A.C.F. American+ C.C.F Canadian Car and Foundry Company — ACF BRILL

American Car and Foundry Company

1907 American Car and Foundry Company A 1907 postcard depicting the ACF plant at St. Charles, Missouri
1911 Reefers-shorty-Anheuser-Busch-Malt-Nutrine_ACF_builders_photo_pre-1911A refrigerator car built by ACF in 1911.

American Car and Foundry (often abbreviated as ACF) is a manufacturer of railroad rolling stock. One of its subsidiaries was once (1925–54) a manufacturer of motor coaches and trolley coaches under the brand names of (first) ACF and (later) ACF-Brill. Today ACF is known as ACF Industries LLC and is based in St. Charles, Missouri. It is owned by investor Carl Icahn.

History

American Car and Foundry was formed and incorporated in New Jersey in 1899 as the result of the merger of 13 smaller railroad car manufacturers. The company was made up of:

Company Founded Location
Buffalo Car Manufacturing Company 1872 Buffalo, New York
Ensign Manufacturing Company 1872 Huntington, West Virginia
Jackson and Woodin Manufacturing Company 1861 Berwick, Pennsylvania
Michigan-Peninsular Car Company 1892 Detroit, Michigan
Minerva Car Works 1882 Minerva, Ohio
Missouri Car and Foundry Company 1865 St. Louis, Missouri
Murray, Dougal and Company 1864 Milton, Pennsylvania
Niagara Car Wheel Company Buffalo, New York
Ohio Falls Car Manufacturing Company 1876 Jeffersonville, Indiana
St. Charles Car Company 1873 St. Charles, Missouri
Terre Haute Car and Manufacturing Company Terre Haute, Indiana
Union Car Company Depew, New York
Wells and French Company 1869 Chicago, Illinois

Later in 1899, ACF acquired Bloomsburg Car Manufacturing Company (of Bloomsburg, Pennsylvania). Two years later, ACF acquired Jackson and Sharp Company (founded 1863 inWilmington, Delaware), and the Common Sense Bolster Company (of Chicago, Illinois). The unified company made a great investment in the former Jackson & Woodin plant in Pennsylvania, spending about $3 million. It was at this plant that ACF built the first all-steel passenger car in the world in 1904. The car was built for the Interborough Rapid Transit system of New York City, the first of 300 such cars ordered by the railroad.

1904 and 1905 saw ACF build several motor cars and trailers for the London Underground. In these two years, ACF also acquired Southern Car and Foundry (founded 1899 in Memphis, Tennessee), Indianapolis Car and Foundry and Indianapolis Car Company.

ACF produced artillery gun mounts and ammunition, submarine chasers and other boats, railway cars and other equipment during World War I to support the Allies. ACF ranked 36th among United States corporations in the value of World War II production contracts.

Timeline

Products

1922 Norte_FCNC_boxcarExternal-braced wooden boxcar built for sugar service in Cuba by ACF. ca. 1922

Historically, ACF built passenger and freight cars and covered hopper cars for hauling items like corn or other grains. . One of the largest customers was Union Pacific, whose armour-yellow carbon steel lightweight passenger rolling stock was mostly built by ACF. The famous domeobservation carNative Son, was an ACF product. Today, the American passenger car market is erratic in production, and is mostly handled by specialty manufacturers. Competitors Budd, Pullman-Standard, and St. Louis Car have all either exited the market or gone out of business.

The manufacturing facility located in Milton, Pennsylvania is serviced by the Norfolk Southern railroad and is capable of manufacturing railcars and all related railcar components. The plant is capable of producing pressure vessels in sizes ranging from 18,000 – 61,000 gwc, to include propane tanks, compressed gas storage, LPG storage, and all related components including heads. The plant covers 48 acres providing 500,000 square feet of covered work area and 7 miles of railroad storage track. The Huntington, WV production site was closed in late 2009.

See also

American Car Company

1919 Fort_Collins_streetcar_21_at_City_Park_(1987)
 A Birney car made by the American Car Company, built in 1919, shown here in operation in 1987

The American Car Company was a streetcar manufacturing company based in St. Louis, Missouri, United States. It was one of the country’s leading streetcar builders during the heyday of streetcar operation. The company was founded in 1891 by William Sutton and Emil Alexander, who had previously founded the Laclede Car Company in 1883 also in St. Louis, and had both got their start working in the streetcar business at St. Louis’ horsecar manufacturer, the Brownell Car Company.

The American Car Company was a builder of electric powered streetcars. ACC was bought out by the J. G. Brill Company of Philadelphia in 1902. However, Brill continued to operate the American Car Co. under its own name until 1931, when it was reorganized as J. G. Brill of Missouri.

In 1915, American Car built the very first Birney-type trolley, the prototype of a new design then known as the “Safety Car”, and went on to build more Birney cars than any other manufacturer. The Fort Collins Municipal Railway, in Colorado, and the Fort Smith Trolley Museum, in Arkansas, are examples of operations where preserved Birney cars built by the American Car Company can still be seen running today.

In 1931, only four months after parent company J. G. Brill discontinued use of the American Car Company name, the ex-ACC factory in St. Louis closed permanently.

See also

Canadian Car and Foundry

1954 CCF-Brill trolley bus on the Edmonton trolley bus system Edmonton_CCF-Brill_trolleybus_202A preserved 1954 CCF-Brill trolley bus on the Edmonton trolley bus system.

Canadian Car and Foundry (CC&F) also variously known as “Canadian Car & Foundry,” or more familiarly as “Can Car,” manufactured buses,railroad rolling stock and later aircraft for the Canadian market. CC&F history goes back to 1897, but the main company was established in 1909 from an amalgamation of several companies and later became part of Hawker Siddeley Canada through the purchase by A.V. Roe Canada in 1957. Today the remaining factories are part of Bombardier Transportation Canada.

