CROSSLEY Motors Automobiles Manchester England UK 1906-1958 successor AEC + CROSLEY United States 1939-1952

CROSSLEY Automobiles

https://myntransportblog.com/2014/01/28/buses-crossley-england/

Crossley Motors

Crossley Motors
Fate Acquired and closed down
Successor AEC
Founded 1906
Defunct 1958
Headquarters Manchester, England
For the defunct American automotive company see: Crosley Motors

Crossley Motors was a British motor vehicle manufacturer based in Manchester, England. They produced approximately 19,000 high-quality cars from 1904 until 1938, 5,500 buses from 1926 until 1958 and 21,000 goods and military vehicles from 1914 to 1945.

Crossley Brothers, originally manufacturers of textile machinery and rubber processing plant, began the licensed manufacture of the Otto internal combustion engine before 1880. The firm started car production in 1903, building around 650 vehicles in their first year.

The company was originally created as a division of engine builders Crossley Brothers, but from 1910 became a stand-alone company. Although founded as a car maker, they were major suppliers of vehicles to British forces during the First World War, and in the 1920s moved into bus manufacture. With re-armament in the 1930s, car-making was run down, and stopped completely in 1936. During the Second World War output was again concentrated on military vehicles. Bus production resumed in 1945 but no more cars were made. The directors decided in the late 1940s that the company was too small to survive alone and agreed a take over by AEC. Production at the Crossley factories finally stopped in 1958.

History

1912 Crossley Model 15 from Shuttleworth Collection

 Crossley Model 15 (1912) from Shuttleworth Collection

Crossley Motors Ltd was first registered on 11 April 1906 (and re-registered with a different company number in 1910) as the vehicle manufacturing arm of Crossley Brothers. The first car was actually built in 1903 and exhibited at the Society of Motor Manufacturers’ Exhibition at Crystal Palace in February 1904, but the parent company saw a future for these new machines and decided a separate company was required.

In 1920 Crossley Motors bought 34,283 (68.5%) of the 50,000 issued shares of the nearby A V Roe and Company – better known as Avro. Crossley took over Avro’s car manufacturing business but Avro continued its aircraft manufacturing operations independently. Crossley had to sell their shares in Avro to Armstrong Siddeley in 1928 to pay for the losses incurred in Willys Overland Crossley.

After the Second World War the directors decided that the company was not large enough to prosper and looked for a partner. This resulted in a take over by Associated Equipment Company (AEC) in 1948. AEC’s parent company changed its name to Associated Commercial Vehicles Ltd and Crossley became a division of this. Production of the Crossley range of vehicles continued at the Stockport plant until 1952. After that date the production was of badge-engineered AEC designs and bus bodywork, until the factory was closed in 1958 and sold in 1959.

Although no longer trading, the company was never formally wound up. In 1969 AEC’s new owner, British Leyland, restarted the company with a new name – Leyland National – and production of single-decker buses recommenced.

Factories

Production was originally in the Crossley Brothers factory in Openshaw, Manchester but in 1907 they moved to a nearby site they owned in Napier Street, Gorton, Manchester. (Napier Street was later renamed Crossley Street).

With the steady increase in vehicle production, the limits of the Gorton site were in turn soon reached, and in 1914 a further 48 acre (194,000 m²) site was bought in Heaton Chapel, Stockport which became the Errwood Park Works. Construction of the new factory started in 1915, and although intended to relieve congestion on the old site, it was rapidly given over to war work. The western half of the site, built in 1917, but only managed by Crossley Motors, became National Aircraft Factory No. 2. In 1919, this factory was bought from the government and became the Willys Overland Crossley plant, but was eventually sold to Fairey Aviation in 1934. In 1938, the eastern side became another aircraft factory, this time managed by Fairey, and after the Second World War it became the final home of Crossley Motors. Re-armament work caused the search for more space and in 1938 a factory was opened in Greencroft Mill, Hyde, about 3 miles (4.8 km) east of Errwood Park.

Vehicles

1920 Crossley 9T 25-30 HP Phaeton

 Crossley 9T 25/30 HP Phaeton 1920

1914 Crossley 20-25 Tender from Shuttleworth Collection

 Crossley 20/25 Tender (1914) from Shuttleworth Collection

Armoured Car Crossley Mark I

 Mk.1 Armoured Car, Bovington Tank Museum

1949 Crossley DD42 ex Manchester City Transport

 1949 Crossley DD42 ex Manchester City Transport.

1948 Bussen Crossley 1948 Nederland

 Preserved Crossley SD42/1 bus with aluminium Schelde bodywork, built shortly after the Second World War 1948 for the Dutch public transport network.

Production of the first cars was on a small scale but from 1909 when a new range was introduced it rapidly built up. In that year the 20 hp was introduced (later called the 20/25) and this was taken up by the British War Office and from 1913 it was ordered for the new Royal Flying Corps (RFC). The outbreak of the First World War resulted in a rapid expansion of the RFC, and by 1918 they had over 6,000 of the vehicles with staff car, tender (light truck), and ambulance bodies.

Crossley 25/30 hp Tenders were utilised by the British Army in Ireland from 1919 until their withdrawal in 1922. The Irish Army continued to use them for troop transport throughout the Civil War period, but they were worked hard and appeared to have received little care: of 454 originally supplied, only 57 were in service by 1926 with a further 66 being overhauled or repaired. The 20/25 model was also the first vehicle to be supplied to London’s Metropolitan Police Flying Squad in 1920, some of which were fitted with radio equipment.

Car production resumed after the First World War and a new model, the 19.6, was launched in 1921 and joined in 1922 by the smaller 2.4 litre 14 hp model that would become the company’s best seller. The 19.6 was replaced by the 2.7 litre 18/50 in 1925 fitted with Crossley’s first six-cylinder engine and this was enlarged in 1927 to 3.2 litres in the 20.9. Crossley were the first British car company to offer a factory fitted car radio in 1933. Although the large cars would continue to be available, a range of small models fitted with Coventry Climax engines was announced in 1931 but sales of the cars slowly declined and the last ones were made in 1937.

By the late 1920s the market for hand-made cars began to disappear and the company moved into the bus market and launched its first model, the Eagle single decker in 1928. Although some double deck bodies were fitted to the Eagle, the Condor launched in 1930 was the first chassis to be designed for double decker bodies. The Condor could also be ordered with a diesel engine, made by Gardner at first, and became the first British double deck bus to be offered with diesel power. The big selling pre-war bus was the Mancunian with first deliveries in 1933. This was available as both a double and single decker.

In addition to cars and buses the company also made goods and military vehicles. At first these were conversions of the car models but starting with the BGT1 in 1923 specialised chassis designs were produced. Two Crossley trucks based on the 25/30 car chassis were from 1924 to 1926 the first vehicles to be driven from Cape Town to Cairo by the Court Treatt expedition. A range of heavy goods vehicles starting with the 1931 diesel-powered 12-ton payload Atlas was announced but only a few were made as the factory was by then gearing up to concentrate on buses and military orders. From 1936 military production was rapidly ramped up with British re-armament at first with “IGL” models but from 1940 with a four-wheel drive “FWD” chassis in both tractor unit and truck form. By 1945 over 10,000 FWDs had been made.

After the Second World War there was a boom in the bus industry as wartime losses needed to be replaced. Crossley won what was then the largest ever British export order for buses with a contract with the Dutch government. By the late 1940s bus orders were decreasing and it became clear that the company was too small to continue as an independent manufacturer and in 1948 they were sold to AEC. The last Crossley chassis was made in 1952, but body production continued at Erwood Park until 1958.

