BRUSH Coachbuilders Loughborough Leicestershire England UK

Brush Traction

is a manufacturer and maintainer of railway locomotives, part of Wabtec Corporation, based at Loughborough in Leicestershire,England situated alongside the Midland Main Line.

Brush works in Loughborough

Part of Brush Traction was Brushmobile Electric Car

Between 1901 and 1905 the Brushmobile electric car was developed using a Vauxhall Motors engine, although only six were built. One of these six featured in the film Carry on Screaming. Nearly 100 buses, plus some lorries were built using French engines until 1907.

In all, about 250 steam locomotives were built in addition to the tram engines. Production finished after the First World War and the company concentrated on transport-related electrical equipment, including tramcars, trolleybuses and battery-operated vehicles.

In World War II Brush Coachworks diversified into aircraft production, building 335 de Havilland Dominies for the Royal Air Force and Fleet Air Arm. Wing sections were built for Lancaster bombers and Hampden fuselages were overhauled.

1946 AEC Regal KEH-608 Brush B34F

1946 AEC Regal KEH-608 Brush B34F  coachwork

The coachworks continued after the war with omnibus bodies mounted on Daimler chassis using Gardner five-cylinder diesel engines and Daimler preselector gearboxes as well as AEC and BMMO Chassis for Midland Red and 100 Leyland Titans for Birmingham City Transport as well as bodies to the design of the British Electric Traction group on Leyland Royal Tigers. In 1952 the coachworks was closed and the goodwill and patents were bought by neighbouring Willowbrook.

more about Brush in total because it’s still exists

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brush_Traction

1913 Leyland S3.30.T Brush B27F body a 1913 Leyland S3.30.T Brush B27F body b

1913-leyland-s3-30-t-brush-b27f-body

1927 Karrier WL 6-2 Brush H32-28R a 1927 Karrier WL 6-2 Brush H32-28R b

1927-karrier-wl-6-2-brush-h32-28r

1928 Karrier brush ad 1928 Karrier Brush

1928-karrier’s-wl-6-2-brush-h32-28r

1929 Brush bodied Leyland TD1

1929-brush-bodied-leyland-td1

1929 Leyland Titan TD1 with Brush O27-24RO bodywork UF4813

1929-leyland-titan-td1-with-brush-o27-24ro-bodywork-uf4813

1930 Trent CH5432, SOS ODD ex S rebodied Brush B26F

1930-trent-ch5432-sos-odd-ex-s-rebodied-brush-b26f

1931 Midland Red HA7328, an SOS IM6 Brush

1931-midland-red-ha7328-an-sos-im6-brush

1932 Brush bodied Oxford AEC Regent JO5403

1932-brush-bodied-oxford-aec-regent-jo5403

1932, JO5403 is an AEC Regent and carries a Brush body

1932-brush-bodied-oxford-aec-regent-jo5403

1935 Ledgards famous Brush bodied Maudsley Marathon coach CUB1 in original form

1935-ledgards-famous-brush-bodied-maudsley-marathon-coach-cub1-in-original-form

1935 Midland Red 1693, AHA578, an SOS DON new in 1935 with a Brush B36F body

1935-midland-red-1693-aha578-an-sos-don-new-in-1935-with-a-brush-b36f-body

1935 Trent 304, RC2704, a SOS DON with Brush B36F body

1935-trent-304-rc2704-a-sos-don-with-brush-b36f-body

1935 Trent 344, RC3715, a SOS DON with Brush B36F body

1935-trent-344-rc3715-a-sos-don-with-brush-b36f-body

1935 Trent RC2721 is an S.O.S DON with a Brush body rc2721

1935-trent-rc2721-is-an-s-o-s-don-with-a-brush-body-rc2721

1936 Leyland Cheetah LZ2 with Brush C31F body

1936-leyland-cheetah-lz2-with-brush-c31f-body

1936 London Transport Class E1 trolleybus 554, DLY554 554

1936-london-transport-class-e1-trolleybus-554-dly554-554

1936 Trent 334, RC3705 an SOS with Brush B36F body

1936-trent-334-rc3705-an-sos-with-brush-b36f-body.

1937 London Transport 591, DLY591, an E1 class AEC 664T with Brush body 591

1937-london-transport-591-dly591-an-e1-class-aec-664t-with-brush-body-591

1938 Bristol K5G with Brush L28-26R body

1938-bristol-k5g-with-brush-l28-26r-body

1938 Bristol K5G with Brush L28-26R bodyJT9353

1938-bristol-k5g-with-brush-l28-26r-bodyjt9353

1938 Daimler COG5 with Weymann 54 seat Highbridge body new to Trent in April 1938. Rebodied by Brush in February 1948

1938-daimler-cog5-with-weymann-54-seat-highbridge-body-new-to-trent-in-april-1938-rebodied-by-brush-in-february-1948

1938 Midland Red SOS FEDD 2225, FHA207, from 1938 with a Brush H30-26F body

1938-midland-red-sos-fedd-2225-fha207-from-1938-with-a-brush-h30-26f-body

1939 Midland Red SOS FEDD FHA238 with a Brush H30-26F body fha238

1939-midland-red-sos-fedd-fha238-with-a-brush-h30-26f-body-fha238

1940 Midland Red SOS SON 2390, GHA309, with Brush B38F body

1940-midland-red-sos-son-2390-gha309-with-brush-b38f-body

1940 Midland Red SOS SON 2391, GHA310, with Brush B38F body

1940-midland-red-sos-son-2391-gha310-with-brush-b38f-body

1940 Midland Red SOS SON 2407, GHA326, new in 1940 with a Brush B38F body

1940-midland-red-sos-son-2407-gha326-new-in-1940-with-a-brush-b38f-body

1943 Daimler CWG5 with a Brush L27-26R body

1943-daimler-cwg5-with-a-brush-l27-26r-body

1943 Guy Arab I with Brush L27-26R body a

1943-guy-arab-i-with-brush-l27-26r-body

1943 Guy Arab I with Brush L27-26R body

1943-guy-arab-i-with-brush-l27-26r-body

1943 Guy Arab I with Brush L27-28R body

1943-guy-arab-i-with-brush-l27-28r-body

1944 Daimler CW with Brush utility body

1944-daimler-cw-with-brush-utility-body

1944 Daimler CWA6 with Brush UL27-26R body

1944-daimler-cwa6-with-brush-ul27-26r-body

1945 built Brush bodied Daimler CWA6

1945-built-brush-bodied-daimler-cwa6

1945 Daimler CWA6 with a Brush H30-26R body gyl291

1945-daimler-cwa6-with-a-brush-h30-26r-body-gyl291

1945 Sunbeam W with a Brush body

1945-sunbeam-w-with-a-brush-body.

