AMBULANCES part VII international Ambulances on Alphabet from Ford till GMC

AMBULANCES part VII international Ambulances on Alphabet from Ford till GMC 

Ford Ambulances 1909 till recent

  Framo 901 + 902 Ambulances

Freightliner (Mercedes-Benz Sprinter) Ambulances

FSO WARSZAWA 203 Ambulance

Polonez Ambulans in Gdansk

FSO Polonez + Daewoo FSO Ambulances and Hearses

Fuso-Mitsubishi Ambulance-Hospital Buses – Trucks


Gaggenau Krankenwagen – Ambulance

Garant 27 -Garant 30 – Garant Granit – Garant Sankra

GAZ Ambulance from 1938 – recent

GMC Ambulances and Hearses from 1914 – recent

Buses PAZ Russia since 1932

                     PAZ                                     Pavlovsky Bus

Logo manufacturer of buses in Russia PAZ

Pavlovsky Bus
Type Public company
Listing on the stock exchange MOEX : PAZA
Year of foundation 1932
Location Flag of Russia.svg Russia : Pavlovsky
Key figures Andrey Vasilyev
Branch Automotive industry ( ISIC2910 )
Production buses
Parent company GAZ Group

JSC “Pavlovsky Bus” (formerly Pavlovsky Bus Plant. Zhdanov ) – manufacturer of buses of small and middle classes in Russia .Located in Paul’s Nizhny Novgorod region .

01 Truba Zavoda Paz

 One of the production factory buildings


02 Buses in Vologda 84

 PAZ-651 , the first fruits of the plant

The decision to establish a factory to ensure Paul’s Gorky Automobile and other automotive companies driver’s tool and body reinforcement was made ​​in 1930 . In 1932 construction was completed and started production.

April 24, 1952 Resolution of the Government of the USSR motor tool factory in Pavlovsky on-Oka (founded in 1932) has been redeveloped and renamed Pavlovsky Bus Plant (PAZ). Already August 5, 1952 the first five buses first production model bonnet layoutPAZ-651 (GAZ / GZA -651) on the chassis mass truck GAZ-51 came out of the factory gates.

In 1958, started production at the plant first developed a new base model PAZ-652 wagon (cabover) of the two-mnogostvorchatymi doors.

12 November 1968 for the first time in history of bus production without stopping the main assembly line PAZ proceeds to issue developed on the basis of PAZ-652 new base model of the enterprise – PAZ-672 , to produce until 1989. Among its modifications was including all-wheel drive, single-door model terrain PAZ-3201.

In the 1960s, completely formalized main production enterprise concept – to meet the widest layers of consumers by creating the greatest possible number of modifications of the basic model. It was during these years the plant for the first time participating in international exhibitions.

1 December 1989 was started serial production of the most massive in the 1990s – 2000s. the basic model of the plant – the bus PAZ-3205 . To date, developed more than 30 modifications of the bus for various applications (specialized and suites) and designed for use in various climatic conditions. Of them serially produced about ten.

In the late 1990s – early 2000s, have developed new models of buses medium and large classes: PAZ-4230 “Aurora” , ESD-4234 , ESD-4223 , ESD-4228 , ESD-5220 , ESD-5271 , ESD- 5272 , as well as Russia’s first low-floor bus of a small class of PAZ-3237 .

In 2000, were put into operation new facilities for the production of buses and coaches and a large middle class – a three-door PAZ-5272 two-door and PAZ-4230 “Aurora” . Due to competition with the main Russian producers of full-size buses – LiAZ and NefAZ  – production of large buses PAZ-5272 and other large series has not been established. Because of the greater demand in the market for small buses PAZ-4230 average basic model of the plant did not. Its modification KAvZ-4238 technical documentation PAZ mastered in manufacturing small batches as well as licenses in Kurgan on KAVZ .

In 2000 he joined the PAZ engineering holding ” GAZ Group “, which brings together the main producers of buses, trucks and other vehicles in Russia.

National project “Education”
PAZ-32053-70 664
KAvZ-397653 663
Only 1327
03 PAZ school buses Chisinau 02

 School buses PAZ-4234 national project “Education”
04 PAZ 672PAZ-3201 , all-wheel drive bus 1970 – 1980
05 ПАЗ-3205PAZ-3205 , mass small bus from the end of the 1980s
06 PAZ na m124PAZ-3204 , a new small bus from the late 2000s
07 Pavlovo Bus «Aurora» 70PAZ-4230 “Aurora” , the average bus since the mid-2000s

Since 2006 PAZ involved in the national project “Education” school production of special modifications PAZ-3205 and ESD-3206 unified yellow.