Cars produced

1906 Crossley

22 hp 1904–1908

1906 Crossley 1 1906-10 Crossley 40 Hp a 1906-10 Crossley 40 Hp b 1906-10 Crossley 40 Hp40 hp 1905–1910

1909 Crossley 20-25 1909 Crossley 1909-19 Crossley 20 Hp ,20,25 a 1909-19 Crossley 20 Hp ,20,25 b 1909-19 Crossley 20 Hp ,20,25 c ambulance 15 hp 1909–1915

1912 crossley 15hp shelsley paintingShelsley sports 1909–1915

1914 Crossley 20-25 Tender from Shuttleworth Collection 1914 Crossley 20-25НР (RFC) 1915 Crossley Vital20/25 1909–1919

1920 Crossley 9T 25-30 HP Phaeton 1920 CROSSLEY 25-30HP Car Stamps (Leaders of the World Auto 100)25/30 1918–1925

1922 L8-61 Lambert, Motor Cars, 1922, #4 Crossley 1926 Crossley Auto19.6 hp 1921–1926

1916 Crossley Motors Automobile Let Your Next Car Be a Crossley ad

14 hp and 15/30 1922–1927

1931 Crossley Bugatti

Crossley-Bugatti 1923–1925

1919 Old Vintage Cann Coachwork Crossley Saloon Cabriolet Car Photo Print AD

20/70 sports 1922–1926

1926 Crossley Auto

18/50 1925–1927

1928 Crossley Six

20.9 hp 1927–1931

15.7 hp 1928–1931

Golden 1930–1935

1934 crossley silver tourer

Silver 1930–1934

Ten 1931–1934

Streamline 1933

Sports Saloon 1934–1937

1935 Crossley Regis ad a 1935 Crossley Regis ad 1935 Crossley Regis

Regis 1934–1937

Pictures:

$T2eC16N,!)kFIeCF5-fsBSIEsho03g--60_57 3b 4-1927 April - ROLLS ROYCE CROSSLEY VAUXHALL BRITISH MOTOR CAR - LONDON TIMES 1906 Crossley 1 1906 Crossley 1906-10 Crossley 40 Hp a 1906-10 Crossley 40 Hp b 1906-10 Crossley 40 Hp 1909 Crossley 20-25 1909 Crossley 1909-19 Crossley 20 Hp ,20,25 a 1909-19 Crossley 20 Hp ,20,25 b 1909-19 Crossley 20 Hp ,20,25 c ambulance 1909-1925 Crossley 20-25 British Car Photo Spec Sheet Info ATLAS CARD 1912 crossley 15hp shelsley painting 1912 Crossley Model 15 from Shuttleworth Collection 1912 Crossley 1914 Ad Crossley Motors Car Auto Of Gas Engine Fame 1914 Crossley 20-25 Tender from Shuttleworth Collection 1914 Crossley 20-25НР (RFC) 1915 Crossley Vital 1916 Crossley Motors Automobile Let Your Next Car Be a Crossley ad 1918 Crossley 1919 Old Vintage Cann Coachwork Crossley Saloon Cabriolet Car Photo Print AD 1919 Original Vintage CROSSLEY rfc R.F.C Automobile CAR S. G. Hearn Art Print AD 1920 Crossley 9T 25-30 HP Phaeton 1920 CROSSLEY 25-30HP Car Stamps (Leaders of the World Auto 100) 1920 crossley sam 1922 L8-61 Lambert, Motor Cars, 1922, #4 Crossley 1922 Willys Overland Crossley ad 1923 Willys Overland Crossley Truck a 1923 Willys Overland Crossley Truck 1926 Crossley Auto 1926 WIllys Overland Crossley 1 ton Flatbed Truck 1927 Crossley BGV 1927 Willys Overland Crossley a 1927 Willys Overland Crossley Drophead 1927 Willys Overland Crossley 1928 0827 Crossley eagle 1928 Crossley Eagle 1928 Crossley Six 1928 Crossley-Eagle-Motor-Coach-1928-Majestic-Coaches-Manchester 1928 March - CROSSLEY - BEAN - R.A.C. -SIMONS BRITISH MOTOR CAR LONDON TIMES 1928 March - CROSSLEY - BEAN - R.A.C. -SIMONS BRITISH MOTOR CAR LONDON TIMESa 1928 Willys Knight-Crossley 70A tourer 1928 Willys Overland Crossley OBJ1 1928 Willys Overland Crossley Whippet 1928 Willys-Overland-Crossley 1929 Crossley Alpha front 1929 Crossley doubledeck v148-p491b 1929 CROSSLEY 'Six' Limousine Auto AD - Vintage Art Deco Car ADVERT 1929 Vital-Crossley 1929 Willys-Knight Six 1930 0509ERBT-Crossley 1930 Crossley J Type ambulance 1930 Willys Overland Crossley plant, Heaton Chapel, Stockport, UK a 1930 Willys Overland Crossley plant, Heaton Chapel, Stockport, UK 1931 Crossley Bugatti 1932 crossley 10hp saloon 1932 Crossley 10hp torquay saloon 1932 CROSSLEY CONDOR c1932 1934 crossley silver tourer 1934 CROSSLEY 'Two-Litre' Auto Print AD - Vintage Car ADVERT 1934 Willys Overland Crossley Sedan 1935 Crossley 6 wheeled + hooper body 1935 Crossley Regis ad a 1935 Crossley Regis ad 1935 Crossley Regis 1935 Crossley Streamline (2) 1935 Crossley streamline 1936 Crossley 3litre golden saloon 1936 CROSSLEY RANGE FOR 1936 - Car Sales Brochure - 1936 1936 Crossley Regis Saloon A-Cross4 1936 Motor Cars #14 Crossley 10 Regis Saloon - EX 1938 Willys Overland Crossley 1939 Crosley. 1939 Crossley 1940 Crosley Foldout-01 1940 Crosley Foldout-02 1940 Crosley Foldout-07 1940 Crosley 1940 Crosley_Convertible_35ci_12HP_2Cylinder 1941 Crosley 01 1941 Crosley 02 1942 Crosley 1947 Crosley Cab 1947 Crosley convertible 1947 Crossley cc sedan 1947 Crossley sedan-convert 1947 Crossley station wagon 1948 0102CM-Crossley 1948 Crosley 01 1948 Crosley 02 1948 Crosley 04 1948 Crosley CC Wagon 1948 Crosley s 1948 Crossley belgia 1949 Crosley Farm-O-Road Original Prototype (GB) 1949 Crosley Foldout-03 1949 Crosley Hotshot a 1949 Crossley convirtible 01 1949 Crossley DD42 ex Manchester City Transport 1949 Crossley hot shot ad 1949 Crossley hot shot 1949 Crossley p-u 1949 Crossley station wagon 1949 Crossley sw01 1949 CrossleyDD42-1949 1950 Crosley Little Chief fire truck 1950 Crosley station wagon on display at the Central Texas Museum of Automotive History 1950 Crossley roadster 1950 mr213 MOTOR RACING 1950 Alta Crossley British GP motorsport car photo 1951 Crosley Super Sport 1951 Crossley sedan 1952 Crosley cover 1952 Crosley station wagon, Crosley “Scorpion” 1952 Crosley Super Roadster. 1952 Crosley Super Station Wagon. 1952 Crossley hot shot 1954 CMS-Crossley 1960 Manchester Corporation Transport services Alvis Saladin RAF Museum Cosford Armoured Car Crossley Mark I bluescript Crosley 15hp tourer Crosley CoBra Block and Valve Cover Crosley CoBra Engine Complete with Transmission Crosley Farm-O-Road Crosley racing engine with a supercharger Crossley 2ltr sportssaloon Crossley 14 saloon Crossley 14hp-green Crossley 15.7 tourer ref 32-48 Crossley 15hp 4 seat tourer Crossley 15hp Shelsley ref 45-30 Crossley 15hp with ambulance body Crossley 18-50 enclosed limousine Crossley 19.6 coupe ref 42-39 Crossley 19.6 coupe Crossley 20.9 col Crossley 20.9 Crossley 20-25 in use as a station taxi Crossley 20-25 Royal Flying Corps Staff car Crossley 20-70 Crossley 25-30 manchester Crossley 25-30bus Crossley armoured car Crossley B Crossley Bugatti in two-seater form Crossley D2E1 armoured car Crossley Eagle bus Crossley logo Crossley SD42 bus Crossley Single deck bus Crossley Staff Car RAF Crossley Tender at Vimy Ridge Crossley truck - BK3298 at Kirkby Steven 2014 - IMG 5576 IWM-KID-6259-Crossley-Armoured-Car Overland Crossley Manchester Removal Van s-l1600 Vickers Crossley armoured car Willys Model 91 Willys Overland Crossley a Willys Overland Knight Registry Willys-Overland, Crossley Limousine

