Western Flyer Coach

Western Flyer loge 1962

WFC Western Flyer Coach Ltd Winnepeg Manitoba USA 

Western Flyer Coach was founded by John Coval in 1930 as the Western Auto and Truck Body Works Ltd. Reflecting an increased focus on bus manufacturing, it changed its name in 1948 to Western Flyer Coach.

In 1955 the “Canuck” highway coach model was introduced and was redesigned several times over the next ten years. The Canuck 500 and 600 were the last versions to be produced.

1941 Western Flyer

1941 Western Flyer Coach(look at the back)

The Coach market was a very competitive place for a small company like Western Flyer, especially with GMC and MCI dominating the industry. In 1968, Western Flyer decided to end its coach production and delivered its last intercity coach that year.

In the late 1960s, Western Flyer further focused on the urban transit bus market with the introduction of the D700 and E700 models.

Even with the release of the D700 and E700 models, Western Flyer was still a financially weak company. In 1971, the Manitoba Development Corporation stepped in to save Western Flyer and changed its name to Flyer Industries Limited in 1971.

1932 Western SMT - Leyland TS1 coach VA 8935


1941 Western Flyer coach


1947 Western Flyer Selkirk-Beaver Bus Lines 24


1949 1 C40

1949-1-Western Flyer c40

1950 1 C33

1950-1-western flyer-c33

1950 Western Flyer-Brill


1952 Western Flyer


1953 Western Flyer Coach Canuck 500


1953 Western Flyer introduced the Canuck accommodated 33 passengers International Red Diamond engine or a Cummins diesel engine rear-engine


1954 Westen Flyer Eagle Bus Lines 18CT32s 1954 Western Flyer Coach 40 stonewalltbl10wfct32 7470 1954 Western Flyer T-32 Eagle BL-18WFCT32s 1954 Western Flyer T-32 stonewall-TBL10wfcT32s


1956 Western Flyer Coach T-36 2L


1956 Western Flyer T36 2L ex Grey Goose


1956 Western Flyer T-36 2L


1956 Western Flyer T-36-2L,  TBL20WF


1958 Western Flyer T40


1962 Western-flyer-bus-very-old-school-cool


1967 Western Flyer Canuck 600


1967 Western Flyer model T-28 Standard headingly-576-cox Oc12


Western Flyer 6 Western Flyer 8+001 Western Flyer 9 Western Flyer 24 Western Flyer 25 Western Flyer Canuck 500 Regina


Western Flyer Coach - T-40. T-40-Manitoba Transit Heritage Association 75-a


Western Flyer Coach Arrow Coach Lines 51


Western Flyer Coach Canuck 600


Western Flyer Coach T-28


Western Flyer D700A Bus

Western Flyer D700A Bus

That’s it

SETRA Ulm Germany


Selbst Tragend-self supporting

Type Division
Industry Automotive
Predecessors Karl Kässbohrer Fahrzeugwerke GmbH
Products tourist bus, city buses, and intercity buses
Owners Daimler AG
Parent EvoBus GmbH
Website Setra website

Setra is a German bus division of EvoBus GmbH, itself a wholly owned subsidiary of the Daimler AG.

The name “Setra” comes from “selbsttragend” (self supporting). This refers to the integral nature of the construction of the vehicles back in the 1950s when competitor vehicles still featured a separate chassis and body (often manufactured by separate companies). It is also possible that, with an eye to export markets, the company was mindful that for non-German speakers, the name “Kässbohrer” is difficult to pronounce. Until 1995 the firm operated under the name Kässbohrer-Setra, but in that year economic difficulties enforced its sale to Daimler Benz (between 1998 and 2008 known, especially in the US, by the name of its holding company Daimler Chrysler). Since 1995, Setra has been a member of the Daimler Benz subsidiary, EvoBus GmbH.

The North American distribution for Setra by Daimler is set to be partnered and taken over by Motor Coach Industries on April 25, 2012 as Daimler restructures its North American bus operations in 2013.

1952 Kässbohrer-Panoramabus 1950er - Verkehrszentrum 1954 Setra S8 1960 Setra S9 1972 Setra S110H coach 1974 Setra S80 1981 Setra 215HD Hamburger ZOB- Autokraft-Bus Setra HH-XW-101 (Berlin Linien Bus) 9.4.2009 Setra Bus der Bundeswehr Setra Bus Mannheim 100 Setra Bus Mannheim 100a Setra Facelift Setra -Intercitybus Graz-Klagenfurt Setra LAND bus Setra Reisebus Weinheim 100 3617 Setra S 6 BW 1 Setra S7 Setra SG 221 Setra SG 321 UL Setra-Goldenclass

This is only a small number off Setra Buses.

Look further by Kässbohrer:



ORION International Bus Building Ontario Canada 1975-2013

Orion International

Orion International
Former type Subsidiary
Industry Bus building
Fate Voluntary closure/market exit
Founded 1975
Defunct 2013
Headquarters 350 Hazelhurst Road, MississaugaOntarioCanada L5J 4T8
Area served CanadaUnited States
Key people Rich Ferguson (CEO)
Products Transit buses
Owner(s) Daimler AG (2000-2013)
New Flyer Industries (2013-present)
Employees 1,400 (US and Canada)
Parent New Flyer Industries
Website www.orionbus.com

Orion International, previously Orion Bus Industries and Ontario Bus Industries in Canada and Bus Industries of America in the United States, was a bus manufacturer based in MississaugaOntarioCanada and established by the Government of Ontario in 1975. The company had assembly plants in Mississauga for initial assembly, and in OriskanyNew York, for final assembly and testing of vehicles destined for US markets.

Corporate history

Privatized in 1993, Orion was acquired by Daimler Chrysler (now Daimler AG) in July 2000, and became part of the group Daimler Buses North America.

On April 25, 2012, Orion International ceased taking orders for new buses, and the Missisauga plant was scheduled to close once outstanding orders were fulfilled.

The Oriskany plant was initially retained for aftermarket support only. Following the sale of that business to New Flyer Industries (which also acquired some of Orion’s outstanding orders at the time of shutdown), the fate of the New York location remains unclear although it is still currently performing repairs, including a retrofit program with BAE Systems for recalled hybrid-electric buses using BAE’s HybriDrive system.

The sales and closures are part of the closure of Daimler Buses North America; only Daimler’s imported Setra buses will continue to be marketed although North American distribution will be taken over by Motor Coach Industries (MCI). Production of Daimler Buses North America’s Sprinter shuttle buses will be moved to other facilities. It was announced there will be more than 530 workers will be laid off in the Mississauga and Oriskany plants which the Mississauga workers staged a wildcat work stoppage to protest in employee frustration at the slow pace of winding-down talks.

Oriskany was the head office for part department to support Orion bus operators until New Flyer Industries acquired the after market business from Daimler Buses.

1 DASH Orion I 2 West Vancouver Blue Bus 922 clip 3 EMTA Orion II 0082 4 WMATA Orion II Portland Crown-Ikarus bus in 1993, r459f11 6 NPC Peoplemover 7 MTA New York City Bus Orion V CNG 9831 8 Translink-R9250 9 Los Angeles MTA 11033a 10 NYCT Orion VI 6359 Front 11 Decatur 023 12 SF Muni Orion VII 13 2010 MTA Long Island Bus Orion VII Next Generation 14 TTC Orion VII NG 15 King County Metro Orion VII 7012 2937515408_f27fd0e085_b bus_pl3 bus-8003-20 bus-8509-01 f548dc248fe5f89cc90596ed76dbed36 hybridrive-orion-bus New York City Office Of Emergency Management Command Vehicle - Orion Bus Industries Orion IV Orion II Orion IV Orion VI Orion VII Next Generation (2010) Orion VII Next Generation Hybrid #7012 Orion WH112-N3 Personenanhänger Orion Orion_Bus_logo OrionVII Low Floor In San Francisco

Buses + Coaches MCI Motor Coach Industries since 1933 Des Plaines, Illinois, United States



Motor Coach Industries

Harry Zoltok founded MCI in 1933Harry Zoltok founded MCI in 1933


1933: Harry Zoltok turns his Winnipeg repair shop into the laboratory for the future of coach travel. He sketches his first vehicle design, an 11-passenger body on a Packard chassis, on the factory floor. His small manufacturing company, Fort Garry Motor Body and Paint Works, finds itself on the cusp of a new mass transit industry.


