Stift V 6 D 4×2 bus, 39k WW2 photo

1939 ÖAF Bus 3ton

1939 ÖAF Bus 3ton

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

1939-gräf & Stift-c-12

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA1939 Gräf & Stift LKW 2

1939 Gräf & Stift LKW 2

1950 Gräf & Stift  model, 76k photo.

1940 Gräf & Stift  model, 76k photo?

AFTER THE SECOND WORLD WAR

1948 (Gräf & Stift-BBC) mit Gräf & Stift-Anhänger,

1948 (Gräf & Stift-BBC) mit Gräf & Stift-Anhänger

1948 Gräf & Stift Alte LKW

1948 Gräf & Stift Alte LKW © Ralf Christiaan Kunkel

1948 Gräf & Stift

1948 Gräf & Stift

1949 Gräf & Stift

1949 Gräf & Stift

1949 Gräf & Stift  OGW-120 (M 649)

1949 Gräf & Stift  OGW-120 (M 649)

1949 Gräf & Stift 120 OGW 6cyl 7220cc

1949 Gräf & Stift 120 OGW 6cyl 7220cc

1949 Gräf & Stift 120 OGW

1949 Gräf & Stift 120 OGW

1950 Gräf und Stift 7860

1950 Gräf und Stift 7860

1951 Gräf & Stift SP8

1951 Gräf & Stift SP8

1939 Gräf & Stift, Wagen der Feuerwehr

1951 Gräf & Stift Feuerwehr

1952 Gräf & Stift LKW

1952 Gräf & Stift LKW

1953 Gräf & Stift 145FON (2)

1953 Gräf & Stift 145FON

1953 Gräf & Stift 145FON

1953 Gräf & Stift 145FON

1953 Gräf & Stift Österreichische Post

1953 Gräf & Stift Österreichische Post

1954 Gräf & Stift LZT 4

1954 Gräf & Stift LZT 4

1955 Öaf busse oldtimer-02b-100030 (1)

1955 Öaf busse

1955 Öaf busse oldtimer-02b-100030 (3)

1955 Öaf busse

1955 Öaf busse oldtimer-02b-100030 (4)