History

PortablePowerPlantSRMPortable power plant built by Canadian Car and Foundry

Canadian Car & Foundry (CC&F) was established in 1909 in Montreal as the result of an amalgamation of three companies:

In 1911 the CC&F Board of Directors recognized that the company could improve its efficiency if they were able to produce their own steel castings, a component that was becoming common to all their products. They purchased Montreal Steel Works Limited at Longue Pointe, QC, the largest producer of steel castings in Canada, and the Ontario Iron & Steel Company, Ltd. at Welland, ON, which included both a steel foundry and a rolling mill.

Buses were produced at Fort William, Ontario and railcars in Montreal and Amherst. Streetcars were manufactured between 1897 to 1913, however the company focused exclusively on rebuilding existing streetcars after 1913.

A few years later, CC&F acquired the assets of Pratt & Letchworth, a Brantford, ON, rail car manufacturer. In the latter part of World War I, the expanding company opened a new plant in Fort William (now Thunder Bay) to manufacture rail cars and ships which included the French minesweepers Inkerman and Cerisoles which were both lost in Lake Superior; the Amherst plant started by Rhodes & Curry in Amherst was closed in 1931. In an attempt to enter the aviation market, CC&F produced a small series of Grumman fighter aircraft under licence and developed an unsuccessful, indigenous-designed fighter aircraft, the Gregor FDB-1.

The Second World War

CC&F_HurricaneCC&F Hawker Hurricane X on a test flight over Fort William, Ontario

N.A._CCF_T-6J_20310_G-BSBG_WFD_23.06.96R_edited-3CC&F-built T-6J Harvard

By 1939, with war on the horizon, Canadian Car & Foundry and its Chief Engineer, Elsie MacGill, were contracted by the Royal Air Force to produce the Hawker Hurricane.Refinements introduced by MacGill on the Hurricane included skis and de-icing gear. When the production of the Hurricane was complete in 1943, CC&F’s workforce of 4,500 (half of them women) had built over 1,400 aircraft, about 10% of all Hurricanes built.

Following the success of the Hurricane contract, CC&F sought out and received a production order for the troublesome Curtiss SB2C Helldiver. Eventually, 834 Helldivers were produced by CC&F in various versions from SBW-1, SBW-1B, SBW-3,SBW-4E and SBW-5. Some of the Curtiss divebombers were sent directly to the Royal Navy under Lend-Lease arrangements. CC&F also built the North American AT-6 Texan/Harvard under licence, many of the aircraft being supplied to European air forces to train post war military pilots.

In 1944, the Canadian Car & Foundry built a revolutionary new aircraft in its Montreal shops – the Burnelli CBY-3, also called the Loadmaster. There were two examples built of an aerofoil-fuselage design originally developed by Vincent J. Burnelli. The CBY-3 was never to enter full-scale production and was cancelled less than one year later.

The work of Canadian women building fighter and bomber aircraft at the plant during the Second World War is documented in the 1999 National Film Board of Canada documentary film Rosies of the North.

Postwar developments

After the Second World War, the CC&F returned to its roots as a rail car manufacturer. They also made a successful leap into the streetcar business, supplying Montreal, Toronto, Regina, Calgary, Vancouver, Edmonton, and the Brazilian cities of Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo with various types of streetcars. The company concluded a licencing agreement with ACF-Brill (the successor to J. G. Brill) in 1944 to manufacture and sell throughout Canada buses and trolley coaches of ACF-Brill design as Canadian Car-Brill, in later years often written “CCF-Brill”, for short. CC&F built 1,114 trolley buses[5] and a few thousand buses under the name. Trolleybus production ended in 1954; Edmonton Transit System‘s No. 202, a 1954 CCF-Brill T48A, was the very last Brill trolleybus built for any city.

In 1957, wishing to diversify, the British Hawker Siddeley Group acquired CC&F through its Canadian subsidiary, A.V. Roe Canada Ltd.. In 1962, A.V. Roe Canada was dissolved and its assets became part of Hawker Siddeley Canada. During the 1970s they introduced the BiLevel Coach heavy railway passenger car, which would go on to great success.

CCF re-emerged as Can-Car Rail in 1983 as a joint division between Hawker Siddeley Canada and UTDC. The Can-Car Rail operations were based in Thunder Bay. Sold to SNC-Lavalin in 1986, a financial shakeup led to the firm being returned to the Government of Ontario, and then quickly re-sold to Bombardier Transportation. Through a series of further acquisitions, mergers and rationalisations, CC&F faded from the annals of significant Canadian manufacturers, although the company still exists today as the Bombardier Transportation Canada Inc.railcar facility in Thunder Bay, Ontario.

Products

Transit

Other

Aircraft

Customers

Preservation

Many CC&F-built buses have been preserved as historic vehicles, some in operating condition. For example, the Transit Museum Society, in Vancouver, has at least seven CC&F buses in its collection, including two CC&F-Brill trolleybuses.

See also

J. G. Brill Company

J. G. Brill Company
Private
Industry rail transport
Founded 1868
Founder John George Brill
Headquarters Philadelphia, Pennsylvania,United States
Products streetcars, motor buses, andtrolleybuses

1903 Sintra_tram_7_-_cropped

A 1903 Brill-built streetcar on a heritage streetcar line in Sintra, Portugal in 2010.

The J. G. Brill Company manufactured streetcars and buses in the United States. The company was founded by John George Brill in 1868 as ahorsecar manufacturing firm in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, merged with the American Car and Foundry Company (ACF) in 1944 to become ACF-Brill and ceased production in 1954. Brill manufactured over 45,000 streetcars (also known as trolleys or trolley cars in the U.S.), motor busestrolleybuses and railroad cars. At its height, it was the largest manufacturer of streetcars and interurbans in the U.S. It produced more streetcars and interurbans and gas electrics than any other manufacturer.

History

Brill-21E-Yokohama-Tram-Museum-01Brill-21E

J. G. Brill began operations in 1868 and operated with the Brill name until 1956.

In 1926, ACF Motors Company obtained a controlling interest in J. G. Brill. In 1944 the two companies merged, resulting in the ACF-Brill Motors Company. On January 31, 1946, controlling interest in ACF-Brill was acquired by Consolidated Vultee Aircraft Corporation for $7.5 million. Consolidated Vultee was sold on November 6, 1947, to the Nashville Corporation, which sold its share to investment firm Allen & Co headed by Charles Allen, Jr. on June 11, 1951. In early 1954, ACF-Brill ceased production and subcontracted remaining orders. The properties were sold, and on December 30, 1955, the company was merged with supermarket companies into ACF-Wrigley Stores Inc.

