AMBULANCES + HEARSES part XIV on Alphabet beginning with P till R

AMBULANCES + HEARSES part XIV on Alphabet beginning with P till R

A 1927 Packard ambulance, in front of the Detroit Fire Department headquarters downtown. Burton Historical Collection.

Packard – Ambulances – Flowercars – Hearses -mostly by Henney coachbuilders from 1916 till 1958 when Packard fuseerde met Studebaker.

Only in 1985 made Bayliff some Packard Hearses (Bayliff Coach Corporation, 1979-1992; Lima, Ohio)

Panhard PL 17 Ambulance par Pichon Parat

Panhard ambulances

PAZ Ambulances and Ambulance Bus

Peugeot Ambulances and Hearses from 1934 till recent

Phänomen krankenwagen – ambulances

President Woodrow Wilson’s Pierce-Arrow

Pierce-Arrow Ambulances and Hearses

Plymouth Plaza estate ambulance

Plymouth Ambulances and Hearses

Polski Fiat 621L AMBULANCE with interior

Polski Fiat Ambulances

PONTIAC Ambulances + Hearses

Porsche Ambulances of fast resque and Hearses

 1981 Puch Binz ambulance

Steyr-Daimler-Puch Haflinger Pinzgauer Ambulance

That were all the P ambulances and hearses

Packard Automobile Company Detroit Michigan United States 1899 – 1958k

PackardPackard_Logo

Packard
Automobile company
Industry Manufacturing
Fate folded
Founded 1899
Founder James Ward Packard, William Doud Packard, George L. Weiss
Defunct 1958
Headquarters Detroit, Michigan, US
Key people
Henry B. Joy
Products Automobile

Packard was an American luxury automobile marque built by the Packard Motor Car Company of Detroit, Michigan, and later by the Studebaker-Packard Corporation of South Bend, Indiana. The first Packard automobiles were produced in 1899, and the last in 1958.

History

1899–1905

Packard was founded by James Ward Packard, his brother William Doud Packard and their partner, George Lewis Weiss, in the city of Warren, Ohio where 400 Packard automobiles were built at their Packard factory on Dana Street Northeast, from 1899 to 1903. Being a mechanical engineer, James Ward Packard believed they could build a better horseless carriage than the Winton cars owned by Weiss, an important Winton stockholder.

In September, 1900, the Ohio Automobile Company was founded to produce “Packard” autos. Since these automobiles quickly gained an excellent reputation, the name was changed on October 13, 1902 to the Packard Motor Car Company.

All Packards had a single-cylinder engine until 1903. From the very beginning, Packard featured innovations, including the modern steering wheel and, years later, the first production 12-cylinder engine and air-conditioning in a passenger car.

While the Black Motor Company‘s “Black” went as low as $375, Western Tool Works‘ Gale Model A roadster was $500, the high-volume Oldsmobile Runabout went for $650, and the Cole 30 and Cole Runabout  were US$1,500, Packard concentrated on cars with prices starting at $2,600. The marque developed a following among wealthy purchasers both in the United States and abroad.

Henry Bourne Joy, a member of one of Detroit‘s oldest and wealthiest families, bought a Packard. Impressed by its reliability, he visited the Packards and soon enlisted a group of investors—including Truman Handy Newberry and Russell A. Alger Jr. On October 2, 1902, this group refinanced and renamed the New York and Ohio Automobile Company as “Packard Motor Car Company”, with James as president. Alger later served as vice-president. Packard moved its automobile operation to Detroit soon after, and Joy became general manager, later to be chairman of the board. An original Packard, reputedly the first manufactured, was donated by a grateful James Packard to his alma mater, Lehigh University, and is preserved there in the Packard Laboratory. Another is on display at the Packard Museum in Warren, Ohio.

The 3,500,000 sq ft (330,000 m2) Packard plant on East Grand Boulevard in Detroit was located on over 40 acres (16 ha) of land. Designed by Albert Kahn Associates, it included the first use of reinforced concrete for industrial construction in Detroit and was considered the most modern automobile manufacturing facility in the world when opened in 1903. Its skilled craftsmen practiced over eighty trades. The dilapidated plant still stands, despite repeated fires. Architect Kahn also designed the Packard Proving Grounds at Utica, Michigan.