Buses

1928 0827 Crossley eagle 1928 Crossley Eagle 1928 Crossley-Eagle-Motor-Coach-1928-Majestic-Coaches-ManchesterEagle 1928–1930

Hawk 1929

1929 Crossley Alpha frontSix/Alpha 1930–1931

1932 CROSSLEY CONDOR c1932Condor 1930–1934

Mancunian 1933–1940

  • TDD4 (Trolleybus) 1935–1942
  • TDD6 (Trolleybus) 1935–1942
  • DD42 1942–1953
  • SD42 1946–1952
  • PT42 1946–1949
  • TDD42 Empire (Trolleybus) 1948–1951
  • TDD64 Dominion (Trolleybus) 1948–1951

Military vehicles

 Japanese Special Naval Landing Force Vickers Crossley armoured car in Shanghai.
  • 20/25 1912–1920
  • BGT 1923
  • IGL 4 wheel 1923–1926
  • IGL 6 wheel 1927–1931
  • BGV 1927–1929
  • IGA Armoured car 1928–1929
  • FWD 1940–1945

Commercial vehicles

  • 15cwt van 1913
  • 14 hp van 1925
  • 15cwt 1927
  • Atlas 1931
  • Beta 1933
  • Delta 1931–1937

See also

References

  1. ^ Jump up to:a b Eyre, Heaps & Townsin 2002
  2. Jump up^ Foreman-Peck, Bowden & McKinlay 1995, p. 14
  3. Jump up^ Nick Georgano (ed.), Britain’s Motor Industry, The First Hundred Years, (Yeovil: G.T. Foulis and Company, 1995), p.73; Slater’s Royal National Commercial Directory of Manchester and Salford With Their Vicinities, (Manchester: Isaac Slater, 1874 edn.)
  4. Jump up^ Society of Motor Manufacturers’ Exhibition at the Crystal Palace, The Automotor Journal, 13 February 1904, p180
  5. Jump up^ K. Bhaskar, The Future of the UK Motor Industry, (London: Kogan Page, 1979), p. 240; S. W. Stevens-Stratten, Trucks in Camera: AEC, (London: Ian Allan, 1984), pp. 19, 43
  6. ^ Jump up to:a b c Harding (ed) (1977). Guinness book of car facts and feats. London: Guinness Superlatives. ISBN 0-900424-54-0.
  7. Jump up^ “Capetown to Cairo by Motor”. The Brisbane Courier (National Library of Australia). 29 August 1924. p. 14. Retrieved 27 August 2012.

Other sources

  • Eyre, Michael; Heaps, Chris; Townsin, Alan (2002), Crossley, OPC, ISBN 0-86093-574-4
  • Foreman-Peck, James; Bowden, Sue; McKinlay, Alan (1995), The British Motor Industry, Manchester University Press
  • Holmes, Harry (2004), Avro – The history of an Aircraft Company, The Crowood Press, ISBN 1-86126-651-0
  • Fairney, Bill, The Knife & Fork Man, ISBN 978-0-9554455-0-7

External links

Crosley

This article is about an American brand of automobile. For the British vehicle manufacturer, see Crossley Motors. For the American brand of audio technology, see Crosley Radio Corporation.

1940 Crosley

 A 1940 Crosley

The Crosley was an automobile manufactured by the Crosley Corporation and later by Crosley Motors Incorporated in the United States intermittently from 1939 to 1952.

History

1948 Crosley CC Wagon

 1948 Crosley CC Wagon

1952 Crosley Super Roadster.

 1952 Crosley Super Roadster.

Industrialist Powel Crosley, Jr., of Cincinnati, Ohio, owner of Crosley Broadcasting Corporation and the Cincinnati Reds baseball team, had ambitious plans to build a subcompact car and with the able assistance of his younger, graduate engineer brother Lewis Crosley, developed assembly plants at Richmond, Indiana, and Marion, Indiana. In May 1939, the first car was shown at the Indianapolis Speedway. It was a two-door convertible that weighed under 1,000-pound (454 kg) and sold for US$250. It did not achieve sales success, but in 1941 more body styles were introduced.

The chassis had an 80-inch (2,032 mm) wheelbase using half-elliptic springs with beam axle in front and quarter-elliptic springs in the rear. The power came from a two-cylinder Waukesha air-cooled engine that had the fan as an integral part of the flywheel. The engine was connected with a three-speed transmission and then directly via a torque tube to the rear axle, thus eliminating the need for joints. However, this arrangement was judged unreliable, and conventional universal joints were fitted beginning in 1941.

In 1941, the body styles available were expanded to include two- and four-passenger convertibles, a convertible sedan, a station wagon, a panel truck, a pickup, and two models called “Parkway Delivery” (a mini-panel with no roof over the front seat) and “Covered Wagon” (a convertible pickup truck with a removable back seat). Crosley’s first metal-topped sedan (the Liberty Sedan) was introduced for 1942.

During World War II, the Crosley became attractive because of gasoline rationing and the good mileage it could achieve: 50 miles per US gallon (4.7 L/100 km; 60 mpg-imp). Crosley was the last company to cease production of civilian vehicles in 1942, partly to aid Crosley sales to facilitate fuel conservation, and partly because the War Production Board needed time to determine a use for Crosley’s small factories.

Civilian car production resumed at the Marion facility in 1946 with the new, larger and aerodynamic CC model, designed by the firm of Sundberg & Ferar of Royal Oak, Michigan. (The Richmond facility had been sold during the war years.)

Crosley Farm-O-Road

 Crosley Farm-O-Road

Crosley introduced several “firsts” in the American automobile industry, including the first use of the term ‘Sport Utility‘ in 1948 (albeit on an open model based on the wagon, not a wagon on a truck chassis); first mass-market single overhead camshaft (SOHC) engine in 1946; first slab-sided postwar car, also in 1946; first all steel-bodied wagon in 1947; first American car to be fitted with 4-wheel caliper type disc brakes in the 1949 model year (Chrysler Imperial introduced four-wheel disc brakes as standard equipment on Crown Imperials at the beginning of the 1949 model year, but they were not of the caliper type); and the first American sports car, the Hotshot, in the 1949 model year. 1950 brought the Farm-O-Road model, a 63-inch (1,600 mm) wheelbase utility vehicle predictive of the John Deere Gator and other UTVs.

Pre-war production with Waukesha air-cooled I2 engine:

  • 1939: Series 1A including convertible Coupe and convertible Sedan
  • 1940: Series 2A including Sedan, Deluxe Sedan, Coupe, Covered Wagon, and Station Wagon
  • 1941: Series CB41 including Sedan, Deluxe Sedan, Coupe, Covered Wagon, and Station Wagon
  • 1942: Series CB42 including Convertible Sedan, Deluxe Sedan, Convertible Coupe, and Station Wagon (all 2-Doors)

1951 Crosley Super Sport

 1951 Crosley Super Sport

1952 Crosley Super Station Wagon.

 1952 Crosley Super Station Wagon.

Post-war production with CoBra water-cooled I4 engine

  • 1946: CC Four including Sedan and Coupe
  • 1947: CC Four including Sedan, Coupe, and Wagon 2-Door
  • 1948: CC Four including Sedan, Sport Utility Sedan, convertible Coupe, and Wagon

