History FIAT part VI 1990-1999

History FIAT

part VI  1990-1999

1990-1999

Fiat Marea Weekend JTD

Fiat Marea Weekend JTD

1990 Fiat Tempra

Fiat Tempra
1993 Fiat Tempra SX
Overview
Manufacturer Fiat
Tofaş
Mekong Auto
Also called Fiat Marengo (panel van)
Production 1990—1998
Assembly Cassino, Italy (1990—1996)
Bursa, Turkey (1990—1999)
Betim, Brazil (1991—1998)
Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam (1996-?)
Designer Ercole Spada at I.DE.A Institute
Body and chassis
Class Family car
Body style 2-door saloon (Brazil)
4-door saloon
5-door station wagon
5-door panel van
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel drive /four-wheel drive (estate)
Platform Type Three platform (Tipo Tre)
Related Alfa Romeo 145/146
Alfa Romeo 155
Fiat Tipo
Fiat Coupé
Lancia Delta
Lancia Dedra
Powertrain
Engine 1.4 L I4
1.6 L I4
1.8 L I4
2.0 L I4
2.0 L turbo I4
1.9 L diesel I4
1.9 L turbodiesel I4
Transmission 5-speed manual
4-speed automatic
“Selecta” CVT
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,540 mm (100 in)
Length Saloon: 4,355 mm (171.5 in)
Station Wagon: 4,472 mm (176.1 in)
Width 1,695 mm (66.7 in)
Height 1,445 mm (56.9 in)
Curb weight 1,030 kg (2,271 lb)-1,220 kg (2,690 lb)
Chronology
Predecessor Fiat Regata
Successor Fiat Marea

The Fiat Tempra (Type 159) is a small family car produced by the Italian automaker Fiat from 1990 to 1998. The Tempra was intended as a replacement for the Fiat Regata. The original project was called Tipo 3, being a mid-size car between the Fiat Tipo (project Tipo 2) and the bigger Fiat Croma (project Tipo 4). The Tempra shares its Type Three platform with the Lancia Dedra and Alfa Romeo 155.

The Tempra was named the 1991 Semperit Irish Car of the Year in Ireland.

Overview

The Tempra saloon was introduced in February 1990 at the Geneva Salon, with the station wagon (marketed as the “Tempra SW”) arriving two months later in Turin. The initial engine range comprised 1.4, 1.6 and 1.8 petrol units and normally aspirated and turbocharged 1.9-litre diesel units. The car began to be produced in Brazil for Latin American markets after being introduced in Aruba, September 1991. First seen in September 1992, a two-door coupé version of it was produced exclusively for the Brazilian market. It was built until 1995 and a turbocharged petrol version was also available there.

Mechanics

Fiat Tempra Station Wagon

Fiat Tempra Station Wagon

The Tempra’s engine range was similar to that of the Tipo. Initially 1.4- and 1.6-litre models had carburettor engines. Both of these models were discontinued in 1992 due to the new European emission standards and thus all models from 1992 on had catalytic converters and electronic injection. Transmission was a standard five speed manual, but for the first time a midsize sedan was offered as with a continuously variable transmission which was previously available on the Fiat Uno, Panda, Ritmo and Tipo. This, called the “Selecta”, was available only with the 1.6 litre engine with either bodystyle. As of July 1991, the 2.0-litre SX model became available with an optional four-speed automatic transmission. Presented in Geneva 1992 (March), there was a version of the station wagon which offered the 2-litre engine combined with permanent four-wheel drive. The four-wheel drive version had a slight front bias (56/44%).

During its 6 year production run, few changes were made apart from a minor facelift in April 1993 which resulted in a new front grille and other minor styling changes, as well as new equipment levels.

Chassis and main parts (most notably, the doors) were shared with the Fiat Tipo. Other vehicles, derived from the same project were Lancia Dedra (Tempra’s most similar cousin, sharing all mechanical components),Lancia Delta second generation, Alfa Romeo 155, Alfa 145 and Alfa 146.

Equipment and trim levels

Fiat Marengo MK2
Fiat Marengo (Tempra commercial)

Only two trim levels were available in its early years: standard (S) and SX, both reasonably equipped considering the Tempra’s low price.

SX models for example, featured power windows, power locks, adjustable belts and steering wheel, front fog lights, body coloured bumpers, velvet upholstery, a futuristic digital dashboard and many other standard extras. They were also available with optional extras like anti-lock brakes, alloy wheels, sunroof, electronic climate control, etc.

A facelift in April 1993 featured more trim levels, now ranging from the standard models (“L” in the UK, where it was only available with 1.4 engine) via the S and SX to the top SLX, which was only available with 1.8- and 2.0-litre engines in the UK. An optional driver’s airbag was another innovation that year. The four-wheel drive Station Wagons continued to be available in some markets such as Switzerland. In Turkey, where Tofaş built the car, there were also “SX A” (automatic transmission) and “SX AK” (climate control added) versions available. The 1,000,000th Tofaş built was a Tempra 2.0 i.e. 16V. The Turkish 16 valve Tempra was not sold in the rest of Europe; it was also available with station wagon bodywork and has a 148 PS (109 kW) engine.

There was also the domestic market Marengo, a name also used before with the Regata Weekend and later again with the Marea Wagon. This is a commercial version of the Tempra which was based on the Station Wagon version, but with basic equipment, heavily tinted rear windows, and no rear seats. The engines were most commonly the naturally aspirated diesels.

Reports

1992 Fiat Tempra digital dashboard

Digital dashboard on SX models

Fiat Tempra Interior and standard dashboard on S models

Tempra Interior and standard dashboard on S models

Quattroruote, a popular Italian motoring magazine, reported some failures and defects with the Tempra. The first issue to be reported was some water ingress through thewindscreen seals, an issue that previously plagued some other Fiat vehicles, especially Alfa 33, which in rainy conditions would carry a significant quantity of water on board. This problem was reported from 1990–92 and was resolved with using a higher quantity of sealant when fitting the glass.

Another reported problem was a high oil consumption, especially the 1,581 cc engine, which was a common defect with Tipo (with the same engine) and Panda (1000 FIRE engine). The same was reported for other Fiat’s vehicles, but disappeared with the new 1.6 L 66 kW engine.

On the same model, from 1994, the car started to show some electronic malfunctions, with items such as the electronic control unit, code key and electric system. A design flaw of the Tempra was that its rear window was too small and inclined and the tail too tall, so that rear visibility was poor. This issue was common with the 155 and Dedra, and was one of the reason the estate had more success than the saloon, especially in the UK.

Qualities

Since the beginning, the Tempra was presented as a cheap and reliable car. 1.4 and 1.6 engines were able to run long distances with good fuel economy, also aided by a high capacity tanks of 65 litres (17 US gal; 14 imp gal) for the sedan and 70 L (18 US gal; 15 imp gal) for the Station Wagon. Average range for a 55 kW 1.6 litre sedan was around 920 km (572 mi) (14 km/L or 7.1 l/100 km or 39.5 mpg-imp), and consumption at constant speed was of 16.5 km/L (6.1 l/100 km; 46.6 mpg-imp) at 90 km/h (56 mph) and 11.6 km/L (8.6 l/100 km; 32.8 mpg-imp) at 130 km/h (81 mph). All these were aided by a favorable aerodynamic (Cx 0.297) and only 17.2 PS subtracted at 100 km/h (62 mph), which was the best result among all the rivals.

Another advantage was the galvanized structure, which allowed the model to be resistant against rust over the time, also showing a good response to weather and bad climate conditions after many years. Other qualities were the strength and reliability of the mechanics, thanks to the engine that could be used in urban drive, extra-urban and highways. For its luggage capacity, especially the Marengo version, was also one of the favourites among companies with the 1929 diesel engine, and the interior space was comfortable for 5 persons during long travels.

Another

Fiat Tempra rear view

Fiat Tempra rear view

End of production

The Tempra was discontinued in Europe in 1996, and in Brazil in 1998. It was replaced by the Fiat Marea, which is based on the Fiat Bravo and Fiat Brava platform, the replacements for the Tempra’s sister car the Fiat Tipo.

In Brazil 204,795 Tempras were produced in eight years, and in Turkey, where the car was manufactured by Tofaş from November 1990 until 1999, 129,590 were made.

Return in 2014

2014 Dodge Dart will be the future Fiat Tempra in Brazil

Dodge Dart will be the future Fiat Tempra in Brazil

According to news recently published, Fiat has the intention of launching its Italian version of Dodge Dart, known as Fiat Viaggio in Europe and Asia, as Fiat Tempra in Brazil. The sedan’s debut might happen between the end of 2013 and the beginning of 2014.

1992 Fiat Cinquecento

Fiat Cinquecento
Fiat Cinquecento S
Overview
Manufacturer Fiat
Production 1991–1998
Assembly Tychy, Poland
Designer Giorgetto Giugiaro
Body and chassis
Class City car
Body style 3-door hatchback
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive
Powertrain
Engine 704 cc I2 (petrol)
903 cc I4 (petrol)
899 cc I4 (petrol)
1108 cc I4 (petrol)
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,200 mm (86.6 in)
Length 3,230 mm (127.2 in)
3,226 mm (127.0 in) (Sporting)
Width 1,490 mm (58.7 in)
1,486 mm (58.5 in) (Sporting)
Height 1,435 mm (56.5 in)
Curb weight 675–727 kg (1,488–1,603 lb)
Chronology
Predecessor Fiat 126
Successor Fiat Seicento

Fiat Cinquecento S rear

Rear view

The Fiat Cinquecento (Type 170) (/ˌɪŋkwəˈɛnt/; Italian pronunciation: [tʃiŋkweˈtʃɛnto]) was a city car designed by Giorgetto Giugiaro launched by Fiat in late 1991 to replace the Fiat 126. It was the first Fiat model to be solely manufactured in the FSM plant in Tychy, Poland, which had been sold to Fiat by the Polish state, and where production of the Polish variant of the Fiat 126, the Polski Fiat 126p, was still running. Production of the Cinquecento ended in 1998, when it was replaced by the Seicento. Despite its name, its lowest displacement was 704 cc.

The Cinquecento was available in one body style only, a small, angular 3-door hatchback, with a favorable drag coefficient of only 0.33 that bore similarities to the Lancia Y10. It featured several advances compared to older Fiat city cars, including independent suspension both in the front and in the rear similar to the Fiat Tipo, front disc brakes, side impact bars along with crumple zones incorporated in the design and galvanized body panels to fend off corrosion. Steering was by rack and pinion, and although power steering was never offered, the car could be ordered with a number of extras, including central locking, power windows, sunroof(or full-length retractable canvas roof in the Soleil version) and even air conditioning.

Engines

Unlike the rear-wheel drive 126, the Cinquecento was a front-wheel drive car. Whereas the 126 had a rear mounted engine, the Cinquecento now featured a front mounted engine.

It was initially available with two engine choices, with the 1.1 L FIRE or “sporting” joining the lineup later. Interestingly, while the 704 cc engine was mounted longitudinally, the bigger units were fitted transversely, making the little Fiat one of the few cars in the world available with both configurations at the same time.

704 cc

The smallest engine, intended for sale in Poland only, was a 704 cc ohv two-cylinder unit, delivering 31 metric horsepower (23 kW) or 30 metric horsepower (22 kW) with catalyst. Cinquecento inherited this unit from the 126p BIS, an evolution of the 126p which was cancelled when the Cinquecento production started. In order to be fitted in the front-wheel drive Cinquecento, it underwent a major refurbishment (although the engine still employed a carburettor), which resulted, among other changes, in the crankshaft revolving in the opposite direction than in the 126p BIS!

903/899 cc

The bigger engine was the 903 cc 40 PS (29 kW; 39 hp) version of the veteran ohv four-cylinder engine, which saw service in many small Fiat models, starting with Fiat 850. (This engine dates back to the initial 633 cc unit as introduced in the 1955 FIAT 600.) It was fitted with single point fuel injection and was the base engine in most markets. Due to fiscal limitations, the displacement of this unit was limited to 899 cc in 1993, with a slight reduction of output, now producing 39 PS (29 kW; 38 hp). This engine is derived from that used in the Fiat 127. While it still retains OHV chain drive pushrod layout it now has hydraulic tappets. Also now uses twin coil distributorless ignition.

1.1 FIRE (Sporting)

Fiat Cinquecento Sporting a

Cinquecento Sporting

Fiat Cinquecento Trofeo

Cinquecento Trofeo

In 1994, Fiat introduced the Cinquecento Sporting, featuring the 1108 cc SOHC FIRE 54 PS (40 kW; 53 hp) engine from the entry-level Punto of the same era, mated to a close-ratio gearbox. Other additions were a drop in standard ride height, front anti-roll bar, 13″ alloy wheels, plus colour-coded bumpers and mirrors. The interior saw a tachometer added, along with sports seats, red seatbelts and a leather steering wheel and gear knob.

It is the Sporting model which gave birth to a rallying trophy and a Group A Kit-Car version.

Elettra

From 1992-1996 Fiat also produced and sold an electric variant of the Cinquecento called the Elettra. The car was offered with either a Lead-acid or NiCd batterypack, providing a ranges of 62 mi (100 km) and 93 mi (150 km) respectively. Unlike purpose built electric cars, the Cinquecento Elettra used two battery packs, one in the engine bay and one under the rear seats, replacing the fuel tank. Although selling for 140,000 francs (~US$159,000), the Cinquecento Elettra enjoyed relative popularity in Italy, France and Switzerland.

Abarth

Fiat offered optional extras from the factory labelled with the Abarth name. The Abarth extras for the Cinquecento consisted of cosmetic changes only. A front apron with fitted fog lights, a rear apron, side skirts and a rear spoiler with a fitted 3rd brake light. There were also a set of 13″ Speedline 5-spoke alloys wheels available instead of the standard Sporting alloys.

Unlike true Abarth models, there were no engine upgrades available from the factory and the car could not be purchased as a whole separate model. The Abarth parts were to be added by the purchaser at the time of ordering, hence why it is common to see cars with only some of the Abarth extras.

Fiat Cinquecento Abarth

Cinquecento Abarth

Concepts

In the mid-1990s, a number of concept cars based on the Fiat Cinquecento were developed by a number of design houses including one that featured half of the car’s interior and a running board to place a bike. Another of these designs was the Lucciola, a proposal for a new Cinquecento by Giorgetto Giugiaro. However instead of the car becoming the next small Fiat city car, a version of the design ended up being put into production by the South Korean Daewoo Motor as their Matiz.

In popular culture

A Fiat Cinquecento appears in several episodes of the British sitcom The Inbetweeners in which main character Simon Cooper owns a yellow, fictional model known as a Fiat Cinquecento ‘Hawaii’ (the model used in filming appears to be a Sporting edition). Its appearance and features (including a tape deck and a replacement red side door) are frequently ridiculed by the characters. Over the course of the series, the car ends up with the following misfortunes:

  • Simon driving the car into the middle of a funeral procession (Thorpe Park)
  • Main character Jay Cartwright tearing off the passenger door when Simon is trying to park it at Thorpe Park (Thorpe Park)
  • The Happy Foundation charity trashing the car after main character Will McKenzie insults them on Nemesis Inferno (Thorpe Park)
  • Main character Neil Sutherland having sex with a goth girl, causing the seats to go damp (Caravan Club)
  • The car getting clamped after Simon parks in front of a no ‘parking’ sign (A Night Out in London)
  • An angry Chinese man rocking the car after he missed all his work placements, because of Simon’s car blocking his van (A Night Out in London)
  • The car drifting into a lake after the handbrake fails (The Camping Trip)

1994 Fiat Punto

Fiat Punto
Fiat Punto, 2. Generation Facelift
Overview
Manufacturer Fiat
Also called Fiat Grande Punto
Fiat Punto Evo
Production 1993–present
Body and chassis
Class Supermini
Body style 3-door hatchback
5-door hatchback
2-door convertible
3-door van
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive
Chronology
Predecessor Fiat Uno

The Fiat Punto is a supermini car produced by the Italian manufacturer Fiat since 1993, spanning over three generations. The third generation of the car was marketed as the Grande Punto, between 2005 and 2009, and the Punto Evo, between 2009 and 2012, when the bare Punto name was re-introduced. As of February 2012, nearly 8.5 million units had been produced.

First generation (1993–1999)

First generation (176)
Fiat Punto, 1. Generation
Overview
Production 1993–1999
Assembly Melfi, Potenza, Italy
Mirafiori, Torino, Italy
Termini Imerese, Palermo, Italy
Designer Giorgetto Giugiaro (hatchback)
Bertone (convertible)
Body and chassis
Body style 3-door hatchback
5-door hatchback
2-door convertible
3-door van
Related Fiat Barchetta
Fiat Albea
Fiat Doblò
Fiat Palio
Fiat Siena
Fiat Strada
Lancia Y
Powertrain
Engine 1.1 L I4 (petrol)
1.2 L I4 (petrol)
1.2 L I4 16-valve (petrol)
1.4 L I4 turbo (petrol)
1.6 L I4 (petrol)
1.7 L I4 (diesel)
1.7 L I4 (turbo-diesel)
Transmission 5-speed manual
6-speed manual
CVT automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,450 mm (96.5 in)
Length 3,760 mm (148.0 in)
Width 1,625 mm (64.0 in)
Height 1,450 mm (57.1 in)
Curb weight 830–1,040 kg (1,830–2,290 lb)
1,070 kg (2,360 lb) (cabrio)

Fiat Punto 60 rear

Fiat Punto rear

Internally codenamed Project 176, the Punto was announced in September 1993 as a replacement for the ageing Fiat Uno and launched in late 1993/early 1994 depending on the market. The Fiat Punto was voted European Car of the Year for 1995, defeating rival Volkswagen Polo by only 78 points.

The Punto was designed by Giorgetto Giugiaro and was available as a three-door or five-door hatchback, and a two-door cabriolet.

Entry level

Entry-level in the Punto range were the 1.1 and 1.2 L petrol engines and the 1.7 diesel engine. The 1.2 engine’s actual capacity is 1242 cc, available in three versions. The first, was fitted in the Punto ELX 75 and produced 75 hp (56 kW) at 6000 rpm while the second, fitted to Punto ELX 85 produced 86 hp (64 kW) at 6000 rpm. The third was a 60 hp (45 kW) engine which eventually replaced the 1.1 54 hp (40 kW) engine.

Sporting versions

A Sporting model was also available with an 1.6 8v updated 128 SOHC engine, producing 88 hp (66 kW), later replaced in 1997 by the 1.2 16v FIRE engine used in the 85 ELX, and a power drop to 86 hp (64 kW).

GT versions

The top of the range model was the 136 PS (100 kW; 134 hp) 1.4 GT, using an evolution of the turbocharged 128 SOHC engine originally found in the Fiat Uno Turbo Mk II – capable of running over 200 km/h (120 mph) and reaching 100 km/h (62 mph) in just 7.9 seconds and came fitted with a five-speed manual gearbox. During the years the GT was made in three different “series” with power 136 PS (100 kW; 134 hp) (1993–1995),133 PS (98 kW; 131 hp) (1995–1997) and 130 PS (96 kW; 130 hp) (1997–1999).

Convertible

1993–1999 Fiat Punto Bertone Cabrio

1993–1999 Fiat Punto Cabrio

A cabriolet (convertible) version was also available; built by Bertone (rather than at the main Fiat factory), it featured an electric powered fully retracting roof and was one of the cheapest open-top cars in the world at the time. In Europe, it was also made with a manual roof. Available in both ELX and SX trim, initially powered by the 90 hp (67 kW) 1.6 Mpi unit (replaced in 1995 by the 86 hp (64 kW) 1.2-L 16v FIRE unit). Approximately 55,000 cars were built between 1994 and 1999, although the last cars were registered in 2000.

Other versions

Particular versions of the first generation Punto were the Punto 6Speed, a 1.1 FIRE Punto 55 with a six-speed gearbox, the Punto Selecta with a CVT-type automatic gearbox, and the Punto ED (Economical Drive), a 1.1 Punto whose five-speed gearbox was designed for high fuel efficiency.

Second generation (1999–2010)

Second generation (188)
Fiat Punto II front
Overview
Also called Fiat Punto Classic
Zastava 10
Production 1999–2010 (Italy)
2005–2011 (Serbia)
Assembly Melfi, Potenza, Italy
Mirafiori, Torino, Italy
Termini Imerese, Palermo, Italy
Kragujevac, Serbia (Zastava)
Body and chassis
Body style 3-door hatchback
5-door hatchback
3-door van
Related Fiat Barchetta
Fiat Idea
Lancia Ypsilon
Lancia Musa
Powertrain
Engine 1.2 L I4 (petrol)
1.2 L I4 16-valve (petrol)
1.4 L I4 16-valve (petrol)
1.8 L I4 16-valve (petrol)
1.3 L I4 MultiJet (diesel)
1.9 L I4 DS (diesel)
1.9 L I4 JTD (diesel)
Transmission 5-speed manual
6-speed manual (Sporting)
5-speed semi-automatic (Dualogic)
6-speed semi-automatic(Speedgear)
7-speed semi-automatic(Speedgear)
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,460 mm (96.9 in)
Length 3,800 mm (149.6 in) (3-door, 1999–03)
3,835 mm (151.0 in) (5-door, 1999–03)
3,840 mm (151.2 in) (3-door, 2003–10)
3,865 mm (152.2 in) (5-door, 2003–10)
Width 1,660 mm (65.4 in)
Height 1,480 mm (58.3 in)
Curb weight 860–1,050 kg (1,900–2,310 lb)

Fiat Punto II rear

Fiat Punto rear

The second generation Punto, codenamed Project 188, was launched in September 1999 at the Frankfurt Motor Show. The styling was all-new while retaining the original Punto’s distinctive shape and design, while the chassis and interior were completely overhauled. The new Punto also became the first Fiat in decades to carry the original round Fiat badge, to celebrate Fiat’s centenary.

At the launch event of the hatchback, the Fiat Wish concept car was also presented, which was hardtop convertible version of the Fiat Punto, very similar in styling with the Peugeot 206 CC. The model was conceived by Pininfarina to celebrate the centenary of Fiat.

Entry level

The 1.1 and 1.4-L turbo engines were discontinued due to emissions issues and the entry-level models had only a 1.2-L petrol unit, with either 8 or 16 valves, giving 60 hp (45 kW) and 80 hp (60 kW) respectively, or a 1.9-L diesel, with or without common rail injection.

Sporting versions

1991-98 Fiat Cinquento Abarth

Fiat Punto HGT Abarth

Two sporty versions were offered. The 1.2-L 16 valve Sporting model with a six-speed manual, and the 1.8-L HGT which could reach almost 130 mph (210 km/h). The 1.2-L 16V model also has a Speedgear CVT-equipped variant (with a sequential manual shift mode consisting of six gears, seven for the Sporting model). The 1.8-L HGT accelerates from 0-60 in 8.0 seconds. It was considered a big improvement in handling over the Punto GT. The HGT was also available (in limited numbers) as an “HGT Abarth” which added deeper bumpers, rear spoiler, side skirts, new alloy wheels and interior trim. The HGT Abarth had no technical improvements over the regular HGT.

