VOLKSWAGEN BUSES, COACHES, TRUCKs and VANS GERMANY + world

Volkswagen 

Buses, Coaches, Trucks and Vans

VW Argentina, VW Australia, VW Brazil, VW Mexico.

Volkswagen Type 2
Volkswagen Type2 T2b Ambulance. Late 1970s Volkswagen Type 2 Ambulance
Overview
Manufacturer Volkswagen
Also called Volkswagen Bus
Volkswagen Camper
Volkswagen Delivery Van
Volkswagen Kombi
Volkswagen Microbus
Volkswagen Pick-up
Volkswagen Transporter
Production Nov 1949–Dec 2013
Body and chassis
Class Van (Minibus)
Body style 4-door panel van
4-door minibus
2-door pickup (regular cab)
3-door pickup (crew cab)
Layout Longitudinal rear engine,
rear-wheel drive
Platform Volkswagen Group T platform
Chronology
Successor Volkswagen Type 2 (T3)
VWcampervan A “Camper” at The Henry Ford
VW Bus_T1_in_Hippie_Colors
 Custom-painted art bus
Porsche_Diesel_Bus_blau
 T1 Panel Van
1964 VW_T1_Kastenwagen
 1964 T1 Panel Van

The Volkswagen Type 2, known officially (depending on body type) as the Transporter, Kombi or Microbus, or, informally, as the Bus (US) or Camper (UK), is a panel van introduced in 1950 by the German automaker Volkswagen as its second car model. Following – and initially deriving from Volkswagen’s first model, the Type 1 (Beetle) – it was given the factory designation Type 2.

As one of the forerunners of the modern cargo and passenger vans, the Type 2 gave rise to forward control competitors in the United States in the 1960s, including the Ford Econoline, the Dodge A100, and the Chevrolet Corvair 95 Corvan, the latter adopting the Type 2’s rear-engine configuration. European competition included the 1960s FF layout Renault Estafette and the FR layout Ford Transit.

Like the Beetle, the van has received numerous nicknames worldwide, including the “microbus”, “minibus”, and, because of its popularity during the counterculture movement of the 1960s, “Hippie van”.

Brazil contained the last factory in the world that produced the T2. Production in Brazil ceased on December 31, 2013, due to the introduction of more stringent safety regulations in the country. This marks the end of an era with the rear-engine Volkswagens manufactured (after the 2002 termination of its T3 successor in South Africa), which first originated in 1935 with their Type 1 prototypes.

History

The concept for the Type 2 is credited to Dutch Volkswagen importer Ben Pon. (It has similarities in concept to the 1920s Rumpler Tropfenwagen and 1930s Dymaxion car by Buckminster Fuller, neither of which reached production.) Pon visited Wolfsburg in 1946, intending to purchase Type 1s for import to the Netherlands, where he saw an improvised parts-mover and realized something better was possible using the stock Type 1 pan. He first sketched the van in a doodle dated April 23, 1947, proposing a payload of 690 kg (1,520 lb) and placing the driver at the very front. Production would have to wait, however, as the factory was at capacity producing the Type 1.

When capacity freed up, a prototype known internally as the Type 29 was produced in a short three months. The stock Type 1 pan proved to be too weak so the prototype used a ladder chassis with unit body construction. Coincidentally the wheelbase was the same as the Type 1’s. Engineers reused the reduction gear from the Type 81, enabling the 1.5 ton van to use a 25 hp (19 kW) flat four engine.

Although the aerodynamics of the first prototypes were poor (with an initial drag coefficient of Cd=0.75), engineers used the wind tunnel at the Technical University of Braunschweig to optimize the design. Simple changes such as splitting the windshield and roofline into a “vee” helped the production Type 2 achieve Cd=0.44, exceeding the Type 1’s Cd=0.48. Volkswagen’s new chief executive officer Heinz Nordhoff (appointed 1 January 1948) approved the van for production on 19 May 1949 and the first production model, now designated Type 2, rolled off the assembly line to debut 12 November. Only two models were offered: the Kombi (with two side windows and middle and rear seats that were easily removable by one person), and the Commercial. The Microbus was added in May 1950, joined by the Deluxe Microbus in June 1951. In all 9,541 Type 2s were produced in their first year of production.

An ambulance model was added in December 1951 which repositioned the fuel tank in front of the transaxle, put the spare tire behind the front seat, and added a “tailgate“-style rear door. These features became standard on the Type 2 from 1955 to 1967. 11,805 Type 2s were built in the 1951 model year. These were joined by a single-cab pickup in August 1952, and it changed the least of the Type 2s until all were heavily modified in 1968.

Unlike other rear engine Volkswagens, which evolved constantly over time but never saw the introduction of all-new models, the Transporter not only evolved, but was completely revised periodically with variations retrospectively referred to as versions “T1” to “T5” (a nomenclature only invented after the introduction of the front-drive T4 which replaced the T25). However only generations T1 to T3 (or T25 as it is still called in Ireland and Great Britain) can be seen as directly related to the Beetle (see below for details).

The Type 2, along with the 1947 Citroën H Van, are among the first ‘forward control’ vans in which the driver was placed above the front roadwheels. They started a trend in Europe, where the 1952 GM Bedford CA, 1958 RAF-977, 1959 Renault Estafette, 1960 BMC Morris J4, and 1960 Commer FC also used the concept. In the United States, the Corvair-based Chevrolet Corvan cargo van and Greenbrier passenger van went so far as to copy the Type 2’s rear-engine layout, using the Corvair’s horizontally opposed, air-cooled engine for power. Except for the Greenbrier and various 1950s–70s Fiat minivans, the Type 2 remained unique in being rear-engined. This was a disadvantage for the early “barndoor” Panel Vans, which could not easily be loaded from the rear because the engine cover intruded on interior space, but generally advantageous in traction and interior noise.

Variants

Volkswagen Samba(1)Volkswagen Samba bus

1961 Volkswagen Type II flatbed pickup truckElectrician-TucsonExample of a 1961 Volkswagen Type II flatbed pickup truck.

VW_T1-BD_20-5031Rail-going draisine

The Type 2 was available as a:

  • Panel van, a delivery van without side windows or rear seats.
  • Double-door Panel Van, a delivery van without side windows or rear seats and cargo doors on both sides.
  • High Roof Panel Van (German: Hochdach), a delivery van with raised roof.
  • Kombi, from German: Kombinationskraftwagen (combination motor vehicle), with side windows and removable rear seats, both a passenger and a cargo vehicle combined.
  • Bus, also called a Volkswagen Caravelle, a van with more comfortable interior reminiscent of passenger cars since the third generation.
  • Samba-Bus, a van with skylight windows and cloth sunroof, first generation only, also known as a Deluxe Microbus. They were marketed for touring theAlps.
  • Flatbed pickup truck, or Single Cab, also available with wider load bed.
  • Crew cab pick-up, a flatbed truck with extended cab and two rows of seats, also called a Doka, from German: Doppelkabine.
  • Westfalia camping van, “Westy”, with Westfalia roof and interior. Included optional “pop up” top.
  • Adventurewagen camping van, with high roof and camping units from Adventurewagen.
  • Semi-camping van that can also still be used as a passenger car and transporter, sacrificing some camping comforts. “Multivan” or “Weekender”, available from the third generation on.

Apart from these factory variants, there were a multitude of third-party conversions available, some of which were offered through Volkswagen dealers. They included, but were not limited to, refrigerated vans, hearses, ambulances, police vans, fire engines and ladder trucks, and camping van conversions by companies other than Westfalia. There were even 30 Klv 20 rail-going draisines built for Deutsche Bundesbahn in 1955.

In South Africa, it is known as a well-loved variation of the ice cream van (first, second and third generations). The mere sight of one (in South Africa) sparks the familiar rhyme: I scream, We scream, We all scream for Ice-Cream!

