Subaru Corporation

Fuji Heavy Industries started out as The Aircraft Research Laboratory in 1915

In 1932 it became: Nakajima Aircraft Company

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Coordinates: 36°17′51″N 139°22′05″E / 36.2975685°N 139.368058°E / 36.2975685; 139.368058

Subaru Corporation
Native name
Industry Automobile manufacturing
Founded July 15, 1953; 63 years ago (1953-07-15)
Founder Kenji Kita
Chikuhei Nakajima(predecessor)
Headquarters Ebisu, Shibuya, Tokyo, Japan
Area served
Key people
Yasuyuki Yoshinaga, (Representative Director, President and CEO)
Jun Kondo, (Representative Director & Vice-President)
Products Automobiles
Divisions Subaru Tecnica International
Website Subaru Global

Subaru (スバル?) (/ˈsbər/ or /sᵿbˈɑːr/;Japanese pronunciation: [sɯ.ba.ɾɯ]) is the automobile manufacturing division of JapanesetransportationconglomerateSubaru Corporation (formerly known as Fuji Heavy Industries (FHI)), the twenty-second largest automaker by production worldwide in 2012.

Subaru cars are known for the use of a boxer engine layout in most vehicles above 1500 cc. Most Subaru models have used the Symmetrical All Wheel Drive drive-train layout since 1972. The flat/boxer engine and all-wheel-drive became standard equipment for mid-size and smaller cars in most international markets by 1996, and is now standard in most North American market Subaru vehicles. The lone exception is the BRZ, introduced in 2012, which uses the boxer engine but instead uses a rear-wheel-drive structure. Subaru also offers turbocharged versions of their passenger cars, such as the Impreza WRX and the Legacy 2.5GT. The 2.0XT trims of the Outback and Forester also include a turbocharged engine.

In Western markets, the Subaru brand has traditionally been popular among a dedicated core of buyers. Marketing is targeted towards specific niches centered on those who desire the company’s signature drive train engine, all-wheel/rough-road capabilities or affordable sports car markets.

Subaru is the Japanese name for the Pleiades star cluster M45, or “The Seven Sisters” (one of whom tradition says is invisible – hence only six stars in the Subaru logo), which in turn inspires the logo and alludes to the companies that merged to create FHI.

All pictures from my collection:


Former logo on a Subaru 360 showing six stars in an arrangement similar to the Pleiades open star cluster

Fuji Heavy Industries (FHI) and Subaru’s first cars

Fuji Heavy Industries started out as The Aircraft Research Laboratory in 1915, headed by Chikuhei Nakajima. In 1932, the company was reorganized as Nakajima Aircraft Company, Ltd and soon became a major manufacturer of aircraft for Japan during World War II. At the end of the Second World War Nakajima Aircraft was again reorganized, this time as Fuji Sangyo Co, Ltd. In 1946, the company created the

Fuji Rabbitmotor scooter with spare aircraft parts from the war. In 1950, Fuji Sangyo was divided into 12 smaller corporations according to the Japanese Government’s 1950 Corporate Credit Rearrangement Act, anti-zaibatsu legislation. Between 1953 and 1955, four of these corporations and a newly formed corporation decided to merge to form Fuji Heavy Industries. These companies were: Fuji Kogyo, a scooter manufacturer; coachbuildersFuji Jidosha; engine manufacturers Omiya Fuji Kogyo; chassis builders Utsunomiya Sharyo and the Tokyo Fuji Dangyotrading company.

1955 Subaru 1500, a.k.a. the P-1

Kenji Kita, CEO of Fuji Heavy Industries at the time, wanted the new company to be involved in car manufacturing and soon began plans for building a car with the development code-name P-1. Mr. Kita canvassed the company for suggestions about naming the P1, but none of the proposals was appealing enough. In the end he gave the company a Japanese name that he had “been cherishing in his heart”: Subaru, which is the name of the Pleiades star cluster in Japanese. The first Subaru car was named the Subaru 1500. Only twenty were manufactured owing to multiple supply issues. Subsequently, the company designed and manufactured dozens of vehicles including the 1500 (1954), the tiny air-cooled 360 (1958), the Sambar (1961), and the 1000 (which saw the introduction of the Subaru boxer engine in 1965).

 1958 Subaru 360

Later partnerships

Nissan acquired a 20.4% stake in Fuji Heavy Industries, Subaru’s parent company, in 1968 during a period of government-ordered merging of the Japanese auto industry in order to improve competitiveness under the administration of Prime MinisterEisaku Sato. Nissan would utilize FHI’s bus manufacturing capability and expertise for their Nissan Diesel line of buses. In turn many Subaru vehicles, even today, use parts from the Nissan manufacturing keiretsu. The Subaru automatic transmission, known as the 4EAT, is also used in the first generation Nissan Pathfinder. While under this arrangement with Nissan, Subaru introduced the R-2 (1969), the Rex and the Leone (1971), the BRAT (1978), Alcyone (1985), the Legacy (1989), the Impreza (1993) (and its WRX subtype), and the Forester (1997).

