AMBULANCES part III international Ambulances on Alphabet C+ till Citroën

Ambulances C :

Cadillac’s Eureka, Fisher, Miller-Meteor, Smit, Superior, Visser coachbuilders

1971 Checker Taxi Ambulance

checker-swiss ambulance CH

Checker Ambulances, Medicars Chenard Walcker ambulance

All Different Chenard & Walcker’s Ambulances

Chernigov ASC Ambulance 03

All Different Chevrolet Ambulances

Several different Chrysler Ambulances since 1928 till now

Citroën Ambulances

PININFARINA Italian design house and coachbuilder


Pininfarina S.p.A.
Società per Azioni
Traded as BITPINF
Industry Automotive
Founded Torino, Italy (May 23, 1930)
Founder Battista Farina
Headquarters Cambiano, Italy
Key people
Services Automotive design
€32.9 million (2012)
Number of employees
821 (2012)
Parent Mahindra Group (76.06%)
pininfarina-design-center-exteriorPininfarina Design Center

Pin­in­fa­rina S.p.A. (short for Carozze­ria Pin­in­fa­rina) is an Ital­ian car de­sign firm and coach­builder in Cam­biano, Italy. It was founded by Bat­tista ”Pinin” Fa­rina in 1930.On De­cem­ber 14, 2015, Mahin­dra Group, ac­quired Pin­in­fa­rina S.p.A. in a deal worth about 168 mil­lion euros ($185 million).

Pin­in­fa­rina is em­ployed by a wide va­ri­ety of au­to­mo­bile man­u­fac­tures to de­sign ve­hi­cles. These firms have in­cluded long-es­tab­lished cus­tomers such as Fer­rari, Alfa Romeo, Peu­geot, FIAT, GM, Lan­cia, and Maserati, to emerg­ing com­pa­nies in the Asian mar­ket with Chi­nese man­u­fac­tures like AviChina, Chery, Changfeng, Bril­liance, and JAC and Ko­rean man­u­fac­tur­ers Dae­woo and Hyundai.

Since the 1980s Pin­in­fa­rina has also de­signed high-speed trains, buses, trams, rolling stocks, au­to­mated light rail cars, peo­ple movers, yachts, air­planes, and pri­vate jets. With the 1986 cre­ation of Pin­in­fa­rina Extra they have con­sulted on in­dus­trial de­sign, in­te­rior de­sign, ar­chi­tec­ture, and graphic design.

Pin­in­fa­rina was run by Bat­tista’s son Ser­gio Pin­in­fa­rina until 2001, then his grand­son An­drea Pin­in­fa­rina until his death in 2008. After An­drea’s death his younger brother Paolo Pin­in­fa­rina was ap­pointed as CEO.

At its height in 2006 the Pin­in­fa­rina Group em­ployed 2,768 with sub­sidiary com­pany of­fices through­out Eu­rope, as well as in Mo­rocco and the United States. As of 2012 with the end of se­ries au­to­mo­tive pro­duc­tion, em­ploy­ment has shrunk to 821. Pin­in­fa­rina is reg­is­tered and pub­licly traded on the Borsa Ital­iana (Milan Stock Exchange).

On De­cem­ber 14, 2015, Mahin­dra Group, an­nounced a deal to ac­quire Pin­in­fa­rina S.p.A. in a deal worth about 168 mil­lion euros ($185 million).


The days as a specialist coachbuilder

When au­to­mo­bile de­signer and builder Bat­tista ”Pinin” Fa­rina broke away from his brother’s coach build­ing firm, Sta­bil­i­menti Fa­rina, in 1928 he founded “Car­rozze­ria Pinin Fa­rina” with fi­nan­cial help from his wife’s fam­ily and Vin­cenzo Lan­cia. That first year the firm em­ployed eigh­teen and built 50 au­to­mo­bile bodies.

On May 22, 1930 pa­pers were filed to be­come a cor­po­ra­tion, So­cietà anon­ima Car­rozze­ria Pinin Farina head­quar­tered in Turin, Italy, at 107 Corso Trapani. Dur­ing the 1930s, the com­pany built bod­ies for Lan­cia, Alfa Romeo, Isotta-Fras­chini, His­pano Suiza, Fiat, Cadil­lac, and Rolls-Royce. With its close re­la­tion­ship with Lan­cia, the pi­o­neer of the mono­coque in au­to­mo­bile de­sign, Pin­in­fa­rina be­came the first coach­builder to build bod­ies for the new tech­nique also known as uni­body con­struc­tion. This de­vel­op­ment hap­pened in the mid-1930s when oth­ers saw the frame­less con­struc­tion as the end of the in­de­pen­dent coachbilder.

In 1939, World War II ended au­to­mo­bile pro­duc­tion, but the com­pany had 400 em­ploy­ees build­ing 150 bod­ies a month. The war ef­fort against the Al­lies brought work mak­ing am­bu­lances and search­light carriages. The Pin­in­fa­rina fac­tory was de­stroyed by Al­lied bombers end­ing the firm’s operations.

After World War II

cisitalia-202-museo-torinoCisitalia 202 – Museo Torino
nash-healey-roadster-blackNash-Healey roadster

After the war, Italy was banned from the 1946 Paris Motor Show. The Paris show was at­tended by 809,000 vis­i­tors (twice the pre-war fig­ure), lines of peo­ple stretched from the main gate all the way to the Seine. Pinin Fa­rina and his son Ser­gio, de­ter­mined to defy the ban, drove two of their cars – an Alfa Romeo 6C 2500 S and a Lan­cia Aprilia cabri­o­let – from Turin to Paris, and found a place at the en­trance to the ex­hi­bi­tion to dis­play the two new cre­ations. The man­agers of the Grand Palais said of the dis­play, “the devil Pin­in­fa­rina”, but to the press and the pub­lic it was the suc­cess­ful “Turin coach­builder’s anti-salon”.

At the end of 1945 the Cisi­talia 202 Coupé was de­signed. An el­e­gantly pro­por­tioned de­sign with a low hood, it is the car that usu­ally is given credit for es­tab­lish­ing Pin­in­fa­rina’s reputation. The Pin­in­fa­rina de­sign was hon­ored in the Mu­seum of Mod­ern Art’s land­mark pre­sen­ta­tion “Eight Au­to­mo­biles” in 1951. A total of 170 Coupés where pro­duced by Pininfarina.

