AMBULANCES + HEARSES part XIV on Alphabet beginning with P till R

AMBULANCES + HEARSES part XIV on Alphabet beginning with P till R

A 1927 Packard ambulance, in front of the Detroit Fire Department headquarters downtown. Burton Historical Collection.

Packard – Ambulances – Flowercars – Hearses -mostly by Henney coachbuilders from 1916 till 1958 when Packard fuseerde met Studebaker.

Only in 1985 made Bayliff some Packard Hearses (Bayliff Coach Corporation, 1979-1992; Lima, Ohio)

Panhard PL 17 Ambulance par Pichon Parat

Panhard ambulances

PAZ Ambulances and Ambulance Bus

Peugeot Ambulances and Hearses from 1934 till recent

Phänomen krankenwagen – ambulances

President Woodrow Wilson’s Pierce-Arrow

Pierce-Arrow Ambulances and Hearses

Plymouth Plaza estate ambulance

Plymouth Ambulances and Hearses

Polski Fiat 621L AMBULANCE with interior

Polski Fiat Ambulances

PONTIAC Ambulances + Hearses

Porsche Ambulances of fast resque and Hearses

 1981 Puch Binz ambulance

Steyr-Daimler-Puch Haflinger Pinzgauer Ambulance

That were all the P ambulances and hearses

FIAT History Part II + III


Part II


1931 Fiat 522

Fiat 522
1932 Fiat 522 S Sport Sedan
Manufacturer Fiat
Production 1931-1933
Body and chassis
Body style 2/4-door sedan
2-door coupé
2/4-door cabriolet
4-door torpedo
Layout FR layout
Engine straight-6 2516 cc 52 hp (39 kW)
Transmission 4-speed manual
Wheelbase 278 cm (109.4 in) (522 C)
280 cm (110.2 in) (522 S)
307 cm (120.9 in) (522 L)
Curb weight 1,300 kg (2,900 lb)-1,400 kg (3,100 lb)
Predecessor Fiat 521
Successor Fiat 527

The Fiat 522 is a passenger car produced by Fiat between 1931 and 1933. The 522 was offered in three different body styles : 522C (SWB), 522L (LWB) and 522S (Sport).

The engine was an 2,516 cc in-line six-cylinder with a claimed output of 52 bhp (39 kW) or 65 bhp (48 kW) for the Sport version. The car also featured a four-speed all-syncromesh transmission, which set this Fiat ahead of its time.

The 522 was the first model to feature Fiat’s subsequently familiar rectangular logo: the badge used here employed gold lettering on a red background.

Almost 6,000 examples of the 522 were produced. A Fiat 522 CSS was also offered: in this version, the car had a higher compression ratio and twin carburetors.

Fiat 518

Fiat 518 Ardita
1933 Fiat 518 C Sedan

Fiat 518 C Sedan 1933
Manufacturer Fiat
Production 1933-1938
Body and chassis
Body style 2/4-door sedan
2/4-door cabriolet
2-door spyder
Layout FR layout
Related Fiat 527
Engine 1,758 cc or 1,944 cc straight-4
Transmission 4-speed manual
Wheelbase 270 cm (106.3 in)
300 cm (118.1 in) (518 L)
Length 404 cm (159.1 in) 2d
434 cm (170.9 in) 4d
Curb weight 1,200 kg (2,600 lb)-1,300 kg (2,900 lb)
Predecessor Fiat 514
Successor Fiat 1500

The Fiat 518 Ardita was a model of car produced by Italian automotive company, Fiat between 1933 and 1938. There was also a 2.5-liter version called “Ardita”, this has the model code 527.

8.794 were produced in total in Italy.

About 2,200 were built as Simca-Fiat 11CVs in France, all fitted with the 1,944 cc engine of 45 PS (33 kW).

A Polish version, the Polski Fiat 518 Mazur was produced between 1937 and 1939 by PZInż in Warszawa under Fiat license. The car has 4 doors and 7 or 5 seats. It used the two-litre Fiat 118 engine (PZInż 157) (45 hp (33 kW) at 3,600 rpm, compression rate of 6,1:1) and a four-speed gearbox. The car weights 1,070 kg (2,359 lb) and has top speed of 100 to 110 km/h (62 to 68 mph) and has fuel consumption of 11.5 L/100 km (25 mpg-imp; 20.5 mpg-US).


