Buses GUY Wolverhampton England UK

Buses GUY Wolverhampton England UK

GUY       Guy Motors logo

Guy Motors was a Wolverhampton-based vehicle manufacturer that produced cars, lorries, buses and trolleybuses. The company was founded by Sydney S. Guy (1885-1971) who was born in Kings Heath, Birmingham. Guy Motors operated out of its Fallings Park factory from 1914 to 1982, playing an important role in the development of the British motor industry.

Aerial_View,_Guy_Motors_Ltd.,_Fallings_Park,_Wolverhamptonan-aerial-view-of-guy-motors-fallings-park-factory

1953 Guy GS bus built for London Transport1953 Guy GS bus built for London Transport

History

Foundation and the First World War

Sydney S. Guy registered Guy Motors Limited on Saturday 30 May 1914, the same day he departed his position as Works Manager at the Wolverhampton company, Sunbeam. A factory was built on the site at Fallings Park, Wolverhampton. and by September 1914 production was underway on the newly designed 30cwt lorry. This employed a much lighter form of pressed steel frame, unlike the more commonly used heavy rolled steel channel frames of the time. This made the vehicle able to cross difficult terrain and a 14 seat poster bus built based on the design was used for crossing the Scottish Highlands.

Guy's 14 seater bus designed for use in the highlands

1914 Guy’s 14 seater bus designed for use in the highlands

In 1915 Guy came under control of the Ministry of Munitions and production was focused on the war effort. The factory continued to produce 30cwt lorries which were supplied to Britain’s allies in the First World War. They also produced Wasp and Dragonfly radial aircraft engines, Tylor truck engines and Maudslay gearboxes as well as being the country’s largest maker of depth charge fuzes. For their efforts during the war Guy received a commendation from William Weir, Secretary of State for Air. Due to orders from the ministry Guy prospered during the war, expanding its factory and became an established name in British manufacturing.

1920s

The post-war period was difficult for the motor industry as military contracts were cancelled and military vehicles no longer required for service were sold onto the market at low prices. Guy returned to the civilian market, deciding to make luxury cars with a design by RH Rose, also from Sunbeam. They produced the Guy 8-cylinder car, powered by the first British V8 engine and featuring horizontal side valves. Around 25 of these were made and it was joined by a smaller model in 1922 with the 2465 cc four-cylinder 16.9 hp. A cheaper model followed in 1924 with the 1954 cc 13/36 with an engine from Coventry Climax. About 110 of the 4-cylinder models are thought to have been made. Production also continued on vehicles based on the 30cwt chassis such as the Guy charabanc and their major success the 30 seater bus.

In 1924 the company adopted the slogan ‘Feathers in our Cap’ which led to the addition of a Native American mascot to their vehicles. 1924 also saw Guy produce the first ever dropped frame chassis for passenger vehicles (the B-type). This design allowed passengers to enter buses in a single step and became extremely popular, Guy receiving an order for 170 from Rio de Janeiro.

Guy Motors badgeGuy Motors badge

Growing populations in towns and cities meant larger capacity buses were a necessity, leading Guy to develop a 6-wheeled version of their dropped-frame chassis which allowed for the introduction of the first 6-wheeled double decker buses and 6 wheeled trolleybuses in 1926. Guy double decker buses and trolleybuses would prove popular with a fleet of double deckers sold to the London Public Omnibus Company and exports supplied all around the world. Exports served as a major source of income for Guy with sales to South Africa, Pakistan, India and the Netherlands, their armoured vehicles proving particularly popular for covering difficult terrain with 100 supplied to the Indian government in 1928.

1923 Guy's first military vehicleGuy’s first military vehicle produced in 1923

In 1928 Guy took control of fellow Wolverhampton manufacturer the Star Motor Company, who had seen declining sales throughout the decade, in an attempt to expand their luxury car manufacturing. Under Guy, Star Motors moved to a new factory in Bushbury and the range of vehicles was narrowed to prevent competition against itself. Despite this Star continued to struggle and a loss was made on every car sold. The Wall Street Crash had a crippling effect on industry and the subsequent recession meant Guy could no longer afford to fit out Star’s Bushbury plant and in 1932 the company entered receivership.

Despite performing well throughout the decade, by the end of the 1920s Guy was facing an uncertain future due to the takeover of Star and the Wall Street Crash which had seen share prices fall from one pound to one shilling.

1930s

Guy was able to endure the depression due to orders from the war office and by taking advantage of the 1930 Road Traffic Act which encouraged the development of lighter vehicles. In 1933 the Arab bus chassis, designed for use with diesel engines, was launched and would prove a mainstay of Guy’s success for the next twenty years.

From the mid-1930s, the company became increasingly involved in the British rearmament programme, developing and producing military vehicles. In 1935 Guy submitted their new four wheel Ant armoured car to military trials where it impressed and 150 were ordered by the government. After this success Guy began to concentrate solely on the production of military vehicles and by 1938 Guy relied exclusively on Government contracts and had ended civilian productions. During this time Guy designed a new armoured car, the Quad Ant, which was welded rather than riveted together. This development made armoured vehicles much safer and is reported to have saved the British government £100 million, earning Guy a commendation from the Royal Commission.

1914 Guy Syzygies

1914 Guy Syzygies

1914 Guy Syzygies 2

1914 Guy Syzygies

1914 Guy Syzygies 3

1914 Guy Syzygies

1914 Guy Syzygies 4

1914 Guy Syzygies

1914 Guy's 14 seater bus designed for use in the highlands

1919 Guy Charabanc

1919 Guy Charabanc T-5182

1921 Guy 30-seater bus

1921 Guy 30-seater bus

1921 Guy coaches in Wolverhampton Market place

1921 Guy coaches in Wolverhampton Market place

1922 Guy Promenade Runabout

1922 Guy Promenade Runabout

1924 Guy six-wheelers in Rio de Janeiro

1924 Guy six-wheelers in Rio de Janeiro

1925 Guy first six wheeled pneumatic Trolley Bus

1925 Guy first six wheeled pneumatic Trolley Bus

1925 Guy Motors

1925 Guy Motors

1925 Guy Rio 1925

1925 Guy Rio 1925

1927 Guy 6 wheeled Londonbus

1927 Guy 6 wheeled Londonbus

1927 Guy 26 seater

1927 Guy 26 seater

1927 Guy FBB (chassis number 22257) with a Hall Lewis B32R body

1927 Guy FBB (chassis number 22257) with a Hall Lewis B32R body

1927 Guy Star Flyer

1927 Guy Star Flyer

1928 Guy 6 wheeled double deck long distance sleeper coach

1928 Guy 6 wheeled double deck long distance sleeper coach

1928 Guy BT Dodson DY 4965 in Hastings

1928 Guy BT Dodson DY 4965 in Hastings

1929 Guy phptbyWrK

1929 Guy php

1930 Guy FC of Newcastle Corporation

1930 Guy FC of Newcastle Corporation

1930 Guy Motors

1930 Guy Motors

1930 guy-vixen-05

1930 guy-vixen

1931 Guy 'BTX' Zuid Africa

1931 Guy ‘BTX’ Zuid Africa

1931 Guy Trolleybus op weg naar Japan

1931 Guy Trolleybus op weg naar Japan

1932 Guy Open coach

1932 Guy Open coach

1933 Guy Trolleybus adv1

1933 Guy Trolleybus adv1

1933 Guy

1933 Guy NL

1934 Guy Wolf Guy GR-1157

1934 Guy Wolf Guy GR-1157

1936 Guy Trolleybus  adv

1936 Guy Trolleybus  adv

1937 Guy Arab

1937 Guy Arab

1937 Guy Wolf with Martin body

1937 Guy Wolf with Martin body

1938 Guy Wolf with 20 seat bodywork by Waveney

1938 Guy Wolf with 20 seat bodywork by Waveney

1943 Guy Arab I JUA762 Pickering H30 26R Re bodied ROE H31-25R (2)

1943 Guy Arab I JUA762 Pickering H30 26R Re bodied ROE H31-25R

1943 Guy Arab I JUA762 Pickering H30 26R Re bodied ROE H31-25R

1943 Guy Arab I JUA762 Pickering H30 26R Re bodied ROE H31-25R

1943 Guy Arab II new in 1943 as a double decker, later an open top decker similar to 39

1943 Guy Arab II as a double decker, later an open top decker similar to 39

1946 Guy Arab III with Massey C35F body new to W. Alexander

1946 Guy Arab III with Massey C35F body new to W. Alexander

1946 Guy Arab Massey TSB019

1946 Guy Arab Massey TSB019

1946 Guy Arab Seamer Service

1946 Guy Arab Seamer Service

1946 Guy Arab with Brush B35F body

1946 Guy Arab with Brush B35F body

1946 Guy Vixen Hainje B-22878

1946 Guy Vixen Hainje B-22878 NL

1946 Guy-Arab bus 84 met carrosserie van Verheul. Dienstbus Almelo-Glanerbrug op de weg Borne-Hengelo. Opname verm. 1949.