Power steering

The second generation Punto has also adopted the Dualdrive electric power steering and came with two operation modes, using an electric motor, rather than a hydraulic pump driven by the engine. This resulted in reduced fuel consumption and less environmental impact. It has a fuel economy of 5.6 l/100 km (50 mpg-imp; 42 mpg-US) – urban and 3.9 l/100 km (72 mpg-imp; 60 mpg-US) – extra urban for the 1.9-L diesel. The 1.8-L petrol does 8.8 l/100 km (32 mpg-imp; 27 mpg-US) – urban and 5.3 l/100 km (53 mpg-imp; 44 mpg-US) – extra urban.

Facelift

Fiat Punto, 2. Generation Facelift

2003–2010 Fiat Punto

2003–2010 Fiat Punto II rear

2003–2010 Fiat Punto rear

In early 2003, Fiat celebrated the rollout of the 5,000,000th production Punto. In the same year, the second-generation facelift brought further revisions to the platform, including extensive changes to the exterior styling and engines, partly due to changes in pedestrian safety regulations.

The round Fiat badge, found only on the bonnet of second-generation models, was introduced on the tailgate of the second generation facelift. On 1 June 2005, Fiat produced the 6,000,000th Punto at the Melfi plant.

Engine changes included a new 1.4 L 16v engine, alongside the staple 1.2 and 1.2 L 16v variants, and the introduction of two HGT versions, the 1.9 L MultiJet diesel engine and the 1.8 L 16v petrol engine, which could reach almost 130 mph (210 km/h) continued over from the pre-facelift version. There was an introduction also of the 1.3 L common rail diesel MultiJet engine.

Punto Classic

Despite the launch of the slightly larger Grande Punto at the end of 2005, the second-generation Punto remained in production, marketed as the Punto Classic, and has been sold in many emerging markets in addition to the newer versions. It was launched for the first time in Chile in 2007. It ended production in Italy in November 2010.

Zastava 10

2006–2008 Zastava 10

2006–2008 Zastava 10

In October 2005, Serbian manufacturer Zastava reached an agreement with Fiat to assemble this version under licence in Kragujevac, Serbia, with the model name Zastava 10. After acquiring a majority stake in Zastava in the autumn of 2008, Fiat continued production of this vehicle under the Fiat Punto Classic name from March 2009. Production was stopped in mid 2011, and it never got restarted despite some rumors. It has been available with the 1.2-litre petrol engine and later, also with the 1.3-litre diesel engine.

Trim levels

The Punto was initially released in four different trim leveles: S, SX, ELX and HLX, that were later renamed to Actual, Active, Dynamic and Emotion. Three special versions of the three-door hatchback were also available: Sporting, HGT and Abarth. The top level included such features as ABS, front and side airbags, window bags, remote locking, front power windows, electrical power steering, air conditioning, trip computer with four functions, CD player, CD changer, alloy rims and fog lamps. Options such as navigation and burglar alarm were also offered. After the facelift, it also received EBD, ESP with ASR and hill holder, climate control with double zone heating, MP3 player and subwoofer (HGT only), rear parking sensors and cruise control as an option. A revised instrument panel with a larger display could now show the instant consumption too.

Engines

Four petrol engines with single-point injection system were available, as well as one indirect injection diesel and three common rail turbocharged diesel engines with intercooler (JTD and MultiJet). The 1.8-L 16v and the 1.9-L MultiJet engines were available only with the three-door version in the HGT trim level.

Third generation (2005–present)

Main article: Fiat Grande Punto

Fiat Grande Punto 2009

Fiat Grande Punto

The Grande Punto, codenamed Project 199, was unveiled at the 2005 Frankfurt Motor Show and went on sale later on that year. Again styled by Giugiaro, the car is using the Fiat SCCS platform, a variation of the General Motors Gamma Platform.

Punto Evo

In 2009, the Grande Punto was facelifted, with the replacement known as the Punto Evo. It received a new front end in addition to revised rear lights and a new interior.

Punto

In 2012, the Punto name was bought back when the Punto Evo was facelifted and given a similar front end to the 2005 Grande Punto. The new Punto kept the revised rear lights and interior of the 2009 Punto Evo, but not on the base ‘Pop’ trim level which reverted to the older Grande Punto interior.

In October 2014, Top Gear magazine placed the Punto Pop 1.2-L 8v 69 on its list of “The worst cars you can buy right now”, describing the car as “An outclassed elderly supermini that kicks out 126 g/km yet takes 14.4 secs to wheeze to 62 mph, and it costs more than £10k.”

The Grande Punto in India went through a facelift changing the front face and a revised rear and giving it a more aggressive look and was named Punto Evo. This car also sports an SUV-like ground clearance of 185mm for diesel and 195mm for petrol to suit Indian roads.

Fiat Punto Evo 2014 at a dealership in Bangalore

Fiat Punto Evo 2014 at a dealership in Bangalore.

In October 2014, Fiat India released the Avventura, which was a crossover variant of the Punto Evo.

Punto Van

The Punto Van is a compact van designed for the commercial market. It features a petrol 1.2-L 8v engine, a petrol/CNG 1.2-L 8v engine and a diesel 1.3-L MultiJet 16v engine.

Motorsport

Fiat Grande Punto Abarth S2000

Fiat Grande Punto Abarth S2000

The Punto has always been popular with amateur racing drivers due to its low cost and the wide availability of spare parts. Several competition and homologated versions of the Punto have been produced, such as the Punto Rally, the S1600 and the Punto Abarth. A new rally car based on the third generation Punto, the Super 2000 Punto Abarth, was unveiled in 2005. It is four-wheel drive and powered by a 2.0 L 16 valve engine capable of producing 280 hp (210 kW). Also, a turbodiesel front-wheel-drive rally car has been produced, the Fiat Grande Punto R3D.

The Punto was the first diesel car to compete in the Targa Tasmania.

The Punto has won several rally championships, specifically:

A motorsport version of the car can be found in several liveries in the video games Colin McRae Rally 04, Colin McRae: DiRT, Sega Rally Revo and Gran Turismo 6.

1995 Fiat Barchetta

Fiat Barchetta
Fiat Barchetta a
Overview
Manufacturer Fiat
Production 1995–2002
2004–2005
Assembly Chivasso, Italy (Maggiora)
Mirafiori plant, Turin, Italy
Designer Andreas Zapatinas and Alessandro Cavazza 1992
Body and chassis
Class Sport compact
Body style Roadster
Layout FF layout
Related Fiat Punto I
Powertrain
Engine 1.8L l4 16V
Transmission 5-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,443 mm (96.2 in)
Length 3,916 mm (154.2 in)
Width 1,640 mm (65 in)
Height 1,265 mm (49.8 in)
Curb weight 1,056 kg (2,328 lb)

The Fiat Barchetta (Italian pronunciation: [ˈfiat barˈketta]) (Type 183) is a roadster produced by the Italian manufacturer Fiat from 1995 to 2005 (though production was paused between May 2002 and 2004). “Barchetta” in Italian means ‘little boat‘.

History

The Barchetta was developed between 1990 and 1994 under the project name Tipo B Spider 176. It was designed by Andreas Zapatinas and Alessandro Cavazza under the supervision of Peter Barrett Davis and other car designers at the Fiat Centro Stile, and prototyping was carried out by Stola.

Production began in February 1995 and lasted until June 2005, with a brief pause due to the bankruptcy of coachbuilder Maggiora. The Barchetta was based on the chassis of the Mark 1 Fiat Punto. The Barchetta has 1,747 cc DOHC petrol engine fitted with variable camshaft timing, used for the first time in a Fiat production car, after being patented in 1970. The engine has 132 PS (97 kW; 130 hp) and 164 N·m (121 lb·ft) of torque. The Barchetta weighs 1056 kg (2328 lb) without air conditioning and can accelerate to 100 km/h (62 mph) in 8.9 seconds and has a top speed of 200 km/h (124 mph). It came in various trim levels which offered different features, for example, diamond cross stitch – patterned red leather instead of the standard black leather or fabric seats, alloy wheels instead of steel wheels, or fog-lights as an option. Arguably one of the biggest external cosmetic changes was made by the addition of the third brake light, first introduced by Fiat on the Lido and Riviera in 2000, and on sub models thereafter.

The Barchetta was revised in 2003 for its relaunch the following year, with some alterations inside and out. The most notable changes were the revised front spoiler and rear bumper. Production of the car eventually stopped in June 2005.

Production

Fiat Barchetta rear view (with third Brake-Light on the boot-lid)

Fiat Barchetta rear view (with third Brake-Light on the boot-lid)

Car bodies were welded at ILCAS in Sparone Canavese, and final assembly was done in Chivasso by the coachbuilder Maggiora.

After Maggiora’s bankruptcy in 2002, Fiat relocated production of the Barchetta to its Mirafiori plant and resumed production two years later. Around 57,700 cars were built up to 2005.

Production of the Barchetta was limited to LHD cars only, even though the car was marketed and sold in two RHD markets, the United Kingdom and Japan.

Bertone concept car

Fiat Barchetta by Bertone

Fiat Barchetta by Bertone, 2007

The Italian styling house of Bertone created a one-off roadster show car for Fiat called the Barchetta in 2007.

This picture was taken at the Bertone facility near Turin, Italy.

Notable examples

Perhaps the most well known ‘review’ of a Barchetta was one which featured in a Top Gear special which aired in December 2010. In the episode, the three presenters (Jeremy Clarkson, Richard Hammond and James May) attempted to follow the path of the Three Wise Men to Bethlehem. Hammond drove the Fiat Barchetta (specifically a Riviera Special Edition featuring a black paint job and red quilted leather), compared to Clarkson’s Mazda MX-5 and May’s BMW Z3. At the end of the episode, the Barchetta was declared the most desirable and reliable of the three cars.

1995 Fiat Bravo/Brava

Fiat Bravo
Fiat Brava
Fiat Bravo 1998–1999.

Fiat Bravo
Overview
Also called Fiat Bravissimo (Japan)
Production 1995–2001
Assembly Cassino, Piedimonte San Germano, Italy
Bursa, Turkey (Brava only)
Designer Centro Stile Fiat 1992
Body and chassis
Class Small family car
Body style 3-door hatchback (Bravo)
5-door hatchback (Brava)
Layout FF layout
Platform Type Two platform (Tipo Due)
Related Fiat Marea
Fiat Multipla
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,540 mm (100.0 in)
Length 4,020 mm (158.3 in) (Bravo)
4,190 mm (165.0 in) (Brava)
Width 1,750 mm (68.9 in)
Height 1,420 mm (55.9 in)
Chronology
Predecessor Fiat Tipo
Successor Fiat Stilo

The Fiat Bravo and Fiat Brava (Type 182) are small family cars produced by the Italian automaker Fiat from 1995 to 2001. They were effectively two versions of the same car, the Bravo a three-door hatchback and the Brava a five-door hatchback.

The Bravo name was revived in 2007 with the all-new Fiat Bravo, a replacement of the Stilo. The new version is available only with five doors. The name Brava was also used in the United States in the 1980s on the earlier Fiat 131.

History

Fiat Bravo 2

Fiat Brava

Fiat Brava rear

Fiat Brava rear

The Bravo and the Brava were replacements for Fiat’s successful but ageing Tipo model. The two cars were very different in styling detail and driving experience, the Bravo chassis being tuned for more precise handling whilst the Brava was tuned for better comfort. Even the interior trim and many of the body colours were unique to either one version or the other. The cars came with all new engines, the base model using a 1.4 L 12-valve engine producing 80 PS (59 kW). Three other petrol engines were available: the 103 PS (76 kW) 1.6 L 16-valve; the 113 PS (83 kW) 1.8 L 16-valve engine and the top of the range 2.0 L 20-valve R5 unit used in the HGT model, which produced 147 PS (108 kW) and which could take the car to a maximum speed of 213 km/h (132 mph), later in 1999 the 155 HGT model replaced the older model, power rising to 155 PS (114 kW). Two turbodiesel engines were also available: both were 1.9 L four cylinder units, one producing 75 PS (55 kW) and the other making 100 PS (74 kW). The Bravo/Brava was voted European Car of the Year on its launch.

Fiat Brava

fiat-brava

In 1996, the Bravo/Brava chassis spawned saloon and estate versions, badged Fiat Marea, a car which was aimed at Ford Mondeo and Opel/Vauxhall Vectra buyers, which won praise for its large boot. Another car based on the Bravo/Brava underpinnings was launched in 1998: the curious-looking Fiat Multipla, a six-seater compact MPV.

The Bravo/Brava received a mild makeover in 1999, but there were few real changes except the replacement of the 1.4 L 12-valve engine with a 1.2 L 16-valve engine from the smaller Fiat Punto and a restyling of the dashboard. The 1.9 turbodiesel was also phased out in favour of 1.9 JTD diesel units (now with and 105 PS or 77 kW), to give even better economy and refinement.

HGT Abarth

In late 1999 Fiat introduced the Abarth accessories for the Bravo, available were more aggressive wheels and bodykit, performance was the same as the 1.8 HGT model. Was produced since 2000 until 2002.

The Bravo/Brava was discontinued in late 2001, and replaced by the all-new Fiat Stilo.

1995 Fiat Coupé

Fiat Coupé
Fiat Coupé
Overview
Manufacturer Fiat
Production 1993–2000
Assembly Turin, Italy (Pininfarina)
Designer Chris Bangle at Centro Stile Fiat 1991
Pininfarina (Interiors)
Body and chassis
Class Sports car
Body style 2-door coupé
Layout FF layout
Platform Fiat Tipo 2
Powertrain
Engine 1.8 l4 16V
2.0 l4 16V
2.0 l5 20V
2.0 l4 16V Turbo
2.0 l5 20V Turbo
Transmission 5 and 6-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,540 mm (100.0 in)
Length 4,250 mm (167.3 in)
Width 1,768 mm (69.6 in)
Height 1,340 mm (52.8 in)
Curb weight 1,250–1,320 kg (2,760–2,910 lb)

The Fiat Coupé (type 175, officially titled the Coupé Fiat) was a coupé produced by the Italian manufacturer Fiat between 1993 and 2000. The car was introduced at Brussels Motor Show in 1993.

It is most remembered for its distinctive, angular design, with unique scalloped side panels. The body was designed by Chris Bangle from Centro Stile Fiat, while the interior was designed by Pininfarina. The exterior design would foreshadow much of late 1990s and early 2000s car design, acting as a precedent to both Bangle’s somewhat notorious work at BMW, as well as futuristic angular designs by other marques, such as Ford and Renault.

History

Fiat Coupé rear

Fiat Coupé rear

The Fiat Coupe made media headlines in auto magazines during 1992 after several spy shots were taken revealing the car on test. On its launch in 1993, the Coupé was available with a four cylinder, 2.0 L 16V engine, in both turbo (190 PS) and normally aspirated (139 PS) versions. Both engines were later versions of Fiat’s twin-cam design and inherited from the Lancia Delta Integrale, winner of the World Rally Championship a record six times. 1996 brought in a 1.8 L 16V engine (not available in the UK, 131 PS), along with a 2.0-litre 5-cylinder 20V (147 PS), and a 5-cylinder 2.0-litre 20V turbo (220 PS).

Fiat Coupé 20v Turbo Model

Fiat Coupé 20v Turbo Model

The turbocharged 16 and 20 valve versions were equipped with a very efficient Viscodrive limited-slip differential to counter the understeer that plagues most powerful front wheel drive cars. Additionally, the coupe featured independent suspension all round: at the front MacPherson struts and lower wishbones anchored to an auxiliary crossbeam, offset coil springs and anti-roll bar; at the rear, trailing arms mounted on an auxiliary subframe, coil springs and an anti-roll bar.

Production figures
Year Units made
1993 119
1994 17,619
1995 13,732
1996 11,273
1997 12,288
1998 9,042
1999 6,332
2000 2,357
Total 72,762

1998 saw the release of the Limited Edition which featured red Brembo brake calipers at the front and standard red calipers at the back, a body kit, push-button start, six-speed gearbox, strut brace to make the chassis more rigid and Recaro seats with red leather inserts which offered better support than the standard 20VT seats. The LE was produced in Black (flat), Red (flat), Vinci Grey (metallic), Crono Grey (flat) and Steel Grey (metallic). The bodywork of the LE also benefited from titanium coloured insert around the light bezels and the wing mirrors. Each Limited Edition (‘LE’) Coupé was manufactured with a badge located by the rear-view mirror which contained that car’s unique number (it is rumored that Michael Schumacher was the original owner of LE No. 0001, however when the question was raised to him personally he confirmed he had owned one, but a red one, while LE No. 0001 is a Crono Grey one). Originally a spokesman from Fiat stated only approximately 300 Limited Editions would be built. The final amount was much higher, with numbers as high as 1400 touted by some. This angered many of the owners of the original 300 cars and almost certainly impacted residual values. The original number however was quoted by a Fiat UK spokesman, so probably that number only applied to the UK market. The numbered plaque on every Coupe features enough space for 4 numbers.

Fiat Coupé Limited Edition (with aftermarket wheels and front bumper)

Fiat Coupé Limited Edition (with aftermarket wheels and front bumper)

In 1998 the 2.0-litre 5-cylinder 20V got a Variable Inlet System which brought the power to 154 PS (113 kW). The 2.0-litre 5-cylinder 20V Turbo received a 6-speed gearbox and a large, satin gloss push starter button. In addition, the sills of the Turbo version were colour matched with the body paintwork. Fiat also released the 2.0 L 5 cylinder Turbo ‘Plus’. This model came with an option kit that made it virtually identical to the LE, except for minor interior design changes and without the unique identification badge of the LE.

In 2000 Fiat released another special version of the Fiat Coupé. Featuring the 1.8-litre engine, it was only available throughout mainland Europe and marketed as an elegant and affordable edition. Fiat also made changes throughout the rest of the range: new seats, side skirts and wheels for the 2.0-litre 20V model, ‘Plus’ edition wheels on turbo models and Fiat manufactured seats on the ‘Plus’ that were virtually identical to the original Plus Recaro seats with the addition of extra airbags. The 2.0-litre 20V Turbo model is capable of accelerating from 0–100 km/h (0 to 62 mph) in 6.5 seconds, with a top speed of 240 km/h (149 mph) or 250 km/h (155 mph) with later 6-speed gearbox. When production finally stopped in September 2000, a total number of 72,762 units had been produced.

Fiat Coupé's interior

Fiat Coupé’s interior

Fiat Coupé 20v Turbo Plus Model (with factory fitted Body Kit)

Fiat Coupé 20v Turbo Plus Model (with factory fitted Body Kit)

1995 Fiat Ulysse and other Eurovans

Eurovans
Peugeot_807_HDi_FAP_135_Premium_(Facelift)

Peugeot 807 (facelift), one of the four Eurovan versions
Overview
Manufacturer Sevel Nord
Production March 1994–June 2014
Assembly Lieu-Saint-Amand, France (Sevel)
Body and chassis
Class Large MPV
Body style 5-door MPV
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive
Related Sevel Nord vans
Chronology
Successor Fiat Freemont
Lancia Voyager

The Eurovans are a family of large MPVs from the Citroën, Peugeot, Fiat and Lancia marques, produced at the jointly-owned Sevel Nord factory in France. It was launched in March 1994, and production ceased in November 2010 for the Fiat and Lancia models, and in June 2014 for the Citroën and Peugeot siblings.

The Eurovans differ little technically and visually, being a prime example of badge engineering. They share mechanicals and body structure with the Sevel Nord light commercial vans, the Citroën Jumpy (Dispatch),Fiat Scudo and Peugeot Expert.

First generation (1994–2002)

First generation
Citroen_evasion_side
Overview
Also called Citroën Evasion (Synergie)
Fiat Ulysse
Lancia Zeta
Peugeot 806
Production March 1994–February 2002
Body and chassis
Platform Sevel Nord vans

The first generation Eurovans were introduced in 1994. They are smaller than American vans, like the Chrysler Voyager, which is also available in Europe. In contrast to the Toyota Previa and like American minivans they had sliding rear side doors, a trait they share with their commercial siblings. In spite of the fact that the Voyager also came in the “Grand” versions with elongated body and wheelbase (and the Espace followed suit in 1997), the Eurovans only came in one size.

The Eurovans were almost identical, the differences consisting in different grilles, lower tailgates/taillights, wheel covers/alloy wheels and exterior and interior badging, as well as different trim levels. In October 1998, the Eurovans were mildly facelifted.

Inside, the gear lever was mounted on the dashboard rather than on the floor, and the handbrake is on the door side of the driver’s seat, which allowed for the removal of middle console and opened up a passage between the front seats. The seating configurations included two fixed seats in front and three individual removable seats in the middle row, along with optional two individual removable seats or a three-seater bench in the third row.

Engines

The first-generation Eurovans utilized PSA’s XU/XUD engines, regardless of brand. They were later replaced by the PSA EW/DW engine. All were mated to 5-speed manual transmissions, apart from the 2.0 16v EW petroleum engine, which had an option of a 4-speed automatic.

Model differences

Citroën Evasion

Citroën_C8_front

Front view

The Evasion was badged Synergie in the RHD markets of both the United Kingdom and Ireland. However, the car maintained the Evasion name in New Zealand. In 1998, the Citroën Evasion got a slight facelift including a larger logo and a restyling of the front grille and rear bumper. The Citroen brand was sold in Mexico with a headquarters in Detroit.

Peugeot 806

Peugeot_806_front_20070920

Front view

Peugeot_806_rear_20070920

Rear view

The 806 was named according to Peugeot‘s “x0x” system, where the first digit indicates model series (vehicle size/class) and the last indicates the generation, with a central zero. The largest Peugeot series then available was the executive saloon 605, so Peugeot chose 8, potentially leaving room for an in between model. The Eurovans were launched when Peugeot was replacing the “x05” with “x06” models, so it was appropriately labeled “806”.

Fiat Ulysse

Fiat_Ulysse_front_20080326

Front view

Fiat_Ulysse_rear_20080326

Rear view

The Fiat was named after Ulysses, the Roman name for Odysseus, the hero of Homer‘s Odyssey. This could have been problematic as Honda used the Odyssey name for their minivan, but the Honda Odyssey was only sold in Europe in its first generation and then named Honda Shuttle. The Ulysse range received a facelift in 1999.

Lancia Zeta

Lancia_Zeta_front_20071004

Front view

Lancia_Zeta_rear

Rear view

Following the traditional naming theme, Lancia named its variant with the previously unused Greek letter Zeta. With its big chrome grille, the Lancia served as the “premium” Eurovan, not available with base engines and exceptionally well equipped, with prices up to 20% higher than corresponding versions of other Eurovans.

