Buses PAZ Russia since 1932

                     PAZ                                     Pavlovsky Bus

Logo manufacturer of buses in Russia PAZ

Pavlovsky Bus
Type Public company
Listing on the stock exchange MOEX : PAZA
Year of foundation 1932
Location Flag of Russia.svg Russia : Pavlovsky
Key figures Andrey Vasilyev
Branch Automotive industry ( ISIC2910 )
Production buses
Parent company GAZ Group
Site www.paz-bus.ru
www.autobus.ru

JSC “Pavlovsky Bus” (formerly Pavlovsky Bus Plant. Zhdanov ) – manufacturer of buses of small and middle classes in Russia .Located in Paul’s Nizhny Novgorod region .

01 Truba Zavoda Paz

 One of the production factory buildings

History 

02 Buses in Vologda 84

 PAZ-651 , the first fruits of the plant

The decision to establish a factory to ensure Paul’s Gorky Automobile and other automotive companies driver’s tool and body reinforcement was made ​​in 1930 . In 1932 construction was completed and started production.

April 24, 1952 Resolution of the Government of the USSR motor tool factory in Pavlovsky on-Oka (founded in 1932) has been redeveloped and renamed Pavlovsky Bus Plant (PAZ). Already August 5, 1952 the first five buses first production model bonnet layoutPAZ-651 (GAZ / GZA -651) on the chassis mass truck GAZ-51 came out of the factory gates.

In 1958, started production at the plant first developed a new base model PAZ-652 wagon (cabover) of the two-mnogostvorchatymi doors.

12 November 1968 for the first time in history of bus production without stopping the main assembly line PAZ proceeds to issue developed on the basis of PAZ-652 new base model of the enterprise – PAZ-672 , to produce until 1989. Among its modifications was including all-wheel drive, single-door model terrain PAZ-3201.

In the 1960s, completely formalized main production enterprise concept – to meet the widest layers of consumers by creating the greatest possible number of modifications of the basic model. It was during these years the plant for the first time participating in international exhibitions.

1 December 1989 was started serial production of the most massive in the 1990s – 2000s. the basic model of the plant – the bus PAZ-3205 . To date, developed more than 30 modifications of the bus for various applications (specialized and suites) and designed for use in various climatic conditions. Of them serially produced about ten.

In the late 1990s – early 2000s, have developed new models of buses medium and large classes: PAZ-4230 “Aurora” , ESD-4234 , ESD-4223 , ESD-4228 , ESD-5220 , ESD-5271 , ESD- 5272 , as well as Russia’s first low-floor bus of a small class of PAZ-3237 .

In 2000, were put into operation new facilities for the production of buses and coaches and a large middle class – a three-door PAZ-5272 two-door and PAZ-4230 “Aurora” . Due to competition with the main Russian producers of full-size buses – LiAZ and NefAZ  – production of large buses PAZ-5272 and other large series has not been established. Because of the greater demand in the market for small buses PAZ-4230 average basic model of the plant did not. Its modification KAvZ-4238 technical documentation PAZ mastered in manufacturing small batches as well as licenses in Kurgan on KAVZ .

In 2000 he joined the PAZ engineering holding ” GAZ Group “, which brings together the main producers of buses, trucks and other vehicles in Russia.

National project “Education”
2006
PAZ-32053-70 664
KAvZ-397653 663
Only 1327
03 PAZ school buses Chisinau 02

 School buses PAZ-4234 national project “Education”
04 PAZ 672PAZ-3201 , all-wheel drive bus 1970 – 1980
05 ПАЗ-3205PAZ-3205 , mass small bus from the end of the 1980s
06 PAZ na m124PAZ-3204 , a new small bus from the late 2000s
07 Pavlovo Bus «Aurora» 70PAZ-4230 “Aurora” , the average bus since the mid-2000s

Since 2006 PAZ involved in the national project “Education” school production of special modifications PAZ-3205 and ESD-3206 unified yellow.

In the late 2000s, the plant produced the first low-floor bus Russian small class PAZ-3237 “Meadow” and replace family PAZ-3205 has developed a new family of small buses on a spring suspension – PAZ-3204 .

PAZ-3204 was put into production in January 2009, was voted “Best coach of the year in a small class” in 2009 and 2010, but for various reasons the base model of the plant has not yet become. Also in 2009, developed a modification of PAZ-3204 with LPG systems.

PAZ3205 city 750

At the turn of the 2000s – 2010s the factory also developed innovative models of buses PAZ-3202 “Valdai” and PAZ “City” .

During the restructuring of production facilities combined into a single body paint spray welding, crimping and metallozagotovitelny shop. The most ambitious project to streamline production associated with assembly plant – were reduced to four threads conveyors. In 2009, enacted painting complex of new generation “Eisenman.”

Products

Pavlovsky Bus Factory specializes in designing and manufacturing of buses and small middle class (length 9.7 m). PAZ – the massive Russian buses, their annual output is more than 10 thousand units, almost 80% of small buses in Russia.

PAZ lineup includes basic models of small class families PAZ-3205 and ESD-3204, low-floor bus of a small class of PAZ-3237 “Meadow”, as well as special buses – PAZ-3206 with the wheel formula 4 × 4, PAZ-32053-70 school, combi PAZ 32053-20 and other special vehicles. Upgrading base model PAZ-3205 and the expansion of the model range is in accordance with the requirements of the times and consumer preferences major customers – transporters.

PAZ repeatedly received high awards in major competitions in the categories “Best Urban Bus” (prize professionals) and “Commercial Vehicles” (jury prize).

Small buses 

  • PAZ-3205  – small class bus, the underlying model of the plant. The Russian colloquially referred to simply as a “keyway”.
  • PAZ-3206  – small class bus, designed to carry passengers on roads with different types of coatings, including dirt, in different seasons. All-wheel drive bus GVW 7.2 t has a single door and 28 seats. It is equipped with domestic 4 – or 5-speed manual gearbox and two-speed transfer.
  • PAZ-3237 “Tile” – Russia’s first low-floor bus for a small class of large cities with high traffic.
  • PAZ-3203 , PAZ-3204  – Small buses for a new family of commercial traffic.

Buses middle class 

  • PAZ-4234  – extended modification of PAZ-32054 for the commuter and intercity.
  • PAZ-4230 “Aurora”  – Bus middle class with modern design.Due to the characteristic front end is often colloquially referred to as “duck.”There are simplified and improved version of the bus windows, respectively, with rubber gaskets and pasted.Production transferred to KAvZ.Developed the following modifications:
    • PAZ-4230-01, PAZ-4230-04 – bus for commuter and intercity. 31 has a place to sit, the total capacity – 54 people.
    • PAZ-4230-02, PAZ-4230-05 – bus for commuter and intercity. Has 29 seats, the total capacity – 52 people.
    • PAZ-4230-03, PAZ-4230-06 – city bus with two double-wing doors. Has 27 seats, the total capacity – 56 people.
  • PAZ-320412  – Bus middle class of a new family. Available in the following versions: urban, suburban and long-distance.

