AMBULANCES part V international Ambulances on Alphabet from D

AMBULANCES D:

Dacia 1300 Ambulance

Dacia 1300 Ambulance  DACIA Logans, Dusters, Dokker + 13(20)

1950 DAF A10 Ambulance

Leyland-Daf 400 V8 1991 Ambulance by ‘Mountain’

DAF – DAF Leyland – YA – Trucks – DAF Sherpa – Army

DAIMLERS from WWI + later

De Dietrich Ambulances van 1900, 1902 +1912

Delauny Belleville Ambulances 1907-1918

  1959 Dennis Lomas ambulance

tpt transport bus minibus double decker coach ambulance dennis

Dennis Brothers – Dennis – Lomas bodybuilders Ambulances

1954 Desoto Weller Special Ambulance Service Wagon

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA
OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA
OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA
OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

DeSoto or De Soto Ambulances + Hearses + Limo Ambulances 1938 – 1958

DKW Schnellaster – F 800- Munga

Dodge -Dodge Brothers – Dodge Dart Ambulances

History FIAT part VII 2000-present

History FIAT

part VII

2000-present

2001-present

Fiat_Punto_Grande_4door_silver_vl

Grande Punto

Fiat_500L_in_Ljubljana

Fiat 500L

Fiat_Linea3

Fiat Linea

2001 Fiat Doblò

Fiat Doblò
2009 Fiat Doblò Mk2 built in Bursa, Turkey
Overview
Manufacturer Fiat
Production 2000–present
Body and chassis
Class Panel van / leisure activity vehicle
Chronology
Predecessor Fiat Fiorino

The Fiat Doblò is a panel van and leisure activity vehicle produced by Italian automaker Fiat since 2000. It was unveiled at the Paris Motor Show in 2000.

First generation (2000–present)

First generation
Fiat Doblo
Overview
Also called Fiat Panorama
Pyongwha Ppeokkugi
Production 2000–present
Assembly Bursa, Turkey (Tofaş)
Akçalar, Turkey (Karsan)
Betim, Minas Gerais, Brazil (Fiat Automóveis)
Naberezhnye Chelny, Russia (SeverstalAvto)
Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
(Mekong Auto)
Body and chassis
Body style 3-door panel van
4-door panel van
5-door panel van
5-door leisure activity vehicle
Related Fiat Punto
Fiat Palio
Fiat Albea
Fiat Siena
Fiat Strada
Lancia Y
Powertrain
Engine 1.2L Fire I4 petrol
1.4L Fire I4 petrol
1.6L I4 petrol
1.6L Natural Power I4 CNG
1.8L E.torQ I4 Flexfuel
1.3L Multijet I4 diesel
1.9L D I4 diesel
1.9L JTD I4 diesel
1.9L Multijet I4 diesel
Transmission 5-speed manual
6-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,583 mm (101.7 in)
2,963 mm (116.7 in) (Doblò Maxi)
Length 4,158 mm (163.7 in)
4,253 mm (167.4 in) (from 2005)
4,633 mm (182.4 in) (Doblò Maxi)
4,354 mm (171.4 in) (Adventure)
Width from 1,715 mm (67.5 in) to 1,722 mm (67.8 in)
1,763 mm (69.4 in) (Adventure)
Height from 1,818 mm (71.6 in) to 1,831 mm (72.1 in)
2,086 mm (82.1 in) (high roof)
1,957 mm (77.0 in) (Adventure)

It was first launched to the public in the Netherlands, and received the “2006 International Van of the Year” award by an international jury from 19 countries. In Singapore, a 1.4-litre LAV variant is marketed as the Fiat Panorama in 5 and 7-seater versions.

The Doblò carries a payload of up to 730 kg (1,609 lb), with an interior volume of 3.2 cubic metres (110 cu ft). The Doblò uses platform of Fiat Palio Station Wagon.

Fiat Doblò facelift

Fiat Doblò facelift

It is manufactured by Fiat’s Tofaş subsidiary factory in Bursa, Turkey, in Brazil since 2002 and in Russia and Vietnam. Turkish models have an engine range that includes a 1.4-litre petrol, a 1.9-litre MultiJet, and a 16-valve 1.3-litre MultiJet.

In North Korea Pyonghwa Motors produces Doblò branded as its own name Ppeokkugi.

The facelift version came in autumn 2005, and was restyled with modifications to the front and rear light groups, and the total design of the front part.

Brazilian Doblò

Launched in 2002 the Brazilian Doblòs were initially available with two 16-valve petrol engines, a 1.3-litre Fire and a 1.6-litre Torque. From 2004 to 2009, the only engine available in Brazil was an 8-valve 1.8-litre Powertrain, supplied by General Motors do Brasil. This engine was produced initially in a petrol version and later as flex fuel.

In 2003 Fiat Brazil introduced an off-road 4×2 version called Fiat Doblò Adventure, also with the straight-4 Powertrain 1800 cc engine. It has revised exterior look with bigger bumpers and mouldings and raised ride height 6 cm (2.4 in) and spare wheel on the rear. In 2009, the whole Adventure line (Doblò, Idea, Strada and Palio Weekend) was equipped with a locking differential. The line was rebadged as Adventure Locker. Only in the 2010 model, the Brazilian Doblò and the Doblò Adventure were updated with the 2005 European facelift. Besides the 1.8-litre Powertrain, Doblò is now equipped with a 1.4-litre Fire flex engine. In the 2011 model, the 8-valve 1.8-litre Powertrain engine was replaced by the brand new 16-valve 1.8 litre E-Torq engine, produced by Fiat Powertrain Technologies.

Engines

2000–2006

Model
1.2 petrol 65 PS (48 kW; 64 hp)
1.6 natural power natural gas 92 PS (68 kW; 91 hp)
1.9 D diesel 69 PS (51 kW; 68 hp)
1.9 JTD diesel 105 PS (77 kW; 104 hp)

2006–2009

Model Type Power
1.4 petrol 77 PS (57 kW; 76 hp)
1.6 Natural Power (CNG) Natural gas 92 PS (68 kW; 91 hp)
1.3 16v Multijet diesel 75 PS (55 kW; 74 hp)
1.9 Multijet diesel 105 PS (77 kW; 104 hp)
1.9 16v Multijet diesel 120 PS (88 kW; 120 hp)

Electric versions

Micro-Vett Fiat Doblò has three battery versions:

  • a 43 kWh lead-acid battery pack, providing a range of 150 km (93 mi) in the urban duty cycle on a single charge; recharging takes 5–8 hours
  • 60 x 200 AH 3.6V lithium modules; Battery life: 1000 cycles at 80% DOD / 2000 cycles at 70% DOD

The vehicle uses a 30 kW (60 kW peak) motor from Ansaldo Electric Drives, that gives 120 km/h (75 mph) top speed.

On October 2, 2007, a 60 day demonstration of the All-Electric Fiat Doblo was begun. The Electric engine is powered by a custom 18 kWh Altairnano high performance NanoSafe(R) battery pack, traveled 300 kilometers (190 mi) in an urban delivery circuit. The custom battery pack was fully recharged in less than ten minutes a total of three times using AeroViroments’ high voltage, 125 kW rated, rapid charging system. The vehicle will be driven an estimated total of 7,500 kilometres (4,700 mi) during the 60-day demonstration period, which translates to an annual equivalent use of 45,000 kilometres (28,000 mi).

Second generation (2009–present)

Second generation
2013 Fiat Doblò Cargo Maxi 1.6 16V Multijet (II)
Overview
Also called Opel Combo
Fiat Doblò Work Up
Fiat Pratico
Vauxhall Combo
Ram ProMaster City (US and Canada, from 2015)
Production 2009–present
Assembly Bursa, Turkey (Tofaş)
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door chassis cab
2-door pick-up truck
3-door panel van
4-door panel van
5-door panel van
5-door leisure activity vehicle
Platform GM Fiat Small Wide platform
Related Fiat Fiorino
Fiat Grande Punto
Fiat Linea
Opel Corsa D
Opel Meriva B
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission
  • 5-speed manual
  • 6-speed manual
  • 5-speed automatic
  • 9-speed 948TE automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,755 mm (108.5 in) (SWB)

3,105 mm (122.2 in) (LWB)

The all new Doblò was launched in early 2010 and is built in Turkey by Tofaş. The 2010 Doblò uses new platform which has 2,755-millimetre (108.5 in) wheelbase, 790-litre (28 cu ft) luggage compartment, and low CO2 emissions (129 g/km with the 1.3 Multijet 90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp) engine). The Doblò is also sold by General Motors European Opel and Vauxhall brands as Combo.

2012 Doblò Cargo XL (Sweden)

2012 Doblò Cargo XL (Sweden)

As of July 2011 the Doblò is available as a pickup called Fiat Doblò Work Up or Fiat Pratico in Turkey. There is also a raised roof version, as well as an extended wheelbase van called the “Doblò Cargo Maxi”. These two features are combined for the Fiat Doblò Cargo XL, a high-roofed, long wheelbase panel van model with a one-tonne payload, equipped with the 105 hp (78 kW) 1.6 litre Multijet common rail diesel. The XL, which can carry as much as the bigger and more expensive Scudo, was presented in the UK in May 2013. In other markets the XL appeared in 2012, and it is available with all diesel engines excepting the 1.3 and also the 1.4 T-Jet. There is also an XL Combi, with a 135 PS (99 kW) version of the 2.0 diesel.

Doblò EV

In February 2010, Tofaş have revealed their development activities on the All-Electric version of their Doblò 2010.

The vehicle itself was also been introduced to press in July 2010, as “The First Commercial Electrical Vehicle Developed in Turkey”. It has been also revealed that, Tofaş will be FIAT’s development pole for electric light commercial vehicles (LCV). In 1 Millionth Doblo ceremony, Doblo EV was tested by press and Turkish Minister of Industry and Commerce, Nihat Ergün.

2015 facelift

Introduced at the Hanover Motor Show, the 2015 Fiat Doblò receives a revised front end with new headlamps, grille, and front bumper, likely to coincide with the release of the Ram ProMaster City.

Ram ProMaster City

The Ram ProMaster City is an Americanised version of the Fiat Doblò. The ProMaster City will be built in the same plant in Turkey as the Doblo and imported to North America. To circumvent the chicken tax, only passenger vans will be imported into North America, with cargo vans being post-import conversions. Unlike the Doblò, passenger versions of the ProMaster City will have solid metal panels instead of glass in its rear quarters. The 2.4 L Tigershark engine matted to the 948TE 9-speed automatic transmission will be the sole powertrain available for the ProMaster City.

2001 Fiat Stilo

Fiat Stilo
Fiat Stilo
Overview
Manufacturer Fiat
Production 2001–2007 (Italy)
2003–2010 (Brazil)
Assembly Cassino, Frosinone, Italy
Betim, Minas Gerais, Brazil
Body and chassis
Class Small family car
Body style 3-door hatchback
5-door hatchback
5-door estate
Layout FF layout
Platform Fiat Group C-platform
Related Fiat Bravo (2007)
Lancia Delta (2008)
Powertrain
Engine 1.2 L Fire I4 petrol
1.4 L Fire I4 petrol
1.6 L I4 petrol
1.6 L Ecotec I4 petrol
1.8 L I4 petrol
2.4 L I5 petrol
1.9 L JTD I4 diesel
1.9 L MultiJet I4 diesel
Transmission 5-speed manual
6-speed manual
5-speed semi-auto (Selespeed)
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,600 mm (102.4 in)
Length 4,182 mm (164.6 in) (3-door)
4,253 mm (167.4 in) (5-door)
4,516 mm (177.8 in) (estate)
Width 1,784 mm (70.2 in) (3-door)
1,756 mm (69.1 in) (5-door)
1,756 mm (69.1 in) (estate)
Height 1,475 mm (58.1 in) (3-door)
1,525 mm (60.0 in) (5-door)
1,570 mm (61.8 in) (estate)
Curb weight 1,090–1,320 kg (2,400–2,910 lb)
Chronology
Predecessor Fiat Bravo/Brava
Successor Fiat Bravo

Fiat Stilo Abarth 3-door

Fiat Stilo Abarth 3-door

Fiat Stilo MultiWagon

Fiat Stilo MultiWagon

Fiat Stilo 1,9 5-door

Fiat Stilo 5-door

The Fiat Stilo (Type 192) is a small family car available as a 3-door and a 5-door hatchback, as well as an estate (Fiat Stilo MultiWagon), produced by the Italian automaker Fiat Automobiles. The Stilo 3-door and 5-door were launched in 2001 to replace the Fiat Bravo/Brava, with the Stilo MultiWagon following in 2002. The all-new Fiat Bravo is the successor of the Stilo in most markets, however the 5-door Stilo continued to be manufactured in Brazil until late 2010, where it was replaced by the New Bravo.

Overview

Originally, its petrol engines were the 1242 cc DOHC 16 valve engine also powering the Punto and Lancia Ypsilon with an output of 80 PS (59 kW; 79 hp) combined with a 6 speed manual gearbox, a 103 PS, 1.6 L with a 5 speed manual gearbox (The 1.6 was also available with a 6 speed manual gearbox, but these are quite rare) a 133 PS, 1.8 L, again with a 5 speed manual gearbox and a 170 PS (125 kW; 168 hp), 5 cylinder, 2.4 L engine combined with Fiat’s Selespeed 5 speed semi-automatic gearbox, also used on the Alfa Romeo 147. An 8 valve, 1.9 JTD unit with 80 PS (59 kW; 79 hp), 100 PS (74 kW; 99 hp), 116 PS (85 kW; 114 hp), 120 PS (88 kW; 118 hp) or 16 valve 140 PS (103 kW; 138 hp) and 150 PS (110 kW; 148 hp) diesel unit were/are also available.

The Stilo’s styling received mixed reviews, with many journalists and enthusiasts criticising it as being too bland and too German-looking (somewhat ironically as the styling of the preceding Bravo and Brava had been criticised for being too “Italian”). Critics also attacked the car’s excessive weight and its semi-independent rear torsion beam suspension / twist-beam rear suspension, (like a previous generation Volkswagen Golf), which was seen as a step backwards from the acclaimed fully independent rear suspension used in the Bravo/Brava, and which resulted in handling many found uninspired and uninvolving. Although the Bravo/Brava IRS was prone to suspension bush wear. The engine range, particularly the 1.2 litre petrol, was also criticised for being underpowered. The car’s fuel economy was also seen as poor for its class, a result of the car’s heavy weight and the transmission, which used very long gear ratios. Another point of criticism was the Selespeed gearbox, which was seen as too slow in its reactions and particularly inappropriate for the high-powered Abarth version. Nevertheless, the car won praise for its high levels of grip (aided by the unusually wide tires) and its brakes.

In the UK, different trim levels available are/were: Active, Active Aircon, Blue, Dynamic, Sporting, Abarth, GT, Prestigio, Xbox limited edition, Michael Schumacher and the Schumacher GP, with general modifications by British car specialists, Prodrive.

The Stilo was the first car worldwide to use the TRW Column-Drive Electric Power-Assisted Steering (EPS) technology later introduced on the 2003 Nissan Micra & Renault Megane.

As the model range aged, the range of available options was reduced. The Stilo was originally offered in some markets with a radar guided cruise control option; it included sensors in the front bumper and rear of the car to adjust the speed of the car according to other vehicles’ speed. This was soon dropped as it became apparent that other interferences were creating undesired results for the driver. A keyless entry, named ‘Easy Go’, push button start, similar in function to Citroen’s, Mercedes’s and BMW Mini’s systems, was also an available option.

For MY 2006 the Stilo was updated with a new front grille, different seat fabric, a relocation of the electric mirror controls from the window control console to just behind the gear stick. The entry models also had the centre arm-rest removed (which when in the downward position prevented comfortable use of the handbrake as in the Audi A3) and the deletion of the rear air vent.

The Stilo was ultimately a sales disappointment. An extensive advertising campaign using Formula 1 stars Michael Schumacher and Rubens Barrichello did little to aid the car’s sales. In October 2013, The Economist magazine placed the Stilo into the report on Europe’s Biggest Loss Making Cars.  In 2004, the 1242 cc engine was dropped in favour of the Punto‘s 1.4 L unit, increasing the car’s power to 95 bhp (71 kW), again combined with the 6 speed gearbox. Also, the tail lights were altered, and the Abarth version gained a manual gearbox, instead of the Selespeed.

Specifications

Capacity 1242–2446 cc
Power 80 PS (59 kW; 79 hp)–170 PS (125 kW; 168 hp)
Max. speed 170–225 km/h (106-134 mph)
Acceleration 0–100 km/h: 13.8-8.5 seconds

Safety

The Fiat Stilo passed the Euro NCAP car safety tests with following ratings:

Euro NCAP test results
Fiat Stilo (2008)
Test Score Rating
Adult occupant: 27 4 /5 stars
Child occupant: 37 4 /5 stars
Pedestrian: 8 1 /4 stars

Stilo in rallying

A group N version of the car was developed by Abarth to compete in the single make trophy called Trofeo Stilo Abarth, held in Italy from 2002 to 2005. The car was revealed in November 2001 at the Bologna Motor Show. It was derived from the Stilo 1.8 16v version, with the engine power increased from 133 bhp (99 kW; 135 PS) to 157 bhp (117 kW; 159 PS), and from the 2003 season to 180 bhp (134 kW; 182 PS). A similar competition was held in the UK in 2004 and 2005, called the Fiat Stilo Rally Cup.

In 2004 a junior team backed up by Fiat UK competed in the Wales Rally GB of the World Rally Championship with group A cars, and the following year two other cars took part in the rally. Stilo cars have also been present in the Andros Trophy during the last years.

South American Stilo

Only available in the 5-door hatchback version, the Stilo was launched in South America in 2003, being assembled in Brazil. The engines were the Family I GM engines 1.8 L with 8-valve (103 hp) and 16-valve (122 hp) versions, and a 2.4 20-valve version (170 hp) for the Abarth model as well. For export, the chosen engines were the Italian-made 1.8 16v VIS engine with 133 hp (99 kW) and the 1.9 JTD Diesel of 115 hp (86 kW) specially for Argentina, Uruguay and Chile. (Chile did not get the JTD, but was the only country in the region to receive the Italian 3-door version, and the MultiWagon version.)

A Schumacher special edition of the Stilo was added in 2004 and lasted until 2006; contrary to the European version, which was based on the 3-door version and equipped with the 2.4 20-valve engine, the Brazilian was only available with five doors and the Family I GM 1.8 16v engine with 122 hp (91 kW). In 2006, the Stilo gained a GM-sourced flexible engine capable of using petrol and ethanol (1.8 8v with 110 hp (82 kW) on petrol and 114 hp (85 kW) with ethanol) and the 1.8 16v engine was retired.

In the Americas, the Stilo was partially replaced by the new Bravo in late 2010, when it will be built in Brazil; from 2007 on the Italian import is available in Chile and Venezuela.

Fiat Automóveis introduced a facelifted Stilo in late January 2008, in which the Dualogic manual-robotized gearbox was released, being available to every version with the 1.8 8v Flex engine, which now produces 112 PS (82 kW; 110 hp) (petrol) or 114 PS (84 kW; 112 hp) when using ethanol as fuel. The car also got minor cosmetic changes to front grille, bonnet, side bumpers and to the taillights, in order to end its production cycle, which is expected to happen in 2010.

For the MY2009, Fiat withdrew the Abarth version from the Brazilian market; the version wasn’t available in other markets anymore.

For the MY2010, Fiat do Brasil launched a “basic-features” versión called Attractive, still with the 1.8 8v Flex engine. This version marks the confirmation that the new Bravo is coming, with the Stilo Attractive as the only version.

In March 2010, Brazil’s Justice Ministry fined Fiat 3 million Reais (US$ 1.7 million) for failing to recall its Stillo without ABS brakes to fix a rear wheel problem that may have caused 30 accidents and eight deaths. Fiat denied any wrongdoing, saying that the rear wheel problem was not the cause of the accidents, but rather caused by them.

2003 Fiat Idea

Fiat Idea
Fiat Idea
Overview
Manufacturer Fiat
Production 2003–2012 (Italy)
2005–present (Brazil)
Assembly Mirafiori plant, Turin, Italy
Betim (Minas Gerais), Brazil (Fiat Automóveis)
Designer Giorgetto Giugiaro
Body and chassis
Class Mini MPV
Body style 5-door MPV
Layout FF layout
Platform Project 188
Related Fiat Punto (188)
Lancia Musa
Lancia Ypsilon
Powertrain
Engine Petrol engines:
1.2 L FIRE I4
1.4 L FIRE I4
1.6 L E.torQ I4 (Brazil only)
1.8 L X18XE I4 (Brazil only)
1.8 L E.torQ I4 (Brazil only)Diesel engines:
1.3 L Multijet I4
1.6 L Multijet I4
1.9 L Multijet I4
Transmission 5-speed automatic
5-speed manual
6-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,510 mm (98.8 in)
Length 3,930 mm (154.7 in)
Width 1,700 mm (66.9 in)
Height 1,660 mm (65.4 in)
Curb weight 1,275 kg (2,811 lb)
Chronology
Successor Fiat 500L

The Fiat Idea (Type 350) is a mini MPV built by the Italian manufacturer Fiat since 2003. The car is based on the Project 188 platform, originally used for the second-generation Fiat Punto. The Idea is noted for its versatile interior, which includes sliding and folding rear seats. In 2006 the Idea had a facelift with the main changes being a darker interior, chrome grill and clear front indicators.

