SOMUA

hist-somua-logo

Somua machinery and trucks and buses, France

Somua, an acronym for Société d’outillage mécanique et d’usinage d’artillerie, was a French company that manufactured machinery and vehicles. A subsidiary of Schneider-Creusot, Somua was based in Saint-Ouen, a suburb of Paris.

In 1930 Somua introduced several models of trucks equipped with advanced diesel engines, half cabins and three axles and with payloads from 10 to 13 tonnes. Somua also produced a lighter range with five to eight tonnes payload, equipped with gasoline engines. In 1936 Somua produced a railcar for PLM, the XS 1 to 11.

T8197

Arguably the most famous product in Somua’s history was its 20-ton World War II tank, the Somua S35 and the Somua S40. Furthermore, France’s first tank in 1916, the Schneider CA1, as well as later in 1918 some Renault FT tanks, were manufactured by Somua in their Saint-Ouen facility during World War I.

Somua’s production of trucks practically ceased between 1943 and 1946. However, in 1944 the company developed a truck under license from the Swedish Hesselman company. Named the JL 12 and equipped with a flex-fuel four cylinder engine, the vehicle did not impress the “Commission des plans de modernisation de l’automobile”, which decided in 1946 to merge Somua with Willème and Panhard to form a new company, the Générale française de l’automobile (GFA).

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In 1946 Somua launched a new range of trucks, named JL 15, with a five-speed transmission to exploit the 130 horsepower delivered by the 8.6 liter six-cylinder diesel engine. It was available with six choices of chassis: 6.30 meters to 10.89 meters and 2 or 3 axles, supporting 11 to 16 tonnes payload. The JL 15 was available in truck or bus configuration – the models were respectively the JL 15T and JL 15LO.

In 1948 Somua built two double 1500V DC EMU rail engines for SNCF. They mainly operated in the South West region of France.

somua-op5-2-11

In 1955 Somua introduced the JL 19, available with two or three axles and powered by a six-cylinder diesel engine, the D615 9.3 liter engine, producing 180 hp and with a manual ten speed transmission. The JL 19 was available as a carrier or tractor, with five different chassis, and bore a payload of up to 26 tonnes. Around this time Latil, the heavyweight vehicle division of Renault, and Somua were merged under the LRS brand, which later became Saviem.

In 1962, Somua introduced a new JL range, with a new cab with four headlights (which came from the Saviem group). The base JL model had a 6.8 to 12.75 tonnes payload. The JL20 tractor had a 520D6T Henschel direct-injection six-cylinder 204 horsepower diesel engine and a 10 speed transmission and 35 tonnes gross weight.

Somuasomua

The company was a minor manufacturer of trolleybuses, building a total of just 55, one in 1938 and the others in the period 1947–55. Another French manufacturer, Vétra, supplied the “overwhelming majority” of trolleybuses in use on French systems during the relevant period. Somua-built trolleybuses used electrical propulsion equipment from Westinghouse.

Gallery

1929 SOMUA RZDA1929 SOMUA RZDA

1929 SOMUA-Kegresse MCG-4

1929 SOMUA-Kegresse MCG-4

1930 Somua Pumper Fire Truck Sales Brochure France wj7916-WSRCRZ

1930 Somua Pumper Fire Truck Sales Brochure France wj7916-WSRCRZ

1934 SOMUA MCG-4 bolster-type tractor

1934 SOMUA MCG-4 bolster-type tractor1935 S Somua 1

1935 S Somua 1

1935 SOMUA MCG-5

1935 SOMUA MCG-51936 SOMUA MCG Saumur 011936 SOMUA MCG Saumur 011936 SOMUA MCG5, in the Musée des Blindés, France

1936 SOMUA MCG5, in the Musée des Blindés, France1935 Somua MCL 5

FLOIRAT Buses France

123berliet-4renault-5chausson-6floirat-7chausson-8floirat-9renault-10chausson

123berliet-4renault-5chausson-6floirat-7chausson-8floirat-9renault-10chausson

Sylvain Floirat

1948 Floirat Logo

Sylvain Floirat était un homme d’affaires français (a French Business Man) né le 28 septembre 1899 à Nailhac en Dordogne et mort le 14 mars 1993.