In the late 2000s, the plant produced the first low-floor bus Russian small class PAZ-3237 “Meadow” and replace family PAZ-3205 has developed a new family of small buses on a spring suspension – PAZ-3204 .

PAZ-3204 was put into production in January 2009, was voted “Best coach of the year in a small class” in 2009 and 2010, but for various reasons the base model of the plant has not yet become. Also in 2009, developed a modification of PAZ-3204 with LPG systems.

PAZ3205 city 750

At the turn of the 2000s – 2010s the factory also developed innovative models of buses PAZ-3202 “Valdai” and PAZ “City” .

During the restructuring of production facilities combined into a single body paint spray welding, crimping and metallozagotovitelny shop. The most ambitious project to streamline production associated with assembly plant – were reduced to four threads conveyors. In 2009, enacted painting complex of new generation “Eisenman.”


Pavlovsky Bus Factory specializes in designing and manufacturing of buses and small middle class (length 9.7 m). PAZ – the massive Russian buses, their annual output is more than 10 thousand units, almost 80% of small buses in Russia.

PAZ lineup includes basic models of small class families PAZ-3205 and ESD-3204, low-floor bus of a small class of PAZ-3237 “Meadow”, as well as special buses – PAZ-3206 with the wheel formula 4 × 4, PAZ-32053-70 school, combi PAZ 32053-20 and other special vehicles. Upgrading base model PAZ-3205 and the expansion of the model range is in accordance with the requirements of the times and consumer preferences major customers – transporters.

PAZ repeatedly received high awards in major competitions in the categories “Best Urban Bus” (prize professionals) and “Commercial Vehicles” (jury prize).

Small buses 

  • PAZ-3205  – small class bus, the underlying model of the plant. The Russian colloquially referred to simply as a “keyway”.
  • PAZ-3206  – small class bus, designed to carry passengers on roads with different types of coatings, including dirt, in different seasons. All-wheel drive bus GVW 7.2 t has a single door and 28 seats. It is equipped with domestic 4 – or 5-speed manual gearbox and two-speed transfer.
  • PAZ-3237 “Tile” – Russia’s first low-floor bus for a small class of large cities with high traffic.
  • PAZ-3203 , PAZ-3204  – Small buses for a new family of commercial traffic.

Buses middle class 

  • PAZ-4234  – extended modification of PAZ-32054 for the commuter and intercity.
  • PAZ-4230 “Aurora”  – Bus middle class with modern design.Due to the characteristic front end is often colloquially referred to as “duck.”There are simplified and improved version of the bus windows, respectively, with rubber gaskets and pasted.Production transferred to KAvZ.Developed the following modifications:
    • PAZ-4230-01, PAZ-4230-04 – bus for commuter and intercity. 31 has a place to sit, the total capacity – 54 people.
    • PAZ-4230-02, PAZ-4230-05 – bus for commuter and intercity. Has 29 seats, the total capacity – 52 people.
    • PAZ-4230-03, PAZ-4230-06 – city bus with two double-wing doors. Has 27 seats, the total capacity – 56 people.
  • PAZ-320412  – Bus middle class of a new family. Available in the following versions: urban, suburban and long-distance.

1950-71 PAZ 651 20s 4x2 1952 paz 6 1956 PAZ 653 1958-68 PAZ 652 23s 42p 4x2 a 1958-68 PAZ 652 23s 42p 4x2 1959 paz vdn 1960 PAZ 985 1960 PAZ 1961 paz chollima-9-11 north korea 1968 Other PAZ-672 Bus blueprint 1984 PAZ 672M Litouwen OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA 1987 PAZ 672M Litouwen OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA 1990 PAZ 3205 Estland OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA 1995 PAS  PAZ-672  PAZ-3201 - HaNoi 1998 paz 3205 1999 PAZ 320507 Litouwen OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA 2004 PAZ-3206 ambulance bus, 4x4 Bussen PAZik Moskou Flag of the Soviet Union gaz Logo manufacturer of buses in Russia PAZ PAQ-977A 'Latwija' Pavlovo Bus «Aurora» 70 PAZ 655 Prototype PAZ 672 -bus-Lao-Bao PAZ 672 buss PAZ 672 in Dve sudby PAZ 672 paz 3205 a OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA PAZ 4230 Rusland PAZ 6158-1 PAZ Buses in Vologda 84 PAZ Estland PAZ gw PAZ na m124 PAZ school buses Chisinau 02 PAZ Автобус ПАЗ-3205 PAZ Автобусы ПАЗ-672М paz PAZ-665 later prototype PAZ-665 prototype paz-672 paz-672--2 PAZ672exp1 3 PAZ-3204 PAZ-3205 (1) PAZ3205 city 750 paz-3205 pv PAZ-3205 PAZ-3237 PAZ-4234 a PAZ-4234 PAZ-32054 PAZ-320370 school PAZ-320412 paz-logo paz-main-paz3201 Truba Zavoda Paz ПАЗ-3205