1899-1930

1899 Packard Model A Runabout, Wagen Nr. 1 (Werkbild, Anfang November 1899)

1899 Packard Model A Runabout, Wagen Nr. 1 (Werkbild, Anfang November 1899)

1903 Packard Modell F, Einzylinder

1903 Packard Modell F, Einzylinder

1904 Packard Model L

1904 Packard Model L

1905 Packard Twin Six 905

1905 Packard Twin Six 905

1906 Packard Modell 18 Runabout (Serie NA)

1906 Packard Modell 18 Runabout (Serie NA)

1906 Packard S 24HP Runabout

1906 Packard S 24HP Runabout

1907 Packard ad The New York Times 1907-11-06

1907 Packard ad The New York Times 1907-11-06

1910 Packard Advertisement - Indianapolis Star, May 22, 1910

1910 Packard Advertisement – Indianapolis Star, May 22, 1910

1910 Packard Advertisement - Indianapolis Star, May 22, 1910a

1910 Packard Advertisement – Indianapolis Star, May 22, 1910

1910 Packard Eighteen Touring Serie NB

1910 Packard Eighteen Touring Serie NB

1910 Providence Packard June07

1910 Providence Packard

1911 Packard

1911 Packard

1912 Packard Advertisement - Syracuse Herald, March 14, 1912

1912 Packard Advertisement – Syracuse Herald, March 14, 1912

1913 Packard 6

1913 Packard 6

1914 Packard 1-38 Five Passenger Phaeton

1914 Packard 1-38 Five Passenger Phaeton

1914 Packard Dominant Six 4-48 Runabout

1914-packard-dominant-six-4-48-runabout

1915 OX5 aircraft engine  Packard Merlin

1915-ox5-aircraft-engine-packard-merlinKampfflugzeugmotor Packard V-1650-7 Weiterentwicklung unter Lizenz des Rolls-Royce Merlin V12 Zylinder, in dieser Version 1315 bhp

Kampfflugzeugmotor Packard V-1650-7 Weiterentwicklung unter Lizenz des Rolls-Royce Merlin V12 Zylinder, in dieser Version 1315 bhp

1915 Packard Model E 7t

1915-packard-model-e-7t

1915 Packard

1915-packard

1916 Packard First Series Twin-Six Touring 1-35

1916-packard-first-series-twin-six-touring-1-35

1916 Packard Model D Mexican Revolution (231)

1916-packard-model-d-mexican-revolution-231

Illustration

1917-russian-imperial-state-limousine-a-1916-packard-twin-6-touring-car-equipped-with-kegresse-track-1917

1917 Packard  Engine 6900cc

1917-packard-engine-6900cc

1917 Packard Twin Six 2-25 Convertible Coupe von Holbrook

1917-packard-twin-six-2-25-convertible-coupe-von-holbrook

1918+20 Packard Twin Six, 3. Serie, Modell 3-35; seitengesteuerter V12, 90 PS 2600 min. Links Limousine (1920), rechts Brougham (1918)

packard-twin-six-3-serie-modell-3-35-seitengesteuerter-v12-90-ps-2600-min-links/left-limousine-1920-rechts/right-brougham-1918

1919 Packard Albright

1919-packard-albright

1919 Packard Truck

1919-packard-truck

1922 Packard Phaeton

1922-packard-phaeton

1922 Packard Single Six 126 Sportmodell, vierplätzig

1922-packard-single-six-126-sportmodell-4 seats

1922 Packard Single Six Modell 126 2-pass. Runabout

1922-packard-single-six-modell-126-2-pass-runabout

1923 Packard Single Six 226 Touring

1923-packard-single-six-226-touring

1924 Packard Single Eight 143 Town Car by Fleetwood

1924-packard-single-eight-143-town-car-by-fleetwood.

