MG Automobiles photographs only

morris-garages-marque

MG CARS Photographs Only

mg-car-company-logo

1923-24-mg-raworth-the-11-9-hp-raworth-chummy-six-built-from-mid-1923-to-late-1924 1925-mg-14-28-mg-morris-oxford-4-seater 1925-mg-morris-oxford-4-seater-tourer-dvla-a 1925-mg-morris-oxford-4-seater-tourer-dvla 1925-mg-old-number-one1 1925-morris-oxford-four-seater-tourer 1926-michael-applebee-supersports-14-28-super-sports-model-approx-400-built-from-late-1924-to-late-1926-about-10-known-to-exist 1926-morris-oxford-rk-6284 1926-27-mg-14-28-flat-nose-model-approx-300-of-these-cars-were-built-from-late-1926-to-late-1927-about-10-exist 1927-mhv-mg-14-40-saloon 1927-29-mg-14-40-mk-4-approximately-490-were-built-from-late-1927-to-late-1929-about-21-are-known-to-exist-john-burton-car 1928-mg-18-80-b 1928-mg-sports-14-40-1v 1928-31-mg-18-80-m-g-six-mk-1-there-were-exactly-500-built-between-late-1928-and-mid-1931-and-about-33-are-known-to-exist-with-another-4-or-5-chassis-in-new-zealand-peper-harow-01 1928-32-mg-18-100 1928-32-mg-six-mark-i-and-mark-ii-18-80 1929-m-g-m-type-midget-2-seater-sports-a 1929-m-g-m-type-midget-2-seater-sports 1929-mg-1440-tourer-mkiv 1929-33-mg-18-80-m-g-six-mk-11-there-were-236-built-between-late-1929-and-1933-about-27-are-known-to-exist-again-with-a-few-chassis-in-new-zealandagm-2014-02 1930-m-g-18-100-tigress-a 1930-m-g-18-100-tigress 1930-m-g-m-type-midget-2-seater-sports-a 1930-m-g-m-type-midget-2-seater-sports 1930-mg-18-80-mk-1-speedmodel 1930-mg-18-80-mkii-ad 1930-mg-18-100-mk-iii-tigress 1930-mg-m-type-a 1930-mg-m-type 1931-m-g-m-type-midget-2-seater-sports 1931-m-g-six-mark-ii-18-80-4-speed-with-body-by-carlton-carriage-co-built-for-university-motors-ltd-uk 1931-mg-18-80-4-door-sports-saloon 1931-mg-18-80-six 1931-mg-d-type-4-seater-tourer 1931-mg-high-speed-service-van 1931-32-mg-d-type-midget 1932-m-g-d-type-competition-car-vintagemg 1932-mg-d-type-4-seater-midget-tourer 1932-mg-d-type-4-seater-tourer 1932-mg-d-type-special-racer 1932-mg-f2 1932-mg-j2-sports-roadster 1932-mg-j2 1932-mg-k3-magnette-a 1932-mg-k3-magnette 1932-mg-kn-magnette-saloon-1932-35-mg-k-type-1-b 1932-mg-kn-magnette 1932-mg-k-type-1-b 1932-mg-p 1932-mg-stiles-ad 1932-35-mg-kn-magnette-saloon 1933-m-g-l2-magna-2-seater-sports 1933-mg-01-molenaar 1933-mg-j2-rear 1933-mg-j2-roadster 1933-mg-j2-sports-two-seater 1933-mg-j2 1933-mg-j4-750-ccm-75-ps 1933-mg-k1-magnette-roadstar 1933-mg-k3-magnette 1933-mg-magnette-k3 1933-34-mg-l1-4-seater 1933-34-mg-l1-continental-coupe 1934-mg-1934-kn-ad 1934-mg-k-n-pillarless-magnette-saloon 1934-mg-k1 1934-mg-k3-a 1934-mg-k3-b 1934-mg-k3-c 1934-mg-k3-d 1934-mg-kn-magnette-pillar-less-saloon-was-a-six-cylinder-fast-touring-car 1934-mg-kn-q 1934-mg-magnette-nd-ne-racing-special 1934-mg-na-magnette 1934-mg-nd-1 1934-mg-nd-magnette 1934-mg-ne-magnette-2seater 1934-mg-pa-b-le-mans-works-racing-car 1934-mg-pa-type 1934-mg-q-type-1100cc-supercharged-engine 1934-mg-type-k-magnette-university-tourer 1934-mg-kn-saloon-0 1935-01d-mg-ra-256-esplen-1-b 1935-mg-kn-magnette-pilllarless-saloon 1935-mg-magna-dit-is-een-originele-racewagen-die-destijds-al-230-km-h 1935-mg-midget-r-type-frame 1935-mg-nb-magnette-airline-coupe-by-allingham 1935-mg-nb-magnette-airline-coupe 1935-mg-nb-magnette 1935-mg-pa-airline-coupe-front 1935-mg-pa-airline-coupe-rear 1935-mg-pa-airline-coupe 1935-mg-pb 1935-mg-r-27 1935-mg-r-racetype 1935-mg-r-type-mg-car-club-wester-new-york-centre 1935-mg-rtype 1935-mg-k3-kn-magnette 1935-mg-magnette-kn-saloon-d25dht 1935-mg-rennwagen-r-type-04a-200457 1935-mg-r-type-b 1935-mg-r-type-bobby-baird-donington-park-circa-1935-tail-1760-p 1935-40-mg-p-n-t-type-750cc-record-breaker-pb-magnette-1%c2%bd-2-2-6l-road-test-book 1936-mg-midget-airline-coupe-a 1936-mg-pb-airline-coupe 1936-mg-pb 1936-mg-sa-charlesworth 1936-mg-ta-airline-coupe 1936-mg-ta-drophead-coupe 1937-mg-sa-tickford-drop-head-coupe 1937-mg-ta 1937-mg-va-saloon 1937-mg-va 1937-mg-ta 1938-mg-ex-135-et-1957-mg-ex-181 1938-mg-sa-british-marques-oxnard-ca-aug-9-2009 1938-mg-sa-fvl-2-3-litre-six-cylinder-4-door-4-seater-4-light-sports-saloon 1938-mg-sa-fvr2 1938-mg-sa-rvr 1938-mg-ta-midget 1938-mg-ta-q-type 1938-mg-ta 1938-mg-wa-saloon 1938-mg-wa 1939-m-g-tb-midget-drophead-coupe 1939-mg-sa-saloon-cdu-188 1939-mg-va-saloon-gr 1939-mg-va-saloon 1939-mg-wa-2-6-litre-sports-saloon 1939-mg-wa-tickford-3-position-drophead-coupe 1939-mg-wa-tickford-cabriolet-2 1939-mg-wa-tickford-cabriolet-dvla-first-registered-21-april-1939-2687-cc 1939-mg-wa-tickford-cabriolet 1939-mg-r-type-edwards-shelsley-walsh-june-1939-1761-p 1939%e2%80%85allan-tomlinson-australian%e2%80%85grand%e2%80%85prix-driving-an-mg-ta 1945-mg-tc-drawing 1945-mg-tc-midget 1945-mg-tc-racer 1945-mg-tc-red-midget 1946-mg-tc-551-yud 1947-mg-y-a 1947-mg-y

