SAURER Buses Arbon Switserland 1903-1982

Saurer

Adolph Saurer AG
Former type Public company
Industry Automotive,
Military
Fate Merged with Franz Brozincevic & Cie into Nutzfahrzeuggesellschaft Arbon & Wetzikon (NAW)
Successors Saurer AG
Founded 1903
Defunct 1982
Headquarters Arbon, Switzerland
Key people Franz Saurer
Products Motor vehicles

Adolph Saurer AG based in Arbon, Switzerland was a manufacturer of trucks and buses under the Saurer and Berna (beginning in 1929) brand names, active between 1903 and 1982.

Saurer was very well known all around Europe in the years between World War I and World War II (1918–1939).

Especially, in World War 2 a modified version of Saurer trucks was sponsored by the Nazi and used to gas people in Chełmno

History

 1930 Saurer Car-Alpin

A Saurer Car-Alpin in 1930

In 1853 Franz Saurer (1806–1882) from Veringenstadt in Germany established an iron foundry for household goods near the Swiss town of Sankt Gallen. In 1863 he started a production of Jacquard sewing machines in Arbon, from 1869 together with his sons as company associates of F. Saurer & Söhne. In 1896 his eldest surviving son Adolph Saurer (1841–1920) took over the company, he and his son Hippolyt (1878–1936) developed the enterprise as a joint-stock company.

From 1896 Saurer also manufactured petrol engines and the next year Hippolyt Saurer initiated the production of a phaeton body automobile run by a one-cylinder opposed-piston engine. In 1902 a first four-cylinder T-head engine model with touring car and sedan chassis was built.

From 1903 onwards Saurer concentrated on the production of commercial vehicles which soon gained a good reputation. The company ran subsidiary companies in Austria (1906–1959, in the end taken over by Steyr-Daimler-Puch), France (1910–1956, taken over by Unic), the United Kingdom (1927–1931, taken over by Armstrong Whitworth), and in Germany (1915–1918, taken over by MAN). In Italy, the Officine Meccaniche (OM) manufacturer was for many years licensee of Saurer engines and other mechanical units, which they used in their own ranges of truck and buses. In Poland the state-owned Państwowe Zakłady Inżynieryjne produced license-built Saurer engines (powering, among others, the 7TP and 9TP tanks) and coach chassis used in the Zawrat bus.

In the United States, the Saurer Motor Truck Company, headed by C.P. Coleman, had the rights to manufacture and sell heavy trucks under the Saurer brand name at its plant in Plainfield, New Jersey (which commenced operations in November 1911). On September 23, 1911, the Saurer Motor Truck Company merged with the Mack Brothers Motor Car Company of Allentown, Pennsylvania, headed by J. M. Mack, to form the International Motor Truck Company (IMTC). IMTC would continue to make and sell trucks using the Saurer name until 1918. In 1922 IMTC would become Mack Trucks, Inc.

In 1929 Saurer acquired its Swiss rival, Motorwagenfabrik Berna AG of Olten, but the Berna name was allowed to continue, badging the very same Saurer models.

From 1932 on, trolleybuses were a very significant segment of Saurer production. Typically Saurer, or Berna, trolleybuses featured Brown, Boveri & Cie or Société Anonyme des Ateliers de Sécheron (SAAS) electric equipment and Carrosserie Hess bodies. Saurer trolleybuses operated in most of Central Europe countries, and still do it in several of them.

In World War 2 a restructured type BT 4500 and 5 BHw of Saurer trucks were used to gas people in the Nazi extermination camp of Chelmno.[3]

In 1951 Saurer and its Italian licensee, OM, reached an agreement by which Saurer would market in Switzerland OM’s light and medium-weight trucks and buses, using Saurer-OM and Berna-OM badges. This was successful and lasted until Saurer closure.

NAW

Declining sales in the early 1980s saw the two leading Swiss truck makers, Saurer and FBW (Franz Brozincevic & Cie of Wetzikon, Switzerland), forming a joint organization calledNutzfahrzeuggesellschaft Arbon & Wetzikon, proceeding with motorbus and trolleybus production under the NAW brand, while the last Saurer-badged truck sold in the open market was delivered in 1983. Four years later, in 1987, a model 10DM supplied to the Swiss Army meant the very last Saurer truck produced in history.

In 1982 Daimler-Benz had acquired a major shareholding in NAW and soon took full control; and in a short time dropped Saurer, Berna and FBW brands, while using NAW premises to assemble heavy haulage versions of Mercedes-Benz trucks.

Eventually NAW went into liquidation in early 2003.

The textile and automotive spin-offs

In 1995, Ernst Thomke, reputed Swiss Manager, took over the leadership of Saurer AG in Arbon as Chairman of the Board. To restructure this conglomerate, he had previously abandoned his position with its then major shareholder: BB Industrie Holding AG (22%). The previous major shareholder, Tito Tettamanti, of the conglomerate, founded in 1853, specialized in textile machinery and “propulsion technology”, had acquired the main competitor in each field, Schlafhorst, with a large manufacturing capacity excess and Ghidela.

Thomke led actively Saurer AG until 1996, when he retired to the direction of the Board until 1999. In his years he promulgated transparency at all levels, flexible working hours, optimized the production and refined accounting systems. In 1996, the group Saurer AG went back into financial results showing profits. More than half of the revenues originating from Schlafhorst, upon its positive restructuring.

Doflug D-3802A

A Doflug D-3802A powered by aSaurer YS-2 aero-engine.

Aero-engines

Saurer also produced the YS-2 and YS-3 aero-engines, closely related to the Hispano-Suiza 12Y series of engines designed and built in France, to power the Doflug D-3802 and Doflug D-3803 fighters.

