Eastern Europian Car Combination IX 1966-1980

1966

1966 Audi 80 Variant 1966 Audi variant 1966 Auto Union 1966 BARKAS 3 (2) 1966 BARKAS B1000 (2) 1966 Barkas Blau Treffen 1966 Barkas Blue Dusk 1912 1966 BMW 1600-2 1966 1966 BMW 1600-2 1966 BMW 2000 TI  86-08-BZ 1966 BMW 2002 1966 DKW IMOSA F1000 Diesel 1966 DKW IMOSA F1000 1966 DKW IMOSA F1000a OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA 1966 gaz logo 1966 gaz Volga Rover 1966 Glas 1700 Convertible 1966 glas 1700 gt cabrio 1966 Glas 1700 GT 1966 glas 1700 1966 glas 2600 v8 1966 glas cl 1 1966 Glas CL 1966 Glas Goggomobil 1300 GT 1966 goggomobil coupe 1966 goggomobil sedan 1966 Goliath Hansa 1100 Coupé LPG Andisleben, Grünfutterernte 1966 Melkus RS 1000a 1966 NSU Prinz 1966 Rastrjero 1966 RASTROJERO ad 1966 rastrojero conosur 1966 rastrojero-f71-03 1966 ROBUR DDR 1966 Robur Verlengde Bus 1966 trabant 601 universal 1966 Trabant Wagon 1966 Wartburg 313 Sport-Cabriolet 1966 wartburg 353 de luxe 1966 Wartburg Reclame

1967

1967 Audi 90 super SAMSUNG DIGITAL CAMERA 1967 BMW 1600 GT Front 1967 BMW 1600-2 cabriolet 1967 BMW-Glas 3000 1967 Borgward Mexico 1967 DKW F91-8 Munga with recoilless rifle, 4x4 1967 gaz 62p 1967 gaz 62pa 1967 gaz een miljoen gaz's 1967 Gaz Limousine 1967 gaz Volga universal 1967 glas 1304 cl kombi 1967 Glas 1304-01 1967 Glas 1304-09 1967 Glas 1304-10 1967 GLAS 1600 GT Front 1967 glas 1700gt 1967 Glas 2600 V8 - coupe body by Frua 1967 glas 2600 v8 1967 goggomobil t 250 1967 goggomobil ts250 1967 IFA W50LA-A, 4x4 1967 rastrojero f71 minibus 1967 robur 30010 1967 Russian Automaker GAZ 1967 tempo matador rtw medimobil (foto hans rosarius - archiv miesen) 1967 Trabant 1.1 1967 trabant lipsk 1967 wartburg 353 t 1967 z-badges-01 1967-68 glas 3000 v8 BMW 1967-79 Rastrojero Diesel 1967-79 Rastrojero Línea IME 01

1968

1968 audi 60 1968 Audi 75 variant 1968 Audi 100 1968 Audi super 90 1968 Barkas 1000 Treffen Werdau 2008 1968 Barkas B 1000 Flower Power Bus 1968 Barkas B1000 IFA 1968 Barkas B1000 Kofferwagen IFA 1968 BARKAS TRAIN 1968 Barkas-B1000-F-K-Kleinbus-VB-Dresden-Dispatcher-blau 1968 BMW 2002 1968 Bmw 2500 v sst 1968 BMW 2500 1968 BMW 2800 CS 1968 bmw glas 3000 1968 Borgward mexico 1968 Borgward the luxe Ireland 1968 Fleischer S2 RU II 1968 Fleischer S5 Rose von Sebnitz 1968 GAZ 4x4 1968 gaz 24 volga 1968 gaz 51mol 1968 glas 1700 sedan 1968 glas 1968 bmw 1968 Glas Euro-jeep, 4x4 1968 IFA espana 1968 IFA W 50 Autodrehkran 70 hat einen langen Radstand und Allradantrieb. 1968 IFA W50 L-K-LDK 1250 Lade Dreh Kran 1968 moskvitch scaldia brochure 68 Unknown 1968 Robur sonstige-7311 1968 scaldia-408-07 Moskovitch 1968 scaldia-408-08 1968 trabant 601 de luxe 1968 wartburg 353 tourist 1968 wartburg 353

1969

1969 Audi 100 (2) 1969 Audi 100 Cabriolet 1969 Audi 100 1969 Audi lav189 1969 Auto Union Utilitarios-02 Argentina 1969 Barkas B 1000 F-K Kombi-Kleinbus 1969 Barkas B 1000 Krankentransport 1969 Barkas B1000 Ambulance 1969 Barkas B1000 Feischer kisbusz 1969 Barkas brandweerbus met anhänger 1969 Barkas Grey 4 takt 1969 BMW 1600- Wimmes 1969 BMW 2800 Spicup Bertone 1969 BMW Spicup Convertible Coupé 1969 Borgward 230 GL Mexico 1969 Borgward Frontal F-81 Argentina DINFIA B-611 1969 gaz 24 volga 1969 Glas Goggomobil 1700 1969 Glas Old timer 1969 goggomobil t 250 1969 Horch Truck.Zwickau 1969 IFA Barkas B 1000 personenbusje 1969 Ifa spain 1969 IFA spanje 1969 IFA W50 DL 30 (Drehleiter) 1969 Melkus RS 1000 - sport coupe body 1969 Melkus RS 1000 1969 Moskovitch Logo 1969 Rastrojero 2 1969 Rastrojero 19B 1969 Rastrojero 15325 1969 Rastrojero Caburé Rura 1969 Rastrojero Diesel Modelo Frontalito F-71 1969 Rastrojero en Uruguay 1969 Robur Entstoerfahrzeug-JThiele Schwarzheide, VEB Synthesewerk, Messwagen für Luftverschmutzung 1969 Robur LO 1801A, vintage cars Unknown 1969 Robur Rote Kreuz 1969 Tempo Matador F307 1969 trabant 601 universal 1969 trabant 601 1969 wartburg 353 1969 Wartburg Kinght Estate 1969 wartburg s12-3x1 1969 Wartburg353W