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA
OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

1947-51-mg-type-ya-saloon 1948-mg-tc-at-the-imperial-palace-auto-collections-in-las-vegas 1948-mg-r-type-owned-by-fregona-then-roy-hesketh 1948-mg-tc-british-sports-car 1949-mg-tc-le-mans-special-a 1949-mg-tc-le-mans-special-b 1949-mg-tc-le-mans-special-c 1949-mg-tc-le-mans-special-d 1949-mg-tc-le-mans-special-e 1949-mg-tc-le-mans-special 1949-mg-tc-race-car 1949-mg-td-midget 1950-mg-y-convertible 1952-mg-1%c2%bc-litre-series-yb-saloon 1952-mg-yb-saloon 1953-mg-td-at-the-great-west-road-run-aust-bristol-england 1953-mg-td-dutch-licence-registration-dl-03-98 1953-mg-td-voiturerouge-ronsenac-01 1953-mg-tf-beautiful-patina-on-a-black-plate-car 1953-1958-mg-magnette-zazb 1954-mg-r2-flying-shingle 1954-mg-tf-1250 1954-mg-tf-frontwp 1954-mg-tf-rearwp 1954-mg-tf-roadster-a 1954-mg-tf-roadster 1954-mg-tf 1955-ken-miles-in-the-mg-ex182-at-the-1955-24-hours-of-le-mans 1955-mg-td-lester-coupe 1955-mg-tf 1955-mg-za-magnette-n 1956-mg-goldie-02 1956-mg-r-type-x2x 1957-mg-a-cabriolet 1957-mg-a1600 1957-mg-ex-181 1957-mg-magnette-zb-cabriolet 1957-mg-mga-coupe-hudson 1957-mg-za-magnette-1489cc 1957-mg-zb-magnette 1958-mg-a-coupe 1958-mg-a 1958-mg-ex205-prototype 1958-mg-magnette-2 1958-mg-magnette-mkiii 1958-mg-magnette-zb-varitone 1958-mg-magnette-zb 1958-mg-mga-roadster 1958-mg-zb-rear 1958-mg-zb 1958-mga-roadster-sebring 1959-farina-magnette-mk-iii-john-elwoods 1959-mg-a-1600-coupe 1959-mg-a-coupe

MG Magnette MkIII.  The 1489cc B-series engine was given Twin SUs for the MG (and the Riley 4/68) when launched in 1959.
MG Magnette MkIII. The 1489cc B-series engine was given Twin SUs for the MG (and the Riley 4/68) when launched in 1959.

1959-mg-magnette-mark-iii-original-car-sales-brochure-a 1959-mg-magnette-mark-iii-original-car-sales-brochure-b 1959-mg-magnette-mark-iii-original-car-sales-brochure-c 1959-mg-magnette-mk-iii-adv 1959-mg-magnette-mk3 1959-mg-magnette-mk3a 1959-mg-magnette-mkiii-ado9g 1959-mg-magnette-mkiii-ado9ga 1959-mg-magnette-mkiii-primer-john-elwood 1959-mg-magnette-mkiiib 1959-mg-magnette-zb-varitone-tt-gray-int2 1959-mg-mga 1959-mg-za-magnette 1959-mg-zb-magnette-zb 1959-mga-1500-roadster 1959-mga-a 1959-mga-b 1959-mg-magnette-mk-iii-car-sales-brochure-1959 1960-mg-magnette-mkiii 1960-mg-magnette-original-dealers-sales-sheet 1960-mg-mga-in-rare-dove-gray 1960-mg-mga-roadster 1960-mg-mk-iii-magnette-saloon-16344619535 1961-mg-a-twin-cam-1 1961-mg-mga-auto-classique 1961-mga-1600 1961-68-mg-magnette-iv-ad 1962-mg-a-mkii 1962-mg-mgb 1963-m-g-midget-1-1-litres 1963-mg-b-berlinetta 1963-mg-b-gt-racing-team 1964-mg-bgt-sebring 1964-70-mg-mgb-berlinette-by-jacques-coune-carrossier-of-belgium

SONY DSC
SONY DSC

1965-mg-mgb 1965-mgb-lemans-a 1965-mgb-lemans-b-x2 1965-mgb-lemans-c 1965-mgb-mk1 1965-mg-b 1966-mg-magnette-mk-iv 1966-mg-mgb-a 1966-mg-mgb-mk-ii-racer 1966-mg-mgb-racer 1966-mgb-gt-mk-i 1967-austin-1100-mki-countryman-estate-1098cc-nov-1967 1967-mg-mgb-gt 1968-mg-b 1968-mg-c-gt-cc2912 1968-mg-c-roadster 1968-mg-mgb-mk-ii-with-removable-hardtop 1968-riley-kestrel-1300-1275cc-october-1968 1969-mg-1300-mk-ii-two-door-saloon 1969-morris-1300-mkii-traveller-registered-september-1969-1275cc 1970-austin-1300-countryman-1970 1970-mg-mgb-roadster 1970-mgb-gt-racer 1970-morris-1100-mark-ii-2-door-saloon 1970-72-mgb-gt 1971-austin-1300-mark-iii 1971-mgb-gt 1972-austin-1300-luxury 1972-austin-1300gt-registered-june-1972-1380ccsic-dvla 1972-bmc-ado16-amalgamated-drawing-office-project-number-16 1972-mg-mgb-harvest-gold 1972-mg-x-2 1972-mgb-gt 1972-wolseley-1300-march-1972-1275-cc 1973-austin-victoria-mkii-de-luxe-1973-rear-iso-view 1973-mg-b-us6 1973-mg-mgb-gt-v8 1973-mg-mgb-roadster-a 1973-mg-mgb-roadster 1973-mgb-gt-sebring-style 1973-mgb-gt 1973-mgb-orange 1973-mgb-tourer-fitted-with-factory-hardtop 1974-mg-b-int 1974-mg-b-roadster 1974-mg-b 1974-mg-b-746 1974-mg-b-nl6 1974-mg-b-y-det6 1974-mg-midget-mk3 1974-mgb-gt 1975-mg-b-convertible 1975-mg-b-us-sv6

