TWIN COACH Kent, Ohio, USA 1927 – 1955

The-Twin-Coach            Twin Coach

 1940 Twin Coach trolley bus in Seattle
 A restored 1940 Twin Coach trolley bus in Seattle

Twin Coach was an American vehicle manufacturing company from 1927 to 1955, based in Kent, Ohio, and a maker of marine engines and airplane parts until the 1960s. It was formed by brothers Frank and William Fageol when they left the Fageol Motor Company in 1927. They established the company in Kent to manufacture and sell buses with a new concept design. The body structure of this new bus was unique in that the body also became the frame and two engines – “twin” engines – were used to allow for larger passenger loads. This concept was patented by William B. Fageol.

1953 Twin Coach postal vanTwin Coach “Pony Express” postal van, circa 1953

Over the years, Twin Coach made transit buses, trolley buses, small delivery vehicles, Fageol six-cylinder gasoline/propane bus and marine engines, Fageol four-cylinder marine engines, and aircraft and truck components. The company was sometimes referred to as “Fageol-Twin Coach”. The company was acquired by Flxible in 1955 and merged with it, but use of the “Twin Coach” name in marketing continued for a few years, and the name was briefly revived (as a brand name only) in the late 1960s by a related company called Highway Products, Inc.

Production overview

Trolley buses

Trolley bus production lasted from 1928 to 1951. Notably, the company’s very first order and its very last were also its only export orders ever for trolley buses: eight vehicles for Manila, Philippines, in 1928 and four for Belo Horizonte, Brazil, in 1951. All other orders went to U.S. cities., none to Canadian cities.

In the 1930s and 1940s, Twin Coach was one of the largest producers in the very limited field of trolley bus manufacturing in North America. Until the late 1940s, only three other U.S. companies built more trolley buses: the Brill companies (J.G. Brill and successors ACF-Brill and CCF-Brill), Pullman and St. Louis Car Company. Another builder, Marmon-Herrington, only entered the field in 1946, but eventually surpassed Twin’s total. All told, Twin Coach manufactured only 670 “trolley coaches” – as such vehicles were commonly called at the time – but sold them to 16 different cities (all in the U.S.), which equates to around one-third of all of the trolley bus systems ever to exist in the United States. Overall, the company’s best customer for trolley coaches was the Seattle Transit System, which bought a total of 177, all between 1940 and 1943.

In 1940, Twin Coach also pioneered the development of the articulated trolley bus in North America, although the first such vehicle in the world was built in Europe slightly earlier, in 1939 (by Isotta Fraschini/Stanga in Italy). The company built only two articulated trolley buses, and each was marketed as a “Super Twin” model. Both were originally built as demonstrators. The 1940 unit was eventually sold to the Cleveland transit system and entered service there. The second was built as a gas-powered bus in 1946, but was converted into a trolley bus in 1948, leased to the Chicago Transit Authority and was sold to CTA in 1954. With both vehicles, the articulation joint allowed only vertical, not horizontal, movement. These two prototypes never led to any series production, so each remained unique. The 1948 Chicago vehicle is preserved at the Illinois Railway Museum. Until 1985, these two vehicles remained the only articulated trolley buses ever built in North America by any manufacturer. Motor buses

Twin Coach Lucerne

 A Twin Coach/Herkules 38-S-DT (1948) in Lucerne, Switzerland

Twin Coach also built motor buses (buses powered by internal combustion engines). Fuels included at least gasoline and propane. Between 1927 and 1934 alone, the company built more than 1,100 motor buses, including 21 with gas-electric drive. Bus production continued through to the time of the company’s acquisition by Flxible, in the 1950s.

Sale of bus division

In 1955, the bus manufacturing operations were sold to Flxible, which was also based in Ohio. For a time, Flxible used the Twin Coach name – along with its own – in its marketing and some buses carried front name plates that gave both names and combined the companies’ two logos into one. By 1963, use of the Twin Coach name on buses had been discontinued.

The marine-engine and aircraft divisions continued as Twin Coach. In 1958, the company sold the marine division and moved its remaining production to Cheektowaga, New York. In 1962, the company’s name was changed to Twin Industries.

A portion of the company called Highway Products produced a number of products, such as small Post Office vehicles, mobile post offices used in rural areas, small boats for military and commercial uses, missile launchers and a variety of other products. This later became an Alco Standard company, and it produced a small bus which was sold under the “Twin Coach” name from 1969-1975.

1927 Twin Coach Model 40 1928 Fageol Twin Coach 1930 Twin Coach model 401930 Twin Coach, Kent, Ohion(USA) - M.C. van der Wal, Haarlem Adam busserie23 1931 Twin Coach 352071-1000-0 1931 TWIN COACH BQ TRANSIT 1931 Twin Coach Chattanooga Twin Model 15 1931 Twin Coach Deliver 1931 Twin Coach Delivery Van 1931 Twin Coach Model ‘40’ JAMAICABUSTWINCOACH 1931 1931 Twin Coach Model '20' ATWINMODEL20 1934 Other Twin Coach Delivery 1937 Twin Coach 23R, ex Winnipeg Electric 1937 Twin Coach 23R 1937 Twin Coach bus 1937 Twin Coach Company Model 23R 1938 Twin Coach 2 1938 twin Coach Los Angeles Motor Coach Bus Type 38 1940 Twin Coach trolley bus in Seattle 1942 Twin Coach 1946 Twin Coach 41S 1946 Twin Coach 1947 Twin Coach bus 1312 Super Twin 1947 Twin Coach Nr.76 LU 91122 U 1947 Twin Coach 1947 Twin Coach-artic at-DSR e Super Twin 1947 Twin Coach-Herkules 38-S-DT Nr. 76 1948 Twin Coach  Maarse Kroon Twin Coach op Schiphol 1948 Twin Coach Chicago.QueenMary 1948 Twin Coach Fageol Maarse-Kroon 1948 Twin Coach Fageol Maarse-Kroon-05 1948 Twin Coach Lucerne 1949 Twin Coach, modelo 44TTW, Trolley's San Fransisco 1953 Twin Coach postal van bus_bery1204 Flxible Twin Coach ad images L A Motor Coach 4208 driver side ext The-Twin-Coach