The pub­lic­ity of the Mu­seum of Mod­ern Art ex­hibit brought Pin­in­fa­rina to the at­ten­tion of Nash-Kelv­ina­tor man­agers. The sub­se­quent co­op­er­a­tion with Nash Mo­tors re­sulted in high-vol­ume pro­duc­tion of Pin­in­fa­rina de­signs and pro­vided a major entry into the United States mar­ket. In 1952, Mr. Fa­rina vis­ited the U.S. for the un­veil­ing of his de­sign for the Nash Am­bas­sador and States­man lines, which, al­though they did carry some de­tails of Pin­in­fa­rina’s de­sign, were largely de­signed by Nash’s then-new in-house styling staff when the orig­i­nal Fa­rina-de­signed model proved un­suited to Amer­i­can tastes, ex­hibit­ing a pop­u­lar 1950s ap­pear­ance called “pon­ton“. The Nash-Healey sports car body was, how­ever, com­pletely de­signed and as­sem­bled in lim­ited num­bers from 1952 to 1954 at Pin­in­fa­rina’s Turin fa­cil­i­ties. Nash heav­ily ad­ver­tised its link to the fa­mous Ital­ian de­signer, much as Stude­baker pro­moted its long­time as­so­ci­a­tion with Ray­mond Loewy. As a re­sult of Nash’s $5 mil­lion ad­ver­tis­ing cam­paign, Pin­in­fa­rina be­came well known in the U.S.

Pin­in­fa­rina also built the bod­ies for the lim­ited-se­ries Cadil­lac El­do­rado Brougham for Gen­eral Mo­tors in 1959 and 1960, as­sem­bled them and sent them back to the U.S. There were 99 Broughams built in 1959 and 101 in 1960. A sim­i­lar arrange­ment was re­peated in the late 1980s when Pin­in­fa­rina de­signed (and par­tially as­sem­bled) the Cadil­lac Al­lanté at the San Giusto Canavese fac­tory. The car bod­ies were as­sem­bled and painted in Italy be­fore being flown from the Turin In­ter­na­tional Air­port to De­troit for final ve­hi­cle assembly.

The Ferrari partnership

It started in 1951 with a meet­ing at a restau­rant in Tor­tona, a small town halfway be­tween Turin and Mod­ena. This neu­tral ter­ri­tory was cho­sen be­cause nei­ther Pin­in­fa­rina nor Enzo Fer­rari wanted to meet at the other’s head­quar­ters. Pinin’s son, Ser­gio Pin­in­fa­rina re­called, “It is not dif­fi­cult to imag­ine how I felt that af­ter­noon when my fa­ther, with­out tak­ing his eyes off the road for one mo­ment told me his de­ci­sion as we drove back to Turin: “From now on you’ll be look­ing after Fer­rari, from A to Z. De­sign, en­gi­neer­ing, tech­nol­ogy, con­struc­tion—the lot!”—I was over the moon with hap­pi­ness.” “

Since that meet­ing the only road-go­ing pro­duc­tion Fer­raris not de­signed by Pin­in­fa­rina are the 1973 Dino 308 GT4 and 2013’s LaFerrari. Their re­la­tion­ship was so close that Pin­in­fa­rina be­came a part­ner of Fer­rari in “Scud­e­ria Fer­rari SpA SEFAC”, the or­ga­ni­za­tion that ran Fer­rari’s race team from 1961–1989, Pinin was a vice pres­i­dent of Ferrari, and Ser­gio later sat on Fer­rari’s board of directors.

The move to large-scale manufacturing

alfa-romeo-giulietta-spiderParis – Mondial de l’automobile 2010 – Alfa Roméo Giulietta Spider

In 1954 to 1955 Pin­in­fa­rina pur­chased land in Grugliasco, out­side of Turin, for a new fac­tory. “The fac­tory in no way would look like the one of Corso Tra­pani. It would be a car no longer on my mea­sure­ments but on those of my chil­dren, built look­ing like them; I had this in mind and wanted it,” said Pininfarina.

Around the same time, Alfa Romeo ac­cepted Pin­in­fa­rina’s de­sign over Bertone for the new Giuli­etta Spi­der. The Alfa was the first ve­hi­cle that Pin­in­fa­rina pro­duced in large num­bers, in fact Alfa Romeo chose Pin­in­fa­rina to pro­duce the Spi­der in large part be­cause they felt con­fi­dent that they could pro­duce 20 cars a day for a run of 1,000 bod­ies. The Spi­der was a huge suc­cess for Alfa Romeo and Pin­in­fa­rina, Max Hoff­man the im­porter for the United States said he could sell as many as they could make. In 1956, the first year of pro­duc­tion, they pro­duced 1025 units which then ex­panded to over 4,000 in 1959 the first full year of the new Grugliasco factory.

usine-pininfarina-406-coupeUsine Pininfarina 406 coupe

The second generation of leadership

Start­ing with the plan­ning for the new plant in Grugliasco in 1956, Pinin started to groom his re­place­ments–Ser­gio his son and Renzo Carli his son-in-law. To his heirs ap­par­ent, Pinin said of the Corso Tra­pani fa­cil­ity “This old plant has reached the lim­its of its growth. It has no room for ex­pan­sion and is far from being up to date. If I were alone I’d leave it as it is. But I want you to de­cide which way to go–to stay as we are or to en­large. Ei­ther way is fine with me. It’s your de­ci­sion to make and I don’t want to know what it is. I’m fin­ished and it’s your time to take over. The fu­ture is ab­solutely up to you.” In 1958, upon leav­ing for a world tour Pinin added “In my fam­ily we in­herit our lega­cies from live peo­ple–not from the dead.”

1961 at the age of 68, “Pinin” Fa­rina for­mally turns his firm over to his son Ser­gio and his son-in-law, Renzo Carli, it was the same year that the Pres­i­dent of Italy for­mally au­tho­rized the change of Fa­rina’s last name to Pininfarina.

Pin­in­fa­rina was run by Bat­tista’s grand­son An­drea Pin­in­fa­rina from 2001 until his death in 2008. An­drea’s younger brother Paolo Pin­in­fa­rina was then ap­pointed as successor.

