AMBULANCES part XI Ambulances on Alphabet beginning with L till MB

AMBULANCES part XI Ambulances on Alphabet beginning with LandRover till MB

Ambulance LAND ROVER SANTANA AMBULANCIA Land Rover and Range Rover Ambulances


Land rover and Range rover Hearses and Limousines

LDV Leyland-DAF-Van

Leyland Comet, Leyland Bus ambulances

(Ashok) Leyland Hearses

 Lorraine de Dietrich Ambulances since 1900 – ?

Till sofar The ambulances and hearses with L


  Magirus-Deutz – Iveco Deutz ex ambulances or aid trucks

Mahindra Genio Ambulance

Mahindra Ambulances and Hearses

MAN Ambulance Units, EHBO Post, Commando Unit e.s.o.

MANTRA Ambulance Roman

Maserati Hearses

1952 Matador Luxus – Krankenwagen

Tempo MATADOR – Bajaj MATADOR – Force Matador  Ambulances, Medipoints, Krankenwagen, Hearses e.s.o.

1953 MAZ 653 ПАЗ-653 ’02–05.1953


TATA Motors Mumbai, Maharashtra India

Tata Motors

Tata Motors Limited
Type Public
Traded as BSE500570 (BSE SENSEX Constituent)
Industry Automotive
Founded 1945
Founders Jehangir Ratanji Dadabhoy Tata
Headquarters Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Area served Worldwide
Key people Cyrus Pallonji Mistry(Chairman)
Products Automobiles
Commercial vehicles
Construction equipment
Military vehicles
Automotive parts
Services Automotive design, engineering and outsourcing services
Vehicle leasing
Vehicle service
Revenue Increase US$ 38.6  billion (FY 2013-14)
Operating income Increase US$ 3.86 billion (2014)
Profit Increase US$ 2.29 billion (2014)
Total assets Increase US$ 36.05 billion (2014)
Total equity Increase US$ 8.91 billion (2014)
Employees 66,593 (2014)
Parent Tata Group
Divisions Tata Motors Cars
Subsidiaries Jaguar Land Rover
Tata Daewoo
Tata Hispano

Tata Motors Limited (formerly TELCO, short for Tata Engineering and Locomotive Company) is an Indian multinational automotivemanufacturing company headquartered in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India and a subsidiary of the Tata Group. Its products include passenger cars, trucks, vans, coaches, buses, construction equipment and military vehicles. It is the world’s seventeenth-largest motor vehicle manufacturing company, fourth-largest truck manufacturer and second-largest bus manufacturer by volume.

Tata Motors has auto manufacturing and assembly plants in Jamshedpur, Pantnagar, Lucknow, Sanand, Dharwad and Pune in India, as well as in Argentina, South Africa, Thailand and the United Kingdom. It has research and development centres in Pune, Jamshedpur, Lucknow and Dharwad, India, and in South Korea, Spain, and the United Kingdom. Tata Motors’ principal subsidiaries include the British premium car maker Jaguar Land Rover (the maker of Jaguar, Land Rover and Range Rover cars) and the South Korean commercial vehicle manufactuer Tata Daewoo. Tata Motors has a bus manufacturing joint venture with Marcopolo S.A. (Tata Marcopolo), a construction equipment manufacturing joint venture with Hitachi (Tata Hitachi Construction Machinery), and a joint venture with Fiat which manufactures automotive components and Fiat and Tata branded vehicles.

Founded in 1945 as a manufacturer of locomotives, the company manufactured its first commercial vehicle in 1954 in a collaboration with Daimler-Benz AG, which ended in 1969. Tata Motors entered the passenger vehicle market in 1991 with the launch of the Tata Sierra, becoming the first Indian manufacturer to achieve the capability of developing a competitive indigenous automobile. In 1998, Tata launched the first fully indigenous Indian passenger car, the Indica, and in 2008 launched the Tata Nano, the world’s most affordable car. Tata Motors acquired the South Korean truck manufacturer Daewoo Commercial Vehicles Company in 2004 and purchased Jaguar Land Rover from Ford in 2008.

Tata Motors is listed on the Bombay Stock Exchange, where it is a constituent of the BSE SENSEX index, the National Stock Exchange of India and the New York Stock Exchange. Tata Motors is ranked 314th in the 2012 Fortune Global 500 ranking of the world’s biggest corporations.


Tata Indica

 The second-generation Tata Indica; one of the best selling cars in the history of the Indian automobile industry
Tata Nano
 The Tata Nano, the world’s most affordable car

Tata entered the commercial vehicle sector in 1945 after forming a joint venture with Daimler-Benz of Germany. After years of dominating the commercial vehicle market in India, Tata Motors entered the passenger vehicle market in 1991 by launching the Tata Sierra, a multi utility vehicle. Tata subsequently launched the Tata Estate (1992; a station wagon design based on the earlier ‘TataMobile’ (1989), a light commercial vehicle), the Tata Sumo (1994; LCV) and the Tata Safari (1998; India’s first sports utility vehicle).

Tata launched the Indica in 1998, the first fully indigenous Indian passenger car. Although initially criticized by auto-analysts, its excellent fuel economy, powerful engine and an aggressive marketing strategy made it one of the best selling cars in the history of the Indian automobile industry. A newer version of the car, named Indica V2, was a major improvement over the previous version and quickly became a mass-favourite. Tata Motors also successfully exported large quantities of the car to South Africa. The success of Indica played a key role in the growth of Tata Motors.

In 2004 Tata Motors acquired Daewoo’s South Korea-based truck manufacturing unit, Daewoo Commercial Vehicles Company, later renamed Tata Daewoo.

On 27 September 2004, Tata Motors rang the opening bell at the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) to mark the listing of Tata Motors.

In 2005, Tata Motors acquired a 21% controlling stake in the Spanish bus and coach manufacturer Hispano Carrocera. Tata Motors continued its market area expansion through the introduction of new products such as buses (Starbus & Globus, jointly developed with subsidiary Hispano Carrocera) and trucks (Novus, jointly developed with subsidiary Tata Daewoo).

In 2006, Tata formed a joint venture with the Brazil-based Marcopolo, Tata Marcopolo Bus, to manufacture fully built buses and coaches.