Upon Nissan’s acquisition by Renault, its stake in FHI was sold to General Motors in 1999. Troy Clarke, of General Motors served as representative to Fuji Heavy Industries on their corporate board. During that time, Subaru introduced the Baja (2003), and the Tribeca (2005). The Subaru Forester was sold as a Chevrolet Forester in India in exchange for the Opel Zafira being sold as a Subaru Traviq in Japan. Also, the Chevrolet Borrego concept was presented in 2002, a crossover coupe/pickup truck being derived from the Japanese-market Legacy Turbo platform. During the brief General Motors period, a “badge engineeredImpreza was sold in the United States as the Saab 9-2X. An SUV (Subaru Tribeca / Saab 9-6X) was also planned but the Saab version did not proceed, and styling was recycled in the 2008 Tribeca refresh.

GM liquidated their holdings in FHI in 2005. Nearly all Saab-Subaru joint projects were dropped at that time, other than Subaru supplying parts for the Saab 9-2x.Toyota Motors bought a little over 40% of GM’s former FHI stock, amounting to 8.7% of FHI. (The rest of GM’s shares went to a Fuji stock buy-back program.) Toyota and Subaru have since collaborated on a number of projects, among them building the Toyota Camry in Subaru’s Indiana U.S. plant beginning in April 2007. Subaru introduced the Exiga in 2008.

Toyota increased their share of FHI to 16.5% in July 2008. Subsequently, Toyota and Subaru jointly developed the Toyota 86, first sold in January 2012 as the Subaru BRZ and by Toyota under various names.

Marketing efforts

Some of the advertising slogans Subaru has used in the past include “Inexpensive, and built to stay that way” (USA 1970s – early 1980s), “The World’s Favourite Four Wheel Drive” (in the UK), “Plus on y pense, plus on a le gout de la conduire” (Literally: “The more one thinks, the more one has the taste (or desire, impulse, drive) of driving it”) in French Quebec, “We built our reputation by building a better car”, “What to Drive”, “The Beauty of All-Wheel Drive”, “Driven by What’s Inside”, “Think, Feel, Drive”, “Love. It’s what makes Subaru, a Subaru” (USA early 2010s) and currently “Confidence in Motion” in North America, “All 4 The Driver” in Australia, and “Uncommon Engineering, Uncommon Stability, Uncommon Roadholding, Uncommon Sense” in the UK and “Technology that gives you Confidence in Motion” in Southeast Asia.

As a result of this refocused advertising campaign, Subaru products began to attract a following among the young and educated, who saw the car as a practical alternative to the SUV craze. Subaru has historically been popular in the Northeastern United States as well as the Pacific Northwest. According to Automotive Lease Guide, Subaru ranked second place in vehicles that have the highest overall predicted resale values among all industry and all luxury vehicles for MY 2009. The awards are derived after carefully studying segment competition, historical vehicle performance and industry trends. According to a study done by J.D. Power and Associates for the 2008 Customer Retention Study, Subaru ranked at 50.5%, which was above the national average of 48%.

Hōkago no Pleiades (Original net animation)

Subaru launched an animation series Hōkago no Pleiades (放課後のプレアデス?, Hōkago no Pureadesu, lit. ‘After School Pleiades’) developed jointly with Gainax. The 4-part mini episode series was released on YouTube on February 1, 2011. It featured a magical girl plot with Subaru as a leading protagonist.

Current operations

Subaru’s corporate headquarters are located in Ebisu, Tokyo.

Manufacturing facilities

Subaru is distinct from many of its Japanese competitors in that as of early 2016 it still made almost 75% of its cars sold internationally in Japan. Subaru’s facilities designated to automotive manufacturing are located in Ōta, Gunma Prefecture, consisting of four locations. Subaru-chō is where the Subaru BRZ/Toyota 86 is built, having been re-purposed from kei car production, Yajima Plant is where all current Subaru cars are built, Otakita Plant is where commercial kei trucks are built (originally a factory location of Nakajima Aircraft Company), and Oizumi Plant is where engines and transmissions are built.

Subaru’s only overseas manufacturing facility is located in Lafayette, Indiana; the factory is called Subaru of Indiana Automotive, Inc.. Due to continued sales growth in North American markets, vehicle production capacity at the Lafayette assembly plant is set to expand to 390,000 vehicles annually. Under the current strategic plan, Subaru will have a total production capacity of 1,026,000 vehicles per year at the end of 2016.

Subaru in Canada

Subaru Canada, Inc. is a wholly owned subsidiary of Fuji Heavy Industries of Japan. Headquartered in Mississauga, Ontario, the company markets and distributes Subaru vehicles, parts and accessories through a network of 88 authorized dealers throughout Canada.In 1976, Canadians got their first exposure to Subaru vehicles when Subaru Auto Canada Limited (SACL) began offering the Subaru Leone. In 1989, the privately owned SACL was purchased by the Toronto-based Subaru Canada, Inc. who, under the guidance of parent company Fuji Heavy Industries, began an expansion process that would eventually see over 100 Subaru Dealers in operation across the country.

Subaru in the Philippines

Subaru has entered the Philippine operations started in 1996 under the Columbian Motors Philippines ownership but withdrew in 2000. It returned in 2006 under a new ownership by Motor Image Pilipinas, Inc. Subaru has eleven dealerships in the country: Greenhills, Fort Bonifacio, Manila Bay, Alabang, Davao, Cebu, Cagayan de Oro, Iloilo, Santa Rosa, Batangas, and Pampanga.