Modernizing for a new world

Start­ing in the mid-1960s, Pin­in­fa­rina started to make in­vest­ments in the sci­ence of au­to­mo­tive de­sign, a strat­egy to dif­fer­en­ti­ate it­self from the other Ital­ian coachbuilders.

In 1966, Pin­in­fa­rina opened Studi e Ricerche, or the Stud­ies and Re­search Cen­tre in Grugliasco. The re­search cen­tre oc­cu­pied 8000 sq. me­tres (2 acres) and em­ployed 180 tech­ni­cians ca­pa­ble of pro­duc­ing 25 pro­to­types a year.

The Cal­cu­la­tion and De­sign Cen­tre was set up in 1967, the first step in a process of tech­no­log­i­cal evo­lu­tion which, dur­ing the 1970s, would take Pin­in­fa­rina into the lead in au­to­mated body­work design.

Then in 1972 con­struc­tion of a full-sized wind tun­nel was com­pleted. The pro­ject was started in 1966. When it opened, it not only was the first wind tun­nel with the abil­ity to test full-sized cars in Italy, but also one of the first in the world with this ability. To put this fore­sight in per­spec­tive, GM’s full-sized wind tun­nel didn’t open until 1980.

New infrastructure and expansion

The 1980s started a pe­riod of ex­pan­sion for Pininfarina.

In 1982 the com­pany opened “Pin­in­fa­rina Studi e Ricerche” in Cam­biano. It was sep­a­rate from the fac­tory and wind tun­nel in Grugliasco, to keep de­sign and re­search ac­tiv­i­ties in­de­pen­dent from man­u­fac­tur­ing. On Oc­to­ber 14, 2002, Pin­in­fa­rina in­au­gu­rated a new en­gi­neer­ing cen­ter. The new fa­cil­ity, which was built at the Cam­biano cam­pus, to give greater vis­i­bil­ity and in­de­pen­dence to the en­gi­neer­ing operations.

In 1983 Pin­in­fa­rina reached an agree­ment with Gen­eral Mo­tors to de­sign and build the Cadil­lac Al­lanté. The Al­lanté pro­ject led to the build­ing of the San Gior­gio fac­tory in 1985.

In 1996, Mit­subishi en­tered into talks for Pin­in­fa­rina build their new com­pact SUV, the Pa­jero, in Italy. While Mit­subishi rec­og­nized Pin­in­fa­rina’s ex­per­tise in de­sign and en­gi­neer­ing, the rea­son for choos­ing them was that man­u­fac­tur­ing costs were half of those in Germany. After en­ter­ing into an agree­ment in 1996, Pin­in­fa­rina pur­chased an in­dus­trial site at Bairo Canavese near Turin, Italy. in April 1997, Bairo Canavese was ded­i­cated to the pro­duc­tion of the new Mit­subishi Pa­jero Pinin.

Pin­in­fa­rina Sverige AB in Ud­de­valla, Swe­den, was es­tab­lished in 2003 as a joint ven­ture (JV) be­tween Volvo Cars and Pin­in­fa­rina to pro­duce a new Volvo con­vert­ible that will be sold in Eu­rope and the United States. The JV is owned 60% by Pin­in­fa­rina and 40% by Volvo. The C70 model de­signed by Volvo’s John Kin­sey—was launched on 13 April 2006, shar­ing the Volvo P1 plat­form used in the S40.

New economic realities

In April 2008, after three years of se­ri­ous losses to­tal­ing 115 mil­lion euros at the end of 2007, Pin­in­fa­rina made the first of sev­eral moves to raise cap­i­tal and re­struc­ture its enor­mous debt:

April 29, 2008

Pin­in­fa­rina’s an­nounced Piero Fer­rari, Al­berto Bom­bas­sei, chair­man of Brembo, and the Mar­siaj fam­ily, founders of the Sabelt seat­belt com­pany, will join with Vin­cent Bol­lore, a French fi­nancier, and Ratan Tata, head of India’s Tata con­glom­er­ate, who al­ready an­nounced their plans to in­vest, re­ports Reuters. The five will to­gether in­vest €100 million.

Fund­ing will come through the sale of stock to other in­vestors. The Pin­in­fa­rina fam­ily is will­ing to re­duce its share from its cur­rent 55% to 30%, which is still enough to se­cure a con­trol­ling interest.

December 31, 2008

On De­cem­ber 31, 2008, Pin­in­fa­rina an­nounced a debt re­struc­tur­ing that would re­quire the fam­ily to sell its stake in the com­pany. The agree­ment was made after Pin­in­fa­rina’s value dropped 67 per cent dur­ing 2008, and it then had a mar­ket cap­i­tal­iza­tion of about €36 mil­lion. It had total debts of €598 mil­lion at the end of No­vem­ber. Of that amount, €555 mil­lion was the sub­ject of the debt re­struc­tur­ing agree­ment that was agreed on with a con­sor­tium of banks.

March 24, 2009

Pin­car, Pin­in­fa­rina’s fam­ily hold­ing com­pany, an­nounced it has hired Leonardo and Co to find a buyer for its 50.6% stake in Pin­in­fa­rina per the debt re­struc­tur­ing agree­ment reached in December.

January 4, 2011

Pin­in­fa­rina re­leased a state­ment say­ing that it is still gath­er­ing “pos­si­ble of­fers from po­ten­tial buy­ers,” adding it would re­lease more in­for­ma­tion when it was appropriate.

Com­pany sources added, the fam­ily will not sell its en­tire 50.7% stake but that Pin­car would no longer be a ma­jor­ity shareholder.

February 14, 2012

Italy’s Pin­in­fa­rina fam­ily is set to lose con­trol of the car de­sign com­pany as lengthy debt re­struc­tur­ing talks head to­ward the fin­ish line, peo­ple fa­mil­iar with the sit­u­a­tion said on Tues­day. A 16.9 mil­lion euros loss in the first nine months of 2011 oc­curred after clos­ing its man­u­fac­tur­ing op­er­a­tions to re-in­vent it­self as a smaller niche de­sign player.

An agree­ment with cred­i­tor banks in­clud­ing In­tesa San­paolo, Uni­Credit, Mediobanca and Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena to re­struc­ture net debt of 76 mil­lion euros is on track and will be reached in the com­ing months, said three sources close to the sit­u­a­tion. “The debt sit­u­a­tion is sta­ble and the talks are not con­tentious, so there is no hurry,” said one of the sources, speak­ing on con­di­tion anonymity. “The agree­ment will fix the cap­i­tal struc­ture for the fore­see­able future.”