First generation (T1; 1950–1967)

Volkswagen Type 2 (T1)
1966 VW_Type2_T1c_Kombi
Overview
Production 1950–1967 (Europe and US)
1950–1975 (Brazil)
Assembly Wolfsburg, Germany
Hanover, Germany
São Bernardo do Campo, Brazil
Melbourne, Australia
Body and chassis
Platform Volkswagen Group T1 platform
Powertrain
Engine 1.1 L B4 (petrol)
1.2 L B4 (petrol)
1.5 L B4 (petrol)
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,400 mm (94.5 in)
Length 4,280 mm (168.5 in)
Width 1,720 mm (67.7 in)
Height 1,940 mm (76.4 in)

The first generation of the Volkswagen Type 2 with the split windshield, informally called the Microbus, Splitscreen, or Splittie among modern fans, was produced from 8 March 1950 through the end of the 1967 model year. From 1950 to 1956, the T1 (not called that at the time) was built in Wolfsburg; from 1956, it was built at the completely new Transporter factory in Hanover. Like the Beetle, the first Transporters used the 1100 Volkswagen air-cooled engine, an 1,131 cc (69.0 cu in),DIN-rated 18 kW (24 PS; 24 bhp), air-cooled flat-four-cylinder ‘boxer’ engine mounted in the rear. This was upgraded to the 1200 – an 1,192 cc (72.7 cu in) 22 kW (30 PS; 30 bhp) in 1953. A higher compression ratio became standard in 1955; while an unusual early version of the 30 kW (41 PS; 40 bhp) engine debuted exclusively on the Type 2 in 1959. This engine proved to be so uncharacteristically troublesome that Volkswagen recalled all 1959 Transporters and replaced the engines with an updated version of the 30 kW engine. Any 1959 models that retain that early engine today are true survivors. Since the engine was totally discontinued at the outset, no parts were ever made available.

The early versions of the T1 until 1955 were often called the “Barndoor” (retrospectively called T1a since the 1990s), owing to the enormous rear engine cover, while the later versions with a slightly modified body (the roofline above the windshield is extended), smaller engine bay, and 15″ roadwheels instead of the original 16″ ones are nowadays called the T1b (again, only called this since the 1990s, based on VW’s restrospective T1,2,3,4 etc. naming system.). From the 1963 model year, when the rear door was made wider (same as on the bay-window or T2), the vehicle could be referred to as the T1c. 1964 also saw the introduction of an optional sliding door for the passenger/cargo area instead of the outwardly hinged doors typical of cargo vans.

In 1962, a heavy-duty Transporter was introduced as a factory option. It featured a cargo capacity of 1,000 kg (2,205 lb) instead of the previous 750 kg (1,653 lb), smaller but wider 14″ roadwheels, and a 1.5 Le, 31 kW (42 PS; 42 bhp) DIN engine. This was so successful that only a year later, the 750 kg, 1.2 L Transporter was discontinued. The 1963 model year introduced the 1500 engine – 1,493 cc (91.1 cu in) as standard equipment to the US market at 38 kW (52 PS; 51 bhp) DIN with an 83 mm (3.27 in) bore, 69 mm (2.72 in) stroke, and 7.8:1 compression ratio. When the Beetle received the 1.5 L engine for the 1967 model year, its power was increased to 40 kW (54 PS; 54 bhp) DIN.

1966 Volkswagen Kombi1966 Volkswagen Kombi (North America)

German production stopped after the 1967 model year; however, the T1 still was made in Brazil until 1975, when it was modified with a 1968–79 T2-style front end, and big 1972-vintage taillights into the so-called “T1.5” and produced until 1996. The Brazilian T1s were not identical to the last German models (the T1.5 was locally produced in Brazil using the 1950s and 1960s-era stamping dies to cut down on retooling, alongside the Beetle/Fusca, where the pre-1965 body style was retained), though they sported some characteristic features of the T1a, such as the cargo doors and five-stud 205 mm (8.1 in) PCD rims. Wheel tracks varied between German and Brazilian production and with 14″,15″ and 16″ wheel variants but commonly front track varied from 1290mm to 1310mm and rear track from 1370mm to 1390mm.

Be_Your_Own_Goddess_art_bus_(1967_VW_Kombi)_IMG_0136VW Bus Type 2 (T1),hippie colors

Among American enthusiasts, it is common to refer to the different models by the number of their windows. The basic Kombi or Bus is the 11-window(a.k.a. three-window bus because of three side windows) with a split windshield, two front cabin door windows, six rear side windows, and one rear window. The DeLuxe model featured eight rear side windows and two rear corner windows, making it the 15-window (not available in Europe). Meanwhile, the sunroof DeLuxe with its additional eight small skylight windows is, accordingly, the 23-window. From the 1964 model year, with its wider rear door, the rear corner windows were discontinued, making the latter two the 13-window and 21-window respectively. The 23- and later 21-window variants each carry the nickname ‘Samba’, or in Australia, officially ‘Alpine’.

US Chicken Tax

Main article: Chicken tax
Kombi_Pick_Up_Aço
 U.S. sales of Volkswagen vans in pickup and commercial configurations were curtailed by the Chicken tax

Certain models of the Volkswagen Type 2 played a role in a historic episode during the early 1960s, known as theChicken War. France and West Germany had placed tariffs on imports of U.S. chicken. Diplomacy failed, and in January 1964, two months after taking office, President Johnson imposed a 25% tax (almost ten times the average U.S. tariff) on potato starch, dextrin, brandy, and light trucks. Officially, the tax targeted items imported from Europe as approximating the value of lost American chicken sales to Europe.

In retrospect, audio tapes from the Johnson White House, revealed a quid pro quo unrelated to chicken. In January 1964, President Johnson attempted to convince United Auto Workers‘ president Walter Reuther not to initiate a strike just before the 1964 election, and to support the president’s civil rights platform. Reuther, in turn, wanted Johnson to respond to Volkswagen‘s increased shipments to the United States.

The Chicken Tax directly curtailed importation of German-built Type 2s in configurations that qualified them as light trucks – that is, commercial vans (panel vans) and pickups. In 1964, U.S. imports of automobile trucks from West Germany declined to a value of $5.7 million – about one-third the value imported in the previous year. After 1971, Volkswagen cargo vans and pickup trucks, the intended targets, “practically disappeared from the U.S. market”. While post-1971 Type 2 commercial vans and single-cab and double-cab pickups can be found in the United States today, they are exceedingly rare. Any post-1971 specimen found ostensibly has had its import tariff paid. As of 2013, the “chicken tax” remains in effect.

Second generation (T2; 1967–1979)

Volkswagen Type 2 (T2)
1973-1980 Volkswagen_Kombi_(T2)_van_01
Overview
Production Aug 1967–Jul 1979 (Europe and US)
1971–1996 (Mexico)
1976–Dec 2013 (Brazil)
1981–1986 (Argentina)
Assembly Hanover, Germany
Emden, Germany
General Pacheco, Argentina
São Bernardo do Campo, Brazil
Puebla, Puebla, Mexico
Melbourne, Australia
Body and chassis
Platform Volkswagen Group T2 platform
Powertrain
Engine 1.6 L B4 (petrol)
1.7 L B4 (petrol)
1.8 L B4 (petrol)
1.8 L I4 (petrol)
2.0 L B4 (petrol)
Transmission 4-speed manual
3-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,400 mm (94.5 in)
Length 4,505 mm (177.4 in)
Width 1,720 mm (67.7 in)
Height 1,940 mm (76.4 in)

In late 1967, the second generation of the Volkswagen Type 2 (T2) was introduced. It was built in Germany until 1979. In Mexico, the Volkswagen Kombi and Panel were produced from 1970 to 1994. Models before 1971 are often called the T2a (or “Early Bay”), while models after 1972 are called the T2b (or “Late Bay”).

1978 Volkswagen_Transporter_Pickup_(T2)1978 Volkswagen Transporter Pickup (The Netherlands)

1973-1980 Volkswagen_Kombi_(T2)_van_021973–1980 Volkswagen Kombi (T2) van (Australia)

Volkswagen_T2_AmbulanceT2 used as an ambulance in Brazil

This second-generation Type 2 lost its distinctive split front windshield, and was slightly larger and considerably heavier than its predecessor. Its common nicknames are Breadloaf and Bay-window, orLoaf and Bay for short. At 1.6 L and 35 kW (48 PS; 47 bhp) DIN, the engine was also slightly larger. The new model also did away with the swing axle rear suspension and transfer boxes previously used to raise ride height. Instead, half-shaft axles fitted with constant velocity joints raised ride height without the wild changes in camber of the Beetle-based swing axle suspension. The updated Bus transaxle is usually sought after by off-road racers using air-cooled Volkswagen components.

The T2b was introduced by way of gradual change over three years. The first models featured rounded bumpers incorporating a step for use when the door was open (replaced by indented bumpers without steps on later models), front doors that opened to 90° from the body, no lip on the front guards, unique engine hatches, and crescent air intakes in the D-pillars (later models after the Type 4 engine option was offered, have squared off intakes). The 1971 Type 2 featured a new, 1.6 L engine with dual intake ports on each cylinder head and was DIN-rated at 37 kW (50 PS; 50 bhp). An important change came with the introduction of front disc brakes and new roadwheels with brake ventilation holes and flatter hubcaps. Up until 1972, front indicators are set low on the nose rather than high on either side of the fresh air grille – giving rise to their being nicknamed “Low Lights”. 1972’s most prominent change was a bigger engine compartment to fit the larger 1.7- to 2.0-litre engines from the Volkswagen Type 4, and a redesigned rear end which eliminated the removable rear apron and introduced the larger late tail lights. The air inlets were also enlarged to accommodate the increased cooling air needs of the larger engines.