Motor Image Pilipinas, Inc., part of Motor Image Group, a wholly owned subsidiary of Hong Kong-based Tan Chong International Limited under businessman Glenn Tan, the company markets and distributes Subaru vehicles, parts and accessories through a network of six dealerships in the Philippines.

Subaru in the United Kingdom

In 1974 Robert Edmiston was finance director at sports car manufacturer Jensen Motors. When the company went bankrupt, he used a £6,000 redundancy payout to set up International Motors, which acquired the UK franchise for Subaru and Isuzu. The Coleshill based company is still the parent for Subaru in the UK.

Subaru in the United States

Subaru of America was established in 1968 in Philadelphia by Malcolm Bricklin and Harvey Lamm. It relocated to Pennsauken, New Jersey shortly thereafter and moved to its current headquarters in Cherry Hill, New Jersey when Fuji Heavy Industries acquired full ownership. Subaru of America operates regional offices, zone offices and parts distribution centers throughout the United States. Subaru of America also operates port facilities on both the West and East coasts.

In 1989 Subaru and then-partner Isuzu opened a joint factory in Lafayette, Indiana called Subaru-Isuzu Automotive, or SIA, which initially manufactured the Subaru Legacy and Isuzu Rodeo. In 2001 Isuzu sold their stake in the plant to FHI for $1 due to flagging sales and it was renamed Subaru of Indiana Automotive, Inc. SIA has been designated a backyard wildlife habitat by the National Wildlife Federation and has achieved a zero-landfill production designation (the first automotive assembly plant in the United States to earn that designation).

According to the Kelley Blue Book in 2015, two Subaru models Forester and the Outback in the United States had very short inventory time (the time between being received by a dealer to being sold).


Subaru Rally Team Japan led by Noriyuki Koseki (founder of Subaru Tecnica International, STI) ran Subaru Leone coupé, sedan DL, RX(SRX) and RX Turbo in the World Rally Championship between 1980 and 1989. Drivers for individual rallies included Ari Vatanen, Per Eklund, Shekhar Mehta, Mike Kirkland, Possum Bourne and Harald Demut. Mike Kirkland finished 6th overall and won the A Group at the 1986 Safari Rally. That year Subaru was one of the only manufacturers combining 4WD and turbo after Audi‘s successful quattro system had been introduced in 1980, but Audi withdrew from the WRC after safety concerns and Ford’s serious accident early in the 1986 season. Subaru changed the rally model to Legacy RS for the 1990–1992 period and took part in the first complete season in the World Rally Championship with the same model in 1993.

Modified versions of the Impreza WRX and WRX STi have been competing successfully in rallying. Drivers Colin McRae (1995), Richard Burns (2001) and Petter Solberg (2003) have won World Rally Championshipdrivers’ titles with the Subaru World Rally Team and Subaru took the manufacturers’ title three years in a row from 1995 to 1997. Subaru’s World Rally Championship cars are prepared and run by Prodrive, the highly successful British motorsport team. Several endurance records were set in the early and mid-nineties by the Subaru Legacy. The Subaru Justy also holds the world record for the fastest sub 1.0L car without a turbo: 123.224 mph average, it was set in 1989.

Subaru was briefly involved in Formula One circuit racing when it bought a controlling interest in the tiny Italian Coloni team for the 1990 season. The Coloni 3B’s 12-cylinder engine was badged as a Subaru and shared the boxer layout with the company’s own engines, but was an existing design built by Italian firm Motori Moderni. The cars were overweight and underpowered and the partnership broke down before the season finished. With the rise of rally racing and the Import scene in the US, the introduction of the highly anticipated Subaru Impreza WRX in 2001 was successful in bringing high-performance AWD compact cars into the sports car mainstream. Subaru supplies a factory-backed team, Subaru Rally Team USA for Rally America and has won the driver’s title six times, most recently in 2011 with David Higgins.Grassroots Motorsports awarded Subaru with the Editors’ Choice Award in 2002.

On 16 December 2008, it was announced that Subaru would no longer be competing in the World Rally Championships. The decision was made by Subaru’s parent company, Fuji Heavy Industries (FHI), partly as a result of the economic downturn but also because it was felt Subaru had achieved its sporting and marketing objectives. Mr Ikuo Mori denied that alterations to the WRC technical regulations in 2010 or a rumoured deterioration in the working relationship with Prodrive had any impact on the decision. He also said that the possibility of a Subaru car back in the top category of WRC in the future is not zero, but for this moment there can be no assumption of a comeback.

Since 2005, Cusco Racing have entered an Impreza sedan and a BRZ in the Super GT championship. In 2008, the Impreza was the first 4-door and first 4WD vehicle to win a race.

Starting in 2006, Subaru of America (SOA), as the official distributor of Subaru vehicles in the United States participates in the Subaru Road Racing Team (SRRT) with a Subaru Legacy 2.5 GT Spec-B in the Grand-Am Street Tuner class. In 2010, SRRT campaigns a Subaru Impreza WRX STI in the Grand Sport class. In 2011, SRRT switched from the hatchback to a 2011 Subaru Impreza WRX STI sedan.