Saloon, 4 doors, 7 seats

  • Saloon, 4 doors, 4 seats(+ sports saloon type also)
  • Tourer, 2 doors, 2+2 seats
  • PZInż 302 used by the Polish military as artillery tractor
Model Engine Displacement Power at rpm Fuel system
1750 straight-4 sidevalve 1,758 cc 40 hp single carburetor
2000 straight-4 sidevalve 1,944 cc 45 hp 3,600 single carburetor

1933 Fiat 518 L (long wheel base)1933 Fiat 518 L (long wheel base)

1937 Simca-Fiat 11CV

1937 Simca-Fiat 11CV

  • 1934 Fiat 527

Fiat 527

Fiat 527
1934 Fiat 527 Sedan
Una Fiat 527 berlina del 1934
Descrizione generale
Costruttore Italia  Fiat
Produzione dal 1934 al 1936
Sostituisce la Fiat 518 Ardita
Sostituita da Fiat 2800
Altre caratteristiche
Dimensioni e massa
Lunghezza 4505 (versione berlina) – 4880 (versione S) mm
Larghezza 1670 mm
Altezza 1769 (versione berlina) – 1596 (versione S)  mm
Passo 3170 mm
Massa 1400 kg
1934 Fiat 527 S
Una Fiat 527 versione sport del 1934

La Fiat 527, conosciuta anche come Ardita 2500, è stata un’autovettura di lusso prodotta dalla Fiat dal 1934 al 1936.

Il contesto

Questa vettura fu la terza della gamma Ardita, che comprendeva già la 518 con le sue due motorizzazioni:

La 2500 è stata invece fabbricata dal 1934, ed era equipaggiata da un motore in linea a sei cilindri da 2516 cc , erogante 52 cv , con valvole in testa. Aveva un solo carburatore. Il cambio era sincronizzato a quattro rapporti ed era a trazione posteriore. I freni erano sulle quattro ruote, mentre il freno di stazionamento era sull’albero di trasmissione . L’accensione era a batteria . È stata commercializzata nelle versioni berlina ed S (sport, con motore potenziato a 60 cv a 3800 giri/min), tutte e due con un passo di 3170 mm . La velocità massima era di 110 km/h per la versione berlina e 115 km/h per la S.

In Italia saranno fabbricati più di 1000 esemplari: a differenza della Fiat 518 Ardita non è stata costruita anche in paesi esteri.

Fiat 1500 (1935)

Fiat 1500
1938 Fiat 1500B

Fiat 1500 B, 1938
Manufacturer Fiat
Production 1935–1950
Body and chassis
Body style sedan
Layout FR layout
Engine straight-6 1493 cc
Predecessor Fiat 514
Successor Fiat 1400
1949 1500E model featured the simplified frontal treatment first featured on the 1940 1500C model.

The 1949 1500E model featured the simplified frontal treatment first featured on the 1940 1500C model.

This article is about the 1930s-50s models – there were also entirely different Fiat 1500s manufactured from 1961 to 1967.

The Fiat 1500 was a car produced by the Fiat from 1935 to 1950. The car was introduced in Salone dell’Automobile di Milan in 1935. It was one of the first cars tested in a wind tunnel, following the Chrysler Airflow produced one year earlier. The styling was by the emerging designer, Giacosa, who achieved an aerodynamic efficiency unequalled before it in a touring car, and (contrary to the failure of the “lumpen” Airflow) disproved the thesis aerodynamic cars would not sell.

The second series 1500B, with better brakes, was introduced in 1939, and in 1940, the 1500C, with a redesigned front end.

In 1949, the 1500E appeared, having some exterior changes and the external spare wheel moved inside the car.

Fiat 1100

Fiat 1100
1955 Fiat-1100-103

Various versions of the 1100/103 (spring 1955). From right to left: 103 Berlina (sedan), Familiare (estate), Berlina TV (Turismo Veloce).
Manufacturer Fiat
Production 1937–1969
Assembly Italy
Casablanca, Morocco
Ferreyra, Argentina
Body and chassis
Class Compact car
Body style Saloon
Layout FR layout
Related Premier Padmini (1100D)
Neckar Europa
  • 1089 cc I4
  • 1221 cc I4
Transmission 4-speed manual
Predecessor Fiat 508 “Balilla”
Successor Fiat 128

The Fiat 1100 is a compact automobile produced from 1937 to 1969 by the Italian car maker Fiat. It was built in several generations, with a separate chassis (until 1953) and then monocoque bodywork. The 1100 was changed steadily and gradually until finally being replaced by the inventive new Fiat 128 in 1969. There were also a series of light commercial versions of the 1100 built, with later models called the Fiat 1100T, which remained in production until 1971. The Fiat 1100D also found a long life in India, where Premier Automobiles continued to build the car until the end of 2000.