1950-71 PAZ 651 20s 4x2 1952 paz 6 1956 PAZ 653 1958-68 PAZ 652 23s 42p 4x2 a 1958-68 PAZ 652 23s 42p 4x2 1959 paz vdn 1960 PAZ 985 1960 PAZ 1961 paz chollima-9-11 north korea 1968 Other PAZ-672 Bus blueprint 1984 PAZ 672M Litouwen OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA 1987 PAZ 672M Litouwen OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA 1990 PAZ 3205 Estland OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA 1995 PAS  PAZ-672  PAZ-3201 - HaNoi 1998 paz 3205 1999 PAZ 320507 Litouwen OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA 2004 PAZ-3206 ambulance bus, 4x4 Bussen PAZik Moskou Flag of the Soviet Union gaz Logo manufacturer of buses in Russia PAZ PAQ-977A 'Latwija' Pavlovo Bus «Aurora» 70 PAZ 655 Prototype PAZ 672 -bus-Lao-Bao PAZ 672 buss PAZ 672 in Dve sudby PAZ 672 paz 3205 a OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA PAZ 4230 Rusland PAZ 6158-1 PAZ Buses in Vologda 84 PAZ Estland PAZ gw PAZ na m124 PAZ school buses Chisinau 02 PAZ Автобус ПАЗ-3205 PAZ Автобусы ПАЗ-672М paz PAZ-665 later prototype PAZ-665 prototype paz-672 paz-672--2 PAZ672exp1 3 PAZ-3204 PAZ-3205 (1) PAZ3205 city 750 paz-3205 pv PAZ-3205 PAZ-3237 PAZ-4234 a PAZ-4234 PAZ-32054 PAZ-320370 school PAZ-320412 paz-logo paz-main-paz3201 Truba Zavoda Paz ПАЗ-3205

Buses builders with an I impossible to put in an special chapter.

I

When you make chapters for all makers of buses, or bodybuilders, you always keep pictures you don’t know everything about.

Si I decided to make for each letter a combination blog for the pictures i don’t know anything from. Maybe there are viewers that know more and I’m always interested in knowing more so this is an invitation to send me that information. I can put it afterwords to the picture.

I.

Bussen Ice explorer Canada

 Ice explorer Canada – Colombia Icefield © Marcel Sloover

Bussen Ierland b

Photo from (Leyland) bus in Ireland

Bussen IETT Turkije

IETT Turkije © Andrew Colebourne

bussen image014

Bussen INBUS 1206 di ATAC Roma

 INBUS 1206 di ATAC Roma

bussen India

India

Bussen Intercity bus 53

Intercity bus 53 San Francisco

Bussen interieur 1948

 interieur 1948

Bussen Intra Mural Bus Chicago World's Fair 1933

Intra Mural Bus Chicago World’s Fair 1933

Bussen Invicta Volgren Scania L94UB -Volgren CR224L Low Floor Bus

Invicta Volgren Scania L94UB -Volgren CR224L Low Floor Bus

Bussen IPSAN 74. Made from 1974- 1989. Name Jipsan (Jipsam, Chipsam) translated as Gathering and Distribution

 IPSAN 74. Made from 1974- 1989. Name Jipsan (Jipsam, Chipsam) translated as Gathering and Distribution

see under Chollima, more about this trolleybus from North Korea

Buses and lots more CSEPEL Hungary

Buses, Fire&Rescue, Sewingmachines, Chassis, Motors, Cycles +, Motorcycles, Scooters, Trucks, Military Equipment, CSEPEL Hungaria Csepel is een historisch Hongaars merk van motorfietsen.002 Csepel: Manfred Weiss Stahl- und Metallwerke AG Csepel, later Mogürt, Boedapest (19371951). Hongaars merk dat ontstond uit de WM (Weiss, Manfred)-bromfietsfabriek. Csepel bouwde grote aantallen 98-, 123- en 146 cc tweetakt-motorfietsen. Het bedrijf dat gevestigd was in Csepel bij Boedapest werd overgenomen door Mogürt in Boedapest. In 1945 werd het een staatsbedrijf. Men ging vanaf 1947 50 cc bromfietsen, scootershulpmotoren en 100 cc motorfietsjes maken. Deze laatsten werden snel vervangen door 125 cc uitvoeringen. De eerste 250 cc machines verscheen in 1950. In 1952 veranderde de naam in Pannonia en Danuvia. Pannonia-modellen werden in grote aantallen geëxporteerd. In dezelfde fabriek produceerde men ook scooters onder de naam Tünde en motorfietsen met de merknaam White (waarschijnlijk naar de naam van Manfred Weiss). Zie ook Panni, Tünde, WM, Dongo en Berva. Het bedrijf heeft ook auto‘s en bussen geproduceerd. Ze maakten zelfs naaimachines e.d.020 Het Nederlandse bedrijf Germaan verkocht vanaf 1949 Csepel-motorfietsjes onder haar eigen naam. This is going to be a very interesting blog. Csepel works together with MOGÜRT, ROBUR, AVIA, TAZ, STEYR, IKARUS, CROWN, CHollima, LAZ, LIAZ, so the pictures I show will come from Korea, the USA, Germany, and lots off other countries. It’s complicated. How do I build this blog. I think I purely start with Csepel, let’s see what it becomes.

001

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1950 Csepel 125 kl

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Ikarus 4-Takt-Diesel Csepel D614 Hubraum 8 267 ccm Leistung 145 PS

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#

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1956 Csepel Danuvia 125

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1963 Mogurt Csepel D344 Truck Brochure Hungary German

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1969 Csepel jarmutipusok.preview

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Csepel sewingmachine

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1972 Mogurt Csepel D705.14

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1988 Csepel Mogurt D752.03 Truck Brochure Hungary

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1988 Csepel Mogurt D75231 Dump Truck Brochure Hungary

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1989 Csepel Mogurt D75200 10 Ton Truck Brochure Hungary

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1995 Csepel Coach

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MB 8477 is a Csepel with a Custom Coaches CB50 body, ex Baxters Bus

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CSEPEL 257 & 268

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Ikarus 543 távolsági kivitel Csepel © Darth Peter

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Ikarus 543-mas Csepel

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Ikarus 548-as Csepel

S/W Ver: 86.31.34P

Csepel

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CSEPEL

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CSEPEL + echelle Magirus, pays de l’ est 1960

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Csepel

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CSEPEL D750

1948 Csepel 100/48

Csepel 100 1948 98cc

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Csepel 125 1949

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Csepel 125 1950

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CSEPEL 125-GRANDE

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Csepel 125t 1951-1955

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Csepel 250 1951-1953

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CSEPEL 250

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Csepel 250u 1951

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CSEPEL 350 PROTO

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CSEPEL 450

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Csepel 462 mit Motor D 614

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Csepel 706 D614

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Csepel 744  4189 border © mikevanstein