1946 AEC Regal KEH-608 Brush B34F

1946-aec-regal-keh-608-brush-b34f1

1946 Daimler CWA6 Brush H30-26R

1946-daimler-cwa6-brush-h30-26r

1946 Guy Arab III with a Brush B34F body

1946-guy-arab-iii-with-a-brush-b34f-body

1946 Guy Arab with Brush B35F body

1946-guy-arab-with-brush-b35f-body

1947 Daimler CVD6 with locally built Brush bodywork ACH627

1947-daimler-cvd6-with-locally-built-brush-bodywork-ach627

1947 Sunbeam W with Brush B35C body

1947-sunbeam-w-with-brush-b35c-body

1948 AEC Regent 3127, JHA28, with Brush H30-26R body BMMO

1948-aec-regent-3127-jha28-with-brush-h30-26r-body-bmmo

1948 Brush bodied Daimler CVD6

1948-brush-bodied-daimler-cvd6

1948 Brush H30-26R bodied Leyland PD2-1

1948-brush-h30-26r-bodied-leyland-pd2

1948 Daimler CVD6 with Brush H56R body

1948-daimler-cvd6-with-brush-h56r-body

1948 Leyland PD2-1 with Brush H30-24R body

1948-leyland-pd2-1-with-brush-h30-24r-body

1948 Leyland PS1 GWY77 in 1954 with a secondhand Brush B34F body

1948-leyland-ps1-gwy77-in-1954-with-a-secondhand-brush-b34f-body

1948 Leyland PS1s with Brush B34F body

1948-leyland-ps1s-with-brush-b34f-body

1948 Leyland Tiger PS1 with Brush B34F body 7905

1948-leyland-tiger-ps1-with-brush-b34f-body-7905

1948 Leyland Tiger PS1 with Brush bodywork.9651

1948-leyland-tiger-ps1-with-brush-bodywork-9651

1948 Leyland Tiger PS1 with Brush bodywork

1948-leyland-tiger-ps1-with-brush-bodywork.

1948 Sunbeam F4 with Brush B32C body

1948-sunbeam-f4-with-brush-b32c-body

1948 Sunbeam F4 with Brush H30-26R body

1948-sunbeam-f4-with-brush-h30-26r-body

1949 BMMO S9 with Brush body

1949-bmmo-s9-with-brush-body

1949 Daimler CVD6-Brush H30-26R 528

1949-daimler-cvd6-brush-h30-26r-528

1949 Daimler CVD6s with Brush B34F bod

1949-daimler-cvd6s-with-brush-b34f-body

1949 Daimler CVG6 with Brush H56R body

1949-daimler-cvg6-with-brush-h56r-body

1949+1950 Derby 76, BCH576, and 86, BCH886, were both Daimler CVD6's with Brush H30-26R bodies

1949/1950-derby-76-bch576-and-86-bch886-were-both-daimler-cvd6s-with-brush-h30-26r-bodies

1950 B.U.T. 9641T with a distinctive Brush H38-32R body ktv506

1950-b-u-t-9641t-with-a-distinctive-brush-h38-32r-body-ktv506

1950 Brush B44F bodied Leyland PSU1-13 Royal Tiger mtc757

1950-brush-b44f-bodied-leyland-psu1-13-royal-tiger-mtc757

1950 Brush H30-26R bodied Daimler CVD6 890

1950-brush-h30-26r-bodied-daimler-cvd6-890

1950 Dennis Lancet III with Brush B32F body

1950-dennis-lancet-iii-with-brush-b32f-body

1950 Guy Arab III fitted with a Brush B38F LPT140

1950-guy-arab-iii-fitted-with-a-brush-b38f-lpt140

1950 Sunbeam F4 with a Brush body

1950-sunbeam-f4-with-a-brush-body

1951 Brush B44F bodied Leyland PSU1-13 Royal Tiger

1951-brush-b44f-bodied-leyland-psu1-13-royal-tiger

1951 Brush DP40F bodied BMMO S13

1951-brush-dp40f-bodied-bmmo-s13

1951 Brush H30-26R bodied Crossley DD42-8A

1951-brush-h30-26r-bodied-crossley-dd42-8

1951 Daimler CVD6SD with Brush B39R body

1951-daimler-cvd6sd-with-brush-b39r-body

1951 Foden PVD6 with Brush H30-26R body

1951-foden’s-pvd6-with-brush-h30-26r-body’s

1951 Foden PVD6, with a Brush H30-26R body

1951-foden-pvd6-with-a-brush-h30-26r-body

1951 Leyland Royal Tiger PSU1-13 with Brush B41R body

1951-leyland-royal-tiger-psu1-13-with-brush-b41r-body

1951 Leyland Royal Tiger with Brush B44R body

1951-leyland-royal-tiger-with-brush-b44r-body

1952 B.M.M.O. S13 with a Brush DP40F body 888

1952-b-m-m-o-s13-with-a-brush-dp40f-body OHA888

1952 Crossley DD42-8A with a Brush H30-26R

1952-crossley-dd42-8a-with-a-brush-h30-26r

Brush works in Loughborough Guy Arab III with a Brush B34F body

guy-arab-iii-with-a-brush-b34f-body

That’s it about Brush Busbodies

WILLOWBROOK Ltd Coachbuilders Loughborough Leicestershire England UK

1954 Willowbrook ltd Derby Road Loughborough Leicestershire

WILLOWBROOK Ltd.