Twin Coach 9763 Chicago-TCartic Twin Coach timeline1 Twin Coach trolley bus Twin Coach. It is Model 23-R. Twin Coach

This is a beautiful impression of Twin Coaches

MAARSE en KROON

mk-4.large

Maarse & Kroon

Maarse en Kroon logo

N.V. Autobusonderneming Maarse & Kroon (MK),

eerst gevestigd te Leimuiden en vanaf 1933 te Aalsmeer, was een Nederlandsautobusbedrijf dat van 1923 tot 1973 streekvervoer exploiteerde in delen van de provincies Noord-HollandZuid-Holland en Utrecht.

Geschiedenis

1923 Maarse-Kroon 03 small1923 Maarse-Kroon 03

1923_foto_via_Jack_Oosterbosch

1923 Een autobus van de firma Maarse en Kroon

1925 bij Het Wapen van Alkemade

1925 GMC van Maarse en Kroon bij Het Wapen van Alkemade

1925 Ford_1925_foto_via_Jack_Oosterbosch

1925 Ford Maarse & Kroon

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1928 Maarse & Kroon ., Aalsmeer Wilnis

1928 Maarse & Kroon Aalsmeer Wilnis

Op 1 februari 1923 werd de firma opgericht te Leimuiden onder de naam Fa. Wegman, Kroon en Co. Er werd gereden op de route Rijnsaterwoude – Leimuiden – Leiden. Het busbedrijf begon met één bus, spoedig kwam een tweede wagen in dienst. Nadat de firmant Wegman zich had teruggetrokken ging het bedrijf verder als Jac. Maarse en C. Kroon. In 1927 werd de N.V. “Autobusonderneming” van J.J. Poort en J.P. Sloothaak te Amstelveen opgekocht. In de jaren twintig en dertig breidde het bedrijf zich uit met nieuwe lijnen, waaronder Leimuiden – Alphen aan den Rijn in 1931 en Haarlemmermeer – Leiden in 1934. Vanaf 1933 was het bedrijf gevestigd te Aalsmeer onder de naam N.V. “Autobusonderneming” (dir. Maarse en Kroon).

6a5d065e-7ec7-4c21-1d81-23da20f173ea

Maarse en Kroon nr.?

1923-48 Maarse en Kroon

1923-48 Maarse en Kroon

Op 1 januari 1936 vond een grote uitbreiding plaats door overname van het lijnennet van de fa. J.H. van Kalmthout & P. van Niel te Hoofddorp, met lijnen vanuit de Haarlemmermeer naar Amsterdam en Haarlem. Dit had te maken met de opheffing van de Haarlemmermeerspoorlijnen en vervanging door busdiensten. In 1939 werd het bedrijf van M. van Poelgeest te Amstelveen overgenomen met lijnen van Amsterdam naar Schiphol, Amstelveen en Ouderkerk aan de Amstel. In 1942 werd de verbinding Uithoorn – Nieuwkoop geopend.

1931 Cees_van_Immerzeel

1931 Maarse & Kroon

1932 Maarse & Kroon  - 96 - Heel oud

1932 Maarse & Kroon – 96 –

1935 Maarse & Kroon 8 Lijndienst R'dam-Waalhaven foto KLM

1935 Mercedes Benz van Maarse & Kroon 8 Lijndienst R’dam-Waalhaven foto KLM

1935_ex-_LABG_9

1935 Maarse & Kroon

1937-Bus-H-amsterdam Maarse & Kroon

1935-Bus-H-amsterdam Mercedes Benz Maarse & Kroon

1936 Maarse en Kroon Tram-en-bus-Haarlem

1936 Maarse en Kroon Tram-en-bus-Haarlem

1939 Maarse en Kroon 43 (1950) Leyland Verheul

1939 Maarse en Kroon 43 (foto1950) Leyland Verheul

1939_foto_via_Jack_Oosterbosch

1939 Maarse & Kroon

In 1947 werd de officiële bedrijfsnaam N.V. Autobusonderneming Maarse & Kroon. In de jaren na de Tweede Wereldoorlog werd het busbedrijf verder uitgebreid, mede door de groei van de Luchthaven Schiphol. Vanaf 1954 werd de lijn uit Haarlem via Hoofddorp en Uithoorn verlengd naar Utrecht via de snelweg A2. In 1962 ging de lijn Amsterdam – Abcoude – Vinkeveen rijden, in 1964 Uithoorn – Mijdrecht – Woerden. In 1968 werd de lijn Kockengen – Utrecht overgenomen van de UVO. Vanaf 1969 werden de lijnen van de verbinding Amstelveen – Amsterdam geïntegreerd met die van het GVB. In 1970 gebeurde hetzelfde met de verbinding Badhoevedorp – Amsterdam.

