International Harvester Company – NAVISTAR INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION I

International Logo No Back

International Harvester – NAVISTAR INTERNATIONAL Corporation 1901 – present Warrenville Illinois USA

International Harvester Company
Industry AgriculturalAutomotive
Fate renamed as Navistar International Corporation
Predecessor McCormick Harvesting Machine Company
Deering Harvester Company
Warder, Bushnell, and Glessner etc.
Successor Navistar International
Founded 1901
Founder Cyrus Hall McCormick
Headquarters Warrenville, Illinois
Area served
Worldwide
Key people
Cyrus Hall McCormick,J.P. Morgan
Products Farm Machinery, Vocational Trucks, Household Appliances, Passenger Vehicles, Construction and Industrial Equipment
1939 International Jungle Yacht Truck, Commander Gatti
 1939 Advertisement for International “Jungle Yacht” Tractor-trailer, for a luxury tour of the Belgian Congo.
1940 International Tanker Truck ad
 Advertisement for 1940 International Tanker Truck

The In­ter­na­tional Har­vester Company (ab­bre­vi­ated first IHC and later IH) (now known as  Nav­is­tar In­ter­na­tional Cor­po­ra­tion) was a United States man­u­fac­turer of agri­cul­tural ma­chin­ery, con­struc­tion equip­ment, trucks, and house­hold and com­mer­cial prod­ucts. In 1902, J.P. Mor­gan merged the Mc­Cormick Har­vest­ing Ma­chine Company and Deer­ing Har­vester Com­pany, along with three smaller agri­cul­tural equip­ment firms, to form In­ter­na­tional Har­vester. In 1985, In­ter­na­tional Har­vester sold off most of its agri­cul­tural di­vi­sion to Ten­neco, Inc., who merged it into its sub­sidiary J.I. Case under the Case IH brand. Fol­low­ing the terms of IH’s agree­ment with Ten­neco, In­ter­na­tional Har­vester re­named it­self Nav­is­tar In­ter­na­tional Cor­po­ra­tion in 1986.

  • INTERNATIONAL HARVESTER DURING WORLD WAR II “THE STRONG SHALL BE FREE” 74342
  • INTERNATIONAL HARVESTER Dealerships through the years.
  • THE DAY INTERNATIONAL HARVESTER DIED IN MEMPHIS
  • International Harvester 3444 Diesel Backhoe / Loader for Sale

History

Cyrus McCormick engraving
Cyrus Hall McCormick patented an early mechanical reaper

Founding of the company

The roots of In­ter­na­tional Har­vester run to the 1830s, when Cyrus Hall Mc­Cormick, an in­ven­tor from Vir­ginia, fi­nal­ized his ver­sion of a horse-drawn reaper, which he field-demon­strated through­out 1831, and for which he re­ceived a patent in 1834. To­gether with his brother Le­an­der J. Mc­Cormick (1819–1900), Mc­Cormick moved to Chicago in 1847 and started the Mc­Cormick Har­vest­ing Ma­chine Com­pany. The Mc­Cormick reaper sold well, par­tially as a re­sult of savvy and in­no­v­a­tive busi­ness prac­tices. Their prod­ucts came onto the mar­ket just as the de­vel­op­ment of rail­roads of­fered wide dis­tri­b­u­tion to dis­tant mar­ket areas. He de­vel­oped mar­ket­ing and sales tech­niques, de­vel­op­ing a vast net­work of trained sales­men able to demon­strate op­er­a­tion of the ma­chines in the field.

Mc­Cormick died in 1885, with his com­pany pass­ing to his son, Cyrus Mc­Cormick, Jr., whose an­tipa­thy and in­com­pe­tence to­ward or­ga­nized labor sparked the Hay­mar­ket af­fair, the ori­gin of May Day as a labor hol­i­day. In 1902 the Mc­Cormick Har­vest­ing Ma­chine Com­pany and Deer­ing Har­vester Com­pany, along with three smaller agri­cul­tural equip­ment firms (Mil­wau­kee; Plano; and Warder, Bush­nell, and Gless­ner—man­u­fac­tur­ers of Cham­pion brand) merged to cre­ate the In­ter­na­tional Har­vester Com­pany. In 1919, the Par­lin and Oren­dorff fac­tory in Can­ton, Illi­noiswas a leader in the plow man­u­fac­tur­ing in­dus­try. In­ter­na­tional Har­vester pur­chased the fac­tory call­ing it the Can­ton Works; it con­tin­ued pro­duc­tion for many decades.

1920 International tractor
 An International Harvester tractor built in 1920
1954 International R110 Truck
 1954 R-110 series pickup

The golden years of IH

In 1926 IH’s Far­mall Works began pro­duc­tion in a new plant in Rock Is­land, Illi­nois, built solely to pro­duce the new Far­mall trac­tor. By 1930, the 100,000th Far­mall was pro­duced. IH next set their sights on in­tro­duc­ing a true ‘gen­eral-pur­pose’ trac­tor de­signed to sat­isfy the needs of the av­er­age US fam­ily farmer. The re­sult­ing ‘let­ter’ se­ries of Ray­mond Loewy-de­signed Far­mall trac­tors in 1939 proved a huge suc­cess, and IH en­joyed a sales lead in trac­tors and re­lated equip­ment that con­tin­ued through much of the 1940s and 1950s, de­spite stiff com­pe­ti­tion from Ford, John Deere and other trac­tor manufacturers.

IH ranked 33rd among United States cor­po­ra­tions in the value of World War II pro­duc­tion contracts. In 1946 IH ac­quired a de­fense plant in Louisville, Ken­tucky, which was en­larged, ex­panded, and re-equipped for pro­duc­tion of the Far­mall A, B, and the new 340 trac­tors. Then in 1948 IH ac­quired the Met­ro­pol­i­tan Body Com­pany of Bridge­port, Connecticut. This was the man­u­fac­tur­ing fa­cil­ity for the bod­ies of the com­mer­cially suc­cess­ful Metro line of for­ward con­trol vans and trucks from 1938 until roughly 1964.

In 1974, the 5 mil­lionth IHC trac­tor was pro­duced at the Rock Is­land Far­mall plant.

Through­out the 1960s and 1970s, de­spite good sales, IH’s profit mar­gins re­mained slim. The con­tin­ual ad­di­tion of un­re­lated busi­ness lines cre­ated a some­what un­wieldy cor­po­rate or­ga­ni­za­tion, and the com­pany found it dif­fi­cult to focus on a pri­mary busi­ness, be it agri­cul­tural equip­ment, con­struc­tion equip­ment, or truck pro­duc­tion. An overly con­ser­v­a­tive man­age­ment, com­bined with a rigid pol­icy of in-house pro­mo­tions tended to sti­fle new man­age­ment strate­gies as well as tech­ni­cal in­no­va­tion. Prod­ucts with in­creas­ingly an­cient tech­nol­ogy con­tin­ued in pro­duc­tion de­spite their mar­ginal ad­di­tion to sales. Worse, IH not only faced a threat of strong com­pe­ti­tion in each of its main busi­nesses, but also had to con­tend with in­creased pro­duc­tion costs, pri­mar­ily due to labor and gov­ern­ment-im­posed en­vi­ron­men­tal and safety regulations.

Downfall

In 1979 IH named a new CEO, who was de­ter­mined to im­prove profit mar­gins and dras­ti­cally cut bal­loon­ing costs. Un­prof­itable model lines were ter­mi­nated, and fac­tory pro­duc­tion cur­tailed. By the end of the year, IH prof­its were at their high­est in 10 years, but cash re­serves were still too low. Union mem­bers be­came in­creas­ingly irate over pro­duc­tion cut­backs and other cost-cut­ting mea­sures. In the spring and sum­mer of 1979, IH began short-term plan­ning for a strike that seemed in­evitable. Then on No­vem­ber 1, IH an­nounced fig­ures show­ing that pres­i­dent and chair­man Archie Mc­Cardell re­ceived a $1.8 mil­lion (in 1979 val­ues) bonus. Mc­Cardell sought over­time, work rule, and other changes from the UAW, which led to a strike on No­vem­ber 2, 1979.

ICBus logo

Soon after, the econ­omy turned un­fa­vor­able, and IH faced a fi­nan­cial cri­sis. The strike lasted ap­prox­i­mately six months. When it ended, IH had lost al­most $600 mil­lion (in 1979 value; over $2 bil­lion today).

