Somua machinery and trucks and buses, France

Somua, an acronym for Société d’outillage mécanique et d’usinage d’artillerie, was a French company that manufactured machinery and vehicles. A subsidiary of Schneider-Creusot, Somua was based in Saint-Ouen, a suburb of Paris.

In 1930 Somua introduced several models of trucks equipped with advanced diesel engines, half cabins and three axles and with payloads from 10 to 13 tonnes. Somua also produced a lighter range with five to eight tonnes payload, equipped with gasoline engines. In 1936 Somua produced a railcar for PLM, the XS 1 to 11.


Arguably the most famous product in Somua’s history was its 20-ton World War II tank, the Somua S35 and the Somua S40. Furthermore, France’s first tank in 1916, the Schneider CA1, as well as later in 1918 some Renault FT tanks, were manufactured by Somua in their Saint-Ouen facility during World War I.

Somua’s production of trucks practically ceased between 1943 and 1946. However, in 1944 the company developed a truck under license from the Swedish Hesselman company. Named the JL 12 and equipped with a flex-fuel four cylinder engine, the vehicle did not impress the “Commission des plans de modernisation de l’automobile”, which decided in 1946 to merge Somua with Willème and Panhard to form a new company, the Générale française de l’automobile (GFA).


In 1946 Somua launched a new range of trucks, named JL 15, with a five-speed transmission to exploit the 130 horsepower delivered by the 8.6 liter six-cylinder diesel engine. It was available with six choices of chassis: 6.30 meters to 10.89 meters and 2 or 3 axles, supporting 11 to 16 tonnes payload. The JL 15 was available in truck or bus configuration – the models were respectively the JL 15T and JL 15LO.

In 1948 Somua built two double 1500V DC EMU rail engines for SNCF. They mainly operated in the South West region of France.


In 1955 Somua introduced the JL 19, available with two or three axles and powered by a six-cylinder diesel engine, the D615 9.3 liter engine, producing 180 hp and with a manual ten speed transmission. The JL 19 was available as a carrier or tractor, with five different chassis, and bore a payload of up to 26 tonnes. Around this time Latil, the heavyweight vehicle division of Renault, and Somua were merged under the LRS brand, which later became Saviem.

In 1962, Somua introduced a new JL range, with a new cab with four headlights (which came from the Saviem group). The base JL model had a 6.8 to 12.75 tonnes payload. The JL20 tractor had a 520D6T Henschel direct-injection six-cylinder 204 horsepower diesel engine and a 10 speed transmission and 35 tonnes gross weight.


The company was a minor manufacturer of trolleybuses, building a total of just 55, one in 1938 and the others in the period 1947–55. Another French manufacturer, Vétra, supplied the “overwhelming majority” of trolleybuses in use on French systems during the relevant period. Somua-built trolleybuses used electrical propulsion equipment from Westinghouse.



1929 SOMUA-Kegresse MCG-4

1929 SOMUA-Kegresse MCG-4

1930 Somua Pumper Fire Truck Sales Brochure France wj7916-WSRCRZ

1930 Somua Pumper Fire Truck Sales Brochure France wj7916-WSRCRZ

1934 SOMUA MCG-4 bolster-type tractor

1934 SOMUA MCG-4 bolster-type tractor1935 S Somua 1

1935 S Somua 1

1935 SOMUA MCG-5

1935 SOMUA MCG-51936 SOMUA MCG Saumur 011936 SOMUA MCG Saumur 011936 SOMUA MCG5, in the Musée des Blindés, France

1936 SOMUA MCG5, in the Musée des Blindés, France1935 Somua MCL 5

VERHEUL Truck, Bus and Coach builders Waddinxsveen The Netherlands

Verheul1934 Krupp OD4-N132, Krupp, Verheul, GTM 101 Renpaard M-43728--PB-34-68

(construction)Verheul logo

Buses, Coaches and Trucks

 1955-68 Verheul Holland Coach stadsbus 134 uit 1955, GEVU, Utrecht, gevolgd door Leyland-Verheul LVS560 stadsbus 6 uit 1968, GVG, Groningen.
 Verheul Holland Coach stadsbus 134 uit 1955, GEVU, Utrecht, gevolgd door Leyland-Verheul LVS560 stadsbus 6 uit 1968, GVGGroningen.
1960 Leyland-Verheul voorstadsbus 73 uit 1960, Maarse & Kroon, AalsmeerLeyland/Verheul voorstadsbus 73 uit 1960, Maarse & Kroon, Aalsmeer.
1941 Interieur van de Amsterdamse bus 157 (Kromhout-Verheul) uit 1941Interieur van de Amsterdamse bus 157 (Kromhout/Verheul) uit 1941
1965 Stationsplein Arnhem 20 juli 1965 BUT-Verheul Diesels en TrolleybussenKarakteristieke achterkanten van BUT-Verheul-stadsbussen (trolley en diesel) in Arnhem, 1965

The Car industry Verheul N.V.

was a Dutch manufacturer of buses and trucks to Waddinxveen, which existed under that name from 1900 to 1970.


The history of Verheul, derived from a car factory to Waddinxveen, corresponds to that of many other body factories. Dirk Verheul, the owner since 1900, began after the first world war with the building of bodywork. In the 1930s the factory has become one of the largest in this field in the Netherlands. On many buses and chassis brands were recommended truck s produced. In particular, collaboration with the Dutch kromhout .