1946 Guy-Arab bus 84 met carrosserie van Verheul. Dienstbus

1947 Guy Arab (Seida)

1947 Guy Arab (Seida)

1947 Guy Arab III with Duple C35F body

1947 Guy Arab III with Duple C35F body

1947 Guy Arab Verheul NB-34-13

1947 Guy Arab Verheul NB-34-13 NL

1947 Guy first post war Trolley Bus Belfast Corporation

1947 Guy first post war Trolley Bus Belfast Corporation

1947 Guy Gardner 6LW Arab MkIII carr Saunders GTW 30

1947 Guy Gardner 6LW Arab MkIII carr. Saunders GTW 30 NL

1947 Guy Gardner 6LW Arab MkIII carr Saunders-de Schelde GTW 32

1947 Guy Gardner 6LW Arab MkIII carr Saunders-de Schelde GTW 32 NL

1947 Guy Gardner 6LW Arab MkIII carr Saunders-de Schelde GTW 33

1947 Guy Gardner 6LW Arab MkIII carr Saunders-de Schelde GTW 33 NL

1947 Guy Gardner 6LW Arab MkIII carr Saunders-de Schelde GTW 34

1947 Guy Gardner 6LW Arab MkIII carr Saunders-de Schelde GTW 34 NL

1947 Guy Gardner 6LW Arab MkIII carr Saunders-de Schelde GTW 35

1947 Guy Gardner 6LW Arab MkIII carr Saunders-de Schelde GTW 35 NL

1947 Guy Gardner 6LW Arab MkIII carr Saunders-de Schelde GTW 36

1947 Guy Gardner 6LW Arab MkIII carr Saunders-de Schelde GTW 36 NL

1947 Guy Gardner 6LW Arab MkIII carr Saunders-de Schelde GTW 37

1947 Guy Gardner 6LW Arab MkIII carr Saunders-de Schelde GTW 37 NL

1947 Guy Motors of Wolverhampton, Individually built bus advert

1947 Guy Motors of Wolverhampton, Individually built bus advert

1947 Guy Motors of Wolverhampton, Newport buses bus advert

1947 Guy Motors of Wolverhampton, Newport buses bus advert

1947 Guy Motors of Wolverhampton, Southampton Guy Arab bus advert

1947 Guy Motors of Wolverhampton, Southampton Guy Arab bus advert

1947 Guy Saunders Tet 075

1947 Guy Saunders Tet 075 NL

1947 guy-arab-01

1947 guy-arab

1947 Guy-Vixen. Carrosserie Bos(linker bus)

1947 Guy-Vixen. Carrosserie v d Bos(linker bus) NL

1947-52 Guy carr. Den Oudsten NB-21-69

1947-52 Guy carr. Den Oudsten NB-21-69 NL

1947-52 Guy Mk III  NB-01-40

1947-52 Guy Vixen carr. Verheul NB-28-40 NL

1948 Guy Arab 16 Brian Shaw

1948 Guy Arab 16 Brian Shaw

1948 Guy Arab 16

1948 Guy Arab 16

1948 Guy Arab 21 Brian Shaw

1948 Guy Arab 21 Brian Shaw

1948 Guy Arab 37

1948 Guy Arab 37

1948 Guy Arab carr. Verheul NB-28-54

1948 Guy Arab carr. Verheul NB-28-54

1948 Guy Arab Fleet LUT&PC 22

1948 Guy Arab Fleet LUT&PC 22

1948 Guy Arab Fleet of Maidstone Corporation Transport Department 26

1948 Guy Arab Fleet of Maidstone Corporation Transport Department 26

1948 Guy Arab Fleet of Newport Corporation Transport 24

1948 Guy Arab Fleet of Newport Corporation Transport 24

1948 Guy Arab Glasgow Corporation Transport Fleet 23

1948 Guy Arab Glasgow Corporation Transport Fleet 23

1948 Guy Arab I 136

1948 Guy Arab I 136

1948 Guy Arab III with an MCW 35 seat body

1948 Guy Arab III with an MCW 35 seat body

1948 Guy Arab III with MCW 35 seat rear entrance body.

1948 Guy Arab III with MCW 35 seat rear entrance body.

1948 Guy Arab IV African Transport Limited Kenya 30

1948 Guy Arab IV African Transport Limited Kenya 30

1948 Guy Arab Mark IV Hong Kong China Bus Company Limeted 34

1948 Guy Arab Mark IV Hong Kong China Bus Company Limeted 34

1948 Guy Arab Mark IV South Africa 35

1948 Guy Arab Mark IV South Africa 35 Greyhound

1948 Guy Arab Mark IV Southdown Motor services Limeted 32

1948 Guy Arab Mark IV Southdown Motor services Limited 32

1948 Guy Arab Mk III 19 6 1957 Verheul 1948 TET 88 E-45960

1948 Guy Arab Mk III 19 6 1957 Verheul 1948 TET 88 E-45960 NL

1948 Guy Arab MkIII, Gardner 6LW, carr. Verheul GTW 320

1948 Guy Arab MkIII, Gardner 6LW, carr. Verheul GTW 320 NL

1948 Guy Arab MkIII, Gardner 6LW, carr. Verheul GTW 324

1948 Guy Arab MkIII, Gardner 6LW, carr. Verheul GTW 321 NL

1948 Guy Arab MkIII, Gardner 6LW, carr. Verheul GTW 328

1948 Guy Arab MkIII, Gardner 6LW, carr. Verheul GTW 324 NL

1948 Guy Arab MkIII, Gardner 6LW, carr. Verheul GTW

1948 Guy Arab MkIII, Gardner 6LW, carr. Verheul GTW 328 NL

1948 Guy Arab MkIII, Gardner 6LW, carr. Verheul GTW 321

1948 Guy Arab MkIII, Gardner 6LW, carr. Verheul GTW NL

1948 Guy Arab Single decker 2

1948 Guy Arab Single decker 2

1948 Guy Arab single decker vehicle5

1948 Guy Arab single decker vehicle

1948 Guy Arab Single Decker

1948 Guy Arab Single Decker

1948 Guy Gardner 6LW Arab MkIII carr Verheul GTW 39

1948 Guy Gardner 6LW Arab MkIII carr Verheul GTW 39 NL

1948 Guy met Verheul carr. uit de serie 82 tm 84 uit 1948  werd in 1953 verbouwd . De achterkant is verheul en front is _