Oerlikon Textile

Since 2007, the conglomerate Saurer AG, which meanwhile had reached a worldwide leading status in textile machinery, has been integrated into the Oerlikon Corporation (see: Oerlikon Textile )

Oerlikon-Saurer Textile is a manufacturer of systems for spinning, texturizing, twisting and embroidery.

Oerlikon-Saurer “Graziano Trasmissioni

Also since 2007, the remaining Saurer AG automative part, “Graziano Trasmissioni”, a manufacturer of gear, gear groups and complete transmission systems for agricultural, earth moving and special vehicles as well as for four wheel drive passenger cars and luxury sport cars has also been integrated into the Oerlikon Corporation. (see: [2] Oerlikon Drive Systems)

Gallery of Saurer, Berna and NAW vehicles

1853 SAURER(CH) (1) saurer-reisewagen saurer-n4c-komet-01 Saurer-Hess-Secheron 91GTS 536 saurer-busse-oldtimer-02b-100032 saurer-busse-oldtimer-02b-100031 saurerbus-salzburg-094jpg_29689 saurer-bus-ex-svb-nr91-55870 saurer-bus-06 saurer-bus-(suisse)--12461 Saurer-Bus Salzburg Seitenansicht saurer-airport-coach-01 saurer_logo_200x200 Saurer_logo Saurer_im-Schnee-1 Saurer Saurer zurck-zur-oldtimer-auswahl_23acb Saurer VH Saurer V2C44 met Krapf opbouw Saurer Tüscher 3DUK-50 index Saurer Tannkosh-2008n Saurer Saurer Saurer RH525-23 Saurer RH525 Postbus Saurer Omnibus L 4 C Saurer N2C-H met Geser carrosserie saurer k550-23 Saurer de la C.G.T.E. Série Saurer Cover Suisser Saurer bussen in Nederland. de RET 329

© R.J.M.v.d. Zant

saurer bus Saurer Bus Photo SAURER Boekje (CH) (1-a) Saurer Bern Extrawagen SAURER A926t67 SAURER a Saurer 3359779998_28c431674c SAURER 26838547 SAURER 3055 SAURER 29 Mini Campingnachbere us em Emmental mit eme bsundrige Saurer Wohnmobil SAURER 24 CT 3D belle-clot Saurer 5GF-U (M 3781) Saurer 4IILM in Gdynia Saurer 4IILM historic trolleybus in Gdynia Saurer 3DUX Saurer 2 SAURER (CH) (5) SAURER (CH) (4) SAURER (CH) (3) SAURER (CH) (2) Sauer N2C-H mit Geser carr Sauer 3 CT 3D 1954 Grindler carr. Belle-Clot 1984 sats saurer coach mln261w seapoint 1982 saurer-bus-bogota 1982 SAURER RH 300 1981 SAURER K5 rer 1968 saurer3dux68 1964-SAURER_904 1964 Saurer P 23219 6 1962 Saurer 4CT1D Saurer carr Den Oudsten GTW 360 1962 Saurer 4CT1D Saurer carr Den Oudsten GTW 355 1962 Saurer 4CT1D Saurer carr Den oudsten GTW 352 1960 Saurer-5-GF-U-Hauber-Ueberlbus-Radevormwalder 1957 Saurer P 19992 1955 Saurer-Arbon Gesellschaftswagen CT 2 D 1954 Saurer-Hainje foto van Jan Voerman RET 1954 Saurer Vienna 1954 1953 Saurer-Hainje Jan Voerman RET Breeweg 1953 Saurer, L4CT 2D R&J 1953 Saurer 5GFO 1952 Saurer 1952 Saurer N4C-H-CT2D carr. Hainje  NB-69-68

© R.J.M.v.d. Zant

1951 Saurer 3 C-H with Ramseier & Jenzer 1951 SAURER 3 C H R&J 310 1950 Saurer, L4CT 2D Ramseier & Jenzer 1950 SAURER L4C-CT2d 860 1949 Saurer 4CT1D carr Verheul GTW 380 de Steeg 1949 Saurer 4CT1D carr Verheul GTW 377 1949 Saurer 4CT1D carr Verheul GTW 372 1949 1949 Saurer 4CT1D carr Verheul GTW 370  1949 1949 Saurer 4CT1D carr Verheul GTW 368 Dieren 1949 Saurer 4CT1D  carr Verheul GTW 378 1949 Saurer 4CT1D  carr Verheul GTW 373 1949 Saurer 3C DI ROSA Frankreich SAUER CT 1 D 6cyl 7970cc 1948 Saurer, 4CT1D-H Seitz 1948 Saurer RET 1948 Saurer 4C RET 223 1948 Saurer 4C - Seitz  RET 223 1947 Saurer 4CT 1D carr Verheul GTW 185 1947 Saurer 4CT 1D carr Verheul GTW 184 1947 Saurer 4CT 1D carr Verheul GTW 183 1947 Saurer 4CT 1D carr Verheul GTW 182 1947 Saurer 4CT 1D carr Verheul GTW 181 1947 Saurer 4C-H CT 1D Verheul RET 208 1947 Saurer 4 CT 1D carr Seitz GTW 200 1947 Saurer 4 CT 1D carr Seitz GTW 197 1947 Saurer 4 CT 1D carr Seitz GTW 196 1947 Saurer 4 CT 1D carr Seitz GTW 194 1947 Saurer 4 CT 1D carr Seitz GTW 192 1947 Saurer 4 CT 1D carr Seitz GTW 191 1947 1947 Saurer 3ct1d orlandi gd Belle Clot 1939 Saurer P 1601 hummeli 1939 Saurer Lith 1937 Saurer Deiters 1933 SAURER kh 1932 SAURER TL.22 527 1932 Saurer BLD n° 22 Lausanne 1932 ATO Saurer 1931 Saurer-Verheul  008aa 1931 Saurer Verheul 1931 Saurer - Werkspoor, Zuilen A'dam 1930s Saurer bus, Zurich, Switzerland 1930 saurer-4-bl-po-01 1930 saurer 5su6.3039 1923 Saurer Alsa 1922 Saurer 1921 Saurer P 20 1915 Saurer mit Baader-Anhaenger 1914 Saurer bushttps://myntransportblog.com/2014/08/19/ramseier-streun-and-co-jenzer-worblaufen-switserland/

