PANHARD Trucks ALM ACMAT Levassor

Panhard_General_Defense_Logo.svg

PANHARD 

LOGO

LEVASSOR

TRUCKS

1897 Panhard-Levassor world's first military car

1897 Panhard-Levassor world’s first military car

1904 Panhard Levassor truck

1904 Panhard Levassor truck

1911 Panhard-Chatillon К-11, 4x4

1911 Panhard-Chatillon К-11, 4×4

1915 Panhard Chatillon

1913 Panhard-Chatillon К-13, 4x4

1913 Panhard-Chatillon К-13, 4×4

1914 PANHARD

1914 PANHARD

1914 Panhard truck Nogent 1914 News Photo 159147223

1914 Panhard truck Nogent 1914 News Photo 159147223

1914 Tracteur Chatillon-Panhard

1914 Tracteur Chatillon-Panhard

1914-15 Panhard et Levassor 1

1914-15 Panhard et Levassor

1919 Panhard

1919 Panhard

1919 PANHARD04TruckAdv 1919

1919 PANHARD 04 Truck Adv

Panhard ad

panhard-et-levassor-(france)-0085-1917

1919 PANHARD04TruckAdv 1919-05-29MotorAge

1919 PANHARD 04 Truck Adv

1929-Panhard-truck

1929-Panhard-Levassor truck

panhard et levassor 1

panhard et levassor

panhard_home

1933 Panhard Truck

1933 Panhard Truck

1939 Panhard-Levassor К-113

1939 Panhard-Levassor К-113

1939 Panhard-Levassor К-125

1939 Panhard-Levassor К-125

1940 Panhard. The Michelines Where the Rubber Met the Road

1940 Panhard. The Michelines Where the Rubber Met the Road

1941 Panhard K125

1941 Panhard K125

Panhard 2

Panhard

panhard 1

Panhard

Panhard boordevol overheerlijke Suze

Panhard boordevol overheerlijke Suze

p-logo

1942 Panhard & Levassor truck

1942 Panhard & Levassor truck

81a1c-bussenalmacmatfrance

1943 panhard amd178a

1943 German panhard amd 178a

1945 PANHARD K155, moteur 4 cyl essence

1945 PANHARD K155, moteur 4 cyl essence

1946 Panhard 4HL diesel vrachtwagen NL

1946 Panhard 4HL diesel vrachtwagen NL

1946 Panhard truck

1946 Panhard truck ad

1947 Panhard 5t Movic in Poland

1947 Panhard 5t Movic in Poland

1947 Panhard K922

1947 Panhard K922

1947 PANHARD Pub Camions

1947 PANHARD Pub Camions

1948 Panhard ALM VS 237 vu chez ACMAT à St Nazaire

1948 Panhard ALM VS 237 vu chez ACMAT à St Nazaire

1949 DINKY TOYS, CAMION KODAK-TRACTEUR PANHARD

1949 DINKY TOYS, CAMION KODAK-TRACTEUR PANHARD

1949 Panhard K2241

1949 Panhard K2241

1950 Panhard diesel 10

1950 Panhard diesel 10

1950 PANHARD IE 61 ou IE 63 ou IE 65

1950 PANHARD IE 61 ou IE 63 ou IE 65

1950 Panhard K224

1950 Panhard K224

1951 panhard levassor

1951 panhard levassor

1952 Camion Panhard porte Jeep sur base Dinky Toys

1952 Camion Panhard porte Jeep sur base Dinky Toys

1952 Panhard car transporter

1952 Panhard car transporter

Tracteur Panhard SNCF Dinky Toys

Tracteur Panhard SNCF Dinky Toys

1952 Panhard IE 43 T

1952 Panhard IE 43 T

1952 Panhard K164 Movic

1952 Panhard K164 Movic

1952-59 Somua Panhard Paris Bus,  ISOBLOCK Dinky Toys 1952-1959 Somua Panhard Paris Bus

1952-59 Somua Panhard Paris Bus, ISOBLOCK Dinky Toys

1953 Panhard ALM type VS215 bien fatigué mais a l'abri

1953 Panhard ALM type VS215 bien fatigué mais a l’abri

1953 PANHARD K 224

1953 PANHARD K 224

1953 Panhard pinardier

1953 Panhard pinardier

1953 Panhard3

1953 Panhard 3

1954 Camion citerne dinky toys france 32 C panhard

1954 Camion citerne dinky toys france 32 C panhard

panhard-levassor

1954 PANHARD IE 63, K332 dernier modèle

1954 PANHARD IE 63, K332 dernier modèle

1954 Panhard Tankwagen Esso

1954 Panhard Tankwagen Esso

1959 Panhard ESSO Tanker 2

Panhard ESSO Tanker

1955 Panhard Movic in Escale à Orly, 1955

1955 Panhard Movic in Escale à Orly

1955 PANHARD movic

1955 PANHARD movic

1955 Panhard France Pathe Marconi

1955 Panhard France Pathe Marconi

1958 Panhard Movic M IE 65 HL OP

1958 Panhard Movic M IE 65 HL OP

1960 Panhard Van1

1959 Panhard Van

1960 AML 245 by Panhard

1960 AML 245 by Panhard

logo

ALM-ACMAT-VLRA-TPK-425-SAM_OLIVIER-CARNEAU--1-

alm-acmat-vlra-tpk-425 Ambulances

2008 Panhard TC45 blinde (4x4) Eurosatory 2009 Panhard VBL MK 2 Kuwait Unclassiefied stefan marx Amberland 2010 Panhard has delivered 80 TC54 trucks and six PVP wheeled armoured vehicles to Togo's Armed Forces . 2012 RTD, Panhard & ACMAT, Eurosatory 2013 Panhard Worldwide Exhibition Internal State of Security Paris France 001 Panhard armoured trucks Panhard renforce Renault Trucks Défense Panhard TC54 OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA panhard_home Panhard-nouveau p-logo

1935 Panhard K91 1935 Panhard k91c-big 1936 Lkw von Panhard & Levassor 1936 Panhard K 91 auf Bahn verladen 1937-40 Panhard K 101a 1937-40 Panhard K 101b 1937-40 Panhard K 125 1939 Panhard K125 1939 Panhard-Levassor К-113 1939 Panhard-Levassor К-125 1940 amdl-panhard 1 1941 Panhard K125 1942-43 Panhard K 155 Ostfront Okt 42 1943 Panhard Lkw Typ 1946 Panhard K162 1946 panhard-26faaac 1949 Panhard K 173 1950- Panhard Camion 7 T 1949-1950 - DSCN5655 1950 Panhard diesel 10 1950 Panhard K224 1952 Panhard K164 Movic 1952 panhard-incendie-big 1953 PANHARD K 224 1953 VEHICULE DE LIVRAISON PANHARD 1954 PANHARD IE 63, K332 dernier modèle 1954 PANHARD IE45 1958 AL SP 43 - CCF Acmat à NEVERS (58) 1958 Panhard Movic M IE 65 HL OP 1960 AML 245 by Panhard Acmat tdk_dakar_14198 Alm Acmat Avril-2012-0206--1--reduite Alm Acmat Himilayanschoolbus_700 ALM-ACMAT - TDK Dakar ALM-ACMAT TPK4-35C divers-panhard-k164-big Le CCF ACMAT 4X4 logo-acmat1 Panhard 4 PANHARD 4HL Panhard 4x4 Panhard Dansk Panhard de Gruijter Panhard Houtstook Panhard K 101 truck Panhard K 173 Panhard K101 (1) Panhard K101 Panhard K113 Panhard K125 MoebelEiweiler 1d Panhard K125 Unusual.. Panhard K125 Panhard K128 Panhard K155 Panhard K-161 IE21 Panhard K224 p (31K) Panhard M3 Panhard Movic Citerne BP Panhard Movic NL Panhard Movic Vine Panhard Movic Im Osten, Schienen-Spähpanzer Panhard P178 Panhard s9 Panhard s43 Panhard SNCF Panhard super Panhard Tanker OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA PANHARD, FAR et SNCF. panhard_home panhard-movic-05 p-logo