ACF-Brill announced in 1944 that Canadian Car and Foundry of Montreal, Quebec were licensed to manufacture and sell throughout Canada motor buses and trolley coaches of their design as Canadian Car-Brill. The firm built about 1,100 trolley buses and a few thousand buses under the name.

Products

1962 Arhs_brill_057903

 Model 55 and Model 75 Brill Railcars stand at Adelaide, South Australia, in 1962
  • Steel heavy interurban cars built 1920-1930s. The Brill “Center Door” car was typical of suburban trolleys and interurbans built around 1920. These tended to be large, heavy, double-ended cars, with passengers entering and exiting via doors located at the center of the car. Many rebuilt into one man cars.[Springirth,p86-100]
  • Brill “Master Unit,” built 1930s. All-steel; had standard controller stand, capable of 70 mph.[p86-100]
  • Brilliner – Brill’s competitor to the PCC (Presidents’ Conference Car) looked somewhat like the first PCCs. The Brilliner was not successful when compared to the PCC. Underpowered. Few were sold, whereas PCCs were well sold worldwide. Twenty-four built for Atlantic City’s Miss America Fleet.[Springirth p86-100]
  • Brill “Bullet” car. 1929-1932. For suburban/interurban use.[Springirth, p86-100]

1947 Philadelphia_ACF-Brill_trolleybus_215_on_route_79_in_1978,_croppedA 1947 ACF-Brill trolley bus

  • Peter Witt streetcar
    • Large cars with trailers
    • Small cars
  • Numerous models of trolleybuses, including T30, T40, 40SMT, 44SMT and, as ACF-Brill, TC44 and T46/TC46
  • C-36 city bus
  • IC-41 intercity bus

The unique Bullet cars

Bullet Philadelphia_&_Western_Railway_206

 Later-model train from the P&W line, “Bullet” No. 206 on display at Steamtown in Scranton, Pennsylvania.

The lines that operated interurban passenger cars recognized in the mid-1920s that they needed faster and more efficient equipment. Up to that time, both the wood and the steel interurban cars were large, sat high, and were heavy. Car manufacturers such as Cincinnati Car Co., St. Louis Car Co., and Pullman worked to design equipment for a better ride at speed, improved passenger comfort, and reduce power consumption. This included designing trucks able to handle rough track. Brill, in conjunction with Westinghouse and General Electric, worked on a new design. The result was the 1929 aluminum and steel wind tunnel developed slope roof Bullet MU cars, the first of which were purchased by the Philadelphia and Western Railroad, a third rail line running from 69th Street Upper Darby to Norristown in the Philadelphia region. This line still runs as SEPTA’s Norristown High Speed Line. These Bullets were successful and operated until the 1980s, but not many others were sold. Only the central New York state interurban Fonda, Johnstown, and Gloversville Railroad ordered Bullets, albeit a single-ended, single-unit “trolley-ized” version. Five were procured in mid-Depression 1932. In 1936 the FJ&G sold its Bullets to the Bamberger Railroad in Utah, which ran them in high-speed service between Salt Lake City and Ogden until the mid-1950s. Three of the SEPTA cars are now at the Seashore Trolley Museum.

Clients

Companies

The American Car & Foundry Co. controlled, as of January 26, 1926:

  • The Brill Corporation, which controlled:
    1. American Car & Foundry Motors Co: owned Hall-Scott Motor Car Co (owned 100%) and Fageol Motors (Ohio) (controlled 90%)
    2. The J. G Brill Company, 62nd and Woodland Streets, Philadelphia. Absorbed and owned American Car Co. (not American Car and Foundry), Kuhlman Car Co. of Cleveland, Wason Mfg. Co. of Springfield, MA., Stephenson Car Co. of Elizabeth, NJ, Hall-Scott of San Francisco. In Europe, Cie. J. G. Brill of Gallardon, France, which was sold to Electroforge in 1935.

Other companies that built licensed versions of Brill vehicles:

Canadian railway car builder Preston Car Company was acquired in 1921 and operations were closed in 1923.

See also

References

  • 1. Middleton. List of U.S. interurban car manufacturers, pp416–417. Bullet design, p68-70.
  • 2. Volkmer. Photographs pf P&W Bullets and SEPTA Bullets. Brilliners, built 1932.
  • 3. Hilton. Development of improved interurban car design. (eight pages)
  • 4. Springirth. Development of Bullet design.
  • 5. Bradford, Francis H. Hall-Scott: The Untold Story of a Great American Engine Maker

Bibliography

  1. Jump up^ Young, Andrew D. (1997). Veteran & Vintage Transit, p. 101. St. Louis: Archway Publishing. ISBN 0-9647279-2-7.
  2. Jump up^ Sebree, Mac; and Ward, Paul (1973). Transit’s Stepchild: The Trolley Coach, p. 127. Los Angeles: Interurbans. LCCN 73-84356.
  3. Jump up^ Brill Railcars of the South Australian Railways Bird, K Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin, October;November;December 1981 pp213-236;237-260;272-282 January 1982 pp1-8
  4. Jump up^ Brill (2001), p 165.
  • Brill, Debra (2001). History of the J. G. Brill Company. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. ISBN 0-253-33949-9. The author of this book is a direct descendant of company founder John George Brill of the JG Brill Company of Philadelphia, manufacturer for many years of street cars, interurban cars, the famous “Bullet” cars, and buses. The largest (number produced) manufacturer of such equipment in the world. Over time, absorbed other manufacturers of interurban cars and street cars.
  • Middleton, Wm. D (2000) [1962]. The Interurban Era. Milwaukee, WI: Kalmbach Books. ISBN 978-0-89024-003-8.
  • Volkmer, Wm. D. Pennsylvania Trolleys in Color, Vol II, Philadelphia Region. 92pp. Morning Sun Books, Scotch Plains, NJ. 1998. ISBN 1-878887-99-8. Photographs of Brilliners and Bullets and other Brill designs on Philadelphia and Westernline and in shops.
  • Hilton, George and Due, John The Interurban Electric Railway in America, Stanford University Press, Stanford, CA. Reissue 2000.
  • Springirth, Kenneth. Suburban Philadelphia Trolleys 128pp. Arcadia Publishing, 2007. (ISBN 9780738550435)