Engines

The Fiat Idea engines are all Euro 4 compliant. The petrol engine is the 1.4-litre 16 valve 95 PS (70 kW; 94 hp), available with five- and six-speed gearboxes, and the diesel 1.3-litre 16 valve MultiJet units, with 70 PS (51 kW; 69 hp) or 90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp). All of these engines can be matched with the Dualogic robotised manual gearbox.

Model Engine Displacement Power Torque
1.2 Fire 16V I4 1242 cc 80 PS (59 kW; 79 hp) @ 5000 rpm 114 N·m (84 lb·ft) @ 4000 rpm
1.4 8V I4 1368 cc 77 PS (57 kW; 76 hp) @ 6000 rpm 115 N·m (85 lb·ft) @ 3000 rpm
1.4 FIRE 16V I4 1368 cc 95 PS (70 kW; 94 hp) @ 5800 rpm 128 N·m (94 lb·ft) @ 4500 rpm
1.3 16V Multijet I4 1248 cc 70 PS (51 kW; 69 hp) @ 4000 rpm 180 N·m (130 lb·ft) @ 1750 rpm
1.3 16V Multijet I4 1248 cc 90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp) @ 4000 rpm 200 N·m (150 lb·ft) @ 1750 rpm
1.6 16V Multijet I4 1598 cc 120 PS (88 kW; 120 hp) @ 4000 rpm 300 N·m (220 lb·ft) @ 1500 rpm
1.9 8V Multijet I4 1910 cc 100 PS (74 kW; 99 hp) @ 4000 rpm 260 N·m (190 lb·ft) @ 1750 rpm

Brazilian Idea

The Brazilian version of the Idea was launched in late 2005. The engines available are the new 1.4-litre 8-valve 86 hp (64 kW) Fire engine (the same as in the Grande Punto) and the latest version of the GM-sourced Powertrain 1.8-litre 8-valve 114 hp (85 kW) engine. Both have flexible fuel technology, which lets the driver use either gasoline or ethanol.

This version has a longer wheelbase and height compared to the European version. The interior design is taken from the Fiat Palio Mk. III, and adapted to the South American market. It also has a panoramic glass roof as an option, known as the SkyDome.

The Idea is exported in two different trim levels (the ELX with the 1.4-litre engine and the HLX with the 1.8 engine) and it has four airbags, anti-lock braking system with EBD; parking, rain and lights sensor, security laminated glass, the SkyDome, 15″ alloys, bluetooth phone system, and leather seats among other features.

Over 170,000 Ideas have been sold in Brazil since its launch (2005). In 2010 the Idea received another facelift with new front, rear and door handles.

Idea Adventure

Idea Adventure

Idea Adventure

The Idea Adventure is a mini XUV version that was launched in September 2006 in São Paulo, Brazil. It features a revised suspension, tires are Pirelli Scorpion 205/70 R15, a protective body kit, specially designed 15″ alloys, interior mods like the white instruments, the specially designed seats with leather, and a standard safety equipment which features double front and side airbags, ABS brakes with EBD. In 2009, the wholeAdventure line (Idea, Doblò, Strada and Palio Weekend) was equipped with a locking differential. The line was rebadged as Adventure Locker. Idea Brazilian Facelift

During his visit to Rio de Janeiro, Brazil in July 2013, Pope Francis chose to ride in a Fiat Idea for his public appearances, instead of the expensive and secure vehicles usually used by dignitaries and popes.

2005 Fiat Sedici

Fiat Sedici
Fiat Sedici Emotion 1.9 Multijet 8V
Overview
Manufacturer Fiat
Also called Suzuki SX4
Maruti Suzuki SX4
Lancia Pangea (cancelled)
Production 2005–2014
Assembly Hungary: Esztergom (Magyar Suzuki)
Designer Giorgietto Giugiaro
Body and chassis
Class Mini crossover SUV
Body style 5-door hatchback
Layout Front engine, front-wheel drive /four-wheel drive
Powertrain
Engine 1.6 L M16A I4 petrol
1.9 L Multijet I4 diesel
2.0 L Multijet I4 diesel
Transmission 5-speed manual (petrol)
6-speed manual (diesel)
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,500 mm (98.4 in)
Length 4,115 mm (162.0 in)
Width 1,730 mm (68.1 in)
Height 1,575 mm (62.0 in)
Curb weight 1,320–1,425 kilograms (2,910–3,142 lb)

2009 Fiat Sedici facelift

2009 Fiat Sedici facelift

The Fiat Sedici is a mini sport utility vehicle co-developed by Fiat and Suzuki mainly for the European market.

History

It was introduced in December 2005 Bologna Motor Show, and is built at the  Magyar Suzuki plant in Hungary. The expected production volume is 60,000 units per year, 1/3 of these to be sold by Fiat and 2/3 of these to be sold by Suzuki, where it is badged as the SX4. The design was created by Giorgetto Giugiaro‘s Italdesign Giugiaro studio, and it is an alternative to mini multi-purpose vehicles (MPV), which have a more “boxy” appearance.

It was the official car of the 2006 Winter Olympics. As the car is four wheel drive, it is considered a 4×4. As 4×4 is 16, the car is named Sedici (pronounced [ˈseːditʃi]), which means “sixteen” in Italian. By pressing a button the driver can change between 4×2 and 4×4 transmission modes. The car also has electronic stability control (ESC) on the options list and a diesel particulate filter (DPF) is a standard feature. In November 2006 it was the second best selling SUV in the Italian market, and by June 2007, it was the best selling vehicle.

The Sedici has been sold in Israel since 2012, with automatic (4 speed) or manual (5 speed) gearbox. In late 2010, the Sedici was withdrawn from the United Kingdom, due to poor sales of under 50,000 units.

Sedici 4×2

The front wheel drive version of the Sedici was unveiled in spring 2008. It was available with the same engine choices as the 4X4 version and was available in two trim levels: Dynamic and Emotion. The price, in Italy, was around €2000 cheaper than the 4×4 version.

2009 facelift

In spring 2009, the Sedici was given a more substantial upgrade: A changed front grille, similar to that of the Bravo, and a new bumper. Inside it has more sophisticated instrumentation, new fabrics, the air conditioning vents were changed, and it has new Euro 5-compliant engines. The 1.9 litre Multijet engine was replaced by the more modern 2.0 litre Multijet engine 135 PS (99 kW; 133 hp), also the petrol 1.6 litre engine was upgraded to have 120 PS (88 kW; 118 hp), with lower fuel consumption.

2005 Fiat Grande Punto

Fiat Grande Punto
Fiat Grande Punto
Overview
Manufacturer Fiat
Also called Fiat Punto
Fiat Punto Evo
Fiat Avventura
Production 2005–present
Assembly Melfi, Potenza Italy
Mirafiori, Torino, Italy
Betim, Brazil (Fiat Automóveis)
Ranjangaon, India (Fiat India)
Guayaquil, Ecuador
Designer Giorgetto Giugiaro
Body and chassis
Class Supermini
Body style 3 and 5-door hatchback
3-door panel van
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel drive
Platform GM Fiat Small platform
Related Abarth Grande Punto
Alfa Romeo MiTo
Fiat 500L
Fiat Linea
Fiat Fiorino III
Fiat Qubo
Opel Corsa D
Opel Meriva B
Citroen Nemo
Peugeot Bipper
Powertrain
Engine 0.9 L TwinAir Turbo I2 petrol
1.2 L Fire I4 petrol
1.4 L Fire I4 petrol
1.4 L Fire Turbojet I4 petrol
1.4 L Multiair I4 petrol
1.4 L Multiair Turbojet I4 petrol
1.4 L Fire Natural Power I4 CNG
1.6 L E.torQ I4 Flexfuel
1.8 L E.torQ I4 Flexfuel
1.3 L Multijet I4 diesel
1.6 L Multijet I4 diesel
1.9 L Multijet I4 diesel
Transmission 5-speed manual
6-speed manual
5-speed semi-auto
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,510 mm (98.8 in)
Length 4,030 mm (158.7 in) (2005–2011)
4,065 mm (160.0 in) (2012–)
Width 1,687 mm (66.4 in)
Height 1,490 mm (58.7 in)
Curb weight 1,015–1,040 kg (2,238–2,293 lb)
Chronology
Predecessor Fiat Punto

The Fiat Grande Punto is a supermini car produced by the Italian manufacturer Fiat since 2005. It is the third generation in the Fiat Punto series and was announced in August 2005, and launched at the Frankfurt Motor Show. In 2009, it was joined by the facelifted Punto Evo. In 2012, both were replaced by a revised model, called simply Punto, thus resurrecting the model name of its predecessor. It is manufactured in Italy, in Brazil (from 2007) and in India (from 2008).

Grande Punto (2005–2012)

The third generation Fiat to bear the name Punto, codenamed Project 199, the Grande Punto was unveiled at the 2005 Frankfurt Motor Show and went on sale later that year. Styled by Giugiaro, the car is based on the GM Fiat Small platform. Whilst the model shares some of its name with the previous Punto, a large number of its components are new, including a new chassis and body shell.

2009 Fiat Grande Punto 5-door version

2009 Fiat Grande Punto 5-door version

Fiat Grande Punto Sport 3-door rear view

Fiat Grande Punto Sport 3-door rear view

The engines are the Fiat 1.2 8v Fire (65 PS), a new 1.4 8v Fire (77 PS) and the 1.4 16v StarJet (95 PS). Four MultiJet diesel engines are also available: two 1.3 16v units (75 PS (55 kW) and 90 PS (66 kW), the latter with a variable geometry turbocharger) and two 1.9 with 120 PS (88 kW) and 130 PS (96 kW), all of them with diesel particulate filter. The 1.9 diesel was replaced with the new 1.6 MultiJet starting the end of 2008.

All the engines are Euro IV compliant. In 2007, a new 1.4 16v T-Jet turbocharged petrol engine, 120 PS (88 kW), became available. At the 2007 Frankfurt Motor Show, Fiat introduced 155 PS (114 kW) an Abarth version by Abarth & C S.p.A.. It was branded as an Abarth rather than Fiat. The car’s nose, headlights and front grill look reminiscent of the Maserati Coupé (both were designed by Giorgetto Giugiaro of ItalDesign).

Non-European markets

In Australia, Fiat introduced the Grande Punto in July 2006, sold only as the Punto; it is the first Fiat to be sold in Australia since 1989. In 2009, the Punto was discontinued in Australia, due to slow sales. The car was reintroduced in 2013 after Fiat began factory distribution in Australia, the car was repriced at a much lower price, that was more in keeping with its rivals.

It was launched in Mexico in November 2006. The Grande Punto is placed above the Fiat Palio in the Mexican Fiat car lineup. Initially it was sold with the 1.4 16v StarJet 95 PS (70 kW) engine with 6-speed manual gearbox in 5-door Dynamic and 3-door Sport trims. In December 2007, the 1.4 16v T-Jet 120 PS (88 kW) variant was launched. The Italian-made Grande Punto has already been launched in Chile and the Dominican Republic in petrol and diesel versions. The Grande Punto also went on sale in South Africa in 2006, replacing the previous generation.

Fiat Grande Punto interior

Fiat Grande Punto interior

In the rest of South America, the Brazilian-built Grande Punto (called only Punto) was launched in August 2007. Codenamed Project 310, it is produced in the factory of BetimMinas Gerais, Brazil. The chassis is an adaptation of the Fiat Palio, a lower cost compact. Levels of safety were not maintained (airbags and ABS are optional on lower trim levels, and the highest one has only two airbags as standard), but the ride comfort is said to be the same. The five-door version is the only one available in the Brazilian line, and there are no plans for a two-door version (in Brazil, two-door vehicles are only accepted for cheaper cars). The engines available at launch were the 85 PS (63 kW) 1.4 Fire 8v and the 115 PS (85 kW) 1.8 Family 1 X18XE engine that comes from GM-Fiat/Powertrain, and later the 1.4 Fire 16v TurboJet, also available for the Linea. For the 2011 model, there were added the new E.torQ engines 1.6 16v and 1.8 16v. Produced by Fiat Powertrain Technologies, they were based on the discontinued Tritec engines. All non-Turbo petrol models produced in Brazil are flex-fuel.

The Grande Punto was launched in India during the Delhi Auto Expo in January 2008, with sales starting in June 2009. The Indian market Punto is manufactured by the Fiat-Tata Motors joint venture Fiat India Automobiles Ltd (FIAL) in a new plant in Ranjangaon, Maharashtra. The Indian Grande Punto was based on the same 310 project of the Brazilian Punto. In August 2014 Fiat launched a facelifted Punto Evo based on Fiat Avventura style with new front fascia, new front and rear LED lights and new interior (the same of the European Punto Evo).

A related sedan car, the Fiat Linea, was launched in early 2007 to replace the aging Fiat Marea. It is built on an extended version of the Grande Punto’s chassis, with a total length of 4,560 mm (179.5 in), making it part of the superior small family car segment.

Safety

The Grande Punto was awarded with 5 stars in the Euro NCAP crash test for passenger protection and 3 stars certification for pedestrian safety. The most powerful engines have electronic stability program and anti slip regulation fitted as standard, and it is an optional extra on some of the lower powered engines.

Abarth

Fiat Abarth Grande Punto Essesse

Abarth Grande Punto Essesse

The first car from the newly created (2007) Fiat-owned Abarth & C. S.p.A, the Abarth Grande Punto differs significantly from its donor car.

Initially the Abarth Grande Punto was released with a 150 PS (155 PS when using 97 RON fuel) 1.4 turbo engine, but from 2008 there was available an Essesse kit, which could be installed at official Abarth service centres rather than in the factory. Amongst various refinements included uprated brakes and suspension, the Essesse kit provided an uprated power output of 180 hp.

Punto Evo (2009–present)

Fiat Punto Evo

Fiat Punto Evo

Fiat Abarth Punto Evo

Abarth Punto Evo

The Punto Evo, a facelift version of the Grande Punto, was presented at the 2009 Frankfurt Motor Show. It has two new engines, a 1.3 L second generation Multijet diesel and a 1.4 L petrol engine with the MultiAir technology. It also features a new navigation system integrated to the Blue&Me system called Blue&Me–TomTom.

Abarth

The Abarth Punto Evo was shown at 2010 Geneva Motor Show. It has a 165 PS (121 kW; 163 hp) 1.4 L MultiAir Turbo engine. The top speed is 213 km/h (132 mph) and acceleration from 0 to 100 km/h (62 mph) takes 7.9 seconds.

A new Esseesse version was released in 2011, which was an optional upgrade that improved performance, with a 0–100 km/h (62 mph) time of 7.5 seconds.

Punto (2012–present)

2012 Fiat Punto

2012 Fiat Punto

Fiat introduced the 2012 Punto in September 2011 at the Frankfurt Motor Show,[18] as a facelifted version of the Punto Evo that re-introduced the Punto nomenclature (without Grande orEvo).

Engines

The 2012 Punto is available with two new engines: the 0.9 L TwinAir turbo petrol, with two cylinders and 85 PS (63 kW; 84 hp), and the new 1.3 L MultiJet II diesel, with Start&Stop air technology, 85 PS (63 kW; 84 hp) and CO2 emissions reduced to 90 g/km. The new engines do not replace the previous engines (1.2 Fire, 1.4 MultiAir, 1.3 MultiJet and 1.6 MultiJet).

The 2012 Punto has updated front and rear bumper clips along with new alloy wheels. The interior is also updated with new fabrics and a revised Blue&Me system.

Punto Evo (India, 2014–Present)

Fiat India gave the Punto EVO an extensive facelift in August 2014. The facelift consisted of large, swept back headlamps, a new grille and chrome inserts, whilst the rear of the car received LED taillamps from its European twin, and the dashboard from the European car.[19]

Avventura (2014–Present)

Fiat India launched a crossover version of the Punto Evo called Avventura in India on 21st October 2014 at a base price of INR 5.99 Lakh. The Avventura was aimed at the market inhabited by the likes of Toyota Etios Cross, Volkswagen CrossPolo and Ford EcoSport.

2007 Fiat Linea

Fiat Linea
Fiat Linea car in Kraków, Poland. Built Tofas in Turkey.
Overview
Manufacturer Fiat
Production 2007–present
Assembly Betim, Minas Gerais, Brazil (Fiat Automóveis)
Bursa, Turkey (Tofaş A.S.)
Ranjangaon, Pune, India (Fiat India)
Naberezhnye Chelny, Russia (Sollers)
Designer Centro Stile Fiat
Body and chassis
Class Family car
Body style 4-door saloon
Layout FF layout
Platform GM Fiat Small platform
Related Alfa Romeo MiTo
Fiat Grande Punto
Fiat Punto Evo
Fiat Fiorino III
Fiat Qubo
Opel Corsa D
Opel Meriva B
Citroën Nemo
Peugeot Bipper
Powertrain
Engine 1.4L Fire I4 petrol
1.4L Fire Turbojet I4 petrol
1.8L E.torQ I4 Flexfuel
1.9L Torque I4 Flexfuel
1.3L Multijet I4 diesel
1.6L Multijet I4 diesel
Transmission 5-speed manual
6-speed manual
5-speed semi-auto
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,603 mm (102.5 in)
Length 4,560 mm (179.5 in)
Width 1,730 mm (68.1 in)
Height 1,494 mm (58.8 in)
Curb weight 1,160 to 1,185 kg (2,557 to 2,612 lb)
Chronology
Predecessor Fiat Marea

The Fiat Linea (Type 323) is a family car released on March 26, 2007 at the Tofaş plant in Bursa, Turkey, by the Italian automaker Fiat as a world car in developing countries. It replaced the aging Marea as the largest saloon in the Fiat range. It is based on the current Fiat Grande Punto platform. The Linea was designed by Fiat Style Centre and co-developed by Tofaş (joint venture between the Fiat Group and Koç Holding) and Fiat do Brasil.

History

Fiat Linea rear

Fiat Linea rear

The Linea’s size is similar to saloon versions of other small family cars, such as the Ford Focus, Mazda 3 and Vauxhall/Opel Astra. Its wheelbase is 2,603 mm (102.5 in), or 100 mm (3.9 in) longer than its sister models, and its total length is 4,560 mm (179.5 in), or 500 mm (19.7 in) longer than its sister models.

At launch, in Turkey in 2007, the car was initially available with a 1.4 Fire gasoline engine and 1.3 Multijet diesel engine. The 1.4 TurboJet engine with 120 PS, and the 1.6 diesel with 105 PS were the next models to be made available. Production at the Tofaş plant is mostly aimed at the local Turkish market, whereas CBUs are shipped out for the EU market and CKD components are shipped to the Tatarstan plant of a Fiat joint venture in Russia.

Launched in September 2008 in Brazil, the Linea was available there with a 1.9 L 16v “Torque” engine with 132 PS (97 kW; 130 hp), to make it flexible for the Brazilian market (capable of using petrol or ethanol). Also in Brazil the Linea is available with a 1.4 L 16v T-Jet petrol-only engine with 152 PS (112 kW; 150 hp); the same engine used in Fiat Grande Punto Abarth in Europe.

The Fiat Linea was launched in South Africa in September 2009.

Launched in January 2009 in India, the Linea is there available with a 1.4 L Fire petrol engine 90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp), and 1.3 L Multijet diesel engine of 93 PS (68 kW; 92 hp). Another variant of the Fiat Linea, which includes the much acclaimed 1.4 L T-JET Engine providing 114 PS (84 kW; 112 hp), was released on October 8, 2010 in India.

In 2010 (2011 model) Fiat replaced the Torque engine (1.9 16v Flex) with a new 1.8 16v E.torQ, derived from the old 1.6 16v SOHC Tritec engines used in the Mini Cooper and Chrysler PT Cruiser. Fiat Powertrain Technologies changed the displacement from 1598 cc to 1747 cc and made it a flex fuel engine (ethanol/petrol). Max power output was the same (compared with old Torque engine), but it would be reached earlier, and torque has increased from 183 N·m (135 lb·ft) to 185 N·m (136 lb·ft). Car performance did not change significantly; using only E-Torq engines in Latin America was largely a strategic decision for Fiat.

Fiat Linea runs in a different segments and has different competition in Brazil, and India. In Brazil it is positioned against the Honda Civic, Chevrolet Vectra (Opel Astra), Toyota Corolla, Citroën C4 Pallas, Nissan Sentra and Ford Focus, whereas in India it is positioned in the upper C segment and goes against cars like Ford Fiesta, Honda City and Hyundai Accent/Verna. This positioning has been done to gain a foothold in the Indian market and to achieve the reduced price several features such as the TS and ESC (which are optional).

Car systems

Linea is equipped with the Blue&Me hands-free system, a Microsoft Windows Mobile-based system with multilanguage voice recognition and speech functions. The system allows one to browse the mobile’s phonebook, read SMSs aloud and display them on the MID, and controls the audio system. A USB stick with music files on it can be plugged into the built-in USB port and music can be played via Blue&Me’s built-in Microsoft Windows Media Player.

In Brazil, the Linea can be equipped, optionally, with a Blue&Me Nav system; an enhanced Blue&Me system that has a GPS system integrated. This GPS system doesn’t utilise a touch screen to show maps, instead it uses a regular display that gives directions by voice guidance and displays directional arrows for navigation. You can enter your destination address, as well as other instructions, by voice, just like the regular Blue&Me system, or using the controls on the steering wheel. The Linea is the first car in Brazil that has an integrated GPS system.