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https://myntransportblog.com/2015/02/06/panhard-levassor-paris-france-1891/

https://myntransportblog.com/2014/04/10/buses-bodybuilder-isobloc-lyon-france/

https://myntransportblog.com/2013/10/22/buses-autocar-isobloc-france/

https://myntransportblog.com/2014/07/22/panhard-levassor-since-1981-paris-france/

https://myntransportblog.com/2013/10/26/buses-alm-acmat-france/

PANHARD (LEVASSOR) Paris France 1891

Panhard_General_Defense_Logo.svg

Panhard

LOGO

Industry
Manufacturing
Founded
1891
Founder
René Panhard, Émile Levassor
Headquarters
Paris, France
Products
Cars
Parent
Renault Trucks Defense

1890-95 Panhard et Levassor. This model was the first automobile in Portugal
Panhard et Levassor (1890-1895). This model was the first automobile in Portugal

1894 Panhard et Levassor'sPanhard et Levassor’s
Daimler Motor Carriage, 1894

1933 Panhard et Levassor X741933 Panhard et Levassor X74

1937 Panhard et Levassor Dynamic1937 Panhard et Levassor Dynamic

1955 DB Panhard HBR1955 DB Panhard HBR

1960 Panhard DB Le Mans1960 Panhard DB Le Mans

1963-1967 Panhard 241963-1967 Panhard 24
Panhard is a French manufacturer of light tactical and military vehicles. Its current incarnation was formed by the acquisition of Panhard by Auverland in 2005. Panhard had been under Citroën ownership, then PSA (after the 1974 Peugeot Citroën merger), for 40 years. The combined company now uses the Panhard name; this was decided based on studies indicating that the Panhard name had better brand recognition worldwide than the Auverland name. Panhard once built civilian cars but ceased production of those in 1968. Many of its military products however end up on the civilian market via third sources and as military/government surplus vehicles. Panhard also built railbuses between the wars.

History

LOGO

Panhard was originally called Panhard et Levassor, and was established as a car manufacturing concern by René Panhard and Émile Levassor in 1887.

Early Years

Panhard et Levassor sold their first automobile in 1890. based on a Daimler engine license. Levassor obtained his licence from Paris lawyer Edouard Sarazin, a friend and representative of Gottlieb Daimler’s interests in France. Following Sarazin’s 1887 death, Daimler commissioned Sarazin’s widow Louise to carry on her late husband’s agency. The Panhard et Levassor license was finalised by Louise, who married Levassor in 1890. Daimler and Levassor became fast friends, and shared improvements with one another.
These first vehicles set many modern standards, but each was a one-off design. They used a clutch pedal to operate a chain-driven gearbox. The vehicle also featured a front-mounted radiator. An 1895 Panhard et Levassor is credited with the first modern transmission. For the 1894 Paris–Rouen Rally, Alfred Vacheron equipped his 4 horsepower (3.0 kW; 4.1 PS) with a steering wheel, believed to be one of the earliest employments of the principle.

In 1891, the company built its first all-Levassor design, a “state of the art” model: the Systeme Panhard consisted of four wheels, a front-mounted engine with rear wheel drive, and a crude sliding-gear transmission, sold at 3500 francs. (It would remain the standard until Cadillac introduced synchromesh in 1928.) This was to become the standard layout for automobiles for most of the next century. The same year, Panhard et Levassor shared their Daimler engine license with bicycle maker Armand Peugeot, who formed his own car company.

In 1895, 1,205 cc (74 cu in) Panhard et Levassors finished first and second in the Paris–Bordeaux–Paris race, one piloted solo by Levassor, for 48¾hr. Arthur Krebs succeeded Levassor as General Manager in 1897, and held the job until 1916. He turned the Panhard et Levassor Company into one of the largest and most profitable manufacturer of automobiles before World War I.

Panhards won numerous races from 1895 to 1903. Panhard et Levassor developed the Panhard rod, which became used in many other types of automobiles as well.
From 1910 Panhard worked to develop engines without conventional valves, using under license the sleeve valve technology that had been patented by the American Charles Yale Knight. Between 1910 and 1924 the Panhard & Levassor catalogue listed plenty of models with conventional valve engines, but these were offered alongside cars powered by sleeve valve power units. Following various detailed improvements to the sleeve valve technology by Panhard’s own engineering department, from 1924 till 1940 all Panhard cars used sleeve valve engines.

The First World War

Under the presidency of Raymond Poincaré, which ran from 1913 till 1920, Panhard & Levassor’s 18CV and 20CV models were the official presidential cars.
During the war Panhard, like other leading automobile producers, concentrated on war production, including large numbers of military trucks, V12-cylinder aero-engines, gun components, and large 75 and 105 diameter shells.
The military were also keen on the sleeve valve engined Panhard 20HP. General Joffre himself (not, till December 1916, promoted Marshal of France) used two 35HP Panhard Type X35s with massive 4-cylinder 7,360cc engines for his personal transport, and these were frequently to be seen by Parisians carrying military leaders between the front-line and the Élysée Palace.

Between two world wars

Following the outbreak of peace in 1918, Panhard resumed passenger car production in March 1919 with the 10HP Panhard Type X19 which used a 4-cylinder 2,140cc engine. This was followed three months later by three more 4-cylinder models which will have been familiar to any customers whose memories pre-dated the war, but they now incorporated ungraded electrics and a number of other modifications. For the 15th Paris Motor Show, in October 1919, Panhard were displaying four models, all with four cylinder engines, as follows:

Panhard Type X19 2,150 cc / 10 HP
Panhard Type X31 2,275 cc / 12 HP
(This replaced the 12 HP Panhard Type 25 for 1920.)
Panhard Type X28 3,175 cc / 16 HP
Panhard Type X29 4,850 cc / 20 HP