Second generation (2002–2014)

Second generation
Fiat Ulysse_2
Overview
Production February 2002–June 2014 (Citroën and Peugeot)
February 2002-November 2010 (Fiat and Lancia)
Body and chassis
Platform Sevel Nord vans
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,823 mm (111.1 in)
Length 4,727 mm (186.1 in) (Peugeot 807)
Width 1,854 mm (73.0 in) (Peugeot 807)
Height 1,752 mm (69.0 in) (Peugeot 807)

In 2002 the second generation of the Eurovans was launched. The 807 itself was launched in June, followed by the C8 in July. The floorpan, wheelbase, and postponement were not transformed, but all exterior dimensions-including front and rear tracks- were increased. The increase in length of almost 30 cm greatly enhanced interior volume. The new Eurovans were afforded a much more bubbly, contemporary look, along with a modern-looking dashboard with centrally mounted gauges.

The differences between the various versions were more marked, surrounding full front fascias and rear sections (including head- and tail-lights), as well as different interior colour themes. The middle and third row seats now had fore/aft sliders to increase flexibility and also adjustable backs. As with the first generation, a three-seater bench seat was available in the third row, slotting into the standard third row seat runners, with back-lowering and tilt forward arrangements to increase boot space.

The Citroën C8 and Peugeot 807 also got a light facelift in 2008.

The Fiat and the Lancia were slightly wider than PSA vans, and the Phedra is also longer than other Eurovans.

To highlight the launch of the V6 engine, Peugeot presented a design study called Peugeot 807 Grand Tourisme at the 2003 Geneva Motor Show. Despite the fancier 4-passenger interior and some mechanical and visual tuning, the car was essentially a top-of-the-line 807 in a purple colour.

Engines

The engine range comprised again of different versions of the PSA EW/DW engine, paired with either 5-speed manual or 4-speed automatic transmissions. (A six-speed manual option was added in the UK in late 2004). Additionally, top-of-the-line versions came with the PSA ES V6.

Model differences

Citroën C8

Citroën_C8_front

Front view

Citroën_C8_rear

Rear view

Citroën chose to put the minivan in line with its new naming theme, where models were called Cx (x being a number roughly corresponding to the relative size of a given model), hence the Citroën C8.

Peugeot 807

Peugeot_807_front

Front view

Peugeot_807_rear

Rear view

The 807 replaced the 806.

Fiat Ulysse

Fiat_Ulysse_front

Front view

Fiat Ulysse rear

Rear view

Fiat retained the Ulysse name for its second generation. The direct successor is the Fiat Freemont.

Lancia Phedra

Lancia Phaedra front

Front view

Lancia Phaedra rear

Rear view

As the new Lancias didn’t use Greek letters in the 2000s (until the Lancia Delta was reintroduced in 2008), the new minivan was called Lancia Phedra, in honor of the Greek mythological figure Phaedra. The successor is the Lancia Voyager.

1996 Fiat Palio

Fiat Palio
Fiat Palio in Paraty Brazil
Overview
Manufacturer Fiat
Production 1996–present
Body and chassis
Class Supermini
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive
Chronology
Predecessor Fiat Uno

The Fiat Palio is a supermini car produced by the Italian manufacturer Fiat since 1996. It is a world car, developed by Fiat Automóveis and aimed at developing countries. It has been produced in various countries worldwide, and its platform was also used in the Siena sedan, the Palio Weekend station wagon, the Palio Adventure crossover and the Strada light pick-up truck.

Origins of the Palio badge

The Palio badge originated on the Mark II Fiat 127, of 1977, where it was a trim designation rather than an actual model. The 127 Palio featured alloy wheels, a more luxurious interior, and a metallic paint finish as found on the 127 Sport. The Palio designation was also used on other Fiat models throughout the 1980s and 1990s in various markets.

First generation (1996–2011)

First generation (178)
2001 Fiat Palio Weekend (Europe)

1998 Fiat Palio 1.2-L 75 Weekend
Overview
Production 1996–2011
Assembly Betim, Brazil (Fiat Brazil)
Ferreyra, Argentina (Fiat Argentina)
Bursa, Turkey (Tofaş)
Bielsko-Biała & Tychy, Poland
Nanjing, China (Nanjing Fiat)
Pune, India (Fiat India)
Casablanca, Morocco (Somaca)
Rosslyn, South Africa (Nissan)
La Victoria, Aragua, Venezuela
Naberezhnye Chelny, Russia(ZMA)
Designer I.DE.A Institute (1996)
Giorgetto Giugiaro (2001, 2004)
Centre Stile Fiat Brazil (2007)
Body and chassis
Body style Three-door hatchback
Five-door hatchback
Five-door station wagon
Related Fiat Siena
Fiat Strada
Fiat Albea
Fiat Perla
Powertrain
Engine 1.0-L Fire I-4 (gasoline)
1.0-L Fiasa I-4 (gasoline)
1.1-L Fire I-4 (gasoline)
1.2-L Fire I-4 (gasoline)
1.3-L Fiasa I-4 (gasoline)
1.4-L Sevel I-4 (gasoline)
1.4- L Fire I-4 (gasoline)
1.5-L Fiasa I-4 (gasoline)
1.6-L Fiasa I-4 (gasoline)
1.6-L Sporting I-4 (gasoline)
1.6-L E.torQ I-4 (gasoline)
1.8-L X18XE I-4 (gasoline)
1.3-L Multijet I-4 (diesel)
1.7-L Turbo Diesel I-4
1.9 L I-4 (diesel)
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,360 mm (92.9 in) (1996–01)
2,420 mm (95.3 in) (Weekend)
2,360 mm (92.9 in) (2001–04)
2,423 mm (95.4 in) (Weekend)
2,370 mm (93.3 in) (2004–07)
2,440 mm (96.1 in) (Weekend)
2,373 mm (93.4 in) (2007–11)
2,437 mm (95.9 in) (Weekend)
Length 3,735 mm (147.0 in) (1996–01)
4,130 mm (162.6 in) (Weekend)
3,740 mm (147.2 in) (2001–04)
4,120 mm (162.2 in) (Weekend)
3,830 mm (150.8 in) (2004–07)
4,210 mm (165.7 in) (Weekend)
3,847 mm (151.5 in) (2007–11)
4,237 mm (166.8 in) (Weekend)
Width 1,614 mm (63.5 in) (1996–01)
1,626 mm (64.0 in) (Weekend)
1,614 mm (63.5 in) (2001–04)
1,627 mm (64.1 in) (Weekend)
1,630 mm (64.2 in) (2004–07)
1,630 mm (64.2 in) (Weekend)
1,640 mm (64.6 in) (2007–11)
1,639 mm (64.5 in) (Weekend)
Height 1,445 mm (56.9 in) (1996–01)
1,510 mm (59.4 in) (Weekend)
1,445 mm (56.9 in) (2001–04)
1,480 mm (58.3 in) (Weekend)
1,430 mm (56.3 in) (2004–07)
1,520 mm (59.8 in) (Weekend)
1,435 mm (56.5 in) (2007–11)
1,515 mm (59.6 in) (Weekend)

1996–2000

Launched in 1996 in Brazil, as part of Fiat’s “Project 178”, the Palio was Fiat’s first attempt to build a world car, the same basic design being produced in numerous nations around the globe. Four principal models were produced: hatchback, sedan, pickup, and station wagon, with different versions being built for different markets. The powerplants, both diesel and petrol, also varied from region to region depending on local production capability, legislation, and market requirements.

The basic chassis was a development of the Fiat Punto (176), but little remained unchanged. The entire structure was significantly stronger to be suitable on the rougher roads found in some of the markets for which it was intended, as was the suspension. The body was a completely new design by the I.DE.A Institute of Turin, which also designed the new interior.

Production began in 1996 in Brazil and was followed later that year by a plant in Argentina. In 1997, production started in Venezuela, Poland for the European market, and Marocco (at the Somaca plant[1]) whilst Turkey started building the same car in 1998. In India, assembly was at Pune in the new Fiat-Tata Motors factory and in South Africa by Nissan together the pickup version called Fiat Strada. Production in India and South Africa began in 1999, in Egypt in 2001, and in China in 2002. The Palio Weekend station wagon was launched in 1996 in Brazil and later in Europe. The station wagon is the version most commonly sold in Europe.

2001–2003

1998 Fiat Palio Weekend

2001 Fiat Palio Weekend (Europe)

In 2001, the model had its first facelift. The new design was made by the Italian automobile designer Giorgetto Giugiaro. This facelift included new front and rear fasciae and a brand new interior. Also, new engines came for the Palio: the Fire 16-valve 1.0-L and 1.2-L and the Sporting, a 1.6-L 16-valve engine with 120 hp made in Turkey. The 2001 Palio was the first Fiat to be made in China, by Nanjing Automobile. In some markets, this generation included a Speedgear semiautomatic option. The Palio 2001 facelift is the ultimate version sold in Italy. In 2001, Fiat introduced for the South American market the crossover version, called Palio Adventure and based on the Palio Weekend. In Europe, the Palio Weekend was succeeded in 2003 by the Fiat Idea MPV.

Fiat Palio in China

Nanjing Fiat Palio in China

Nanjing Fiat Palio

In November 2001, the Chinese Fiat Palio debuted, with either the 60 PS (44 kW) 1.2-L or the 85 PS (63 kW) 1.5-L. The Siena sedan was added in November 2002, followed by the Palio Weekend in June 2003. The Siena and Palio Weekend were not available with the smaller engine.

Safety rating

A Fiat Albea, the sedan version of the Palio, was tested in Russia according to the Euro NCAP latest standard (offset frontal crash at 64 km/h). The Albea scored 8,5 points in the frontal test, equivalent to three stars. The tested vehicle was equipped with standard driver airbag and regular seatbelts.

The Fiat Perla, the Chinese version of the Albea, was tested in China by China-NCAP in three different tests: 100% front crash test with a wall (similar to the U.S. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration test), a 40% offset test (similar to Euro NCAP), and a side crash test. The Perla scored 8.06 points in the 100% frontal crash test, equivalent to three stars; 12.02 pts in the 40% offset crash test, equivalent to four stars, and 10,96 pts in the side crash test, equivalent to three stars; with an average result of 31 points and three stars. The tested vehicle was equipped with standard driver and passenger airbags and regular seatbelts.

2004–2006

2004 Fiat Palio (India)

2004 Fiat Palio (India)

The third revision was released in 2004, designed again by Giorgetto Giugiaro. It is basically a facelift from the previous models. The 2004 Palio was the first Brazilian model in the B-segment available with four airbags (two front airbags and two side airbags), parking assistance, and light and rain sensor. In Europe, the new model featured a redesigned front fascia and interior with rear fascia similar to Palio 2001 version. It has also a sport version called the Palio 1.8R’ which has a new version of the General Motors 1.8-L X18XE Powertrain engine rated at 115 hp (ethanol) and 112 hp (gasoline), lowered suspension, new 14-inch alloy wheels, new seats, and other sporting features. The third generation of the Palio had huge sales numbers, even getting higher sales in some months than the VW Gol, the Brazilian best-selling car for over 24 years. It is currently sold as the Palio Fire Economy as a cheaper alternative to its posterior facelift, with alterations derived from the Uno Mille Fire Economy model. The top model is still Weekend Adventure version; it is equipped with a 1.8-L Powertrain Flex fuel engine with 112hp (petrol/gasoline) and 114 hp (ethanol) at 5500 rpm, all-terrain Pirelli Citynet tires, and a higher/reinforced suspension kit but still with 4×2 drive.

Fiat India is manufacturing the 2004 Palio, with 2001-version interiors, at the Ranjangaon plant along with the Grande Punto and Linea. After entering into a partnership with Tata Motors, the Palio has been relaunched as the Palio Stile, with the 1.1-L Fire, 1.6-L Torque, and 1.3-L Multijet engines. Sales have been low at hardly 200 units per month.

2007–2011

2007 Fiat Palio

2007 Fiat Palio

2010 Fiat Palio Adventure

2010 Fiat Palio Adventure

The last Palio facelift was launched in 2007, in Natal, Brazil. The design of the body was inspired by the new version of the Grande Punto, which was launched in Brazil in the first quarter of 2008.

This fourth facelift included new front, rear, and side designs, but it kept the original chassis from the 1996 model, being marketed as the New Palio. It also has a minor change in the instrument panel with differences between the two variants sold.

The trims for this new Palio are ELX with the 1.0- or the 1.4-L Fire engines, both flex (ethanol and petrol) and the “sporty” version 1.8R with the current revision of the 1.8-L 8-valve engine from GM, also flexible. The new Torque engines wwere added to the Palio after the launch of the Grande Punto. The Palio Adventure introduced the new limited slip differential and new suspension for off road with front-wheel drive.

Second generation (2011–present)

Second generation (326)
Fiat Palio Sporting 1.6 16V E.torQ Engine with Dualogic transmission. Second generation (326) - Brazil

Fiat Palio Sporting 1.6-L 16-V E.torQ engine with Dualogic transmission, second generation (326) – Brazil
Overview
Production 2011–present
Assembly Betim, Brazil (Fiat Brazil)
Ferreyra, Argentina (Fiat Argentina)
Body and chassis
Body style Five-door hatchback
Platform Fiat Economy
Related Fiat “Novo” Uno
Fiat Grand Siena
Powertrain
Engine 1.0-L Fire I-4
1.4-L Fire I-4
1.6-L E.torQ I-4
Transmission Five-speed manual
Five-speed semiautomatic(Dualogic)
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,420 mm (95.3 in)
Length 3,875 mm (152.6 in)
Width 1,670 mm (65.7 in)
Height 1,504 mm (59.2 in) (Attractive)
1,513 mm (59.6 in) (Essence)
1,508 mm (59.4 in) (Sporting)

An all-new generation of Palio was revealed in October 2011, at the annual Fiat dealers’ meeting in Mykonos, Greece. The official launch, however, took place on 4 November 2011, in Brazil. It is the first total remodeling since launch in 1996. The project, code named 326, was anticipated by the success of the new Fiat Uno in Brazil. One of the new versions will be the Sporting, a trim level known for the sporty versions of the Siena, Uno, Idea, Bravo, and Strada.

Electric versions

Fiat is joining utility companies Cemig and Itaipu to develop new electric vehicles for Brazil, with an initial batch of Fiat Palio cars scheduled to start testing later 2007.

Motorsport

Several competition and homologated versions of the Palio have been produced, such as the A6 class rally car, multiple Brazilian and South American champion of the A6 class with Brazilian Luis Tedesco as driver, and the Turkish Fiat Rally Team-created Palio Super 1600 Abarth rally car, with a 215-hp 1.6-L 16-valve engine and a six-speed sequential transmission. Turkey also boasts an N2 Palio.

Safety

The Fiat Palio has been rated as highly unsafe by Latin NCAP, scoring only one star for adult occupants and two stars for children. Its air bag-equipped version scored three stars, although it is a vast minority in the sales mix. This will change with the Brazilian law requiring dual front airbags from 2014 on. Unfortunately, this is the safety standard of low-cost Brazilian cars.

1996  + 1998 Fiat Marea

Fiat Marea
1999 Fiat Marea, 2.0 20V 5 cilinder engine
Overview
Manufacturer Fiat
Also called Fiat Marengo (panel van)
Production 1996–2002 (Italy)
1998–2007 (Brazil)
Assembly Mirafiori, Turin, Italy
Cassino, Piedimonte San Germano, Italy
Betim, Minas Gerais, Brazil
Bursa, Turkey (Tofaş)
Body and chassis
Class Small family car
Body style 4-door saloon
5-door estate
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive
Platform Type Three platform (Tipo Tre)
Related Fiat Bravo/Brava
Fiat Multipla
Powertrain
Engine 1.2 L I4 (gasoline)
1.4 L I4 (gasoline)
1.6 L I4 (gasoline)
1.8 L I4 (gasoline)
2.0 L I5 (gasoline)
2.4 L I5 (gasoline)
2.0 L I5 (t/c gasoline)
1.9 L I4 (turbodiesel)
2.4 L I5 (turbodiesel)
1.6 L I4 (BiPower)
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,540 mm (100.0 in)
Length 4,391 mm (172.9 in) (saloon)
4,490 mm (176.8 in) (estate)
Width 1,740 mm (68.5 in)
Height 1,420 mm (55.9 in) (saloon)
1,535 mm (60.4 in) (estate)
Curb weight 1,085–1,385 kg (2,392–3,053 lb)
Chronology
Predecessor Fiat Tempra
Successor Fiat Linea

The Fiat Marea (Type 185) is a small family car available as a saloon and an estate, produced by the Italian automaker Fiat. Launched in 1996, the Marea models were essentially different body styles of Fiat’shatchback offerings, the Bravo and Brava. The Marea replaced the earlier Tipo-based Fiat Tempra. While the Fiat Stilo Multiwagon is the successor of the Marea Weekend estate, the Fiat Linea replaced the saloon version in 2007.

Production and markets

Fiat Marea rear

Rear view of the Fiat Marea

The Marea was originally manufactured in Fiat’s Cassino and Mirafiori plants in Italy. Later the Marea also superseded the Tempra in Brazilian (Betim) and Turkish (in Bursa, with Tofaş) plants, which make vehicles mostly for local and other developing markets.

In Europe, production and sales of the Marea ceased in 2002, a year after the Bravo and Brava were replaced with the Fiat Stilo. The Marea Weekend was replaced by the Stilo Multiwagon, while the saloon was dropped altogether due to relatively low popularity of compact saloon cars in Europe. Nevertheless, the Marea (in both body styles) was still manufactured in Turkey and Brazil for local (and other Latin American) markets. The Brazilian version was facelifted in 2001, when it gained a redesigned rear end with taillights taken from the Lancia Lybra. For 2006, the Marea was mildly revised again, gaining a new rear end, and a new grille, similar in style to other current Fiat models.

In mid-2007, Brazilian production of the Marea and Marea Weekend ceased. Their successor, the Fiat Linea, is produced from mid-2008 on, only in saloon body style.

Engines

The Marea petrol and JTD engines 1.6 L, 1.8 L and 2.0 L petrol and 1.9 L were sourced from the Brava and Bravo, and a 2.0 20v turbo option from the Fiat Coupé was also available. For a short time there was also a 2.4 turbodiesel available, dropped in 2001, which has become sought after. A BiPower 1.6 L dual fuel engine was later added to the range. It can run on either petrol or compressed natural gas.

  • 1.6 L straight-4 1,581 cc 103 PS (76 kW; 102 hp)
  • 1.6 L straight-4 1,581 cc 99 PS (73 kW; 98 hp)
  • 1.8 L straight-4 1,747 cc 114 PS (84 kW; 112 hp)
  • 2.0 L straight-5 1,998 cc 155 PS (114 kW; 153 hp)
  • 2.0 L straight-5 turbo 1,998 cc 182 PS (134 kW; 180 hp)
  • 1.9 turbodiesel straight-4 75 PS (55 kW; 74 hp)
  • 1.9 turbodiesel straight-4 100 PS (74 kW; 99 hp)
  • 1.9 common-rail (JTD) turbodiesel straight-4 105 PS (77 kW; 104 hp)
  • 1.9 common-rail (JTD) turbodiesel straight-4 110 PS (81 kW; 108 hp)
  • 2.4 turbodiesel 2,387 cc straight-5 126 PS (93 kW; 124 hp)
  • 2.4 common-rail (JTD) turbodiesel 2,387 cc straight-5 132 PS (97 kW; 130 hp)

Brazil

Fiat Marea Weekend

Fiat Marea Weekend

Fiat Marea Weekend rear

Rear view of the Fiat Marea Weekend

The Marea was introduced in 1998 onto the Brazilian market with only one engine: the 2.0 20v. Due to Brazilian production taxes the 2.0 20v engine had its electronic fuel injection remapped to limit the engine power to 128 bhp (95 kW) in the Marea SX and ELX models of 1999. The engine retained its full power (142 bhp) on the more expensive Marea HLX model. Simply exchanging the SX or ELX fuel injection chip with the HLX chip would bring back the original engine power. Fiat initially claimed it to be untrue explaining that other modifications had been made in the SX/ELX models for cost-savings, but this was revealed to be false.

In 2000, the 2.0 20v engine was replaced with the 2.4 20v (160 bhp) engine in the HLX model, and the SX model started using the 1.8 16v engine (130 bhp), while the ELX injection was mapped as it had originally been for the HLX to give the 2.0 20v engine the original engine power (141 bhp).

Later the 2.0 20v engine was dropped and the 1.6 16v (105 bhp) engine was introduced; this engine was the only one produced for model year 2007, when the Marea production has been discontinued. All engines for the Fiat Marea in Brazil were petrol-based, with no diesel variants. This is due to federal legislation prohibiting diesel-powered passenger vehicles, effective since 1976.

There is also the 2.0 20V Turbo (Garrett TB28/10) with 182 bhp, sold from 1999 to 2006.

1998 Fiat Multipla

Fiat Multipla
Fiat Multipla
Overview
Manufacturer Fiat
Production 1998–2010
Assembly Mirafiori plant, Turin, Italy
Arese plant, Milan, Italy (CNGversion)
Body and chassis
Class Compact MPV
Body style 5-door MPV
Platform Fiat Type Two (Tipo Due) platform
Related Fiat Bravo/Brava
Fiat Marea
Zotye Mutipla (2nd generation)
Powertrain
Engine 1.6 L 16V petrol I4
1.6 L 16V LPG/petrol I4
1.6 L 16V CNG I4
1.6 L 16V CNG/petrol I4
1.9 L JTD diesel I4
1.9 L Multijet diesel I4
Transmission 5-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,666 mm (105.0 in)
Length Pre-facelift: 3,994 mm (157.2 in)
Post-facelift: 4,080 mm (161 in)
Width 1,871 mm (73.7 in)
Height 1,670 mm (66 in)
Curb weight 1300-1490 kg (2866-3285 lb)
Chronology
Predecessor Fiat 600 Multipla
Successor Fiat 500L Living

The Fiat Multipla (Type 186) is a family car produced by Italian automaker Fiat from 1998 to 2010. Based on the Brava, the Multipla was shorter and wider than its rivals. It had two rows of three seats, while all its competitors had two seats in the front (the Honda FR-V, which has the same layout, was released in 2004). The Multipla was even shorter than the three-door Fiat Bravo upon which it was based, despite offering substantially more space and seating.

In common with a number of other modern Fiats, the Multipla reused the name of an earlier vehicle, in this case the “Multipla” variant of the Fiat 600 produced during the 1950s and 1960s.

Design

Fiat Multipla silver rear

First series Multipla rear

The exterior and interior design of the Multipla was displayed at the Museum of Modern Art (MOMA) in New York during its “Different Roads – Automobiles for the Next Century” exhibition in 1999.

It won the Top Gear Car of the Year (1999) and was voted Top Gear Magazines Family Car of the Year for four years in a row (2001–2004).

Multipla sales began in Italy late in 1998 but most other markets had to wait a year before receiving imports. The Multipla sold well with Italian buyers, but sales elsewhere were less successful. Also when Simon Cowell went on Top Gear he was shown a picture of the car and said it had a disease.