External links

  1928 ACF Model 508-2-B-3

1930 ACF Brill 1930 ACF Bus Eight Mile Road & Livernois Detroit 1930 ACF E1 Trolley 1 on Cortelyou Rd 1931 ACF Model 508 1933 ACF Model P-516 1937 ACF(American Car & Foundry Motors Co.)Model H-9-P for Greyhound Hall-Scott 6-cylinder engine 1938 ACF Brill 37-P 1938 ACF Brill 37-Pa 1938 ACF BRILL H-9 1938 ACF Brill H-9-P SFe H9P 1939 ACF Brill Model 31-S transit 1940 ACF Brill 29-P 1940 ACF Brill Bus Brochure 1941 ACF Brill 37PB NorthernTrails 1941 ACF Greyhound to Macon hailed by woman unknown photomaker OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA 1945 ACF Brill IC37 1945 ACF BRILL IC-41A CANADA 1946 A(C)CF Brill Canadian Car & Foundry IC-41 Selkirk-GWTC601 streamliner2-foto-William A luke 1946 Acf Brill C36 1946 ACF Brill IC37 American Bus Lines 1946 ACF Brill IC-37 P6 1946 ACF Brill IC-37 1946 ACF Brill IC-37a 1946 ACF Brill IC-37b 1946 ACF Brill IC-41 1946 ACF-Brill-opt 1947 ACF Brill Conversion Bus 1947 ACF Brill IC-37 P21 1947 ACF Brill IC-37 1947 ACF Brill IC-41 1947 ACF-Brill Model C-36 1947 ACF-Brill Model C-44 1948 ACF Brill ad 1948 ACF Brill IC-37 1948 ACF-Brill C-10 Jitney Bus 1948 ACF-Brill Model IC-41 1950 ACF Brill ICO-X-001 at Jackson, MS 1950 ACF Brill The Continental Oueen 1951 ACF-Brill C-44-S Carolina Coach Co C-4176 Norfolk Bus Corp 176 1978 ACF-Brill trolleybus 215 on route 79 ACF 170 front ACF Brill 2609 acf brill-bwsuburb-1 acf brill-trackless-1 acf brill-urban-1 ACF H-17-S ACF H-17-Sa ACF Model H-17S ACF onbekend ACF QUEENS NASSAU ACF SHOP ACF trolley ttc-trackless ACF-003 Springfield ACF-BRILL MOTORS COMPANY ACF-ETB Trolley Edmonton1940 ACF Brill Bus Brochure 1947 Brill Bus of  Canada 1952 Brill trolleybus 1955 brill trolley 1956 SAR Brill Bus at Wilderness, Cape Province 1957 Brill Bus 1958 Brill Bus Can 1962 Brill-Prentice 1965 Brill 2200 series of Canadian Car Brills 1965 brill 1966 Brill (1) 1967 Brill hastings-angusmcintyre1 1967 Brill trolleybus with the BC Hydro colours, operating as the Hastings 14 1968 04-14hastings return 1969 Brill hastings-angusmcintyre2 1973 Brill 2100 series of Canadian Car Brills operated by BC Hydro Transit 1978 Philadelphia ACF-Brill trolleybus 215 on route 79 A.C.F. Brill Model IC Coach ACF Brill AD ACF BRILL acfbrill-trackless-1 AFC Brill Brill a Brill acf brill an old acf brill bus Brill c brill company streetcars and buses postcard Brill highway Coaches 37 Brill Honolulu Brill trolley brill sau paulo Brill trolley tour Brill Trolleybus 3093 Canadian BRILL Logo download hsr757onkingatmcnabmain7-11-74 JG Brill History Trams Cartago line from J. G. Brill Co. in PhiladelphiaA Brill trolley with the BC Hydro colours, operating as the 14 Hastings in 1967 Bussen Canadian Car Brill highway coach Bussen Canadian Car IC-41 selkirk-BBL19 412-luke 1946 Bussen Canadian Car IC-41 Selkirk-GWTC601 streamliner2-foto-William A luke 1946 Canadian Brill- ACF Brill Canadian Brill Car of the South African Railways Road Services VV Knysna George 27 Canadian Brill Du Toit's Kloof Tunnel, Cape (1952) SA Canadian Car & Foundry delivered 30 Brill T48A trolley coaches to the City Canadian Car and Foundry Brill logo plate Canadian Car and Foundry C-36 1945-50 Edmonton Transit System 99 Canadian Car and Foundry IC-41 1945-52-Ottawa Electric Railway 300-a Canadian Car and Foundry T-44 Edmonton Transit System 148-a Canadian Car and Foundry T-48A Edmonton Transit System 202-a Canadian Car and Foundry TD-43 1960-62 Mississauga Transit 2021-a Canadian-built Brill Bus Canadian-Car-Brill Bus CC&F Brill-Canadian Car Brill C36's CCF-Brill IC-41 Five Can Brill Trolleys cross Hastings Street 04-14hastings Ford C model pulling a Canadian Car Brill bus  bob316 juin 2010 MT 6041 Canadian Brill Car - OTM - George - CK - 2004 SAR Road Transport Services 41-seater Canadian Brill Bus (1957) The OTC ordered 10 new CCF-Brill (Canada Car and Foundry Co) Two 1960 Canadian-Car-Brill Buses

