STEYR – Daimler – Puch AG Steyr Austria 1864 – 2001

Steyr-Daimler-PuchLogo_STEYR-PUCH

Steyr-Daimler-Puch AG
Former type Aktiengesellschaft (Joint stock company)
Industry Transportation, Defense
Fate Split up by divisions; remainder acquired
Founded 1864
Defunct 2001
Headquarters Steyr, Austria
Products Vehicles (cars, trucks, buses, motorcycles), Weapons

Steyr-Daimler-Puch was a large manufacturing conglomerate based in Steyr, Austria, which was broken up in stages between 1987 and 2001. The component parts and operations continued to exist under separate ownership and new names.

1924 Steyr vintage cabrio bus

1939 Steyr vintage cabrio bus

History

AustroDaimler_Sascha

Austro Daimler Sascha

The company, initially known as Josef und Franz Werndl and Company was founded in 1864 as a rifle manufacturer. It grew rapidly during the First World War, by the end of which it employed 14,000 people. The company began producing bicycles in 1894, and Steyr automobiles after 1918. In September 1917 Steyr recruited Hans Ledwinka, now remembered as one of the great automobile engineers of the twentieth century, but then relatively unknown, to the position of “Chefkonstrukteur”, to lead the creation of their automobile manufacturing businessThe first Steyr car, the six cylinder Type II “12/40” appeared in 1920. It was heavy and well-built, if a little cumbersome; soon, however, it spawned sports versions with an impressive list of international achievements. The small but luxurious 1.5 L six Type XII of the late twenties won international motor press acclaim.

1939 Steyr220L

1939 Steyr 220 L

Logo of Steyr-Puch on the Pinzgauer

Logo of Steyr-Puch on the Puch 500

The company changed it name to Steyr-Werke AG in 1924. In 1934, Steyr merged with Austro-DaimlerPuch to form Steyr-Daimler-Puch. The range produced in these years mainly consisted of very modern designs, sporting partially or complete unit construction bodies in streamlined livery, from the one-litre Steyr 50 to the 2.3 L 220 “six”.

1929 Waffenrad_niesner_1929

During World War II, when Austria was part of the Third Reich, Steyr-Daimler-Puch’s Generaldirektor Georg Meindl became one of the first German industrialists to suggest the use of slave labour from concentration camps to boost manpower at Steyr. The request was approved and prisoners were brought by guarded train from the Mauthausen-Gusen camp complex at Gusen 30 km distant. Later, on 5 January 1942 Meindl wrote a letter to SS Gruppenfürhrer Ernst Kaltenbrunner recommending a new ‘satellite’ prison camp be constructed to house prisoners nearer the Steyr factory complex, explaining how this would reduce the time and loss of prisoners in transit to and from work while also reducing security and transport overhead costs. This was approved and prisoners were used for facilities construction (bomb shelters, etc.), and to supplant manufacturing labor. This practice heretofore was not common at other larger German companies, though others followed suit including Mercedes-Benz and MAN. The vehicle range was for military use, including the Steyr RSO Raupenschlepper Ost with an air-cooled 3.5 L V8 engine designed by Ferdinand Porsche, who worked for the company at that time. War-time production there also included small arms, assault rifles, machine guns, and aircraft engines.

1935 Puch_250_R

After the war, Steyr-Daimler-Puch built Diesel engined trucks and buses, small and heavy tractors and also resumed passenger car production. First, Steyr assembled the FIAT 1100E, then put their own engine in a Fiat 1400, renaming the car the “Steyr 2000”. From 1957 through to the early 1970s it produced the tiny Puch 500 under license from FIAT, again with an engine of Austrian design.

1939 Steyr 380 Cabrio

1939 Steyr 380 Cabrio

Most prominent, however, was its range of off-road cars, from the two-cylinder Haflinger and the 4 x 4 or 6 x 6 Pinzgauer, the Fiat Panda 4×4 (999cc) to the Mercedes-Puch G. SDP was the initial designer and manufacturer of these utility vehicles. The Haflinger was produced from 1959–1974, the Pinzgauer from 1971–2000, and the Puch G (also known as Mercedes G-Class) from 1979.

Haflinger geproduceerd door Steyr-Daimler-Puch.

Haflinger produced by Steyr-Daimler-Puch.