1940 Opel Blitzbus 51 verheul-maarse n-kroone

1940 Opel Blitzbus 51 verheul-maarse & kroon

Uiteindelijk werden busdiensten uitgevoerd in het gebied tussen Amsterdam, Vinkeveen, Utrecht, Woerden, Nieuwkoop, Leimuiden, Leiden, de Haarlemmermeer en Haarlem. Ten westen en noorden van het vervoergebied reed de NZH, ten oosten de NBM en ten zuiden de NAL en Citosa (later Westnederland).

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Van Maarse & Kroon naar RTM

Maarse & Kroon was, samen met de Gelderse Tramwegen (GTW), een van de twee grootste particuliere openbaar vervoerbedrijven in Nederland, dus zonder binding met overheid of NS. Naast het openbaar vervoer had Maarse & Kroon ook een omvangrijk touringcarbedrijf. Ook een belangrijke bedrijfsactiviteit was het besloten busvervoer voor de werkenden op het terrein van de luchthaven Schiphol.

4 4 werd VAVO 26

van Maarse & Kroon naar VAVO

Op 1 januari 1971 werd het familiebedrijf Maarse & Kroon uiteindelijk toch een dochteronderneming van de NS. Per 3 juni 1973 fuseerde het bedrijf met een andere NS-dochter, de NBM te Zeist. De aldus ontstane autobusonderneming kreeg de naam Centraal Nederland.

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Maarse & Kroon

Museummaterieel

Vijf voormalige Maarse & Kroon-bussen zijn bewaard gebleven.

  • Bij de Stichting Veteraan Autobussen:
    • Bus 1605 uit 1971, een Leyland LVB568-Verheul lijndienstbus met zelfdragende carrosserie uit een serie van 12 stuks, die is afgebouwd door de busbouwer Domburg te Montfoort nadat de Verheul-fabriek door brand was verwoest.
    • 1971 Leyland-Verheul LVB  Maarse & Kroon 1605
    • 1971 Leyland-Verheul LVB / Maarse & Kroon 1605
    • 1971 Leyland-Verheul LVB  Maarse & Kroon 1605 st. Vet
    • 1971 Leyland-Verheul LVB / Maarse & Kroon 1605
  • Bij het Nationaal Openbaar Vervoermuseum (NOV) te Ouwsterhaule:
    • Bus 413 uit 1966, een Leyland Royal Tiger Worldmaster lijndienstbus uit een serie van 25 met een Roset-carrosserie met aluminium beplating.
    • 1966 Maarse en Kroon 413 galerij Leyland Royal Tiger Worldmaster
    • 1966 Maarse en Kroon 413 galerij Leyland Royal Tiger Worldmaster
  • Bij de Stichting Youngtimerbussen te Nieuwkoop:
    • Bus 182 uit 1959, een Leyland Royal Tiger Worldmaster met een carrosserie van Verheul.
    • OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA
    • 1959, een Leyland Royal Tiger Worldmaster met een carrosserie van Verheul
    • 1946 Maarse-Kroon 22952
    • 1946 Maarse-Kroon
    • 1947 Leyland Maarse-Kroon GZ-85134
    • 1946 Maarse-Kroon
  • 1948  0000_collJanVoerman
  • 1948 Maarse & Kroon
  • 1948 Maarse & Kroon 48-SVA GMC Twin Coach
  • 1948 Maarse & Kroon 48-SVA GMC Twin Coach Fageol
  • 1948 Leyland autobus van Maarse & Kroon NB-45-08 in onzachte aanraking met de tram van lijn 3 (motorwagen 438)
  • 1948 Leyland autobus van Maarse & Kroon NB-45-08 in onzachte aanraking met de tram van lijn 3 (motorwagen 438)
  • 1948 Maarse en Kroon 98 Leyland Verheul
  • 1948 Maarse en Kroon 98 Leyland Verheul
  • 1948 Maarse en Kroon Fageol
  • 1948 Maarse en Kroon Fageol
  • 1948 MK Dienstregeling
  • 1948 MK Dienstregeling
  • 1948 Twin Coach  Maarse Kroon Twin Coach op Schiphol
  • 1948 Twin Coach Maarse Kroon Twin Coach op Schiphol
  • 1948 Twin Coach Fageol Maarse-Kroon 48-01
  • 1948 Twin Coach Fageol Maarse-Kroon 48-01
  • 1948 Twin Coach Fageol Maarse-Kroon 48-05
  • 1948 Twin Coach Fageol Maarse-Kroon 48-01
  • 1949 Maarse en Kroon 122 (1950) Leyland Comet Verheul
  • 1949 Maarse en Kroon 122 (1950) Leyland Comet Verheul
  • 1950 Maarse en Kroon bus 74
  • 1950 Maarse en Kroon bus 74
  • 1948 Twin Coach Fageol Maarse-Kroon 48-01 1948 Twin Coach Fageol Maarse-Kroon 48-05 1949 Maarse en Kroon 122 (1950) Leyland Comet Verheul 1950 Maarse en Kroon bus 74 1950 Maarse en Kroon Guy Arab met Verheul carrosserie is samen met haar zusje in 1955 verkocht aan de RTM. 1951 Maarse en  Kroon bus 143 Verheul Leyland Tiger 1951 maarse en kroon 114 smit-appingedam-guy 1953 MK Dienstregeling 1953 OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA 1959 Maarse & Kroon 35 1959 Verheul bodied Leyland Worldmaster Maarse en Kroon Centraal Nederland semi tour bus Nr 182 1959-Vijfrittenkaart-maarse 1960 Leyland Verheul stamt uit 1960 heeft plek voor 70 p Maarse-Kroon 73-11 1960 Leyland Verheul-lijndienstbus 73 1962 Leyland Tiger Verheul (NB-45-24), Maarse & Kroon, Aalsmeer 1962 1963 251 20 1963 Foto M&K  Jaap en Maarten D'Oliveira 1963 Jules Verne 1963 Jules Vernes 1963 Leyland carrosseriebouwer Roset Maarse-Kroon-JulesVerne 1963 Leyland-Roset VIP-bus 251 Jules Verne Museumbus Jules Verne Maarse en Kroon 251 1966 Maarse en Kroon 413 galerij Leyland Royal Tiger Worldmaster 1968 Magirus Deutz MAARSE en KROON Aalsmeer 3, Lijn 1, Amstelveenseweg 1969 Leyland-Verheul LVB668-semitouringcar Maarse & Kroon 515 1971 Leyland-Verheul LVB  Maarse & Kroon 1605 st. Vet 1971 Leyland-Verheul LVB  Maarse & Kroon 1605 1973 Maarse en Kroon 302 Leyland Hainje Heereveen Bus 32. Aan de ex Maarse & Kroon 32 is nog veel werk Een bus van Maarse & Kroon op een karakteristiek weggetje in de buurt van Schiphol Leyland MK bus 182 Maarse & Kroon Leyland Tiger Verheul 73 Maarse & Kroon Leyland Tiger Verheul Beauty Maarse en Kroon 73 MAARSE en KROON Leyland Aalsmeer 128, KLM MAARSE en KROON Leyland Aalsmeer 179 nu op Ruigoord MAARSE en KROON Leyland Aalsmeer 179, Lijn 11, Amstelstation Maarse en Kroon logo maarse-en-kroon-lijn-140 Maarse-Kroon 04 Maarse-Kroon 05 Maarse-Kroon 182 maarse-kroon 185 Maarse-Kroon 405 Maarse-Kroon 22952 Maarse-Kroon CN mk-2.large mk-4.large SB-42-46 autobus (bus nr. 18) van Maarse en Kroon