Floirat Z10 des transports en commun de Mulhouse, actuellement au musée de l'AMTUIR.Autobus Floirat Z10 des transports en commun de Mulhouse, actuellement au musée de l’AMTUIR.

Was son of factor, apprentice charron, first bodybuilder in Saint-Denis (coach Floirat) at the end of the Second World War, then launches into business by getting in 1946 the licensing of airlines in connection with public transport : it is the creation of the company Aigle Azur in April 1946, which starts its activities in North Africa, Lebanon and in Indochina and which still exists. Manager of the company the equipment Automobile 1934-38. In 1951 he bought factory Joseph Besset constructor of coaches at Annonay in difficulty. In 1955, he returned, at the request of the french government, the Europe no 1 radio station then distressed and in fact very quickly one of the most popular radio stations in France. Its founder Charles Michelson sells its stake in the company, 17 July 1956 against the considerable sum for the time, of 245 million francs. In 1962, noticing the huge success of the company, Michelson tries in vain to renegotiate this assignment to higher courts. The case reflects then up to the Summit of States french and monegasque that press hastens of relate with including, an article on the cover of the daily newspaper Le Monde dated 27 January 1962 and Le Figaro, the next day.

3xFloirat_b

3 x Floirat

Taking the direction of Matra gear, it’s actually a profitable industrial complex focused on innovation in telecommunications, transport and military computer.

At the end of the 1960s, Sylvain Floirat bought the famous Hôtel Byblos founded in 1967 by Lebanese billionaire Jean Prosper Gay-Para in Saint-Tropez. The hotel which largely owes its notoriety to the Gallery of stars and “people” who attended it. CEO. of Breguet Aviation between 1955 and 1967, President of the French television company between 1966 and 1968. Mayor of Nailhac, Honorary President of the Chamber of Commerce of Périgueux. Grand Officer of the Legion of honour; President of Essendiéras plantations, he bought the castle ofAndré Maurois in Essendiéras. In 1981, he is a Director of the Hachette group and participates in the Board of the Filipacchi group in 1984.

1948 Floirat

1948 Floirat

The Floirat (www.groupe-floirat.com) Group specialises in luxury with the Byblos in Saint-Tropez hotel, La Réserve, Saint Jean de Luz and Les Manoirs de Tourgeville at Deauville, in the clubs with Les Caves du Roy in Saint Tropez and the Black Legend in Monaco (opened in 2009) and real estate in the southeast of the France. It is now run by the grandson of the creator, Antoine Chevanne.

1950 Brounais car Floirat

1950 Brounais car Floirat

1938-50 Floirat X 123 - Renault ABV

1938-50 Floirat X 123 – Renault ABV

1948 file_floirat_01 1948 file_floirat_02

Floirat Railcar

1948 file_floirat_03 1948 file_floirat_04

1948-file floirat 1 t/m 4

1948 floirat (2)

1948 floirat (railcar)

1948 floirat X 5707 13

1948 floirat x 5707 railcar

Floirat 5006-5007 et 5701a5708

Floirat 5006-5007 et 5701 a 5708 railcar

1948 rem floirat

1948 rem floirat

1949 Autorail Floirat ATLASACB3

1952 Autorail Floirat ATLAS ACB3

1950 Floirat GA1B9

1950 Floirat GA1B9

1953 Floirat C14 56 small

1953 Floirat C14 56 small

1953 Floirat C14 Saca (2)

1953 Floirat C14 Saca

1953 Floirat C14 SACA

1953 Floirat C14 Saca

1953 Floirat C14 SACAa

1953 Floirat C14 Saca

floirat autocar40zw.7744

1953 Floirat C14 Saca

1953 Floirat C14 SACAb

1953 Floirat C14 SACA

1953 FLOIRAT Y55 (le seul)

1953 floirat-y55-02

1953 FLOIRAT Y55 (le seul)

1954 251 Floirat-Mulhouse (Mulhouse) 1954 Floirat Mullhouse 2x 1954 FLOIRAT type Z10

1954 Floirat Z 10 1954 Floirat Z10 des transports en commun de Mulhouse, actuellement au musée de l'AMTUIR.

1954 Floirat Z10 des transports en commun de Mulhouse, actuellement au musée de l’AMTUIR.

1955 Floirat Y 55 a 1955 Floirat Y55i 1956 FloiratY55 56 small 1956 floirat-y55-11

1955 Floirat Y 55

1955 LATILLE-FLOIRAT Istanbul

1955 LATILLE-FLOIRAT Istanbul

1956-57,je pense à des Floirat.