1926 Packard 236

1926-packard-236

1926 Packard Eight Modell 243 7-pass. Touring

1926-packard-eight-modell-243-7-pass-touring

1927 Packard 343 Dual Windshield Phaeton

1927-packard-343-dual-windshield-phaeton

1927 Packard Eight Modell 343 Convertible Sedan von Murphy

1927-packard-eight-modell-343-convertible-sedan-von-murphy

1927 Packard Fourth Series Six Model 426 Runabout (Roadster)

1927-packard-fourth-series-six-model-426-runabout-roadster

1927 Packard magazine ad

1927-packard-magazine-ad

1928 Packard 526 Convertable Coupe

1928-packard-526-convertable-coupe

1928 Packard1928-packard

1929 Packard 640 Custom Eight (7410688536)

1929-packard-640-custom-eight

1929 Packard 640 Custom Eight Roadster

1929-packard-640-custom-eight-roadster

1929 Packard Custom Eight 640 4-door Convertible Sedan, Karosserie von Larkins, San Francisco

1929-packard-custom-eight-640-4-door-convertible-sedan-karosserie-von-larkins-san-francisco

1929 Packard M640 Wrecker

1929-packard-m640-wrecker

1930 Packard 734 boattail speedster

1930-packard-734-boattail-speedster

1930 Packard Custom Eight (Modell 740) Coupé-Roadster

1930-packard-custom-eight-modell-740-coupé-roadster

1930 Packard Standard Eight 733 Coupé

1930-packard-standard-eight-733-coupé

1930's Packard Eight hyrbilar under tidigt 1930-tal, i Diplomatstaden, Stockholm

1930s-packard-eight-hyrbilar-under-tidigt-1930-tal-i-diplomatstaden-stockholm

From this beginning, through and beyond the 1930s, Packard-built vehicles were perceived as highly competitive among high-priced luxury American automobiles. The company was commonly referred to as being one of the “Three P’s” of American motordom royalty, along with Pierce-Arrow of Buffalo, New York and Peerless of Cleveland, Ohio. For most of its history, Packard was guided by its President and General Manager James Alvan Macauley, who also served as President of the National Automobile Manufacturers Association. Inducted into the Automobile Hall of Fame, Macauley made Packard the number one designer and producer of luxury automobiles in the United States. The marque was also highly competitive abroad, with markets in sixty-one countries. Gross income for the company was $21,889,000 in 1928. Macauley was also responsible for the iconic Packard slogan, “Ask the Man Who Owns One.”

In the 1920s, Packard exported more cars than any other in its price class, and in 1930, sold almost twice as many abroad as any other marque priced over US$2000. In 1931, ten Packards were owned by Japan’s Royal Family. Between 1924 and 1930, Packard was also the top-selling luxury brand.

In addition to excellent luxury cars, Packard built trucks as well. A Packard truck carrying a three-ton load, drove from New York City to San Francisco between 8 July and 24 August 1912. The same year, Packard had service depots in 104 cities.

The Packard Motor Corporation Building at Philadelphia, also designed by Albert Kahn, was built in 1910-1911. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1980.

By 1931, Packards were also being produced in Canada.

1931–1936

1930 Packard Deluxe Eight roadster

 1930 Packard Deluxe Eight roadster

Entering the 1930s, Packard attempted to beat the stock market crash and subsequent Great Depression by manufacturing ever more opulent and expensive cars than it had prior to October 1929. While the Eight five-seater sedan had been the company’s top-seller for years, the Twin Six, designed by Vincent, was introduced for 1932, with prices starting at US$3,650 at the factory gate; in 1933, it would be renamed the Packard Twelve, a name it retained for the remainder of its run (through 1939). Also in 1931, Packard pioneered a system it called Ride Control, which made the hydraulic shock absorbers adjustable from within the car. For one year only, 1932, Packard fielded an upper-medium-priced car, the Light Eight, at a base price of $1,750 (about $27,933 in 2014), or $735 ($11,732) less than the standard Eight.

1931 Ninth Series model 840

 1931 Ninth Series model 840
1931 Packard 845 CONVERTIBLE
1931-packard-845-convertible
1931 Packard Individual Custom Eight 840 Convertible Sedan von Dietrich
1931-packard-individual-custom-eight-840-convertible-sedan-von-dietrich
1931 Packard Standard Eight 833 2-4 passenger Coupe
1931-packard-standard-eight-833-2-4-passenger-coupe

As an independent automaker, Packard did not have the luxury of a larger corporate structure absorbing its losses, as Cadillac did with GM and Lincoln with Ford. However, Packard did have a better cash position than other independent luxury marques. Peerless ceased production in 1932, changing the Cleveland Ohio manufacturing plant from producing cars to brewing beer for Carling Black Label Beer. By 1938, Franklin, Marmon, Ruxton,Stearns-Knight, Stutz, Duesenberg, and Pierce-Arrow had all closed.