Buses, Coachbuilders, Hearses, Ambulances FLXIBLE Ohio USA

flxible [1434]
flxible [1434] (Photo credit: brianjmatis)
Buses, Coachbuilders, Hearses, Ambulances FLXIBLE Ohio USA

Flxible

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A 1987 Flxible Metro-B, owned by WMATA Metrobus, parked in Washington, D.C.

The Flxible Co. (originally the Flexible Sidecar Company) was an American manufacturer of motorcycle sidecars, funeral cars, ambulancesintercity coachesand transit buses, based in the U.S. state of Ohio. It was founded in 1913 and closed in 1996.

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Flxible 1963 Buick hearse conversion

History

In 1913, Hugo H. Young and Carl F. Dudte founded the Flexible Sidecar Co. in Loudonville, Ohio, to manufacture motorcycle sidecars with a flexible mounting to the motorcycle. The flexible mounting allowed the sidecar to lean on corners along with the motorcycle, and was based on a design patented by Young.

In 1919, the company’s name was changed to The Flxible Co. (still pronounced “flexible”) so that the name could be registered as a trademark.

After low-priced automobiles became available in the 1920s, the motorcycle sidecar demand dropped and in 1924, Flxible turned to production of funeral cars (hearses), and ambulances, which were primarily manufactured on Buick chassis, but also occasionally on StudebakerCadillac and REO chassis, and intercity buses, initially (1930s and early ’40s) built on GMC truck chassis, and powered with Buick Straight 8 engines.

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1947 Flxible Clipper highway coach

In 1953, Flxible absorbed the bus-manufacturing portion of the Fageol Twin Coach Company, and accepted its first order for transit buses from the Chicago Transit Authority. In 1964, Flxible purchased Southern Coach Manufacturing Co. of Evergreen, Alabama, and built small transit buses at the former Southern Coach factory until 1976. Flxible was purchased by Rohr Industries in 1970, and a new factory and corporate headquarters were built in Delaware, Ohio, in 1974, with the original factory in Loudonville, Ohio, being used to manufacture parts and sub-assemblies. Flxible was sold to Grumman Corporation in 1978 and became known asGrumman Flxible. The name reverted to Flxible when Grumman sold the company in 1983 to General Automotive Corporation. In 1996, Flxible declared bankruptcy and its assets were auctioned. The last Flxible vehicles produced were eight 35 ft (11 m) CNG-fueled Metro buses that went to Monterey-Salinas Transitin MontereyCalifornia. The former Flxible factory in Loudonville, Ohio, is now a bus maintenance facility for Motor Coach Industries, while the former factory in Delaware, Ohio, is now a parts facility for North American Bus Industries.