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Csepel 800-01

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Csepel 800-02

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Csepel 800-03

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Csepel 800-04

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Csepel 800-05

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Csepel 800-6

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Csepel 800-07

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Csepel 800-08 © Anga András

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Csepel 875-21

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Csepel 844.19-Australian Bus Manufacturing

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Csepel 1954 Advert Australia

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Csepel 1994 border © mikevanstein

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Csepel 4228 border © mikevanstein

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Csepel 4247 border © mikevanstein

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Csepel 8178-BorderMaker © Alex Miedema

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Csepel 81285a38e5f9

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Csepel AD Finland

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Csepel Bus number 7 – Charter to Africa

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Csepel cz

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Csepel D 344 mit Motor D 414

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CSEPEL D 352

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Csepel d 452 4×201

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Csepel D344 Hungarije-2012

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Csepel D-344 Hungarije

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Csepel D344, 4×4, 1963

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Csepel d344

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Csepel D345

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Csepel D350 ben 1953

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Csepel d352-01

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Csepel d352-03

csepel d352-07

Csepel d352-07

hp photosmart 720

Csepel d352-08

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Csepel D352-platós

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Csepel d354

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Csepel D420 Tanker

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Csepel D450

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Csepel d450 b1

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Csepel d450-01

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Csepel d450-02

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Csepel d450-02a

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Csepel d450-05

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csepel d450-08

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Csepel d464 705

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Csepel D469  05 4×4

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Csepel D566, 6×6, 1973

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Csepel D566

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Csepel D588 8×8 1971

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Csepel d700 serie 1976

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Csepel d705-01

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Csepel d705-02

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Csepel d705-05

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Csepel d705-07

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Csepel D707 1976

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Csepel d710-01 © etronom.hu

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Csepel d710-03

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Csepel D754 4×4

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Csepel D754 4×4

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Csepel D754 1429 01 © Sadian Radovanov

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Csepel D755 4×4 © NINJA

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Csepel D755.21 4×2

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Ikarus Csepel d766

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Csepel d710 4x2az Magirus 0nk5

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Csepel D450 en tracteur semi citerne en 1960

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Csepel D755 © NINJA

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Csepel d750 4x2pzk03

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Csepel d750 4x2tank01 © NINJA

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csepel d750 4x2tank02

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Csepel Danuvia 125 1954-1957

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Csepel Danuvia 125cc 1950

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Csepel F 9 Budapest (R)

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Csepel Industrial Park

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Csepel Danuvia

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Csepel Logo

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Csepel Milchwagen

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Csepel Nyirseg Transporter scooter

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Csepel Tanker

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Csepel В130, 4×4, 1951

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Csepel В300, 6×6, 1952

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CSEPEL-D344 ung

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Csepel d755-04

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Csepel d710 Ikarus preview

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Csepel D710

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Csepel D710

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Csepel D710-7

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Csepel d750-08

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Csepel 1965 White Export Motorcycle © ManxNorton

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1956 Csepel Danuvia 250

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1914 (Csepel) bus

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1967 Csepel Danuvia 0.preview

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Csepel-Ikarus-Robur- Bijeenkomst

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Ikarus-620-Csepel-Chassis

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Csepel elso-buszok-egyike-1915

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Csepel Cycle

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Dongo-fiets-met-hulpmotor

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Dongo-Fahrrad-Hilfsmotor.-1955-1957

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Berva-Moped

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Berva-Moped

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Berva-Moped

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Berva-Moped

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Berva-Panni-History-Motorcycle-Book

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Panni-Csepel-125-ös-motorja

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PANNI-törperobogó

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Panni Scooter

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Panni ROBOGÖ

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Dongo-Berva-Panni-Motorcycle-Book

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Danuvia-Csepel

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Danuvia-DV-125

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Danuvia-White-Export-D-Csepel.-1955-1958.-Danuvia-DV-125.-1955-1967

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danuvia espana

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csepel-danuvia-125-1954

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Danuvia-SupeRetro-510i-Modern-Cafe-Racer

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Danuvia book

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Csepel-Danuvia-125cc-1950

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danuvia 50.preview

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CSEPEL-MOTONETA-75

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Duna

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Duna-sidecar

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Pannonia-Csepel-250-T1-with-Duna-Sidecar

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Pannonia-Csepel-250-T1-with-Duna-Sidecar

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Pannonia-Csepel-250-T1-with-Duna-Sidecar

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Pannonia-21obn

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PANNONIA-250-P32-P20-STRADA

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Pannonia-250RN-Prototype-boxern 1951

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Pannonia-7-Pannonia-1959-250cc-14-ps-Gleichstrommächine-Hungaria

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PANNONIA-BOL-DOR-NEW

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pannonia-125

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Pannonia-boldoro

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Pannonia-e

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Pannonia-ev

Pannonia-Factory

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Pannonia-Moldova

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Pannonia-p20

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Pannonia p35

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Pannonia-t-l25

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Pannonia-T5

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Pannonia-trio-1951

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Pannonia-trio

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Tünde-Roller-1960-1961 174cc

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Tünde

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Tünde-scooter

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TÜNDE-92cc

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Tünde-Roller.

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White Csepel Pannonia-Motos

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White-MX-USA

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White-Enduro-Mk1

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White 1965 Enduro (Danuvia)

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White 250 Shooting Star Advertisment

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csepel snyirsgkisruszllt 60ér jaren 174cc

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wm csepel prototyp zigarrentank 1931-1935

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wm Csepel turan 1935-1937

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wm csepel nickeltank 1937-1944

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wm csepel 100 tura 1947-1948

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#

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What a job was this.

I’ll stop now

By IKARUS will follow more

The End

Filed Under: AVIABervaBUSESCarsChassisCHOLLIMACROWNCSEPELDanuvia,DongoHungariaIKARUSLAZLIAZMÖGURTMotorsPANNIPannoniaROBUR,SCOOTERSSewingmachinesSTEYRTAZTrucksTündeWHITE

Buses + more CHOLLIMA JIPSAM CHONGNYONJUNWI Pyongyang North Korea

Today a blog about CHOLLIMA, JIPSAM and Chongnyonjunwi,  buses made in Pyongyang, North Korea. All the buses are based on Karosa, Skoda, PAZ, and so on.