In 1971 the 1600cc Type 1 engine as used in the Beetle, was supplemented with the 1700cc Type 4 engine – as it was originally designed for the Type 4 (411 and 412) models. European vans kept the option of upright fan Type 1 1600 engine but the 1700 Type 4 became standard for US spec models.

1968 1973 and 1973-1980 Volkswagen Kombi (T2) vansPre-facelift (left) and facelifted (right)Volkswagen Kombi (T2) vans (Australia)

In the Type 2, the Type 4 engine was an option for the 1972 model year onward. This engine was standard in models destined for the US and Canada. Only with the Type 4 engine did an automatic transmission become available for the first time in the 1973 model year. Both engines displaced 1.7 L, DIN-rated at 49 kW (67 PS; 66 bhp) with the manual transmission and 46 kW (63 PS; 62 bhp) with the automatic. The Type 4 engine was enlarged to 1.8 L and 50 kW (68 PS; 67 bhp) DIN for the 1974 model year and again to 2.0 L and 52 kW (71 PS; 70 bhp) DIN for the 1976 model year. The 1978 2.0 L now featured hydraulic valve lifters, eliminating the need to periodically adjust the valve clearances as on earlier models. The 1975 and later U.S. model years received Bosch L-Jetronic electronic fuel injection as standard equipment; 1978 was the first year for electronic ignition, utilizing a hall effect sensor and digital controller, eliminating maintenance-requiring contact-breaker points. As with all Transporter engines, the focus in development was not on power, but on low-end torque. The Type 4 engines were considerably more robust and durable than the Type 1 engines, particularly in Transporter service.

In 1972, for the 1973 model year, exterior revisions included relocated front turn indicators, squared off and set higher in the valance, above the headlights. Also, square-profiled bumpers, which became standard until the end of the T2 in 1979, were introduced in 1973. Crash safety improved with this change because of a compressible structure behind the front bumper. This meant that the T2b was capable of meeting US safety standards for passenger cars of the time, though not required of vans. The “VW” emblem on the front valance became slightly smaller.

Later model changes were primarily mechanical. By 1974, the T2 had gained its final shape. Very late in the T2’s design life, during the late 1970s, the first prototypes of Type 2 vans with four-wheel drive (4WD) were built and tested.

1979 Vw silverfish

1979 Volkswagen Type 2 (T2) “Silverfish” last-edition bus. These were a limited edition model to mark the final production of T2 models in Europe

1968 VW Volk_bus_1968a1968 Volkswagen Type 2 (T2) Hard-Top Westfalia “Cream” bus

2005 VW_Kombi_Silver_Limited_Edition Brazil

Brazilian Volkswagen Type 2 (T2) – 2005 Limited Edition

Brazilian_Watercooled_Kombi

Brazilian water-cooled Volkswagen Type 2 (T2)

Brazilian_Watercooled_Kombi_Interior

T2c

Volkswagen_T2_in_Brazil

 T2c in Brazil

The T2c, which has a slightly raised roof – by about 10 cm (3.9 in) – in the early 1990s, is built for the South American and Central American markets. It can be imported into other countries, such as the United Kingdom.

Since 1991, the T2c has been built in México with the water-cooled 1.8 L inline four-cylinder 53 kW (72 PS; 71 bhp) carbureted engine, easily identified by their large, black-coloured, front-mounted radiators, and since 1995 with the 1.6 L air-cooled engines for the Brazilian market.

Since production of the original Beetle was halted in late 2003 as a 2004 model, the T2 remained the only Volkswagen model with the traditional air-cooled, rear-mounted boxer engine until the Brazilian model shifted to a water-cooled engine on 23 December 2005. There was a 1.6 L 50 hp (37 kW; 51 PS) water-cooled diesel engined version of the T2, which was manufactured from 1981 to 1985 in Brazil. This version was very economical – values from 15 km/l to 18 km/l are reported – but it suffered from low performance and an insufficiently capable cooling system, which led to short engine life.

The end of the Volkswagen air-cooled engine on a worldwide basis was marked by a Special Edition Kombi. An exclusive Silver paint job, and limited edition emblems were applied to only 200 units in late 2005, and were sold as 2006 models.

Brazilian_Kombi_pair water and air cooled

An aircooled and a watercooled VW Kombi (T2), made in Brazil. Model years 2005 and 2006.

More onerous emissions laws introduced by the Brazilian government for 2006 forced a shift to water-cooled engines. The new “Flex Fuel” water-cooled engine will run on petrol as well as alcohol. Borrowed from the Volkswagen Fox, the engine is a rear-mounted EA-111 1.4 L 8v Total Flex1,390 cc (84.8 cu in), 58 kW (79 PS; 78 bhp) on petrol, and 60 kW (82 PS; 80 bhp) when run on ethanol, and 124 N·m (91 lbf·ft) torque. This version has been very successful, despite the minor changes made to the overall T2-bodied vehicle. It still includes the four-speed transmission, but with a new final drive ratio it can cruise at 120 km/h (75 mph) at 4,100 rpm. Top speed is 130 km/h (81 mph). 0 to 100 km/h (0 to 62 mph) is achieved in 22.7 seconds (vs. 29.5 seconds for the last air-cooled version). Improvements were made with 6.6% better fuel economy, and nearly 2 decibel (dB) less noise (again vs. the air-cooled version).

The Volkswagen Type T2 is by far the longest model run in Brazil, having been introduced in September 1950 as the Volkswagen “Kombi”, a name it has kept throughout production. The fierce competition from European front-wheel drive newer generation vans still cannot match the Kombi’s unparalleled cost-benefit equation. Only produced in two versions, bus (nine-seater or 12-seater – a fourth row is added for metro transportation or school bus market) or panel van, it offers only one factory option: the rear window defog. As of June 2009, the T2 is built at the Volkswagen Group’s São Bernardo do Campo plant at a rate of 97 per day.

The production of the Brazilian Volkswagen Kombi ended in 2013 with a production run of 600 Last Edition vehicles. The phaseout of the T2c marks the end of an era which lasted since 1945 (when started the second generation of Volkswagen Type-1 – it will be the final production of metal-made bumper cars after 68 years. A short movie called “Kombi’s last wishes” was made by VW Brazil.

Post-Type 2 generations

Third generation (T3; 1979–1992)

Vw_transporter_t3_luft_v_sst

 Volkswagen Type 2 (T3/Vanagon/T25)

The Volkswagen Type 2 (T3) also known as the T25, (or Vanagon in the United States), the T3 platform was introduced in 1980, and was one of the last new Volkswagen platforms to use an air-cooled engine. The Volkswagen air-cooled engine was phased out for a water-cooled boxer engine (still rear-mounted) in 1984. Compared to its predecessor the T2, the T3 was larger and heavier, with square corners replacing the rounded edges of the older models. The T3 is sometimes called “the wedge” by enthusiasts to differentiate it from earlier Kombis.

Fourth generation (T4; 1990–2003)

1990 VOLKSWAGEN T4 A MULTIVAN ALLSTAR
Early 1990s Multivan Allstar T4

Since 1990, the Transporter in most world markets has been front-engined and water-cooled, similar to other contemporary Volkswagens, almost two decades later than it did for the passenger cars. T4s are marketed as Transporter in Europe. In the United States, Volkswagen Eurovan is the brand name.

Fifth generation (T5; 2003–present)

2004 VW_Eurovan_T5_Multivan
 2004 Volkswagen Transporter T5

The Volkswagen Transporter T5 range is the fifth generation of Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles medium-sized light commercial vehicle and people movers. Launched 6 January 2003, the T5 went into full production in April 2003, replacing the fourth generation range.

Key markets for the T5 are Germany, the United Kingdom, Russia, France and Turkey. It is not sold in the US market because it is classed as a light truck, accruing the 25% chicken tax on importation. The T5 has a more aerodynamic design. The angle of the windshield and A-pillar is less; this makes for a large dashboard and small bonnet.

In June 2009, Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles announced the one-millionth T5 rolled off the production line in Hanover.