1975-mg-mgb-rubber-bumper-series 1976-mg-b-gt-bra 1976-mg-mgb-gt-v8 1976-mg-midget-1500 1979-mg-b-v8-roadster 1979-mgb-gt-sebring-v8 1983-austin-maestro 1983-austin-metro 1984-austin-montego-countryman 1984-austin-montego-gold 1985-mg-exe-prototype-heritage-motor-centre-gaydon-2 1985-mg-exe-prototype-heritage-motor-centre-gaydon-rear 1985-mg-maestro-20-efi 1985-mg-maestro 1985-mg-metro-turbo-01 1985-mg-montego-02-2000-efi 1985-mg-montego 1986-mg-maestro-efi-this-car-had-a-115bhp-2-0-litre-efi-engine 1988-mg-montego-burrells-walk 1988-the-last-mg-montego-at-the-british-heritage-motor-centre-in-gaydon 1989-grey-austin-metro-1-3-gs-metro 1989-mg-metro-arp 1990-rover-montego-1-6lx 1991-mg-metro-6r4-biturbo-willgollopwinningholjesin1991 1992-austin-maestro-2-0-turbo-diesel-clubman-rover-maestro 1993-mg-rv8-3950cc-jun-1993 1993-rover-metro-rio 1993-rover-montego-estate-2-0i-countryman 1994-rover-100-knightsbridge-se 1994-95-m-reg-rover-metro-rio 1995-mg-tf-blue-front 1995-96-rover-111-i-extra 1996-rover-100-kensington-se-rear 1999-austin-maestro-oxford-frontquarter 2002-mg-tf 2002-mg-zs-120-hatchback 2003-mg-zr-105-le-mans 2003-mg-zr-160

hp photosmart 720
hp photosmart 720

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217, 50, 260, 1, 1, 476
217, 50, 260, 1, 1, 476

2006-mg-zr-160-vvc-trophy-se-face-lift-edition 2006-mg-zr180 2006-mg-zs-btcc-collard 2007-mg-tf 2010-mg-3-streetwise-in-a-showroom-in-china 2010-mg-6-china 2011-mg-6-1-8-dvvt-15686396267 2012-mg-3-ii-01-china 2012-mg-3-xross-china 2012-mg-5-01-china 2012-mg-5-02-china 2012-mg-5-2-auto-chongqing-2012-06-07 2013-mg-3-cressing 2013-mg-cs 2013-mg3-launch 2015-mg-gs-01-china-2015-04-08 2015-mg-gs-02-china 2015-mg-gs-suv-2015 2015-mg6-facelift-uk 2016-mg-triple-eight-british-touring-car-2016 2016-mg3-2016-upgrade 2016-mg-igs-003 12440439_1018424371555592_1608483282748574251_o 13872762_1228159143895472_802064182588335495_n 13902623_10207177706183728_675438761146176014_n 13923743_10210077180195374_4180568592705142011_o 13925903_10154491837073086_853267804041739048_o 14079525_1496824197011534_2502233995877823666_n 14100294_1496824353678185_5611415710825925872_n 14100316_1496824153678205_4176855991074560643_n 14102183_1496824023678218_2409575651175065349_n 14102369_10210508353170837_8811374892697452582_n 14141822_1306193889404308_2258397605433385879_n 14184381_1496824297011524_6348650635758950110_n 14184400_1306193852737645_4105688807176181060_n 14192003_10154538879053203_5445505474969336514_n 14196030_1190712074282475_4428142874373130552_o 14199383_1190712077615808_2773085630328141054_n 14222207_1190712967615719_3063376254331429301_n austin-maestro-campervan-front dargue-mg-special enamelled-badge-on-an-early-mg-car enzo-ferrari-with-mg-outfit george-eyston-in-an-r-type-at-brooklands-banking images-of-the-2015-mg-triple-eight-race-car-liverys mg-k3-magnette-k3003 mg-2 mg-6-btcc-2014 mg-6-f mg-6-magnette-sedan mg-6-sedan-2 mg-18-80-belgium mg-18-80-02 mg-18-80-1928-32

source Profile Publicationsa #86
source Profile Publicationsa #86
source Profile Publicationsa #86
source Profile Publicationsa #86

mg-18-100-07 mg-18-100-11 mg-18-100-04 mg-961-xuf-mga mg-1100-for-sale mg-1100-white mg-1100 mg-1347 mg-a-1600-roadster-white-vr mg-a-and-mg-magnette-saloon-ad mg-avallone mg-b-01-rear

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA
OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA
OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA
OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

mg-c-type-rear-left mg-car-company-logo mg-c-type-competition-car mg-drive-kalm-drive-mg mg-ev-concept mg-express-12 mg-express-hssv-high-speed-service-van mg-f-convertible mg-f-mark-i mg-j-type-advertisement mg-k3-sportscar mg-london-piccadilly-showroom mg-m-type-advert mg-magnette-ad mg-magnette-mark-iii-ad mg-magnette-silverstripes mg-magnette-za mg-magnette-z-typen-het-verhaal-door-huyb-timmers mg-magnette mg-mga-1600-coupe mg-mga-1600-mk-ii-de-luxe mg-mga-roadster-orange-julep mg-mga-rot-2 mg-mga1600-mk2grille mg-mgc-gt-rear mg-mgc-gt mg-midget-concept mg-midget-r-type mg-midget-rwa mg-motor-uk-hq-saic-uk-technical-design-centre

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OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

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SANYO DIGITAL CAMERA

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MG Racing at Snetterton
MG Racing at Snetterton

mg-zs-mk2-with-full-bodykit mg mg3-trophy mgb-gt-flickr-exfordy

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OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

mgb-gt MG F mg-midget mhv-austin-montego-01 mhv-morris-1100-02 mini-metro-as-panel-van-ca-1992 morris-garage-longwall-street-geograph-org-uk-721833 morris-garages-marque qvale-mangusta-2010-05-22-bearb qvale-mangusta-rear qvale-mangusta-side vanden-plas-princess-1100-01

History FIAT part VI 1990-1999

History FIAT

part VI  1990-1999

1990-1999

Fiat Marea Weekend JTD

Fiat Marea Weekend JTD

1990 Fiat Tempra

Fiat Tempra
1993 Fiat Tempra SX
Overview
Manufacturer Fiat
Tofaş
Mekong Auto
Also called Fiat Marengo (panel van)
Production 1990—1998
Assembly Cassino, Italy (1990—1996)
Bursa, Turkey (1990—1999)
Betim, Brazil (1991—1998)
Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam (1996-?)
Designer Ercole Spada at I.DE.A Institute
Body and chassis
Class Family car
Body style 2-door saloon (Brazil)
4-door saloon
5-door station wagon
5-door panel van
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel drive /four-wheel drive (estate)
Platform Type Three platform (Tipo Tre)
Related Alfa Romeo 145/146
Alfa Romeo 155
Fiat Tipo
Fiat Coupé
Lancia Delta
Lancia Dedra
Powertrain
Engine 1.4 L I4
1.6 L I4
1.8 L I4
2.0 L I4
2.0 L turbo I4
1.9 L diesel I4
1.9 L turbodiesel I4
Transmission 5-speed manual
4-speed automatic
“Selecta” CVT
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,540 mm (100 in)
Length Saloon: 4,355 mm (171.5 in)
Station Wagon: 4,472 mm (176.1 in)
Width 1,695 mm (66.7 in)
Height 1,445 mm (56.9 in)
Curb weight 1,030 kg (2,271 lb)-1,220 kg (2,690 lb)
Chronology
Predecessor Fiat Regata
Successor Fiat Marea

The Fiat Tempra (Type 159) is a small family car produced by the Italian automaker Fiat from 1990 to 1998. The Tempra was intended as a replacement for the Fiat Regata. The original project was called Tipo 3, being a mid-size car between the Fiat Tipo (project Tipo 2) and the bigger Fiat Croma (project Tipo 4). The Tempra shares its Type Three platform with the Lancia Dedra and Alfa Romeo 155.