1936: The Public Works administration provides the first large-scale federal government public transportation assistance in the United States, promoting public transport on both rail and road. This Depression-era move starts putting local transit operations in the hands of taxpayers.


1937: The company designs and builds its first proprietary chassis and manufactures its first line of coaches for Grey Goose Bus Lines in Winnipeg. Today, Grey Goose is a subsidiary of Greyhound Canada Transportation Corp. operating in Manitoba.

1931 Manitoba Bus Owners Association Meeting at Legislature GGB Photo

1939: Fort Garry designs and manufactures the Model 150, a new transit-type coach with the windshield over the radiator, the first use of exterior stainless steel panels and a pancake engine mounted midship under the floor.

1933 The Fort Garry Motor Body and Paint Works built their first bus in 1933 11 pass on packard chassis

1941: On January 7, the company changes its name to Motor Coach Industries Limited, but coach production quickly gives way to the manufacturing needs of World War II. The company’s new Winnipeg facility at Erin Street and St. Matthews Avenue is converted to manufacture Jeep trailers, boat trailers for rescue craft, army truck bodies and pontoon bridge sections plus the reconditioning of aircraft pontoons.

North Battleford SK Bill Luke

1942: MCI builds and designs the first electric trolley bus manufactured in Canada, known as Number 1532. It has its own route for 25 years, but never becomes a regular production item.

1942 Concept Greyhound

1945: With the war’s end, MCI reverts to regular coach production and introduced its first rear engine coach, the Model 100, in 1946. Over the rest of the decade the company adds its National Products subsidiary, which manufactures and sells pole line hardware for the prairie provinces’ rural electrification program and, in Medicine Hat, Alberta, National Porcelain is formed to manufacture porcelain insulators for that market.


1948: Greyhound Lines of Canada acquires a majority interest in MCI, with Harry Zoltok continuing as company president.

1947 MCI Courier 100A Selkirk-WECo621-foto by William A luke

1949: MCI’s Model 50, a 33-passenger coach, is introduced as a successor to the Model 100, the first coach synonymous with the Canadian Greyhound operation.

1947 Riverbend Bus Line 1, an MCI coach

1950s: Like so many major users of steel at the time, MCI continues to diversify past its bedrock coach business. It uses its excess capacity to expand National Products Co. into ornamental street lighting poles, and creates the Alsco Windows and Doors Co. to serve the growing postwar housing market. MCI also expands to offer custom metal fabrication services for truck bodies.

1957 MCI Courier 96 Skyview Bus

During this decade, the coach division continues to innovate; the company adds the 85, 90, 95, 96 and launches the new MC series of coaches. The MC-1 proves to be a revolutionary new design incorporating a heating system linked to the engine cooling system and a translucent roof.

1959 MCI MC-1

1960 MCI Courier 96


1958: Greyhound Lines of Canada acquires the remaining shares in MCI with Zoltok keeping his role as president.

web 1948 Greyhound W714 Courier 95 Bill Luke

1959: The MC-1 cements the company’s popularity; 26 coaches are produced during the year, with the company additionally developing its MCX2 prototype. At the same time, MCI sells National Porcelain. During the Greyhound years, MCI is the first manufacturer to build a 40-foot coach.


1962: MCI heads south of the border and establishes its Pembina, North Dakota plant, 68 miles south of Winnipeg, which officially opens in 1963.


1963: MCI officially enters the U.S. coach market, developing the MC-2, MC-3, MC-4, MC-5 and the MC-5A over the rest of the decade.

1950 MCI Courier 50 Skyview motor coach. A



1967: MCI delivers the first prototype of the landmark MC-6 “Super Cruiser” coach to Greyhound; designed and developed for Greyhound, it features a 102-inch wheelbase, an all-stainless-steel frame, and a V-12 engine.

1966 MCI 6 Allstate-PinkPanther

1968: The 40-foot-long MC-7 is developed and put into production just before the MC-6, representing the first time MCI has multiple coach lines in parallel production. The company is now producing 500 coaches a year, compared to only 50 in the early 1960s.

1970 MCI 7

An official after-market parts division is established at Motor Coach Industries’ plant at Pembina, North Dakota.

1970 MCI 7

1969: MCI builds a total of 100 coaches between 1969 and 1970; a fraction of its current production. MCI will reintroduce the all-stainless-steel frame in 1997 when it builds the 102EL3 Renaissance® coach (now the E4500).

1973 MCI MC - 7 VIP Coach 671

1970s: MCI begins international distribution with its first sales to Mexico, Australia, Saudi Arabia and Taiwan.

1970 MCI MC-7, HO

1971: Harry Zoltok retires, while the company opens a new parts distribution center in Northlake, Illinois. Greyhound moves its corporate headquarters from Chicago to Phoenix. The company builds its first MC-5B coach (production runs through 1977).

Greyhound bus 2934 (MCI MC-5)

1972: Hausman Bus Sales, founded in 1954 by Jerry Hausman, with sales and service centers in Chicago, New Jersey and California, joins forces with MCI and begins selling its new coaches exclusively.


1973: The MC-8 hits the roads, replacing the MC-7.

1970 MCI MC-8 Greyhound Lines of Canada

1975: MCI Service Parts division becomes Universal Coach Parts Inc., supplying motor coach, transit and school bus operators with parts.

12 KKBus_FC666_Front


1978: The company develops the MC-9 Crusader II, destined to become the North American intercity coach industry’s all-time best-seller.

1979 MCI MC 9 906

1980: MCI continues to expand its parts and manufacturing operations in Canada and the United States. The company expands its production lines in Fort Garry and Pembina to double the production capacity of the popular MC-9. The Canadian distribution center opens in Newcastle, Ontario, under the MCI Service Parts name.

1980 MCI MC9

1983: UCP pioneers its “C.O.A.C.H.” program — Customer Order Assisted Computerized Handling — the first electronic parts ordering system and accessed by more than 300 customers.

1982 MCI 9 Moose Mountain bus

1984: A full six years before the Americans with Disabilities Act is passed, MCI is the first coach manufacturer to offer wheelchair lifts on its vehicles. The first model is contracted out as retrofit for Terra Transport and built for the Canadian Government in June 1984; it buys another in October.

1983 MCI MC-9

1985: MCI builds its very own first six MC-9 units with wheelchair lifts by the end of February 1986 for the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.


1987: MCI acquires General Motor’s bus parts business, virtually doubling the size of the company overnight. That same year, a larger parts distribution facility is purchased in Des Plaines, Illinois, a suburb of Chicago, becoming it’s new headquarters location.

1984 MCI MC-9 8502

1993: MCI launches COACH GUARD®, a private brand of aftermarket parts, which grows to include a full line of filters, remanufactured transmissions, bearings, seals, electrical items and hundreds of other parts, all engineered and manufactured to strict tolerances for long-lasting performance.