Additional developments

2006 BSB_Flex_cars_118_09_2008_VW_Kombi_Total_Flex_with_logo_blur

Brazilian Air Force 2006 Kombi Total Flex is a flexible-fuel vehicle

In 2001, a Volkswagen Microbus Concept was created, with design cues from the T1 generation in a spirit similar to the New Beetle nostalgia movement. Volkswagen planned to start selling it in the United States market in 2007, but it was scrapped in May 2004 and replaced with a more cost-effective design to be sold worldwide.

Names and nicknames

Like the Beetle, from the beginning, the Type 2 earned many nicknames from its fans. Among the most popular, at least in Germany, are VW-Bus and Bulli (or Bully) or Hippie-van or the bus. The Type 2 was meant to be officially named the Bully, but Heinrich Lanz, producer of the Lanz Bulldog farm tractor, intervened. The model was then presented as the Volkswagen Transporter and Volkswagen Kleinbus, but the Bully nickname still caught on.

The official German-language model names Transporter and Kombi (Kombinationskraftwagen, combined-use vehicle) have also caught on as nicknames. Kombi is not only the name of the passenger variant, but is also the Australasian and Brazilian term for the whole Type 2 family; in much the same way that they are all called VW-Bus in Germany, even the pickup truck variations. In Mexico, the German Kombi was translated as Combi, and became a household word thanks to the vehicle’s popularity in Mexico City‘s public transportation system. In Peru, where the term Combi was similarly adopted, the term Combi Asesina (Murdering Combi) is often used for buses of similar size, because of the notorious recklessness and competition of bus drivers in Lima to get passengers. In Portugal it is known as Pão-de-Forma (Breadloaf) because its design resembles a bread baked in a mold. Similarly, in Denmark, the Type 2 is referred to as Rugbrød (Rye bread). Finns dubbed it Kleinbus (mini-bus), as many taxicab companies adopted it for group transportation; the name Kleinbus has become an appellative for all passenger vans. The vehicle is also known as Kleinbus in Chile.

In the US, however, it is a VW bus, a “vee-dub”, a minibus, a hippie-mobile, hippie bus, or hippie van, “combie”, Microbus or a Transporter to aficionados. The early versions produced before 1967 used a split front windshield (giving rise to the nickname “Splitty”), and their comparative rarity has led to their becoming sought after by collectors and enthusiasts. The next version, sold in the US market from 1968 to 1979, is characterised by a large, curved windshield and is commonly called a “bay-window”. It was replaced by the Vanagon, of which only the Westfalia camper version has a common nickname, “Westy”.

It was called Volksie Bus in South Africa, notable in a series of that country’s TV commercials. Kombi is also a generic nickname for vans and minibuses in South Africa and Swaziland, often used as a means of public transportation. In Nigeria it was called Danfo.

In the UK, it is known as a “Campervan”. In France, it was called a “camping-car” (usually hyphenated) though this has been expanded to include other, often more specialized vehicles in more recent times.

Mexican production

T2 production began in 1970 at the Puebla assembly factory.

Offered initially only as a nine-passenger version called the Volkswagen Kombi, and from 1973 also its cargo van version called the Volkswagen Panel, both variants were fitted with the 1.5 L air-cooled boxer engine and four-speed manual gearbox. In 1974, the 1.6 L 44 bhp (33 kW; 45 PS) boxer engine replaced the 1.5 previous one, and production continued this way up to 1987. In 1987, the water-cooled 1.8 L 85 bhp (63 kW; 86 PS) inline four-cylinder engine replaced the air-cooled 1.6 L. This new model is recognisable by its black grille (for its engine coolant radiator), bumpers and moldings.

In 1975, Volkswagen de Mexico ordered two specially-made pickups from Germany, one single cab and one double cab, for the Puebla plant. These were evaluated for the possibility of building pickups in Mexico, and were outfitted with every option except the Arctic package, including front and rear fog lights, intermittent wipers, trip odometer, clock, bumper rubber, PVC tilt, and dual doors on the single cab storage compartment. VW de Mexico was interested in having the lights, wiring, brake systems and other parts manufactured in Mexico. Ultimately, VW de Mexico declined to produce pickups, and the pickups were sold to an Autohaus, a Volkswagen dealer in San Antonio, Texas, since they could not be sold in Mexico. By law, no German-made Volkswagens were to be sold in Mexico. These are probably the only pickups that were produced in Germany for Mexican import, and have the “ME” export code on the M-code plate. The green double cab was sold to a new owner in New York, and has been lost track of. The light gray (L345, licht grau) single cab still exists. Pickups were not manufactured in Mexico, nor were they imported into Mexico from Germany, save for these two examples.

In 1988, a luxury variant – the Volkswagen Caravelle – made its debut in the Mexican market to compete with the Nissan Ichi Van, which was available in cargo, passenger and luxury versions.

The main differences between the two are that the Caravelle was sold as an eight-passenger version, while the Combi was available as a nine-passenger version, the Caravelle was only painted in metallic colors, while the Combi was only available in non-metallic colors, and the Caravelle was fitted with an AM/FM stereo cassette sound system, tinted windows, velour upholstery, reading lights, mid and rear headrests, and wheel covers from the European T25 model.

In 1991, the 10 cm (3.9 in) higher roof made its debut in all variants, and the Combi began to be offered in eight- or nine-passenger variants. In 1991, since Mexican anti-pollution regulations required a three-way catalytic converter, a Digifant fuel injection system replaced the previous carburetor. The three variants continued without change until 1994.

In 1994, production ended in Mexico, with models being imported from Brazil. The Caravelle was discontinued, and both the Combi and the Panel were only offered in white color and finally in 2002, replaced by the T4 EuroVan Pasajeros and EuroVan Carga, passenger and cargo van in long wheelbase version, inline five-cylinder 2.5 L 115 bhp and five-speed manual gearbox imported from Germany.