1948 Guy met Verheul carr. uit de serie 82 tm 84 uit 1948  werd in 1953 verbouwd . De achterkant is verheul NL

1948 Guy Otters were never common and ones with Alexander bodywork rarer still

1948 Guy Otters were never common and ones with Alexander bodywork rarer still

1948 Guy Vixen  coach

1948 Guy Vixen  coach

1948 Guy Wolf chassis carries a Barnard body

1948 Guy Wolf chassis carries a Barnard body

1948 Guy-Arab met carrosserie Saunders (Engeland)

1948 Guy-Arab met carrosserie Saunders  NL

1948 guy-arab-03

1948 guy-arab dd

1948 guy-arab-04

1948 guy-arab 440

1948 guy-arab-06

1948 guy-arab 440

1948 guy-arab-08

1948 guy-arab dd

1948 Guy-bus 23 erachter Crossley- Scheldebus 20 (NS 1065) op 12 september 1948 vliegveld Beek en EBAD

1948 Guy-bus 23 erachter Crossley- Scheldebus 20 (NS 1065) op 12 september 1948 vliegveld Beek en EBAD NL

1948 The Arab Mark IV, Guy's most successful bus design

1948 The Arab Mark IV, Guy’s most successful bus design

1948 The Sunbeam Double-Decker Trolleybus

1948 The Sunbeam Double-Decker Trolleybus

1949 burlingham guy coach rmJWX126

1949 burlingham guy coach

1949 Guy Arab III 6LW with Park Royal H30-26R body

1949 Guy Arab III 6LW with Park Royal H30-26R body

1949 Guy Arab III, fleet number 10 (KTC 615)

1949 Guy Arab III, fleet number 10 (KTC 615)

1950 Guy Arab III-Harkness Coachworks B31F (may be B30F now) 286, MZ7384

1949 Guy Arab IV

1950 Guy Arab Mark IV

1949 Guy Arab IV

1950 Guy Arab Mk III

1950-guy-arab-mk-iii

1949 Guy Arab MK 5

1949 Guy Arab MK 5

1949 Guy Arab MKIII Gardner 6 LW carr Hainje GTW 329

1949 Guy Arab MKIII Gardner 6 LW carr Hainje GTW 329 NL

1949 Guy Arab IV

1949 Guy Arab MK 5

1949 Guy ArabIII-Brislington BusWorks

1949 Guy ArabIII-Brislington Bus Works

1949 Guy Motors

1949 Guy Motors adv.

1949 Guy Vixen carrosserie Den Oudsten

1949 Guy Vixen carrosserie Den Oudsten NL

1949 guy-arab-07

1949 guy-arab

1949-53 Guy-Jongman NB-56-18

1949-53 Guy-carr. Jongman NB-56-18 NL

1950 Guy Arab III with Guy B33R bodywork

1950 Guy Arab III with Guy B33R bodywork

1950 Guy Arab III-Harkness Coachworks B31F (may be B30F now) 286, MZ7384

1950 Guy Arab III-Harkness Coachworks B31F (may be B30F now) 286, MZ7384

1950 Guy Arab III-Harkness

1950 Guy Arab III-Harkness

1950 Guy Arab Mark IV

1950 Guy Arab Mark IV

1950 Guy Arab MK IV South Africa 37

1950 Guy Arab MK IV South Africa 37

1950 Guy Arab UF with Guy B40F body (using Park Royal framework)

1950 Guy Arab UF with Guy B40F body (using Park Royal framework)

1950 Guy Arab V double deck bus

1950 Guy Arab V double deck bus

1950 Guy Motors

1950 Guy Motors

1950 Guy Vixen Overland Firms 59

1950 Guy Vixen Overland Firms 59

1950 Guy Vixen

1950 Guy Vixen NL

1950 guy-arab-02

1950 guy-arab

1950 guy-arab-05

1950 guy-arab

1950 Guy-Vixen

1950 Guy-Vixen NL

1951 Guy Arab III with a Windover C33F body

1951 Guy Arab III with a Windover C33F body

1951 Guy Arab III with rare Roe coach body

1951 Guy Arab III with rare Roe coach body

1951 Guy Arab III with unusual Roe coach body

1951 Guy Arab III with unusual Roe coach body

1951 Guy Arab UF fitted from new with a preselector gearbox and carried a Guy B40F body.

1951 Guy Arab UF fitted from new with a preselector gearbox and carried a Guy B40F body.

1951 Guy-Arab 76 met carrosserie van Hondebrink. Opname 1955 tijdens toerwagenral

1951 Guy-Arab 76 met carrosserie van Hondebrink. Opname 1955 tijdens toerwagenral NL

1951 Guy-Vixen. Carrosserie. Hainje

1951-guy-vixen-carrosserie-hainje

1952 Guy Arab III with Roe B41C bodywork

1952 Guy Arab III with Roe B41C bodywork

1952 Guy Arab LUF with Weymann B44F body

1952 Guy Arab LUF with Weymann B44F body

1952 Guy Arab Underfloor engined single deck Huddersfield 43 seater bus 4

1952 Guy Arab Underfloor engined single deck Huddersfield 43 seater bus 4

1952 Guy GS - MXX 342

1952 Guy GS – MXX 342

1952 Guy Otters with rare Mulliner bodywork

1952 Guy Otters with rare Mulliner bodywork

1952 Guy Underfloor Verheul  Jac. van Dijk nr 58 NB-06-72

1952 Guy Underfloor Verheul  Jac. van Dijk nr 58 NB-06-72 NL

1952 Guy Vixen GS13 at Amersham E

1952 Guy Vixen Wadham

1952 Guy Vixen Wadham

1952 Guy-Arab 89 met carrosserie van Verheul. Met 45 zit en 10 staanplaatsen. Opname grens Glanerbrug in 1954 NL

1952 Guy-Arab 89 met carrosserie van Verheul. Met 45 zit en 10 staanplaatsen. Opname grens Glanerbrug in 1954

1952 Guy-Arab nr. 86 met carrosserie van Verheul NL

1952 Guy-Arab nr. 86 met carrosserie van Verheul

1952 guy-otter

1952 guy-otter-04

1952 guy-otter

1952 guy-otter-07

1953 Guy Otter

1953 Guy Arab 88 met carrosserie van Verheul.

1953-guy-arab-88-met-carrosserie-van-verheul

1953 Guy Arab bus 60

1953 Guy Arab bus 60

1953 Guy Arab III with Roe B41C bodywork

1953-guy-arab-iii-with-roe-b41c-bodywork

1953 Guy GS MXX-343ECW B26F Kerel

1953 Guy GS MXX-343ECW B26F Kerel

1953 GUY Otter Diesel light vehicle12

1953 GUY Otter Diesel light vehicle12

1953 Guy Special NLLVP with ECW B26F body

1953 Guy Special NLLVP with ECW B26F body

1953 Guy Special NLLVP with ECW B26F bodywork

1953 Guy Special with ECW B26F bodywork

1953 Guy Special with ECW B26F bodywork

1953 Guy Special NLLVP with ECW B26F bodywork

1953 Guy Vixen 30 seater vehicle 4

1953 Guy Vixen 30 seater vehicle 4

1953 Guy Vixen London Transport GS84 and GS76

1953 Guy Vixen London Transport GS84 and GS76

1953 Guys with ECW B26F bodies for use on low traffic country area routes

1953 Guys with ECW B26F bodies for use on low traffic country area routes

1953 Guys with ECW B26F bodies

1953 Guys with ECW B26F bodies

1954 Guy Arab Lighteight heavy duty underfloor engined coach

1954 Guy Arab Lighteight heavy duty underfloor engined coach

1954 Guy Arab LUF with a Guy B43F body

1954 Guy Arab LUF with a Guy B43F body

1954 Guy Arab LUF with Picktree C35F body

1954 Guy Arab LUF with Picktree C35F body

1954 Guy Arab LUF with rare Picktree Continental C35F body

1954 Guy Arab LUF with rare Picktree Continental C35F body

1954 Guy Motors of Wolverhampton advert 2

1954 Guy Motors of Wolverhampton advert

1954 Guy Motors of Wolverhampton advert 3

1954 Guy Motors of Wolverhampton advert

1954 Guy Otter with a Roe B25F body

1954 Guy Otter with a Roe B25F body

1954 Guy Sunbeam Trolley Double Deck Bus Walsall Corporation

1954 Guy Sunbeam Trolley Double Deck Bus Walsall Corporation

1954 Guy Warrior 43 seater Trambus with AEC 6cyl 135 bhp engine

1954 Guy Warrior 43 seater Trambus with AEC 6cyl 135 bhp engine

1954 Guy-bus 8 van de EBAD met Den Oudsten carrosserie

1954 Guy-bus 8 van de EBAD met Den Oudsten carrosserie NL

1955 Guy Arab LUF with Alexander C41F bodywork

1955 Guy Arab LUF with Alexander C41F bodywork

1955 Guy Arab LUF

1955 Guy Arab LUF

1955 Guy Arab LUFs, fitted with Roe B34C+24 bodies

1955 Guy Arab LUFs, fitted with Roe B34C+24 bodies

1955 Guy Arab Mark IV East kent Road car Company Limited 31

1955 Guy Arab Mark IV East kent Road car Company Limited 31

1955 Guy Warrior LUF Coach 3

1955 Guy Warrior LUF Coach 3

1955 Guy Warrior with Burlingham C41F body

1955 Guy Warrior with Burlingham C41F body

1955 guy-s ad

1955 guy-s ad

1956 Guy Arab LUFs with Willowbrook C37C bodies

1956 Guy Arab LUFs with Willowbrook C37C bodies

1956 Guy Arab Mark IV Belgium 36

1956 Guy Arab Mark IV Belgium 36

1956 Guy Arab, with Park Royal body

1956 Guy Arab, with Park Royal body

1956 Guy Kusters-bus, de EBAD 91

1956 Guy Kusters-bus, de EBAD 91

1956 Guy Raghano België

1956 Guy Raghano België

1956 Guy Seal Small capacity tourist coach 1

1956 Guy Seal Small capacity tourist coach 1

1956 Guy Warrior, XUK768, with Mulliner C37C body

1956 Guy Warrior, XUK768, with Mulliner C37C body

1957 Guy Arab LUF with Roe B41R body

1957 Guy Arab LUF with Roe B41R body

1957 GUY België

1957 GUY Jonckheere België

1957 Guy Arab Toerwagen 88  met carrosserie van Verheul

1957 Guy Arab Toerwagen 88 met carrosserie van Verheul

1957 Guy Otter P6 with Mulliner B26F bodywork

1957 Guy Otter P6 with Mulliner B26F bodywork

1957 Guy Vixen car.

1957 Guy Vixen

1958 Guy Arab LUFs with Longwell Green B44F bodies, XNY419

1958 Guy Arab LUFs with Longwell Green B44F bodies, XNY419

1958 Guy LUF with Longwell Green B44F body

1958 Guy LUF with Longwell Green B44F body

1958 Guy UF with Burlingham Seagull C41F body

1958 Guy UF with Burlingham Seagull C41F body

1958 Guy Victory Trambus 2

1958 Guy Victory Trambus

1958 Guy Victory Trambus 5

1958 Guy Victory Trambus

1958 Guy Victory UF 44 till 65 seater Luxery Touring Coach Victory 2

1958 Guy Victory UF 44 till 65 seater Luxery Touring Coach Victory 2

1958 Guy Victory

1958 Guy Victory

1958 Guy Warrior Gardner 5HLW oil engine 2

1958 Guy Warrior Gardner 5HLW oil engine 2

1958 Guy Wulfrunian

1958 Guy Wulfrunian

1958 Guy-Arab nr. 89 met carrosserie van Verheul. De bus had 45 zit en 10 staanplaatsen

1958 Guy-Arab nr. 89 met carrosserie van Verheul. De bus had 45 zit en 10 staanplaatsen

1958 guy-victory-02

1958 guy-victory

1958 guy-victory-03

1958 guy-victory

1958 guy-victory-05

1958 guy-victory

1959 GUY 1460

1959 GUY 1460

1959 Guy Arab LUF Powered by a Gardner 6HLW engine Registration 1294 RE

1959 Guy Arab LUF Powered by a Gardner 6HLW engine Registration 1294 RE

1960 GUY J- Type

1960 GUY J- Type

1960 Guy Warrior coach vehicle21

1960 Guy Warrior coach vehicle 21

1960 guy-victory-01

1960 guy-victory

1961 Guy Arab III-Strachen-HighlandTrans.G.Rixon2

1961 Guy Arab III-Strachen-Highland Trans.G.Rixon2

1961 Guy Wulfrunians with Roe H43-32F body

1961 Guy Wulfrunians with Roe H43-32F body

1963 Guy Arab IV with Massey lowbridge body

1963 Guy Arab IV with Massey lowbridge body

1964 Guy Conquest Luxery Coach

1964 Guy Conquest Luxery Coach

1965 Guy Conquest Luxery Coach with AEC AV505 Gardner 6LX or 6LW Victory Trambus

1965 Guy Conquest Luxery Coach with AEC AV505 Gardner 6LX or 6LW Victory Trambus

Guy Victory 40-45 seat

1960 Guy Victory 40-45 seat

Guy 434 at castle coch resiz

GUY DD

Guy Arab - FRU 224

Guy Arab – FRU 224

Guy buses

Guy buses

1967 Guy -ZABO Bus

1967 Guy -ZABO NL © AvdBorg&CBos

1978 Guy Victory U F Victory 1

1978 Guy Victory U F Victory 1 ?

The End

####

SUNBEAM Trolleybuses

Sunbeam (car + trolleybus company)

wallpapers_sunbeam_logotypes

This is the complete history of Sunbeam, only the fat printed text goes about the trolleybuses. The rest comes back when I write about and show you the Sunbeam Cars.

Sunbeam badge

Sunbeam was a marque registered by John Marston Co. Ltd of Wolverhampton, England, in 1888. The company first made bicycles, then motorcyclesand cars from the late 19th century until about 1936, and applied the marque to all three forms of transportation. The company also manufactured aero engines in the First World War and 647 aircraft during the Second World War. A Sunbeam was the first British car to win a Grand Prix race, and set a number of land speed records. The company went into receivership in 1935 and was purchased by the Rootes Group, which continued to use the Sunbeam marque.

Early history

Sunbeam motifs

 John Marston was apprenticed to the Jeddo Works of Wolverhampton as a japanner (metal lacquerer). In 1859, at the age of 23, he bought two tinplate manufacturers and set up on his own as John Marston Co. Ltd. Marston was an avid cyclist, and in 1877 set up the Sunbeamland Cycle Factory, producing bikes known as Sunbeams. Between 1899 and 1901 the company also produced a number of experimental cars, but none was offered to the market.

The first production car named as a Sunbeam was introduced in 1901, after a partnership with Maxwell Maberley-Smith. The Sunbeam-Mabley design was an odd one, with seats on either side of a belt-drive powered by a single-cylinder engine of less than 3 hp (2.2 kW). The design was a limited success, with 420 sold at £130 when production ended in 1904 (source?? Other sources state 130 made). At that point the company started production of a Thomas Pullinger–designed car based on the Berliet mechanicals. They introduced a new model, based on a Peugeot motor they bought for study, in 1906 and sold about 10 a week.

1927 Sunbeam bus with an MS2 chassis and a Weymann body, used by Walsall Corporation.

1928 Sunbeam bus with an MS2 chassis and a Weymann body, used by Walsall Corporation.

In 1905, the Sunbeam Motorcar Company Ltd was formed separate from the rest of the John Marston business, which retained the Sunbeam motorcycles and bicycles.

1928 Sunbeam 6 wheel 27 pass. Dodson Body

1928 Sunbeam 6 wheel 27 pass. Dodson Body

The Breton car designer, Louis Coatalen, joined the company from Hillman-Coatalen in 1909, and became chief designer. He soon reorganised production such that almost all parts were built by the company, as opposed to relying on outside suppliers. He quickly introduced his first design, the Sunbeam 14/20, their first to use a shaft-driven rear axle, upgrading it in 1911 with a slightly larger engine as the 16/20.

1931 Sunbeam bus with a W4 chassis and a Park Royal body. Courtesy of Eardley Lewis

1931 Sunbeam bus with a W4 chassis and a Park Royal body. Courtesy of Eardley Lewis

Sunbeam made a small number of Veterans, and by 1912 were making conventional, high-quality cars. Direct competitors to Rolls Royce, Sunbeams were considered to be a car for those who thought an RR a little ostentatious.

Sunbeam Nautilus

Louis Coatalen in the Nautilus at Brooklands in 1910

Coatalen was particularly fond of racing as a way to drive excellence within the company, noting that “Racing improves the breed”. After designing the 14/20, he started the design of advanced high-power engines, combining overhead valves with a pressurised oil lubrication system. In 1910 he built his first dedicated land-speed-record car, the Sunbeam Nautilus, powered by a 4.2-litre version of this engine design. The Nautilus implemented a number of early streamlining features, known as “wind cutting” at the time, but the custom engine suffered various problems and the design was eventually abandoned. The next year he introduced the Sunbeam Toodles II, featuring an improved valve system that turned it into a success. Coatalen won 22 prizes in Toodles II at Brooklands in 1911, and also achieved a flying mile of 86.16 mph (138.66 km/h) to take the 16 hp Short Record. Sunbeam cars powered by more conventional (for the time) side-valve engines featured prominently in the 1911 Coupé de l’Auto race, and improved versions won first, second and third the next year. Sunbeams continued to race over the next few years, but the company had moved on to other interests.