Post-war production with CIBA water-cooled I4 engine

  • 1949: CD Four including Deluxe Sedan, Coupe, Station Wagon, Pickup Truck and Panel Truck; VC Four including Hotshot Roadster and Super Sports Roadster
  • 1950: CD Four including Sedan, Super Sedan, Coupe, Super Coupe, Station Wagon, Super Station Wagon; VC Four including Hotshot Roadster and Super Sports Roadster; FR Four including Farm-O-Road (in various submodels)
  • 1951: CD Four including Business Coupe, Super Sedan, Station Wagon, Super Station Wagon, Super Coupe; VC Four including Hotshot Roadster and Super Sports Roadster; and FR Four including Farm-O-Road.
  • 1952: CD Four including Standard Business Coupe, Super Sedan, Station Wagon, Super Station Wagon, Super Coupe; VC Four including Hotshot Roadster and Super Sports Roadster; FR Four including Farm-O-Road. (Crosley, Encyclopedia of American Cars, 2003,)

With 24,871 cars sold, Crosley’s best year was 1948. Sales began to slip in 1949, and adding the Crosley Hotshot and a combination farm tractor-Jeep-like vehicle called the Farm-O-Road in 1950, could not stop the decline. In 1952, only 1522 Crosley vehicles were sold. Production ceased after the July 3rd shift that year, and the plant was sold to the General Tire and Rubber Company. A plan to sell the Crosley auto concern to Nash failed to materialize, when Nash merged with Hudson.(Nash, Club Newsletter 1986, Vol. 1)

1948 Specs.

Engine HP Transmission Wheelbase Length weight MPG
44 cu in (724 cc) 4-cylinder[3] 26.5 3-speed manual 80 in (2,032 mm) 145 in (3,683 mm) 1,155 lb (524 kg) 35 mpg-US (6.7 L/100 km; 42 mpg-imp)-50 mpg-US (4.7 L/100 km; 60 mpg-imp)

Regardless of its short life and small size, the Hotshot is well remembered as a phenomenal sports car within its class. A Hotshot won the 1950 Sam Collier Memorial Sebring Grand Prix of Endurance Six Hours, (averaging a blistering 52 mph) and a Siata 300 fitted with Crosley power won the SCCA’s 12 hour Vero Beach race. Throughout, the 1950s Crosley engines dominated 750 cc sports car racing, winning 10 out of 12 SCCA west-coast races alone.

Engines

Crosley CoBra Engine Complete with Transmission

 Crosley CoBra Engine Complete with Transmission

The original engine is the Waukesha Model 150 Cub Twin, a 580 cc air-cooled L-head opposed twin-cylinder engine built by Waukesha Engines of Waukesha, Wisconsin, and used from 1939 through 1942. It was replaced in 1946 with the CoBra (for “Copper Brazed”), a 724 cc overhead-cam four with a 2.5 in (63.5 mm) bore and 2.25 in (57.2 mm) stroke. That engine in turn was replaced in 1949 by the new and more reliable CIBA (Crosley Cast Iron Block Assembly) engine utilizing five main bearings.

Crosley CoBra (1946–1949)

Crosley CoBra Block and Valve Cover

 Crosley CoBra Block and Valve Cover

The CoBra (Copper Brazed, also known as “The Mighty Tin”) was originally developed by Lloyd Taylor, of Taylor Engines in California, for military use aboard PT boats and B-17 Flying Fortress bombers. The engine was made from sheet metal rather than cast iron like most other engines. This was done to get a thin, uniform wall thickness and thus avoid the creation of hot spots around the combustion chamber that could ignite the fuel, causing pre-ignition (knocks), which in turn limited the compression ratio. These engines were used mainly to power generators, refrigeration compressors, etc., and were widely praised for their successes in the war effort.

The engine was adopted for automobile use in 1946. It was a small, lightweight engine with single overhead camshaft driven by two sets of bevel gears and a vertical shaft at the front of the block. The unitary block and cylinder head weighed only 14.8 pounds (6.7 kg) dry; complete with all accessories (including the flywheel) weighing only 133 pounds (60 kg). The engine displaced 44 cu in (724 cc) and produced 26.5 hp (20 kW) at 5,400 rpm. Longevity was measured in hours and was strictly controlled by equipment maintenance schedules for the wartime duties, but corrosion became a problem for these engines in civilian service. This problem with these automotive powerplants had tarnished Crosley’s reputation by 1948.

CIBA (1949–1952; 1955)

Crosley racing engine with a supercharger

 Crosley racing engine with a supercharger

The CIBA (Crosley Cast Iron Block Assembly) was a more traditional and more reliable engine utilizing a cast-iron block. When Crosley Motors, Inc. was sold, the engine was renamed “AeroJet” and production continued. Production of the AeroJet ended in 1955 and the engine rights were sold to Fageol and later to a series of different companies ending in 1972 with the Fisher-Pierce Bearcat 55. Maritime modifications mostly included increasing displacement and converting the engine to operate with a vertical axis.

In Europe the Crosley CIBA would be used to great advantage in 750cc sports car class, eventually maturing to a double overhead camshaft (DOHC) design used in the Bandini 750 sport internazionale as well as Nardi 750LM and Siata Amica.

Notable Crosley owners

See also

Further reading

  • Rusty McClure (2006). Crosley – Two Brothers and a Business Empire That Transformed the Nation, published by Clerisy Press, ISBN 978-1-57860-322-0

References

  1. ^ Jump up to:a b Genat, Robert and Newhardt, David. American Cars of the 1950s. Motorbooks. p. 164. ISBN 978-1-4508-0642-8.
  2. Jump up^ Githens, Perry, ed. (September 1949). “New Crosley Roadster Strips Down to Racer”. Popular Science. Vol. 155 no. 3. p. 120. Retrieved April 10, 2015.
  3. ^ Jump up to:a b Kimes, Beverly (1996). standard catalog of American Cars 1805-1942. Krause publications. ISBN 0-87341-428-4.
  4. Jump up^ “Directory Index: Crosley/1948_Crosley/1948_Crosley_Foldout”. Oldcarbrochures.com. Retrieved 2011-11-20.
  5. Jump up^ Sam Collier Memorial Sebring Grand Prix of Endurance Six Hours http://www.racingsportscars.com, Retrieved on 31 July 2012
  6. Jump up^ The auto editors of Consumer Guide. “1949-1952 Crosley Hotshot and Super Sports”. HowStuffWorks, Inc. Retrieved 2012-07-31.
  7. Jump up^ Simanaitis, Dennis (January 1994). Bryant, Thos L., ed. “Tech Tidbits”. Road & Track (Newport Beach, CA US: Hachette Filipacchi Magazines) 45 (6): 121. ISSN 0035-7189.
  8. ^ Jump up to:a b c Simanaitis 1994, p. 121.

External links

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kromhout reclame

Scheepswerf

1924 Kromhout B-76691924 Kromhout B-7669Toch begon het met een heel ander product. Het begon in de 18e eeuw, met de aanschaf van een werf, waar jarenlang houten zeilschepen werden gemaakt. Daar komt ook de naam “Kromhout” vandaan: het is het “kromme hout” dat bij uitstek geschikt is om een scheepsspant van te maken. In diverse plaatsen, zoals Dordrecht, zijn straten te vinden met de naam Kromhout. Dit duidt op de aanwezigheid van een scheepswerf in het verleden.1926 Asjes-Minerva-Kromhout1926 Asjes-Minerva-Kromhout1927 kromhout autocar1927 kromhout autocarOp 11 maart 1867 werd de werf ‘t Kromhout op de Hoogte Kadijk gekocht door Daniël Goedkoop. Later zetten zijn zonen het bedrijf voort. Toen stoomboten in opkomst waren, ging werf ‘t Kromhout over op ijzeren stoomschepen. Rond 1900 lukte het een ingenieur bij Kromhout om een zogenaamde Ottomotor te laten werken. Bijna gelijktijdig begon men met het inbouwen van deze motoren in vrachtauto‘s en boten (voornamelijk opduwers). Deze 1-cilinder benzinemotoren van 2, 4 en 6 pk waren weinig succesvol door de gecompliceerde bediening.1929 htm 66 minerva-kromhout-arm1929 htm 66 minerva-kromhout-arm1930 kromhout autocar a1930 kromhout autocarOok de vierslagpetroleummotoren voor de binnenvaart, die vanaf 1904 werden geproduceerd, sloegen niet aan. Op de RAI-tentoonstelling van 1905 kon echter een 12 pk-scheepsmotor worden getoond die wel een succes was. Er werd toen ook gestart met de serie-fabricage van motoren. Hiervoor was een nauwkeurige fabricage van de onderdelen nodig zodat ze onderling uitwisselbaar waren.1929 ESA 8 REO. Kromhout. Hainje1929 ESA 8 REO. Kromhout. Hainje