In 2008, Tata Motors acquired the British car maker Jaguar Land Rover, manufacturer of the Jaguar, Land Rover and Daimler luxury car brands, from Ford Motor Company.

In May 2009 Tata unveiled the Tata World Truck range jointly developed with Tata Daewoo; the range went in sale in South Korea, South Africa, the SAARC countries and the Middle-East at the end of 2009.

Tata acquired full ownership of Hispano Carrocera in 2009.

In 2009, its Lucknow plant was awarded the “Best of all” Rajiv Gandhi National Quality Award.

In 2010, Tata Motors acquired an 80% stake in the Italian design and engineering company Trilix for €1.85 million. The acquisition formed part of the company’s plan to enhance its styling and design capabilities.

In 2012, Tata Motors announced it would invest around INR6 billion in the development of Futuristic Infantry Combat Vehicles in collaboration with DRDO.

In 2013, Tata Motors announced it will sell in India, the first vehicle in the world to run on compressed air (engines designed by the French company MDI) and dubbed “Mini CAT”.

On 26 January 2014, the Managing Director Karl Slym was found dead. He fell from the 22nd floor to the 4th floor of the Shangri-La Hotel in Bangkok where he was to attend a meeting of Tata Motors Thailand.


Tata Motors has vehicle assembly operations in India, the United Kingdom, South Korea, Thailand, Spain and South Africa. It plans to establish plants in Turkey, Indonesia and Eastern Europe.

Tata Motors’ principal subsidiaries include Jaguar Land Rover, Tata Daewoo and Tata Hispano.

Tata Motors Cars

Main article: Tata Motors Cars
Tata Prima front
 The Tata Prima

Tata Motors Cars is a division of Tata Motors which produces passenger cars under the Tata Motors marque. Tata Motors is among the top four passenger vehicle brands in India with products in the compact, midsize car and utility vehicle segments. The company’s manufacturing base in India is spread across Jamshedpur (Jharkhand), Pune (Maharashtra), Lucknow (Uttar Pradesh), Pantnagar (Uttarakhand), Dharwad (Karnataka) and Sanand (Gujarat). Tata’s dealership, sales, service and spare parts network comprises over 3,500 touch points. Tata Motors has more than 250 dealerships in more than 195 cities across 27 states and 4 Union Territories of India. It has the third largest sales and service network after Maruti Suzuki and Hyundai.

Tata also has franchisee/joint venture assembly operations in Kenya, Bangladesh, Ukraine, Russia and Senegal. Tata has dealerships in 26 countries across 4 continents. Though Tata is present in many countries it has only managed to create a large consumer base in the Indian Subcontinent, namely India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Sri Lanka and Nepal. Tata is also present in ItalySpainPolandRomaniaTurkey, Chile, and South Africa.

Tata Daewoo

Main article: Tata Daewoo
Tata Prima Modified
 The Tata Prima heavy truck on the roads of Lucknow

Tata Daewoo (officially Tata Daewoo Commercial Vehicle Company and formerly Daewoo Commercial Vehicle Company) is a commercial vehicle manufacturer headquartered in Gunsan, Jeollabuk-do, South Korea and a wholly owned subsidiary of Tata Motors. It is the second-largest heavy commercial vehicle manufacturer in South Korea and was acquired by Tata Motors in 2004. The principal reasons behind the acquisition were to reduce Tata’s dependence on the Indian commercial vehicle market (which was responsible for around 94% of its sales in the MHCV segment and around 84% in the light commercial vehicle segment) and expand its product portfolio by leveraging on Daewoo’s strengths in the heavy-tonnage sector.

Tata Motors has jointly worked with Tata Daewoo to develop trucks such as Novus and World Truck and buses including GloBus and StarBus. In 2012, Tata began developing a new line to manufacture competitive and fuel efficient commercial vehicles to face the competition posed by the entry of international brands like Mercedes-Benz, Volvo and Navistar into the Indian market.

Tata Hispano

Main article: Tata Hispano

Tata Hispano Motors Carrocera, S.A. was a bus and coach manufacturer based in Zaragoza, Aragon, Spain and a wholly owned subsidiary of Tata Motors. Tata Hispano has plants in Zaragoza, Spain and Casablanca, Morocco. Tata Motors first acquired a 21% stake in Hispano Carrocera SA in 2005, and purchased the remaining 79% for an undisclosed sum in 2009, making it a fully owned subsidiary, subsequently renamed Tata Hispano. Over the end of 2013, Tata Hispano closed the activity, due the bad management of Manchi Raja Rao, leaving 287 unemployed people and closing 70 years of history

Jaguar Land Rover

2012 Land Rover Range Rover Evoque 01 China

Main article: Jaguar Land Rover

Jaguar Land Rover PLC is a British premium automaker headquartered in Whitley, Coventry, United Kingdom and has been a wholly owned subsidiary of Tata Motors since June 2008, when it was acquired from Ford Motor Company. Its principal activity is the development, manufacture and sale of Jaguar luxury and sports cars and Land Rover premium four wheel drive vehicles. It also owns the currently dormant Daimler, Lanchester and Rover brands.

Jaguar Land Rover has two design centres and three assembly plants in the UK. Under Tata ownership, Jaguar Land Rover has launched new vehicles including the Range Rover Evoque, Jaguar F-Type, the Jaguar XF, the latest Jaguar XJ the Second-generation Range Rover Sport, the Fourth-generation Land Rover Discovery and the fourth-generation Range Rover.

TML Drivelines

TML Drivelines Ltd. is a wholly owned subsidiary of Tata Motors engaged in the manufacture of gear boxes and axles for heavy and medium commercial vehicles. It has production facilities at Jamshedpur and Lucknow. TML Forge division is also a recent acquisition of TML Drivelines. TML Drivelines was formed through the merger of HV Transmission (HVTL) and HV Axles (HVAL).

Tata Technologies

Tata Technologies Limited (TTL) is an 86.91% owned subsidiary of Tata Motors which provides design, engineering and business process outsourcing services to the automotive industry. It is headquartered in Pune (Hinjewadi) and also has operations in Detroit, London and Thailand. TTL’s clients include Ford, General Motors, Honda and Toyota.