derby-road-loughborough-leicestershire-england-UK

1954 Willowbrook ltd Derby Road Loughborough Leicestershire 1935 Bedford JU6301 with Willowbrook C25F body 1935 Dennis Lancet with Willowbrook C31F body 1935 Gilford UT7836 A56 coach - The Ellen - Willowbrook body 1935 Leyland TD4 dating with a Willowbrook L27-28R body fitted in 1949 1937 AEC Regal 712, RC4613 Willowbrook B35F body 1937 AEC Regal with Willowbrook B35F body, rebodied by Willowbrook in 1950 1937 AEC Regent with a Weymann body and rebodied in October 1948 by Willowbrook 1938 Bristol K5Gs with ECW L23-24R bodies. It was, along with the others rebodied in 1951 by Willowbrook with the L27-26R body 1938 Daimler COG5 new to Trent and rebodied by Willowbrook in 1943 1939 Albion with Willowbrook C39F body 1939 BMMO SON with a Willowbrook B34F body 1939 Bristol K5G dating which had been rebodied in 1951 with this Willowbrook L27-26R body 1939 Bristol K5G with Willowbrook body 1939 Daimler COG5-40 with Willowbrook C35F body 1939 Leyland Tiger TS8 converted to a tower wagon with a Willowbrook body 1943 Guy Arab II fitted with a Strachan L27-28R body when new in 1943. It was rebodied in 1950 with the Willowbrook L27-26R body 1945 Guy Arab II originally with a utility Park Royal H30-26R body and numbered 41. In 1953 it was rebodied with a Willowbrook H30-26R body 1946 AEC Regal with Willowbrook B34F body 1946 Bristol L5G with Willowbrook body 1946 Willowbrook bodied Daimler CVD6 1947 AEC Regal 752, RC9658, with a Willowbrook B35F body 1947 AEC Regals with Willowbrook B35F bodies which were rebuilt by Willowbrook to FDP39F in 1958 1947 AEC Regent with Willowbrook H30-26R body 1948 AEC Regal with Willowbrook 35 seat half cab front entrance bus 1948 Crossley DD42-5 with a Willowbrook H28-26R body 1948 Daimler CVD6 GYG205 with Willowbrook DP35F body 1948 Leyland Tiger PS1 given a Willowbrook double deck body in 1957 1949 AEC Regal 703, NJO703, has Willowbrook dual purpose 32 seat body 1949 AEC Regal III - Willowbrook body 1949 AEC Regal III with Willowbrook B34F body 1949 Leyland Tiger PS1, originally fitted with a Duple coach body and numbered 560, KAL380, but rebodied in 1957 with a Willowbrook L31-30R body 1949 Willowbrook 1950 AEC Regal III with Crossley gearbox and Willowbrook DP33F body 1950 Daimler CVD6 with Willowbrook B35F body 1950 Leyland Tiger PS1 with Willowbrook body 1950 Willowbrook DP33F bodied Leyland PS2-3 1951 Guy Arab III with Willowbrook FH27-26F body 1951 Leyland PSU1-11 Royal Tiger with a Willowbrook B43F body 1951 Willowbrook C33C bodied Leyland PSU1-11 Royal Tiger 1951 Willowbrook FH27-26F bodied Leyland PS1-4 new in 1951 and named 'Oudenarde' 1952 Willowbrook B44R bodied Atkinson Alpha chassis 1952 Willowbrook C37C bodied A.E.C. 9821S Regal IVs 1952 Willowbrook H32-28R body on a Sunbeam F4 chassis 1953 3-axle Sunbeam S7 with Willowbrook H62D body 1953 AEC 9822S Regal IV with a Willowbrook C41F body 1953 AEC Regal IV with Willowbrook C39C body 1953 Sunbeam F4 with Willowbrook H32-28R body 1953 Willowbrook C37C bodied Leyland Royal Tiger 1954 AEC Regent III with lowbridge Willowbrook bodywork 1954 Leyland Tiger Cub PSUC1-2T with Willowbrook C39R body 1954 Sunbeam F4A with Willowbrook H70R body 1954 Willowbrook C41C bodied Daimler D650HS Freeline 1954 Willowbrook ltd Derby Road Loughborough Leicestershire 1955 A.E.C. MU3RV Reliance with a Willowbrook B43F body 1955 Leyland L1 Leopard with Willowbrook B45F body 1955 Sunbeam F4A trolleybus with Willowbrook 70 seat rear entrance bodywork 1955 Sunbeam F4A with a distinctive Willowbrook body 1955 Willowbrook C41F bodied AEC Monocoach 1956 AEC Regent V with Willowbrook body 1956 AEC Reliance MU3RV with Willowbrook DP41F bodywork 1956 AEC Reliance with Willowbrook body 1956 Albion Nimbus MR9N Willowbrook B31F at Didcot Garage 1956 Atkinson BPL745H buses bought by Venture. Like the others this had a Willowbrook body, B45F 1956 Daimler 836, WDH911with willowbrook body 1956 Guy Arab LUFs with Willowbrook C37C bodies 1956 Leyland Tiger Cub with Willowbrook DP41F body 1957 AEC Regent V MD3RV with Willowbrook H32-28R bodywork 1957 Leyland Tiger Cub PSUC1-2 with Willowbrook DP41F bodywork. 1957 Leyland Tiger Cub PSUC1-2, VTX44, with Willowbrook DP41F body 1957 Leyland Tiger PS1 single deck chassis rebuilt with a Willowbrook L61RD body 1957 Leyland Titan PD2-20 203-BEH Willowbrook L27 28R 1957 Willowbrook B45F bodywork on its Atkinson BPL745H chassis 1957 Willowbrook C37C bodied AEC MU3RV Reliance 1958 AEC Reliance with Willowbrook Viking C41F body 1958 AEC Reliance with Willowbrook Viking C41F bodywork 1958 Albion Aberdonian MR11 with Willowbrook B45F bodywork 1958 Albion Aberdonian MR11N XUP399 with Willowbrook DP41F body 1958 Albion Nimbus NS3AN with Willowbrook B31F bodywork, whilst preserved East Kent EFN568 is a 1950 Dennis Falcon P3 with Dennis B29F bodywork 1958 Albion Nimbus NS3AN with Willowbrook B31F bodywork. 