On 4 May 2012, Subaru Rally Team USA announced that a new rallycross team, Subaru Puma Rallycross Team USA will participate in the 2012 Global RallyCross Championship season with Dave Mirra, Bucky Lasek, and Sverre Isachsen. They also competed in the 2014 FIA World Rallycross Championship.

In 2011, Mark Higgins used a stock Impreza to set a lap record at the Isle of Man TT course. In 2016, Higgins again broke the record in a modified WRX STI.

The impreza has won hillclimbs such as the Silverstone Race to the Sky and Mount Washington Hillclimb Auto Race.



The 2007 Frankfurt International Motor Show saw Subaru introduce a horizontally opposed, water-cooled, common railturbodiesel using a variable geometry turbocharger called the Subaru EE engine, the first of its type to be fitted to a passenger car. Volkswagen had experimented with this idea during the 1950s and made two air-cooled boxer prototype diesel engines that were not turbocharged. VW installed one engine in a Type 1 and another in a Type 2.

The Subaru engine was rated at 110 kW (150 PS; 148 hp) and 350 N·m (260 ft·lbf) with a displacement of 2.0 litres. In March 2008 Subaru offered the Legacy sedan and wagon and the Outback wagon with 2.0 litre turbodiesel in the EU with a 5-speed manual transmission.

In September 2008 Subaru announced that the diesel Forester and diesel Impreza will be introduced at the 2008 Paris Motor Show, with Forester sales to begin October 2008 and diesel Impreza sales to start January 2009. The Forester and Impreza will have a 6-speed manual transmission, whereas the Legacy and Outback have 5-speed manual transmissions.

United States Environmental Protection Agency fuel economy estimated is:

City Ranges
32.7 mpg‑US (7.2 L/100 km; 39.3 mpg‑imp)
33.6 mpg‑US (7.0 L/100 km; 40.4 mpg‑imp)
Highway Ranges
45.2 mpg‑US (5.20 L/100 km; 54.3 mpg‑imp)
49.0 mpg‑US (4.80 L/100 km; 58.8 mpg‑imp)

Electric vehicles

In June 2006, Fuji Heavy Industries, Inc. (FHI) launched its

Subaru StellaPlug-in electric vehicle which is a kei car equipped with a lithium-ion battery pack. The vehicle has a short range of 56 miles (90 km) but it actually costs more than the Mitsubishi iMiEV, at ¥4,380,000 (US$44,860), including Japanese Government consumption taxes with an exemption of $2,240. It will also qualify for a rebate from the Japanese Government of up to $14,200, bringing the price down to $30,660. The vehicle is much like the i-MiEV, with a 47-kilowatt motor and a quick-charge capability, but the two-door mini-car has a boxy shape. FHI plans to start delivery in late July and plans to sell 170 vehicles by March 2010.

In Japan, Subaru is currently testing two electric vehicles called the Subaru G4e and the Subaru R1e.

The Subaru Hybrid Tourer Concept is a four-seat vehicle with gull-wing doors that combines a 2-liter turbocharged direct-injection gasoline engine with a continuously variable transmission and two axle-mounted motors. A lithium-ion battery pack provides energy storage for the vehicle.


Since the 2005 model year, Subaru has adopted the CAN bus technology for the USA and Canada markets. Starting in the 2007 model year, all Subaru vehicles use the CAN technology. Typically, two CAN-buses are used on vehicles: a high-speed CAN running at 500 kbit/s for powertrain communication, and a low-speed CAN running at 125 kbit/s for body control functions and instrument panels. A body-integrated unit (BIU) is used between these two networks.

Clarion and Harman Kardon are among the audio, video, and navigation technology suppliers for Subaru products in North America. Clarion announced in 2015 that it was introducing its “Smart Access” platform, formerly only offered on Clarion’s aftermarket products, to the units to be installed in certain Subaru 2015 models in North America. Smart Access is able to work with the driver’s smartphone (either iPhone or Android) and allows access to various car-safe apps running on the phone via the car’s built-in infotainment screen. Subaru and Clarion have also, with Liberty Mutual Insurance, introduced the “RightTrack” in-vehicle app which will be able to monitor the driver’s habits, make suggestions for safer driving, and possibly offer insurance discounts.

Environmental record

 2009 USA-spec Subaru Legacy PZEV

Subaru claims to have implemented advanced policies which include recycling, reducing harmful emissions, and educating their employees. Their efforts have helped them in their environmental initiatives. The Subaru plant in Lafayette, Indiana (SIA) was the first auto assembly plant to achieve zero landfill status; nothing from the manufacturing process goes into a landfill. The company has developed a recycling plan for the “end-of-life” of their cars. Most of their modern products use highly recyclable materials throughout the vehicle, in the engine, transmission, suspension and elsewhere in each vehicle leaving Subaru with a 97.3% recycling ratio rate for their end-of-life vehicles.

An excerpt from the Subaru website stated “In 2006, SIA was awarded the United States Environmental Protection Agency´s Gold Achievement Award as a top achiever in the agency’s WasteWise program to reduce waste and improve recycling.” The website also stated that “It also became the first U.S. automotive assembly plant to be designated a wildlife habitat.”