The company produced a line of motorcycles and motor scooters marketed in the United States through Sears Roebuck including the SR 125 motorcycle which was delivered in a cardboard crate box to the customer’s home.The Austro-Daimler branch built heavy tractors and trucks for the imperial Austrian army (before 1915). The main Steyr civil agricultural tractor production started in 1947.

Pinzgauer_prototyp

Pinzgauer

After the war Steyr-Daimler-Puch resumed manufacturing bicycles and mopeds, gradually establishing distributors in several countries to manage their sales. Steyr also made bicycles for sale for other retailers, most notably Sears. In the mid 1970s “Steyr-Daimler-Puch America” was incorporated in Connecticut to manage importation and distribution of bicycles and mopeds. Puch Austro-Daimler bicycles remained in production at Graz in Austria until the motorcycle and bicycle fabrication portions of the company there were sold in the mid 1987 to Piaggio & C. S.p.A. of Italy.

Arnim_4

Arnim

Because of their extreme durability and toughness Steyr products won many enthusiastic friends around the world.

Gradual dissolution

In 1987, Steyr-Daimler-Puch AG began selling portions of its different production lines to form separate companies, which included Steyr Nutzfahrzeuge AG (SNF) (still based in Steyr) for truck manufacturing, Steyr Bus GmbH (in Vienna) for bus manufacturing, Steyr-Daimler-Puch Fahrzeugtechnik AG (SFT) and the EUROSTAR joint venture in Graz-Liebenau for assembly of automobiles and, in 1990, Steyr Tractor (Steyr Landmaschinentechnik AG).

Puch_250_SGS_09

Puch 250 SGS 09

Other production lines were also spun off or sold outright to form independent companies, including Puch’s motorcycle division going to Piaggio and Steyr Mannlicher producing weapons. In 1990, the diesel engine division was spun off into Steyr Motorentechnik GmbH, which in 2001 became an independent company, renaming itself Steyr Motors GmbH. Steyr Landmaschinentechnik AG (Steyr Tractor) was sold to Case Corporation in 1996 and renamed Case Steyr Landmaschinentechnik (and is part of CNH since 1999).

Steyr 40 als Kleinbus

Steyr 40 als Kleinbus

Automobile production remained with Steyr-Daimler-Puch Fahrzeugtechnik (SFT) until Magna International acquired a majority holding, in 1998, and in 2001–2 SFT was absorbed fully by Magna, becoming Magna Steyr.

2005-MAGNA-STEYR-Mila-Concept-SA magna-steyr_mila-ev_4

2008-Magna-Steyr-MILA-Alpin-Concept-Front-And-Side 2011-magna-steyr-mila-aerolight-front-1080x1920 magna-steyr-mila-concept-front-view Magna-Steyr-Powertrain-ECS-Eco-Truck-by-Krug-lg

In 1998, the production of military vehicles was sold to an Austrian investor company, which named it Steyr-Daimler-Puch Spezialfahrzeug GmbH (SSF). In 2003, SSF was sold to the U.S. company General Dynamics, a defence equipment manufacturer.

Steyr trucks

Steyr’s first truck was the Typ III, presented in 1920. Steyr built traditional bonneted trucks in the post war years, but in 1968 the distinctive cab over Steyr 90 series was introduced. This was followed by the 91 and the 92 series, built until MAN took over Steyr’s truck production in 1990. A version of the 92 series is still built as the 12M18/12S18 for a number of military users, and was also sold by Britain’s ERF as the ES-series. Some MAN trucks are still available with “Steyr” branding for the Austrian market.

Beginning in 1994, Steyr used MAN’s F2000 cab for the NSK series (Neue Schwere Klasse, or “new heavy class”), while the light and medium duty trucks were the NLK and NMK (Neue Leichte Klasse and Neue Mittlere Klasse), based on MAN’s similarly situated L2000 and M2000 ranges respectively. The NLK ranged from the 6S10 (6.5 tons, 102 PS) to the 11S23 (11 tons, 233 PS). The NMK range was from 12 tonners up to the three-axle 25S26. These cabins were referred to as “Typ 152” in Steyr’s internal parlance.