1918 Brill, 4x4 1920 brill ambulance 1952 Brill trolleybus 1953 Brill ХМ148 Gull, 6x6

01_Christchurch_178_Brill_car 1901 Horse_drawn_tramcars,_Honolulu,_Hawaii,_1901 1903 Council_Crest_streetcar_504,_Portland,_Oregon_-_1918 1903 Sintra_tram_7_-_cropped 1904 Council_Crest_streetcar_507,_Portland,_Oregon_-_1910 1907 American Car and Foundry Company 1911 Reefers-shorty-Anheuser-Busch-Malt-Nutrine_ACF_builders_photo_pre-1911 1913 Brill18 1916 Seattle_Car_and_Foundry_Renton_Works_1916 1919 Fort_Collins_streetcar_21_at_City_Park_(1987) 1922 Norte_FCNC_boxcar 1926 Electric_City_Trolley_Museum_76 1927 ACF bus 2 1927 ACF bus 3, American Car and Foundry 1928 ACF truck 1931 ACF truck 1 1931 ACF truck 2 1931 American Car & Foundry-built R-1 number 107, being delivered at 207th Street Yard in August, 1931 1932 Gauge_(55249195) 1997-04-25 by Steve Morgan 1932 Portland_813_at_Willamette_Shore_Trolley's_Bancroft_St_terminus,_May_2010 1940 King_County_Metro_Brill_Trolley 1940 Seattle_1940_Brill_trolleybus_798_in_1990 1942 acf-eaglet_andrews-03 1946 Pw_4_bryn_mawr_Aug_80cr_-_Flickr_-_drewj1946 1946 Red_arrow_2_media 1946 SEPTA_3_arr_Upper_Darby_on_Garrett 1946 SEPTA_6_Springfield_Rd_at_Woodlawn 1946 SEPTA_88_Sharon_Hill_May76xRP 1947 Montreal_CCF-Brill_trolleybus_4042_at_the_Canadian_Railway_Museum_in_1971 1947 Philadelphia_ACF-Brill_trolleybus_215_on_route_79_in_1978,_cropped 1947 PTC_1947_ACF-Brill_trolley_bus_in_route_79_short-turn_loop,_8th_&_Wolf,_in_1968 1947 Vancouver_CCF-Brill_T44_2040_at_VTC 1947 Vancouver_CCF-Brill_T44_2040_at_VTC_II 1948 ACF_Bril_3093 1948 Chicago_ACF-Brill_trolley_buses_at_North_Station_(garage) Toronto Brill trolleybus in 1968 1948-Ad-Rolling-Stock-Road-Rail-Canadian-Car 1950's Brill 1952 Johnstown_ACF-Brill_trolleybus_734_at_Coopersdale_terminus,_1967 1952 Johnstown_trolley_coach_732_on_Main_at_Franklin_on_Nov-11-1967 1952 Johnstown_trolleybus_734_in_Coopersdale_Loop,_Nov-10-1967 1952 Restored_Montreal_Transit_comission_1952_Canadian_Car_Brill 1953 ACF Brill M56 R2 Dodge Emergenancy Crash Truck a 1953 ACF Brill M56 R2 Dodge Emergenancy Crash Truck b 1953 ACF Brill M56 R2 Dodge Emergenancy Crash Truck c ??????????????????? 1953 Dodge R-2 ACF-BRILL Truck a 1953 Dodge R-2 ACF-BRILL Truck 1953 R-2 Chassis by Dodge & ACF Brill - Oneida Body Works a 1953 R-2 Chassis by Dodge & ACF Brill - Oneida Body Works 1953 R-2 second ACF Brill Armoured Dodge 1954 Edmonton_CCF-Brill_trolleybus_202 1962 Arhs_brill_057903 1968 0623_29_ PTC_228_Snyder_Ave._@_9th_St. 7th & Snyder 1968 Philadelphia_Brill_trolley_bus_228_turning_at_23rd_&_Snyder 1969 0104_28_PST_4_Drexel_Hill_(6792816545) Acf Brill Car 01-gobron-brillie acf brill logo ACF Brill xm148 5530 ACF H-13 ACF tt160 tt175 5528 ACF XM148 Gull Amphibie Arden66 Astoria_Riverfront_Trolley_-_Old_300_at_12th_Street Astoria_Riverfront_Trolley_car_300_at_Maritime_Museum,_July_1999 Brill_(55249169) Brill_Car_with_People BRILL_GE_tram_76_Helsinki Brill-21E-Yokohama-Tram-Museum-01 Bullet Philadelphia_&_Western_Railway_206 C.C.F Ottawa_Electric_Railway_300-a Canadian Car and Foundry TD-43 Mississauga_Transit_2021-a Canadian Car and Foundry CC&F_Hurricane Christchurch_178_Brill_car Christchurch_178_Brill_car_closeup First_EMU_in_Japan_1890 Fremantle_tram_11 FSB_FGC_Cotxe_M-301_Brill- Interior_tranvía_Brill_(Lacroze_-_Tramway_Rural) Japanese_First_Tram_(01)_Scan10044 Japanese_First_Tram_(02)_Scan10044-2 N.A._CCF_T-6J_20310_G-BSBG_WFD_23.06.96R_edited-3 PA_Trolley_Museum PA_Trolley_Museum_071907_003 PA_Trolley_Museum_071907_007 Philadelphia_Tram_78 PortablePowerPlantSRM PTM080 Toronto_CCF-Brill_trolleybus_passing_PCC_streetcar_on_Oakwood_St,_1968 Tranvía_2_Tetepilco_STE_Museo Tranvía_Brill_Semi-Convertible_(truck_Radiax_11ft_wheelbase)_-_Revista_Brill_(Lacroze_-_Tramway_Rural) Tranvía_dormitorio_-_Brill_(Lacroze_-_Tramway_Rural) TTC_9142_4442_Oakwood_&_St._Clair_Toronto_1968 Two_Phila._Brill_trolleybuses_at_Tasker_&_32nd,_route_29,_in_1968 Vancouver_trolleybus_2302_eastbound_on_Robson_Street,_late_1970s

ACADIAN cars Canada 1962-1971

acadian_logoAcadian (automobile)

Acadian was a make of automobile produced by General Motors of Canada from 1962 to 1971. The Acadian was introduced so that Canadian PontiacBuick dealers would have a compact model to sell, since the Pontiac Tempest was unavailable in Canada. Plans originally called for the Acadian to be based on the Chevrolet Corvair, which was produced at GM’s Oshawa plant; however, the concept was moved to the Chevy II platform to be introduced for 1962. The brand was also offered in Chile, with models built in Africa.

