Buses + more CITROËN II France

Buses CITROËN II France

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 Citroën Date Unknown

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Another Blog about CITROËN. Yes, today all pictures without date. I do a call on you when you know more about this pictures,

tell me and your info will be used to make this blog more complete.

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Citroën – c35 minibus

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Citroën

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Citroën Besset

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Citroën NL

06 Citroën

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Citroën bus op nieuwe Afsluitdijk NL

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ATO Citroën op Afsluitdijk NL

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Citroën 23 with coach work Robustacier © Xavier1999

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Citroën Bus NL

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Citroën 350 N Club Heuliez Belphégor

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Citroën 350 N Club Heuliez Belphégor

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Citroën 1600-Citroën H

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Citroën AggloBus

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Citroën Apeldoorn Stationsplein met wachthuisje voor de buspassagiers. Op de achtergrond Hotel Atlanta 40 NL

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Citroën autobus van de ATO naar ‘s Hertogenbosch op het station van Geldermalsen, 1936

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Citroën avec l’avant du 55

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Citroën

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Citroën Currus Brandweer bus

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Citroën Bruilofsbus

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Citroën

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Citroën Heuliez Bus NL

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Citroën bus in Belgium. Turnhout (B)

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Citroën bus in Knokke (B)

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Citroën Cardea bus

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Citroën bussen

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Citroën Currus Bussen

28 Citroën C 10

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Citroën Currus Brandweer Tank Bus

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Citroën C 14 to late for rescue

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Citroën C6 G 1 -Photo vue sur le site de Konrad  Auwärter

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Citroën C6 G1 N° 2 de 1932 de la ville de Lourdes

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CITROEN C6

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Citroën C14 avec panne

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Citroën C25 4×4

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Citroën C25 bus

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Citroën c25

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Citroën C25 Funeraire

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CITROEN C25 Minibus

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Citroën c25

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Citroën C25-corbillard

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CITROËN C35

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Citroën C35LD

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Citroën C35LD

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Citroën Cabriolet Bus

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Citroën CG14

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Citroen CH 14 Carrosserie Currus

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Citroën CH 14 hyfilca france

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CITROEN CH14 Catalogue

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Citroën ch14 diagramme

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Citroën de 1933, modèle C6G6 n°27 assurant la ligne K

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CITROËN DP 38 72

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Citroën Currus Frigéco

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Citroën H Van b

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Citroën Heuliez ^^

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Citroën Heuliez Carpentras

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Citroën Heuliez Schoolbus

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Citroën Heuliez

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Citroën H-type-32-04

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Citroën HW 14 bus

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Citroën HY 6 roues

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Citroën HY Ambulance

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Citroën HY Campeerbus Super

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Citroën HY Police

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Citroën HY Rijkspolitie TPW

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Citroën HY Rijkspolitie

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 Citroen Jumper 32MH 2.0i Comfort rolstoel bus

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CITROEN JUMPER COMBI CLUB 27 C 1.9 TD 92cv Jumper Diesel

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Citroen Jumpy FUNERAIRE LONG 230L HDI95

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Citroën Jumpy Kombi Océanic

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Citroën MAN Kusters

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Citroën rally

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Citroën RU 23 busmillau-courol © Xavier1999

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 Citroen SG.MB.73 Heuliez Comanch 24 seat

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Citroën t16

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Citroën TUB Ambulance

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Citroën TUB boekje

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Citroën Type 23 Courant s’air  La Sirene du Mississipi

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Citroën Type 23 Maroc

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Citroën logo wieldop

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Citroën Type 23 Police 1956

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Citroën Type 23 Police

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CITROEN TYPE 23

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Citroën Type 32 Serié B

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Citroën U 55 Drouville Brandweer bus-wagen

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Citroën-type-H

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Citroën U 23

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Citroën U23 Corbillard

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Citroën U23 Heuliez

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Citroën U23 minibus – busje nr 8 – max. 16 personen

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Citroën U23 Heuliez

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Citroen U23 Heuliez Robustacier

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Citroën U23 Corps La Salette Le Sactuaire

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Citroën U23

100

 Fine

Filed Under: AMBULANCESBUSESCitroënCurrusFIRE & RESCUEFRANCEHearses, HeuliezHistoryKusters & LemmensMANOLD BUSES

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Buses DE DION-BOUTON Puteaux France

Buses DE DION-BOUTON Puteaux France

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http://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/De_Dion-Bouton_(Puteaux)

00 de_dion_bouton_dm_roadster_1912

De Dion-Bouton (Puteaux)

La_Marquise_1884_De_Dion_Bouton_Tr__pardoux

La Marquise 1884 De Dion Bouton Tr pardoux

De Dion Bouton 1884

De Dion Bouton 1884

02 De_Dion_stoomdriewieler

Graaf Albert de Dion op de stoomdriewieler (een tricar) (Puteaux, 1890)

de-dion-bouton-steam-bus

de-dion-bouton-steam-bus

03 De_Dion_Bouton_Vis-a-Vis

Vis à vis model van De Dion-Bouton

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Dit eencilindermodel Tonneau uit 1904 rijdt nog steeds

05 De_Dion-Bouton_1899

De Dion-Bouton uit 1899

De Dion-Bouton is een bekend historisch Frans merk van auto‘s, inbouwmotorentricycles en motorfietsen. Het werd in 1883 te Parijs opgericht door graaf Albert de DionGeorge Bouton en diens zwager Trépardoux als De Dion, Bouton et Trépardoux. Later was het in Puteaux gevestigd. Aanvankelijk werden stoommachines gebruikt om hun driewielige voertuigen aan te drijven. Trépardoux, die aan stoom wilde vasthouden, vertrok in 1893.

Albert de Dion, die zijn tricycles al als vierwieler (quadricycle) had verkocht en later ook automobielen ging maken, wordt als de vader van de Franse auto-industrie beschouwd.

CM_104_-_PARIS_-_Carrefour_des_Bds_Montmartre_et_des_Italiens_-_La_station_des_omnibus

@

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1909 De Dion Bouton

download

De Dion Bouton

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1912 De Dion-Bouton modelo DA

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1913 De Dion Bouton omnibus

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1913 De Dion Bouton Rechts

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1915 De Dion Bouton Conklin b

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1915 De Dion Bouton Conklin

Dion Bouton

Omnibus à pétrole de dion bouton

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1920′s DE Dion Bouton 61 de Panter GTW

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1924 De Dion Bouton 51 De Dion Bouton Bij ‘t Vuur Geld.Stoom.Tramw.Maats.

00g

#

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1924 De Dion Bouton De Dion Bouton M-16854 Geld.Stoom.Tramw.Maats.

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1924 De Dion Bouton Tet 064

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1924 De Dion Bouton, idem M-7811-M-20037 G.T.M. 54 met originele Pennock carr

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1925 DE DION BOUTON (1925) Werkspoor

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1925 de dion bouton ad

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1925 De Dion Bouton Utrecht

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1925 De Dion Bouton, idem, Allan carr. R’dam  GSTM nr 55 NL

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1925 De Dion Bouton, idem, Allan carr. GSTM nr 56

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1925 De Dion Bouton Carr. Allan.

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1925 De Dion Bouton Werkspoor

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1926 De Dion Bouton KM, idem, Allan carr. M-24382 GTM

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1927 DE DION BOUTON

00d

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1927 De Dion Bouton JV te Doetinchem op 28 juni 1938(ex bus)

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1929 de dion bouton Sanatorium Zonnegloren 7

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1929 De Dion Bouton Werkspoor TET

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1930 De Dion Bouton garage Capelseweg

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1930 De Dion Bouton LO, idem, Carr. Verheul, GTM 73

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1930 De Dion Bouton LO, idem, Carr. Verheul, M-31093,GTM 78

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1930 De Dion Bouton LO, idem, Carr. Verheul, M-31095,GTM 80 Velperplein Arnhem

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1930 De Dion Bouton LO, idem, Carr. Verheul, M-31096, GTM 81

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1930 De Dion Bouton Wim Dona

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1931 De Dion Bouton LO, idem, Carr. Verheul, M-34036,
GTM 86

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1934 De Dion Bouton Hainje

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1934 De Dion Bouton Tet 065

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1934 De Dion Boutons 23

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1937 De Dion Bouton-Verheul te Doetinchem op 12 april 1937

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De Dion Bouton 61 de Panter GTW

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De Dion Bouton AD c

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De Dion Bouton Ad

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DE DION BOUTON bussen RAI

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1910 de dion bouton catalogue italien

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De Dion Bouton DD Paris

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De Dion Bouton Gelders Archief

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De Dion Bouton Schiedam- Rotterdam

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De Dion Bouton O-bus strassenbahn-kopenhagen

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$

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de dion bouton omni bus

aae905

De Dion Bouton Puteaux Bus 0184

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De Dion Bouton uit de serie 13 tm 16 met carrosserie van Verheul. Vermoedelijk is het nr. 16.

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De Dion Bouton-Busse Parijs

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De Dion Bouton-moll-001 © Conam

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De Dion Bouton-moll-003 © Conam

00c

#

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De Dion Bouton-moll-007 © Conam

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De Dion Bouton-moll-008 © Conam

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de dion-bouton autobus arras

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De Dion-Bouton Bus London

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De Dion-Bouton bus Versailles

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De-Dion-Bouton-bus-Frederiksberg Sporveie

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de-dion-bouton-limousine

de-dion-bouton-limousine-03

de-dion-bouton-limousine

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de-dion-bouton-steam-bus

05281-de-dion-bouton-1911-omnibus-de-paris-autobus-hprints-com

de-dion-bouton-1911-omnibus-de-paris-autobus

00h

autorail_de_dion_bouton

autorail de dion bouton

de dion bouton Quadricycle-1968

de dion bouton Quadricycle-1968

De_Dion_Bouton_8_CV_1905_IMG0730_1

1905 De Dion Bouton 8 CV

his1261 De dion Bouton

his1261 De dion Bouton Fire & Rescue

Paris Place de l'Opéra

1930 Paris Place de l’Opéra

De-Dion-Bouton-75-mm-Anti-Aircraft-Gun-Carrier-1911

1911 De-Dion-Bouton-75-mm-Anti-Aircraft-Gun-Carrier

DESSUS-De-dion-bouton-copy

DESSUS-De-dion-bouton-copy

wu1pp0

boek De Dion Bouton DAF

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Emblem De Dion-Bouton Puteaux

Filed Under: ALLANBUSESDe Dion-BoutonFRANCEHainjePennock + CoVERHEUL,WERKSPOOR

 

Buses FORD USA + all over the world part I

Buses FORD USA & all over the world part I

Ford Motor Company I

001

1914 Ford Model T, Four cylinders, 2900cc, 20 Horsepower

002

“Ford” redirects here. For other uses, see Ford.

Ford Mot002or Company

Type

Public company

Traded as

NYSEF
(S&P 500 Component)

Industry

Automotive

Founded

June 16, 1903 (110 years ago)

Founder(s)

Henry Ford

Headquarters

Dearborn, Michigan, U.S.
(GPS: 42°18′55.00″N83°12′37.00″W)

Area served

Worldwide

Key people

William C. Ford, Jr.
(Executive Chairman)
Alan R. Mulally
(President & CEO)

Products

Automobiles
Automotive parts

Services

Automotive finance
Vehicle leasing
Vehicle service

Revenue

 US$136.26 billion (2011)

Operating income

 US$8.681 billion (2011)

Net income

 US$20.21 billion (2011)

Total assets

 US$178.35 billion (2011)

Total equity

 US$15.07 billion (2011)

Employees

164,000 (2011)

Divisions

Ford
Lincoln
Motorcraft

Subsidiaries

List[show]

Website

Ford.com

BF2-2004

1914 Ford T R Spanje ©David Tejedor

Ford Motor Company (also known as simply Ford) is an American multinational automaker headquartered in Dearborn, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit. It was founded by Henry Ford and incorporated on June 16, 1903. The company sells automobiles and commercial vehicles under the Ford brand and luxury cars under the Lincoln brand. In the past it has also produced heavy trucks, tractors and automotive components. Ford owns small stakes in Mazda of Japan and Aston Martin of the United Kingdom. It is listed on the New York Stock Exchange and is controlled by the Ford family, although they have minority ownership.

004

1916 Ford Model T oldtimer bus L

Ford introduced methods for large-scale manufacturing of cars and large-scale management of an industrial workforce using elaborately engineered manufacturing sequences typified by moving assembly lines; by 1914 these methods were known around the world as Fordism. Ford’s former UK subsidiaries Jaguar and Land Rover, acquired in 1989 and 2000 respectively, were sold to Tata Motors in March 2008. Ford owned the Swedish automaker Volvo from 1999 to 2010. In 2011, Ford discontinued the Mercury brand, under which it had marketed entry-level luxury cars in the United States since 1938.