01 CHOLLIMA 9.11, earlier named CHOLLIMA 1 and CHOLLIMA 2. Made from 1961- 1970 NK

CHOLLIMA 9.11, Made from 1961- 1970 NK

 02 CHOLLIMA 9.25. Made from 1963- 1967 NK

CHOLLIMA 9.25. Made from 1963- 1967 NK

03 ① 천리마-70형 무궤도전차 (Chollima 70 trolleybus)

CHOLLIMA 70. Made from 1970- 1972.  NK

04 CHOLLIMA 72, earlier named PHIPATA. Made from 1972- 1974 NK

CHOLLIMA 72, earlier named PHIPATA. Made from 1972- 1974 NK

 05 CHOLLIMA 74. Made from 1974- 1984 NK

CHOLLIMA 74. Made from 1974- 1984 NK

06 CHOLLIMA 82. Made around 1982

CHOLLIMA 82. Made around 1982

07 CHOLLIMA 84. Made from 1984- mid 1990s

CHOLLIMA 84. Made from 1984- mid 1990s

08 CHOLLIMA 90, original name SOGIRYON, also named Chollima 903 or CHONGNYONJUNWI. Made from 1990- 2000s

CHOLLIMA 90, original name SOGIRYON, also named Chollima 903 or CHONGNYONJUNWI. Made from 1990- 2000s

09 CHOLLIMA 862. Made from 1986- 1990

CHOLLIMA 862. Made from 1986- 1990

① 집삼-74형 무궤도전차 (Jipsam 74 trolleybus)

CHOLLIMA IKARUS conversion

① 천리마-70형 무궤도전차 (Chollima 70 trolleybus)a

① 집삼-74형 무궤도전차 (Jipsam 74 trolleybus)

10 CHOLLIMA IKARUS conversion

chollima-ikarus-conversion

11 CHOLLIMA Service Vehicle. Early 2000s

CHOLLIMA Service Vehicle. Early 2000s

14 CHOLLIMA Working Platform. Seen in Pyongyang in the early 2000s

CHOLLIMA Working Platform. Seen in Pyongyang in the early 2000s

12 CHOLLIMA SONYON, also named CHONGNYONJUNWI. Made from 1999- present
 CHOLLIMA SONYON, also named CHONGNYONJUNWI. Made from 1999- present

13 CHOLLIMA SONYON. Made from early 2000s- present

CHOLLIMA SONYON. Made from early 2000s- present

15 Chollina e-9-21-6-0

Chollina e-9-21-6-0

16 Pyongyuan Trolleybus

Pyongyuan trolleybus

Pyongyanf Chollima Yellow

Pyongyang Chollima Yellow

18 New-type Trolley Bus Manufactured in DPRK Pyongyang

New-type Trolley Bus Manufactured in DPRK Pyongyang

 19 PAZ 672 bus in Pyongyang

PAZ 672 bus in Pyongyang

 20 Pyongyang 9.25 bijsnijding Chollina 1963

Pyongyang 9.25 bijsnijding Chollina 1963

21 Pyongyang bus full

Pyongyang bus full

22 School bus in Pyongyang

School bus in Pyongyang

23 buses-tram-pyongyang

buses-tram-pyongyang

24 small tram underpass Pyongyang

small tram underpass Pyongyang

 25 Bus terminal in front of Pyongyang Station,DPRK, Chollima bus

Bus terminal in front of Pyongyang Station, DPRK, Chollima bus

26 A double-decker bus in Pyongyang! And there’s a Mercedes-Benz car too!

A double-decker bus in Pyongyang! And there’s a Mercedes-Benz car too!

 27 Pyongyang buses

Pyongyang buses

28 ① 집삼-74형 무궤도전차 (Jipsam 74 trolleybus)

① 집삼-74형 무궤도전차 (Jipsam 74 trolleybus)

 29 ② 집삼-88형 버스 (Jipsam-88 bus) 청진버스공장

② 집삼-88형 버스 (Jipsam-88 bus)   청진버스공장

 30 Chongnyonjunwi 10

Chongnyonjunwi 10

31 Chongnyonjunwi

Chongnyonjunwi

32 Pyongyang Chongnyonjunwi in the Iris Effect

Pyongyang Chongnyonjunwi in the Iris Effect

33 Пхеньян, Chongnyonjunwi 1 № 448

Пхеньян, Chongnyonjunwi 1 № 448

34 Trolleybus 210 Chongnyonjunwi 1 (Kim Il Sung square)

Trolleybus 210 Chongnyonjunwi 1 (Kim Il Sung square)

 35 Pyongyang-Chongnyonjunwi

Pyongyang-Chongnyonjunwi

 36 Chongnyonjunwi 374

Chongnyonjunwi 374

37DD

14554Trolleybus

A ČKD-Tatra T4D-B4D on Line 1 PyongyangA ČKD-Tatra T4D-B4D on Line 1 Pyongyang

???????????????????????????????

DPRK trolley Pyongyang Tram

metro01

PYONGYANG METRO

Many Thanks for the Risc’s taking the photograps and google and aspecially to © erik@chinesecars.net

Filed Under: CHOLLIMAChongnyonjunwiJIPSAMKAROSANorth KoreaPAZŠKODA

 

 

 

Buses, Trucks, Ambulances + cars GAZ + MOSCOVITCH + SCALDIA + VOLGA + ZIM Russia I

Buses, Trucks, Ambulances + cars GAZ + MOSCOVITCH + SCALDIA + VOLGA + ZIM Russia I

August 18, 2013 By  Leave a Comment (Edit)

Gorkovski Avtomobilny Zavod

Zavod Imeni Molotova

1980 GAZ auto logo

1959 GAZ chaika

Tsjaika in museum
1971 Volga GA 3-24 op postzegel
Volga GA 3-24 op postzegel uit 1971
Gaz 69-2
GAZ-69
Volga in Tomsk
Volga in Tomsk
OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA
GAZ 3106 in Minsk (2005)
Btr-80 in Serbia
BTR-80 in Servië

Gorkovski Avtomobilny Zavod (Russisch: Горьковский автомобильный завод; [Gorkovski Avtomobilny Zavod]; “Automobielfabriek van Gorki”) of GAZ (ГАЗ) is eenRussische autofabriek in Nizjni Novgorod en onderdeel van de groep GAZ. De fabriek startte in 1929 als NNAZ, een samenwerkingsverband tussen Ford en de Sovjet-Unie. De naam veranderde toen de stadsnaam van Nizjni Novgorod werd vernoemd naar Maksim Gorki. Van 1935 tot 1956 werd daar de toevoeging imeni Molotovaachter geplakt (letterlijk “vernoemd naar Molotov“).

Geschiedenis

Omdat het vijfjarenplan van 1928-1932 grote nadruk legde op de tot dan toe weinig ontwikkelde autoindustrie, sloot de Opperste Sovjet in 1929 een overeenkomst met deAmerikaanse autoproducent Ford, waarvan een productiefaciliteiten werd geïmporteerd en licenties werden overgenomen voor de eerste modellen.

Het eerste model van de fabriek was de gemiddeld geprijsde Ford Model A, die eerst werd verkocht als GAZ A en Ford Model AA onder de naam GAZ AA. De “A” productie begon in 1932 en liep tot 1936, waarbij 100 000 exemplaren werden gebouwd. De A werd opgevolgd door de modernere GAZ M1, die grotendeels gebaseerd was op de Ford V8 en werd geproduceerd van 1936 tot 1942. De letter M stond voor Molotovets (“van Molotovs trots”), wat de bron vormde voor de bijnaam van de auto; Emka (Эмка).