1945 Volkswagen-83 (KdF-83), 4x4 1950-67 Volkswagen Kombi Type 2 Mark T1 also called Transporter Originally with an engine of 1131cc. 1950-67 Volkswagen T2 Type T1 1952_VW_Barndoor_brown_back 1952_VW_Barndoor_brown_back2 1953 Volkswagen Samba 1953 Volkswagenbus 1953 VW Samba_21_windows 1955 Volkswagen Microbus 1956 Volkswagen T1 2-26 sform W 385 1350857323 1956 Volkswagen Transporter-1-221 1956 VW Deluxe_front Berlin, Friedrich-Ebert-Straße, Ruine 1957 Volkswagen T1 - Lelystad 2009 1957 1957 VW Bus Brandweer - Fire engine 1959 Volkswagen T1 1961 Volkswagen Type II flatbed pickup truckElectrician-Tucson 1961-VW-Bus-Brochure 1964 VOLKSWAGEN BUS 1964 VW BUS AMBULANCE VINTAGE 1964 Rio de Janeiro Brasil 1964 VW_T1_Kastenwagen 1966 Volkswagen Kombi 1966 VW Transporter T1 Pickup BE-44-99 1966 VW_Type2_T1c_Kombi 1967 Volkswagen T1 1967 VW Blue-Samba 1967 VW Bus Samba (Bulli) 4cyl boxer a 1967 VW Bus Samba (Bulli) 4cyl boxer b 1967 VW Bus Samba (Bulli) 4cyl boxer brochure 1967 VW Bus Samba (Bulli) 4cyl boxer c 1967 VW Bus Samba (Bulli) 4cyl boxer d 1967 VW Bus Samba (Bulli) 4cyl boxer e Limo 1967 VW Bus Samba (Bulli) 4cyl boxer f metro 1967 VW Bus Samba (Bulli) 4cyl boxer 1967 VW T1b Samba-Bus 1967-79 Volkswagen Type 2 T2b Camper (Europe) 1968 1973 and 1973-1980 Volkswagen Kombi (T2) vans 1968 VW Volk_bus_1968a 1969 VW T1 Auwärter Carlux 1972 Volkswagen German Volkswagen ambulance D 1972-79 volkwsagen-bus-16 1973 VW Bus + aanhanger 1973-1980 Volkswagen_Kombi_(T2)_van_01 1973-1980 Volkswagen_Kombi_(T2)_van_02 1974 VOLKSWAGEN (391 119 503 33-1-1974) 1977 Volkswagen_Kombi_Westfalia_(Auto_classique_Salaberry-De-Valleyfield_'11) 1978 Volkswagen camperbus 1978 Volkswagen Transporter 1970's Minibus Rome Colosseum 1978 Volkswagen_Transporter_Pickup_(T2) 1978 VW LT 28 Kasten - Hochdach 1979 Volkswagen -183 Iltis, 4x4, 1979 1979 Vw silverfish 1979-84 VW-LT31 1981 Volkswagen Caminhões e Ônibus Ltda (VWC) 1981- Brazilië 1982 Volkswagen Transporter-3-255 1983 Ikarus-MAN-Volkswagen 1988 Volkswagen T2 combi autobus 02-EJ-17 1988 Volkswagen Transporter-3-247 Syncro, 4x4 1988-98 VW LT31 1989 Volkswagen Omnibus I, type 2, Caravelle CL 1990 VOLKSWAGEN T4 A MULTIVAN ALLSTAR 1990 VW T3 Bus 1990-03 VW Trans Caravelle GLA T4 Engine 2461cc Petrol 1991-03 Volkswagen T4 Multivan Allstar 1992 VW minibus-eignet-sich-durch-78598 1992 VW_Eurovan_T4a_Multivan_Allstar 1993 Volkswagen LT35 1996 VW Transporter 1999 VOLKSWAGEN LT 46 TDI 1999 Volkswagen Volksbus-Rosmo Bus Honduras 2000 Volkswagen 16.210 CO-Marcopolo Torino GV Bus Ecuador 2000 VW mauri montisola 2001 Volkswagen LT35 Litouwen 2001 Volkswagen Microbus Concept. 2002 Volkswagen -Kutsenits City III Non-Step Bus Tokio OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA 2004 VW_Eurovan_T5_Multivan 2005 VW Bus 2005 VW T5 Transporter 2005 VW_Kombi_Silver_Limited_Edition Brazil 2006 BSB_Flex_cars_118_09_2008_VW_Kombi_Total_Flex_with_logo_blur 2007 Volkswagen Crafter 50 Litouwen 2007 Volkswagen Crafter UK 2009 Volkswagen Constellation de 2009 (Brésil) 2009 volkwsagen-bus-33 2010 Comil_Versatile_Volkswagen_-_Buses_Schuftan___Ago_2010 2011 Volkswagen Bulli rear 2011 Tokyo Motor Show 2012 VW Bulli concept 2013 Volkswagen Craftfter 2013 Be_Your_Own_Goddess_art_bus_(1967_VW_Kombi)_IMG_0136 Brazilian_Kombi_pair water and air cooled Brazilian_Watercooled_Kombi Brazilian_Watercooled_Kombi_Engine Brazilian_Watercooled_Kombi_Interior BusscarVisstaBussHiVolkswagenBusesBioBio132 CaioGiro3400VolkswagenBusesInterbus_2 DoubleBack-VW-campervan-07 IKARUS 521 op VW LT55TD Ikarus 526-os, az Ikarus 405-ös VW Kombi_Pick_Up_Aço Marcopolo_Senior_-__Volkswagen_Buses_Landeros_Reg._Metrop_____Jun_2009 MarcopoloSeniorVolkswagenBusesDhinos modern_reinterpretation_of_the_classic_vw_westfalia_camper_van-2 Neobus_Spectrum_-_Volkswagen_Buses_Serena_Mar_IV_Reg______Oct_2008 Party_VW_Type_2 Porsche_Diesel_Bus_blau Satélite 15851 - Busscar Urbanuss Ecoss VW 17-230 EOD VETTER-VW Volkswagen - Den Oudsten en zn., Woerden Volkswagen 9.150 ECE Armored Truck 1 VOLKSWAGEN 40 300 Volkswagen 250 AutoBomba Volkswagen Brazilië Tanker Volkswagen Brazilië Volkswagen buses KRESPOL Sokółka Volkswagen Chascomus VOLKSWAGEN CONSTELLATION Volkswagen Crafter tamlans pegabus ambulance Volkswagen D Volkswagen en Magirus Volkswagen HAP UTRECHT 9-871 Volkswagen ingwhite1 Volkswagen L80 1994–2000 (Brazilian built) Volkswagen LT 40 D Volkswagen LT 40a D Volkswagen LT NL Volkswagen LT Rosenbauer Volkswagen Portugal Volkswagen Samba(1) Volkswagen T1 LEGO Volkswagen T1 type2 Crew Cabin (1950-67 Europe 1950-75 Brazil) Engines 1193 cc, 1200 cc and 1493 cc. Volkswagen T5 ambulance Nikola Tesla Airport Servië Volkswagen Type2 T2b Ambulance. Late 1970s Volkswagen Type 2 Ambulance VOLKSWAGEN USINE SUD-AMERICAINE Volkswagen Volksbus 17.230 EOD with a Marcopolo body on a Brazilian street Volkswagen Volksbus 17.240 with a CAIO body on a Brazilian street. Volkswagen Volkswagen_Kombi_(Auto_classique_Laval_'11) Volkswagen_LT_Camper_Karmann_Mobil Volkswagen_T2_Ambulance Volkswagen_T2_in_Brazil volkswagen8 Volkswagen-Bus-Inspired-Dub-Box-Camper-Trailer-9 VOLKSWAGEN-DEN OUDSTEN (RSP690 601) Volkswagon AF02FTa Volkswagon PortMacquaireDay3001 Volkswagon YVD358a volkwagen LT Enhabo Volswagen Volksbus 17.240 with a Marcopolo body on a Brazilian street Volswagen Volksbus 18.310 OT with a Marcopolo body on a Colombian way OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA VW Australië VW Bolletje reclame VW Bruneï VW Bus zestiger jaren VW Bus_T1_in_Hippie_Colors VW Cabriolet bus VW Camper Super VW Camper verhoogd VW Constellation Argentina mercado-externo3 VW Constellation BRA VW Crafter ambulance Digital StillCamera VW Doorzicht bus VW Feuerwehr VW Golf bestel PTT VW Hout bus VW IJsbus VW Italië VW Kleinbus von Bernhuber-Österreich VW Krankenwagen VW L80 VW Limo Bus VW LIMO VW Lublijana VW MAN-VW G90 (eerste jaren MT-serie genoemd), de MAN L2000... VW Monstruositeit VW Paris F VW Post Nutzfahrzeug VW T1 bus ned PTT VW T1 Clinomobil VW T1bus Deutsche PTT VW T2b HS RK VW Touran Chweiz VW Transporter SN54KHDa VW Transporter VW v VW vanagontrailer VW Westfalia_Campingbox_7 VW Yorkshire Ambulance GB VW Zdravotnická.jpg VW_LT28_Behindertenfahrdienst_2 VW_T1_Doka VW_T1_Porschetransporter_r VW_T1-BD_20-5031 VW_T2_Airport Vw_transporter_t3_luft_v_sst vw-bus-brochure-5 vw-bus-concept vw-bus-limo-3 VWcampervan VW-L80-Pritschen-Lkw-rot vw-lt ad

VOLVO Buses Gothenburg Sweden

Volvo Buses

Volvo Buses
Type Subsidiary of Volvo
Industry Manufacturing
Founded 1920’s – 1968 >>>>>>
Headquarters Gothenburg, Sweden
Key people Håkan Agnevall
(President)
Products Buses
Parent Volvo
Website

Volvo Buses (Swedish: Volvo Bussar AB ) is a subsidiary and a business area of the Swedish vehicle maker Volvo, which became an independent division in 1968. It is based in Gothenburg.

It is the world’s largest bus manufacturer, with a complete range of heavy buses for passenger transportation. The product range includes complete buses and coaches as well as chassis combined with a comprehensive range of services.

The bus operation has a global presence, with production in Europe, North/South America, Asia and Australia. In India it setup their production facility in Bangalore. Former production facility were located in Irvine, Scotland (closed in 2000).