1958 Albion Nimbus NS3N with Willowbrook B31F bodywork 1958 Leyland PD3-4 with Willowbrook H73R body 1958 Leyland Titan PD3-4 with Willowbrook body. 1958 Willowbrook C41F bodied AEC MU3RV Reliance 1959 A E C Reliance 2MU3RV with Willowbrook C37F bodywork 1959 AEC Reliance with 41 seat Willowbrook Viking coach body 1959 AEC Reliance with Willowbrook Viking C41F body 1959 Albion NS3N Nimbus buses with Willowbrook B31F bodies 1959 Leyland PSUC1-2 with Willowbrook Dual Purpose body 1959 Leyland Tiger Cub PSUC1-1 with Willowbrook B45F bodywork 1959 Willowbrook Viking C41F bodied Leyland PSUC1-2 Tiger Cub 1959 Willowbrook Viking C41F bodied Leyland PSUC1-2 Tiger Cubs 1960 AEC Reliance 2MU2RA with Willowbrook B42D body 1960 AEC Reliance 2MU3RA with Willowbrook B45F body 1960 AEC Reliance 2MU3RA with Willowbrook Viscount C41F bodywork. 1960 Daimler CVG6 with a distinctive Willowbrook lowbridge body 1960 Dennis Loline IIYF10 Willowbrook H44-30F 885-LDH 1960 Leyland Tiger Cub PSUC1-2 with Willowbrook dual purpose 43 seat body 1961 AEC Reliance with Willowbrook B43F body 1961 Bedford J2SZ7 with a Willowbrook Compact C19F body 1962 Bedford VAS1 with Willowbrook B30F bodywork 1962 Leyland Leopard L2 with Willowbrook body 1962 Leyland Leopard with Willowbrook C47F 1962 Willowbrook B65F bodied AEC Reliance, 858GNM 1962 Willowbrook DP47F bodied Leyland PSU3-3RT Leopard 1963 Leyland Titan PD3A-1 from 1963 with Willowbrook H41-32F bodywork 1963 Willowbrook bodied Leyland Leopard 1964 AEC Regent V 2D3RA with Willowbrook H39-30F body 1964 Bedford VAL with Willowbrook B54F body 1964 Leyland Leopard PSUC1-11 with Willowbrook B45F body OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA 1965 Bedford VAS1 with Willowbrook B28F bodywork 1965 Daimler CRG6LX with Willowbrook H44-32F bodywork 1965 Leyland Leopard PSU3-1R with Willowbrook B53F bodywork 1965 Willowbrook DP49F bodied Leyland PSU3-1R Leopard 1966 AEC Reliances with Willowbrook B41D bodies 1966 Bedford VAS1 with Willowbrook B24FM bodywork 1966 Daimler Fleetline with Willowbrook single-deck bodywork 1966 Leyland Atlantean PDR1-2 with Willowbrook body 1966 Leyland Leopard PSU3-3R with a Willowbrook B53F body 1967 Bedfod VAS2 with Duple (Midland) B30F bodywork 1967 Bedford VAL70 with Willowbrook B56F bodywork 1967 Bedford VAL70 with Willowbrook body B56F 1967 Leyland L2 Leopard with a Willowbrook B43F body 1967 Willowbrook B45F-bodied Leyland Leopard 1967 Willowbrook DP49F bodied AEC Reliance 1968 A E C Reliance 6MU2RA with Willowbrook B46F bodywork 1968 AEC Regent V with Willowbrook H37-27F body 1968 Bedford SB5 with Willowbrook bodywork 1968 Bedford VAL with Willowbrook B56F body 1968 Bedford VAM70 saloons arrived with Willowbrook B33D+25 bodies 1968 Ford R192s with Willowbrook B45F bodies 1968 Willowbrook DP49F bodied Leyland PSU3A-4RT Leopard OKO816G a 1968 Willowbrook DP49F bodied Leyland PSU3A-4RT Leopard OKO816G 1968 Willowbrook Malta OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA 1969 Daimler Fleetline SRG6LW with Willowbrook B44F bodywork 1969 Ford R192 with Willowbrook B45F bodywork a 1969 Ford R192 with Willowbrook B45F bodywork 1969 Leyland Atlantean PDR1A-1 with Willowbrook body 1970 AEC Swift with Willowbrook B43D body 866H 1970 AEC Swift with Willowbrook B43D body 1970 Ford R192  Willowbrook B45F 1971 AEC Reliance with Willowbrook B43F body 1971 AEC Swift with Willowbrook dual door body 1971 Bedford SB5 with Willowbrook DP39F bodywork 1971 Bedford YRQ with Willowbrook B45F bodywork 1971 Ford R192, YNR506J, with locally built Willowbrook bodywork 1971 Leyland Leopard PSU3 with Willowbrook DP49F body 1972 AEC Reliance 6U3ZR with Willowbrook Expressway C49F bodywork 1972 AEC Swift with Willowbrook body 1972 Bedford VAS5 with Willowbrook B16FM bodywork 1972 Bedford VAS-Willowbrook 1972 Ford R192 with Willowbrook C45F 1972 Mercedes-Benz 0302 LHD chassis with a Willowbrook '007' C51D body 1972 Willowbrook B53F-bodied Leyland Leopard PSU3B-2R 1973 Bedford YRT with a Willowbrook '002' Expressway C30FT body 1973 Ford R192 or R1014 with an '002' Expressway body and a Mercedes-Benz 0302 with an '007' body 1973 Ford R1014 with Willowbrook C45F body 1973 Ford Willowbrook PTX987F 1973 Leyland with Willowbrook  B53F 1973 Willowbrook bodied Leyland Atlantean No 50, CUF150L 1974 Bedford YRQ-Willowbrook SCF344N 1974 Leyland Leopard L84, RGV284N, with Willowbrook B55F 1976 A.E.C. 6U3ZL Reliances to National Travel (South East) with Willowbrook C47F bodies 1977 A.E.C. 6U3ZL Reliance with a Willowbrook C47F body Daimler Fleetline SRG6LW with Willowbrook B44F bodywork 704G TDH 901 was a Sunbeam F4A with a Willowbrook H36-34R body