Fiat Linea in India

Fiat Linea T Jet in India

Fiat Linea T Jet in India

Presently, the four different variants of Fiat Linea available are: Active, Dynamic, Emotion and Emotion Pack. A Linea Dynamic pack was also available earlier but has been discontinued since April 2010. All these variants are available with both petrol (1.4 L FIRE) and diesel (1.3 L MultiJet) engine option. These versions are decided on the basis of price to content ratio in these vehicles. Some Standard features of Fiat Linea include: automatic climate control, Blue&Me with steering mounted controls, speed sensitive front wipers and volume control, dual rear AC vents, and Advanced Driver information System (DIS).

Fiat Linea marked the comeback of Fiat in the Indian market, and has now come up with Fiat Linea T Jet. The Linea T Jet is equipped with a 1.4L turbo charged petrol engine and shells out 114 PS (84 kW; 112 hp) at 5000 rpm and a torque of 207 N·m (153 lb·ft) at 2200 rpm. The Fiat Linea T Jet has an acceleration which ranges from 0–100 km/h in 10.2 seconds and reaching to a top speed of 200 km/h (124 mph).

Some additional features of Linea T-Jet (Indian version) include: 16-inch alloy wheels with 205/55 R16 tires having disc brakes on all four tires, Italian leather seats, increased ground clearance of 185 mm (7.3 in), best in class better than any other saloon of the segment}, improved quality of interiors.

Fiat Linea models

Fiat Linea Active It is the base variant that comes with most of the safety, comfort and convenience features like rear AC vents, all four power windows with Auto up/down feature, theater dimming front cockpit lights with spotlight function, hydraulic power steering, speed sensitive front wipers and AC adjusted for tropical climate but lacks two important features – ABS and dual airbags as they are not mandatory in India.
Fiat Linea Dynamic It comes with a few more features like Driver Seat height adjust, electrically adjustable outside rear-view mirror (ORVMs), Programmable Speed Limit Warning System, additional rear cabin lights, front fog lamps, night panel in roof lights, rear roof light, and foldable desmodronic remote key.
Fiat Linea Emotion The additional features that this variant offers are: automatic climate control with dual Rear AC Vents, 15-inch alloys, ABS with EBD CD player with 6 speakers, front seat arm rest with glove box, double folding rear back seat, collapsible rear sun curtain, sun glass holder, leather-wrapped steering wheel and gear knob, electric boot opening from the remote on the foldable key, and front seat back pockets.
Fiat Linea Emotion Pack It is the top-end variant of the Fiat Linea which offers a few additional features in comparison to its lower variants. These features are: Blue&Me system with Windows Media player and voice interaction and commands, dual front airbags, front seat belts pre-tensioners & load limiter, steering mounted audio, Blue&Me controls and vanity mirrors on both sides.

In 2012 only three variants are available; Emotion, Dynamic and Active for diesel variant and Acrive and Dynamic for 1.4 F.I.R.E. engine and T-Jet & T-Jet + version for Petrol.

L’Unico Club

In Brazil, Fiat is aiming the Linea towards the Japanese cars, such as Honda Civic and Toyota Corolla, the market leaders for its class. As such, Fiat has launched the L’Unico Club, that offers VIP services for Linea owners, such as special exclusive lines and exclusive attendants for Linea owners, invitations for special events (concerts, theater plays, expositions, etc.), get and deliver service for maintenance and 3 years warranty, the longest warranty for Fiat cars in Brazil.

Fiat First

In India, the Linea along with the Grande Punto are part of the special service from Fiat, namely Fiat First, launched on October 15, 2009 to provide 24×7 Road Assistance for punctures, common spares, accident repairs and towing. Fiat provides free 24×7 Roadside Assistance package for 50 months with 2+2 years extended warranty to all Fiat customers. This service is exclusive to Fiat India only. The Fiat Linea competes with subcompact saloons like the Honda City, Ford Fiesta 1.6S, Hyundai Verna and the Maruti Suzuki SX4. Fiat boasts of an extensive and growing sales network in India with its partnership with TATA Motors. Tata-Fiat showrooms have on display cars from both manufacturers. The car is manufactured at Fiat’s state of the art Ranjangaon facility in Pune, Maharashtra. In Mid-2011 Fiat and Tata decided to diverge on the marketing front, with Fiat opting to set up exclusive showrooms for its cars – the Fiat Grande Punto 2012 and the Fiat Linea 2012 – released on January 3, 2012. The showrooms will be set up in around 20 major metro cities like Chennai, Bengaluru, Mumbai and New Delhi by end-2012 or early-2013.

Fiat Bravo (2007)

Fiat Bravo (198)
Fiat Bravo II
Overview
Manufacturer Fiat
Also called Fiat Ritmo (Australia)
Production 2007–2014 (Italy)
2010–present (Brazil)
Assembly Cassino (province of Frosinone),Italy
Betim, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil(Fiat Automóveis)
Designer Centro Stile Fiat
Body and chassis
Class Small family car
Body style 5-door hatchback
Layout FF layout
Platform Fiat Group C-platform
Related Fiat Stilo
Lancia Delta (2008)
Powertrain
Engine Petrol:
1.4 L I4 Fire
1.4 L I4 TurboJet
1.8 L I4 E.torQ
LPG:
1.4 L I4 Fire
Diesel:
1.6 L Multijet I4
1.9 L Multijet I4
2.0 L Multijet I4
Transmission 5-speed manual
6-speed manual
5-speed Dualogic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,600 mm (102.4 in)
Length 4,336 mm (170.7 in)
Width 1,792 mm (70.6 in)
Height 1,498 mm (59.0 in)
Curb weight 1,205–1,360 kg (2,657–2,998 lb)
Chronology
Predecessor Fiat Stilo
Successor Fiat Ottimo (China)

The Fiat Bravo (Type 198) is a small family car produced by Italian manufacturer Fiat since 2007. It was introduced to the press in January 2007 in Rome, and later to the public in March at the Geneva Motor Show.Europe-bound production at the Cassino plant ended in July 2014, being part of FCA’s 5–Year Plan, presented by Sergio Marchionne on May 7, 2014; no direct replacement was launched.

History

Fiat Bravo II rear

Fiat Bravo rear

1.4 T-JET engine

1.4 T-JET engine

The Bravo was produced in Fiat’s plant in Piedimonte S. Germano. The car was designed by Centro Stile Fiat. Austrian automotive company Magna Steyr engineered a large amount of the car’s body. CAD engineering and computer simulations were used on a very large scale with this model and the design was finished to a very tight schedule.

Blue&Me is a new feature first introduced with the Fiat Grande Punto and is fitted as standard on the Bravo Dynamic and Sport. Developed with Microsoft, this system offers Bluetooth hands-free use with a mobile phone. It is also capable of displaying SMS text on the dash screen and it has built-in voice activation. Another part of the system is the inclusion of a USB connector so that an MP3 player or USB flashcard can be plugged in, giving the car’s entertainment system access to MP3 files stored on the unit.

In Australia, the Fiat Bravo was sold as the Fiat Ritmo, as Mazda Australia owns rights to the “Bravo” name. It was introduced there in February 2008, however, it was discontinued the following year, due to slow sales – only 463 units were sold in total. The Bravo is also being built in Brazil since 2010, and is being sold there and throughout South America (with the exception of Argentina, Chile and Colombia, who receive the Bravo from Italy).

Fiat were working on an station wagon variant, in January 2007, set to be titled the Bravo MultiWagon, a very production-ready version of the 5-door Fiat Bravo that, however, never made it to production. Other sources say, that this was actually the facelifted Fiat Croma, launched in October 2007.

Brazilian version

The Brazilian-built Bravo went on sale in 2010 in Brazil. Its available with two engines and three trim levels (five trim levels since 2012), the Brazilian-built 1.8L 16V E.torQ (based on Tritec engine) fitted with a 5-speed manual transmission or Dualogic transmission and Italian built 1.4L engine with 152 PS (112 kW; 150 hp) (with Overboost option) and a 6-speed manual transmission. Trim levels are named as: Essence (1.8), Essence Wolverine Limited Edition (1.8), Sporting (1.8), Absolute (1.8) and T-Jet (1.4T).

Engines

The Bravo is powered by three different petrol and three diesel engines. ‘T-Jet’ is the name of the new range of turbocharged petrol engines.

The 150 PS (110 kW; 148 hp) T-Jet version has a Sport button to give an “overboost” function. At the end of 2007 the new 1.6 L M-jet diesel engine was launched, and a more powerful 120 PS (88 kW; 120 hp) version in spring 2008. The 105 PS (77 kW; 104 hp) version is available with the so-called “Eco” pack which features changes to the car’s aerodynamics and ECU, taller gear ratios and lower rolling resistance tyres. This gives better fuel consumption and lower CO
2
emissions (119 g/km) when compared to the standard car. This engine is also Euro 5 rated. A new 2.0 Multijet diesel was added to lineup at the end of 2008 that will slowly replace the 1.9 16v. In 2009 the Bravo got a new “eco” 90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp) variant of the Multijet diesel. In the Summer of 2010 two petrol engines were updated, the 1.4 T-Jet is fitted with the new Multiair technology and the base 1.4 T-Jet was also updated to Euro 5 specification.

Fiat 500 (2007)

Fiat 500
2007 Fiat 500
Overview
Manufacturer Fiat
Production 2007–present
Assembly Tychy, Poland (Fiat Poland)
Toluca, Mexico (Chrysler)
Designer Roberto Giolito
Body and chassis
Class City car
Body style 3-door hatchback
3-door cabriolet
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel drive
Platform Fiat Mini platform
Related Fiat Panda
Fiat Uno
Ford Ka
Lancia Ypsilon
Powertrain
Engine 0.9 L TwinAir Turbo I2 (petrol)
1.2 L Fire I4 (petrol)
1.4 L Fire I4 (petrol)
1.4 L Fire Turbo Jet I4 (petrol)
1.4 L MultiAir I4 (petrol)
1.3 L MultiJet I4 (diesel)
Transmission 5-speed manual
6-speed manual
5-speed semi-auto (Dualogic)
6-speed automatic (Aisin)
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,300 mm (90.6 in)
Length 3,546 mm (139.6 in)
Width 1,627 mm (64.1 in)
Height 1,488 mm (58.6 in)
Curb weight 865–980 kg (1,907–2,161 lb) (Europe)
1,072–1,149 kg (2,363–2,533 lb) (US)
Chronology
Predecessor Fiat 500
Fiat Seicento/600

The Fiat 500 (Type 312) is a city car built by Italian automaker Fiat since 2007. The car is currently produced in Tychy, Poland, by Fiat Auto Poland S.A. and in Toluca, Mexico, by Chrysler Group LLC. The 500 is a four-seater, three-door hatchback, designed as modern reinterpretation of Dante Giacosa‘s 1957 original rear-engined Fiat 500 or “Nuova 500”.

The car was announced on May 5, 2006, and the first images were presented on March 20, 2007. The car was launched officially on July 4, 2007, with 250,000 people in attendance. This was the largest launch party held in the last ten years, a testament to the Nuova 500’s huge popularity. The car was displayed in the squares of 30 cities in Italy for the launch.

The 500 is available with four different trim levels: Naked (not available in the United Kingdom or Italy; opting for this trim level means that the car does not have the seven airbags meaning that the passenger safety rating drops), Pop, Lounge, and Sport. Customers can also choose between 15 interior trims, nine wheel options, 19 decals, and 12 body colours. There are over 500,000 different personalized combinations of the 500 that can be made by adding all kinds of accessories, decals, interior and exterior colours, and trims. The car is also available with the Blue&Me navigation system. The American Sport version has the 1.4 litre Multiair engine, which is manufactured in Michigan.

The car was chosen to herald the marque’s official return to the American market after an absence of 27 years.

The 1 millionth Fiat 500 rolled out of production line on 19 November 2012.

Trepiùno Concept

The design of the 2007 Fiat 500 is based on the Fiat Trepiùno concept introduced at the 74th Geneva Motorshow in 2004. The Trepiuno was designed by Fiat Stile Centre. The designer who penned the Trepiùno concept was Roberto Giolito. This car featured a distinctive retro-look resembling the original Fiat 500, which proved to be an enormously practical and popular vehicle throughout Europe.

The name “Trepiùno” is a contraction of “tre più uno“, meaning “three plus one” in Italian; the car received this name because it was one step above a 2+2, as it was designed so that by deflating part of the dashboard around the front passenger’s legs, and using high-tech thin-layered materials which take up less room than conventional upholstery, the front passenger seat could be slid forward far enough to accommodate another full-sized adult seat behind it; the fourth passenger, behind the driver, would occupy the smaller seat.

2004 Fiat Trepiuno concept
1966 Fiat Nuova 500F and 2008 Fiat 500
Left to right: 2004 Fiat Trepiuno concept, the old 500 (1966 version) and the new 500. The new 500 is 0.5 m longer than the old one

Specifications

Engines

At launch three engines were available: two petrol/gasoline and one diesel engine. All the engines met the Euro5 standards. The 1.3 Multijet was equipped with a diesel particulate filter (DPF) as standard. Despite the vehicle’s name implication, the lowest displacement is 1242 cc with 69 metric horsepower (PS), notably larger and more powerful than both the 1950s “original” and the 1990s Cinquecento. A smaller, turbocharged TwinAir two-cylinder engine with 85 PS was later unveiled at the 2010 Geneva Motor Show and joined the production range the following year. However, at 875 cc (“0.9 L”), the TwinAir is still far from being a true “500”, and is only a few cc smaller than the Cinquecento base model engine – albeit twice as powerful. Regardless, the TwinAir claimed the Best New Engine Award for 2011, and is currently claimed (based on official Euro test cycle data for emissions and fuel consumption) as the “world’s greenest petrol engine”, although its real-world efficiency is often called into question in more detailed reviews. A naturally aspirated version of the TwinAir was introduced later. A longer stroke gives it a larger displacement of 964 cc (0.964 L; 58.8 cu in) and a higher compression ratio. This new base engine delivers 60 PS (44 kW; 59 hp). Availability is limited to selected markets, for example the Netherlands.

The 105PS 0.9 TwinAir engine model was unveiled in Frankfurt Motor Show 2013.

1.3 L MultiJet diesel
1.3 L MultiJet diesel
1.4 T-JET engine
1.4 L petrol/gasoline
2008 FIAT 500 1.4 Lounge petrol-gasoline
0.9 L (875 cc) TwinAir
 Safety

The new 500 has seven airbags in all models. There are also electric aids available such as ABS brakes, ESP (electronic stability program), ASR (antislip regulation), HBA (hydraulic brake assistance) and hill holder device. The 500 was awarded with five stars by EuroNCAP, succeeding the BMW MINI as the shortest car to have a five-star rating. Fiat also said that the 500 was engineered so that it would have been able to achieve a six-star rating had EuroNCAP adopted this classification.

The Fiat 500 passed the Euro NCAP car safety tests with following ratings:

Euro NCAP test results
Fiat 500 (2008)
Test Score Rating
Adult occupant: 35 5 /5 stars
Child occupant: 28 3 /5 stars
Pedestrian: 14 2 /4 stars

Security

The Fiat 500 has remote locking and an immobiliser as standard. The Fiat 500 was tested by Thatcham’s New Vehicle Security Ratings (NVSR) organisation and achieved the following ratings:

NVSR Rating
Theft of car: 2/5 stars
Theft from car: 1/5 stars

Special versions

Abarth 500 (2008-)

2010 Abarth 500

Abarth 500

2010 Abarth 500 front

2010 Abarth 500 front

2010 Abarth 500 rear

2010 Abarth 500 rear

The 500 Abarth is a performance model of Fiat 500. The 1.4 L engine with IHI RHF3-P turbocharger is rated at 135 PS (99 kW; 133 hp) at 5500 rpm and 180 N·m (130 lb·ft) (206 N·m (152 lb·ft) in sport mode) torque at 3000 rpm. It includes a five-speed C510 transmission, low ride suspension, dualdrive electric power steering with SPORT setting, 6.5 x 16” aluminium alloy rim with 195/45 R16 tyres, four-wheel disc brakes (front ventilated). Interior includes turbo pressure gauge, gear shift Indicator, aluminum foot pedals, Blue&Me MAP with Telemetry monitoring and GPS system. The car costs GB£13,600 in the UK.

The 500 Abarth was unveiled at the 78th Geneva Motor Show, a year after the rebirth of Abarth brand and company.

Abarth 500 SS

The 500 Abarth SS (Esseesse) is a conversion kit for the Abarth 500 within 12 months or 20,000 km (12,000 mi) of the car’s first registration. Engine is upgraded to 160 PS (120 kW; 160 hp) at 5750 rpm and 206 N·m (152 lb·ft) (230 N·m (170 lb·ft) in sport mode) at 3000 rpm. It also includes drilled and ventilated 284 mm (11.2 in) x 22 mm (0.87 in) front brake discs with new pads, 240 mm (9.4 in) x 11 mm (0.43 in) drilled rear brake discs, Abarth front and rear springs, 17-inch white or titanium colour alloy rims with 205/40 R17 tyres, tyre pressure monitoring system, and a unique key cover. The conversion costs GB£2,500 in the UK.

Abarth 500 Opening Edition

The 500 Abarth Opening Edition is a limited production model (100 cars) for the Italian market. It includes the upgrades found in the 500 Abarth Esseesse. The car is available in two colours (Campovolo grey or pearlised White), while there is also the option of special stickers including a red chequered flag on the roof (exclusive to the Campovolo Grey shade) that pays homage to the numerous sporting victories of the Abarth brand.

Abarth 500 Assetto Corse

Unveiled in 2008 Paris Auto Show, the 500 Abarth Assetto Corse is a limited production model (49 cars), designed by the Fiat Group Automobiles Style Centre and produced by a team of Abarth Engineers and Designers. Engine is rated at 200 PS (150 kW; 200 hp) at 6500 rpm and 300 N·m (220 lb·ft) at 3000 rpm. It includes white 17-inch (430 mm) special ultralight racing wheels, low ride, sports racing mirrors and a place for a number on the sides, pastel grey body with red Abarth side stripes.

500 Start&Stop

The 500 Start&Stop is a model based on the 1.2 Lounge, with parts built by Bosch and Fiat Powertrain Technologies. The Start&Stop system stops the engine automatically whenever traffic conditions bring the car to a complete halt, and restarts it when the driver wants to move off again. The car reduces fuel consumption by up to 12% over a regular 1.2 Lounge in urban driving, with 113g/km CO2 emission. Other standard features include hands-free telecommunications and entertainment system. It costs GB£11,300 in the UK.

500 PUR-O2 (2008-)

The 500 PUR-O2 is based on the Fiat 500 Start&Stop, but also includes an Eco Drive system. Beginning in January 2009, a Dualogic transmission option is also available. The vehicle was unveiled in 2008 Paris Motor Show.

500 by Diesel (2008-2009)

In 2008, Fiat launched a special edition ‘By Diesel’ 500. In a partnership with Fiat and Italian clothing brand Diesel, the special edition 500 will run, it is suspected, for two years, with a production run of 10,000 planned. The 500 by Diesel is available in a choice of three exclusive colours, and can be marked out from standard 500s with its unique alloy wheels, ‘Diesel’ logos and burnished metal inserts to the bumpers and side-rubbing strips. Inside, there are denim seats and a special ‘Diesel’ branded gear knob. Coloured stitching can also be seen throughout the car’s already unique interior. The 500 by Diesel is based on the 500 Sport, using the same 1.2 L petrol, 1.4 L petrol and 1.3 L diesel engines.

500 Aria (2008)

The 500 Aria is a concept car based on the 1.3 L Diesel vehicle, but with diesel particulate filter, Stop & Start system, Dualogic transmission, recycled rubber floor from used tires, recycled and woven leather upholstery (mataleather) by Matamata, Ecolabel polyester fabrics by Apollo company. The vehicle was unveiled in 2008 Geneva Motor Show.

Ferrari version (2008)

The Ferrari version is a limited edition model (200 units) of the 1.4 (100 bhp) Sport, mainly used by Ferrari dealers as courtesy cars for owners to use while their Ferraris are being serviced. It includes red body, aluminum pedals, red brake calipers, 16-inch wheels with 195/45 tires, sporty steering wheel and a few tuning and exhaust modifications. Sixty of the Ferrari edition cars were shipped to the UK.

Felipe Massa version (2008)

The Felipe Massa version is a customized 1.4 Sport presented to Formula 1 driver Felipe Massa. It includes a 1.4 L engine rated at 120 PS (88 kW; 120 hp), Pearl White body, brown Cordura interior trim, a Skydome electric sunroof, 16 inch alloy wheel with diamond alloy finish, red brake callipers. The vehicle was unveiled in Monte Carlo (Monaco).

Barbie version (2009)

2009 Fiat Barbie 500 at 2009 Barcelona motorshow

Fiat Barbie 500 at 2009 Barcelona motorshow

A special edition of the 500 designed to commemorate the 50th anniversary of toy icon Barbie. Created by Fiat Centro Stile and Mattel, the car was unveiled on March 9, 2009, in Milan’s fashion district, and parked at the entrance to La Rinascente department store, in Piazza Duomo, where German singer Nena performed live in the background. The 500 Barbie Edition will also be making an appearance at Fiat UK’s flagship store at Marylebone in London.

Abarth 695 “Tributo Ferrari” (2009)

2011 Abarth 695 Tributo Ferrari at the Geneva Motor Show 2011.

Abarth 695 Tributo Ferrari at the Geneva Motor Show 2011.