In 2004 the Multipla underwent a major facelift to shed its original styling for a more restrained look, with the intention of attracting more buyers. It did arrive to critical acclaim.

UK trim levels

Fiat Multipla sec.ser.

Second series Multipla

2005 Fiat Multipla rear

Second series Multipla

  • Multipla SX – basic model available with petrol or diesel engines.
  • Multipla ELX – added Air Conditioning, Twin Electric Sunroofs, alloy wheels and electric rear windows, as well as special wipe-clean, brightly coloured seats.

These trim levels were later replaced with Dynamic, Dynamic Family and Eleganza when the Multipla received its facelift at the end of 2004.

Inner room and flexibility

The new generation Multipla was praised by journalists at its launch for its flexibility. The Multipla’s three-abreast seating configuration allows for adjustment of the front seats and the removal and relocation of the rear seats into many formats. It also affords a big 430 litres (15 cu ft) of luggage space which can increase to 1,900 litres (67 cu ft) of flat floor load space with the rear three seats removed from the vehicle.

Chinese version

Zotye Auto had assembled Multipla 2 from KD kits from late 2008 to 2010 in its Changshan factory, and marketed it in China as Mutiplan. In October 2010, Zotye started to build a version of Multipla 2 employing more locally made parts in order to reduce costs; the new version is called “Langyue” in China.

1998 Fiat Seicento

Fiat Seicento
Fiat Seicento car in Italy.
Overview
Manufacturer Fiat
Also called Fiat 600
Production 1998–2010 (1,328,839 units)
Assembly Tychy, Poland
Body and chassis
Class City car
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive
Powertrain
Engine 900cc I4 (petrol)
1.1 L I4 (petrol)
30 kW/40 hp (electric)
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,200 mm (86.6 in)
Length 3,337 mm (131.4 in)
Width 1,508 mm (59.4 in)
Height 1,420 mm (55.9 in)
Curb weight 730–750 kg (1,610–1,650 lb)
Chronology
Predecessor Fiat Cinquecento
Successor Fiat Nuova 500
Fiat Nuova Panda

The Fiat Seicento (Type 187) was a city car produced by the Italian company Fiat, introduced in late 1997 as a replacement for the Fiat Cinquecento. It was based on the first generation Fiat Punto. The Seicento did not differ much from its predecessor, retaining the same engines, chassis and general dimensions, although it did gain a minor 9 cm in length (total length of 3.34 m). The design was similar too, in which the Seicento kept the same 3-door hatchback body, instead of the 5-door mini MPV look seen on many Korean and Japanese city cars, such as the Daewoo Matiz and Suzuki Wagon R. Like its predecessors, the Cinquecento and Polski Fiat 126, the Seicento was built in Fiat’s factory in Tychy, Poland. From 1998 to April 2004, 1.1 million examples of the Seicento had been produced.

The Seicento name comes from the Italian word for 600, the Seicento is the spiritual successor to the Fiat 600. The car was rebadged as 600 to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the original model.

EuroNCAP performance

In EuroNCAP crash tests, the Fiat Seicento was only awarded a 1.5 star rating, and fractionally beat the worst contenders in the history of EuroNCAP, namely the Rover 100 and the original Chrysler Voyager MPV. This is not so surprising, as the car has an extremely short front-end and keeps many components from its predecessor, originally conceived in 1991.

In comparison, another small car, the Smart Fortwo (which has a shorter front end), earned three stars in the crash test. These cars started production in 1998 and are not designed for 1997 started EuroNCAP tests.

Versions

Trims/Equipment

Fiat Seicento Sporting

Fiat Seicento Sporting

Fiat Seicento rear

Rear of Fiat Seicento

At launch, the Seicento was available with three trim levels; a basic ‘S’ with black bumpers and spartan equipment and initially the 899 cc engine; an ‘SX’ model, a slight upgrade over the ‘S’ with colour-coded bumpers, electric windows, central locking and a sunroof – which was also available as a ‘Citymatic’ with a clutchless manual gearchange – and a ‘Sporting’ with the larger FIRE 1,108 cc engine, 20 mm (0.8 in) lower suspension and anti-roll bars added. Cosmetically, this version gained 13″ alloy wheels, sports seats. An Abarth styling kit was also available with a body kit with optional Abarth 14″ wheels a close-ratio gearbox, sill kick plates, embroidered headrests, leather gear stick and steering wheel, blue highlighted trim in the bumpers, side skirts and a spoiler also available. Both the sporting and the Abarths were available with ABS, air-conditioning and Power steering but due to cost not very many owners took up the options.

In 1999, the FIRE engine was used in the special ‘Suite’ version, which came with air-conditioning. A special edition ‘Soleil’ model was available in some markets, which was based on the ‘SX’ model but came with a full-length electrically-folding fabric roof.

After the 2001 update, all cars were given clear indicator lenses, with the Sporting model getting a restyled bodykit. Cars built from this period also come with Power steering as standard. A ‘Michael Schumacher‘ edition of the Sporting, with ABS and the Abarth styling kit, was also launched at this time to celebrate the Ferrari driver’s Formula One success, This model was almost identical to the Abarth kit with the exception of chrome gear stick surrounds and Michael’s signature on the boot lid and side skirt. A limited edition plate and number was also on the passenger door.

In 2004, the model was withdrawn from the United Kingdom market, and production of RHD models ceased, following the arrival of the new and more practical Panda. The LHD model was facelifted, gaining a new design for the wheel rims and the introduction of the new Fiat logo to the rear.

Fiat 600

Fiat 600 Active

Fiat 600, model year 2008

In 2005 the name Seicento was replaced by 600 (in occasion of the 50 anniversary of the first edition, in 1955) together with some changes in the front and in versions dotations: now the name Fiat is written on the seats. The new versions now are named “Class” and “50 anniversary”, thus reminding the strict relationship between this model and the previous one.

Engines

The Seicento is available with two engines: the old 899 cc OHV (29 kW / 40 hp) engine used in early base S and SX models (which was removed from West European markets due to emissions regulations), and the 1108 cc FIRE (40 kW / 54 hp and used in the Sporting version since launch), was fitted universally with multi-point fuel injection from 2001, replacing the old pushrod units. There was also a version with an electric engine (30 kW / 41 hp).

Elettra

Until 2005 Fiat also produced a battery-electric version of the Seicento called the Seicento Elettra. Originally produced in serial quantities in Italy from 1996 to 1998, production moved to Poland for the remaining years where it was built on order. The Seicento Elettra featured a 30 kW three-phase asynchronous electric motor powered by 18 12V lead-acid batteries in the engine bay and beneath the rear seats. The Seicento Elettra’s top speed was 100 km/h (62 mph) and its range was 90 kilometres (56 mi).

Tuning

Giannini_seicento

Giannini Seicento

German tuner Novitec created a special edition of the Fiat Seicento, adding a turbocharger and six-speed gearbox to the little car. The German tuner is able to extract 101 hp (74 kW) from the 1,108 cc FIRE engine. Other tuners include the venerable Giannini company, who produced an aggressive bodykit and also considered installing a 1.6 litre engine.

Future replacement

The car ceased production in 2010. Although no direct replacement has been announced, much of the market territory it once occupied had already been filled by the new Fiat Panda (2003) and the 500 (2007), as well as the Fiat Palio budget model.

FIAT History V 1980-1989

FIAT

History V 1980-1989

1980-1989

Fiat Cinquecento SportingFiat Cinquecento Sporting

1980 Fiat Panda

FIAT Panda
1980 Fiat panda 1 v sst
Overview
Manufacturer FIAT
Production 1980–present
Body and chassis
Class City car
Chronology
Predecessor Fiat 126 (first generation)
Fiat Seicento (second generation)

The FIAT Panda is a city car from the Italian automobile manufacturer FIAT, now in its third generation. The first generation Fiat Panda was introduced in 1980, and was produced until 1986, when it underwent several changes. From 1986 until 2003, it was produced with only a few changes. They are now sometimes referred to as the “old Panda”.

The second generation, launched in 2003, is sometimes referred to as the “New Panda” or “Nuova Panda” (in Italian), and was the European Car of the Year in 2004. The third generation debuted at Frankfurt Motor Show in September 2011 and will be assembled in Italy at Pomigliano d’Arco.

In over 31 years Fiat has sold over 10.5 million Pandas globally, with more than 4.5 million being the first series Panda.

First generation (1980–2003)

First generation (141)
Fiat Panda Umbria

The original Fiat Panda 45
Overview
Production 1980–2003 (4,500,000 units)
Assembly Mirafiori plant, Turin, Italy
Designer Giorgetto Giugiaro at Italdesign
Body and chassis
Body style 3-door hatchback
3-door cabriolet
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive or four-wheel-drive
Platform Type Zero platform (Tipo Zero)
Related SEAT Panda
SEAT Marbella
SEAT Trans
Powertrain
Engine 652 cc I2 (petrol)
769 cc I4 (petrol)
903 cc I4 (petrol)
965 cc I4 (petrol)
999 cc I4 (petrol)
1,301 cc I4 (diesel)
19 bhp (14 kW) (electric)
23.8 bhp (18 kW) (electric)
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,160 mm (85.0 in)
Length 3,380 mm (133.1 in)
Width 1,460 mm (57.5 in)
Height 1,445 mm (56.9 in)

Introduced in 1980, the Panda (Tipo 141) was designed as a cheap, easy to use and maintain, no-frills utility vehicle, positioned in Fiat’s range between the 126 and 127. It can be seen as a then-modern approach to the same niche which the Citroën 2CV and Renault 4 were designed to serve. The first Panda was designed by Giorgetto Giugiaro of Italdesign. In an interview to Turinese newspaper La Stampa published in February 1980, Giugiaro likened the Panda to a pair of jeans, because of its practicality and simplicity:

«La Panda (…) è come un paio di jeans, che sono poi un vestire semplice, pratico, senza fronzoli. (…) Ho cercato di portare in questa auto lo spìrito delle costruzioni militari, in particolare degli elicotteri, ossia di mezzi leggeri, razionali, nati per assolvere nel modo migliore a certi scopi».

The Panda is like a pair of jeans, that simple, practical, no frills piece of clothing. I tried to bring into this car the spirit of military machinery, especially helicopters, that means light, rational, built-for-purpose vehicles.

Giorgetto Giugiaroin La Stampa, Year 114 – Number 26 – Saturday 2 February 1980

History

The car was introduced to the press in December 1979; it went on sale in Italy in late February, ahead of its European première at the March 1980 Geneva Motor Show.

1980 Fiat panda 1 rear

Rear of pre facelift Fiat Panda

Mechanically the first Pandas borrowed heavily from the Fiat parts bin. Engines and transmissions came from the Fiat 127 and, in certain territories, the air-cooled 652 cc two-cylinder powerplant from the Fiat 126. The plan for a mechanically simple car was also evident in the rear suspension, which used a dead axle suspended on leaf springs. Later versions of the car added various mechanical improvements but this spirit of robust simplicity was adhered to throughout the life of the model.

Many design features reflect the Panda’s utilitarian practicality. Examples include a seven-position adjustable rear seat which could be folded flat to make an improvised bed, or folded into a V shape to support awkward loads, or easily and quickly removed altogether to increase the overall load space. The first Pandas also featured removable, washable seat covers, door trims and dashboard cover, and all the glass panels were flat making them cheap to produce, easy to replace and interchangeable between left and right door. Much like its earlier French counterparts the Panda could be specified with a two piece roll forward canvas roof.

At launch two models were available: the Panda 30, powered by a longitudinally-mounted air cooled 652 cc straight-two-cylinder engine derived from the 126, or the Panda 45, with a transversely-mounted water cooled 903 cc four-cylinder from the 127. As a consequence of the different drivetrain layout the 45 had the radiator grille to the right side, the 30 to the left. In September 1982 Fiat added another engine to the line-up: the Panda 34 used an 843 cc water-cooled unit, derived from that in the 850. It was originally reserved for export to France, Belgium, Germany, and the Netherlands.

Fiat launched the Panda 45 Super at the Paris Motor Show later in 1982, with previous specification models continuing as the “Comfort” trim. The Super offered numerous improvements, most significant being the availability of a five-speed gearbox as well as improved trim. There were minor styling changes to the Super including the introduction of Fiat’s new black plastic “corporate” grille with five diagonal silver bars. The earlier grille design (metal with slots on the left for ventilation) continued on the Comfort models until the next major revision of the line-up. A 30 Super was added to the range in February 1983, offering the Super trim combined with the smaller engine.

The Panda 4×4 was launched in June 1983, it was powered by a 965 cc engine with 48 bhp (36 kW) derived from that in the Autobianchi A112. Known simply as the Panda 4×4, this model was the first small, transverse-engined production car to have a 4WD system. The system itself was manually selectable, with an ultra-low first gear. Under normal (on-road) conditions starting was from second, with the fifth gear having the same ratio as fourth in the normal Panda. Austrian company Steyr-Puch supplied the entire drivetrain (clutch, gearbox, power take-off, three-piece propshaft, rear axle including differential and brakes) to the plant at Termini Imerese where it was fitted to the reinforced bodyshell.

Minor revisions in November 1984 saw the range renamed “L”, “CL”, and “S”. Specifications and detailing were modified across the range including the adoption of the Fiat corporate grille across all versions. Mechanically, however, the cars remained largely unchanged.

First facelift

Fiat Panda post facelift

First facelift Panda

In January 1986, the Panda received a substantial overhaul and a series of significant mechanical improvements. Most of these changes resulted in the majority of parts being changed and redesigned, making many of the pre-facelift and post-facelift Panda parts incompatible between models. The 652 cc air-cooled 2-cyl engine was replaced by a 769 cc (34 bhp) water-cooled 4-cyl unit, and the 903/965cc by a 999cc (45 bhp, 50 bhp (37 kW) in the 4×4) unit. Both new engines were from Fiat’s new FIRE family of 4-cylinder water-cooled powerplants with a single overhead camshaft. The rear suspension was also upgraded, the rear leaf springs being replaced by a more modern independent suspension system using a rigid rear axle (known as the ‘Omega’ axle) with a central mounting and coil springs. The 4×4 retained the old leaf sprung set-up, presumably to avoid having to redesign the entire 4WD system. Improvements were also made to the interior and the structure. The body was strengthened and fully galvanised on later models, virtually eliminating the earlier car’s strong tendency to rust. The rear panel design was also revamped to include flared arches that mirrored those of the front wings, replacing the un-sculpted style seen on earlier models, and the doors received a slight redesign with the earlier car’s quarter light windows being removed and replaced by a full width roll-down window. The bottom seam of the facelifted model’s doors unfortunately retained much the earlier car’s susceptibility to rust. In ascending order of specification and cost, the revised range was as follows: 750L, 750CL, 750S, 1000CL, 1000S, 4×4.

Fiat Panda Van

Fiat Panda Van

April 1986 saw the introduction of a 1,301 cc diesel engine with 37 bhp (a detuned 127/Uno unit). Fitted as standard with a five-speed gearbox it was only available in the basic “L” trim. A van variant of the Panda was also introduced, with both petrol and diesel engines. The van was basically a standard Panda without rear seats. The rear windows were replaced with plastic blanking panels and a small (always black) steel extension with side hinged doors was fitted instead of the usual hatchback tailgate. Neither the van nor the diesel were available in right hand drive markets.

In 1987, a new entry-level model badged “Panda Young” was added to the range. This was essentially an L spec car with a 769 cc OHV engine based on the old 903 cc push-rod engine and producing the same 34 bhp (25 kW) as the more sophisticated 769 cc FIRE unit. The Panda 4×4 Sisley limited edition was also released; this was based on the standard 4×4, but came with metallic paint, inclinometer, white painted wheels, roof rack, headlamp washers, bonnet scoop, “Sisley” badging and trim. Although originally limited to the production of only 500, in 1989 the Sisley model became a permanent model due to its popularity.

Panda Elettra

1990 Panda Elettra in Santiago, 2010

Panda Elettra in Santiago, 2010

The two-seat Panda Elettra, introduced in 1990, added an all-electric power-train to the line. Batteries replaced the rear seats and occupied some of the engine bay where the 19 bhp (14 kW) DC motor was also fitted, driving through the normal clutch and gearbox. This increased the weight of the car significantly, to 1,150 kg (2,535 lb) (450 kg (992 lb) more than the standard model), necessitating stiffer suspension and uprated brakes. 1992 revisions to the Elettra saw the power increased to 23.8 bhp (17.7 kW) and the weight reduced, though the Elettra remained significantly heavier than the standard Panda. This, and the steep price (25.600.000 lire in Italy, three times the price of the Panda 750 Young) made it a commercial failure. The Elettra was discontinued in 1998.

Second facelift

1997 Fiat Panda sec facelift

Second facelift of the original Panda

Fiat Panda rear original second facelift

Second facelift of the original Panda

In 1991, a facelift was introduced. This entailed a new front grille with a smaller five-bar corporate badge, plus revisions to trim and specifications across the range. New arrivals included the ‘Selecta’, which had a continuously variable transmission with an electromagnetic clutch. This advanced transmission was available either with the normal 999 cc FIRE engine (revised with single-point fuel injection and a catalytic converter) or an all new 1108 cc FIRE unit, fitted with electronic fuel injection and a three-way catalytic converter and producing 51 bhp (38 kW).

The new CLX trim also featured a five-speed gearbox as standard. The range now comprised the 750 Young (769 cc ohv), 750 and 750 CLX (both 769 cc FIRE sohc), 900 Dance (903 cc ohv), 1000 Shopping, CLX, CL Selecta and S (all with 999 cc sohc, available with or without SPI and catalytic converter depending on the market), 1100 CL Selecta (1108 cc sohc with SPI and cat) and the 4×4 Trekking (999 cc, again available with and without a cat depending on the market). The Elettra concluded the range.

In 1992, the 1108 cc engine, complete with SPI and catalytic converter, replaced the 999 cc unit in the 4×4 (with 50 bhp) and also in 1992 an 899 cc (with injection and catalyst) became available, in the ‘Cafe’ special edition. This was a reduced capacity 903 cc unit, designed to meet tax requirements in some markets.

End of production

From 1996 onwards, the Panda was gradually phased out across Europe, due to tightening emissions and safety legislation. The car remained in production in Italy until May 2003. Its total production run of 23 years makes the Panda one of Europe’s longest-lived small cars.

During the period between 1999 and 2003, sales and popularity of the Panda diminished, mainly because it was “old fashioned”, according to a survey in 2000.

Most original models have long since succumbed to rust, but the second facelift variant remains a relatively common sight on the roads of continental Europe, and many are still in daily use in the UK where the model ceased being available new in 1996. While the original Panda never gained the kind of cult following that similar cars such as the 2CV and VW Beetle enjoy, it nonetheless engendered strong feelings of attachment among many owners for its robustness, affordability, simplicity and flexibility.

With the end of production, the 4×4 version of the Panda came to be seen as a valuable used car: it was cheap, sturdy and useful in rural areas, while most of the other 4×4 vehicles on the market were expensive SUVs. Also Fiat were not planning to build a 4×4 version of the replacement Nuova Panda.

The New Panda 4×4 Climbing version was introduced almost two years later, but didn’t command the same success, being considered less reliable and too low to be employed in off-road duty.

SEAT Panda / Marbella

SEAT Marbella 1ste ser.

SEAT Marbella

SEAT Transfront

SEAT Trans

Main article: SEAT Marbella

Spanish car maker SEAT also produced a version of the Panda between 1980 and 1986, based on the first Panda model. It was called SEAT Panda. SEAT also made a tiny, tall delivery version of the Panda called the SEAT Trans.

Up to 1983, SEAT made rebadged versions of Fiat cars through a licence agreement between the two firms. Thus, there existed a Spanish version of the Panda. When Pope John Paul II visited Spain in 1982, he rode in a specially built SEAT Panda.

After Fiat sold their share in SEAT and the licence agreement ended, the whole Fiat-based line of SEAT cars were quickly given minor facelifts. The SEAT Panda had its bonnet, bumpers and rear tailgate redesigned. From 1986, when it received a second facelift, it was known as the SEAT Marbella until the end of production in 1998. Emelba also produced a roofless version called the Pandita, which was popular as a rental car in resort areas. The SEAT Trans also received a major facelift and was renamed SEAT Terra.

As Fiat and SEAT’s licensing agreement had expired in 1986 the Marbella never received the major mechanical upgrades of the facelifted Fiat Panda, instead continuing with the old pushrod Fiat-based engines, quarter light doors, un-galvanised frame and leaf-sprung suspension as for the original model. It was popular in Spain throughout its production life, but was less popular on export markets (where the Fiat version was firm favourite) and by 1996, exports had mostly finished.

Reception and awards

The first generation Panda met with great success across Europe, polling 2nd in the 1981 European Car of the Year awards in its first full year of production (pipped to first place by the Ford Escort Mark III) and remaining on sale in some regions until May 2003.

In 1981 Giugiaro received the Italian Compasso d’Oro ADI industrial design award for the Panda.A less positive reaction to the design came from German magazine Der Spiegel, which in 1980 contrasted Giugiaro defining the Panda as “the most enchanting work of his life”, and chief designer Felice Cornacchia describing himself as “proud overall of the car’s architecture” to Peter Glodschey, road tester of mass-market Bild newspaper, who likened the car to “a shoe box”. In several key markets the Panda’s styling would continue to attract mixed reactions as the Uno followed in 1983 and the aggressively boxy look became the house style for Fiats throughout the 1980s.

Second generation (2003–2012)

Second generation (169)
2007 Fiat Panda front
Overview
Production 2003–December 2012 (2,168,491 units)
Assembly Tychy, Poland (Fiat Poland)
Body and chassis
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive orfour-wheel-drive
Platform Fiat Mini platform
Related Fiat 500
Fiat Uno
Ford Ka
Powertrain
Engine 1.1 L Fire I4 (petrol)
1.2 L Fire I4 (petrol)
1.2 L Fire Natural Power I4 (CNG)
1.4 L Fire I4 (petrol)
1.4 L Fire Natural Power I4 (CNG)
1.3 L Multijet I4 (diesel)
Transmission 5-speed manual
6-speed manual
5-speed semi-automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,299 mm (90.5 in)
2,305 mm (90.7 in) (4×4)
Length 3,538 mm (139.3 in)
Width 1,578 mm (62.1 in)
Height 1,578 mm (62.1 in)
Curb weight 840–975 kg (1,852–2,150 lb)
Fiat Panda Cross 4x4

Fiat Panda Cross 4×4

The second generation, nicknamed New Panda and codenamed Model 169, first appeared in 2003. In its development phase, the new Panda was originally intended to be called “Gingo”. However, this name was considered to be too similar to the Renault Twingo, so Fiat decided to continue with the Panda name, although it has almost no direct engineering link to the original 1980 car.