Production outside the United States

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Mexican-made DINA Flxliner bus, in second-class service, berthed in the SilaoGuanajuato central terminal, 2006.

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A Changjiang CJ6800G1QH bus in Beijing,China, showing the similarity to the Flxible Metro.

Flxible’s intercity buses were popular in Mexico and in Latin American countries. However, high import duties into these countries limited sales. In the early 1960s, Flxible began licensing a producer in Mexico, DINA S.A. (Diesel Nacional), to manufacture Flxible designed intercity coaches, and this continued until the late 1980s. In 1965 and 1966, Flxible also licensed its “New Look” transit bus design to Canadair Ltd., an aircraft manufacturer in Ville St-Laurent, Quebec.

In 1994, Flxible’s parent company, General Automotive Corporation, and three other American companies, Roger Penske, Mark IV Industries, and Carrier, entered into a joint venture with Changzhou Changjiang Bus, a Chinese manufacturer located in ChangzhouJiangsu province, to produce buses based on the Flxible Metrodesign and with the Flxible name. The resulting company, China Flxible Auto Corporation,[citation needed] manufactured buses in a variety of lengths, from 8 m (26 ft 3 in) to 11 m (36 ft 1 in). These buses, which include both front- and rear-engine designs, and share only their general exterior appearance with the American-built Flxibles, were sold to many transit operators in major Chinese cities, including Beijing and Shanghai. A trolleybus version was manufactured for just one operator, the Hangzhou trolleybus system, which bought a total of 77 between the late 1990s and 2001. However, for these vehicles, Changzhou Changjiang supplied the chassis and Metro-style bodies to the Hangzhou Changjiang Bus Company (in Hangzhou), and that company equipped them as trolleybuses.

Charles Kettering and General Motors

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Charles F. Kettering

Charles Kettering, a Loudonville, Ohio native and vice president of General Motors, was closely associated with Flxible for almost the entire first half of the company’s existence. In 1914, Flxible was incorporated with the help of Kettering, who then became president of the company and joined the board of directors. Kettering provided significant funding for the company in its early years, particularly after 1916, when Kettering sold his firm, the Dayton Engineering Laboratories Company (Delco), to GM for $2.5 million. Kettering continued to serve as president of Flxible, until he became chairman of the board in 1940, a position he held until his death in 1958. After selling Delco to GM in 1916, Kettering organized and ran a research laboratory at GM, and by the 1950s, held the position of vice president at GM. As a result of Kettering’s close relationship with both GM and Flxible, many GM parts were used in the production of Flxible vehicles, particularly prior to GM’s 1943 purchase of Yellow Coach (a competing bus manufacturer, of which GM had been a majority owner since 1925). For example, most Flxible ambulanceshearses, and buses from the mid-1920s to the early-1940s were built on Buick chassis, and Flxible’s “Airway” model buses of the mid-1930s were built on a Chevrolet chassis.

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1955 Flxible VistaLiner (VL100)

In 1958, and as a result of the consent decree from the 1956 anti-trust case, United States v. General Motors Corp., GM was mandated to sell their bus components, engines, and transmissions to other manufacturers, free of royalties. However, in the early 1950s and prior to the consent decree, Flxible built a small number of buses with GM diesel engines while Kettering still served on the board. It has been postulated that GM may have made its diesel engines available to Flxible to reduce the criticisms of GM’s business practices that some felt were monopolistic. The same has been said about GM’s decision in the 1960s and 1970s not to produce a 35 ft (11 m) “New Look” transit bus with an 8-cylinder engine. However, it is also possible that GM chose not to enter this market because the potential sales did not warrant the added costs of engineering and production. Another result of the consent decree (which was not settled in its entirety until 1965) was that GM was barred from having any of its officers or directors serve as an officer or director for any other bus manufacturing company. This provision would have applied to Kettering, had he not died in 1958.

870 frame problems

Main article: Flxible Metro#Litigation resulting

In the mid-1980s, several Grumman 870 buses operated by the New York City Transit Authority (NYCTA) developed cracks in their underframes. This prompted NYCTA President David Gunn to remove the entire fleet from service. Soon, several other companies reported cracked 870 frames. However, the frame issues primarily affected NYCTA 870s and not the 870s owned by the franchisees of the New York City Department of Transportation. NYCTA attempted to get the remainder of its pending order for new buses transferred to GM, but was barred from doing so unless they could prove that the 870s were flawed and unsafe. The buses were eventually returned to Flxible and resold to Queen City Metro and New Jersey Transit. Grumman blamed the problems with the NYCTA 870s on NYCTA’s maintenance practices, despite the fact that transit operations in ChicagoWashington, D.C.Houston, and Los Angeles had also reported problems with their 870s. Ironically, NYCTA ordered fifty Metros in 1995, but Flxible closed its doors while the order was being produced, and NYCTA obtained the remaining new buses from Orion.

Flxible Owners International

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Clipper-era Flxible nose emblem

Flxible Owners International (see external link) was founded in the mid-1980s as an offshoot of the Family Motor Coach Association, and is dedicated to the preservation of buses and coaches produced by Flxible. The organization holds a rally in Loudonville biannually, in even-numbered years and normally in mid-July, where many preserved Flxible coaches and buses may be seen.