By 1981 the com­pany’s fi­nances were at their low­est point ever. The strike, ac­com­pa­nied by the econ­omy and in­ter­nal cor­po­rate prob­lems, had placed IH in a hole that had only a slim way out. Things only got worse until 1984, when the bit­ter end came.

In­ter­na­tional Har­vester, fol­low­ing long ne­go­ti­a­tions, agreed to sell se­lected as­sets of its agri­cul­tural prod­ucts di­vi­sion to Ten­neco, Inc. on No­vem­ber 26, 1984. Ten­neco had a sub­sidiary, J.I. Case, that man­u­fac­tured trac­tors, but lacked the full line of farm im­ple­ments that IH pro­duced (com­bines, cot­ton pick­ers, tillage equip­ment etc.)

Fol­low­ing the merger, trac­tor pro­duc­tion at Har­vester’s Rock Is­land, Illi­nois Far­mall Works ceased in May 1985. Pro­duc­tion of the new Case IH trac­tors moved to the J.I. Case Trac­tor Works in Racine, Wis­con­sin. Pro­duc­tion of IH Ax­ial-Flow com­bines con­tin­ued at the East Mo­line, Illi­nois com­bine fac­tory. Har­vester’s Mem­phis Works in Mem­phis, Ten­nessee was closed and cot­ton picker pro­duc­tion was moved.

The truck and en­gine di­vi­sions re­mained, and in 1986 Har­vester changed the cor­po­rate name to Nav­is­tar In­ter­na­tional Cor­po­ra­tion (Har­vester had sold the In­ter­na­tional Har­vester name and the IH sym­bol to Ten­neco Inc. as part of the sale of its agri­cul­tural prod­ucts di­vi­sion). Nav­is­tar In­ter­na­tional Cor­po­ra­tion con­tin­ues to man­u­fac­ture medium- and heavy-duty trucks, school buses, and en­gines under the In­ter­na­tional brand name.

Divisions and products

International 660 front
 International 660 in rural Saskatchewan

Agriculture

The In­ter­na­tional Har­vester Agri­cul­tural Di­vi­sion was 2nd to the Truck Di­vi­sion but was the best-known IH sub­sidiary. When IH sold the agri­cul­tural prod­ucts di­vi­sion to Ten­neco in 1985, the In­ter­na­tional Har­vester name and “IH” logo, went with it.

One of the early prod­ucts (be­sides the har­vest­ing equip­ment that Mc­Cormick and Deer­ing had been mak­ing prior to the merger) from the newly cre­ated In­ter­na­tional Har­vester Com­pany was the Trac­tion Truck: a truck frame man­u­fac­tured by Mor­ton Trac­tion Truck Com­pany (later bought by IHC) with an IHC en­gine installed.

From 1902, when IH was formed, to the early 1920s, the Mc­Cormick and Deer­ing deal­er­ships kept their orig­i­nal brands unique, with Mogul trac­tors sold at Mc­Cormick deal­ers, and Titan trac­tors at Deer­ing deal­er­ships, due to the still pre­sent com­pet­i­tive­ness of the for­mer rivals.

The early tractors

1911 IHC Mogul tractor
 1911 one-cylinder 25 hp (19 kW) Type C Mogul
1937 McCormick-Deering tractor
 1937 McCormick-Deering tractor on display at the Cole Land Transportation Museum in Bangor, Maine

IH pro­duced a range of large gaso­line-pow­ered farm trac­tors under the Mogul and Titan brands. Sold by Mc­Cormick deal­ers, the Type C Mogul was lit­tle more than a sta­tion­ary en­gine on a trac­tor chas­sis, fit­ted with fric­tion drive (one speed for­ward, one reverse). Be­tween 1911 and 1914, 862 Moguls were built. These trac­tors had var­ied suc­cess but the trend going into the mid-1910s was “small” and “cheap”.

The first im­por­tant trac­tors from IH were the model 10-20 and 15-30. In­tro­duced in 1915, the trac­tors (which were smaller than their pre­de­ces­sors) were pri­mar­ily used as trac­tion en­gines to pull plows and for belt work on thresh­ing ma­chines. The 10-20 and 15-30 both had sep­a­rate, but sim­i­lar, Mogul and Titan versions.

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Around this time, IHC pur­chased a num­ber of smaller com­pa­nies to in­cor­po­rate their prod­ucts into the IH dealer ar­se­nal. Par­lin & Oren­dorff aka P&O Plow and Chat­tanooga Plow were pur­chased in 1919. Other brand names they in­cor­po­rated in­clude, but are not lim­ited to, Key­stone, D.M. Os­borne, Kemp, Mead­ows, Ster­ling, Weber, Plano and Cham­pion.

In 1924 IH in­tro­duced the Far­mall trac­tor, a smaller gen­eral-pur­pose trac­tor, to fend off com­pe­ti­tion from the Ford Motor Com­pany‘s Ford­son trac­tors. The Far­mall was a leader in the emerg­ingrow-crop trac­tor cat­e­gory.

1954 International Harvester Farmall Super C
 1954 IH Farmall Super C

Fol­low­ing the in­tro­duc­tion of the Far­mall, IH in­tro­duced sev­eral sim­i­lar look­ing “F Se­ries” mod­els that of­fered im­prove­ments over the orig­i­nal de­sign (the orig­i­nal model be­came known as the “Regular”).

In 1932 IH pro­duced their first diesel en­gine, in the Mc­Cormick-Deer­ing TD-40 crawler. This en­gine started on gaso­line, then switched over to diesel fuel. Diesel en­gines of this era were dif­fi­cult to start in cold weather, and using gaso­line al­lowed the en­gine to start eas­ily and thor­oughly warm up be­fore mak­ing the switch to diesel in all weather con­di­tions. In 1935 this en­gine was put in the In­ter­na­tional Har­vester WD-40, be­com­ing the first diesel trac­tor on wheels in North America (the world’s first diesel trac­tor was the Ger­man Benz-Sendling BS 6, in­tro­duced in 1922).

The letter and standard series

1954 IHC red tractor McCormick Farmall
 A McCormick Farmall tractor.

For model year 1939, in­dus­trial de­signer Ray­mond Loewy was hired to de­sign a new line of trac­tors. The sleek look, com­bined with other new fea­tures, cre­ated what is known as the Far­mall “let­ter se­ries” (A, B, BN, C, H, and M) and the Mc­Cormick-Deer­ing “stan­dard se­ries” (W-4, W-6, and W-9). Model year 1941 saw the in­tro­duc­tion of the model “MD”, the first row­crop diesel pow­ered trac­tor; it would be over a decade be­fore IH’s largest com­peti­tor, John Deere, would in­tro­duce a diesel op­tion on their row­crop trac­tors. The let­ter se­ries trac­tors were up­dated to the “super” se­ries in 1953 (with the ex­cep­tion of the A, which had be­come a “super” in 1947, and the B and BN, which were dis­con­tin­ued in 1948) and re­ceived sev­eral im­prove­ments. Many of these trac­tors (es­pe­cially the largest: the H, M, and W mod­els) are still in op­er­a­tion on farms today. Es­pe­cially de­sir­able are the diesel-pow­ered MD, WD-6, and WD-9. These trac­tors car­ried for­ward the unique gaso­line start diesel con­cept of the WD-40.

The let­ter and stan­dard se­ries of trac­tors was pro­duced until 1954, and was a defin­ing prod­uct in IH history.

In 1947, the small­est trac­tor in the Far­mall line was in­tro­duced, the Cub. With a 60 cu. in. four-cylin­der en­gine and a 69-inch wheel­base, the Cub was aimed at small farms such as truck farms, horse farms, and other small acreages that had pre­vi­ously con­tin­ued to rely on horse-drawn equip­ment. Like the var­i­ous John Deere L/LA/LI mod­els, one of the “mech­a­niza­tion-re­sis­tant” mar­kets it hoped to pen­e­trate was the small, poor, one-mule fam­ily farms of the rural Amer­i­can Deep South. But the Cub also sold to own­ers of larger farms who re­quired a sec­ond trac­tor. Pro­duc­tion of the Cub com­menced at the newly ac­quired Far­mall Works-Louisville plant (for­merly the wartime Cur­tiss-Wright Air­craft fac­tory in Louisville, Ken­tucky) which was ex­panded, re­mod­eled, and re-equipped. Sell­ing for $545.00 in 1947, the Cub proved ex­tremely pop­u­lar, and the orig­i­nal de­sign con­tin­ued in pro­duc­tion with­out sig­nif­i­cant al­ter­ation until 1979.