1970

1970 Audi 50 1970 Audi 50a Strasbourg 1970 Barkas (1) 1970 BARKAS B1000 (1) 1970 Barkas B1000 (2) 1970 barkas b1000 1970 Barkas Kampeerauto 1970 Barkas militair busse Treffen 2008 1970 Barkas SMH 2a 1970 BMW 2500-2800 1970 GAZ ACHIMKOY (Flower of the morning). Copy of the Russian GAZ M20 Pobeda NK 1970 IFA W50 truck 1970 IFA W50 1970 IFA W50L in England 1970 Melkus MT77 1970 Moskovich a 1970 Moskvich 1500 1970 moskvich-408-06 1970 moskvich-426e 1970 moskvich-427-07 1970 moskvich-2140-07 1970 moskvitc 1500 1970 Moskvitch 1300 Saloon & Estate (c1970) French Text Moskvitch 1300 Saloon & Estate (c1970) 1970 nutzfahrzeuge ifa-w50 1970 Rastrojero 1 1970 rastrojero 503-1 1970 robur 33065 OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA 1970 Scaldia 1400 De luxe Rusland 1970 SCALDIA AD 1970 scaldia-412. 1970 Trabant 601 K 1970 Trabant 601 S 1970 Trabant-601-de luxe Ad 1970 volga r 1970 Wartburg

1971

1971 Audi 100 Coupé S 1971 Audi modelrangen 1971 Barkas 4 person Truck 1971 Barkas 1754 1971 Barkas Brandweerwagen Duitsland 1971 Barkas G 1971 BMW 2002 1971 IFA W50 L Langkabine 1971 IFA W50 LA-AB (Bergefahrzeug) 1971 IFA W50. 1971 Rastrojero en Canelones, Uruguay 1971 Rastrojero en Uruguay b 1971 Rastrojero en Uruguay 1971 rastrojero-f71-02 1971 Robur der VGM Meissen im Busbahnof Chemnitz 1971 Robur Garant K30 1971 Robur LO 2002 A Fire Engine 1971 Tempo Matador Lufthansa 1971 Trabant P601 1971 Volga GA 3-24 op postzegel 1971 Wartburg Polizeiwagen Prora

1972

1972 Audi 75 Variant 1972 Audi 80 1972 1972 Audi 100 GL 1972 Audi 100 LS 1972 Audi Super 90 1972 azlk-moskvich-05 1972 azlk-moskvich-09 1972 azlk-moskvich-11 1972 azlk-moskvich-12 1972 azlk-moskvich-13 1972 Bajaj Tempo Matador 1972 barkas b DIGITAL CAMERA 1972 BARKAS B1000 (4) 1972 Barkas fertig montiert 1972 Barkas Kleinlössfahrzeug 1972 Barkas SMH 2a 1972 Barkas Volkspolizei Treffen Werdau 2003 1972 BMW 2002  Engine 1990cc S4 1972 BMW 2002 1972 BMW 2500  Engine 2494cc S6 1972 GAZ-44, 8x8 1972 Melkus RS 1000 1972 moskvich-2138-04 1972 moskvich-2140-04 1972 Rastrojero IME  Arg 1972 Robur 2002 Pomßen, mobile Apotheke 1972 robur fahrzeug-aus-dem-landkreis-44160 http://www.autogaleria.hu - 1972 robur robur-lo-3000 1972 scaldia-408-04 1972 scaldia-408-05 1972 scaldia-408-06 1972 Trabant 601 military 1972 Trabant schön 1972 volga a 1972 volga b

1973

1973 Audi 100ls 1973 Audi Karmann Asso di Picche by ItalDesign 1973 Barkas 1000KM 00 1973 Barkas bestel 1973 Barkas-b-1000-10-01 1973 BMW 2002 Touring 1973 GAZ-66 chassis with KPP-66 body designed in NIII №21 1973 GAZ-66. 1973 GAZ-66-04 chassis, 4x4, MZ 66 Oil Bowser 1973 Krauss Maffai Mungo 1973 Moskvich logo4 1973 moskvitch 412 1973 Robur O611 1973 Trabant 601