Motorenfabriek

1930 Kromhout Verehagen1930 Kromhout VerehagenIn 1908 verhuisde de motorenafdeling van Kromhout naar een nieuwe fabriek aan de Ketelstraat in de Nieuwendammerham in Amsterdam-Noord, grenzend aan het IJ. De achtergebleven scheepswerf aan de Hoogte Kadijk werd in 1911 overgenomen door het naastliggende scheepswerf.1933 Kromhout 04-kromhout1933 KromhoutIn 1911 ging Kromhout een nieuw ontwerp tweetact motor produceren, de R.O.-Kromhoutmotor van 35 pk. R.O. stond voor Ruwe Olie en dat betekende dat de motor op veel verschillende brandstoffen (van petroleum tot gasolie) kon lopen. Al snel moest de fabriek uitgebreid worden, vanwege de grote vraag naar deze motoren. Een volgend eigen ontwerp was de Hogedrukmotor uit 1926. Door de crisis aan het begin van de jaren 30 kwamen minder bestellingen binnen en werden de financiële reserves uitgeput. Toen is Kromhout de Engelse Gardner-motoren in licentie gaan bouwen. Deze motoren werden toegepast in onder meer in autobussen, vrachtwagen en tractoren.1936 9-1 Kromhout 5LW Groenewold.1936 9-1 Kromhout 5LW Groenewold.

Productie vrachtwagens en bussen

In 1935 kwam Kromhout met eigen trucks op de markt. Het eerste zelfgebouwde chassis was voor een autobus van de NACO. Een verscheidenheid aan chassis’ en motoren voor vrachtauto’s en bussen zorgde ervoor dat Kromhout een grote populariteit genoot.1936 Kromhout TB5 Werkspoor Tet 0701936 Kromhout TB5 Werkspoor Tet 070

Vliegtuigmotoren

1936 Kromhout-1936-img4701936 Kromhout TrekkerIn licentie werden ook de Engelse Armstrong-Siddeley-motoren voor vliegtuigen gemaakt. Van deze 165 pk sterke motoren heeft Fokker er in 1939 vijftig in lesvliegtuigen gebouwd. Dit succes leidde tot een eigen ontwerp voor een vliegtuigmotor van Kromhout, de Genet Major Motor, maar door het uitbreken van de Tweede Wereldoorlog is deze nooit toegepast. Tijdens de oorlogstijd zijn houtgasgeneratoren voor auto’s geproduceerd. Aan het eind van de oorlog is het bedrijf, net als veel andere in de buurt, leeggeroofd door de bezetter.1936 Kromhout, Kromhout LW, carr. Verheul, GTM 106 Zwaardvis, M-506511936 Kromhout, Kromhout LW, carr. Verheul, GTM 106 Zwaardvis, M-50651

Wederopbouw

1936 Kromhout-1936-lw-img4691936 Kromhout-Schiedam Fa. v d Ende

I.-Scheepsbouw-1-Kromhout

Na de Tweede Wereldoorlog is het bedrijf weer opgestart, aanvankelijk voor de reparatie van motoren. Daarna werden vele vrachtauto’s en bussen met Kromhout-Gardner-motoren gebouwd voor Nederlandse afnemers. Vooral in het stadsvervoer van Amsterdam Rotterdam en Den Haag reden vele Kromhoutbussen. Bij het streekvervoer was Kromhout echter minder succesvol. De prototypen die geleverd waren aan GADONBM en NTMdochterondernemingen van de Nederlandse Spoorwegen, leidden niet tot verdere bestellingen, want de NS gaf de voorkeur aan het Britse Leyland-product. Hierdoor kreeg Kromhout het steeds moeilijker, mede door de binnenlandse concurrentie van het sterk opkomende DAF.1936 Kromhout, Kromhout LW, carr. Verheul, GTM 107 Stier, M-50652 PB-35-051936 Kromhout, Kromhout LW, carr. Verheul, GTM 107 Stier, M-50652 PB-35-05

Einde 

1936 Kromhout-1936-vlisco-img4701936 Kromhout-Vlisco HelmondIn 1958 stopte Kromhout met de bouw van vrachtauto’s en bussen. Motoren werden nog steeds gemaakt. De productie van trucks werd tot 1962 overgenomen door Verheul, een bekende carrossier. Toen deze er in 1962 mee stopte, kwam er na ongeveer 2000 stuks een eind aan een vermaard merk.1936 Kromhout, Kromhout LW, carr. Verheul, GTM 109+houtgasgen dolly, M-50654 NB-96-071936 Kromhout, Kromhout LW, carr. Verheul, GTM 109+houtgasgen dolly, M-50654 NB-96-07In 1966 werd Kromhout onderdeel van Stork. De productie van de motoren werd overgeheveld naar de motorenfabriek in Zwolle. In 1969 werd de Kromhout-motorenfabriek definitief gesloten. De fabriek in Zwolle is in 1989 overgenomen door Wärtsilä. De fabriekgebouwen zijn daarna door Stork gebruikt voor de productie van machines voor de voedingsmiddelenindustrie. Ook daaraan is een eind gekomen en nu worden de gebouwen gebruikt als evenenmentenhal en voor een restaurant.1936 Kromhout, Kromhout LW, carr. Verheul, GTM 110 Struisvogel, M-50655  PB-44-141936 Kromhout, Kromhout LW, carr. Verheul, GTM 110 Struisvogel, M-50655 PB-44-14

Kromhoutmuseum

1937 Amsterdam Kromhout-fabriek1937 Amsterdam Kromhout-fabriek © Schuyt-collectieDe Scheepswerf aan de Hoogte Kadijk is nog tot 1970 in bedrijf geweest. In 1973 is hier het Werfmuseum ’t Kromhout gevestigd met diverse motoren die draaiend kunnen worden bekeken. Verder is er een nog de uit de 19e eeuw stammende originele en werkende smidse.1936 Kromhout, Kromhout LW, carr. Verheul, GTM 111, M-50656  PB-34-651936 Kromhout, Kromhout LW, carr. Verheul, GTM 111, M-50656 PB-34-65Veel vissersschepen hadden vroeger een Kromhout-motor. Dit wordt bezongen in het nummer Stampen en rollen van de band Zijlstra.1937 Bus 8 Kromhout TB-5 Tramcoach-Werkspoor (Afgevoerd 1950) op het Van Loenshof te Enschede als Lijn Z naar Oldenzaal._1937 Bus 8 Kromhout TB-5 Tramcoach-Werkspoor (Afgevoerd 1950) op het Van Loenshof te Enschede als Lijn Z naar Oldenzaal.1937 ESA 16-1 Kromhout Hainje 5 LW. (Al in 1940 naar D.W)1937 ESA 16-1 Kromhout Hainje 5 LW. (Al in 1940 naar D.W)1937 Kromhout TB-4 - Verheul HTM 1 Amsterdam Kromhout-fabriek1937 Kromhout TB-4 – Verheul HTM 1 Amsterdam Kromhout-fabriek