WayneBuslogo1980s

For 1955 in IH trac­tors, the num­bered “hun­dred-se­ries” was of­fered. Al­though given slightly dif­fer­ent looks and few new fea­tures, they were still up­dates to the mod­els in­tro­duced in 1939. The only new trac­tor in the 1955 lineup was the 300 Util­ity. In 1957 IH gave the trac­tor lineup an­other up­date by in­creas­ing power in some mod­els, adding a new 230 Util­ity model, and adding new white paint to the grill and sides, and giv­ing new num­ber des­ig­na­tions. This im­proved sales at the time, but IH’s in­abil­ity to change and up­date was al­ready showing.

60 Series recall

In July 1958, IH launched a major cam­paign to in­tro­duce a new line of trac­tors to re­vi­tal­ize slump­ing sales. At the Hins­dale, Illi­nois, Test­ing Farm, IH en­ter­tained over 12,000 deal­ers from over 25 coun­tries. IH showed off their new “60” se­ries of trac­tors: in­clud­ing the big, first-of-its-kind, six-cylin­der 460 and 560 trac­tors. But the joy of the new line of trac­tors was short lived. One of the first events that would even­tu­ally lead to the down­fall of IH pre­sented it­self in 1959. In June of that year, IH re­called the 460, 560, and 660 trac­tors: final drive com­po­nents had failed. IH, who wanted to be the first big-power man­u­fac­turer, had failed to dras­ti­cally up­date the final dri­ves on the new six-cylin­der trac­tors. These final dri­ves were es­sen­tially un­changed from 1939 and would fail rapidly under the stress of the more pow­er­ful 60-se­ries en­gines. IH’s com­peti­tors took ad­van­tage of the re­call, and IH would lose cus­tomers in the en­su­ing months, with many cus­tomers mov­ing to John Deere‘s New Gen­er­a­tion of Power trac­tors in­tro­duced in 1960.

1960s

Through­out the 1960s IH in­tro­duced new trac­tors and new sales tech­niques. As pro­duc­ing trac­tors was the lifeblood of the com­pany, IH would have to re­main com­pet­i­tive in this field. They both suc­ceeded and failed at this goal. But farm­ing was about to change, and IH and its com­peti­tors were in for a bumpy ride. In 1963 IH in­tro­duced the 73 hp (54 kW) 706 and 95 hp (71 kW) 806 trac­tors. In 1964 IH made its 4 mil­lionth trac­tor, an 806. In 1965 IH in­tro­duced its first 100 hp (75 kW) two-wheel-drive trac­tor, the 1206. An­other op­tion be­came avail­able in 1965 for the 706, 806, and the new 1206: a fac­tory-in­stalled cab (made by Sto­pler Allen Co.). This cab is often called the “Ice Cream Box” cab due to its shape. The cab could be equipped with a fan and heater. By 1967, over 100,000 mod­els 706, 806, and 1206 were built. The 276 In­ter­na­tional har­vester was also built at this pe­riod of time be­com­ing pop­u­lar for smaller farms with tighter lanes and fields due to mo­bil­ity and weight mak­ing the 276 a pop­u­lar seller boost­ing In­ter­na­tional Har­vester’s slim profits.

IC Logo

1967 saw the in­tro­duc­tion of the “56” se­ries trac­tors as re­place­ments for the suc­cess­ful and pop­u­lar “06” se­ries. These new “56s” were big­ger and more pow­er­ful than the “06s”. The new mod­els in­cluded the 65 hp (48 kW) 656, 76 hp (57 kW) 756, the 101 hp (75 kW) 856, and the 116 hp (87 kW) 1256. The “ice cream box” cab was still an op­tion. In 1969 IH in­tro­duced the 1456 Turbo at 131 hp (98 kW). Also that year, the 91 hp (68 kW) 826 was in­tro­duced with the op­tion of gearshift or hy­dro­sta­tic trans­mis­sions. The “ice cream box” cab was dropped and re­placed with the new “cus­tom” cab made by Exel In­dus­tries, which could be equipped with fac­tory air-con­di­tion­ing, heat, and an AM radio. An­other mile­stone for IH was the 1970 in­tro­duc­tion of the 1026 Hydro which was ba­si­cally a hy­dro­sta­tic ver­sion of the 1256, at that time the most pow­er­ful hy­dro­sta­tic trans­mis­sion trac­tor made in the US at 114 hp (85 kW).

1970s

In 1971 IH in­tro­duced the 66 se­ries line. The new mod­els in­cluded the 85 hp (63 kW) 766, the 101 hp (75 kW) 966, the 125 hp (93 kW) 1066 turbo, the 145 hp (108 kW) 1466 Turbo, and the 145 hp (108 kW) 1468 V-8. The 130 hp (97 kW) 4166 4WD was also in­tro­duced. The 966 and 1066 were avail­able with Hydro or gearshift trans­mis­sions and the choice of two-post ROPs or two dif­fer­ent cabs, the “cus­tom” and the “deluxe”. Both could be equipped with A/C, heat, and AM-FM radios.

In 1972 the 666 re­placed the long-run­ning 656, the 150 hp (110 kW) 1568 V8 re­placed the 1468, and the 160 hp (120 kW) 1566 and the 163 hp (122 kW) 4366 4WD were in­tro­duced. Also later that year, four-post ROPs re­placed two-post; The “cus­tom” cab was dropped and the “deluxe” cab was now painted red in­stead of white. Due to horse­power con­fu­sions the 966 and 1066 Hydro mod­els were re­striped; the Hydro 100 and the 666 Hydro be­came the Hydro 70. On Feb­ru­ary 1, 1974 at 9:00 am, the 5 mil­lionth trac­tor came off the as­sem­bly line at the Far­mall Plant in Illi­nois. IH was the first trac­tor man­u­fac­turer to ac­com­plish this. Also in 1973, IH of­fi­cially dropped the “Far­mall” name from its trac­tor. This ended an era that began with the first Far­mall “Reg­u­lar” back in 1924.

The 230 hp (170 kW) 4568 V8 4WD was in­tro­duced in 1975. In 1976 the en­tire trac­tor line got a new paint job and decal pat­tern. No longer were the side pan­els all white with chrome and black de­cals: they were now all red with a black striped sticker. This was done to clear in­ven­tory for the forth­com­ing “Pro Ag Line”.

International_Harvester_logo

In Sep­tem­ber 1976 IH re­leased their 86 se­ries “Pro Ag Line”. The mod­els in­cluded the 80 hp (60 kW) 786, the 90 hp (67 kW) 886, the 101 hp (75 kW) 986, the 104 hp (78 kW) 186 Hydro, the 135 hp (101 kW) 1086, the 146 hp (109 kW) 1486 and the 161 hp (120 kW) 1586. These new trac­tors had a new cab dubbed the “Con­trol Cen­ter” that came stan­dard with A/C, heat, and sev­eral radio/CB op­tions. The dri­ver sat well ahead of the rear axle and the fuel tank was mounted be­hind the cab over the rear axle. This in­creased bal­ance and ride. Also in 1976, the 62 hp (46 kW) 686 along with the “86” se­ries four-wheel-dri­ves were in­tro­duced, in­clud­ing the 4186, 4586, and 4786.

In 1977 In­ter­na­tional Har­vester in­tro­duced the first Ax­ial-Flow ro­tary com­bine. This ma­chine, pro­duced at East Mo­line, Illi­nois, was the first gen­er­a­tion of over 30 years of Ax­ial-Flow combines.

In 1979 IH in­tro­duced two all-new trac­tors: the 3388 and 3588, known as the 2+2 4wd line. These trac­tors were the re­sult of tak­ing two 1086 rear ends and hook­ing them to­gether with a trans­fer case. A year later, the 3788 was in­tro­duced. De­spite the fact these trac­tors per­formed well in the field, they never sold well.