Trailways bus 8519 (MCI MC-9)

1994: The MC-9 becomes the nation’s all-time best-selling coach with 6,406 vehicles sold between 1978 and 1994.

2000 MCI 102-DL3. 6538

1995: The MC-9 gives way to what will be a new leader, the MCI D-Series. The first D-Series model, the 102DL3, accommodates 55 passengers and its expanded 45-foot length makes it an even more popular model than the “9” (Today, there are more than 7,700 D models on the road in the United States and Canada).

2000 MCI 102D3

MCI purchases the assets of Billingsley Parts & Equipment, a distributor of school bus parts and manufacturer of specialty parts.

2000 MCI 102D3a

1996: MCI unveils its Renaissance Coach, the 102EL3, a new-look designed with a patented spiral entryway created with the assistance of BMW Designworks USA.


The company acquires the parts assets of the Flxible Corporation, one of the nation’s largest transit bus manufacturers.

1998: The company announces plans to open a new facility in Louisville on a 31-acre site near a UPS hub and to consolidate the operations of its existing warehouse facilities. The company also announces plans for an Internet-based online ordering system, named The Parts Store, replacing its C.O.A.C.H. — Customer Order-Assisted Computerized Handling system.

1999: MCI moves into a new 40,000-square-foot Dallas sales and service center. The location also serves as the home of MCI Financial Services.

2000: MCI wins a historic order from New Jersey Transit — $500 million for 1,400 commuter “cruiser” coaches. At the time, it is the largest coach transaction ever recorded for a transit agency.

The company commemorates its move to Louisville and announces its name change to MCI Service Parts Inc., in keeping with MCI’s corporate strategy of unifying its network of related services under the MCI name.

2001: MCI introduces its J4500 model, which will quickly go on to become the best-selling coach in the industry. Its award-winning styling follows that of the E4500 (formerly called the Renaissance), and its mechanical systems are simplified for an easy ownership experience. By 2007, the J4500 surpasses 2,103 units.

2013 Mci J4500 Motor Coach Front Three Quartera

MCI opens its Orlando, Florida-area sales and service center.

2003: MCI invests $40 million in the expansion of its Winnipeg plant and moves the production of the G4500 from its former Mexico plant to Winnipeg, integrating the model into the E4500/J4500 mixed-platform line.


2004: The MCI J4500 ranks as the #1 industry best seller in the trend report published by National Bus Trader magazine.

MCI offers Emergency Roadside Assistance 24 hours a day, every day, managed in-house by MCI professionals through its technical support call center at the Louisville parts distribution center.

2008 MCI D4005

2008 MCI D4005

2005: MCI gives the D-Series a major makeover, endowing what will now be called the D4005 and D4505 with the curvier, more modern exterior styling that have made the J and E models so attractive to operators.

Greyhound Canada MCI D4505


Greyhound Canada MCI D4505

2007: MCI launches its Go Green. Go Coach. Go MCI.™ slogan and makes major strides toward industry leadership in providing “greener” transportation solutions to both the public and private sectors. Embracing new EPA requirements, MCI rolls out its model line with the industry’s largest selection of clean-diesel engines and transmission options. The company also accelerates its plans for a second generation of hybrid diesel coaches. In summer, it puts its J4500 coach equipped with a 2007 EPA-compliant Caterpillar engine on the road to raise awareness of Green coach transportation during the 54-day Udall Legacy Bus Tour.

2014 MCI J4500

2014 MCI J4500

MCI establishes the first National Training Center at its Louisville location, dedicated to enhancing and advancing the skills of all motor coach technicians. At the same time, it introduces its Coach Driving Simulator, the industry’s first maker-specific high-tech simulator, offering a virtual-reality driving experience and a variety of safety scenarios to enhance drivers’ skills.

2013 MCI Celebrates 80 Years of Bus Production

2013 MCI Celebrates 80 Years of Bus Production

2008: MCI celebrates the 75th anniversary of its first coach with a special edition of the best selling J4500 coach.

2005 Motor Coach Industries D4505 Brewster_14

2005 Motor Coach Industries D4505 Brewster

2010: By the end of the first decade of the new millennium, MCI’s J4500 model continued to be the industry’s best-selling coach, and its D4500 commuter coach and D4505 took the second and third top-selling spots in the industry’s annual trend survey. Now, the next generation of EPA-compliant 2010 clean-diesel engines has arrived, promising near-zero emissions and fuel savings. As technology improvements to the coach models continue, MCI is also implementing technology on the customer service side, taking full advantage of online parts ordering, customer training webinars and more.

2010 Greyhound MCI D4505

2010 Greyhound MCI D4505

2011: MCI marks the 6,000th unit off its E/J assembly line and a first-ever order from the City of Los Angeles for 95 compressed natural gas (CNG) Commuter Coach models. MCI has a long history serving public transit and the data confirms how well the MCI Commuter Coach performs in both reliability and total cost of ownership. It offers 42 percent greater seating capacity than a comparable transit bus at a cost that’s 15 percent lower per seat. Additionally, in recent independent testing, the MCI Commuter Coach proved itself to be 10 times more reliable than the closest competitor.

2011 MCI D4500CT 8952

2011 MCI D4500CT 8952

2012: Growing Strategically, Growing Smart: MCI announces the completion of its acquisition of Setra’s U.S. and Canadian operations and establishes a strategic partnership with Daimler Buses (Daimler). These important moves gave MCI responsibility for sales and service support of Setra S 417 and Setra S 407 motor coach models and its pre-owned coach inventory, the distribution of Setra and related genuine Daimler Buses parts and operation of Setra’s Orlando-based service center. Daimler also acquires a minority ownership position in MCI, forming an engineering, technology and manufacturing alliance as part of the transaction. The bottom line? Of the 55,000 coaches on the road today, the majority are made by MCI.

Whistler Express MCI's

Whistler Express MCI’s

2013: Reliability Driven™: Marking its 80th birthday, MCI has rededicated itself to building the most reliable coaches in North America. Our MCI-Reliability Driven™ philosophy reflects the company’s promise to design, build and deliver expertly engineered coaches with top-quality components, the latest safety and security features and unsurpassed parts availability and service. Reliability Driven™ goes beyond the slogan in our factories and offices, too. There’s a new corporate culture at MCI where our multi-facility ISO 9001:2008 registration assures that all plants share best practices to consistently turn out world-class products and marketplace innovations. We are working every day to make this company better.01 MCI Megabus 58538 Toronto

MCI Megabus 58538 Toronto

And They Love Our Looks: At MCI, being Reliability Driven™ also means knowing how to refine a good thing. Customers have made the MCI J4500 a bestseller for nine years running and now MCI is giving operators new reasons to add the 2013 J4500 to fleets — including some eye-catching style changes. Working with BMW Group Designworks USA — the team that gave the market-leading J4500 its unprecedented curb appeal — MCI is refining and improving the look and feel of our luxury coaches inside and out in 2013 and beyond.

Reliable Coaches: New Standards of Accessibility, Convenience and Comfort — The economy and environment are redefining the way people travel. That’s good for MCI. Today’s municipal and private transportation systems are looking to coach transport as the most flexible, affordable and greenest option for passengers who want to make the most of their money and time. That’s why MCI is investing in the latest onboard amenities that turn riders into lifetime customers: Wi-Fi, power outlets and wide flat-screen monitors to keep riders engaged, entertained and working. To keep all customers rolling, state-of-the art wheelchair lifts make accessibility and alternate transportation options possible for all.

Reliable Safety: Safety First, Safety Always — MCI continues to lead the market in important safety and performance features. MCI coaches feature Electronic Stability Control, SmartWave Tire Pressure monitoring system and a fire suppression system. Popular safety options include three-point passenger seatbelts and reverse sensing.