1932 Ninth Series De Luxe Eight model 904 sedan-limousine

 1932 Ninth Series De Luxe Eight model 904 sedan-limousine
1932 Packard light Eight 900 type 553 sedan
1932-packard-light-eight-900-type-553-sedan
1932 StCharles Packard 1
1932-st charles-packard-1
1933 Packard 12-cylinder Touring Sedan Convertible
1933-packard-12-cylinder-touring-sedan-convertible
1933 Packard Series 1105 Convertible Coupe
1933-packard-series-1105-convertible-coupe©chad younglove
1933 Packard Twelve Individual Custom Twelve Modell 1005 Sport Phaeton von Dietrich
1933-packard-twelve-individual-custom-twelve-modell-1005-sport-phaeton-von-dietrich

Packard also had one other advantage that some other luxury automakers did not: a single production line. By maintaining a single line and interchangeability between models, Packard was able to keep its costs down. Packard did not change cars as often as other manufacturers did at the time. Rather than introducing new models annually, Packard began using its own “Series” formula for differentiating its model changeovers in 1923. New model series did not debut on a strictly annual basis, with some series lasting nearly two years, and others lasting as short a time as seven months. In the long run, though, Packard averaged approximately one new series per year. By 1930, Packard automobiles were considered part of its Seventh Series. By 1942, Packard was in its Twentieth Series. The “Thirteenth Series” was omitted.

1934 Eleventh Series Eight model 1101 convertible sedan

 1934 Eleventh Series Eight model 1101 convertible sedan
1934 Packard Straight Eight 11th Series Sedan
1934-packard-straight-eight-11th-series-sedan
1934 Packard Super Eight 1104 Roadster Convertible
1934-packard-super-eight-1104-roadster-convertible
1934 Packard Twelve Model 1106 Sport Coupe by LeBaron
1934-packard-twelve-model-1106-sport-coupe-by-le baron
1935 Packard Eight Model 1200 5-passenger Sedan (Style #803), Packards preisgünstigstes Senior-Modell
1935-packard-eight-model-1200-5-passenger-sedan-style-803-packards-preisgunstigstes(cheapest)-senior-modell
1935 Packard wishbone front suspension (Autocar Handbook, 13th ed, 1935)
1935-packard-wishbone-front-suspension-autocar-handbook-13th-ed
1935 Packard
1935-packard
1936 Packard One-Twenty Club Sedan Model 120-B Style 996
1936-packard-one-twenty-club-sedan-model-120-b-style-996
1936 Packard Twelve (V12) Modell 1406 Convertible Victoria
1936-packard-twelve-v12-modell-1406-convertible-victoria
1936 Packard V-12 Convertible Sedan by Dietrich
1936-packard-v-12-convertible-sedan-by-dietrich

To address the Depression, Packard started producing more affordable cars in the medium-price range. In 1935, the company introduced its first sub-$1,000 car, the 120. Sales more than tripled that year and doubled again in 1936. In order to produce the 120, Packard built and equipped an entirely separate factory. By 1936, Packard’s labor force was divided nearly evenly between the high-priced “Senior” lines (Twelve, Super Eight, and Eight) and the medium-priced “Junior” models, although more than ten times more Juniors were produced than Seniors. This was because the 120 models were built using thoroughly modern mass production techniques, while the Senior Packards used a great deal more hand labor and traditional craftsmanship. Although Packard almost certainly could not have survived the Depression without the highly successful Junior models, they did have the effect of diminishing the Senior models’ exclusive image among those few who could still afford an expensive luxury car. The 120 models were more modern in basic design than the Senior models; for example, the 1935 Packard 120 featured independent front suspension and hydraulic brakes, features that would not appear on the Senior Packards until 1937.

1937–1941

Processed by: Helicon Filter;

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