The Tempra was named the 1991 Semperit Irish Car of the Year in Ireland.

Overview

The Tempra saloon was introduced in February 1990 at the Geneva Salon, with the station wagon (marketed as the “Tempra SW”) arriving two months later in Turin. The initial engine range comprised 1.4, 1.6 and 1.8 petrol units and normally aspirated and turbocharged 1.9-litre diesel units. The car began to be produced in Brazil for Latin American markets after being introduced in Aruba, September 1991. First seen in September 1992, a two-door coupé version of it was produced exclusively for the Brazilian market. It was built until 1995 and a turbocharged petrol version was also available there.

Mechanics

Fiat Tempra Station Wagon

Fiat Tempra Station Wagon

The Tempra’s engine range was similar to that of the Tipo. Initially 1.4- and 1.6-litre models had carburettor engines. Both of these models were discontinued in 1992 due to the new European emission standards and thus all models from 1992 on had catalytic converters and electronic injection. Transmission was a standard five speed manual, but for the first time a midsize sedan was offered as with a continuously variable transmission which was previously available on the Fiat Uno, Panda, Ritmo and Tipo. This, called the “Selecta”, was available only with the 1.6 litre engine with either bodystyle. As of July 1991, the 2.0-litre SX model became available with an optional four-speed automatic transmission. Presented in Geneva 1992 (March), there was a version of the station wagon which offered the 2-litre engine combined with permanent four-wheel drive. The four-wheel drive version had a slight front bias (56/44%).

During its 6 year production run, few changes were made apart from a minor facelift in April 1993 which resulted in a new front grille and other minor styling changes, as well as new equipment levels.

Chassis and main parts (most notably, the doors) were shared with the Fiat Tipo. Other vehicles, derived from the same project were Lancia Dedra (Tempra’s most similar cousin, sharing all mechanical components),Lancia Delta second generation, Alfa Romeo 155, Alfa 145 and Alfa 146.

Equipment and trim levels

Fiat Marengo MK2
Fiat Marengo (Tempra commercial)

Only two trim levels were available in its early years: standard (S) and SX, both reasonably equipped considering the Tempra’s low price.

SX models for example, featured power windows, power locks, adjustable belts and steering wheel, front fog lights, body coloured bumpers, velvet upholstery, a futuristic digital dashboard and many other standard extras. They were also available with optional extras like anti-lock brakes, alloy wheels, sunroof, electronic climate control, etc.

A facelift in April 1993 featured more trim levels, now ranging from the standard models (“L” in the UK, where it was only available with 1.4 engine) via the S and SX to the top SLX, which was only available with 1.8- and 2.0-litre engines in the UK. An optional driver’s airbag was another innovation that year. The four-wheel drive Station Wagons continued to be available in some markets such as Switzerland. In Turkey, where Tofaş built the car, there were also “SX A” (automatic transmission) and “SX AK” (climate control added) versions available. The 1,000,000th Tofaş built was a Tempra 2.0 i.e. 16V. The Turkish 16 valve Tempra was not sold in the rest of Europe; it was also available with station wagon bodywork and has a 148 PS (109 kW) engine.

There was also the domestic market Marengo, a name also used before with the Regata Weekend and later again with the Marea Wagon. This is a commercial version of the Tempra which was based on the Station Wagon version, but with basic equipment, heavily tinted rear windows, and no rear seats. The engines were most commonly the naturally aspirated diesels.

Reports

1992 Fiat Tempra digital dashboard

Digital dashboard on SX models

Fiat Tempra Interior and standard dashboard on S models

Tempra Interior and standard dashboard on S models

Quattroruote, a popular Italian motoring magazine, reported some failures and defects with the Tempra. The first issue to be reported was some water ingress through thewindscreen seals, an issue that previously plagued some other Fiat vehicles, especially Alfa 33, which in rainy conditions would carry a significant quantity of water on board. This problem was reported from 1990–92 and was resolved with using a higher quantity of sealant when fitting the glass.

Another reported problem was a high oil consumption, especially the 1,581 cc engine, which was a common defect with Tipo (with the same engine) and Panda (1000 FIRE engine). The same was reported for other Fiat’s vehicles, but disappeared with the new 1.6 L 66 kW engine.

On the same model, from 1994, the car started to show some electronic malfunctions, with items such as the electronic control unit, code key and electric system. A design flaw of the Tempra was that its rear window was too small and inclined and the tail too tall, so that rear visibility was poor. This issue was common with the 155 and Dedra, and was one of the reason the estate had more success than the saloon, especially in the UK.

Qualities

Since the beginning, the Tempra was presented as a cheap and reliable car. 1.4 and 1.6 engines were able to run long distances with good fuel economy, also aided by a high capacity tanks of 65 litres (17 US gal; 14 imp gal) for the sedan and 70 L (18 US gal; 15 imp gal) for the Station Wagon. Average range for a 55 kW 1.6 litre sedan was around 920 km (572 mi) (14 km/L or 7.1 l/100 km or 39.5 mpg-imp), and consumption at constant speed was of 16.5 km/L (6.1 l/100 km; 46.6 mpg-imp) at 90 km/h (56 mph) and 11.6 km/L (8.6 l/100 km; 32.8 mpg-imp) at 130 km/h (81 mph). All these were aided by a favorable aerodynamic (Cx 0.297) and only 17.2 PS subtracted at 100 km/h (62 mph), which was the best result among all the rivals.

Another advantage was the galvanized structure, which allowed the model to be resistant against rust over the time, also showing a good response to weather and bad climate conditions after many years. Other qualities were the strength and reliability of the mechanics, thanks to the engine that could be used in urban drive, extra-urban and highways. For its luggage capacity, especially the Marengo version, was also one of the favourites among companies with the 1929 diesel engine, and the interior space was comfortable for 5 persons during long travels.

Another

Fiat Tempra rear view

Fiat Tempra rear view

End of production

The Tempra was discontinued in Europe in 1996, and in Brazil in 1998. It was replaced by the Fiat Marea, which is based on the Fiat Bravo and Fiat Brava platform, the replacements for the Tempra’s sister car the Fiat Tipo.

In Brazil 204,795 Tempras were produced in eight years, and in Turkey, where the car was manufactured by Tofaş from November 1990 until 1999, 129,590 were made.

Return in 2014

2014 Dodge Dart will be the future Fiat Tempra in Brazil

Dodge Dart will be the future Fiat Tempra in Brazil

According to news recently published, Fiat has the intention of launching its Italian version of Dodge Dart, known as Fiat Viaggio in Europe and Asia, as Fiat Tempra in Brazil. The sedan’s debut might happen between the end of 2013 and the beginning of 2014.