1980s

As the 1980s began, IH was ready to climb from its own de­pres­sion and be­come a leader once more. IH would face a sta­ble econ­omy, yet it would face an un­known fate. In Sep­tem­ber 1981, IH an­nounced at a deal­er­ship meet­ing the new “50 Se­ries” of trac­tors, which in­cluded the 136 hp (101 kW) 5088, the 162 hp (121 kW) 5288 and the 187 hp (139 kW) 5488. IH also re­leased the “30 se­ries”, which in­cluded the 81 hp (60 kW) 3088, the 90 hp (67 kW) 3288 the 112 hp (84 kW) 3488Hy­dro and the 113 hp (84 kW) 3688. These new trac­tors would prove once again that IH had the in­no­va­tion to come out on top. De­signed and styled by IH in­dus­trial de­signer Gregg Mont­gomery, whose firm (Mont­gomery De­sign In­ter­na­tional) later de­signed the Case IH “Mag­num” se­ries trac­tors, the new styl­ish de­sign of the “50 Se­ries and 30 se­ries would change the look of trac­tors from that time for­ward. IH spent over $29 mil­lion to de­velop this new se­ries, and the re­sult was the last great lineup of trac­tors from In­ter­na­tional Harvester.

International_Harvester_logo

There were many tech­nol­ogy-re­lated in­no­va­tions in the new se­ries. A com­puter mon­i­tor­ing sys­tem (“Sen­try”) was de­vel­oped, and IH be­came the first man­u­fac­turer to add a com­puter to a farm trac­tor. Other in­no­va­tions in­cluded a “z” shift pat­tern, an 18-speed syn­chro­nized trans­mis­sion, a for­ward air flow cool­ing sys­tem which sucked air from above the hood and blew it out the front grille, “Power Pri­or­ity” 3-pump hy­draulic sys­tem, color-coded hy­draulic lines and con­trols, and a new rear-hitch sys­tem. The 50 Se­ries had an un­prece­dented three-year or 2,500-hour en­gine and drive-train war­ranty, which would later be­come an in­dus­try stan­dard. Al­though no new sales records were set, IH sold a re­spectable amount of these trac­tors dur­ing its short pro­duc­tion time. IH also re­leased the “60 se­ries 2+2s” and planned on mak­ing the “Su­per70 se­ries” 2+2s but only a hand­ful of these exist today. On May 14, 1985 the last IH trac­tor rolled off the fac­tory line, a 5488 FWA.

IH was well into the de­vel­op­ment of a new line of trac­tors that would rev­o­lu­tion­ize the ways of farm­ing when the sale of the agri­cul­tural prod­ucts di­vi­sion was an­nounced. Many of these new fea­tures would find their way into the new se­ries of MAG­NUM trac­tors in­tro­duced by Case IH in 1987.

In the late 1970s IH en­tered a deal with Spain’s Enasa to build diesel en­gines there as In­ter­na­cional de Motores. After a down­turn in the mar­ket cou­pled to prob­lems with Spain’s entry into the EEC threat­ened the prof­itabil­ity of this pro­ject, In­ter­na­tional Har­vester with­drew in 1982. In re­turn for being al­lowed to es­cape all con­di­tions of the joint ven­ture, IH lost their up front in­vest­ment in the en­gine plant and ended up sell­ing British truck man­u­fac­turer Sed­don Atkin­son (which had be­longed to IH since 1974) to Enasa in 1983.

Brand names of the Ag division

McCormick Deering Tractor
 McCormick Deering Tractor

IH over the years used a num­ber of brand names to mar­ket their trac­tor and har­vest­ing products:

  • International (1902–1985)
  • Titan (1910–1924)
  • Mogul (1911–1924)
  • McCormick–Deering (1922–1947)
  • McCormick (1947–1958)
  • Farmall (1924–1973)
  • Fairway (1924–1938)
  • Electrall (1954–1956)

Other agricultural products

Along with the promi­nent trac­tor di­vi­sion, IH also sold sev­eral dif­fer­ent types of farm-re­lated equip­ment, such as balers, cul­ti­va­tors, com­bines (self-pro­pelled and pull be­hind), com­bine heads, corn shellers, cot­ton pick­ers, ma­nure spread­ers, hay rakes, crop dusters, disk har­rows, el­e­va­tors, feed grinders, ham­mer mills, hay con­di­tion­ers, milk­ing ma­chines, planters, mills, discs, plows and var­i­ous mis­cel­la­neous equipment.

Also pro­duced were twine, sta­tion­ary en­gines, load­ers, and wagons.

Electrall

The Elec­trall sys­tem was in­tro­duced in 1954; it was a short-lived at­tempt to mar­ket elec­tri­cally op­er­ated farm equip­ment and ac­ces­sories. The sys­tem, co-de­vel­oped with Gen­eral Elec­tric, con­sisted of a 208Vthree phaseal­ter­nat­ing cur­rent gen­er­a­tor con­nected with elec­tric ca­bles to the de­vice to be pow­ered. The gen­er­a­tor could even power a house­hold. A 10 kW Elec­trall gen­er­a­tor was an op­tion on the Far­mall 400 tractor, and there also was a 12.5 kW PTO-dri­ven ver­sion. The pos­si­ble ap­pli­ca­tions of Elec­trall power were many, but few made it to mar­ket. IH mar­ket­ing ma­te­ri­als showed a hay­baler being Elec­trall pow­ered. One of the more novel ap­pli­ca­tions of the Elec­trall was a de­vice to elec­tro­cute in­sects in the field at night (ba­si­cally like a mod­ern-day bug zap­per, but on a larger scale).

Vehicles

Light duty trucks

1911 International Harvester Auto Wagon
 1911 International Harvester Auto Wagon
1927 International stakebed
 1927 International one-ton stakebed
1954 International R110 Front End
 1954 R-110 series pickup
1956 International pickup
 1957 A-series pickup
1961–1962 IHC C-120 Travelette
 1961–1962 IHC C-120 Travelette
1979 International Gold Concept
 1956 international pickup.jpg.

IH is often re­mem­bered as a maker of rel­a­tively suc­cess­ful and in­no­v­a­tive “light” lines of ve­hi­cles, com­pet­ing di­rectly against the Big 3. The most com­mon were pickuptrucks. IH made light trucks from 1907 to 1975, be­gin­ning with the Model A Auto Wagon (some­times called the “Auto Buggy”). Pro­duc­tion com­menced in Feb­ru­ary 1907 at IH’s Mc­Cormick Works in Chicago, al­though pro­duc­tion was moved to Akron, Ohio in Oc­to­ber that year. Pow­ered by a hor­i­zon­tally op­posed air-cooled twin of around 15 hp (11 kW), it was a right-hand-drive model pop­u­lar in rural areas for high ground clear­ance on the poor roads typ­i­cal of the era. It fea­tured a rear seat con­vert­ible to a car­rier bed. The Auto Wagon was re­named the Motor Truck in 1910, and was a fore­run­ner to the suc­cess­ful mod­ern pickup truck. They were called IHC until 1914, when the ‘In­ter­na­tional’ name was first applied. The final light line truck was made on May 5, 1975.

IH also had early suc­cess with the “Auto Buggy”, which started pro­duc­tion in Feb­ru­ary 1907. In the mid-1940s, In­ter­na­tional re­leased their K and KB se­ries trucks, which were more sim­plis­tic than other trucks re­leased in that era. This was fol­lowed by the L Se­ries in 1949, which was re­placed by the R Se­ries in 1952, fol­lowed by the S line in 1955. In 1957, to cel­e­brate IH’s golden an­niver­sary as a truck man­u­fac­turer, this was re­placed by the new A line. ‘A’ stands for anniver­sary. With light mod­i­fi­ca­tions to its ap­pear­ance but more se­ri­ous changes under the shell (and a num­ber of new names), this de­sign con­tin­ued in pro­duc­tion until re­placed by the 1100D in late 1969, which looked very sim­i­lar to the Scout.

Cor­re­spond­ing with the truck “let­ter lines” was the Metro line of step (de­liv­ery) vans. Start­ing in 1938 and man­u­fac­tured through 1975, the Metro se­ries was pro­duced and up­dated with each it­er­a­tion of IH’s truck lines. There were also spe­cial use vari­ants such as the Metro Coach (a bus ver­sion with win­dows and pas­sen­ger seats) and Metro front-end sec­tion and chas­sis for full com­mer­cial cus­tomiza­tion. Ad­di­tional vari­ants were based on the medium duty en­gine and chas­sis lines.

One of the com­pany’s light-duty ve­hi­cles was the Trav­e­lall, which was sim­i­lar in con­cept to the Chevro­let Sub­ur­ban. The Trav­elette was a crew cab, avail­able in 2 or 4 wheel drive. A 3-door ver­sion was avail­able start­ing in 1957, and a 4-door ver­sion was avail­able start­ing in 1961. The 1961 Trav­elette 4-door (crew­cab) was the first 6-pas­sen­ger, 4-door truck of its time. The Scout, first in­tro­duced in 1961, is a small two-door SUV, sim­i­lar to a Jeep. In 1972 the Scout be­came the Scout II, and in 1974 Dana 44 axles, power steer­ing and power disk brakes be­came stan­dard. After the Light Line pick­ups and Trav­e­lall were dis­con­tin­ued in 1975, the Scout Trav­eler and Terra be­came avail­able, both with a longer wheel­base than a stan­dard Scout II.

