AMBULANCES + HEARSES part XV on Alphabet beginning with R till S
That were all the R’s up to the S
That were all the R’s up to the S
Rocar DAC 112 UDM bus in Bucharest, in the 1996-2006 RATB livery. RATB was the main operator of such buses in the late 1980s and early 1990s, with over 500 buses and 100 trolleybuses. No Rocar DAC vehicle is still present in the RATB fleet.
|Body and chassis|
|Doors||1 to 3 doors|
|Floor type||step entrance|
Rocar DAC was a series of buses and trolleybuses produced by the Autobuzul (later Rocar) company of Bucharest, Romania, between 1979 and 2000. They were available in both standard (non-articulated), 12-meter models and articulated, 17-meter models.
For much of the 1980s and early 1990s, these buses and trolleybuses were the backbone of the urban transportation network of Romania since, throughout the 1980s, public transportation companies were not allowed to import any type of vehicle.
The buses were designed and built in a period of severe shortages, the main emphasis being put on economizing material usage and simplicity of the design. Most buses of this type did not have power or assisted steering, and only a small number of buses, built in the early part of the project (1979-1982) employed automatic gearboxes. The passenger area was also very spartan, having no interior sound or display systems, seats being built out of plywood, light fixtures being 6-8 small 12-volt light bulbs providing insufficient lighting.
During the late 1980s, some were converted to run on methane gas, by installing two or three gas tanks on the roofs. After the fall of the communist regime, the buses were converted back to diesel. DAC buses were equipped with Hungarian RABA-MAN engines, or with Romanian IABv engines capable of 192 horse power DIN and a 4 or 6 gears gear box for a maximum speed of 65 km/h.
In 1996, Rocar began replacing the model line-up with the new Rocar De Simon range that was produced until the bankruptcy of the company in 2003 (however, Dac 112 UDM buses were built until 2000). Most Rocar DAC buses have been withdrawn from service, and replaced with more modern buses. However, some survive with smaller transport companies, on some rural services and in small towns. Trolleybuses, on the other hand, have fared better, because of the higher purchasing cost and lower wear-and-tear, and are still a common site in cities such as Cluj or Kiev.
1993 United Nations Cocar fieldambulance hospital in Mogadishu
Rocar 318et tandem
Rocar 318et tandem
Rocar 318et tandem
Buses DAC Romania
Today we travel to Roemenia. It was a complicatet search for DAC, because ROCAR, Autobuzul, ROMAN, Rohan, TAM, TV and lots of other marks were made in Roemenia. Some were made in association with MAN Germany.
The Buses I’ll show are not only made under the name DAC, will come back in later chapters. First they were made by Autobuzul, and that’s called ROCAR Nowadays.
Autobuz DAC 117 UD în Târgu-Jiu
Autobuz Rocar 117 UD în Piteşti
Autobuzul Boekarest Roemenië
Bedford Bus PUM-575 DAC 1963
dac 112 udm 5 228
DAC 112 UDM Gas en Diesel Timisuara
DAC 112 UDM Gas en Diesel
DAC 112 UDM
Dac 112e Trolleybus (MAN)
Dac gpl-3 udan 2002
DAC-deSimon-Jun 1982 JC Nice
Kolozsvari trolibusz DAC
Carrozzeria DE SIMON Italy
De Simon Group S.p.A.
|1925, 2006 as S.p.A.|
|Osoppo, Udine, Italy|
|Buses, Spare parts|
The company was founded in 1925 by Giovanni De Simon, who started assembling wooden-body buses for the local public transport. Later, under the management of his son Ilvo, the company introduced steel for interurban and touristic coaches, usingFiat, OM, Lancia or Alfa chassisIn the sixties they started assembling buses on Fiat truck-chassis and sold over a thousand units to the public transport companies in Italy.
In 1976 an earthquake having the epicenter in Osoppo ruins most of the plants in Friuli-Venezia Giulia, including the one of De Simon. Ilvo together with his sons Giovanni and Alvio manage to rebuild the plant in only two years time. The new site covers 70,000 square meters and includes two office buildings and a test track.