1992 Fiat Cinquecento

Fiat Cinquecento
Fiat Cinquecento S
Overview
Manufacturer Fiat
Production 1991–1998
Assembly Tychy, Poland
Designer Giorgetto Giugiaro
Body and chassis
Class City car
Body style 3-door hatchback
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive
Powertrain
Engine 704 cc I2 (petrol)
903 cc I4 (petrol)
899 cc I4 (petrol)
1108 cc I4 (petrol)
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,200 mm (86.6 in)
Length 3,230 mm (127.2 in)
3,226 mm (127.0 in) (Sporting)
Width 1,490 mm (58.7 in)
1,486 mm (58.5 in) (Sporting)
Height 1,435 mm (56.5 in)
Curb weight 675–727 kg (1,488–1,603 lb)
Chronology
Predecessor Fiat 126
Successor Fiat Seicento

Fiat Cinquecento S rear

Rear view

The Fiat Cinquecento (Type 170) (/ˌɪŋkwəˈɛnt/; Italian pronunciation: [tʃiŋkweˈtʃɛnto]) was a city car designed by Giorgetto Giugiaro launched by Fiat in late 1991 to replace the Fiat 126. It was the first Fiat model to be solely manufactured in the FSM plant in Tychy, Poland, which had been sold to Fiat by the Polish state, and where production of the Polish variant of the Fiat 126, the Polski Fiat 126p, was still running. Production of the Cinquecento ended in 1998, when it was replaced by the Seicento. Despite its name, its lowest displacement was 704 cc.

The Cinquecento was available in one body style only, a small, angular 3-door hatchback, with a favorable drag coefficient of only 0.33 that bore similarities to the Lancia Y10. It featured several advances compared to older Fiat city cars, including independent suspension both in the front and in the rear similar to the Fiat Tipo, front disc brakes, side impact bars along with crumple zones incorporated in the design and galvanized body panels to fend off corrosion. Steering was by rack and pinion, and although power steering was never offered, the car could be ordered with a number of extras, including central locking, power windows, sunroof(or full-length retractable canvas roof in the Soleil version) and even air conditioning.

Engines

Unlike the rear-wheel drive 126, the Cinquecento was a front-wheel drive car. Whereas the 126 had a rear mounted engine, the Cinquecento now featured a front mounted engine.

It was initially available with two engine choices, with the 1.1 L FIRE or “sporting” joining the lineup later. Interestingly, while the 704 cc engine was mounted longitudinally, the bigger units were fitted transversely, making the little Fiat one of the few cars in the world available with both configurations at the same time.

704 cc

The smallest engine, intended for sale in Poland only, was a 704 cc ohv two-cylinder unit, delivering 31 metric horsepower (23 kW) or 30 metric horsepower (22 kW) with catalyst. Cinquecento inherited this unit from the 126p BIS, an evolution of the 126p which was cancelled when the Cinquecento production started. In order to be fitted in the front-wheel drive Cinquecento, it underwent a major refurbishment (although the engine still employed a carburettor), which resulted, among other changes, in the crankshaft revolving in the opposite direction than in the 126p BIS!

903/899 cc

The bigger engine was the 903 cc 40 PS (29 kW; 39 hp) version of the veteran ohv four-cylinder engine, which saw service in many small Fiat models, starting with Fiat 850. (This engine dates back to the initial 633 cc unit as introduced in the 1955 FIAT 600.) It was fitted with single point fuel injection and was the base engine in most markets. Due to fiscal limitations, the displacement of this unit was limited to 899 cc in 1993, with a slight reduction of output, now producing 39 PS (29 kW; 38 hp). This engine is derived from that used in the Fiat 127. While it still retains OHV chain drive pushrod layout it now has hydraulic tappets. Also now uses twin coil distributorless ignition.

1.1 FIRE (Sporting)

Fiat Cinquecento Sporting a

Cinquecento Sporting

Fiat Cinquecento Trofeo

Cinquecento Trofeo

In 1994, Fiat introduced the Cinquecento Sporting, featuring the 1108 cc SOHC FIRE 54 PS (40 kW; 53 hp) engine from the entry-level Punto of the same era, mated to a close-ratio gearbox. Other additions were a drop in standard ride height, front anti-roll bar, 13″ alloy wheels, plus colour-coded bumpers and mirrors. The interior saw a tachometer added, along with sports seats, red seatbelts and a leather steering wheel and gear knob.

It is the Sporting model which gave birth to a rallying trophy and a Group A Kit-Car version.

Elettra

From 1992-1996 Fiat also produced and sold an electric variant of the Cinquecento called the Elettra. The car was offered with either a Lead-acid or NiCd batterypack, providing a ranges of 62 mi (100 km) and 93 mi (150 km) respectively. Unlike purpose built electric cars, the Cinquecento Elettra used two battery packs, one in the engine bay and one under the rear seats, replacing the fuel tank. Although selling for 140,000 francs (~US$159,000), the Cinquecento Elettra enjoyed relative popularity in Italy, France and Switzerland.

Abarth

Fiat offered optional extras from the factory labelled with the Abarth name. The Abarth extras for the Cinquecento consisted of cosmetic changes only. A front apron with fitted fog lights, a rear apron, side skirts and a rear spoiler with a fitted 3rd brake light. There were also a set of 13″ Speedline 5-spoke alloys wheels available instead of the standard Sporting alloys.

Unlike true Abarth models, there were no engine upgrades available from the factory and the car could not be purchased as a whole separate model. The Abarth parts were to be added by the purchaser at the time of ordering, hence why it is common to see cars with only some of the Abarth extras.

Fiat Cinquecento Abarth

Cinquecento Abarth

Concepts

In the mid-1990s, a number of concept cars based on the Fiat Cinquecento were developed by a number of design houses including one that featured half of the car’s interior and a running board to place a bike. Another of these designs was the Lucciola, a proposal for a new Cinquecento by Giorgetto Giugiaro. However instead of the car becoming the next small Fiat city car, a version of the design ended up being put into production by the South Korean Daewoo Motor as their Matiz.

In popular culture

A Fiat Cinquecento appears in several episodes of the British sitcom The Inbetweeners in which main character Simon Cooper owns a yellow, fictional model known as a Fiat Cinquecento ‘Hawaii’ (the model used in filming appears to be a Sporting edition). Its appearance and features (including a tape deck and a replacement red side door) are frequently ridiculed by the characters. Over the course of the series, the car ends up with the following misfortunes:

  • Simon driving the car into the middle of a funeral procession (Thorpe Park)
  • Main character Jay Cartwright tearing off the passenger door when Simon is trying to park it at Thorpe Park (Thorpe Park)
  • The Happy Foundation charity trashing the car after main character Will McKenzie insults them on Nemesis Inferno (Thorpe Park)
  • Main character Neil Sutherland having sex with a goth girl, causing the seats to go damp (Caravan Club)
  • The car getting clamped after Simon parks in front of a no ‘parking’ sign (A Night Out in London)
  • An angry Chinese man rocking the car after he missed all his work placements, because of Simon’s car blocking his van (A Night Out in London)
  • The car drifting into a lake after the handbrake fails (The Camping Trip)

1994 Fiat Punto

Fiat Punto
Fiat Punto, 2. Generation Facelift
Overview
Manufacturer Fiat
Also called Fiat Grande Punto
Fiat Punto Evo
Production 1993–present
Body and chassis
Class Supermini
Body style 3-door hatchback
5-door hatchback
2-door convertible
3-door van
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive
Chronology
Predecessor Fiat Uno

The Fiat Punto is a supermini car produced by the Italian manufacturer Fiat since 1993, spanning over three generations. The third generation of the car was marketed as the Grande Punto, between 2005 and 2009, and the Punto Evo, between 2009 and 2012, when the bare Punto name was re-introduced. As of February 2012, nearly 8.5 million units had been produced.