1974

1974 azlk-moskvich-01 1974 azlk-moskvich-03 1974 azlk-moskvich-10 Unknown 1974 Barkas Feuerwehr Bus 1974 Barkas-b1000-gtw-12 1974 BMW 2002 TII, Clasificado 4º 16º Rally 2000 Virajes 1974, 1974 BMW 2002 Touring 1974 BMW 2002tii Touring 1 1974 BMW 2002tii Touring 2 1974 BMW Alpina 1974 BMW CSL 1974 Borgward 3095 1974 IFA L60 4x4 versie 1974 Ifa Robur Safari 1974 Rastrojero Diesel P68 1974 1974 Rastrojero en Fernando de la Mora, Paraguay 1974 Rastrojero en Uruguay 1974 Rastrojero modelo 74 1974 Rastrojero, la chata 1974 robur 01 1974 Robur konsum-zundwarenwerk-riesa-robur 1974 Robur LO 2500 Karlštejnbus Králův 1974 Robur LO 2500 maxresdefault 1974 Wartburg 353 de luxe 1974-1979 Rastrojero Conosur

1975

1975 Audi 75 1975 Barkas 1000 Wit Treffen Werdau 2003 1975 Barkas B1000 1975 Barkas Kamper Treffen Werdau 2003 1975 Barkas Leichenwagen Hearse 1975 BMW 1502 1975 BMW 1804 1975 BMW 2002 automatic, 4 cylinder 1975 BMW 2002 Cabrio Baur 1975 IFA L60 1975 IFA-Robur prototype truck, 6x6 1975 RASTROJERO 75-MUY-BUEN-ESTADO-Parque-Mayor 1975 Rastrojero 1975 Robur LO3000 "Ost-KFZ-Treffen", Finowfurt 1975 Robur О-611, 4x4 1975 Scaldia 1500 Moskovich 1975 Trabant 601 Station Wagon White NYX 1975 Wartburg W353-400 1976 Ambulance uaz450ao

1976

1976 Audi 90 v 1976 BARKAS 3 (DDR) 1976 BARKAS B1000 (3) 1976 Barkas B1000 Kleinlössfahrzeug mit anhänger 1976 Barkas B1000 SMH Krankenwagen 1976 barkas politiebus(4) 1976 Barkas Red Bus 1976 Barkas-b-1000-10-05 Feuerwehr 1976 BMW 733 1976 BMW F201 Formula 2 Racing Single-Seater 1976 BMW Glas 3000 blue vl TCE 1976 IFA Es 1976 IFA Framo to VEB Barkas Ambulances 1976 IFA W50 L als Hängerzug 1976 Rastrojero Fernando Prado 1976 rastrojero-f71-08 1976 Robur 2 1976 Robur 2005 1976 robur bus 1976 Robur lo 2002 1976 Robur Lo 2500 Brochure 1976 ROBUR LO 3000 (2) 1976 Robur LO2002 1976 Robur Modell LO 2002 1976 robur-2056 1976 W50 + UNIPORM H-8 1976 Wartburg 353 Tourist‎

1977

1977 BARKAS 4 1977 Barkas mit Anhänger Treffen Werdau 2005 1977 BMW 630 CS Automatic 1977 Melkus RS2000. Einmaliges Türkonzept 1977 robur lo 2501 1977 robur lo3000a IFA H6B-L 1977 Robur Robur LO 3000a

1978

1978 Audi 80 1978 1978 AZLK-Moskvich-2140-LA1 1978 Barkas B1000 a 1978 Barkas B1000 b 1978 Barkas B1000 c 1978 Barkas B1000 Robur Wohnmobil 1978 gaz-bus-lavrikyv-ukraine DCF 1.0 1978 IFA Multicar M25 1978 Ifa Robur Ld 3000 Mehrzweckfahrzeug Picture 1978 IFA W50 LF 16, hinterachsgetriebenes Löschfahrzeug SONY DSC 1978 Melkus Wartburg 1978 Moskvich logo 4a 1978 Robur 2500 sonstige-18053 1978 Robur 3000 wpe50 1978 Robur LKW, FFW Ahrenshoop 1978 Robur LO 2002 A (2) 1978 Robur LO 2002 A MTW - Mannschaftstransportwagen der Volkspolizei der DDR 1978 robur-183 1978 robur-270 1978 robur-28148

1979

1979 IFA Multicar M25 (2) 1979 IFA Multicar M25 1979 Rastrojero F 1979 rastrojero modelo-79 1979 Reiseomnibus ROBUR LO 3000 der NVA 1979 représentant une Trabant 601 « S de Luxe ». 1979 Robur Bus-Rolf 1979 robur lo-3000-b 1979 robur lo-3000-fr-2 1979 Trabant-601 Tramp 1979 Wartburg 353Wa