1937 kromhout  T4  JanDeVries1937 kromhout T4 Jan De Vries

1937 Kromhout TB4 - Verheul, Waddinxveen 1937-19411937 Kromhout TB4 – Verheul, Waddinxveen 1937-19411937 kromhout fam van os1937 kromhout fam van os1937 Kromhout TB5cyl LW - Verheul, Waddinxveen 1937-19411937 Kromhout TB5cyl LW – Verheul, Waddinxveen 1937-19411937 Kromhout B-27501937 Kromhout B-27501937 Kromhout Trambus nr. 81937 Kromhout Trambus nr. 81937 Kromhout-1937-img4731937 Kromhout1937 Kromhout, Kromhout LW Gardner L6W, carr. Verheul, GTM 115 Haas, M-50660 NB-96-081937 Kromhout, Kromhout LW Gardner L6W, carr. Verheul, GTM 115 Haas, M-50660 NB-96-081937 Kromhout-1937-lw-img4751937 Kromhout LW ad1937 Kromhout, Kromhout LW, carr. Verheul, GTM 112, M-50657  PB-35-011937 Kromhout, Kromhout LW, carr. Verheul, GTM 112, M-50657 PB-35-011937 Kromhout-1937-naco-img4631937 Kromhout-naco1937 Kromhout, Kromhout LW, carr. Verheul, GTM 113 Gazel, M-506581937 Kromhout, Kromhout LW, carr. Verheul, GTM 113 Gazel, M-506581937 Kromhout, Kromhout LW, carr. Verheul, GTM 114 Baars, M-50659 PB-07-711937 Kromhout, Kromhout LW, carr. Verheul, GTM 114 Baars, M-50659 PB-07-711937 Kromhout, Kromhout LW, carr. Verheul, GTM 116+Krupp aanh+houtgasgen, M-506611937 Kromhout, Kromhout LW, carr. Verheul, GTM 116+Krupp aanh+houtgasgen, M-506611937 Kromhout, Kromhout LW, carr. Verheul, GTM 117 Eekhoorn, M-50662 PB-07-701937 Kromhout, Kromhout LW, carr. Verheul, GTM 117 Eekhoorn, M-50662 PB-07-701937 T.E.T. bus 10 kent. E-18741 Kromhout TB4L carr. Den Oudsten en Domburg. Fabrieksfoto nieuw1937 T.E.T. bus 10 kent. E-18741 Kromhout TB4L carr. Den Oudsten en Domburg. Fabrieksfoto nieuw. E-187411938 ESA 9-1 Kromhout 5 LW Hainje1938 ESA 9-1 Kromhout 5 LW Hainje A-35I721938 Autocar-Kromhout-Geesink brandweerwagen1938 Autocar-Kromhout-Geesink brandweerwagen1938 kromhout 112 Beijnes1938 kromhout 112 Beijnes1938 egmo 12 kromhout1938 egmo 12 kromhout hilversum1938 Kromhout Hainje1938 Kromhout Hainje1938 Kromhout Autocar 1231 Geesink-Magirus1938 Kromhout Autocar 1231 Geesink-Magirus1938 Kromhout de Rijke Spijkenisse1938 Kromhout de Rijke Spijkenisse1938 Kromhout LW B-6 VB 2 Werkspoor GTW 146 Meeuw1938 Kromhout LW B-6 VB 2 Werkspoor GTW 146 Meeuw1938 kromhout-Autocar JanDeVries1938 kromhout-Autocar Jan De Vries1938 Kromhout-Autocar Oude brandweerwagen in het Brandweermuseum in Hellevoetsluis1938 Kromhout-Autocar Oude brandweerwagen in het Brandweermuseum in Hellevoetsluis1938 Kromhout-HTM-img4721938 Kromhout-HTM1938 Kromhout TB-6C - Verheul1938 Kromhout TB-6C – Verheul1938 Kromhout Vuilniswagen1938 Kromhout Vuilniswagen1938 Kromhout LW TB4 carr van Rooijen-Verheul ZEGO1938 Kromhout LW TB4 carr van Rooijen-Verheul ZEGO1938 kromhout21938 kromhout1939 Kromhout 11 met carrosserie van Verheul.1939 Kromhout 11 met carrosserie van Verheul.I.-Scheepsbouw-1-Kromhout‘t Kromhout Scheepsmotoren1939 Kromhout nr. 13 met carrosserie van Verheul.1939 Kromhout nr. 13 met carrosserie van Verheul.

1939 Kromhout + Schommelasoplegger

1939 Kromhout + Schommelasoplegger1939 Kromhout TB-4LK Verheul NB-19-561939 Kromhout TB-4LK Verheul NB-19-561939 Kromhout 11939 Kromhout1939 Kromhout-Verheul TB5 Instructiebus 146 NB-47-41 1939, Churchillaan Amsterdam 19551939 Kromhout-Verheul TB5 Instructiebus 146 NB-47-41 1939, Churchillaan Amsterdam 19551939 Kromhout Althuisius comb NA-27-851939 Kromhout Althuisius comb NA-27-851939 Kromhout en Crosley van de FRE van Hielke Kramer1939 Kromhout en Crosley van de FRE van Hielke Kramer1939 Kromhout1939 Kromhout1939 kromhout-1939-t-5-lw-diesel-img41939 kromhout-t-5-lw-diesel1939 Kromhout-1939-thermo-img4641939 Kromhout-thermo1939 kromhout-t5-gelder-im1939 kromhout-t5-gelder1940 Kromhout nr. 12 met carrosserie van Verheul. Kenteken E-37510. Uit dienst 19581940 Kromhout nr. 12 met carrosserie van Verheul. Kenteken E-37510. Uit dienst 19581940 Kromhout1940 Shipsengine kromhout

1940 Kromhout B-6 VB 2 carr Verheul GTW 175

1940 Kromhout B-6 VB 2 carr Verheul GTW 1751940 Kromhout TB4S carr. Hainje Heerenveen B-245951940 Kromhout TB4S carr. Hainje Heerenveen B-245951940 T.E.T. bus 24 Kromhout-Verheul met aangebouwde houtgasgenerator.1940 T.E.T. bus 24 Kromhout-Verheul met aangebouwde houtgasgenerator.1941 Kromhout TB5 LW - Verheul, Waddinxveen1941 Kromhout TB5 LW – Verheul, Waddinxveen1942 Kromhout-Beijnes 141 op de Hofweg foto van Jan Voerman1942 Kromhout-Beijnes 141 op de Hofweg foto © Jan Voerman1946 Beynes-kromhout1946 Beynes-Kromhout

1946 Kromhout KromhoutB-6 VB2 Verheul carr GTW174

1946 Kromhout Kromhout B-6 VB2 Verheul carr GTW1741946 Kromhout TB-4 - Beijnes HTM 105 1946 Stationsweg1946 Kromhout TB-4 – Beijnes HTM 105 1946 Stationsweg © Jan Voerman1946 Kromhout TB-4 - Beijnes HTM 120 Viaductweg 1946 Kromhout TB-4 – Beijnes HTM 120 Viaductweg © Jan Voerman1947 De enige echte Kromhout die als brandweerwagen was opgebouwd1947 De enige echte volledige Kromhout die als brandweerwagen was opgebouwd1947 Federal met kromhout motor Ketelaars 0021947 Federal met kromhout motor Ketelaars 0021947 Kromhout 919 kusters-oplegger-philips-21947 Kromhout 919 Kusters-oplegger-philips1947 Kromhout Verheul de Oranje1947 Kromhout Verheul de OranjeWhite-chassis waar men een Kromhout motorWhite-chassis waar men een Kromhout motor in gezet heeftTrucks KromhoutKromhout motor Autocar Chassis1948 Bus 2 met Kenteken E-51548. Kromhout met carrosserie van Verheul. Opname voor station NS Enschede1948 Bus 2 met Kenteken E-51548. Kromhout met carrosserie van Verheul. Opname voor station NS Enschede1948 kieft kromhout1948 kieft kromhout1948 Kromhout NB-47-521948 Kromhout NB-47-52logo1948 Kromhout Jumbo Bolsward1948 Kromhout Jumbo Bolsward1948 Kromhout nr. 20 (1) met carrosserie van Domburg en Den Oudsten. In 1948 carrosserie van Verheul1938/1948 Kromhout nr. 20 (1) met carrosserie van Domburg en Den Oudsten. In 1948 carrosserie van Verheul1948 Kromhout zwaar transport - Lommerts1948 Kromhout zwaar transport – Lommerts1948 Kromhout TB 5T 5LW - Verheul, Waddinxveen 1948-19501948 Kromhout TB 5T 5LW – Verheul, Waddinxveen 1948-19501948 Kromhout Vrachtwagens1948 Kromhout Vrachtwagens