When fi­nalised, the debt ac­cord will give con­trol of the fam­ily’s 77 per­cent stake to its cred­i­tor banks, end­ing the Pin­in­fa­rina fam­ily’s ownership.

The deal will close a chap­ter that began in 2008 when the banks swapped 180 mil­lion euros in debt in ex­change for a promise of pro­ceeds from a fu­ture sale of part of the Pin­in­fa­rina’s fam­ily stake.

But no tak­ers ma­te­ri­alised. Po­ten­tial buy­ers were not will­ing to ac­quire a de­sign com­pany when they can eas­ily con­tract its ser­vices, said one of the peo­ple fa­mil­iar with the situation.

February 15, 2012

In a state­ment re­leased on 15 Feb­ru­ary, the Cam­biano-based com­pany, which owes over €100 mil­lion to a num­ber of Ital­ian banks, said its debt re­pay­ment date has been ex­tended to 2018, from 2015.

The agree­ment, which will be signed in the next few weeks, will also see the com­pany take ad­van­tage of in­ter­est rates “sig­nif­i­cantly lower than [cur­rent] mar­ket rates”. With the new debt re­struc­tur­ing deal with its cred­i­tors Pin­in­fa­rina will re­main under the con­trol of the Pin­in­fa­rina family.

May 16, 2012

Au­to­mo­tive News re­ports Pin­in­fa­rina pro­jects it will turn a profit for 2012, thanks in part to debt re­struc­tur­ing. The Ital­ian de­sign stu­dio hasn’t seen a profit in eight years, but signed a deal in April to re­struc­ture $182.6 mil­lion in debt. The move ef­fec­tively stretched the stu­dio’s re­pay­ment dead­line from 2015 to 2018. At the same time, Pin­in­fa­rina an­nounced it will likely see an op­er­at­ing loss this year, but a one-time gain of $57.6 mil­lion will re­sult in the net profit. Last year, the com­pany lost $8.3 mil­lion in the first quar­ter, though that fig­ure has dropped to just under $4 mil­lion dur­ing Q1 2012.

Pin­in­fa­rina also saw its net rev­enue in­crease by $2.9 million.

March 26, 2013

Pin­in­fa­rina in the black for first time since 2004 Ital­ian de­sign house Pin­in­fa­rina pre­dicted last May that it would face an op­er­at­ing loss for 2012 but still come out with a net profit. Both pre­dic­tions have come true – the com­pany is re­port­ing an op­er­at­ing loss of 8.2 mil­lion euros and a net profit of 32.9 mil­lion euros ($42.5 mil­lion US).

Ac­cord­ing to Reuters, the good news came be­cause of a debt re­struc­tur­ing arranged last year that gives the com­pany three more years to repay its $182.6 mil­lion in debt, and a one-time gain of roughly 45 mil­lion euros ($57.6 mil­lion US). It is the com­pany’s first profit since 2004.

Acquisition by Mahindra group (2015–present)

Mahin­dra Group, owner of In­dian au­to­mo­bile com­pany Mahin­dra & Mahin­dra agreed to buy Ital­ian car de­signer Pin­in­fa­rina SpA in a deal worth about 168 mil­lion euros ($185 million). Mahin­dra group, to­gether with af­fil­i­ate Tech Mahin­dra, have 76 per­cent stake from hold­ing com­pany Pin­car for 25.3 mil­lion euros. The In­dian com­pany will offer the same price for the re­main­ing stock. In ad­di­tion to buy­ing stock, Mahin­dra will in­vest 20 mil­lion euros in Pin­in­fa­rina and pro­vide a guar­an­tee to cred­i­tors of 114.5 mil­lion euros.

Corporate Governance (2016)

  • President:Paolo Pininfarina
  • CEO – General Manager: Silvio Pietro Angori
  • Board of Directors: Manoj Bhat, C.P.Gurnani, Romina Guglielmetti, Jay Itzkowitz, Licia Mattioli, Sara Miglioli, Antony Sheriff.
  • Statutory Auditors: Nicola Treves (president), Margherita Spaini, Giovanni Rayneri.

The end of car production operations

On De­cem­ber 10, 2011 Pin­in­fa­rina an­nounced it would end all au­to­mo­tive pro­duc­tion. In truth pro­duc­tion ended in No­vem­ber 2010 with the con­clu­sion of the con­tract to pro­duce the Alfa Romeo Brera and Spi­der at the San Gior­gio plant.

Grugliasco factory

Opened in 1958 with nearly 1,000 em­ploy­ees, by 1960 out­put ex­ceeded 11,000 car bodies. In 2009 Pin­in­fa­rina sold the fac­tory to Fin­piemonte, the pub­lic fi­nance of the Pied­mont Re­gion, at the price of 14.4 mil­lion euro. Fin­piemonte, as part of the deal, leases the plant to Gian Mario Rossig­nol at a rent of €650,000 per year for six years renewable.

The Grugliasco sale did not in­clude an ad­ja­cent struc­ture that houses the wind tunnel.

San Giorgio plant

Opened in 1986 to build Cadil­lac Al­lante bod­ies for Gen­eral Motors, the same year Pin­in­fa­rina was first listed on the Stock Ex­change in Milan. Au­to­mo­tive pro­duc­tion ended at San Gior­gio with the con­clu­sion of the Ford pro­duc­tion in July 2010, and Alfa Romeo pro­duc­tion in No­vem­ber 2010.

Fol­low­ing the end of con­tract man­u­fac­tur­ing ac­tiv­i­ties San Gior­gio Canavese is being used for pro­duc­tion of spare parts for cars man­u­fac­tured in the past.

Bairo Canavese

Pin­in­fa­rina opened its third man­u­fac­tur­ing plant in 1997. Cur­rently Pin­in­fa­rina leases the plant and 57 em­ploy­ees to the Ce­comp Group. This agree­ment to pro­duce 4,0002016-pininfarina-autolib-paris-at-loadingstationelec­tric Bol­loré Blue­cars runs April 1, 2011 to De­cem­ber 31, 2013. On Sep­tem­ber 13, 2013 a new lease agree­ment was an­nounced, this new agree­ment will run from Jan­u­ary 1, 2014 until the end of 2016.