1980

1980 Audi 100 c2 v 1980 Auto Union VW Vanagon 1980 Barkas 1000 und Trabant kannte ich ja schon, aber mit einem F8 war mir das auch neu 1980 Barkas B1000 SMH Krankenwagen 1980 Barkas gevangenisbusje 1980 GAZ auto logo 1980 gaz-21-volga-06 1980 gaz-21-volga-07 1980 IFA W50 BTP (Bautrupp) 1980 IFA-W50L-Pritschen-Lkw 1980 moskvic-logos-badges 1980 moskvitch aleko 1980 Rastrojero frontal Mini Bus modelo 80 1980 Robur 20 persoons bus 1980 ROBUR LO 3000 beim 6 ?????????????????????? 1980 Robur Lo 3000 1980 ROBUR MZ 1980 ROBUR O3000 (AG21-86-77-IV-2-23-487) 1980 Robur Omnibus 1980 Trabant 601K 1980 UAZ ambulance 1980 Volga Gaz Chevrolet Impala 1980 Wartburg 353 Tourist‎ im winter 1980 Wartburg 353W 1980 Wartburg

End of part IX

Buses, Trucks, Ambulances + cars GAZ + MOSCOVITCH + SCALDIA + VOLGA + ZIM Russia I

Buses, Trucks, Ambulances + cars GAZ + MOSCOVITCH + SCALDIA + VOLGA + ZIM Russia I

August 18, 2013 By  Leave a Comment (Edit)

Gorkovski Avtomobilny Zavod

Zavod Imeni Molotova

1980 GAZ auto logo

1959 GAZ chaika

Tsjaika in museum
1971 Volga GA 3-24 op postzegel
Volga GA 3-24 op postzegel uit 1971
Gaz 69-2
GAZ-69
Volga in Tomsk
Volga in Tomsk
OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA
GAZ 3106 in Minsk (2005)
Btr-80 in Serbia
BTR-80 in Servië

Gorkovski Avtomobilny Zavod (Russisch: Горьковский автомобильный завод; [Gorkovski Avtomobilny Zavod]; “Automobielfabriek van Gorki”) of GAZ (ГАЗ) is eenRussische autofabriek in Nizjni Novgorod en onderdeel van de groep GAZ. De fabriek startte in 1929 als NNAZ, een samenwerkingsverband tussen Ford en de Sovjet-Unie. De naam veranderde toen de stadsnaam van Nizjni Novgorod werd vernoemd naar Maksim Gorki. Van 1935 tot 1956 werd daar de toevoeging imeni Molotovaachter geplakt (letterlijk “vernoemd naar Molotov“).

Geschiedenis

Omdat het vijfjarenplan van 1928-1932 grote nadruk legde op de tot dan toe weinig ontwikkelde autoindustrie, sloot de Opperste Sovjet in 1929 een overeenkomst met deAmerikaanse autoproducent Ford, waarvan een productiefaciliteiten werd geïmporteerd en licenties werden overgenomen voor de eerste modellen.

Het eerste model van de fabriek was de gemiddeld geprijsde Ford Model A, die eerst werd verkocht als GAZ A en Ford Model AA onder de naam GAZ AA. De “A” productie begon in 1932 en liep tot 1936, waarbij 100 000 exemplaren werden gebouwd. De A werd opgevolgd door de modernere GAZ M1, die grotendeels gebaseerd was op de Ford V8 en werd geproduceerd van 1936 tot 1942. De letter M stond voor Molotovets (“van Molotovs trots”), wat de bron vormde voor de bijnaam van de auto; Emka (Эмка).

Door de ervaring met de A en M1 wisten ingenieurs bij GAZ hun eigen automodel te ontwikkelen onafhankelijk van Ford. In 1942 begon de productie van de GAZ M2, een auto die bedoeld was voor de hogere klasse, die in beperkte oorlogsproductie bleef tot 1946. De carrosserie van de M2 werd in beperkte productie vanaf 1941 op eenvierwielaangedreven onderstel geplaatst en in kleine hoeveelheden verkocht als de GAZ-61, waarmee het mogelijk de eerste vierwielaangedreven personenauto ter wereld was. Tijdens de oorlogsjaren werkten ingenieurs bij GAZ aan de ontwikkeling van een nieuw automodel, dat in productie moest worden genomen, wanneer de vijandelijkheden waren beëindigd. Dit model, de GAZ-M20 Pobeda (“overwinning”), was een laaggeprijsde gestroomlijnde, fastbackachtige sedan die in productie kwam in 1946 en door GAZ werd geproduceerd tot 1958 en onder licentieproductie door het Poolse FSO tot de jaren ’70. Daarnaast werd de GAZ-72, een vierwielaangedreven versie van de GAZ-M20 Pobeda, op kleine schaal geproduceerd.

Hiernaast werden tijdens de oorlogsjaren ook de Chevrolet G7107 (met hijsinstallatie) en G7117 geproduceerd uit onderdelen die uit de Verenigde Staten werden geïmporteerd als onderdeel van de Lend-Lease Act. GAZ maakte ook de GAZ-12 ZIMGAZ-21 en GAZ-24 Volga en de limousines GAZ-13 en GAZ-14 Tsjaika.

GAZ bouwt ook vrachtauto‘s en 4WD’s als de GAZel en de beroemde GAZ-69 en pantserwagens als de BTR-80.

Geheel van karakter veranderde de fabriek met de overname door de metaalfabrikant Oleg Deripaska. Deze schoonzoon van president Jeltsin en vriend van president Poetin ontsloeg de helft van het personeel, zette drastisch het mes in de arbeidsvoorwaarden en introduceerde een Japanse stijl van leidinggeven. De arbeidsomstandigheden zijn abominabel, maar de productie is flink gestegen.