1948 Kromhout TB-5 - Beijnes Kromhout 175-Leiden1948 Kromhout TB-5 – Beijnes Kromhout 175-Leiden © Frank Faber

1948 Kromhout 8 (lijn U) en 123 (lijn M) op de Kijkduinsestraat1948 Kromhout 8 (lijn U) en 123 (lijn M) op de Kijkduinsestraat © Jan Voerman

1948 Kromhout Van Swieten

1948 Kromhout Van Swieten1948 Kromhout Verheul Willem Ruys1948 Kromhout Verheul Willem Ruyskh_logo_home

1949 Kromhout AVEK Ledikanten en Matrassenfabriek Surhuisterveen B-356631949 Kromhout AVEK Ledikanten en Matrassenfabriek Surhuisterveen B-35663

1949 Kromhout Althuisius comb NA-27-851949 Kromhout Althuisius combination NA-27-851949 Kromhout B6-VB2 Nr. 1 met carrosserie van Verheul. In 1956 vernummerd tot 101. In 1959 verkocht aan Koopmans te Rot_1949 Kromhout B6-VB2 Nr. 1 met carrosserie van Verheul. In 1956 vernummerd tot 101. In 1959 verkocht aan Koopmans te Rotterdam.1949 Kromhout Bulthuis1949 Kromhout Bulthuis1949 Kromhout B6VB2 nr. 1 met carrosserie van Verheul. Rechts een Guy-Arab op weg naar Glanerbrug. Opname in 1949 Gronau1949 Kromhout B6VB2 nr. 1 met carrosserie van Verheul. Rechts een Guy-Arab op weg naar Glanerbrug. Opname in 1949 Gronau.1949 Kromhout Resnova1949 Kromhout Resnova1949 Kromhout nr.19 met tweede karrosserie van Hainje1949 Kromhout nr.19 met tweede karrosserie van Hainje1949 Kromhout trekker no 16 Vato1949 Kromhout trekker no 16 Vato1949 TET bus 14 Kromhout met carrosserie Domburg en Den Oudsten. In 1949 nieuwe carrosserie van Verheul.1947 TET bus 14 Kromhout met carrosserie Domburg en Den Oudsten. In 1949 nieuwe carrosserie van Verheul.1949 Kromhout van Noort Leiden1949 Kromhout van Noort LeidenTrucks Kromhout AmsterdamAutocar Kromhout1950 Kromhout Hainje NB 35 431950 Kromhout Hainje NB 35 431950 Kromhout 11950 Kromhout1950 Kromhout Jongerius 0761950 Kromhout Jongerius 0761950 Kromhout 21950 Kromhout1950 KROMHOUT TANDEMASSER DIEPLADER MET LOC DOORNBOS fs1950 KROMHOUT TANDEMASSER DIEPLADER MET LOC DOORNBOS fs1950 Kromhout Vogelsang1950 Kromhout Vogelsang1950 Kromhout-Verheul VB10 RETKromhout-Verheul VB10 RETkromhout1auto embleem kl.jpg-for-web-normal1951 KROMHOUT B6VB21951 KROMHOUT B6VB2OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA1951 Kromhout truck1951 Kromhout met carrosserie van Verheul. Opname 1955 op lijn Glanerbrug-Almelo.1951 Kromhout met carrosserie van Verheul. Opname 1955 op lijn Glanerbrug-Almelo.1951 Kromhout Wolst NL1951 Kromhout Wolst NL © Alex Miedema1951 Kromhout B6VB2 film1951 Kromhout B6VB2 Jansen Paris film1951 Kromhout-1951-marbe-img4671951 Kromhout Marbe Gelco1951 Kromhout B6VB2 a1951 Kromhout B6VB21951 Kromhout-1951-v5-becht-img1951 Kromhout-v5-Becht en Dyserinck NVAdvertentie Kromhout1952 227+Nieuwe+Bus+bij+Kromhout1952 227Nieuwe Bus bij Kromhout1952 Kromhout 2 Hempenius Sneek1952 Kromhout 2 Hempenius Sneek1952 Kromhout B-384861952 Kromhout B-384861952 kromhout 4 0021952 kromhout 4 © Aad Versluis1952 Kromhout carr. De Schelde NB-34-901952 Kromhout carr. De Schelde NB-34-901952 KROMHOUT citerne Hollandais en 19521952 KROMHOUT citerne Hollandais en 19521952 Kromhout carr. Verheul NB-29-031952 Kromhout carr. Verheul NB-29-03Kromhout bus in (slaap)kamer (foto Niestadt)Kromhout bus in (slaap)kamer (foto Niestadt)1952 Kromhout sbs1952 Kromhout sbs1952 Kromhout carr. Verheul NB-39-061952 Kromhout carr. Verheul NB-39-061952 Kromhout carr. Verheul NB-39-081952 Kromhout carr. Verheul NB-39-08OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA1952 Kromhout V6T pic41952 Kromhout TB 4-2 carr. Verheul NB-28-971952 Kromhout TB 4-2 carr. Verheul NB-28-971952 Kromhout van EJ van Dijk utrecht1952 Kromhout van EJ van Dijk utrecht1952 Kromhout TB 4-2 carr. Verheul NB-29-071952 Kromhout TB 4-2 carr. Verheul NB-29-071952 Kromhout V6VB NB-55-771952 Kromhout V6VB NB-55-771952 Kromhout TB-5 - Werkspoor HTM 181 Binckhorst-21952 Kromhout TB-5 – Werkspoor HTM 181 Binckhorst-2 © Jan Voerman1952 Kromhout V6T truck1952 Kromhout V6T truck1952 Kromhout TB-50 - Verheul1952 Kromhout TB-50 – Verheul1952 Kromhout van Swieten1952 Kromhout van Swieten1952 Kromhout TBZ-100 - Verheul 3031952 Kromhout TBZ-100 – Verheul 3031952 Kromhout Visser Zoutkamp.jpg jaren 501952 Kromhout Visser Zoutkamp1952 Kromhout TBZ-100 - VerheulKromhout Loosduinen1952 Kromhout TBZ-100 – Verheul Kromhout Loosduinen © Erik Stam1952 Kromhout Type TB-501952 Kromhout Type TB-50Trucks Kromhout Autocar (2)1952 Kromhout-Hainje NTM 30021952 Kromhout-Hainje NTM 3002PapierHierKromhout1953 Bus 7 (ex 23) E 34933 Kromhout met carrosserie van Verheul heeft de oorlog doorstaan. Opname1938-1953 Bus 7 (ex 23) E 34933 Kromhout met carrosserie van Verheul heeft de oorlog doorstaan. 1953 Kromhout met stoom nr36 VGZ vrachtau1953 Kromhout met stoom nr36 VGZ vrachtauto1953 Kromhout NB-84-181953 Kromhout NB-84-18Kromhout A'dam NLKromhout Amsterdam ad20081118folderkromhout11953 Nekami Maasstricjht Kromhout1953 Nekami Maasstricht Kromhout1953 Kromhout  5 lommerts Zwaar Transport1953 Kromhout 5 lommerts Zwaar Transport1953 kromhout 4-a1953 kromhout 4-a © Aad Versluis1953 Kromhout T-5S is, met 5 cilinder Kromhout dieselmotor, chassisnummer T14521953 Kromhout T-5S is, met 5 cilinder Kromhout dieselmotor, chassisnummer T14521953 Kromhout met stoom nr36 VGZ vracht 21953 Kromhout met stoom nr36 VGZ vracht 2 van Gelder (propably older)1953 Kromhout T 5 zaan expresse1953 Kromhout T 5 zaan expresse1953 KROMHOUT 4X1953 KROMHOUT 4X1953 Kromhout TB50 6HG 108 - Verheul, Waddinxveen A'dam1953 Kromhout TB50 6HG 108 – Verheul, Waddinxveen A’dam1953 Kromhout 9 met carrosserie van Verheul.1953 Kromhout 9 met carrosserie van Verheul.1953 Kromhout Siebeling1953 Kromhout Siebeling1953 Kromhout Shell-kromhout-011953 Kromhout Shell-kromhout1953 Kromhout Philips1953 Kromhout Philips1953 Kromhout Verheul 0161953 Kromhout Verheul1390568963-amsterdam-museum-kromhout-logo

1954 Kromhout TBZ100 carr. Verheul [1954]PB-89-17  Kromhout TBZ100 carr. Verheul NB-76-851954 Kromhout TBZ100 carr. Verheul [1954]PB-89-17 Kromhout TBZ100 carr. Verheul NB-76-85

1954 Kromhout tank combi Bugler

1954 Kromhout tank combi Bugler

1954 Kromhout Roset Terschelling1954 Kromhout Roset Terschelling

1954 Kromhout Trambus Den Bosch1954 Kromhout Trambus Den Bosch

1954 Leyland Royal Tiger Worldmaster- Kromhout TBZ 100- Verheul, Waddinxveen1954 Leyland Royal Tiger Worldmaster- Kromhout TBZ 100- Verheul, Waddinxveen ??