005

1916 ford T Depot Hack

Ford is the second-largest U.S.-based automaker and the fifth-largest in the world based on 2010 vehicle sales. At the end of 2010, Ford was the fifth largest automaker in Europe. Ford is the eighth-ranked overall American-based company in the 2010 Fortune 500 list, based on global revenues in 2009 of $118.3 billion. In 2008, Ford produced 5.532 million automobiles and employed about 213,000 employees at around 90 plants and facilities worldwide.

1917 Ford Autobus Model TT

1917 Ford Autobus Model TT

006

1918 T Ford Bus

History

007

Henry Ford (ca. 1919)

008

A 1910 Model T, photographed in Salt Lake City

Main article: History of Ford Motor Company

20th century

009

1920 Ford bus – DD 475

1921 Harmonicabus op basis van Ford T

1921 Harmonicabus op basis van Ford T © Conam

Henry Ford’s first attempt at a car company under his own name was the Henry Ford Company on November 3, 1901, which became the Cadillac Motor Company on August 22, 1902, after Ford left with the rights to his name. The Ford Motor Company was launched in a converted factory in 1903 with $28,000 in cash from twelve investors, most notably John and Horace Dodge (who would later found their own car company). During its early years, the company produced just a few cars a day at its factory on Mack Avenue in DetroitMichigan. Groups of two or three men worked on each car, assembling it from parts made mostly by supplier companies contracting for Ford. Within a decade the company would lead the world in the expansion and refinement of the assembly line concept; and Ford soon brought much of the part production in-house in a vertical integration that seemed a better path for the era.

010

1922 Ford

Henry Ford was 39 years old when he founded the Ford Motor Company, which would go on to become one of the world’s largest and most profitable companies, as well as being one to survive the Great Depression. As one of the largest family-controlled companies in the world, the Ford Motor Company has been in continuous family control for over 100 years.

011

1922 FORD T-OMNIBUS

After the first modern automobile was already created in the year 1886 by German inventor Carl Benz (Benz Patent-Motorwagen), more efficient production methods were needed to make the automobile affordable for the middle-class; which Ford contributed to, for instance by introducing the first moving assembly line in 1913.

In 1908 Ford introduced the first engine with a removable cylinder head, in the Model T. In 1930, Ford introduced the Model A, the first car with safety glass in the windshield. Ford launched the first low priced V8 engine powered car in 1932.

012

1922 Henry Ford I ©HenryFord.ORG TheOldMotor

Ford offered the Lifeguard safety package from 1956, which included such innovations as a standard deep-dish steering wheel, optional front, and, for the first time in a car, rear seatbelts, and an optional padded dash. Ford introduced child-proof door locks into its products in 1957, and in the same year offered the first retractable hardtop on a mass-produced six-seater car. The Ford Mustang was introduced in 1964. In 1965 Ford introduced the seat belt reminder light.

With the 1980s, Ford introduced several highly successful vehicles around the world. During the 1980s, Ford began using the advertising slogan, “Have you driven a Ford, lately?” to introduce new customers to their brand and make their vehicles appear more modern. In 1990 and 1994 respectively, Ford also acquired Jaguar Cars and Aston Martin. During the mid- to late 1990s, Ford continued to sell large numbers of vehicles, in a booming American economy with a soaring stock market and low fuel prices.

 013

1922 Henry Fordson II ©HenryFord.ORG TheOldMotor

With the dawn of the new century, legacy healthcare costs, higher fuel prices, and a faltering economy led to falling market shares, declining sales, and diminished profit margins. Most of the corporate profits came from financing consumer automobile loans through Ford Motor Credit Company.

21st century

014

William Clay Ford, Jr., great-grandson of Henry Ford, serves as the executive chairman at the board of Ford Motor Company.

By 2005, both Ford and GM‘s corporate bonds had been downgraded to junk status, as a result of high U.S. health care costs for an aging workforce, soaring gasoline prices, eroding market share, and an over dependence on declining SUV sales. Profit margins decreased on large vehicles due to increased “incentives” (in the form of rebates or low interest financing) to offset declining demand. In the latter half of 2005, Chairman Bill Ford asked newly appointed Ford Americas Division President Mark Fields to develop a plan to return the company to profitability. Fields previewed the Plan, named The Way Forward, at the December 7, 2005 board meeting of the company and it was unveiled to the public on January 23, 2006. “The Way Forward” included resizing the company to match market realities, dropping some unprofitable and inefficient models, consolidating production lines, closing 14 factories and cutting 30,000 jobs.

015

1923 Ford A R Spanje ©Lluis Cuesta

Ford moved to introduce a range of new vehicles, including “Crossover SUVs” built on unibody car platforms, rather than more body-on-frame chassis. In developing the hybrid electric powertrain technologies for the Ford Escape Hybrid SUV, Ford licensed similar Toyota hybrid technologies to avoid patent infringements. Ford announced that it will team up with electricity supply company Southern California Edison (SCE) to examine the future of plug-in hybrids in terms of how home and vehicle energy systems will work with the electrical grid. Under the multi-million-dollar, multi-year project, Ford will convert a demonstration fleet of Ford Escape Hybrids into plug-in hybrids, and SCE will evaluate how the vehicles might interact with the home and the utility’s electrical grid. Some of the vehicles will be evaluated “in typical customer settings”, according to Ford.

016

1923 Ford Amaac Uruquay

William Clay Ford Jr., great-grandson of Henry Ford (and better known by his nickname “Bill”), was appointed Executive Chairman in 1998, and also became Chief Executive Officer of the company in 2001, with the departure of Jacques Nasser, becoming the first member of the Ford family to head the company since the retirement of his uncle, Henry Ford II, in 1982. Upon the retirement of President and Chief Operation Officer Jim Padilla in April 2006, Bill Ford assumed his roles as well. Five months later, in September, Ford named Alan Mulally as President and CEO, with Ford continuing as Executive Chairman. In December 2006, the company raised its borrowing capacity to about $25 billion, placing substantially all corporate assets as collateral. Chairman Bill Ford has stated that “bankruptcy is not an option”. Ford and theUnited Auto Workers, representing approximately 46,000 hourly workers in North America, agreed to a historic contract settlement in November 2007 giving the company a substantial break in terms of its ongoing retiree health care costs and other economic issues. The agreement included the establishment of a company-funded, independently run Voluntary Employee Beneficiary Association (VEBA) trust to shift the burden of retiree health care from the company’s books, thereby improving its balance sheet. This arrangement took effect on January 1, 2010. As a sign of its currently strong cash position, Ford contributed its entire current liability (estimated at approximately US$5.5 billion as of December 31, 2009) to the VEBA in cash, and also pre-paid US$500 million of its future liabilities to the fund. The agreement also gives hourly workers the job security they were seeking by having the company commit to substantial investments in most of its factories.

017

1923 Ford T 12-13 zitpl B-6185 NL

The automaker reported the largest annual loss in company history in 2006 of $12.7 billion, and estimated that it would not return to profitability until 2009. However, Ford surprised Wall Street in the second quarter of 2007 by posting a $750 million profit. Despite the gains, the company finished the year with a $2.7 billion loss, largely attributed to finance restructuring at Volvo.

018

1923 Ford T B-6185 Ameland NL

On June 2, 2008, Ford sold its Jaguar and Land Rover operations to Tata Motors for $2.3 billion.

During November 2008, Ford, together with Chrysler and General Motors, sought government bridge loans at Congressional hearings in Washington, D.C. in the face of conditions caused by the 2008 financial crisis. The three companies presented action plans for the sustainability of the industry. Ford opted not to seek government loans. GM and Chrysler received government loans and financing through T.A.R.P. legislation funding provisions. On December 19, the cost of credit default swaps to insure the debt of Ford was 68 percent the sum insured for five years in addition to annual payments of 5 percent. That meant $6.8 million paid upfront to insure $10 million in debt, in addition to payments of $500,000 per year. In January 2009, Ford reported a $14.6 billion loss in the preceding year, a record for the company. The company retained sufficient liquidity to fund its operations. Through April 2009, Ford’s strategy of debt for equity exchanges erased $9.9 billion in liabilities (28% of its total) in order to leverage its cash position. These actions yielded Ford a $2.7 billion profit in fiscal year 2009, the company’s first full-year profit in four years.

019

1923 Ford T Ford 20pk carr Verheul GTM1 NL

In 2012, Ford’s corporate bonds were upgraded from junk to investment grade again, citing sustainable, lasting improvements.

On October 29, 2012, Ford announced the sale of its climate control components business, its last remaining automotive components operation, to Detroit Thermal Systems LLC for an undisclosed price.

020

1923 Ford T NL

On November 1, 2012, Ford announced that CEO Alan Mulally will stay with the company until 2014. Ford also named Mark Fields, the president of operations in Americas, as its new chief operating officer

Corporate affairs

021

Ford World Headquarters in Dearborn, Michigan, USA, known as the Glass House.

Executive management

Members of the Ford board as of 2012 are: Richard A. Gephardt, Stephen Butler, Ellen Marram, Kimberly CasianoAlan Mulally (President and CEO), Edsel Ford II, Homer Neal, William Clay Ford Jr. (Executive Chairman), Jorma Ollila, Irvine Hockaday Jr., John L. Thornton, and William Clay Ford, Sr. (Director Emeritus).

022

1923 FORDSON BUS

The main corporate officers are: Lewis Booth (Executive Vice President, Chairman (PAG) and Ford of Europe), Mark Fields (Executive Vice President, President of The Americas), Donat Leclair (Executive Vice President and CFO), Mark A. Schulz (Executive Vice President, President of International Operations), and Michael E. Bannister (Group Vice President; Chairman & CEO Ford Motor Credit). Paul Mascarenas (Vice President of Engineering, The Americas Product Development)

023

1923 Ford-T WSM

Financial results

In 2010, Ford earned a net profit of $6.6 billion and reduced its debt from $33.6 billion to $14.5 billion lowering interest payments by $1 billion following its 2009 net profit of $2.7 billion. In the U.S., the F-Series was the best-selling vehicle for 2010. Ford sold 528,349 F-Series trucks during the year, a 27.7% increase over 2009, out of a total sales of 1.9 million vehicles, or every one out of four vehicles Ford sold. Trucks sales accounts for a big slice of Ford’s profits, according to USA Today. Ford’s realignment also included the sale of its wholly owned subsidiary, Hertz Rent-a-Car to a private equity group for $15 billion in cash and debt acquisition. The sale was completed on December 22, 2005. A 50–50 joint venture with Mahindra & Mahindra of India, called Mahindra Ford India, Limited (MIFL), ended with Ford buying out Mahindra’s remaining stake in the company in 2005. Ford had previously upped its stake to 72% in 1998.

1924 tet ford-bussen

1924 tet ford-bussen

024

1925 Ford T Carr. v d Bos & Br NL

Operations

Ford has manufacturing operations worldwide, including in the United States, Canada, Mexico, China, the United Kingdom, Germany, Turkey, Brazil, Argentina, Australia and South Africa. Ford also has a cooperative agreement with Russian automaker GAZ.

025

1925 Ford T carr. Hainje Heerenveen B-5225 NL

North America

026

Ford dealer in Garden City, New York, ca. 1930-1945

In the first five months of 2010, auto sales in the U.S. rose to 4.6 million cars and light trucks, an increase of 17% from a year earlier. The rise was mainly caused by the return of commercial customers that had all but stopped buying in 2009 during the recession. Sales to individual customers at dealerships have increased 13%, while fleet sales have jumped 32%. Ford reported that 37% of its sales in May came from fleet sales when it announced its sales for the month increased 23%. In the first seven months of 2010, vehicle sales of Ford increased 24%, including retail and fleet sales. Fleet sales of Ford for the same period rose 35% to 386,000 units while retail sales increase 19%. Fleet sales account for 39 percent of Chrysler’s sales and 31 percent for GM’s.

027

1927-ford-blue-bird-school-bus

Europe

028

1927-ford-blue-bird-school-bus

Main article: Ford of Europe

029

Ford’s Dunton Technical Centre inLaindonUnited Kingdom, the largest automotive research and development facility in the country

030 Ford Duitsland

The Ford Research Center in AachenGermany

At first, Ford in Germany and Ford in Britain built different models from one another until the late 1960s, with the Ford Escort and then the Ford Capri being common to both companies. Later on, the Ford Taunus and Ford Cortina became identical, produced in left hand drive and right hand drive respectively. Rationalisation of model ranges meant that production of many models in the UK switched to elsewhere in Europe, including Belgium and Spain as well as Germany. The Ford Sierra replaced the Taunus and Cortina in 1982, drawing criticism for its radical aerodynamic styling, which was soon given nicknames such as “Jellymould” and “The Salesman’s Spaceship.”