Toen DaimlerChrysler zijn Sterling Heights-fabriek moderniseerde in 2006, werd de oude Dodge Stratus en Chrysler Sebring-assemblagelijn en uitrusting verkocht aan GAZ, die de Stratus onder licentie zal blijven produceren.

In 2006 nam het de Britse fabrikant LDV over, dat voornamelijk bestelwagens produceert.

Moskvitch

OAO Moskvitch
Logo ao moskvich.jpg
Type Joint-stock
Industry Automotive
Fate Bankrupt since 2002 Dissolved in 2006
Predecessor(s) AZLK
Successor(s) None. Partial recuperation of former production factories by Avtoframos (Russian subsidiary of Renault) since 2008
Founded 1930
Headquarters MoscowRussia
Products cars
Website Official OAO “Moskvich” Website

Moskvitch (Russian: Москвич) (sometimes also written as MoskvichMoskvič or Moskwitsch) was an automobile brand from Russia produced by AZLK from 1945 to 1991 and by OAO Moskvitch from 1991 to 2002. The current article incorporates information about both the brand and the joint-stock successor of AZLK for the sake of simplicity. Moskvitch-400, nearly a copy of the Kadett K38 Moskvitch-400, nearly a copy of the Kadett K38 Moskvitch-400, nearly a copy of the Opel Kadett K38 OAO Moskvitch was a privatized venture name given to the former factory in order to avoid legal issues after the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991. Since the factory had no assembly branches outside Russia after 1991, its name is largely used today to refer to the building located in Lower Eastern part of Moscow and abandoned since 2006. The word moskvitch (Russian: москвич) itself translates as “(a) Muscovite” into English. It was used to point out the original location of the cars manufactured outside of Moscow.

Early history

In 1929 the construction of Moscow Automotive Plant began with initial production of 24,000 vehicles. In 1941 the plant was evacuated to Ural and the entire production converted for the manufacture of the military equipment at the dawn of World War II. After the war, the USSR acquired an entire Opel manufacturing line from Brandenburg in Germany. A factory called MZMA (Moskovsky Zavod Malolitrazhnykh Avtomobiley, that is, Moscow Compact Car Factory) started in 1947 to manufacture an automobile called Moskvitch 400 based on the Opel Kadett. Further models were developed by Soviet engineers. In 1969, the factory changed name to AZLK (Avtomobilny Zavod imeni Leninskogo Komsomola, which means Car Factory in the name of the Leninist Communist Youth Union). The Moskvitch failed to get type approval in the UK.  Moskvitch cars were never meant to be a fashion statement. They were sturdy, reliable on substandard roads and were offered at an affordable price. The 1960s and early 1970s were the glory days, when the cars were exported to many countries throughout the world. Demand always exceeded production, so people had to wait a long time for a new car. Until the 1980s all Moskvitch cars were compact rear-wheel drive saloons and estates with solid rear axles suspended by leaf springs. The Moskvitch was also produced in Bulgaria (see Moskvitch (Bulgaria)) between 1966 and 1990 on the basis of complete knock down (CKD) kits.

Introduction of the Aleko

1986 saw the unveiling of a radically new (by Soviet standards) model, known as the Aleko-141. It was powered by the VAZ-2106 1.6L in-line four-cylinder engine, which had by then amassed an acceptable track record powering a number of LADA models. Aleko was a front-wheel drive hatchback different from any model the factory had made previously. It was larger and more luxurious, made with comfort, safety and aerodynamics in mind. The body was built on the basis of Simca 1307, while longitudinal engine placement and torsion-crank rear suspension and McPherson strut front suspension was inspired by Audi 80/100 family, while taking into account the larger size of the Moskvitch and Lada engines . The 1.8 liter gasoline engine for the new car was planned, but never materialized, as was also the case with a diesel version. The car was a major improvement over previous generations, but the fall of the centralised economy, below-par quality and inadequate management ultimately brought the factory to bankruptcy[citation needed]. The factory, which had been renamed to OAO Moskvitch (Moskvitch Joint Stock Company) in the early 1990s, filed for bankruptcy in 2002 and ceased production. The factory remains idle and abandoned, everything left as it was in 2002. Unfinished bodyshells remain on the production line in various stages of completion, while furniture, computers, office supplies, and documents remain in the plant’s administration building. Several attempts to restart production have been made over the next 3 years, but none were successful. Recently, a portion of the abandoned plant was acquired by OAO Avtoframos, a 38%-62% joint venture between the City of Moscow and French automaker Renault SA. In 2005, Avtoframos commenced assembly of Renault Logan sedans from imported complete knock-down kits (CKDs). The presence of Avtoframos brought new life to a small part of the facility, but the majority of the sprawling plant remains abandoned, apparently still owned by the dormant Moskvitch company. The bankruptcy of OAO Moskvitch was officially announced in 2006 and the company was liquidated the following year. Since 2009 owner of brand Moskvitch is German automotive company Volkswagen. In 2011 Volkswagen extended its brand ownership rights until 2021.

Scaldia-Volga SA

Scaldia-Volga SA was een Belgische autofabriek.