First generation (1993–1999)

First generation (176)
Fiat Punto, 1. Generation
Overview
Production 1993–1999
Assembly Melfi, Potenza, Italy
Mirafiori, Torino, Italy
Termini Imerese, Palermo, Italy
Designer Giorgetto Giugiaro (hatchback)
Bertone (convertible)
Body and chassis
Body style 3-door hatchback
5-door hatchback
2-door convertible
3-door van
Related Fiat Barchetta
Fiat Albea
Fiat Doblò
Fiat Palio
Fiat Siena
Fiat Strada
Lancia Y
Powertrain
Engine 1.1 L I4 (petrol)
1.2 L I4 (petrol)
1.2 L I4 16-valve (petrol)
1.4 L I4 turbo (petrol)
1.6 L I4 (petrol)
1.7 L I4 (diesel)
1.7 L I4 (turbo-diesel)
Transmission 5-speed manual
6-speed manual
CVT automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,450 mm (96.5 in)
Length 3,760 mm (148.0 in)
Width 1,625 mm (64.0 in)
Height 1,450 mm (57.1 in)
Curb weight 830–1,040 kg (1,830–2,290 lb)
1,070 kg (2,360 lb) (cabrio)

Fiat Punto 60 rear

Fiat Punto rear

Internally codenamed Project 176, the Punto was announced in September 1993 as a replacement for the ageing Fiat Uno and launched in late 1993/early 1994 depending on the market. The Fiat Punto was voted European Car of the Year for 1995, defeating rival Volkswagen Polo by only 78 points.

The Punto was designed by Giorgetto Giugiaro and was available as a three-door or five-door hatchback, and a two-door cabriolet.

Entry level

Entry-level in the Punto range were the 1.1 and 1.2 L petrol engines and the 1.7 diesel engine. The 1.2 engine’s actual capacity is 1242 cc, available in three versions. The first, was fitted in the Punto ELX 75 and produced 75 hp (56 kW) at 6000 rpm while the second, fitted to Punto ELX 85 produced 86 hp (64 kW) at 6000 rpm. The third was a 60 hp (45 kW) engine which eventually replaced the 1.1 54 hp (40 kW) engine.

Sporting versions

A Sporting model was also available with an 1.6 8v updated 128 SOHC engine, producing 88 hp (66 kW), later replaced in 1997 by the 1.2 16v FIRE engine used in the 85 ELX, and a power drop to 86 hp (64 kW).

GT versions

The top of the range model was the 136 PS (100 kW; 134 hp) 1.4 GT, using an evolution of the turbocharged 128 SOHC engine originally found in the Fiat Uno Turbo Mk II – capable of running over 200 km/h (120 mph) and reaching 100 km/h (62 mph) in just 7.9 seconds and came fitted with a five-speed manual gearbox. During the years the GT was made in three different “series” with power 136 PS (100 kW; 134 hp) (1993–1995),133 PS (98 kW; 131 hp) (1995–1997) and 130 PS (96 kW; 130 hp) (1997–1999).

Convertible

1993–1999 Fiat Punto Bertone Cabrio

1993–1999 Fiat Punto Cabrio

A cabriolet (convertible) version was also available; built by Bertone (rather than at the main Fiat factory), it featured an electric powered fully retracting roof and was one of the cheapest open-top cars in the world at the time. In Europe, it was also made with a manual roof. Available in both ELX and SX trim, initially powered by the 90 hp (67 kW) 1.6 Mpi unit (replaced in 1995 by the 86 hp (64 kW) 1.2-L 16v FIRE unit). Approximately 55,000 cars were built between 1994 and 1999, although the last cars were registered in 2000.

Other versions

Particular versions of the first generation Punto were the Punto 6Speed, a 1.1 FIRE Punto 55 with a six-speed gearbox, the Punto Selecta with a CVT-type automatic gearbox, and the Punto ED (Economical Drive), a 1.1 Punto whose five-speed gearbox was designed for high fuel efficiency.

Second generation (1999–2010)

Second generation (188)
Fiat Punto II front
Overview
Also called Fiat Punto Classic
Zastava 10
Production 1999–2010 (Italy)
2005–2011 (Serbia)
Assembly Melfi, Potenza, Italy
Mirafiori, Torino, Italy
Termini Imerese, Palermo, Italy
Kragujevac, Serbia (Zastava)
Body and chassis
Body style 3-door hatchback
5-door hatchback
3-door van
Related Fiat Barchetta
Fiat Idea
Lancia Ypsilon
Lancia Musa
Powertrain
Engine 1.2 L I4 (petrol)
1.2 L I4 16-valve (petrol)
1.4 L I4 16-valve (petrol)
1.8 L I4 16-valve (petrol)
1.3 L I4 MultiJet (diesel)
1.9 L I4 DS (diesel)
1.9 L I4 JTD (diesel)
Transmission 5-speed manual
6-speed manual (Sporting)
5-speed semi-automatic (Dualogic)
6-speed semi-automatic(Speedgear)
7-speed semi-automatic(Speedgear)
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,460 mm (96.9 in)
Length 3,800 mm (149.6 in) (3-door, 1999–03)
3,835 mm (151.0 in) (5-door, 1999–03)
3,840 mm (151.2 in) (3-door, 2003–10)
3,865 mm (152.2 in) (5-door, 2003–10)
Width 1,660 mm (65.4 in)
Height 1,480 mm (58.3 in)
Curb weight 860–1,050 kg (1,900–2,310 lb)

Fiat Punto II rear

Fiat Punto rear

The second generation Punto, codenamed Project 188, was launched in September 1999 at the Frankfurt Motor Show. The styling was all-new while retaining the original Punto’s distinctive shape and design, while the chassis and interior were completely overhauled. The new Punto also became the first Fiat in decades to carry the original round Fiat badge, to celebrate Fiat’s centenary.

At the launch event of the hatchback, the Fiat Wish concept car was also presented, which was hardtop convertible version of the Fiat Punto, very similar in styling with the Peugeot 206 CC. The model was conceived by Pininfarina to celebrate the centenary of Fiat.

Entry level

The 1.1 and 1.4-L turbo engines were discontinued due to emissions issues and the entry-level models had only a 1.2-L petrol unit, with either 8 or 16 valves, giving 60 hp (45 kW) and 80 hp (60 kW) respectively, or a 1.9-L diesel, with or without common rail injection.