Door de ervaring met de A en M1 wisten ingenieurs bij GAZ hun eigen automodel te ontwikkelen onafhankelijk van Ford. In 1942 begon de productie van de GAZ M2, een auto die bedoeld was voor de hogere klasse, die in beperkte oorlogsproductie bleef tot 1946. De carrosserie van de M2 werd in beperkte productie vanaf 1941 op eenvierwielaangedreven onderstel geplaatst en in kleine hoeveelheden verkocht als de GAZ-61, waarmee het mogelijk de eerste vierwielaangedreven personenauto ter wereld was. Tijdens de oorlogsjaren werkten ingenieurs bij GAZ aan de ontwikkeling van een nieuw automodel, dat in productie moest worden genomen, wanneer de vijandelijkheden waren beëindigd. Dit model, de GAZ-M20 Pobeda (“overwinning”), was een laaggeprijsde gestroomlijnde, fastbackachtige sedan die in productie kwam in 1946 en door GAZ werd geproduceerd tot 1958 en onder licentieproductie door het Poolse FSO tot de jaren ’70. Daarnaast werd de GAZ-72, een vierwielaangedreven versie van de GAZ-M20 Pobeda, op kleine schaal geproduceerd.

Hiernaast werden tijdens de oorlogsjaren ook de Chevrolet G7107 (met hijsinstallatie) en G7117 geproduceerd uit onderdelen die uit de Verenigde Staten werden geïmporteerd als onderdeel van de Lend-Lease Act. GAZ maakte ook de GAZ-12 ZIMGAZ-21 en GAZ-24 Volga en de limousines GAZ-13 en GAZ-14 Tsjaika.

GAZ bouwt ook vrachtauto‘s en 4WD’s als de GAZel en de beroemde GAZ-69 en pantserwagens als de BTR-80.

Geheel van karakter veranderde de fabriek met de overname door de metaalfabrikant Oleg Deripaska. Deze schoonzoon van president Jeltsin en vriend van president Poetin ontsloeg de helft van het personeel, zette drastisch het mes in de arbeidsvoorwaarden en introduceerde een Japanse stijl van leidinggeven. De arbeidsomstandigheden zijn abominabel, maar de productie is flink gestegen.

Toen DaimlerChrysler zijn Sterling Heights-fabriek moderniseerde in 2006, werd de oude Dodge Stratus en Chrysler Sebring-assemblagelijn en uitrusting verkocht aan GAZ, die de Stratus onder licentie zal blijven produceren.

In 2006 nam het de Britse fabrikant LDV over, dat voornamelijk bestelwagens produceert.

Moskvitch

OAO Moskvitch
Logo ao moskvich.jpg
Type Joint-stock
Industry Automotive
Fate Bankrupt since 2002 Dissolved in 2006
Predecessor(s) AZLK
Successor(s) None. Partial recuperation of former production factories by Avtoframos (Russian subsidiary of Renault) since 2008
Founded 1930
Headquarters MoscowRussia
Products cars
Website Official OAO “Moskvich” Website

Moskvitch (Russian: Москвич) (sometimes also written as MoskvichMoskvič or Moskwitsch) was an automobile brand from Russia produced by AZLK from 1945 to 1991 and by OAO Moskvitch from 1991 to 2002. The current article incorporates information about both the brand and the joint-stock successor of AZLK for the sake of simplicity. Moskvitch-400, nearly a copy of the Kadett K38 Moskvitch-400, nearly a copy of the Kadett K38 Moskvitch-400, nearly a copy of the Opel Kadett K38 OAO Moskvitch was a privatized venture name given to the former factory in order to avoid legal issues after the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991. Since the factory had no assembly branches outside Russia after 1991, its name is largely used today to refer to the building located in Lower Eastern part of Moscow and abandoned since 2006. The word moskvitch (Russian: москвич) itself translates as “(a) Muscovite” into English. It was used to point out the original location of the cars manufactured outside of Moscow.

Early history

In 1929 the construction of Moscow Automotive Plant began with initial production of 24,000 vehicles. In 1941 the plant was evacuated to Ural and the entire production converted for the manufacture of the military equipment at the dawn of World War II. After the war, the USSR acquired an entire Opel manufacturing line from Brandenburg in Germany. A factory called MZMA (Moskovsky Zavod Malolitrazhnykh Avtomobiley, that is, Moscow Compact Car Factory) started in 1947 to manufacture an automobile called Moskvitch 400 based on the Opel Kadett. Further models were developed by Soviet engineers. In 1969, the factory changed name to AZLK (Avtomobilny Zavod imeni Leninskogo Komsomola, which means Car Factory in the name of the Leninist Communist Youth Union). The Moskvitch failed to get type approval in the UK.  Moskvitch cars were never meant to be a fashion statement. They were sturdy, reliable on substandard roads and were offered at an affordable price. The 1960s and early 1970s were the glory days, when the cars were exported to many countries throughout the world. Demand always exceeded production, so people had to wait a long time for a new car. Until the 1980s all Moskvitch cars were compact rear-wheel drive saloons and estates with solid rear axles suspended by leaf springs. The Moskvitch was also produced in Bulgaria (see Moskvitch (Bulgaria)) between 1966 and 1990 on the basis of complete knock down (CKD) kits.

Introduction of the Aleko

1986 saw the unveiling of a radically new (by Soviet standards) model, known as the Aleko-141. It was powered by the VAZ-2106 1.6L in-line four-cylinder engine, which had by then amassed an acceptable track record powering a number of LADA models. Aleko was a front-wheel drive hatchback different from any model the factory had made previously. It was larger and more luxurious, made with comfort, safety and aerodynamics in mind. The body was built on the basis of Simca 1307, while longitudinal engine placement and torsion-crank rear suspension and McPherson strut front suspension was inspired by Audi 80/100 family, while taking into account the larger size of the Moskvitch and Lada engines . The 1.8 liter gasoline engine for the new car was planned, but never materialized, as was also the case with a diesel version. The car was a major improvement over previous generations, but the fall of the centralised economy, below-par quality and inadequate management ultimately brought the factory to bankruptcy[citation needed]. The factory, which had been renamed to OAO Moskvitch (Moskvitch Joint Stock Company) in the early 1990s, filed for bankruptcy in 2002 and ceased production. The factory remains idle and abandoned, everything left as it was in 2002. Unfinished bodyshells remain on the production line in various stages of completion, while furniture, computers, office supplies, and documents remain in the plant’s administration building. Several attempts to restart production have been made over the next 3 years, but none were successful. Recently, a portion of the abandoned plant was acquired by OAO Avtoframos, a 38%-62% joint venture between the City of Moscow and French automaker Renault SA. In 2005, Avtoframos commenced assembly of Renault Logan sedans from imported complete knock-down kits (CKDs). The presence of Avtoframos brought new life to a small part of the facility, but the majority of the sprawling plant remains abandoned, apparently still owned by the dormant Moskvitch company. The bankruptcy of OAO Moskvitch was officially announced in 2006 and the company was liquidated the following year. Since 2009 owner of brand Moskvitch is German automotive company Volkswagen. In 2011 Volkswagen extended its brand ownership rights until 2021.

Scaldia-Volga SA

Scaldia-Volga SA was een Belgische autofabriek.