1922 Steyr III - mit 2,5 to Nutzlast 1924 Steyr OesterreichPostmotorschlittenRadstaetterTauern_HohlmayrSsGasthaus_Baydekarte 1932 steyr 40D340 1934-38 Steyr 150 155k 1935 Steyr-440 (40D), 6x6 1938 Steyr-250 1939 Steyr-643 (40D), 6x6 1940 Steyr М-К 1941 Steyr 1500 A light truck 1941 Steyr-270 (1500А), 4x4 1947 Steyr 480bh4 Röntgenbus 1949 steyr 680a 1949 Steyr Diesel 380 e 1950 Steyr 380 Abschleppwagen 1950 Steyr 380 1950 Steyr 380b Flatz p1 1950 Steyr 380b Flatz96 p2 1950 Steyr 380b Ruestwagena 1950 Steyr 480 kipper 1950 Steyr 480 truck 1950 Steyr 480ab 1950 Steyr 580 series of 4x4 3-ton trucks 1950 Steyr 580bh1 1950 Steyr 580bh3 DCF 1.0 1950 STEYR flambant neuf des Transports Bouchat de GESVES 1951 Steyr 380g b1 1951 Steyr 480 goes p1 1951 Steyr 586 p1c 1951 Steyr 586 1951 Steyr 586f 301279aa 1951 Steyr Diesel 380 II 1951 Steyr Diesel 380 IIa 1952 Steyr 380 TLF 1953 Steyr 260 Kastenwagen (2) 1953 Steyr 260 Kastenwagen 1953 Steyr 260 1957 Steyr-480 1958 steyr586bhfw 1961 STEYR 380 1962 Steyr 586 XS-83-64 1962 STEYR 680 TRANSPORT DE TROUPES 1964 steyr hocke 1964 Steyr Steyr-Puch 586 1965 Steyr-Puch Pinzgauer, Noriker 1965 1967 steyr diesel 680 M 2 1968 Lkw Steyr 680M, der Vorgänger des Lkw Steyr 12M18 1968 Steyr-680МА, 4x4 1969 Steyr-680М3, 6x6 1970 Steyr-Fiat 1100 T 1,3 1973 STEYR-PUCH PINZGAUER 712 Mz 1974 Steyr-Puch Pinzgauer 1975 STEYR-PUCH PINZGAUER 710 Ky 1975 STEYR-PUCH PINZGAUER 710 Mz 1979 Steyr1004 1980 steyr 1890 40vb34 1980 Steyr 1890 1980 Steyr Red 1983 Steyr 1291.280М, 4x4 1983 Steyr 1490 S29 6x4 1984 Steyr 1491.310 1985 Steyr en 1986 Steyr 1491.330M, 6x6 1987 STEYR 15 S 18 Coca Cola 1988 STEYR 50 604 1989 Steyr 25 S 31 1991 STEYR 19 S 31 40 1991 Steyr 19S29 airfield fire-fighting vehicle, 4x4 1992 Steyr Puch Noriker 1993 Steyr 35М36, 6x6 1993 Steyr Puch Pinzgauer 718M 1993 Steyr-19S36-HD-Silosattelzug-blau-Silo-grau-Schoer 1994 Steyr 12M18 4x4 1994 steyr 12m18 1995 Steyr 14.224LAC, 4x4 1996 steyr pitztal 2 1996 Steyr 1996 US Army BAE FMTV truck based on Steyr 12M18 1998 Steyr 18.264LAE, 4x4 2007-05-28  steyr Magna-Steyr-Powertrain-ECS-Eco-Truck-by-Krug-lg Pinzgauer prototyp steyr 40 b1 Steyr 180 Steyr 490 steyr 590 bp5b steyr 640-2 Steyr 690 4WD-Rosenbauer Steyr 690 Feuerwehr Steyr 690 Steyr 890 Ad Steyr 1500 Omnibus Personal Bus Steyr BP Grangemouth H736TLS Steyr Diesel 260 als Sattelschlepper Steyr jy Steyr korea Steyr Mais Vrachtwagen Steyr New Pingauzer steyr plus p1c Steyr Puch Haflinger Pathfinder Steyr Puch Haflinger Steyr rso 01 Steyr Saurer 780a womo 4a Steyr T Steyr Type 1500A Kfz.31 Ambulance a Steyr Type 1500A Kfz.31 Ambulance Steyr_Daimler_Puch-Pinzgauer_718_mp958_pic_71380 steyr-586-02 steyr-586-04 Steyr-640 cargo truck Steyr1010 Steyr1500-2 original Steyr-Daimler-Puch AG 1920-1990 Steyr-Daimler-Puch Laxey's Pinzgauer Foxtrot 2-3 Steyr-Puch Haflinger steyr-rso-01-tractor-raupen-schlepper-osttracked-tractor-east TLF Steyr