After Willowbrook took over Brush in 1951 Duple took over Willowbrook in the seventies. Look for more under Brush + Duple

TILLING – STEVENS Ltd. Maidstone, Kent, England UK 1897

1920 Tilling Stevens logo

Tilling-Stevens

and

VULCAN

since 1930

1907 46, Tilling Stevens TS3 AT 5306 1907 Tilling Stevens Bus K1536 1907 Tilling Stevens Charabanc - Britains Motoring History Card 1907 Tilling Stevens Open

1907 ?

W.A. Stevens was established in Maidstone, Kent in 1897 by William Arthur Stevens and had by 1906 built its first petrol-electric vehicle using designs patented by Percival (Percy) Frost-Smith. A petrol engine was connected to an electrical generator and the current produced passed to a traction motor which drove the rear wheels. According to the website of the Birmingham and Midland Motor Omnibus Trust the simpler to operate petrol-electric transmission was popular among bus drivers rather than the conventional crash gearbox (in the days before synchromesh) as few bus staff had previously driven motor vehicles.

1908 X2 with the very ornate Tilling 34 seat open top body with Quorn station as the backdrop

1908 X2 with the very ornate Tilling 34 seat open top body with Quorn station as the backdrop

Factory

Tilling-Stevens factory was situated in St Peter’s St, Maidstone. The factory buildings, built in the 1920s in the Daylight style, survive as of 2012. They were Listed as Grade II in July 2011. It is described as “one few buildings of this style not to have undergone significant alteration from the original”.

1909 Tilling lf9416 1909 Tilling Stevens  001

1909

Buses

The petrol-electric transmission was fitted to chassis built by J.E. Hall and Co, of Dartford, (who used the trade name “Hallford”, so these were known as “Hallford-Stevens”) and Dennis Bros, of Guildford (as “Dennis-Stevens”), until an arrangement was agreed with a large bus operator, Thomas Tilling, who wanted to produce their own vehicles which were named Tilling-Stevens. The ease of driving and soundness of construction of these vehicles soon led to the company supplying chassis to many bus operators in the UK, and several abroad as well.

1910 Pa-MC5 Tilling 1910 vulcan old

1910

Tilling-Stevens Motors Ltd consolidated its position with bus operators in World War I because the petrol-electric chassis were not considered suitable by the Army for use in France. However, many men were trained to drive in the War on vehicles with conventional gearboxes which led to a decline in popularity of Tilling-Stevens’ system. By the 1930s, chassis were being produced with conventional petrol/diesel engines, gearboxes and transmission.

Minolta DSC

1911

Tilling-Stevens split from Thomas Tilling in 1930 and renamed itself T S Motors Ltd (TSM) in 1932, but were again renamed Tilling-Stevens before World War II had broken out.

1912 Transport Postcard - Bus - Tilling-Stevens TTA1 No.K1631 - December 1912 2873

1912

Tilling-Stevens was still manufacturing buses after World War II, with a large order built in 1947/1948 for export to Hong Kong (China Motor Bus (108) & Kowloon Motor Bus (50)).

Goods vehicles

Tilling-Stevens also produced goods chassis available with either petrol-electric or conventional gearbox transmissions and built many trucks during World War I. Their cast aluminium radiators were distinctive, with “Tilling-Stevens” cast into the top and either “Petrol-Electric” or “Maidstone” into the bottom tanks.

Vulcan lorryPost-war Vulcan truck fitted with Perkins diesel engine. On show at Bromyard, England in 2008

After the war, they failed to invest in updating their products and acquired Vulcan Trucks of Southport, Lancashire in 1930 to extend their range (and use Vulcan petrol engines). Production stayed at Maidstone.

Tilling-Stevens petrol-electric searchlight lorry

petrol-electric searchlight lorry

The unusual electric transmission became less of an advantage as other makers developed their simpler mechanical transmissions to be reliable and easier to drive. Tilling-Stevens specialised in some unusual markets where the transmission could offer a particular advantage, by also using it as a generator. Some early turntable ladder fire engines were produced where arc lamps for lighting and the electric motors to raise the ladder could be powered by it.

1913 Autocar-ThosTilling 1913 Chassis Tilling-Stevens TTA2 Engine Tilling-Stevens petrol Transmission Electric Traction Motor Body Thomas Tilling 34 seatsvo9926 1913 Vulcan truck, from The Automobile, May 15

1913

In the 1930s the lorries also lost the large cast radiators in favour of first a thinner cast aluminium shell and then a cheaper steel pressed bonnet and a small diamond-shaped “TSM” badge.

1914 Craftsmen at work on an StevensTillingL bus, Chiswick Works 1914 POSTCARD RP LIVERPOOL CORPORATION TILLING STEVENS BUS TTA1 NO K 1593 1914 POSTCARD TILLING STEVENS 46 SEAT DOUBLE DECKER BUS ISLE OF MAN 1914 Tilling Stevens Petrol Electric Bus 1914 Tilling Stevens TS3 Petrol Electric with 1908 Bus Body 1914 Tilling--Stevens petrol electric omnibus London 1914 tilling-stevens petrol-electric 1914 Tilling-Stevens TS3 1914 Tilling-Stevens 1914 Transport Postcard - Liverpool Corporation - Tilling-Stevens TTA1 1914 U778 1914 Vulcan Demonstration Van 1914 Vulcan Driggs-Seabury

1914

Leading up to World War II they specialised in the searchlight trucks for which they are probably still best known today.

1914 Bus Postcard - B.C.T. 1914 Tilling Stevens - Petrol-Electric Bus U130

1914 Bus Postcard – B.C.T. 1914 Tilling Stevens – Petrol-Electric Bus U130

Rootes Group

In 1950, the company was sold to Rootes Group, and complete vehicle production ceased soon afterwards. The plant continued to produce light commercial engines (particularly the iconic Commer TS3 2 stroke diesel) and vehicle bodies, before finally closing in the 1970s, some years after the group had been acquired by Chrysler.