Uddevalla, Sweden Pininfarina Sverige AB

A joint ven­ture be­tween Pin­in­fa­rina S.p.A. and Volvo Car Cor­po­ra­tion began in 2003. Volvo and Pin­in­fa­rina S.p.A. have agreed upon the ter­mi­na­tion of the joint ven­ture agree­ment re­gard­ing Pin­in­fa­rina Sverige AB and its op­er­a­tions in Ud­de­valla, Swe­den. As of De­cem­ber 31, 2011 the ter­mi­na­tion this agree­ment would re­sult in a 30 mil­lion euros fee paid to Pininfarina.

On June 25, 2013 the last Volvo C70 was pro­duced and the Ud­de­valla as­sem­bly plant was closed.


Al­though Pin­in­fa­rina rarely gave credit to individuals, that pol­icy seems to have changed in re­cent years and many of the de­sign­ers of the past have be­come known. As of 2011 Pin­in­fa­rina em­ploys 101 peo­ple in their styling de­part­ment. That is down from 185 in 2005.

 Paolo Martin at work
Paolo Martin at work
  • Franco Scaglione 1951, designer for two months before he left for what is now known as Gruppo Bertone
  • Franco Martinengo 1952–72, Director of the Centro Stile
  • Adriano Rabbone
  • Francesco Salomone
  • Aldo Brovarone 1954–74, Designer; 1974–88, Managing Director Studi e Ricerche
  • Tom Tjaarda 1961–65, Designer
  • Filippo Sapino 1967–69
  • Paolo Martin 1968–72, Chief of the Styling Department
  • Diego Ottina 1970—
  • Lorenzo Ramaciotti 1973-2005 deputy director of Pininfarina Studi e Ricerche, Director General and Chief Designer, CEO of Pininfarina SpA Research and Development
  • Ian Cameron 1975–81
  • Enrico Fumia 1976–91; 1982: Manager at Pininfarina R&D – Models and Prototypes Development; 1988: Manager at Pininfarina R&D – Design and Development; 1989: Deputy General Manager at Pininfarina R&D
  • Guido Campoli
  • Emanuele Nicosia 1977–85
  • Elvio d’Aprile 1982–95
  • Piero Camardella 1984–93
  • Marco Tencone
  • Leonardo Fioravanti 1988–91, Managing Director and CEO of Pininfarina Studi e Ricerche
  • Maurizio Corbi 1989-
  • Davide Arcangeli
  • Jeremy Malick 2000–02, Designer; 2009—-, Senior Designer
  • Dimitri Vicedomini 2001–12, Senior Car Designer
  • Jason Castriota 2001–08
  • Ken Okuyama 2004–06, Creative Director
  • Luca Borgogno 2005— , Lead Designer
  • Nazzareno Epifani 2006— , Lead Designer
  • Lowie Vermeersch 2007–10, Design Director
  • Brano Mauks 2007— , Senior Designer
  • Carlo Palazzani 2010— , Lead Designer
  • Felix Kilbertus 2011— , Lead Designer
  • Fabio Filippini 2011— , Vice President Design and Chief Creative Officer


Pin­in­fa­rina de­signs, man­u­fac­tures, as­sem­bles, and tests pro­to­types and pro­duc­tion ve­hi­cles under con­tract for other automakers.

Past production

As of De­cem­ber 10, 2011 Pin­in­fa­rina an­nounced it would end all mass au­to­mo­tive pro­duc­tion with the sale of its 40% stake in the Ud­de­valla, Swe­den plant to Volvo in 2013. In the past Pin­in­fa­rina has pro­duced both cars and car-bod­ies under con­tract from other au­tomak­ers. This pro­duc­tion in­cludes Pin­in­fa­rina-de­signed cars and ve­hi­cles de­signed by others.

A sortable list of com­plete cars or car bod­ies man­u­fac­tured in one of the five Pin­in­fa­rina factories:


1947-maserati-a6-1500-rr1947 Maserati A6 1500 PininFarina1953-maserati-a6g-2000-bodied-by-zagato-pininfarina1953 Maserati A6G 2000 bodied by Zagato PininFarina1951-cistialia-202-sc-pininfarina-coupe1951 Cistialia 202 SC Pininfarina Coupéalfa-romeo-6c-2500-ss-pinin-farina-cabrioletAlfa Romeo 6C 2500 SS Pinin Farina Cabrioletalfa-romeo-6c-2500-ss-coupe-coachbuilding-by-pininfarinaAlfa Romeo 6C 2500 SS Coupé, coachbuilding by Pininfarina1949-maserati-a6-1500-coupe1949 Maserati A6 1500 Coupé Pininfarina1950-52-lancia-aurelia-b50-cabriolet-by-pinin-farina1950-52 Lancia Aurelia B50 cabriolet by Pinin Farinalancia-aurelia-b20-gt-6th-series-lancia-flaminia-coupe-pininfarina1950-58 Lancia Aurelia B20 GT, 6th Series. Lancia Flaminia Coupe Pininfarina1952-alfa-romeo-1900-ti-pantera-built-for-the-police-special-foces1952 Alfa Romeo 1900 C Cabriolet PF1952-alfa-romeo-1900-c-sprint-pininfarina-coupe1952 ALFA ROMEO 1900 C SPRINT PININFARINA COUPE1952-alfa-romeo-1900c-pf-cabriolet1952 Alfa Romeo 1900C PF 2+2 Cabriolet1952-ferrari-212-inter-pininfarina-coupe1952 Ferrari 212 Inter Pininfarina coupé1952-lancia-d20-pininfarina-21952-lancia-d20-pininfarina1952-pinin-farina-lancia-d20-coupe-a1952-pinin-farina-lancia-d20-coupe1953-le-mans-lancia-d20-pf1952 Lancia D20 Pininfarina + last one at le mans 19531953-nash-healey-pininfarina-roadstar1953 Nash Healey Pininfarina Roadstar1954-ferrari-375-mm-and-ingrid-bergman-and-her-husband-robert-rossellini-to-her-right-carrozzeria-pinin-farina1954 Ferrari 375 MM and Ingrid Bergman and her husband Robert Rossellini to her right.Carrozzeria Pinin Farina1953-lancia-d23-pinin-farina-wikiwand1953-lancia-d23-sport-pinin-farina-spyder1953-lancia-d23-spyder-pininfarina1953 Lancia D23 Spider Pininfarina