In de jaren 60 werd een overeenkomst tussen de Belgische importeur N.V. Sobimpex en Moskvitsj getekend, waarbij overeengekomen werd de auto in België te assembleren. Er werd een aparte firma, Scaldia Volga AS, opgezet om de productie waar te nemen. In de praktijk kwamen de auto’s compleet aan in de haven van Antwerpen, enkel met de versnellingsbak in de kofferbak en zonder motor. In Brussel werd aanvankelijk de Perkins dieselmotor ingebouwd, later vervangen door een Rover-motor en in de jaren 80 Indenor (Peugeot).

Hoewel de benzinemotor in België en Nederland steeds leverbaar bleef, werd de nadruk gelegd bij de dieselversie. In Nederland was de Volga diesel vooral populair bij taxibedrijven. Eind jaren zestig waren Volga’s regelmatig te zien in onder andere Rotterdam en Groningen.

Tegenwoordig is Scaldia-Volga de importeur voor Lada in België

GAZ-12 ZIM

ZIM-12
GAZ-12 ZIM
Manufacturer GAZ
Model years 1950-1960
Assembly Gorky, Soviet Union presently: Nizhny NovgorodRussia
Predecessor GAZ-11-73
Successor GAZ-13 Chaika
Class Full-size
Body style Sedanphaeton and ambulance
Layout FR layout
Engine GAZ-12 3,480 cc (212.4 cu in) 3480 cm³, I6
Transmission 3-speed manual with a hydrodynamic fluid coupling
Wheelbase 3,200 mm (126.0 in)
Length 5,530 mm (217.7 in)
Width 1,900 mm (74.8 in)
Height 1,660 mm (65.4 in)
Curb weight 3,800–4,200 lb (1,700–1,900 kg)
Designer(s) Andrey Lipgart

The ZIM-12 (Russian: ЗиМ-12) was a Soviet limousine produced by the Gorky Automotive Plant from 1950 till 1960. Inspired by the 1948 Cadillac Fleetwood 61 and the 1947 Buick Super, the car was built to serve mid-rank Soviet Nomenklatura, but was also readily available as a taxi and ambulance. Unlike its successors, ZIM was the only Soviet executive class full-size car that was actually made available for private ownership. A total of 21527 examples were built.

Name

A ZIM-12 in Donetsk

A ZIM-12 in Donetsk

ZIM railcar on the bridge over Yuzhny Bug on Gayvoron narrow gauge railway.

ZIM railcar on the bridge over Yuzhny Bug on Gayvoron narrow gauge railway.

The ZIM abbreviation stands for Zavod imeni Molotova (Russian: Завод имени Молотова). Prior to 1957, the GAZ factory was officially named as Gorkovsky avtomobilny zavod imeni V.M. Molotova, or the Vyacheslav Molotov Gorky automotive factory, in honour of the Soviet Foreign Minister. All of the models carried the prefixM. However for a car of executive class, a new catchy abbreviation was introduced, and in the style of American car fashion that the vehicle was inspired by, the ZIM was used laboriously to decorate the car: the hubcaps, the bonnet, the radiator grille, even the horn button on the steering wheel. However, the Soviet Minister’s career was abruptly finished in May 1957, when he lost a political fallout with Nikita Khrushchev. Following his downfall, the country underwent a renaming spree, with cities, streets, ships and factories being hastily rid of the fallen politician’s name. ZIM, which was in production, from the summer of 1957 was hurriedly re-christened as GAZ-12, and all of the badges and adornments replaced by the new abbreviation. Moreover, right up until the perestroika the car was officially named labelled only as the GAZ-12, whilst unofficially it was almost exclusively referred to as the ZIM.

Technical parameters

  • Clearance: 200 mm (7.9 in)
  • Turn radius: 7.4 m (24.28 ft)
  • Gearbox: 3 speeds + rear
  • Weight: 1,800 kg (3,968 lb) (1,940 kg (4,277 lb) with full tank, oil and other liquids)
  • Maximum speed: 120 km/h (75 mph)
  • Fuel tank: 80 L (21 US gal; 18 imp gal)
  • Fuel consumption: 15.5 L/100 km (18.2 mpg-imp; 15.2 mpg-US) at 50–60 km/h