ZSD Nysa Bus Nysa Town Poland 1955-1994


ZSD Nysa

nysaNysa N61

The Nysa van was produced in the town of Nysa, Poland, from 1958 until 1994. Contrary to the angular Żuk van, based on the same chassis parts, the Nysa had rounded body lines, especially the two-part rounded windshield, and was considered more comfortable and a better fit for carrying people. The basic body variant was a universal van, for cargo or persons, with sliding doors on the right or conventional doors (marked with a letter T – towos). At the rear, most variants had a single door opening to the left side. There existed also variants: a cargo van (letter F – furgon), a minibus (letter M) and an ambulance (letter S), and some others. A rare variant was made in the form of a light truck. At the time, the Nysa was practically the only van-size ambulance used in Poland. Many vans were sold to the Militia, which was the only form of police during the Communist era in Poland; blue Nysa vans became a kind of “trademark” of the Militia (Militia variants had slide doors on both sides, most had also a two-part door at the rear).

Nysa N57 emblem - 1958Nysa N57 emblem – 1958

The summit of popularity was in the 1970s, with 18,200 made in 1978. In the 1980s the production decreased. When Poland became a democracy again in 1989 the future was bleak for the Nysa. Development work had been minimal for the past 20 years. Most customers, including the Police, chose more modern, faster and safer vans of Western manufacturers, that became widely imported instead. The production was closed in 1994, after manufacturing 380,575 vehicles.

1955-Nysa N591955-Nysa N59

Both Nysa and its sibling van were heavily based on the Warszawa, itself a licensed version of the Soviet GAZ-M20 Pobeda. Among others, it had the same wheelbase and engine. Its transmission and suspension were modified. Early variants of the Nysa were powered by the M20 petrol engine (R4 flathead, 2.12 l, 36.8 kW), most common was the newer S21 petrol engine (R4 OHV, 2.12l, 51.5 kW), used from 1964 onward. A big part of production was exported (in some years, 70%), mostly to Eastern Bloc countries, especially BulgariaRussia and Hungary, but also to West Germany and some Asian and African countries.


In Hungary Nysa vans were almost exclusively used as ambulance cars; 777 of them were in use in 1987.

nysa zsd jasloZSD Nysa 522

In 1968 the front end styling was changed, and the most numerous model 521/522 entered production, which remained in a largely unchanged form until the end. Nysa models included: N57 (1958), N58 (1958), N59, N60, N61, N63 (not produced), 501 (1964), 503 (not produced) and 521/522 (1968).