https://myntransportblog.com/2014/02/22/buses-manufacturer-hess-ag-bellach-switserland/

https://myntransportblog.com/2013/12/19/buses-trucks-fbw-franz-brozincevic-wetzikon-switserland/

https://myntransportblog.com/2013/10/30/buses-berna-switserland/

That’s it 

RAMSEIER, STREUN and CO. JENZER WORBLAUFEN Switserland

RAMSEIER, STREUN & CO.// WORBLAUFEN

Carrosserie Worblaufen worblaufen

Bern 1929-1958

Worblaufen Citroën TA 15/6

In 1948 “Carrosserie Worblaufen” started to convert Citroëns TA 15/6 into Convertibles.
At the 1949 Geneva Salon Sir Fritz Ramseier presented his 15/6 Cabriolet with four seats, the two doors hinged at the front and four windows.
At the end of the Salon several orders were signed.

There are 16 Tractions converted, all differ in details and it seems only two still remain.

Bentley Mark-VI-Ramseier Front-view

Bentley Mark-VI-Ramseier Front-view

CARROSSERIE WORBLAUFEN 
F. RAMSEIER & CO.
Worblaufen
1929 – 1958

One of the most important SchweizerCarrosseriebau-company for passenger cars.  Production of outstandingly elegant Cabriolets and roadsters on Isotta – Fraschini, Mercedes – Benz, Alfa-Romeo and Bugatti chassis.  After the second world war mostly on Talbot – Lago, Delahaye, Citroën and Lancia chassis.  Making some pieces on Jaguar, BMW and Bentley basis.

Traditionell gehaltenes Talbot T26 Record (1947) Cabriolet von Carrosserie Worblaufen

Traditionell gehaltenes Talbot T26 Record (1947) Cabriolet von Carrosserie Worblaufen

ramseier_streun

RAMSEIER + JENZER
Biel
1919 – 1989

Initially, touring and city cars light production.  In the 1920s also producing luxury cars on expensive chassis.   In addition to cars, the company always also commercial vehicles and buses produced for private and municipal companies, as well as for the Swiss Post (PTT).  In 1933 the production was hired by car bodies.  After the acquisition of Lauber in Nyon, the company became the most important Carrosserie company of Switzerland.

1934 Worblaufen Alfa Romeo 6C 2300 Cabriolet a 1934 Worblaufen Alfa Romeo 6C 2300 Cabriolet b 1934 Worblaufen Alfa Romeo 6C 2300 Cabriolet c

1934 Worblaufen Alfa Romeo 6C 2300 Cabriolet

1935 Worblaufen Bugatti T57 Grand Raid Roadster #57246 a 1935 Worblaufen Bugatti T57 Grand Raid Roadster #57246 b 1935 Worblaufen Bugatti T57 Grand Raid Roadster #57246 c

1935 Worblaufen Bugatti T57 Grand Raid Roadster #57246

1937 Talbot Lago T26 Baby Worblaufen

1937 Talbot Lago T26 Baby Worblaufen

1937 Worblaufen Bugatti T57 Convertible #57629 a 1937 Worblaufen Bugatti T57 Convertible #57629 b 1937 Worblaufen Bugatti T57 Convertible #57629 c 1937 Worblaufen Bugatti T57 Convertible #57629 d 1937 Worblaufen Bugatti T57 Convertible #57629 e 1937 Worblaufen Bugatti T57 Convertible #57629 f 1937 Worblaufen Bugatti T57 Convertible #57629 g 1937 Worblaufen Bugatti T57 Convertible #57629 h 1937 Worblaufen Bugatti T57 Convertible #57629 i 1937 Worblaufen Bugatti T57 Convertible #57629 j 1937 Worblaufen Bugatti T57 Convertible #57629 k 1937 Worblaufen Bugatti T57 Convertible #57629 l

1937 Worblaufen Bugatti T57 Convertible #57629

1937 Worblaufen Graham Paige Supercharger

1937 Worblaufen Graham Paige Supercharger

1938 a Worblaufen Bentley 4 1-4 ltr Allweather Cabriolet 1938 b Worblaufen Bentley 4 1-4 ltr Allweather Cabriolet 1938 c Worblaufen Bentley 4 1-4 ltr Allweather Cabriolet

1938 Worblaufen Bentley 4 1-4 ltr Allweather Cabriolet

1938 Worblaufen Alfa Romeo 6C 2300 B Cabriolet a

1938 Worblaufen Alfa Romeo 6C 2300 B Cabriolet b 1938 Worblaufen Alfa Romeo 6C 2300 B Cabriolet c 1938 Worblaufen Alfa Romeo 6C 2300 B Cabriolet d 1938 Worblaufen Alfa Romeo 6C 2300 B Cabriolet e 1938 Worblaufen Alfa Romeo 6C 2300 B Cabriolet f

1938 Worblaufen Alfa Romeo 6C 2300 B Cabriolet

1946 Worblaufen Delahaye 135M Drophead Coupe a 1946 Worblaufen Delahaye 135M Drophead Coupe b 1946 Worblaufen Delahaye 135M Drophead Coupe c 1946 Worblaufen Delahaye 135M Drophead Coupe d

1946 Worblaufen Delahaye 135M Drophead Coupe

1947 Worblaufen Bentley Mk VI a 1947 Worblaufen Bentley Mk VI b 1947 Worblaufen Bentley Mk VI c 1947 Worblaufen Bentley Mk VI d 1947 Worblaufen Bentley Mk VI e 1947 Worblaufen Bentley Mk VI f 1947 Worblaufen Bentley Mk VI g 1947 Worblaufen Bentley Mk VI h

