|Successor||Société Nationale de Constructions Aéronautiques du Centre (SNCAC)|
|Founder||Dick Farman, Henri Farman and Maurice Farman|
|Headquarters||Châteaufort, Yvelines, France|
Farman Aviation Works (French: Avions Farman) was a French aircraft company founded and run by the brothers Richard, Henri, and Maurice Farman. They designed and constructed aircraft and engines from 1908 until 1936; during the French nationalization and rationalization of its aeronautical industry, Farman’s assets were assigned to the Société Nationale de Constructions Aéronautiques du Centre (SNCAC).
In 1941 the Farman brothers reestablished the firm as the “Société Anonyme des Usines Farman” (SAUF), but only three years later it was absorbed by Sud-Ouest. Maurice’s son, Marcel Farman, reestablished the SAUF in 1952, but his effort proved unsuccessful and the firm was dissolved in 1956.
The Farman brothers designed and built more than 200 types of aircraft between 1908 and 1941. They also built cars until 1931.
In 1907, Henry Farman bought his first aircraft from the Voisin; and soon he began to improve its design of the aircraft, as a result it was known as eitherFarman I or Voisin-Farman I. In 1908, after further modifications which included re-covering it with ‘Continental’ rubberized fabric and addition of side-curtains, the aircraft was re-designated Farman I-bis. Ailerons were fitted after Wilbur Wright’s flying demonstration at Le Mans in August 1908.
A second aircraft, to be called Farman II, was built by the Voisin brothers incorporating design refinements to Farman’s specification. Voisin sold this aircraft to J.T.C. Moore-Brabazon, who exported it to England, where it was renamed
Aircraft designed and built by Henry Farman had a HF prefix, while examples designed and built by his brother Maurice carried a MF prefix.
List of aeroplanes
Farman F.190 – civil utility aircraft (1928)
Farman F.200 – civil utility aircraft (1929) Farman F.230 – touring aircraft (1930)Farman F.250 – passenger transport aircraft (1931)Farman F.280 – mail plane (1931)Farman F.211 – day/night bomber aircraft (1932)
Farman F.220 – 4-engined high-wing heavy bomber (1932) Farman F.1000, F.1001 & F.1002 single-engined, pressurised, high altitude research aircraft (1932-5) Farman F.1010 – experimental cannon carrier aircraft (1933)
Farman F.1020 – experimental aircraft (1933)
Farman F.270 – bomber/torpedo bomber floatplane version (1934)
Farman F.370 – single-seat racing aircraft (1933) Farman F.380 – single-seat racing aircraft (1933)Farman F.400 – four-seat cabin monoplane (1934) Farman F.420 – multi-role aircraft (1934)Farman F.430 – light transport aircraft (1934)Farman F.460 Alize – training, touring aircraft (1930s) Farman F.480 Alize – training, touring aircraft (1936) Farman NC.470 – six-seat trainer and coastal reconnaissance floatplane (1938) Farman NC.471 – six-seat trainer and coastal reconnaissance floatplane (1938) Farman F.500 – two-seat trainer aircraft (1952)
- Société Générale des Transports Aériens – airline initially formed as Lignes Aériennes Farman(“Farman airlines”)
- Claude Rouxel, Laurent Friry & Sébastien Faures. Farman De l’aviation à l’automobile, Ed. Etai, ISBN 9782726897478
- Opdycke 1999, p. 264.
- “Brab’s” First Flights, Flight, 28 May 1964, p. 895.
- Walter J. Boyne. Air Warfare An International Encyclopedia, ABC-CLIO,INC , ISBN I-57607-345-9
- Green & Swanborough, page 201
- Green & Swanborough, pages 201 and 202
- Green, William; Gordon Swanborough. The Complete Book of Fighters. Godalming, UK: Salamander Books. pp. 201, 202.
- Opdycke, Leonard E. French Aeroplanes Before the Great War Atglen, PA: Schiffer 1999 ISBN 0-7643-0752-5