The British engineering and design services company Incat International, which specialises in engineering and design services and product lifecycle management in the automotive, aerospace and engineering sectors, is a wholly owned subsidiary of TTL. It was acquired by TTL in August 2005 for INR4 billion.

European Technical Centre

The Tata Motors European Technical Centre (TMETC) is an automotive design, engineering and research company based at WMG on the campus of the University of Warwick in the United Kingdom. It was established in 2005 and is a wholly owned subsidiary of Tata Motors. It was the joint developer of the World Truck.

In September 2013 it was announced that a new National Automotive Innovation Campus would be built at WMG at Warwick’s main campus at a cost of £100 million. The initiative will be a partnership between Tata Motors, the University and Jaguar Land Rover, with £30 million funding coming from Tata Motors.

Joint ventures

Tata Marcopolo

Main article: Tata Marcopolo
2008 Tata Marcopolo
 A Tata Marcopolo bus in use in Chandigarh, India

Tata Marcopolo is a bus manufacturing joint venture between Tata Motors (51%) and the Brazil-based Marcopolo S.A. (49%). The joint venture manufactures and assembles fully built buses and coaches targeted at developing mass rapid transportation systems. It utilises technology and expertise in chassis and aggregates from Tata Motors, and know-how in processes and systems for bodybuilding and bus body design from Marcopolo. Tata Marcopolo has launched a low-floor city bus which is widely used by Chandigarh, Kolkata, Chennai, Coimbatore, Delhi, Hyderabad, Mumbai, Lucknow, Pune, Agra, Kochi, Trivandrum and Bengaluru transport corporations. Its manufacturing facility is based in Dharwad.


Fiat-Tata is an India-based joint venture between Tata and Fiat which produces Fiat and Tata branded passenger cars as well as engines and transmissions. Tata Motors has gained access to Fiat’s diesel engine technology through the joint venture.

The two companies formerly also had a distribution joint venture through which Fiat products were sold in India through joint Tata-Fiat dealerships. This distribution arrangement was ended in March 2013, since when Fiats have been distributed in India by Fiat Automobiles India Limited, a wholly owned subsidiary of Fiat.

Tata Hitachi Construction Machinery

Tata Hitachi Construction Machinery is a joint venture between Tata Motors and Hitachi which manufactures excavators and other construction equipment. It was previously known as Telcon Construction Solutions.


For details of Tata Motors passenger cars, see Tata Motors Cars. For details of Land Rover products, see Land Rover. For details of Jaguar products, see Jaguar Cars

Commercial vehicles

Tatapickup3117enimagesbwp4The Tata TL

Tata trucks
 A Tata 407 water truck
Best cbd wad
 Tata Motors trucks in Rajasthan, India
TATA Semi-Forward Cab 1210SE Truck
 TATA Semi-Forward Cab 1210SE Truck
Tata twin Axle Lorry
 Tata twin Axle Lorry in South India
Tata Ace Family

TATA 1512

  • Tata 1512 (Medium bus chassis)
  • Tata 1612/1616 (Heavy bus chassis)
  • Tata 1618 (Semi Low Floor bus chassis)
  • Tata 1623 (Rear Engined Low Floor bus chassis)
  • Tata 1518C (Medium truck) 10 Ton
  • Tata 1613/1615 (Medium truck)
  • Tata 2515/2516 (Medium truck)

Tata starbus-ultra-standard

  • Tata Starbus (Branded Buses for city, inter city, school bus and standard passenger transportation)
  • Tata Divo (Hispano Divo; Fully built luxury coach)
  • Tata CityRide (12 – 20 seater buses for intra-city use)
  • Tata 3015 (Heavy truck)
  • Tata 3118 (Heavy truck) (8×2)
  • Tata 3516 (Heavy truck)
  • Tata 4018 (Heavy truck)
  • Tata 4923 (Ultra-Heavy truck) (6×4)

2005 tata novus

  • Tata Novus (Heavy truck designed by Tata Daewoo)
  • Tata Prima Truck
  • Tata Prima (The World Truck designed by Tata Motors and Tata Daewoo)
  • Tata Prima LX (Stripped down version of Tata Prima)
  • Tata Ultra (ICV Segment)

Military vehicles

  • Tata LSV (Light Specialist Vehicle)
  • Tata Mine Protected Vehicle (4×4)
  • Tata 2 Stretcher Ambulance
  • Tata 407 Troop Carrier, available in hard top, soft top, 4×4, and 4×2 versions
  • Tata LPTA 713 TC (4×4)
  • Tata LPT 709 E
  • Tata SD 1015 TC (4×4)
  • Tata LPTA 1615 TC (4×4)
  • Tata LPTA 1621 TC (6×6)
  • Tata LPTA 1615 TC (4×2)
  • Tata Winger Passenger Mini Bus
  • Tata Landrover 1515 F
  • Tata Sumo in Indian Army
  • Tata-Sumo-Extreme-4x4
  • TATA SUMO 4*4
  • Tata Xenon

Electric vehicles

Tata Motors has unveiled electric versions of the Tata Indica passenger car powered by TM4 electric motors and inverters  as well as the Tata Ace commercial vehicle, both of which run on lithium batteries. The company has indicated that the electric Indica would be launched locally in India in about 2010, without disclosing the price. The vehicle would be launched in Norway in 2009.

Tata Motors’ UK subsidiary, Tata Motors European Technical Centre, has bought a 50.3% holding in electric vehicle technology firm Miljøbil Grenland/Innovasjon of Norway for US$1.93 million, which specialises in the development of innovative solutions for electric vehicles, and plans to launch the electric Indica hatchback in Europe next year. In September 2010, Tata Motors presented four CNG–Electric Hybrid low-floored Starbuses to the Delhi Transport Corporation, to be used during the Commonwealth games. These were the first environmentally friendly buses to be used for public transportation in India.

Notable vehicles

Tata Ace

Main article: Tata Ace
 Tata Ace was India’s first mini truck

Tata Ace, India’s first indigenously developed sub-one-ton mini-truck, was launched in May 2005. The mini-truck was a huge success in India with auto-analysts claiming that Ace had changed the dynamics of the light commercial vehicle (LCV) market in the country by creating a new market segment termed the Small Commercial Vehicle (SCV) segment. Ace rapidly emerged as the first choice for transporters and single truck owners for city and rural transport. By October 2005, LCV sales of Tata Motors had grown by 36.6 percent to 28,537 units due to the rising demand for Ace. The Ace was built with a load body produced by Autoline Industries. By 2005, Autoline was producing 300 load bodies per day for Tata Motors.