1953 Lancia D24 Pininfarina Spider Sport; top car design rating and specifications
1953 Lancia D24 Pininfarina Spider Sport; top car design rating and specifications

1953-lancia-d24-spider-sport-01-autophotositecom1954-lancia-d24-pininfarina-spyder-dv-081953-54 Lancia D24 Spyder Sport PininFarina1954-fiat-1100-tv-coupe-pininfarina-1954-italie1954 fiat-1100-tv-coupe-pininfarina-1954-(italie)

fiat-1100-103-tv-coupe-pininfarina1954 FIAT 1100 TV PininFarina1955-lancia-aurelia-b24-spyder-ar-pf1955-lancia-aurelia-b24-pininfarina1955-lancia-aurelia-b24-spider-pininfarina1955-lancia-aurelia-b24-spyder-america-roadster-pininfarina1954-lancia-aurelia-b24-s-pininfarina1956-lancia-aurelia-b24s-convertible-pininfarinaLancia Aurelia B24 (+B25 remakes) Spider America PininFarina1953-maserati-a6gcs-berlinetta-pinin-farina-20561953-maserati-a6-gc53-berlinetta-pininfarina1954-maserati-a6-gcs-pininfarinaMaserati A6 GCS/53 Berlinetta PininFarina1956-lancia-aurelia-b24s-spider-boasts-a-race-developed-v6-engine-outstanding-handling-and-beautiful-pininfarina-styling1956 Lancia Aurelia B24S Spider boasts a race-developed V6 engine, outstanding handling and beautiful Pininfarina styling1956-alfa-giulietta-spider-pininfarina-grey-main1956 Alfa Giulietta Spider Pininfarina Grey Main1958-lancia-appia-series22-pininfarina-coupe1958 LANCIA APPIA SERIES2+2 PININFARINA COUPE1959-ferrari-250-gt-coupe-pininfarina1959 Ferrari 250 GT Coupé Pininfarinaalfa-giulietta-spider-pininfarina1962 Alfa Giulietta Spider Pininfarina1959-cadillac-eldorado-brougham-by-pininfarina1959 Cadillac Eldorado Brougham by Pininfarina1959-lancia-flaminia-coupe-pinin-farina1959 Lancia Flaminia Coupé Pinin Farina1961-ferrari%e2%80%85250%e2%80%85gte%e2%80%8522-pininfarina1961 Ferrari 250 GTE 2+2 Pininfarina1966-peugeot-404-pininfarina-coupe1966 Peugeot 404 Pininfarina Coupé1967-peugeot-404-coupe-cabriolet-pininfarina1967 Peugeot 404 Coupe Cabriolet Pininfarina1962-mhv-lancia-flavia-pininfarina-coupe-011962 MHV Lancia Flavia Pininfarina Coupé-011965-lancia-flavia-pininfarina-mk11965 Lancia Flavia-Pininfarina Mk11968-lancia-flavia-pininfarina-convertibile1968 Lancia Flavia Pininfarina Convertibile1971-lancia-2000-hf-pinifarina-coupe1971 Lancia 2000 HF Pinifarina Coupe1963-alfa-romeo-giulia-1600-series-105-pininfarina1963 Alfa Romeo Giulia 1600 Series 105 Pininfarina1963-alfa-giulia-spider-dv-10-1600-pininfarina1963 Alfa-Giulia-Spider-DV-10 1600 Pininfarina1963-68-ferrari-330-gtc-pininfarina1963-68 Ferrari 330 gtc pininfarina1967-ferrari-330-gt-22-pininfarina1967 Ferrari 330 GT 2+2 Pininfarina1964-mhv-ferrari-330gt-america-pininfarina-011964 MHV Ferrari 330GT America Pininfarina 011968-interior-of-ferrari-330-gt-22-pininfarina-serie-ii1968 Interior of Ferrari 330 GT 2+2 Pininfarina (serie II)1966-ferrari-330-gts-pininfarina1966 Ferrari 330 GTS Pininfarina1967-ferrari-330-gtc-pininfarina-during-the-saxony-classic-rallye-20101967 Ferrari 330 GTC Pininfarina during the Saxony Classic Rallye 20101962-ferrari-330-lm-berlinetta-pininfarina1962 Ferrari 330 LM Berlinetta Pininfarina1967-alfa-romeo-duetto-white-pininfarina-dv-16-ci-0011967 Alfa Romeo 1600cc Duetto-white Pininfarina-DV-16-CIalfa-romeo-giulia-1600-tubolare-zagato-tz-coupe-by-pininfarina1968-72 Alfa Romeo Giulia 1600 Tubolare Zagato (TZ) Coupe by Pininfarina1968-70-alfa-romeo-1750-spider-veloce-north-america-105-designed-by-pininfarina1968-70 Alfa Romeo 1750 Spider Veloce North America (105) designed by Pininfarinapeugeot%e2%80%85504-coupe-designed-by-pininfarinaPeugeot 504 Coupé designed by Pininfarinapeugeot-504-cabriolet-designed-by-pininfarinaPeugeot 504 Cabriolet designed by Pininfarina1972-ferrari-365-gtc-4-pininfarina1972 Ferrari 365 GTC 4 Pininfarina1971-75-lancia-2000-pininfarina-berlina-1973-1991cc1971-75 Lancia 2000 Pininfarina Berlina 1973 1991ccferrari-400-gt4-22-desined-by-pininfarinaFerrari 400 GT4 2+2 desined by Pininfarinalancia-monte-carlo-pininfarinaLancia Monte-Carlo Pininfarinapeugeot-talbot-samba-cabrio-design-pininfarina-classicoPeugeot-Talbot Samba Cabrio Design Pininfarina (Clássico)

Fiat Campagniola ?1986-ferrari-testarossa-spider-by-pininfarina1986 Ferrari-Testarossa-Spider-by-Pininfarina1984-86-alfa-romeo-33-1-5-4x4-giardinetta-905-designed-by-pininfarina1984-86 Alfa Romeo 33 1.5 4×4 Giardinetta (905) designed by Pininfarinaferrari-412-pininfarina-13ferrari-412 pininfarina