Sporting versions

1991-98 Fiat Cinquento Abarth

Fiat Punto HGT Abarth

Two sporty versions were offered. The 1.2-L 16 valve Sporting model with a six-speed manual, and the 1.8-L HGT which could reach almost 130 mph (210 km/h). The 1.2-L 16V model also has a Speedgear CVT-equipped variant (with a sequential manual shift mode consisting of six gears, seven for the Sporting model). The 1.8-L HGT accelerates from 0-60 in 8.0 seconds. It was considered a big improvement in handling over the Punto GT. The HGT was also available (in limited numbers) as an “HGT Abarth” which added deeper bumpers, rear spoiler, side skirts, new alloy wheels and interior trim. The HGT Abarth had no technical improvements over the regular HGT.

Power steering

The second generation Punto has also adopted the Dualdrive electric power steering and came with two operation modes, using an electric motor, rather than a hydraulic pump driven by the engine. This resulted in reduced fuel consumption and less environmental impact. It has a fuel economy of 5.6 l/100 km (50 mpg-imp; 42 mpg-US) – urban and 3.9 l/100 km (72 mpg-imp; 60 mpg-US) – extra urban for the 1.9-L diesel. The 1.8-L petrol does 8.8 l/100 km (32 mpg-imp; 27 mpg-US) – urban and 5.3 l/100 km (53 mpg-imp; 44 mpg-US) – extra urban.

Facelift

Fiat Punto, 2. Generation Facelift

2003–2010 Fiat Punto

2003–2010 Fiat Punto II rear

2003–2010 Fiat Punto rear

In early 2003, Fiat celebrated the rollout of the 5,000,000th production Punto. In the same year, the second-generation facelift brought further revisions to the platform, including extensive changes to the exterior styling and engines, partly due to changes in pedestrian safety regulations.

The round Fiat badge, found only on the bonnet of second-generation models, was introduced on the tailgate of the second generation facelift. On 1 June 2005, Fiat produced the 6,000,000th Punto at the Melfi plant.

Engine changes included a new 1.4 L 16v engine, alongside the staple 1.2 and 1.2 L 16v variants, and the introduction of two HGT versions, the 1.9 L MultiJet diesel engine and the 1.8 L 16v petrol engine, which could reach almost 130 mph (210 km/h) continued over from the pre-facelift version. There was an introduction also of the 1.3 L common rail diesel MultiJet engine.

Punto Classic

Despite the launch of the slightly larger Grande Punto at the end of 2005, the second-generation Punto remained in production, marketed as the Punto Classic, and has been sold in many emerging markets in addition to the newer versions. It was launched for the first time in Chile in 2007. It ended production in Italy in November 2010.

Zastava 10

2006–2008 Zastava 10

2006–2008 Zastava 10

In October 2005, Serbian manufacturer Zastava reached an agreement with Fiat to assemble this version under licence in Kragujevac, Serbia, with the model name Zastava 10. After acquiring a majority stake in Zastava in the autumn of 2008, Fiat continued production of this vehicle under the Fiat Punto Classic name from March 2009. Production was stopped in mid 2011, and it never got restarted despite some rumors. It has been available with the 1.2-litre petrol engine and later, also with the 1.3-litre diesel engine.

Trim levels

The Punto was initially released in four different trim leveles: S, SX, ELX and HLX, that were later renamed to Actual, Active, Dynamic and Emotion. Three special versions of the three-door hatchback were also available: Sporting, HGT and Abarth. The top level included such features as ABS, front and side airbags, window bags, remote locking, front power windows, electrical power steering, air conditioning, trip computer with four functions, CD player, CD changer, alloy rims and fog lamps. Options such as navigation and burglar alarm were also offered. After the facelift, it also received EBD, ESP with ASR and hill holder, climate control with double zone heating, MP3 player and subwoofer (HGT only), rear parking sensors and cruise control as an option. A revised instrument panel with a larger display could now show the instant consumption too.

Engines

Four petrol engines with single-point injection system were available, as well as one indirect injection diesel and three common rail turbocharged diesel engines with intercooler (JTD and MultiJet). The 1.8-L 16v and the 1.9-L MultiJet engines were available only with the three-door version in the HGT trim level.

Third generation (2005–present)

Main article: Fiat Grande Punto

Fiat Grande Punto 2009

Fiat Grande Punto

The Grande Punto, codenamed Project 199, was unveiled at the 2005 Frankfurt Motor Show and went on sale later on that year. Again styled by Giugiaro, the car is using the Fiat SCCS platform, a variation of the General Motors Gamma Platform.

Punto Evo

In 2009, the Grande Punto was facelifted, with the replacement known as the Punto Evo. It received a new front end in addition to revised rear lights and a new interior.

Punto

In 2012, the Punto name was bought back when the Punto Evo was facelifted and given a similar front end to the 2005 Grande Punto. The new Punto kept the revised rear lights and interior of the 2009 Punto Evo, but not on the base ‘Pop’ trim level which reverted to the older Grande Punto interior.

In October 2014, Top Gear magazine placed the Punto Pop 1.2-L 8v 69 on its list of “The worst cars you can buy right now”, describing the car as “An outclassed elderly supermini that kicks out 126 g/km yet takes 14.4 secs to wheeze to 62 mph, and it costs more than £10k.”

The Grande Punto in India went through a facelift changing the front face and a revised rear and giving it a more aggressive look and was named Punto Evo. This car also sports an SUV-like ground clearance of 185mm for diesel and 195mm for petrol to suit Indian roads.

Fiat Punto Evo 2014 at a dealership in Bangalore

Fiat Punto Evo 2014 at a dealership in Bangalore.

In October 2014, Fiat India released the Avventura, which was a crossover variant of the Punto Evo.

Punto Van

The Punto Van is a compact van designed for the commercial market. It features a petrol 1.2-L 8v engine, a petrol/CNG 1.2-L 8v engine and a diesel 1.3-L MultiJet 16v engine.

Motorsport

Fiat Grande Punto Abarth S2000

Fiat Grande Punto Abarth S2000

The Punto has always been popular with amateur racing drivers due to its low cost and the wide availability of spare parts. Several competition and homologated versions of the Punto have been produced, such as the Punto Rally, the S1600 and the Punto Abarth. A new rally car based on the third generation Punto, the Super 2000 Punto Abarth, was unveiled in 2005. It is four-wheel drive and powered by a 2.0 L 16 valve engine capable of producing 280 hp (210 kW). Also, a turbodiesel front-wheel-drive rally car has been produced, the Fiat Grande Punto R3D.

The Punto was the first diesel car to compete in the Targa Tasmania.

The Punto has won several rally championships, specifically:

A motorsport version of the car can be found in several liveries in the video games Colin McRae Rally 04, Colin McRae: DiRT, Sega Rally Revo and Gran Turismo 6.

