KAMAZ-Kama3- Trucks Tatarstan Russian Federation -1976-present

KAMAZ (Камский Автомобильный Завод – КАМАЗ / Kamskiy Avtomobilny Zavod – translated: Kama Automobile Plant) is a Russian brand of trucks and engines manufacturer located in Naberezhnye ChelnyTatarstanRussian Federation. It is famous for its cab over trucks. KAMAZ is a portmanteau which stands for a factory on Kama River.

KAMAZ opened its doors in 1976. Today, heavy duty models are exported to many areas of the world including the CIS, Latin America, the Middle East, Africa. The trucks have won the Dakar Rally a record fourteen times. KAMAZ is the largest truck producer in Russia and the CIS. The factory produces 43,000 trucks a year (2014). Reinforced KAMAZ trucks are used by the Russian army.

History

KamAZ-53501

KamAZ-6560

USSR 1974 postage stamp featuring a KamAZ truck

In 1969, the Resolution of the Central Committee of the USSR Communist Party and the USSR Council of Ministers was approved which envisaged construction of a complex of heavy duty truck production plants. 70 potential sites to locate the facilities were investigated. Choice went in favor of Naberezhnye Chelny, then a small town on the Kama River. Its advantages were obvious. So far as its geographical situation was concerned, Naberezhnye Chelny was right in the center of the former Soviet Union. The navigable rivers – the Kama River and the Volga River – as well as proximity of the railway line, were central to meeting all the logistical needs of the construction site for materials, raw materials, equipment, components while, going forward, to meeting the need to ship ready-made trucks to customers. The fact that the huge construction company “KamGESenergostroy” existed in the region allowed construction of plant buildings and apartment blocks for prospective KAMAZ employees to be completed.

Workers and engineers, representing more than 70 ethnicities, converged on Naberezhnye Chelny to fuse into a “melting pot” of the construction project personnel. Orders placed by KAMAZ to procure construction materials and equipment were filled by all the ministries and departments, a total of over 2000 enterprises. Over 100,000 personnel were employed at the construction site itself. The would-be truck plant was being provided with the most state-of-the-art manufacturing equipment by the contemporary standards. More than 700 international firms were among equipment vendors for KAMAZ facilities, including such globally known corporations as Swindell-Dressler, Holcroft, CE-Cast, Ingersoll Rand, Ex-Cello (U.S.A.), Hueller-Hille, Liebherr (West Germany), Morando, Fata (Italy), Renault (France), Sandvik (Sweden), Komatsu and Hitachi (Japan).

On December 13, 1969, ground was broken and the first bucket of soil was excavated at the construction site of the Kama River Truck Plant which was rated for production of 150,000 heavy duty trucks and 250,000 engines per year. The Complex of Plants on the Kama River sprawled over a vast territory measuring 57 square km. Concurrent to construction of the truck plant, huge social challenges were tackled. Hundreds of thousands of people were provided by KAMAZ with comfortable housing, modern educational facilities, kindergartens and creches, hospitals and clinics, numerous cultural, sporting, recreational and leisure centers. KAMAZ was instrumental in transforming the Kama River Area into a powerful industrial and scientific research hub and developing the infrastructure for the suburban agricultural zone.

Every year the population of the city grew by another 30-40 thousand or so. Whereas before construction of KAMAZ got underway, 27,000 residents had lived in Naberezhnye Chelny, the current population has now reached more than half a million.

Owners and management

The authorized capital of “KAMAZ” is 35.36 billion rubles. The shareholders of the plant as of June 2010 are: 49.9% of the shares owned by the state corporation “Russian Technologies State Corporation“; 27.3% controlled by the company “Troika Dialog“; 11% owned by Daimler (a block of 10% was sold to Daimler AG by Troika Dialog for $250 million in early December, 2008); 4% owned by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development.

At the same time, “KAMAZ” has a lot of minority shareholders (more than 76,000 individuals).

In early March, 2008 the Board of Directors of KAMAZ was elected, which included 15 people, including: The mayor of the city of Naberezhnye Chelny (April 2010 – Prime Minister of Tatarstan) – Ildar Khalikov, head of the management Federal Agency for State Property Management (Rosimushchestvo) – Ivan V. Aksenov, and the Director-General of the “Russian Technologies State Corporation” Sergey Chemezov.