1932 Sunbeam ad 1946

1932 Sunbeam ad 1946

1933 Sunbeam Sikh with Christopher Dodson H36-38R body J-9215

1933 Sunbeam Sikh with Christopher Dodson H36-38R body J-9215

Coatalen also designed a number of passenger cars, notably the Sunbeam 12/16. By 1911 Sunbeam were building about 650 cars a year, at that time making them a major manufacturer.

First World War

Starting in 1912 they had also branched out into aircraft engines, introducing a series of engines that were not particularly successful commercially. Coatalen seemed to be convinced that the proper solution to any engine requirement was a design for those exact specifications, instead of producing a single engine and letting the aircraft designers build their aircraft around it. Their most numerous designs were the troublesome V8 Sunbeam Arab, which was ordered in quantity in 1917 but suffered from continual vibration and reliability problems and only saw limited service, and the more successful V12 Sunbeam Cossack. Meanwhile Coatalen continued to experiment with ever-more odd designs such as the star-layout Sunbeam Malay, which never got beyond a prototype, the air-cooled Sunbeam Spartan and the diesel-powered Sunbeam Pathan. The company was fairly successful with the introduction of newer manufacturing techniques, however, and was one of the first to build aluminium single-block engines, a design that would not become common until the 1930s.

1933 Sunbeam Weymann 3 axle trolleybus, this machine had a 60 seat body

1933 Sunbeam Weymann 3 axle trolleybus, this machine had a 60 seat body

During the First World War, the company built motorcycles, trucks, and ambulances. The company also participated in the Society of British Aircraft Constructors pool, who shared aircraft designs with any companies that could build them. Acting in this role, they produced 15 Short Bombers powered by their own Sunbeam Gurkha engines, 20 Short Type 827s, 50 Short 310s, and others including Avro 504 trainers; they even designed their own Sunbeam Bomber, which lost to a somewhat simpler Sopwith design. Sunbeam had produced 647 aircraft of various types by the time the lines shut down in early 1919.

Post-war

1926 Sunbeam 14 40 Tourer

 Sunbeam 14/40 Tourer 1926
Beaulieu National Motor Museum Sunbeam 350 pk
Sunbeam 350hp at the National Motor Museum
Sunbeam 1000HP
 The record-breaking Sunbeam 1000hp

In 1919 Darracq bought the London-based firm of Clément-Talbot (becoming Talbot-Darracq) in order to import Talbots into England from France. On August 13, 1920, Sunbeam merged with the French company Automobiles Darracq S.A.. Alexandre Darracq built his first car in 1896, and his cars were so successful that Alfa Romeo and Opel both started out in the car industry by building Darracqs under licence. Adding Sunbeam created Sunbeam-Talbot-Darracq, or STD Motors.

1934 Sunbeam bus with an MS3 chassis and a Metro-Cammell body. Turning in Victoria Square

1934 Sunbeam bus with an MS3 chassis and a Metro-Cammell body. Turning in Victoria Square

In addition to quality limousine, saloon and touring cars, Coatalen was pleased to build racing cars for Henry Segrave—who won the French and Spanish GPs in 1923/4. He also built a Brooklands racer with a purpose built V12 18.3 litre engine whose design was a hybrid of the Sunbeam Manitou and the Sunbeam Arab aero engines. This engine had four blocks of three cylinders arranged in two banks set at 60 degrees (unlike the Arab which were set at 90 degrees). Each cylinder had one inlet and two exhaust valves actuated by a single overhead camshaft. The two camshafts were driven by a complex set of 16 gears from the front of the crankshaft – a very similar arrangement to that used on the Maori engine which had two OHC per bank of cylinders. This famous car (Sunbeam 350HP) established three Land Speed Records – the first achieved by Kenelm Lee Guinness at Brooklands in 1922 with a speed of 133.75mph. Malcolm Campbell then purchased the car, had it painted in his distinctive colour scheme, named it Blue Bird and in September 1924 achieved a new record speed of 146.16mph at Pendine Sands in South Wales, raising it the following year to 150.76mph. The same year Coatalen’s new 3 litre Super Sports came 2nd at Le Mans—beating Bentley—this was the first production twin-cam car in the world. In 1926 Segrave captured the LSR in a new 4 litre V12 Sunbeam racer originally named Ladybird and later renamed Tiger. Coatalen decided to re-enter the LSR field himself, building the truly gigantic Sunbeam 1000HP powered by two 450 hp (340 kW) Matabele engines. On 29 March 1927 the car captured the speed record at 203.792 mph (327.971 km/h). The car is now at the National Motor Museum, Beaulieu, UK.

1935 Park Royal H31-25D body was one of sixty-three Sunbeam MS2s

1935 Park Royal H31-25D body was one of sixty-three Sunbeam MS2s

Sunbeam’s great era was really the 1920s under Coatalen’s leadership with very well engineered, high quality, reliable cars — and a great reputation on the track.

1935 Sunbeam 202 , ALJ 286 with massive ark from trolley booms

1935 Sunbeam 202 , ALJ 286 with massive ark from trolley booms

A later land speed record attempt, the 1930 Silver Bullet, failed to achieve either records, or the hoped-for advances in aero engines. It is now almost forgotten. Sunbeam did not really survive the depression and in 1935 went into receivership and was sold to Lord Rootes. The last true Sunbeam was made in 1935. The new entry model “Dawn” was a typical mid-1930s design with independent front suspension whereas other models, the 18.2HP and Speed 20 were based on Vintage designs and qualify as PVT under VSCC rules.

1935 Sunbeam MS2 with Park Royal body

1935 Sunbeam MS2 with Park Royal body

Coatalen’s obsession with improvement meant that there were numerous small changes in models from year to year. Therefore although his designs are basically similar, few parts are interchangeable.

1935 Sunbeam MS2 with Park Royal O68R bodywork ALJ-896

1935 Sunbeam MS2 with Park Royal O68R bodywork ALJ-896

In the Vintage period, typically two models dominated production volumes at each period:

  • 1920–24 16 hp, 16/40, 24 hp, 24/60 & 24/70 all based on pre-war designs.
  • 1922–23 14 hp The first highly successful post-war 4-cylinder.
  • 1924 12/30 & 16/50 only produced in small numbers.
  • 1924–26 14/40 and big brother 20/60 developed from 14 hp with 2 more cylinders added.
  • 1926–30 3 litre Super Sports, highly successful and much coveted, the first production twin OHC car in the world.

1935 Sunbeam TB advert

1935 Sunbeam TB advert

  • 1926–30 16 hp (16.9) & 20 hp (20.9). Two new designs with six-cylinder integral cast iron block and crankcase. Both were reliable capable cars produced over many years, (20.9) with a 3-litre engine producing 70 BHP is noted for its performance and is well respected as a practical and reliable touring car. It has many shared components with the 3-litre Super Sports (brakes, suspension, steering, axles, gearbox, transmission).
  • 1926–32 20/60 developed into 25 hp with bore increased from 75 to 80 mm. A few 8-cylinder cars produced in this period, 30 hp & 35 hp.
  • 1930–32 16 hp bore increased from 67 to 70 mm, (16.9 to 18.2 hp).
  • 1931–33 New model 20 hp introduced with 80 mm bore and 7 main bearings rated at 23.8 hp. Very smooth and powerful engine.
  • 1933 18.2 hp engine installed in Speed 20 chassis and renamed ‘Twenty’.
  • 1933–34 20.9 hp engine resurrected with improved exhaust manifold and downdraught carb installed in new cruciform braced chassis for the Speed 20. Highly desirable and fast touring model especially the 1934 body style.
  • 1933–35 Twenty-Five introduced with modified 1931–33 23.8 hp engine.
  • 1934 Twenty given the 20.9 engine in place of the 18.2.
  • 1934–35 Dawn introduced. 12.8 hp (9.5 kW) engine and IFS. Nice little car but not a great success.
  • 1935 Speed 20 renamed Sports 21 with redesigned body style.
  • 1935 Sports 21 given a high compression version of Twenty-Five engine.

1935 Sunbeam MS2 with Park Royal O69R body BRU-8

1935 Sunbeam MS2 with Park Royal O69R body BRU-8

The most successful, judged by volumes, was the 16 hp (16.9) followed by 20 hp ( 20.9) made from 1926 to 1930. Whilst the 16 was solid and very reliable, it was a little underpowered at 2.1 litres, the 20.9 made a big jump to 3 litres and 70 bhp (52 kW; 71 PS) with similar body weight and vacuum servo brakes and was capable of 70 mph (110 km/h).

1936 Park Royal H31-25D body on its Sunbeam MS2 chassis BRU8

1936 Park Royal H31-25D body on its Sunbeam MS2 chassis BRU8

Sunbeam built their own bodies but also supplied to the coachbuilder trade; many limousines were built on Sunbeam chassis. The sales catalogue illustrates the standard body designs.

Rootes Group

1947 Sunbeam-Talbot Saloon

Sunbeam-Talbot Saloon 1947
1948 Sunbeam-Talbot 90 4-Door Sedan
 Sunbeam-Talbot 90 4-Door Saloon 1948

STD Motors went into receivership in 1935. By this point only Talbot was still a success and in 1935 that portion was purchased by the Rootes GroupWilliam Lyons of “SS Cars,” who was looking for a name change, given the rising Nazi connotations, tried to buy Sunbeam but they were also purchased by Rootes. After World War II SS Cars changed their name to Jaguar.

1938 Sunbeam BTH 5

1938 Sunbeam BTH 5

Car production at the Wolverhampton factory was terminated but trolleybus production continued there and Karrier trolleybus production was re-located there from Luton by 1939. During wartime the factory produced the only trolleybus available in the UK; a four-wheeled double decker known as either the Karrier or Sunbeam W4. Rootes sold the factory and designs to Brockhouse Ltd in 1946 who sold them in turn to Guy Motors in 1948 who built Sunbeam trolleybuses at their factory until the last was completed in 1964.

Sunbeam-Rad-Badge-2

Rootes was an early proponent of badge engineering, building a single mass-produced chassis and equipping it with different body panels and interiors to fit different markets. They ended production of existing models at all the new companies, replacing them with designs from Hillman and Humber that were more amenable to mass production.

1938 Sunbeam MF2 with Park Royal H29-25R body BDA367

1938 Sunbeam MF2 with Park Royal H29-25R body BDA367

In 1938 Rootes created a new marque called Sunbeam-Talbot which combined the quality Talbot coachwork and the current Hillman and Humber chassis and was assembled at the Talbot factory in London. The initial two models were the Sunbeam-Talbot 10 and the 3-litre followed by the Sunbeam-Talbot 2 Litre and 4 litre models based on the earlier models only with different engines and longer wheelbases. Production of these models continued after the war until 1948.