IH would aban­don sales of pas­sen­ger ve­hi­cles in 1980 to con­cen­trate on com­mer­cial trucks and school buses. Today the pick­ups, Trav­e­lalls, and Scouts are minor cult or­phaned ve­hi­cles. All were also avail­able as rugged four-wheel driveoff-road ve­hi­cles.

The Scout and Light Truck parts busi­ness was sold to Scout/Light Line Dis­trib­u­tors, Inc. in 1991.

Medium/heavy duty

IH was an early man­u­fac­turer of medium/heavy duty trucks. Al­though based upon truck chas­sis, IH also be­came the lead­ing man­u­fac­turer of the chas­sis por­tion of body-on-chas­sis con­ven­tional (type C) school buses. In 1962 IH of­fered the In­ter­na­tional Har­vester Load­star which be­came the pre­mier medium-duty truck. In 1978 IH of­fered the In­ter­na­tional Har­vester S-Se­ries, which re­placed the Load­star in 1979.

With the truck and en­gine di­vi­sions re­main­ing fol­low­ing the 1985 sale of the agri­cul­tural di­vi­sion, In­ter­na­tional Har­vester Com­pany changed their cor­po­rate name to Nav­is­tar In­ter­na­tional in 1986. Today Nav­is­tar In­ter­na­tional’s sub­sidiary, In­ter­na­tional Truck and En­gine Cor­po­ra­tion, man­u­fac­tures and mar­kets trucks and en­gines under the In­ter­na­tional brand name.

The Power Strokediesel en­gine, which is a trade name of Ford Motor Com­pany, was man­u­fac­tured by In­ter­na­tional Truck and En­gine Cor­po­ra­tion in In­di­anapo­lis, Ind., for use in Ford heavy-duty trucks, vans and SUVs.

Military

IH man­u­fac­tured light, medium, and heavy ve­hi­cles for mil­i­tary use. Ex­am­ples in­clude a Metro van sold to the Czecho­slo­va­kian Army in 1938, as M5 Trac­tors and 2.5-ton M-5H-6 trucks for the US Navy & Marines in 1942, and ap­prox­i­mately 3,500 2.5 ton M-5-6-318 cargo trucks pro­vided mostly to So­viet Union and China.

Motorhomes

In the 1970s, mo­torhomes were man­u­fac­tured using IHC en­gines and bare chas­sis. Most of the bod­ies were con­structed of fiber­glass.

Overseas subsidiaries

Australia

Utility

1953 International Utility
 1953 International Utility

Australian Army designs

In­ter­na­tional Har­vester Aus­tralia, a sub­sidiary of the US Man­u­fac­turer, had a long re­la­tion­ship with the Aus­tralian Army with the US de­signed AS se­ries trucks in the early 1950s. The AS164 2X4 used as a trac­tor unit and the 2X4 AS161 used as a tray­back troop transport

The as­so­ci­a­tion be­tween In­ter­na­tional Har­vester Aus­tralia and the Aus­tralian Army de­vel­oped and in con­junc­tion with the Army De­sign Es­tab­lish­ment of the Aus­tralian Com­mon­wealth De­part­ment of Sup­ply, de­signed and con­structed a range of trucks for the Aus­tralian Army. With body loosely based upon the de­sign of cab 13 of the Cana­dian Mil­i­tary Pat­tern truck the first pro­to­type built in 1959 was the In­ter­na­tional Truck Cargo 2½ Ton Gen­eral Ser­vice, Aus­tralian No.1 Mk1. which was fol­lowed by the Mk2 pro­to­type. A vari­ant with a mid mounted 20,000 pound winch, re­sulted in the first pro­duc­tion model, the Mk3 en­ter­ing ser­vice in 1963 – just in time for Aus­tralia’s entry into the Viet­nam War.

A 5 Ton 6X6 ver­sion was to fol­low with 3 major vari­ants the Truck Cargo 5 Ton with winch F1 which re­placed the Mk3 in Viet­nam service.

The F2 a tip­per version that re­placed the In­ter­na­tional Har­vester AB160 “tea­spoon Tipper” in both Viet­nam and Bor­neo the­atres of operations.

The F5 wrecker with a lack of 4X4 2 1/2 ton trucks avail­able be­cause of the Viet­nam War, the Mk3 was sup­ple­mented with fur­ther 4X4 pro­duc­tion with the up­dated Mk4 version which shared the cab with the 6X6 vari­ants Pro­duc­tion of The Aus­tralian No.1. range of trucks were pro­duced until 1973. The Mk3, Mk4, F1, F2 and F5 saw ser­vice until the late 1980s.

NZFS 1969 C1800 Butterbox ACCO
 NZFS 1969 C1800 Butterbox ACCO.

ACCO

International ACCO truck With Generator Loaded Up
 International ACCO

The Aus­tralian-de­signed and built In­ter­na­tional ACCO [Aus­tralian con­structed cab over] was first pro­duced in the late 1960s. The ACCO is a cab over en­gine type truck and has been of­fered in 4×2, 4×4, 6×2, 6×4, 8×4 and 10×4 con­fig­u­ra­tions. En­gines used have been Cum­mins, Cater­pil­lar, De­troit Diesel or GMC with Road-Ranger or Al­li­son trans­mis­sions and Rock­well dif­fer­en­tials. The ACCO range were built to order, serv­ing pri­vate op­er­a­tors, fire de­part­ments, mil­i­tary ser­vices and mu­nic­i­pal de­part­ments across Aus­tralia and New Zealand. The ACCO be­came the most pop­u­lar prod­uct of In­ter­na­tional Har­vester in Aus­tralia. The ACCO con­tin­ues to be man­u­fac­tured to date, under the own­er­ship of Iveco.

Brazilian subsidiary

“In­ter­na­tional Har­vester Máquinas S.A.” was es­tab­lished with Brazil­ian gov­ern­ment sup­port as part of a pro­ject to de­velop a ve­hi­cle in­dus­try there. Their first prod­uct was the In­ter­na­tional S-184 heavy truck. In 1966 Chrysler pur­chased In­ter­na­tional’s Brazil­ian plant.

U.S. Truck series since 1960

Loadstar (1962–1979)

INTERNATIONAL HARVESTER loadstar as an airport fire GREECE TRUCK
 IHC Loadstar as an airport fire truck in Greece.
1968 International Harvester Loadstar bus at the Egged Museum, of Holon, Israel
 1968 International Harvester Loadstar bus at the Egged Museum, of Holon, Israel.

The first gen­er­a­tion Load­star was pri­mar­ily used for local de­liv­ery, in­clud­ing school buses and fire en­gines. It was also used ex­ten­sively in the agri­cul­tural and con­struc­tion in­dus­tries. It was widely rec­og­niz­able by its grey grill and “but­ter­fly” hood, but some late mod­els had one piece tilt­ing hoods. Most had a medium-duty 4×2 chas­sis, but some 6×4 heavy-duty mod­els were built. This se­ries was re­placed by the S-Se­ries in the 1970s.

Mod­els 1600, 1650, 1700, 1750, 1800, 1850, 2050

Pow­er­train

Gasoline

IHC V-304 V8

  • IHC V-345 V8
  • IHC V-461 V8
  • IHC V-549 V8
Diesel
  • IHC DV-462 V8
  • IHC DV-550 V8
  • IHC DV-550B V8
    • IHC D-150/170/190 V8
    • IHC DT466 I6
  • Caterpillar 1160 V8
  • Caterpillar 3208 V8
  • Detroit Diesel 6V53N V6

Navistar 7000 series (2005-)

The Nav­is­tar 7000 se­ries is a line of mil­i­tary heavy lift ve­hi­cles based on Nav­is­tar In­ter­na­tional‘s Work­Star truck chas­sis, and pro­duced by Nav­is­tar De­fense. The truck is avail­able in a va­ri­ety of wheel (4×2, 4×4, 6×4, and 6×6) and en­gine configurations.

In 2005, the US Army or­dered 2900 7,000-MV for the Afghan Na­tional Army and Iraqi Min­istry of De­fense and an ad­di­tional order of 7,000 was added in 2008.