The Abarth 695 “Tributo Ferrari” is a limited edition version developed in collaboration with engineers from Ferrari based on Abarth 500. The 1.4 Turbo T-Jet 16v engine is further developed and uses a different Garrett turbocharger. Rated at over 180 PS (130 kW; 180 hp). It includes a MTA (Manual Transmission Automated) electromechanical transmission with paddle shifter, unique to this version 17 inch alloy wheels with performance tyres, Brembo 284 mm (11.2 in) multi-section discs with fixed 4-piston calipers, “Record Monza” variable back-pressure “dual mode” exhaust, Scuderia Red body with Racing Grey wheels and rear air intakes, Magneti Marelli Automotive Lighting xenon headlights, “Abarth Corsa by Sabelt” seats in black leather upholstery with carbon fibre shell and seat base, black leather steering wheel with red leather inserts and a tricolour hub, Jaeger instrument panel, non-slip aluminium foot wells, Scorpion racing pedals, special kick plates and a plate bearing the vehicle series number. This version will eventually be released also in blue, yellow and grey. The vehicle was unveiled in 2009 Frankfurt Motor Show.

Abarth 500 SpeedGrey (2009)

The Abarth 500 “SpeedGrey” is a very limited edition version model (10 cars only) produced by Neubauer, the official Abarth distributor in France, exclusively for the French market. Starting from the “Essensse” version of the Abarth 500, Neubauer added the “Record Monza” variable back-pressure “dual mode” exhaust system (boosting output to 165 PS (121 kW; 163 hp)), as well as a pair of “Abarth Corsa by Sabelt” seats in black leather upholstery with carbon fibre shell and seat base. Tinted windows were added, along with the Blue&Me GPS system. Finally, Neubauer repainted the car in a special “Maserati Grey” paint.

Pink (2010)

A limited edition 500, featured in pink, based on the 1.2 Lounge.

BlackJack (2010)

A limited edition 500 in a special Matte Black paint. It is the first vehicle in the small car segment to feature this unique paint finish. Other special features include:

  • Mouldings, door handles, door mirrors and plate holder in metallic effect
  • 16-inch alloy wheels in matt black with red coach line
  • Red brake callipers (1.4 only)
  • Special carpet mats

500 by Gucci (2011-)

It is a version of Fiat 500 celebrating 150th anniversary of the unification of Italy and Gucci‘s 90th anniversary, customized by Gucci Creative Director Frida Giannini in partnership with Fiat’s Centro Stile. It included choice of 2 body colours (black, white), custom rims for 195/45 R16 wheels, green-red-green stripe at the car’s perimeter. The black version has detailing in shiny chrome with an interior that contrasts sharp black and white for a contemporary and racy feel, whilst the white version complete with satin chrome detailing and ivory and black interior creates a softer look. Versions with 1.4 of 100 horsepower engine includes rear brake calipers in Gucci green.

The vehicle was unveiled in metropolitan cities such as Paris, London and Tokyo, followed by the European commercial launch in July. Production order was available between April 1 and June 30 in Europe, and become available in the rest of the world at the end of 2011.

The vehicle was unveiled in 2011 New York Fashion Week.

Fiat 500 “First Edition” (2011)

It is a limited (100 units) version of Fiat 500 Lounge with 1.4 litre MultiAir 101 HP engine, for China market. The vehicles came in 5 designs from 5 different Chinese designers.

Leilei’s car incorporated elements from national popular culture.

Mee Wong (illustrator and teacher at the Guangzhou Art Institute)’s car is inspired by panda.

Benny Luk’s car combines graphics and web design.

Visual artist Nod Young produced the 4th design.

Illustrator Yan Wei’s car incorporates traditional Chinese patterns.

Orders for a Fiat 500 from July 12 to September 15 took part in a final draw entitling them to replace the car they ordered with a Fiat 500 “First Edition”.

500C by Gucci (2011)

It is a cabriolet version of 500 by Gucci. It included a choice of 2 body colours (white with matte chrome-plated elements, glossy black with shiny chrome-plated accents), black soft top with green-red-green Gucci web pattern printed lengthwise (the same graphic pattern is sported on the side of the car), 16-inch alloy wheels, two-tone Frau leather seats with Guccissima print.

The vehicle ordering began in August 2011. As part of the product launch, beginning in 19 August, 500C by Gucci car took tour in Saint Tropez (from 19 to 27 August) followed by Berlin (8–14 September), Barcelona (25 September – 2 October), London (16–23 October) and Geneva (23–30 October). In Italy, the tour started from Forte dei Marmi (22–28 August) and then reach Rome (4–11 September), Florence (19–26 September) and Milan (8–16 October).

Abarth 500 “Cabrio Italia”, Abarth 695 Competizione (2011)

Abarth 500 “Cabrio Italia” is a limited (150 units) model commemorating 150th anniversary of Italian unity. It includes the 1.4 Turbo T-Jet engine from the Abarth Esseesse, 5-speed manual gearbox, Torque Transfer Control device, Esseesse brake system, Abarth Corsa by Sabelt natural leather seats, Blu Abu Dhabi shade dashboard, Abarth Blue&Me MAP satellite navigation unit with a telemetric function developed by Magneti Marelli, black leather with double stitching steering wheel, magnesium shade mirror covers, 10-spoke 17″ rims with diamond effect, yellow Brembo front callipers.

Abarth 695 Competizione is inspired by Abarth 500 Assetto Corsa. It includes only 2 seats with rear roll bar, Grigio Competizione Opaco body colour, Abarth Corsa by Sabelt seats in black leather with Alcantara red inserts and a carbon fibre shell and seat base, black leather steering wheel 5-speed “Abarth Competizione” gearshift paddles, instrument panel made by Jaeger, Abarth Blue&Me MAP satellite navigation unit with a telemetric function developed by Magneti Marelli, Abrath logo racing pedals, Xenon headlights with dipped and main beam functions, 17-inch rims from Abarth 695 Tributo Ferrari, red Brembo brake calipers and hub cap, 1.4 Turbo T-Jet engine rated 180 PS (130 kW; 180 hp), Abarth Competizione electromechanical transmission, Brembo 305 mm disc brakes with fixed four-piston caliper disc and special shock absorbers, Record Monza variable back-pressure “dual mode” exhaust.

The vehicles were unveiled in 64th Frankfurt International Motor Show.

500 “America” (2012)

It is a limited (500 coupe, 500 convertible) version celebrating the country where the model was sold in 2011 and where its collaboration with the American pop singer Jennifer Lopez started, available in European market. It includes mirror covers with “Stars & Stripes” graphics, stickers, dedicated beltline and 16″ alloy rims with red cap edge; interior red/ivory seats and contrasting white dashboard; manual air conditioning, exterior chrome-plating. Hard top model also includes metallic shade America Blue body.

The number one car was won by Adelheid D. Kieper from Rosche, Germany, in a TwitBid campaign.

Abarth 695 Tributo Maserati (2012)

It is a limited (499 vehicles) version of Fiat 500 convertible with 1.4 Turbo T-Jet 16v engine rated 180 PS (130 kW; 180 hp), 5-speed electrically-operated manual Abarth Competizione gearbox with steering wheel controls, Maserati “Neptune” 17″ alloy wheels with performance tyres, Brembo 305 mm brake discs with fixed four-piston caliper and special shock absorbers, Record Monza variable back-pressure “dual mode” exhaust, Pontevecchio Bordeaux body colour, Xenon headlights with dipped and driving light functions, sand beige Poltrona Frau leather seats with containment strips featuring single-layer padding and the pista grey contrasting electro-welding, black leather steering wheel, aluminium pedal unit and sill plate, carbon fibre kick plate, boosted hi-fi audio system.

The vehicle was unveiled at the 2012 Geneva Motor Show.

Abarth 500, 595 Turismo, 595 Competizione (2012)

Abarth 500, 595 Turismo, 595 Competizione are versions of 500 and 500C for the UK market. Abarth 500 is equipped with 1.4 L T-Jet engine rated 135 bhp (manual) or 140 bhp (MTA), Abarth 595 Turismo has a 1.4-litre T-Jet engine 160 bhp (manual and MTA) and Abarth 595 Competizione 1.4-litre T-Jet engine 160 bhp (manual and MTA).

Abarth 595 ’50th Anniversary’ (2013-)

It is a limited (299 vehicles) version of Fiat 500 coupe commemorating 50th anniversary of Abarth 595, with 180 PS (132 kW; 178 hp) 1.4 T-Jet engine, Abarth Competizione gearbox, 17-inch alloy wheels with 695 Magnesio Grey design embellished and red liner, Brembo 305 mm floating brake discs, fixed four-piston caliper, special shock absorbers, ‘Record Monza’ variable back-pressure dual mode exhaust, matt three-layer white body colour, Xenon headlights with dipped and driving light functions, red leather sports seats with white inserts and red stitching, Abarth logo at black leather steering wheel with red inserts and finder and the kick plate.

The vehicle was unveiled at the 2013 Frankfurt Motor Show.

500C (2009-)

2009 500C in Geneva

500C in Geneva 2009.

A softtop version (cabriolet) 500C was unveiled at the Geneva Motor Show in March 2009. It is the same size as the basic model, and features the same three engine options. It will also have the Start&Stop system.

Abarth 500C (2010)

The Abarth version of 500C (cabriolet) was unveiled at the 2010 Geneva Motor Show. Abarth 500C has top speed of 205 km/h (127 mph) and it can accelerate from 0–100 km/h (0–62 mph) in 8.1 seconds.

The new 500 in Mexico

Main article: Cars in Mexico

The new 500 was introduced in Mexico in September 2008, powered the 1.4 L 16V 100 PS (74 kW; 99 hp) engine, transmissions are dualogic for the ‘500 Classic’, ‘500 Lounge’ and ‘500 Vintage’ trims or six-speed manual gearbox for the ‘500 Sport’ Trim. The ‘Abarth 500’, ‘Abarth 500 esseesse’, ‘Abarth 500C’ and the ‘Abarth 695 Tributo Ferrari’ variants have been sold through independent importers. Mexico became the first country in the Americas in which the new 500 is sold. As of 2011, the Fiat 500 is also manufactured in Mexico.

North American version

2010 Fiat 500 on display at the 2010 Canadian International Autoshow in Toronto

Fiat 500 on display at the 2010 Canadian International Autoshow in Toronto

Fiat 500 seen in the United States

Fiat 500 seen in the United States

The Fiat 500 had its US debut at the 2010 North American International Auto Show, and production started in December 2010. It resurrected the Fiat brand in the United States and Canada, where the brand had not been sold since 1984.

The North American version, built in Toluca, Mexico, by Chrysler, has the same trim levels as the European 500: Pop, Lounge and Sport. The American version has some exterior differences compared to European version, including a more rounded centre grille and a plastic lip that wraps onto the bottom of the spoiler. The cabriolet version 500C comes for sale a bit later in Spring 2011. The 500 Abarth is also confirmed for North American markets. The US 500 version was rated at 38 mpg-US (6.2 L/100 km; 46 mpg-imp) highway by United States Environmental Protection Agency.

The North American 500 has a 1.4-litre Multiair engine produced at the Global Engine Manufacturing Alliance in Dundee, Michigan, United States. The engine produces 101 hp (75 kW) at 6,500 rpm and 98 lb·ft (133 N·m) at 4,000 rpm. The North American model has been reworked for North American roads and buyers. Key differences include increased body strength; suspension reworked for the US market; over 20 specific hardware changes for reduced noise, vibration and harshness; BiHalogen projector headlamps and amber front and red rear sidemarker lights and reflectors on each wheel arch edge to comply with FMVSS 108; new four-wheel anti-lock disc brake system with new front calipers for better brake performance; larger 10.5 US gal (40 L; 9 imp gal) fuel tank; upgraded heating and cooling system; new front seats with a new armrest and seat cushion for improved comfort; easier entry system designed into the new front seats; new steering wheel controls and revised steering and new Bose brand audio system. The North American 500 has two gearbox choices: a 6-speed automatic transmission which has also driver-selectable gear changes or 5-speed manual.

The Toluca-built version of the 500 is for sale in the U.S., Canada and Mexico and was launched in mid-2011 in Brazil and Argentina where it replaces the European version made in Poland.

Fiat Cinquecento Prima Edizione (2010-)

It is a limited (500 units) version of Fiat 500 with 1.4L MultiAir engine, for the US market. It include a choice of 3 body colours (Bianco (White), Rosso (Red) and Grigio (Gray)), manual transmission, exclusive Prima Edizione badge, sequential VIN and badge.

Fiat 500 Abarth

The Abarth version for North America was introduced in the LA Auto Show in November 2011. The Abarth has 1.4 L turbocharged Multiair engine producing 160 hp (119 kW) and 170 lb·ft (230 N·m) of torque.

2012 “Pink Ribbon” Edition (2011)

It is a limited (250 units) version of 2012 Fiat 500 Lounge model produced in partnership with The Breast Cancer Research Foundation. It includes a choice of Argento (silver) and Bianco (white) body, with a signature dark pink bodyside stripe, Nero leather front and rear seats with pink accent stitching on the perimeter and signature “500” logo embroidered on the front seatbacks and a pink ribbon embroidered on the floor mats, pink accents on Nero leather steering wheel.

Fiat 500 Stinger (2012)

It is a production version of the 2011 Specialty Equipment Market Association (SEMA) Hottest Sports Compact Car award-winning car, but based on 2012 Fiat 500 Sport with 2-stage options.

Stage 1 includes Giallo (yellow) exterior body, Black Chrome exterior door handles and mirror caps, 17-inch by 7-inch Abarth Hyper Black aluminum wheels with wider 205/40 R 17 performance tires, tinted head and taillamps and license-plate brow, Mopar’s vinyl bodyside and roof graphics in black checker, Mopar’s Katzkin leather seats, Alcantara seat centres, Giallo black leather bolsters and Giallo accent stitching, Mopar carbon-fiber instrument panel decal, Mopar shifter ball finished in Gloss Black.

Stage 2 includes Mopar’s cold-air intake and free-flowing cat-back exhaust, performance brakes with cross-drilled rotors.

Fiat 500 Turbo

It included a 1.4 L turbocharged Multiair engine rated 135 hp (101 kW) and 150 lb·ft (203 N·m) of torque, 16-inch aluminum wheels with Nero (black) painted pockets, semi- metallic brake linings at all four corners, larger 11.1-inch ventilated front rotors, brake calipers lacquered in Rosso (red) paint, taillamps with Gloss Black bezels, black-accented rear diffuser, choice of 7 body colours (Argento (silver), Bianco (white), Grigio (gray), Nero (black), Rame (copper), Rosso (red) and all-new Verde Azzurro (green & blue)), leather-wrapped shift knob and steering wheel with Argento (silver) stitching, a Grigio/Nero (gray/black) seating and interior environment, optional Nero/Nero (black/black) or vivid Rosso/Nero (red/black) heated leather seating, optional Beats by Dr. Dre audio system (6 premium speakers, an 8-inch dual-voice coil (DVC) subwoofer with trunk-mounted enclosure and 8-channel 368-watt amplifier with Beats Audio digital sound processing (DSP) algorithm).

Production model went on sale as 2013 model year vehicle.

2014 Fiat 500c GQ Edition (2014-)

It is a version of 2014 Fiat 500c produced in association with Condé Nast, with 1.4-liter MultiAir Turbo (160 hp) engine, five-speed manual transmission, 16-inch split five-spoke aluminum wheels with Hyper Nero (black) with a Rosso (red) center cap and accenting inner backbone, a cloth-top mounted spoiler, a rear-fascia diffuser with dual exhaust, Gloss Nero headlamp, taillamp and parking lamp bezels, a “GQ 500” badge located on the B-pillar, a thick-rim three-spoke steering wheel wrapped in Nero leather with a contrasting Steam (white) inner leather ring, a large concentric instrument cluster with 160-mph speedometer, tachometer and trip computer sits behind the steering wheel with a Nero leather-wrapped cluster brow finished with Tungsten accent stitching; a Nero shift knob with Tungsten accent thread stitching, satin chrome interior accents, Nero leather-wrapped tightly contoured seat bolsters, Alcantara inserts and a Steam leatherette center stripe on the seat cushion, Tungsten accent stitching and a “GQ” embossed in the seatbacks, instrument panel bezel matching body colour with a matte finish, a choice of 4 body colours (Nero Puro (straight black), Argento (silver), Granito Lucente (granite crystal) and Bianco (white)).

The vehicle was unveiled in 2013 Concorso Italiano auto show, followed by Frankfurt Motor Show 2013, 2014 Toronto Auto Show.

US model was scheduled to arrive to FIAT studios nationwide in early 2014.

2014 Fiat 500 1957 Edition (2014)

It is a limited version of 2014 Fiat 500 Lounge for North American market, commemorating 57th anniversary of the original 1957 “Nuova” Cinquecento. It included 1.4-liter MultiAir engine, choice of 3 body colurs (Bianco (white), Verde Chiaro (light green) or exclusive Celeste (celestial blue) with Bianco roof and mirror caps, 16-inch retro wheel design with a wide chromed lip, body-color accent and large center cap with historic “FIAT” emblem; a sport-tuned suspension and all-season performance tires, “FIAT” badges on the front fascia and rear liftgate, Avorio (ivory) interior, Marrone (brown) leather seats, Avorio accent stitching at the seatbacks and seat cushions and perimeter; Grigio (grey) door panels with a unique Avorio inner panel, Marrone door armrests and shift boot (with manual transmission) are color-keyed to the leather seats; exclusive Avorio leather-wrapped steering wheel with Marrone leather on the “inner ring” and features a retro “FIAT” badge; a uniquely styled key fob with Marrone casing and Avorio-painted “1957” graphic, six-speaker and 276-watt FIAT premium audio system with SiriusXM Radio, C514 five-speed manual transmission (optional six-speed automatic transmission with driver-selectable gear changes), driver-selectable “Sport” mode on the instrument panel.

The vehicles arrives at FIAT Studios in the Spring of 2014. Ordering for US model was set to begin in early 2014.

Safety

On October 18, 2011, the North American Fiat 500 earned the IIHS (The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety) Top Safety Pick award. In 2011 Fiat sold 19,769 units of the Fiat 500 in the United States. Fiat 500 sales between January and September 2012 is 32,742 units.

Concept models

Fiat 500 Coupé Zagato concept (2011)

2011 Fiat 500 Coupe Zagato concept at the 2011 Geneva Motor Show.

Fiat 500 Coupe Zagato concept at the 2011 Geneva Motor Show.

It included a double hump roof, a turbocharged Twin Air engine rated 105 PS (77 kW; 104 hp)@5500rpm and 155 N·m (114 lb·ft)@2500rpm, 17-inch “chrome shadow” wheels with a brand new double spoked shape and synthetic inserts (made of APP-TECH), 205/40R17 tyres, 4 perforated brake discs.

The vehicle was unveiled at 2011 Geneva Motor Show.

The Zagato version was confirmed for production but no date has been given.

Zender Abarth 500 Corsa Stradale Concept (2013)

The vehicle was unveiled at 2013 Frankfurt Motor Show.

Fiat 500L (2012-)

Main article: Fiat 500L

A larger vehicle with many styling cues of the Fiat 500 but with five-doors and based on a different platform is known internally as SUSW (Small US Wide).

The vehicle was unveiled in 2012 Geneva International Motor Show. The model was officially made available in the United States in the spring of 2013 as a 2014 model.

Fiat 500X (2015)

Main article: Fiat 500X

The five-door B-SUV segment version of 500 family based on SUSW platform.

The vehicle is expected to start production in 2014 in the SATA plant of Melfi along with Jeep‘s new mini SUV model.

Electric models

Micro Vett

The Micro Vett electric Fiat 500 has been presented at the London Auto Show by the NICE Car Company. The Micro-Vett electric Fiat 500 is powered by a Lithium polymerKokam battery with a 22 kWh capacity and is able to get to a top speed of 60 miles per hour (97 km/h). The range of the Micro-Vett electric Fiat 500 is 70 miles (110 km) and after that will need 6–8 hours to re-charge it.

Fiat 500 EV

The Italian automaker gave Swedish company EV Adapt permission to buy the stock 500, swap out the combustion motor for an electric one, and then resell the car as an EV. The vehicle is now available throughout Europe. Buyers have the option of purchasing a battery-less car for a reduced price, and then renting its battery pack (in partnership with Alelion Batteries, all vehicles from EV Adapt are equipped with Lithium iron phosphate batteries). The range is 120 kilometres (75 mi) and the max speed is limited to 120 kilometres per hour (75 mph).

Fiat 500 Elettra (2010)

Fiat 500 Elettra BEB

Fiat 500 Elettra BEV exhibited at the 2010 Washington Auto Show.

Chrysler unveiled the Fiat 500 Elettra concept electric car in the 2010 North American International Auto Show. The carmaker announced its decision to build an electric version of the 500 for the U.S. market, with a powertrain to be developed at its Auburn Hills, Michigan headquarters. Initially the electric car was scheduled go into production in 2012.

Fiat 500e (2013-)

The design of production Fiat 500e is based on Fiat 500 Elettra.

The vehicle was unveiled in November 2012 Los Angeles Auto Show, followed by Frankfurt Motor Show 2013.

Deliveries began in California by July 2013, and around 645 units were sold in the U.S. in 2013. The American rollout is scheduled to continue to other states with mandates of sales of zero emission vehicles, but Fiat-Chrysler does not have plans to make the 500e available in Europe.