1956-57,je pense à des Floirat.

1958 Floirat B8R c

1958 Floirat B8R

1958 Floirat B8R II a

1958 Floirat B8R II

1958 Floirat Boulogne

1958 Floirat Boulogne © B Basset

1958 Floirat Hochwaldlinie2k

1958 Floirat Hochwaldliniek

1958 Floirat i093199

1958 Floirat

1958 Floirat oldie

1958 Floirat oldie

1963 Floirat in Chair de poule, Movie, 1963

1963 Floirat in Chair de poule, Movie

1966 JHM-1966-0444 - Mulhouse, autobus Floirat

1966-0444 – Mulhouse, autobus Floirat Y55

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Floirat Railcar

autocar floirat

autocar floirat

Beauvais,autocar Floirat

Beauvais, autocar Floirat

Floirat 0sfa

Floirat Z10

EPSON scanner Image

Floirat Z10a FM450 150 pass

Floirat 1002

Floirat

Floirat anhanger B7gr

Floirat anhanger B7gr

Floirat autocar4so6.8875

Floirat autocar

Floirat CAI B 6 CAI 4 L 65

Floirat CAI B 6 CAI 4 L 65

floirat

Floirat Ad

floirat long

floirat long

Floirat Lourdes article126-2

Floirat Lourdes article126-2

Floirat Pinder

Floirat Pinder (Saviem?)

Floirat Trolley Turkey 15

Floirat Trolley Turkey 15

Floirat vlcsnap

Floirat vlcsnap

Floirat Y 53 Catalogue

Floirat Y 53 Catalogue

floirat y55

floirat y55

floirat-c14-saca-11

floirat-c14-saca-11

floirat-rca-2-

floirat-rca-2

un floirat transformé par des forains

un floirat transformé par des forains

images floirat

images floirat

Cést Tout

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Buses and Traincars SCEMIA from 1918-1958 France

SCEMIA

Scemia logo

Société de construction et d’entretien de matériel industriel et agricole

Scemia advertisement

Publicité de la firme.

Soissons st Waast Renault Scemia

 Automotrice Renault Scemia
Scemia CdNaut121
 Automotrice Scemia des chemins de fer des Côtes du Nord

La Société de construction et d’entretien de matériel industriel et agricole (Scemia) a construit du matériel industriel et agricole depuis 1918, jusqu’à 1958. Elle s’est aussi spécialisée dans les véhicules de transport en commun.

À l’origine de la société se trouve monsieur André Mariage administrateur de la STCRP. Son siège se trouvait 32, rue Championnet, à Paris dans le 18earrondissement, puis 3 rue Tronchet dans le 8e arrondissement puis 67 rue Arago à Puteaux (Hauts-de-Seine)

Histoire

La Scemia commence son activité en 1918, par la construction des tracteurs agricoles Universel, sous licence anglaise comme suite à un accord établi avec la firme Saunderson. Cette production est abandonnée en 1921.

La Scemia oriente son activité après cette date vers la construction de véhicules routiers et ferroviaires en association avec Schneider puis Renault en 1923.

La Production

  • Tracteurs agricoles:
  • Véhicules ferroviaires
  • Carrosseries d’autobus
  • Carrosserie de véhicules utilitaires

Le site de production se trouvait à Villetaneuse.