1947 Worblaufen Bentley Mk VI

1947 Worblaufen Delahaye 135MS

1947 Worblaufen Delahaye 135MS

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA 1947 Worblaufen Talbot Lago T26 Record Cabriolet 1947 OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA 1947 Worblaufen Talbot Lago T26 Record l 1947 Worblaufen Talbot Lago T26 Record m 1947 Worblaufen Talbot Lago T26 Record n 1947 Worblaufen Talbot Lago T26 Record o 1947 Worblaufen Talbot Lago T26 Record p 1947 Worblaufen Talbot Lago T26 Record q 1947 Worblaufen Talbot Lago T26 Record r 1947 Worblaufen Talbot Lago T26 Record s 1947 Worblaufen Talbot Lago T26 Record t 1947 Worblaufen Talbot Lago T26 Record u 1947 Worblaufen Talbot Lago T26 Record v 1947 Worblaufen Talbot Lago T26 Record w 1947 Worblaufen Talbot Lago T26 Record x 1947 Worblaufen Talbot Lago T26 Record y 1947 Worblaufen Talbot Lago T26 Record z 1947 Worblaufen Talbot Lago T26 Record za 1947 Worblaufen Talbot Lago T26 Record zb 1947 Worblaufen Talbot Lago T26 Record zc 1947 Worblaufen Talbot Lago T26 Record zd 1947 Worblaufen Talbot Lago T26 Record ze 1947 Worblaufen Talbot Lago T26 Record zf 1947 Worblaufen Talbot Lago T26 Record zg

1947 Worblaufen Talbot Lago T26 Record

1948 Berna   1UP138-H 23 pas 5320cc Ramseier&Jenzer

1948 Berna 1UP138-H 23 pas 5320cc Ramseier&Jenzer

1948 Berna 1 UP 138 R1H Ramseier & Jenzer 5300cc 4cyl

1948 Berna 1 UP 138 R1H Ramseier & Jenzer 5300cc 4cyl

1948 Berna 1UP138-H 5320cc

1948 Berna 1UP138-H 5320cc R&J

1948 Berna-R&J (ex M+79'502) CH

1948 Berna-R&J (ex M+79’502) CH

1948 Berna-Ramseier und Jenzer 1 OP 128-H

1948 Berna-Ramseier und Jenzer 1 OP 128-H © Tobias Maurer

1948 Oldtimer Bus am Saurer Treff i

1948 Oldtimer Bus am Saurer Treff R&J

1949 FBW Ramseier&Jenzer AN40

1949 FBW Ramseier&Jenzer AN40

1950 Berna 3, Zwitsers, chassis en motor Saurer carrosserie van Ramseier & Jenzer

1950 Berna 3, Zwitsers, chassis en motor Saurer carrosserie van Ramseier & Jenzer

1950 Saurer, L4CT 2D Ramseier & Jenzer

1950 Saurer, L4CT 2D Ramseier & Jenzer

1951 Berna with a Ramseier & Jenzer body a 1951 Berna with a Ramseier & Jenzer body and was 11 metres (36 ft) long. 1951 Berna with a Ramseier & Jenzer body b

1951 Berna with a Ramseier & Jenzer body and was 11 metres (36 ft) long. Trolleybus.

1951 bernabusmitanhanger R&J

1951 berna bus mit anhanger R&J © Tim Boric

1951 Berna-Ramseier & Jenzer, 4 UPO 463 T1

1951 Berna-Ramseier & Jenzer, 4 UPO 463 T1

1951 SAURER 3 C H R&J 310

1951 SAURER 3 C H R&J 310

1951 Saurer 3 C-H with Ramseier & Jenzer coachwork

1951 Saurer 3 C-H with Ramseier & Jenzer coachwork

1951 Worblaufen Hotchkiss 20-50 Anjou Cabriolet a 1951 Worblaufen Hotchkiss 20-50 Anjou Cabriolet b

1951 Worblaufen Hotchkiss 20-50 Anjou Cabriolet

1952-54 Worblaufen Lancia Aurelia B52 a 1952-54 Worblaufen Lancia Aurelia B52 b 1952-54 Worblaufen Lancia Aurelia B52 c 1952-54 Worblaufen Lancia Aurelia B52 d

1952-54 Worblaufen Lancia Aurelia B52

1953 Saurer, L4CT 2D R&J

1953 Saurer, L4CT 2D R&J

1954 FBW-R&J-SAAS

1954 FBW-R&J-SAAS

1955 Worblaufen Alfa Romeo 1900 SS Cabriolet a 1955 Worblaufen Alfa Romeo 1900 SS Cabriolet b

1955 Worblaufen Alfa Romeo 1900 SS Cabriolet

1957 FBW TL627

1957 FBW TL627 R&J

1957 FBW Trolleybus Valparaiso

1957 FBW Trolleybus Valparaiso R&J Chili

1957 FBW valparaiso 00 Trolleybus

1957 FBW R&J Valparaiso 00 Trolleybus Chili

1959 FBW-R&J CH 1957 fbw valparaiso 01 1957 fbw-lex2 1962 Berna-SWS-R&J Gelenktrolleybus 1962 FBW Trolleybus 119 1964 FBW Ramseier ubd Jenzer Luxusbus 1964 FBW Trolleybus 1964 fbw-lex3 gr 1964 Saurer P R&J 23219 6 1965 FBW Ramseier Jenzer SWS Gelenkautobus 1965 RAMSEIER+JENZER (CH) Automobil Revue 1968 FBW B71U van de Verkehrsbetriebe Luzern 1970 FBW Gelenkbus in Zürich 1970 FBW Lugano 1974 FBW 91 GTL O-Gelenkbus ex Verkehrsbetriebe Bern