The majority of vehicles owned by members are of the Clipper series (Clipper, Visicoach, Starliner) that were produced from the 1930s until 1967. However, there are also quite a few “non-clipper” Flxible coaches that are owned, maintained, and operated by proud Flxible owners. This includes the Starliner, VL100 (VistaLiner), Hi Level, and Flxliner as well as some of the more modern transit buses. Most of these vehicles have been converted to motor homes; however, there are still a few examples of seated coaches belonging to members.

Products

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Unitrans Flxible New Look.

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1925 Flxible Buick-Bus

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1927 Flxible Bus

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1930 Flxible in Hillsboro Road Garage Durham North Carolina

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1932 FLXIBLE BUICK CHASSIS

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1932 FLXible BUICK Flxible Parlor Coach body mounted on a 1932 Buick commercial chassis

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1934 Flxible WoodFrame

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1934 Flxible-Airway Ader Coach Lines 23

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1937 Flxible 20-CL-78 MacKenzie Trailways 103 at Park Square Boston

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1937 Flxible Chevrolet Clipper-Demo

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1937 Flxible first Clipper Airway

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1938 First al steel 1st clipper

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1938 Flxible 29BR-38 Bowen Motor Coaches 401

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1938 Flxible-Bus

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1939 Flxible 29CR Clipper Tri-State Trailways 261

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1941 Flxible 25-CR-41 1941

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1941 Flxible All Steel Clipper

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1941 Flxible-Clipper

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1944 Flxible 29BR-44 Continental Bus System 580

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1946 Flxible 29BR-46

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1946 Flxible bus ©Tommy Beech

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1946 Flxible-Bus

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1946 flxible-bus ©Tommy Beech

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1947 Flxible 29BR BZ-ShortLine RI-372

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1947 Flxible 29BR-47 Capitol Bus Company 64

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1947 Flxible 29BR-Airporter Demo

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1947 Flxible 67360015

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1947 Flxible Aerocoach Early bumper Trailways

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1947 Flxible Airporter

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1947 FLXible CARETATNYIAP

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1947 Flxible Clipper (a-k-a an ‘Airporter’) CAREYAIRPORTER

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1947 FlxIble special-maine-bus

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1947 Flxible-Bus

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1948 Flxible 288148

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1948 FLXIBLE CLIPPER EARLY2

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1948 Flxible-Bus

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1949 Flxible 29 passenger coach© Joe Palangio Collection

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1949 flxible back-770234

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1949 Flxible camper

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1949 Flxible Bus

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1949 Flxible coach. ©Joe Palangio Collection

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1953 Flxible Ad

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1953 Flxible ©Joe Palangio Collection

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1953 Flxible-Bus

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1954 Flxible – Harran Transit of West Babylon, NY

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1954 Flxible 218GM1-54-37SU Reading Transportation Co. 3706

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1954-flxible-bus-10386

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1955 Flxible 228JT1-55 Vistaliner P36

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1955 Flxible VistaLiner (VL100)

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1956 Flxible 228JT1 Flxible Factory Indianapolis

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1956 Flxible 228JT1-56+PR

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1956 Flxible 228JT1-56-37IC-AC Trailways of New England 904

063

1956 Flxible 228JT1-56-37IC-AC Trailways Travel Bureau Corp.906 Boston

064

1956 Flxible 228JT1-56-37IC-AC

065

1958 Flxible Clipper (ser# B58-1604-A) FLXAIRPORTER58

066

1958-Flxible-VL-100-“Diplomata”

067

1958 Flxible VL-100 Diplomata

068

1958 Flxible VL-100 Diplomata

069

1959 Flxible Twin Coach Model FT2P-40 FLXFT40CTA

070

1960 FLXible Clipper-RAY-1 ‘High Level Cruiser’

071

1961 Flxible 236DD1-Demo

072

1961 Flxible Flxliner Mountlassen

073

1961 FLXIBLE PLANT a Clipper, a transit and a ‘High Level Cruiser’

075

1962 Flxible Charter 1

076

1962 FLXIBLE CHICAGO SURFLINES Twin Coach Fageol

077

1962 Flxible coach ©Hank Suderman Collection

078

1962 Flxible Model F2D6V-401-1

079

1965 Flxible Starliner

080

1965 Flxible Starliner

081

1967 Flxible-Flxette

082

1972 Flxible Ansett Airport Melbourne Australië ©Colin Davison

083

1972 flxible -mod ©Joe Palangio Collection

084

1972 Flxible Visicoach

085

1978-Flxible-45096-City-Transit-Bus-Rockford-Illinois-Transit-System

086

2007-Flxible-Vista-Liner-Beautifully-restored-GM-PD4501-Scenicruiser-Blytheville-from-1956