By 1925, all Panhard’s cars were powered by Knight sleeve valve engines that used steel sleeves. The steel sleeves were thinner and lighter than the cast iron ones that had been fitted in Panhard sleeve valve engines since 1910, and this already gave rise to an improved friction coefficient permitting engines to run at higher speeds. To reduce further the risk of engines jamming, the outer sleeves, which are less thermally stressed than the inner sleeves, were coated on their inner sides with an anti-friction material, employing a patented technique with which Panhard engineers had been working since 1923. This was one of several improvements applied by Panhard engineers to the basic Knight sleeve-valve engine concept.
In 1925 a 4.8 litre (292ci) model set the world record for the fastest hour run, an average of 185.51 km/h (115.26 mph).
A surprise appeared on the Panhard stand at the 20th Paris Motor Show in October 1926, in the shape of the manufacturer’s first six cylinder model since before the war. The new Panhard 16CV “Six” came with a 3445cc engine and sat on a 3540 mm wheelbase. At the show it was priced, in bare chassis form, at 58,000 francs. Of the nine models displayed for the 1927 model year, seven featured four cylinder engines, ranging in capacity from 1480cc (10CV) to 4845cc (20CV), and in price from 31,000 francs to 75,000 francs (all in bare chassis form). Also on show was an example of the 8-cylinder 6350cc (35CV) “Huit” model which Panhard had offered since 1921 and which at the 1926 show was priced by the manufacturer in bare chassis form at 99,000 francs.
When Panhard presented their 1931 line-up at the Paris Motor Show in October 1930, their last two four cylinder models had been withdrawn, along with the 10CV 6-cylider Type X59. Instead they concentrated on their “S-series” cars, designated “Panhard CS” and “Panhard DS” according to engine size, and introduced a year earlier.[10] Publicity of the time indicated the “S” stood for “Voitures surbaissées” (having an “underslung” chassis,) but, clearly captivated by the power of alliteration, added that “S” also indicated cars that were “…souples, superiéres, stables, spacieuses, silencieuses, sans soupapes (ie using valveless cylinders)…”. Four of the five Panhards exhibited featured increasingly lavish and pricey 6-cylinder engined cars, their engine sizes ranging from 2.35-litres to 3.5-litres. There was also an 8-cylinder 5.1-litre Panhard Type X67 on display, with a generous 3,590 mm (141.3 in) wheelbase and listed, even in bare chassis form, at 85,000 francs.
Panhard et Levassor’s last pre-war car was the unusually styled monocoque Dynamic series, first introduced in 1936.
Panhard et Levassor also produced railbuses, including some for the metre gauge Chemin de Fer du Finistère.
Post-war era
After World War II the company was renamed Panhard (without “Levassor”), and produced light cars such as the Dyna X, Dyna Z, PL 17, 24 CT and 24 BT. The company had long noted the weight advantages of aluminum, and this as well as postwar government steel rationing (designed to limit new car models to ensure an orderly return to production at the major firms), encouraged the firm to proceed with the expensive alternative of making the bodies and several other components out of aluminum; thus the Dyna X and early Dyna Z series 1 had aluminum bodies. Unfortunately, cost calculations by Jean Panhard himself, inheriting son and managing director of the firm, failed to account fully for all of the extra cost of aluminum vs steel, as his calculation were made for the sheet metal panel area actually utilized per body shell, and erroneously did not account for the cut offs and scrap of each of the stampings making up the shell. Once in production, a re-examination cost analysis showed a cost of 55,700fr for aluminum shells and only 15,600fr for steel. The use of aluminum had pushed the firm perilously close to bankruptcy, and a rush engineering job saw the firm return to steel. Thus, the later Dyna Z (from mid September 1955) and the successor PL 17 bodies were steel, and the major stampings retained the heavier gauge intended for durability with aluminum, so as to avoid complete replacement of the stamping dies.
The air-cooled flat-twin engine of the Dyna was also used by Georges Irat for his “Voiture du Bled” (VdB) off-road vehicle, built in Morocco in small numbers in the early 1950s.
The styling of the Dyna Z was distinctively smooth and rounded, with an emphasis on aerodynamics and an overall minimalist design. The 24 CT was a later (fr summer 1963-on) stylish 2+2 seater; the 24 BT being a version of the same with a longer wheelbase and space for four.
For a period after the war, the Panhard-based Monopole racing cars received unofficial support from Panhard (as did DB and other clients such as Robert Chancel), using it to good effect in winning the “Index of Performance” class at Le Mans in 1950, 1951, and 1952. In 1953, Panhard moved on to a more direct involvement with Chancel, which however came to an end after the deadly 1955 Le Mans. In the latter half of the fifties and the early sixties, the Deutsch Bonnet racers (“DB Panhard”) picked up this mantle and went on to dominate the “Index of Performance” as well as other small-engine racing classes.
The last Panhard passenger car was built in 1967. After assembling 2CV panel trucks for Citroen in order to utilize capacity in face of falling sales, and raising operating cash by selling ownership progressively to Citroën (full control as of 1965), in fall of 1967 the civilian branch was absorbed by Citroën, and the marque was retired. Since 1968 Panhard has only made armored vehicles.
In 2004, Panhard lost a competition to another manufacturer of military vehicles, Auverland, for the choice of the future PVP of the French Army. This allowed Auverland to purchase Panhard in 2005, then a subsidiary of PSA Peugeot Citroën. However, the fame of Panhard being greater, it was decided to retain the name; the PVP designed by Auverland would bear a Panhard badge.
Today the only use of the name Panhard is the “Panhard rod” (also called Panhard bar) This is a suspension link invented by Panhard that provides lateral location of the axle. This device has been widely used ever since on other automobiles or as after marked upgrade to rear axles for vintage American cars.
In October 2012, Renault Trucks Defense, division of Swedish Volvo Group since 2001, finalized the acquisition of Panhard for 62.5 million euros.
Car models
Panhard models
Type
Construction period
Panhard Dyna X
1945–1954
Panhard Junior
1951–1956
Panhard Dyna Z
1953–1959
Panhard PL 17
1959–1965
Panhard CD
1962–1965
Panhard 24
1963–1967
Models with Panhard technology
Type
Construction period
Dyna Veritas
1949–1954
Rosengart Scarlette
1952
DB HBR 5
1954–1961
DB Le Mans
1958–1964
Sera-Panhard
1959–1961
Current military models

A VBL of the French Army
A VBL of the French Army

AVL
PVP
PVPXL / AVXL: an enlarged AVL
TC 54
TC 10
TC 24
A3
Peugeot P4
ERC 90 Sagaie
VBR: enlarged VBL multipurpose armored vehicle
VAP: Véhicule d’Action dans la Profondeur (deep penetration vehicle), VBL based special operations vehicle
VPS: P4 based SAS Patrol vehicle

Vehicles in service
Panhard has supplied more than 18,000 military wheeled vehicles to over 50 countries with a range of combat vehicles weighing less than 10 tonnes, as follows:

5,400 armoured wheeled vehicles (AML, ERC 90 Sagaie, and LYNX VCR 6×6)
2,300 VBL in 16 countries which includes 1600 in service with the French Army
933 A4 AVL—PVP—selected by the French Army
9,500 vehicles under 7 tonnes; most being jeep-like vehicles produced under the Auverland name.

Gallery

1896 Panhard et Levassor 4 CV with Wagonette body

Panhard et Levassor 4 CV with Wagonette body (1896)

1898 Panhard et Levassor Landaulette type AL

Panhard et Levassor Landaulette type AL (1898)

1900 Panhard et Levassor automobile

Panhard et Levassor automobile circa 1900

1900 Panhard et Levassor water-cooled 2-cylinder automobile engine

Panhard et Levassor water-cooled 2-cylinder automobile engine, circa 1900

1901 Panhard et Levassor 2,4 litres Phaéton coachwork by Kellner

Panhard et Levassor 2,4 litres Phaéton coachwork by Kellner (1901)

1902 Panhard et Levassor 7 CV Voiturette

Panhard et Levassor 7 CV Voiturette (1902)

1903 Panhard et Levassor Char-à-banc

Panhard et Levassor Char-à-banc (1903)

1914 Panhard et Levassor 10 CV

Panhard et Levassor 10 CV (1914)

1924 Panhard et Levassor X46 2300cc Saloon by Salmons and Son, Tickford

Panhard et Levassor X46 2300cc (1924) Saloon by Salmons and Son, Tickford

1934 Panhard et Levassor Cabrio-Coupé Pourtout

Panhard et Levassor Cabrio-Coupé Pourtout

1934 Panhard et Levassor Eclipse Pourtout

Panhard et Levassor Eclipse (1934) Pourtout

1952 Panhard X 86 1952

Panhard Dyna X 86 Saloon (1952)

1952 Panhard Dyna 750 Coupé Allemano

Panhard Dyna 750 Coupé Allemano (1952)

1953 Panhard Dyna Z

Panhard Dyna Z (1953)

1966 Panhard 24 1ct

Panhard 24 CT, (1966)

Panhard 178

Panhard 178

Panhard EBR

Engin Blindé de Reconnaissance 75

Panhard French Army

Auto Mitrailleuse Légère HE-60-7

Panhard Peugeot

P4
See also

ACMAT
The 1916 St Chamond tank
Panhard 178
Panhard EBR
Panhard AML
Arthur Constantin Krebs, Panhard General Manager from 1897 to 1916