1930-1950 GAZ-03-30

1930-1950 GAZ-03-30

1930-1950 GAZ-03-30a

1930-1950 GAZ-03-30

1932 Gaz a

1932 Gaz a

1933 Gaz 4

1933 Gaz 4

1933 Gaz a

1933 Gaz a

1933 gaz tk

1933 gaz tk

1933 GAZ Rusland Gorkovsky Avtomobilny Zavod

1933 GAZ Rusland Gorkovsky Avtomobilny Zavod

1934 Gaz 05nn

1934 Gaz 05nn

1934 Gaz 6 IRRA

1934 Gaz 6 IRRA

1934 Gaz a1

1934 Gaz a1

1934 Gaz A Aero by Nickitin - fVr (Russia)

1934 gaz Aero 1

1934 gaz Aero 1

1934 gaz Aero

1934 gaz Aero

1934 gaz Aero2

1934 gaz Aero 2

1935 GAZ 0330r

1935 GAZ 0330r

1935 Gaz m1

1935 Gaz m1

1935 GAZ

1935 GAZ

1936 Gaz m-1

1936 Gaz m-1

1936-1945 GAZ-05-193

1936-1945 GAZ-05-193

1936-1945 GAZ-05-193a

1936-1945 GAZ-05-193a

1936-1945 GAZ-05-193b

1936-1945 GAZ-05-193b

1937 Gaz m1

1937 Gaz m1

1937 GAZ-21 prototype pick-up, 6x6

1937 GAZ-21 prototype pick-up, 6×6

1938 GAZ-60

1938 GAZ-60

1938 GAZ-M1

1938 GAZ-M1

1939 Gaz m 415

1939 Gaz m 415

1939 Gaz m1

1939 Gaz m1

1940 Gaz 11-40

1940 Gaz 11-40

1940 Gaz 11-73

1940 Gaz 11-73

1940 Gaz 61-40

1940 Gaz 61-40

1940 Gaz 415

1940 Gaz 415

1940 Gaz m1

1940 Gaz m1

1940 GAZ-03-30

1940 GAZ-03-30

1940 GAZ-61-40 m

1940 GAZ-61-40 m

1940 GAZ-61-40 m1161

1940 GAZ-61-40 m1161

1940 GAZ-61-40 m1161n

1940 GAZ-61-40 m1161n

1940 GAZ-65

1940 GAZ-65

1941 Gaz  m11-73

1941 Gaz  m11-73

1941 Gaz 11 40

1941 Gaz 11 40

1941 gaz 61-73

1941 gaz 61-73

1941 Gaz 415

1941 Gaz 415

1941 Gaz m1

1941 Gaz m1

1941 GAZ-11-40 (2)

1941 GAZ-11-40

1941 GAZ-11-40

1941 GAZ-11-40

1941 GAZ-61-417, 4x4

1941 GAZ-61-417, 4×4

1941 GAZ-MMV

1941 GAZ-MMV1941 GAZ-ААА, 6x6

1941 GAZ-ААА, 6×6

1942 GAZ 03 30 pic1

1942 GAZ 03 30

1942 GAZ 03-30

1942 GAZ 03 30

1942 gaz 42 cp generator truck

1942 gaz 42 cp generator truck

1942 gaz 61 73 2

1942 gaz 61 73 2

1942 gaz 61 417

1942 gaz 61 417

1942 gaz 64

1942 gaz 64

1942 gaz m1

1942 gaz m1

1942 GAZ-03-30 assembly

1942 GAZ-03-30 assembly

1942 GAZ-410, 1942

1942 GAZ-410

1942GAZ-ААА chassis charger station

1942 GAZ-ААА chassis charger station

1943 GAZ 55 shot15 16

1943 GAZ 55 shot15 16 Ambulance

1943 gaz 61 1

1943 gaz 61 1

1943 gaz 61 73 3

1943 gaz 61 73

1943 gaz 67

1943 gaz 67

1943 GAZ m1

1943 GAZ m1

1943 GAZ-05-193 staff bus, 6x6

1943 GAZ-05-193 staff bus, 6×6

1943 gaz-55 1

1943 gaz-55 Ambulance

1943 GAZ-63 prototype, 4х4

1943 GAZ-63 prototype, 4х4

1943 GAZ-67, 4x4,г., right  GAZ-64, 4x4, 1942

1943 GAZ-67, 4×4,г., right  GAZ-64, 4×4, 1942

1944 gaz 55s

1944 gaz 55s Ambulance

1944 gaz 61 73 4

1944 gaz 61 73

1944 gaz 67

1944 gaz 67

1944 gaz 410 cp

1944 gaz 410 cp

1945 gaz 20 + gaz 63 1945

1945 gaz 20 + gaz 63 1945

1945 gaz 67 b

1945 gaz 67 b

1945 GAZ m20 6cyl

1945 Gaz m 20 6 cyl

1945 GAZ M20 Taxi's

1945 GAZ M20 Taxi’s

1945 GAZ m20kabo

1945 GAZ m20 kabo

1945 gaz pobieda

1945 Gaz Pobieda

1945 GAZ-55 MILITARY CAR Ambulance

1945 GAZ-55 MILITARY CAR Ambulance

1946 GAZ m20

1946 GAZ m20

1946 GAZ m20mil

1946 GAZ m20 mil pol

1946 GAZ m20r

1946 GAZ m20r

1946 GAZ m20vsmf

1946 GAZ m20vsmf

1947 gaz 60cp

1947 gaz 60cp

1947 gaz m 20

1947 gaz m 20

1947 gaz m21m

1947 gaz m21m

1947 GAZ m21plaz

1947 GAZ m21plaz

1947 gaz47

1947 gaz47

1948 gaz m20 kabrio

1948 gaz m20 kabrio

1948 gaz pobieda nami

1948 gaz pobieda nami

1948 gaz

1948 Gaz M20