Reliable Parts and Service: Aftermarket Support That’s Second to None — MCI is there around-the-clock, whether it’s an emergency on the road or a question in the garage. While our presence is widespread, our services are focused. MCI provides one of the best networks of aftermarket support in the industry with expert technical help, onsite training and the largest inventory of OEM parts for all makes of motor coach makes and transit buses. And they’re all backed by our commitment to quality and reliability.

Coaches that are Cleaner and Greener: One fully occupied motor coach can displace as many as 56 passenger cars from crowded highways and when it comes to carbon dioxide (Co2) per passenger mile, coaches pollute far less than trains, planes or cars. But that’s only where the good news starts. MCI’s new coach models are powered by the next generation of clean-diesel engine technology that promises near-zero emissions and increased fuel savings. MCI is the only manufacturer to offer an intercity model, the MCI Commuter Coach, in diesel-electric hybrid and CNG configurations. MCI is proud that these low-emissions coaches are helping to reduce highway congestion and protect our air quality.

Coaches that Serve Virtually Every Customer and Purpose: No matter what your need, MCI has the coach. We serve the following markets:

  • Tour and charter
  • Scheduled and curb-side service
  • Public Transit
  • Pre-owned

Motor Coach Industries International Inc. (MCII) is an American bus manufacturer based in Des Plaines, Illinois, and is a leading participant in the North American coach bus industry. It has various operating subsidiaries:

  • Motor Coach Industries, Ltd. – Canadian manufacturing facility, located in Winnipeg, Manitoba.
  • Motor Coach Industries, Inc. – U.S. manufacturing facility, located in Pembina, North Dakota.
  • MCI Sales and Service, Inc. – U.S. new and pre-owned coach sales division.
  • MCI Service Parts – aftermarket parts sales division of the company, based in Des Plaines, Illinois, with its distribution center located in Louisville, Kentucky, with close access to the international UPS distribution center.
  • MCI Financial Services – coach financing division, based in Dallas, Texas.

Originally founded in 1933 in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, in 2008 the company filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection. After various changes of structure and ownership, the business is now owned by KPS Capital Partners, LP; in September 2010 they completed a controlling investment, through an affiliate, in MCII Holdings Inc., the parent company of MCII.


The company was incorporated in 1933 as Fort Garry Motor Body and Paint Works Limited, in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada by Harry Zoltok. In 1948, Greyhound Lines of Canada, at that time MCI’s major customer, became a majority shareholder when it purchased 65% of the company. MCI was purchased outright by Greyhound Lines in 1958. In 1962 a new plant was opened in Pembina, North Dakota to increase capacity as Greyhound widened its markets and switched increasingly from GMC to its own in-house products. In 1974 another plant was opened in Roswell, New Mexico under the title Transportation Manufacturing Corporation (TMC).

In December 1986, Greyhound was split, with Greyhound Lines being sold to an investor group, and Greyhound Lines of Canada, MCI and TMC remaining part of The Greyhound Corporation, which was renamed Dial, Inc. in 1991.

In 1987, Greyhound Corporation bought the transit bus manufacturing operations of General Motors Diesel Division (GMC), which was based in Canada. (GM phased out intercity and transit bus construction at the large GMC Coach and Truck plant in Pontiac, Michigan, shifting medium duty school bus chassis production to Janesville, Wisconsin.)[citation needed]

MCI also took over production of GM’s RTS model, transferring production to TMC. MCI also purchased the GM bus assembly plant in Saint-Eustache, Quebec, which then produced GM’s Canadian transit bus model, the Classic. TMC ceased production of the older MCI vehicles in 1990 to concentrate on manufacturing the RTS, and on the “A-Model” intercity coaches.

In 1993 MCI became an independent corporation, Motor Coach Industries International Inc.

1994 MCI’s share sold / Introduction of the Mexican HTQ technology and Luxury Coaches by DINA S.A.

In 1994, MCI stocks were purchased by Mexican DINA S.A., who had a long history of bus building and developed their HTQ proprietary technology (valued in a total of 70 million dollars) that culminated with the creation of the Viaggio Confort Bus Line. Over the course of the next years MCI reproduced its Viaggio 1000 DOT for sale to the U.S and Canada. In late 1999/2000 the G4100, G4500 and F3500 models were released to the U.S. and Canadian markets. Production of the G4100 and G4500 later moved to Winnipeg and Pembina. Related to a major contract cancellation by Western Star DINA S.A. sold a great portion of its previously acquired MCI shares to Joseph Littlejohn & Levy.

In 1994 TMC, including production rights for the RTS, was sold to NovaBus .

In 1997 MCI purchased the rights from the bankrupt Flxible to produce the Flxible Metro and all related parts for same.

After a period of product demand, increased competition and lay-offs in the early 2000s, production at MCI plants in Winnipeg and Pembina increased in 2006, and 130 employees were added.

During the late 1990s and early 2000s, MCI consolidated its operations, the Winnipeg site was expanded and modernized as well as DINA S.A. purchased North American Symix and opened an assembly plant in Buenos Aires Argentina and the DIMEX and DINAIR companies. A new coach finishing and paint facility and customer delivery centre were constructed on the site. At the same time, a 7-year contract was attained with the IAMAW union local. This agreement contained cost improvements and production operations flexibility to improve the productivity and competitiveness of the manufacturing and assembly operations.

The buses, especially the older MC-8 and workhorse MC-9 models of the 1980s became the standard for interstate travel for many bus companies. Those particular buses featured metal frames and roof supports, metal panels on the sides and were extremely durable and reliable. Many of the buses, having survived millions of miles of commercial use, have been given a second career serving churches or other organizations, while the MCI/TMC coaches are very popular “conversion shells,” used for motorhomes.

Currently, the “J” and “D” models are the leading coaches in the North American intercity coach market.

2008 Emergence from Chapter 11 Bankruptcy / Ownership by KPS Capital Partners, LP

Motor Coach Industries Inc. announced on September 15, 2008, the company had filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection as part of a restructuring the company said would “help shed hundreds of millions of dollars of debt.”

On Friday, April 17, 2009, Motor Coach Industries Inc. emerged from its voluntary Chapter 11 reorganization. MCII and its subsidiaries are now wholly owned by KPS Capital Partners, LP. KPS Capital Partners, LP is the Manager of the KPS Special Situations Funds, a family of private equity limited partnerships with over $2.6 billion of committed capital focused on constructive investing in restructurings, turnarounds, and other special situations. KPS invests in companies challenged by the need to effect immediate and significant change.

Partnership with Daimler AG

On April 25, 2012, MCI announced a minority stake with Daimler AG to produce Setra buses for the North American market as Daimler reconfigured its bus operations in North America and exited the commercial bus market there. The takeover would make MCI the exclusive North American distributor of the Setra S407 and S417 German-manufactured premium motor coaches.

Under the proposed agreement, through a transition period of several months following the execution of definitive agreements and the closing of the transaction, MCI would evaluate operations related to Setra in North America, and, where appropriate, integrate such operations with existing MCI facilities which will permit MCI and Daimler Buses to realize significant operating synergies. This planned partnership will allow Daimler Buses to better serve its customers through a broader service network, while strengthening Setra’s presence in North America. All Setra motor coaches are German-engineered products produced in Neu-Ulm, Germany. This fact remains unchanged.


After the original numbered Courier and MC models, MCI adopted letters for the different series of coaches. Two different schemes have been used:


Example: D4500CT



Motor Coach Industries currently produces three different product lines. All current models are 102 inches (2.59 m) wide, exclusive of mirrors.