1892 Pahard Levassoir

1892-panhard-levassoir

1893+1943 Panhard

1893 R 1943 L-panhard

1894 Panhard-Levassor

1894-panhard-levassor

1898 Panhard-Levassor

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1899 Panhard & Levassor

1899-panhard-levassor

1899 Panhard-Levassor

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1900 Panhard et Levassor automobile

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1900 Panhard-Levassor

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1901 Panhard-Levassor

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1902 Panhard & Levassor 10HP a

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1903 Panhard Levassor S4M (Mod)Engine 13500cc

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1903 Panhard-Levassor

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1906 Panhard-Levassor

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1906 Panhard-Levassor 24CV (Panhard-Genty),

1906-panhard-levassor-24cv-panhard-genty

1906 Panhard-Levassor a

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1908 Panhard-Levassor

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1909 Panhard 18HP Limousine op straat

1909-panhard-18hp-limousine-op-straat

1910 Panhard-Levassor

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1912 panhard

1912-panhard and levassor ad

LOGO

1914 Panhard et Levassor 10 CV

1914-panhard-et-levassor-10-cv

1922 Panhard 10HP Torpédo uit

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1924 Panhard et Levassor X46 2300cc Saloon by Salmons and Son, Tickford

1924-panhard-et-levassor-x46-2300cc-saloon-by-salmons-and-son-tickford

1924 Panhard Levassor Engine 6300cc

1924-panhard-levassor-engine-6300cc

1926 Panhard Lame de Rasoir 1-5litre2

panhard-lame-de-rasoir-1-5 litre

1926 Panhard Lame de Rasoir 1-5litre1

1926-panhard-lame-de-rasoir-1-5litre

1925 Panhard 4

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1927 Panhard Levassor

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1929 Panhard 28CV Cab Spyder

1929-panhard-28cv-cab-spyder

1930-34 Panhard

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1931 Panhard 6CS de Graaff NL

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1931 Panhard-Levassor

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1932 Panhard et Levassor X72 6CS RL Conduite Interieure, 7 passengers

1932-panhard-et-levassor-x72-6cs-rl-conduite-interieure-7-passengers

1933 Panhard et Levassor X74

1933-panhard-et-levassor-x741

1934 Panhard et Levassor Cabrio-Coupé Pourtout

1934-panhard-et-levassor-cabrio-coupé-pourtout

1934 Panhard et Levassor Eclipse Pourtout

1934-panhard-et-levassor-eclipse-pourtout

1934 Panhard_X72_ar

1934-panhard x72 ar

1934 Panhard_x72_av

1934-panhard x72 av

1934 Panhard_x72_pdb

1934-panhard x72 pdb

1935 Panhard Sans Soupape 6 cyl

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1936 - panhard

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1936 Panhard Dynamic 140

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1936 Panhard Dynamic a

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1936 Panhard Dynamic advert

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1936 Panhard Dynamic b

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1936 Panhard Dynamic Four Door Saloon

1936-panhard-dynamic-four-door-saloon1936 Panhard Dynamic

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1937 Dynamic_ar

1937 panhard-dynamic ar

1937 Dynamic_av

1937 panhard-dynamic av

1937 Hab_Dyn

1937-panhard dynamic inside

1937 Panhard & Levassor X77 Dynamic

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1937 Panhard et Levassor Dynamic Coupé.

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1937 Panhard et Levassor Dynamic

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1938 Panhard Dynamic Panoramic

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1948 Panhard Dinavia

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1948 panhard dynavia  (2)

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1948 Panhard Dynavia

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1948 Panhard Dynavia 610cc 22pk 130km-p-u

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1948 panhard dynavia a

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1948 Panhard Levassor Dynavia

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1948 Panhard Levassor Dynavia a

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1949 panhard dyna a

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1949 Panhard dyna bw

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1949 Panhard Dyna X84 Canadienne Dynavia

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1949 Panhard X86 décapotable-1

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1950 Panhard Dyna Sedan

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1950 panhard dyna X

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1950 Panhard Dyna X86 Roadster

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1951 Panhard Dyna X86 Cabriolet (750cc)

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1951-61 Panhard Dyna DD-58-23

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1952 Panhard Dyna 750 Coupé Allemano

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1952 Panhard Dyna X 86 Saloon

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1952 Panhard Dyna X86

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1952 Panhard Junior rood a

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1952 panhard junior

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1952 Panhard Veritas Dyna Sport

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1953 Panhard Colli Sportscar Allemano Berlinetta

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1953 Panhard Dyna Z

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1953 Panhard Dyna Z1

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1953 Panhard Junior

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1954 Panhard Devin

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1954 panhard dyna

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1954 panhard dyna a

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1954 Panhard dyna commerciale

1954-panhard-dyna-commerciale.1954 Panhard Dyna Z1

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1955 Panhard HBR

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1955 Panhard Rafale Carrosserie Futuriste POTIER

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1955 Panhard SERA Coupe Rafale

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1956 Panhard Dyna Junior

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1956 Panhard Dyna RP-34-64

1956-panhard-dyna-rp-34-64 NL

1956 Panhard Dyna Z12(NL)

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1956 Panhard Dyna Z12

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1956 panhard-dyna-fv

1956-panhard-dyna-fv ad

1957 Panhard Dyna Z Sedan

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1957 Panhard PL17

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1957 Panhard Z 12

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1958 panhard dyna cabrio

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1958 Panhard Dyna Z11

1958-panhard-dyna-z1958 Panhard Dyna Z15

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1958 panhard dyna

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1959 Panhard 2 vanuit auto Hanne D 2009-06-25

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1959 Panhard 3
1959 Panhard
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1959 PANHARD Dyna Z Break Pichon-Parat
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1959 Panhard DynaZ
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1959 Panhard PL17 L1
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1959-65 Panhard_PL17_005
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1960 panhard
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1960 Panhard DB Le Mans
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1961 Panhard PL 17
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1961 Panhard PL17 L4(NL)
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1962 Panhard CD Le Mans
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1963 Panhard 17B
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1963 Panhard 17B Break
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1963 panhard 17b-jr
1963-panhard-17 ad
1963 Panhard 24CT(NL)
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1963 Panhard CD Tourisme - coupe body
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1963 Panhard PL 17 Tigre with matching traile
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1963 Panhard PL17 L8
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1963-65 Panhard_CD_001
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1963-1967 Panhard 24
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1964 Panhard 24
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1964 panhard 24b-640
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1964 Panhard CD Sport
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1964 panhard le mans
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1965 panhard 17a-jr
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1965 panhard pl17 cabriolet
1965 Panhard 24 CD
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1965 panhard 24b-b
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1965 Panhard 37 24BT
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1965 Panhard CT 24 Coupe
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1966 Panhard 24 1ct
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1966 Panhard b
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1967 Panhard 24 CT
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1967 Panhard 24 CTa
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1967 Panhard 24CT
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1979 PANHARD la doyenne
2005 PANHARD LEVASSOR
Panhard Mulhouse France
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1996 PANHARD
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1991 Panhard-Levassor
LOGO
1991 PANHARD Les premiers tours
cést tout

PANHARD (LEVASSOR) since 1981 Paris France

Panhard

Industry Manufacturing
Founded 1891
Founder(s) René PanhardEmile Levassor
Headquarters ParisFrance
Products Cars
02 Panhard-levassor

Panhard et Levassor (1890-1895). This model was the first automobile in Portugal
03 1894 Panhard & Levassor

Panhard et Levassor’s

Daimler Motor Carriage, 1894

04 1933 PanhardLevassorX74

1933 Panhard et Levassor X74
06 1955 DB Panhard HBR

1955 DB Panhard HBR
07 1960 Panhard DB Le Mans 2 cyl 850 ccm 60 PS

1960 Panhard DB Le Mans
08 Panhard 24

1963-1967 Panhard 24

Panhard is a French manufacturer of light tactical and military vehicles. Its current incarnation was formed by the acquisition of Panhard by Auverland in 2005. Panhard had been under Citroën ownership, then PSA (after the 1974 Peugeot Citroën merger), for 40 years. The combined company now uses the Panhard name; this was decided based on studies indicating that the Panhard name had better brand recognition worldwide than the Auverland name. Panhard once built civilian cars but ceased production of those in 1968. Many of its military products however end up on the civilian market via third sources and as military/government surplus vehicles. Panhard also built railbuses between the wars.