1918 (DA 1551) Tilling-Stevens TS3 Fleming B30R in service 1918-1929 Wolverhampton 1918 Tilling Stevens 1918 Vulcan Clarinda

1918

Legacy

The Tilling-Stevens petrol-electric bus is interesting as an early example of a hybrid vehicle, although without any direct engine propulsion or battery storage. As the petrol engine ran continuously, it was almost certainly less fuel efficient than a competing petrol engine, which may have contributed to its demise. However hybrid petrol-electric cars, such as the Toyota Prius, are now seen as being a partial solution towards cutting carbon dioxide emissions and reducing the risks of damaging global warming.

1919 Tilling Stevens bus in Amberley

1919 Tilling Stevens bus in Amberley

References

MCW (Metro Cammell Weymann) Buses + Metrobus

Metro Cammell Weymann03Travel West Midlands MkII Metrobuses seen in Dudley.

002 S3M-B1

3-axle Metro Cammell WeymannSuper Metrobus (11 m) owned byKowloon Motor Bus in Hong Kong.
003 Yorkshire_Traction_MCW_Metroliner

A double deck Metroliner 400GT with Yorkshire Traction, with a Megabusvehicle behind it

Metro Cammell Weymann (MCW) was once a major player in transportation manufacturing in the UK and Europe. It was formed in 1932 by Weymann Motor Bodies Ltd and Metro Cammell‘s bus bodybuilding division to produce bus bodies.

MCW bus bodies were built in Metro-Cammell’s and Weymann’s factories until 1966 when Weymann’s factory in Addlestone was closed (the Metro-Cammell and Weymann brand names were dropped in the same year). From 1977 MCW also built bus chassis.

In 1989 the Laird group decided to sell its bus and rail divisions. No buyer for the complete group could be found so each product was sold separately. The Metrorider was bought by Optare who relaunched it as the MetroRider; the Metrobus design was bought by DAF(chassis) and Optare (body), who jointly reworked it into the Optare Spectra. The Metroliner design was acquired by Optare though not pursued. The Metrocab was bought by Reliant. Metro-Cammell’s rail division and the Washwood Heath factory went to GEC Alsthom (now Alstom)

Bodies

  • London Transport RLH
  • Orion series
  • London Transport’s DMS body built in partnership with Park Royal throughout the 1970s.
  • West Midland PTE’s standard bus body in the 1970s on both the Daimler/Leyland Fleetline (again built in partnership with Park Royal) and theBristol VR.
  • A generic double deck body range built in the 1970s on Leyland Atlantean and Daimler Fleetline chassis with notable customers being Liverpool Corporation and Tyne & Wear PTE.

Chassis/Complete buses

  • Metroliner – single and double deck coach
    • Metroliner – Semi-integral 4.23 m high double deck coach
    • Metroliner 400GT – integral 4 m high double deck coach
    • Metroliner – Semi-integral 3.2 m high single deck coach
    • Metro Hiliner – Integral 3.4 m high single deck coach

Others

MCW Metrobus

MCW Metrobus
01

Preserved West Midlands Passenger Transport Executive MCW Metrobus Mk1 in May 2013
02

Arriva Buses Wales Metrobus Lower Saloon Interior
Overview
Manufacturer Metro Cammell Weymann
Body and chassis
Doors 1 to 3
Floor type Step entrance
Powertrain
Engine Gardner 6LXB Gardner 6LXCT Gardner 6LXDT Rolls-Royce Eagle 220 Mk III Cummins LT10 Cummins LTA10-B282
Transmission Voith DIWA851 Voith DIWA851.2 Voith DIWA854 Voith DIWA864G Maxwell
Dimensions
Length 9.7m, 11.0m, 11.3m or 12.0m
Width 2.5m

The MCW Metrobus is a double decker bus model manufactured by Metro Cammell Weymann (MCW) between 1977 and 1989, with over 4,000 examples built. The original MkI model was superseded by the MkII model (which had a symmetrical windscreen) in 1981, although production of the original MkI continued for London Transport until 1985. The Metrobus was conceived as an integral product manufactured completely by MCW, but Alexander and Northern Counties also bodied some examples.

MCW planned to produce a single deck version but this was not to come into production.

United Kingdom

03

Travel West Midlands Metrobuses Mk11s in Dudley in April 2006
04

Preserved Northern General Transport Company Metrobus MkII in May 2009

In the United Kingdom, the Metrobus was mainly used in the metropolitan areas, especially London and the West Midlands.

London

London Transport purchased 1,440 MkI examples between 1978 and 1985, numbering them M1 to M1440. Two MkII prototypes were delivered to London Transport as M1441 and M1442 in 1984, but there were no further orders. In 1987 and 1988, 14 secondhand Metrobuses were purchased from Greater Manchester PTEWest Yorkshire PTE and Busways. London Transport’s low-cost subsidiary Harrow Buses leased 29 new MkII Metrobuses in 1987, but had to return them to their lessor three years later. London Transport’s Metrobuses were the mainstay of the double decker fleet between 1987 and privatisation in 1994, when most of them passed to seven of the new operators.

MTL bought the London Northern company, with a host of Metrobuses. It acquired more when it took over London Suburban Buses, and including some ex-London examples from its Merseyside operation. Garages were at North Acton, Holloway and Potters Bar. Metroline Northern perations in London dwindled during 2002, with Ms replaced by low-floor buses on most routes. Some clung through 2003 on as deputising on the AEC Routemaster routes, but operation on TfL services ceased in March 2004. Potters Bar was the last outpost, where a handful remained on other services until May 2005; where the Volvo Olympians took over.

London General reached the end with Metrobuses in normal service in February 2003, when Stockwell’s last were withdrawn. This still left a couple for special purposes (M1440 at Sutton and the “spotted cow” liveried M1435). There was still a crowd of white-blouse and grey-skirt training buses too, which were mainly moved out from their comfy homes to the Plough Lane open-air space, to make room for the new larger fleet of low-floor WVLs. There is an open-top MCW Metrobus for use by hire in London General; it was also replaced by the withdrawn NVs that left route 74 with a lurch.

First CentrewestFirst Capital and London United also reached the end with Metrobuses in normal service in 2003.

Arriva London also continued using Metrobuses until these were finally displaced in 2002/03.