In de jaren 60 werd een overeenkomst tussen de Belgische importeur N.V. Sobimpex en Moskvitsj getekend, waarbij overeengekomen werd de auto in België te assembleren. Er werd een aparte firma, Scaldia Volga AS, opgezet om de productie waar te nemen. In de praktijk kwamen de auto’s compleet aan in de haven van Antwerpen, enkel met de versnellingsbak in de kofferbak en zonder motor. In Brussel werd aanvankelijk de Perkins dieselmotor ingebouwd, later vervangen door een Rover-motor en in de jaren 80 Indenor (Peugeot).

Hoewel de benzinemotor in België en Nederland steeds leverbaar bleef, werd de nadruk gelegd bij de dieselversie. In Nederland was de Volga diesel vooral populair bij taxibedrijven. Eind jaren zestig waren Volga’s regelmatig te zien in onder andere Rotterdam en Groningen.

Tegenwoordig is Scaldia-Volga de importeur voor Lada in België

GAZ-12 ZIM

ZIM-12
GAZ-12 ZIM
Manufacturer GAZ
Model years 1950-1960
Assembly Gorky, Soviet Union presently: Nizhny NovgorodRussia
Predecessor GAZ-11-73
Successor GAZ-13 Chaika
Class Full-size
Body style Sedanphaeton and ambulance
Layout FR layout
Engine GAZ-12 3,480 cc (212.4 cu in) 3480 cm³, I6
Transmission 3-speed manual with a hydrodynamic fluid coupling
Wheelbase 3,200 mm (126.0 in)
Length 5,530 mm (217.7 in)
Width 1,900 mm (74.8 in)
Height 1,660 mm (65.4 in)
Curb weight 3,800–4,200 lb (1,700–1,900 kg)
Designer(s) Andrey Lipgart

The ZIM-12 (Russian: ЗиМ-12) was a Soviet limousine produced by the Gorky Automotive Plant from 1950 till 1960. Inspired by the 1948 Cadillac Fleetwood 61 and the 1947 Buick Super, the car was built to serve mid-rank Soviet Nomenklatura, but was also readily available as a taxi and ambulance. Unlike its successors, ZIM was the only Soviet executive class full-size car that was actually made available for private ownership. A total of 21527 examples were built.

Name

A ZIM-12 in Donetsk

A ZIM-12 in Donetsk

ZIM railcar on the bridge over Yuzhny Bug on Gayvoron narrow gauge railway.

ZIM railcar on the bridge over Yuzhny Bug on Gayvoron narrow gauge railway.

The ZIM abbreviation stands for Zavod imeni Molotova (Russian: Завод имени Молотова). Prior to 1957, the GAZ factory was officially named as Gorkovsky avtomobilny zavod imeni V.M. Molotova, or the Vyacheslav Molotov Gorky automotive factory, in honour of the Soviet Foreign Minister. All of the models carried the prefixM. However for a car of executive class, a new catchy abbreviation was introduced, and in the style of American car fashion that the vehicle was inspired by, the ZIM was used laboriously to decorate the car: the hubcaps, the bonnet, the radiator grille, even the horn button on the steering wheel. However, the Soviet Minister’s career was abruptly finished in May 1957, when he lost a political fallout with Nikita Khrushchev. Following his downfall, the country underwent a renaming spree, with cities, streets, ships and factories being hastily rid of the fallen politician’s name. ZIM, which was in production, from the summer of 1957 was hurriedly re-christened as GAZ-12, and all of the badges and adornments replaced by the new abbreviation. Moreover, right up until the perestroika the car was officially named labelled only as the GAZ-12, whilst unofficially it was almost exclusively referred to as the ZIM.

Technical parameters

  • Clearance: 200 mm (7.9 in)
  • Turn radius: 7.4 m (24.28 ft)
  • Gearbox: 3 speeds + rear
  • Weight: 1,800 kg (3,968 lb) (1,940 kg (4,277 lb) with full tank, oil and other liquids)
  • Maximum speed: 120 km/h (75 mph)
  • Fuel tank: 80 L (21 US gal; 18 imp gal)
  • Fuel consumption: 15.5 L/100 km (18.2 mpg-imp; 15.2 mpg-US) at 50–60 km/h