Ace is still a top seller for TML with 500,000 units sold to date (June 2010). In 2011, Tata Motors invensted Rs.1000 Crore in Dharwad Plant, Karnataka with the capacity of 90,000 units annually and launched 2 models of 0.5T capacity as Tata Ace Zip, Magic Iris.

Ace has also been exported to several Asian, European, South American and African countries and all-electric models are sold through Polaris Industries’s Global Electric Motorcars division. In Sri Lanka it is sold through Diesel & Motor Engineering (DIMO) PLC under the name of DIMO Batta.

Tata 407

Main article: Tata 407

Tata 407, is a Light Commercial Vehicle (LCV) that has sold over 500,000 units since its launch in 1986. In India, this vehicle dominates market share of the LCV category, accounting for close to 75% of LCV sales.

20tata2 1991 Tata Madagascar 2003 Tata 2003 2003 Tata bus Abu Dhabi a 2003 Tata bus Abu Dhabi b 2003 Tata bus Abu Sharjah EPSON DSC picture 2003 Tata maxi 2005 tata novus 2008 Tata Marcopolo 2012 Land Rover Range Rover Evoque 01 China Best cbd wad Finally CNG buses start plying in Lahore sri-lanka139_XL9_PakWheels(com) I.HampiBus Kakkadampoyil nilambur ksrtc bus MH-12. CWD classic MSRTC buses, Aurangabad SLTB Ashok Leyland Comet Minor SLTB TATA Wesco Bus TATA & ASHOKA LEYLAND LOW FLOOR AC BUSES 18070f Tata 1015 Tata 1210 drawing TATA 1210 -Utkal Tata 1312 indiabus6 TATA 1510 CNG Tata 1510 CNGa TATA 1512 Tata Ace Family tata ace zip Tata Ashok Leyland Tata Bangl Local Tata Bangladesh Tata DTC bus at New DElhi Railway Station Tata globus TATA in the CTB yellow livery hurries along the coast near Hambantota Sri lanka yellow Tata indiabus11 Tata Indica Tata Jaipur indiabus 7 Tata LP 1210 A Tata LP 1512 Tata Marcopolo Green Chandigarh Ind TATA Motors Buses (Standard Versions)-ultra Tata Nano Tata Nepal Tata Prima front Tata Prima Modified Tata Prima Truck TATA Semi-Forward Cab 1210SE Truck Tata SFC 410 Tata SFC-407-HD Tata Starbus Tata starbus-ultra-standard Tata Sumo in Indian Army Tata Super Ace Tata Tatty Sri lanka red Tata TL-Telcoline-207 DI Pickup Truck Tata trucks rajahsthan Tata trucks Tata twin Axle Lorry TATA works a local service in Colombo Sri Lankagreen Tata Tataintroace Tata-Marcopolo-articulated-city-bus Tata-Paradiso-G7 Tatapickup3117enimagesbwp4 Tata-Sumo-Extreme-4x4 Tata-Winger-Interceptor-pic

OPTARE Buses Leeds England UK start 1985


Optare Group Limited
Type Public (LSE: OPE)
Industry Bus building
Founded 1985
Headquarters Sherburn-in-ElmetEngland
Products Buses
Parent Ashok Leyland
01 Optare_Manufacturing_Plant

Optare’s new state-of-the-art manufacturing plant at Sherburn in Elmet, near Leeds
02 Blazefield_Starship_Versa

An Optare Versa destined for use on Transdev Blazefields’ StarShip service

Optare plc is a bus manufacturer based in Sherburn in ElmetNorth YorkshireUK. Its parent company Ashok Leyland, part of the Hinduja Group, is ranked within the top five global bus manufacturers.

The company operates two main business units, Bus Manufacturing and Product Support and manufactures a full range of bus types from minibuses to full-size single deckers, with a new double-decker currently undergoing preproduction testing. As well as bus manufacturing, the group operates a nationwide and international sales division, together with the Optare Product Support parts and service network.

The Optare name originated in 1985, with a new business formed from the remnants of the Charles H Roe operation which had been closed in 1984 by its owners Leyland Bus. The closure was in anticipation of a steep decline in demand expected to result from the deregulation of bus services. In order to differentiate itself from its competitors, the new company’s philosophy was to offer its customers more choice, hence the name Optare which is Latin for “to choose”.

Deregulation brought about a time of changing and challenging market conditions for UK bus manufacturers, with the breakup of the nationalised manufacturing industry dominated by British Leyland and its subsidiaries, and the breakup of the traditional home markets through the deregulation of bus services and privatisation of the Scottish Bus GroupNational Bus CompanyPTE operations and many municipal companies.

In the consequent upheaval in markets and demand through the 1980s and 1990s, the Optare business underwent several changes in ownership, but on the whole, retained its senior management. During this time Optare benefited from the development of close relationships with particular customers who were not necessarily tied to larger suppliers, through political or corporate ties. Wilts & Dorset and Reading Buses became notable loyal Optare customers, with several high profile new London operators also choosing Optare as a market differentiator, such as Harris Bus‘s use of the Optare Excel. Optare also introduced several technological innovations, with an early electric buses trial, introducing the first UK low-floor double decker, the Optare Spectra, and the ground breaking Optare Solo (“so low”) low floor midibus, both in 1997.

In its early years, Optare developed a number of body on chassis products but now only builds fully integral designs which have the benefit of low weight, high strength and market leading fuel efficiency. The company has also exported a number of models.


Formation of Optare

03 Optare_Olympian

An Optare-bodied Leyland Olympian for Yorkshire Rider

In September 1984, Leyland announced that it was closing the Charles H. Roe vehicle bodywork building business in Leeds. In response, Russell Richardson, a former plant director at Roe, backed by the West Yorkshire Enterprise Board and many redundant former employees, created Optare in February 1985.