Specifications

The 500e is powered by a 111 hp (83 kW) and 147 lb·ft (199 N·m) permanent-magnet, three-phase synchronous drive electric motor, and its 24 kWh liquid-cooled/heated li-ion battery delivers a range of 80 mi (130 km), and up to 100 mi (160 km) in city driving according to Chrysler. The official U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) range is 87 mi (140 km). Charge time is less than four hours with the Level 2 (240 volt) on-board charging module. Under its five-cycle testing, the EPA rated the 500e combined fuel economy at 116 miles per gallon gasoline equivalent (MPGe) (2.0 L/100 km equivalent), 122 MPGe (1.9 L/100 km equivalent) in city driving and 108 MPGe (2.4 L/100 km equivalent) on the highway.

Designers and engineers of the Fiat 500e work to minimize drag while keeping the iconic styling of the conventional powered Fiat 500. For the 500e to achieve a 0.311 coefficient of drag (Cd), as compared to the 2013 Fiat 500 Lounge model’s 0.359 Cd, eight exterior refinements were developed in the wind tunnel to enable the 48 count drag reduction. The result of hours of wind-tunnel testing allowed the 500e to achieve an additional five miles of range compared to its gasoline-powered sibling. Among these changes are front fascia sealing, aerodynamically optimized front fascia design, drag reducing rear fascia design, liftgate-mounted aerodynamic spoiler, and Under vehicle bellypans.

2013 Production version of the Fiat 500e exhibited at the 2013 Geneva Motor Show.

Production version of the Fiat 500e exhibited at the 2013 Geneva Motor Show.

Fiat describes the 500e’s unique exterior design as retro-futuristic, and the vehicle is has a smartphone app that notifies the owner of vehicle status. Behind the steering wheel the 500e has an all-new 7-inch thin-film transistor (TFT) display to provide increased functionality with more intuitively delivered information of the power gauge, driving range and state of charge. In addition, the new Electronic Vehicle Information Center (EVIC) utilizes its full-color capabilities with the use of picture graphics to illustrate vehicle functions including a trip computer, tire-pressure monitoring and vehicle status messaging system. The available TomTom navigation pairs with the Fiat 500e’s standard BLUE&ME Handsfree Communication technology and features a 4.3-inch touchscreen display mounted on top of the instrument panel.

Pricing

The Fiat 500e pricing starts at US$32,500 including a US$700 destination charge and before any applicable government incentives. Leasing is available with a down payment of US$999 due at signing and US$199 per month lease for 36 months. The leasing pricing is the same as the current lease offer on a gasoline-powered Fiat 500 Pop.

In April 2013, Fiat North America announced that to avoid range anxiety concerns and allow customers to cover longer travel distances, each 500e purchase will include the use of rental vehicles for up to 12 days a year for free through the first three years of ownership. The program, called ePass, entitles 500e owners to a business account with enough points to rent a gasoline-powered standard car with Enterprise Holdings, which owns Enterprise Rent-A-Car, National Car Rental and Alamo Rent a Car. Fiat will deposit additional points the following two years to extend the program. The gasoline-powered cars available for the ePass program are the Fiat 500, the upcoming Fiat 500L, the Dodge Dart or the Chrysler 200. Customers will also have the option to upgrade to a larger vehicle such as a minivan or a pickup truck subject to terms of the program.

Recall

In August 2013 Chrysler issued a recall to replace bolts that secure the Fiat 500e half drive shafts. The recall is not related to the 500e’s electric powertrain and affected 291 model year 2013 Fiat 500e electric cars, including vehicles at dealer’s lots. When an investigation was launched after a customer’s 500e exhibited power loss, engineers discovered two assembly steps had not been properly completed, thereby creating a condition that could lead to half shaft separation. Fiat 500e owners affected by the recall will receive free rental vehicles while their electric cars are being repaired at no charge.

Production and sales

Within three weeks of the 500’s launch, the entire year’s production of 58,000 had been sold out. To date, Fiat has received more than 205,000 orders for the 500. While Italy has been the 500’s main market (in October 2007, some 9,000 cars had been sold in Italy, making it the 3rd bestselling car there), the 500 has gained a strong following in many countries. Fiat France had received more than 10,000 orders by the end of October 2007. To cope with demand, Fiat has announced that production has been increased to 200,000 in 2008. The 500 was launched on January 21, 2008 in the UK. 500,000 500s have been produced up to March 2010.

By the end of 2013, the Fiat 500 had accumulated over 1 million sales in Europe. In 2013, the 500 outsold the Fiat Panda to become Europe’s best selling minicar for the first time since its launch.

In North America, initial sales were lower than anticipated, as of December 2011, only 16,000 500’s were sold in North America, short of the initial goal of 50,000. Poor marketing and a shortage of dealers were blamed for the low numbers, Chrysler Group replaced North American head Laura Soave with Timothy Kuniskis, who was director of marketing for the Chrysler brand.

Marketing

The launch show

Fiat500Presented

Presentation of Fiat 500 in Piazza dei Signori in Vicenza. On this occasion, the new Fiat 500s were covered with a cloth resembling the old Fiat 500.

The launch show, which took place in the Turin‘s Murazzi del Po region, was a huge firework spectacle that also celebrated the 50th anniversary of the old 500 launch. The show was coordinated by Marco Balich, who was also responsible for Turin’s 2006 Winter Olympic Games, and was an event never made before for a car launch. Several artists performed during the show, including Lauryn Hill, Israeli dancing group Mayumana, and others. In the first part of the show, artists reproduced scenes of the 60s, such as scenes from films by Federico Fellini, a Beatles show made by a cover band and Marilyn Monroe‘s iconic “Happy Birthday, Mr. President“, which became “Happy Birthday, dear Cinquecento” (sung by a Marilyn cover to celebrate the original 500’s fifty years). Several bikes also represented the Giro d’Italia competition, filmed by a camera man inside an original 500, just like in the 60s. Both the 500 and the bikes floated on the river.

The show was broadcast live by Italian Canale 5 and by a live video stream at fiat500.com, which was watched by over 100,000 people online.

“500 wants you”

A project called “500 wants you” was launched by Fiat as part of a major online advertising campaign. The project uses the Internet to involve the public in planning the evolution of the new vehicle. The official 500 Internet page has been visited by over four million people.

Black bear/Black panther

Print ads titled Black bear and Black panther were produced Leo Burnett agency for French market. The ads were premiered in September 2010.

Fiat 500 Cinema Challenge

As part of the Fiat 500C launch in Germany, an interactive game event was held inside movie theatre. Theatre attendants would find steering hands with a coupon that allows attendant to win a weekend with Fiat 500C. Attendants play the interactive game by trying to collectively drive two on-screen Fiat 500C cars around a uniquely designed race track.

The campaign was produced Leo Burnett agency.

Fiat 500 hand dryer

To demonstrate Fiat’s Start & Stop system, Leo Burnett, Frankfurt developed the Fiat 500 hand dryer to promote its eco-friendly image.

500 by Gucci

As part of the 500 by Gucci product launch, a commercial featuring model Natasha Poly was produced. The commercial was shot by Mert Alas and Marcus Piggott in Rome, and conceived by Giannini. In addition, single and double-page print ads were also produced.

500 by Gucci short film collection

It is a series of 5 films starring the 500 by Gucci.

Papillon Polaroid (produced by Olivier Zahm (Editor in Chief of Purple Fashion magazine)) featuring Betony Vernon, is set at the Museo Casa Mollino, Torino, former home and now museum dedicated to Italian designer and architect, Carlo Mollino. This film would create a poetic combination of three pillars of Italian design: Fiat, Gucci, and Carlo Mollino.

The Race (produced by photographer and director Will Davidson) features Fiat 500 by Gucci.

Assembly line (produced by Chris Sweeney (Film Director for NOWNESS)) fuses two power houses of Italian design with a playful twist that brings the 500 to life in a completely unexpected way.

Reverse to Perfection (produced by Francesco Carrozzini) features luxury restores order with the Fiat 500 by Gucci.

Divergence (produced by Alexi Tan (Film Director)) features two lovers are having a secret affair. They long to be together and at the same time they know they shouldn’t be. Just like their passionate encounters, their one of a kind cars, two Fiat 500 By Gucci also reflect the state of their relationship, moving fast apart but always finding a way to come back. She decides to leave once and for all, he makes the chase… will they return to one another one more time?

The films were premiered at the Independent Ideas headquarters in Milan, during a special event for a select audience of international journalists and opinion leaders, in the presence of Lapo Elkann.

North American launch campaign

A tagline ‘Simply More’ was used to define ‘The Fiat 500 as everything you need and nothing you don’t. It represents the notion that the simple things in life are treasures, alongside the thought that the richness and fullness of a life well-lived is defined by one’s view of self-expression.’

In the ‘Life Is Best When Driven’ campaign, Jennifer Lopez was featured in the “My World” ad. The Smoking Gun reported the Big Block-produced commercial was shot in Los Angeles, and a body-double was used for the scenes showing the car driving through Lopez’ ‘hometown of the Bronx’. Following the production of the ad, the artists behind a copyrighted mural in the Bronx sued Chrysler for using the image in the commercial without their permission, which was later settled out of court in undisclosed terms.Jennifer Lopez later appeared in 2011 American Music Awards with a 2012 Fiat 500 during her performance of “Papi”, a 30 and 60-second versions of Fiat 500 Pop commercial, and the Fiat 500C Gucci Edition ad titled ‘Elegance’.

In the 500 Abarth ‘Seduction’ ad, Jennifer Lopez was replaced by Romanian model Catrinel Menghia. A Pop-Up Video version of the ad was also produced.

Another Fiat 500 TV commercial titled ‘Liberation’ debuted at the 2012 Golden Globes Award Show.

A new Fiat 500 Abarth TV commercial starring Charlie Sheen and the Abarth model Catrinel Menghia that debuted during the 2012 NCAA Tournament.

Abarth 595 ’50th Anniversary’

As part of Abarth 595 ’50th Anniversary’ launch, a series of commercial activities across the Abarth range and by an extremely digital communication plan which revolves around the new commercial: the essence of the Abarth brand concentrated in 5.95 seconds through an evocative and epic slow motion. The communication also goes through the channels more customary for the brand with the organisation of the first digital “rally” (where at least virtual 595 Abarth cars will be involved) and the most numerous anniversary ever, also celebrated with a fun App for iPhone, iPad, Android and Facebook through which Abarth fans can “play” their favourite tunes substituting the musical notes with the powerful sounds of the engines of the Abarth cars. There will also be events celebrating the anniversary.

2014 Fiat 500c GQ Edition

As part of 2014 Fiat 500c GQ Edition launch, the FIAT brand sponsored the ‘How GQ Are You?’ online photo sharing platform, where participants can upload photos of themselves to compete in online style contests, with winning participants awarded monthly prizes, culminating in December with the give-away of one Fiat 500c GQ Edition to the ‘Most GQ Guy of the Year,’ chosen by the public and the editors of GQ Magazine.

2014 Fiat Panda Cross.

That was the History of FIAT. I’m curious what comes next.

I’ll show it to you in the near future

Solong

History FIAT part VI 1990-1999

History FIAT

part VI  1990-1999

1990-1999

Fiat Marea Weekend JTD

Fiat Marea Weekend JTD

1990 Fiat Tempra

Fiat Tempra
1993 Fiat Tempra SX
Overview
Manufacturer Fiat
Tofaş
Mekong Auto
Also called Fiat Marengo (panel van)
Production 1990—1998
Assembly Cassino, Italy (1990—1996)
Bursa, Turkey (1990—1999)
Betim, Brazil (1991—1998)
Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam (1996-?)
Designer Ercole Spada at I.DE.A Institute
Body and chassis
Class Family car
Body style 2-door saloon (Brazil)
4-door saloon
5-door station wagon
5-door panel van
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel drive /four-wheel drive (estate)
Platform Type Three platform (Tipo Tre)
Related Alfa Romeo 145/146
Alfa Romeo 155
Fiat Tipo
Fiat Coupé
Lancia Delta
Lancia Dedra
Powertrain
Engine 1.4 L I4
1.6 L I4
1.8 L I4
2.0 L I4
2.0 L turbo I4
1.9 L diesel I4
1.9 L turbodiesel I4
Transmission 5-speed manual
4-speed automatic
“Selecta” CVT
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,540 mm (100 in)
Length Saloon: 4,355 mm (171.5 in)
Station Wagon: 4,472 mm (176.1 in)
Width 1,695 mm (66.7 in)
Height 1,445 mm (56.9 in)
Curb weight 1,030 kg (2,271 lb)-1,220 kg (2,690 lb)
Chronology
Predecessor Fiat Regata
Successor Fiat Marea

The Fiat Tempra (Type 159) is a small family car produced by the Italian automaker Fiat from 1990 to 1998. The Tempra was intended as a replacement for the Fiat Regata. The original project was called Tipo 3, being a mid-size car between the Fiat Tipo (project Tipo 2) and the bigger Fiat Croma (project Tipo 4). The Tempra shares its Type Three platform with the Lancia Dedra and Alfa Romeo 155.

The Tempra was named the 1991 Semperit Irish Car of the Year in Ireland.

Overview

The Tempra saloon was introduced in February 1990 at the Geneva Salon, with the station wagon (marketed as the “Tempra SW”) arriving two months later in Turin. The initial engine range comprised 1.4, 1.6 and 1.8 petrol units and normally aspirated and turbocharged 1.9-litre diesel units. The car began to be produced in Brazil for Latin American markets after being introduced in Aruba, September 1991. First seen in September 1992, a two-door coupé version of it was produced exclusively for the Brazilian market. It was built until 1995 and a turbocharged petrol version was also available there.

Mechanics

Fiat Tempra Station Wagon

Fiat Tempra Station Wagon

The Tempra’s engine range was similar to that of the Tipo. Initially 1.4- and 1.6-litre models had carburettor engines. Both of these models were discontinued in 1992 due to the new European emission standards and thus all models from 1992 on had catalytic converters and electronic injection. Transmission was a standard five speed manual, but for the first time a midsize sedan was offered as with a continuously variable transmission which was previously available on the Fiat Uno, Panda, Ritmo and Tipo. This, called the “Selecta”, was available only with the 1.6 litre engine with either bodystyle. As of July 1991, the 2.0-litre SX model became available with an optional four-speed automatic transmission. Presented in Geneva 1992 (March), there was a version of the station wagon which offered the 2-litre engine combined with permanent four-wheel drive. The four-wheel drive version had a slight front bias (56/44%).

During its 6 year production run, few changes were made apart from a minor facelift in April 1993 which resulted in a new front grille and other minor styling changes, as well as new equipment levels.

Chassis and main parts (most notably, the doors) were shared with the Fiat Tipo. Other vehicles, derived from the same project were Lancia Dedra (Tempra’s most similar cousin, sharing all mechanical components),Lancia Delta second generation, Alfa Romeo 155, Alfa 145 and Alfa 146.

Equipment and trim levels

Fiat Marengo MK2
Fiat Marengo (Tempra commercial)

Only two trim levels were available in its early years: standard (S) and SX, both reasonably equipped considering the Tempra’s low price.

SX models for example, featured power windows, power locks, adjustable belts and steering wheel, front fog lights, body coloured bumpers, velvet upholstery, a futuristic digital dashboard and many other standard extras. They were also available with optional extras like anti-lock brakes, alloy wheels, sunroof, electronic climate control, etc.

A facelift in April 1993 featured more trim levels, now ranging from the standard models (“L” in the UK, where it was only available with 1.4 engine) via the S and SX to the top SLX, which was only available with 1.8- and 2.0-litre engines in the UK. An optional driver’s airbag was another innovation that year. The four-wheel drive Station Wagons continued to be available in some markets such as Switzerland. In Turkey, where Tofaş built the car, there were also “SX A” (automatic transmission) and “SX AK” (climate control added) versions available. The 1,000,000th Tofaş built was a Tempra 2.0 i.e. 16V. The Turkish 16 valve Tempra was not sold in the rest of Europe; it was also available with station wagon bodywork and has a 148 PS (109 kW) engine.

There was also the domestic market Marengo, a name also used before with the Regata Weekend and later again with the Marea Wagon. This is a commercial version of the Tempra which was based on the Station Wagon version, but with basic equipment, heavily tinted rear windows, and no rear seats. The engines were most commonly the naturally aspirated diesels.

Reports

1992 Fiat Tempra digital dashboard

Digital dashboard on SX models

Fiat Tempra Interior and standard dashboard on S models

Tempra Interior and standard dashboard on S models

Quattroruote, a popular Italian motoring magazine, reported some failures and defects with the Tempra. The first issue to be reported was some water ingress through thewindscreen seals, an issue that previously plagued some other Fiat vehicles, especially Alfa 33, which in rainy conditions would carry a significant quantity of water on board. This problem was reported from 1990–92 and was resolved with using a higher quantity of sealant when fitting the glass.

Another reported problem was a high oil consumption, especially the 1,581 cc engine, which was a common defect with Tipo (with the same engine) and Panda (1000 FIRE engine). The same was reported for other Fiat’s vehicles, but disappeared with the new 1.6 L 66 kW engine.

On the same model, from 1994, the car started to show some electronic malfunctions, with items such as the electronic control unit, code key and electric system. A design flaw of the Tempra was that its rear window was too small and inclined and the tail too tall, so that rear visibility was poor. This issue was common with the 155 and Dedra, and was one of the reason the estate had more success than the saloon, especially in the UK.

Qualities

Since the beginning, the Tempra was presented as a cheap and reliable car. 1.4 and 1.6 engines were able to run long distances with good fuel economy, also aided by a high capacity tanks of 65 litres (17 US gal; 14 imp gal) for the sedan and 70 L (18 US gal; 15 imp gal) for the Station Wagon. Average range for a 55 kW 1.6 litre sedan was around 920 km (572 mi) (14 km/L or 7.1 l/100 km or 39.5 mpg-imp), and consumption at constant speed was of 16.5 km/L (6.1 l/100 km; 46.6 mpg-imp) at 90 km/h (56 mph) and 11.6 km/L (8.6 l/100 km; 32.8 mpg-imp) at 130 km/h (81 mph). All these were aided by a favorable aerodynamic (Cx 0.297) and only 17.2 PS subtracted at 100 km/h (62 mph), which was the best result among all the rivals.

Another advantage was the galvanized structure, which allowed the model to be resistant against rust over the time, also showing a good response to weather and bad climate conditions after many years. Other qualities were the strength and reliability of the mechanics, thanks to the engine that could be used in urban drive, extra-urban and highways. For its luggage capacity, especially the Marengo version, was also one of the favourites among companies with the 1929 diesel engine, and the interior space was comfortable for 5 persons during long travels.

Another

Fiat Tempra rear view

Fiat Tempra rear view

End of production

The Tempra was discontinued in Europe in 1996, and in Brazil in 1998. It was replaced by the Fiat Marea, which is based on the Fiat Bravo and Fiat Brava platform, the replacements for the Tempra’s sister car the Fiat Tipo.

In Brazil 204,795 Tempras were produced in eight years, and in Turkey, where the car was manufactured by Tofaş from November 1990 until 1999, 129,590 were made.

Return in 2014

2014 Dodge Dart will be the future Fiat Tempra in Brazil

Dodge Dart will be the future Fiat Tempra in Brazil

According to news recently published, Fiat has the intention of launching its Italian version of Dodge Dart, known as Fiat Viaggio in Europe and Asia, as Fiat Tempra in Brazil. The sedan’s debut might happen between the end of 2013 and the beginning of 2014.

1992 Fiat Cinquecento

Fiat Cinquecento
Fiat Cinquecento S
Overview
Manufacturer Fiat
Production 1991–1998
Assembly Tychy, Poland
Designer Giorgetto Giugiaro
Body and chassis
Class City car
Body style 3-door hatchback
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive
Powertrain
Engine 704 cc I2 (petrol)
903 cc I4 (petrol)
899 cc I4 (petrol)
1108 cc I4 (petrol)
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,200 mm (86.6 in)
Length 3,230 mm (127.2 in)
3,226 mm (127.0 in) (Sporting)
Width 1,490 mm (58.7 in)
1,486 mm (58.5 in) (Sporting)
Height 1,435 mm (56.5 in)
Curb weight 675–727 kg (1,488–1,603 lb)
Chronology
Predecessor Fiat 126
Successor Fiat Seicento

Fiat Cinquecento S rear

Rear view

The Fiat Cinquecento (Type 170) (/ˌɪŋkwəˈɛnt/; Italian pronunciation: [tʃiŋkweˈtʃɛnto]) was a city car designed by Giorgetto Giugiaro launched by Fiat in late 1991 to replace the Fiat 126. It was the first Fiat model to be solely manufactured in the FSM plant in Tychy, Poland, which had been sold to Fiat by the Polish state, and where production of the Polish variant of the Fiat 126, the Polski Fiat 126p, was still running. Production of the Cinquecento ended in 1998, when it was replaced by the Seicento. Despite its name, its lowest displacement was 704 cc.

The Cinquecento was available in one body style only, a small, angular 3-door hatchback, with a favorable drag coefficient of only 0.33 that bore similarities to the Lancia Y10. It featured several advances compared to older Fiat city cars, including independent suspension both in the front and in the rear similar to the Fiat Tipo, front disc brakes, side impact bars along with crumple zones incorporated in the design and galvanized body panels to fend off corrosion. Steering was by rack and pinion, and although power steering was never offered, the car could be ordered with a number of extras, including central locking, power windows, sunroof(or full-length retractable canvas roof in the Soleil version) and even air conditioning.

Engines

Unlike the rear-wheel drive 126, the Cinquecento was a front-wheel drive car. Whereas the 126 had a rear mounted engine, the Cinquecento now featured a front mounted engine.

It was initially available with two engine choices, with the 1.1 L FIRE or “sporting” joining the lineup later. Interestingly, while the 704 cc engine was mounted longitudinally, the bigger units were fitted transversely, making the little Fiat one of the few cars in the world available with both configurations at the same time.