1928-Poelgeest-bussen

1928-Poelgeest-bussen ©Amstelveenweb.com

031

1928 Ford V8 Hainje Heerenveen B-9274 NL

Increasingly, the Ford Motor Company has looked to Ford of Europe for its “world cars”, such as the Mondeo, Focus, and Fiesta, although sales of European-sourced Fords in the U.S. have been disappointing. The Focus has been one exception to this, which has become America’s best selling compact car since its launch in 2000

In February 2002, Ford ended car production in the UK. It was the first time in 90 years that Ford cars had not been made in Britain, although production of the Transit van continues at the company’s Southampton facility, engines at Bridgend and Dagenham, and transmissions at Halewood. Development of European Ford is broadly split between Dunton in Essex (powertrain, Fiesta/Ka, and commercial vehicles) and Cologne (body, chassis, electrical, Focus, Mondeo) in Germany. Ford also produced the Thames range of commercial vehicles, although the use of this brand name was discontinued circa 1965. Elsewhere in continental Europe, Ford assembles the Mondeo range in Genk (Belgium), Fiesta in Valencia (Spain) and Cologne (Germany), Ka in Valencia, and Focus in Valencia, Saarlouis (Germany) and Vsevolozhsk (Russia). Transit production is in Kocaeli (Turkey), Southampton (UK), and Transit Connect in Kocaeli.

032

1928 Ford NL

Ford also owns a joint-venture production plant in Turkey. Ford-Otosan, established in the 1970s, manufactures the Transit Connect compact panel van as well as the “Jumbo” and long-wheelbase versions of the full-size Transit. This new production facility was set up near Kocaeli in 2002, and its opening marked the end of Transit assembly in Genk.

033

1929 Ford

Another joint venture plant near Setúbal in Portugal, set up in collaboration with Volkswagen, formerly assembled the Galaxy people-carrier as well as its sister ships, the VW Sharan and SEAT Alhambra. With the introduction of the third generation of the Galaxy, Ford has moved the production of the people-carrier to the Genk plant, with Volkswagen taking over sole ownership of the Setúbal facility.

034

1931 Ford V8 Cupido uitvoering 5 B-27189 NL

In 2008, Ford acquired a majority stake in Automobile Craiova, Romania. Starting 2009, the Ford Transit Connect was Ford’s first model produced in Craiova, followed, in 2012, by low-capacity car engines and a new small class car, the B-Max.

Ford Europe has broken new ground with a number of relatively futuristic car launches over the last 50 years.

035

1931 Ford AA Bus

Its 1959 Anglia two-door saloon was one of the most quirky-looking small family cars in Europe at the time of its launch, but buyers soon became accustomed to its looks and it was hugely popular with British buyers in particular. It was still selling well when replaced by the more practical Escort in 1967.

The third incarnation of the Ford Escort was launched in 1980 and marked the company’s move from rear-wheel drive saloons to front-wheel drive hatchbacks in the small family car sector.

036

1931 Ford-Hainje Cupido 8 NL

The fourth generation Escort was produced from 1990 until 2000, although its successor – the Focus – had been on sale since 1998. On its launch, the Focus was arguably the most dramatic-looking and fine-handling small family cars on sale, and sold in huge volumes right up to the launch of the next generation Focus at the end of 2004.

037

1932 Ford – Den Oudsten, Woerden – Domburg A’dam NL

The 1982 Ford Sierra – replacement for the long-running and massively popular Cortina and Taunus models – was a style-setter at the time of its launch. Its ultramodern aerodynamic design was a world away from a boxy, sharp-edged Cortina, and it was massively popular just about everywhere it was sold. A series of updates kept it looking relatively fresh until it was replaced by the front-wheel drive Mondeo at the start of 1993.

038

1932 Ford A Visser  B-13634a NL

The rise in popularity of small cars during the 1970s saw Ford enter the mini-car market in 1976 with its Fiesta hatchback. Most of its production was concentrated at Valencia in Spain, and the Fiesta sold in huge figures from the very start. An update in 1983 and the launch of an all-new model in 1989 strengthened its position in the small car market.

On October 24, 2012, Ford announced that it would be closing its Genk assembly plant in eastern Belgium by the end of 2014.

039

1932 Ford A Visser  B-13634b NL

Asia Pacific

040

1932 Ford A Visser B-13634 NL

Ford formed its first passenger-vehicle joint venture in China in 2001, six years behind GM and more than a decade after VW. It has spent as of 2013 $4.9 billion to expand its lineup and double production capacity in China to 600,000 vehicles This includes Ford’s largest-ever factory complex in the southwestern city of Chongqing. Ford had 2.5 percent of the Chinese market in 2013, while VW controlled 14.5 percent and GM had 15.6 percent, according to consultant LMC Automotive. GM outsells Ford in China by more than six-to-one.

041 Ford_stamping_plant_Geelong

The Ford stamping plant in Geelong, Australia

The Ford India plant in ChennaiTamil Nadu

In Australia and New Zealand, the popular Ford Falcon has long been considered the average family car and is considerably larger than the Mondeo, Ford’s largest car sold in Europe. Between 1960 and 1972, the Falcon was based on a U.S. model of the same name, but since then has been entirely designed and manufactured in Australia, occasionlly being manufactured in New Zealand. Like its General Motors rival, the Holden Commodore, the Falcon uses a rear wheel drive layout. High performance variants of the Falcon running locally built engines produce up to 362 hp (270 kW). A ute (short for “utility”, known in the US as pickup truck) version is also available with the same range of drivetrains. In addition, Ford Australia sells highly tuned limited-production Falcon sedans and utes through its performance car division, Ford Performance Vehicles.

043

1932-35 Ford. Bouwjaren NL

In Australia, the Commodore and Falcon have traditionally outsold all other cars and comprise over 20% of the new car market. In New Zealand, Ford was second in market share in the first eight months of 2006 with 14.4 per cent. More recently Ford has axed its Falcon-based LWB variant of its lineup – the Fairlane and LTD ranges, and announced that their Geelong engine manufacturing plant may be shut down from 2013. They have also announced local manufacturing of the Focus small car starting from 2011.

044

1932-ford-model-b-school-bus ©Old Bus

However, with the acquisition of a stake in Japanese manufacturer Mazda in 1979, Ford began selling Mazda’s Familia and Capella (also known as the 323 and 626) as the Ford Laser and Telstar, replacing the European-sourced Escort and Cortina.

In Australia, the Laser was one of Ford Australia‘s most successful models, and was manufactured in Ford’s Homebush plant from 1981 until the plant’s closure in September 1994. It outsold the Mazda 323, despite being almost identical to it, due to the fact the Laser was manufactured in Australia and Ford was perceived as a local brand.

045

1933 Ford carr. Postma Rottevalle

In New Zealand, the Ford Laser and Telstar were assembled alongside the Mazda 323 and 626 until 1997, at the Vehicle Assemblers of New Zealand (VANZ) plant in WiriAuckland. The Sierra wagon was also assembled in New Zealand, owing to the popularity of station wagons in that market.

Through its relationship with Mazda, Ford also acquired a stake in South Korean manufacturer Kia, which built the (Mazda-based) Ford Festiva from 1988–1993, and the Ford Aspire from 1994–1997 for export to the United States, but later sold their interest to Hyundai (which also manufactured the Ford Cortina until the 1980s). Kia continued to market the Aspire as the Kia Avella, later replaced by the Rio and once again sold in the US.

046

1933 Ford V8 Carr. Brouwers Holwerd NL

Ford’s presence in Asia has traditionally been much smaller, confined to Malaysia, Singapore, Hong Kong, the Philippines, and Taiwan, where Ford has had a joint venture with Lio Ho since the 1970s. Ford began assembly of cars in Thailand in 1960, but withdrew from the country in 1976, and did not return until 1995, when it formed a joint venture with Mazda called Auto Alliance. Now in Bo-win Sub District, Sriracha District of the Chonburi it is located The Ford Motor Company (Thailand) Limited, making passenger automobiles.

Ford India began production in 1998 at ChennaiTamil Nadu, with its Ford Escort model, which was later replaced by locally produced Ford Ikon in 2001. It has since added Fusion, Fiesta, Mondeo and Endeavour to its product line.

047

1934 Ford Carr. Postma Rottervalle NL

On March 9, 2010, Ford Motor Co. launched its first made-for-India compact car. Starting at 349,900 ($7,690), the Figo is Ford’s first car designed and priced for the mass Indian market. On July 28, 2011, Ford India signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with the State of Gujarat for the construction of an assembly and engine plant in Sanand, and planned to invest approximately US$1 billion on a 460-acre site.

048

1934 Ford Lawrie CL-BB Winnipeg ©Foote

The scheduled closure of Ford’s Australian manufacturing base in 2016 was confirmed in late May 2013. Headquartered in the Victorian suburb of Broadmeadows, the company had registered losses worth AU$600 million over the five years prior to the announcement. It was noted that the corporate fleet and government sales that account for two-thirds of large, local car sales in Australia are insufficient to keep Ford’s products profitable and viable in Australia. The decision will affect 1200 Ford workers—over 600 employees in Geelong and more than 500 in Broadmeadows—who will lose their jobs by October 2016.

049

1934 Ford V8 – Kusters & Lemmens  BBA 63 Autobus SVA 63 erfg NL

Ford of Japan

Ford established a manufacturing facility in the port city of Yokohama in February 1925, where Model T vehicles were assembled using imported knock-down kits. The factory subsequently produced 10,000 Model A’s up to 1936. Production ceased in 1940 as a result of political tensions between Japan and the United States.

050

1934 Ford V8 Kusters & Lemmens- BBA 63 NL

After World War II, Ford did not have a presence in Japan, as the Ford facility was appropriated by the Japanese Government until 1958, when property was returned as a possession of the Ford Motor Company and became a research and development location for Ford partner Mazda. In 1979, Ford acquired a 24.5% ownership stake in Mazda, and in 1982 Ford and Mazda jointly established a sales channel to sell Ford products in Japan, including vehicles manufactured in North America, at a dealership called Autorama (Japanese). The Autorama sales channel was renamed Ford Sales of Japan in 1997.

051

1934 Ford, type V8-40 Kusters en lemmens UB-93-63 NL

Vehicles sold at Autorama locations were the North American assembled Ford Explorer, Probe (1989–1998), Mustang, Taurus (1989–1997), Thunderbird (1990–1993), Lincoln Continental, and Lincoln LS. Ford products manufactured in Europe that were sold in Japan were the Ford MondeoKaFocusFocus C-MAXFiesta, and the Galaxy. Mazda manufactured Ford vehicles in Japan and sold them as Fords at the Autorama locations. They were the Ford Telstar (Mazda Capella), LaserFestivaFestiva Mini WagonIxion (Mazda Premacy), Freda (Mazda Bondo Friendee), Spectron (Mazda Bongo), and commercial trucks J80 and the J100 (Mazda Bongo truck).

052

1934 Ford, type V8-40 Kusters en lemmens NL

Ford increased its shareholding in Mazda to 33.4% in 1996. Ford currently sells a small range of vehicles in Japan; as of October 2010, the Ford Mustang, Escape, Explorer (and Explorer truck), Ford KugaLincoln Navigator and Lincoln MKX were available in Japan. Ford maintains a regional office in Minato, Tokyo, Japan.

South America

053

1934 Ford © Hank Suderman

During much of the 20th century, Ford faced protectionist government measures in South America, with the result that it built different models in different countries, without particular regard to rationalization or economy of scale inherent to producing and sharing similar vehicles between the nations. In many cases, new vehicles in a country were based on those of the other manufacturers it had entered into production agreements with, or whose factories it had acquired. For example, the Corcel and Del Rey in Brazil were originally based on Renault vehicles.

054

1935 Ford B-38868 NL

In 1987, Ford of Brasil and Ford of Argentina merged their operations with the Brazilian and Argentinan operations of Volkswagen Group, forming a new joint-venture company called Autolatina with a shared model range. Sales figures and profitability were disappointing, and Autolatina was dissolved in 1995. With the advent of Mercosur, the regional common market, Ford was finally able to rationalize its product line-ups in those countries. Consequently, the Ford Fiesta and Ford EcoSport are only built in Brazil, and the Ford Focus only built in Argentina, with each plant exporting in large volumes to the neighboring countries. Models like the Ford Mondeo from Europe could now be imported completely built up. Ford of Brazil produces a pick-up truck version of the Fiesta, the Courier, which is also produced in South Africa as the Ford Bantam in right hand drive versions.