Some of the MCW Metrobuses were converted to open-top for use by The Original Tour, which is classed as MB class. These were withdrawn by December 2007, replaced by modernised buses. London Pride Sightseeing also has MCW Metrobuses, but these were sold to Ensignbus.

By 2014, there were no MCW Metrobuses licensed for use in London.

West Midlands

Main article: West Midlands Metrobus

The West Midlands PTE and its successor, West Midlands Travel, also purchased significant numbers of Metrobuses (over 1,100), both MkI and MkII examples. These included five prototype vehicles (allocated to Washwood Heath depot near the MCW factory so they could see the vehicles performance in service) and 50 dual-purpose Metrobuses with high-back seats, purchased in 1986. Many of these buses were converted to normal seated buses and continued in service until November 2008. They were mainly used on limited-stop services. Fourteen guided buses were delivered for route 65 (branded Tracline 65), which was the first guided bus system in UK, although the experiment only lasted a couple of years. All of the 14 guided buses were converted for conventional use.

In early 1995 Marshall Bus of Cambridge were contracted to overhaul all of West Midland Travel’s Metrobus fleet. This was the largest used bus overhaul programme in Europe at the time and Marshalls set up a dedicated business division and staff to handle it. Many unavailable parts had to be sourced and made to original patterns by the Marshall procurement team. A production line was established in one of Marshall’s aircraft hangars and anything up to 30 Metrobuses could be found in work at some stage along the line. Duration of refurbishment of each bus was usually 2-3 per week. No powerline items were included with the result that original engines were simply put back in the overhauled buses as they were. This had the effect that as the vehicles were driven from the West Midlands to Marshalls at Cambridge and driven back once completed, they frequently broke down. Over 600 mainly MkII metrobuses were overhauled and the contract ended abruptly in 1999 due to lack of confidence in Marshall Bus over delays with WMT orders for their new single deck buses. As a result of the unique experience gained by Marshall Bus on the Metrobus programme, they won a similar contract to overhaul Transport for London AEC Routemasters starting in 1999.

The last public service ran the 1 service from Birmingham Town Hall to Acocks Green Village, arriving back at Acocks Green Garage at 15:25 on 24 July 2010 and was bus 2903 C903FON. A Metrobus Farewell event was held at Acocks Green on that day and all three of the last Metrobuses were operated, these were 2832, 2903 & 2988 (B832AOP, C903FON & E988VUK). All cash fares taken on the day were donated to Cancer Research UK.

The Green Bus still operate various former Harrow Buses MkII and former National Express West Midlands Mk-IIA Metrobuses on both school services and commercial services.

South Yorkshire

South Yorkshire Passenger Transport Executive (SYPTE) purchased over 100 examples between 1981 and 1985. The SYPTE standard fully sprung seats were fitted along with 20 MkIIs having coach seats for express work. The vehicles were noted for quick acceleration although had distinctive engine noise and were rust prone around the engine bay.

The Metrobus also found sales to National Bus Company companies prior to privatisation, Maidstone & District Motor Services and Northern General Transport Company purchased significant numbers.

Hong Kong

Early introductions

In Hong Kong, the China Motor Bus (CMB) introduced 12 Metrobuses (MC1-MC12) in 1978 for its luxury coach services (which covered the routes between Repulse BayStanley and theCentral District). Within a year, MCW produced an 11-metre 2-axle version of Metrobus. Only 40 were produced all for CMB as MB1-MB40 in 1978/79. The MB class were allocated mostly on express and cross-harbour services. Both batches of CMB Metrobuses had MkI bodies.

1980s

05

Preserved China Motor BusMetrobus MkII ML1 in George Street, Sydney in January 2007
06

Kowloon Motor Bus 3-axle MCW Metrobus MkII (11m)

In 1981, MCW produced prototypes of 3-axle, 12-metre long “Super-Metrobuses”. Two were purchased by CMB as ML1-ML2 and three by Kowloon Motor Bus as M1-M3, later renumbered 3M1-3M3. All were bodied with MCW MkII bodies. CMB purchased a further 82 (ML3-84) between 1983 and 1988, while KMB purchased 80 2-axle Metrobuses (M1-M80, with MkII bodies) between 1983 and 1985.

While KMB was not interested in the 12-metre version Super-Metrobuses, they did express their interest in an 11-metre 3-axle version (the CMB 11-metre version Metrobuses were 2-axle) with 254 11-metre 3-axle Metrobuses (S3M1-254) purchased between 1986 and 1989. Fifty of these buses were fitted with Cummins engines, and another one (later numbered S3M145) was originally fitted with a prototype air-conditioner, but this proved unreliable and was subsequently removed.

Between 1987 and 1989, Kowloon-Canton Railway Corporation (KCRC) also purchased 59 2-axle Metrobuses for their feeder bus services. 39 of them (101-139) were brand new with MkII bodies, while another 20 (140-159) were second-hand buses purchased from South Yorkshire PTE) with MkI bodies.

Argos Bus purchased 6 Metrobuses for their non-franchised routes and private hire services between 1988 and 1989. They were from the same batch as those bought second-hand by KCRC.

KMB purchased eight further 2-axle Metrobuses (M81-M88) in 1989. These buses were fitted with Cummins LTA10-B282 (282 hp) engines and Voith D864G 4-speed gearbox, and were used on the hilly KMB Route 51 (between Tsuen Wan and Kam Tin, climbing Tai Mo Shan along its way). Later KMB fitted some of its older Metrobuses with Cummins engines, in order to avoid excess damage to buses running the hilly route.

Withdrawal

07

The Original Tour MCW Super Metrobus 12m MkII in London in June 2011

The MkI second-hand Metrobuses were the first to be withdrawn, and all of them have now been scrapped. Many of the KCRC ones were loaned to Citybus for few years before final withdrawal.