704 cc

The smallest engine, intended for sale in Poland only, was a 704 cc ohv two-cylinder unit, delivering 31 metric horsepower (23 kW) or 30 metric horsepower (22 kW) with catalyst. Cinquecento inherited this unit from the 126p BIS, an evolution of the 126p which was cancelled when the Cinquecento production started. In order to be fitted in the front-wheel drive Cinquecento, it underwent a major refurbishment (although the engine still employed a carburettor), which resulted, among other changes, in the crankshaft revolving in the opposite direction than in the 126p BIS!

903/899 cc

The bigger engine was the 903 cc 40 PS (29 kW; 39 hp) version of the veteran ohv four-cylinder engine, which saw service in many small Fiat models, starting with Fiat 850. (This engine dates back to the initial 633 cc unit as introduced in the 1955 FIAT 600.) It was fitted with single point fuel injection and was the base engine in most markets. Due to fiscal limitations, the displacement of this unit was limited to 899 cc in 1993, with a slight reduction of output, now producing 39 PS (29 kW; 38 hp). This engine is derived from that used in the Fiat 127. While it still retains OHV chain drive pushrod layout it now has hydraulic tappets. Also now uses twin coil distributorless ignition.

1.1 FIRE (Sporting)

Fiat Cinquecento Sporting a

Cinquecento Sporting

Fiat Cinquecento Trofeo

Cinquecento Trofeo

In 1994, Fiat introduced the Cinquecento Sporting, featuring the 1108 cc SOHC FIRE 54 PS (40 kW; 53 hp) engine from the entry-level Punto of the same era, mated to a close-ratio gearbox. Other additions were a drop in standard ride height, front anti-roll bar, 13″ alloy wheels, plus colour-coded bumpers and mirrors. The interior saw a tachometer added, along with sports seats, red seatbelts and a leather steering wheel and gear knob.

It is the Sporting model which gave birth to a rallying trophy and a Group A Kit-Car version.

Elettra

From 1992-1996 Fiat also produced and sold an electric variant of the Cinquecento called the Elettra. The car was offered with either a Lead-acid or NiCd batterypack, providing a ranges of 62 mi (100 km) and 93 mi (150 km) respectively. Unlike purpose built electric cars, the Cinquecento Elettra used two battery packs, one in the engine bay and one under the rear seats, replacing the fuel tank. Although selling for 140,000 francs (~US$159,000), the Cinquecento Elettra enjoyed relative popularity in Italy, France and Switzerland.

Abarth

Fiat offered optional extras from the factory labelled with the Abarth name. The Abarth extras for the Cinquecento consisted of cosmetic changes only. A front apron with fitted fog lights, a rear apron, side skirts and a rear spoiler with a fitted 3rd brake light. There were also a set of 13″ Speedline 5-spoke alloys wheels available instead of the standard Sporting alloys.

Unlike true Abarth models, there were no engine upgrades available from the factory and the car could not be purchased as a whole separate model. The Abarth parts were to be added by the purchaser at the time of ordering, hence why it is common to see cars with only some of the Abarth extras.

Fiat Cinquecento Abarth

Cinquecento Abarth

Concepts

In the mid-1990s, a number of concept cars based on the Fiat Cinquecento were developed by a number of design houses including one that featured half of the car’s interior and a running board to place a bike. Another of these designs was the Lucciola, a proposal for a new Cinquecento by Giorgetto Giugiaro. However instead of the car becoming the next small Fiat city car, a version of the design ended up being put into production by the South Korean Daewoo Motor as their Matiz.

In popular culture

A Fiat Cinquecento appears in several episodes of the British sitcom The Inbetweeners in which main character Simon Cooper owns a yellow, fictional model known as a Fiat Cinquecento ‘Hawaii’ (the model used in filming appears to be a Sporting edition). Its appearance and features (including a tape deck and a replacement red side door) are frequently ridiculed by the characters. Over the course of the series, the car ends up with the following misfortunes:

  • Simon driving the car into the middle of a funeral procession (Thorpe Park)
  • Main character Jay Cartwright tearing off the passenger door when Simon is trying to park it at Thorpe Park (Thorpe Park)
  • The Happy Foundation charity trashing the car after main character Will McKenzie insults them on Nemesis Inferno (Thorpe Park)
  • Main character Neil Sutherland having sex with a goth girl, causing the seats to go damp (Caravan Club)
  • The car getting clamped after Simon parks in front of a no ‘parking’ sign (A Night Out in London)
  • An angry Chinese man rocking the car after he missed all his work placements, because of Simon’s car blocking his van (A Night Out in London)
  • The car drifting into a lake after the handbrake fails (The Camping Trip)

1994 Fiat Punto

Fiat Punto
Fiat Punto, 2. Generation Facelift
Overview
Manufacturer Fiat
Also called Fiat Grande Punto
Fiat Punto Evo
Production 1993–present
Body and chassis
Class Supermini
Body style 3-door hatchback
5-door hatchback
2-door convertible
3-door van
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive
Chronology
Predecessor Fiat Uno

The Fiat Punto is a supermini car produced by the Italian manufacturer Fiat since 1993, spanning over three generations. The third generation of the car was marketed as the Grande Punto, between 2005 and 2009, and the Punto Evo, between 2009 and 2012, when the bare Punto name was re-introduced. As of February 2012, nearly 8.5 million units had been produced.

First generation (1993–1999)

First generation (176)
Fiat Punto, 1. Generation
Overview
Production 1993–1999
Assembly Melfi, Potenza, Italy
Mirafiori, Torino, Italy
Termini Imerese, Palermo, Italy
Designer Giorgetto Giugiaro (hatchback)
Bertone (convertible)
Body and chassis
Body style 3-door hatchback
5-door hatchback
2-door convertible
3-door van
Related Fiat Barchetta
Fiat Albea
Fiat Doblò
Fiat Palio
Fiat Siena
Fiat Strada
Lancia Y
Powertrain
Engine 1.1 L I4 (petrol)
1.2 L I4 (petrol)
1.2 L I4 16-valve (petrol)
1.4 L I4 turbo (petrol)
1.6 L I4 (petrol)
1.7 L I4 (diesel)
1.7 L I4 (turbo-diesel)
Transmission 5-speed manual
6-speed manual
CVT automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,450 mm (96.5 in)
Length 3,760 mm (148.0 in)
Width 1,625 mm (64.0 in)
Height 1,450 mm (57.1 in)
Curb weight 830–1,040 kg (1,830–2,290 lb)
1,070 kg (2,360 lb) (cabrio)

Fiat Punto 60 rear

Fiat Punto rear

Internally codenamed Project 176, the Punto was announced in September 1993 as a replacement for the ageing Fiat Uno and launched in late 1993/early 1994 depending on the market. The Fiat Punto was voted European Car of the Year for 1995, defeating rival Volkswagen Polo by only 78 points.

The Punto was designed by Giorgetto Giugiaro and was available as a three-door or five-door hatchback, and a two-door cabriolet.

Entry level

Entry-level in the Punto range were the 1.1 and 1.2 L petrol engines and the 1.7 diesel engine. The 1.2 engine’s actual capacity is 1242 cc, available in three versions. The first, was fitted in the Punto ELX 75 and produced 75 hp (56 kW) at 6000 rpm while the second, fitted to Punto ELX 85 produced 86 hp (64 kW) at 6000 rpm. The third was a 60 hp (45 kW) engine which eventually replaced the 1.1 54 hp (40 kW) engine.

Sporting versions

A Sporting model was also available with an 1.6 8v updated 128 SOHC engine, producing 88 hp (66 kW), later replaced in 1997 by the 1.2 16v FIRE engine used in the 85 ELX, and a power drop to 86 hp (64 kW).

GT versions

The top of the range model was the 136 PS (100 kW; 134 hp) 1.4 GT, using an evolution of the turbocharged 128 SOHC engine originally found in the Fiat Uno Turbo Mk II – capable of running over 200 km/h (120 mph) and reaching 100 km/h (62 mph) in just 7.9 seconds and came fitted with a five-speed manual gearbox. During the years the GT was made in three different “series” with power 136 PS (100 kW; 134 hp) (1993–1995),133 PS (98 kW; 131 hp) (1995–1997) and 130 PS (96 kW; 130 hp) (1997–1999).

Convertible

1993–1999 Fiat Punto Bertone Cabrio

1993–1999 Fiat Punto Cabrio

A cabriolet (convertible) version was also available; built by Bertone (rather than at the main Fiat factory), it featured an electric powered fully retracting roof and was one of the cheapest open-top cars in the world at the time. In Europe, it was also made with a manual roof. Available in both ELX and SX trim, initially powered by the 90 hp (67 kW) 1.6 Mpi unit (replaced in 1995 by the 86 hp (64 kW) 1.2-L 16v FIRE unit). Approximately 55,000 cars were built between 1994 and 1999, although the last cars were registered in 2000.

Other versions

Particular versions of the first generation Punto were the Punto 6Speed, a 1.1 FIRE Punto 55 with a six-speed gearbox, the Punto Selecta with a CVT-type automatic gearbox, and the Punto ED (Economical Drive), a 1.1 Punto whose five-speed gearbox was designed for high fuel efficiency.

Second generation (1999–2010)

Second generation (188)
Fiat Punto II front
Overview
Also called Fiat Punto Classic
Zastava 10
Production 1999–2010 (Italy)
2005–2011 (Serbia)
Assembly Melfi, Potenza, Italy
Mirafiori, Torino, Italy
Termini Imerese, Palermo, Italy
Kragujevac, Serbia (Zastava)
Body and chassis
Body style 3-door hatchback
5-door hatchback
3-door van
Related Fiat Barchetta
Fiat Idea
Lancia Ypsilon
Lancia Musa
Powertrain
Engine 1.2 L I4 (petrol)
1.2 L I4 16-valve (petrol)
1.4 L I4 16-valve (petrol)
1.8 L I4 16-valve (petrol)
1.3 L I4 MultiJet (diesel)
1.9 L I4 DS (diesel)
1.9 L I4 JTD (diesel)
Transmission 5-speed manual
6-speed manual (Sporting)
5-speed semi-automatic (Dualogic)
6-speed semi-automatic(Speedgear)
7-speed semi-automatic(Speedgear)
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,460 mm (96.9 in)
Length 3,800 mm (149.6 in) (3-door, 1999–03)
3,835 mm (151.0 in) (5-door, 1999–03)
3,840 mm (151.2 in) (3-door, 2003–10)
3,865 mm (152.2 in) (5-door, 2003–10)
Width 1,660 mm (65.4 in)
Height 1,480 mm (58.3 in)
Curb weight 860–1,050 kg (1,900–2,310 lb)

Fiat Punto II rear

Fiat Punto rear

The second generation Punto, codenamed Project 188, was launched in September 1999 at the Frankfurt Motor Show. The styling was all-new while retaining the original Punto’s distinctive shape and design, while the chassis and interior were completely overhauled. The new Punto also became the first Fiat in decades to carry the original round Fiat badge, to celebrate Fiat’s centenary.

At the launch event of the hatchback, the Fiat Wish concept car was also presented, which was hardtop convertible version of the Fiat Punto, very similar in styling with the Peugeot 206 CC. The model was conceived by Pininfarina to celebrate the centenary of Fiat.

Entry level

The 1.1 and 1.4-L turbo engines were discontinued due to emissions issues and the entry-level models had only a 1.2-L petrol unit, with either 8 or 16 valves, giving 60 hp (45 kW) and 80 hp (60 kW) respectively, or a 1.9-L diesel, with or without common rail injection.

Sporting versions

1991-98 Fiat Cinquento Abarth

Fiat Punto HGT Abarth

Two sporty versions were offered. The 1.2-L 16 valve Sporting model with a six-speed manual, and the 1.8-L HGT which could reach almost 130 mph (210 km/h). The 1.2-L 16V model also has a Speedgear CVT-equipped variant (with a sequential manual shift mode consisting of six gears, seven for the Sporting model). The 1.8-L HGT accelerates from 0-60 in 8.0 seconds. It was considered a big improvement in handling over the Punto GT. The HGT was also available (in limited numbers) as an “HGT Abarth” which added deeper bumpers, rear spoiler, side skirts, new alloy wheels and interior trim. The HGT Abarth had no technical improvements over the regular HGT.

Power steering

The second generation Punto has also adopted the Dualdrive electric power steering and came with two operation modes, using an electric motor, rather than a hydraulic pump driven by the engine. This resulted in reduced fuel consumption and less environmental impact. It has a fuel economy of 5.6 l/100 km (50 mpg-imp; 42 mpg-US) – urban and 3.9 l/100 km (72 mpg-imp; 60 mpg-US) – extra urban for the 1.9-L diesel. The 1.8-L petrol does 8.8 l/100 km (32 mpg-imp; 27 mpg-US) – urban and 5.3 l/100 km (53 mpg-imp; 44 mpg-US) – extra urban.

Facelift

Fiat Punto, 2. Generation Facelift

2003–2010 Fiat Punto

2003–2010 Fiat Punto II rear

2003–2010 Fiat Punto rear

In early 2003, Fiat celebrated the rollout of the 5,000,000th production Punto. In the same year, the second-generation facelift brought further revisions to the platform, including extensive changes to the exterior styling and engines, partly due to changes in pedestrian safety regulations.

The round Fiat badge, found only on the bonnet of second-generation models, was introduced on the tailgate of the second generation facelift. On 1 June 2005, Fiat produced the 6,000,000th Punto at the Melfi plant.

Engine changes included a new 1.4 L 16v engine, alongside the staple 1.2 and 1.2 L 16v variants, and the introduction of two HGT versions, the 1.9 L MultiJet diesel engine and the 1.8 L 16v petrol engine, which could reach almost 130 mph (210 km/h) continued over from the pre-facelift version. There was an introduction also of the 1.3 L common rail diesel MultiJet engine.

Punto Classic

Despite the launch of the slightly larger Grande Punto at the end of 2005, the second-generation Punto remained in production, marketed as the Punto Classic, and has been sold in many emerging markets in addition to the newer versions. It was launched for the first time in Chile in 2007. It ended production in Italy in November 2010.

Zastava 10

2006–2008 Zastava 10

2006–2008 Zastava 10

In October 2005, Serbian manufacturer Zastava reached an agreement with Fiat to assemble this version under licence in Kragujevac, Serbia, with the model name Zastava 10. After acquiring a majority stake in Zastava in the autumn of 2008, Fiat continued production of this vehicle under the Fiat Punto Classic name from March 2009. Production was stopped in mid 2011, and it never got restarted despite some rumors. It has been available with the 1.2-litre petrol engine and later, also with the 1.3-litre diesel engine.

Trim levels

The Punto was initially released in four different trim leveles: S, SX, ELX and HLX, that were later renamed to Actual, Active, Dynamic and Emotion. Three special versions of the three-door hatchback were also available: Sporting, HGT and Abarth. The top level included such features as ABS, front and side airbags, window bags, remote locking, front power windows, electrical power steering, air conditioning, trip computer with four functions, CD player, CD changer, alloy rims and fog lamps. Options such as navigation and burglar alarm were also offered. After the facelift, it also received EBD, ESP with ASR and hill holder, climate control with double zone heating, MP3 player and subwoofer (HGT only), rear parking sensors and cruise control as an option. A revised instrument panel with a larger display could now show the instant consumption too.

Engines

Four petrol engines with single-point injection system were available, as well as one indirect injection diesel and three common rail turbocharged diesel engines with intercooler (JTD and MultiJet). The 1.8-L 16v and the 1.9-L MultiJet engines were available only with the three-door version in the HGT trim level.

Third generation (2005–present)

Main article: Fiat Grande Punto

Fiat Grande Punto 2009

Fiat Grande Punto

The Grande Punto, codenamed Project 199, was unveiled at the 2005 Frankfurt Motor Show and went on sale later on that year. Again styled by Giugiaro, the car is using the Fiat SCCS platform, a variation of the General Motors Gamma Platform.

Punto Evo

In 2009, the Grande Punto was facelifted, with the replacement known as the Punto Evo. It received a new front end in addition to revised rear lights and a new interior.

Punto

In 2012, the Punto name was bought back when the Punto Evo was facelifted and given a similar front end to the 2005 Grande Punto. The new Punto kept the revised rear lights and interior of the 2009 Punto Evo, but not on the base ‘Pop’ trim level which reverted to the older Grande Punto interior.

In October 2014, Top Gear magazine placed the Punto Pop 1.2-L 8v 69 on its list of “The worst cars you can buy right now”, describing the car as “An outclassed elderly supermini that kicks out 126 g/km yet takes 14.4 secs to wheeze to 62 mph, and it costs more than £10k.”

The Grande Punto in India went through a facelift changing the front face and a revised rear and giving it a more aggressive look and was named Punto Evo. This car also sports an SUV-like ground clearance of 185mm for diesel and 195mm for petrol to suit Indian roads.

Fiat Punto Evo 2014 at a dealership in Bangalore

Fiat Punto Evo 2014 at a dealership in Bangalore.

In October 2014, Fiat India released the Avventura, which was a crossover variant of the Punto Evo.

Punto Van

The Punto Van is a compact van designed for the commercial market. It features a petrol 1.2-L 8v engine, a petrol/CNG 1.2-L 8v engine and a diesel 1.3-L MultiJet 16v engine.

Motorsport

Fiat Grande Punto Abarth S2000

Fiat Grande Punto Abarth S2000

The Punto has always been popular with amateur racing drivers due to its low cost and the wide availability of spare parts. Several competition and homologated versions of the Punto have been produced, such as the Punto Rally, the S1600 and the Punto Abarth. A new rally car based on the third generation Punto, the Super 2000 Punto Abarth, was unveiled in 2005. It is four-wheel drive and powered by a 2.0 L 16 valve engine capable of producing 280 hp (210 kW). Also, a turbodiesel front-wheel-drive rally car has been produced, the Fiat Grande Punto R3D.

The Punto was the first diesel car to compete in the Targa Tasmania.

The Punto has won several rally championships, specifically:

A motorsport version of the car can be found in several liveries in the video games Colin McRae Rally 04, Colin McRae: DiRT, Sega Rally Revo and Gran Turismo 6.

1995 Fiat Barchetta

Fiat Barchetta
Fiat Barchetta a
Overview
Manufacturer Fiat
Production 1995–2002
2004–2005
Assembly Chivasso, Italy (Maggiora)
Mirafiori plant, Turin, Italy
Designer Andreas Zapatinas and Alessandro Cavazza 1992
Body and chassis
Class Sport compact
Body style Roadster
Layout FF layout
Related Fiat Punto I
Powertrain
Engine 1.8L l4 16V
Transmission 5-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,443 mm (96.2 in)
Length 3,916 mm (154.2 in)
Width 1,640 mm (65 in)
Height 1,265 mm (49.8 in)
Curb weight 1,056 kg (2,328 lb)

The Fiat Barchetta (Italian pronunciation: [ˈfiat barˈketta]) (Type 183) is a roadster produced by the Italian manufacturer Fiat from 1995 to 2005 (though production was paused between May 2002 and 2004). “Barchetta” in Italian means ‘little boat‘.

History

The Barchetta was developed between 1990 and 1994 under the project name Tipo B Spider 176. It was designed by Andreas Zapatinas and Alessandro Cavazza under the supervision of Peter Barrett Davis and other car designers at the Fiat Centro Stile, and prototyping was carried out by Stola.

Production began in February 1995 and lasted until June 2005, with a brief pause due to the bankruptcy of coachbuilder Maggiora. The Barchetta was based on the chassis of the Mark 1 Fiat Punto. The Barchetta has 1,747 cc DOHC petrol engine fitted with variable camshaft timing, used for the first time in a Fiat production car, after being patented in 1970. The engine has 132 PS (97 kW; 130 hp) and 164 N·m (121 lb·ft) of torque. The Barchetta weighs 1056 kg (2328 lb) without air conditioning and can accelerate to 100 km/h (62 mph) in 8.9 seconds and has a top speed of 200 km/h (124 mph). It came in various trim levels which offered different features, for example, diamond cross stitch – patterned red leather instead of the standard black leather or fabric seats, alloy wheels instead of steel wheels, or fog-lights as an option. Arguably one of the biggest external cosmetic changes was made by the addition of the third brake light, first introduced by Fiat on the Lido and Riviera in 2000, and on sub models thereafter.

The Barchetta was revised in 2003 for its relaunch the following year, with some alterations inside and out. The most notable changes were the revised front spoiler and rear bumper. Production of the car eventually stopped in June 2005.

Production

Fiat Barchetta rear view (with third Brake-Light on the boot-lid)

Fiat Barchetta rear view (with third Brake-Light on the boot-lid)

Car bodies were welded at ILCAS in Sparone Canavese, and final assembly was done in Chivasso by the coachbuilder Maggiora.

After Maggiora’s bankruptcy in 2002, Fiat relocated production of the Barchetta to its Mirafiori plant and resumed production two years later. Around 57,700 cars were built up to 2005.

Production of the Barchetta was limited to LHD cars only, even though the car was marketed and sold in two RHD markets, the United Kingdom and Japan.

Bertone concept car

Fiat Barchetta by Bertone

Fiat Barchetta by Bertone, 2007

The Italian styling house of Bertone created a one-off roadster show car for Fiat called the Barchetta in 2007.

This picture was taken at the Bertone facility near Turin, Italy.