 Steyr Cars

1920-24 Steyr Typ II - das Waffenauto 1922 Steyr Targa Florio 1924 Steyr Typ V 1924 Steyr V - 1924 1924 Steyr VI 3.3 ltr a 1924 SteyrXX 1925 Steyr Typ VII mit Flachkühler 1925 Steyr VI 3.3 ltr 1925 SteyrVII 1926 Steyr Typ SS 1926 Steyr Typ VII 1926 Steyr Typ VIIa 1926 Steyr XII b3 1926 Steyr XII_b1 1927 Steyr Typ XVI - 4 ltr, 6 Zylinder - der letzte Typ einer legendären Reihe 1928 Steyr 40 als Kleinbus 1929 Steyr Austria_b1 1929-steyr30-copyright-porsche 1930 Steyr 530 ambulance 1930 Steyr 530 Prototyp 1930 Steyr FIAT 1100E s2b 1931 Steyr 630 Limousine 1931 Steyr 630 p22c 1931 Steyr 630 p23c 1932 Steyr 630 Cabriolet p24c 1932 Steyr 740 - Ambulanz Steyr Typ 220 with Harshvardhan Singh of Dungarpur 1933 steyr 530 s36 p27 1934 Steyr 100 1934 steyr 430_pg3 1934-38 steyr 100 p12 1934-38 steyr 200 p15 1935 steyr 36 p23 1935 Steyr 100 Kabrio a 1935 Steyr 100 Kabrio 1935 steyr 100 p27 1935 Steyr 530 p23 1935 steyr 530glp2pg 1935 steyr 630 cstm1 1935 Steyr_200 1936 Steyr 50 Baby 1936 Steyr 100 wf1 1936 steyr 125 p14 1936 steyr 125_p13 1936 steyr 200 p19 1936 Steyr 530 p13 1936 steyr 630 cstm2 1936 Steyr 630 Gcp1c 1937 steyr 50 p2 14 1937 steyr 50 p2 21 1937 steyr 50 p2 24 1937 steyr 50 pk14 1937 steyr 50 vw P3 1937 Steyr 50 1937 steyr 120 s36 p24 1937 steyr 125 p15 1937 Steyr 220 - cabriolet by Gläser 1937 steyr 220 153 1937 steyr 220 cabrio 4 venster p133k 1937 steyr 220 cabriolet 4 venster 1937 steyr 220 cabriolet p123 1937 Steyr 220 Kabrio 1937 steyr 220 kabriolet sport 1937 Steyr 220 Limousine - Innenlenker 1937 steyr 220 p14r 1937 steyr 220 p143 1937 Steyr 530 p33 1937 steyr bus 1937 Steyr-640 (40D), 6x6, Staff Car 1938 Steyr 55 Ad 1938 Steyr 55 special 1938 Steyr 55 t1a 1938 Steyr 220 Sport Roadster 1938 Steyr Daimler Puch 55 1938 Steyr-250 1938 steyr1500a1m 1939 McEvoy Steyr 700 1939 McEvoy_Steyr_rear 1939 Steyr 220 1939 Steyr220L 1939 Steyr-643 (40D), 6x6 1939 steyr1500ac1 1940 Steyr 55 Baby 1940 steyr 55 p2 o7 1940 steyr 55 p2c 1940 Steyr 70 - Prototyp 2 1940 Steyr 70 - Prototyp 1941 steyr 1500 bus 1941 Steyr 1500 Omnibus Personal Bus 1943 Steyr 1500 A 1943 Steyr Type 1500A Kfz.31 Ambulance a 1943 Steyr Type 1500A Kfz.31 Ambulance b 1943 Steyr Type 1500A Kfz.31 Ambulance 1943 Steyr1500 Ambulance 1950 Steyr 60 - Modell 1950 1950 Steyr 60 - Prototypen 1951 Steyr Amb abd