Ferrari 412 GT
Ferrari 412 GT

peugeot-205-cabriolet-pininfarinapeugeot 205-cabriolet-pininfarina1990-cadillac-allante-25-pininfarina1990 Cadillac Allante 25 Pininfarina1987-93-cadillac-allante-cabriolet-pininfarina1987-93 CADILLAC Allante Cabriolet Pininfarinaferrari%e2%80%85456%e2%80%85gt-pininfarinaFerrari 456 GT Pininfarinapininfarina-ferrari-456gt-venice-convertible-brunei-16Pininfarina Ferrari 456GT Venice Convertible Brunei 161993-00-pininfarina-designed-fiat-coupe-20v-turbo-model1993-00 Pininfarina designed Fiat Coupé 20v Turbo Model1993-02-peugeot-306-pininfarina-designed-cabriolet1993-02 peugeot 306 pininfarina designed cabrioletbentley%e2%80%85azure-mark-i-convertible-disigned-by-pininfarinaBentley Azure Mark I Convertible disigned by Pininfarinalancia-kappa-sw-designed-by-pininfarinalancia kappa-sw-designed by pininfarinapeugeot-406-coupe-designed-by-pininfarinaPeugeot 406 Coupé designed by pininfarina2002-mitsubishi-pajero-pinin-zr-5-door-wagon2002 Mitsubishi Pajero Pinin ZR 5-door wagonalfa%e2%80%85romeo%e2%80%85gtv-spider-916-series-designed-by-pininfarinaAlfa Romeo GTV & Spider 916 series designed by pininfarinahonda-argento-vivo-by-pininfarinaHONDA ARGENTO VIVO BY PININFARINAford-streetka-designed-by-pininfarina-02ford streetka designed by pininfarinapininfarina-designed-ford-streetkapininfarina designed ford streetka2012-pininfarina-designed-alfa-romeo-brera-milan-design-week-superstudio-in-20122012 Pininfarina designed Alfa Romeo Brera Milan Design Week Superstudio in 20122006-alfa-spider-vi-pininfarina2006 Alfa Spider VI Pininfarina2006-alfa-romeo-spider-vi-pininfarina-with-extracted-roof2006 Alfa Romeo Spider VI Pininfarina with extracted roof2015-ford-focus-cabrio-render-pininfarina2015 ford-focus-cabrio-render-pininfarina2015-ford-focus-cabrio-render-pininfarina-a2015 ford-focus-cabrio-render-pininfarina a2011-volvo-c70-ii-pininfarina2011 Volvo C70 II Pininfarina2008-mitsubishi-colt-czc-pininfarina2008 mitsubishi colt czc pininfarina2006-09-pininfarina-mitsubishi-colt-czc2006-09 Pininfarina Mitsubishi Colt CZClancia-beta-montecarlo-pininfarinaLancia Beta Montecarlo pininfarinalancia-beta-montecarlo-cabrio-pininfarinaLancia Beta Montecarlo cabrio pininfarinapininfarina-designed-lancia-037-en-version-stradalePininfarina designed Lancia 037 en version stradale1975-fiat-130-coupe-pininfarina1975 Fiat 130 Coupe Pininfarinafiat-dino-2-0-pininfarina-coupeFiat Dino 2.0-pininfarina-coupelancia-gamma-coupe-pininfarinalancia gamma-coupe pininfarina1934-35-alfa-romeo-6c-2300-pescara-touring-cabriolet-187951934 Alfa Romeo 6C 2300 Pescara Touring Cabriolet