Subaru currently offers a Partial Zero Emissions Vehicle (PZEV) certified Legacy, Outback, Impreza, XV/Crosstrek and Forester models which are available for sale anywhere in the U.S. Subaru PZEV vehicles meet California’s Super-Ultra-Low-Emission Vehicle exhaust emission standard. All other models have been certified LEV2.

Current and former Subaru vehicles


360 (1958-1971)

1000 (1966-1969)

1500 (1954)

FF-1 G (1971-1972)

FF-1 Star (1969-1973)

R-2 (1969–1972)


1971 Subaru Leone hardtop coupé A22

Leone (1971-1994)

BRAT (1978-1994)

Rex (1972-1992)


Sumo / Libero / Domingo / Columbuss / E series / Estratto (1983-1998)

Justy / Tutto(1984-2010, 2016-present)

XT / Alcyone / Vortex (1985-1991)

Legacy / Liberty (1989-present)


Vivio (1992-1998)

Impreza (1992-present)

Impreza WRX (2001-2014)

and Impreza WRX STI (2001-2014)

Outback Sport / Gravel Express / RV (1994-present)

Alcyone / SVX (1991-1996)

Forester (1997-present)

Traviq (rebadged Opel Zafira) (1999-2005)


Baja (2003-2006)

R2 (2003-2010)

R1 (2005-2010)

Tribeca (2005-2014)

Trezia (2005-2017)

Exiga (2008-present)


BRZ( Toyota 86 ) (2012-present)

Subaru XV (2012-present)

Levorg (2014-present)

Subaru WRX (2015-present)

Other manufacturers

Subaru has partnered with various manufacturers over time – here are some of the models are sold in Asia and Europe. In Japan they are in the Kei car class with either front or all wheel drive and a straight engine. An article posted by Autoblog on April 16, 2008 stated that due to a corporate investment by Toyota, all Kei cars built by Subaru will be replaced by Daihatsu models beginning in 2010.






Concept vehicles

The following concepts vehicles did not go forward as production vehicles:

Subaru SRD-1 (Experimental design study introduced in 1990)

Subaru Suiren ( Concept replacement for the BRAT/Brumby )

Subaru Exiga (1996, wagon)

Subaru B9 Scrambler

Subaru B11S

Subaru B5 TPH (Turbo Parallel Hybrid) (Japanese: Subaru B5-TPH)

Subaru Fleet-X

Subaru HS500

Subaru VIZIV

See also

Prodrive Motorsport team selected by Subaru to run their World Rally Team

Subaru Tecnica International (also known as STI)

List of Subaru engines

List of Subaru transmissions

Subaru EA engine series

Subaru EF engine series

Subaru EJ engine series

Symmetrical All Wheel Drive


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External links

Official website

Fuji Heavy Industries

Subaru Tecnica International

Subaru at DMOZ

Subaru at the Internet Movie Cars Databas

AUSTIN Car pictures, videos and ads. II

AUSTIN Car pictures, videos and ads. II

Austin Motor Company, Longbridge, England, UK, 1905-1952

Austin-ADO-BMC-Hillman-Hudson-Humber-Innocenti-Leyland-MG-Morris-Princess-Riley-Rosengart-Rover-Sunbeam-Vanden Plas-Wolseley


1963-austin-verhagen-expeditie 1963-bmc-wolseley-24-80-australia 1963-morris-major-elite-22907048110 1963-morris-major-elite-22907099900-austin-lancer 1963-morris-major-elite-sedan-20415479872 1963-vanden-plas-princess-3-litre-estate 1963-vanden-plas-princess-4-liter-l7 1963-71-austin-1100 1963-71-austin-morris-a40-farina-a 1963-71-austin-morris-a40-farina1 1963-74-austin-1300-in-langen-bmc-ado16 1964-austin-110-in-1964 1964-austin-702-urug 1964-austin-1800-nl1601 1964-austin-bmc-bus 1964-austin-ff-k100-k140-6kf-8kdf-series-brochure 1964-austin-gipsy-l4p-on-a-call-cornwall-county-fb 1964-austin-healey-sprite-3000-mkii-bj7-22 1964-austin-healey-sprite-mk-iii 1964-austin-healey-sprite-mkiii 1964-austin-healey-sprite-nl1201 1964-austin-light-van 1964-austin-princess 1964-austin-van-sandtrucks-gefr2401 1964-austin-morris-j4-dormobile-the-j4-is-a-10cwt-forward-control-van-or-pick-up 1964-autin-mini-cooper-s-06-m 1964-bmc-wolseley-mark-ii-australie 1964-morris-ld-ambulance 1964-vanden-plas-princess-01-65 1964-vanden-plas-princess-lijkwagen 1964-wolseley-fifteen-fifty 1964-wolseley-sixteen-sixty 1964-68-austin-1800-2200 1964-68-austin-1800a 1964-68-vanden-plas-princess-4-litre-r 1965-austin-3-5-ton-trucks-brochure-1965

NCA001000430_001, 15-08-2007, 10:52, 8C, 7926x4014 (0+4), 100%, NCAD, 1/80 s, R42.6, G11.4, B8.9
NCA001000430_001, 15-08-2007, 10:52, 8C, 7926×4014 (0+4), 100%, NCAD, 1/80 s, R42.6, G11.4, B8.9