055

1935 Ford V8 Den Oudsten en Domburg B-21037 NL

Africa and Middle East

In Africa, Ford’s market presence has traditionally been strongest in South Africa and neighbouring countries, with only trucks being sold elsewhere on the continent. Ford in South Africa began by importing kits from Canada to be assembled at its Port Elizabeth facility. Later Ford sourced its models from the UK and Australia, with local versions of the Ford Cortina including the XR6, with a 3.0 V6 engine, and aCortina-based ‘bakkie’ or pick-up, which was exported to the UK. In the mid-1980s Ford merged with a rival company, owned by Anglo American, to form the South African Motor Corporation (Samcor).

056

1935 Ford V8 Hainje B-20623 Rally Monte Carlo NL

Following international condemnation of apartheid, Ford divested from South Africa in 1988, and sold its stake in Samcor, although it licensed the use of its brand name to the company. Samcor began to assemble Mazdas as well, which affected its product line-up, and saw the European Fords like the Escort and Sierra replaced by the Mazda-based Laser and Telstar. Ford bought a 45 per cent stake in Samcor following the demise of apartheid in 1994, and this later became, once again, a wholly owned subsidiary, the Ford Motor Company of Southern Africa. Ford now sells a local sedan version of the Fiesta (also built in India and Mexico), and the Focus. The Falcon model from Australia was also sold in South Africa, but was dropped in 2003, while the Mondeo, after briefly being assembled locally, was dropped in 2005.

057

1935 Ford V-8 Intercity Bus

Ford’s market presence in the Middle East has traditionally been even smaller, partly due to previous Arab boycotts of companies dealing with Israel. Ford and Lincoln vehicles are currently marketed in ten countries in the region. Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, and the UAE are the biggest markets. Ford also established itself in Egypt in 1926, but faced an uphill battle during the 1950s due to the hostile nationalist business environment. Ford’s distributor in Saudi Arabia announced in February 2003 that it had sold 100,000 Ford and Lincoln vehicles since commencing sales in November 1986. Half of the Ford/Lincoln vehicles sold in that country were Ford Crown Victorias. In 2004, Ford sold 30,000 units in the region, falling far short of General Motors‘ 88,852 units and Nissan Motors‘ 75,000 units.

Products and services

Automobiles

See also: List of Ford vehicles and List of Mercury vehicles

058 2013_Lincoln_MKS_--_2012_DC

The 2013 model year Lincoln MKS

As of 2012 Ford Motor Company sells a broad range of automobiles under the Ford marque worldwide, and an additional range of luxury automobiles under theLincoln marque in the United States. The company has sold vehicles under a number of other marques during its history. The Mercury brand was introduced by Ford in 1939, continuing in production until 2011 when poor sales led to its discontinuation. In 1958, Ford introduced the Edsel brand, but poor sales led to its discontinuation in 1960. In 1985, the Merkur brand was introduced in the United States to market products produced by Ford of Europe; it was discontinued in 1989.

059

1935 ford-busse-oldtimer

Ford acquired the British sports car maker Aston Martin in 1989, later selling it on March 12, 2007, although retaining a 15% stake, and bought Volvo Cars of Sweden in 1999, selling it to Zhejiang Geely Holding Group in 2010. In November 2008, it reduced its 33.4% controlling interest in Mazda of Japan to a 13.4% non-controlling interest. On November 18, 2010, Ford reduced their stake further to just 3%, citing the reduction of ownership would allow greater flexibility to pursue growth in emerging markets. Ford and Mazda remain strategic partners through exchanges of technological information and joint ventures, including an American joint venture plant in Flat Rock, Michigan called Auto Alliance. Ford sold the United Kingdom-based Jaguar and Land Rover companies and brands to Tata Motors of India in March 2008.

060

1935 LINDBERGH op Ford R-Series NL             ^ Fotograaf

In 2011, J.D. Power ranked Ford 23rd in initial quality, a drop from fifth in 2010. Consumer Reports magazine likewise decided not to recommend several new Ford SUVs, blaming the Sync entertainment and phone system used.

Marque

Country of origin

Years used/owned

Markets

Ford United States 1903 to present Global
Lincoln United States 1922 to present North America, Middle East
Mercury United States 1939 to 2011 North America
Edsel United States 1958 to 1960 North America
Merkur United States 1985 to 1989 North America
Jaguar United Kingdom 1989 to 2008 Global
Aston Martin United Kingdom 1989 to 2007 Global
Volvo Sweden 1999 to 2010 Global

Land Rover

United Kingdom

2000 to 2008

Global

Trucks

061 Ford_1939

An advert for the 1939 Ford V-8 pick-up truck

062 Ford_1961

An advert for the 1961 Ford H-Series truck

Ford has produced trucks since 1908. Countries where Ford commercial vehicles are or were made include Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada (badged Mercury too), France, Germany, India, Netherlands, Philippines, Spain (badged Ebro too), Turkey, UK (badged also Fordson and Thames) and USA.

063

1936 Ford V8 Hainje NL

From the 1940s to late 1970s Ford’s Ford F-Series were used as the base for light trucks for the North American market.

Most of these ventures are now extinct. The European one that lasted longest was the lorries arm of Ford of Britain, which was eventually sold to Iveco group in 1986, and whose last significant models were the Transcontinental and the Cargo.

In the United States, Ford’s heavy trucks division (Classes 7 and 8) was sold in 1997 to Freightliner Trucks, which rebranded the lineup as Sterling. Freightliner is in the process of discontinuing this line.

064

1936 Ford V8 New Zealand

Line of heavy trucks made by Ford for the North American market:

065

1936 Ford V-8 Transit Bus

Ford continues to manufacture medium duty trucks under the F-650 and F-750 badges. In 2001, the company entered into a joint venture with Navistar International to produce medium duty commercial trucks. The first new model from the new corporation, known as Blue Diamond Truck Company LLC, was the 2006 model year LCF, the first Ford branded cab-over-engine design in the United States since Freightliner’s acquisition of the Cargo in the mid-1990s. The LCF was discontinued in 2009 and Ford’s 2011 medium-duty commercial offerings are limited to the two F-Series.

In 1999 the end of the F800 meant Ford was not producing in any F-series heavy truck chassis.

In Europe, Ford manufactures the Ford Transit jumbo van which is classed as a Large Goods Vehicle and has a payload of up to 2,265 kg, there are options of a panel van, pickup or chassis cab. The Ford Transit is also available as a light van called the Ford Transit Connect and the Ford Ranger pickup is available.

Buses

065 1980sThomasFordSheffield

A Ford B700 bus chassis, with a body byThomas Built

Ford manufactured complete buses in the company’s early history, but today the role of the company has changed to that of a second stage manufacturer. In North America, the E-Series is still used as a chassis for small school buses and the F-650 is used in commercial bus markets. In the 1980s and 1990s, the medium-duty B700 was a popular chassis used by school bus body manufacturers including Thomas BuiltWard and Blue Bird, but Ford lost its market share due to industry contraction and agreements between body manufacturers. Older bus models included:

Prior to 1939, Ford buses were based on truck bodies:

  • Model B – 1930s
  • Model T – 1920s
  • F-105 school bus

066

1936 Ford V8T carr. Hainje Heerenveen B-7387 NL

During World War II Ford manufactured Ford Transit bus, a series of small transit buses with bodies built by second party:

  • 09-B/19-B City transit bus – 1939–1941
  • 19-B/29-B City transit bus – 1941–1942
  • 49-B/79-B City transit bus – 1944–1947
  • 69-B City transit bus – 1946–1947
  • 29-B City transit bus – 1946–1947
  • 72-T transit bus – 1944–1945

After 1946 the Transit City bus was sold as Universal Bus with the roof changed from fabric/wood to all metal:

  • 79-B Universal transit bus – 1946–1947

Succeeding the Ford Transit bus was the Ford 8M buses:

  • 8MB transit bus – with Wayne Works 1948–?

Following World War II and from 1950s onwards Ford lost out to General Motors. This led to the end of transit buses for Ford in North America.

  • B500 or B-series – 1950-1990s based on Ford F-series truck chassis used by school bus body manufacturers

In Europe, Ford manufactures the Ford Transit Minibus which is classed in Europe as a Passenger Carrying Vehicle and there are options of 12, 15 or 17 seaters. In the past European models included:

  • EM
  • N-138
  • D series buses (Australia)

067

1936 Ford Verheul NL

Tractors

068 Ford-Tractor

A Ford N series tractor

The “Henry Ford and Son Company” began making Fordson tractors in Henry’s hometown of Springwells (later part of Dearborn), Michigan from 1907 to 1928, from 1919 to 1932, at Cork, Ireland, and 1933–1964 at Dagenham, England, later transferred to Basildon. They were also produced in Leningrad beginning in 1924.

069

1936 Ford-Hainje, gefotografeerd door ©Jan Voerman op 4-8-1940 in Den Bosch NL

In 1986, Ford expanded its tractor business when it purchased the Sperry-New Holland skid-steer loader and hay baler, hay tools and implement company fromSperry Corporation and formed Ford-New Holland which bought out Versatile tractors in 1988. This company was bought by Fiat in 1993 and the name changed from Ford New Holland to New Holland. New Holland is now part of CNH Global.

070

1937 Ford carr. Veth ZEGO194 NL

Financial services

071

1937 Ford Greyhound Bus

072

1937 Ford Greyhound Bus

074

1937 Ford Super Coaches Australia

Ford offers automotive finance through Ford Motor Credit Company.

Automotive components

075 isobloc

1937 Ford Isobloc met V8 motor F

Ford’s FoMoCo parts division sells aftermarket parts under the Motorcraft brand name. It has spun off its parts division under the name Visteon.

Motorsport

076

1937 Ford van Koopmans Jubbega met carroserie van Hainje NL

Main article: Ford Racing

077

1938 Ford A Hainje Heerenveen NL

Along with Shelby and Chevrolet, Ford is one of only three American constructors to win titles on the international scene at the FIA World Championships. As a constructor, Ford won the World Sportscar Championship three times in 19661967 and 1968, and the World Rally Championship three times in 19792006 and 2007.

078

1938 Ford Hainje B-21375 NL

Stock car racing

079 Todd_Kluever

NASCAR Ford Fusion race car

Ford is one of four manufacturers in NASCAR‘s three major series: Sprint Cup SeriesNationwide Series, and Camping World Truck Series. Major teams includeRoush Fenway Racing and Yates Racing and Richard Petty Motorsports. Ford is represented by the mid-size Fusion in the Sprint Cup, the Mustang in the Nationwide Series, and by the F-150 in the Camping World Truck Series. Some of the most successful NASCAR Fords were the aerodynamic fastback Ford Torino,Ford Torino TalladegaMercury Cyclone Spoiler II, and Mercury Montegos, and the aero-era Ford Thunderbirds. The Ford nameplate has won eight manufacturer’s championships in Sprint Cup, while Mercury has won one. In the Sprint Cup Series, Ford earned its 1,000th victory in the 2013 Quicken Loans 400. The Ford Fusion is also used in the ARCA Remax Series.

080

1938 Ford Kusters & Lemmens VADAH-bus 8 lijn Sittard- Echt-Roermond NL

Formula One

Ford was heavily involved in Formula One for many years, and supplied engines to a large number of teams from 1967 until 2004. These engines were designed and manufactured by Cosworth, the racing division that was owned by Ford from 1998 to 2004. Ford-badged engines won 176 Grands Prix between 1967 and 2003 for teams such as Team Lotus and McLaren. Ford entered Formula One as a constructor in 2000 under the Jaguar Racing name, after buying the Stewart Grand Prixteam which had been its primary ‘works’ team in the series since 1997. Jaguar achieved little success in Formula One, and after a turbulent five seasons, Ford withdrew from the category after the 2004 season, selling both Jaguar Racing (which became Red Bull Racing) and Cosworth (to Gerald Forsythe and Kevin Kalkhoven).

081

1938 Ford V8 COE B-15822 Hainje NL

Rally

082 Rally

Jari-Matti Latvala driving the Ford Focus RS WRC 09 in 2010.

Main article: Ford World Rally Team

083

1938 Ford V8, 798W, Hainje NL

Ford has a long history in rallying and has been active in the World Rally Championship since the beginning of the world championship, the 1973 season. Ford took the 1979 manufacturers’ title with Hannu MikkolaBjörn Waldegård and Ari Vatanen driving the Ford Escort RS1800. In the Group B era, Ford achieved success withFord RS200. Since the 1999 season, Ford has used various versions of the Ford Focus WRC to much success. In the 2006 seasonBP-Ford World Rally Teamsecured Ford its second manufacturers’ title, with the Focus RS WRC 06 built by M-Sport and driven by “Flying Finns“ Marcus Grönholm and Mikko Hirvonen.Continuing with Grönholm and Hirvonen, Ford successfully defended the manufacturers’ world championship in the 2007 season. Ford is the only manufacturer to score in the points for 92 consecutive races; since the 2002 season opener Monte Carlo Rally.