Successor to the Fiat Seicento, the new model also effectively replaced the old Panda after 23 years of production, although the Seicento itself proved still popular and remained in production. Like the Seicento, the Panda is manufactured only in Tychy, Poland, by Fiat Auto Poland. A smaller, 3-door Fiat has been added to the range in 2007, the new 500.

The high-bodied Panda takes clear styling cues from mini MPVs and mini SUVs, especially the second generation Fiat Multipla. Its long high positioned vertical tail lights are in particular reminiscent of much larger cars (especially estate cars) from the likes of Volvo, although Fiat started using smaller versions of this style of lights on the 1994 Italdesign Giugiaro Fiat Punto. The Panda won the European Car of the Year award in 2004.

The Panda includes an option for split rear seats, which makes the Panda a four-seater. Since September 2005, all Pandas are equipped with ABS, EBD and at least two front airbags. The gear-lever is located high on the central dashboard, which is designed to make changing gears more comfortable than with a conventional floor-mounted gearstick.

The financially troubled Fiat needed the new Panda to be a success, and indeed it was, selling half a million units by October 2005. It sells particularly well in Italy (over half of the cars produced are sold in Italy), being seen as closer to a spiritual successor to the Fiat 500 than a replacement for either the Seicento or the old Panda.

  • The 500,000th new Panda was built on October 5, 2005, a light blue Panda Emotion with the 1.3-litre diesel engine.
  • The 1,000,000th new Panda was built on September 5, 2007, a red Panda 4×4 Climbing with 1.2-litre petrol engine.
  • The 1,500,000th new Panda was built on July 21, 2009, a blue Panda Emotion with 1.3-litre diesel engine.
  • The 2,000,000th new Panda rolled out of factory on July 4, 2011, a red Panda 4×4 Cross with 1.3-litre 75 bhp Multijet diesel engine.

Top Gear Motoring Survey in 2006 ranked the Panda 8th out of 152 cars surveyed for reliability, craftsmanship, ownership costs, driving experience and service received. (One of the show’s hosts, James May, went on to purchase one). Traditionally, Fiat have ranked at the lower end of this table, showing that the Nuova Panda is reversing the trend and suggesting a rise in quality standards for Fiat.

Official usage

The Panda is produced for police departments (the Polish police have bought some blue and white Panda Actual models), military agencies (the Italian Army uses several dark green Panda Climbing models), forest services (the Italian forest service has dark green Panda Climbing models), and mail delivery services (the yellow Swiss Post model even comes in a popular toy car format readily available in grocery stores).

Safety (2004)

Tested model: 2004 Fiat Panda 1.2.

Euro NCAP test results
Fiat Panda 1.2 (2004)
Test Score Rating
Adult occupant: 20 3 /5 stars
Child occupant: 21 2 /5 stars
Pedestrian: 6 1 /4 stars

2005 revisions

In September 2005 several changes were made to the Panda, including standard fitment of ABS and a front passenger’s airbag.

2007 revisions

The Panda range received minor updates in March 2007, including a new, darker dashboard. The Active model also received new darker seat fabrics of better quality and the addition of a CD player as standard. The new dark red Fiat badge was also added to the Panda in Summer 2007.

2009 revisions

The Panda range was mildly rearranged again in 2009, with the addition of Active Eco and Dynamic Eco models. These models feature revised 1.1 and 1.2 petrol engines respectively, with better fuel economy and CO2emissions. Both models also qualify for £30 annual road fund license in the UK, and replace the original standard engines. Dynamic Aircon and SkyDome models were also dropped in favour of simplifying the Panda range.

On July 4, 2011, Fiat announced that the 2,000,000th Panda had rolled off of their Tychy, Poland assembly line. The milestone car was a Panda Cross finished in Rosso Sfrontato and equipped with the 75 hp 1.3 L Multijet four-cylinder diesel. Fiat did not say which country it was headed to.

Panda Classic

The Panda Classic was a second series Fiat Panda renamed and with a reduced list price to distinguish it from the new generation introduced in late 2011. The engine range comprised the 1.2 Fire petrol, 1.2 Fire EasyPower (petrol and LPG), 1.4 Fire Natural Power (petrol and CNG) and 1.3 Multijet diesel. The 4×4 was offered with 1.2 petrol and 1.3 Multijet diesel. The Panda Cross was no longer manufactured. The Panda Classic was produced through 2012.

Models

  • The Natural Power is a dual-fuel version, it can burn either gasoline or CNG (Compressed Natural Gas a.k.a. methane). Methane results in low emissions and increased fuel economy. The chassis is the same of the 4×4, the space of the rear wheels differential is occupied by two methane tanks allowing over 240 km of autonomy on gas only.
  • The basic Actual has black bumpers, lacks electric windows and a full-size spare wheel. The Actual was introduced in January 2004.
  • The Active, introduced in May 2003, features black self-coloured bumpers and front electric windows, central door locking, radio/cassette player, driver’s airbag, power steering. Manual climate control is available as an option. Since September 2005, ABS and the front passenger’s airbag have been made standard. This model has the 1100 cc “FIRE” engine and a five-speed gearbox.
  • The Active Plus edition is an up-equipped Active, with a cassette/CD player as standard. Production of the Active Plus stopped in December 2003.
  • The Dynamic edition features ABS, dual airbags, roof bars, power steering and a cassette player as standard. A CD & MP3 player, CD changer, alloy wheels, manual or automated climate control, glass sunroof and a semi-automatic transmission are available as options. Since September 2005, four airbags have been standard in some countries, with an option for two additional side curtain airbags.
  • The Emotion (Eleganza) edition is the highest trim level. This particular trim level features significant enhancements over the Dynamic, with a standard CD player, alloy wheels with low profile tires and automated climate control. In some countries such as the UK, the Emotion is sold as the “Eleganza”.
Fiat Panda 100HP

Fiat Panda 100 HP

  • The 100 HP edition is the sportiest Panda model. It has the 1.4-litre 16-valve FIRE petrol engine from the Fiat Punto tuned to develop 100 PS (74 kW; 99 bhp) through a six-speed manual transmission. It differs from other Pandas by being equipped with 4-wheel disc brakes, tinted windows, and sports styled front and rear bumpers. The Panda 100 HP features a unique suspension setup with modified springs, dampers, bushes and compliance giving a considerably firmer ride.

The Panda 100 hp offers 0–100 km/h acceleration in 9.5 s and a maximum speed of 185 km/h (115 mph), with fuel consumption at 6.5 L/100 km (43.5 mpg-imp; 36.2 mpg-US) in the EU combined cycle and 154 g/km of CO2emissions. It was available in black, white, red, metallic blue, and metallic gray while a “Pandamonium Pack” which added red disc brakes, decals and colour-coded wing mirrors was an optional extra.

Due to tightening emissions regulations, Fiat halted all Panda 100HP production in July 2010.

  • The 4×4 Climbing edition, introduced in December 2004, has a higher ride height and larger wheels and tires than other editions. The four-wheel drive system also makes this edition slower than others. Features are similar to those found in the Dynamic. The Climbing, however, lacks a differential lock and transmission with reductor. The Climbing edition can be distinguished by a slightly higher suspension, additional black plastic overlays on the bumpers and a “Climbing” badge just below the “Panda” badge on the left side of the rear licence plate. Swedish magazine Vi Bilägare found in a test 2007 that Panda 4×4 is a good and economical choice for a small family who need a car with four-wheel drive.
  • The 4×4 Cross edition, similar to the Climbing, features differently shaped front and rear lights and additional side cladding. Unlike the Climbing, the Cross does have a differential lock. The Cross edition became available in January 2006 in Italy.

The Actual and Active are also bases for the Actual Van and Active Van, which can be used as small vans (they also have an additional safety net behind the front seats and removable rear seats). These versions can be identified by small “Van” label on the back door.

During the time, many limited editions of Panda (Active and Dynamic editions only) were produced. Each of them had additional interior fittings, differentiating them from the base model.

Prototypes and special editions

  • The 360 Special Series, based on the 1.2 L Dynamic, is distinguished by a black and white crosshair style logo on the B pillar. Other upgraded features include; 14 inch alloy wheels, metallic paint, special interior trim (including the Fiat brand on the front seats), built in bluetooth phone system, CD player, air conditioning and a split folding rear seat. Other more standard features include; electric windows, central locking system and dual speed power steering. The total of all these extras comes somewhere in the region of £1,600 but surprisingly the upgraded 360 model actually retails at roughly £400 less than the Dynamic model. On the safety side of things, it comes with anti lock brakes and brake assist as well as two airbags as standard (driver and passnger) with the option of adding an extra four airbags taking the total up to six.
  • Fiat Panda Alessi
Fiat Panda II Alessi

Fiat Panda Alessi

Italian Design house Alessi created a special edition featuring a two-tone paint scheme and unique trim inside and out. Fiat gave away some of Alessi’s products (coffee machine and tin-can openers) for the special model’s debut at the Ideal Home Show in the UK.

  • Fiat Panda Jolly

The Fiat Panda Jolly was created by Fiat Styling Center and Stola and inspired by boat design. It served as a special shuttle bus in Capri during the summer of 2006. The interior features innovative materials and exclusive trims. The concept mainly came from the 600 Multipla Jolly, a car created by Carrozzeria Ghia in 1956, which could be found on the streets of Capri 50 years ago. Defined by Fiat as “a car with a fresh, light and Mediterranean look both in the colors and materials”, the Panda Jolly is inspired by the interior design and yacht design worlds, and features styling elements that remind of the spirit and way of life of the 1960s.

The interiors are created by Paola Lenti, an Italian leading company in the Interior Design sector, specialized in the research and development of innovative fabrics and materials. All the seats are upholstered in the exclusive sailing-inspired Rope fabric. This material is nonallergic, nontoxic, antibacterial and resistant to UV rays. Many structural elements like the floor, sills and various trims are made with pickled natural ash finish with white ash inlays.

  • Fiat Panda Terramare 4

Panda Terramare’s creator is Milan born Maurizio Zanisi, an independent former Iso Rivolta engineer, and his self-built amphibian is based on a Panda 4×4 chassis, but with an inflatable flotation belt, and waterjet propulsion driven off the rear axle.

On July 21, 2006, the Terramare crossed the English Channel from Folkestone in Kent to Cap Gris Nez in just over 6 hours.[27]

  • Fiat Panda Luxury

At the ‘Luxury & Yachts’ show in February 2006, Fiat exhibited a one-off car based on the 4×4 called the ‘Luxury’. The outside of the car features dipped silver paintwork, precious metal trim and gleaming jewel-like mouldings with back-lit inset crystals. The interior features dipped silver appointments, precious metal details, Jewel Alcantara upholstery and leather with mother of pearl finish. The Fiat logo is also worked on the seats with stylish studs and crystals.

  • Fiat Panda Hydrogen
Fiat Panda Hydrogen

Fiat Panda Hydrogen

Main article: Fiat Panda Hydrogen

The Panda Hydrogen, a car prototype driven by a hydrogen Fuel Cell, was a joint venture between Fiat Auto, the Fiat Research Centre and Fiat Powertrain Research & Technology with the support of the Research and Environment Ministries.

On the Panda Hydrogen, the Fuel Cell System is housed beneath the floorpan. The fuel cells are made up of several cells connected in series. Inside, the hydrogen and oxygen molecules are forced to react with the aid of a catalyst to produce water and heat. Electrical energy is generated with very high efficiency and zero emissions from the vehicle itself.

At full power, the Fuel Cell engine on the Panda Hydrogen delivers 60 kW (82 PS; 80 hp) that allows the car to reach a top speed of more than 130 km/h (81 mph), with acceleration from 0 to 50 km/h (31 mph) in 5 seconds. The car can also easily climb a gradient of 23% at take-off.

During 2006 a demonstration stage of small Panda Hydrogen fleets, was a forerunner to other demonstration programs promoted and supported by the European Union and by the Italian Ministries and Regions. The aim is for such vehicles to be marketed within 15 to 20 years.

  • Fiat Panda Tanker

Unveiled at the Bologna Motor Show in Italy, the Panda Tanker features only three doors. And although the overall shape has remained unchanged, the two rear doors have been replaced by solid panels to free up some extra load space in the practical cabin. Rugged extras and underbody protection also help to set the Tanker apart from the standard Panda 4×4 model. Designed in conjunction with Italian extreme sport clothing manufacturer Dainese, the show star is equipped with sports seats incorporating a rigid titanium fibre shell.

Reflecting the matt paint finish of the exterior, the cabin has a back-to-basics feel. With no rear seats, the load floor offers flexible attachments for fixing sports kit, while an aluminium structure is designed to carry mountain bikes.

  • Fiat Panda MultiEco

The Panda MultiEco show-car made its world debut in Geneva 2006. Fiat sees this unit as the future of cars with a low environmental impact: the concept car represents the most advanced frontier achievable in terms of emissions and consumption, combining technologies that already exist or are ready for production.

The show-car combines an innovative ‘powertrain’ architecture – an engine with dual petrol/methane fuel supply, MTA transmission and BAS device – with the use of eco-compatible materials (recycled, recyclable or of natural origin) for the exterior and interior. The result is made even more interesting by the painstaking optimisation of the aerodynamics and a significant weight reduction.

Panda MultiEco is equipped with a dual-fuel (methane and petrol) FIRE engine – future developments will also make it possible to use a methane/hydrogen mix – combined with a BAS (Belt-driven Alternator-Starter) device and a Dualogic robotised gearbox.

  • Fiat PanDAKAR

Two factory-built Fiat Panda 4x4s were prepared to contest the gruelling Dakar 2007 rally raid, which started in Lisbon.

Euromilhoes Lisboa Dakar 2007 - 06-21 01 2007

Entered in the T2 category, the class which most closely represents production vehicles, the two Panda 4x4s, driven by Miki Biasion and former Dakar winner, Bruno Saby, respectively, are powered by Fiat Auto’s 1.3-litre Multijet turbodiesel combined with a six-speed manual gearbox. The engines deliver 105 bhp (78 kW) at 4500 rpm and a peak torque of 123 lb·ft (166.8 N·m). at 2500 rpm. Apart from their small dimensions, the two cars are particularly noteworthy for their automatic all-wheel drive system with viscous coupling and locking differential, a system that provides more grip and traction on rough and soft terrain thanks to the optimal split of drive to the wheels.

The two Pandas competing in Dakar 2007 have been equipped specifically for this rally: so room has been found inside for accessories like aluminium platforms to help extricate the vehicles from soft sand, shovels, spare wheels, water reserves for the crew, and other specialised equipment useful for the occasion. The Fiat expedition to Dakar included a Fiat Sedici as service back-up, and three Iveco trucks to transport spares and technicians.

Both PanDAKAR retired on the fourth stage of the event.

  • Fiat Panda Simba

The Simba was unveiled at the Bologna Motor Show in 2002 purely as a concept car to give an idea how the following years production Panda would look. Some of the rugged styling cues made it on the production ‘Cross’ model

  • Fiat Panda Aria
Fiat Panda Aria

Fiat Panda Aria

Fiat presented Aria concept in Frankfurt Motor Show 2007. The Aria is equipped with new environment-friendly technology and outputs only 69 g/km CO2. With 900 cc turbocharged straight-2 engine it produces 80 bhp (60 kW), its also capable of using both petrol and CNG.

This new engine is equipped with Fiat’s Multiair technology, which uses electrohydraulic valve activation system. In monofuel (petrol) version the engine is capable of producing 105 bhp (78 kW). The car is also equipped with Stop&Start function, which helps to reduce consumption by 10% in urban driving.

Engines

The smallest engine, the 1.1 L petrol SOHC FIRE engine, which is rated at 54 bhp (40 kW) and found in the Fiat Seicento, has been criticised for being underpowered for the Panda, which weighs over 850 kg (1,874 lb), and the acceleration in particular was considered to be very slow. This engine is a construction from the early ’80s.

The 1.2-litre (actually 1,242 cc), 60 hp (45 kW) engine is a derivative of the 1,1 litre and gives quite adequate performance in the Panda. The higher torque is a more important advantage than higher maximum power on this engine compared to the smaller 1,1 litre.

The 1.3-litre Multijet diesel engine is rated at 75 bhp (56 kW) and 100 lb·ft (140 N·m) of torque; it is the most economical of all available engines. However, this engine is detuned from the Punto (where it develops 120 lb·ft (163 N·m) of torque) due to the Panda’s weaker transmission. Pandas with diesel engines can be easily distinguished by a “Multijet” badge on the right side of the rear licence plate.

Introduced into the range in 2006 was the 1368 cc FIRE engine which had previously seen service in the Fiat Stilo and the second generation Punto Sporting (contrary to some press reports, it is not an adapted version of the 1.4 16v Starjet engine used in the Grande Punto). This FIRE engine has four cylinders in-line with sixteen valves actuated by belt driven double overhead camshafts.

The engine is undersquare with bore and stroke of 72 and 84 mm (2.8 and 3.3 in) respectively, running at a compression ratio of 10.8:1. Ignition is by Fiat’s Jet Thrust Stochiometric system with sequential multi-point fuel injection.

Chinese copy controversy

In December 2006, Fiat considered taking legal action against Chinese automaker Great Wall Motor for the company’s Peri, which is a copy of the Panda’s design.

In July 2008, Fiat successfully sued Great Wall and had the Peri banned from importation into Europe. In addition, the court order ruled for Great Wall to pay Fiat a 15,000 euro fine for the first Peri imported, and an additional 50,000 euros for every subsequent car that was imported.

However, on October 2009, Great Wall Motor sued Fiat, accusing the latter of espionage. In the lawsuit, Great Wall claims that “Fiat once instigated espionage to prowl into its research center and take photos of Peri small car that was still under developed.”

Third generation (2011–present)

Third generation (319)
Overview
Production 2011–present
Assembly Pomigliano d’Arco, Italy
Designer Centro Stile Fiat
Body and chassis
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-driveor four-wheel-drive
Platform Fiat Mini platform
Related Lancia Ypsilon
Fiat 500
Fiat Uno
Ford Ka
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,300 mm (90.6 in)
Length 3,653–3,686 mm (143.8–145.1 in)
Width 1,643–1,672 mm (64.7–65.8 in)
Height 1,551–1,605 mm (61.1–63.2 in)
Curb weight 940–1,115 kg (2,072–2,458 lb)

Fiat presented the third generation of the Panda at the 2011 Frankfurt Motor Show in September 2011. The new architecture is based on the Fiat Mini platform. The production began in the renewed Pomigliano d’Arco Plant in the last quarter of 2011.

The older model stayed in production and was sold as Panda Classic, remaining popular thanks to its lower pricing (about 27%). The decision to manufacture the car in Italy, instead of manufacturing it with the cheaper workforce in Tychy, Poland, was taken because of the agreement between Italian Prime Minister Mario Monti and Fiat directors not to close down any of Fiat’s plants in Italy.

Models

Panda Natural Power

The Natural Power is the CNG/petrol bi-fuel version of the Panda. Unlike the previous generation – which adopted a 70 PS 1.4 FIRE inline four – it is powered by the turbocharged, 0.9 liter, two-cylinder TwinAir engine. The system is developed in-house and factory installed. CNG is stored in two – one 22 L and one 50 L – gas cylinders: the former housed longitudinally in the transmission tunnel, the latter transversally behind the rear axle. The boot’s volume remains unvaried, thanks to the cylinders being both located under the floorpan; on the other hand this requires a 40 mm taller ride height and a reworked, transversal silencer.

Total fuel capacity is 72 liters – or 12 kilograms – of CNG and 35 L of petrol – two liters less than the monofuel version’s 37. At startup the engine runs on petrol, but switches to CNG immediately after; the car switches back to petrol only if it runs out of CNG or by driver input via a dedicated button on the dashboard.

Panda EasyPower

The EasyPower is the LPG/petrol bi-fuel version of the Panda; like the Natural Power it is too factory developed and manufactured. Its 1.2 FIRE inline four develops 69 PS.

Panda Trekking

Launched in late 2012, the Trekking is a two wheel drive model offering the looks and features of the Panda 4×4. It is distinguished from the 4×4 by the absence of skid plate inserts on bumpers, no “4×4” inlay in the bodyside molding and alloy wheels painted silver instead of a darker grey. Available on this model are the 0.9 TwinAir turbocharged petrol, TwinAir Natural Power turbocharged petrol/methane and PS 1.3 Multijet IIturbodiesel. Despite being front wheel drive only, the Trekking still offers some offroad capability thanks to the standard M+S tires and “Traction +” ESC-based electronically simulated front locking differential.

Fiat Panda 4x4 in action.

A Panda 4×4 in action.

Panda 4×4

The third generation all wheel drive Panda was introduced at the 2012 Paris Motor Show. The engine lineup includes the TwinAir turbocharged petrol engine and Multijet IIturbodiesel. The TwinAir engine is linked to a six-speed transmission with a short ratio first gear and the Diesel is linked to a 5-speed transmission.

The Panda 4×4 receives model specific bumpers with extra cladding, body side moldings, plastic wheelarch extensions and 175/65 M+S tires on 15″ dark grey alloy wheels. The full-time all wheel drive system is composed by two open differentials front and rear and a rear mounted electronically controlled coupling, which sends torque to the two axles in proportion depending on road conditions. At the rear there’s a specially developed torsion beam semi-independent suspension, a change from the previous generation’s trailing arms. An electronically simulated locking differential (termed ELD,Electronic Locking Differential) supplements the open-type differentials. The ELD works automatically by braking the wheel(s) where the ESC sensors detect excessive wheel slip, thus making the differentials more torque to the wheels in better traction conditions; this functionality is useful on low-grip surfaces, and is activated by the driver via a console switch.

2014 Fiat Panda Cross.

Fiat Panda Cross.

Panda Cross

Launched at the 2014 Geneva Motor Show, it’s the range topping, offroad-styled Panda. Mechanically it’s based on the Panda 4×4, offering the same choice of powertrains. As in the previous generation the Cross is recognizable by its wider 185/65 tyres on specific alloy wheels, new fascias with prominent skid plates and unique broken up head- and taillights arrangement. The new bumpers, together with an increased ground clearance, give the car better approach and departure angles.

Special editions

Panda 4×4 Steyr

Austrian market only special edition, announced in 2012. Its Steyr Tractor theme celebrates the several collaborations throughout the years between Fiat and former Steyr-Daimler-Puch, such as the development of the original Panda’s four wheel drive system. Built on the basis of the Panda 4×4 1.3 Multijet II with richer interior standard equipment, it was available in red or white with contrasting colour side stripes and Steyr logo decals.

Panda 4×4 Antarctica

This limited, 200 cars edition was premiered at the 2013 Frankfurt Motor Show, commemorating the 30th anniversary of the Panda 4×4. It was too based on the Panda 4×4 1.3 Multijet II, featuring several normally extra cost options like automatic climate control, parking sensors and Blue&Me Bluetooth connectivity as standard. The exterior was characterized by a white with black roof two-tone paint scheme accented by orange wheel centers and side mirror caps.