Years Model Factory Quantity
1946–1949 Maserati A6 1500 Turismo 107 Corso Trapani 58
1947–1952 Cisitalia 202 107 Corso Trapani 170
1947–1951 Alfa Romeo 6C 2500 Super Cabriolet 107 Corso Trapani 64
1948–1951 Alfa Romeo 6C 2500 Super Sport Cabriolet 107 Corso Trapani 25-30
1948 Maserati A6 1500 Spider 107 Corso Trapani 2
1950–1952 Lancia Aurelia B50 Cabriolet 107 Corso Trapani 265
1950–1958 Lancia Aurelia B20 Coupé 107 Corso Trapani 2,640
1952 Alfa Romeo 1900 C Cabriolet 107 Corso Trapani 88
1952–1953 Alfa Romeo 1900 C Coupé 107 Corso Trapani 100
1952–1953 Ferrari 212 Inter cabriolet 107 Corso Trapani 2
1952–1953 Ferrari 212 Inter coupé 107 Corso Trapani 11
1952–1953 Lancia D20 coupé 107 Corso Trapani 7
1952–1954 Nash-Healey 107 Corso Trapani 402
1953 Ferrari 375 MM Spider 107 Corso Trapani 15
1953 Lancia D23 Spyder 107 Corso Trapani 4 (re-bodied D20s)
1953-1954 Lancia D24 Spyder 107 Corso Trapani 6
1954–1957 Fiat 1100 TV Coupé 107 Corso Trapani 126
1954–1955 Lancia Aurelia B24 Spider America 107 Corso Trapani 240
1954 Lancia D25 Spyder 107 Corso Trapani 4 (re-bodied D24s)
1954 Maserati A6 GCS/53 Berlinetta 107 Corso Trapani 4
1956 Lancia Aurelia B24 Spider 107 Corso Trapani 521
1956–1958 Alfa Romeo Giulietta Spider 107 Corso Trapani 5,493
1957–1959 Lancia Appia Pininfarina Coupe 2 +2 Series II 302
1958–1960 Ferrari 250 GT Coupe Pininfarina Grugliasco 335
1959–1962 Alfa Romeo Giulietta Spider Grugliasco 11,503
1959–1960 Cadillac Eldorado Brougham Grugliasco 200
1959–1967 Lancia Flaminia Coupé Grugliasco 5,236
1960–1963 Ferrari 250 GTE 2+2 Grugliasco 955 including prototypes
1961–1968 Peugeot 404 Coupé and Cabriolet Grugliasco 17,223 ( 10,389 Cabriolets, 6,834 Coupés)
1962–1971 Lancia Flavia Coupé Grugliasco 26,084
1962–1965 Alfa Romeo Giulia 1600 Spider Grugliasco 10,336
1963 Ferrari 330 America Grugliasco 50
1964-1967 Ferrari 330 GT 2+2 Grugliasco 1080
1966–1968 Alfa Romeo Giulia Spider Duetto 1600 Spider Grugliasco 6,322
1966-1968 Ferrari 330 GTC Grugliasco 604
1966-1968 Ferrari 330 GTS Grugliasco 100
1966–1985 Fiat 124 Sport Spider Grugliasco 198,120
1967 Ferrari 330 GTC Coupe Speciale Grugliasco 3
1968–1972 Alfa Romeo Giulia Spider 1300 and 1600 Junior Grugliasco 4,913
1968–1972 Alfa Romeo 1750 Spider Veloce Grugliasco 8,920
1969–1983 Peugeot 504 Coupé Grugliasco 22,975
1969–1983 Peugeot 504 Cabriolet Grugliasco 8,191
1971–1972 Ferrari 365 GTC/4 Grugliasco 505
1971–1975 Lancia 2000 Coupé Berlina Grugliasco
1976–1985 Ferrari 400 Grugliasco 1,808
1981–1984 Lancia Beta Coupé HPE Grugliasco 18.917
1981–1985 Peugeot Talbot Samba Cabriolet Grugliasco 13,062
1981–1986 Fiat Campagnola Grugliasco 15,198
1984–1993 Ferrari Testarossa Grugliasco / San Giorgio
1984–1986 Alfa Romeo 33 Giardinetta Grugliasco 12,238
1985–1989 Ferrari 412 & 412 GT Grugliasco 576
1984–1993 Peugeot 205 Cabriolet Grugliasco 72,125
1986–1993 Cadillac Allanté San Giorgio Canavese 21,430
1992–1996 Ferrari 456 GT 3289
1993–2000 Fiat Coupé 72,762
1993–2002 Peugeot 306 Cabriolet San Giorgio Canavese
1996–1999 Bentley Azure Mark I Convertible 895
1996–2000 Lancia Kappa SW 9,208
1996–2004 Peugeot 406 Coupé San Giorgio Canavese 107,633
1999–2005 Mitsubishi Pajero Pinin Bairo Canavese and Grugliasco 68,555
2000–2004 Alfa Romeo GTV & Spider 916 series San Giorgio Canavese 15,788
2002 Honda Pininfarina Argento Vivo 4–5
2002–2005 Ford Streetka Bairo Canavese 37,076
2005–2010 Alfa Romeo Brera San Giorgio Canavese 21,786
2006–2010 Alfa Romeo Spider San Giorgio Canavese 12,488
2006–2010 Ford Focus Coupé Cabriolet Bairo Canavese 36,374
2006–2013 Volvo C70 II Uddevalla, Sweden
2006–2008 Mitsubishi Colt CZC Bairo Canavese 16,695
1974–1981 Lancia Beta Montecarlo Cabrio Grugliasco 4,375
1975–1981 Lancia Beta Montecarlo Coupé Grugliasco 3,203
1981 Lancia 037 Grugliasco 220
1971–1976 Fiat 130 Coupé Grugliasco 4,491
1966–1972 Fiat Dino Spider Grugliasco 1,583
1976–1984 Lancia Gamma Coupé Grugliasco 6,790

Notable car designs

Austin A40 MkII. Main differences from the MkI were the wide grille and the 1098cc Aseries Engine behind it
Austin A40 MkII. Main differences from the MkI were the wide grille and the 1098cc Aseries Engine behind it 1961 Austin A40 Farina Mk II
1961-fiat-2300-pininfarina1961 Fiat 2300 Pininfarina
ferrari-dino-berlinettaFerrari Dino berlinetta
lancia-montecarlo-series-2-by-pininfarinaLancia Montecarlo Series 2 by Pininfarina

Pre World War II

Be­fore the war Pin­in­fa­rina built car bod­ies mostly for in­di­vid­ual cus­tomers, many of the bod­ies were “one offs” and not mass-produced.

1930-lancia-dilambda-carlton-tourer-pininfarina1931 Lancia Dilambda – the first official Pinin Farina special, presented at the Concours d’Elegance at Villa d’Este1931-hispano-suiza-h6c-coupe-chauffeur1931 Hispano Suiza H6C Coupé Chauffeur1930-hispano-suiza-pinin-farina-coupe1931 Hispano Suiza Pinin Farina Coupé 1931 Hispano Suiza Coupé 1931-cadillac-452a-v16-pinin-farina-roadster-19311931 Cadillac V16 Roadster – for the Maharajah of Orccha1932-fiat-518-ardita-designed-by-pininfarina1932 Fiat 518 Ardita designed by Pininfarina 1932 Fiat 518 Ardita1933-alfa-romeo-8c-2300-cabriolet-pininfarina1933 Alfa Romeo 8C 2300 Cabriolet (Pininfarina)1933 Alfa Romeo 8C 23001934-alfa-romeo-6c-2500-s-stabilimenti-farina-cabriolet-147511934 Alfa-Romeo-6C-2500-S-Stabilimenti-Farina-Cabriolet-14751 1934 Alfa Rome 6C 2300 B Cabriolet1936-lancia%e2%80%85astura-cabriolet-tipo-bocca-a-series-of-six-cars-made-for-the-bocca-brothers-lancia-dealers-in-biella-italy1936 Lancia Astura Cabriolet tipo Bocca – a series of six cars made for the Bocca brothers, Lancia dealers in Biella, Italy – designed by Pininfarina1935-alfa-romeo-6c-2300-pescara-coupe-aerodinamico-pininfarina1935 alfa romeo 6C 2300 pescara coupe aerodinamico pininfarina 1935 Alfa Romeo 6C Pescara Coupé aerodinamico1936-39-lancia-aprilia-was-manufactured-by-lancia-one-of-the-first-designed-using-wind-tunnel-in-collaboration-with-battista-farina1936-39 Lancia Aprilia was manufactured by Lancia, one of the first designed using wind tunnel in collaboration with Battista Farina 1936 Lancia Aprilia1936-alfa-romeo-8c-2900b-stabilimenti-farina-cabriolet-256841936 Alfa-Romeo-8C-2900B-Stabilimenti-Farina-Cabriolet-25684 1936 Alfa Romeo 8C 2900