1949-52 Steyr-Daimler-Puch ... 1952 Steyr 160 - Prototyp 1953 Steyr 2000 (Luxus) 1953 Steyr 2000 A - Prospekte a
1953 Steyr 2000 A - Prospekte 1953 Steyr 2000 A Grand Vue - Mod. Fiat 1900 A Gran Luce 1953 Steyr 2000 A Grand vue 1953 Steyr 2000 A Standard - Mod. Fiat 1400 A 1953 Steyr 2000 B Grand Vue - Steyr 2300 Grand Vue 1953 Steyr 2000 Ghia 1953 Steyr 2000 Grand Vue 1953 Steyr 2000 Luxus - Mod. Fiat 1900 A 1953 Steyr 2000A p1c

1953 steyr typ 50 s36_p23 1955 Steyr 1400A 1961 Steyr Puch IMP 700 GT 1995 Puch_G 1999 Steyr-Daimlar-Puch Super G West Sussex Austro Daimler Sascha Puch_250_SGS_09 steyr 12L p13 Steyr 50 wf1 Steyr 640 Ambulance Steyr 700C Steyr 740 b2 Steyr diverse a Steyr diverse b Steyr diverse Steyr IV - 4 Zylinder, 2 ltr, 23 PS bei 2000 U-min Steyr Klausen Sport P11 Steyr Klausen Sport Steyr Pkw von 1920 bis 1941 Steyr Puch 500 D Steyr puch107a "Bis ans Ende der Welt..."/DKW F5 Meisterklasse, Baujahr 1935 Steyr VI Sport - 4 ltr. 90-100 PS Steyr_fiat_1100_cut Steyr_fiat_1100_d steyr-126-04 Steyr-Puch 650-750TR CZ SteyrPuch500_1 steyr-puch-fire-engine-01