The Cana­dian ForcesCana­dian Army had adopted the Nav­is­tar De­fence LLC Medium Lo­gis­tics truck. The ve­hi­cle ful­fills the MSVS Mil­COTS (Mil­i­ta­rized Com­mer­cial-Off-The-Shelf) re­quire­ment. As of mid-2011, the MSVS SMP (Stan­dard Mil­i­tary Pat­tern) ve­hi­cle has not been cho­sen. By June 2010, 1,300 Nav­is­tar units have re­placed part of the MLVW fleet. The civil­ian des­ig­na­tion of the 7000-MV is Nav­is­tar 7400 SFA 6×6.

In July 2012 the order for 1500 MSVS SMP trucks was can­celled and being re-evaluated.

Op­er­a­tors

S series (1977–2001)

The In­ter­na­tional Har­vester S-Series was a medium and heavy-duty truck line. In April 1977, at the New Or­leansSu­per­dome, the all-new S-se­ries medium-duty trucks were introduced. as a re­place­ment for the In­ter­na­tional Har­vester Fleet­star. In 1979, other ver­sions of the S-Se­ries were in­tro­duced to suc­ceed the Load­star-se­ries. Like the Load­star, the S-Se­ries were straight trucks com­monly used for local de­liv­ery; the ver­sions re­plac­ing the Fleet­star were semi-trac­tors or se­vere-ser­vice straight trucks. Ad­di­tion­ally, the S-Se­ries (and its re­place­ment, the 3800) proved pop­u­lar in the school bus in­dus­try. The S-Se­ries was the last prod­uct line de­signed from the ground up by In­ter­na­tional Har­vester them­selves; it was pro­duced in its orig­i­nal form until the end of the 1980s. Pro­duc­tion of the S-Se­ries ended in 2001.The six-wheeled ver­sions of the “S” were called F-se­ries.

In 1987, to re­flect the cor­po­rate change from In­ter­na­tional Har­vester to Nav­is­tar In­ter­na­tional, the S-Se­ries re­ceived new badg­ing. The IHC logo seen on the steer­ing wheel was re­placed by the Nav­is­tar di­a­mond logo. On the out­side, the In­ter­na­tional name was moved from the top to the bot­tom of the grille. In­stead of match­ing the grille color, all S-Se­ries trucks wore a red In­ter­na­tional badge.Navistar International 4900 dump truck

 Navistar International 4900 dump truck

In a 1989 facelift most of the com­po­nents were car­ried over into an up­dated line of medium duty trucks (the straight trucks were re-branded In­ter­na­tional 4000 Se­ries, while the trac­tors be­came the In­ter­na­tional 8000 Se­ries) with a re­designed hood and in­te­rior in 1989. These prod­ucts un­der­went in­te­rior up­dates in 1992 and 1995, re­main­ing in pro­duc­tion until the end of the 2001 model year.

Mod­els

Wayne Lifeguard school bus with International 3800 chassis (retired)
 Wayne Lifeguard school bus with International 3800 chassis (retired)
Navistar International bus in Mexico TMoctezuma12
 Navistar International bus in Mexico.
Trucks (International Harvester)
  • S-1600
  • S-1700
  • S-1800
  • S-1900
  • S-2000
  • S-2200 (short hood, wide cab)
  • S-2500 (long hood)
  • S-2600 (long hood, set back front axle)
Trucks (Navistar International)
  • 4600
  • 4700
  • 4900
  • 8100
  • 8200
Buses
  • 1853FC front-engine forward control
  • S-Series ”Schoolmaster” conventional
  • 3400 cutaway cab
  • 3600 semi-forward control
  • 3700 conventional
  • 3800 conventional (replaced “Schoolmaster” with 3700)

Pow­er­train

Gasoline Engines
International Harvester
    • 345 cubic-inch V8 (1979–1986)
    • 392 cubic-inch V8 (1979–1986)
    • MV-404 6.6 liter V8 (1979–1981)
    • MV-446 7.3 liter V8 (1979–1981) (gasoline ancestor of the International Harvester IDI engine)
Diesel Engines
V8

  • International Harvester 9.0 L (551 cu in) V8 (1979–1987)
  • D-150/170/190 (September 1978 – December 1979)
  • 9.0L (January 1980 – 1987)
  • International Harvester IDI 6.9 L (420 cu in) (1983–1987)
  • International Harvester IDI 7.3 L (444 cu in) (1986–1989)
  • Caterpillar 3208 10.4 L (636 cu in) (1979–1981)
Inline-6

  • International Harvester DT360 5.9 L (360 cu in) (1987–1989)
  • International Harvester DT466 7.6 L (466 cu in) (1979–1989)
  • Cummins M11

TranStar 8000 series (1989–)

2012 International TranStar 8600 with a special single-seat body for carrying long pipes
 International TranStar 8600 with a special single-seat body for carrying long pipes

The In­ter­na­tional 8000 Series, also known as the In­ter­na­tional TranStar line, is a re­gional-haultrac­tor. It is avail­able in two variants. They dif­fer in en­gines, dri­ve­trains, and axle configurations.

The 8500 is pow­ered by an In­ter­na­tional HT 570 310 hp (230 kW), 1,050 lbf·ft (1,420 N·m) en­gine with ei­ther a Fuller 10-speed man­ual, Spicer 7-speed man­ual, or Al­li­son 5-speed/6-speed automatic. With a wheel­base from 128 to 201 in (3.3 to 5.1 m), its front axle ca­pac­ity is 10,000 lb (4,500 kg) or 12,000 lb (5,400 kg). Rear sin­gle axle has a ca­pac­ity of 23,000 pounds (10,000 kg). Rear tan­dem axle has a ca­pac­ity of 40,000 lb (18,000 kg). Both axles are ei­ther Mer­i­tor or Dana Spicer and are avail­able with a dri­ver-con­trolled lock­ing dif­fer­en­tial. Ap­pli­ca­tions in­clude bev­er­age, city trac­tor, and re­gional haul.

The heav­ier-duty 8600 model is pow­ered by ei­ther a Cater­pil­lar or Cum­mins diesel. With a wheel­base from 128 to 315 inches (3.25 to 8.00 m), its front axle is ei­ther a Mer­i­tor with a ca­pac­ity of 10,000 lb (4,500 kg), 12,000 lb (5,400 kg), or 13,200 lb (6,000 kg) or a Dana Spicer with a ca­pac­ity of 10,000 lb (4,500 kg), 12,000 lb (5,400 kg), 13,200 lb (6,000 kg), or 14,000 lb (6,400 kg). Rear sin­gle axle ca­pac­ity is 23,000 lb (10,000 kg). Rear tan­dem axle ca­pac­ity is 40,000 lb (18,000 kg). Both axles are ei­ther Mer­i­tor or Dana Spicer and are avail­able with a dri­ver-con­trolled lock­ing dif­fer­en­tial. Ap­pli­ca­tions in­clude bev­er­age, city trac­tor, liq­uid or dry bulk, and re­gional haul.

Home

1979 Cub Cadet loader
 A 1979 Cub Cadet loader, made two years before the line was sold to Modern Tool and Die Company.
1930-45 IH dealer in Texas, showing trucks, tractors and refrigeration equipment N.P. Hurst Motor Co. IH
 IH dealer in Texas, showing trucks, tractors and refrigeration equipment

Lawn and garden

IH branched out into the home lawn and gar­den busi­ness in the 1960s with its line of Cub Cadet equip­ment, which in­cluded rid­ing and walk-be­hind lawn mow­ers and snow blow­ers. Also pro­duced were com­post shred­ders, ro­tary tillers, Cadet gar­den trac­tors, and power washers.

The Cub Cadet line was sold to MTD Prod­ucts in 1981.

Home appliances

Al­though best known for farm equip­ment, IH pro­duced home ap­pli­ances for farm­ers and non-farm­ers alike. This in­cluded re­frig­er­a­tion equip­ment such as re­frig­er­a­tors, air con­di­tion­ers andfreez­ers. IH had a re­frig­er­a­tion di­vi­sion of its own, as did other ve­hi­cle man­u­fac­tur­ers of the time: Ford had Philco, Chrysler had Airtemp, Gen­eral Mo­tors had Frigidaire, Nash-Kelv­ina­tor Cor­po­ra­tion (and then Amer­i­can Mo­tors) had Kelv­ina­tor, Stude­baker had the Franklin Ap­pli­ance Com­pany, Crosley had Crosley.