Notes et références

  1. (en) Fiche sur la société Scemia, sur steel-wheels.net. Consulté le 4 avril 2013.
  2. http://www.renaultoloog.nl/bussen-francais.htm 

1919 SCEMIA antwautobus1 Belgique 1920 renault-autobus-scemia-02 1920 renault-autobus-scemia-03 1920 renault-autobus-scemia-04 1920 renault-autobus-scemia-06 1923 Scemia Chateau de Coucy 1923 Scemia EHRsce03 1924 AUTOBUS SCEMIA-CGO-SCHNEDER 1924 pennock-scemia-htm-1924-04-2 1924 Scemia abbruxellois0 1924 Scemia Anizy-le-Chateau 1924 Scemia Pennock WG25 1925 2 bussen een Chassis van Auto Traction (Minerva) en 1 op een onderstel Scemia. Bovy-Pipe 1925 SCEMIA HAO 1926-renault-scemia-turkije 1927 Scemia 10 HTM Laakhaven 1927 Scemia Istanbul 0615 iett06 1927 Scemia lijn 1 HTM 1927 Scemia's en Turkey 1928 Scemia type MA4 1930 renault-autobus-scemia-10 1931 RENAULT-SCÉMIA (1931 Model) 1948 Renault Autobus Scemia [R4151] Minerva10 pennock-1909 renault-autobus-scemia-05 renault-autobus-scemia-08 renault-autobus-scemia-09 Scemia advertisement Scemia CdNaut121 Scemia HTM Bus 11 Scemia logo Scemia madeleine Bastille Scemia Renault combi scemia17 Soissons st Waast Renault Scemia

RENAULT Buses, Cars and Trucks France Part VIII Privatisation and the alliance era (1996–present)

RENAULT

2007 VHS (Véhicule Haute Sécurité)

Buses, Cars and Trucks France Part VIII

camions-anciens-huile-lourde-renault-img

Privatisation and the alliance era (1996–present)

logos_renault

It was eventually decided that the company’s state-owned status was detrimental to its growth. By 1994, following the failed Renault-Volvo merger, plans to sell shares to public investors were officially announced. The company was privatised in 1996. This new freedom allowed the company to venture once again into Eastern Europe and South America, including a new factory in Brazil and upgrades for the infrastructure in Argentina and Turkey. In December 1996 General Motors Europe and Renault begun to collaborate in the development of LCVs, starting with the second generation Trafic (codenamed X83).

1996

1996 Renault 19 1996 Renault C385 1996 RENAULT Clio 5 Doors 1996 Renault Clio 1996 Renault Espace III 1996 1996 Renault Espace III 1996 Renault Laguna Nevada 1 1996 Renault M180 Midliner 1996 1996 Renault Magnum Magnum MACK 1996 Renault Major 1990-1996 1996 Renault major tow truck 1996 Renault Megane Coach 2.0 Sports car 1996 RENAULT MEGANE COUPE 1996 Renault Mégane Scénic RT 2.0 1996 Renault Midlum 1996 RENAULT PREMIUM OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA 1996 Renault R19 Cabriolet 1.8 Cap Ferrat Cabrio 1996 Renault Twingo 1996 1996 Renault Twingo 1996 renault_fiftie_12_m 1996 Renault-M-210-4x4-FW-Hlavac-140506-01 1996 Renault-Megane-France-1996 1996 renaut 19 decapotable cabriolet

The financial problems of Renault were not all fixed by the privatisation, however, and the Renault’s President, Louis Schweitzer gave to his then deputy, Carlos Ghosn, the task of confronting them. Ghosn elaborated a plan to cut costs for the period 1998–2000, reducing the workforce, revising production processes, standardising vehicle parts and pushing the launching of new models. The company also undertook organisational changes, introducing worldwide a lean production system with delegate responsibilities inspired by Japanese systems (the “Renault Production Way”), reforming work methods and creating a centralised research and development facility, the Technocentre, to reduce vehicle conception costs while accelerating such conception.

1997

1997 Magnum 1997 maxresdefault 1997 Megane 1997 Renault 5 T 1997 Renault 1997 Pangea & Trailor 1997 Renault G340 4X2 1997 Renault Helem PRV Evo GT2 LM Image 1997 Renault Kangoo Break'up concept 1997 Renault Kerax 1997 renault laguna executive 20 1997 Renault Midliner S-150 1997 renault pangea concept 1 1997 Renault Spider 1997 Renault TRM-10000, 6x6 1997 renault__midliner 1997 Renault_Master_II_Phase_I_2.8_dTi_Heck 1997 RenaultLagunaBTCCMenu 1997 Renault-Megane-Cabriolet-1.6e-1997 1997 renault-megane-wagon-03 1997 renault-messe,chateauroux- 1997