1938 Sunbeam MF2 with Park Royal H29-25R body

1938 Sunbeam MF2 with Park Royal H29-25R body

In the summer of 1948, the Sunbeam-Talbot 80 and Sunbeam-Talbot 90 were introduced, with a totally new streamlined design with flowing front fenders (wings). The 80 used the Hillman Minx based engine with ohv and the 90 utilised a modified version of the Humber Hawk with ohv. The car bodies were manufactured by another Rootes Group company, British Light Steel Pressings of Acton, however the convertible drophead coupé shells were completed by Thrupp & Maberly coachbuilders inCricklewood. The underpowered 80 was discontinued in 1950. The 90 was renamed the 90 Mark II and then the 90 Mark IIA and eventually in 1954 the Sunbeam Mark III, finally dropping the Talbot name. With the model name changes, the headlights were raised on the front fenders and an independent coil front suspension and the engine displacement went from 1944 cc to 2267 cc with a high compression head and developing 80 bhp (60 kW; 81 PS).

1940 Sunbeam trolleybus no. 86 in Cape Town, 1940

1940 Sunbeam trolleybus no. 86 in Cape Town, South Africa

There was one more model of the Sunbeam-Talbot that appeared in 1953 in the form of an Alpine, a two seater sports roadster which was initially developed by a Sunbeam-Talbot dealer George Hartwell in Bournemouth as a one-off rally car that had its beginnings as a 1952 drophead coupé. It was named supposedly by Norman Garrad, (works Competition Department) who was heavily involved in the Sunbeam-Talbot successes in the Alpine Rally in the early 1950s using the Saloon model. The Alpine Mark I and Mark III (a Mark II was never made) were hand built like the Drophead Coupé at Thrupp & Maberly coachbuilders from 1953 to 1955 when production ceased after close to 3000 were produced. It has been estimated that perhaps only 200 remain in existence today. The Talbot name was dropped in 1954 for the Sunbeam Alpine sports car, making Sunbeam the sports-performance marque. In 1955 a Sunbeam saloon won the Monte Carlo Rally. Production ceased in 1956 and replaced by the sporty Sunbeam Rapier.

1940 Sunbeam Trolleybus, Rotherham Black Country Histor

1940 Sunbeam Trolleybus, Rotherham Black Country Histor

In 1959 a totally new Alpine was introduced, and the 1955 Rapier (essentially a badge-engineered Hillman Minx) was upgraded. After several successful series of the Alpine were released, director of US West-Coast operations, Ian Garrad, became interested in the success of the AC Cobra, which mounted a small-block V-8 engine in the small AC Ace frame to create one of the most successful sports cars of all time. Garrad became convinced the Alpine frame could also be adapted the same way, and contracted Carroll Shelby to prototype such a fit with a Ford engine. The result was the Sunbeam Tiger, released in 1964, which went on to be a huge success.

1943 Sunbeam W, rebodied by Roe in 1955

1943 Sunbeam W, rebodied by Roe in 1955

Chrysler era

Sunbeam.rapier

But at this point, Rootes was in financial trouble. Talks with Leyland Motors went nowhere, so in 1964, 30 percent of the company (along with 50 percent of the non-voting shares) was purchased by Chrysler, who was attempting to enter the European market. Ironically, Chrysler had purchased Simca the year earlier, who had earlier purchased Automobiles Talbot, originally the British brand that had been merged into STD Motors many years earlier.

1943 Sunbeam W with Park Royal bodywork and rebodied in 1960 with a Roe H34-28R body

1943 Sunbeam W with Park Royal bodywork and rebodied in 1960 with a Roe H34-28R body

Chrysler’s experience with the Rootes empire appears to have been an unhappy one. Models were abandoned over the next few years while they tried to build a single brand from the best models of each of the company’s components, but for management, “best” typically meant “cheapest to produce,” which was at odds with the former higher-quality Rootes philosophy. Brand loyalty started to erode, and was greatly damaged when they decided to drop former marques and start calling everything a Chrysler. The Tiger was dropped in 1967 after an abortive attempt to fit it with a Chrysler engine, and the Hillman Imp–derived Stiletto disappeared in 1972.

1943 Sunbeam W with Roe H62R body rebodied in 1960

1943 Sunbeam W with Roe H62R body rebodied in 1960

The last Sunbeam produced was the “Rootes Arrow” series Alpine/Rapier fastback (1967–76), after which Chrysler, who had purchased Rootes, disbanded the marque. The Hillman (by now Chrysler) Hunter, on which they were based, soldiered on until 1978. A Hillman Avenger-derived hatchback, the Chrysler Sunbeam, maintained the name as a model, rather than a marque, from 1978 to the early 1980s, with the very last models sold as Talbot Sunbeams. The remains of Chrysler Europe were purchased by Peugeot and Renault in 1978, and the name has not been used since.

Products

Sunbeam rear entrance Tonneau

BCLM exhibit 03
 Sunbeam car at the Black Country Living Museum
BCLM exhibit 05
Early fire engine on display at the Black Country Living Museum, preserved by the Marston Wolverhampton Heritage Trust

Sunbeam Cars

Pre WWI

  • 1901–04 Sunbeam Mabley
  • 1902-03 Sunbeam rear entrance Tonneau
  • 1903–10 Sunbeam 12 hp
  • 1904-05 Sunbeam side entrance Tonneau
  • 1905–11 Sunbeam 16/20 and 25/30
  • 1908 Sunbeam 20
  • 1908–09 Sunbeam 35
  • 1909 Sunbeam 16
  • 1909–15 Sunbeam 14/20, 16/20, and 20
  • 1910–11 Sunbeam 12/16
  • 1911–15 Sunbeam 18/22, 25/30 and 30
  • 1912–15 Sunbeam 12/16 and 16
  • 1912–14 Sunbeam 16/20

Inter-war years

1932 Sunbeam saloon 2194 cc

 1932 Sunbeam 20
1935 Sunbeam Model 25 Saloon
1935 Sunbeam Model 25 Saloon
Sunbeam-Talbot 90
 1950 Sunbeam-Talbot 90
  • 1919–21 Sunbeam 16/40
  • 1919–24 Sunbeam 24, 24/60 and 24/70
  • 1922–23 Sunbeam 14 and 14/40
  • 1923–26 Sunbeam 20/60
  • 1924–33 Sunbeam 16 (16.9 and 18.2)
  • 1925–30 Sunbeam 3 litre Super Sports (Twin Cam)
  • 1926–32 Sunbeam Long 25
  • 1927–30 Sunbeam 20 (20.9)
  • 1930–33 Sunbeam 20 (23.8)
  • 1933–35 Sunbeam Speed Twenty
  • 1934–35 Sunbeam Twenty
  • 1934–35 Sunbeam Twenty-Five
  • 1934–35 Sunbeam Dawn

Rootes Group Cars

  • 1936–37 Sunbeam 30
  • 1938–48 Sunbeam-Talbot Ten
  • 1939–48 Sunbeam-Talbot Two Litre
  • 1938–40 Sunbeam-Talbot Three Litre
  • 1939–40 Sunbeam-Talbot Four Litre

Post WWII

Double decker buses

1928 Sunbeam Sikh - JJ 9215 Christopher Dodson H36-28R

1933 Sunbeam Sikh – JJ 9215 Christopher Dodson H36-28R

Sikh 1930-33 (three built)

1929 Sunbeam Pathan 4 wheeler

1929 Sunbeam Pathan 4 wheeler

Pathan 1930-1938 (at least four built for Woverhampton Corp’n)

  • DF2 1936-1948 (one built for Wolverhampton Corp’n.)

None built

Double decker trolleybus

1935 Park Royal H31-25D body was one of sixty-three Sunbeam MS2s

1935 Park Royal H31-25D body was one of sixty-three Sunbeam MS2s

MS2 1934-1948

1934-sunbeam-bus-with-an-ms3-chassis-and-a-metro-cammell-body-turning-in-victoria-square

MS3 1934-1948

6-wheeled Sunbeam MS3 trolleybus that was operated by Newcastle Transport

6-wheeled MS3 Sunbeam trolleybus that was operated by Newcastle Transport

MF1 1934-1949

1938 Sunbeam MF2 with Park Royal H29-25R body BDA367

1938 Sunbeam MF2 with Park Royal H29-25R body BDA367

MF2 1935-1952

1943 Sunbeam W with Park Royal bodywork and rebodied in 1960 with a Roe H34-28R body

1943 Sunbeam W4 with Park Royal bodywork and rebodied in 1960 with a Roe H34-28R body

W4 1943-1947

FWX 914 Sunbeam F4 East Lanes H37-29F Trolleybus

FWX 914 Sunbeam F4 East Lanes H37/29F Trolleybus

F4/F4A 1948-1965

1948 Sunbeam S7 Trolleybus

1948 Sunbeam S7 Trolleybus

S7/S7A 1948-58

Double or single deck trolleybus

301LJ (301) Sunbeam MF2B  Weymann

301LJ (301) Sunbeam MF2B / Weymann

MF2B 1934-65

Export only

Sunbeam-Coatalen engines

Sunbeam, Wolverhampton, England, started to build aircraft engines in 1912. Louis Coatalen joined Sunbeam as chief engineer in 1909, having previously been Chief Engineer at the Humber works in Coventry. The company quickly became one of the UK’s leading engine manufacturers and even designed an aircraft of its own. Sunbeam discontinued the production of aero engines after Coatalen left the company in the 1930s.

From here only Sunbeam Trolleybuses

1943 Sunbeam W with Roe H62R body rebodied in 1960

1943-sunbeam-w-with-roe-h62r-body-rebodied-in-1960

1943 Sunbeam W, rebodied by Roe in 1955

1943-sunbeam-w-rebodied-by-roe-in-1955

1943 Sunbeam Ws with Weymann H30-26R bodies

1943-sunbeam-ws-with-weymann-h30-26r-bodies

1943, Rotherham 74 (CET613) is Sunbeam MS2C, with what I believe to be an East Lancs bod

1943-rotherham-74-cet613-is-sunbeam-ms2c-with-what-i-believe-to-be-an-east-lancs-body

1944 56-seat Sunbeam S4 trolleybuses, four of which were bodied by Roe and four by Weymann. Car 16, CPY287, was one of the Roe-bodied examples

1944-56-seat-sunbeam-s4-trolleybuses-four-of-which-were-bodied-by-roe-and-four-by-weymann-car-16-cpy287-was-one-of-the-roe-bodied-examples

1944 Sunbeam W and rebodied by Roe H37-28R in 1961

1944-sunbeam-w-and-rebodied-by-roe-h37-28r-in-1961

1944 Sunbeam W built and rebodied by Roe, H37-28R

1944-sunbeam-w-built-and-rebodied-by-roe-h37-28r

1944 Sunbeam W but rebodied by Roe in 1962

1944-sunbeam-w-but-rebodied-by-roe-in-1962

1944 Sunbeam W from 1944 but rebodied by Roe in the early 1960s

1944-sunbeam-w-from-1944-but-rebodied-by-roe-in-the-early-1960s

1944 Sunbeam W seen here with a Park Royal H30-26R body

1944-sunbeam-w-seen-here-with-a-park-royal-h30-26r-body

1944 Sunbeam W utility chassis that was rebodied by Roe in 1960 GKP511

1944-sunbeam-w-utility-chassis-that-was-rebodied-by-roe-in-1960

1944 Sunbeam W utility chassis that was rebodied by Roe in 1960

1944-sunbeam-w-utility-chassis-that-was-rebodied-by-roe-in-1960

1944 Sunbeam W with a Park Royal H30-26R body. In January 1958 it re-entered service with a new Roe H33-28R body

1944-sunbeam-w-with-a-park-royal-h30-26r-body-in-january-1958-it-re-entered-service-with-a-new-roe-h33-28r-body

1944 Sunbeam W with Roe H61R body, on learner duties. New in 1944-6, rebodied in 1958

1944-sunbeam-w-with-roe-h61r-body-on-learner-duties-new-in-1944-6-rebodied-in-1958

1944 Sunbeam W with Roe H62R body rebodied in 1960 GKP511

1944-sunbeam-w-with-roe-h62r-body-rebodied-in-1960

1944 Sunbeam W with Roe H62R body, rebodied in 1960

1944-sunbeam-w-with-roe-h62r-body-rebodied-in-1960

1944 Weymann utility bodied Sunbeam W4 a

1944-weymann-utility-bodied-sunbeam-w4

1944 Weymann utility bodied Sunbeam W4

1944-weymann-utility-bodied-sunbeam-w4.