Euro NCAP test results
Fiat Panda (2011)
Test Points %
Overall: 4 /5 stars
Adult occupant: 30 80%
Child occupant: 31 63%
Pedestrian: 18 49%
Safety assist: 3 43%

Safety

The third generation Panda was tested by Euro NCAP towards the end of 2011, and achieved a four star result. One star was dropped mainly because the Panda’s electronic stability control wasn’t available on all trim levels, such as the one of the tested car. Fiat clarified on the same day that ESC would be offered on the entire Fiat Panda range in the first months of 2012.

Collision avoidance system

Fiat’s City Brake Control low-speed crash avoidance system is available as optional on the Panda. The system works by readying and if necessary automatically executing an emergency stop whenever an imminent collision is detected by its laser sensor. In 2013 City Brake Control attained the Euro NCAP Advanced reward.

Records

At 5:28pm on Monday, 11 February 2013, Philip Young and Paul Brace broke the world record drive, in either direction, from Cape Town in South Africa to London in Great Britain with a Fiat Panda 0.9 TwinAir. The drive started the 1 February and ended 10 days, 13 hours and 28 minutes later, shaving over a day off the previous record, achieved by a Land Rover Defender two years earlier.

Awards

  • Panda 4×4: Top Gear Magazine’s “SUV of the Year 2012”.
  • Panda TwinAir Turbo Natural Power: “Das grünste Auto der Schweiz 2013” (“Greenest car in Switzerland”), part of Swiss Car of the Year 2013.

1982 Fiat Argenta

Fiat Argenta
Fiat Argenta
Overview
Manufacturer Fiat
Production 1981–85
Body and chassis
Class Large family car
Body style 4-door saloon
Layout FR layout
Powertrain
Engine Petrol:
1.6 L straight-4
2.0 L straight-4
2.0 L straight-4 supercharged
Diesel:
2.5 L straight-4
Transmission 5-speed manual
3-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,558 mm (100.7 in)
Length 4,449 mm (175.2 in)
Width 1,650 mm (65.0 in)
Height 1,420 mm (55.9 in)
Curb weight 1170 kg
Chronology
Predecessor Fiat 132
Successor Fiat Croma

The Fiat Argenta is a large family car produced by the Italian automobile company Fiat from 1981 to 1985. It was a comprehensive update of the Fiat 132 and the last mass-produced Fiat with rear-wheel drive. This model was available in sedan/saloon style only.

Argenta (1981-1984)

The Argenta was closely based on its predecessor Fiat 132. All body panels and windows except the doors were new. Other changes included new trim, wheels, dashboard, mirrors and rectangular headlights.

The Argenta came with a choice of 4 different engines (market dependent):

  • Argenta 1600

1.6 litre petrol producing 96 hp (72 kW) 1585 cc

  • Argenta 2000

2.0 litre petrol with 113 hp (84 kW) 1995 cc

  • Argenta 2000ie

2.0 litre petrol with Bosch L-jetronic fuel injection producing 122 hp (91 kW) 1995 cc

  • Argenta 2500 D

2.5 litre diesel with 75 hp (56 kW) 2435 cc

Marelli Digiplex electronic ignition was fitted to the 2000ie.

Argenta (1984-1985)

Fiat Argenta showing new facelift grille

Fiat Argenta showing new facelift grille

In 1984, the Argenta was face-lifted. The grille was renewed with the then corporate 5-bar grille, new front end, new bumpers and an anti-roll-bar was mounted on the rear axle. The front axle was widened by 60 mm (2.4 in), and new wheels with flat wheel trims & chrome embellishers used. Some minor changes were made inside the car, most notably to the seat/door/rooflining trim and a new steering wheel. The radio antenna moved from inside the windscreen to the roof.

The Argenta had also two new engines: Fiat’s first turbodiesel, 2.5 litre producing 90 hp (67 kW), and for the Argenta VX a supercharged 2.0 engine with 135 hp (101 kW), shared the Lancia Volumex models. Both these models had rear disc brakes and a 70litre fuel tank instead of 60litre.

The new versions were named:

  • Argenta 100
  • Argenta 110
  • Argenta 120ie
  • Argenta VX (SX on the Italian market)
  • Argenta Turbo D

The car remained in production until 1985 when it was replaced by the Croma.

1983 Fiat Regata

Fiat Regata
Fiat Regata 75ie Eleganza
Overview
Manufacturer Fiat
Also called Fiat Marengo (Van)
Fiat Regatta (Sweden, Latin America)
Production 1983-1990
Assembly Mirafiori, Turin, Italy
Córdoba, Argentina
Body and chassis
Class Small family car
Body style 4-door saloon
5-door estate“Weekend”
Layout FF layout
Related Fiat Ritmo
SEAT Málaga
Holland Car DOCC (Ethiopia)
Nasr Dogan (Egypt)
Nasr Kartal (Egypt)
Tofaş Doğan (Turkey)
Tofaş Şahin (Turkey)
Tofaş Kartal (Turkey)
Powertrain
Engine 1.3 L I4
1.4 L I4
1.5 L I4
1.6 L I4
2.0 L I4
1.7 L diesel I4
1.9 L diesel I4
1.9 L turbodiesel I4
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,446 mm (96.3 in)
2,448 mm (96.4 in) Weekend 1985
Length 4,260 mm (168 in)
4,267 mm (168.0 in) Weekend 1985
Width 1,651 mm (65.0 in)
1,650 mm (65 in) Weekend 1985
Height 1,412 mm (55.6 in)
Curb weight 890–1,035 kg (1,962–2,282 lb)
Chronology
Predecessor Fiat 131
Successor Fiat Tempra

The Fiat Regata is the saloon version of the Fiat Ritmo small family car, produced by Italian automaker Fiat. It was produced from 1983 to 1990, corresponding to the post-facelift Ritmo. The Regata had a choice of three gasoline and two diesel engines.

Spanish builder SEAT created a similar saloon car from Ritmo underpinnings called the SEAT Málaga. Nevertheless, development for the two cars was separate.

1983

The Regata, unveiled at the Frankfurt Motor Show in September 1983, was developed from the pre-facelift Ritmo (which had been known in United Kingdom and United States markets as the Fiat Strada) and utilised almost all the mechanicals, although the wheelbase was stretched slightly. A conventional four-door three-box design, it bore very little external resemblance to the original Ritmo although it hinted strongly at the look of the 1982 face-lift for that car. In the Swedish market the car was called “Regatta”, as Regata was uncomfortably close to a derogatory term for an overbearing woman. The same name was used in Latin American markets.

The engines offered were also similar, being the 1,301 cc inline-four rated at 68 PS (50 kW; 67 hp) (Regata 70) and the 1,498 cc I4 rated at 82 PS (60 kW; 81 hp) (Regata 85). Both of these were SOHC engines. A DOHC 1585 cc I4 rated at 100 PS (74 kW; 99 hp) (Regata 100) was also available with two SOHC diesels, a 1,714 cc straight-four rated at 58 PS (43 kW; 57 hp) (Regata D) and a 1,929 cc straight-four rated at 65 PS (48 kW; 64 hp) (Regata DS), the latter of which was added in 1984. An economy model called the “ES” (“Energy Saving”) was also available, it featured an early start-stop system. It featured some detail modifications to the aerodynamics, an optimised (higher compression ratio and different valve timing) 1301 cc engine (rated at 65 PS (48 kW; 64 hp)), an engine shut-off system (when idling) and electronic ignition.

Fiat Regata Weekend Perugia

Fiat Regata Weekend

The Regata Weekend estate was introduced in November 1984. It was available with the 1.3 L or 1.6 L engines and both diesel engines. Replacing the 131 Panorama, it featured a folding rear bumper, enabling easier access to the load area. The suspension and brakes were uprated to cope with the extra weight. Alongside there was also a two-seater Van derivative called the Marengo, only available with the larger diesel engine.

1986

A mid-life update was carried out in 1986, in which numerous small details were changed, most notably new doors with an altered window line. New door handles, grille, bumpers and wheel trims also featured. The 1,585 cc engine gained fuel injection to become the 100S i.e. (also available with a catalytic converter, losing some power and becoming the 90i.e.) whilst a catalysed and fuel-injected 1,498 cc unit powered the 75i.e. The 85 Automatic was also replaced by the 70 Automatic with a 1.3 litre engine rated at 65 PS (48 kW; 64 hp).

The diesel-powered models also changed slightly. An 80 PS (59 kW; 79 hp) 1,929 cc turbodiesel engine was introduced (badged Regata Turbo DS) whilst the 1,714 cc unit dropped in capacity to 1,697 cc (but gained power to 60 PS (44 kW; 59 hp) and had reduced fuel consumption). This model was simply badged as the Regata D. The weight was also reduced slightly.

Production ceased in 1990, when the Tempra was introduced.

Sevel production

1993 Fiat Regata by sevel

1993 Sevel-built Regatta

The Regata started production by Sevel in Argentina in 1985, where production continued until 1995. As in Sweden, but for unknown reasons, the car was called the Regatta (with two t’s) in Latin America. Unlike its European sisters, the car was considered somewhat upmarket in Latin America. The Regatta 85 received a 82 hp (61 kW) 1.5-litre, while a 100S came with a 100 hp (75 kW) 1.6-litre version. Along with a 1987 facelift, the 2000 Twincam replaced the 100S, carrying the same level of equipment but with a larger Twin Cam 2-litre engine with 10 more hp and considerably more torque. The 2000 managed the 0–100 km/h sprint in 9.8 seconds and had a rear spoiler. The Regatta 85 changed names, becoming the Regatta 1.5 S (Super) and SC (Super Confort).

A more thorough facelift in 1988 produced the Regatta Edición II. The engines remained the same until the 1990 model year, when both engines were replaced by the 87 hp (65 kW) 1581 cc engine from the Fiat Tipo. Later a cheaper 1.4 S using the 1372 cc Tipo engine, with 63 hp (47 kW), was added to the line-up. Production ended in 1995 as the Regata was replaced by the Tempra in Latin America as well. The Regatta Weekend (Station Wagon) was also produced in Argentina between 1986 and 1992, only available with the 1.5 or Tipo 1.6 engines.

Fiat Regata 75S rear

Rear view of Fiat Regata

Movie roles

The Regata featured strongly in the 1986 film Gung Ho, centred on a (fictional) Japanese auto manufacturer reopening a shutdown automobile factory in a fictional western Pennsylvania town, the main model produced by “Assan Motors” were in fact Fiat Regatas (and Fiat 147s) in various stages of completion. The factory shots took place in the Fiat plant in El Palomar, Argentina.

1983 Fiat Uno

Fiat Uno
Fiat Uno II
Overview
Manufacturer Fiat
Also called Tofaş Uno
Fiat Mille
Production Fiat Uno: 1983–1995 (Italy)
1984–2013 (South America)
1995–2003 (Morocco)
1992-2000 (Philippines)
Novo Fiat Uno: 2010–present (South America)
Assembly Turin, Italy
Cape Town, South Africa
Betim, Brazil
Bursa, Turkey
Manta, Ecuador
Casablanca, Morocco (SOMACA)
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Las Piñas, Philippines
Body and chassis
Class Supermini
Layout FF layout
Chronology
Predecessor Fiat 127
Successor Fiat Punto

The Fiat Uno was a supermini car produced by the Italian manufacturer Fiat. The Uno was launched in 1983 and built in its homeland until 1995, with production still taking place in other countries for some years, with the final Uno built in Brazil in 2013.

With approximately 8,800,000 built, it’s the eighth most produced automobile platform in history, after the Volkswagen Beetle, Ford Model T, Lada Riva, 1965-70 GM B platform, 1981–97 GM J platform, 1961-64 GM B platform, and 1977-90 GM B platform.

The Uno name was reintroduced in 2010 in South America for the Fiat Panda based car built in Brazil.

First series (1983–1989)

Fiat Uno
Fiat Uno Mk I

A first generation five door Uno
Overview
Manufacturer Fiat
Also called Fiat Mille
Fiat Mille Way
Innocenti Mille
Innocenti Mille Clip
Production 1983–1995 (Italy)
1995–2002 (Poland)
1995–2003 (Morocco)
1983–present (South America)
Assembly Turin, Italy
Cape Town, South Africa
Betim, Brazil
Bursa, Turkey
Manta, Ecuador
Casablanca, Morocco (SOMACAKragujevac, Serbia
Designer Giorgetto Giugiaro
Body and chassis
Class Supermini
Body style 3-door hatchback
5-door hatchback
3-door panel van
Layout FF layout
Platform Type One platform (Tipo Uno)
Related Fiat Duna
Fiat Elba
Fiat Fiorino 2nd series
Powertrain
Engine Straight-4
Transmission 4 and 5-speed manual
Selecta CVT
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,362 mm (93.0 in)
Length 3,645–3,689 mm (143.5–145.2 in)
Width 1,549–1,562 mm (61.0–61.5 in)
Height 1,405–1,422 mm (55.3–56.0 in)
Curb weight 711–910 kg (1,567–2,006 lb)
Chronology
Predecessor Fiat 127
Successor Fiat Punto (Europe)
Fiat Palio (South America/Asia)
Fiat Uno SX red hl

Rear view of three door first series Uno.

The Uno (Type 146) was launched in January 1983 to replace the ageing Fiat 127, which itself had revolutionized the supermini market on its launch more than 10 years earlier. Designed by Giorgetto Giugiaro‘s ItalDesign company, its tall, square body utilising a Kamm tail achieved a low drag coefficient of 0.34 won it much praise for airy interior space and fuel economy. It incorporated many packaging lessons learnt from Giugiaro’s 1978 Lancia Megagamma concept car (the first modern people carrier / MPV / mini-van) but miniaturised. Its tall car / high seating packaging is imitated by every small car today. It reversed the trend for lower and lower built cars. It showed that not just low sleek cars could be aerodynamic, but small, roomy, boxy well packaged cars could be too.

United Kingdom sales began in June 1983, with more than 20,000 being sold in its first full year on sale and peaking at more than 40,000 sales in 1988.

In 1984 it was voted European Car of the Year.

Initially, the Uno was offered with the 0.9 litre (903 cc) OHV, 1.1 litre (1116 cc), and 1.3 litre (1301 cc) 138-series SOHC petrol engines and transmissions carried over from the 127. The 1.3 (1300 cc) diesel (not for the UK market) engine was launched a couple of months later. The Uno’s badging was not by the commonly used measurement of engine size but by metric horsepower: 45, 55, 60, 70, or 75. The Uno was available as either a 3 or 5-door hatchback. It also featured ergonomic “pod” switchgear clusters each side of the main instrument binnacle, (that could be operated without removing the driver’s hands from the steering wheel), although indicators remained on a stalk; an unusual arrangement similar to that used by Citroën.

The Uno had MacPherson strut independent front suspension and twist-beam rear suspension with telescopic dampers and coil springs.

From 1985, the 1.0 litre (999 cc) SOHC Fully Integrated Robotised Engine (FIRE) powerplant was offered. This was a lighter engine, built with fewer parts, and gave improved performance and economy.

Turbo i.e.

1988 Fiat Uno Turbo i.e. (UK-registered)

A 1988 Fiat Uno Turbo i.e. (UK-registered)

In April 1985 the hot hatch version of the first series Uno – the Uno Turbo i.e. – was launched as a 3-door only derivative. Despite marketing claims that it was fitted with an engine “specifically developed for turbocharging” the Turbo i.e. model actually used a Ritmo/Strada-derived 1.3 146-series engine with Bosch multi-point fuel injection, Magneti Marelli electronic ignition and a water-cooled IHI turbocharger with an intercooler to reduce intake air temperatures. The resultant power plant was highly regarded and considered as more technologically advanced than many of its contemporaries. Engine capacity was initially stated as 1299cc but this was revised early on in production to 1301cc. In both forms the engine offered 106 PS (105 bhp) but owners report that the 1301cc version was notably more responsive and had greater torque than the earlier 1299cc unit. Cars built from 1985 to late 1987 were fitted with a Ritmo/Strada-derived 5-speed gearbox. This was then replaced by a newly-developed ‘C510’ 5-speed gearbox, often referred to by owners as the ‘Tipo style’ gearbox, featuring a more durable differential and improved gearchange linkage. Ratios were unchanged between the two units.

1988 Fiat Uno Turbo i.e. engine bay

First Series Turbo i.e. Model Engine Bay

The Turbo i.e. offered significant performance improvement over standard Uno models and was capable of reaching 200 km/h (124 mph), thanks in part to the car’s low 845 kg (1,863 lb) weight. Reliability was improved due to the reduction in maximum turbo boost pressure for mass-production from 1.0 to 0.6 bar but conversely, it allowed tuners to modify the engine relatively easily to run 1.0bar boost pressure for even greater performance without significantly compromising reliability.

1988 Fiat Uno Turbo i.e. Body Graphics

Body Graphics/Stripes as fitted to the rear-quarter panel of a 1988 Turbo i.e. Model

Externally, the Turbo i.e. model sported black plastic sill trims and arch extensions (similar to that of the 70SX model), plus a revised front bumper with foglamps and inlets/scoops to direct air to the oil cooler and intercooler. Decals were added along the side of the car, initially as “T U R B O” in large outline letters but then later in stripe form with “Turbo i.e.” cut into the rear-quarter section and complimentary stripes across the tailgate. This also deviated from the pressed steel tailgate fitted on non-turbo models as it was manufactured from fibreglass and incorporated a high-level spoiler to improve looks and aerodynamic performance. All body glass benefited from a very light green tint.

Suspension was lowered and uprated, 13″ alloy wheels with Pirelli P6 tyres were fitted and the brakes upgraded to vented discs on the front and solid discs on the rear to replace the drum units of the non-turbo models.

1988 Fiat Uno Turbo i.e. Interior

First Series Turbo i.e. Model Interior

Interior equipment was upgraded in the Turbo i.e. model with ‘sports’ seats, plush red carpet and an extended centre-console. Later models had red seatbelts in place of earlier black versions.

Options on the Turbo i.e. model included polished Cromodora wheels, electric windows, manual sunroof and a ‘digital’ instrument panel, which used bar-graphs in place of dial gauges for fuel level, coolant temperature, boost pressure, etc, and a numerical display of speed that, in the UK market, could be switched between mph and kph at the press of a button. Such units were rare.

Fiat Uno Turbo i.e. Digital Instrument Cluster

First Series Uno Turbo i.e. Model Digital Instrument Display

An option on later first series Turbo i.e. models was called ‘Anti-Skid’ – a simple form of ABS that only operated on the front wheels and only once per ignition cycle meaning that if it was triggered during a journey it would not do so a second time until the ignition had been turned off and on again. Whilst it was an admirable attempt on Fiat’s part at improving driver safety and reducing accidents the ‘Anti-Skid’ system was largely regarded as ineffective and unreliable.

Diesel and Selecta Models

In 1987, a 1.7 litre diesel engined 60DS version was launched together with the Uno Selecta continuously variable transmission (CVT) automatic. The CVT transmission was a co-development with Dutch Van Doorne and Ford, (Fiat owned 24% stake of Van Doorne at that time).

Second series (1989–1995)

 Fiat Uno II back 4d

Rear view of second generation five door Uno

DCF 1.0

A second generation three door Uno

First shown at the Frankfurt Motor Show in September 1989, the Uno received a thorough facelift. The bodywork at the nose was updated and a different tailgate was fitted, improving the drag coefficient to Cd 0.30, and matching the corporate look of the then new Fiat Tipo. The interior was also revised. The pod switchgear was replaced by stalks and an effort was made to stop the dashboard rattles of the Mark I. At this time, the old 1.1 litre engine was replaced by a new FIRE version, and a new Fiat Tipo-derived 1.4 litre (1,372 cc) engine replaced the Ritmo/Strada-derived 1.3 litre in both naturally aspirated and turbo versions. A 1.4 litre Uno Turbo could reach a claimed 204 km/h (127 mph), while the 1.0 version only managed 140–145 km/h (87–90 mph) depending on which transmission was fitted. The Uno Turbo i.e. variant was also restyled, upgraded with a Garret T2 turbine, Bosch LH Jetronic fuel injection and better aerodynamics.

Uno production ceased in Italy in 1995, with sales throughout Western Europe stopping at the same time. A total of 6,032,911 units were built in Fiat’s Italian factories. The Uno’s replacement in Western Europe was the Fiat Punto, which was launched in late 1993.

Continuing global production (1995–present)

Innocenti Mille 1.0i.e.

Brazilian-built Uno, sold as “Innocenti Mille” in Italy

After Western European production and sales ceased, the Uno continued to be manufactured and sold in many other regions.

Argentina

In Argentina, the 3-door Fiat Uno was produced by Sevel Argentina S.A. from March 1989 to 2000, 179,767 units were built. Engines Motor Tipo ranged from a 1,049 cc 52 PS (38 kW) petrol four to a 1.6-liter, 87 PS (64 kW) SCV/SCR version on top, with a 1.3-liter 45 PS (33 kW) diesel engine also available. A specific saloon version with four doors was also produced from 1988 to 2000. Called Duna or Elba, 257,259 units of this version were built in Fiat’s Córdoba plant. In addition to 1.3, 1.4, 1.5, and 1.6-liter petrol versions, the diesel 1.3 was also available.

Brazil

The car was made in Brazil until December 2013 in three versions: Mille Economy, Uno Furgão and Fiorino Furgão. A total of 3.6 million Unos and Milles were built in Brazil during its 30-year production run.

2004 facelift Fiat Uno a

2004 facelift Fiat Uno

In the second half of the 1980s and the first half of the 1990s, the Uno was also available as a sedan, a pick-up, and in a wagon version. These are called Prêmio, Fiorino Pick-Up, and Elba respectively.

The Brazilian Uno featured an independent, transverse leaf spring suspension at the rear, based on the tried and tested Brazilian Fiat 147 (similar to the Italian Fiat 127). The clamshell design of the hood was also unique, since the Brazilian Uno kept the spare tire located in the engine bay, like the old Fiat 147, thus saving extra space for the luggage in the trunk. Originally sold with 1.05, 1.3 or 1.5 litre petrol engines (also in versions made to run on ethanol), and a 1.6 litre was added to the lineup in 1989. The now redundant 1.5 was cancelled, but another 1.5 was introduced in 1991, this one derived from the 1.3.

The Fiat Uno family, in Brazil, had a turbocharged 1.4-litre four inline sports version, the Uno Turbo i.e., available between 1994 and 1996. This car was sold as a normal production vehicle with 1801 units produced.

2004 facelift Fiat Uno

Modified interior of the 2004 facelift Fiat Uno

From 1990 to 2013, a 1.0-litre version was sold as the Fiat Mille, as a budget entry-level model, and received its most recent facelift for the 2004 model year. A Fire engine was used since 2001. The 2005 Brazilian range has received a Flex Fuel system, enabling the car to use ethanol or gasoline as fuel, both pure or in any proportion mixture; also, there is a version fitted for unpaved roads called Mille Way, which includes a more resilient suspension, larger wheels and side cladding.