Group structure

KAMAZ Publicly Traded Company has more than 110 subsidiaries and affiliates, it owns shares in the authorized capital of more than 50 different companies and businesses. Together they form KAMAZ Group.
The group includes:

Truck Assembly Plant (Naberezhnye Chelny)

Metallurgical Complex, KAMAZ PTC

KAMAZ Foundries (now one of the largest in Russia)

KAMAZ Forge

KAMAZ Truck Assembly Plant

KAMAZ Press and Stamping Plant

Engine Plant, KAMAZ PTC

Remdiesel (Engine Re-Manufacture Plant)

KAMAZ Trade and Finance Company JSC

Neftekamsk Automotive Plant (NEFAZ) – manufactures buses and vehicles on KAMAZ chassis

Auto Trailer Plant OJSC (formerly СЗАП (En:SZAP) of Stavropol)

KAMAZ Technical Service OJSC

KAMAZ Auto Technology

RIZ OJSC (formerly of KAMAZinstrumentspetsmash)

KIP Master OJSC

KAMAZ-FINANCE

KAMAZ-CAPITAL KAMAZ R & D Center

The main production facilities of the plant are located in the industrial area of Naberezhnye ChelnyNefaz buses are produced in Neftekamsk (Bashkortostan).

There are also foreign manufacturing facilities in the following locations: VietnamIndiaKazakhstan (KAMAZ-Engineering JSC).

Competition

Kamaz vehicles have won the truck category of the Dakar Rally 14 times as of 2017. All 14 of the 2010 Dakar Rally stages in the truck category were won by Kamaz trucks.

Generations

1 – 1976–2000  Diskless wheels. Low cabin roof. Corrugated sidewalls sleeping compartment. Lights on the front of the cab.

2 – 1995 — Increased height of the cab roof. Disc wheels. Rectangular lights on the bumper. New bumper with sidewalls. Underride underbody.

3 – 2004 — New surround bumper (double for tractors). New headlamps with headlamp swivel sections, which call on the sidewalls of the bumper. We haul tractors appeared high cab. Smooth walls of the sleeping compartment. Voluminous front fenders. Some of the trucks new plastic dashboard instead of metal

4 – 2010 — Large-scale modernization. All new front of cabin, including new radiator grille. New front bumper. New headlight lens type in one case with swivel headlights. Plastic dashboard with electronic instrument cluster. Part of trucks equipped with Cummins engine manufacturing joint venture Cummins and KAMAZ in Naberezhnye Chelny.

КАМАЗ-2257Э.

5 –  2014  — cabin from Mercedes-Benz Axor with some modifications

6 –  ? —  Being developed – completely new cab – jointly with South Korean engineering company DMEC. Prototype trucks already presented

Models

File:Putin speaks on the 2,000,000th truck produced by KamAZ.ogv

Russia‘s President Vladimir Putin speaks about the 2,000,000th truck produced by KamAZ around the world, 2012.

Trucks

3rd Generations of KAMAZ. KAMAZ 65117

Firefighting vehicle ATs-5,0-100 on KAMAZ-65224 chassis (4th Generation of KAMAZ trucks

From 1976 – 2015, KAMAZ has produced trucks as follows :