The company was created at a very difficult time for the bus and coach industry, with the challenges of privatisation and deregulation meaning very few orders for new vehicles. The first orders came from the still publicly owned West Yorkshire Passenger Transport Executive (WYPTE) and South Yorkshire Passenger Transport Executive (SYPTE), keen to support the locally based company. The publicly owned but arms-length company Yorkshire Rider, as successor to the WYPTE bus fleet, also took early vehicles.

When the Roe business closed down, WYPTE had an unfulfilled order for five Leyland Olympian coach-seated double-decker buses in place for its Metro coach operation. These five part finished buses went from Roe to Eastern Coach Works as shells for completion, but subsequently ten more were completed as Optare buses but to the Roe design, the first of which was completed in September 1985, the 17th Optare bus body. Five went to WYPTE, and five to its successor Yorkshire Rider, and a further five standard seated Olympians were also delivered to WYPTE, two as convertible open top buses.

The first Optare designed bodies were fourteen Dennis Dominos for SYPTE built starting in February 1986. Optare also bodied fifteen Leyland Cubs for WYPTE. A preserved Cub later visited the Optare plant in 2005.

Starting in August 1986 Optare built fifteen minibuses converted from the Freight Rover Sherpa vans, for WYPTE.

CityPacer and StarRider

04 1986 Optare City Pacer

A 1986 London Buses Optare CityPacer taken in the 80s OV6

Optare products initially continued on from inherited Roe designs but it was clear from the start that if the new business was to survive, it had to make its mark with new and innovative models of its own.

In 1986 Optare introduced its first true product, the CityPacer minibus. This was based on a heavier version of the MAN-VW LT55 van chassis, to which Optare made modifications prior to bodying. The engine was a six-cylinder 2.4-litre and the body seated 25, with space for a further 5 standing passengers, a size that met the minibus vogue of the late 1980s. While its competitors looked like the modified vans they were, the CityPacer had attractive styling notable for its large one-piece raked windscreen. London Transport bought 52, and other major operators bought small batches. More than 290 CityPacer’s were produced in total between 1986 and 1992.

1987 saw the introduction of the StarRider which was based on the Mercedes-Benz 811D chassis. This was a heavier chassis with a proven reliability record and had seating for 33 passengers. London Transport took 123 StarRiders and a total of just under 320 were built between 1987 and 1994.


05 Midland_Classic_W675_DDN

An Optare MetroRider at Cobham bus rally at Wisley Airfield

In 1988 the first full size Optare product appeared, the Delta. This was a single-deck bus based on the DAF SB220 chassis. The Delta bodywork featured contemporary styling and was aluminium with a bolted frame licensed from Alusuisse. The Delta successfully found a niche in the full-size single deck bus market, which was very limited at that time. Approaching 370 Delta’s were built before production ended in 1998.

Dennis had effectively created a new market segment, known as a midibus, with the introduction of the Dennis Dart. Optare soon introduced a competitor, the Vecta, albeit slightly bigger and wider than the Dart at that time, seating 40 in a full width 2.5m body. The chassis was the MAN 11.190 and featured a ZF gearbox and full air suspension. The bodywork was a scaled down version of the Delta.

The CityPacer and StarRider were phased out in the years after Optare purchased the design for the MCW Metrorider in 1989, rebranding it as the Optare MetroRider. This was a larger design than the CityPacer, and more robust when compared to the StarRider. It was Optare’s first venture into fully integral vehicle manufacturing, and became the mainstay of the Optare midi/minbus offering until the low floor Solo was introduced in 1997.

The Spectra double-decker set new standards in design, forcing a rethink of how a double-decker should be styled.

DAF/United Bus

06 Wilts_&_Dorset_3185

Front view of a Spectra of  Wilts & Dorset
07 Compass_Bus_R84_EDW

Autobus Classique bodied Mercedes-Benz Vario in Horsham in April 2009

In 1990, Optare joined a group called the United Bus, which included DAF Bus.

Having already used a DAF SB220 chassis on the Delta, now as part of United Bus, Optare collaborated with DAF to design the Optare Spectra. It was based on the modified design of the MCW Metrobus purchased by Optare, and combined parts from it and the SB220 to form a new double deck chassis, designated DB250, with Optare bodywork called Spectra. Due to the United bus relationship and joint design, the Spectra was built exclusively on DB250 chassis. As well as having a striking front end, the Spectra was also recognisable for having no rear window. Introduced in 1990 it was described as a “partly low-floor double-decker”. Despite the association with DAF, in 1991 Optare also launched a conventional height midibus in on the MAN 11-190 chassis, the Vecta.

After the collapse of United Bus in 1993, Optare was again returned to independent status with another management buyout. The reaction to the collapse of United Bus was the release in the next two years of two Delta derived single deck buses on different non-DAF chassis, the Sigma and Prisma. The Prisma was noticeable in having a generic Mercedes-Benz style front end rather than the recognisable Optare family face.

Optare acquired Autobus Classique in 1996, shortly after the launch of their Nouvelle luxury minicoach. Optare significantly redesigned and rebadged it in 1997 as the Nouvelle 2, and it served similar markets to the StarRider/MetroRider coach versions. Also in 1997 a relationship with a Spanish mini and midi coach manufacturer named Ferqui SL began, with the importation of the Solera luxury midicoach into the UK.

While part of United Bus, Optare also for a time became the exclusive UK dealer for the distinctive full size Bova Futura coach.

Low floor era

Optare began introduction of low-floor buses in the UK in 1995 with the launch of the Optare Excel full size single decker. Although low floor single decker buses had begun to appear as early as 1993. Initially, the Excel used Cummins engines and Allison transmissions with later examples (Excel 2) having Mercedes-Benz engines available as an option. The introduction of the Excel marked the start of sustained period of selling integral bus products rather than body on chassis combinations, which continued until the Darwen merger briefly brought East Lancs models to the range.

With modifications of the DB250 chassis to become the DB250LF, in 1997, the Spectra became the first fully low-floor double decker bus on offer in the UK.

Also in 1997 the Solo was launched and became a success for Optare. With a unique design of a front axle forward of the door, it allowed a low-floorlayout in a very short bus, and also came equipped with kneeling suspension for even greater access. Its styling and innovation led to a Millennium Products award and the Queen’s Award for Innovation.