1955 Öaf busse Nostalgie Reisen

1956 Gräf & Stift Fahrzeuge

1956 Gräf & Stift Fahrzeuge

1956 Gräf & Stift KVT 9

1956 Gräf & Stift KVT 9

1956 Gräf & Stift ZAFD-240, Hiab 1

1956 Gräf & Stift ZAFD-240, Hiab 1

1956 gräf-stift-busse-oldtimer-02b-100014

1956 gräf-stift-busse-oldtimer

1956 ÖAF Tornado 19-192 a

1956 ÖAF Tornado 19-192 a

1956 ÖAF Tornado an die arbeit

1956 ÖAF Tornado an die arbeit

1956 ÖAF HA 2-90 Husar

1956 ÖAF HA 2-90 Husar

1957 ÖAF 6 D 135

1957 ÖAF 6 D 135

1957 ÖAF Tornado Pritschenkipper

1957 ÖAF Tornado Pritschenkipper © C. Thieler

1958 ÖAF in Montenegro

1958 ÖAF in Montenegro

1958 ÖAF Tornado Truck

1958 ÖAF Tornado Truck

1958 Gräf en Stift

1958 Gräf en Stift

1958 Graf und Stift LAVT-9F 1, 4x4

1958 Graf und Stift LAVT-9F 1, 4×4

1958 Gräf&Stift L200 6x6

1958 Gräf&Stift L200 6×6

1958 Graf und Stift ZAFD-240 36, 6x6

1958 Graf und Stift ZAFD-240 36, 6×6

1958 gräf-stif

1958 gräf & stift tanker

1959 ÖAF Tornado 19-186

1959 ÖAF Tornado 19-186

1959 Graf und Stift ZA-200 1, 6x6

1959 Graf und Stift ZA-200 1, 6×6

1960 Gräf & Stift Doppeldecker Type DD-2FU

1960 Gräf & Stift Doppeldecker Type DD-2FU

1960 ÖAF-Tornado-Pritschenkipper-dkbraun-Pr-rot-Schinko

1960 ÖAF-Tornado-Pritschenkipper-dkbraun-Pr-rot-Schinko © J. Thiele

1960 Gräf & Stift Tanker

1960 Gräf & Stift Tanker

1960 gräf-stift-busse-oldtimer-02b-0155

1960 gräf-stift-busse-oldtimer

1961-75 A Gräf & Stift double-decker bus in service in Vienna

1961-75 A Gräf & Stift double-decker bus in service in Vienna

1962 graef-und-stift-niger-africa

1962 graef-und-stift-niger-africa

1962 Gräf & Stift 145-FON 37 sitze

1962 Gräf & Stift 145-FON 37 sitze

1962 Gräf-stift-busse-oldtimer-02b-100015

1962 Gräf-stift-busse-oldtimer

1963 ÖAF bus-met-bak

1963 ÖAF bus-met-bak

1965 Gräf & Stift KF230-36 met Mercedes motor

1965 Gräf & Stift KF230-36 met Mercedes motor

1966 gräf & stift lkw

1966 gräf & stift lkw © NINJA

1966 Gräf en Stift a

1966 Gräf en Stift

1967 Gräf & Stift

1967 Gräf & Stift

1968 Gräf & Stift K230

1968 Gräf & Stift K230

SONY DSC

1968 ÖAF Husar in Tatra Rally

1968 ÖAF НА-2-90 Husar, 4x4

1968 ÖAF НА-2-90 Husar, 4×4

1968 ÖAF Husar Expeditionsmobil

1968 ÖAF Husar Expeditionsmobil

1969 Gräf & Stift OSU 155-46 Linienbus ex Stadtwerke Wien 1969

1969 Gräf & Stift OSU 155-46 Linienbus ex Stadtwerke Wien © O. Nordsieck

1969 Gräf & Stift OSU-155-46

1969 Gräf & Stift OSU-155-46

1969 Gräf & Stift U7-OSU 155-46 (M 797)

1969 Gräf & Stift U7-OSU 155-46 (M 797)

1970 Buspost Gräf & Stift OHL 150

1970 Buspost Gräf & Stift OHL 150 © Eduard Erhart

1970 Graf und Stift OLA-210 54, 4x4

1970 Graf und Stift OLA-210 54, 4×4

1970 MAN with ÖAF-Grille

1970 MAN with ÖAF-Grille

1970 ÖAF Österreichische Automobil Fabriks-AG

1970 ÖAF Österreichische Automobil Fabriks-AG

1970 ÖAF-26-260-Pritschenkipper-graubeige-Ch-rot-Ebner

1970 ÖAF-26-260-Pritschenkipper-graubeige-Ch-rot-Ebner © C. Thiele

1970 ÖaF-FE32460thelen080617

1970 ÖaF-FE32460thelen

1904-71 Gräf & Stift

1904-71 Gräf & Stift

1972 ÖAF Tornado 19-192

1972 ÖAF Tornado 19-192

1972 ÖAF

1972 ÖAF

1973 Gräf & Stift Steyr LU 200 M11

1973 Gräf & Stift Steyr LU 200 M11

1976 ÖAF swehrtransport silvretta

1976 ÖAF swehrtransport silvretta

1977 ÖAF 26.240FDA bowser , 6x6

1977 ÖAF 26.240FDA bowser , 6×6

1977 ÖAF light wheeled tank

1977 ÖAF light wheeled tank

1980 Austrian Army ÖAF-sLKW truck

1980 Austrian Army ÖAF-sLKW truck

1980 Gräf & Stift Steyr LU 200 M11 (M 1431)

1980 Gräf & Stift Steyr LU 200 M11 (M 1431)

1980 Gräf & Stift trolleybus in service in 2003 in Romania

1980 Gräf & Stift trolleybus in service in 2003 in Romania

1980 Gräf-Stift-GU230-Gelenkbus-dunkelgruen-hellgrau-Fr

1980 Gräf-Stift-GU230-Gelenkbus © O. Nordsieck

1981 Gräf & Stift GU 230-54 Gelenkbus

1981 Gräf & Stift MAN GU 230-54 Gelenkbus © W. Nordsieck

1982 ÖAF 20.320G1 (20.320VFAE), 6x6

1982 ÖAF 20.320G1 (20.320VFAE), 6×6

1984 Gräf & Stift ÜH 270 M 10

1984 Gräf & Stift ÜH 270 M 10

1986 Graf and Stift Oostenrijk