1962 to 1971

In order to promote automobile manufacturing in Canada, The Auto Pact (APTA) in the 1960s had provisions prohibiting sales of certain United States-made cars. General Motors responded by offering certain makes of cars manufactured in Canada primarily for the Canadian market such as Acadian, and Beaumont which started an offering in the Acadian line but later became its own brand. Initially, Acadians were retrimmed Chevy IIs, offered as a base model, mid-priced Invader and top-line Beaumont. The car used Pontiac styling cues such as a split grille but was marketed as a separate make, never as a Pontiac. . As with the concurrent Chevy II, Acadians were offered with 4-cylinder, 6-cylinder and V8 engines. There was a choice of transmission, depending upon the model and engine installed, 3 and 4 speed manual gearboxes or the 2-speed Powerglide automatic.

For 1964 and 1965, the Beaumont name was moved to a retrimmed version of the intermediate Chevrolet Chevelle, at which time the name Canso was applied to the top-line compact model, equivalent of the Nova. Invader became the series name for the base model. Data for the 1966 Acadian were: engines available were six-cylinder (194 cid, 8.5 compression ratio, 120 bhp rated), V8 (283 cid, 9.25 compression ratio, 195 bhp) or (327 cid, 11.00 compression ratio, 350 bhp rated), overall length of 15.250 feet (4.648 m); overall width of 5.942 ft (1.811 m); height of 4.483 ft (1.367 m); turning circle of 38.40 ft (11.70 m); front track of 4.733 ft (1.443 m) and rear track of 4.692 ft (1.430 m). Its fuel tank held 13.5 imperial gallons.

1966-69 Beaumonts continued to use the Chevrolet Chevelle body with minor styling revisions, including different taillights and a Pontiac-style split grille, but dropped the Acadian name as Beaumont became its own separate make. The interior used the instrument panel from the American Pontiac Tempest/LeMans/GTO series. Drivetrains were the same as the contemporary Chevelle with the exception of the 396 with 375 rated bhp, as were model offerings. The one exception to Chevelle/Beaumont availability was a base-model Beaumont convertible. Such a model was never available in the Chevelle line in the USA although it was in Canada. All Acadians and Beaumonts used Chevrolet engines and drivelines. The Beaumont was dropped after 1969, after which Canadian dealers sold the Pontiac LeMans. The Acadian continued using the Chevy II/Nova body through mid-1971, after which it was replaced by the Pontiac Ventura II. GM would not market another Canadian-exclusive brand until the launch of Passport starting in the 1989 model year.

Gallery 1962-1971

Sport Deluxe

During the muscle car craze in the late 1960s, Chevrolet Chevelle offered the Super Sport and SS396 models that offered high performance, bucket seats, and sport stripes. In Canada, Beaumont offered an equivalent model, the Sport Deluxe, or SD. For 1966, the Sport Deluxe was combined with the Chevrolet 230 cid 6 cylinder, 283 or 327 cid small block, or 396 cubic-inch Mark IV big-block V8, along with the same bucket seats/console package as the Chevelle SS396, along with unique trim, and emblems. Many collectors consider the Beaumont SD396 even more desirable than the Chevelle SS396, since it is far more rare. Many Acadians and Beaumonts succumbed to rough Canadian winters, suffering from rust and mechanical wear and tear, leaving very few original specimens left, in addition to the fact that production was much lower than equivalent Chevy models.

An equivalent Acadian, the Canso Sport Deluxe, offered as similar package equivalent to the Chevy II Super Sport, which included the same Strato-bucket seats, console, floor shift, along with unique SD trim and emblems. Top performance option for the Canso SD was Chevrolet’s 350-bhp 327 cubic-inch L79 small-block V8 (in 1966 only), along with a three or four-speed manual transmission.

During the late 1960s, the Beaumont was also available in Puerto Rico. There was actually a Beaumont Cafeteria that was co-located with the local Beaumont dealer in San Juan.

Pontiac Acadian (1976 to 1987)

Main article: Chevrolet Chevette
1986 Pontiac Acadian Scooter

1986 Pontiac Acadian Scooter

From 1976 to 1987, the Pontiac Acadian was a version of the Chevrolet Chevette sold by Canadian Pontiac-Buick dealers, initially identical to the Chevette except for badging but picking up the distinctly “Pontiac” design cues of the U.S. market Pontiac T1000 after that model’s 1981 introduction.

For the crossover SUV of similar name, see GMC Acadian
1962 Acadian Can
 1962 Acadian Invader and logo
1962 Acadian Beaumont Sport Coupe a

1962 Acadian Beaumont Sport Coupe

1962 Acadian 2-door sedan

1962 Acadian 2-door sedan

1962-71 Acadian Beaumont convertible. This car is virtually identical to the Chevy II Nova.