Steyr Buses

3-steyr-380-verkehrsbetriebe-gschwindl-91440 1051 Steyr_LKW,_Bus 1924 Steyr OesterreichPostmotorschlittenRadstaetterTauern_HohlmayrSsGasthaus_Baydekarte 1939  teyr-busse-oldtimer-02b-100037 1939 Steyr 380 Cabrio 1939 Steyr vintage cabrio bus 1939 steyr-busse-oldtimer-02b-100036 1939 steyr-busse-oldtimer-02b-100038 1946 Steyr-640 fire bus 1948 Steyr 480A p1c 1948 Steyr 480A p22 1948 Steyr 480A p23 1948 steyr 480abh3 1948 Steyr 488b p12a 1948 Steyr Diesel Bus carr Brouwers Holwerd 1948 1948 steyr-busse-oldtimer-02b-100034 1948 steyr-post-bus-alpine 1949 STEYR - Oldtimerbus from Austria 1949 Steyr 480a at railway station Payerbach-Reichenau 1949 Steyr 480a b3 1949 Steyr 480a b4 1949 STEYR bus to Christkindl Steyr 1949 Steyr Diesel 380 a Aussichtsbus 1949 Steyr Diesel 380 a Postbus 1949 STEYR Oldtimerbus aus Österreich 1949 steyr380PolicebusVienna88thDieselSteyrtruck_GebhardFlatz 1949 STEYR-DIESEL-POSTBUS 1949 Steyr-Perl Busse OEOM 1949-53 steyr-busse-308a-02b-0083 1950 Steyr 380 Bus 1950 STEYR 380 QUa 1950 STEYR 380 QUb 1950 Steyr 380b Flatz p1 1950 Steyr 380q Oldtimerbus 1950 Steyr 380Q 1950 Steyr Diesel 380 a Postbus 1950 Steyr Diesel 380 a Post-Omnibus 1950 Steyr Diesel 380 b - Reisebus (der Privat-Omnibus) 1950 Steyr Diesel 380 II - Omnibusse 1950 Steyr Diesel 380b mit 10-türigem Mannschafts-Aufbau 1950 STEYR Diesel Oldtimer Bus a 1950 STEYR LKW 380a 1950 Steyr Saurer Bus 100-jahre-postbus-osterreich-festgelande-12957 1950 steyr yasar22 gurel 1950 Steyr-380a b10k 1951 Steyr Perl Auhof 380 q ohne aufsmuck 1952 Steyr 380 a Post-Linienbus 1952 Steyr 380 q 1952 Steyr Diesel 380 a 1952 Steyr Diesel 380 I 1952 steyr-380-a-01 1952 Steyr-Puch Bus 1952-perl-auhof-bus-380a-auf-steyr-chassis 1953 Steyr Diesel 380 Linienbus 1953 Steyr Diesel 380 Omnibus 1953 steyr380 1953 steyr-586-04 1955 Ebersberger ( 01a Steyr 380q) 1955 Ebersberger 01b Steyr 380q) 1955 Postbus Steyr 480a 1955 Steyr 380 qu Reisebus 1956 Steyr Diesel 480 a 1956 Steyr Diesel 480 av EPSON scanner image 1957 Steyr 380a postbus-12957 1958 Steyr 480b (1958) 1958_styr_480 1959 Steyr 380 Postamt-bus 1962 Steyr Saurer 780a 4 SHFN OL 1962 Steyr-Saurer 780 1964 steyr480abh3 1965 Steyr 380 q in The Sound of Music 1970 Steyr-Fiat 1100 T 1,3 1971 Steyr-Saurer 4 SHFN-OL Postbus 1973 Steyr-Puch Haflinger 1974 Steyr Ikarus 1976 Steyr City-Bus 1979 busflottestainach79 1982 Steyr-Bus 1986 Interurbano - Steyr 1291 1987 Steyr City-Bus 1998 Steyr trolleybus 654, ex-Salzburg 107 1999 Gräf Steyr.8731 1999 Gräf Steyr 2012 auxiliary drive generator Steyr Motors 2 postbus-13282 Steyr 780a_womo_1a Steyr Bus (2) Steyr Bus 1 Steyr Bus 3 Steyr City Bus Steyr Citybus STEYR Gelenkbus für Schülertransport MINOLTA DIGITAL CAMERA Steyr Ikarus Camper Steyr Ikarus Uganda Steyr Ikarus steyr o302 Steyr Oostenrijk Steyr Post Diesel Steyr Postbus d Steyr Saurer 780a womo 4a Steyr Saurer Bus 100-jahre-postbus-osterreich-festgelande-13070 Steyr Saurer Bus 100-jahre-postbus-osterreich-festgelande-13235 Steyr Saurer Bus 100-jahre-postbus-osterreich-festgelande-13281 steyr saurer p2 steyr saurer p3 Steyr Saurer Postbus im film Steyr SL 11 Lijn Postbus Steyr SML14H256 Steyr Tour Bus in Vienna Steyr_Bus Steyr_logo Steyr_Mannlicher Steyr_puch_mod_fiat STEYR-Bus v steyr-busse-oldtimer-02b-0115 Steyr-Daimler-Puch Pinzgauer 718 6x6 Steyr-Daimler-Puch truck Australian Built Steyr-Daimler-Puch-Automarken-Logo Steyr-Fiat-Automarken-Logo Steyr-Puch Mercedes O303-15RL Steyr-Puch Pinzgauer 712 M stsa_pc

That’s it

Buses, Van’s, 4×4’s, UAZ “Bukhanka” + more

Ulyanovskiy_Avtomobilnyi_Zavod_logo

UAZ (УАЗ) is an initialism for Ulyanovsky Avtomobilny Zavod (Ульяновский Автомобильный Завод, which translates to “Ulyanovsk Automobile Plant”) is an automobile manufacturer based in UlyanovskRussia which manufactures off-road vehiclesbuses and trucks. It is best known for its Model 469 utility vehicle, which has seen wide use as a military vehicle in the Eastern bloc and around the world. The UAZ factory started production in 1941 as part of the Soviet war effort.

History

War and Post-War

The Ulyanovsk Automobile Plant was founded in 1941 as a direct result of the German invasion of the Soviet Union. The rapidly advancing Germans threatened to capture the bulk of Soviet industry, concentrated in the Western parts of the country, and thereby undercut the ability of the USSR to supply its troops. In response to this threat the government of Joseph Stalin ordered the evacuation of strategically crucial industrial centers to the East. By the October 1941, the rapid German drive to Moscow, triggered the decision to relocate the Moscow automotive manufacturer ZIS to the Volga town of Ulyanovsk. The town, already a nascent industrial center with a sufficiently developed infrastructure and a good supply of skilled workers, would be an ideal location for the reconstituted factory. It was also safely out of reach of the German army. At that time of its founding, the plant was considered a subsidiary of ZIS. By 1942, the plant began production of artillery shells and automobiles. The first automobile produced at the plant was the ZIS-5 three-ton truck.