1986 Graf and Stift Oostenrijk

1988 Gräf & Stift GS GE 152 M18

1988 Gräf & Stift GS GE 152 M18

1999 Gräf & Stift Austria

1999 Gräf & Stift Austria

1999 Graf and Steyr NL205 Oostenrijk

1999 Graf and Steyr NL205 Oostenrijk

2000 Graf and Steyr NG235 M18 Oostenrijk

2000 Graf&Stift and Steyr NG235 M18 Oostenrijk

2001 ÖAF 32.403VFAEG (SX2000), 8x8 Bridge builder

2001 ÖAF 32.403VFAEG (SX2000), 8×8 Bridge builder

ÖAF Logo on ÖAAAF Tornado 16-192

ÖAF Logo on ÖAF Tornado 16-192

2002 Graf and Siemens NL243 Oostenrijk

2002 Graf and Siemens NL243 Oostenrijk

2005 ÖAF Gräf & Stift MAN NGE 152 M17

2005 ÖAF Gräf & Stift MAN NGE 152 M17

logo

ÖAF Logo

ENNND

NORTHERN COUNTIES MOTOR and ENGENEERING CO Buses England UK

Northern Counties Motor and Engineering Company

00a 1972 GreaterManchester7214A 1972 example of the SELNEC standard body shown in later GMT livery

Northern Counties Motor and Engineering Company was a manufacturer of bus bodywork located in Wigan Lane, Wigan, in North West England.

Overview

Traditionally buses in Britain have consisted of a chassis upon which a separate body was constructed, typically by a different manufacturer. This allowed operators to specify a vehicle that suited their particular requirements. Chassis manufacturers in Britain included LeylandDaimlerAEC, and Guy (all now defunct). Having selected a chassis, an operator would also specify a particular engine and this assemblage would be transported to a bodybuilder to manufacture the bodywork. Northern Counties was a mid-size bodybuilder with a strong reputation and loyal client base. It was bought out and subsequently closed in 2005 by Alexander Dennis.

History[edit]

00b Cardiff_Bus_Volvo_Alisa_B55_408_NDW_408XVolvo Ailsa formerly of Cardiff Busbodied by Northern Counties

Northern Counties Motor and Engineering Company Limited was founded in Wigan in 1919 by Henry Lewis. The Lewis family remained owners of the company until it was bought out over seventy years later. As was common at the time, early products were bodywork for private automobiles. By the early 1920s the private automobile work had ceased and the manufacture of bodywork for service buses commenced. Bodywork was for both single-deck and double-deck vehicles. Very few coaches were produced.

During the Second World War, Northern Counties was authorized by the government to produce bus bodies to a utility specification, mainly using steel-framed construction.

Northern Counties established a loyal client base and reputation for quality construction in the post-war years. Notable clients included local operators SHMD Board, Manchester Corporation, and Lancashire United. Further afield, Barton Transport and Southdown Motor Services were among a number of regular customers.

In 1967 another bus body builder, Massey Brothers Ltd, located in nearby Pemberton, was acquired and became a part of the Northern Counties operations. The Massey factory was retained and used as a paint-shop and for final completion of bodywork assembled at Wigan Lane.

The Transport Act of 1968 merged the municipal corporations of ManchesterSalfordBoltonOldhamStockportRochdaleBury and Stalybridge, Hyde, Mossley and Dukinfield Joint Board (SHMD Board). The resulting conglomerate was known as the Southeast Lancashire Northeast Cheshire Passenger Transport Authority, commonly known as SELNEC. SELNEC was faced with a fleet of 2500 vehicles consisting of a wide variety of types and manufacturers, reflecting the preferences of their former municipal owners. Northern Counties worked closely with SELNEC to develop a standard bus for fleet replacement.

The Local Government Act 1972 came into effect on 1 April 1974. This reorganization added Wigan Corporation Transport to SELNEC to create the Greater Manchester Passenger Transport Executive. Greater Manchester PTE was the largest bus operator outside of London until privatization in the late 1980s. A large proportion of Northern Counties production after this time was for the Greater Manchester fleet.