1974 FBW 91 GTL R&J O-Gelenkbus ex Verkehrsbetriebe Bern © F Grantl

1975 FBW Ramseier & Jenzer Postauto 50 U 1976 Autobus FBW 1976 FBW B51 Bus Bulgarije 1976 FBW-Ramseier & Jenzer 50 U von 1976 + 1951 Saurer-Ramseier & Jenzer 3 C-H 1976 Ramseier & Jenzer (01a FBW 50U) Bentley Mark-VI-Ramseier Front-view Carrosserie Worblaufen worblaufen fb35b-berna r&j-bus-schweiz-0210-2465 FBW 50 U 55 L Ramseier + Jenzer FBW Ramseier&Jenzer fbw-trolleybus-01 Mercedes-Benz O 405 wurde in der Schweiz  mit Aufbau des Karrosseriers Ramseier und Jenzer Mercedes-O321H-Ramseier-Jenzer-Reisebus-kurz-Postl-Fr Ramseier and Jenzer Volvo Estland ramseier_streun RAMSEIER+JENZER (1) RAMSEIER+JENZER (2) Standard Trolley RAMSEIER+JENZER (3) Standard Omnibus RAMSEIER+JENZER (4) CH SAURER (CH) (4) SAURER (CH) (5) Saurer 3 C-H en Ramseier & Jenzer Saurer 3 CH Ramseier & Jenzer Traditionell gehaltenes Talbot T26 Record (1947) Cabriolet von Carrosserie Worblaufen Worblaufen Jaguar MK VII Convertible

That was it!

OM Officine Meccaniche Milan Brescia Italy 1899 – 1975

Miani e Silvestri&C-A.Grondona Comi&C

Officine Meccaniche

1938 OM Titano Varesina1938 OM Titano Varesina

Officine Meccaniche
Industry Automotive
Fate absorbed (as part of the Fiat Group) into IVECO.
Founded 1899
Defunct 1975
Headquarters MilanItaly (HQ)
BresciaItaly (Automotive)
Products Automobiles
Railroad locomotives and equipment (Milan)
Cars and Sports Cars (Brescia, before 1934)
Commercial Vehicles (Brescia, 1925)

Officine Meccaniche-Milano-Brescia già Miani e Silvestri&C-A.Grondona Comi&C

1929 OM Superba 665 orange vr TCE

OM Superba 665 1929
Om 1002

OM 120 truck

Officine Meccaniche or OM was an Italian car and truck manufacturing company, founded in 1918 in Milan as Societa Anonima Officine Meccaniche. It disappeared as such in 1975 subsumed into Iveco, but still exist as a forklift builder.

OM Elektrostapler l

 Origins

1932 OM 469F1932 OM 469F

The inception of the company had resulted from the merger of two companies, Grondona Comi & C and Miani Silvestri & C.

OM 469 N Spider1922 OM 469N

Originally, OM manufactured railway stock. Car production started in 1918, using the plant of the former Brixia-Zust (Brixia-Züst), just after OM took over Zust car company of Brescia, Northern Italy. The first OM car, Tipo S305, primarily an old Zust model, appeared in 1918 with a 4712 cc four-cylinder side-valve in-line engine.

1930 OM 5 BODPL1930 OM 5 BODPL

The OM cars era

1932 ОМ-32 Autocarretta da Montagna, 4x41932 ОМ-32 Autocarretta da Montagna, 4×4

Further models were Tipo 465 (with a 1327 cc four) in 1919, Tipo 467 (1410cc) and Tipo 469 (1496cc) in 1921. 1923 saw an all new model, Tipo 665 ‘Superba’ with a 2-litre six-cylinder engine. This model was extremely successful in racing – won top five positions in the 2-litre class in 1925 and 1926 at Le Mans but the greatest achievement was the victory in the first Mille Miglia race in 1927 where Ferdinando Minoia and Giuseppe Morandi lead home an O.M. ‘123’ at average speed of 48.27 miles per hour (77.7 km/h) for 21 hours 4 minutes 48seconds. Some cars were equipped with Roots superchargers.

1930 OM 665 Convertible 19301930 OM 665 Convertible

In 1925 OM began to build trucks and buses, using licensed Swiss Saurer engines and other mechanical components. Ties with Saurer persisted all along OM life.

1930 OM 665 F11930 OM 665 F1

Fiat take-over and post-war years

1936 OM 5 BLDPL Interurbano1936 OM 5 BLDPL Interurbano

OM was taken over by the Fiat Group in 1938 and in the following year passenger car production ceased, and OM became a commercial vehicle and train part manufacturer.

1955 OM Leoncino Bartoletti GT Bus

1955 OM Leoncino Bartoletti GT Bus

Main new product in the WWII post-war era was the Leoncino (1950) a light truck in the 2.0 to 2.5 tons range, which was an immediate success. It became the forefather of several series of heavier but structurally similar models, namely TigrottoTigreLupettoCerbiatto and Daino, launched between 1957 and 1964. Bus chassis versions of several of these models were also available.

1938 OM Taurus 380 Portesi1938 OM Taurus 380 Portesi

In the 60s and 70s the light and medium-weight OM truck ranges were sold in Switzerland as Saurer-OM or Berna-OM, in Austria as Steyr-OM, in France as Unic-OM, and in Germany as Büssing-OM.

1937 ОМ Titano1937 ОМ Titano

The end of OM

1945 - OM BUD 51945 – OM BUD 5

In 1968 OM was definitively merged into the Fiat Group as a brand belonging to the Commercial Vehicles division, which also included Fiat and Unic.

1951 OM CL 511951 OM CL 51

In 1975 it was absorbed (as part of the Fiat Group) into IVECO and the OM brand disappeared from the truck and bus markets, although it still survives as an independent forklift manufacturer.