1930-1950 GAZ-03-30

1930-1950 GAZ-03-30

1930-1950 GAZ-03-30a

1930-1950 GAZ-03-30

1932 Gaz a

1932 Gaz a

1933 Gaz 4

1933 Gaz 4

1933 Gaz a

1933 Gaz a

1933 gaz tk

1933 gaz tk

1933 GAZ Rusland Gorkovsky Avtomobilny Zavod

1933 GAZ Rusland Gorkovsky Avtomobilny Zavod

1934 Gaz 05nn

1934 Gaz 05nn

1934 Gaz 6 IRRA

1934 Gaz 6 IRRA

1934 Gaz a1

1934 Gaz a1

1934 Gaz A Aero by Nickitin - fVr (Russia)

1934 gaz Aero 1

1934 gaz Aero 1

1934 gaz Aero

1934 gaz Aero

1934 gaz Aero2

1934 gaz Aero 2

1935 GAZ 0330r

1935 GAZ 0330r

1935 Gaz m1

1935 Gaz m1

1935 GAZ

1935 GAZ

1936 Gaz m-1

1936 Gaz m-1

1936-1945 GAZ-05-193

1936-1945 GAZ-05-193

1936-1945 GAZ-05-193a

1936-1945 GAZ-05-193a

1936-1945 GAZ-05-193b

1936-1945 GAZ-05-193b

1937 Gaz m1

1937 Gaz m1

1937 GAZ-21 prototype pick-up, 6x6

1937 GAZ-21 prototype pick-up, 6×6

1938 GAZ-60

1938 GAZ-60

1938 GAZ-M1

1938 GAZ-M1

1939 Gaz m 415

1939 Gaz m 415

1939 Gaz m1

1939 Gaz m1

1940 Gaz 11-40

1940 Gaz 11-40

1940 Gaz 11-73

1940 Gaz 11-73

1940 Gaz 61-40

1940 Gaz 61-40

1940 Gaz 415

1940 Gaz 415

1940 Gaz m1

1940 Gaz m1

1940 GAZ-03-30

1940 GAZ-03-30

1940 GAZ-61-40 m

1940 GAZ-61-40 m

1940 GAZ-61-40 m1161

1940 GAZ-61-40 m1161

1940 GAZ-61-40 m1161n

1940 GAZ-61-40 m1161n

1940 GAZ-65

1940 GAZ-65

1941 Gaz  m11-73

1941 Gaz  m11-73

1941 Gaz 11 40

1941 Gaz 11 40

1941 gaz 61-73

1941 gaz 61-73

1941 Gaz 415

1941 Gaz 415

1941 Gaz m1

1941 Gaz m1

1941 GAZ-11-40 (2)

1941 GAZ-11-40

1941 GAZ-11-40

1941 GAZ-11-40

1941 GAZ-61-417, 4x4

1941 GAZ-61-417, 4×4

1941 GAZ-MMV

1941 GAZ-MMV1941 GAZ-ААА, 6x6

1941 GAZ-ААА, 6×6

1942 GAZ 03 30 pic1

1942 GAZ 03 30

1942 GAZ 03-30

1942 GAZ 03 30

1942 gaz 42 cp generator truck

1942 gaz 42 cp generator truck

1942 gaz 61 73 2

1942 gaz 61 73 2

1942 gaz 61 417

1942 gaz 61 417

1942 gaz 64

1942 gaz 64

1942 gaz m1

1942 gaz m1

1942 GAZ-03-30 assembly

1942 GAZ-03-30 assembly

1942 GAZ-410, 1942

1942 GAZ-410

1942GAZ-ААА chassis charger station

1942 GAZ-ААА chassis charger station

1943 GAZ 55 shot15 16

1943 GAZ 55 shot15 16 Ambulance

1943 gaz 61 1

1943 gaz 61 1

1943 gaz 61 73 3

1943 gaz 61 73

1943 gaz 67

1943 gaz 67

1943 GAZ m1

1943 GAZ m1

1943 GAZ-05-193 staff bus, 6x6

1943 GAZ-05-193 staff bus, 6×6

1943 gaz-55 1

1943 gaz-55 Ambulance

1943 GAZ-63 prototype, 4х4

1943 GAZ-63 prototype, 4х4

1943 GAZ-67, 4x4,г., right  GAZ-64, 4x4, 1942

1943 GAZ-67, 4×4,г., right  GAZ-64, 4×4, 1942

1944 gaz 55s

1944 gaz 55s Ambulance

1944 gaz 61 73 4

1944 gaz 61 73

1944 gaz 67

1944 gaz 67

1944 gaz 410 cp

1944 gaz 410 cp

1945 gaz 20 + gaz 63 1945

1945 gaz 20 + gaz 63 1945

1945 gaz 67 b

1945 gaz 67 b

1945 GAZ m20 6cyl

1945 Gaz m 20 6 cyl

1945 GAZ M20 Taxi's

1945 GAZ M20 Taxi’s

1945 GAZ m20kabo

1945 GAZ m20 kabo

1945 gaz pobieda

1945 Gaz Pobieda

1945 GAZ-55 MILITARY CAR Ambulance

1945 GAZ-55 MILITARY CAR Ambulance

1946 GAZ m20

1946 GAZ m20

1946 GAZ m20mil

1946 GAZ m20 mil pol

1946 GAZ m20r

1946 GAZ m20r

1946 GAZ m20vsmf

1946 GAZ m20vsmf

1947 gaz 60cp

1947 gaz 60cp

1947 gaz m 20

1947 gaz m 20

1947 gaz m21m

1947 gaz m21m

1947 GAZ m21plaz

1947 GAZ m21plaz

1947 gaz47

1947 gaz47

1948 gaz m20 kabrio

1948 gaz m20 kabrio

1948 gaz pobieda nami

1948 gaz pobieda nami

1948 gaz

1948 Gaz M20

1949 gaz 12 proto 2

1949 gaz 12 proto 2

1949 gaz m 20 kabp

1949 gaz m 20 kabp Taxi’s

1949 gaz m20

1949 gaz m20

1949 GAZ ГАЗ 12А ЗиМ Фаэтон Опытный

1949 GAZ ГАЗ 12А ЗиМ Фаэтон Опытный

1949 ZIM AL12 r02G 02

1949 ZIM AL12 r02G 02

1950 gaz 12 convert

1950 gaz 12 convertible

1950 gaz 12f

1950 gaz 12f

1950 gaz 20k 1950

1950 gaz 20k

1950 gaz m 20l

1950 gaz m 20l

1950 gaz sport 3

1950 gaz sport 3

1950 gaz zim

1950 gaz zim

1950 gaz

1950 gaz assemblage

1950 Moskovich

1950 Moskovich

1950 Moskovitch 412

1950 Moskovitch

1950 moskvich-402-03

1950 moskvich-402

1950 Moskvitch-400, nearly a copy of the Opel Kadett K38

1950 Moskvitch-400, nearly a copy of the Opel Kadett K38

1950 GAZ-46 (MAV)

1950 GAZ-46 (MAV)

1951 gaz 20m-pobeda-cabrio

1951 gaz 20m-pobieda-cabrio’s

1951 Gaz avtobus

1951 Gaz avtobus

1951 gaz pobeda sport

1951 gaz pobieda sport

1951 gaz pobeda zim 2

1951 gaz pobeda zim 2

1951 gaz zim

1951 gaz zim

1952 gaz 67-b

1952 gaz 67-b

1952 gaz 69-3a

1952 gaz 69-3a

1952 gaz 69truzh

1952 gaz 69truzh

1952 gaz december motor

1952 gaz december motor

1952 gaz m 20

1952 gaz m 20

1952 gaz m20 prod

1952 gaz m20 prod

1952 gaz m20 tyl

1952 gaz m20 tyl

1952 gaz zim

1952 gaz zim

1953 GAZ  0330r

1953 GAZ  0330r

1953 gaz 69 with704

1953 gaz 69 with704

1953 gaz m20 kabrio

1953 gaz m20 kabrio

1953 gaz zim

1953 gaz zim

1953 GAZ-12 ZIM

1953 GAZ-12 ZIM

1953 gaz-51p

1953 gaz-51p

1953 GAZ-63А with front section of LPP pontoon bridge

1953 GAZ-63А with front section of LPP pontoon bridge

1953 Russian ZIM limousineblack 01

1953 Russian ZIM limousineblack 01

1954 gaz 12

1954 gaz 12

1954 gaz 69

1954 gaz 69

1954 GAZ M12 ZIM

1954 GAZ M12 ZIM

1954 gaz Pobeda brosjyre 200

1954 gaz Pobeda brosjyre 200

1954 gaz pobieda stream