In 1948 presented Verheul and kale on the RAI-Exhibition VB48-buscarrosserie the self-supporting. In these first years after the liberation took Verheul also actively participating in the reconstruction of the Dutch public transport. The number of required buses was larger than one could handle and therefore spent Verheul the coach work by Crossley and large series Scania-Vabis buses out to the aircraft manufacturers Fokker and Aviolanda and the De Schelde shipyard.

From 1958 took Verheul construction of complete kromhout-coaches to hand, with only the engines delivered kromhout. To this Covenant came in 1963 another end, because after the takeover of AEC Verheul’s other partner by Leyland created a close cooperation between Verheul and Leyland-Holland in Aalsmeer. One went on under the name Leyland Motor Corporation NV.

The Verheul-factory was destroyed by fire on december 9, 1970. On this place arose then the Dutch subsidiary of British Leyland. The name Verheul was no longer used and Carbodies were no longer built. The construction of standard local buses was continued by Den Oudsten to Woerden .


A planned new factory at the Henegouwerweg Waddinxveen along national road 12, could by the circumstances of war only after 1945 be put into operation. This complex was known as factory A and served for the construction of large bus series. The original location to the clay Quay in Waddinxveen was called henceforth factory B and was selected for the construction of smaller numbers of coaches. Because Verheul in the 1950s large orders got from coaches for the City and regional transport, was on 25 november 1955 in Apeldoorn opened a new factory (C) , which, however, not long existed and was closed on 1 november 1962.


Verheul was a well-known Builder of buses. Decades had a lot of city buses, Intercity buses and coaches in a body of Netherlands Verheul. Part of this was built on a chassis of brands like Kromhout, AEC or Leyland, MAN, DAF, but also built many self-supporting body works with components of Kromhout, AEC (such as the VB20 and VB10 ) and Leyland (such as the Holland Coach bus and the Royal Holland Coach local bus).

Verheul built in the 1950s and 1960s large series city buses for GVB (Amsterdam), F (Utrecht) and HTM (the Hague). Also has many buses for the Verheul subsidiaries of the NS produced, such as Citosa, NACO, NTM, NZHVM, NBM, VAD and South Easter and for private carriers and GTW, Maarse & Crown and NAO .

Built In 1966 Verheul 25 coaches of the type CSA order of Hainje  for the HTM. In 1967-69 Verheul designed and built a series of 130 standard Intercity buses from the Leyland Verheul LVB668 type for the then still at NS and later at the ESO connected bus companies. Until 1988, this was the standard model for the Dutch public transportation, but there was no longer himself came to Verheul.

Verheul also has exported buses, in the 1950s to include Uruguay and Argentina (on ACLO-chassis, another name for AEC) and Suriname and in the sixties to France and Israel .

1939 Kromhout TB-4LK Verheul NB-19-56Kromhout TB4/Verheul-bus uit 1939, Enhabo, Landsmeer.

1941 Kromhout-Verheul-bus 157, Gemeentetram AmsterdamKromhout/Verheul-bus 157 uit 1941, Gemeentetram Amsterdam.

1949 BUT-Verheulmuseumtrolleybus 101, GVA, ArnhemBUT/Verheul museumtrolleybus 101 uit 1949, GVA, Arnhem.

1949 BUT Verheul Trolley 109 Groningen 1965Groningse BUT Verheul trolleybus 109 uit 1949, GVG.

Special Holland Coach, Leyland-Verheul bus 5563 van de VAD in de kleuren van het touringcarbedrijf Dusseldorp.Special Holland CoachLeyland-Verheul bus 5563 van de VAD in de kleuren van het touringcarbedrijf Dusseldorp

1957 Leyland Verheul stadsbus 27, GEVU, Utrecht.Leyland/Verheul stadsbus 27 uit 1957, GEVU, Utrecht.

1958 Kromhout TBZ100-Verheul stadsbus 327, HTM,Den Haag.Kromhout TBZ100/Verheul stadsbus 327 uit 1958, HTMDen Haag.

1957 Interieur van Kromhout TBZ100 Verheul stadsbus 281, GVB (Amsterdam)Interieur van Kromhout TBZ100/Verheul stadsbus 281 uit 1957, GVB (Amsterdam)

1958 Leyland Verheul GADO 4400 Huisstijl Nationaal BusmuseumLeyland-Verheul streekbus 4400 uit 1958, GADO,Hoogezand.

1961 Leyland-Verheul stadsbus 68, GVG, Groningen.Leyland/Verheul stadsbus 68 uit 1961, GVG, Groningen.

1961 Leyland-Verheul semitouringcar 4282,Citosa, Waddinxveen.Leyland/Verheul semi touringcar 4282 uit 1961, Citosa, Waddinxveen.

1965 Haarlemse Leyland-Verheul stadsbus 5372.Haarlemse Leyland-Verheul stadsbus 5372 uit 1965

1966 Volvo-Verheul streekbus 4326, BBA, Breda.Volvo/Verheul streekbus 432 uit 1966, BBA, Breda.

1968 Leyland-Verheul LVB668standaard streekbus 1107, Westnederland (ex-Citosa), Boskoop.