508C Nuova Balilla 1100

1936 Fiat 1100-508C

1937 Fiat 1100/508C

The Fiat 1100 was first introduced in 1937 as an updated version of the 508 “Balilla” (its real name was the 508C) with a look similar to the 1936 Fiat 500 “Topolino” and the larger 1500, with the typical late-thirties heart-shaped front grille, with styling by the emerging designer Dante Giacosa. It was powered by a 1,089 cc four-cylinder overhead-valve engine rather than the earlier Balilla’s 1-litre unit. Power was up by a third, to 32 PS (24 kW) at 4000 rpm. There was also a more sporting model on offer, the 42 PS (31 kW) “508 CMM”.

Drive was to the rear wheels through a four-speed gearbox, and for the period, its comfort, handling, and performance were prodigious, making it “the only people’s car that was also a driver’s car”. Unusual for a modestly priced car of the time was the independent front suspension, while the rear had a leaf sprung live axle. Subsequently the car underwent a partial restyling around the front end and gained new streamlined window-shaped louvres and was renamed the 1100B and was popularly known as the “1100 musone” (i. e. “big nose”). After World War II, in 1949, the car was re-introduced with a curvy trunk and new name, the 1100E. The 1100E also received a bit more power, and now had 35 PS (26 kW). Both the 508C and the 1100B were also available as the long wheelbase 508L which was mainly used for vans and taxis.


1954 Fiat 1100–103

1954 Fiat 1100–103

In 1953, the 1100 was completely redesigned as a compact four-door sedan, with a modern monocoque bodywork and integrated fenders and front lights. The new model was called the 1100/103 after its project number, and was offered (as usual at that time) in two different versions: “economica” (cheaper) and “normale” (standard). In October 1953, the car became available in a sporty version, the 1100TV (Turismo Veloce) with a third light in the middle of the grille and 51 PS (38 kW) rather than the 36 PS (26 kW) of the regular versions. It was also available in station-wagon version, with a side-hinged fifth door at the back.

1956 Fiat Trasformabile (1200)

1956 Fiat Trasformabile (1200)

In March 1955, the 1100/103 Trasformabile, a two-seater roadster, was introduced at the Geneva Motor Show. Equipped with the mechanics from the 1100TV, the American-inspired design was the work of the special bodies division of Fiat (Sezione Carrozzerie Speciali). 571 of these first series Trasformabiles were built. In 1956 it received a more powerful engine (three more horsepower) and a modified rear suspension; 450 more of these were built. From 1957 the Trasformabile was equipped with the more powerful 55 PS (40 kW) “1200” engine (1,221 cc). Production of this model continued until 1959, with circa 2,360 of the 1.2 liter Trasformabiles built. The 1.2 also received slight changes to the front and rear design, with bigger headlights being the most noticeable difference.

Between 1956 and 1960, the new 1100 underwent several slight changes in fittings and details, e.g. newly designed grille, more rectangular profile, dual color dressing, and eventually small fintails with spear-shaped backlights. A special version, the 1100 Granluce (i.e. “Large light”), no longer with rear-hinged-doors, launched in 1959, had both fintails and wider windows. As an option it could be fitted with a new powerful 1221 cc engine.

The Fiat 1100/103 was imported and sold by Premier Automobiles Limited (PAL). The older model was known as the Millecento and the one with the center light on the front grille as the Elegant. In 1958, the fintail model was introduced as the Select. It was followed by the Super Select in 1961. By 1964, the 1100D was introduced and it was assembled in India by PAL. This model has most of the parts manufactured locally. In India it was considered a sportier alternative than the Hindustan Ambassador.


1963 Fiat 1100D

1963 Fiat 1100D

Retaining the exterior changes of this model, in 1962 Fiat introduced the third generation 1100, called the 1100D (“D” stood for Delight). It was a sober yet comfortable four-door sedan, very similar to the Granluce but with simpler sides and a new simpler rectangular front end. The 1100D was a successful Italian Standard in the early sixties and along with its own Estate or Family car version and a Deluxe model that offered a higher performance of 50 PS (37 kW), extra side moldings, front bench seat with two reclining backs and carpet floor mats. These survived without any substantial alteration until 1966, when the introduction of the groundbreaking 124 model imposed a further change in styling. Power was 40 PS (29 kW) at the time of introduction, which was soon increased to 43 PS (32 kW).