History

Panhard was originally called Panhard et Levassor, and was established as a car manufacturing concern by René Panhard and Émile Levassor in 1887.

Early Years

Panhard et Levassor sold their first automobile in 1890. based on a Daimler engine license. Levassor obtained his licence from Paris lawyer Edouard Sarazin, a friend and representative of Gottlieb Daimler’s interests in France. Following Sarazin’s 1887 death, Daimler commissioned Sarazin’s widow Louise to carry on her late husband’s agency. The Panhard et Levassor license was finalised by Louise, who married Levassor in 1890. Daimler and Levassor became fast friends, and shared improvements with one another.

These first vehicles set many modern standards, but each was a one-off design. They used a clutch pedal to operate a chain-driven gearbox. The vehicle also featured a front-mounted radiator. An 1895 Panhard et Levassor is credited with the first modern transmission. For the 1894 Paris–Rouen Rally, Alfred Vacheron equipped his 4 horsepower (3.0 kW; 4.1 PS) with a steering wheel, believed to be one of the earliest employments of the principle.

In 1891, the company built its first all-Levassor design, a “state of the art” model: the Systeme Panhard consisted of four wheels, a front-mounted engine with rear wheel drive, and a crude sliding-gear transmission, sold at 3500 francs. (It would remain the standard until Cadillac introducedsynchromesh in 1928.) This was to become the standard layout for automobiles for most of the next century. The same year, Panhard et Levassor shared their Daimler engine license with bicycle maker Armand Peugeot, who formed his own car company.

In 1895, 1,205 cc (74 cu in) Panhard et Levassors finished first and second in the Paris–Bordeaux–Paris race, one piloted solo by Levassor, for 48¾hr. Arthur Krebs succeeded Levassor as General Manager in 1897, and held the job until 1916. He turned the Panhard et Levassor Company into one of the largest and most profitable manufacturer of automobiles before World War I.

Panhards won numerous races from 1895 to 1903. Panhard et Levassor developed the Panhard rod, which became used in many other types of automobiles as well.

From 1910 Panhard worked to develop engines without conventional valves, using under license the sleeve valve technology that had been patented by the American Charles Yale Knight. Between 1910 and 1924 the Panhard & Levassor catalogue listed plenty of models with conventional valve engines, but these were offered alongside cars powered by sleeve valve power units. Following various detailed improvements to the sleeve valve technology by Panhard’s own engineering department, from 1924 till 1940 all Panhard cars used sleeve valve engines.

The First World War

Under the presidency of Raymond Poincaré, which ran from 1913 till 1920, Panhard & Levassor’s 18CV and 20CV models were the official presidential cars.

During the war Panhard, like other leading automobile producers, concentrated on war production, including large numbers of military trucks, V12-cylinder aero-engines, gun components, and large 75 and 105 diameter shells.

The military were also keen on the sleeve valve engined Panhard 20HP. General Joffre himself (not, till December 1916, promoted Marshal of France) used two 35HP Panhard Type X35s with massive 4-cylinder 7,360cc engines for his personal transport, and these were frequently to be seen by Parisians carrying military leaders between the front-line and the Élysée Palace.

Between two world wars

Following the outbreak of peace in 1918, Panhard resumed passenger car production in March 1919 with the 10HP Panhard Type X19 which used a 4-cylinder 2,140cc engine. This was followed three months later by three more 4-cylinder models which will have been familiar to any customers whose memories pre-dated the war, but they now incorporated ungraded electrics and a number of other modifications. For the 15th Paris Motor Show, in October 1919, Panhard were displaying four models, all with four cylinder engines, as follows:

  • Panhard Type X19 2,150 cc / 10 HP
  • Panhard Type X31 2,275 cc / 12 HP
(This replaced the 12 HP Panhard Type 25 for 1920.)
  • Panhard Type X28 3,175 cc / 16 HP
  • Panhard Type X29 4,850 cc / 20 HP

By 1925, all Panhard’s cars were powered by Knight sleeve valve engines that used steel sleeves. The steel sleeves were thinner and lighter than the cast iron ones that had been fitted in Panhard sleeve valve engines since 1910, and this already gave rise to an improved friction coefficient permitting engines to run at higher speeds. To reduce further the risk of engines jamming, the outer sleeves, which are less thermally stressed than the inner sleeves, were coated on their inner sides with an anti-friction material, employing a patented technique with which Panhard engineers had been working since 1923. This was one of several improvements applied by Panhard engineers to the basic Knight sleeve-valve engine concept.

In 1925 a 4.8 litre (292ci) model set the world record for the fastest hour run, an average of 185.51 km/h (115.26 mph).

A surprise appeared on the Panhard stand at the 20th Paris Motor Show in October 1926, in the shape of the manufacturer’s first six cylinder model since before the war. The new Panhard 16CV “Six” came with a 3445cc engine and sat on a 3540 mm wheelbase. At the show it was priced, in bare chassis form, at 58,000 francs. Of the nine models displayed for the 1927 model year, seven featured four cylinder engines, ranging in capacity from 1480cc (10CV) to 4845cc (20CV), and in price from 31,000 francs to 75,000 francs (all in bare chassis form). Also on show was an example of the 8-cylinder 6350cc (35CV) “Huit” model which Panhard had offered since 1921 and which at the 1926 show was priced by the manufacturer in bare chassis form at 99,000 francs.

Panhard et Levassor’s last pre-war car was the unusually styled monocoque Dynamic series, first introduced in 1936.

Panhard et Levassor also produced railbuses, including some for the metre gauge Chemin de Fer du Finistère.

Post-war era

After World War II the company was renamed Panhard (without “Levassor”), and produced light cars such as the Dyna XDyna ZPL 1724 CT and 24 BT. The company had long noted the weight advantages of aluminum, and this as well as postwar government steel rationing (designed to limit new car models to ensure an orderly return to production at the major firms), encouraged the firm to proceed with the expensive alternative of making the bodies and several other components out of aluminum; thus the Dyna X and early Dyna Z series 1 had aluminum bodies. Unfortunately, cost calculations by Jean Panhard himself, inheriting son and managing director of the firm, failed to account fully for all of the extra cost of aluminum vs steel, as his calculation were made for the sheet metal panel area actually utilized per body shell, and erroneously did not account for the cut offs and scrap of each of the stampings making up the shell. Once in production, a re-examination cost analysis showed a cost of 55,700fr for aluminum shells and only 15,600fr for steel. The use of aluminum had pushed the firm perilously close to bankruptcy, and a rush engineering job saw the firm return to steel. Thus, the later Dyna Z (from mid September 1955) and the successor PL 17 bodies were steel, and the major stampings retained the heavier gauge intended for durability with aluminum, so as to avoid complete replacement of the stamping dies.

The air-cooled flat-twin engine of the Dyna was also used by Georges Irat for his “Voiture du Bled” (VdB) off-road vehicle, built in Morocco in small numbers in the early 1950s.

The styling of the Dyna Z was distinctively smooth and rounded, with an emphasis on aerodynamics and an overall minimalist design. The 24 CT was a later (fr summer 1963-on) stylish 2+2 seater; the 24 BT being a version of the same with a longer wheelbase and space for four.