1998

1998 laguna 1998 Police_Paris_CRS_vehicule_dsc06486 1998 Renault Clio 2 Seitenschweller Mohave 1998 Renault Kerax-385.40, 8x8 1998 renault master 1998 Renault Megane 1.4 E HB RL 1998 Renault Mégane Cabriolet 1.6e (1998) 1998 Renault Mégane Cabriolet 1.6e 1998 Renault Midliner 180ti 1998 RENAULT Premium 250 1998 Renault Premium a 1998 Renault TRM-200.13, 4x4 1998 Renault Vel Satis 1998 renault_premium_400 1998 Renault-Clio-19-Diesel-1998 1998 Renault-Laguna-RXI-1.6-16V-1998 1998 Renault-Megane-Scenic-France-1998 1998 Renault-Scenic-I-JA 1998 Renault-Twingo-1998 1998_Renault_Kangoo-3 1998_Renault_Vel_Satis_06 1998_Renault_Vel_Satis_concept_002_9565 1998-90 Renault 5 19 25 Espace 25 Alpine GTA Brochure 1998-renault-clio-ii-11 1998-renault-kangoo-1

1999

1999 a 1999 amr_routers_finkelsen_renault_magnum 1999 Kangoo helios 1999 Nowa-gama-Renault-Trucks 1999 Renault Avantime Concept Image 1999 Renault Avantime, 1999 Renault Avantime 1999 Renault Clio V6 Sport 1999 renault clio 1999 Renault Espace Elysée 2.0 1999 Renault Kangoo RTE 1.9 D 65 1999 1999 RENAULT KERAX 400 1999 Renault Kerax 1999 Renault Mégane Classic 1 1999 Renault Megane Convertible 1999 Renault Megane Coupe Rallye 2 1999 Renault Megane Scenic Minivan 1999 renault midliner tippers 1999 Renault Scenic RX4 - Side 1999 Renault Scenic RXI 2.0 1999 Renault 1999 renault__premium_210_gg_18t_green_pl__particle__lb_1999_1_lgw 1999 renault_mascott_mascott_110_1999_2_lgw 1999 renault_omega 1999 renault_premium_250_18_1999_1_lgw 1999 renault_premium_300_19_1999_1_lgw 1999 renault_premium_400 1999 renault_rugby 1999 renault-kerax-385-8-x-4,1561e505-1 1999 Renault-Laguna-Break-RXI-2.0-16V-1999 1999 renault-nissan-alliance-1999 1999_Renault_Megane_sedan_002_8189 1999-renault-mascott-19

After Volvo exit, Renault searched for a new partner to cope with an industry that was consolidating and talks with BMW, Mitsubishi, Nissan, PSA and others were held. When Nissan’s negotiations with Daimler stalled, the Japanese company agreed to associate with Renault. Signed on 27 March 1999, the Renault–Nissan Alliance is the first of its kind involving a Japanese and a French company, each with its own distinct corporate culture and marque identity, linked through cross-shareholding. Renault initially acquired a 36.8% stake at a cost of US$3.5 billion in Nissan, while Nissan in turn has a 15% stake (non-voting) in Renault. Renault continued to operate as a stand-alone company, but with the intent to collaborate with its alliance partner to reduce costs in developing new products. In the same year Renault bought 51% majority stake of the Romanian company Dacia, thus returning after 30 years, in which time the Romanians built over 2 million cars, which primarily consisted of local version of Renaults 8, 12 and 20. In 2000, Renault acquired a controlling stake of the South Korean Samsung Group‘s automotive division.

2000

2000 15297 2000 460250-photo-camion 2000 995680 OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA ?????????????????? 2000 kerax_8x4_xtrem_1-e5dfd 2000 Renault Avantime concept a 2000 Renault Avantime concept 2000 RENAULT Kerax 340.18 2000 Renault Laguna Estate 1.9 dCI 2000 Renault Laguna Initiale 3.0 V6 24V 2000 Renault Magnum 380 2000 RENAULT MASCOTTE 2000 renault matra concept 2000 Renault Mégane Cabriolet 1.6 16V Kaleido 2000 2000 renault premium_400_2000_2_lgw 2000 RENAULT R340 TI Major 6-culas, 340PK, 4x2 2000 Renault Talisman 2000 Concept usine 12 2000 renault traffic 2000 Renault TRM 2000 truck 2000 Renault TRM 2000. Light Utility Truck 2000 Renault Trucks Mascott 130.35 2.8DTI 2000 renault twingo 2000 renault_ashfield 2000 Renault_Fluence_STC2000_1_noticia_3512 2000 renault_magnum_ae_390_mack_730_tkm_2000_1_lgw 2000 renault-a-twingo-photo-max-vadukul 2000 renault-premium-wallpaper-kgof2woq 2000 renault-trucks_logo 2000 renault-truck-wallpaper-6wulmcsb RT4 2000 TC-2000 in Santa Fe streets.