The Fiat 1100D was manufactured under licence in India by the Premier Automobiles Limited beginning in 1964. The vehicle was initially marketed as the Fiat 1100D, as the Premier President for model year 1972, and as the Premier Padmini since 1974 until its discontinuation in 2000. By 1993, a diesel version with a 1366 cc diesel engine made in collaboration with FNM from Italy and was badged as the Premier Padmini 137D.The car manufacturing plant was closed down by 2000.


1967 Fiat 1100R

1967 Fiat 1100R

The very last 1100 model, born in February 1966, was the 1100R (“R” stood for Rinnovata). It had a longer, straighter and slimmer line, with a square back and a front-end look not very different from its bigger sister the Fiat 124. In terms of styling cues, the vestigial fins were further suppressed and the simple round rear light cluster from the Fiat 850 replaced the vertical form seen on the 1100D. At the same time, the larger engine was withdrawn in order to avoid undue overlap with the 124. The 1100R was offered only with the older 1,089 cc engine, now with a compression ratio of 8:1 and a claimed output of 48 bhp (36 kW). This engine (with a somewhat narrower bore) had been first introduced in the 1932 Balilla.

Clutch and gearbox were little changed, but the return of a floor mounted gear lever positioned between the front seats and connected to the gearbox with a rod linkage system was welcomed by the motoring press. The absence of synchromesh on the bottom forward speed nevertheless offered a reminder that under the surface this was becoming a somewhat aging design. Between the gearbox and the differential, the propeller shaft had now been separated into two parts with three couplings.

The boot was usefully expanded, helped by a slight increase in the car’s overall length, and with more careful packaging of the spare wheel (under the floor) and the fuel tank (in the rear wing on the right). As configured for UK sales, reclining front seats were available as an optional extra for £8.

The 1100R finally gave way in 1969 to the new middle-class Fiat 128. It was also assembled by the Neckar-Automobilwerke in Heilbronn, Germany. Called the Neckar 1100 Millecento it only differed lightly in trim.


1960s Fiat 1100T

1960s Fiat 1100T

The 1100T was made from 1957 as a van, pickup and bus. The car was equipped with a in-line engine with 1,089 cc (type 103 D.007) with 38 PS (28 kW) at 4800 rpm and it had a top speed of 90 km/h (56 mph). In 1959, its successor was unveiled, the Fiat 1100 T2, that had a 45 PS (33 kW) 1,222 cc engine. Production continued with a steady stream of updated engines, until production of the 1100 T4 finally came to an end in 1971.

1937 Fiat 500 “Topolino”

For other Fiat cars with the model number “500”, see Fiat 500 (disambiguation).
FIAT 500 “Topolino”
Fiat 500 Topolino
Manufacturer FIAT
Also called Topolino
Production 1936–1955
520,000 made
Body and chassis
Class Micro car
Body style 2-door coupé
2-door cabriolet
3-door station wagon
Layout FR layout
Related Simca 5
Simca 6
Engine 569 cc straight-4 sidevalve
Transmission 4-speed manual
Length 3,215 mm (127 in)
Width 1,275 mm (50 in)
Height 1,377 mm (54 in)
Successor FIAT 600

The FIAT 500, commonly known as “Topolino“, is an Italian automobile model manufactured by FIAT from 1936 to 1955.

The name “Topolino” translates literally as “little mouse” in Italian, but is also the Italian name for Mickey Mouse.


The Topolino was one of the smallest cars in the world at the time of its production. Launched in 1937, three models were produced until 1955, all with only minor mechanical and cosmetic changes. It was equipped with a 569 cc four-cylinder, side-valve, water-cooled engine mounted in front of the front axle,( later an overhead valve motor ) and so was a full-scale car rather than a cyclecar. The radiator was located behind the engine which made possible a lowered aerodynamic nose profile at a time when competitors had a flat, nearly vertical grill. The shape of the car’s front allowed exceptional forward visibility.

Rear suspension initially used quarter-elliptic rear springs, but buyers frequently squeezed four or five people into the nominally two-seater car, and in later models the chassis was extended at the rear to allow for more robust semi-elliptic springs.

With horsepower of about 13 bhp, its top speed was about 53 mph (85 km/h), and it could achieve about 39.2 miles per US gallon (6.00 L/100 km; 47.1 mpg-imp). The target price given when the car was planned was 5,000 lire. In the event the price at launch was 9,750 lire, though the decade was one of falling prices in several part of Europe and later in the 1930s the Topolino was sold for about 8,900 lire. Despite being more expensive than first envisioned, the car was competitively priced. Nearly 520,000 were sold.