North American Bus Industries

In 2000, Optare was bought by Hungarian owned North American Bus Industries. This gave Optare products exposure in the North American market. With an export version of the Solo finding success at several US airports and with Miami Dade Transit in Florida.

The NABI era saw the introduction of the Alero low-floor minicoach in 2001, filling a gap in the market for a low floor vehicle for use on low intensity services such as demand responsive transport, already covered at the higher capacity by the Solo. In 2004 the new derivatives of Solo were introduced offering a longer variant and also a narrower ‘SlimLine’ model to further capture the market. Also introduced in 2004 was the first new bus model since the Solo, the Tempo, a full size single decker with another striking design, even when considered in the environment of increasingly stylish competitor products.

On 1 August 2005, North American Bus Industries found themselves in financial difficulties, and speculation about the future of Optare was ended with the announcement that Optare had, once again, been acquired by its management. This change did not affect the further roll out of the new range, leading to the Versa and a radically restyled Solo (the Solo SR), both with a distinctive raised part of the roofline towards the front of the bus.

Darwen takeover

The Optare logo used before the Darwen reverse takeover.

On 12 March 2008 the Optare senior directors accepted a complete buyout offer made by Jamesstan Investments, an investment company controlled by the Darwen Group‘s parent company chairman Ron Stanley. Optare initially remained an independent company but by 17 July 2008, a reverse takeover by Darwen Group had been completed. Darwen was the much smaller company, but its AIM listing saw the enlarged Optare gain a stock exchange listing itself as Optare plc. The combined business employs 830 people with a £90 million turnover.

With the respective histories of the two entities, Optare plc can be considered the successor company to the historical British bus manufacturers Charles H. Roe (through Optare), founded in Leeds in 1923, and East Lancashire Coachbuilders, (through Darwen), founded in 1934 in Blackburn.

Optare plc

09 Optare_works,_Leeds

The former plant in Cross Gates,Leeds seen in April 2009.

The Optare website was relaunched with a new logo, and with the ex-East Lancs Olympus and Esteem models listed as Optare products. At the time of merger, Optare manufactured buses from three sites, the primary sites being in Leeds (the former Leyland Bus site) and Blackburn (the former East Lancs site), with a further facility in Rotherham.

The merger brought together the single deck and midibus portfolio of Optare, with the primarily double deck order book of Darwen.

After the merger, Optare began rationalisation of its bus manufacturing business. In 2009 the production of Esteem single-deck bodywork was ceased, and the manufacturing site at Rotherham was closed.

Ashok Leyland

In summer 2010, Ashok Leyland (former Indian subsidiary of British Leyland) bought a 26% stake in Optare.

Subsequently, in December 2011, Ashok Leyland increased its stake to 75.1%

2011 saw the inevitable closure of the Leeds factory, and the core business relocated to a new fully enclosed 13,000m2 building in nearby Sherburn-in-Elmet. Then in 2012 restructuring was complete when the former East Lancs site was also closed putting all manufacturing process under one roof at Sherburn.

Optare Product Support (formerly Unitec)

The Optare parts and service division Unitec has locations at the former Rotherham factory, as well as in ThurrockEssex.

In 2009 Unitec was renamed to Optare Product Support.

Coach imports

As of 2008, the minicoach models Toro, Solera and Soroco were imported by Optare from the Spanish manufacturer Ferqui, and marketed as Optare products. They were luxury minicoach bodies built on Mercedes-Benz chassis, however, due to significantly reduced demand for mini and midi coaches, as part of its restructuring process, Optare took the decision to concentrate on its bus manufacturing activities and the relationship with Ferqui was formally ended in 2012.



10 2013 Optare Solo SR HybridFirst Manchester Solo SR with Hybrid Drive
12 Optare Solo SR EVFull electric drive Optare Solo SR in service with Dorset County Council
2012 Optare Bonito
Optare Bonito Bonito small and accessible bus (2012 -)
2013 Optare Solo SR for route 470
2013 Optare Solo SR for route 470 Solo SR (2007 – )
2014 Optare Solo SR EV
2014 Optare Solo SR EV (Solo SR EV 2012-)
Optare Tempo SR Tempo single decker (2004 -) (restyled Tempo SR 2011 – )
2006 Optare Versa NEC 7 November 2006
Optare Versa NEC 7 November Versa, midibus between Solo and Tempo (2006 -)
2012 Optare Metrocity
2012 Optare Metrocity MetroCity, two door midibus for London (2012 -)
2014 Optare-Metrodecker-front-three-quarter-press-shot
Optare Metrodecker front three quarter press shot MetroDecker, Integral double decker (2014 -)


1985 Optare City Pacer Minibus1985 Optare City Pacer Minibus CityPacer minibus (1985–1992, replaced by the MetroRider)

Optare StarRider HarrowBuses G82KUBOptare StarRider HarrowBuses G82KUB StarRider minibus (1987–1994, replaced by the MetroRider

Optare ColumboRider in Agyaat The Unknown, 2009

Optare ColumboRider in Agyaat The Unknown, 2009 Optare ColumboRider (1987 – ?)

1989 Optare Delta UK 1990 Optare Delta 1992 Optare Delta DAF UK

3x Optare Delta  Delta single decker (1988–1999)

1992 Optare MetroRider UK


1992 Optare MetroRider UK MetroRider minibus (1989–2000, replaced by Solo)

1992 Optare Spectra 1994 Optare Spectra with H46-28F body Optare 'Spectra' double decker Optare Spectra W164RFX 3164 was a Millennium edition to the Spectra fleet Wilts&Dorset 3185

6x Optare Spectra 1992 Optare MetroRider UK (1991–1997, low floor 1997–2005)

1994 Optare vecta 1995 Optare Vectra  UK Optare Vecta 13x Optare Vecta midibus (1991–1997)

Optare Sigma. Optare-Sigma

2 x Optare Sigma (1994–1996, single-deck version of the Spectra)

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA Optare Prisma 1 Optare Prisma bodied Mercedes-Benz 04053x Optare Prisma (1995–1998) single decker, Mercedes front

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA 2000 Optare Excel 2002 Optare Excel UK Optare Excel registered P508 NWU. Wilts & Dorset Optare Excel 36095x Optare Excel (1995–1999) (Excel 2 1999 – 2004, replaced by Tempo)