Products

Chassis

Historical

1928 VOLVO 1928

1928 VOLVO

1928 Volvo LV45 autobus a

1928 Volvo LV45 autobus

1929 Volvo LV4 -Arvika 1929

1929 Volvo LV4 -Arvika

1929 Volvo LV4 -Arvika

1929 Volvo LV4 -Arvika

1931 VOLVO 1931

1931 VOLVO

1932 VOLVO 1932

1932 VOLVO

1932 VOLVO BUS NON IDENTIFIE

1932 VOLVO BUS NON IDENTIFIE

1934 VOLVO 1934

1934 VOLVO

1934 Volvo-bus-on-B1-chassis-500

1934 Volvo-bus-on-B1-chassis-500

1935 Volvo van de Veluwe-Expres van de gebroeders Robart 1935 Volvo(GB) + Verheulbus van de Veluwe-Expres van de gebroeders Robart

1935 Volvo-Verheul van de Veluwe-Expres van de gebroeders Robart NL

1936 VOLVO 1936

1936 VOLVO

1936 Volvo Verheul 29zitp  Citosa 14 NS 759

1936 Volvo Verheul 29seat Citosa 14 NS 759 NL

1937 Volvo 1937

1937 Volvo

1937 VOLVO 1937a

1937 VOLVO

1937 Volvo Heiwo (Heida) B-23674

1937 Volvo Heiwo (Heida) B-23674 NL

1938 Volvo B10 Bus

1938 Volvo B10 Bus

1938 Volvo LV 84 Bus

1938 Volvo LV 84 Bus

1939 Volvo, bus nummer 5

1939 Volvo, bus nummer 5 Bergmans Auto mij NL

1939 Volvo's. Wagen 20 (serie 19-20 uit 1939) te Renswoude

1939 Volvo’s. Wagen 20 (serie 19-20 uit 1939) te Renswoude NL

1940 VOLVO 1940

1940 VOLVO

1940 Volvo B12 Bus

1940 Volvo B12 Bus

1944 Volvo Verheul Zeist

1944 Volvo Verheul Zeist

1945 VOLVO 1945

1945 VOLVO

1945 Volvo LV81DS chassis TRM8 movile staff

1945 Volvo LV81DS chassis TRM8 movile staff

03 Vitabussar_b8dn421_3458

1945 Volvo Vitabussar

1946 Volvo 14 114B Gebr v GoG

1946 Volvo 14 114B Gebr v GoG Rotterdam the Netherlands

1946 Volvo B-30461

1946 Volvo B-30461 NL

1946 Volvo brochure for B512 and B513 buses

1946 Volvo brochure for B512 and B513 buses

1946 VOLVO BUS NON IDENTIFIE 325

1946 VOLVO BUS NON IDENTIFIE 325

1946 Volvo LV-128D, or better known as Pølsebussen (the Hot-Dog bus).

1946 Volvo LV-128D, or better known as Pølsebussen (the Hot-Dog bus).

1946 Volvo nummer 7

1946 Volvo nummer 7 Bergman Auto Mij NL

1947 Volvo LV 128 SAVK 6cyl benzin

1947 Volvo LV 128 SAVK 6cyl benzin

1948 Volvo 7 Carr. Den Hollander Capelle

1948 Volvo 7 Carr. Den Hollander Capelle Gebr. van GOG Rotterdam NL

1948 volvo 19

1948 volvo 19

1948 volvo 48

1948 volvo 48 Rotterdam The Netherlands

1948 Volvo 1948

1948 Volvo Belgium

1948 Volvo B512 Bus

1948 Volvo B512 Bus

1948 Volvo B513 - Wattenberg-Viggaklev

1948 Volvo B513 – Wattenberg-Viggaklev

1948 Volvo B513X Bus

1948 Volvo B513X Bus

1948 Volvo nr. 32 Tensen 38

1948 Volvo nr. 32 W.C. Tensen Soest 38 NL

1949 Volvo bus met Hainje karrosserie, nr.25

1949 Volvo bus met Hainje karrosserie, nr.25 NL

1949 Volvo voor Tensen

1949 Volvo voor W.C. Tensen Soest NL

1950 Volvo Den Oudsten & Domburg Neusbus diesel bus 42

1950 Volvo Den Oudsten & Domburg Neusbus diesel bus 42 W.C. Tensen Soest NL

1950 Volvo modell 31s

1950 Volvo modell 31s

1951 Volvo Hoogeveen

1951 Volvo Hoogeveen W,C. Tensen Soest NL

1951 VOLVO Østfold buss

1951 VOLVO Østfold buss

1951+1952 Volvo carrosserie Den Oudsten 1951, NB-95-37 Volvo carrosserie Hoogeveen [1952] NB-95-53

1951+1952 Volvo carrosserie Den Oudsten 1951, NB-95-37 Volvo carrosserie Hoogeveen [1952] NB-95-53 NL