1945 Sunbeam bus with a W4 chassis and a Park Royal body

1945-sunbeam-bus-with-a-w4-chassis-and-a-park-royal-body

1945 Sunbeam Roe

1945-sunbeam-roe

1945 Sunbeam W chassis carrying Roe

1945-sunbeam-w-chassis-carrying-roe.

1945 Sunbeam W started life as Southend Corporation 131 with a Park Royal Utility body

1945-sunbeam-w-started-life-as-southend-corporation-131-with-a-park-royal-utility-body

1945 Sunbeam W with a Brush body

1945-sunbeam-w-with-a-brush-body

1945 Sunbeam W with Park Royal H30-26R body 1

1945-sunbeam-w-with-park-royal-h30-26r-body

1945 Sunbeam W with Park Royal H30-26R body

1945-sunbeam-w-with-park-royal-h30-26r-body

1945 Sunbeam W with ROE 31-29R bodywork GRH356 a

1945-sunbeam-w-with-roe-31-29r-bodywork-grh356

1945 Sunbeam W with ROE 31-29R bodywork GRH356 b

1945-sunbeam-w-with-roe-31-29r-bodywork-grh356

1946 Sunbeam W trolleybus, rebodied by Roe in 1959

1946-sunbeam-w-trolleybus-rebodied-by-roe-in-1959

1946 Sunbeam W trolleybus, rebodied by Roe in 1959a

1946-sunbeam-w-trolleybus-rebodied-by-roe-in-1959

1946 Sunbeam W with Northern Coachbuilders H56R body 1

1946-sunbeam-w-with-northern-coachbuilders-h56r-body-1

1946 Sunbeam W with Northern Coachbuilders H56R body 2

1946-sunbeam-w-with-northern-coachbuilders-h56r-body-2

1946 Sunbeam W with Northern Coachbuilders H56R body 3

1946-sunbeam-w-with-northern-coachbuilders-h56r-body-3.

1946 Sunbeam W with Northern Coachbuilders H56R body 4

1946-sunbeam-w-with-northern-coachbuilders-h56r-body-4

1946 Sunbeam W with Northern Coachbuilders H56R body

1946-sunbeam-w-with-northern-coachbuilders-h56r-body

1946 Sunbeam W with Roe bodywork

1946-sunbeam-w-with-roe-bodywork

1946 Sunbeam with a W4 chassis and a Park Royal body

1946-sunbeam-with-a-w4-chassis-and-a-park-royal-body

1946 W4 Sunbeam chassis fitted with a Park Royal body. It entered service with Wolverhampton Corporation Transport

1946-w4-sunbeam-chassis-fitted-with-a-park-royal-body-it-entered-service-with-wolverhampton-corporation-transport

1946-sunbeam-london-dd-trolleybus-2

1946-sunbeam-london-dd-trolleybus

1947 Sunbeam Maidstone trolleybus

1947-sunbeam-maidstone-trolleybus

1947 Sunbeam W chassis

1947-sunbeam-w-chassis

1947 Sunbeam W with an N.C.B. H30-26R body

1947-sunbeam-w-with-an-n-c-b-h30-26r-body

1947 Sunbeam W with Brush B35C body

1947-sunbeam-w-with-brush-b35c-body

1947 Sunbeam W with Weymann H56R body 1

1947-sunbeam-w-with-weymann-h56r-body

1947 Sunbeam W with Weymann H56R body 2

1947-sunbeam-w-with-weymann-h56r-body

1947 Sunbeam W with Weymann H56R body 3

1947-sunbeam-w-with-weymann-h56r-body

1947 Sunbeam W with Weymann H56R body 4

1947-sunbeam-w-with-weymann-h56r-body

1947 Sunbeam W with Weymann H56R body.1

1947-sunbeam-w-with-weymann-h56r-body-11

1947 Sunbeam W with Weymann H56R body

1947-sunbeam-w-with-weymann-h56r-body

1947 Sunbeam W, rebodied by Roe H32-28R in 1960

1947-sunbeam-w-rebodied-by-roe-h32-28r-in-1960

1947 Sunbeam W4 with Northern Coachbuilders H30-26R bodywork

1947-sunbeam-w4-with-northern-coachbuilders-h30-26r-bodywork

1947 Sunbeam Ws delivered between 1947 and 1949 - 449 and 440 had been rebodied by Roe in 1960-1 but 473 still carried the original Park Royal body.

1947-sunbeam-ws-delivered-between-1947-and-1949-449-and-440-had-been-rebodied-by-roe-in-1960-1-but-473-still-carried-the-original-park-royal-body

1948 Sunbeam F4 with Brush B32C body

1948-sunbeam-f4-with-brush-b32c-body

1948 Sunbeam F4 with Brush bodywork

1948-sunbeam-f4-with-brush-bodywork

1948 Sunbeam F4 with Brush H30-26R body a

1948-sunbeam-f4-with-brush-h30-26r-body

1948 Sunbeam F4 with East Lancs H37-29F body b

1948-sunbeam-f4-with-east-lancs-h37-29f-body

1948 Sunbeam F4 with East Lancs H37-29F body

1948-sunbeam-f4-with-east-lancs-h37-29f-body

1948 Sunbeam MS2 with Roe H72R body

1948-sunbeam-ms2-with-roe-h72r-body

1948 Sunbeam S7 Trolleybus

1948-sunbeam-s7-trolleybus

1948 Sunbeam S7 with locally produced Northern Coachbuilders bodywork

1948-sunbeam-s7-with-locally-produced-northern-coachbuilders-bodywork

1948 Sunbeam S7 with Northern Coachbuilders H39-31R body 1

1948-sunbeam-s7-with-northern-coachbuilders-h39-31r-body

1948 Sunbeam S7 with Northern Coachbuilders H39-31R body

1948-sunbeam-s7-with-northern-coachbuilders-h39-31r-body

1948 Sunbeam trolleybus with a W4 chassis and a Park Royal body

1948-sunbeam-trolleybus-with-a-w4-chassis-and-a-park-royal-body

1948 Sunbeam W with Park Royal H54R body

1948-sunbeam-w-with-park-royal-h54r-body

1948 Sunbeam W with ROE H32-28R body EJW-451

1948-sunbeam-w-with-roe-h32-28r-body-ejw-451

1948 Sunbeam-NCB trolleybus 501

1948-sunbeam-ncb-trolleybus-501

1949 Sunbeam bus with an F4 chassis and a Park Royal body

1949-sunbeam-bus-with-an-f4-chassis-and-a-park-royal-body

1949 Sunbeam MS2 with original Park Royal H72R body

1949-sunbeam-ms2-with-original-park-royal-h72r-body

1950 Sunbeam F4 trolley rebodied by Roe in 1964

1950-sunbeam-f4-trolley-rebodied-by-roe-in-1964

1950 Sunbeam F4 trolleybus built in 1950 and rebodied by Roe in 1965

1950-sunbeam-f4-trolleybus-built-in-1950-and-rebodied-by-roe-in-1965

1950 Sunbeam F4 vehicles with Park Royal H56R bodywork

1950-sunbeam-f4-vehicles-with-park-royal-h56r-bodywork

1950 Sunbeam F4 with Park Royal H30-26R body ADX-191

1950-sunbeam-f4-with-park-royal-h30-26r-body-adx-191

1950 Sunbeam F4 with Park Royal H30-26R

1950-sunbeam-f4-with-park-royal-h30-26r

1950 Sunbeam F4 with Park Royal H56R body b

1950-sunbeam-f4-with-park-royal-h56r-body-

1950 Sunbeam MS2 with Roe H40-30R body

1950-sunbeam-ms2-with-roe-h40-30r-body

1950 Sunbeam S7 with Park Royal H38-30RD Body ERD-149

1950-sunbeam-s7-with-park-royal-h38-30rd-body-erd-149

1950 Sunbeam S7 with Park Royal H38-30RD body

1950-sunbeam-s7-with-park-royal-h38-30rd-body

1951 Sunbeam F4 wit Brush H30-26R body NDH-958

1951-sunbeam-f4-wit-brush-h30-26r-body-ndh-958

1951 Sunbeam F4 with Brush H30-26R bodywork

1951-sunbeam-f4-with-brush-h30-26r-bodywork

1951 Sunbeam F4a with Willowbrook H36-34R bodywork XDH-72

1951-sunbeam-f4a-with-willowbrook-h36-34r-bodywork-xdh-72

1951 Sunbeam MS2 with Roe H70R body

1951-sunbeam-ms2-with-roe-h70r-body

1951 Sunbeam trolleybus

1951-sunbeam-trolleybus

1951 Sunbeam with East Lancs H29-26R body

1951-sunbeam-with-east-lancs-h29-26r-body

1952 Sunbeam Commercial Motor Show at Earls Court.

1952-sunbeam-commercial-motor-show-at-earls-court

1952 Willowbrook H32-28R body on a Sunbeam F4 chassis

1952-willowbrook-h32-28r-body-on-a-sunbeam-f4-chassis

1953 Sunbeam F4 rebodied by Roe in 1964.

1953-sunbeam-f4-rebodied-by-roe-in-1964

1953 Sunbeam F4 with Willowbrook H32-28R body a

1953-sunbeam-f4-with-willowbrook-h32-28r-body

1953 Sunbeam F4 with Willowbrook H32-28R body c

1953-sunbeam-f4-with-willowbrook-h32-28r-body

1953 Sunbeam F4 with Willowbrook H32-28R body

1953-sunbeam-f4-with-willowbrook-h32-28r-body

1953 Sunbeam F4A with Willowbrook body, passes 131, ODH 89, a full-front Park Royal-bodied Leyland PD2-1 of 1951

1953-sunbeam-f4a-with-willowbrook-body-passes-131-odh-89-a-full-front-park-royal-bodied-leyland-pd2-1-of-1951