D40 series

MCI D45 series

01 MCI Megabus 58538 Toronto

MCI D4505


02 MCI_D4500_commuter_coach_demonstration_bus_59654D4500CT

03 Pine_Hill_Trailways_72932




A series

1990 MCI 96A2


New York Airport Service MCI 102A2102A2

2000 MCI 102A3 KT Services 178

Letter series (post-1985)

04 Bee-Line_MCI_9341985

B series

Can’t find it.

C series

648-1989MCI102C3Custom-1(1)1989 MCI 102C3

05 Atlantic_Express_MCI_102C3_151102C3

D series

06 Coach_USA_(Shortline)_MCI_102DL3_70918102DL3

D series narrow

07 NJT_MCI_D4000N_7805D4000N

E series
08 Megabus_usa


F series

09 Golden_Touch_MCI_F3500Golden Touch MCI F3500

G series


10 Greyhound_Lnes_MCI_G4500_7061G4500

MC series (1958–1998)

These models bore the MC-number designation.

11 2003-08-25_Greyhound_bus

1991-98 MCI MC-12

12 KKBus_FC666_Front

1978-90 MCI MC-9

1970 MCI MC-8 Greyhound Lines of Canada

1973 MCI MC-8 Greyhound Lines of Canada

1973-78 MCI MC-8

1970 MCI 7

1970 MCI MC-7

1968-73 MCI MC-7

13 MCI_MC_6_MH

1966 MCI 6 Allstate-PinkPanther

1966-70 MCI MC-6 / MCX-6

1979 MC5C

1979 MCI MC5C

1977-80 MCI MC-5C

1972 MCI MC5B RV Conversion

1972 MCI MC5B RV Conversion

1971-77 MCI MC-5B

1968 MCI MC5A

1968 MCI MC5A

1964-70 MCI MC-5A / MCC-5A

MCI Courier series (pre-1960)

mci courier 200

1949 MCI Courier 200B

MCI Courier Coach Model 200..

1948-49 MCI Courier 200A

MCI Courier Coach Model 200

1947-49 MCI Courier 200

1949-49 MCI Courier 100C

1948-49 MCI Courier 100B

Greyhound MCI Courier 100 1946 Greyhound MCI Courier 100 1946 a

1947-48 MCI Courier 100

1956 MCI Courier 97

1956 MCI Courier 97

1956 MCI Courier 97

1960 MCI Courier 96

1960-mci-courier-96 with sky view



MCI Courier 96

1955 MCI Courier 96

MCI Courier 95 bus in Mayo, Yukon

1953-60 MCI Courier 95D

MCI courier95   1953-60 MCI Courier 95

1957 MCI Courier 96 Skyview Bus


1953-60 MCI Courier 95 Skyview

1953-60 MCI Courier 90


1953-60 MCI Courier 90 Skyview

1952 MCI Courier 85X

1951-52 MCI Courier 85A

mci courier 85

1950-52 MCI Courier 85

1950 MCI Courier 50 Skyview motor coach. A

1950-55 MCI Courier 50 + 50A



Transit (all discontinued)

Main article: Classic (transit bus)
Main article: Rapid Transit Series
TC40-102A TC40‑102N
14 MTA_Bus_MCI_Classic_7868
classic built by MCI from 1987 to 1993. Design sold to Nova Bus in 1993.
15 Metro_Transit_708
Metro Transit 708
16 Los_Angeles_metro-bus_number_1312
Los Angeles metro-bus number 1312
17 MTA_Bus_TMC_RTS_7167
MTA Bus TMC RTS 7167
  • Also offered with WFD (Wide Front Doors) option.
  • Trolleybus. One demonstrator built 1942.
  • Built circa 1939.

001 01 MCI Megabus 58538 Toronto 02 MCI_D4500_commuter_coach_demonstration_bus_59654 003 03 Pine_Hill_Trailways_72932 004 04 Bee-Line_MCI_934 05 Atlantic_Express_MCI_102C3_151 06 Coach_USA_(Shortline)_MCI_102DL3_70918 07 NJT_MCI_D4000N_7805 08 Megabus_usa 09 Golden_Touch_MCI_F3500 10 Greyhound_Lnes_MCI_G4500_7061 011 11 2003-08-25_Greyhound_bus 12 KKBus_FC666_Front 13 MCI_MC_6_MH 14 MTA_Bus_MCI_Classic_7868 15 Metro_Transit_708 16 Los_Angeles_metro-bus_number_1312 17 MTA_Bus_TMC_RTS_7167 018 914 915 916 917 918 919 925 1931 Manitoba Bus Owners Association Meeting at Legislature GGB Photo 1933 The Fort Garry Motor Body and Paint Works built their first bus in 1933 11 pass on packard chassis 1940 mci bus 1942 Concept Greyhound 1946 MCI ART Deco BUS 1946 MCI Courier 100 1947 MCI coach winnipeg-RiverbendBL2-luke 1947 MCI Courier 100A Selkirk-WECo621-foto by William A luke 1950 MCI Courier 50 Skyview motor coach. A 1950s-mci-courier-96-campbellriverplatform1969 1951-MCI-Courier-50-29-Passenger-Bus 1955Flxible_01_700 1956 MCI Courier 97 1956 MCI's Model 96 was the last major model prior to the start of the MC-1 1957 Kässbohrer Setra Academy Express DCSP-8905 AE 1957 MCI Courier 96 Skyview Bus 1957-MCI-Courier96-34bus 1958 Kässbohrer Setra Super Goledn Eagle DCSP-8907 SGE 1958 MCI MC-2 1959 MCI MC-1 1960 MCI Courier 96 1962 MCI-5 Greyhound Bus 1963 MCI model MC-4 1965 MCI MC 5-A 1966 MCI 6 Allstate-PinkPanther 1968 MCI MC5A 1970 MCI 7 1970 MCI MC-7, HO 1970 MCI MC-8 Greyhound Lines of Canada 1970 Motor Coach Industries model MC-7 1972 MCI MC5B RV Conversion 1972 MCI MC-7 Challenger Capitol Trailways of Pennsylvania CP-843 1973 MCI MC - 7 VIP Coach 671 1973 MCI MC 8A 1975 MCI MC-8 CPa-CP857 MC8 1975 MCI MC-8 1976 MCI 8 HCI Hotard Coaches Southern Trailways lines 1977 MCI 8-3-opt 1978 MCI 8 1978 MCI MC-8 1979 MC5C 1979 MCI MC 9 906 1979 MCI MC-8 1980 MCI MC9 1981 MCI MC 8A 909 1982 MCI 9 Moose Mountain bus 1982 MCI 9-opt 1982 MCI MC 9 906 1983 MCI MC-9 1984 MCI MC-9 8502 1985 MCI 96A3 Capitol Bus Company CP-8131 at Harrisburg Pennsylvania 1985 MCI Courier 96a 1986 MCI MC 9 911 1987 METRO Magazine TMC MCI 1989 MCI Custom Coach 1990 MCI 96A2 1992 MCI 102B3 2000 MCI 102A3 KT Services 178 2000 MCI 102A3 LTR stage Line 384 2000 MCI 102D3 2000 MCI 102D3a 2000 MCI 102-DL3. 6538 2001 Motor Coach Industries J4500 2005 Motor Coach Industries D4005 International_Stage_Lines_4702 2005 Motor Coach Industries D4505 Brewster_14 2006 Motor Coach Industries D4000CT Cherrey_Bus_Lines_3600-a 2006 Motor Coach Industries D4500CT GO_Transit_2362_a 2007c80a8a7e58d5806d6cd92d987ba2 2008 MCI D4005 2008 Motor Coach Industries D4500CTH Houston_METRO_5001-a 2010 Greyhound MCI D4505 2011 MCI D4500CT 8952 2013 MCI Celebrates 80 Years of Bus Production 2013 Mci J4500 Motor Coach Front Three Quarter 2014 MCI J4500 73297 MCI 102D3 6977534620_1b8b88f8d7_m 7230808020_709cd4473b aboutusBuses autocar BRI-77440 MCI MC8 BRI-77446 MCI  102A3-Drayton CANADIAN ROCKIES POSTCARD BEARS CROSSING ROAD MCI COURIER Dalton MC-6-A FGCD4 Grand Bahama Taxi Union 69 MCI MC-12 Gray Line bus 933 (MCI MC-7) Greyhound - MCI MC-6 Greyhound bus 0945 (MCI MC-7) Greyhound bus 2934 (MCI MC-5) Greyhound bus 4202 (MCI MC-6) Greyhound bus 4372 (MCI MC-8) Greyhound Canada bus 56 (MCI MC-5) Greyhound Canada bus G164 (MCI MC-2) Greyhound Canada bus G172 (MCI MC-3) Greyhound Canada MCI D4505 Greyhound MCI Courier 100 1946 a Greyhound MCI Courier 100 1946 Harry Zoltok founded MCI in 1933 images J-19 lc_bus03 LFL_MC9 MC 5 MC9-Crusader-II mc9logo MCC-5A MCI 5A MCI 5C MCI 8 LTR stage Lines 256 MCI 96A2+96A3+102A2+102A3 boekje MCI 102A3 1792 MCI 102B3 (ex-Gray Coach) MCI 102D3 MCI boekje MCI Briggs MCI Classic 7901 MCI Classic TC60-102N gelede bus Metro Transit 708 MCI coach (8)1137 from Royal Hyway Tours Inc MCI Courier 50 Skview mci courier 85 MCI Courier 95 bus in Mayo, Yukon MCI Courier 96 mci courier 200 MCI Courier Coach Model 200.. MCI Courier Coach Model 200 MCI courier95 MCI D4000 hybrid 4004 MCI Drayton MCI from Travel Mates MCI G4500 in service for Greyhound Canada MCI J4500 seen in BC, Canada MCI MC-5 MCI MC5b  yellowstone bus17 MCI MC5B Bus MCI Mc-5C at the Saint Jean-sur-Richelieu QC MCI MC5C MCI MC-5Ca MCI MC-7 - Plymouth & Brockton Street Railway MCI MC-7 mci mc-7a MCI MC-9 CRUSADER II MCI Model MC-7 MOVIEBUSES7 MCI moose_mt_mc9 MCI-102AW3 mci102el3 mcicourier96 mci-d4505-03 MCI-MCC-5A Motor Coach Industries D4500CL Sound_Transit_9703-a New York Airport Service MCI 102A2 North Battleford SK Bill Luke Riverbend Bus Line 1, an MCI coach, waits at the Winnipeg bus depot to depart south for a 28 km run to St. Adolphe, circa 1947 STs-S476_P37 TMC MC-9 TMC-MCI-96A2-96A3-102A2-102A3-102C3 Trailways bus 8519 (MCI MC-9) web 1948 Greyhound W714 Courier 95 Bill Luke WFC T-28 Whistler Express MCI's