Despite the launch of the new Brazilian-built Uno in 2010, production of the Mille Economy and Mille Way continued until December 2013, only with a 1.0-litre engine. The Uno Furgao van (based on the series Uno) and the Fiorino Furgão were available with a 1.25-litre Fire engine.

Safety

The Brazilian Fiat Uno has been rated as highly unsafe by Latin NCAP, scoring only one star for adult occupants and two stars for children. Unfortunately, this is the safety standard of low-cost Brazilian cars.

India

After an abortive launch in 1996 when its CKD joint partner PAL delivered only 617 cars of the 30,000 ordered, Fiat started its venture as a 50-50 Industrial Joint Venture between Fiat Group Automobiles S. p. A. (Fiat) and Tata Motors Limited (who now own Jaguar-LandRover) in January 1997. At present the company employs about 600 employees in its Ranjangaon facility in the Pune District of Maharashtra. The Uno was initially a success in India, but then it faded badly due to poor dealer support.

Morocco

The Fiat Uno was also assembled in Morocco until 2003 by SOMACA (Société Marocaine des Constructions Automobiles), and remains a popular choice of car for “petit-taxi” use.

South Africa

In South Africa, the Uno was assembled under licence by Nissan from 1990 until 1998 and then by Fiat from 1998 up until 2006. Unos manufactured by Nissan had the word “licence” underneath the Fiat badge on the rear end and models included the 1108 cc FIRE,1372 cc PACER, PACER SX and 1372 cc TURBO. Later on there were also a number of special editions produced which included the Beat (1372 cc), the Rio (1108 cc) and for a short period the Cento (999 cc). After Fiat re-entered the South African market in 1998 Unos were rebadged as either the (1108 cc) Mia or (1372 cc) Tempo. They also featured the Fiat centenary badge from that point on. By the time initial production of the Uno ended in 2006 only the (1108 cc) Mia was available for sale. 110,000 units were produced between 1990 and 2002.

In 2007, the Fiat Uno was redesigned and it re-entered the South African new car market. The car was now marketed and distributed by Fiat themselves. The model line-up includes the Uno Way, which has a higher suspension than the regular Uno and colour-coded bumpers. It is based on the 1983–1990 design, and is powered by a 1.2-litre 4-cylinder petrol engine.

Philippines

Local manufacturer Francisco Motors, primarily known as a manufacturer of the Jeepney, partnered with Fiat to create a joint venture called Italcar Pilipinas Inc. in 1990. They assembled the Fiat Uno from 1992-2000 under the People’s Car Program, which was an incentive by the government of President Corazon Aquino to stimulate car production in the Philippines. The joint venture hoped to compete with local stalwarts such as the Toyota Corolla and Nissan Sentra with the Uno in the taxicab market, which accounted for many sales. The Uno was not popular and production decreased yearly until the venture was terminated in 2000.

Poland

Production in Fiat’s factory in Poland ran until 2002. 173,382 units were built from June 1995 to October 2002.

Pakistan

The Fiat Uno is also assembled from complete knock down (CKD) kits in Pakistan by Raja Motor Company. Production started in 2001 and continued until 2004 when the manufacturing plant had to be closed down. Only the diesel variant of the car was made available under the 1.7D model. Although large scale manufacturing of the car has ceased, stocks of CKD are still being assembled and sold at present.

Sales performance

United Kingdom

The Uno was quite popular in Britain, with 190,000 Mark I examples sold from its launch there in June 1983 until the launch of the facelifted model in late 1989.

New Zealand

The Uno was a surprise hit for Fiat in New Zealand, where a combination of low prices and well received styling saw over 1000 Unos a year being imported from Italy right up until the late 1980s, with the 3000th New Zealand Uno being celebrated in December 1988. Generally sold in 3 and 5-door hatchback form, a limited number of Fiorino panelvans and 3-door station wagons – badged as Fiat Penny – were also sold. A number of Unos sold in New Zealand were built to British specifications, which included a mile-per-hour speedometer.

Fiat Uno (2010–present)

“Novo” Fiat Uno
2011 Fiat Uno 1.4 Attractive in Argentina
Overview
Production 2010–present
Assembly Betim, Brazil
Guayaquil, Ecuador
Body and chassis
Class Supermini
Body style 3-door hatchback
5-door hatchback
Layout FF layout
Platform Fiat Economy
Related Fiat Palio
Fiat Grand Siena
Powertrain
Engine 1.0 Fire EVO Flex l4
1.4 Fire EVO Flex l4
Transmission 5-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,376 mm (93.5 in)
Length 3,770 mm (148 in)
Width 1,640 mm (65 in)
Height 1,490 mm (59 in)
Chronology
Predecessor Fiat Mille (Brazil)

The Fiat Uno name was resurrected for project Progetto 327, the Brazilian-built “Novo Uno” (New Uno). The new Uno is engineered at Brazil and co-designed with Turin’s Fiat Centro Stile, and is basically a more urban interpretation of the Fiat Panda style on a Fiat Palio. It is larger and roomier than the first, but smaller and cheaper than the second platform. The car has two options of engines: the 1.0 Fire Evo (73 hp) and the 1.4 Fire Evo (83 hp), both able to use ethanol, gasoline or a mix of both fuels.

It will be sold in several South American countries as well as Brazil, but it has yet to be confirmed whether this Uno will be sold in Europe.

A new three cylinder, one liter engine is expected in the second semester of 2014.

1986 Fiat Croma

Fiat Croma
2010 Fiat Croma facelift
Overview
Manufacturer Fiat
Production 1985–1996
2005–2011
Body and chassis
Class Large family car
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive
Chronology
Predecessor Fiat Argenta
Successor none

The Fiat Croma is the name used for two automobiles produced by Italian automaker Fiat, one a large family car built from 1985 to 1996 and the other a cross-over wagon built from 2005 to 2011. The first generation was made available in hatchback/liftback style only, and a second generation was made available in estate/wagon style only.

First generation (1985–1996)

First generation (154)
Fiat Croma 1
Overview
Production 1985–1996
Designer Giorgetto Giugiaro
Body and chassis
Class Large family car
Body style 5-door liftback
Platform Type Four platform (Tipo Quattro)
Related Saab 9000
Lancia Thema
Alfa Romeo 164
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,660 mm (104.7 in)
Length 4,495 mm (177.0 in)
Width 1,755 mm (69.1 in)
Height 1,425 mm (56.1 in)
Curb weight 1,095 kg (2,414 lb) approx
Chronology
Predecessor Fiat Argenta
1987 Fiat Croma CHT rear

1987 Fiat Croma CHT

The original Croma (Type 154) was a five-door notchback liftback penned by Giorgetto Giugiaro of Ital Design and built on the Type Four platform, which was designed in cooperation between several companies and was also used for the Saab 9000, Lancia Thema and Alfa Romeo 164. Although the other models were executive cars, the Croma was marketed in the large family car segment, replacing the Fiat Argenta in the Fiat lineup.

The Croma was the first large car produced by Fiat to feature a transverse-mounted engine and front wheel drive.

Facelift

Fiat Croma after facelift 1991

Fiat Croma (after 1991 facelift)

Fiat Croma rear a.f.

Fiat Croma rear

The Croma received a light facelift for 1988, first shown in Frankfurt in September 1987. The black plastic between the rear lamps was now ridged rather than smooth, the lower portion of the bumpers were body-colored, and the turn signals received clear glass rather than amber.[4] A more significant facelift in 1991 with new front design including changes to the lights, bumpers grille and sheet-metal changes to wings and bonnet. Also in 1991 the direct injected diesel engine was equipped with a variable geometry turbocharger (“VNT”).[5]

Production ceased in 1996, and Fiat abandoned the large family car segment. The Bravo/Brava-based Fiat Marea small family car replaced the Croma and Tempra as the largest saloon and estate in Fiat’s model range.

Engines

The Croma was available with a variety of petrol and diesel engines, the former from the Fiat DOHC engine family. Base models had the 1585 cc, 83 PS (61 kW) and 1995 cc, 90 PS (66 kW) “Controlled High Turbulence” (CHT) powerplants, followed by two fuel injected 2.0 L units, one with 120 PS (88 kW) and the other a turbocharged and intercooled version giving 155 PS (114 kW). The later 2.5 L petrol V6 unit was from Alfa Romeo, but as with the 1.6 L engine, was not available in all markets. The 2.0 CHT was designed specifically to provide low fuel consumption under light and medium loads thanks to two separate inlet manifolds of different diameters.

The Fiat Croma was the first passenger car in the world to have a direct injection Diesel (Turbo D i.d.) engine, in 1986. Other diesel engines were the Fiat’s 1.9 L fitted with a turbocharger with direct injection, giving 92 PS (68 kW), and the 2499 cc unit supplied by Iveco, with a normally aspirated version giving 75 PS (55 kW) and a turbocharged one with 115 PS (85 kW). This one replaced the original 2446 cc with 100 PS (74 kW). Diesel engined variants of this car were not marketed in the UK.

Second generation (194)
2005 Fiat Croma prima del Restyling
Overview
Production 2005–2011
Assembly Cassino – Piedimonte S. Germano (Frosinone), Italy
Designer Giorgetto Giugiaro
Body and chassis
Class Large family car
Body style 5-door estate
Platform GM Epsilon platform
Related Cadillac BLS
Opel Signum
Opel Vectra
Saab 9-3
Powertrain
Transmission 5 and 6-speed manual
6-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,700 mm (110 in)
Length 4,755 mm (187.2 in)
4,783 mm (188.3 in) (facelift)
Width 1,775 mm (69.9 in)
Height 1,600 mm (63 in)
Chronology
Successor none

Second generation (2005–2011)

Fiat CROMA arr

Rear view of the second generation Fiat Croma

2007 facelifted Fiat Croma

The 2007 facelifted Fiat Croma

In 2005, Fiat announced a large cross-over wagon with an upright tailgate, reminiscent of that of the Fiat Stilo, resurrecting the Croma nameplate. Again, Giugiaro styled the exterior, while the chassis was provided via the short-lived link with General Motors. The new Croma (Type 194) is therefore based on the extended variant of the GM Epsilon platform sharing components with the Opel Vectra and Saab 9-3. It went on sale in Italy in June 2005.

Unlike the previous model, and aware of its lack of image in the upper market segments, Fiat opted for not developing a standard large family car but developing a “Comfort Wagon”, an automobile with design elements of both estates and large MPVs. Its height of 1,600 mm (63.0 in) falls between the Mitsubishi Grandis and Ford S-Max large MPVs (1,655 mm (65.2 in) and 1,660 mm (65.4 in) respectively) and SEAT Altea XL (1,525 mm (60.0 in)).

In February 2007, Fiat UK announced that the Croma would no longer be generally available in the United Kingdom, after less than 900 were sold in the whole of 2005. Production of the second generation Croma stopped in early 2011. Despite not being a showroom hit, the Croma managed to sell in quite reasonable numbers with 65,000 sold in one year alone.

Safety

The Croma has seven airbags as standard including knee bag for the driver. As standard the Croma is equipped with anti-lock braking system and electronic brakeforce distribution. It has a five-star EuroNCAP crash rating for adult occupant protection:

Euro NCAP test results
Fiat Croma (2008)
Test Score Rating
Adult occupant: 34 5 /5 stars
Child occupant: 39 4 /5 stars
Pedestrian: 6 1 /4 stars

Facelift

The Croma got a minor facelift at the end of 2007 and was termed the Nuova Croma. A new grille (Bravo look) and rear bumper, as well as some material changes inside are the main differences. Fiat now designates the revised model as “Station Wagon” instead of the previously used term “Comfort Wagon”. The Nuova Croma is only sold in mainland Europe.

Engines

The Croma, built at Fiat’s Cassino factory, has three trim levels and five engine options. Like the chassis, petrol engines were supplied by Opel, beginning with the brand new evolution of the Family 1 Ecotec 1.8 L with 140 PS (103 kW), followed by the torquier L850 Ecotec 2.2 L with 147 PS (108 kW). However, the bulk of the sales is represented by Fiat’s own Multijet engine, available in three variants 1.9 L with 8 valves and 120 PS (88 kW), 1.9 L with 16 valves and 150 PS (110 kW), and the range topper five-cylinder 2.4 L 20V, with 200 PS(147 kW). The Diesel engines are fitted with a standard six-speed manual gearbox, 6-speed automatic (standard on 2.4 engines) is also available.

1988 Fiat Tipo

Fiat Tipo
2004 Fiat tipo 1,6 DGT
Overview
Manufacturer Fiat
Production 1988-1995
Assembly Cassino – Piedimonte S. Germano (Frosinone), Italy
Pomigliano d’Arco, Italy (1989-1990)
Betim, Brazil
Bursa, Turkey (Tofaş)
Designer Ercole Spada (I.DE.A Institute)
Body and chassis
Class Small family car
Body style 3/5-door hatchback
Layout front-engine, front-wheel-drive
Platform Type Two platform (Tipo Due)
Related
Powertrain
Engine
  • 1.1 L I4
  • 1.4 L I4
  • 1.6 L I4
  • 1.7 L I4
  • 1.8 L I4
  • 2.0 L I4
  • 1.7 L diesel I4
  • 1.9 L diesel I4
  • 1.9 L TD I4
Transmission
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,540 mm (100.0 in)
Length 3,958 mm (155.8 in)
Width 1,700 mm (66.9 in)
Height 1,445 mm (56.9 in)
Curb weight 1,020–1,230 kg (2,250–2,710 lb)
Chronology
Predecessor Fiat Ritmo
Successor Fiat Bravo/Brava

The Fiat Tipo (Type 160) is a small family car designed by the I.DE.A Institute design house and produced by the Italian manufacturer Fiat between 1988 and 1995.

The Tipo was initially available only as a five-door hatchback. The car was made entirely out of galvanized body panels to avoid rust, and was built on a completely new Fiat platform, which was later used on Fiat, Alfa-Romeo, and Lancia models. It also stood out because of its boxy styling that gave it innovative levels of packaging – rear passenger room being greater than that in a rear-wheel-drive Ford Sierra, but in a car that was of a similar size to the smaller Ford Escort. This type of design was comparable to the smaller Fiat Uno, which was launched five years before the Tipo.

For 1989, the Tipo won the European Car of the Year award and 1989 Semperit Irish Car of the Year in Ireland.

The car has been extremely popular in Brazil. It outsold the Volkswagen Gol, which had been the best-selling Brazilian car for over 20 years. Only the Tipo, the Fiat Uno Mille, and Fiat Palio have also ever outsold the Gol.

Variants

Fiat Tipo 1.4L rear

Five-door Tipo 1.4, rear view

Launched in June 1988,[5] initially base (i.e.), DGT, (early Italian market DGT models were badged as ‘digit’, presumably in recognition of the digital dash, but this was quickly changed to DGT after a dispute over ownership of the name, leading to confusion about whether the model was diesel-powered) S, SX and 16v trim levels were available. Power from 58 to 148 PS (43 to 109 kW; 57 to 146 bhp) came from 1.1-, 1.4-, 1.6-, 1.7-, 1.8-, 1.8- 16-v, 2.0-, and 2.0-L 16-v petrol engines, as well as a 1.7-L diesel, 1.9-L diesel, and 1.9-L turbodiesel. The 1.1-L base engine was widely regarded as underpowered for the car, which was otherwise roomy for five adults and with above-average equipment. The top of the range was the 2.0 Sedicivalvole (16 valves). The Sedicivalvole gained its engine from the Lancia Thema, and with a much smaller and lighter bodyshell to house it, this power unit brought superb performance and handling, and a top speed of around 130 mph (210 km/h), which made it faster than the Volkswagen Golf GTI of that era.

Tofaş-Fiat Tipo 1.4 fl

Second series Tipo five-door (Tofaş-built version)

The Tipo was facelifted in 1993 and a three-door version was added, as well as minor exterior changes (the two evolutions of the car can be differentiated by their slightly different radiator grilles and headlamps) and improved specifications; safety features like stiffer bodyshells, driver’s airbag, and side impact bars were added to the range. This included the new S, SX, and SLX trim levels, as well as a new eight-valve 2.0-L GT model.

The Tipo ceased production in the summer of 1995 and was replaced by the three-door Fiat Bravo and five-door Fiat Brava. The Tempra saloon and estate (station wagon) were replaced by the Marea. The Bravo and Brava were strong sellers throughout Europe, but the Marea was a disappointment in most markets.

Fiat Tipo Sedicivalvole in a classic car show

Fiat Tipo Sedicivalvole in a classic car show, NEC Birmingham, UK

It was a reasonably strong seller in the United Kingdom, initially winning plaudits for its innovative and practical design, as well as its good handling. The 1.1 litre version was not available in the United Kingdom – the 1.4 litre was the base model. The digital dashboard of higher-end models proved to be controversial and unreliable. The car launched into a favourable market in the United Kingdom, where none of the “big three” carmakers (Ford, Vauxhall, and Austin Rover) had launched a new car of this size since 1984. However, these three marques all had new Tipo-sized products within three years, and increased competition reduced the Tipo’s sales. The final two years 1994/95 had a significant increase in sales, but these were mostly of the low-priced 1.4 litre models.

Production elsewhere

In Brazil, it only started to be produced in 1995, in a single trim level. It had a 1.6 litre, eight valve engine with multipoint fuel injection, which offered a 10 PS (7.4 kW) increase compared to the old 1.6 litre i.e., producing 92 PS (68 kW). Previously, the Tipo had been imported from Italy and was available with three different trims that were closely associated with its engines: the basic 1.6 i.e., the luxurious 2.0 litre (eight valve), and the sporty two-litre, sixteen valve Sedicivalvole. Seventeen 1.7 litre models were also brought in; they are all in Estoril Blue color and received complete equipment.

It was also built in Turkey, by Tofaş. The Turkish-built cars generally did not feature catalytic converters and some thus have marginally more power than the models listed in the table beneath. The Turkish cars also have a small “Tofaş” logo on the left side of the bootlid, and production there continued at least until 2000.

This was part V, next chapter History FIAT part VI  1990-1999

TATA Motors Mumbai, Maharashtra India

Tata Motors

Tata Motors Limited
Type Public
Traded as BSE500570 (BSE SENSEX Constituent)
NSETATAMOTORS
NYSETTM
Industry Automotive
Founded 1945
Founders Jehangir Ratanji Dadabhoy Tata
Headquarters Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Area served Worldwide
Key people Cyrus Pallonji Mistry(Chairman)
Products Automobiles
Commercial vehicles
Coaches
Buses
Construction equipment
Military vehicles
Automotive parts
Services Automotive design, engineering and outsourcing services
Vehicle leasing
Vehicle service
Revenue Increase US$ 38.6  billion (FY 2013-14)
Operating income Increase US$ 3.86 billion (2014)
Profit Increase US$ 2.29 billion (2014)
Total assets Increase US$ 36.05 billion (2014)
Total equity Increase US$ 8.91 billion (2014)
Employees 66,593 (2014)
Parent Tata Group
Divisions Tata Motors Cars
Subsidiaries Jaguar Land Rover
Tata Daewoo
Tata Hispano
Website www.tatamotors.com

Tata Motors Limited (formerly TELCO, short for Tata Engineering and Locomotive Company) is an Indian multinational automotivemanufacturing company headquartered in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India and a subsidiary of the Tata Group. Its products include passenger cars, trucks, vans, coaches, buses, construction equipment and military vehicles. It is the world’s seventeenth-largest motor vehicle manufacturing company, fourth-largest truck manufacturer and second-largest bus manufacturer by volume.

Tata Motors has auto manufacturing and assembly plants in Jamshedpur, Pantnagar, Lucknow, Sanand, Dharwad and Pune in India, as well as in Argentina, South Africa, Thailand and the United Kingdom. It has research and development centres in Pune, Jamshedpur, Lucknow and Dharwad, India, and in South Korea, Spain, and the United Kingdom. Tata Motors’ principal subsidiaries include the British premium car maker Jaguar Land Rover (the maker of Jaguar, Land Rover and Range Rover cars) and the South Korean commercial vehicle manufactuer Tata Daewoo. Tata Motors has a bus manufacturing joint venture with Marcopolo S.A. (Tata Marcopolo), a construction equipment manufacturing joint venture with Hitachi (Tata Hitachi Construction Machinery), and a joint venture with Fiat which manufactures automotive components and Fiat and Tata branded vehicles.

Founded in 1945 as a manufacturer of locomotives, the company manufactured its first commercial vehicle in 1954 in a collaboration with Daimler-Benz AG, which ended in 1969. Tata Motors entered the passenger vehicle market in 1991 with the launch of the Tata Sierra, becoming the first Indian manufacturer to achieve the capability of developing a competitive indigenous automobile. In 1998, Tata launched the first fully indigenous Indian passenger car, the Indica, and in 2008 launched the Tata Nano, the world’s most affordable car. Tata Motors acquired the South Korean truck manufacturer Daewoo Commercial Vehicles Company in 2004 and purchased Jaguar Land Rover from Ford in 2008.

Tata Motors is listed on the Bombay Stock Exchange, where it is a constituent of the BSE SENSEX index, the National Stock Exchange of India and the New York Stock Exchange. Tata Motors is ranked 314th in the 2012 Fortune Global 500 ranking of the world’s biggest corporations.

History

Tata Indica

 The second-generation Tata Indica; one of the best selling cars in the history of the Indian automobile industry
Tata Nano
 The Tata Nano, the world’s most affordable car

Tata entered the commercial vehicle sector in 1945 after forming a joint venture with Daimler-Benz of Germany. After years of dominating the commercial vehicle market in India, Tata Motors entered the passenger vehicle market in 1991 by launching the Tata Sierra, a multi utility vehicle. Tata subsequently launched the Tata Estate (1992; a station wagon design based on the earlier ‘TataMobile’ (1989), a light commercial vehicle), the Tata Sumo (1994; LCV) and the Tata Safari (1998; India’s first sports utility vehicle).

Tata launched the Indica in 1998, the first fully indigenous Indian passenger car. Although initially criticized by auto-analysts, its excellent fuel economy, powerful engine and an aggressive marketing strategy made it one of the best selling cars in the history of the Indian automobile industry. A newer version of the car, named Indica V2, was a major improvement over the previous version and quickly became a mass-favourite. Tata Motors also successfully exported large quantities of the car to South Africa. The success of Indica played a key role in the growth of Tata Motors.

In 2004 Tata Motors acquired Daewoo’s South Korea-based truck manufacturing unit, Daewoo Commercial Vehicles Company, later renamed Tata Daewoo.

On 27 September 2004, Tata Motors rang the opening bell at the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) to mark the listing of Tata Motors.

In 2005, Tata Motors acquired a 21% controlling stake in the Spanish bus and coach manufacturer Hispano Carrocera. Tata Motors continued its market area expansion through the introduction of new products such as buses (Starbus & Globus, jointly developed with subsidiary Hispano Carrocera) and trucks (Novus, jointly developed with subsidiary Tata Daewoo).

In 2006, Tata formed a joint venture with the Brazil-based Marcopolo, Tata Marcopolo Bus, to manufacture fully built buses and coaches.