For a period after the war, the Panhard-based Monopole racing cars received unofficial support from Panhard (as did DB and other clients such as Robert Chancel), using it to good effect in winning the “Index of Performance” class at Le Mans in 1950, 1951, and 1952. In 1953, Panhard moved on to a more direct involvement with Chancel, which however came to an end after the deadly 1955 Le Mans. In the latter half of the fifties and the early sixties, the Deutsch Bonnet racers (“DB Panhard”) picked up this mantle and went on to dominate the “Index of Performance” as well as other small-engine racing classes.

The last Panhard passenger car was built in 1967. After assembling 2CV panel trucks for Citroen in order to utilize capacity in face of falling sales, and raising operating cash by selling ownership progressively to Citroën (full control as of 1965), in fall of 1967 the civilian branch was absorbed by Citroën, and the marque was retired. Since 1968 Panhard has only made armored vehicles.

In 2004, Panhard lost a competition to another manufacturer of military vehicles, Auverland, for the choice of the future PVP of the French Army. This allowed Auverland to purchase Panhard in 2005, then a subsidiary of PSA Peugeot Citroën. However, the fame of Panhard being greater, it was decided to retain the name; the PVP designed by Auverland would bear a Panhard badge.

Car models

Panhard models

Type Construction period
Panhard Dyna X 1945–1954
Panhard Junior 1951–1956
Panhard Dyna Z 1953–1959
Panhard PL 17 1959–1965
Panhard CD 1962–1965
Panhard 24 1963–1967

Models with Panhard technology

Type Construction period
Dyna Veritas 1949–1954
Rosengart Scarlette 1952
DB HBR 5 1954–1961
DB Le Mans 1958–1964
Sera-Panhard 1959–1961

Current military models

09 French VBL

VBL of the French Army

AVL

PVP

PVPXL / AVXL: an enlarged AVL

TC 54

TC 10

TC 24

A3

Peugeot P4

ERC 90 Sagaie

VBR: enlarged VBL multipurpose armored vehicle

VAP: Véhicule d’Action dans la Profondeur (deep penetration vehicle), VBL based special operations vehicle

VPS: P4 based SAS Patrol vehicle

Vehicles in service

Panhard has supplied more than 18,000 military wheeled vehicles to over 50 countries with a range of combat vehicles weighing less than 10 tonnes, as follows:

5,400 armoured wheeled vehicles (AMLERC 90 Sagaie, and LYNX VCR 6×6)

2,300 VBL in 16 countries which includes 1600 in service with the French Army

933 A4 AVL—PVP—selected by the French Army

9,500 vehicles under 7 tonnes; most being jeep-like vehicles produced under the Auverland name.

Gallery

10 1996 110 ans de l'automobile au Grand Palais Panhard et Levassor Wagonette 2cyl 4 CV
Panhard et Levassor 4 CV with Wagonette body (1896)
11 1898 Panhard-Levassor Landaulet type AL
Panhard et Levassor Landaulette type AL (1898)
12 PSM V57 D609 Panhard and levassor vehicle
Panhard et Levassor automobile circa 1900
13 PSM V57 D609 Motor of vehicle
Panhard et Levassor water-cooled 2-cylinder automobile engine, circa 1900
14 1901 Panhard et Levassor 2,4 litres Phaéton à conduite avancée Carosserie Kellner
Panhard et Levassor 2,4 litres Phaéton coachwork by Kellner (1901)
15 1902 Panhard et Levassor 7 CV bicylindre Voiturette par Clément-Rothschild
Panhard et Levassor 7 CV Voiturette (1902)
16 1903 Panhard et Levassor Char-à-banc
Panhard et Levassor Char-à-banc (1903)
17 1914 Panhard-Levassor
Panhard et Levassor 10 CV (1914)
18 Castle Hill, Lincoln Vehicle
Panhard et Levassor X46 2300cc (1924) Saloon by Salmons and Son, Tickford
1930 Panhard Cabrio-Coupé - Pourtout
Panhard et Levassor Cabrio-Coupé Pourtout
20 1934 Panhard - 1ère Eclipse, nov. 1934 PourtoutPanhard et Levassor Eclipse (1934) Pourtout
21 1952 Panhard X 86
Panhard Dyna X 86 Saloon (1952)
22 Panhard Dyna Allemano
Panhard Dyna 750 Coupé Allemano (1952)
23 Panhard Dyna Z 3
Panhard Dyna Z (1953)
24 Panhard 24 1ct
Panhard 24 CT, (1966)
25 AMD Panhard 178 Saumur
26 Panhard EBR in the Musée des Blindés, France, pic-4
27 SATORY 9 JANVIER 2014 094
26 Peugeot P4 dsc06852

See also

Panhard et Levassor Dynamic

01

Panhard et Levassor Dynamic 130, 140, 160

1 1937 MHV P&L Dynamic 011937-mhv-pl-dynamic

Overview
Manufacturer Société des Anciens Etablissements Panhard et Levassor
Production 1936 – 1940
2,742
Assembly Porte d’Ivry districtParis
Designer Louis Bionier
Body and chassis
Class Large car
Body style 4-door saloon
4-door “6-light” saloon
2-door coupé
2-door cabriolet
Layout Front enginerear-wheel drive
Powertrain
Engine 2,516 cc – 3,834 cc sleeve-valve I6
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,600 mm (102 in)
2,800 mm (110 in)
3,000 mm (118 in)
Length 4,750 mm (187 in) to 5,150 mm (203 in)
Width 1,900 mm (75 in)

The Panhard et Levassor Dynamic is a large car introduced by the French auto-maker Panhard et Levassor as a replacement for the company’s CS model at the Paris Motor Show in October 1936.

2 1939 PanhardLevassorDynamic140TypX81

1939 Dynamic 140 six-light Berline(X81)
3 1936 MHV P&L Dynamic 05

A Dynamic 140 Coupé Major

The bodies

For the Dynamic, Panhard et Levassor’s in-house designer Louis Bionier came up with a streamlined design, featuring half-covered rear wheel arches, an eye-catching three-piece front windscreen with three wipers, and headlights integrated into the front wings. All these features caught on with other auto-makers in subsequent years, and headlights integrated into the bodywork became mainstream, but in 1936 they gave the car a very modern look.

The bodies were also of great technical interest. Despite its size, the Dynamic offered little comfort to traditional coachbuilders, being the first French car in the luxury class to feature a steel body electrically welded together and constructed as a monocoque, without a separate chassis.

A “six-light” four-door saloon/sedan bodied version was offered with a long passenger cabin, but no trunk/boot. This version, introduced in the fall of 1937, could seat nine. A four-door saloon/sedan (“berline”) was also available with a shorter passenger cabin, but with a protruding boot/trunk. The car was also unusually wide, allowing for three abreast seating: on early cars, Panhard et Levassor positioned the steering wheel in the middle of the front panel. It was hoped that this would provide a superior view out. The centrally mounted steering was probably the feature that attracted the most comment when the car appeared at the 1936 Paris Motor Show, and Panhard et Levassor advertised it as a “common sense” solution during a period when French automakers were switching over from right hand drive (which had been virtually universal in France twenty years earlier) to left hand drive (which would be virtually universal in France twenty years later). However, the market-place found the central steering wheel an innovation too far and drivers complained about the contortions necessary to slide from the side of the wide car to the central position necessary to control it. From 1938 the Panhard et Levassor Dynamic featured a conventionally positioned steering wheel.

There were also two-seater coupé versions and a cabriolet version offered, but by the end of 1938 these “minority“ models had accounted for only 358 cars.

Engines

A first prototype, known as the Dynamic 20 CV, was presented in March 1936. This was powered by a six-cylinder in-line engine of 3,485 cm3 with cylinder diameters that indeed corresponded with the French 20 hp taxation class. However, the car that entered production and was offered for sale from May 1935 as the Dynamic 130 came with the six-cylinder in-line sleeve-valve engine of 2,516 cc from the predecessor model, the Panhard et Levassor CS. This placed it in the French 14 CV taxation class. The “130” in the name was to indicate a claimed top speed of 130 km/h (81 mph).