Buses SILVER EAGLE Germany-Belgium-USA

SILVER EAGLE Buses Germany-Belgium-USA

Eagle Bus

Eagle Bus, (in full, Silver Eagle Bus Manufacturing, Inc.), is an American bus manufacturing company with a long history. During a period of over four decades, some 8,000 Eagle coaches were built in four countries on two continents. The coaches have been a common sight on American highways and have been associated with Continental Trailways for over three decades.

01 Hershey - Antique Automobile Club of America Museum - Bus Museum


Trailways Golden Eagle on display at the Hershey Antique Automobile Museum.

The first 54 Eagles were Golden Eagles built by the German company Kässbohrer.


1958 EAGLE Setra Golden Eagle Gelenkzug(Articulated) Kässbohrer Fahrzeugwerke Rolls Royce Diesel 275ps 1956

 They were part of an order for 200 highway coaches manufactured under a contract with Continental Trailways. Of this original group, four were articulated. All of these coaches were of the “Setra Design” which meant that they had a chassis-less frame called selbst tragend (self-carrying). The bus was called Setra, a name formed from the first letters of those two words. A slightly less highly equipped model, called “Silver Eagle” because of its stainless steel (“silver”) siding, became the standard fleet bus for Continental Trailways.

In the late 1950s, Kässbohrer announced its decision to concentrate on European coaches. At this point, Continental Trailways formed its own company, Bus & Car Co, N.V., in partnership with the Belgian company La Brugeoise and established its own factory in Belgium. Kässbohrer fulfilled its commitment under the contract with Trailways and Bus & Car picked up production. The Trailways Eagles provided a more comfortable ride than Greyhound Lines MCI coaches. During the middle 1960′s, Trailways and Greyhound ran competitive services on the Boston and New York route with hourly departure schedules. This allowed frequent travelers to draw comparisons between the lines’ equpiment. The Eagles were warmer in the winters, had a softer ride, better upholstery and cushioning on the seats and a quieter cabin.

A small number of other models were built in Belgium for different markets through 1968. In 1968 the Model 05 was introduced and was produced in Belgium.

In the early 1970s, drivers referred to Old Eagles and New Eagles. The Old Eagles had the tag axle behind the drive axle, like a MCI. The New Eagles had the tag axle located forward of the drive axle which made them interesting to drive. The front suspension was very soft with a lot of travel, and since the tag axle torsion bar was pushing the front end up also, some drivers said it was like driving a diving board. The front end went up and down at the slightest provocation and occasionally the driver had to grip the steering wheel to remain seated. Some New Eagles had air ride seats, and some drivers would take the hydraulic jack from the tool kit and set it under the seat to reduce its motion.

In 1974 Eagle International, Inc. started building coaches in Brownsville, Texas, and for two years, the Model 05 was built both in Belgium and Texas. Since 1976, all US-bound coaches have been built in Texas. The Model 10 was introduced with many design changes in 1980. In 1985 the Model 15 was introduced making the standard bus 102 inches wide, then four years later coaches could be ordered 45 feet long. In 1987 Greyhound purchased Trailways and Eagle International, Inc. The name was then changed to Eagle Bus Mfg. Inc. In the 1990s, Greyhound declared bankruptcy, which also included all of its subsidiaries including Eagle Bus Mfg. Inc. Some Eagles were being made, mostly “Entertainer Coaches” for celebrities.

In the late 1990s the company was split and moved to two locations in Mexico. Mexico has a high demand for seated buses and Eagles were built for that market – all with the Eagle Ride “Torsilastic Suspension”.

Eagle Buses today

As of January 2007, Silver Eagle Bus Mfg offers the following models: Model 15 in 38 ft, 40 ft, and 45 ft versions, Model 20 in 38 ft, 40 ft, and 45 ft versions, and the new design Model 25 in 40 ft and 45 foot. The only significant difference between the Model 15 and Model 20 is the width of the body – the Model 15 is 102 inches wide and the Model 20 is the classic 96 inch width body. One of the design changes incorporated into the Model 25 is the height of the body. A similar design analogy could be made by comparing the MCI ‘D’ series with the MCI ‘E’ series buses. The Model 25 is 102 inches wide, and (at the time of this writing) has not yet been certified and completely tested for US Government standards required for intercity buses, so it can only be ordered as a shell for conversion into an ‘Entertainer Coach’ or built as a ‘House Car’.