1965-austin-1800-mki-bmc-ado17-pinin2 1965-austin-chassis-with-verheul-couch-brochure 1965-austin-fg-autotransporters-van-de-merwe-small-cars-simca-1000-2 1965-austin-fg-k60-k80-k-100-3sg-4sg-6sg-series-brochure-1965 1965-austin-fh-k100-k140-k-160-6-8-9-ton-series-brochure-1965 1965-austin-fj-trucks-brochure 1965-austin-gipsy 1965-austin-healey-mk3-sprite-at-the-gymkhana-event 1965-austin-healey-sprite-mk3-ad

Fifty years of caring for the capital London Ambulance Service is 50 years old today (Wednesday 1 April) and will be celebrating with ‘ambulance drivers’ from the sixties meeting 21st century paramedics in old and new vehicles. Fifty years ago suited ‘ambulance drivers’ picked up patients and took them straight to hospital but today, highly skilled clinicians, many with paramedic science degrees, diagnose and treat patients at the scene of incidents. Chief Executive Dr Fionna Moore said: “Back in the old days we used to ‘scoop and run’ patients straight to hospital. There was just a stretcher, a splint and breathing apparatus in the back of an ambulance and staff had eight weeks training. “In contrast, today, we have a wide range of frontline staff, from emergency ambulance crew, through to advanced and consultant paramedics and have a paramedic at director-level on our Trust Board. Increasingly, our paramedics have a three-year paramedic science degree. They carry up to 30 different drugs and make life and death decisions about the most appropriate place to take a patient for treatment. Our ambulances are now kitted out with defibrillators to restart patients’ hearts and ECG machines to detect heart attacks.” Peter Hayman, 74, who worked for the Service from 1965 to 1994, attended the ceremony at County Hall to mark the creation of the new ambulance service. He said: “I remember we introduced an inflatable splint which we thought was revolutionary because all we really had back then was a satchel of bandages and dressings but it’s nothing compared to the kit they have on an ambulance today.” While technology and training has transformed the Service, Fionna says one thing which hasn’t changed is the commitment of ambulance staff to the health and well-being of Londoners. She said: “Fifty years ago the whole of the UK only had one million emergency calls for an ambulance. In London alone we now receive over 1.7m a year. “Ambula
Fifty years of caring for the capital
London Ambulance Service is 50 years old today (Wednesday 1 April) and will be celebrating with ‘ambulance drivers’ from the sixties meeting 21st century paramedics in old and new vehicles.
Fifty years ago suited ‘ambulance drivers’ picked up patients and took them straight to hospital but today, highly skilled clinicians, many with paramedic science degrees, diagnose and treat patients at the scene of incidents.
Chief Executive Dr Fionna Moore said: “Back in the old days we used to ‘scoop and run’ patients straight to hospital. There was just a stretcher, a splint and breathing apparatus in the back of an ambulance and staff had eight weeks training.
“In contrast, today, we have a wide range of frontline staff, from emergency ambulance crew, through to advanced and consultant paramedics and have a paramedic at director-level on our Trust Board. Increasingly, our paramedics have a three-year paramedic science degree. They carry up to 30 different drugs and make life and death decisions about the most appropriate place to take a patient for treatment. Our ambulances are now kitted out with defibrillators to restart patients’ hearts and ECG machines to detect heart attacks.”
Peter Hayman, 74, who worked for the Service from 1965 to 1994, attended the ceremony at County Hall to mark the creation of the new ambulance service. He said: “I remember we introduced an inflatable splint which we thought was revolutionary because all we really had back then was a satchel of bandages and dressings but it’s nothing compared to the kit they have on an ambulance today.”
While technology and training has transformed the Service, Fionna says one thing which hasn’t changed is the commitment of ambulance staff to the health and well-being of Londoners.
She said: “Fifty years ago the whole of the UK only had one million emergency calls for an ambulance. In London alone we now receive over 1.7m a year.

1965-austin-towing-truck-esk 1965-austin-we-k60-k100-k120-series-brochure-1965 1965-austin-wf-k30-k40-k60-k100-k120-brochure-1965 1965-austin-healey-3000%e2%80%85mk%e2%80%85iii 1965-beardmore-london-taxi 1965-bmc-morris-1100-australia 1965-bmc-wolseley-1000-also-sold-in-south-africa-australia 1965-commer-ambulance 1965-humber-hawk-first-registered-may-1965-2267cc 1965-mini-cooper-s-rally-finland 1965-monte%e2%80%85carlo%e2%80%85rally-winner-1964-morris-mini-cooper-s 1965-morris-minor-hearse 1965-riley-4-seventy-two


1965-vanden-plas-princess-limousine 1965-wolseley-1100 1966-ado-1100-05 1966-austin-a35-van 1966-austin-a110-westminster-low-line-hearse 1966-austin-a110-westminster 1966-austin-fx4 1966-austin-healey-sprite-ad 1966-austin-range 1966-austin-t200


1966-austin-westminster-a110 1966-austin-healey-3000-convertible 1966-humber-super-snipe-series-v-july-1966-2965cc-next-to-slightly-older-super-snipe 1966-vanden-plas-1100-princess 1966-vauxhall-vanden-plas-princess-4-litre-r-hearse