1963 Acadian Beaumont convertible. This car is virtually identical to the Chevy II Nova.

1964 Acadian

1964 Acadian

1965 Acadian Canso Sport Coupe

1965 Acadian Canso Sport Coupe

1967 Acadian Canso

1967 Acadian Canso

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Acadian coupe

1966 Acadian Canso Sport Deluxe a

1966 Acadian Canso Sport Deluxe
acadian_logo
1962 Acadian 2-door sedan 1962 Acadian Beaumont Convertible 1962 Acadian Beaumont Sport Coupe a 1962 Acadian Beaumont Sport Coupe 1962 Acadian Beaumont 1962 Acadian Can 1962 Acadian Invader Station Wagon 1962 Acadian Invader 1962 Acadian-03 1962-71 Acadian Beaumont convertible. This car is virtually identical to the Chevy II Nova. 1963 Acadian Beaumont & Invader & Canso 1963 Acadian Beaumont Convertible 1963 Acadian Beaumont Sport Deluxe s 1963 Acadian Beaumont Sport Deluxe t 1963 Acadian Canso&Beaumont 1963 Acadian Station Wagon 1964 Acadian Beaumont Ad 1964 Acadian Beaumont Convertible&Sport Coupe 1964 Acadian Beaumont Sort Deluxe Convertible 1964 Acadian Beaumont Sport Coupe 1964 Acadian lav143 1964 acadian sport deluxe convert 1964 Acadian 1965 Acadian Beaumont Convertible 1965 Acadian Canso Sport Coupe and 4-Door Sedan 1965 Acadian Canso Sport Coupe 1965 Acadian-01 1966 Acadian Canso Sport Deluxe a 1966 Acadian Canso 1966 Acadian Invader Sedans 1966-Acadian-Canso- 1967 Acadian Beaumont ad 1967 Acadian -Beaumont SprtDelux Conv 1967 Acadian Canso b 1967 Acadian Canso 1968 Acadian 1969 Acadian SS 350 Coupe 1969 Acadian 1982 Pontiac Acadian Acadian Beaumont Chile Folleto Acadian Beaumont Nova a Acadian Beaumont Nova OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA acadian_ambulance logo acadian_logo acadian-beaumont-custom-convertible-1966 acadian-invader-sedan-08
###

PREVOST Sainte-Clair, Quebec, Canada

Prevost Car

Prévost
Type Subsidiary
Industry Manufacturing
Founded 1924
Headquarters Sainte-Claire, Quebec, Canada
Products Coach Buses
Parent Volvo Group
Website Official website

1924 PREVOST 14

1924 Prevost

Prévost (pronounced pray-voh; the -st is silent) is a Quebec, Canada-based manufacturer of touring coaches and bus shells for high-end motorhomes and specialty conversions.

The company now owns Nova Bus and in turn is owned by Volvo Bus Corporation.

History

Place Eugène Prévost

 Place Eugène Prévost in Sainte-Claire
2005 Prevost H3-45 of Tai Pan ToursPrévost H3-45 of Tai Pan Tours

The company was first founded in 1924 by Eugène Prévost (1898–1965), a cabinet maker specializing in church pews and school furniture, who in 1924 was asked to build a custom bus body for a new REO truck chassis. Les Ateliers Prévost, as the company was then called, received several repeat orders. Between 1937 and 1939, Prévost Car’s first bus manufacturing plant was built. Initially the vehicles were built around a wooden frame. In 1945 this changed, and bodies were made of metal.

The company was acquired by Paul Normand in 1957. In 1969, two American businessmen formed a partnership with André Normand, then President of Prévost, to become the company’s owners. These three men, in turn, sold Prévost to Volvo Bus Corporation in 1995.

As of February 2007, the firm has 1,337 employees and operates six parts and service centres in North America.

The latest models saw the XLII thoroughly revised, with a longer wheelbase for more storage and a smoother ride. This, and other changes, marked the beginning of the new X3-45.

The flagship H3-45 received some further enhancements in 2006 with GPS and destination sign options. In addition, the new Delta sound system was developed to provide improved sound throughout the cabin.

For the new EPA 2007 Standards, Prévost now offers an innovative installation of the Diesel Particulate Filter and the Rooftop Diffuser for Increased Safety, Performance, Serviceability and Security. The standard Detroit Diesel has been uprated from 12.7 litres to 14 litres for the model year 2007.

For the 2008 model year, Prévost introduced a new Volvo D13 engine from their parent company as a replacement for the then-current Detroit Diesel Series 60 offering. The Volvo I-Shift semiautomatic transmission was introduced as an option to the Allison B500R transmission. A set of new interior colour schemes were developed for the 2008 model year to provide a modern feel. There are three “trim levels” ranging from fabric to leather and wood.

Beginning with 2011, the Prevost X3-45 is available in a transit configuration, with bi-fold doors instead of a sedan-type door. The New York City Transit Authority is the launch customer for this configuration. Previously, 20 transit-style buses in the LeMirage predecessor model had been built for GO Transit in the late 1990s.

Prévost is also the North American builder of the Volvo 9700 motorcoach.

Ground Force One

Main article: Ground Force One

Ground Force One is the nickname given to the modified X3-45 shells used by US President Barack Obama. The interiors were fitted out by Nashville, Tennessee-based Hemphill Brothers Coach Company and it is assumed that other features were added by the US Secret Service. A similar bus with a Prévost shell (when the model was known as the LeMirage XL-II) was used by then-President George W. Bush in the 2004 Presidential campaign.

Current products

2011 MTA New York City Bus Prevost X3-452011 New York City Transit Prévost X3-45

Passenger coaches:

2001 Prevost La Quebecoise 2001 Vantare Prevost H-345 (luxury coach, rv, motor home, coach) 2002 Prevost Articulated H5-60 2002 Prevost Car H5-60 Articulated Bus 2002 Prevost Prevost Vantare (H3-45) 2004 Prevost from Lamers 2004 Prevost XLII Custom Marathon Bus 2005 Prevost H3-45 from Kingdom Coach 2005 Prevost H3-45 of Tai Pan Tours 2005 Prevost H3-45, parked in BC, Canada 2005 Prevost 2006 Prevost 12 2006 Prevost launches the X3-45 2006 Prevost Marathon Bus 2007 Prevost from Excellence 2007 prevost liberty h3 45 elegant lady double slide 2007 Prevost 2008 prevost marathon-echo-1131-class-a-motorhome 2009 Millennium-2-3_HiRes_500x333 2009 Prevost Greyhound Prevost X3-45 2009 Prevost GREYHOUNDNORCAL 2009 The Oasis motorhome by Outlaw Coach is built out of a Prevost H3-45 2010 Prevost Coaches For Sale 2010 Prevost H-Series Motorcoach at Lévis Congress Center in Quebec 2010 Prevost H-Series Motorcoach featuring the new Facelift 2010 Prevost Liberty Coach 2010 Prevost X3-45 Motorcoach at Museum 2010 Prevost X3-45 Motorcoach 2010 Volvo 9700 Motorcoach a 2010 Volvo 9700 Motorcoach 2011 H3-45 Motorcoach 2011 Lamers 737 Prevost H3-45 2011 MTA New York City Bus Prevost X3-45 2011 Prevost logo le miragexlii 2012 Prevost Greyhound Lines 86025b 2012 Prevost logo h3-45vip 2012 Prevost X3-45 at UMA Expo 2012 Volvo 9700 Motorcoach ad-prevost_logo Greyhound logo Motor Coach Industries · Prevost Place Eugène Prévost Prevost BRI Calhoun St-CHS Prevost D70_37278 Prevost marathon 03 0 Prevost-logo