At the time of this writing, all three models are available with a choice of CumminsDetroit Diesel Series 60, or Caterpillar engines. Two transmissions are available, the fully automatic Allison 500 series or the standard Eaton Autoshift.

Once again “Eagle Coaches” were planned on being made in Brownsville, Texas. As of June 19, 2009 Silver Eagle had reviewed sites in middle and western Tennessee as well as Ohio, Michigan, Alabama, and Mississippi and negotiated with several communities before choosing to break ground on a new location in Gallatin, Tennessee. Officials from Silver Eagle joined Governor Phil Bredesen, Tennessee Department of Economic and Community Development Commissioner Matt Kisber, and local officials in announcing the project. Silver Eagle Bus Mfg has brought together all of the jigs and blueprints from the original Eagles to make the classic “Eagle” once again, plus they have introduced a newer design.

As of April 2010 Silver Eagle Manufacturing has produced one single Model 25 Tour Shell Coach which has received less than stellar reviews in the cosmetic department. Prior to moving from Brownsville they had an in-process 35 foot Model 20. Here under I Show him.


Silver Eagle Model 25 bus is manufactured by Silver Eagle Bus Mfg. in Brownsville, Texas, USA.


1960 Eagle articulated 1960 Continental Trailways Articulated Golden Eagle


1961 Eagle


1961 Eagle demonstration bus


1962 Eagle TRAEN BV Belgium


1963 Silvereagle USA


1964 Eagle service uit Belgie


1964 Eagle van Maarse en Kroon en NZH NL


1964 Silvereagle pubb


1965 Silvereagle


1966 Silver Eagle-01 5773 Continental Trailways © Daniel Marra


1966 Silvereagle  Bus & Car NL


1968 Eagle old inconstitutional


1968 Silver Eagles #100 © Hank Suderman Collection


1969 Silver Eagle 07


1970 Eagle 10 6x2v


1971 Eagle number 45118 Trailways Model 10


1972 Eagle M12b Bus & Car België


1972 Silver Eagle Detroit V71 8cyl 9300cc motor België


1972 Silver Eagle 09


1975 Eagle 16 Bus&Car België Caterpillar 6cyl 10400cc




1984 EAGLE Int Model 10


1988 EAGLE 35


1988 EAGLE 35+40+45


1988 EAGLE Greyhound


1988 EAGLE Model 15


1988 EAGLE Model 20


Bussen EAGLE 05


Bussen Eagle 15 6×2


Eagle 16 Caterpillar


Eagle 16


Eagle 45ft, Right Side


Bussen Eagle’s © Hank Suderman Collection












Filed Under: AllisonBELGIUMBus & CarBusbuilderBUSESCaterpillarCumminsDetroit DieselEAGLE Silver or GoldenEatonGERMANYGREYHOUNDKässbohrerMCIRolls RoyceSETRASILVEREAGLEUSA

Buses, Coachbuilders, Hearses, Ambulances FLXIBLE Ohio USA

flxible [1434]
flxible [1434] (Photo credit: brianjmatis)
Buses, Coachbuilders, Hearses, Ambulances FLXIBLE Ohio USA




A 1987 Flxible Metro-B, owned by WMATA Metrobus, parked in Washington, D.C.

The Flxible Co. (originally the Flexible Sidecar Company) was an American manufacturer of motorcycle sidecars, funeral cars, ambulancesintercity coachesand transit buses, based in the U.S. state of Ohio. It was founded in 1913 and closed in 1996.


Flxible 1963 Buick hearse conversion


In 1913, Hugo H. Young and Carl F. Dudte founded the Flexible Sidecar Co. in Loudonville, Ohio, to manufacture motorcycle sidecars with a flexible mounting to the motorcycle. The flexible mounting allowed the sidecar to lean on corners along with the motorcycle, and was based on a design patented by Young.

In 1919, the company’s name was changed to The Flxible Co. (still pronounced “flexible”) so that the name could be registered as a trademark.

After low-priced automobiles became available in the 1920s, the motorcycle sidecar demand dropped and in 1924, Flxible turned to production of funeral cars (hearses), and ambulances, which were primarily manufactured on Buick chassis, but also occasionally on StudebakerCadillac and REO chassis, and intercity buses, initially (1930s and early ’40s) built on GMC truck chassis, and powered with Buick Straight 8 engines.


1947 Flxible Clipper highway coach

In 1953, Flxible absorbed the bus-manufacturing portion of the Fageol Twin Coach Company, and accepted its first order for transit buses from the Chicago Transit Authority. In 1964, Flxible purchased Southern Coach Manufacturing Co. of Evergreen, Alabama, and built small transit buses at the former Southern Coach factory until 1976. Flxible was purchased by Rohr Industries in 1970, and a new factory and corporate headquarters were built in Delaware, Ohio, in 1974, with the original factory in Loudonville, Ohio, being used to manufacture parts and sub-assemblies. Flxible was sold to Grumman Corporation in 1978 and became known asGrumman Flxible. The name reverted to Flxible when Grumman sold the company in 1983 to General Automotive Corporation. In 1996, Flxible declared bankruptcy and its assets were auctioned. The last Flxible vehicles produced were eight 35 ft (11 m) CNG-fueled Metro buses that went to Monterey-Salinas Transitin MontereyCalifornia. The former Flxible factory in Loudonville, Ohio, is now a bus maintenance facility for Motor Coach Industries, while the former factory in Delaware, Ohio, is now a parts facility for North American Bus Industries.

Production outside the United States


Mexican-made DINA Flxliner bus, in second-class service, berthed in the SilaoGuanajuato central terminal, 2006.


A Changjiang CJ6800G1QH bus in Beijing,China, showing the similarity to the Flxible Metro.

Flxible’s intercity buses were popular in Mexico and in Latin American countries. However, high import duties into these countries limited sales. In the early 1960s, Flxible began licensing a producer in Mexico, DINA S.A. (Diesel Nacional), to manufacture Flxible designed intercity coaches, and this continued until the late 1980s. In 1965 and 1966, Flxible also licensed its “New Look” transit bus design to Canadair Ltd., an aircraft manufacturer in Ville St-Laurent, Quebec.

In 1994, Flxible’s parent company, General Automotive Corporation, and three other American companies, Roger Penske, Mark IV Industries, and Carrier, entered into a joint venture with Changzhou Changjiang Bus, a Chinese manufacturer located in ChangzhouJiangsu province, to produce buses based on the Flxible Metrodesign and with the Flxible name. The resulting company, China Flxible Auto Corporation,[citation needed] manufactured buses in a variety of lengths, from 8 m (26 ft 3 in) to 11 m (36 ft 1 in). These buses, which include both front- and rear-engine designs, and share only their general exterior appearance with the American-built Flxibles, were sold to many transit operators in major Chinese cities, including Beijing and Shanghai. A trolleybus version was manufactured for just one operator, the Hangzhou trolleybus system, which bought a total of 77 between the late 1990s and 2001. However, for these vehicles, Changzhou Changjiang supplied the chassis and Metro-style bodies to the Hangzhou Changjiang Bus Company (in Hangzhou), and that company equipped them as trolleybuses.