Along with the Dynamic 130, Panhard et Levassor offered a Dynamic 140, which shared its engine with the (initially still in production) “CS Spécial” model. The engine size on this version was 2.861 cc (16 CV). Actual claimed horsepower was 75 hp (55 kW) and it was this “Dynamic 140” that was the most popular with customers, 2,230 having been produced by 1940 when war brought production to an end. By this time the car had become the last production sleeve-valve-engined car in the world.

Variants

While three wheelbases were available, the shortest was largely restricted to the (soon discontinued) Coupé Junior model and the longest to the Berline. Most Dynamics (Majors) ended up having the 280 cm wheelbase. In 1937 Panhard et Levassor introduced a range topping “Dynamic 160”, as a successor to the Panhard et Levassor DS. This car was fitted with a 3,834 cc (22 CV) version of the Panhard et Levassor six-cylinder in-line engine, with 100 PS (74 kW). 153 had been produced by 1938.

Commercial

Panhard et Levassor Dynamics were never particularly cheap, which reflected the technological progress that they represented. However, less than six months after the October 1936 launch Panhard et Levassor updated their price list, many the prices published in February 1937 involving eye-watering increases of more than 20%. After February 1937 the short wheelbase “Junior 130” (coupe) 14CV Dynamic was priced at 53,850 Francs while prices for the four door “Berline 130” started at 58,850 Francs. For comparison, the Renault Primaquatre, admittedly an older and less flamboyant design from a manufacturer who still fitted side-valve engines in all its models, but nonetheless with an engine size and wheelbase length that also placed it squarely in the same 14CV category as the Panhard et Levassor, was priced at 22,500 Francs for a “Berline” (saloon/sedan) in October 1936, which had risen to 25,500 Francs in October 1937 Price lists from Talbot, whose Minor was launched in October 1937 with a list of 42,500 Francs for a 13CV four seater compact four door “Berline” from a manufacturer with a more modern model range, also left the listed prices for the Panhard et Levassor Dynamic looking optimistically high.

Wartime production

In September 1939 France declared war on Germany and in June 1940 the German army rapidly invaded and occupied Northern France. Before September 1939, unlike Renault, Panhard et Levassor had not supplied cars to the French army, but with the outbreak of war Panhard et Levassor received an order for 180 of the larger-engined Dynamics, with the emphasis on the long cabined “six-light” sedans/salons. The army cars, generally reserved for senior ranks, are in most instances recognisable from the spare wheel mounted on the outside of the rear panel. Civilian versions, even with the long cabin body, kept the spare wheel inside the car.

As the war progressed, Panhard et Levassor found it prudent to transfer production to their site at Tarbes in the extreme southwest, and a gazogene powered version of the Dynamic was produced albeit only in small numbers. However, following the defeat of France in June 1940 Panhard et Levassor, along with other auto-makers was increasingly obliged to manufacture military supplies.

01 27 SATORY 9 JANVIER 2014 094 1894 Panhard & Levassor 1896 110 ans de l'automobile au Grand Palais Panhard et Levassor Wagonette 2cyl 4 CV 1898 Panhard-Levassor Landaulet type AL 1901 Panhard et Levassor 2,4 litres Phaéton à conduite avancée Carosserie Kellner 1902 Panhard et Levassor 7 CV bicylindre Voiturette par Clément-Rothschild 1903 Panhard et Levassor Char-à-banc 1914 Panhard-Levassor 1916 Panhard special 1925 Panhard & Levassor 16CV Char-à-Bancs 1930 Panhard Cabrio-Coupé - Pourtout 1930 Panhard-Levassor K34 19 1931 Panhard 1933 PanhardLevassorX74 1934 MHV Panhard&Levassor K63 1934 Panhard - 1ère Eclipse,  Pourtout 1936 MHV P&L Dynamic 05 1936 Panhard Bus gazogene 1936 1937 MHV P&L Dynamic 01 1937 MHV P&L Dynamic 1938 PANHARD équivalent du camion PANHARD K93 1939 PanhardLevassorDynamic140TypX81 1947 Verney LP Panhard 4HL Dieselmotor 5700cc 1948 Isobloc Panhard w947 DP2 1948 Isobloc W 947DP Panhard Diesel 5700cc 85ps 1948 Panhard 4HL Touringcar Lourdes 1950 Panhard B-39110a Den Oudsten Woerden 1952 Panhard X 86 1955 DB Panhard HBR 1960 Panhard DB Le Mans 2 cyl 850 ccm 60 PS AMD Panhard 178 Saumur bus-salta-stahv-panhard-salta-img Bussen PANHARD Sla Lourdes 8570463 orig Castle Hill, Lincoln Vehicle French VBL Panhard & Levassor K61 Zuroc Panhard 4HL Touringcar Lourdes Panhard 24 1ct Panhard 24 Panhard Adrien Panhard Autobus Panhard Dyna Allemano Panhard Dyna Z 3 Panhard EBR in the Musée des Blindés, France, pic-4 Panhard IE21 Panhard IE24 gd Panhard Lourdes Panhard Micheline Panhard-levassor panhard-levassor-bus-parisien-900 Peugeot P4 dsc06852 PSM V57 D609 Motor of vehicle PSM V57 D609 Panhard and levassor vehicle Somua-Panhard OP5

Buses, cars, cycles, scooters, sewingmachines, DÜRKOPP Bielefeld Germany

Buses, cars, cycles, scooters, sewingmachines, DÜRKOPP Bielefeld Germany

DÜRKOPP

0000 durkopp_crisp_organizer

Dürkopp was a German producer of buses.

  • They built bus chassis from 1902.
  • Only the early models were sold in Britain.
  • The North Eastern Railway had a fleet of over 15.
  • Hastings ran a few before their operator went bankrupt.

1898 – 1927

000

Dürkopp was like a number of other makers of motorcars in that the firm’s origins were as manufacturers of sewing machines, made from the 1860s onwards at Bielefeld in Westphalia. Bicycles were soon added to the product range and motorcars were first made in 1898. These were very similar to Panhard-Levassor cars both in layout and appearance and it is therefore somewhat ironic that between 1899 and 1901 the Société anonyme des Automobiles Canello-Dürkopp built Dürkopp cars in the Paris suburb of Corbevoie.

026

A rear-engined tandem-seated voiturette was made in 1899 and the following year saw the introduction of a conventional light car, although this had side-chain drive, a feature that Dürkopp retained until 1907. The firm was also in the vanguard of those making three-cylinder engines and in the latter part of 1903 it built one of the first six-cylinder engines ever produced. Both these three and six-cylinder engines were used in buses which became an important branch of the business that continued for three years after the cessation of motorcar production.