Kromhout logo1955 fotoboek-Loeffen-115-kromhout1955 fotoboek-Loeffen-115-kromhout

1955 Kromhout TBZ-100A - Verheul 315 en PCC10xx Prinsegracht-Brouwersgracht1955 Kromhout TBZ-100A – Verheul 315 en PCC10xx Prinsegracht-Brouwersgracht © Roel Glas

1955 Kromhout Hempenius1955 Kromhout Hempenius

1955 Kromhout Oegema Surhuisterveen1955 Kromhout Oegema Surhuisterveen

1955 Kromhout Rivella1955 Kromhout Rivella

1955 Kromhout, Amsterdam-Noord - Verheul, Waddinxveen1955 Kromhout, Amsterdam-Noord – Verheul, Waddinxveen

1955 Kromhout Web Hollander

1955 Kromhout Web Hollander

1955 kromhout-advert1955 kromhout-advert

1955 Kromhout-scheepsmotor (ships engine)1955 Kromhout-scheepsmotor (ships engine)

1955 kromhout-f01scheepsdieselmotoren adv1955 Kromhout-scheepsmotor (ships engine)

1955 Kromhout-TB5Kromhout-TB5 ?

logo

I.-Scheepsbouw-1-Kromhout1956 Kromhout Douwe Egberts a 1956 Kromhout Douwe Egberts 1956 Kromhout met underfloor motor De Haas 49 filtered De Rode Weduwe 1956 Kromhout van Swieten 1956 Kromhout Web 1956 Kromhout-1956-01 1956 Kromhout-1956-002 1956 Kromhout-1956-003 1956 Kromhout-1956-03 1956 Kromhout-1956-005 1956 Kromhout-1956-006 1956 kromhoutms5 1956 Kromhoutskh_logo_home1957

1957 Kromhout verheul bus30 station Hofplein1957 Kromhout verheul bus30 station Hofplein © R v d Zant

1957 Kromhout Elzo Renkema 1957 Kromhout overzicht 1957 Kromhout TBZ100-Verheul-bus, bouwjaar 1957, HTM 327 1957 Kromhout Verheul-Achteren_jpg 1957 Kromhout-1957-rai-img4651958

1958 Kromhout AMZ-de Muynck 27 1958 Kromhout Eternit 1958 Kromhout HTM Bus 327 1958 KROMHOUT modèle 1958 1958 Kromhout TB-50 - Verheul 7 1958 Kromhout Verheul 327 1958 Kromhout Visser 1958 KROMHOUT1959

1959 kromhout Gebr Hempenius SB-47-61 1959 Redder-Kromhout-kl1960

1960 Kromhout Duikboot bussen161960 Kromhout Duikboot bussen 16

1960 611-2-Kromhout-Verheul

1960 611-2-Kromhout-Verheul

1960 Kromhout Carr. Kusters1960 Kromhout Carr. Kusters

1960 kromhout HTM 3, 22-05-19601960 kromhout HTM 3, 22-05-1960

1960 Kromhout Verheul autobus nr. 6 van het G.E.B.R.U. als lijn 6.1960 Kromhout Verheul autobus nr. 6 van het G.E.B.R.U. als lijn 6.

1960 Kromhout wagenpark 19601960 Kromhout wagenpark

1390568963-amsterdam-museum-kromhout-logo

1961Bus 780, Kromhout-Werkspoor, lijn 45, Kastanjeplein1961 Bus 780, Kromhout-Werkspoor, lijn 45, Kastanjeplein

1961 HTM 52 Kromhout-Verheul Buslijn P Kijkduinsestraat Loosduinen1961 HTM 52 Kromhout-Verheul Buslijn P Kijkduinsestraat Loosduinen

1961 HTM Twee Kromhout-Verheul TB-6C's op buslijn L in 1961 op het Gevers Deynootplein bij de Badhuisweg te Scheveningen.1961 HTM Twee Kromhout-Verheul TB-6C’s op buslijn L in 1961 op het Gevers Deynootplein bij de Badhuisweg te Scheveningen.

1961 Kromhout-TB50 4 van lijn 1 op het Lange Voorhout in 19611961 Kromhout-TB50 4 van lijn 1 op het Lange Voorhout in 1961

1961 Kromhout-Verheul VB10 RET 754 langs het ketelhuis1961 Kromhout-Verheul VB10 RET 754 langs het ketelhuis

1961 Kromhout-Verheul VB10 RET 754 voor de stallingsdeuren1961 Kromhout-Verheul VB10 RET 754 voor de stallingsdeuren

Kromhout Logo 31962

1962 ESA 73  Kromhout Hainje TB 50 (Ex NTM Heerenv.)1962 ESA 73 Kromhout Hainje TB 50 (Ex NTM Heerenv.)

1962 Kromhout BBA bus 903 Breda1962 Kromhout BBA bus 903 Breda

1962 Kromhout 52-09-HF1962 Kromhout 52-09-HF

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA1962 Kromhout-Verheul VB10 RET 770

1965 De geschiedenis van Kromhout1965 De geschiedenis van Kromhout

1966 Kromhout TB-50 - Verheul 71966 Kromhout TB-50 – Verheul 7 © Wil Leebeek

20081118folderkromhout1 1390568963-amsterdam-museum-kromhout-logo 4803851747_efbce5a9d7 Advertentie Kromhout auto embleem kl.jpg-for-web-normal D E   Kromhout OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA holland-industrial-venues-shipyardt-kromhout-amsterdam I.-Scheepsbouw-1-Kromhout kh_logo_home Kromhout 11 Verheul Kromhout 52-09-HF Kromhout 271 Kromhout aa Kromhout A'dam NL Kromhout AMZ-de Muynck 27 Kromhout BBA bus 903 Breda Kromhout Bulthuis Kromhout bus in (slaap)kamer (foto Niestadt) Kromhout by night Kromhout de Rijke Spijkenisse Kromhout en Crosley van de FRE van Hielke Kramer Kromhout exceptioneel transport 300 kromhout fam van os kromhout Gebr Hempenius SB-47-61 Kromhout Hempenius Kromhout Jumbo Bolsward Kromhout logo 2 Kromhout Logo 3 Kromhout logo Kromhout met_stoom_nr36_VGZ_vrachtau Kromhout nr. 5 met carrosserie van Verheul (op demonstratie chassis) Kromhout Oegema Surhuisterveen Kromhout overzicht kromhout reclame Kromhout Resnova Kromhout sbs Kromhout T 5 zaan expresse Kromhout TB-4 - Beijnes HTM 120 Viaductweg Kromhout TB4-Verheul-bus, Enhabo Kromhout TB-6C - Verheul Kromhout TBZ-100A - Verheul 315 en PCC10xx Prinsegracht-Brouwersgracht Kromhout trekker no 16 Vato Kromhout V6 Kromhout van EJ van Dijk utrecht b