In 1943, when the prospect of a German victory had become far less likely, it was decided that the relocated plant would remain in Ulyanovsk and be separated administratively from ZIS, which would be rebuilt in Moscow from scratch. This was in line with the Soviet post-war policy regarding various relocated industrial operations. It was considered more efficient to leave the newly built plants as is, while the original plants, provided they survived the war were outfitted anew, frequently with captured German machinery. At the end of 1944, the production of the ZIS-5 was transferred to The Ural Automotive Plant in Miass, while the Ulyanovsk plant began producing the smaller GAZ-AA.

gaz-aa

GAZ AA

GAZ Family variants

GAZ Family variants

In 1954 production was expanded to include the GAZ-69 jeep.

Gaz 69-2 tot 1970

Gaz 69A tot 1970

GAZ-69A

GAZ-69A

Two years later, the factory was not just assembling the jeeps from parts delivered elsewhere, but manufacturing the automobiles in their entirety.

Ulyanovskiy Avtozavod UAZ main entrance

Ulyanovskiy Avtozavod (UAZ) main entrance

The Golden Age

In 1958, UAZ began production of its first independently designed automobile, the UAZ-450 – a family of trucks and vans. In 1966, the UAZ-452D a further development of the 450, was put into production. The 452 would go on to become a workhorse of soviet agriculture and police.

In 1972 the well-regarded, but outdated, GAZ-69 was replaced by the more modern UAZ-469.

1972 - nu UAZ-469

1972 – nu UAZ-469

UAZ-469 new2

UAZ 469 from 1980

2005 UAZ-469 medical modification, used in Ukraine

2005 UAZ-469 medical modification, used in Ukraine

The UAZ-469 was a sturdy, but not-so-comfortable vehicle with the ability to overcome virtually any terrain, while also providing ease of maintenance. The 469 reached legendary status, thanks to its reliability and impressive off-road capability, even though it was not made available to the civilian market until late 1980s, before which time it was built exclusively for police and military use. A commercially-available variant was produced by the Lutzk Automotive Works.

The UAZ-469 and its modifications have gained a dedicated following because of its off-road ability, reliability and simplicity. Off-road enthusiasts welcome it as a lower-cost and better alternative to the American Jeep, British Land Rover and Japanese Land Cruiser.

Crisis

After the collapse of Soviet Union, UAZ has started feeling the heat. On one hand, people were willing to buy its cars due to its high reputation; on the other hand, most preferred used imported off-road cars due to the lack of reliability of UAZ cars made in the 1990s. UAZ produced a slightly modified version of its original UAZ-469 car, UAZ Hunter, but the sales were still lacking.

After the collapse of the Soviet Union, UAZ experienced many financial problems which resulted in poor quality control and cost cutting which resulted in the production of low quality UAZ automobiles compared to those made in Soviet times.

In 2004, the plant was bought by the Severstal financial group, which made many investments in the firm and had also bought the ZMA car plant in Naberezhnye Chelny.

In 2005, a new SUV-like car, UAZ Patriot, was unveiled. Extensive use of third-party parts (which finally allowed UAZ to replace its notorious transmission with a better, Korean-manufactured one), large capacity, good off-road capabilities and affordable price (<15,000 USD) predict good sales in Russia. UAZ unveils a new 4 door pickup truck.

Reliability

The UAZ-469 (and its modifications) has earned a reputation as a very reliable and capable 4×4. It has gained huge popularity among off-road enthusiasts within Russia, former Soviet republics as well as Europe, Asia, South America and Africa, and is preferred by many over other legendary 4x4s such as Land RoverJeep and Toyota.

One of the main reasons the 469 has enjoyed such popularity is its deliberately simple design, which allows for easy maintenance and repairs. Its simplicity is a deliberate design feature for two main reasons: the requirements of the Soviet Armed Forces, as well as that most people in the Soviet Union/Russia prefer to fix their cars themselves as opposed to taking them to an authorized mechanic.