  • H-Series (H3-41 (41′ Feet), H3-45 (45′ Feet)) Intercity Coach
  • X-Series (X3-45, X3-45 Commuter Coach)
  • Volvo 9700 Inter-City Coach

Bus shells for conversion to motorhomes or private coaches:

  • H3-45 VIP
  • X3-45 VIP
  • LeMirage XLII Entertainer

Former products

1000px-Prevost Logo.svg 1924 PREVOST 14 1924-1ST Prevost Bus 1927 PREVOST 12 1928 Prevost 66440004 1929 Prevost 66440016 1932-69 Prevost (William A. Luke) Autobus A. Drolet Ltée Ancienne Lorette 1938 PREVOST REO 8 1939 Prevost Suburban 1958 Le Normand 1939 Prevost Suburban 1940 Prevost 67520037 1940 PREVOST Intercity 2-1 1941 Prevost 66440002 1945 Prevost 66440009 1945 Prevost Coach-J.H.-Fortier-in-Baie-Comeau 1946 Prevost 66440022 1946 Prevost 66440023 1947 Prevost 66440017 1947 Prevost CCBL 30 Winnipeg 1947 Prevost winnipeg-CCBL30 prevost2-luke 1947-64 Jasper Place Diamond Lines Prevost (William A. Luke) Diamond Bus Lines Ltd. 1947-71 isle dorleans-15prevost2-luke 1948 Prevost 66440014 1948 Prevost 67520034 1948 Prevost I-28 SILVERSIDE SPOORMANS SONY DSC 1949 Dodge PREVOST Stretch 6 1949 Prevost a 1950 Prevost 47 67520035 1950 Prevost 66440006 1950 Prevost 66440012 1950 Prevost 66440020 1950 Prevost 66440021 1950 Prevost 66440024 1950 Prevost 67520014 1950 Prevost a 1950 Prevost Citadin 1950 Prevost GCL 618 on Toronto Bus Terminal 1955 1950 Prevost Suburban 1950's Prevost 2 Diamond Lines 1951 Prevost 67520036 1951 Prevost Panoramique was powered by a 6 cyl Hercule 1951 Prevost Queen City Trailways 165 1951 Prevost-panoramique 1951 Prevost-Panoramique-10 1952 Antique Prevost Bus conversion 1952 Prevost Citadin a 1952 Prevost Citadin Stratford Transit 6820 - August 1975 - Kevin Nicol Photo 1952 Prevost Citadin 1952 Prevost highway coach 1952 Prevost PO 141-1094 Valleyfield City Transit (Canada) 1952 Prevost-Citadin-1952 1954 Prevost 66440019 1954 Prevost Coach IC 41 1961 Prevost GMC Bus Factory ž 1962 Prevost GMC Bus Factory 1962 Prevost Model 49-S Transit Bus 1964 Prevost Markel Decal 1965 Prevost Greyhound 743 enroute to Detroit 1966 Prevost Champion 1967 Silver Prevost Rv Conversion 1968 Prevost Prestige a 1968 prevost prestige 1973 Prevost Lishman-Bus 1974 Prevost Champion 1976 Prevost motor home conversion 1978 prevost 1979 Prevost TS-47 Prestiege 1980 prevost-logo 1981 Prevost LeMirage Gray Line 264 1983 Prevost 130 1983 Prevost Marathon XL 1983 Prevost 1986 Prevost Motorhome PrevostSunsetView 1987 Prevost le-mirage 1989 Prevost H560 1990 Prevost Ace of spades 1990 Prevost H5-60 articulated coach 1990 Prevost Liberty Classic XL-1 1992 Prevost H3 Transtario 1993 Prevost Mirage 1993 Prevost XL in Arizona 1995 Prevost Le Mirage XL 1995 Prevost Le Mirage 1996 Prevost Le Mirage XL-45 Capital Trailways of Pennsylvania NYC 1996-prevost-royal-coach-used-rv-for-sale-americanlisted 1997 Prevost X3-45 1998 Prevost Royale Non Slide Class

  • H5-60 articulated 79 passenger motorcoach manufactured from 1985 to late 1980s
  • H3-40 passenger coach first manufactured 1989
  • XLII (now known as the X3-45) sightseeing/passenger coach manufactured from 2000 to 2005
  • XL40 Le Mirage XL sightseeing/passenger coach
  • 50-PI-33 passenger coach
  • 19-S transit bus manufactured from 1961 to 1967
  • 33-S 33 to 37 passenger motorcoach manufactured in the 1960s
  • Champion 41 to 50 passenger intercity coach manufactured from 1967 to 1981
  • Marathon 47 to 53 passenger intercity motorcoach
  • Prestige 41 to 50 passenger sightseeing/passenger motor coach manufactured from 1968 to 1981
  • Panoramique 41 to 49 passenger intercity motorcoach manufactured from the 1960s
  • Le Normand intercity passenger coach manufactured from 1957 to 1960
  • Prévocar intercity motorcoach manufactured in 1953
  • Skycruiser motorcoach manufactured from 1948 to 1949
  • V48-S motorcoach first manufactured in 1965
  • Citadin 33 to 37 transit bus manufactured in the 1950s
  • 1924 motorbus
  • 1939 suburban motor coach