1956 Żuk, Nysa i Tarpan1956 Żuk, Nysa i Tarpan

1957 Nysa N-57 M1957 Nysa N-57 M inside

1957 Nysa N-57 Mi1957 Nysa N-57 Mi

1958 nysa 57-2 1958 Nysa ambulance Nysa ambulance 1958 Nysa N57 1958 Nysa N57a 1959 nysa n58 1959 Nysa N59 emblems 1959 Nysa N-59 S 1959 Nysa N-59 Sa 1960 Nysa N-59 S 1960 Nysa N-60 T 1964 Nysa 501 S 1967 Nysa 501 S 1968 Nysa N 521 1969 Nysa 521 Karawan Hearse 1969 Nysa 521 S 1969 Nysa N 521 1969 Nysa S521 Ambulance 1 1969 Nysa S521 Ambulance a 1970 Nysa 521 S Reanimacja 1971 Nysa 1972 OneofmyfavouriteNysainKiskunsgdestertedareaatthe70s 1973, MTP Poznan, Nysa, Coca Cola 1975 Nysa 521 S Reanimacja 1976 Nysa 522 S R-1 ŚOTM Zabrze 1977 Nysa 522 S 1978-94 ZSD Nysa S522 Resuscitation Ambulance 1986 Nysa 522 uit Schimanski 1988 Nysa 522 S fsd-nysa-522 Image00001 Image00004 img_3856 Itisthepropertyofthepolicemuseum minibusrentaloftheVolnbuszcompany NarrowgaugetrainatDorogwithaNysa nysa 3 NYSA 5 (2) NYSA 5 NYSA 10 NYSA 12 NYSA 15 NYSA 22 Nysa 501M NYSA 521 (Polen) 9Zam 222-W-9) NYSA 521 (Polen) Nysa 521 S Nysa 522 bestel NYSA 522 Gdansk Nysa 522 Muzeum Ratownictwa NYSA 522 OSP Brandweer NYSA 522 S ambu Nysa 522 S Mentőautó NYSA 522 TOWOS NYSA 522 Nysa 522S R Pogotowie Ratunkowe ambu NYSA atthepolicemuseumsgarage NYSA Attila OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA NYSA BIG_0005343495 NYSA BIG_0006057435 SONY DSC SONY DSC NYSA Camper Nysa hearse in front of St. Gabriel church (under construction yet then) at Gumniska Street. Nysa Hearse Nysa Hungary Nysa images Nysa model NYSA Monstfur Nysa N 59 Nysa N57 emblem - 1958 OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA Nysa N59M at the Muzeum Inżynierii Miejskiej in Kraków Nysa N61-2 nysa n63 63 nysa san2 NYSA Sluby NYSA TEFUmeansGoodsTransportationshortly NYSA TraffipaxcarButwhyisittropicalversion NYSA Traffipaxcarwitharadardevice 2 OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA nysa zsd jaslo Nysa, Szafarnia str., Gdansk nysa nysa Nysa_3 Nysa_logo (1) Nysa_logo Nysa_N59M_in_Kraków_-_bus_stop nysa_wsw nysa57-3 nysa-105 nysa-501-02 nysa-521-01 nysa-521-ow-08 nysa-522-12 milicia nysa-522-r-01 Nysa522S nysa-522-s-01 nysa-522-s-mentoauto-veteran-teszt2 NysaambulanceofSopron NysainKecskemt SONY DSC NysaM-5011 NysaM-5012 Nysamicrobusforsightseeing Nysan59Rendrsg-Milicja NysaS-5011 NysaS-5012 nysa-zeitungyn4f Nyski 3drzwiowej , wersja turystyczna Nysy Ambu OMSZNYsa-OrszgosMentSZolglat POL NYSA milicja t_znaczek_105 ThiswastakeninPoland vanrentaloftheVolnbuszcompany ZelmotfoglightsareveryrareinHungary ZSD Nysa 522 OW of Milicja ZSD Nysa 522 ZSD Nysa N59M 1959–68 ZSD Nysa N59M in Kraków ZSD Nysa N59M

Buses KAvZ Kurgansky Avtobusny Zavod Russia


 (RussianКурга́нский авто́бусный заво́д, КАвЗKurgansky Avtobusny Zavod)

Logo bus manufacturer KAvZ.gif


KAvZ-42382006- KAvZ-4238

KAvZ-39761993-07 KAvZ-3976

KAvZ bus (right) in Ust-Kut, Irkutsk oblast', RussiaKAvZ bus (right) in Ust-Kut, Irkutsk oblast’, Russia

KAvZ (RussianКурга́нский авто́бусный заво́д, КАвЗKurgansky Avtobusny Zavod) is a bus manufacturer in KurganRussia. The factory started producing buses in 1958, based on trucks from GAZ. During the 1990s, it assembled Ikarus buses for the Russian market. Now a subsidiary of GAZ, it specialises in producing small buses, in particular school buses.