Three models were produced. Model A and B shared the same body, only the engine of model B had 16 hp, vs. 13 hp of model A. Model A was produced from 1937. till 1948., while B was produced 1948. and 1949. Model A was only a 2-door sedan, while Model B also introduced a 3-door wagon under the name 500 B Topolino Giardinetta (“station wagon, estate car”). Model C started in 1949. with restyled body and the same engine as Model B, and was offered in 2-door sedan and 3-door wagon versions. Since 1952., Giardinetta was renamed Belvedere (“A turret or other raised structure offering a pleasant view of the surrounding area”, referring to its sunroof). Model C was produced until 1955.

In 1955 the mid-size rear wheel drive FIAT 600 was launched by Fiat and that would become the design basis for the new FIAT 500, the Nuova 500.


1939 FIAT 500AFIAT 500A 1939

1939 FIAT 500A Standard CoupéFIAT 500A Standard Coupé 1939

FIAT 500 2FIAT 500

1947 FIAT 500 Convertible CoupéFIAT 500 Convertible 1947

1950 FIAT 500C CoupéFIAT 500C Coupé 1950

1952 FIAT 500CFIAT 500C 1952

1953 FIAT 500C ConvertibleFIAT 500C Convertible 1953

1954 FIAT 500C Convertible 2FIAT 500C Convertible 1954

1954 FIAT 500C ConvertibleFIAT 500C Convertible 1954

FIAT 500C BelvedereFIAT 500C Belvedere


1938 Fiat Twelve Saloon

Fiat 2800

La Fiat 2800 è una berlina prodotta dalla Fiat dal 1938 al 1944 in 620 esemplari.

Il contesto

Pur riprendendo le innovazioni stilistiche della 1500 C la 2800 fu l’ultimo modello sostanzialmente nuovo uscito dalle fabbriche Fiat prima dello scoppio della seconda guerra mondiale. La sua progettazione venne proposta ai vertici Fiat da Benito Mussolini che voleva un’ammiraglia da “parata” da contrapporre alle Mercedes-Benz dell’epoca.

Sei vetture furono costruite in versione torpedo a 6 posti dagli Stabilimenti Farina, entrarono a fare parte del garage di Casa Reale al Palazzo del Quirinale divenendo le auto di rappresentanza in uso alla famiglia Reale e nel dopoguerra, dei primi Presidenti della Repubblica. Una di queste fu la vettura usata da re Vittorio Emanuele III durante la fuga da Roma alla volta di Pescara.

Lo stile e la meccanica

Stilisticamente anticipava nella linea del cofano e nel muso allungato la linea della nuova 1100 che uscirà l’anno successivo. La meccanica era invece quella standard Fiat del momento completata da un motore da 2 852 c in grado di sviluppare una potenza di circa 85 CV (circa 62,5 kW). Un motore di così grande cilindrata non sarà più nei listini Fiat per molti anni, sino alla presentazione della Fiat 130.

Dal telaio della 2800 vennero anche tratte versioni speciali ad opera dei più noti carrozzieri come Pininfarina e Zagato.

La Fiat 2800 CMC

Fiat 2800 CMC
1938 Fiat 2800 CMC
Tipo veicolo da collegamento
Costruttore Fiat
Data impostazione 1939
Utilizzatore principale Italia Regio Esercito
Sviluppato dal Fiat 2800
Dimensioni e peso
Lunghezza 4 795 mm
Larghezza 1 275 mm
Altezza 1 377 mm
1 768 mm con capote chiusa
Peso 1,97 t
Capacità combustibile 74 l
Propulsione e tecnica
Motore Fiat 2800 MC a benzina, 6 cilindri da 2 852 c
Potenza 85 CV
Trazione 4×2
Velocità max 155 km/h
Autonomia 300 km
Pendenza max 25°

Nel 1939 viene introdotta la Fiat 2800 CMC, ovvero Corta Militare Coloniale, impiegata dai comandi del Regio Esercito durante la seconda guerra mondiale. Essa differisce dal modello civile essenzialmente per le dimensioni più compatte, per la carrozzeria più squadrata e spartana e per gli pneumatici maggiorati da 4×18.

  • 1939 Fiat 250

This was part II

Part III


Fiat 1100 103

 Fiat 850