1952 Volvo B617 Bus

1952 Volvo B617 Bus

1952 Volvo B617 Den Oudsten NB 78 58

1952 Volvo B617 Den Oudsten NB 78 58 W.C. Tensen Soest NL

1952 Volvo B655 Bus

1952 Volvo B655 Bus

1952 Volvo Bergen-Nordhordaland N

1952 Volvo Bergen-Nordhordaland N

1952 Volvo NB-90-72

1952 Volvo NB-90-72

1952, en Volvo B656

1952 Volvo B656

1953 Tensen Volvo's Soest

1953  2xW.C. Tensen Volvo’s Soest NL

1953 volvo 52 of 53

1953 volvo 52 of 53 Gebr. van GoG Rotterdam NL

1953 Volvo B 616

1953 Volvo B 616

1953 Volvo B 727

1953 Volvo B 727

1953 VOLVO B635 Brochure Image

1953 VOLVO B635 Brochure Image

1953 Volvo B638 Bus

1953 Volvo B638 Bus

1953 Volvo B655 Brochure

1953 Volvo B655 Brochure

1953 Volvo B727 Bus

1953 Volvo B727 Bus

1953 Volvo Bus

1953 Volvo Bus

1954 Domburg Volvo

1954 Domburg Volvo

1954 Volvo B615 bus Brochure

1954 Volvo B615 bus Brochure

1954 Volvo B727

1954 Volvo B727

1954 Volvo L389 Viking - Aune

1954 Volvo L389 Viking – Aune

1954 Volvo B727 Bus Brochure Image

1954 Volvo B727 Bus Brochure Image

1954 Volvo Verheul Dr Raadt V13

1954 Volvo Verheul © De Raadt V13

1954 volvo-verheul BBA

1954 volvo-verheul BBA

1955 PB-54-68 Volvo B619 Classic Tours Scherpenzeel

1955 PB-54-68 Volvo B619 Classic Tours Scherpenzeel

1955 Volvo 45 (serie 45-46, bouwjaar 1955) was van ca. 1958 tot eind 1962 GogNwkVolvo45

1955 PB-54-68 Volvo B619 Gebr. van Gog NL

1955 Volvo B727

1955 Volvo B727 © Stig Baumeyer

1955 Volvo Den Oudsten Neusbus Tensen lijnbus 22-Soest

1955 Volvo Den Oudsten Neusbus W.C. Tensen lijnbus 22-Soest NL

1956 Domburg Volvo a

1956 Domburg Volvo NL

1956 Domburg Volvo b

1956 Domburg Volvo

1956 Domburg Volvo

1956 Domburg Volvo

1956 Tensen Volvo B615 König RB 21 21

1956 W.C. Tensen Soest Volvo B615 König RB 21 21

1956 volvo 56

1956 volvo 56

1956 Volvo BF37507 Medema SB 52 85

1956 Volvo BF37507 Medema SB 52 85

1956 Volvo Tensen nr.40

1956 Volvo Tensen nr.40

1956 Volvo ZABO Brabena 658

1956 Volvo ZABO Brabena 658

1956 Volvo ZABO Brabena 658a

1956 Volvo ZABO Brabena 658

1957 VOLVO 1957

1957 VOLVO

1957 Volvo B655 fra DSB nr 670

1957 Volvo B655 fra DSB nr 670

1957 Volvo Bus 28 Tensen

1957 Volvo Bus 28 Tensen

1957 Volvo König met 46 zitplaatsen

1957 Volvo König met 46 zitplaatsen

1958 Bus nr.1 Volvo tensen

1958 Bus nr.1 Volvo tensen

1958 TB-18-67 Volvo

1958 TB-18-67 Volvo

1958 VOLVO 1958

1958 VOLVO

1958 VOLVO B615 Brochure Image

1958 VOLVO B615 Brochure Image

1958 Volvo B615 Bus Brochure Image

1958 Volvo B615 Bus Brochure Image

1958 Volvo B615 Bus

1958 Volvo B615 Bus

1958 Volvo B615

1958 Volvo B615 © Stig Baumeyer

1958 Volvo B635 - Larvik

1958 Volvo B635 – Larvik

1958 Volvo-Verheul, 43 zitplaatsen, in dienst tot 1972 Schutte37

1958 Volvo-Verheul, 43 zitplaatsen, in dienst tot 1972 Schutte37

1959 Volvo B 615 Wiima M59

1959 Volvo B 615 Wiima M59

1959 Volvo B615

1959 Volvo B615

1959 Volvo B615a

1959 Volvo B615 © Staffan Sävenfjord

1959 Volvo B615-Smit Joure tourwagen met 49 zitp Schutte

1959 Volvo B615-Smit Joure tourwagen met 49 zitp Schutte

1959 Volvo B635 - Larvik

1959 Volvo B635 – Larvik

1959 Volvo B70501 Bus

1959 Volvo B70501

1959 Volvo Medema Appingedam Lijnbus bus 32

1959 Volvo Medema Appingedam W C Tensen Soest Lijnbus bus 32 NL

1959 Volvo Olav A Hokstad-Tylldal Tynset N

1959 Volvo Olav A Hokstad-Tylldal Tynset N

1959 Volvo, type B655 Verheul

1959 Volvo, type B655 Verheul

1959 Volvo-touringcar (type B655 carrosserie Verheul) en een DAF-bus van Zuid-Ooster

1959 Volvo-touringcar (type B655 carrosserie Verheul) en een DAF-bus van Zuid-Ooster

1960 volvo 60

1960 volvo 60

1960 Volvo Den Oudsten Hoogeveen Tensen17

1960 Volvo Den Oudsten Hoogeveen W.C. Tensen Soest 17 NL

1960 Volvo- ZABO City Coach - BBA 549

1960 Volvo- ZABO City Coach – BBA 549

1960 Volvo, type B655 Domburg

1960 Volvo, type B655 Domburg

1960 Volvo-Verheul bus BBA

1960 Volvo-Verheul bus BBA

1961 72eaae31747b8f61bf801f0c83478e8e

1961 Volvo’s

My beautiful picture

1961 Bus 46 Volvo Tensen Grave-garage-sva

1961 Volvo Autobus Tensen 46 erfg compr

1961 Volvo Autobus Tensen 46 erfg compr

1961 VOLVO B615 chassis. Body by LIER KAROSSERI, DRAMMEN Strada 1961 Volvo B615 Strada Noorwegen 1961 Volvo B615

1961 Volvo B615 Strada ® Stig Baumeyer

1961 Volvo B615-Smit Joure met 47 zitplaatsen Schutte31

1961 Volvo B615-Smit Joure met 47 zitplaatsen Schutte31

1961 VOLVO B61515 VOLVO carr ECF nr 18

1961 VOLVO B61515 VOLVO carr ECF nr 18

1961 Volvo BBA ZABO City Coach

1961 Volvo-DAF BBA ZABO City Coach

1961 Volvo Den Oudsten lijnbus 44 instap voor de vooras Diesel

1961 Volvo Den Oudsten lijnbus 44 instap voor de vooras Diesel

1961 Volvo Tensen 47

1961 Volvo Tensen 47

1961 Volvo van gog44

1961 Volvo van gog44

1961 Volvo ZABO City Coach stadsbus nr.8

1961 Volvo ZABO City Coach stadsbus nr.8

1961 Volvo, B615 Verheul

1961 Volvo, B615 Verheul

1961 Volvo, City Coach ZABO

1961 Volvo, City Coach ZABO

1961 ZABO Bus nr.46 Volvo Tensen Soest Museumbus

1961 ZABO Bus nr.46 Volvo Tensen Soest Museumbus

1962 CAP Streekvervoer Dienstregeling

1962 CAP Streekvervoer Dienstregeling

1962 Domburg Volvo

1962 Domburg Volvo

1962 Volvo B57-ZABO nr.2 Schutte 53

1962 Volvo B57-ZABO nr.2 Schutte 53

1962 Volvo B615

® Stig Baumeyer

1962 Volvo B615a

® Stig Baumeyer

1962 Volvo B615b

® Stig Baumeyer

1962 Volvo B615c

1962 Volvo B615 ® Stig Baumeyer

1962 Volvo B635

1962 Volvo B635 ® Stig Baumeyer

1962 Volvo B655 con motor central, carrozado por Cametal

1962 Volvo B655 con motor central, carrozado por Cametal

1962 Volvo B-61503

1962 Volvo B-61503

1962 Volvos 59-49 kleur Van Gog-bus oorspronkelijke kleuren. Links de 59 en rechts de 49 Rotterdam CS

1962 Volvos 59-49 kleur Van Gog-bus oorspronkelijke kleuren. Links de 59 en rechts de 49 Rotterdam CS

1963 Volvo B615 Wiima M 59 vm

1963 Volvo B615 Wiima M 59 vm

1963 Volvo B615

® Stig Baumeyer

1963 Volvo B615a

® Stig Baumeyer

1963 Volvo B615b

1963 Volvo B615 ® Stig Baumeyer

1963 Volvo B655 Bus

1963 Volvo B655 Bus

1963 Volvo DIC

1963 Volvo DIC

1963 Volvo XB-02-27

1963 Volvo XB-02-271964 Volvo B615

1964 Volvo B615

1964 Volvo B635

1964 Volvo B635 ® Stig Baumeyer

1965 Domburg Volvo

1965 Domburg Volvo

1965 Volvo B615 - T. Knudsen

1965 Volvo B615 – T. Knudsen

1965 Volvo B635

® Stig Baumeyer

1966 Volvo B635 Wiima M63 vm.

1965 Volvo B635

Bus 1950s: B627 1950s-1960s: B615/B616/B617 1950s-1960s: B635/B638 1950s-1960s: B705 1950s-1960s: B725/B727 1951-1963: B655 (mid-engine)/B656/B657/B658 1960s: B715 1963-1965: B755 1960s-1980s: B57 & BB57

1966 Volvo B755-Domburg met 49 zitp Schutte35

1966 Volvo B755-Domburg met 49 zitp Schutte35 NL

1966 Volvo, B755 Verheul

1966 Volvo, B755 Verheul

1966 Volvo-Verheul-streekbus

1966 Volvo-Verheul-streekbus

1967 Volvo 74 kleur

1967 Volvo 74 kleur

1967 Volvo B755-Domburg met 50 zitp Schutte34

1967 Volvo B755-Domburg met 50 zitp Schutte34

1967 Volvo bus Stockholm

1967 Volvo bus Stockholm

1967 Volvo -Nordisk Bus

1967 Volvo -Nordisk Bus © John Veerkamp

1968 Volvo B57 60 Jonckheere 1968

1968 Volvo B57 60 Jonckheere

1968 Volvo B57 med Arna-karosser

1968 Volvo B57 med Arna-karosser

1968 Volvo B58 Bus

1968 Volvo B58 Bus 1965-1982: B58

1968 Volvo van gog70

1968-volvo-van-gog70

1969 VOLVO a

1969-volvo

1969 Volvo Aurland Kommunale Rutebilar N

1969-volvo-aurland-kommunale-rutebilar-n

1969 Volvo B57 - Larvik

1969-volvo-b57-larvik

1969 VOLVO-01357

1969-volvo-01357

1970 Bus 40 Volvo carr. Hainje Tensen

1970-bus-40-volvo-carr-hainje-tensen

1971 Volvo Jonckheere 60 23 GB

1971-volvo-jonckheere-60-23-gb

1972 Volvo B57-ZABO met 32 zitplaatsen Schutte 36

1972-volvo-b57-zabo-met-32-zitplaatsen-schutte-36

1972 VOLVO B58 Service Tips

1972 VOLVO B58 Service Tips

1972 Volvo Tensen 33

1972 Volvo Tensen 33

1973 Volvo B58-50-Hainje nr.28 met ondervloermotor met 32 zitplaatsen Schutte39

1973 Volvo B58-50-Hainje nr.28 met ondervloermotor met 32 zitplaatsen Schutte39

003 HTM bus 901 of the Volvo B59-55  Hainje to The Hague.

1972 HTM bus 901 of the Volvo B59-55 Hainje to The Hague. 1970-1980: B59

1973 Volvo Coach Bolivia

1973 Volvo Coach Bolivia

1973 Volvo Solenza Jonckheere 11900cc 280ps

1973 Volvo Solenza Jonckheere 11900cc 280ps

1973 Volvo, B58-50 ZABO

1973 Volvo, B58-50 ZABO

002 Volvo B58-60 with Lahti 31 bodywork in Saint Petersburg, originating from Saimaan Osuus-Auto in Lappeenranta, Finland

Volvo B58-60 with Lahti 31 bodywork in Saint Petersburg, originating from Saimaan Osuus-Auto in Lappeenranta, Finland