1952 OM Taurus 3401952 OM Taurus 340

OM 469 N Spider 1929 OM Superba 665 orange vr TCE 1930 OM 5 BODPL 1930 OM 665 Convertible 1930 1930 OM 665 F1 1932 OM 469F 1932 ОМ-32 Autocarretta da Montagna, 4x4 1936 OM 5 BLDPL Interurbano 1936 ОМ-36DM, 4x4 1937 OM 4CPO Esperia 1937 OM Titano 137, 11300cm3, 137cv, cabine couchette 1937 ОМ Titano 1938 OM CPO Orlandi 1938 OM Taurus 380 Portesi 1938 OM Taurus 1938 OM Titano Varesina 1940 ОМ Taurus 1941 OM Taurus Esperia 1945 - OM BUD 5 1945 OM Taurus, 4500cm3, 70 à 80cv suivant l'année 1949 OM Taurus 340 1949 OM Taurus 340a 1951 OM CL 51 1951 OM CL51 Autopompa 1951 ОМ CL51 1952 OM CL 52 1952 OM Taurus 340 1952 ОМ-20.110 (CL52), 4x4 1953 OM ORIONE 1954 OM Orione 580 Menarini 1954 stefer 1955 OM Leoncino Angelo Orlandi Smart Van 1955 OM Leoncino Bartoletti GT Bus 1955 OM Leoncino Dalla Via GT Bus 1955 OM Leoncino Scall 1955 OM TIGROTTO 35-N 1956 OM Super Orione Viberti TS 23779 SAP Trieste 6 1956 1956 ОМ-6600 (СР56), 6x6 1958 OM Tigrotto del 1958 1959 OM TIGRE - A.I.T.E. 1959 OM Tigre 1960 OM Leoncino Borsani 1960 OM TIGROTTO carrozzeria Menarini c.c.4941 1961 OM Tigre+Tigrotto 1962 OM LUPETTO 1962 OM TIGROTTO - A.I.T.E. 1964 O.M. Tigrotto Borsani stefer 1964 OM TIGROTTO - A.I.T.E 1964 OM Tigrotto-Smit Joure nr.2, in 1972 vernummerd in 25 1964 om-hng 1965 OM Tigrotto Menarini 1969 OM Leoncino XJ-11-42 1972 OM Cerbiatto DA-64-58 1973 OM Zwitserland Museumplein A dam 1974 om-02-transporttotaal 1976 OM-UNIC 20C Van à chevaux 1977 OM Leoncino (in de oude OM fabriek in Brescia wordt nu de Iveco Daily gebouwd) 1977 OM Leoncino 35L BT-GN-47 1977 OM Leoncino 35L a OM Logo BusFiatOmAntofagasta LEONCINO OM Carrozzeria BARBI spa a LEONCINO OM Carrozzeria BARBI spa Logo_om.svg Officine Meccaniche 469N OM 40.o Salone Automobile Torino CARROZZERIA BARBI SPA OM 110 Om 120 1002 OM 120 OM 180 NT OM 260pk Abbas om 665-09 Om 1002 OM 4820 OM Abbas OM ALn 772 1082 om autocarro-cl51-02 om autocarro-cl51-06 OM Beverdam OM CL51 4x4 om cl-52-04 om cl-52-09 OM CPO om daino-45-04 om daino-45-06 om daino-45-09 OM Elektrostapler l OM Interlimburg OM LEONCINO bl OM Leoncino Borsani OM Leoncino in film OM LUPETTO 1 19 seats 68cv  4156cc OM Lupetto 25 OM lupetto Borsani 002 OM Lupetto Borsani in film OM Lupetto bus M3391M-1012 OM Menarini Bus OM Microbus a OM Microbus Om Officine Meccaniche 1899-1975 I OM Officine Meccaniche, polizia 18286 OM Oldtimer Bus OM Orione 580 Portesi OM Orione Borsani OM SUPER ORIONE - End 50 years OM Super Orione articolati 0 OM Super Orione articolati a OM Super Orione articolati OM Super Orione Carrozzeria BARBI spa
OM Super Orione Siccar OM super orione OM Super Taurus OM Super Taurus Macchi OM Tanker Italië OM Taurus 380 Portesi OM Tigre Borsani OM Tigre Esperia OM TIGRE La pioggia non mi ha fermato quando vedo un pazzesco Spettacolo ! I veicoli di A.I.T.E OM TIGRE P1 45places 6870cc 170cv OM Tigre trattore stradale tractor unit San Vendemiano OM Tigre OM TIGROTTO  ORLANDI OM Tigrotto 4x4 VVFF Trentino 2001 OM Tigrotto 23 posti a OM Tigrotto 23 posti b OM Tigrotto 23 posti c OM TIGROTTO 55 - A.I.T.E. OM TIGROTTO BARBI OM Tigrotto Borsani z OM TIGROTTO Camper - A.I.T.E. OM Tigrotto Grandes OM TIGROTTO Microcirco OM Tigrotto Orlandi Scuola Baraldi OM Tigrotto Portesi om tigrotto-65-01 om tigrotto-65-06 om tigrotto-65-08 om tigrotto-borsani-03 om tigrotto-borsani-07 OM TITANO - A.I.T.E. om titano-01 om titano-05 om titano-09 om titano-11 om titano-12 OM TITANOa OM van Abbas Pinksterwold NL OM-Officine-Meccaniche-Milano OM-Officine-Meccaniche-Milano-Logo Trattori OM a Venturina

Buses manufacturer HESS AG, Bellach Switserland

Hess (Carrosserie) logo

Carrosserie Hess AG is a bustrolleybus and commercial vehicle manufacturer based in Bellach (near Solothurn), Switzerland. Its products can be found operating in several countries, including the Netherlands, the United States and Canada.