The IH ap­pli­ance di­vi­sion had orig­i­nally been de­vel­oped to man­u­fac­ture com­mer­cial-grade items to farm­ers, most of whom had just re­ceived elec­tric­ity by way of the many elec­tri­fi­ca­tion pro­jects in the U.S. be­fore and after World War II. Among the of­fer­ings were milk cool­ers and walk-in freez­ers for pro­duce and meat. Later on, IH courted the farmer’s wife with kitchenre­frig­er­a­tors avail­able in the lat­est de­signer styles. The IH spokes­woman for these prod­ucts was Irma Hard­ing, a fac­tory trade­mark. These prod­ucts were in­tro­duced in 1947 and sold for less than 10 years. The re­frig­er­a­tion di­vi­sion was sold to Whirlpool Cor­po­ra­tion in 1955. Since the time of pro­duc­tion was short, IH ap­pli­ances are rare today.

Other products

Weapons

In early 1951, the United States Army through the Spring­field Ar­mory con­tracted In­ter­na­tional Har­vester to pro­duce M1 Garand ri­fles, and from 1953 to 1956 pro­duced 337,623 ri­fles in total, ac­cord­ing to the Army Ord­nance Department.

HT-341

In 1959, In­ter­na­tional Har­vester cre­ated a Jet-Tur­bine pow­ered trac­tor called the In­ter­na­tional HT-341. It was do­nated to the Smith­son­ian In­sti­tu­tion in 1967.

See also

1908 International highwheel pickup1909 Russian International Harvester Advertising Poster1910 International Harvester vehicle Long Lake Regional Park New Brighton Minnesota Mile 118.51911 IHC Mogul tractor1911 International Harvester Auto Wagon1911 International J30 Touring1912 international highwheel Peddlerswagon1912 StudBus1913 International Harvester Cars Autocar1913 International MW. It is powered by a two cylinder engine rearside1913 International MW. It is powered by a two cylinder engine1916 International Model H Truck1917 International Motor Truck Advertising Poster1917 Model F International Motor Truck1917 Model H International Motor Truck1918 international 2-ton1918 International Fire Truck Advertising Card1920 International Harvester tractor1920 Triumph Medium Weight Truck1920-01 International Truck Calendar1920's McCormick Deering Tractor, 13-33 Model E1921 International-Harvester-six-speed-spezial1922 Ford Model T kid hack bus1922 IHC Saving the World From Starvation Advertisement1923 International Municipal Service Truck Catalog1923 International Red Baby Truck Advertising Poster1923 Red Baby Truck Cartoon1924 International Harvester Repair Service Advertising Poster1924 International Motor Truck Advertising Poster1924 International Motor Trucks Advertising Poster1924 International Truck Advertising Poster1924 Model S for today's Throw-Back Thursday! It featured a 4-cylinder, block cast engine and sliding gear1925 Here's a Good Plan That Succeeds1925 Model S International truck owned by Zieglers Furniture Store1926 IH brochure1926 International Harvester Toy Trucks1926 International Transit THUNDER BAY1927 international 4cyl1927 international 541927 International Harvester toys produced by Arcade Toys1927 international S24 4cyl1927 International stakebed1928 international 1ton 6speed Special1928 International Model 15 with body by Moore1928 International Speed Six Truck1928 international truckdumpbed1928 International Trucks Advertising Poster (Brazil)1929 Deering Farm Equipment and International Truck Advertising Poster1929 International Motor Truck Advertising Poster1929 International Six-Speed Special Truck Advertising Poster1929 International Truck Advertising Poster (Argentina)1929 International Trucks Advertising Poster (Africa and India)1930 Advertisement for International fire-rescue trucks featuring the National Air Races held at Curtiss-Reynolds Airport in Chicago1930 international 6spd1930 International Model A-5 Poster1930 International Model AW-1 Truck Advertising Poster1930 International Six-Speed Special Truck Advertising Poster1930 International SSS Special 1ton6spd4cylflathead3spdtrans2spdrear1930-45 IH dealer in Texas, showing trucks, tractors and refrigeration equipment N.P. Hurst Motor Co. IH1931 International Hainje Heerenveen B-48881931 International o1931 International Truck Advertising Poster1931 McCormick-Deering Corn Sheller and Feed Grinder Poster1932 International A-2 Truck Advertisement1932 International Bread Truck1932 International Harvester Bakeries Poster1932 International Harvester Bottling Truck Poster1932 International Harvester Cordoba-Cruz DE1932 International tractor with sleeper hauling for Golden Age Beer1932 International Trucks for Construction Industry1932 International Trucks Poster1932-1956 international 11932-1956 international 41932-1956 international 51932-1956 international 61932-1956 international 71932-1956 international 81932-1956 international 91932-1956 international 101932-1956 international 111932-1956 international 121932-1956 international 131932-1956 international 141932-1956 international 15

1932-1956 international 161932-1956 international 171932-1956 international 181932-1956 international 191932-1956 international 201932-1956 international 211932-1956 international 221932-1956 international 231932-1956 international 241932-1956 international 251932-1956 international 261932-1956 international 271932-1956 international 281932-1956 international 291932-1956 international 301932-1956 international 311932-1956 international 321932-1956 international 331932-1956 international 341932-1956 international 351932-1956 international 361932-1956 international 371932-1956 international 381932-1956 international 391932-1956 international 401932-1956 international 411932-1956 international 421932-1956 international 431932-1956 international 441932-1956 international 451932-1956 international 461932-1956 international 471932-1956 international 481932-1956 international 491932-1956 international 501932-1956 international 511932-1956 international 521932-1956 international 531932-1956 international 541932-1956 international 551932-1956 international 561933 international 1ton 6cyl1933 International D-1 Trucks Advertising Poster1933 international D1truckbuiltbyWillys1933 Wardbuslogo1934 international 19341935 international 1.1,2ton1935 international 6cyl paddy wagon 41935 International C-1 truck owned by Elsner's Blue Ribbon Bakery1935 International Harvester and Packard1935 International late 6cyl armoured by John C Dix Companyfor Federal Reserve Bank built in MemphisTN WNL1935 International Lawrie ModelCs1935 International Truck Advertisement1935 International Truck Advertising Poster1935 International1935 South African International C-35-CS-35 Truck Brochure1936 international 1936 c1_taxi_norway1936 International C-1 Truck Brochure1936 International C-15 Truck Brochure1936 international C301936 International C-35 B and CS-35-B Bus Flyer1936 International C-40 and CS-40 Ad Flyer1936 International C-300 Truck Brochure1936 International dumptruck1936 International Trucks Ad Proof1937 brochure for heating and defrosting systems used in International trucks1937 international ambulance 19371937 international D21937 International Harvester cab-over-engine (COE) tow truck parked in front of Miller Motors dealership.1937 international harvester-d-21937 International Trail Magazine Cover1937 International Truck Ad Proof1937 McCormick-Deering tractor1937 Two specially designed International trucks connected with an awning at an African camp site1937-40 International milk delivery truck owned by Carnation Milk1938 I H Superior1938 international 6cyl deluxe paneltruck1938 International Builds Trucks for Every Class of Hauling1938 International Carr. Buca Born.1938 International D-40 Truck Brochure1938 International Harvester Ad1938 International Harvester D Series Panel Van1938 International Harvester D-DS-30, D-DS-35, D1938 International Industrial Power Advertising Poster1938 International model D-400, Coca Cola1938 International Trail Magazine Cover of Gatti Expedition1938 International Trail Magazine Cover1938 International Truck Advertising Poster a1938 International Truck Advertising Poster1938 International Trucks Advertisement1938-1975 Preserved International Harvester Metro Van in Portland in 20121939 dodge school bus1939 International Air Mail Delivery Truck Advertising Poster1939 International België1939 International D-301939 International D-300 delivery trucks owned by Golden Age Beer1939 International Harvester carr. Renkema Middelstum B-225141939 International harvester rapid ihc1939 International Harvester woodie wagon 19391939 International Jungle Yacht Truck, Commander Gatti1939 International Models D-500 and DR-700 Trucks1939 International Woodies1939 International-d-series-sedan1939IH1940 international 1940 d-2 woody sw1940 International D-400 Truck Advertising Poster1940 International De Luxe Delivery Truck Advertising Poster1940 International D-Line Truck Advertising Poster1940 International Harvester, D5 Panel Van, 'Weddell's Bread', Aberdeen Street, Geelong1940 International madel D-300, owned by Richfield Petroleum1940 International METRO Delivery Trucks1940 International model D International owned by Standard Oil1940 International model D-151940 International Model D-40 and DS-40 Trucks1940 International Panel Truck At Airport1940 International Tanker Truck ad1940 International Woodie Station Wagon1940 International-police-wagon 19401940 Prospector for International Harvester Dealers1940 SchoolBus1941 IH Models K-8, K-10, and K-11 Trucks1941 International Harvester K-5 Wayne1941 International Harvester Truck Advertising Proof1941 International Harvester woodie wagon1941 International Harvester, D2 Station Wagon1941 International Harvester, D30 Motor Buses, City Road, South Melbourne1941 International Harvester, Reo Speed Wagon Bus,11941 international KandFruehauftrailer1941 International K-Line Truck Advertising Poster1941 International K-Line Truck Advertising Proof a1941 International K-Line Truck Advertising Proof b1941 International K-Line Truck Advertising Proof1941 International Modelos K-6, KS-6, K-7 and KS-7 Trucks1941 International Truck Advertising Proof a1941 International Truck Advertising Proof ad1941 International Truck Advertising Proof b1941 International Truck Advertising Proof1942 international 6cyl4spd1942 International Harvester Ambulances1942 International Harvester Maintenance Battalion Poster1942 International K6flatbed1942 International1943 Both Working for Victory1943 International Harvester D series1943 International Trucks Alaska Highway Ad1944 Everything Changed But The Paint1944 International (2)1944 International hc m2-41944 International semi-truck (tractor-trailer) on a road with a hazy view of a bridge1944 International Truck on the Ohio River Boulevard1944 International Truck Operated by Mistletoe Express Service, Inc1944 International1945 International M-5H63611945 International Model K-8-F Truck1945 International