In 1978, De Simon together with Breda Costruzioni Ferroviarie form up the new consortium called Inbus, which achieves in the eighties a share of 30% of the national bus market. During this time, De Simon builds a new construction plant inPalermo, Sicily, called IMEA, that would be the main supplier of the island for urban and interurban buses. During its ten years of existence the Inbus consortium produced about 6,000 buses, of which 30% were assembled by De Simon.
Starting from 1993, De Simon focuses mainly on intercity buses built entirely from stainless steel using chassis from European manufacturers Scania and laterMercedes-Benz. In the urban sector, De Simon franchises and sells in Italy buses of the Belgian manufacturer Van Hool, between 8 and 18 meters in length, and available even with a natural gas-powered engine.
Between 1996 and 2002, Romanian bus manufacturer Rocar and De Simon have a cooperation for the assembly of 400 urban buses.
In the following five years the company developed a new range of buses called Millemiglia, designed for interurban lines, between 10.8 and 14 meters in length. Such fleets are used in the towns of Puglia and Campania. Their line-up also includes a touristic open-top bus called Millemiglia Zefiro. In 2006, De Simon Group established themselves as a joint-stock company and manage mainly the supply of spare parts for bus bodies or repairs, maintenance or conversion of bus bodies.
In 2007, as an independent company, De Simon achieved a sales volume of 150 buses and a turnover of more than 20 million euros.
The current line-up of busesDe Simon Millemiglia 12 HD
Inbus touristic bus
Inbus U210 urban bus
Inbus AID 280 FT articulated bus
Rocar De Simon urban bus in Bucharest
1968 Lancia De Simon Stefer b 915 © Collezione Leandro Tavolare
1970 Fiat 309 De Simon
1972 fiat 418A 974 de Simon
1973 229 e schieramento Fiat 418 AL De Simon ACAP nuovi
240 242 Fiat 418 De Simon accantonati 1998
281 Inbus U210 De Simon Acap Padova Prato Valle 2001
Fiat 418AL De Simon 935
FIAT 418AC De Simon 915
Almici De Simon 1825es1
Bucharest Rocar De Simon bus 1123
De Simon Scania IL.3 Italië
De Simon Scania IN.3 Italië
Fiat 418s with De Simon bodywork
IVECO Starline UC 4×4 De Simon Bus TS7
de simon millemiglia zefiro a
de simon millemiglia zefiro
DE SIMON VICO
Fiat 306 De Simon 1972
Fiat 343 De Simon ex Atresina Pieve di Curtarolo Padova Italy 2003
Fiat 409 De Simon ACT 302 Raduno Trieste – Rijeka 2012 Trieste Italy
Fiat 409 De Simon DSU 850 ACT 302 e Fiat 308L Padane Gran Turismo Trieste Italy 2012
Fiat 409 De Simon DSU 850 ACT Trieste 302 Hrvatini Crevatini Gasilski Dom 14
Fiat 416A De Simon 1972 Hrvatini Crevatini Gasilski Dom 23
Fiat 418 AC De Simon ATVO scuolabus
Fiat 418 De Simon 124 AMT Vr Deposito II 2004
Fiat 418 De Simon Brunico Stabilimento Dalla Via Schio Vicenza Italy 2001
Iveco 80.17.1W.1 Starline UC 4×4 De Simon 1987 Hrvatini Crevatini Gasilski Dom 15 a
Iveco 80.17.1W.1 Starline UC 4×4 De Simon 1987 Hrvatini Crevatini Gasilski Dom 16
Rocar De Simon Trolleybus 7459
Rocar De Simon U412-260 528 RAT Brasov Romania 2007 front left
Scania Bus & Pullman De Simon Mille Miglia HD esterno1
Scania DE SIMON coach
SICCAR 176 L carrozzeria De Simon ex SAD Bz
Siccar 176 LS carrozzato De Simon ACT-VVB 103