00c Foden-NC

The Foden-NC delivered to Potteries Motor Traction in 1978

In 1975 the company collaborated with Foden Ltd, a well-known manufacturer of commercial vehicles, to produce a semi-integral double-deck vehicle intended to compete with chassis manufacturer Leyland. Leyland had merged with traditional rival Daimler and was experiencing production and quality problems. In the event, only seven Foden-NCs were produced, going to Greater Manchester PTEWest Midlands PTE,West Yorkshire PTEDerby City Transport and Potteries Motor Traction.

The 1980s and 1990s were challenging years for the British bus industry, with the privatization of publicly owned operators, deregulation of routes and the reduction and subsequent elimination of the Bus Grant, a Government grant that paid for a large proportion of the cost of new vehicles. As a result, the purchase of new bus vehicles fell sharply as operators contended with the brave new world of competition, and mini-buses became the vogue. This fall in orders was combined with increased competition from overseas manufacturers.

00d GNE_Palatine_II_bus

A 1998 Palatine II bodied Volvo Olympian of Go North East

Northern Counties reputation and engineering skills saw it survive these difficult times and become a major supplier once again as demand picked up in the mid-1990s. In May 1995, it was purchased for £10 million by the Henlys group, owner of Plaxton. The Northern Counties name was dropped in 1999 and vehicles were badged as Plaxton.

In 2001 Henlys became part of a joint venture with the Mayflower group, owner of bodybuilder Alexander and chassis manufacturer Dennis. The joint venture was known as TransBus, and vehicles were badged using the TransBus name.

After the failure of the Mayflower Group in 2004, TransBus was sold to a private group of investors and became Alexander Dennis. The former Northern Counties facility was closed by Alexander Dennis in January 2005.

Products

Plaxton (Northern County) Prestige

Plaxton Prestige
Northern Counties Prestige
OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Plaxton Prestige-bodied DAF SB220
00f PP_INT

An Arriva North West Plaxton Prestige interior
Overview
Manufacturer Northern Counties
Plaxton
Body and chassis
Doors 1 or 2 doors
Floor type Low floor
Chassis DAF SB220
Volvo B10BLE
Powertrain
Engine DAF LT1160
Volvo
Transmission ZF
Dimensions
Length Option
Width Option
Chronology

The Plaxton Prestige is a low-floor single-deck bus body built by Plaxton at the Wigan factory of its Northern Counties subsidiary, and at its main Scarborough factory, during the latter half of the 1990s.

The Prestige was mostly built on DAF SB220 chassis, although small numbers were built on Volvo B10BLE chassis. Several of the DAF vehicles were LPG-powered; gas tanks were located on the roof. Arriva was a major purchaser of the Prestige, with a number for London and for provincial areas, all on DAF chassis. It was only a short term affair, however, being in favour of its sister, the Pointer.

In Plaxton’s body numbering system, the letter H identified the Prestige, although not all Prestiges received a Plaxton body number (early examples being numbered in the Northern Counties series).

At one stage, the Prestige was provisionally given the name Paladin LF. Northern Counties’ contemporary step-entrance single-deck body was the Paladin, and LF would have stood for low floor. However, the name Prestige (which had earlier been briefly used for an export variant of the Plaxton Excalibur) was given to the model instead.

Gallery

Northern Counties Palatine

Northern Counties Palatine
01 Warrington Olympian NCME 1

Warrington Borough Transport bus with Northern Counties Palatine bodywork.
02

Lower Saloon of a Northern Counties Palatine Leyland Olympian
Overview
Manufacturer Northern Counties
Body and chassis
Doors 1 or 2 door
Floor type Step entrance
Powertrain
Engine Cummins & Gardner
Transmission Voith & ZF
Chronology

The Northern Counties Palatine is a step-entrance double-decker bus body built by Northern Counties of Wigan, UK. It was built mainly onLeyland Olympian and Volvo Olympian chassis, although some were also built on DAFVolvo B10M Citybus and Scania chassis. Two variants existed, the Palatine I (known as “Palatine” before 1992) which had a flatter windscreen, and the Palatine II (launched in 1993) which had a curved windscreen resembling that of the single-decker Northern Counties Paladin.

MTL were a notable buyer, a batch of high-specification Palatine IIs entered service in 1996 on the ‘Cross River’ services through the Mersey Tunnels. Another batch of 22, branded as ‘The Millennium Fleet’ began operating on Merseyside in 1998.

It was superseded by the Plaxton President body.

Variants