KAMAZ 4308 4×2 Medium-range truck & 4×2 Cab and Chassis Unit

KAMAZ 4326 4×4 Side truck & 4×4 Cab and Chassis Unit

KAMAZ 4326-9 Dakar 4×4 Dakar Rally Sport truck

KAMAZ 4911 Extreme 4×4 Civilian Sport truck Dakar Rally

KAMAZ 43114 6×6 Flat bed truck & 6×6 Cab and Chassis Unit

KAMAZ 43118 6×6 Flat bed truck & 6×6 Cab and Chassis Unit

KAMAZ 43253 4×2 Flat bed truck & 4×2 Cab and Chassis Unit

KAMAZ 53205 6×4 Cab and Chassis Unit

KAMAZ 53215 6×4 Flat bed truck & 6×4 Cab and Chassis Unit

KAMAZ 53228 6×6 Cab and Chassis Unit

KAMAZ 53229 6×4 Cab and Chassis Unit

KAMAZ 53205 6×4 Cab and Chassis Unit

KAMAZ 52212 6x4L Cab and Chassis Unit

KAMAZ 52213 6x4L Cab and Chassis Unit

KAMAZ 53605 4×2 Dump truck

KAMAZ 5513 6×4 Cab and Chassis Unit & 6×4 Garbage truck

KAMAZ 5320 6×4 Flat bed truck & 6×4 Cab and Chassis Unit

KAMAZ 53202 6×4 Flat bed truck & 6×4 Cab and Chassis Unit

KAMAZ 53212 6×4 Flat bed truck & 6×4 Cab and Chassis Unit

KAMAZ 53213 6×4 Flat bed truck & 6×4 Cab and Chassis Unit

KAMAZ 53229 6×4 Flat bed truck & 6×4 Cab and Chassis Unit

KAMAZ 53228 6×6 Flat bed truck & 6×6 Cab and Chassis Unit

KAMAZ 5511 6×4 Dump truck

KAMAZ 5512 6×6 Dump truck

KAMAZ 45141 6×6 Dump truck

KAMAZ 54115 6×4 Tractor truck & 6×4 Cab and Chassis Unit

KAMAZ 55111 6×4 Dump truck & 6×4 Cab and Chassis Unit

KAMAZ 6520 6×4 Dump truck & 6×4 Cab and Chassis Unit

KAMAZ 6522 6×6 Dump truck & 6×6 Cab and Chassis Unit

KAMAZ 6540 8×4 Dump truck & 8×4 Cab and Chassis Unit

KAMAZ 6560 8×8 Cab and Chassis Unit

KAMAZ 5360 4×2 Cab and Chassis Unit

KAMAZ 53602 6×2 Cab and Chassis Unit

KAMAZ 43082 6×2 Cab and Chassis Unit

KAMAZ 6360 6×4 Cab and Chassis Unit

KAMAZ 53228 6×6 Cab and Chassis Unit

KAMAZ 53229 6×4 Cab and Chassis Unit

KAMAZ 5523 6×6 Logging truck

KAMAZ 63968 Typhoon 6×6 Armored infantry transport

KAMAZ 65111 6×6 Dump truck

KAMAZ 65115 6×4 Dump truck & 6×4 Cab and Chassis Unit

KAMAZ 65116 6×4 Tractor truck

KAMAZ 65117 6×4 Flat bed truck & 6×4 Cab and Chassis Unit

 Military tank transporter KAMAZ 65225 with an SU-85 at the parade rehearsal in Red Square

Tractor truck

KAMAZ 6440 6×4 Tractor truck

KAMAZ 65116 6×4 Tractor truck

KAMAZ 6460 “Continent” 6×4 Tractor truck

KAMAZ 6460-73 6×4 Tractor truck

KAMAZ 5460 “Continent” 4×2 Tractor truck

KAMAZ 5460-73 4×2 Tractor truck

KAMAZ 5460-06 “Cummins” 4×2 Tractor truck

KAMAZ 5470 4×2 Tractor truck

KAMAZ 5490 4×2 Tractor truck

KAMAZ 5410 6×4 Tractor truck

KAMAZ 54101 6×4 Tractor truck

KAMAZ 54102 6×4 Tractor truck

KAMAZ 54112 6×4 Tractor truck

KAMAZ 54105 6×4 Tractor truck

KAMAZ 5415 4×2 Tractor truck

KAMAZ 5415M 4×2 Tractor truck

KAMAZ 5425 4×2 Tractor truck

KAMAZ 5425M 4×2 Tractor truck

KAMAZ 44108 6×6 Tractor truck

KAMAZ 65225 6×6 Tractor truck

KAMAZ 65226 6×6 Tractor truck

KAMAZ 65228 8×8 Tractor truck

Engines KAMAZ Engines

KAMAZ 740.10 180 – 210 HP V8

KAMAZ 740.31 225 – 240 HP V8 Turbo Euro 0

KAMAZ 740.73 400 HP V8 Turbo Euro 4

KAMAZ 740.622 280 HP V8 Turbo Euro 3

KAMAZ 740.632 400 HP V8 Turbo Euro 4

KAMAZ 740.662 300 HP V8 Turbo Euro 4

KAMAZ 740.602 360 HP V8 Turbo Euro 3

KAMAZ 740.652 260 HP V8 Turbo Euro 3

KAMAZ 7403.10 260 HP V8 Turbo Euro 0

KAMAZ 74037.10 260 HP V8 Turbo Euro 0

KAMAZ 74006.10 220 HP V8 Turbo

KAMAZ 7409 series 180 – 360 HP V8 Turbo (240HP – 360HP) Euro 3 – 4 (240HP – 360HP)