084

1938 FordBus

Sports cars

Main article: Ford GT#Racing

085

1939 Ford AA NL

Ford sports cars have been visible in the world of sports car racing since 1964. Most notably the GT40 won the 24 Hours of Le Mans four times in the 1960s and is the only American car to ever win overall at this prestigious event. Ford also won the 1968 International Championship for Makes with the GT40, which still stands today as one of the all-time greatest racing cars. Swiss team Matech GT Racing, in collaboration with Ford Racing, opened a new chapter with the Ford GT, winning the Teams title in the 2008 FIA GT3 European Championship.

086 Ford Mustang Barbers02

Ford Mustang GT (racing GT car)

Main article: Ford Mustang#Racing

087

1939 Ford op afsluitdijk B-21037a NL

The Ford Mustang has arguably been Ford’s most successful sports car. Jerry Titus won the 1965 SCCA Pro B National Championship with a Mustang and the model went on to earn Ford the SCCA Trans-Am Championship title in both 1966 and 1967. Ford won the Trans-Am Championship again in 1970 with Parnelli Jonesand George Folmer driving Boss 302 Mustangs for Bud Moore Engineering. Ford took the 1985 and 1986 IMSA GTO Championship with Mustangs driven by John Jones and Scott Pruett before returning to Trans-Am glory with a championship in 1989 with Dorsey Schroeder. Ford dominated Trans-Am in the 1990s with Tommy Kendal winning championships in 1993, 1995, 1996, and 1997 with Paul Gentilozi adding yet another title in 1999. In 2005 the Ford Mustang FR500C took the championship in the Rolex Koni Challenge Series in its first year on the circuit. In 2007 Ford added a victory in the GT4 European Championship. 2008 was the first year of the Mustang Challenge for the Miller Cup, a series which pits a full field of identical factory built Ford Mustang race cars against each other. Also in 2008, Ford won the manufacturers championship in the Koni Challenge Series and HyperSport drivers Joe Foster and Steve Maxwell won the drivers title in a Mustang GT.

088

1939 Ford-Verheul  2 foto via Frank vd Boogert KLM NL

Touring cars

089 Winterbottom2008

Ford Performance Racing Ford Falcon V8 Supercar at Eastern Creek in Australia in 2008.

Ford has campaigned touring cars such as the FocusFalcon, and Contour/Mondeo and the Sierra Cosworth in many different series throughout the years. Notably, Mondeo drivers finished 1,2,3 in the 2000 British Touring Car Championship and Falcon drivers placed 1,2,3 in the 2005 V8 Supercar Championship Series.

090

1940 Ford met carrosserie van Hainje NL

Other

In the Indianapolis 500, Ford powered IndyCars won 17 times between 1965 and 1996[citation needed]. Ford has also branched out into drifting with the introduction of the new model Mustang. Most noticeable is the Turquoise and Blue Falken Tires Mustang driven by Vaughn Gittin Jr, A.K.A. “JR”. with 750 RWHP (Rear Wheel Horsepower). In drag racingJohn Force Racing drivers John ForceTony Pedregon, and Robert Hight have piloted Ford Mustang Funny Cars to several NHRA titles in recent seasons. Teammates Tim Wilkerson and Bob Tasca III also drive Mustangs in Funny Car. Formula Ford, a formula for single-seater cars without wings and originally on road tires were conceived in 1966 in the UK as an entry-level formula for racing drivers. Many of today’s racing drivers started their car racing careers in this category.

091

1940 Ford O98W158 carr v Eerten GTW197 M-15291 NL

Environmental initiatives

092 Ford_leaf_road_logo

All Ford’s alternative fuel and hybridmodels are identified by Ford’s leaf road logo badge.

093

1940 Ford O98W158 carr v Eerten GTW198 M-15292 M-15068 NL

Compressed natural gas

The alternative fossil fuel vehicles, such as some versions of the Crown Victoria especially in fleet and taxi service, operate on compressed natural gas—or CNG. Some CNG vehicles have dual fuel tanks – one for gasoline, the other for CNG – the same engine can operate on either fuel via a selector switch.

094

1940 Ford V8 Werkspoor met verduisterde koplampen. ATO-13 NL

Flexible fuel vehicles

095 Ford_Focus_Flexifuel_in_Madrid_with_flexifuel_badging

The Ford Focus Flexifuel was the first E85 flexible fuel vehicle commercially available in the European market.

Flexible fuel vehicles are designed to operate smoothly using a wide range of available ethanol fuel mixtures—from pure gasoline, to bioethanol-gasoline blends such as E85 (85% ethanol and 15% gasoline) or E100 (neat hydrous ethanol) in Brazil. Part of the challenge of successful marketing alternative and flexible fuel vehicles in the U.S., is the general lack of establishment of sufficient fueling stations, which would be essential for these vehicles to be attractive to a wide range of consumers. Significant efforts to ramp up production and distribution of E85 fuels are underway and expanding. Current Ford E100 Flex sold in the Brazilian market are the CourierFord EcoSportFord FiestaFord Focus and Ford Ka.

096

1940 Frederiks Ford bus de TET 28 NL

Electric vehicles

Ford expects electric vehicles will represent a “major portion” of its lineup a decade from now as the automaker breaks away from a recent reliance on pickup trucks and SUVs. The stakes are high because Ford’s stepped-up investment is coming at a time when the U.S. government is demanding steep increases in fuel economy and has put money forward to help automakers adopt new fuel-saving technologies.

097

1942 Ford Q163 UK

Ford will partner with Coulomb Technologies to provide nearly 5,000 free in-home charging stations for some of the automaker’s first electric vehicle customers, under the Ford Blue Oval ChargePoint Program.

Hybrid electric vehicles

098 Ford_Escape_plug-in_hybrid

Ford Escape plug-in hybrid test vehicle.

099 George_Bush_visit_Kansas_City_Assembly

Mulally (second from left) with then-President George W. Bush at the Kansas City Assembly plant in Claycomo, Missouri on March 20, 2007, touting Ford’s new hybrid cars.

Main article: Hybrid electric vehicle

100

1942 Ford Transit model 29-B FORD GRAY COACH LINES © William A Luke

In 2004 Ford and Toyota agreed a patent sharing accord which granted Ford access to certain hybrid technology patented by Toyota; in exchange Ford licensed Toyota some of its own patents. In 2005 Ford introduced the Hybrid-Electric Escape. With this vehicle, Ford was third to the automotive market with ahybrid electric vehicle and the first hybrid electric SUV to market. This was also the first hybrid electric vehicle with a flexible fuel capability to run on E85. The Escape’s platform mate Mercury Mariner was also available with the hybrid-electric system in the 2006 model year—a full year ahead of schedule. The similarMazda Tribute will also receive a hybrid-electric powertrain option, along with many other vehicles in the Ford vehicle line.

101

1943 Ford abc tour Auckland Au

In 2005 Ford announced a goal to make 250,000 hybrids a year by 2010, but by mid-2006 announced that it would not meet that goal, due to excessively high costs and the lack of sufficient supplies of the hybrid-electric batteries and drivetrain system components. Instead, Ford has committed to accelerating development of next-generation hybrid-electric power plants in Britain, in collaboration with Volvo. This engineering study is expected to yield more than 100 new hybrid-electric vehicle models and derivatives.

102

1943 Ford F60 eigen opbouw B-33023 NL During the 2nd WW

In September 2007 Ford announced a partnership with Southern California Edison (SCE) to examine how plug-in hybrids will work with the electrical grid. Under the multi-million-dollar, multi-year project, Ford will convert a demonstration fleet of Ford Escape Hybrids into plug-in hybrids, and SCE will evaluate how the vehicles might interact with the home and the utility’s electrical grid. Some of the vehicles will be evaluated “in typical customer settings”, according to Ford.

On June 12, 2008 USDOE expanded its own fleet of alternative fuel and advanced technology vehicles with the addition of a Ford Escape Plug-In Hybrid Flex-Fuel Vehicle. The vehicle is equipped with a 10-kilowatt (13 hp) lithium-ion battery supplied by Johnson Controls-Saft that stores enough electric energy to drive up to 30 miles (48 km) at speeds of up to 40 mph (64 km/h)

103

1943 FORD Transit Model 29-B PS194329-B NL

In March 2009 Ford launched hybrid versions of the Ford Fusion Hybrid and the Mercury Milan Hybrid in the United States, both as 2010 models.

Current and planned Ford hybrid electric vehicles include the Ford Escape Hybrid (2004–present), Mercury Mariner (2006–present), Ford Fusion Hybrid/Mercury Milan (2009–present) and Ford Edge/Lincoln MKX (2009/10–present).

104

1944 Ford 342 NL

All-electric vehicles

Ford ended the Think City experiment and ordered all the cars repossessed and destroyed, even as many of the people leasing them begged to be able to buy the cars from Ford. After outcry from the lessees and activists in the US and Norway, Ford returned the cars to Norway for sale.

105

1944 Ford Bus

Bill Ford was one of the first top industry executives to make regular use of an battery electric vehicle, a Ford Ranger EV, while the company contracted with the United States Postal Service to deliver electric postal vans based on the Ranger EV platform..Ford discontinued a line of electric Ranger pickup trucks and ordered them destroyed, though it reversed in January 2005, after environmentalist protest.

The North American Focus EV is based on next generation Focus fuel vehicle, converted to an electric propulsion system as a Production EV by Magna International, and is planned to be launched in late 2011. Ford plans to have 10,000 Focus EVs on the road beginning in late 2011 in partnership with Magna International and it will be a global vehicle that will be sold in the three key markets of North America, Europe and Asia-Pacific. The Focus EV has a maximum range of about 160 kilometers or 100 miles, and a top speed of about 120+ kilometers or 75+ miles per hour.

106

1944 Ford Transit

Current and planned Ford electric vehicles include the all-electric Transit Connect (2010–present), the Ford Focus EV (2011–present), the C-MAX Energi (on sale from third quarter 2012) and the Ford Fusion EV (on sale from third quarter 2012).

107

1944 Ford Transit

Ford battery electric vehicle (BEV) demonstrators are included in a British project that is part of the UK government’s zero carbon vehicle fleet of Focus BEVs. The BEV demonstrator fleet is being developed partly with public funding from the government’s Technology Strategy Board (TSB), which promotes innovative industry-led projects that reduce CO2 while benefiting the UK’s transport system.

108

1944 V-03-Hercules Ford bus C49133

Hydrogen

Ford also continues to study Fuel Cell-powered electric powertrains, and has demonstrated hydrogen-fueled internal combustion engine technologies, as well as developing the next-generation hybrid-electric systems. Compared with conventional vehicles, hybrid vehicles and/or fuel cell vehicles decrease air pollution emissions as well as sound levels, with favorable impacts upon respiratory health and decrease of noise health effects.

109

1945 Ford NL

Ford has launched the production of hydrogen-powered shuttle buses, using hydrogen instead of gasoline in a standard internal combustion engine, for use at airports and convention centers. At the 2006Greater Los Angeles Auto Show, Ford showcased a hydrogen fuel cell version of its Explorer SUV. The Fuel cell Explorer has a combined output of 174 hp (130 kW). It has a large hydrogen storage tank which is situated in the center of the car taking the original place of the conventional model’s automatic transmission. The centered position of the tank assists the vehicle reach a notable range of 350 miles (563 km), the farthest for a fuel cell vehicle so far. The fuel cell Explorer the first in a series of prototypes partly funded by the United States Department of Energy to expand efforts to determine the feasibility of hydrogen- powered vehicles. The fuel cell Explorer is one of several vehicles with green technology being featured at the L.A. show, including the 2008 Ford Escape Hybrid, PZEV emissions compliant Fusion and Focus models and a 2008 Ford F-Series Super Duty outfitted with Ford’s clean diesel technology.

110

1946 ABC Ford V8 number 82 as a Movan

1946 Hist Bus FordThames

1946 Hist Bus FordThames

Increased fuel efficiency

111

All Ford’s models with EcoBoost engines are identified by Ford’s leaf road logo badge.