History

HESS geschichte

The company was founded in 1882, when Heinrich Hess set up business in Solothurn to build customised car bodies. The company first began building buses in 1919, and production reverted to aluminiumproducts in 1933. It produced its first trolleybuses in 1940 for the Swiss cities of Basel and Biel/Bienne. In 1961, it commenced building of articulated vehicles, some of which were supplied to operators in the United States and Canada in 1975. The company soon began to expand, and businesses were set up in Portugal and Australia in 1957 and 1978. respectively. The U.S. business was set up in 1996. The company began production of low-floor buses and trolleybuses in 1991, and in 2003 built its first double-articulated trolleybuses.

Products

Buses

  • N UB 2-2: A low-floor, two-door bus with 10m, 11.3m and 12m variants, which can accommodate approximately 82, 86 and 95 passengers, respectively.
  • N UB 2-2-1: Identical to the N UB 2-2 with the addition of an extra door at the rear of the vehicle.
  • N UA 2-2-2-2: A low-floor, 18m four-door articulated bus, which has a capacity of around 150 passengers.
  • Hess LighTram : A 24.69m bi-articulated bus with a duraluminium body. Hybrid version available.

Trolleybuses

Afbeelding

Hess Swisstrolley 3 of an old design in Lucerne(luzern)

  • Eurotrolley 3: A 9.7m long half-low-floor trolleybus with a capacity of approximately 80 passengers. Built for Lyon with Kiepe electrical equipment and a Skoda traction motor.
  • Swisstrolley 3: An 18m long articulated trolleybus which can accommodate not less than 140 passengers. It and LighTram have a duraluminium body.
  • LighTram 3: A 24.7m long double-articulated trolleybus with a capacity of around 192 passengers.
  • Trolleyzug: A 23.3m long trolleybus and trailer with a capacity of around 180 passengers.

Bus kits

As well as building complete vehicles, Hess also manufactures bus kits for its worldwide customers. These kits are imported and then assembled on reaching their destination.

Minibuses

Hess also builds smaller buses, mainly for the transportation of school children and persons with disabilities.

Commercial vehicles

Hess builds vehicles designed for commercial purposes, such as vans, some of which are fitted with tipper equipment, loading ramps and trailers.