087

2010-Flxible-Rally-241

088

100 years Flxible

089

FlxIble-A-Coach

090

Flxible-Bus-conversion

000

Flxible-Badge-Comparison

091

Flxible-BusVDDW-Ned

092

Flxible-BusVDDW-Ned

093

1933-Holland-Coachcraft-Van

094

Fowler-Landliner-RV

095

1937-Hunt-House-Car

096

1962-Buick-prototype-RV

097

Flxible-Caravan

098

Flxible-Caravan

099

Flxible-Co.-Astraliner-Concept-Bus-For-Continental-Trailways-Dallas-Texas

100

Flxible-Comparison

101

1984 Flxible-CTA-bus-3528-on-route-62-at-the-Loop ©Bob Hussey

102

flxible-custom-bus

103

Flxible-Grn-Custom-Coach

104

Flxible-inside

105

Flxible-Metro-Grumman-870

106

Flxible-RearVents

107

Flxible-New-Look

108

Flxible-Red-Bus

109

Flxible-Red-Custom-Coach

110

Flxible-Steering-Wheels

111

Flxible-Super

112

Flxible-Television-Mobile-Unit

113

flxible-new-look

114

Flxibles

115

ansair-flxible-clipper

116

1925-Flxible-Buick-Bus

117

1927-Flxible-Buick-Amb

118

1929-Flxible-Buick-Amb

119

1929-Flxible-Buick-Amb

120

1929-Flxible-Buick-Amb-int

121

1930-Flxible- Buick -Amb

122

1932-Flxible Buick-Amb

123

1933-Flxible Buick -Amb

124

1933-Flxible Buick-Pad Ziekenvervoer gevangenen

125

1935 Buick series 90 Flxible amb

126

1936-Flxible Buick-Amb-Hearse Com

127

1937-Ambulance-01-400Flxible Company, Flxible Coach, Buick

128

1938 Flxible Buick Sterling Ambulance CSV 14

129

1938 Flxible Buick Sterling Ambulance CSV15

130

1938-Flx-Amb-01-400 Buick

131

1938-Flxible Buick-Amb-CL-400

132

1938-Flxible Buick-Amb-CL-400

133

1939 Buick Flxible ambulance

135

1939 Buick Flxible Worlds Fair Ambulance

136

1940-Flxible-Buick-Amb

137

1947-Ambulance-Flxible-Buick

138

1947-Buick-Flxible-Premier-Ambulance

139

1947 Buick Roadmaster Ambulance

136

1947 Buick Special Flxible ambulance

141

1949-Ambulance-Buick-Dynaflow-Flxible

142

1949-Ambulance-Flxible-Buick-Combination

143

1950-Ambulance-Buick-Roadmaster-Combination-Flxible

144

1951 Ambulance Flxible Buick

145

1957 Buick Flxible Ambulance

146

1960 Ambulance Buick Premier by Flxible

147

1960-Flxette-limousine-Buick

148

1961-Flxette-landau-Buick

0

ansair-flxible-clipper-logo

finish

Filed Under: AMBULANCESBuickBUSESCadillacChangijiangChevroletClassic Cars,ClipperCoachbuildersDINAFAGEOLFlxibleGMCGrummanLandauMCIMETRO,MexicoNABIREORohrStudebakerTrolleybusesTWIN COACHUSA

Buses, cars + trucks FAGEOL – TWIN COACH Kent Ohio USA

010

Cars, Buses + Trucks FAGEOL – TWIN COACH Kent Ohio USA

035

000 1941 Fageol Blue Line Limousine Sightseeing Bus, New York City1941 Fageol Blue Line Limousine Sightseeing Bus, New York City

FAGEOL

was een Amerikaans autobedrijf. Het was het eerste bedrijf dat een autobus bouwde en daar een speciale motor voor ontwikkelde.

Fageol werd in 1916 opgericht door de gebroeders Fageol. In 1927 hernoemden ze het bedrijf naar Twin Coach en vestigden zich in KentOhio. Het doel van de gebroeders Fageol was het maken van een bus die niet zou omvallen tijdens het maken van een bocht. Hun bus had een brede wielbasis en lag laag bij de grond, wat ook makkelijker was voor de passagiers. Omdat de bussen zo veilig waren werden ze al snel “Safety Coach” (in het Nederlands: “veilige bus”) genoemd. Toen het bedrijf werd omgedoopt tot Twin Coach werd ook de uitvoering van de bussen enigszins aangepast. Er werd een extra motor in de bus gezet waardoor hij veel meer passagiers kon vervoeren en hogere snelheden kon behalen.

001

FAGEOL Plant – Hollywood

Twin Coach

 was een Amerikaanse autobus– en trolleybus– fabrikant en de opvolger van het bedrijf Fageol.

Twin Coach was een productiebedrijf voor autobussen en trolleybussen, dat tussen 1927 en 1950 bekend werd vanwege de technisch vernieuwende modellen die er werden ontwikkeld. Het bedrijf was eigendom van de broers Fageol, die het in 1916 onder de naam Fageol hadden opgericht. Het werd in 1927 hernoemd tot Twin Coach. Het hoofdkantoor van Twin Coach was gevestigd in KentOhio. Het bedrijf werd in 1950 verkocht aan Flxible. In de jaren ’60 hebben de broers nog een keer een bedrijf gehad onder de naam Highway Products.

Producten

De bussen die door de Twin Coach gemaakt werden stonden bekend als vernieuwend. Het geraamte van de bus was uniek omdat er twee motoren in lagen, waardoor er een hogere snelheid behaald kon worden en er meer mensen in konden worden vervoerd. Door de jaren heen ontwikkelde het bedrijf ook een 6 cilinder lpg bus.