2001

2001 Renault Laguna Break 2001 Renault Magnum 3 2001 renault magnum 2001-08 Renault Clio Symbol 2001–08

2003

2003 renault be bop sport concepts 2003 renault formula-1 2003 Renault Kerax 6x6 Dakar Rally Service Truck 2003 renault magnum 2003 RENAULT MASCOTTE 150 2003 renault premium lander 320 2003 Renault Premium-Giraud (B) 2003 Renault Twingo Oasis 2003 Renault Vel Satis 2001–05 2003 Renault-Clio-Portugal-2003 2003-10 renault_master

2004

2004 RENAULT CE 160 2004 renault formula-1 2004 Renault Kangoo Z.E. Concept 2004 renault kangoo 2004 Renault Kerax as service vehicle at Dakar Rally 2004 2004 Renault Premium Articulated Engine 11116cc 2004 renault radiance concepts 2004 renault sandup concepts 2004 Renault Wind 2004 renault_kangoo 2004-09 renault logan 2004-09 YUrolTyuning Renault Logan

In the late 1990s and early 2000s, Renault sold various assets to finance its inversions and acquisitions, refocusing itself as a car and van manufacturer. In 1999, the company sold itsindustrial automation subsidiary, Renault Automation, to Comau and its engine parts division to TWR Engine Components. In 2001, Renault also sold its 50% stake in bus/coach manufacturer Irisbus to co-owner Iveco and its logistics subsidiary CAT France to Global Automotive Logistics. Following the sale of the Renault Véhicules Industriels truck and bus division to Volvo in 2001, the company retained a minority (but controlling) stake (20%) in the Volvo Group (Volvo passenger cars are now a subsidiary of the Zhejiang Geely Holding Group). In 2010 Renault reduced its participation to 6.5% and in December 2012 sold its remaining shares. In 2004, Renault sold a 51% majority stake in its agricultural machinery division, Renault Agriculture, to CLAAS. In 2006, CLAAS increased its ownership to 80% and in 2008 took full control.

2005

2005 RENAULT C260 Turbo Intercooler 2005 renault egeus concepts 2005 renault formula-1 2005 renault magnum 2005 Renault Mascott minibus 2005 Renault premium route 2005 Renault Puncher 2004–10 2005 renault zoe concepts 2005 renault_vel_satis_2005 2005 Renault25ts

2006

2006 renault Altica concepts 2006 Renault F1 Bus 2006 renault formula-1 2006 renault kerax 2006 Renault Koleos Concept 2006 Renault Laguna Hatchback 2006 renault magnum a 2006 renault magnum b 2006 renault magnum UK 2006 Renault Midlum Road Service 2006 renault nepta concepts 2006 Renault Premium Distribution 2006 Renault Sherpa-5, 6x6 2006 Renault Thalia 2006 Renault Twingo Concept bus-photo.net 2006 Renault 2006 renault_clio symbol 2006 renault_trafic_2006_wallpapers_2_800x600

2007

2006-13 Renault Midlum Crew Cab 4x4 firetruck 2007 renault clio grandtour concepts 2007 renault formula-1 2007 Renault Laguna Coupe 2007 Renault Logan ECO2 Concept 2007 2007 renault logan 2007 Renault Magnum 500 Tractor Engine 500 bhp Straight 12 2007 Renault Master Brandweer 2007 Renault master propulsion 2007 Renault Midlum 4x4 Tanker 2007 renault midlum Fideus concepts 2007 Renault Tondar 90 2007 2007 Renault Trafic 2007 2007 Renault Twingo Collector 2007 Renault Vel Satis 2005–09 2007 renault_kangoo 2007 renault_symbol 2007 renault_twingo 2007 VHS (Véhicule Haute Sécurité) 2007-renault-modus-emprei-2_460x0w