CMB removed its MC-class Metrobuses from the luxury routes after introducing Dennis Darts for the service in 1991, preserving the seating layout. These Metrobuses were allocated to non-luxury routes in the Southern District, Hong Kong, as well as route 13 serving the “Mid-levels“. Although CMB was the first to introduce Metrobuses, it withdrew only 3 of them (all were accident victims) before the end of its franchise in August 1998. Its earliest Metrobuses were 20 years old at that time. New World First Bus purchased all the remaining CMB Metrobuses and Super-Metrobuses when it took over most of the CMB routes, and converted 3 MC-class Metrobuses to training buses. In 2000, the last of the MCW Metrobuses were de-registered, briefly exported to The Original TourBig Bus Company or Australia. Some of the MCW Metrobuses were brought back to The Original Tour in the year 2006. As of 2013, the last of the examples from United Kingdom were withdrawn. For Australia, there is a bunch of space for preserved buses from Hong Kong.

KMB allocated its 3 Super-Metrobuses to the New Territories for many years. For example, they were serving on route 61A (which connected Tuen Mun and Yuen Long new towns) right before the KCR Light Rail took over the services. After that, they were seen on route 36A (which connected a public housing estate in Kwai Chung to a ferry pier) until the route’s decline in the mid-1990s. They spent a few further years as spare buses before being withdrawn from passenger service in 1996 and converted to training buses. They were finally sold and scrapped in 2001.

KMB started to withdraw its 2-axle Metrobuses in 1997. Some of them had their chassis damaged due to the fatigue caused during their service on the Tai Mo Shan KMB Route 51, which climbed to the highest altitude achievable by buses in Hong Kong. These were withdrawn by 2003. The 11-metre 3-axle Metrobuses in KMB were not withdrawn until summer 2002.

KCRC also started to withdraw their Mark II Metrobuses in the early 2000s. The last 2-axle Metrobus in Hong Kong (KCRC 134) was withdrawn in October 2005.

The last Metrobus in Hong Kong (KMB fleet number S3M233, license no. EH8559) ceased operation on 8 May 2007. As of mid-2011, no more Metrobuses were licensed and in use in Hong Kong.

End of production

Production of the Metrobus ceased in 1989 with the financial collapse of MCW. The last Metrobus built was West Midlands Travel 3121, it had a message from the builders stating that it was the last one built by MCW and signed by the staff on the inside of the roof.

The Metrobus design was purchased by Optare in 1990, which had recently joined the United Bus group with DAF Bus. Despite owning design and production rights, the two companies heavily reworked the design to produce a new vehicle, the DAF DB250 based Optare Spectra, which was launched in 1991 and ceased production in late 2005.

1935 AEC Regent new to Leeds as number 161 with an MCCW H30-26R body 1936 AEC 664T with Metro-Cammell H40-30R body 1936 Midland Red FEDD 1742, BHA303 with an MCCW H30-26F body 1936 Trent FEDD carries an MCCW body 1936 Trolley met MCW body lt260a 1936 Trolleybus met MCW body 1936. A BMMO FEDD with MCCW body 1937 Daimler COG5 with Metro-Cammell H30-24R 1938 London H1 class Trolleybus 796, ELB796, one of 160 in the class MCCW 1938 London Transport 898, ELB898, an H1 MCCW 1939 Birmingham City Transport M.C.C.W. bodied Daimler COG5 1939 Leyland TD6c with an M.C.C.W. H28-24R body 1940 AEC Renown with MCCW H32-32R body 1940 Daimler COG5 - Metro Cammell H28-26R 1940 Daimler COG5 4266, GNC61, with Metro Cammell H28-26R 1944 Metro Cammell-Crossley H28 26R body 1946 Birch Bros K183, HLY483 was a Leyland PD1 with a Birch L28-25F body. It was rebodied in 1956 with an MCCW H30-26R body 1946 Leyland PD1 with an M.C.C.W. H30-26R body 1946-7 of ten Leyland PD1s with Birch L28-25F bodies. Seven of them received new MCCW H30-26R bodies in 1956-7 1947 Leyland PD1-3 with a Metro Cammell H32-26R body 1948 BUT 9641T with Metro-Cammell body H40-30R body 1948 Guy Arab III with an MCW 35 seat body 1948 Guy Arab III with MCW 35 seat rear entrance body 1948 Leyland PD1 with MCCW H28-26R body 1948 London Transport 1768, HYM768, a 1948 BUT 964T161 with MCW bodywork 1949 Daimler CVG6, one of eighty-seven with Metro-Cammell H30-24R body 1949 Leyland Comet Truck Tiger MCW Olympic Bus Brochure wq669-O1XU5S 1949 Leyland PD1-3 with Metro-Cammell H33-26R body 1950 B.M.M.O. S12 with a Metro-Cammell B44F body 1950 BMMO S6 Midland Red MCW Bus Photo wk2595-HPYEB3a 1950 BMMO-MCW S10 1950 Bristol K6G had not been bodied until July 1952 fitted with a 1940 Metro Cammell FH32-28R body ex-Birmingham trolleybus 83. 1950 Daimler CVG5 156, FEA156 with a Metro-Cammell B35R body 1950 Guy Arab IV with a Metro Cammell body 1950 Leyland Birmingham Tiger with MCW body 1950 Leyland Olympic that was delivered to King Alfred Motor Services in Winchester 1950 1951 A.E.C. 9821LT Regal IV with a Metro-Cammell B39F body 1951 BUT 9641T with Metro-Cammell body H40-30R body 1951 Daimler CVG6 FRJ511, ex Salford City Transport, with a Metro-Cammell body 1951 King Alfred's Leyland MCCW Olympic 1951 Leyland PD2-1 with Metro Cammell H30-26R body 1951 Leyland Titan PD2-1 with Metro-Cammell H30-26R bodywork 1951 Leyland Titan PD2-3 with MCW bodywork. 1951 Two Newcastle But trolleys Metro-Cammell body H40-30R body 1952 A.E.C. 9821LT Regal IV with a Metro-Cammell B39F body 1953 A.E.C. 9821LT Regal IV with a Metro-Cammell B39F body 1953 Metro-Cammell H30-25R bodied Guy Arab IV 1954 AEC MCW Aurora Double Decker Bus Brochure Weymann wp4815-PKC3G8 1954 Daimler CVG6K - Metro Cammell H32-28R 1954 Edinburgh Corporation Transport - line up of new Leyland Titan PD2-20 buses, with MCW bodywork, 1954