1966-vintage-brochure-austin-a110-westminster-deluxe-saloon-no2300 1966-wolseley-16-60-jr 1967-austin-3litre-preview-en401 1967-austin-1100-mki-countryman-estate-1098cc 1967-austin-gipsy-ambulance 1967-austin-glider-nl1201 1967-austin-gypsy-ambulance

1967-austin-healey-ad 1967-austin-mini-moke-mark-ii 1967-austin-mini-moke-military 1967-austin-mini-moke 1967-humber-sceptre-4dr-sed 1967-pininfarina-bmc-1800-berlina-areodinamica-a02 1967-vanden-plas-princess-4-litre-r-estate-car 1967-vanden-plas-princess-dm4-7-passenger-limousine-wedding-car 1967-wolseley-hornet 1967-69-innocenti-1100-c-ghia-coupe 1968-austin-3-litre 1968-austin-6cwt-van 1968-austin-7xray-ad 1968-austin-1800-mark-i-ute-australian-designed-and-built 1968-austin-1800-mk-ii-it-was-like-driving-your-lounge-fantastic-motor-car 1968-austin-1800-utility-5080185261 1968-austin-ant-engine-998-cc-s4 1968-austin-ant 1968-austin-healey-3000mk3 1968-austin-healey-mk4 1968-austin-mini-1275c-gb 1968-bmc-1800-landcrab-which-placed-second-in-the-1968%e2%80%85london-sydney%e2%80%85marathon 1968-bmc-austin-1800-automatic-australia 1968-bmc-moke-australia 1968-riley-kestrel-1300-1275cc-october-1968 1968-vanden-plas-princess-1968-brochure-britain

1968-wolseley-6-110-mk-ii-4-door-saloon 1968-wolseley-6-110-mk-ii-saloon 1968-71-austin-1800-mk-ii-utility 1969-austin-1800-mk-ii-automatic 1969-austin-a60-cambridge-ado38-hearse 1969-austin-mini-south-american-build-with-fiberglass-body 1969-austin-princess-vanden-plas-limousine-ngn-1-sandringham-museum-norfolk 1969-austin-healey-sprite-mark-iv 1969-bmc-morris-mini-van-australia 1969-mini-9x-prototype-heritage-motor-centre-gaydon 1969-morris-1300-mkii-traveller-registered-september-1969-1275cc 1969-morris-cooper


1969-wolseley-18-85-10794972395 1970-austin-3-litre-automatic-1970-dvla-first-registered-23-april-1970-2912cc 1970-austin-3-litre-automatic-front 1970-austin-1300-countryman-1970 1970-austin-fl2-hearse-startins 1970-austin-maxi-mki-left-and-austin-maxi-mkii 1970-austin1800mk21970nl801 1970-austin-healey-sprite-mark-iv-with-revised-grille-and-cat-alloy-wheels 1970-austin-morris-250ju-box-van-engine-1622-s4

1970-mini-850-or-1000-deluxe 1970-morris-1100-mark-ii-2-door-saloon 1970-morris-1800-mark-ii 1970-morris-half-ton-van-license-plate-1970-based-on-pre-farina-austin-cambridge 1970-wolseley-11-55-sedan-sedan 1970-74-austin-morris-250ju 1970s-austin-apache-south-african-bmc-ado16 1971-austin-vod-179j-panel-van-2012-hcvs-tyne-tees-run 1971-austin-3-litre-dvla-first-registered-20-august-1971-2912cc-at-svvc-extravaganza

1971-austin-healey-sprite Austin Kimberley 1971-austin-marina-gt 1971-daimler-ds420-hearse-for-sale 1971-mini-cooper-s-mk-iii 1972-austin-1300gt-registered-june-1972-1380cc-sic-dvla 1972-austin-maxi-1750-hl 1972-austin-maxi 1972-austin-morris-j4in-replacing-the-ancient-jb-type 1972-austin-victoria 1972-australian-austin-kimberly-mk-ii 1972-mini-pickup 1972-morris-1800

1972-wolseley-1300-march-1972-1275-cc 1972-wolseley-six-bmc-ado17 1972-wolseley-six-automatic 1972-wolsely-18-85-s 1973-austin-1300-gt-mk3-era 1973-austin-1800-mk-iii-1798cc-first-reg-jan-1973-rear-three-quarters 1973-austin-ambassador-first-registered-january-1973-1994cc 1973-austin-maxi-1750 1973-austin-maxi-based-aquila-show-car 1973-austin-victoria-mkii-de-luxe-1973-rear-iso-view 1973-austin-victoria-mkii-de-luxe







1975-allegro2estate1 1975-austin-1800-ado71 1975-austin-1800 1975-austin-allegro-2-1300-1500-estate-sales-brochure 1975-austin-allegro-registration

1975-austin-maxi-1750 1975-austin-maxi 1975-austin-victoria-de-luxe 1975-maxi12nl-01 1975-wolseley-2200-saloon 1975-wolseley-bjpg 1976-austin-princess-binnenkant 1976-austin-princess-b 1976-austin-princess-van-c 1976-austin-princess 1976-princess-2200-hls-u

1977-austin-princess-hearse-customised 1977-vanden-plas-1500-variant-1977-model 1977-78-leyland-mini-ls 1978-austin-morris-maxi-1750hl-astral-blue-metallic-black-trim-registered-1979-built-1978 1978-austin-princess-1800-hl-b-series-engine 1978-princess-mk2-nl1201 1978-princess-mk2-nl1209 1979-austin-allegro-2-door-1275cc-march-1979 1979-british-leyland-princess-2-hl 1979-leyland-princess-black