Although the UAZ has proven to be a reliable 4×4, there have been a few problems with the car’s reliability that have slightly hurt its reputation.

The transmission of the original 469 has been known to have problems when not maintained properly (as the owners manual dictates). Another major problem within Russia has been the production ofcounterfeit parts made out of cheap metals. Furthermore, the 1990s (after the fall of the Soviet Union) saw a significant decline of quality in the assembly of UAZ vehicles as the company struggled to survive and could not afford to pay the salaries of its employees.

Other problems have been encountered with the modernization of the vehicle, as many of the new electrical and cosmetic parts have been of poor quality. To combat these problems, and return the reliability and dependability of UAZ vehicles to their former standards the UAZ Company has recently introduced a new Quality Control system which has reduced the number of UAZ vehicles with defects arriving in showrooms around the world.

uaz-452-allrad-sowjetarmee

uaz-452-allrad-sowjetarmee © Ralf Christian Kunkel

UAZ-Bukhanka-Kazakhstan-September-2013

UAZ-Bukhanka-Kazakhstan-September-2013

1999 UAZ-2206 Mongolië

1999 UAZ-2206 Mongolië

1998 UAZ-3303

1998 UAZ-3303

554680

UAZ Bus Bukhanka Mongolië

Bussen UAZ Van

UAZ Van-Bus

UAZ 452 tekeningen

UAZ 452 tekeningen

UAZ folder 5

UAZ folder 1

UAZ folder 2

UAZ folder 3

UAZ folder 4

UAZ folder

UAZ folder 7

UAZ folder 6

Bussen UAZ-452 experimental 6x6 12s  1973

 UAZ-452 experimental 6×6 12s  1973

UAZ screenshot.1573

 UAZ-452 experimental 6×6 12s  1973

conclusion-that-the-thing-will-break-down-somewhere-in-the-middle-of-the_5a6cc

UAZ 452 on lake baikal

UAZ 452, Ambulances, Koryazhma

UAZ 452, Ambulances, Koryazhma

UAZ УАЗ 452 Скорая помощь Харьков

UAZ УАЗ 452 Скорая помощь Харьков

uaz rups

uaz rups

UAZ-451 v

UAZ-451 v

UAZ-452 mud

UAZ-452 mud

UAZ-452 of the Soviet Army Road Police

UAZ-452 of the Soviet Army Road Police

UAZ-452-based fire-engine

UAZ-452-based fire-engine

UAZ-2206 4x4

UAZ-2206 4×4

UAZ-2206

UAZ-2206

UAZ-2206 8617f

UAZ-2206

UAZ-3741

uaz-buhanka-safe

uaz-buhanka-safe

uaz-kamper 3

uaz-kamper

uaz-kamper 40

uaz-kamper

UAZ-39625

UAZ-39625

UAZ-39094

UAZ-39094

UAZ-22069 nieuw

UAZ-22069 nieuw

UAZ-3909 Emergency gas service

UAZ-3909 Emergency gas service

uaz-452-d-04

uaz-452-d-04

uaz-buhanka-provodnik

uaz-buhanka-provodnik

UAZ Simbir policie

UAZ Simbir policie

Uaz Cargo 230602-050

Uaz Cargo 230602-050

Uaz Pickup 23632 with bedcap

Uaz Pickup 23632 with bedcap

2005 UAZ Pickup

2005 UAZ Pickup

2005 UAZ-469 medical modification, used in Ukraine

2005 UAZ-469 medical modification, used in Ukraine

2005-nu UAZ Patriot

2005-nu UAZ Patriot

2008 Ukrainian police UAZ-3151 UMM

2008 Ukrainian police UAZ-3151 UMM

2009 Russian Police UAZ Hunter in Saint Petersburg

2009 Russian Police UAZ Hunter in Saint Petersburg

UAZ-Hunter on tracks 1

UAZ-Hunter on tracks 1

2010 Cross-country vehicle UAZ-39294 «TREKOL»

2010 Cross-country vehicle UAZ-39294 «TREKOL»

2010 UAZ Patriot Sport police vehicle

2010 UAZ Patriot Sport police vehicle © Vitaly V Huzmin

2013 UAZ Patriot-Integrated Safety and Security Exhibition

2013 UAZ Patriot-Integrated Safety and Security Exhibition © Vitaly V Huzmin

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