In the twenty-first century, Renault was to foster a reputation for distinctive, outlandish design. The second generation of the Laguna and Mégane featured ambitious, angular designs which turned out to be successful, with the 2000 Laguna being the first European family car to feature “keyless” entry and ignition. Less successful were the company’s more upmarket models. The Avantime, a bizarre coupé / multi-purpose vehicle, sold very poorly and was quickly discontinued while the luxury Vel Satis model did not sell as well as hoped. However, the design inspired the lines of the second-generation Mégane, the most successful car of the maker. As well as its distinctive styling, Renault was to become known for its car safety. The Laguna was the first car ever to achieve a 5 star rating; in 2004 the Modus was the first to achieve this rating in its category.

2008

2008 renault formula-1 2008 Renault Koleos UK-spec 2008 renault Ondelios concepts 2008 Renault Premium Distribution UK-spec HYBRYS 01 2008 Renault Safrane 2008 renault scenic ZEV H2 concepts 2008 Renault Thalia 2008 2008 Renault Twingo front 2008 Renault Twingo Night & Day 2008 renault Z.E. concepts 2008 Renault_Master_IV_front_20100504 2008 renault_midlum firetruck 2008 RENAULT-INSENSE-CONCEPT-renault-15591471-512-384 2008-13 Pictures of Renault Maxity Lift Platform 2008–13 2008-13 Renault Maxity Double Cab 2008–13

2009

2009 Renault 460 Tractor Engine 10837 cc 2009 renault formula-1 2009 Renault Kerax 6h6 Cape to Cape Special 2009 2009 Renault Laguna Black Edition 2009 Renault Logan 2009 renault lutecia 5 doors 2009 renault Optifuel Lab concepts 2009 Renault Twingo by Rip Curl 2009 renault_master ambulance 2009 renault_midlum_Tow Truck UK 2009 renault_vel-satis

In April 2010, Renault-Nissan announced a new alliance with Mercedes-Benz parent company Daimler with Renault supplying Mercedes-Benz with its brand new 1.6 L turbodiesel engine and Mercedes-Benz to provide a 2.0 L four-cylinder petrol engine to Renault-Nissan. The resulting new alliance is to also develop a new model to replace the Smart with a new model based on the Renault Twingo.

2010

2010 Renault 4 Douanes 2010 Renault 4 Miss Sixty 2010 2010 Renault Access 2010 renault DeZir concepts 2010 renault formula-1 2010 Renault Grand Modus GEO Collections 2010 Renault Laguna Coupe Monaco GP 2010 Renault Laguna Coupe ZA-spec 2010 Renault Latitude EU-spec 2010 renault latitude 2010 Renault Logan MCV 2010 renault lutecia 2010 renault Magnum 1 2010 Renault Magnum 500. Picasso 2010 Renault Magnum 520 Tractor Engine 12,780 Turbo Diesel 2010 Renault Magnum 530 Tractor Engine 12,780cc Turbo Diesel 2010 RENAULT MAGNUM PROJET CONCEPT 2010 Renault Magnum qui malgré des cabines 2010 Renault magnum 2010 renault mascott 2010 Renault Master IV 2010 Renault Premium Course Racing Truck 2010 Renault Premium Lander OptiTrack 4x2 2010 Renault Safrane 2010 2010 Renault Trafic LWB 2010 2010 renault_latitude 2010 renault_master 2010 renault_master_2010_pictures_9_b

In February 2010, Renault opened a new production factory near Tangier, Morocco, with an annual output capacity of 170,000 vehicles. Initially, it manufactured the new Dacia Lodgy and Dacia Dokker models and, starting from October 2013, the second generation Dacia Sandero, the output capacity being increased to 340,000 vehicles per year with the inauguration of this second production line. The site is located in a dedicated free trade area, neighboring the Tanger Automotive City, an industrial platform focused on automotive business. According to Renault, the new factory emits zero carbon and industrial liquid discharges. Over 100,000 vehicles were produced there in 2013, and Renault expects to eventually increase production at the Tangier plant to 400,000 vehicles per year, according to a report by the Committee of French Automobile Manufacturers.