Charles Kettering and General Motors


Charles F. Kettering

Charles Kettering, a Loudonville, Ohio native and vice president of General Motors, was closely associated with Flxible for almost the entire first half of the company’s existence. In 1914, Flxible was incorporated with the help of Kettering, who then became president of the company and joined the board of directors. Kettering provided significant funding for the company in its early years, particularly after 1916, when Kettering sold his firm, the Dayton Engineering Laboratories Company (Delco), to GM for $2.5 million. Kettering continued to serve as president of Flxible, until he became chairman of the board in 1940, a position he held until his death in 1958. After selling Delco to GM in 1916, Kettering organized and ran a research laboratory at GM, and by the 1950s, held the position of vice president at GM. As a result of Kettering’s close relationship with both GM and Flxible, many GM parts were used in the production of Flxible vehicles, particularly prior to GM’s 1943 purchase of Yellow Coach (a competing bus manufacturer, of which GM had been a majority owner since 1925). For example, most Flxible ambulanceshearses, and buses from the mid-1920s to the early-1940s were built on Buick chassis, and Flxible’s “Airway” model buses of the mid-1930s were built on a Chevrolet chassis.


1955 Flxible VistaLiner (VL100)

In 1958, and as a result of the consent decree from the 1956 anti-trust case, United States v. General Motors Corp., GM was mandated to sell their bus components, engines, and transmissions to other manufacturers, free of royalties. However, in the early 1950s and prior to the consent decree, Flxible built a small number of buses with GM diesel engines while Kettering still served on the board. It has been postulated that GM may have made its diesel engines available to Flxible to reduce the criticisms of GM’s business practices that some felt were monopolistic. The same has been said about GM’s decision in the 1960s and 1970s not to produce a 35 ft (11 m) “New Look” transit bus with an 8-cylinder engine. However, it is also possible that GM chose not to enter this market because the potential sales did not warrant the added costs of engineering and production. Another result of the consent decree (which was not settled in its entirety until 1965) was that GM was barred from having any of its officers or directors serve as an officer or director for any other bus manufacturing company. This provision would have applied to Kettering, had he not died in 1958.

870 frame problems

Main article: Flxible Metro#Litigation resulting

In the mid-1980s, several Grumman 870 buses operated by the New York City Transit Authority (NYCTA) developed cracks in their underframes. This prompted NYCTA President David Gunn to remove the entire fleet from service. Soon, several other companies reported cracked 870 frames. However, the frame issues primarily affected NYCTA 870s and not the 870s owned by the franchisees of the New York City Department of Transportation. NYCTA attempted to get the remainder of its pending order for new buses transferred to GM, but was barred from doing so unless they could prove that the 870s were flawed and unsafe. The buses were eventually returned to Flxible and resold to Queen City Metro and New Jersey Transit. Grumman blamed the problems with the NYCTA 870s on NYCTA’s maintenance practices, despite the fact that transit operations in ChicagoWashington, D.C.Houston, and Los Angeles had also reported problems with their 870s. Ironically, NYCTA ordered fifty Metros in 1995, but Flxible closed its doors while the order was being produced, and NYCTA obtained the remaining new buses from Orion.

Flxible Owners International


Clipper-era Flxible nose emblem

Flxible Owners International (see external link) was founded in the mid-1980s as an offshoot of the Family Motor Coach Association, and is dedicated to the preservation of buses and coaches produced by Flxible. The organization holds a rally in Loudonville biannually, in even-numbered years and normally in mid-July, where many preserved Flxible coaches and buses may be seen.

The majority of vehicles owned by members are of the Clipper series (Clipper, Visicoach, Starliner) that were produced from the 1930s until 1967. However, there are also quite a few “non-clipper” Flxible coaches that are owned, maintained, and operated by proud Flxible owners. This includes the Starliner, VL100 (VistaLiner), Hi Level, and Flxliner as well as some of the more modern transit buses. Most of these vehicles have been converted to motor homes; however, there are still a few examples of seated coaches belonging to members.



Unitrans Flxible New Look.


1925 Flxible Buick-Bus


1927 Flxible Bus


1930 Flxible in Hillsboro Road Garage Durham North Carolina




1932 FLXible BUICK Flxible Parlor Coach body mounted on a 1932 Buick commercial chassis


1934 Flxible WoodFrame


1934 Flxible-Airway Ader Coach Lines 23


1937 Flxible 20-CL-78 MacKenzie Trailways 103 at Park Square Boston


1937 Flxible Chevrolet Clipper-Demo


1937 Flxible first Clipper Airway


1938 First al steel 1st clipper


1938 Flxible 29BR-38 Bowen Motor Coaches 401


1938 Flxible-Bus


1939 Flxible 29CR Clipper Tri-State Trailways 261


1941 Flxible 25-CR-41 1941


1941 Flxible All Steel Clipper


1941 Flxible-Clipper


1944 Flxible 29BR-44 Continental Bus System 580


1946 Flxible 29BR-46


1946 Flxible bus ©Tommy Beech


1946 Flxible-Bus


1946 flxible-bus ©Tommy Beech


1947 Flxible 29BR BZ-ShortLine RI-372


1947 Flxible 29BR-47 Capitol Bus Company 64


1947 Flxible 29BR-Airporter Demo


1947 Flxible 67360015


1947 Flxible Aerocoach Early bumper Trailways


1947 Flxible Airporter




1947 Flxible Clipper (a-k-a an ‘Airporter’) CAREYAIRPORTER


1947 FlxIble special-maine-bus


1947 Flxible-Bus


1948 Flxible 288148




1948 Flxible-Bus


1949 Flxible 29 passenger coach© Joe Palangio Collection


1949 flxible back-770234


1949 Flxible camper


1949 Flxible Bus


1949 Flxible coach. ©Joe Palangio Collection


1953 Flxible Ad


1953 Flxible ©Joe Palangio Collection


1953 Flxible-Bus


1954 Flxible – Harran Transit of West Babylon, NY


1954 Flxible 218GM1-54-37SU Reading Transportation Co. 3706




1955 Flxible 228JT1-55 Vistaliner P36


1955 Flxible VistaLiner (VL100)


1956 Flxible 228JT1 Flxible Factory Indianapolis


1956 Flxible 228JT1-56+PR


1956 Flxible 228JT1-56-37IC-AC Trailways of New England 904


1956 Flxible 228JT1-56-37IC-AC Trailways Travel Bureau Corp.906 Boston


1956 Flxible 228JT1-56-37IC-AC


1958 Flxible Clipper (ser# B58-1604-A) FLXAIRPORTER58




1958 Flxible VL-100 Diplomata


1958 Flxible VL-100 Diplomata


1959 Flxible Twin Coach Model FT2P-40 FLXFT40CTA


1960 FLXible Clipper-RAY-1 ‘High Level Cruiser’


1961 Flxible 236DD1-Demo


1961 Flxible Flxliner Mountlassen


1961 FLXIBLE PLANT a Clipper, a transit and a ‘High Level Cruiser’


1962 Flxible Charter 1




1962 Flxible coach ©Hank Suderman Collection


1962 Flxible Model F2D6V-401-1


1965 Flxible Starliner


1965 Flxible Starliner


1967 Flxible-Flxette


1972 Flxible Ansett Airport Melbourne Australië ©Colin Davison


1972 flxible -mod ©Joe Palangio Collection


1972 Flxible Visicoach








100 years Flxible




























1984 Flxible-CTA-bus-3528-on-route-62-at-the-Loop ©Bob Hussey








































1930-Flxible- Buick -Amb


1932-Flxible Buick-Amb


1933-Flxible Buick -Amb


1933-Flxible Buick-Pad Ziekenvervoer gevangenen


1935 Buick series 90 Flxible amb


1936-Flxible Buick-Amb-Hearse Com


1937-Ambulance-01-400Flxible Company, Flxible Coach, Buick


1938 Flxible Buick Sterling Ambulance CSV 14


1938 Flxible Buick Sterling Ambulance CSV15