KAMAZ Cummins

Cummins ISB6.7e4 245 – 300 HP I6 Turbo Euro 2 – 4

Cummins ISB6.5e4 185 HP I6 Turbo Euro 2

1989 360HP Cummins L6 Turbo Euro 2

KAMAZ Mercedes

Daimler OM457LA 428 HP I6 Turbo Euro 5

Other vehicles

KAMAZ 4310 6×6 Cab and Chassis Unit

KAMAZ 43269 Vystrel (BPM-97) Wheeled armoured vehicle

KAMAZ Barhan 4×4 multipurpose vehicle, a large prototype SUV built on a Kamaz-43501 chassis, made by CaRS, a private company. Original prototype was on a GAZ-66 chassis.

Kamaz Mustang

The Kamaz Мустанг (Mustang) is a family of general military utility trucks with numerous variants. The family is based on the 1st generation KamAZ family launched in the early 1980s. A three-person cab is standard across the Mustang range. It has a sleeping berth and tilts forward for engine access. This cab can be fitted with an add-on armour kit.

The Mustang family is available in eight (8) model:

Original three:

And the Kamaz-43501, -5450, -6450, and -5350 trucks with armoured cabs.:

Gallery

References

  1. Jump up^ “Новости. ОАО “КАМАЗ””. Kamaz.net. Retrieved 2009-07-14.
  2. Jump up^ Nepomnyashchii, Alex (2010-06-21). “”Troika” depart to partners”Vedomosti № 111 (2629) (in Russian). (Subscription required (help)).
  3. Jump up^ Stolyarov, Gleb; Fedorinova, Yulia (2007-05-17). “”Kamaz” does not pay the Federal Property Management Agency”Vedomosti, № 88 (1862) (in Russian). (Subscription required (help)).
  4. Jump up^ http://www.dp.ru (7 March 2008). “”KAMAZ” approved candidates to the Board”Business Petersburg (Online) / Moscow / (in Russian). ISSN 1606-1829.
  5. Jump up^ KAMAZ-Metallurgy / / ROSFINPROM.
  6. Jump up^ “Russian Kamaz Master occupies 2015 Dakar Rally’s entire podium”Russian News Agency “TASS”. 17 January 2015.
  7. Jump up^ http://kamaz.net/en/news/2003/12/22/
  8. Jump up^ http://kamaz.net/en/news/2003/12/22/
  9. Jump up^ http://kamaz.net/en/news/2003/12/22/

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Author: Jeroen

In Dutch, my homelanguage: Ik ben Jeroen, tot januari 2015 was ik al dik 26 jaar werkzaam in een psychiatrisch ziekenhuis in een stad vlakbij Werelds grootste havenstad Rotterdam. Eerst als verpleegkundige/begeleider op high care, later op afdeling dubbeldiagnose (verslavingen) en ook nog een tijdje als administratief medewerker. Ik heb een spierziekte "Poli Myositis" (alle spieren zijn ontstoken) daardoor weinig energie. Sinds augustus 2015 is daarbij de diagnose Kanker gesteld, en ben ik helemaal arbeidsongeschikt geworden en zit middenin de behandelfase. Gelukkig ben ik daarnaast getrouwd, vader, en opa, en heb de nodige hobby's. Een daarvan is transportmiddelen verzamelen en daarmee een blog schrijven. Dit blog begon met bussen, maar nu komen ook sleepboten, auto's trucks en dergelijke aan bod. Kijk en geniet met me mee, reageer, en vul gerust aan. Fouten zal ik ook graag verbeteren. In English: I'm Jeroen, till januari 2015 I was already 26 years working as a nurse in a psychiatric hospital, near Rotterdam, Worlds biggest harbour with more than 98 nationalities living within it's borders. First I worked on closed high care ward and the last years on a ward with mainly addicted people. I liked my work very much. In 2007 I got ill. I got the diagnose Poli Myositis, a musscle dissease. Al my mussles are inflamed. And last august I got another diagnose. Cancer. It's plaveicelcel carcinoma and treated with Chemo and radioation. So I've even less energy than the last years. Still I try to make something of my life and the blog is helping with surviving with some pleasure.

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