Ford Motor Company announced it will accelerate its plans to produce more fuel-efficient cars, changing both its North American manufacturing plans and its lineup of vehicles available in the United States. In terms of North American manufacturing, the company will convert three existing truck and sport utility vehicle (SUV) plants for small car production, with the first conversion at its Michigan Truck Plant. In addition, Ford’s assembly plants near Mexico City, Mexico, and in Louisville, Kentucky, will convert from pickups and SUVs to small cars, including the Ford Fiesta, by 2011. Ford will also introduce to North America six of its European small vehicles, including two versions of the Ford Fiesta, by the end of 2012. And last but not least, Ford is stepping up its production of fuel-efficient “EcoBoost” V-6 and four-cylinder engines, while increasing its production of hybrid vehicles.

112

1946 Ford 69-B

Ford of Europe developed the ECOnetic programme to address the market and legislative need for higher fuel efficiency and lower CO2 emissions. As opposed to the hybrid engine technology used in competitor products such as the Toyota Prius, ECOnetic improves existing technology. Using lower consuming Duratorq TDCi diesel engines, and based on a combination of improved aerodynamics, lower resistance and improved efficiency, the Ford Fiesta is currently the lowest emitting mass-produced car in Europe, while the 2012 Ford Focus ECOnetic will have better fuel consumption that the Prius or the Volkswagen Golf BlueMotion.ECOnetic is not presently planned to be sold in North American due to current perceived lower consumer demand.

113

1946 Ford CAP carr. De Haas 18 NL

Ford has challenged University teams to create a vehicle that is simple, durable, lightweight and come equipped with a base target price of only $7,000 The students from Aachen University created the “2015 Ford Model T“.

In 2000, under the leadership of the current Ford chairman, William Clay Ford, the Company announced a planned 25 percent improvement in the average mileage of its light truck fleet – including its popular SUVs – to be completed by the 2005 calendar year. In 2003, Ford announced that competitive market conditions and technological and cost challenges would prevent the company from achieving this goal.

114

1946 Ford F5 V8 carr.Heida Wolvega B-33225 NL

Researchers at the University of Massachusetts Amherst have, however, listed Ford as the seventh-worst corporate producer of air pollution, primarily because of the manganese compounds, 1,2,4-trimethylbenzene, and glycol ethers released from its casting, truck, and assembly plants. The United States Environmental Protection Agency has linked Ford to 54 Superfund toxic waste sites, twelve of which have been cleaned up and deleted from the list.

For the 2007 model year, Ford had thirteen U.S. models that achieve 30 miles per gallon or better (based on the highway fuel economy estimates of the EPA) and several of Ford’s vehicles were recognized in the EPA and Department of Energy Fuel Economy Guide for best-in-class fuel economy. Ford claimed to have eliminated nearly three million pounds of smog-forming emissions from their U.S. cars and light trucks over the 2004 to 2006 model years.

115

1946 Ford nr 40 Hengelo Tet 004 NL

PC power management

116

1946 Ford Tour Buses at The River Rouge ©THEOldMotor.COM

On March 2010, Ford announced its PC power management system which it developed with NightWatchman software from 1E. The company is expected to save $1.2m on power cost and reduce carbon footprint by an estimated 16,000 to 25,000 metric tons annually when the system is fully implemented.

PC power management is being rolled out to all Ford computer users in US this month and it will be used in Ford operations around the world later in the year. Computers with this power profile enabled will monitor its usage patterns and decides when it can be turned off. PC user will be alerted of the approaching power down time and given the opportunity to delay it.

117

1946 Ford V8 Cupido B-27189 NL

According to company reduction in carbon footprint and power cost will be achieved by developing ‘Power Profiles’ for every PC in the company.

118

1946 Ford v8 carr.Jonckheere B ©Groep Waaslandia

119

1946 Ford V8 carr.Postma Rottevalle

120

1946 Ford carr.Verheul

121

1946 Ford 59b Bus

122

1946 Ford-Thames noodautobussen voor 31 personen, carr.Verheul mei 1946 NL

123

1946-1952 Ford carr. De Groot door © Bramani NB-21-81

124

1947 Ford 15 Rotterdam carr. Allan  NL

125

1947 Ford 59B Bus  BBA (SVA) carr. Jongerius NL

126

1947 Ford B59 Transit Ford 100pk carr Jongerius GTW 998 NL

127

1947 Ford B59 Transit Ford 100pk carr Jongerius GTW 998 NL

128

1945 Ford B-21037b carr. Den Oudsten-Domburg NL

129

1947 Ford carr. onb

130

1947 Ford carr Jongerius Huisstijl BBA Stadsbus 353 NB-33-79 NL

131

1947 Ford F5 C 694 B carr. Wayne GTW 25 NL

132

1947 Ford carr.Jongerius NL

132

1947 Ford Trambus B-31898 NL

133

1947 Ford V8 carr. Brouwers NL

134

1947 Ford, 59 B carr.Verheul NL

135

1947 Ford, 59B carr.Jongerius NL

136

1947 Ford, 59B carr.Jongerius NL

137

1947 Ford-carr.Hoogeveen (trambus) 046 NL

138

1947 Ford-carr.Verheul (trambus) 056 NL

139

1947-1952 Ford 6G-C694B carr. Roset NB-36-90 NL

140

1948 Ford 6 600 Perkins 6cyl motor Carr. Agosti Hecha de Madera por artesanos ¡Un espectaculo el interior!

141

1948 Ford Bus School Old

142

1948 Ford carr.Hoogeveen (trambus) 042a NL

143

1948 Ford Schoolbus carr.Jongerius bus-7 NL

144

1948 Ford Schoolbussen

145

1948 Ford Schoolbussen

146

1948 Ford Wayne schoolbus Cupido B-27186 NB-50-80 NL

147

1949 Ford-Highlander

148

1949 Ford-Wayne-Hercules-Cambell

149

This is the end of part I

Filed Under: ALLANAston MartinBrouwersCambellCraiovade GrootDEN OUDSTEN,DOMBURGEBROEdselFOKKERFordFordsonGAZGREYHOUNDHainjeHEIDA,HerculesHoogeveenISOBLOCIVECOJaguarJonckheereJongeriusKIAKusters & LemmensLand-RoverLincolnLIO HOMahindraMazdaMercuryMerkurMotorcraft,PostmaRosetSAMCORSEATTATA MotorsThamesv d Bos & Brvan Eerten,VERHEULVethVisserVOLVOVWWayneWERKSPOORZhejiang Geely Holding GroupZIS

Buses, body and coachbuilder DE SCHELDE Dordrecht The Netherlands

Carrosserie DE SCHELDE Dordrecht The Netherlands

00a NV Koninklijke Maatschappij De Schelde (KMS), VlissingenNV Koninklijke Maatschappij De Schelde (KMS), Vlissingen

http://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Damen_Schelde_Naval_Shipbuilding

Na de tweede Wereldoorlog was er een groot tekort aan bussen, en zodoende werden er op plaatsen die door de Duiters waren leeggeroofd, zoals “de Scheld”, maar ook bij Fokker en bij Werkspoor plekken gezocht waar bussen gemaakt konden worden.

De Schelde heeft in de jaren na de bevrijding ook aluminium carrosserieën gebouwd voor Crossleybussen, ontworpen door Verheul en bestemd voor de NS en diens dochterondernemingen. Ook voor een aantal particuliere openbaar vervoerbedrijven heeft De Schelde in die periode bussen vervaardigd. Twee exemplaren zijn als museumbus bewaard gebleven, nl. de gerestaureerde en rijvaardige NBM1108 (Crossley / De Schelde 1947) bij de Stichting Veteraan Autobussen in Pijnacker en de nog niet gerestaureerde Marnedienst 53 (Dodge / De Schelde 1946) bij het Nationaal Bus Museum in Hoogezand.

 01

1946 Dodge bus carrosserie de Schelde  van de Marnedienst foto 1951

02

1946 Dodge de Schelde ESA 45 en 47

03

1946 Dodge de Schelde

04

1946 Guy-Arab 77 met carrosserie van De Schelde. Oorspronkelijke carrosserie was van Saunders uit Engeland.

 05

1947 Crossley Carr.De Schelde Nederlandse Spoorwegen, NTM, NBM, Velox 1108

06

1948 Guy-bus 23 erachter Crossley- Scheldebus 20 (NS 1065) op 12 september 1948 vliegveld Beek en EBAD

 07

1952 Kromhout carr. De Schelde  NB-34-90

08

1956 80506 line up met 1002 en 1040 met 5500 serie rond 1956 Vlissingen Hotel Britannia, een aantal hiervan met de Schelde carr.

09

SW  1953 NB-25-13 Middelburg Plein 1940

10

SW 1002

11

SW 1002

12

SW 1040 NB-25-01 Middelburg plein 1940

13

SW 1040 NB-25-01 Vlissingen Bellamypark

14

SW 1040 NB-25-01

15

SW 1201 NB-25-04 Vlissingen Lewetrap

16

SW 1930 NB-25-12  Vlissingen Bellamypark

17

SW 2078 NB-25-14 Goes Hotel Terminus a

18

SW 2078 NB-25-14 Goes Hotel Terminus

19

SW 2078 NB-25-14 met 2101 op onbekende plaats

20

SW 2101 NB-25-17 plaats onbekend

21

SW 2126 NB-25-21 Middelburg garage SW

22

SW 2126 NB-25-21 Middelburg Plein 1940

23 NZH CROSSLEY de Schelde 1405-COND-CHAUFFEUR

NZH CROSSLEY de Schelde 1405-COND-CHAUFFEUR

24 1947 1108 HK1997 GTM 1 Deze bus is in 1947 opgebouwd bij de firma De Schelde in Dordrecht, op een chassis van Crossley Motors uit Manchester

1108 HK1997 GTM 1 Deze bus is in 1947 opgebouwd bij de firma De Schelde in Dordrecht,

op een chassis van Crossley Motors uit Manchester (bus van stichting Museumbus)

1947 Bussen Crossley-de-Schelde WSM 1078 1947

1947 Bussen Crossley-de-Schelde WSM 1078

1947 Bussen Crossley, SD42-1 de Schelde 1947

1947 Bussen Crossley, SD42-1 de Schelde 1947

1947 Crosley SD42 1 Crossley De Schelde

1947 Crosley SD42 1 Crossley De Schelde

1947 Crossley SD 42-1 uit 1947 welke bijlevering voorzien was van een Schelde carrosserie

1947 Crossley SD 42-1 uit 1947 welke bij levering voorzien was van een Schelde opbouw

1947 De Schelde Crossley (NB-66-12) Circuit Zandvoort 1962

1947 De Schelde Crossley (NB-66-12) Circuit Zandvoort 1962

Bussen Crossley wsm 2

Crossley de Schelde ?

#

Tot zover wat ik heb kunnen vinden onder meer op de site van openbaarvervoerinboskoop.nl, Conam en het forum van Buzzee Bee

Nederland, die wil ik dan ook hartelijk danken.

Tot zover

00a NV Koninklijke Maatschappij De Schelde (KMS), Vlissingen

Filed Under: BUSESCarrosserieCROSSLEYDAFDE SCHELDEDODGEGUY,KromhoutNSSaundersVERHEUL

Buses DIAMOND Chicago USA

Buses DIAMOND T Chicago USA

47L DIAMOND T LOGO ROUILLÉ OK

DIAMOND   T  Logo 

Diamond T Motor Car Company

De Diamond T Motor Car Company was een producent van personenwagens (tot 1910) en vrachtwagens (van 1910 tot 1966) in Chicago (Illinois), Verenigde Staten.

De vader van de grondlegger, Joseph Edward Tilt, werd geboren op 29 oktober 1843 en is overleden op 28 september 1930, zijn moeder Sarah B. Thompson, is geboren in de Verenigde Staten van Amerika in 1854; de datum van haar overlijden is onbekend. Joseph kwam in 1871 vanuit Ierland naar de Verenigde Staten en is daar genaturaliseerd. Hun zoon, Charles Arthur Tilt, de grondlegger zelf, werd geboren in juni 1877. Hij groeide op in Chicago, waar zijn vader schoenen en laarzen fabriceerde, die hij verkocht in zijn eigen winkels onder de merknaam “Diamond T”, met ongeveer 150 medewerkers. Het bijbehorend logo bevatte de ‘Diamant’ voor de kwaliteit en de ‘T’ voor Tilt.