1995 Fiat Barchetta

Fiat Barchetta
Fiat Barchetta a
Overview
Manufacturer Fiat
Production 1995–2002
2004–2005
Assembly Chivasso, Italy (Maggiora)
Mirafiori plant, Turin, Italy
Designer Andreas Zapatinas and Alessandro Cavazza 1992
Body and chassis
Class Sport compact
Body style Roadster
Layout FF layout
Related Fiat Punto I
Powertrain
Engine 1.8L l4 16V
Transmission 5-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,443 mm (96.2 in)
Length 3,916 mm (154.2 in)
Width 1,640 mm (65 in)
Height 1,265 mm (49.8 in)
Curb weight 1,056 kg (2,328 lb)

The Fiat Barchetta (Italian pronunciation: [ˈfiat barˈketta]) (Type 183) is a roadster produced by the Italian manufacturer Fiat from 1995 to 2005 (though production was paused between May 2002 and 2004). “Barchetta” in Italian means ‘little boat‘.

History

The Barchetta was developed between 1990 and 1994 under the project name Tipo B Spider 176. It was designed by Andreas Zapatinas and Alessandro Cavazza under the supervision of Peter Barrett Davis and other car designers at the Fiat Centro Stile, and prototyping was carried out by Stola.

Production began in February 1995 and lasted until June 2005, with a brief pause due to the bankruptcy of coachbuilder Maggiora. The Barchetta was based on the chassis of the Mark 1 Fiat Punto. The Barchetta has 1,747 cc DOHC petrol engine fitted with variable camshaft timing, used for the first time in a Fiat production car, after being patented in 1970. The engine has 132 PS (97 kW; 130 hp) and 164 N·m (121 lb·ft) of torque. The Barchetta weighs 1056 kg (2328 lb) without air conditioning and can accelerate to 100 km/h (62 mph) in 8.9 seconds and has a top speed of 200 km/h (124 mph). It came in various trim levels which offered different features, for example, diamond cross stitch – patterned red leather instead of the standard black leather or fabric seats, alloy wheels instead of steel wheels, or fog-lights as an option. Arguably one of the biggest external cosmetic changes was made by the addition of the third brake light, first introduced by Fiat on the Lido and Riviera in 2000, and on sub models thereafter.

The Barchetta was revised in 2003 for its relaunch the following year, with some alterations inside and out. The most notable changes were the revised front spoiler and rear bumper. Production of the car eventually stopped in June 2005.

Production

Fiat Barchetta rear view (with third Brake-Light on the boot-lid)

Fiat Barchetta rear view (with third Brake-Light on the boot-lid)

Car bodies were welded at ILCAS in Sparone Canavese, and final assembly was done in Chivasso by the coachbuilder Maggiora.

After Maggiora’s bankruptcy in 2002, Fiat relocated production of the Barchetta to its Mirafiori plant and resumed production two years later. Around 57,700 cars were built up to 2005.

Production of the Barchetta was limited to LHD cars only, even though the car was marketed and sold in two RHD markets, the United Kingdom and Japan.

Bertone concept car

Fiat Barchetta by Bertone

Fiat Barchetta by Bertone, 2007

The Italian styling house of Bertone created a one-off roadster show car for Fiat called the Barchetta in 2007.

This picture was taken at the Bertone facility near Turin, Italy.

Notable examples

Perhaps the most well known ‘review’ of a Barchetta was one which featured in a Top Gear special which aired in December 2010. In the episode, the three presenters (Jeremy Clarkson, Richard Hammond and James May) attempted to follow the path of the Three Wise Men to Bethlehem. Hammond drove the Fiat Barchetta (specifically a Riviera Special Edition featuring a black paint job and red quilted leather), compared to Clarkson’s Mazda MX-5 and May’s BMW Z3. At the end of the episode, the Barchetta was declared the most desirable and reliable of the three cars.

1995 Fiat Bravo/Brava

Fiat Bravo
Fiat Brava
Fiat Bravo 1998–1999.

Fiat Bravo
Overview
Also called Fiat Bravissimo (Japan)
Production 1995–2001
Assembly Cassino, Piedimonte San Germano, Italy
Bursa, Turkey (Brava only)
Designer Centro Stile Fiat 1992
Body and chassis
Class Small family car
Body style 3-door hatchback (Bravo)
5-door hatchback (Brava)
Layout FF layout
Platform Type Two platform (Tipo Due)
Related Fiat Marea
Fiat Multipla
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,540 mm (100.0 in)
Length 4,020 mm (158.3 in) (Bravo)
4,190 mm (165.0 in) (Brava)
Width 1,750 mm (68.9 in)
Height 1,420 mm (55.9 in)
Chronology
Predecessor Fiat Tipo
Successor Fiat Stilo

The Fiat Bravo and Fiat Brava (Type 182) are small family cars produced by the Italian automaker Fiat from 1995 to 2001. They were effectively two versions of the same car, the Bravo a three-door hatchback and the Brava a five-door hatchback.

The Bravo name was revived in 2007 with the all-new Fiat Bravo, a replacement of the Stilo. The new version is available only with five doors. The name Brava was also used in the United States in the 1980s on the earlier Fiat 131.

History

Fiat Bravo 2

Fiat Brava

Fiat Brava rear

Fiat Brava rear

The Bravo and the Brava were replacements for Fiat’s successful but ageing Tipo model. The two cars were very different in styling detail and driving experience, the Bravo chassis being tuned for more precise handling whilst the Brava was tuned for better comfort. Even the interior trim and many of the body colours were unique to either one version or the other. The cars came with all new engines, the base model using a 1.4 L 12-valve engine producing 80 PS (59 kW). Three other petrol engines were available: the 103 PS (76 kW) 1.6 L 16-valve; the 113 PS (83 kW) 1.8 L 16-valve engine and the top of the range 2.0 L 20-valve R5 unit used in the HGT model, which produced 147 PS (108 kW) and which could take the car to a maximum speed of 213 km/h (132 mph), later in 1999 the 155 HGT model replaced the older model, power rising to 155 PS (114 kW). Two turbodiesel engines were also available: both were 1.9 L four cylinder units, one producing 75 PS (55 kW) and the other making 100 PS (74 kW). The Bravo/Brava was voted European Car of the Year on its launch.

Fiat Brava

fiat-brava

In 1996, the Bravo/Brava chassis spawned saloon and estate versions, badged Fiat Marea, a car which was aimed at Ford Mondeo and Opel/Vauxhall Vectra buyers, which won praise for its large boot. Another car based on the Bravo/Brava underpinnings was launched in 1998: the curious-looking Fiat Multipla, a six-seater compact MPV.

The Bravo/Brava received a mild makeover in 1999, but there were few real changes except the replacement of the 1.4 L 12-valve engine with a 1.2 L 16-valve engine from the smaller Fiat Punto and a restyling of the dashboard. The 1.9 turbodiesel was also phased out in favour of 1.9 JTD diesel units (now with and 105 PS or 77 kW), to give even better economy and refinement.

HGT Abarth

In late 1999 Fiat introduced the Abarth accessories for the Bravo, available were more aggressive wheels and bodykit, performance was the same as the 1.8 HGT model. Was produced since 2000 until 2002.

The Bravo/Brava was discontinued in late 2001, and replaced by the all-new Fiat Stilo.

1995 Fiat Coupé

Fiat Coupé
Fiat Coupé
Overview
Manufacturer Fiat
Production 1993–2000
Assembly Turin, Italy (Pininfarina)