1973 Volvo-Hainje Wim Vink

1973 Volvo-Hainje © Wim Vink

1974 VOLVO B58 (RSP80106)

1974 VOLVO B58 (RSP80106)

1974 Volvo B58-60-Domburg tourwagen nr33 met 50 zitplaatsen, in dienst in Schutte 44

1974 Volvo B58-60-Domburg tourwagen nr33 met 50 zitplaatsen, in dienst in Schutte 44

1975 Volvo Coach Engine 8600cc

1975 Volvo Coach Engine 8600cc1976 Volvo B58-Volgren VG001 Bus Dandenong Victoria Australia

1976 Volvo B58-Volgren VG001 Bus Dandenong Victoria Australia

My beautiful picture

1977 Bus nr.18 + 20 Volvo’s Tensen Soest spakenburg-garage

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

1977 Volvo B57 litouwen

1977 Volvo B58-60-Jonckheere semi-tourwagen met 54 zitplaatsen Schutte48

1977 Volvo B58-60-Jonckheere semi-tourwagen met 54 zitplaatsen Schutte48

1977 Volvo B609 - VBK

1977 Volvo B609 – VBK

1977 VOLVO JONCKHEERE  B59-55S

1977 VOLVO JONCKHEERE B59-55S

1977 Volvo B58-ZABO Tensen18

1977 Volvo B58-ZABO Tensen18

1979 VOLVO B609 (RSP 80279)

1979 VOLVO B609 (RSP 80279)

1979 Volvo Delta ARTICULADO

1979 Volvo Delta ARTICULADO

1980 Jonckheere TransCity Volvo Litouwen

1980 Jonckheere TransCity Volvo Litouwen

1980 Volvo B58 van VSL met carrosserie van Hainje

1980-volvo-b58-van-vsl-met-carrosserie-van-hainje

1980 VAN HOOL 310 on VOLVO B10M

1980 VAN HOOL 310 on VOLVO B10M

004 1982 Volvo Ailsa B55 West Midlands PTE bus 4775(JOV 775P) 1976 Volvo Ailsa B55 Alexander AV, Birmingham

1982 Volvo Ailsa B55 West Midlands PTE bus 4775(JOV 775P) 1976 Volvo Ailsa B55 Alexander AV, Birmingham 1973-1985: Ailsa B55

1980 VAN HOOL TRAFIK 210 (11'80) VOLVO

1980 VAN HOOL TRAFIK 210 (11’80) VOLVO

1981 Volvo -DAB Bus

1981 Volvo -DAB Bus © John Veerkamp17 FC9565@88R

1982 VOLVO B10M Van Hool

1978-2001: B9M/B10M/B10MA/B10MD (the double deck city bus version B10MD, built from 1982 to 1993, was also known as Citybus) 1978-1991: B10R

1982 Van Hool Volvo Litouwen

1982 Van Hool Volvo B10M Litouwen

1982 Volvo -Aabenraa Bus Denemarken

1982 Volvo -Aabenraa Bus Denemarken © John Veerkamp

1982 Volvo ZOAD

1982 Volvo ZOAD

Avon Buses Volvo B6 10

Avon Buses Volvo B6 10 1978-1987?: B6F/B6FA

Volvo B10B1990-2002: B10B

2000 Volvo B6LE1991-1998: B6/B6LE

008 Wardle Transport Northern Counties Palatine bodied Volvo Olympian in October 20121992-2000: Olympian (modified from Leyland Olympian)

Volvo B10BLE 6x21992-2004: B10BLE

Volvo B10LA1993-2000s: B10L/B10LA

Volvo B7L bus East Lancs Nordic on Volvo B7L for Copenhagen

1997-2006?: B7L/B7LA

1999 Volvo B6BLE Wrightbus1998-2002: B6BLE

Volvo B10TL 21998-2004: Super Olympian (also known as B10TL)

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA Volvo B7TL1999-2006: B7TL

Volvo B12R1991-2011: B12/B12R

Volvo B12B Titanium VOLVO B12B, ECHO 1°SERIE BARBI Volvo B12B1997-2011: B12B

Volvo B12MA1999-2011: B12M/B12MA (bi-articulated version was introduced in 2002)

SONY DSC Volvo B12BLEA2001-2011: B12BLE/B12BLEA (articulated version was introduced in 2005)

Volvo B9 SALF2002-2011: B9S Articulated/B9 SALF Articulated (bi-articulated version was introduced in 2006)

VOLVO B9LA city bus 2005-2013: B9L/B9LA

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA2010?-2013: B9RLE

Current

2014 Volvo B7R Irizar1997-: B7R

Volvo B7RLE2001-: B7RLE

2014 Volvo B9TL2002-: B9TL (once known as Olympian in Volvo official website)

Volvo B9R Coach  9400 6x2-customer Volvo B9R Plaxton Elite2003-: B9R

Volvo B5LH hybrid a Volvo B5LH hybrid2008-: B5LH (hybrid electric bus)

Volvo B13R - Jonckheere2010-: B13R

Volvo B270F Volvo B270Fa2011-: B270F

volvo B11R Jonck HR 122011-: B11R

Volvo B5TL Wright Gemini 32012-: B5TL

VOLVO B5RH

VOLVO B5RH

VOLVO B215RH2010-: B5RH/B215RH (hybrid electric bus)

Volvo B215LH2012-: B215LH (Low Floor and Hybrid biodiesel-electric) – in Brazil

Volvo B8R Euro-62013-: B8R

Volvo B8RLE2013-: B8RLE

Complete buses

02 Praha, Holešovice, Výstaviště, Czech hybridní autobus VolvoHybrid Volvo 7700H bus at the Czech Bus Fair 2011

1984 Volvo C10M Volvo C10M 01

C10M (built in 1980s)

5000/7500 low-floor citybus (B10L/B7L/B9S Articulated chassis)

  • 7000/7700 low-floor citybus (B10L/B7L/B9L chassis)
  • 7250/7350 coach (Volvo/Drögmöller B10-400/B7R chassis) – for Mexico
  • 7400 – for India
  • 7400XL – for India
  • 7450/7550 coach
  • 7700A articulated low-floor citybus (B7LA/B9LA chassis)
  • 7700 Hybrid low-floor citybus (B5LH chassis)
  • 7800 articulated BRT bus (B9S Articulated chassis) – for China
  • 7900 low-floor citybus
  • 7900 Hybrid low-floor citybus (B5LH chassis)
  • 7900A Hybrid articulated low-floor citybus (B5LHA chassis)
  • 8300 intercity (B9R chassis) – for Mexico
  • 8400 citybus (B7RLE chassis) – for India
  • 8500 TX intercity (B7R/B12M chassis)
  • 8500A articulated intercity (B12MA chassis)
  • 8500LE citybus (B10BLE/B7RLE/B12BLE/B9S Articulated chassis)
  • 8700 TX intercity (B7R/B12B/B12M chassis)
  • 8700LE citybus (B7RLE/B12BLE chassis)
  • 8700LEA articulated citybus (B12BLEA chassis)
  • 8900 intercity (B7R/B9R/B8R chassis)
  • 8900LE citybus (B7RLE/B9RLE/B8RLE chassis)
  • 9100 coach – for Asia
  • 9300 coach (B9R chassis) – for Mexico
  • 9400 intercity (B7R/B9R chassis) – for India
  • 9400XL(6X2) intercity (B9R chassis) – for India
  • 9400PX coach (B11R chassis) – for India
  • 9500 coach (B9R/B8R chassis)
  • 9600 coach (B9R chassis) – for China
  • 9700 TX intercity/coach (B12B/B12M/B7R/B9R/B13R/B11R/B8R chassis)
  • 9800 coach (B12M chassis) – for China
  • 9900 coach (B12B/B13R/B11R chassis)

Acquired companies

Bus makers owned/acquired by Volvo:

Gallery

1928 VOLVO 1928 1928 Volvo LV45 autobus a 1928 Volvo LV45 autobus 1928-sketch 1929 Volvo LV4 -Arvika 1929 1929 Volvo LV4 -Arvika 1931 VOLVO 1931 1932 VOLVO 1932 1932 VOLVO BUS NON IDENTIFIE 1934 VOLVO 1934 1934 Volvo-bus-on-B1-chassis-500 1935 Volvo van de Veluwe-Expres van de gebroeders Robart 1935 Volvo(GB) + Verheulbus van de Veluwe-Expres van de gebroeders Robart 1936 VOLVO 1936 1936 Volvo B10 1936 Volvo Verheul 29zitp  Citosa 14 NS 759 1937 Volvo 1937 1937 VOLVO 1937a 1937 Volvo Heiwo (Heida) B-23674 1938 Volvo B10 Bus 1938 Volvo LV 84 Bus 1939 Volvo, bus nummer 5 1939 Volvo's. Wagen 20 (serie 19-20) te Renswoude 1940 VOLVO 1940 1940 Volvo B12 Bus 1944 Volvo Verheul Zeist 1945 Vitabussar White Volvo aid 1945 VOLVO 1945 1945 Volvo LV81DS chassis TRM8 movile staff 1946 Volvo 14 114B Gebr v GoG 1946 Volvo B-30461 1946 Volvo brochure for B512 and B513 buses 1946 VOLVO BUS NON IDENTIFIE 325