1949 gaz 12 proto 2

1949 gaz 12 proto 2

1949 gaz m 20 kabp

1949 gaz m 20 kabp Taxi’s

1949 gaz m20

1949 gaz m20

1949 GAZ ГАЗ 12А ЗиМ Фаэтон Опытный

1949 GAZ ГАЗ 12А ЗиМ Фаэтон Опытный

1949 ZIM AL12 r02G 02

1949 ZIM AL12 r02G 02

1950 gaz 12 convert

1950 gaz 12 convertible

1950 gaz 12f

1950 gaz 12f

1950 gaz 20k 1950

1950 gaz 20k

1950 gaz m 20l

1950 gaz m 20l

1950 gaz sport 3

1950 gaz sport 3

1950 gaz zim

1950 gaz zim

1950 gaz

1950 gaz assemblage

1950 Moskovich

1950 Moskovich

1950 Moskovitch 412

1950 Moskovitch

1950 moskvich-402-03

1950 moskvich-402

1950 Moskvitch-400, nearly a copy of the Opel Kadett K38

1950 Moskvitch-400, nearly a copy of the Opel Kadett K38

1950 GAZ-46 (MAV)

1950 GAZ-46 (MAV)

1951 gaz 20m-pobeda-cabrio

1951 gaz 20m-pobieda-cabrio’s

1951 Gaz avtobus

1951 Gaz avtobus

1951 gaz pobeda sport

1951 gaz pobieda sport

1951 gaz pobeda zim 2

1951 gaz pobeda zim 2

1951 gaz zim

1951 gaz zim

1952 gaz 67-b

1952 gaz 67-b

1952 gaz 69-3a

1952 gaz 69-3a

1952 gaz 69truzh

1952 gaz 69truzh

1952 gaz december motor

1952 gaz december motor

1952 gaz m 20

1952 gaz m 20

1952 gaz m20 prod

1952 gaz m20 prod

1952 gaz m20 tyl

1952 gaz m20 tyl

1952 gaz zim

1952 gaz zim

1953 GAZ  0330r

1953 GAZ  0330r

1953 gaz 69 with704

1953 gaz 69 with704

1953 gaz m20 kabrio

1953 gaz m20 kabrio

1953 gaz zim

1953 gaz zim

1953 GAZ-12 ZIM

1953 GAZ-12 ZIM

1953 gaz-51p

1953 gaz-51p

1953 GAZ-63А with front section of LPP pontoon bridge

1953 GAZ-63А with front section of LPP pontoon bridge

1953 Russian ZIM limousineblack 01

1953 Russian ZIM limousineblack 01

1954 gaz 12

1954 gaz 12

1954 gaz 69

1954 gaz 69

1954 GAZ M12 ZIM

1954 GAZ M12 ZIM

1954 gaz Pobeda brosjyre 200

1954 gaz Pobeda brosjyre 200

1954 gaz pobieda stream

1954 gaz pobieda stream

1954 gaz turbo racing

1954 gaz turbo racing

1954 gaz zim 12

1954 gaz zim 12

1954 GAZ-63АV, 4x4

1954 GAZ-63АV, 4×4

1955 gaz 12 zim

1955 gaz 12 zim Ambulancewagen

1955 gaz 21 prototyp

1955 gaz 21 prototyp

1955 gaz 21o28

1955 gaz 21o28

1955 GAZ 55 IMCD

1955 GAZ 55 Ambulance

1955 gaz m 20

1955 gaz m 20

1955 gaz m 72

1955 gaz m 72

1955 gaz pobeda sport

1955 gaz pobeda sport

1955 gaz post

1955 gaz post

1955 GAZ-62A, 4x4

1955 GAZ-62A, 4×4

1956 gaz  zim

1956 gaz  zim ambulancewagen

1956 gaz 21

1956 gaz 21

1956 gaz 56o

1956 gaz 56

1956 gaz 62a

1956 gaz 62

1956 gaz 72

1956 gaz 72

1956 gaz m-20

1956 gaz m-20

1956 GAZ-12 ZIM

1957 gaz  zim

1957 gaz  zim

1957 gaz 21

1957 gaz 21 volga

1957 gaz 69 open

1957 gaz 69 open

1957 gaz 69a

1957 gaz 69

1957 gaz m72

1957 gaz m72

1957 gaz pobieda

1957 gaz pobieda taxi

1957 GAZ Volgabus

1957 GAZ Volgabus

1958 Ambulance Gaz 1958

1958 Ambulance Gaz

1958 Ambulance Gaz 1958a

1958 Ambulance Gaz

1958 gaz  zim

1958 gaz  zim

1958 Trucks GAZ-69 (4x4) with R-125 radio

1958 Trucks GAZ-69 (4×4) with R-125 radio

1958 Gaz 18 Prototype - fVl (Russia)

1958 Gaz 18 Prototype – fVl (Russia) ©VJ

1958 gaz 62

1958 gaz 62

1958 gaz 63a

1958 gaz 63

1958 gaz m20b

1958 gaz m20

1958 gaz volga export

1958 gaz volga export

1958 gaz volga

1958 gaz volga

1958 gaz-13 chaika brochure

1959 gaz 21 volga

1959 gaz 21 volga

1959 gaz 21-3

1959 gaz 21

1959 gaz 22 scaldia

1959 gaz 22 scaldia