Notable examples

Perhaps the most well known ‘review’ of a Barchetta was one which featured in a Top Gear special which aired in December 2010. In the episode, the three presenters (Jeremy Clarkson, Richard Hammond and James May) attempted to follow the path of the Three Wise Men to Bethlehem. Hammond drove the Fiat Barchetta (specifically a Riviera Special Edition featuring a black paint job and red quilted leather), compared to Clarkson’s Mazda MX-5 and May’s BMW Z3. At the end of the episode, the Barchetta was declared the most desirable and reliable of the three cars.

1995 Fiat Bravo/Brava

Fiat Bravo
Fiat Brava
Fiat Bravo 1998–1999.

Fiat Bravo
Overview
Also called Fiat Bravissimo (Japan)
Production 1995–2001
Assembly Cassino, Piedimonte San Germano, Italy
Bursa, Turkey (Brava only)
Designer Centro Stile Fiat 1992
Body and chassis
Class Small family car
Body style 3-door hatchback (Bravo)
5-door hatchback (Brava)
Layout FF layout
Platform Type Two platform (Tipo Due)
Related Fiat Marea
Fiat Multipla
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,540 mm (100.0 in)
Length 4,020 mm (158.3 in) (Bravo)
4,190 mm (165.0 in) (Brava)
Width 1,750 mm (68.9 in)
Height 1,420 mm (55.9 in)
Chronology
Predecessor Fiat Tipo
Successor Fiat Stilo

The Fiat Bravo and Fiat Brava (Type 182) are small family cars produced by the Italian automaker Fiat from 1995 to 2001. They were effectively two versions of the same car, the Bravo a three-door hatchback and the Brava a five-door hatchback.

The Bravo name was revived in 2007 with the all-new Fiat Bravo, a replacement of the Stilo. The new version is available only with five doors. The name Brava was also used in the United States in the 1980s on the earlier Fiat 131.

History

Fiat Bravo 2

Fiat Brava

Fiat Brava rear

Fiat Brava rear

The Bravo and the Brava were replacements for Fiat’s successful but ageing Tipo model. The two cars were very different in styling detail and driving experience, the Bravo chassis being tuned for more precise handling whilst the Brava was tuned for better comfort. Even the interior trim and many of the body colours were unique to either one version or the other. The cars came with all new engines, the base model using a 1.4 L 12-valve engine producing 80 PS (59 kW). Three other petrol engines were available: the 103 PS (76 kW) 1.6 L 16-valve; the 113 PS (83 kW) 1.8 L 16-valve engine and the top of the range 2.0 L 20-valve R5 unit used in the HGT model, which produced 147 PS (108 kW) and which could take the car to a maximum speed of 213 km/h (132 mph), later in 1999 the 155 HGT model replaced the older model, power rising to 155 PS (114 kW). Two turbodiesel engines were also available: both were 1.9 L four cylinder units, one producing 75 PS (55 kW) and the other making 100 PS (74 kW). The Bravo/Brava was voted European Car of the Year on its launch.

Fiat Brava

fiat-brava

In 1996, the Bravo/Brava chassis spawned saloon and estate versions, badged Fiat Marea, a car which was aimed at Ford Mondeo and Opel/Vauxhall Vectra buyers, which won praise for its large boot. Another car based on the Bravo/Brava underpinnings was launched in 1998: the curious-looking Fiat Multipla, a six-seater compact MPV.

The Bravo/Brava received a mild makeover in 1999, but there were few real changes except the replacement of the 1.4 L 12-valve engine with a 1.2 L 16-valve engine from the smaller Fiat Punto and a restyling of the dashboard. The 1.9 turbodiesel was also phased out in favour of 1.9 JTD diesel units (now with and 105 PS or 77 kW), to give even better economy and refinement.

HGT Abarth

In late 1999 Fiat introduced the Abarth accessories for the Bravo, available were more aggressive wheels and bodykit, performance was the same as the 1.8 HGT model. Was produced since 2000 until 2002.

The Bravo/Brava was discontinued in late 2001, and replaced by the all-new Fiat Stilo.

1995 Fiat Coupé

Fiat Coupé
Fiat Coupé
Overview
Manufacturer Fiat
Production 1993–2000
Assembly Turin, Italy (Pininfarina)
Designer Chris Bangle at Centro Stile Fiat 1991
Pininfarina (Interiors)
Body and chassis
Class Sports car
Body style 2-door coupé
Layout FF layout
Platform Fiat Tipo 2
Powertrain
Engine 1.8 l4 16V
2.0 l4 16V
2.0 l5 20V
2.0 l4 16V Turbo
2.0 l5 20V Turbo
Transmission 5 and 6-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,540 mm (100.0 in)
Length 4,250 mm (167.3 in)
Width 1,768 mm (69.6 in)
Height 1,340 mm (52.8 in)
Curb weight 1,250–1,320 kg (2,760–2,910 lb)

The Fiat Coupé (type 175, officially titled the Coupé Fiat) was a coupé produced by the Italian manufacturer Fiat between 1993 and 2000. The car was introduced at Brussels Motor Show in 1993.

It is most remembered for its distinctive, angular design, with unique scalloped side panels. The body was designed by Chris Bangle from Centro Stile Fiat, while the interior was designed by Pininfarina. The exterior design would foreshadow much of late 1990s and early 2000s car design, acting as a precedent to both Bangle’s somewhat notorious work at BMW, as well as futuristic angular designs by other marques, such as Ford and Renault.

History

Fiat Coupé rear

Fiat Coupé rear

The Fiat Coupe made media headlines in auto magazines during 1992 after several spy shots were taken revealing the car on test. On its launch in 1993, the Coupé was available with a four cylinder, 2.0 L 16V engine, in both turbo (190 PS) and normally aspirated (139 PS) versions. Both engines were later versions of Fiat’s twin-cam design and inherited from the Lancia Delta Integrale, winner of the World Rally Championship a record six times. 1996 brought in a 1.8 L 16V engine (not available in the UK, 131 PS), along with a 2.0-litre 5-cylinder 20V (147 PS), and a 5-cylinder 2.0-litre 20V turbo (220 PS).

Fiat Coupé 20v Turbo Model

Fiat Coupé 20v Turbo Model

The turbocharged 16 and 20 valve versions were equipped with a very efficient Viscodrive limited-slip differential to counter the understeer that plagues most powerful front wheel drive cars. Additionally, the coupe featured independent suspension all round: at the front MacPherson struts and lower wishbones anchored to an auxiliary crossbeam, offset coil springs and anti-roll bar; at the rear, trailing arms mounted on an auxiliary subframe, coil springs and an anti-roll bar.

Production figures
Year Units made
1993 119
1994 17,619
1995 13,732
1996 11,273
1997 12,288
1998 9,042
1999 6,332
2000 2,357
Total 72,762

1998 saw the release of the Limited Edition which featured red Brembo brake calipers at the front and standard red calipers at the back, a body kit, push-button start, six-speed gearbox, strut brace to make the chassis more rigid and Recaro seats with red leather inserts which offered better support than the standard 20VT seats. The LE was produced in Black (flat), Red (flat), Vinci Grey (metallic), Crono Grey (flat) and Steel Grey (metallic). The bodywork of the LE also benefited from titanium coloured insert around the light bezels and the wing mirrors. Each Limited Edition (‘LE’) Coupé was manufactured with a badge located by the rear-view mirror which contained that car’s unique number (it is rumored that Michael Schumacher was the original owner of LE No. 0001, however when the question was raised to him personally he confirmed he had owned one, but a red one, while LE No. 0001 is a Crono Grey one). Originally a spokesman from Fiat stated only approximately 300 Limited Editions would be built. The final amount was much higher, with numbers as high as 1400 touted by some. This angered many of the owners of the original 300 cars and almost certainly impacted residual values. The original number however was quoted by a Fiat UK spokesman, so probably that number only applied to the UK market. The numbered plaque on every Coupe features enough space for 4 numbers.

Fiat Coupé Limited Edition (with aftermarket wheels and front bumper)

Fiat Coupé Limited Edition (with aftermarket wheels and front bumper)

In 1998 the 2.0-litre 5-cylinder 20V got a Variable Inlet System which brought the power to 154 PS (113 kW). The 2.0-litre 5-cylinder 20V Turbo received a 6-speed gearbox and a large, satin gloss push starter button. In addition, the sills of the Turbo version were colour matched with the body paintwork. Fiat also released the 2.0 L 5 cylinder Turbo ‘Plus’. This model came with an option kit that made it virtually identical to the LE, except for minor interior design changes and without the unique identification badge of the LE.

In 2000 Fiat released another special version of the Fiat Coupé. Featuring the 1.8-litre engine, it was only available throughout mainland Europe and marketed as an elegant and affordable edition. Fiat also made changes throughout the rest of the range: new seats, side skirts and wheels for the 2.0-litre 20V model, ‘Plus’ edition wheels on turbo models and Fiat manufactured seats on the ‘Plus’ that were virtually identical to the original Plus Recaro seats with the addition of extra airbags. The 2.0-litre 20V Turbo model is capable of accelerating from 0–100 km/h (0 to 62 mph) in 6.5 seconds, with a top speed of 240 km/h (149 mph) or 250 km/h (155 mph) with later 6-speed gearbox. When production finally stopped in September 2000, a total number of 72,762 units had been produced.

Fiat Coupé's interior

Fiat Coupé’s interior

Fiat Coupé 20v Turbo Plus Model (with factory fitted Body Kit)

Fiat Coupé 20v Turbo Plus Model (with factory fitted Body Kit)

1995 Fiat Ulysse and other Eurovans

Eurovans
Peugeot_807_HDi_FAP_135_Premium_(Facelift)

Peugeot 807 (facelift), one of the four Eurovan versions
Overview
Manufacturer Sevel Nord
Production March 1994–June 2014
Assembly Lieu-Saint-Amand, France (Sevel)
Body and chassis
Class Large MPV
Body style 5-door MPV
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive
Related Sevel Nord vans
Chronology
Successor Fiat Freemont
Lancia Voyager

The Eurovans are a family of large MPVs from the Citroën, Peugeot, Fiat and Lancia marques, produced at the jointly-owned Sevel Nord factory in France. It was launched in March 1994, and production ceased in November 2010 for the Fiat and Lancia models, and in June 2014 for the Citroën and Peugeot siblings.

The Eurovans differ little technically and visually, being a prime example of badge engineering. They share mechanicals and body structure with the Sevel Nord light commercial vans, the Citroën Jumpy (Dispatch),Fiat Scudo and Peugeot Expert.

First generation (1994–2002)

First generation
Citroen_evasion_side
Overview
Also called Citroën Evasion (Synergie)
Fiat Ulysse
Lancia Zeta
Peugeot 806
Production March 1994–February 2002
Body and chassis
Platform Sevel Nord vans

The first generation Eurovans were introduced in 1994. They are smaller than American vans, like the Chrysler Voyager, which is also available in Europe. In contrast to the Toyota Previa and like American minivans they had sliding rear side doors, a trait they share with their commercial siblings. In spite of the fact that the Voyager also came in the “Grand” versions with elongated body and wheelbase (and the Espace followed suit in 1997), the Eurovans only came in one size.

The Eurovans were almost identical, the differences consisting in different grilles, lower tailgates/taillights, wheel covers/alloy wheels and exterior and interior badging, as well as different trim levels. In October 1998, the Eurovans were mildly facelifted.

Inside, the gear lever was mounted on the dashboard rather than on the floor, and the handbrake is on the door side of the driver’s seat, which allowed for the removal of middle console and opened up a passage between the front seats. The seating configurations included two fixed seats in front and three individual removable seats in the middle row, along with optional two individual removable seats or a three-seater bench in the third row.

Engines

The first-generation Eurovans utilized PSA’s XU/XUD engines, regardless of brand. They were later replaced by the PSA EW/DW engine. All were mated to 5-speed manual transmissions, apart from the 2.0 16v EW petroleum engine, which had an option of a 4-speed automatic.

Model differences

Citroën Evasion

Citroën_C8_front

Front view

The Evasion was badged Synergie in the RHD markets of both the United Kingdom and Ireland. However, the car maintained the Evasion name in New Zealand. In 1998, the Citroën Evasion got a slight facelift including a larger logo and a restyling of the front grille and rear bumper. The Citroen brand was sold in Mexico with a headquarters in Detroit.

Peugeot 806

Peugeot_806_front_20070920

Front view

Peugeot_806_rear_20070920

Rear view

The 806 was named according to Peugeot‘s “x0x” system, where the first digit indicates model series (vehicle size/class) and the last indicates the generation, with a central zero. The largest Peugeot series then available was the executive saloon 605, so Peugeot chose 8, potentially leaving room for an in between model. The Eurovans were launched when Peugeot was replacing the “x05” with “x06” models, so it was appropriately labeled “806”.

Fiat Ulysse

Fiat_Ulysse_front_20080326

Front view

Fiat_Ulysse_rear_20080326

Rear view

The Fiat was named after Ulysses, the Roman name for Odysseus, the hero of Homer‘s Odyssey. This could have been problematic as Honda used the Odyssey name for their minivan, but the Honda Odyssey was only sold in Europe in its first generation and then named Honda Shuttle. The Ulysse range received a facelift in 1999.

Lancia Zeta

Lancia_Zeta_front_20071004

Front view

Lancia_Zeta_rear

Rear view

Following the traditional naming theme, Lancia named its variant with the previously unused Greek letter Zeta. With its big chrome grille, the Lancia served as the “premium” Eurovan, not available with base engines and exceptionally well equipped, with prices up to 20% higher than corresponding versions of other Eurovans.

Second generation (2002–2014)

Second generation
Fiat Ulysse_2
Overview
Production February 2002–June 2014 (Citroën and Peugeot)
February 2002-November 2010 (Fiat and Lancia)
Body and chassis
Platform Sevel Nord vans
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,823 mm (111.1 in)
Length 4,727 mm (186.1 in) (Peugeot 807)
Width 1,854 mm (73.0 in) (Peugeot 807)
Height 1,752 mm (69.0 in) (Peugeot 807)

In 2002 the second generation of the Eurovans was launched. The 807 itself was launched in June, followed by the C8 in July. The floorpan, wheelbase, and postponement were not transformed, but all exterior dimensions-including front and rear tracks- were increased. The increase in length of almost 30 cm greatly enhanced interior volume. The new Eurovans were afforded a much more bubbly, contemporary look, along with a modern-looking dashboard with centrally mounted gauges.

The differences between the various versions were more marked, surrounding full front fascias and rear sections (including head- and tail-lights), as well as different interior colour themes. The middle and third row seats now had fore/aft sliders to increase flexibility and also adjustable backs. As with the first generation, a three-seater bench seat was available in the third row, slotting into the standard third row seat runners, with back-lowering and tilt forward arrangements to increase boot space.

The Citroën C8 and Peugeot 807 also got a light facelift in 2008.

The Fiat and the Lancia were slightly wider than PSA vans, and the Phedra is also longer than other Eurovans.

To highlight the launch of the V6 engine, Peugeot presented a design study called Peugeot 807 Grand Tourisme at the 2003 Geneva Motor Show. Despite the fancier 4-passenger interior and some mechanical and visual tuning, the car was essentially a top-of-the-line 807 in a purple colour.

Engines

The engine range comprised again of different versions of the PSA EW/DW engine, paired with either 5-speed manual or 4-speed automatic transmissions. (A six-speed manual option was added in the UK in late 2004). Additionally, top-of-the-line versions came with the PSA ES V6.

Model differences

Citroën C8

Citroën_C8_front

Front view

Citroën_C8_rear

Rear view

Citroën chose to put the minivan in line with its new naming theme, where models were called Cx (x being a number roughly corresponding to the relative size of a given model), hence the Citroën C8.

Peugeot 807

Peugeot_807_front

Front view

Peugeot_807_rear

Rear view

The 807 replaced the 806.

Fiat Ulysse

Fiat_Ulysse_front

Front view

Fiat Ulysse rear

Rear view

Fiat retained the Ulysse name for its second generation. The direct successor is the Fiat Freemont.

Lancia Phedra

Lancia Phaedra front

Front view

Lancia Phaedra rear

Rear view

As the new Lancias didn’t use Greek letters in the 2000s (until the Lancia Delta was reintroduced in 2008), the new minivan was called Lancia Phedra, in honor of the Greek mythological figure Phaedra. The successor is the Lancia Voyager.

1996 Fiat Palio

Fiat Palio
Fiat Palio in Paraty Brazil
Overview
Manufacturer Fiat
Production 1996–present
Body and chassis
Class Supermini
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive
Chronology
Predecessor Fiat Uno

The Fiat Palio is a supermini car produced by the Italian manufacturer Fiat since 1996. It is a world car, developed by Fiat Automóveis and aimed at developing countries. It has been produced in various countries worldwide, and its platform was also used in the Siena sedan, the Palio Weekend station wagon, the Palio Adventure crossover and the Strada light pick-up truck.

Origins of the Palio badge

The Palio badge originated on the Mark II Fiat 127, of 1977, where it was a trim designation rather than an actual model. The 127 Palio featured alloy wheels, a more luxurious interior, and a metallic paint finish as found on the 127 Sport. The Palio designation was also used on other Fiat models throughout the 1980s and 1990s in various markets.

First generation (1996–2011)

First generation (178)
2001 Fiat Palio Weekend (Europe)

1998 Fiat Palio 1.2-L 75 Weekend
Overview
Production 1996–2011
Assembly Betim, Brazil (Fiat Brazil)
Ferreyra, Argentina (Fiat Argentina)
Bursa, Turkey (Tofaş)
Bielsko-Biała & Tychy, Poland
Nanjing, China (Nanjing Fiat)
Pune, India (Fiat India)
Casablanca, Morocco (Somaca)
Rosslyn, South Africa (Nissan)
La Victoria, Aragua, Venezuela
Naberezhnye Chelny, Russia(ZMA)
Designer I.DE.A Institute (1996)
Giorgetto Giugiaro (2001, 2004)
Centre Stile Fiat Brazil (2007)
Body and chassis
Body style Three-door hatchback
Five-door hatchback
Five-door station wagon
Related Fiat Siena
Fiat Strada
Fiat Albea
Fiat Perla
Powertrain
Engine 1.0-L Fire I-4 (gasoline)
1.0-L Fiasa I-4 (gasoline)
1.1-L Fire I-4 (gasoline)
1.2-L Fire I-4 (gasoline)
1.3-L Fiasa I-4 (gasoline)
1.4-L Sevel I-4 (gasoline)
1.4- L Fire I-4 (gasoline)
1.5-L Fiasa I-4 (gasoline)
1.6-L Fiasa I-4 (gasoline)
1.6-L Sporting I-4 (gasoline)
1.6-L E.torQ I-4 (gasoline)
1.8-L X18XE I-4 (gasoline)
1.3-L Multijet I-4 (diesel)
1.7-L Turbo Diesel I-4
1.9 L I-4 (diesel)
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,360 mm (92.9 in) (1996–01)
2,420 mm (95.3 in) (Weekend)
2,360 mm (92.9 in) (2001–04)
2,423 mm (95.4 in) (Weekend)
2,370 mm (93.3 in) (2004–07)
2,440 mm (96.1 in) (Weekend)
2,373 mm (93.4 in) (2007–11)
2,437 mm (95.9 in) (Weekend)
Length 3,735 mm (147.0 in) (1996–01)
4,130 mm (162.6 in) (Weekend)
3,740 mm (147.2 in) (2001–04)
4,120 mm (162.2 in) (Weekend)
3,830 mm (150.8 in) (2004–07)
4,210 mm (165.7 in) (Weekend)
3,847 mm (151.5 in) (2007–11)
4,237 mm (166.8 in) (Weekend)
Width 1,614 mm (63.5 in) (1996–01)
1,626 mm (64.0 in) (Weekend)
1,614 mm (63.5 in) (2001–04)
1,627 mm (64.1 in) (Weekend)
1,630 mm (64.2 in) (2004–07)
1,630 mm (64.2 in) (Weekend)
1,640 mm (64.6 in) (2007–11)
1,639 mm (64.5 in) (Weekend)
Height 1,445 mm (56.9 in) (1996–01)
1,510 mm (59.4 in) (Weekend)
1,445 mm (56.9 in) (2001–04)
1,480 mm (58.3 in) (Weekend)
1,430 mm (56.3 in) (2004–07)
1,520 mm (59.8 in) (Weekend)
1,435 mm (56.5 in) (2007–11)
1,515 mm (59.6 in) (Weekend)

1996–2000

Launched in 1996 in Brazil, as part of Fiat’s “Project 178”, the Palio was Fiat’s first attempt to build a world car, the same basic design being produced in numerous nations around the globe. Four principal models were produced: hatchback, sedan, pickup, and station wagon, with different versions being built for different markets. The powerplants, both diesel and petrol, also varied from region to region depending on local production capability, legislation, and market requirements.

The basic chassis was a development of the Fiat Punto (176), but little remained unchanged. The entire structure was significantly stronger to be suitable on the rougher roads found in some of the markets for which it was intended, as was the suspension. The body was a completely new design by the I.DE.A Institute of Turin, which also designed the new interior.

Production began in 1996 in Brazil and was followed later that year by a plant in Argentina. In 1997, production started in Venezuela, Poland for the European market, and Marocco (at the Somaca plant[1]) whilst Turkey started building the same car in 1998. In India, assembly was at Pune in the new Fiat-Tata Motors factory and in South Africa by Nissan together the pickup version called Fiat Strada. Production in India and South Africa began in 1999, in Egypt in 2001, and in China in 2002. The Palio Weekend station wagon was launched in 1996 in Brazil and later in Europe. The station wagon is the version most commonly sold in Europe.