1998 Optare Solo UK OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA 2011 Optare Solo Optare Padbus 412 Optare Solo Classic Optare Solo M1020 Optare Solo midi bus YJ59GFV Stagecoach Optare Solo Exeter

8x Optare Solo Solo low floor midibus (1997-2012, replaced by restyled SR model(Solo+ 2008)(Solo EV 2009- 2012 Replaced by restyled SR EV model)

2003 Optare Alero, was a 7.2 metre, 16 seat low-floor minibus 2008 Optare Alero low-floor-mini-buses-alero-plus-al01-46438 Optare Alero 1 Optare Alero, launched in 2000 was a 7.2 metre, 16 seat low-floor minibus5 x Optare Alero low floor minibus, (Alero 2001 – 2006, Alero Plus 2006 – 2008) 16pl

2009 Optare Esteem UK Preston Bus 209 PN57NFC Scania / East Lancs Esteem in Preston Bus Station OptareEsteem

Optare Esteem Demonstrator Esteem single decker (formerly East Lancs Esteem) (2008–2009)

NEC Optare Rapta - new design nsf 061108 MCOptare Rapta double decker (2009)

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA 2010 Optare OlympusOptare Olympus double decker (formerly East Lancs Olympus) (2008 -2011)


2011 Optare Visionaire UK Visionaire open-top double decker (formerly East Lancs Visionaire) (2008 -2011)

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERAOptare OmniDekka double decker (formerly East Lancs Omnidekka) (2008-2011, only adopted by Nottingham City Transport)



Ford Transit Optare Bonito A085

Ford Transit Optare Bonito A085 Bonito

Optare Toro Mercedes Benz u62

Optare Toro Mercedes Benz u62 Toro

Optare Solera Ferqui fy02lcl

Optare Solera Ferqui fy02lcl Solera

Optare Soroco Mercedes Benz 2006

optare-soroco-mercedes-benz-2006 Soroco

NO PICTURE Optare Rapido

NO PICTURE Optare Viedo

1985 Optare City Pacer Minibus 1986 Optare City Pacer 1988 OPTARE Delta 1989 Optare Delta UK 1990 Optare Delta 1992 Optare Delta DAF UK 1992 Optare MetroRider UK 1992 Optare Spectra 1994 Optare Spectra with H46-28F body 1994 Optare vecta 1995 Optare Vectra  UK 1996 Optare Sigma  UK 1996 Optare Sigma OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA 1998 Optare City Pacer 570 sits OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA 1998 Optare Solo UK 2000 Optare Excel 2000 Optare MetroRider UK 2002 Optare Excel UK 2003 Optare Alero, was a 7.2 metre, 16 seat low-floor minibus 2006 Optare Versa NEC 7 November 2006 OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA 2008 Optare Alero OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA 2008 Optare Soroco 2009 Optare Esteem UK OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA 2010 Optare Olympus OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA 2010 Optare Versa (2) OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA 2010 Optare Versa OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA 2011 Optare Solo OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA 2011 Optare Tempo OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA 2011 Optare Visionaire 2012 Optare Bonito 2012 Optare Metrocity 2013 Optare Solo SR for route 470 2013 Optare Solo SR Hybrid 2014 Optare Bonito 081112 1 2014 Optare Solo SR EV 2014 Optare-Metrodecker-front-three-quarter-press-shot Alero, was a 7.2 metre, 16 seat low-floor minibus Blazefield_Starship Optare Versa Compass Bus R84 EDW Ford Transit Optare Bonito A085 low-floor-mini-buses-alero-plus-al01-46438 Midland Classic W675 DDN NEC Optare Rapta - new design nsf 061108 MC Optare Alero 1 Optare Alero, launched in 2000 was a 7.2 metre, 16 seat low-floor minibus Optare City Pacer Optare ColumboRider in Agyaat The Unknown, 2009 Optare Delta  Southern Transit J205 VHN Preston Bus 209 PN57NFC Scania / East Lancs Esteem in Preston Bus Station Optare Excel A Stansted Transit R817WJA Optare Excel registered P508 NWU. Optare Harris Optare Lodge's low floor bus Optare MetroRider Optare Mini Bus First London Optare old logo Optare Olympian Optare Optima Opus Optare Padbus 412 Optare Solo Classic Optare Prisma 1 Optare Prisma 1a Optare Prisma bodied Mercedes-Benz 0405 Optare Sigma. Optare Solera Ferqui fy02lcl Optare Solo M1020 Optare Solo midi bus YJ59GFV Optare Solo SR left hand drive hybrid Optare Soroco Mercedes Benz 2006 Optare 'Spectra' double decker Optare Spectra W164RFX 3164 was a Millennium edition to the Spectra fleet Optare Stagecoach to Newport Optare StarRider HarrowBuses G82KUB Optare StarRider Optare Tempo SR bus Optare Toro Mercedes Benz u62 Optare Vecta 1 Optare works, Leeds Optare_Manufacturing_Plant OptareEsteem Optare-Sigma Optare-Tempo-SR-picture-2 Stagecoach Optare Solo Exeter Wilts & Dorset Optare Excel 3609 Wilts&Dorset 3185

Buses LEYLAND + History – Great Brittan UK

Leyland Bus

Leyland Badge.jpg

Leyland Bus was a British bus manufacturer. It emerged from the Rover Group (formerly British Leyland) as a management buyout of the bus business. It was subsequently acquired by Volvo Buses in 1988 and the name finally disappeared in 1993.


2-axle Leyland Olympian in Hong Kong.A 2-axle Leyland Olympian in Hong Kong.