1954 CMS-Sunbeam

1954 Sunbeam 2 axle, double deck trolleybus, 30 ft. overall length, built for Walsall Corporation in 1954

1954-sunbeam-2-axle-double-deck-trolleybus-30-ft-overall-length-built-for-walsall-corporation-in-1954

1954 Sunbeam F4A with Willowbrook H36-34RD body

1954-sunbeam-f4a-with-willowbrook-h36-34rd-body

1954 Sunbeam F4A with Willowbrook H70R body

1954-sunbeam-f4a-with-willowbrook-h70r-body

1954 Sunbeam MF2B chassis and Roe bodywork and nicknamed ‘Coronations

1954-sunbeam-mf2b-chassis-and-roe-bodywork-and-nicknamed-e28098coronations

1954 Sunbeam MF2B with ROE H30-24D body RKH102 a

1954-sunbeam-mf2b-with-roe-h30-24d-body-rkh102

1954 Sunbeam MF2B with ROE H30-24D body RKH102 b

1954-sunbeam-mf2b-with-roe-h30-24d-body-rkh102

1955 Sunbeam F4A built with a distinctive Willowbrook body.

1955-sunbeam-f4a-built-with-a-distinctive-willowbrook-body

1955 Sunbeam F4A Willowbrook H70RD at Ingram Road, Bloxwich on Route 15

1955-sunbeam-f4a-willowbrook-h70rd-at-ingram-road-bloxwich-on-route-15.

1955 Sunbeam MF2B-MV with Roe H54D body a

1955-sunbeam-mf2b-mv-with-roe-h54d-body

1955 Sunbeam MF2B-MV with Roe H54D body

1955-sunbeam-mf2b-mv-with-roe-h54d-body

1955 Willowbrook bodied Sunbeam

1955-willowbrook-bodied-sunbeam

1956 Sunbeam F4A Willowbrook H36-34RD.

1956-sunbeam-f4a-willowbrook-h36-34rd

1956 Sunbeam F4A with 70 seat Willowbrook body

1956-sunbeam-f4a-with-70-seat-willowbrook-body

1956 Willowbrook-bodied Sunbeam F4A'

1956-willowbrook-bodied-sunbeam-f4a

1956-51 Willowbrook-bodied Sunbeam F4A, passes 131, ODH89, a full-front Park Royal-bodied Leyland PD2-1 of 1951

1956-51-willowbrook-bodied-sunbeam-f4a-passes-131-odh89-a-full-front-park-royal-bodied-leyland-pd2-1-of-1951

SONY DSC

1957-sunbeam-model-coachwork-by-munck-of-bergen-norway

1958 Guy-Sunbeam Arab Trolleybus Belfast

1958-guy-sunbeam-arab-trolleybus-belfast

1958 Sunbeam F4A with a Harkness body

1958-sunbeam-f4a-with-a-harkness-body

1958 Sunbeam MF2B  Weymann H63D

1958-sunbeam-mf2b-weymann-h63d

1958 Sunbeam MF2B with Weymann H63D body WRU-261

1958-sunbeam-mf2b-with-weymann-h63d-body-wru-261

1958 Sunbeam MF2B with Weymann H63D body

1958-sunbeam-mf2b-with-weymann-h63d-body

1959 Sunbeam MF2B  Weymann H63D

1959-sunbeam-mf2b-weymann-h63d

1959 Sunbeam Roe trolleybuses

1959-sunbeam-roe-trolleybuses

Nottingham Trolleybus 544

1959-sunbeam-s7-h40-32r

Walsall trolleybus 3 axle 850

1959-sunbeam-s7-h40-32r

1959 Sunbeam S7 with East Lancs H40-32R body

1959-sunbeam-s7-with-east-lancs-h40-32r-body

1959 Sunbeam S7A trolleybus with East Lancs H40-32R bodywork

1959-sunbeam-s7a-trolleybus-with-east-lancs-h40-32r-bodywork

1959 Sunbeam

1959-sunbeam

1960 Roe bodied Sunbeam F4A a

1960-roe-bodied-sunbeam-f4a

1960 Roe bodied Sunbeam F4A

1960-roe-bodied-sunbeam-f4a

1961 Burlingham bodied Sunbeam F4A

1961-burlingham-bodied-sunbeam-f4a

1961 Sunbeam F4A trolleybuses with Burlingham H38-30F bodies

1961-sunbeam-f4a-trolleybuses-with-burlingham-h38-30f-bodies

1961 Sunbeam F4A with Burlingham front entrance bodywork a

1961-sunbeam-f4a-with-burlingham-front-entrance-bodywork

1961 Sunbeam F4A with Burlingham front entrance bodywork

1961-sunbeam-f4a-with-burlingham-front-entrance-bodywork

1961 Sunbeam F4A with Burlingham H38-30F bodywork

1961-sunbeam-f4a-with-burlingham-h38-30f-bodywork

1961 Sunbeam F4As with Burlingham H38-30F body

1961-sunbeam-f4as-with-burlingham-h38-30f-body

1961 Sunbeam MF2B with Weymann H65D body 296-LJ

1961-sunbeam-mf2b-with-weymann-h65d-body-296-lj

1961 Sunbeam S7A bodied locally by J Brockhouse

1961-sunbeam-s7a-bodied-locally-by-j-brockhouse

1962 Sunbeam MF2B trolleybus a

1962-sunbeam-mf2b-trolleybus

1962 Sunbeam MF2B Trolleybus

1962-sunbeam-mf2b-trolleybus

1962 Sunbeam MF2B with Weymann H65D body a

1962-sunbeam-mf2b-with-weymann-h65d-body

1962 Sunbeam MF2B with Weymann H65D body

1962-sunbeam-mf2b-with-weymann-h65d-body

1962 Sunbeam trolleybus with Weymann bodywork a

1962-sunbeam-trolleybus-with-weymann-bodywork

1962 Sunbeam trolleybus with Weymann bodywork

1962-sunbeam-trolleybus-with-weymann-bodywork

1965 Sunbeam MF2NS UTIC trolleybu

1965-sunbeam-mf2ns-utic-trolleybus

9591947823_9f63aaffcd_k

Lots of trolleys

A Sunbeam W4 chassis fitted with a Park Royal body. Courtesy of Eardley Lewis.

sunbeam-w4-chassis-fitted-with-a-park-royal-body-courtesy-of-eardley-lewis

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA Barrack Street Bridge Route 18 Southbound Sunbeam Trolleybus 846

barrack-street-bridge-route-18-southbound-sunbeam-trolleybus-846 © Weston Langford

Barrack Street Jetty ARHS Special Sunbeam Trolleybus 851

barrack-street-jetty-arhs-special-sunbeam-trolleybus-851 © Weston Langford

bc_gb149_p_7043

Sunbeam bc_gb149_p_7043

Cambridge Street and Gregory Street Down ARHS Special Sunbeam Trolleybus 851

cambridge-street-and-gregory-street-down-arhs-special-sunbeam-trolleybus-851 © Weston Langford

Cambridge Street near Holland Street Route 80 Westbound Sunbeam Trolleybus 856

cambridge-street-near-holland-street-route-80-westbound-sunbeam-trolleybus-856 © Weston Langford

Cambridge Street near Holland Street Route 108 Westbound Sunbeam Trolleybus 856

cambridge-street-near-holland-street-route-108-westbound-sunbeam-trolleybus-856 © Weston Langford

FWX 914 Sunbeam F4 East Lanes H37-29F Trolleybus

fwx-914-sunbeam-f4-east-lanes-h37-29f-trolleybus

Grantham Street and Brookdale Street Route 77 Eastbound Sunbeam Trolleybus 869

grantham-street-and-brookdale-street-route-77-eastbound-sunbeam-trolleybus-869 © Weston Langford

Hay Street East Trolley Bus Depot Sunbeam Trolleybuses 854

hay-street-east-trolley-bus-depot-sunbeam-trolleybuses-854 © Weston Langford

Hay Street East Trolley Bus Depot Sunbeam Trolleybuses 859

hay-street-east-trolley-bus-depot-sunbeam-trolleybuses-859 © Weston Langford

Hay Street East Trolley Bus Depot Sunbeam Trolleybuses 859a

hay-street-east-trolley-bus-depot-sunbeam-trolleybuses-859 © Weston Langford

Hay Street East Trolley Bus Depot Sunbeam Trolleybuses 859b

hay-street-east-trolley-bus-depot-sunbeam-trolleybuses-859 © Weston Langford

OC14 Sunbeam of Wolverhampton

oc14-sunbeam-of-wolverhampton

Oceanic Drive Terminus Route 77 Eastbound Sunbeam Trolleybus 856

oceanic-drive-terminus-route-77-eastbound-sunbeam-trolleybus-856 © Weston Langford

Perth Station Wellington Street Eastbound Sunbeam Trolleybus 882

perth-station-wellington-street-eastbound-sunbeam-trolleybus-882 © Weston Langford

Perth Trolley Bus, Sunbeam No 42, on the Wembley Route

perth-trolley-bus-sunbeam-no-42-on-the-wembley-route © Graham Lees

Perth Trolleybus 13 Wellington St Rangoon Sunbeam Trolleybus

rangoon-sunbeam-trolleybus

single deck Sunbeam trolleybuses used in Brisbane

single-deck-sunbeam-trolleybuses-used-in-brisbane

Sunbeam & Guy Huddersfield 4

sunbeam-guy-huddersfield-4

Sunbeam & Guy S7 Reading Corporation Transport department 5

sunbeam-guy-s7-reading-corporation-transport-department-5

Sunbeam & Guy Trolleybus Pretoria City Transport Department 3

sunbeam-guy-trolleybus-pretoria-city-transport-department-3

Sunbeam & Guy Trolleybussen van de City of Johannesburg 6

sunbeam-guy-trolleybussen-van-de-city-of-johannesburg-6

Sunbeam adelaid 02

sunbeam-adelaid-02

Sunbeam Derby Corporation Trollybus Sunbeam F4A

sunbeam-derby-corporation-trollybus-sunbeam-f4a

Sunbeam F4 with Brush H30-26R body

sunbeam-f4-with-brush-h30-26r-body

Sunbeam MF2B 263

sunbeam-mf2b-263

Sunbeam Newcastle Upon Tyne Corporation 7

sunbeam-newcastle-upon-tyne-corporation-7

Sunbeam Perth 55

sunbeam- perth – 55

Sunbeam Perth 57

sunbeam-perth-57

Sunbeam T Bus MS3 chassis with Metro-Cammell bodywork

sunbeam-t-bus-ms3-chassis-with-metro-cammell-bodywork

Sunbeam trolley bus in Queen Square

sunbeam-trolley-bus-in-queen-square

Sunbeam Trolleybus Western Australian Government Tramways Perth 8

sunbeam-trolleybus-western-australian-government-tramways-perth-8

Sunbeam Wolverhampton

sunbeam-wolverhampton1

Sunbeam4

sunbeam4

Sunbeam10 Sunbeam-Rad-Badge-2 Sunbeam-trolleybus rijdt in 1977 op lijn 5 naar Liceu Solum over de Avenida Emidio Navarro, dichtbij het hoofdstation van Coimbra.

sunbeam-trolleybus-rijdt-in-1977-op-lijn-5-naar-liceu-solum-over-de-avenida-emidio-navarro-dichtbij-het-hoofdstation-van-coimbra © Tim Boric

TBus2

Sunbeam TB 2

wallpapers_sunbeam_logotypes West Perth Subway Down ARHS Special Sunbeam Trolleybus 843

west-perth-subway-down-arhs-special-sunbeam-trolleybus-843 © Weston Langford

Weymann utility bodied Sunbeam W4 trolleybus 172

weymann-utility-bodied-sunbeam-w4-trolleybus-172

This is IT

Buses GUY Wolverhampton England UK

GUY feathers 150

GUY

Guy Motors was a Wolverhampton-based vehicle manufacturer that produced cars, lorries, buses and trolleybuses. The company was founded by Sydney S. Guy (1885-1971) who was born in Kings Heath, Birmingham. Guy Motors operated out of its Fallings Park factory from 1914 to 1982, playing an important role in the development of the British motor industry.