Flxible

002

1915 Fageol Trackless Train Panama–Pacific International Exposition, San Francisco

003

Fageol Tractor 5

004

Fageol Tractor 7

005

Fageol Motors Company Ad

006

Fageol truck hauling ZEROLENE L J Garcia Jr

007

Fageol truck airplane transport L J Garcia Jr

008

Fageol truck hauling ZEROLENE L J Garcia Jr

009

1917 Fageol-1½-ton experimental Tourer

010

Fageol Truck Plate

011

Fageol Truck

012

Fageol Ken Goudy Collection

013

1919 Fageol 445

014

1920 Fageol (Peterbilt)

015

1926 Fageol Bus 8 L J Garcia Jr

016

IMCDb.org Fageol Safety Coach

017

Fageol-safety-coach

018

Fageol-safety-coach L J Garcia Jr

019

1926 Fageol City Transit Bus, San Francisco, California

020

1926 Fageol Safety Coach Suburban Street Car L J Garcia Jr

021

1926 Fageol Safety Coach dealer L J Garcia Jr

022

1926 Fageol Los Angeles Railway 2303 L J Garcia Jr

023

1926 Fageol Special Inter-City Safety Coach L J Garcia Jr

024

1926 Fageol

025

1926 Fageol high end

010

026

1926 FAGEOL DOUBLE DECK BUS 604 Los Angeles

027

1926 Fageol DD Safety Coach

028

1927 Fageol bus

029

1928 Fageol Safety Coach

030

FAGEOL

031

FAGEOL

032

Fageol Ken Goudy Collection

033

Fageol Tractor

034

Fageol Truck

035

1928 Fageol Twin Coach

036

1929 Fageol

037

1929 Fageol Truck

038

1929 Fageol DD

039

1929 Fageol Truck

040

1930 Fageol Trucks

041

1930 Fageol Truck

042

1930 Fageol tanker © Ken Goudy Collection

010

043

FAGEOL

044

1932 Fageol

045

FAGEOL © Ken Goudy Collection

046

Fageol Colonial-Coach

047

FAGEOL Double Decker

048

Fageol didn’t stop with tractors

049

Fageol-twin-coach-special

050

Fageol-twin-coach-convertible

051

#

052

@

053

@

054

#

055

Fageol-twin-coach-special

056

Fageol-twin-coach-special bus

057

FAGEOL Eight Wheelers in SF 900

058

fageol-safety-coach L J Garcia Jr

059

Fageol-Safety-coach

060

Fageol-safety-coach

061

Fageol’s © Ken Goudy Collection

062

Fageol Greyhound-Bus-Advertisement

063

Fageol History

064

Fageol images

066

Fageol Ken Goudy Collection

067

1936 Fageol COE Ken Goudy Collection

068

1938 Fageol 10 66 offroad logger

069

1938 Flxible Coach-Bus-400

Seattle 1940 Twin Coach trolleybus 643 in 1990

1940 Seattle 1940 Twin Coach trolleybus 643 in 1990

071

1946 Fageol Twin Coach © Peter Cox Collection 2008 barp.ca

072

1946 Fageol Twin Coach.

073

1947 Fageol Twin Coach Transit Bus

074

1947 Fageol ‘Twin’ Coach

075

1947 Flxible Clipper

076

1948 Fageol Twin Coach BCE M852

077

1948 Fageol Twin Coach S-41 © Joe Palangio Collection

078

1948 Flxible Coach about FLXIBLE Later more!!

079

1948 Twin Coach Fageol Maarse-Kroon NL

080

1948 Twin Coach Fageol Maarse-Kroon sign on front

081

1948 Twin Coach Fageol Maarse-Kroon

082

Fageol Twin Coach Maarse & Kroon Museum © Steyrman Buzzy Bee Forum

083

Fageol Twin Coach 009-Supertwin

084

Fageol Twin Coach buses 3 Versions

085

Fageol T C

086

Fageol Twin Coach 41-5

087

Fageol Twin Coach bceM135-9-4-49 © Peter Cox Collection 2008

088

Fageol sunset fag © Ken Goudy Collection

089

Fageol twin coach

090

FAGEOL Fr

091

Fageol Twin Coach image

092

1949 Fageol COE 554

093

FAGEOL pitstop

094

Fageol + Twin Coach Buses © William A Luke

095

1950 Fageol car

096

1951 Fageol-Twin-Coach

097

1952 Fageol-busse-oldtimer

098

1952 Fageol FV-24

099

1952 Fageol truck

100

1952 Fageol Vintage bus

101

1953 Fageol demenagement

102

1953 Fageol demenagement

103

1955 Fageol Twin Coach which was used as a mobile post office in Oregon 2 © Mark Rohlfs Collection

104

1955 Fageol Twin Coach which was used as a mobile post office in Oregon © Mark Rohlfs Collection

105

1955 Fageol

106

Fageol 1061416

107

108

Fageol Camper/Kampeerwagen

109

Fageol bus

110

Fageol Ad

111

FAGEOL COE

112

Fageol Twin Coach Convertible

113

Fageol Vans brochure © Tom langford Collection

114

FAGEOL The Van

115

Fageol McCulloughRoadKing 700

116

Fageol Trucks Benton

117

Fageol

118

Fageol Vans brochure

114

Fageol Twin Coach San Francisco-586 © Phil Hom

120

Twin Coach Fageol liner for army

121

Fageol 24

122

Fageol Van

123

Fageol-truck-trailer-dump © C.A. Garrett Family Collection

124

1969 Highway Twin Coach III

125

1990 Fageol 41

126

Twin Coach 0059 © Ken Baker

Bye Bye

The End

Filed Under: ACF BRILLBrillBUSESFAGEOLFlxibleRaceTrolleybusesTWIN COACH,USA