De grondlegger

Charles A. Tilt begon met werken in 1896 in de schoenfabriek van zijn vader. Na acht jaar in allerlei banen gewerkt te hebben, keerde hij op vierentwintigjarige leeftijd terug naar Chicago om te werken voor Charles W. Knight, uitvinder van de beroemde Silent Knight motor. Knight was een zakenrelatie van vader Joseph en huurde een deel van een gebouw naast de schoenenfabriek. Charles was gedurende 1904 en 1905 werkzaam voor Charles Knight en leerde daar het technische vak. In de herfst van 1905 begon hij zijn eigen bedrijf, een machinefabriekje van één verdieping hoog aan de achterkant van de schoenenfabriek. Met besef van marketing gebruikte hij hetzelfde logo als zijn vader bij de oprichting van zijn eigen Diamond T Motor Car Company

Er zijn een aantal interessante verhalen over de financiële ondersteuning van Tilts start in het bedrijfsleven. Met zijn vader stond hij niet op beste voet op dat moment. Een artikel in de pers uit die tijd vermeldt dat hij met $ 1.000 eigen gespaard geld zijn bedrijf startte. Een andere bron meldt dat hij begon met geld, dat hij had gekregen van zijn moeder.Hij trok zich in 1946 uit het bedrijf terug en overleed in 1956 Het bedrijf

De Diamond T Motor Car Company of Chicago begon in 1905 als bouwer van personenauto’s. Tussen 1905-1910 alleen met de hand en naar wens van de klant. De auto’s waren van een roadster-type met een viercilindermotor. Ze werden alleen lokaal in Chicago verkocht. De eerste Diamond T truck werd gebouwd voor L. Wolff Manufacturing Co., een groot loodgietersbedrijf. Deze truck was net als alle andere Diamond T producten geassembleerd, dat wil zeggen samengesteld uit onderdelen die door andere fabrikanten dan Diamond T geproduceerd werden. “Old No 1″, zoals de truck nu genoemd wordt, had een 4-cilinder Continental motor, Timken assen, Brown Lipe versnellingsbak en een AO Smith chassis. Hij had kettingaandrijving, zoals toen gebruikelijk was. Dat de bouwkwaliteit hoog was blijkt uit het feit dat deze truck tot ver in de jaren 30 in gebruik is geweest.

Het bedrijf werkte eerst alleen lokaal, maar in 1915 werd er een beperkte dealerorganisatie opgezet. Het bedrijf groeide daarmee uit tot een landelijke fabrikant. In 1917 werd er een nieuwe en veel grotere fabriek gebouwd op de 26e straat en de Belt Railroad, nog steeds in Chicago. De vrachtwagens werden daar voortaan op een lopende band gebouwd.

Eerste Wereldoorlog

Tijdens de Eerste Wereldoorlog bouwde Diamond T 1500 trucks van het model “B” voor het leger. De model B vrachtwagen maakte gebruik van een motor die was ontwikkeld door Ing. C.C. Hinkley. Na de oorlog gebruikte Diamond T deze Hinkley 4-cilindermotoren ook in haar civiele trucks.

Tijdens het Interbellum

In 1919 startte men een actieve campagne om de dealerorganisatie landelijk nog verder uit te breiden. De grote depressie van de jaren 30 remde dit streven af, maar het bedrijf bleef toch groeien.

In de jaren 20 werden verschillende technische innovaties en stylingveranderingen ontwikkeld. Een gesloten cabine met drie-punts rubber ophanging werd geïntroduceerd in 1923. Er kwam een totale restyling in 1926 met elektrische verlichting ter vervanging van carbidlampen. De massieve rubber banden werden vervangen door luchtbanden. In 1927 en 1928 past Diamond T zijn ontwerpen wederom drastisch aan. De vrachtwagens veranderden van logge, lompe maar onverwoestbare constructies naar een meer modern design. Deze nieuwe trucks hadden Hercules 6-cilindermotoren, hydraulische remmen op alle wielen, volledig gesloten cabines, waren lichter en dus veel sneller. Vormgeving werd een belangrijk verkoopargument. De vrachtwagens werden ook niet meer geadverteerd als The Nation’s Freight Car, maar als De mooiste truck in Amerika en werden ook wel de Cadillac onder de trucks genoemd. Mede doordat er alleen nog maar trucks werden gebouwd, werd het bedrijf een van de drie grootste onafhankelijke truckfabrikanten. Diamond T’s beste jaar was 1936, toen er 8.750 nieuwe trucks werden gebouwd.

Tweede Wereldoorlog

Tijdens de Tweede Wereldoorlog werd de fabriek weer ingezet in de oorlogsproductie en werden er, op basis van het civiele model Diamond T 980/981, 4 militaire modellen in meerdere varianten gebouwd:

Aangezien deze voertuigen via de Lend-Lease act ook geleverd zijn aan de geallieerde landen en het feit dat veel van deze voertuigen, na de oorlog, door het Amerikaanse leger in dumps achtergelaten werden, kreeg Diamond T een internationale bekendheid. Er werden in de oorlog meer dan 50.000 heavy-duty militaire voertuigen geproduceerd, die tot op heden nog bij veel (kleine) landen in gebruik zijn.

Naoorlogse jaren

Na de oorlog werd de productie van luxe trucks weer opgenomen tot het jaar 1958. In dat jaar werd Diamond T overgenomen door de White Motor Company, de Chicago-afdeling bleef daarna nog als zelfstandige divisie doordraaien. In 1966 fuseerde de fabriek met een andere White divisie, Reo, en dit nieuw ontstane bedrijf ging vervolgens door als Diamond Reo. Daarmee verdween Diamond T Motor Car Company als zelfstandig merk voorgoed.

In de totale 51-jarige geschiedenis als zelfstandig bedrijf werden er ongeveer 250.000 Diamond T trucks gebouwd.

In dit blog gaan we puur kijken naar Bussen, een paar trucks en brandweerwagens van DIAMOND T

al komen die laatste terug nadat ik de bussen in zijn geheel heb afgerond.

1927 Diamond T Sneek B-12001a

1927 Diamond T Sneek B-12001 The Netherlands

1927 Diamond T Sneek B-12001b

1927 Diamond T Sneek B-12001 The Netherlands

1932 Diamond T Hainje B-13888

1932 Diamond T carr. Hainje B-13888 The Netherlands

1932 Diamond T Leeuwarden B-17265

1932 Diamond T Leeuwarden B-17265 The Netherlands

1932 Diamond T van de LAB (Leeuwarder Autobedrijf) met een carrosserie v Hainje Heereveen B-13888

1932 Diamond T van de LAB (Leeuwarder Autobedrijf) met een carrosserie v Hainje Heereveen B-13888

1933 Diamond T 210

1933 Diamond T 210

1934 Diamond T Hainje B-15313 Heerenveen

1934 Diamond T Hainje B-15313 Heerenveen The Netherlands

1934 Diamond T loading-a-ddodle-bug-feb-1934-in-San-Antonio

1934 Diamond T loading-a-ddodle-bug-feb-1934-in-San-Antonio

1934 Diamond Texaco Tankwagen

1934 Diamond Texaco Tankwagen

1934 Diamond T North Bay to Huntsville, Ontario Rearview

1934 Diamond T North Bay to Huntsville, Ontario, Canada

1934 Diamond T North Bay to Huntsville, Ontario

1934 Diamond T North Bay to Huntsville, Ontario, Canada.

This photograph is copyrighted by John F. Walker

 © John F. Walker

1935 Diamond-T bus

1935 Diamond-T bus

1935 diamondtlz4

1935 diamondtlz4

1936 SIA-DiamondT 03 1000

1936 SIA-DiamondT

1937 DIAMOND 1 EN 6 KL

1937 DIAMOND 1 EN 6 KL

1937 Diamond T Truck a

1937 Diamond T

1937 Diamond T Truck

1937 Diamond T

1937 Diamond-T [1937-1952] NB-48-48

1937 Diamond-T [1937-1952] NB-48-48 The Netherlands

1937 SIA-DiamondT lede

1937 SIA-DiamondT

1938 DIAMOND Schiedamsche Cartonage fabriek

1938 DIAMOND T Schiedamsche Cartonage fabriek

1938 Diamond T 612D - Repstad

1938 Diamond T 612D – Repstad

1938 Diamond T a Sneek Nederland

1938 Diamond T Sneek Nederland

1938 Diamond T B-4935a Sneek Nederland

1938 Diamond T B-4935 Sneek Nederland

1938 Diamond T carr Renkema Middelstum B-21584

1938 Diamond T carr. Renkema Middelstum B-21584 The Netherlands

1938 Diamond T Dutch Radio Jan De Vries

1938 Diamond T Dutch Radio Jan De Vries Hilversum Holland

1920 diamond t

DIAMOND T

1938 DIAMOND T Fun Bus

1938 DIAMOND T Fun Bus

1938 Diamond T Hainje Heerenveen B-4935

1938 Diamond T Hainje Heerenveen B-4935 Holland

1938 Diamond T Hainje Heerenveen B-4935a

1938 Diamond T Hainje Heerenveen B-4935 The Netherlands

1938 Diamond T, loading passengers for a City Tour

1938 Diamond T, loading passengers for a City Tour

1938 Diamond-Hainje, 30 zitplaatsen

1938 Diamond-Hainje, 30 zitplaatsen, Holland.

1938 Diamond-Hainje, foto van Jan Voerman te Noordwijk

1938 Diamond-Hainje, foto van Jan Voerman te Noordwijk, The Netherlands.

1938 seagrams DiamondT 01 resized

1938 seagrams DiamondT

diamond t logo Trucks

diamond t logo Trucks

1938 seagrams DiamondT 02 resized

1938 seagrams Diamond T

1938 seagrams DiamondT 05 resized

1938 seagrams Diamond T

1939 Diamond T Bus

1939 Diamond T Bus

1939 Diamond T Classics 100 1315.highlight

1939 Diamond T Classics 100

1939 Diamond T, carr. Hainje. Hoekstra – de Jong Oudega HO

1939 Diamond T, carr. Hainje. Hoekstra – de Jong Oudega HO Holland

1939 Diamond T-BorderMaker

1939-diamond-t-bordermaker. fire&rescue.

1940 Diamond 4-ton Truck 6x6

1940 Diamond 4-ton Truck 6×6

1941 Diamond T Wrecker 1

1941 Diamond T Wrecker 1

1941 Halftrack-production-3

1941 Halftrack-production-3

1944 Diamond T Argentina

1944 Diamond T Argentina

1944 Diamond T Gibraltar Evacuee Camp, Jamaica - Bound for the City

1944 Diamond T Gibraltar Evacuee Camp, Jamaica – Bound for the City

1945 Diamond TM-20 Tanktransporter B&W

1945 Diamond TM-20 Tanktransporter B&W

1946 Diamond Ayats 2dq9

1946 Diamond T Ayats

Diamond T images

1946 Diamond T ..

1946 Diamond T NL

1946 diamond t-school bus 10151

1946 diamond t-school bus

1946 Diamond-T Bus Aus

1946 Diamond-T Bus Aus

1947 Diamond carr. Verheul [1947-1952] NB-28-26

1947 Diamond carr. Verheul [1947-1952] NB-28-26 The Netherlands

1947 DiamondT 201 België

1947 DiamondT 201 België

1948 Diamond T Hainje ZWH B-29001

1948 Diamond T Hainje ZWH B-29001

1948 Diamond t Sneek Nederland

1948 Diamond T ZWH B-29003 The Netherlands

1948 Diamond T ZWH B-29003

1948 Diamond T ZWH B-29003

1948 the white Diamond

1948 the white Diamond

1949 Diamond Ayats Sp

1949 Diamond Ayats Spain

1949 Diamond-T-Domburg latere nrs. 32-41)022

1949 Diamond-T-Domburg latere nrs. 32-41)022

1950 L-33227 Diamond-T

1950 L-33227 Diamond-T The Netherlands

1951 752 Diamond T-Aquilina Malta

1951 752 Diamond T-Aquilina Malta

1951 diamond t 1951-1954

diamond t 1951-1954

1952 Diamond 509 C carr. Domburg NB-39-32

1952 Diamond 509 C carr. Domburg NB-39-32 The Netherlands

1952 Diamond T Tilt-Cab Model 921C Tractors

1952 Diamond T Tilt-Cab Model 921C Tractors

1953 Diamond T 931C Series a

1953 Diamond T 931C Series a

1953 Diamond T M20

1953 Diamond T M20

1953 Doyles of Taumaranui Diamond T EH4316. Photo Graeme Bennett

1953 Doyles of Taumaranui Diamond T EH4316. Photo Graeme Bennett

1954 338 Diamond T-Schembri as 796

1954 338 Diamond T-Schembri as 796 ©Marco Zemmit

1958 Diamond T 630

1958 Diamond T 630

1958 Diamond T 950 and 951 Series

1958 Diamond T 950 and 951 Series

1966 Diamond T sherwood park-DLtwin+cancars-cox1966may14

1966 Diamond Bus Lines sherwood park

2005 Temsa Diamond AA 360 LS

2005 Temsa Diamond AA 360 LS

The last two are no real Diamonds

47L DIAMOND T LOGO ROUILLÉ OK

END

Filed Under: AYATSBUSESCONTINENTALDIAMOND TDOMBURGHainjeOLD BUSESRenkemaREOTEMSATrucksUSAVERHEULWHITE

Buses Bodybuilder Carette DESOT Heffen Belgium

Carrosserie Carette DESOT Heffen Belgium

http://www.transportmuseum.be/desot.htm

Deze site van het Belgisch Transportmuseum is al heel lang under construction. Veel wijzer worden we daar dus niet.