1925 FBW-Seitz-Hess Zwitserland

1925 FBW-Seitz-Hess Zwitserland

1947 fbw hess

1937 fbw hess

1940 VB Biel Nr. 21 Berna Hess Trolleybus

1940 VB Biel Nr. 21 Berna Hess Trolleybus

1948 TL605 FBW HESS

1948 TL605 FBW HESS

1950 Saurer Hess Typ 4ZP54L CT1DL Nr. 16. BVB Wagen Nr. 16

1950 Saurer Hess Typ 4ZP54L CT1DL BVB Wagen Nr. 16

1952 Amsteg UR 9031 Berna Hess (ex M+3143)

1952 Amsteg UR 9031 Berna Hess (ex M+3143)

1952 Autobus Nr. 5 Berna Hess 4UPO-463-H2 (Achtzylindermotor)

1952 Autobus Nr. 5 Berna Hess 4UPO-463-H2 (Achtzylindermotor)

1953 Berna Hess (ex AGO Olten Nr. 5)

1953 Berna Hess (ex AGO Olten Nr. 5)

1953 Berna-Hess (ex AGO Olten Nr. 5) CH

1953 Berna Hess (ex AGO Olten Nr. 5)

1953 Berna-Hess (ex AGO Olten Nr. 5) CH 1954 Berna Hess (ex Barenco, Faido)

1954 Berna Hess (ex Barenco, Faido)

1955 Berna Hess (ex SOO Olten Nr. 8)

1955 Berna Hess (ex SOO Olten Nr. 8)

1955 FBW Hess Bus BVB 8

1955 FBW Hess Bus BVB 8

1956 Berna-Hess 4UPO-458-T1 (Sechszylindermotor) Zwitserland

1956 Berna-Hess 4UPO-458-T1 (Sechszylindermotor) Zwitserland

1957 Ex Zürich FBW HESS Trolleybus – P Kamm

1957 Ex Zürich FBW HESS Trolleybus © P Kamm

1958 Hess Trolleybus Verein Schweiz

1958 Hess Trolleybus Verein Schweiz

1959 SOO Olten Nr. 17 Berna Hess

1959 SOO Olten Nr. 17 Berna Hess

1960 Berna Hess L4 bus

1960 Berna Hess L4 bus

1962 fbw-hess trolley

1962 fbw-hess trolley

1964 FBW Hess Trolleybus

1964 FBW Hess Trolleybus

1966 FBW Hess C50U index

1966 FBW Hess C50U index

1966 Saurer Hess Tb 40city267

1966 Saurer Hess Tb 40city267

1966 two Eastbourne Fords R buses with NZMB bodies Hess

1966 two Eastbourne Fords R buses with NZMB bodies Hess NZ

1967 Berna Carrosserie Hess Bus Ad Switzerland

1967 Berna Carrosserie Hess Bus Ad Switzerland

1969 Basel FBW-Hess No.62

1969 Basel FBW-Hess No.62

1970 FBW Hess Lugano

1970 FBW Hess Lugano

1974 Volvo B 58 Hess

1974 Volvo B 58 Hess

1975 Volvo B58H Artic Hess 7168

1975 Volvo B58H Artic Hess 7168

Trolebús FBW-Hess-SAAS UST de 1975

Trolebús FBW-Hess-SAAS UST de 1975

1976 12m I suburbain Volvo B10m Hess

1976 12m I suburbain Volvo B10m Hess

1976 Saurer -Hess Bus Geneve

1976 Saurer -Hess Bus Geneve © J Veerkamp

1976 Volvo Hess demonstrator

1976 Volvo Hess demonstrator

1978 Ford R1114 with NZMB-Hess body originally with Eastbourne Bus Co

1978 Ford R1114 with NZMB-Hess body originally with Eastbourne Bus Co

1978 Saurer Hess

1978 Saurer Hess

1978 Trolley bus Volvo-Hess-SSW - Siemens electric

1978 Trolley bus Volvo-Hess-SSW – Siemens electric © Bill MacDONALD

1979 Berna Hess SH550 D2KUT Nr. 70

1979 Berna Hess SH550 D2KUT Nr. 70

SONY DSC

1979 Bristol Hess Bus

1981 FBW  Hess BBC-Sécheron

1981 FBW  Hess BBC-Sécheron

1981 Hess Volvo grenda25

1981 Hess Volvo grenda 25

1982 Hess Trolley bus towing trailer

1982 Hess Trolley bus towing trailer

1984 Hess AG. LMC-D60

1984 Hess AG. LMC-D60 Flugzeugbus-Airportshuttle

1985 Berna Hess SH (ex OAK Wangen a.A. Nr. 10)

1985 Berna Hess SH (ex OAK Wangen a.A. Nr. 10)

1987 Hess Mercedes Litouwen

1986 Hess Mercedes-Benz Litouwen

1986 Friburg Saurer Hess T.Bus 33 Route 1 at Les Perolles

1986 Friburg Saurer Hess T.Bus 33 Route 1 at Les Perolles

1986 Hess Kiepe Valparaiso 814 Chile

1986 Hess Kiepe Valparaiso 814 Chile © Jeff Wien

1986 saurer hess

1986 saurer hess

1987 Nine articulated Sauer Hess trolleybuses from St. Gallen Plovdiv-269

1987 Nine articulated Sauer Hess trolleybuses from St. Gallen Plovdiv-269

1988 Saurer  Hess GT 560

1988 Saurer  Hess GT 560

1992 Volvo Hess AG 92 USA Ovidius

1992 Volvo Hess AG 92 USA Ovidius

1992 Volvo Hess AG 92 USA

1992 Volvo Hess AG 92 USA Ovidius

1997 Volvo-Hess Zwitserland

1997 Volvo-Hess Zwitserland

1998 BOGG MB Hess O405 Nr79 Front

1998 BOGG MB Hess O405 Nr79 Front

1998 Hess 220 City Scania Estland

1998 Hess 220 City Scania Estland

1998 HESS VAN HOOL Trolley Arnhem ScanImage001

1998 HESS VAN HOOL Trolley Arnhem

1998 Schaffhausen NAW Hess BGT 5-25

1998 Schaffhausen NAW Hess BGT 5-25

1999 Hess 220 City Estland

1999 Hess 220 City Estland

2000 Two Saurer Hess trolleybuses St Gallen 1

2000 Two Saurer Hess trolleybuses St Gallen 1

2001 Hess 220 City  Scania Estland

2001 Hess 220 City  Scania Estland

2001 Hess system co-bolt 4

2001 Hess system co-bolt 4 Hybrid USA

2001 Hess system co-bolt 5

2001 Hess system co-bolt 5 UK

2001 Hess Trolleybus de Berne

2001 Hess Trolleybus te Bern

2001 Hess Trolleybuses in St. Gallen

2001 Hess Trolleybuses in St. Gallen

2004 BBA 167 Scania  Hess Aarau

2004 BBA 167 Scania  Hess Aarau

2004 HESS bus trains 2

2004 HESS bus trains 2

2004 Hess Regiobus LE13 Postbus

2004 Hess Regiobus LE13 Postbus

2004 MERCEDES BENZ 416 CDI Sprinter + Anhänger Hess minibus

2004 MERCEDES BENZ 416 CDI Sprinter + Anhänger Hess minibus

2005 Hess BGGT-N2C Zwitserland

2005 Hess BGGT-N2C Zwitserland

2005 Hess system co-bolt 3

2005 Volvo Hess system co-bolt 3

2005 Hess Trolleybus for Zurich The website, Obus 269

2005 Hess Trolleybus for Zurich The website, Obus 269

2006 Hess BGT-N2 Zwitserland

2006 Hess BGT-N2 Zwitserland

2006 Hess Swisstrolley 3 of an old design in Lucerne

2006 Hess Swisstrolley 3 of an old design in Luzern

2006 Hess system co-bolt 6

2006 Hess system co-bolt 6

2006 HESS Trolley 4delig Luzern

2006 HESS Trolley 4delig Luzern

2006 Hess Trolley derde gen

2006 Hess Trolley derde gen

Saurer-Hess + Draize-Hess Anhänger TN Neuchâtel

Saurer-Hess + Draize-Hess Anhänger TN Neuchâtel

2006 NAW-Hess BGT25 425

2006 NAW-Hess BGT25 425

2006 NAW-Hess LightTram 94

2006 NAW-Hess LightTram 94

2006 NAW-Hess SwissTrolley

2006 NAW-Hess SwissTrolley

2007 Hess (2007) Litouwen

2007 Hess (2007) Litouwen

2007 Hess system co-bolt 2

2007 Hess system co-bolt 2 USA

2008 Hess system co-bolt 8

2008 Hess system co-bolt 8

2008 Hess-Mercedes Citaro Nr.2 ZG 3352

2008 Hess-Mercedes Citaro Nr.2 ZG 3352

2009 HESS bus trains 3

2009 HESS bus trains 3

2009 Hess Scania system co-bolt 7

2009 Hess Scania system co-bolt 7

2009 HESS swisstrolley wint Zurich

2009 HESS swisstrolley wint Zurich

2009 HESS-VW Kleinbus für die Postauto AG Brig

2009 HESS-VW Kleinbus für die Postauto AG Brig

1989 Scania Hess 9,7 m - 10,9 m

2009 Scania Hess 9,7 m – 10,9 m