  An aerial view of Guy Motors' Fallings Park Factory

an-aerial-view-of-guy-motors-fallings-park-factory

1953 Guy GS bus built for London Transport

1953 Guy GS bus built for London Transport

History

Foundation and the First World War

Sydney S. Guy registered Guy Motors Limited on Saturday 30 May 1914, the same day he departed his position as Works Manager at the Wolverhampton company, Sunbeam. A factory was built on the site at Fallings Park, Wolverhampton. and by September 1914 production was underway on the newly designed 30cwt lorry. This employed a much lighter form of pressed steel frame, unlike the more commonly used heavy rolled steel channel frames of the time. This made the vehicle able to cross difficult terrain and a 14 seat poster bus built based on the design was used for crossing the Scottish Highlands.

1914 Guy's 14 seater bus designed for use in the highlands
1914 Guy’s 14 seater bus designed for use in the highlands

In 1915 Guy came under control of the Ministry of Munitions and production was focused on the war effort. The factory continued to produce 30cwt lorries which were supplied to Britain’s allies in the First World War. They also produced Wasp and Dragonfly radial aircraft engines, Tylor truck engines and Maudslay gearboxes as well as being the country’s largest maker of depth charge fuzes. For their efforts during the war Guy received a commendation from William Weir, Secretary of State for Air. Due to orders from the ministry Guy prospered during the war, expanding its factory and became an established name in British manufacturing.

1920s

The post-war period was difficult for the motor industry as military contracts were cancelled and military vehicles no longer required for service were sold onto the market at low prices. Guy returned to the civilian market, deciding to make luxury cars with a design by RH Rose, also from Sunbeam. They produced the Guy 8-cylinder car, powered by the first British V8 engine and featuring horizontal side valves. Around 25 of these were made and it was joined by a smaller model in 1922 with the 2465 cc four-cylinder 16.9 hp. A cheaper model followed in 1924 with the 1954 cc 13/36 with an engine from Coventry Climax. About 110 of the 4-cylinder models are thought to have been made. Production also continued on vehicles based on the 30cwt chassis such as the Guy charabanc and their major success the 30 seater bus.

In 1924 the company adopted the slogan ‘Feathers in our Cap’ which led to the addition of a Native American mascot to their vehicles. 1924 also saw Guy produce the first ever dropped frame chassis for passenger vehicles (the B-type). This design allowed passengers to enter buses in a single step and became extremely popular, Guy receiving an order for 170 from Rio de Janeiro.

Guy Motors badge

Growing populations in towns and cities meant larger capacity buses were a necessity, leading Guy to develop a 6-wheeled version of their dropped-frame chassis which allowed for the introduction of the first 6-wheeled double decker buses and 6 wheeled trolleybuses in 1926. Guy double decker buses and trolleybuses would prove popular with a fleet of double deckers sold to the London Public Omnibus Company and exports supplied all around the world. Exports served as a major source of income for Guy with sales to South Africa, Pakistan, India and the Netherlands, their armoured vehicles proving particularly popular for covering difficult terrain with 100 supplied to the Indian government in 1928.

1923 Guy's first military vehicle produced

Guy’s first military vehicle produced in 1923

In 1928 Guy took control of fellow Wolverhampton manufacturer the Star Motor Company, who had seen declining sales throughout the decade, in an attempt to expand their luxury car manufacturing. Under Guy, Star Motors moved to a new factory in Bushbury and the range of vehicles was narrowed to prevent competition against itself. Despite this Star continued to struggle and a loss was made on every car sold. The Wall Street Crash had a crippling effect on industry and the subsequent recession meant Guy could no longer afford to fit out Star’s Bushbury plant and in 1932 the company entered receivership.

Despite performing well throughout the decade, by the end of the 1920s Guy was facing an uncertain future due to the takeover of Star and the Wall Street Crash which had seen share prices fall from one pound to one shilling.

1930s

Guy was able to endure the depression due to orders from the war office and by taking advantage of the 1930 Road Traffic Act which encouraged the development of lighter vehicles. In 1933 the Arab bus chassis, designed for use with diesel engines, was launched and would prove a mainstay of Guy’s success for the next twenty years.

From the mid-1930s, the company became increasingly involved in the British rearmament programme, developing and producing military vehicles. In 1935 Guy submitted their new four wheel Ant armoured car to military trials where it impressed and 150 were ordered by the government. After this success Guy began to concentrate solely on the production of military vehicles and by 1938 Guy relied exclusively on Government contracts and had ended civilian productions. During this time Guy designed a new armoured car, the Quad Ant, which was welded rather than riveted together. This development made armoured vehicles much safer and is reported to have saved the British government £100 million, earning Guy a commendation from the Royal Commission.

1948 The Arab Mark IV, Guy's most successful bus design

1948 The Arab Mark IV, Guy’s most successful bus design

World War Two

Guy armoured vehicles were used throughout the war, featuring prominently in the North African campaign and at the evacuation of Dunkirk. Although production of the Ant and Quad Ant were moved to Karrier the factory was still involved in the war effort producing anti-aircraft guns.

Passenger car sales in the UK virtually ceased during the war, which was accordingly a good time to be a UK bus manufacturer, and more than 2,000 Guy double-decker buses entered service between 1942 and 1945. The Ministry of Supply had ordered Guy to produce a chassis suitable for double decker buses, the blitzhaving resulted in a shortage of buses. In 1942 Guy launched the Arab utility deck bus based on their original 1933 design, but with a frame of identical shape to the Leyland Titan TD8. It was immediately successful due to its reliability and low running costs. The company’s contribution to the war effort established them as a leading supplier for the government and meant they were financially stable heading into the post-war years.

Post-War Years

After the war Guy returned to civilian production with bus production remaining a mainstay and retaining a strong emphasis on export sales to their major markets including South Africa, Pakistan and the Netherlands. In 1948 Guy acquired Sunbeam Commercial Vehicles Limited and from then on all trolleybuses produced (except some for UK operators carrying Karrier badges) carried the Sunbeam name. Trolleybuses continued to sell well with the Sunbeam becoming the most popular model in South Africa.

1948 The Sunbeam Double-Decker Trolleybus

The Sunbeam Double-Decker Trolleybus

Guy continued to update their old models, introducing a new version of the Otter chassis in 1950 for 30-seater vehicles and 84 were ordered by London Transport. By 1954 Guy passenger vehicles were operated by 150 companies in the UK and in 26 countries abroad. The company developed the first 30 ft two-axle double-deck trolleybus chassis in 1954, the Sunbeam F4A, which could seat 68 passengers.

1954 Otter Tractor Vehicle, Guy Motors Ltd., Wolverhampton

1954 The Otter Tractor Vehicle

In 1957 Sydney Guy retired after 43 years with the company. Guy continued to develop new models of chassis, introducing updated versions of the Otter and Warrior models and the high performance Victory chassis. However an ill-advised decision to take South African sales in house proved an extreme strain on the company’s finances. Combined with their attempt to develop a new double decker chassis this would prove highly damaging for Guy’s future. Launched in 1958 the Wulfrunian promised many innovations in its design but crucially lacked the reliability upon which Guy had built its name.

The decline of the company

Although new designs such as the Warrior Mark II were being produced and despite the fact their lorries were performing well by 1960 Guy faced seemingly insurmountable financial problems. The failure of the Wulfrunian was a commercial disaster and the operation in South Africa was losing them £300,000 a year.

By 1961 Guy had no choice but to enter receivership. Sir William Lyons, managing director of Jaguar, acquired the company for £800,000, transferring its assets to a new company, Guy Motors (Europe) Limited which left all the liabilities with the now defunct Guy Motors Limited the name eventually reverting to “Guy Motors Ltd” in 1966. Jaguar immediately set about rationalisation, decreasing the number of employees and the range of vehicles in production.

Guy continued to be successful throughout the 1960s with the development of the Victory trambus and the Big J series of trucks. The Big J was designed around a new Cummins V6 engine, and was intended for motorway operation. However a series of mergers by their parent company had left them in a precarious situation In 1966 Jaguar had merged with the British Motor Corporation to form British Motor Holdings. This company had then merged with Leyland in 1968 to form the British Leyland Motor Corporation. Leyland ceased the production of Guy badged buses in 1972 although Leyland badged versions of the Guy Victory were produced at Wolverhampton and Leyland until 1986. Despite the mergers the British motor industry continued on a generally downward trend and British Leyland looked for where it could make savings.

Guy Motors was able to postpone closure due to the success of its Big J range which meant it was one of the few companies owned by British Leyland operating at a profit. Despite this in 1981 Leyland decided to close the Fallings Park plant as part of a rationalisation drive and in August 1982 the doors were shut at the cost of 740 jobs. On 5 October the factory was stripped clean and the contents auctioned.

1914 Guy Syzygies

1914 Guy Syzygies 2

1914 Guy Syzygies

1914 Guy Syzygies 3

1914 Guy Syzygies

1914 Guy Syzygies 4

1914 Guy Syzygies

1919 Guy Charabanc

1919 Guy Charabanc T-5182

1921 Guy 30-seater bus

1921 Guy 30-seater bus

1921 Guy coaches in Wolverhampton Market place

1921 Guy coaches in Wolverhampton Market place

1922 Guy Promenade Runabout

1922 Guy Promenade Runabout

1924 Guy six-wheelers in Rio de Janeiro

1924 Guy six-wheelers in Rio de Janeiro

1925 Guy first six wheeled pneumatic Trolley Bus

1925 Guy first six wheeled pneumatic Trolley Bus