In 2008, Tata Motors acquired the British car maker Jaguar Land Rover, manufacturer of the Jaguar, Land Rover and Daimler luxury car brands, from Ford Motor Company.

In May 2009 Tata unveiled the Tata World Truck range jointly developed with Tata Daewoo; the range went in sale in South Korea, South Africa, the SAARC countries and the Middle-East at the end of 2009.

Tata acquired full ownership of Hispano Carrocera in 2009.

In 2009, its Lucknow plant was awarded the “Best of all” Rajiv Gandhi National Quality Award.

In 2010, Tata Motors acquired an 80% stake in the Italian design and engineering company Trilix for €1.85 million. The acquisition formed part of the company’s plan to enhance its styling and design capabilities.

In 2012, Tata Motors announced it would invest around INR6 billion in the development of Futuristic Infantry Combat Vehicles in collaboration with DRDO.

In 2013, Tata Motors announced it will sell in India, the first vehicle in the world to run on compressed air (engines designed by the French company MDI) and dubbed “Mini CAT”.

On 26 January 2014, the Managing Director Karl Slym was found dead. He fell from the 22nd floor to the 4th floor of the Shangri-La Hotel in Bangkok where he was to attend a meeting of Tata Motors Thailand.

Operations

Tata Motors has vehicle assembly operations in India, the United Kingdom, South Korea, Thailand, Spain and South Africa. It plans to establish plants in Turkey, Indonesia and Eastern Europe.

Tata Motors’ principal subsidiaries include Jaguar Land Rover, Tata Daewoo and Tata Hispano.

Tata Motors Cars

Main article: Tata Motors Cars
Tata Prima front
 The Tata Prima

Tata Motors Cars is a division of Tata Motors which produces passenger cars under the Tata Motors marque. Tata Motors is among the top four passenger vehicle brands in India with products in the compact, midsize car and utility vehicle segments. The company’s manufacturing base in India is spread across Jamshedpur (Jharkhand), Pune (Maharashtra), Lucknow (Uttar Pradesh), Pantnagar (Uttarakhand), Dharwad (Karnataka) and Sanand (Gujarat). Tata’s dealership, sales, service and spare parts network comprises over 3,500 touch points. Tata Motors has more than 250 dealerships in more than 195 cities across 27 states and 4 Union Territories of India. It has the third largest sales and service network after Maruti Suzuki and Hyundai.

Tata also has franchisee/joint venture assembly operations in Kenya, Bangladesh, Ukraine, Russia and Senegal. Tata has dealerships in 26 countries across 4 continents. Though Tata is present in many countries it has only managed to create a large consumer base in the Indian Subcontinent, namely India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Sri Lanka and Nepal. Tata is also present in ItalySpainPolandRomaniaTurkey, Chile, and South Africa.

Tata Daewoo

Main article: Tata Daewoo
Tata Prima Modified
 The Tata Prima heavy truck on the roads of Lucknow

Tata Daewoo (officially Tata Daewoo Commercial Vehicle Company and formerly Daewoo Commercial Vehicle Company) is a commercial vehicle manufacturer headquartered in Gunsan, Jeollabuk-do, South Korea and a wholly owned subsidiary of Tata Motors. It is the second-largest heavy commercial vehicle manufacturer in South Korea and was acquired by Tata Motors in 2004. The principal reasons behind the acquisition were to reduce Tata’s dependence on the Indian commercial vehicle market (which was responsible for around 94% of its sales in the MHCV segment and around 84% in the light commercial vehicle segment) and expand its product portfolio by leveraging on Daewoo’s strengths in the heavy-tonnage sector.

Tata Motors has jointly worked with Tata Daewoo to develop trucks such as Novus and World Truck and buses including GloBus and StarBus. In 2012, Tata began developing a new line to manufacture competitive and fuel efficient commercial vehicles to face the competition posed by the entry of international brands like Mercedes-Benz, Volvo and Navistar into the Indian market.

Tata Hispano

Main article: Tata Hispano

Tata Hispano Motors Carrocera, S.A. was a bus and coach manufacturer based in Zaragoza, Aragon, Spain and a wholly owned subsidiary of Tata Motors. Tata Hispano has plants in Zaragoza, Spain and Casablanca, Morocco. Tata Motors first acquired a 21% stake in Hispano Carrocera SA in 2005, and purchased the remaining 79% for an undisclosed sum in 2009, making it a fully owned subsidiary, subsequently renamed Tata Hispano. Over the end of 2013, Tata Hispano closed the activity, due the bad management of Manchi Raja Rao, leaving 287 unemployed people and closing 70 years of history

Jaguar Land Rover

2012 Land Rover Range Rover Evoque 01 China

Main article: Jaguar Land Rover

Jaguar Land Rover PLC is a British premium automaker headquartered in Whitley, Coventry, United Kingdom and has been a wholly owned subsidiary of Tata Motors since June 2008, when it was acquired from Ford Motor Company. Its principal activity is the development, manufacture and sale of Jaguar luxury and sports cars and Land Rover premium four wheel drive vehicles. It also owns the currently dormant Daimler, Lanchester and Rover brands.

Jaguar Land Rover has two design centres and three assembly plants in the UK. Under Tata ownership, Jaguar Land Rover has launched new vehicles including the Range Rover Evoque, Jaguar F-Type, the Jaguar XF, the latest Jaguar XJ the Second-generation Range Rover Sport, the Fourth-generation Land Rover Discovery and the fourth-generation Range Rover.

TML Drivelines

TML Drivelines Ltd. is a wholly owned subsidiary of Tata Motors engaged in the manufacture of gear boxes and axles for heavy and medium commercial vehicles. It has production facilities at Jamshedpur and Lucknow. TML Forge division is also a recent acquisition of TML Drivelines. TML Drivelines was formed through the merger of HV Transmission (HVTL) and HV Axles (HVAL).

Tata Technologies

Tata Technologies Limited (TTL) is an 86.91% owned subsidiary of Tata Motors which provides design, engineering and business process outsourcing services to the automotive industry. It is headquartered in Pune (Hinjewadi) and also has operations in Detroit, London and Thailand. TTL’s clients include Ford, General Motors, Honda and Toyota.

The British engineering and design services company Incat International, which specialises in engineering and design services and product lifecycle management in the automotive, aerospace and engineering sectors, is a wholly owned subsidiary of TTL. It was acquired by TTL in August 2005 for INR4 billion.

European Technical Centre

The Tata Motors European Technical Centre (TMETC) is an automotive design, engineering and research company based at WMG on the campus of the University of Warwick in the United Kingdom. It was established in 2005 and is a wholly owned subsidiary of Tata Motors. It was the joint developer of the World Truck.

In September 2013 it was announced that a new National Automotive Innovation Campus would be built at WMG at Warwick’s main campus at a cost of £100 million. The initiative will be a partnership between Tata Motors, the University and Jaguar Land Rover, with £30 million funding coming from Tata Motors.

Joint ventures

Tata Marcopolo

Main article: Tata Marcopolo
2008 Tata Marcopolo
 A Tata Marcopolo bus in use in Chandigarh, India

Tata Marcopolo is a bus manufacturing joint venture between Tata Motors (51%) and the Brazil-based Marcopolo S.A. (49%). The joint venture manufactures and assembles fully built buses and coaches targeted at developing mass rapid transportation systems. It utilises technology and expertise in chassis and aggregates from Tata Motors, and know-how in processes and systems for bodybuilding and bus body design from Marcopolo. Tata Marcopolo has launched a low-floor city bus which is widely used by Chandigarh, Kolkata, Chennai, Coimbatore, Delhi, Hyderabad, Mumbai, Lucknow, Pune, Agra, Kochi, Trivandrum and Bengaluru transport corporations. Its manufacturing facility is based in Dharwad.

Fiat-Tata

Fiat-Tata is an India-based joint venture between Tata and Fiat which produces Fiat and Tata branded passenger cars as well as engines and transmissions. Tata Motors has gained access to Fiat’s diesel engine technology through the joint venture.

The two companies formerly also had a distribution joint venture through which Fiat products were sold in India through joint Tata-Fiat dealerships. This distribution arrangement was ended in March 2013, since when Fiats have been distributed in India by Fiat Automobiles India Limited, a wholly owned subsidiary of Fiat.

Tata Hitachi Construction Machinery

Tata Hitachi Construction Machinery is a joint venture between Tata Motors and Hitachi which manufactures excavators and other construction equipment. It was previously known as Telcon Construction Solutions.

Products

For details of Tata Motors passenger cars, see Tata Motors Cars. For details of Land Rover products, see Land Rover. For details of Jaguar products, see Jaguar Cars

Commercial vehicles

Tatapickup3117enimagesbwp4The Tata TL

Tata trucks
 A Tata 407 water truck
Best cbd wad
 Tata Motors trucks in Rajasthan, India
TATA Semi-Forward Cab 1210SE Truck
 TATA Semi-Forward Cab 1210SE Truck
Tata twin Axle Lorry
 Tata twin Axle Lorry in South India
Tata Ace Family

TATA 1512

  • Tata 1512 (Medium bus chassis)
  • Tata 1612/1616 (Heavy bus chassis)
  • Tata 1618 (Semi Low Floor bus chassis)
  • Tata 1623 (Rear Engined Low Floor bus chassis)
  • Tata 1518C (Medium truck) 10 Ton
  • Tata 1613/1615 (Medium truck)
  • Tata 2515/2516 (Medium truck)

Tata starbus-ultra-standard

  • Tata Starbus (Branded Buses for city, inter city, school bus and standard passenger transportation)
  • Tata Divo (Hispano Divo; Fully built luxury coach)
  • Tata CityRide (12 – 20 seater buses for intra-city use)
  • Tata 3015 (Heavy truck)
  • Tata 3118 (Heavy truck) (8×2)
  • Tata 3516 (Heavy truck)
  • Tata 4018 (Heavy truck)
  • Tata 4923 (Ultra-Heavy truck) (6×4)

2005 tata novus

  • Tata Novus (Heavy truck designed by Tata Daewoo)
  • Tata Prima Truck
  • Tata Prima (The World Truck designed by Tata Motors and Tata Daewoo)
  • Tata Prima LX (Stripped down version of Tata Prima)
  • Tata Ultra (ICV Segment)

Military vehicles

  • Tata LSV (Light Specialist Vehicle)
  • Tata Mine Protected Vehicle (4×4)
  • Tata 2 Stretcher Ambulance
  • Tata 407 Troop Carrier, available in hard top, soft top, 4×4, and 4×2 versions
  • Tata LPTA 713 TC (4×4)
  • Tata LPT 709 E
  • Tata SD 1015 TC (4×4)
  • Tata LPTA 1615 TC (4×4)
  • Tata LPTA 1621 TC (6×6)
  • Tata LPTA 1615 TC (4×2)
  • Tata Winger Passenger Mini Bus
  • Tata Landrover 1515 F
  • Tata Sumo in Indian Army
  • Tata-Sumo-Extreme-4x4
  • TATA SUMO 4*4
  • Tata Xenon

Electric vehicles

Tata Motors has unveiled electric versions of the Tata Indica passenger car powered by TM4 electric motors and inverters  as well as the Tata Ace commercial vehicle, both of which run on lithium batteries. The company has indicated that the electric Indica would be launched locally in India in about 2010, without disclosing the price. The vehicle would be launched in Norway in 2009.

Tata Motors’ UK subsidiary, Tata Motors European Technical Centre, has bought a 50.3% holding in electric vehicle technology firm Miljøbil Grenland/Innovasjon of Norway for US$1.93 million, which specialises in the development of innovative solutions for electric vehicles, and plans to launch the electric Indica hatchback in Europe next year. In September 2010, Tata Motors presented four CNG–Electric Hybrid low-floored Starbuses to the Delhi Transport Corporation, to be used during the Commonwealth games. These were the first environmentally friendly buses to be used for public transportation in India.

Notable vehicles

Tata Ace

Main article: Tata Ace
Tataintroace
 Tata Ace was India’s first mini truck

Tata Ace, India’s first indigenously developed sub-one-ton mini-truck, was launched in May 2005. The mini-truck was a huge success in India with auto-analysts claiming that Ace had changed the dynamics of the light commercial vehicle (LCV) market in the country by creating a new market segment termed the Small Commercial Vehicle (SCV) segment. Ace rapidly emerged as the first choice for transporters and single truck owners for city and rural transport. By October 2005, LCV sales of Tata Motors had grown by 36.6 percent to 28,537 units due to the rising demand for Ace. The Ace was built with a load body produced by Autoline Industries. By 2005, Autoline was producing 300 load bodies per day for Tata Motors.

Ace is still a top seller for TML with 500,000 units sold to date (June 2010). In 2011, Tata Motors invensted Rs.1000 Crore in Dharwad Plant, Karnataka with the capacity of 90,000 units annually and launched 2 models of 0.5T capacity as Tata Ace Zip, Magic Iris.

Ace has also been exported to several Asian, European, South American and African countries and all-electric models are sold through Polaris Industries’s Global Electric Motorcars division. In Sri Lanka it is sold through Diesel & Motor Engineering (DIMO) PLC under the name of DIMO Batta.

Tata 407

Main article: Tata 407

Tata 407, is a Light Commercial Vehicle (LCV) that has sold over 500,000 units since its launch in 1986. In India, this vehicle dominates market share of the LCV category, accounting for close to 75% of LCV sales.

20tata2 1991 Tata Madagascar 2003 Tata 2003 2003 Tata bus Abu Dhabi a 2003 Tata bus Abu Dhabi b 2003 Tata bus Abu Sharjah EPSON DSC picture 2003 Tata maxi 2005 tata novus 2008 Tata Marcopolo 2012 Land Rover Range Rover Evoque 01 China Best cbd wad Finally CNG buses start plying in Lahore sri-lanka139_XL9_PakWheels(com) I.HampiBus Kakkadampoyil nilambur ksrtc bus MH-12. CWD classic MSRTC buses, Aurangabad SLTB Ashok Leyland Comet Minor SLTB TATA Wesco Bus TATA & ASHOKA LEYLAND LOW FLOOR AC BUSES 18070f Tata 1015 Tata 1210 drawing TATA 1210 -Utkal Tata 1312 indiabus6 TATA 1510 CNG Tata 1510 CNGa TATA 1512 Tata Ace Family tata ace zip Tata Ashok Leyland Tata Bangl Local Tata Bangladesh Tata DTC bus at New DElhi Railway Station Tata globus TATA in the CTB yellow livery hurries along the coast near Hambantota Sri lanka yellow Tata indiabus11 Tata Indica Tata Jaipur indiabus 7 Tata LP 1210 A Tata LP 1512 Tata Marcopolo Green Chandigarh Ind TATA Motors Buses (Standard Versions)-ultra Tata Nano Tata Nepal Tata Prima front Tata Prima Modified Tata Prima Truck TATA Semi-Forward Cab 1210SE Truck Tata SFC 410 Tata SFC-407-HD Tata Starbus Tata starbus-ultra-standard Tata Sumo in Indian Army Tata Super Ace Tata Tatty Sri lanka red Tata TL-Telcoline-207 DI Pickup Truck Tata trucks rajahsthan Tata trucks Tata twin Axle Lorry TATA works a local service in Colombo Sri Lankagreen Tata Tataintroace Tata-Marcopolo-articulated-city-bus Tata-Paradiso-G7 Tatapickup3117enimagesbwp4 Tata-Sumo-Extreme-4x4 Tata-Winger-Interceptor-pic

Buses MARCOPOLO + NICOLA Cia Ltda Brasil

Marcopolo S.A.

Marcopolo S.A.
Type Sociedade Anônima
Traded as BM&F BovespaPOMO3,POMO4
Industry Automotive
Founded 1949
Headquarters Caxias do SulBrazil
Area served the Americas, Western Europe, South Africa, India, Australia, New Zealand
Key people Paulo Bellini, (Chairman)
Jose Rubens De La Rosa,(CEO)
Products Intercity, Urban, Micro and Mini Buses
Revenue Increase US$ 2.0 billion (2012)
Net income Decrease US$ 147.5 million (2012)
Employees 20,016
Subsidiaries Volgren
New Flyer Industries (19.99%)
Tata Marcopolo (49%)
MVC
Moneo
Website www.marcopolo.com.br

Marcopolo S.A. (BM&F Bovespa:Marcopolo) is a Brazilian bus manufacturer founded on August 6, 1949, in the southern Brazilian city of Caxias do Sul, state of Rio Grande do Sul. The company manufactures the bodies for a whole range of coaches, e.g. microbus, intercity and touring coach. Marcopolo produces over half of the bus bodies made in Brazil and exports its coaches to more than 60 countries.

Currently Marcopolo has four plants in Brazil and plants in ArgentinaAustraliaColombiaIndiaMexico, and South Africa, in addition to the technology that will be transferred to China. Recently it announced a joint-venture with Tata Motors to enter the Indian market. Marcopolo closed its plant in Portugal in September 2009.

History

Marcopolo was founded as Nicola & Cia Ltda, a company then having 8 partners and 15 employees. The production was entirely handmade.

1949 Marcopolo 1958 NICOLA 285 CARMO 1959 carroceria Nicola Série Prata, chassi Mercedes-Benz LPO-344 1959 memoria-marcopolo 1960 carroceria Nicola Série Ouro, chassi Mercedes-Benz LPO-1113 1961 carroceria Nicola Nicola, chassi Mercedes-Benz LP-1113 1962 - Mercedes bens - Carroceria Nicola 1962 Ônibus Nicola da Expresso Minuano, exposto em Montevidéu em março de 1962 1963 carroceria Nicola Nicola, chassi Mercedes-Benz LP-321 1963 Ônibus Nicola. Carroceria Nicola-Mercedez no ano de 1963 1963 onibus20urbano20nicolaHistória da Marcopolo 1964 carroceria Nicola Marcopolo, chassi Mercedes-Benz LPO-344 1964 Marcopolo rdodviário 005 1964 Nicola Nicola, chassi Scania B75 1965 Carroceria Nicola Nicola, chassi Mercedes-Benz LP-321a 1966 Carrocerias Nicola S-A completa 17 1966 Ônibus+antigo.finalizado[1] 1968 Helios 48-Marcopolo Nicola FNM Alfa Romeo D-11000 1968 Marcopolo I, lançado no VI Salão do Automóvel em 1968 1968 versão Marcopolo I (traseira e frente de fibra de vidro) 1969 carroceria Nicola Nicola, chassi Mercedes-Benz LP-321b 1969 marcopolo_2 1969 Nicola Série 5500 Mercedes Benz LP-344 1969 1970 Marcopolo

1970 Mercedes bens - Comprado de Silvana em Taquara-RS em 1970 - Carroceria Nicola 1970 patoense marcopolo anos 70 fksjbfgk 1971 Marcopolo II Merc.B O-352 1972 Marcopolo San Remo 1974 Car. Nicola Maua31040001 1974 Marcopolo Veneza Expresso 1975 Marcopolo II ( CAMELO ) MBB )-362 1976 Marcopolo Nielson (primeiro carro da Viação São Luiz). Arquivo São Luiz. Em 1976 1978 Marcopolo Sanremo - Mercedes-Benz LPO-1113-45 - ano 1978 1979 Marcopolo Veneza II Scania S112 1979 Carr. Nicola carr.nicola-governador-gr carro 154, carroceria Marcopolo II, chassi Mercedes-Benz LP-1113 Carroceria Nicola sobre chassi Chevrolet carroceria Nicola Urbano, chassi Mercedes-Benz LP-321 CARROCERIA NICOLA. Empresa ÚTIL Carroceria Nicola carroceria-onibus-nicola-8140 carroceria-onibus-nicola-13917- Marcopolo completa 63 anos hoje Marcopolo II M Benz Buses Sol Del Pac Marcopolo III Buses Cruz del Sur MARCOPOLO III DE-LA-DESAPARECIDA-EMPRESA-EXPRESO-SUDAMERICANO Marcopolo III de-SAN-PEDRO-DE-MALA Marcopolo III de-TEPSA Scania Marcopolo image_1-6 Marcopolo Nicola por Marcopolo Magirus Deutz Marcopolo Viaggio 850 GIV- Volvo B10M d Marcopolo Viaggio 850 GIV- Volvo B10M de Turismo Chincha Turismo-Chincha marcopolo-torino-varig NICOLA & Cia a NICOLA & Cia b NICOLA & Cia c NICOLA & Cia d NICOLA & Cia e NICOLA & Cia f NICOLA & Cia g NICOLA & Cia h NICOLA & Cia i NICOLA & Cia j NICOLA & Cia k NICOLA & Cia l NICOLA & Cia n NICOLA & Cial m nicola Nicola-Marcopolo volvo marcopolo g7

In 1953, Marcopolo starts the production of the first steel structures.

Brand names

1 2012 Tata Marcopolo Green Chandigarh India

Tata Marcopolo Bus in ChandigarhIndia

  • Marcopolo
  • Ciferal – focuses on urban operations,
  • Volare – dedicated to the development, production and commercialization of the V5, V6, V8, W8, and W9 models of the School bus, Municipal, Tourism/Freight, Easy Access and Mobile Unit sectors.
  • Tata Marcopolo Bus (Joint venture with Tata Motors in India)

Subsidiaries

  • MVC – which started its activities operating in the automotive industry and gradually broadened its operations, introducing its plastic products to the light industry and infra-structure markets, etc.
  • Moneo – the financial service unit of Marcopolo.
  • Volgren – is an Australian bodywork company owned by Marcopolo.

Products – Marcopolo division

Coach

2006 marcopolo ideale 770

2006 Marcopolo Ideale 2006 Scania K270

  • Ideale 770

2005 Marcopolo Allegro MBenz Buses JNSMERCEDES MARCOPOLO ALLEGRO

  • Allegro

Marcopolo Andare Classmarcopolo-andare-class-1000-2006-mercedesbenz-oh1636l59

  • Andare Class

BUS-MARCOPOLO-GV-VIAGGIO-DE-CRUZ-DEL-SURmarcopolo-viaggio-gv-850-1997Marcopolo Viaggio GV 1000 6x2marcopolo-viaggio-gv-1000-02

  • Viaggio series

2013 Marcopolo Paradiso 1050 G7-M.Benz-Buses Pullman Sur

2013 Marcopolo Paradiso G7 1200 Tur Bus Internacional

Scania Marcopolo Paradiso G6 1550LD

MarcopoloParadisoGIVScaniaBusesTurBus299

Marcopolo Paradiso 1200 G7 Mercedes-Benz O-500 RSD

2006 Marcopolo Paradiso 1800DD  MB O400RSD

DIGITAL CAMERA

mercedes-benz-marcopolo-paradiso-06 8x2

  • Paradiso series

Mercedes-Benz Marcopolo Multego OC-500Marcopolo Multego sobre carrocería Mercedes Benz OC-500mercedes-benz-marcopolo-multego-oc400-6x2Marcopolo Multego e

  • Multego

City bus

Marcopolo Gran Viale LE Volvo