1979-leyland-sherpa 1980-austin-allegro-1750-equipe 1980-austin-maxi-2-l 1980-austin-metro-mki 1980-austin-metro-nl2401 1980-austin-allegro-3-04 1980-leyland-program-nl1602 1980-leyland-program-nl1605 1980-leyland-program-nl1607 1980-leyland-program-nl1608 1980-leyland-program-nl1611 1980-leyland-program-nl1612 1980-leyland-program-nl1614

1980-mini-clubman 1980-princess-dianas-1980-austin-metro-at-coventry-motor-museum 1981-allegro-3-with-round-headlights 1981-austinallegro3nl1201



1982-austin-allegro-1-5hl-mkiii-1982 1982-austin-ambassador 1982-austin-maestro

1982-austin-princess-2-hl-in-new%e2%80%85zealand 1982-austinmaxi21981en1201 1982-bournemouth-austin-sheerline 1982-mg-metro-interior 1982-mini-1000-hl 1982-83-austin-ambassador 1982-84-austin-ambassador-front 1983-austin-maestro 1983-austin-metro-automatic 1983-british-leyland-austin-metro-auto 1984-austin-maestro-montego-nl01

1984-austin-mini-metro-nl1601 1984-austin-montego-am-bahnhof 1984-austin-montego-countryman 1984-austin-montego-gold 1985-austin-maestro-inventory 1985-mg-montego-burrells-walk-with-turbocharged-engine 1985-mini-city-e 1985-morris-ambulance-vans-scotland 1986-mg-maestro-efi-this-car-had-a-115bhp-2-0-litre-efi-engine 1986-mini-metro-with-5-doors-in-spain 1986-1987-jaguar-vanden-plas-owners-manual-supplement-original 1986-2002-bedford-ambulance-believed-to-be-x-london 1987-vanden-plas-1-7-registered-june-1987-1748cc 1988-rover-mini-cooper 1989-austin-rover-en3601 1989-austin-rover-en3602 1989-austin-rover-en3604 1989-austin-rover-en3606 1989-austin-rover-en3608 1989-austin-rover-en3611 1989-austin-rover-en3613 1989-austin-rover-en3615

1989-austin-rover-en3617 1989-austin-rover-en3619 1989-austin-rover-en3620 1989-austin-rover-en3623 1989-austin-rover-en3624 1989-austin-rover-en3627 1989-austin-rover-en3628 1989-austin-rover-en3631 1989-austin-rover-en3633 1989-austin-rover-en3635 1989-austin-rover-en3636 1989-grey-austin-metro-1-3-gs 1989-mg-metro-arp 1990-rover-montego-1-6lx-saloon

Leyland-Daf 400 V8 1991 Ambulance by 'Mountain'
Leyland-Daf 400 V8 1991 Ambulance by ‘Mountain’

1991-mini-cooper 1992-austin-maestro-2-0-turbo-diesel-clubman-rover-maestro 1992-mg-metro-6r4-biturbo-will-gollop-winning-holjes 1992-mini-metro-as-panel-van 1993-rover-metro-rio-called-the-rover-100-series-outside-uk-with-a-1360cc-diesel-engine 1993-rover-montego-estate-countryman-2-0i 1994-rover-100-knightsbridge-se

1994-95-m-reg-rover-metro-rio 1995-ldv-200-series-d-2-8t-12056596546 1995-96-rover-111-i-extra 1996-ldv-convoy-ambulance-customline-lazer 1996-rover-100-kensington-se-rear 1999-leyland-ea-ttd89m-lancashire-1999 1999-registered-austin-maestro-in-oxford-england 2000-mini-cooper-s-last-edition 2006-brighton-seafront-carshow 2006-federation-against-copyright-theft-fact-advertisement-on-a-hackney-carriage 2007-austin-healey-sprite-at-the-2007-walter-mitty-challenge-at-road-atlanta

2007-austin-healey-100m-silverstone-2007-cropped 2008-colored-taxi-london 2008-tx4-hackney-carriage-at-heathrow%e2%80%85airport-terminal%e2%80%855 2009-austin-healey-sprite-at-gaisbergrennen-2009 2009-london-taxi-r 2009-london-taxi-ralfr-07 2010-austin-london-taxi-tx1-model-in-switzerland 2010-austin-healey-3000-at-2010-ottawa-british-auto-show 2012-the-yema-f12-the-most-recent-development-on-the-old-maestro-underpinnings 2015-hackney-carriage-black-cab-digital-advertising-taxitop-eyetease 2016-london-cab-tx4-2-5-diesel-smrt-owned-photographed-in-singapore

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a16 a60pickup a6115528e13e5a9dc05b38a819c741a0

ado16-aus-03 ado16-dev-07 ado16-dev-08 ado16-dev-09 ado16-dev-10 ado16-dev-11 ado16-group ado16-spain-07 ado40-history a-h-shield_600_pixels ambulance-austin-gb argentinian-assembled-farinas-the-di-tella-1500 armstrong-siddeley-15-hp