Leyland till 1931

1908 LEYLAND VAPEUR 1920 Leyland 3640hp bus Charabanc

1924 Leyland A13 with Knape B25RP body

1920 Leyland Amberley 1920 LEYLAND AUTOBUS MODELE 1920 Leyland N Type Short Brothers (1928 rebody) 1921 Leyland LT1 Leyland B31R seat1924 Leyland A13 with modified bodywork in BCN livery 1924 Leyland bus, Amberley 1925 Leyland A13 no.8, CW 5639 1925 Leyland Motors 1926 Leyland G7 Short Brothers bodywork CD 7045 1926 LEYLAND TROLLEYBUS Adelaide 1927 LEYLAND CUB MARTIN SMITH 1927 Leyland PLSC1 Lions that were delivered to Dundee 1928 Leyland 1929 GSR Ambulance number 1 was a GSR bodied Leyland TS2, new to the Irish Omnibus Company in 1929 1929 Leyland Lionesse Burlingham bodied  DN 6228 1929 Leyland LT1 Lion, ex Metro No.22 Australië 1929 Leyland Tiger TS2 1929 Leyland Tigers, this is No.29 (TS 9114). ts9114 1929 Leyland Titan 14 1929 Leyland Titan 1929 1930 Leyland in 1930 1930 LEYLAND LION LT 1 1930 Leyland Lion LT1 DV-4117 Hall lewis B32 1930 Leyland Lion preserved bus GW 713 1930 Leyland Lioness 1 DM6228 1930 Leyland Lioness, and has No.8 1930 LEYLAND TIGER TS 1930 Leyland Tiger TS2-6 RH-206 Ransomes C26R 1930 Leyland Titan TD1 buses


1932 Leyland Tiger PS2 35 1932 Leyland Titan PDl 1932 Leyland Titan TD1 Leyland body GE 2446 1932 Leyland Titan TD2 GX-131 Birch H30-26R Berk 1932 LEYLAND TITAN TD2 1933 Leyland Cub ABH358 with a Duple body 1933 Samuel Ledgard  Leyland Titan TD2 1934 ECW B33R body Leyland LT5B Lion Sam Ledg lgky7082 1934 Leyland LION LT5A VD3433 1934 Leyland Lion LT5A 1934 LEYLAND LOWBRIDGE PD2 1934 LEYLAND TIGER PS1-DUPLE - FALCON COACHES 1934 Leyland Tiger TS6T AUF-851Short Bros B40C 1934 B39C 1946 1935 Leyland TD4 new to Ledgard in 1935 with a Leyland metal framed body 1935 Leyland Tiger TS7 1935 Leyland Titan PD2 119 1935 Leyland Titan-Bus Bodies Bus PortElizabeth 1936 and is a Leyland TS7 with an English Electric C32F body 1936 Leyland Cheetah LZ with delightfully traditional Barnaby bodywork 1936 Leyland modfinal 1936, a Leyland TS7 with an English Electric C32F body 1937 Duple C33F body in Park Lane, Leeds, is a Leyland TS7 1937 Leyland LZ2 Waveney C32F seats 1937 - 1959 1937 Leyland LZ2 Waveney C32F seats 1937 - 1959a 1937 Leyland TF Cub OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA 1937 Leyland TIGER TS7 Coronation P358 WG5495 1937 Leyland TS7 new to Ledgard in 1937 with a Duple C32F body 1938 Leyland Aquilina b Sliema Malta 1938 Leyland CHEETAH LZ2A halfcab Burlingham Body WG7261 1938 LEYLAND TIGER TS8 - SUNDERLAND DISTRICT 1939 Leyland Cheetah Alexander body C39F WG7627 1939 Leyland Cub 1939 Leyland LZ4 Cheetah BTP-946 Wadham B32 1939 LEYLAND TIGER TS8 Alexander body CSF226 1939 Leyland Tiger TS8 Alexander body CSF243 1940 Leyland TD7 with Leyland H30-26R body 1940 Leyland vehicle is a 1940 Titan TD7 1940+1952 Leyland Titans. At the rear is PNW91, a 1952 PD2-12, while leading the way is JNW288, a 1940 TD7 lgpnw91

Leyland 1941-1950

1941 Leyland Titan TD4 1942 Leyland Titan TD5 1942 Leyland Titan 1942 Leyland 1945 Leyland TB3's with Massey B32R bodies, new to Teeside in 1936 and acquired by Southend 1946 Leyland Hainje  B-31744a 1946 Leyland PD1s with Leyland H30-26R bodies 1947 Leyland Motors bus advert - You travel better now! 1947 Leyland PD1A with an unusual Bristol Brislington H30-26R body lgkhw622 1947 Leyland PD1A with Leyland H32-26R body bck422 1947 Leyland PD1A with Leyland H32-26R body lgbck621 1947 Leyland PD1A with Leyland H32-26R body lgbck633 1947 Leyland PD1A with Leyland H32-26R body 1947 Leyland Pegaso B164449 SP 1947 Leyland PS1 Alexander BMS206 1947 Leyland Tiger OPS-1 carr. Kusters [1947-1952] NB-21-76 1947 leyland Tiger PS1 FWX779 Barnaby C35F 1948 Casha Bedford Leyland Malta 1948 Leyland 7RT lgkgu263 1948 Leyland PD1A with an ECW H30-26R body lgkhy395a 1948 Leyland Tiger PS1 BCB-340 Crossley B32F 1948 Vivero lugo bus 1949 Leyland ‘Tiger’ Heavy Recovery Vehicle 1949 Leyland Comet Bus TBB 938 at Riverside 1949 Leyland Comet CPO1 with Park Royal B30F bodywork 1949 Leyland Gnu 1949 Leyland Tiger Burlingham 1949 LEYLAND WARRINGTON 1950 Leyland Comet CP01 with Harrington 'Dorsal Fin' C29F bodywork 1950 Leyland Comet MRL 910 1950 Leyland lgkyy799 1950 Leyland lowbridge PD2-3 lgeuh959 1950 Leyland Olympic Transit Bus 1950 Leyland PD2-1 JWU131 1950 Leyland PD2-3 fleet no. 90 (FFY 407) - advert plate c 1950 Leyland Tiger PS1-1 with Burlingham body lgkup949 1950 leyland Verheul FRAM7328 1950 Leyland Verheul Piet Hein

Leyland 1951-1960

1951 Leyland PSU 1-1 Royal Tiger Willowbrook B43F body lg1952u 1951 Leyland Royal Tiger Harrington C41C originally Grey-Green 1951 Leyland Royal Tiger PSU1-15 with Harrington C41C body 1951 Leyland Titan PD2-1 EDB-547Leyland H30-26R 1952 Leyland carrosserie Den Oudsten NB-95-54 1952 Leyland Casha Bedfor Bambina Malta 1952 Leyland Comet