2011

2011 renault formula-1 2011 renault Frendzy concepts 2011 renault kangoo ambulance 2011 Renault Kerax 8x8 Tipper 2011–13 2011 Renault Koleos AU-spec 2011 Renault Laguna Grandtour 2011 Renault Lármee 2011 Renault Latitude Festival de Cannes Official Car 2011 Renault Logan Avantage 2011 Renault Magnum Legend 2011 Renault Master VSAV2011-Strasbourg_FNAC 2011 Renault Mégane RS (III) 2011 Renault Premium Lander 6x4 AU-spec 2011 Renault Pulse 2011 renault R-Space concepts 2011 Renault Sherpa 5 6x6 2011 Renault Sherpa Light APC Police 2011 2011 Renault Twingo Gordini 2010–12 2011 Renault Twingo Night & Day 2011 renault_koleos 2011 renault_modus a 2011 renault_modus 2011 renault_wind_2011 2011 renault_wind_2011_photos_1 2011-13 Renault Maxity Electric Clean Tech 2011-13 Renault Midlum Optifuel

In December 2012 the Algeria’s National Investment Fund (FNI), the Société Nationale de Véhicules Industriels (SNVI), and Renault signed an agreement to establish a factory near the city of Oran, Algeria, with the aim of manufacturing Symbol units by 2014. The production output was estimated in 25,000 vehicles. The Algerian State will have a 51% stake in the facilities’ property.

2012

2012 – Renault Alpine A110-50 2012 renault D Cross duster 2012 renault fluence 2012 Renault FR1 Iliade FR 2012 renault Intelligent Mobility concepts 2012 renault kangoo popemobiel 2012 Renault Kerax 6x6 Mobile Training Unit 2012 Renault Koleos Bose Edition 2012 Renault Koleos ZA-spec 2012 Renault Laguna Nervasport 2012 Renault Midlum Clean Tech Electric 2012 Renault Symbol 2012 2012 Renault Talisman 2012 2012 Renault Twingo Gordini 2012 Renault Twingo Mauboussin 2012 Renault Twingo R.S. Red Bull Racing RB7 2012 Renault Twizy Z.E. by Cathy & David Guetta 2012 Renault VAB 6x6 2012 renault_access 2012 renault_kangoo 2012 Renault_Master_IV_rear_20100504 2012 renault_scala 2012 renault_symbol 2012 renault_zoe_2012_photos 2012 Renault-Trucks-2012

Corporate governance

Renault is administered through a Board of Directors, an Executive Committee and a Management Committee. As of May 2014, members of the 19-seat board are, among others, Carlos Ghosn, Alain J. P. Belda, Charles de Croisset, Thierry Desmarest, Yuriko Koike, Marc Ladreit de Lacharrière, Franck Riboud and Pascale Sourisse. The Executive Committee is composed by Ghosn, Thierry Bolloré (Chief Competitive Officer), Marie-Françoise Damesin (Executive Vice President, Human Resources), Jose-Vicente De Los Mozos Obispo (Executive Vice President Manufacturing and Supply-Chain), Gaspar Gascon Abellan (Executive Vice President Engineering), Philippe Klein (Executive Vice President, Product Planning, Programs), Stefan Mueller (Executive Vice President, Chairman of Europe region), Mouna Sepehri (Executive Vice President, Office of the CEO), Jérôme Stoll (Executive Vice President, Chief Performance Officer) and Dominique Thormann (Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer, Chairman and CEO, RCI Banque). The Management Committee is composed by the members of the Executive. There are five regional management committees which focus on certain geographic areas.

2013

2013 230 renault_c-series-trucks a 2013 Renault Captur 2013 Renault D7,5 4x2 2013 Renault D7,5 4x2a 2013 renault d-series-trucks Wide 6x2 2013 renault duster detour 2013 renault duster rally dakar 2013 renault duster ZA spec 2013 2013 Renault Duster ZA-spec 2013 renault d-wide series-trucks rolloffcon 2013 renault initiale concepts 2013 renault k 430 8x4 tipper-series-trucks 2013 Renault Koleos 2013 2013 Renault Laguna Grandtour 2013 Renault Laguna Hatchback 2013