01

1949 Scania Vabis van Carrosserie Remi Desot

Dit plaatje geeft wel een mooi beeld van de kleinschaligheid van dit bedrijf waar veel mooie en vol chrome afgewerkte bussen vandaan kwamen. Veel waren ook van het merk AUTO MIESSE, ook in een vorig hoofdstuk heb ik daar aandacht voor gehad.

Benelux

Op de Nederlandse markt was zo’n vijftig jaar geleden nog meer dan een dozijn bussenbouwers actief. Van Rooijen, Roset, MedemaSmit AppingedamSmit JoureGroenewold, Hoogeveen, Domburg,WerkspoorVerheulKönigDen Oudsten en ZABO waren allemaal actief naast de nu nog bestaande Hainje (nu VDL Bus Heerenveen), Bova en Kusters, die inmiddels onderdeel zijn van de VDL Groep. Naast DAF bouwde ook Kromhout toen nog chassis‘ en motoren voor autobussen. Een busbedrijf als ESA in Marum bouwde zelfs enkele eigen carrosserieën. Overigens kwam er in 1970, toen een groot aantal van deze fabrieken al verdwenen was, toch nog een nieuwe busbouwer, Berkhof (het huidige VDL Bus Modules), bij.

Aangevuld werden ze met inmiddels verdwenen Belgische merken als Stoelen, Desot, Eagle, BrosselAuto-Miesse en LAG. Van die diffuse wereld is weinig meer over dan twee grote concerns: Het Belgische Van Hool, met de merken Van Hool en EOS, en het Belgisch-Nederlandse VDL Bus & Coach van de VDL Groep. Qua omvang is van die twee de VDL Groep de grootste, met ruim anderhalf keer de jaarproductie van Van Hool.

Hetzelfde zien we terug in het buitenland. Groot-Brittannië bijvoorbeeld, ooit hofleverancier van de dochterondernemingen van de Nederlandse Spoorwegen, met merken als LeylandAECCrossley en Guy Motors, heeft nog maar één chassisfabriek over: Dennis. Daar worden een paar honderd chassis per jaar geassembleerd. Verder zijn er slechts nog een half dozijn carrosseriefabrieken, als overblijfsel van een rijke industriële traditie.

02

1972 Miesse Carr. Remi Desot Heffen België ©Edward J Busst

03

Auto Miesse 1960 Desot 1982 Van Hool België © Fernand van de Plas

04

1962 Auto Miesse Desot 

05

1962 Auto-Miesse carrosserie Desot (later Jonckheere)

EPSON scanner Image

Propably a by Remi Desot built bus

07

Mercedes met aanhanger gebouwd door carr. Remi Desot voor woestijnreis.

07a

Mobilotel 01 blog Mercedes Remi Desot Garrette 1965 He got the patent for this sort of Hotelbus.

08

1965 Mobilotel Remi Desot Garette 02 blog

TO MIDDLE EAST BY MOBILOTEL

22nd January 1965, Page 30

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22nd January 1965

Page 30

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Keywords : KitchenTrailerPassenger CarRecreational VehiclesHospitality / Recreation

‘WHILST coach tours to some of the exotic places in the Middle East are becoming increasingly popular, one of the problems of such extended tours is hotel accommodation, particularly in remote yet very often exciting and interesting places. What better solution can there be than to take your own hotel with you!

This solution has been chosen by Sir Henry Lunn Ltd. for a series of new tours they are offering this year to the Holy Land, Asia Minor and India and Pakistan. Named the Mobilotel, the new unit is to be operated by the West Belgium Coach Co., Ostend, for whom Sir Henry Lunn act as general agents. It consists of a 36-seat Mercedes coach, with the latest direct-injection diesel engine, which tows an ingenious trailer fitted with sleeping accommodation.

The trailer was built by Carrosserie Remi Desot Carette, who also built the bodywork of the coach, and is an extensible unit, folding up to a width of 3.49 metres (8 ft. 21 in.) for daily transit. Bunks are arranged in tiers of three, with nine single beds along each side of the trailer in its extended position, and double beds in the centre. Each bed is equipped with a first-class mattress, sheets and blankets, with space to hang clothes and a shelf for small everyday articles. Draw curtains ensure complete privacy for each passenger.

At the rear of the trailer or Mobilotel is a fully-equipped kitchen with refrigerator and full cooking range on which simple meals can be prepared. It is proposed to provide a Continental breakfast and a light supper, other meals being taken in hotels, and four large electric rings are provided on the range. Power for this, the lighting, air conditioning (an essential feature for the typeof climate encountered), refrigerator, and so on, is provided by a portable generator carried beneath the kitchen and erected some distance from the Mobilotel each evening. At the front of the trailer are two wash, basins supplied, together with the sink unit in the kitchen, from a tank above the trailer.

Each evening the Mobilotel will halt at a pre-selected site where adequate toilet and other facilities are available. The Mobilotel is not claimed to be luxurious but is comfortable and practical, offers opportunities for overnight stays at places previously inaccessible or without accommodation and allows “off-beat” tourism throughout the Middle East and into India at prices hitherto impracticable. F.K.M.

I found on december 30, 2013 another foto, this time an Alfa Romeo with a carrosserie DESOT:

Hier een Alfa Romeo (type Mille Gai) met opbouw door Desot aan het Gentse St-Pietersstation.Hier een Alfa Romeo (type Mille Gai) met opbouw door Desot aan het Gentse St-Pietersstation. © P Shearman

FIN.

I couldn’t find anymore about DESOT or Carrosserie-Carrette Remi Desot.

Filed Under: AECAUTO MIESSEBELGIUMBERKHOFBOVABrosselBUSES,CarrosserieCROSSLEYDAFDEN OUDSTENDENNISDESOTGUYHainje,JonckheereKÖNIGKromhoutKusters & LemmensLeylandMedemaMOBILOTEL,SCANIA VABISSmitVan HoolVDLVERHEULWERKSPOOR

Buses bodybuilders DOMBURG Montfoort The Netherlands

Carrosserie DOMBURG Montfoort The Netherlands

DOMBURG Carrosseriebouw Montfoort-Tel 387DOMBURG Carrosseriebouw Montfoort-Tel 387

DOMBURG:

1934 L-34230 Opel carr. Domburg

1934 L-34230-Opel-carr.-Domburg

1935 L-33225 Bedford carr. Domburg 1935 L-33225 Bedford carr. Domburg

 1936 TET bus 14 Kromhout met carrosserie Domburg en Den Oudsten. In 1949 nieuwe carrosserie van Verheul. Opname 1949 bij_

1936 TET bus 14 Kromhout met carrosserie Domburg en Den Oudsten. In 1949 nieuwe carrosserie van Verheul.

1938 Kromhout nr. 20 (1) met carrosserie van Domburg en Den Oudsten. In 1948 carrosserie van Verheul

1938 Kromhout nr. 20 (1) met carrosserie van Domburg en Den Oudsten. In 1948 carrosserie van Verheul

 1938 Opel Dm Oudsten en Domburg (47 aanv.op proef)047c

1938 Opel Dm Oudsten en Domburg (47 aanv.op proef)

1939 Crossley Mercedes met een Domburg Verheul carrosserie 1939-crossley-mercedes-met-een-domburg-verheul-carrosserie

1939 L-11889 Chevrolet Twin-Coach carr. Domburg

1939 L-11889 Chevrolet Twin-Coach carr. Domburg

 1944 Rekening OD

1944 Rekening OD

 1947 Proctor-Springwood-Domburg (eerste dieselbus) 074a

1947 Proctor-Springwood-Domburg (eerste dieselbus) 074

den-oudsten-domburg-1944

 #1947 Proctor-Springwood-Domburg (eerste dieselbus) 074b

1947 Proctor-Springwood-Domburg (eerste dieselbus) 074

1948 chassis ex-bus 36=20 Domburg (zelfde model carrosserie als 2 & 3) 1948-020

1948 chassis ex-bus 36=20 Domburg 1948-020

1949 Diamond-T-Domburg latere nrs. 32-41)022

1949 Diamond-T-Domburg 022

1949 Domburg Bedford carr.

1949 Domburg Bedford © Fraassen

1949 Domburg K-7286 DAF carr. Domburg

1949 Domburg K-7286 DAF

1949 Domburg K-12531 Chevrolet carr. Domburg anno 1993

1949 Domburg K-12531 Chevrolet carr. Domburg anno 1993 © Fraassen

 1949 Domburg K-12531 Chevrolet carr. Domburg origineel

1949 Domburg K-12531 Chevrolet carr. Domburg © Fraassen

1949 Domburg K-12531 Chevrolet carr. Domburg side

1949 Domburg K-12531 Chevrolet carr. Domburg side

1950 DAF-Domburg (eerste dieselserie) 076

1950 DAF-Domburg (eerste dieselserie) 076

1950 DAF-Domburg (eerste dieselserie) 076x

1950 DAF-Domburg (eerste dieselserie) 076

1950 DAF-Domburg (eerste dieselserie) 076xx

1950 DAF-Domburg (eerste dieselserie) 076

1950 DAF-Domburg autobus, GEBRU Nr. 81

1950 DAF-Domburg autobus, GEBRU Nr. 81

1950 Volvo Den Oudsten & Domburg Neusbus dieselbus 42

1950 Volvo Den Oudsten & Domburg Neusbus dieselbus 42

1951 ESA 109 DAF Domburg ex GEVU

1951 ESA 109 DAF Domburg ex GEVU

1951 ESA 109-2 DAF Domburg ex GEVU met conductrice

1951 ESA 109-2 DAF Domburg ex GEVU met conductrice

1951 ESA 111 DAF Domburg ex GEVU

1951 ESA 111 DAF Domburg ex GEVU

1952 DAF carr. Domburg NB-39-88

1952 DAF carr. Domburg NB-39-88

1952 DAF carrosserie Domburg NB-39-80

1952 DAF carrosserie Domburg NB-39-80

1952 Diamond 509 C carr. Domburg NB-39-32

1952 Diamond 509 C carr. Domburg NB-39-32

 1952-56 Domburg NB-90-72 Volvo NB-15-41 PB-47-85 RB-56-41 Mercedes-Benz Domburg RB-07-07 Volvo B65506

1952-56 Domburg NB-90-72 Volvo NB-15-41 PB-47-85 RB-56-41 Mercedes-Benz Domburg RB-07-07 Volvo B65506 © Fraassen

1952-Bussen-Crossley-carr.-Domburg-1952-NB-50-72

1952-Bussen-Crossley-Mercedes-carr.-Domburg-NB-50-72

 1952-daf-domburg-nr-76

1952-daf-domburg-nr-76

Bus No. 3

1953 Domburg DAF

1953 Ford tram Domburg voor station NS

1953 Ford tram Domburg voor station NS

 1954 Domburg Volvo 1

1954 Domburg Volvo 1 © Fraassen

 1954 Domburg Volvo

1954 Domburg Volvo © Fraassen

 1954 Opel Blitz carr. Domburg NN-70-96

1954 Opel Blitz carr. Domburg NN-70-96

1955 Austin Domburg De-Harde-23

1955 Austin Domburg De-Harde-23

1955 Austin-3KDF Domburg Middelkoop-11

1955 Austin-3KDF Domburg Middelkoop-11

1956 Domburg Volvo a

1956 Domburg Volvo

1956 Domburg Volvo b

1956 Domburg Volvo

1956 Domburg Volvo

1956 Domburg Volvo

1957 VOLVO B 65506 carr Domburg GTW 30

1957 VOLVO B 65506 carr Domburg GTW 30

1958 Bouckaert 11, DAF Domburg

1958 Bouckaert 11, DAF Domburg

1960 Volvo, type B655 Domburg 1958 Domburg Mercedes Benz 1

1958 Domburg Mercedes Benz © Fraassen

1960 Volvo, type B655 Domburg1960-volvo-type-b655-domburg © Stichting Veteraan Autobussen

1962 Domburg DAF TB1962-domburg-daf-tb © fraassen

1962 Domburg Volvo

 1962 Domburg Volvo