KaVZ is a subsidiary of Russian Buses which is a subsidiary of GAZ Group.

kavz logotypesKAvZ Logo

1958 kavz 651

1958 kavz 651

1958–62 KAvZ 6511958–62 KAvZ 651

1958-73 kavz 651 761958-73 kavz 651 76

1958-73 kavz 6511958-73 kavz 651

1960 kavz concepts 11960 kavz concepts

1960 kavz_051960 kavz concepts

1960 KAVZ-9851960 KAVZ-985

1960 KAVZ-985a1960 KAVZ-985

1962–70 KAvz 6511962–70 KAvz 651

1963 kavz 3100 sibir a1963 kavz 3100 sibir

1963 kavz 3100 sibir1963 kavz 3100 sibir

1963 kavz 3100 sibir 1

1964 kavz 3100 sibir

1966 kavz 685 32701966 kavz 685 3270

1968 kavz 685 32701968 kavz 685 3270

1969 kavz 685 32701969 kavz 685 3270

1969 kavz 685 3270a1969 kavz 685 3270

1971 kavz 651, 685, 3100 II1971 kavz 651, 685, 3100 II

1971 kavz mixed1971 kavz mixed

1971-91 KAVZ 6851971-91 KAVZ 685

1971-91 KAvZ 3270 Rusland1971-91 KAvZ 3270 Rusland

1971-91 KaVZ 32701971-91 KaVZ 3270

1971-91 KAvZ 3270a Rusland1971-91 KaVZ 3270

1971-91 KaVZ 3270a1971-91 KaVZ 3270

1971-91 KaVZ 3270b1971-91 KaVZ 3270

1971-91 KaVZ 3270c1971-91 KaVZ 3270

1971-91 KaVZ 3270d1971-91 KaVZ 3270

1971-91 KAVZ R1971-91 KAVZ

1973 kavz 3100 sibir 9731973 kavz 3100 sibir 973

1973 kavz 3100 sibir a1973 kavz 3100 sibir

1973 kavz 3100 sibir1973 kavz 3100 sibir

1975 kavz 3100 sibir 1 b1975 kavz 3100 sibir

1975 kavz 3100 sibir 21975 kavz 3100 sibir

1975-76 kavz 3100 sibir1975-76 kavz 3100 sibir 2

1975-86 kavz 685 32701975-86 kavz 685 3270

1976  kavz 3100 sibir1976 kavz 3100 sibir

1976 kavz 3100 sibir 111976 kavz 3100 sibir 11

1976 kavz 3100 sibir1976 kavz 3100 sibir

1976 kavz-3100-sibir-21976 kavz 3100 sibir

1979 kavz concepts 21979 kavz concept

1979 kavz concepts 31979 kavz concept

1984 kavz 685 3270 11984 kavz 685 3270

1984 kavz concepts photos 11984 kavz concept

kavz conceptskavz concept

kavz concepts fkavz concepts

kavz unsortedkavz unsorted

kavz1KAvZ Bus

1993-07 kavz 3276 (2)1993-07 kavz 3276

1993-07 kavz 32761993-07 kavz 3276

1993-07 KaVZ 39765-0231993-07 KaVZ 39765-023

1993-07 KaVZ 39765-023a1993-07 KaVZ 39765-023

1993-07 KaVZ 39765-023b1993-07 KaVZ 39765-023

1993-07 KAvZ 397671993-07 KAvZ 39767

1993-07 KAvZ 397620 Rusland1993-07 KAvZ 397620 Rusland

1993-07 KAvZ 397653 Rusland1993-07 KAvZ 397653 Rusland

1993-07 KAvZ-39761993-07 KAvZ-3976

1998  kavz-422910-091998 kavz-422910-09

1998 07 kavz 32441998 07 kavz 3244

1998 Kavz 4229101998 Kavz 422910

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA1998 kavz-4229 10-01

1998-03 KAVZ 42241998-03 KAVZ 4224

2002-08 kavz 32762002-08 kavz 3276

2003 kavz 39762003 kavz 3976

2006  KAVZ-4238 CNG2006 KAVZ-4238 CNG

KAvZ bus emblems2006 -- KAvZ-42382006 — KAvZ-4238

2006  KAVZ-4238-05 school2006 KAVZ-4238-05 school

2006  Salon KAVZ-4238-052006 KAVZ-4238-05 school insides

2006 KAVZ 4238 Aurora2006 KAVZ 4238 Aurora

2007 kavz 4235 12007 kavz 4235 1

2007 kavz 4235 22007 kavz 4235 2

2007 kavz 4235 32007 kavz 4235 3

2007 kavz 4235 42007 kavz 4235 4 inside

2007 kavz 4235 52007 kavz 4235 5

2007 kavz 4235 62007 kavz 4235 6

2008 kavz 4238 images 12008 kavz 4238 images 1

2008 kavz 4238a2008 kavz 4238

 That’s it