2001–2003

1998 Fiat Palio Weekend

2001 Fiat Palio Weekend (Europe)

In 2001, the model had its first facelift. The new design was made by the Italian automobile designer Giorgetto Giugiaro. This facelift included new front and rear fasciae and a brand new interior. Also, new engines came for the Palio: the Fire 16-valve 1.0-L and 1.2-L and the Sporting, a 1.6-L 16-valve engine with 120 hp made in Turkey. The 2001 Palio was the first Fiat to be made in China, by Nanjing Automobile. In some markets, this generation included a Speedgear semiautomatic option. The Palio 2001 facelift is the ultimate version sold in Italy. In 2001, Fiat introduced for the South American market the crossover version, called Palio Adventure and based on the Palio Weekend. In Europe, the Palio Weekend was succeeded in 2003 by the Fiat Idea MPV.

Fiat Palio in China

Nanjing Fiat Palio in China

Nanjing Fiat Palio

In November 2001, the Chinese Fiat Palio debuted, with either the 60 PS (44 kW) 1.2-L or the 85 PS (63 kW) 1.5-L. The Siena sedan was added in November 2002, followed by the Palio Weekend in June 2003. The Siena and Palio Weekend were not available with the smaller engine.

Safety rating

A Fiat Albea, the sedan version of the Palio, was tested in Russia according to the Euro NCAP latest standard (offset frontal crash at 64 km/h). The Albea scored 8,5 points in the frontal test, equivalent to three stars. The tested vehicle was equipped with standard driver airbag and regular seatbelts.

The Fiat Perla, the Chinese version of the Albea, was tested in China by China-NCAP in three different tests: 100% front crash test with a wall (similar to the U.S. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration test), a 40% offset test (similar to Euro NCAP), and a side crash test. The Perla scored 8.06 points in the 100% frontal crash test, equivalent to three stars; 12.02 pts in the 40% offset crash test, equivalent to four stars, and 10,96 pts in the side crash test, equivalent to three stars; with an average result of 31 points and three stars. The tested vehicle was equipped with standard driver and passenger airbags and regular seatbelts.

2004–2006

2004 Fiat Palio (India)

2004 Fiat Palio (India)

The third revision was released in 2004, designed again by Giorgetto Giugiaro. It is basically a facelift from the previous models. The 2004 Palio was the first Brazilian model in the B-segment available with four airbags (two front airbags and two side airbags), parking assistance, and light and rain sensor. In Europe, the new model featured a redesigned front fascia and interior with rear fascia similar to Palio 2001 version. It has also a sport version called the Palio 1.8R’ which has a new version of the General Motors 1.8-L X18XE Powertrain engine rated at 115 hp (ethanol) and 112 hp (gasoline), lowered suspension, new 14-inch alloy wheels, new seats, and other sporting features. The third generation of the Palio had huge sales numbers, even getting higher sales in some months than the VW Gol, the Brazilian best-selling car for over 24 years. It is currently sold as the Palio Fire Economy as a cheaper alternative to its posterior facelift, with alterations derived from the Uno Mille Fire Economy model. The top model is still Weekend Adventure version; it is equipped with a 1.8-L Powertrain Flex fuel engine with 112hp (petrol/gasoline) and 114 hp (ethanol) at 5500 rpm, all-terrain Pirelli Citynet tires, and a higher/reinforced suspension kit but still with 4×2 drive.

Fiat India is manufacturing the 2004 Palio, with 2001-version interiors, at the Ranjangaon plant along with the Grande Punto and Linea. After entering into a partnership with Tata Motors, the Palio has been relaunched as the Palio Stile, with the 1.1-L Fire, 1.6-L Torque, and 1.3-L Multijet engines. Sales have been low at hardly 200 units per month.

2007–2011

2007 Fiat Palio

2007 Fiat Palio

2010 Fiat Palio Adventure

2010 Fiat Palio Adventure

The last Palio facelift was launched in 2007, in Natal, Brazil. The design of the body was inspired by the new version of the Grande Punto, which was launched in Brazil in the first quarter of 2008.

This fourth facelift included new front, rear, and side designs, but it kept the original chassis from the 1996 model, being marketed as the New Palio. It also has a minor change in the instrument panel with differences between the two variants sold.

The trims for this new Palio are ELX with the 1.0- or the 1.4-L Fire engines, both flex (ethanol and petrol) and the “sporty” version 1.8R with the current revision of the 1.8-L 8-valve engine from GM, also flexible. The new Torque engines wwere added to the Palio after the launch of the Grande Punto. The Palio Adventure introduced the new limited slip differential and new suspension for off road with front-wheel drive.

Second generation (2011–present)

Second generation (326)
Fiat Palio Sporting 1.6 16V E.torQ Engine with Dualogic transmission. Second generation (326) - Brazil

Fiat Palio Sporting 1.6-L 16-V E.torQ engine with Dualogic transmission, second generation (326) – Brazil
Overview
Production 2011–present
Assembly Betim, Brazil (Fiat Brazil)
Ferreyra, Argentina (Fiat Argentina)
Body and chassis
Body style Five-door hatchback
Platform Fiat Economy
Related Fiat “Novo” Uno
Fiat Grand Siena
Powertrain
Engine 1.0-L Fire I-4
1.4-L Fire I-4
1.6-L E.torQ I-4
Transmission Five-speed manual
Five-speed semiautomatic(Dualogic)
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,420 mm (95.3 in)
Length 3,875 mm (152.6 in)
Width 1,670 mm (65.7 in)
Height 1,504 mm (59.2 in) (Attractive)
1,513 mm (59.6 in) (Essence)
1,508 mm (59.4 in) (Sporting)

An all-new generation of Palio was revealed in October 2011, at the annual Fiat dealers’ meeting in Mykonos, Greece. The official launch, however, took place on 4 November 2011, in Brazil. It is the first total remodeling since launch in 1996. The project, code named 326, was anticipated by the success of the new Fiat Uno in Brazil. One of the new versions will be the Sporting, a trim level known for the sporty versions of the Siena, Uno, Idea, Bravo, and Strada.

Electric versions

Fiat is joining utility companies Cemig and Itaipu to develop new electric vehicles for Brazil, with an initial batch of Fiat Palio cars scheduled to start testing later 2007.

Motorsport

Several competition and homologated versions of the Palio have been produced, such as the A6 class rally car, multiple Brazilian and South American champion of the A6 class with Brazilian Luis Tedesco as driver, and the Turkish Fiat Rally Team-created Palio Super 1600 Abarth rally car, with a 215-hp 1.6-L 16-valve engine and a six-speed sequential transmission. Turkey also boasts an N2 Palio.

Safety

The Fiat Palio has been rated as highly unsafe by Latin NCAP, scoring only one star for adult occupants and two stars for children. Its air bag-equipped version scored three stars, although it is a vast minority in the sales mix. This will change with the Brazilian law requiring dual front airbags from 2014 on. Unfortunately, this is the safety standard of low-cost Brazilian cars.

1996  + 1998 Fiat Marea

Fiat Marea
1999 Fiat Marea, 2.0 20V 5 cilinder engine
Overview
Manufacturer Fiat
Also called Fiat Marengo (panel van)
Production 1996–2002 (Italy)
1998–2007 (Brazil)
Assembly Mirafiori, Turin, Italy
Cassino, Piedimonte San Germano, Italy
Betim, Minas Gerais, Brazil
Bursa, Turkey (Tofaş)
Body and chassis
Class Small family car
Body style 4-door saloon
5-door estate
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive
Platform Type Three platform (Tipo Tre)
Related Fiat Bravo/Brava
Fiat Multipla
Powertrain
Engine 1.2 L I4 (gasoline)
1.4 L I4 (gasoline)
1.6 L I4 (gasoline)
1.8 L I4 (gasoline)
2.0 L I5 (gasoline)
2.4 L I5 (gasoline)
2.0 L I5 (t/c gasoline)
1.9 L I4 (turbodiesel)
2.4 L I5 (turbodiesel)
1.6 L I4 (BiPower)
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,540 mm (100.0 in)
Length 4,391 mm (172.9 in) (saloon)
4,490 mm (176.8 in) (estate)
Width 1,740 mm (68.5 in)
Height 1,420 mm (55.9 in) (saloon)
1,535 mm (60.4 in) (estate)
Curb weight 1,085–1,385 kg (2,392–3,053 lb)
Chronology
Predecessor Fiat Tempra
Successor Fiat Linea

The Fiat Marea (Type 185) is a small family car available as a saloon and an estate, produced by the Italian automaker Fiat. Launched in 1996, the Marea models were essentially different body styles of Fiat’shatchback offerings, the Bravo and Brava. The Marea replaced the earlier Tipo-based Fiat Tempra. While the Fiat Stilo Multiwagon is the successor of the Marea Weekend estate, the Fiat Linea replaced the saloon version in 2007.

Production and markets

Fiat Marea rear

Rear view of the Fiat Marea

The Marea was originally manufactured in Fiat’s Cassino and Mirafiori plants in Italy. Later the Marea also superseded the Tempra in Brazilian (Betim) and Turkish (in Bursa, with Tofaş) plants, which make vehicles mostly for local and other developing markets.

In Europe, production and sales of the Marea ceased in 2002, a year after the Bravo and Brava were replaced with the Fiat Stilo. The Marea Weekend was replaced by the Stilo Multiwagon, while the saloon was dropped altogether due to relatively low popularity of compact saloon cars in Europe. Nevertheless, the Marea (in both body styles) was still manufactured in Turkey and Brazil for local (and other Latin American) markets. The Brazilian version was facelifted in 2001, when it gained a redesigned rear end with taillights taken from the Lancia Lybra. For 2006, the Marea was mildly revised again, gaining a new rear end, and a new grille, similar in style to other current Fiat models.

In mid-2007, Brazilian production of the Marea and Marea Weekend ceased. Their successor, the Fiat Linea, is produced from mid-2008 on, only in saloon body style.

Engines

The Marea petrol and JTD engines 1.6 L, 1.8 L and 2.0 L petrol and 1.9 L were sourced from the Brava and Bravo, and a 2.0 20v turbo option from the Fiat Coupé was also available. For a short time there was also a 2.4 turbodiesel available, dropped in 2001, which has become sought after. A BiPower 1.6 L dual fuel engine was later added to the range. It can run on either petrol or compressed natural gas.

  • 1.6 L straight-4 1,581 cc 103 PS (76 kW; 102 hp)
  • 1.6 L straight-4 1,581 cc 99 PS (73 kW; 98 hp)
  • 1.8 L straight-4 1,747 cc 114 PS (84 kW; 112 hp)
  • 2.0 L straight-5 1,998 cc 155 PS (114 kW; 153 hp)
  • 2.0 L straight-5 turbo 1,998 cc 182 PS (134 kW; 180 hp)
  • 1.9 turbodiesel straight-4 75 PS (55 kW; 74 hp)
  • 1.9 turbodiesel straight-4 100 PS (74 kW; 99 hp)
  • 1.9 common-rail (JTD) turbodiesel straight-4 105 PS (77 kW; 104 hp)
  • 1.9 common-rail (JTD) turbodiesel straight-4 110 PS (81 kW; 108 hp)
  • 2.4 turbodiesel 2,387 cc straight-5 126 PS (93 kW; 124 hp)
  • 2.4 common-rail (JTD) turbodiesel 2,387 cc straight-5 132 PS (97 kW; 130 hp)

Brazil

Fiat Marea Weekend

Fiat Marea Weekend

Fiat Marea Weekend rear

Rear view of the Fiat Marea Weekend

The Marea was introduced in 1998 onto the Brazilian market with only one engine: the 2.0 20v. Due to Brazilian production taxes the 2.0 20v engine had its electronic fuel injection remapped to limit the engine power to 128 bhp (95 kW) in the Marea SX and ELX models of 1999. The engine retained its full power (142 bhp) on the more expensive Marea HLX model. Simply exchanging the SX or ELX fuel injection chip with the HLX chip would bring back the original engine power. Fiat initially claimed it to be untrue explaining that other modifications had been made in the SX/ELX models for cost-savings, but this was revealed to be false.

In 2000, the 2.0 20v engine was replaced with the 2.4 20v (160 bhp) engine in the HLX model, and the SX model started using the 1.8 16v engine (130 bhp), while the ELX injection was mapped as it had originally been for the HLX to give the 2.0 20v engine the original engine power (141 bhp).

Later the 2.0 20v engine was dropped and the 1.6 16v (105 bhp) engine was introduced; this engine was the only one produced for model year 2007, when the Marea production has been discontinued. All engines for the Fiat Marea in Brazil were petrol-based, with no diesel variants. This is due to federal legislation prohibiting diesel-powered passenger vehicles, effective since 1976.

There is also the 2.0 20V Turbo (Garrett TB28/10) with 182 bhp, sold from 1999 to 2006.

1998 Fiat Multipla

Fiat Multipla
Fiat Multipla
Overview
Manufacturer Fiat
Production 1998–2010
Assembly Mirafiori plant, Turin, Italy
Arese plant, Milan, Italy (CNGversion)
Body and chassis
Class Compact MPV
Body style 5-door MPV
Platform Fiat Type Two (Tipo Due) platform
Related Fiat Bravo/Brava
Fiat Marea
Zotye Mutipla (2nd generation)
Powertrain
Engine 1.6 L 16V petrol I4
1.6 L 16V LPG/petrol I4
1.6 L 16V CNG I4
1.6 L 16V CNG/petrol I4
1.9 L JTD diesel I4
1.9 L Multijet diesel I4
Transmission 5-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,666 mm (105.0 in)
Length Pre-facelift: 3,994 mm (157.2 in)
Post-facelift: 4,080 mm (161 in)
Width 1,871 mm (73.7 in)
Height 1,670 mm (66 in)
Curb weight 1300-1490 kg (2866-3285 lb)
Chronology
Predecessor Fiat 600 Multipla
Successor Fiat 500L Living

The Fiat Multipla (Type 186) is a family car produced by Italian automaker Fiat from 1998 to 2010. Based on the Brava, the Multipla was shorter and wider than its rivals. It had two rows of three seats, while all its competitors had two seats in the front (the Honda FR-V, which has the same layout, was released in 2004). The Multipla was even shorter than the three-door Fiat Bravo upon which it was based, despite offering substantially more space and seating.

In common with a number of other modern Fiats, the Multipla reused the name of an earlier vehicle, in this case the “Multipla” variant of the Fiat 600 produced during the 1950s and 1960s.

Design

Fiat Multipla silver rear

First series Multipla rear

The exterior and interior design of the Multipla was displayed at the Museum of Modern Art (MOMA) in New York during its “Different Roads – Automobiles for the Next Century” exhibition in 1999.

It won the Top Gear Car of the Year (1999) and was voted Top Gear Magazines Family Car of the Year for four years in a row (2001–2004).

Multipla sales began in Italy late in 1998 but most other markets had to wait a year before receiving imports. The Multipla sold well with Italian buyers, but sales elsewhere were less successful. Also when Simon Cowell went on Top Gear he was shown a picture of the car and said it had a disease.

In 2004 the Multipla underwent a major facelift to shed its original styling for a more restrained look, with the intention of attracting more buyers. It did arrive to critical acclaim.

UK trim levels

Fiat Multipla sec.ser.

Second series Multipla

2005 Fiat Multipla rear

Second series Multipla

  • Multipla SX – basic model available with petrol or diesel engines.
  • Multipla ELX – added Air Conditioning, Twin Electric Sunroofs, alloy wheels and electric rear windows, as well as special wipe-clean, brightly coloured seats.

These trim levels were later replaced with Dynamic, Dynamic Family and Eleganza when the Multipla received its facelift at the end of 2004.

Inner room and flexibility

The new generation Multipla was praised by journalists at its launch for its flexibility. The Multipla’s three-abreast seating configuration allows for adjustment of the front seats and the removal and relocation of the rear seats into many formats. It also affords a big 430 litres (15 cu ft) of luggage space which can increase to 1,900 litres (67 cu ft) of flat floor load space with the rear three seats removed from the vehicle.

Chinese version

Zotye Auto had assembled Multipla 2 from KD kits from late 2008 to 2010 in its Changshan factory, and marketed it in China as Mutiplan. In October 2010, Zotye started to build a version of Multipla 2 employing more locally made parts in order to reduce costs; the new version is called “Langyue” in China.

1998 Fiat Seicento

Fiat Seicento
Fiat Seicento car in Italy.
Overview
Manufacturer Fiat
Also called Fiat 600
Production 1998–2010 (1,328,839 units)
Assembly Tychy, Poland
Body and chassis
Class City car
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive
Powertrain
Engine 900cc I4 (petrol)
1.1 L I4 (petrol)
30 kW/40 hp (electric)
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,200 mm (86.6 in)
Length 3,337 mm (131.4 in)
Width 1,508 mm (59.4 in)
Height 1,420 mm (55.9 in)
Curb weight 730–750 kg (1,610–1,650 lb)
Chronology
Predecessor Fiat Cinquecento
Successor Fiat Nuova 500
Fiat Nuova Panda

The Fiat Seicento (Type 187) was a city car produced by the Italian company Fiat, introduced in late 1997 as a replacement for the Fiat Cinquecento. It was based on the first generation Fiat Punto. The Seicento did not differ much from its predecessor, retaining the same engines, chassis and general dimensions, although it did gain a minor 9 cm in length (total length of 3.34 m). The design was similar too, in which the Seicento kept the same 3-door hatchback body, instead of the 5-door mini MPV look seen on many Korean and Japanese city cars, such as the Daewoo Matiz and Suzuki Wagon R. Like its predecessors, the Cinquecento and Polski Fiat 126, the Seicento was built in Fiat’s factory in Tychy, Poland. From 1998 to April 2004, 1.1 million examples of the Seicento had been produced.

The Seicento name comes from the Italian word for 600, the Seicento is the spiritual successor to the Fiat 600. The car was rebadged as 600 to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the original model.

EuroNCAP performance

In EuroNCAP crash tests, the Fiat Seicento was only awarded a 1.5 star rating, and fractionally beat the worst contenders in the history of EuroNCAP, namely the Rover 100 and the original Chrysler Voyager MPV. This is not so surprising, as the car has an extremely short front-end and keeps many components from its predecessor, originally conceived in 1991.

In comparison, another small car, the Smart Fortwo (which has a shorter front end), earned three stars in the crash test. These cars started production in 1998 and are not designed for 1997 started EuroNCAP tests.

Versions

Trims/Equipment

Fiat Seicento Sporting

Fiat Seicento Sporting

Fiat Seicento rear

Rear of Fiat Seicento

At launch, the Seicento was available with three trim levels; a basic ‘S’ with black bumpers and spartan equipment and initially the 899 cc engine; an ‘SX’ model, a slight upgrade over the ‘S’ with colour-coded bumpers, electric windows, central locking and a sunroof – which was also available as a ‘Citymatic’ with a clutchless manual gearchange – and a ‘Sporting’ with the larger FIRE 1,108 cc engine, 20 mm (0.8 in) lower suspension and anti-roll bars added. Cosmetically, this version gained 13″ alloy wheels, sports seats. An Abarth styling kit was also available with a body kit with optional Abarth 14″ wheels a close-ratio gearbox, sill kick plates, embroidered headrests, leather gear stick and steering wheel, blue highlighted trim in the bumpers, side skirts and a spoiler also available. Both the sporting and the Abarths were available with ABS, air-conditioning and Power steering but due to cost not very many owners took up the options.

In 1999, the FIRE engine was used in the special ‘Suite’ version, which came with air-conditioning. A special edition ‘Soleil’ model was available in some markets, which was based on the ‘SX’ model but came with a full-length electrically-folding fabric roof.

After the 2001 update, all cars were given clear indicator lenses, with the Sporting model getting a restyled bodykit. Cars built from this period also come with Power steering as standard. A ‘Michael Schumacher‘ edition of the Sporting, with ABS and the Abarth styling kit, was also launched at this time to celebrate the Ferrari driver’s Formula One success, This model was almost identical to the Abarth kit with the exception of chrome gear stick surrounds and Michael’s signature on the boot lid and side skirt. A limited edition plate and number was also on the passenger door.

In 2004, the model was withdrawn from the United Kingdom market, and production of RHD models ceased, following the arrival of the new and more practical Panda. The LHD model was facelifted, gaining a new design for the wheel rims and the introduction of the new Fiat logo to the rear.

Fiat 600

Fiat 600 Active

Fiat 600, model year 2008

In 2005 the name Seicento was replaced by 600 (in occasion of the 50 anniversary of the first edition, in 1955) together with some changes in the front and in versions dotations: now the name Fiat is written on the seats. The new versions now are named “Class” and “50 anniversary”, thus reminding the strict relationship between this model and the previous one.

Engines

The Seicento is available with two engines: the old 899 cc OHV (29 kW / 40 hp) engine used in early base S and SX models (which was removed from West European markets due to emissions regulations), and the 1108 cc FIRE (40 kW / 54 hp and used in the Sporting version since launch), was fitted universally with multi-point fuel injection from 2001, replacing the old pushrod units. There was also a version with an electric engine (30 kW / 41 hp).

Elettra

Until 2005 Fiat also produced a battery-electric version of the Seicento called the Seicento Elettra. Originally produced in serial quantities in Italy from 1996 to 1998, production moved to Poland for the remaining years where it was built on order. The Seicento Elettra featured a 30 kW three-phase asynchronous electric motor powered by 18 12V lead-acid batteries in the engine bay and beneath the rear seats. The Seicento Elettra’s top speed was 100 km/h (62 mph) and its range was 90 kilometres (56 mi).

Tuning