1954 gaz pobieda stream

1954 gaz turbo racing

1954 gaz turbo racing

1954 gaz zim 12

1954 gaz zim 12

1954 GAZ-63АV, 4x4

1954 GAZ-63АV, 4×4

1955 gaz 12 zim

1955 gaz 12 zim Ambulancewagen

1955 gaz 21 prototyp

1955 gaz 21 prototyp

1955 gaz 21o28

1955 gaz 21o28

1955 GAZ 55 IMCD

1955 GAZ 55 Ambulance

1955 gaz m 20

1955 gaz m 20

1955 gaz m 72

1955 gaz m 72

1955 gaz pobeda sport

1955 gaz pobeda sport

1955 gaz post

1955 gaz post

1955 GAZ-62A, 4x4

1955 GAZ-62A, 4×4

1956 gaz  zim

1956 gaz  zim ambulancewagen

1956 gaz 21

1956 gaz 21

1956 gaz 56o

1956 gaz 56

1956 gaz 62a

1956 gaz 62

1956 gaz 72

1956 gaz 72

1956 gaz m-20

1956 gaz m-20

1956 GAZ-12 ZIM

1957 gaz  zim

1957 gaz  zim

1957 gaz 21

1957 gaz 21 volga

1957 gaz 69 open

1957 gaz 69 open

1957 gaz 69a

1957 gaz 69

1957 gaz m72

1957 gaz m72

1957 gaz pobieda

1957 gaz pobieda taxi

1957 GAZ Volgabus

1957 GAZ Volgabus

1958 Ambulance Gaz 1958

1958 Ambulance Gaz

1958 Ambulance Gaz 1958a

1958 Ambulance Gaz

1958 gaz  zim

1958 gaz  zim

1958 Trucks GAZ-69 (4x4) with R-125 radio

1958 Trucks GAZ-69 (4×4) with R-125 radio

1958 Gaz 18 Prototype - fVl (Russia)

1958 Gaz 18 Prototype – fVl (Russia) ©VJ

1958 gaz 62

1958 gaz 62

1958 gaz 63a

1958 gaz 63

1958 gaz m20b

1958 gaz m20

1958 gaz volga export

1958 gaz volga export

1958 gaz volga

1958 gaz volga

1958 gaz-13 chaika brochure

1959 gaz 21 volga

1959 gaz 21 volga

1959 gaz 21-3

1959 gaz 21

1959 gaz 22 scaldia

1959 gaz 22 scaldia

1959 gaz 93M Migo

1959 gaz 93M Migo

1959 GAZ Chaika M-13

1959 GAZ Chaika M-13

1959 GAZ chaika

1959 GAZ Chaika M-13 Cabrio

1959 GAZ-62, 4x4

1959 GAZ-62, 4×4

1960 ambulance gaz 12bnn

1960 gaz 69

1960 classic-gaz 12-car-show 11

1960 GAZ equator-35 ©yazaika.lj.ru

1960 GAZ 21 VOLGA

1960 gaz m21 Volga

1960 GAZ Start (2)

1960 GAZ Start

1960 GAZ Start

1960 GAZ Start

1960 gaz Volga Diesel Perkins

1960 gaz Volga Diesel Perkins

1960 gaz volga soviet union economic achievements

1960 gaz volga soviet union economic achievements

1960 GAZ-21 volga-bus

1960 GAZ-21 volga-bus

1960 Scaldia 1400 Elita 1cm dik staalplaat

1960 Scaldia 1400 Elita 1cm dik staalplaat

1960 ambulance gaz 12bnn

1960 ambulance gaz 12

1960 GAZ-12-ZIM 8cm

1960

1960 GAZ 21 VOLGA

1960 GAZ 21 VOLGA

1960 gaz 211zr

1960 gaz 211

1960 GAZ amb images

1960 GAZ amb

1960 GAZ Bestel

1960 GAZ Bestel

1960 GAZ-12 Limousine

1960 GAZ-12 Taxi-Limousine

1960 GAZ-13 Chayka

1960 GAZ-12-ZIM 13 Limousine

1960 ZIM GAZ 12

1958 gaz-13 chaika brochure

1960 GAZ-12 ZIMa

1960 GAZ front

 

End of part I

1960 gaz-21-volga End of part I

Buses, Trucks, Ambulances + cars GAZ + MOSCOVITCH + SCALDIA + VOLGA + ZIM Russia II

Buses, Trucks, Ambulances + cars GAZ + MOSCOVITCH + SCALDIA + VOLGA + ZIM Russia II

September 14, 2013 By  Leave a Comment (Edit)

1960 gaz-logo-1

GAZ

ZIM

Moskovitch

Scaldia

Russian Car Museum

Volga GAZ-24 toyota motor

 

1961 Gaz Volga-Scaldia

1961 Gaz  Volga-Scaldia

1961 gaz 13 czajka

1961 gaz 13 czajka

1961 gaz 21

1961 gaz 21

1961 GAZ Pool

1961 GAZ Pool

1961 GAZ start CTAPT

1961 GAZ start CTAPT

1961 GAZ21Volga

1961 GAZ21Volga

1961 GAZ-logo-88116244DB-seeklogo.com

1961 GAZ-Start-CTAPT

1961 GAZ-Start-CTAPT

1961 GAZ-ZIM AD

1961 GAZ-ZIM AD

1961 Logo-mzma

1961 Logo-mzma

1961 moskvich-402-04

1961 moskvich-402

1961 moskvich-407-07

1961 moskvich-407

1961 moskvich-407-08

1961 moskvich-407

1961 GAZ (1)

GAZ

1961 Scaldia Sterk en Stabiel

1961 Scaldia Sterk en Stabiel

1962 Ambulance gaz m22 sanitarka

1962 Ambulance gaz m22 sanitarka

1962 gaz czajka

1962 gaz  czajka

1962 Gaz 033025

1962 Gaz 0330

1962 GAZ CTAPT

1962 GAZ CTAPT

1962 gaz m21 Volga

1962 gaz m21 Volga

1962 GAZ-69 prototype snowmobile with milling propelling agent

1962 GAZ-69 prototype snowmobile with milling propelling agent

1962 Moskovich b

1962 Moskovich

1962 Moskvich 426

1962 Moskvich 426

1962 moskvich-403-07

1962 moskvich-403

1962 Scaldia pin

1962 Scaldia pin

1962 Volga GAZ- M 21

1962 Volga GAZ- M 21

1962 Volga Kiev-Cars

1962 Volga Kiev-Cars

1962 Volga M21 kam die Volkspolizei nach Werdau

1962 Volga M21 kam die Volkspolizei nach Werdau

1963 gaz 12 volga

1963 gaz 12 volga

1963 gaz 13 czajka

1963 gaz 13 czajka

1963 gaz logo

1963 gaz logo

1963 gaz Volga 12back

1963 gaz Volga 12back

1963 Scaldia 1400 MH-15-09

1963 Scaldia 1400 MH-15-09

1963 Scaldia Diesel MG-34-17

1963 Scaldia Diesel MG-34-17

1963 volga a

1963 volga

1963 volga

1963 volga

1964 Ambulance gaz 1964 J3003

1964 Ambulance gaz 1964 J3003

1964 gaz 13 19

1964 gaz 13 19

1964 gaz 22 Volga

1964 gaz 22 Volga

1964 gaz wolga diesel

1964 gaz wolga diesel

1964 scaldia logo 13

1964 scaldia logo 13

1965 gaz 69m

1965 gaz 69m

1965 gaz J3721

1965 gaz J3721

1965 gaz m 21sew

1965 gaz m 21sew

1965 gaz Volga weekend

1965 gaz Volga weekend

1965 GAZ-66B, 4x4, Airborne

1965 GAZ-66B, 4×4, Airborne

1965 Moskvich a

1965 Moskvich

1965 Scaldia 1500

1965 Scaldia 1500

1965 scaldia-408-09

1965 scaldia-408

1966 gaz logo

1966 gaz logo

1966 gaz Volga Rover

1966 gaz Volga Rover