003

Sewingmachines Ad

004

Dürkopp Adler 272 tafelnaaimachine

005

Dürkopp DIANA Fiets

006

1898 Dürrkopp-annonce

007

1905 Dürkopp 4 cylinder Motorräd

008

1905 Dürkopp-W. Bayer NL

009

1907 Dürkopp Motor Omnibus

010

1907 Dürkopp-Hallford-Saurer-Liversidge Double-decker Bus

009b Dürkopp vrachtauto van de Fa. Hulstkamp & Zoon & Molijn

1908 Dürkopp vrachtauto van de Fa. Hulstkamp & Zoon & Molijn

012

1908 Dürkopp

001

007aa 1910 Dürkopp A Dürkopp & Co Phaeton

1910 Dürkopp A Dürkopp & Co Phaeton

006a durkopp-1912-klisser-citroen

dürkopp-1912-Klisser&Citroen A’dam NL

013

1914 Dürkopp Taxi

014

1914-Dürkopp-Knipperdolling

007a Publicité Dürkopp 1918

Publicité Dürkopp 1918

015

1919 Dürkopp Taxi G-3936, Amsterdam Holland

016

1920 Dürkopp-Amstel

017

Dürkopp-busse-oldtimer

018

Dürkopp Phaeton Karmann

durkopp_round_stickers

durkoppcharabanc

Dürkopp Charabanc

Foto-AK-Duerkopp-LKW-Omnibus-Reisegaeste

Dürkopp-LKW-Omnibus-Reisegäste

019

Dürkopp 3

0000 durkopp_crisp_organizer

020

Dürkopp G-3930

021

Dürkopp Knipperdolling

022

Dürkopp museum auto-p8b

023

Dürkopp Phaeton

024

Dürkopp

025

Dürkopp bus detail

013a Dürkopp M10, 1936-1939

Dürkopp M10, 1936-1939

002

009a Dürkopp L3 in Bielefeld

Dürkopp L3 in Bielefeld

026

026a 1935 dürkopp 98k

1935 dürkopp 98k

027

1939 Dürkopp met Sachs 98cc motor

028

1952 Dürkopp MD 200

029

1953 Dürkopp MD 150

030a Durkopp MD 150 01

Durkopp MD 150 01

030

1953 Dürkopp

031

1955 Scooters Dürkopp Diana

032

Ardie & Dürkopp Motorräder

033

dürkopp logo

034

Dürkopp 150

035

Dürkopp Diana

durkopp_round_stickers

035a Durkopp1961

Dürkopp Moped 1961

036

Dürkopp MD 150

037

038

Dürkopp M-MD200

039

Dürkopp Scooter met zijspan DIANA

041

039a durkopp iphone 4 cover

dürkopp iphone 4 cover

ENDE

Filed Under: ADLERBicyclesCarsDÜRKOPPHallfordKarmannLevassorMotorcycles,OLD BUSESPanhardSACHSSAUERSCOOTERSSewingmachines

Buses, Trucks, Cars and more DUX Leipzig Germany

Cars, Buses, Military equipment, DUX, Leipzig Germany, Moskou Russia.

 01

Dux kwam voort uit de Polyphon Musikwerken. Aanvankelijk werden de Dux’ gebouwd onder de naam Polymobil en waren in licentie gebouwde auto’s en trucks. Later begon men met eigen ontwerpen en werd de autotak verzelfstandigd. In 1918 vormt het samen met PrestoMagirus en Vomag de Deutschen Automobil-Konzern (DAK). In 1926 neemt het in Chemnitz gezetelde Presto Dux over en verdwijnt de merknaam Dux. N.A.G. neemt Presto over in 1930, later wordt een deel van N.A.G. overgenomen door Auto Union, een ander deel door Büssing – See more at: http://www.deautogids.nl/auto/merk

02

1895 DUX Panhard-Levassor

Een samenwerking tussen Frankrijk en Rusland Moskou

03

04

1902 dux elektromnibus

05

1903 Polymobil DUX

06

1904 Polymobil Gazelle DUX  AD

07

1904 Polymobil Gazelle DUX met kap

01

08

1904 Polymobil Gazelle DUX

09

1905 DUX Wagen 5

10

1905 Wagen DUX

11

Dux logo old letterhead Moskou

12

1907-08 Polymobil DUX 2 mit offenem Verdeck

00

1911 Dux K24 Doppel-Phaeton mit off. Verdeck

13

1911 Dux D12 Doppel-Phaeton Torpedoform

14

1911 Dux D12 Limusine

01

16

1911 Dux K24 Landaulet

17

1914 DUX NAG AO7

18

DUX Automobiel

19

dux automobile vintage german ad

20

DUX B-851

21

Dux erste Stelle klein

22

DUX hotel bus

23

1927 DUX Autobus gebaut von der NAG, ein Typ Z4

01

24

1922 Dux Auto 17-60ps Typ R Pullman-Limousine

25

DUX-NAG Neue-Automobil-Gesellschaft-Kaiser-Wilhelm-II

26

dux-magirus-presto-vomag-1921

27

dux-1919-10-motor-car

28

dux-1919-importeur

29

DUX or Dürkopp Denmark-Sorensen mystery-500?

30

1929 DUX NAG   Z 4 3180 cc

31

1924 Sieger der Sachsenfahrt 1924 Herr Kaul auf Dux

32

AD

33

DUX NAG

34

Dux D12 Doppel-Phaeton Torpedoform, Jahrgang 1911

1911 Dux D12 Doppel-Phaeton Torpedoform

DUX Patch

DuxAuto

1922 DUX 17/60 PS Typ R Pullman-Limousine

Ende

Filed Under: BÜSSINGCarsDUXGERMANYLevassorMilitary EquipmentNAGOLD BUSESPanhard

Comments

April 19, 2013 at 02:43 • Edit

Hallo!
Ich bin Ihr Kollege – Automobilhistoriker.
Ich suche seit Langem die Verbindung zwischen Firma “Dux” (Julius Möller) in Moskau und “Polyphon” in Deutschland. Beide haben Marke “Dux” benutzt, aber in Russland viel früher, als in Deutschland. Beide haben “Oldsmobile” nach US-Lizenz hergestellt – in Russland unter Marke “Duxmobil”. Es gibt keine Beweise über die Verbindungen, aber viel Indizien. Wissen Sie was darüber?
Wenn Sie gute Bilder und Informationen über “Dux” in Russland haben möchten, schreiben Sie mir. Über die Firma verfüge ich viel Unterlagen.
Viel Grüße! Stanislav Kiriletz, Deutschland.

Buses, Cycles, Motorcycles, Cars, Aeroplanes, Airships, CLÉMENT-BAYARD France

Cycles, Motorcycles, Cars, Buses, Aeroplanes, Airships, CLÉMENT-BAYARD France

001

Clément Bayard

020

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adolphe_Cl%C3%A9ment-Bayard

http://bonjourdeputeaux.free.fr/voyage5/02.htm

Normaly when I make a blog it is about buses, but it would be a very small chapter when I leave it by Adolphe Clément Bayard by buses. His live was very interesting and buses were only a part of the lots of ways of transportation he made.

Adolphe Clément begon eerst met de Gladiator, opgericht door Alexandre Darracq, en gaf zijn eerste voertuig de naam van Clement-Gladiator. Hij was ook de directeur van Panhard & Levassor.

002

1895 Gladiator catalogue

003

Cycles Gladiator Clément Bayard

 004

Cycles Gladiator Clément Bayard

 005

Cycles Gladiator Clément-Bayard

 006

1895 Gladiator catalogue

 007

1895 Gladiator catalogue

 008

1895 Gladiator catalogue

 009

#

020

#

010

 #

011Adolphe Clement was van oorsprong fietsenmaker en maakte daar fortuin mee

012#

013#

014#

015

Clement 1902 114HP 1 125cc

 016

Clément Bayard fietsen

 017

Clément Bayard Type B 142 cc 1903

018

Clément Model D 1904 motorblok

 019

Clément V4 1500 cm3

 020

Clément Bayard

 021

Clément Bayard

022

Ad

 023

1903 Gladiator light Car Clement Bayard

024

Clément Bayard Tonneau

025 Darracq

Darracq-Vanderbilt-Clément-Bayard 1905

 026

@

027

 1904 Vanderbilt cup – Albert Clément (Clément-Bayard 80hp)

028

1906 Diatto Clément-Bayard

029

1907 Clément Bayard 2VT Tourer

030

1910 Clément Bayard Torpedo

031

1911 CLÉMENT BAYARD AC4B

032

1911 Clement Gabriel circuit de Dieppe 1911 Clément Bayard

034

1912 CLÉMENT BAYARD

035

1913 Clément Bayard 10-12 HP