1946 International Product Advertising Proof1946 International Truck Advertising Poster a1946 International Truck Advertising Poster1946 International Truck Advertising Proof Logging1946 International Truck Advertising Proof1946 International West Coast Model Truck1947 International Harvester, K Line Station Wagon1947 International HFA1947 International KB and KBR Truck Advertising Proof1947 International KBR-11 Truck Advertising Proof1947 International Model KB-10 Trucks1947 International Truck Advertising Proof a1947 International Truck Advertising Proof ad1947 International Truck Advertising Proof b1947 International Truck Advertising Proof1947 International Trucks Gatti-Hallicrafter's Expedition to Africa1947 International-kb-2-pickup1947 New International Harvester Logo Advertising Poster1947-52 International carr. Verheul NB-28-271948 International Harvester Dittmar1948 International KB-1-M and KB-3-M Metro Delivery Trucks1948 International KB-8 school bus1948 International KB-81948 International KB-8-1 Truck Advertising Proof1948 International Metro Advertising Proof a1948 International Metro Advertising Proof1948 International Model KB-2 Trucks1948 International Panel van1948 International Products Advertising Proof1948 International Tractor-Trailer & Diesel Crawler Tractor1948 International Truck Advertising Proof ad1948 International Truck Advertising Proof1948 REOschoolbus1949 International Harvester Company's annual report1949 INTERNATIONAL Harvester et Half-Track1949 International Harvester RDC 4051949 International Harvester W1949 International Heavy Duty Truck Advertising Proof1949 International K -2 Special Coach Truck and Airplane1949 International KB-81949 International L-120 Truck with Pickup Body1949 International L-120, L-110, and L-130 Trucks1949 International L-130 Truck with Stake Body1949 International L-160 Truck with Platform Body1949 International Metro Advertising Proof1949 International Model KB-5 Trucks1949 International Model KB-8 Trucks1949 International Truck Advertising Proof a1949 International Truck Advertising Proof ad1949 International Truck Advertising Proof Featuring Commander Gatti1949 International trucks promoting United States government bonds1949 International W-301949 International W-3042-L Truck-Van, Closed Top with Semi-Trailer1949 International-metro-kb1m1949 Internationals Harvester s at work1949 International-Visdalsruten1949-52 International carrosserie Hoogeveen NB-67-751950 Blue Bird1950 International Engine Advertising Proof a1950 International Engine Advertising Proof1950 International Gardner Wood 500-5001950 International Harvester ACO `90 Sightliner V-8 gas1950 international harvester bus a1950 International Harvester Bus1950 International Harvester L series1950 International L and LF Truck Advertising Proof1950 International L-110 Panel Truck1950 International L-120 truck loaded with milk cans1950 International L-120 truck, W-4 tractor and grain drill1950 International L-160 Truck Delivering Chickens1950 International L-160 truck owned by the S.L. Daniel Furniture and Mattress Factory1950 International LB-110 Truck1950 International Metro and dump Truck Advertising Proof1950 International Metro Trans delivery truck for Thalimers' Department Store1950 International Truck Advertising Proof - Metro1950 International Truck Advertising Proof a1950 International Truck Advertising Proof ad1950 International Truck Advertising Proof with Truck Driver and Boy1950 International Truck Advertising Proof1950 International Truck Driver Talking with a Boy on a Bike1950 International truck filled with firewood1950 International Truck Hauling Corn Cobs1950 International truck loaded with sacks1950 Loading Bales of Hay from International L-Series Truck1950 Loading Eggs into International L-120 Pickup Truck1950 Loading trees into an International L-120 truck1950 Planting trees out of an International L-120 truck1950 Two men loading bags into a International L-120 truck1950's International Haukes1951 ECF-International Harvester1951 International Half Ton Pickup Truck Advertising Poster1951 International Harvester L1101951 International Harvester ICHBus21951 International Harvester L160 ECF1951 International Harvester Touringcar L160 ECF Matser 231951 International Harvester Touringcar L160 ECF Matser 23a1951 International Harvester Truck with Pumpkins1951 International L-110 Truck (115-Inch W.B.)1951 International LD-400 Series Truck and Trailer1951 International Truck Advertising Poster ad1951 International Truck Advertising Poster1951 International Truck Advertising Proof1951 International1951+1953 International Harvester Sightliner and DCO1952 International C-254 Cultivator on Super C Tractor1952 International harvester Company Military Construction Equipment Transport1952 International Harvester Company of Australia Pty. Ltd1952 International M-40 Marine Corps Vehicle with Wrecker Body1952 international M-40 Truck on Hillside1952 International M-41 and M-54 Cargo Vehicles1952 International M-51 Dump Truck at Fort Hood1952 International M-61 to spread asphalt at Wolters Air Force Base1952 International M-62 Wrecker Moving Truck1952 International M-62 Wrecker1952 international M-139 Transporting Bridge-Building Unit1952 International M-246 Wrecker with Jet Fighter Wreckage1952 International Model M-51 Dump Truck1952 International R-110 Panel Truck1952 International R-110 Truck with Pickup Body1952 International Truck Advertising Proof1952 Man Using Super C Tractor with Cultivator1952 Retro Vintage Kitsch 50s School Kid Red School Bus1953 American-Indian Youth Fathered Around International truck1953 IHC R-205 Sleeper Cab Truck and Farmall Super M Tractor1953 International Harvester D11001953 International Harvester R-195 semi-truck outfitted with a Space Saver cab1953 International Harvester standard model R-110 truck with a pickup body and ADA-RAK travels down a wooded roa1953 International Harvester Travelall 4x4 2149 AC1953 international L-120 Truck1953 International Model R-120 truck1953 International Model RP-195 roadliner truck with attached trailmobile oil tanker.1953 International R110 pickup1953 International R-110 Station Wagon1953 International R-120 Truck at Nursery1953 International R-120 truck with a stake body1953 International R-150 Truck with Van Body1953 International R-165 Roadliner1953 International R-170 stake-body truck1953 International R-170 Truck with Ladder1953 International R-183 School Bus1953 International R-195 And R-120 Trucks1953 International R-195 truck outfitted with a semi-trailer tank body1953 International RA-140 milk delivery truck

1953 International Roadliner Oil Tanker1953 International Truck Advertising Proof1953 International Utility1954 IHC red tractor McCormick Farmall1954 International garbage collection truck parked beside a restaurant1954 International Harvester Farmall Super C1954 International KB7 semi-trailer coach1954 International R110 Front End1954 International R110 Truck1954 International R-160 Truck1954 International RA-140 Stand & Drive a1954 International RA-140 Stand & Drive b1954 McCormick No. 141 harvester-thresher (combine) and an International truck1955 Golden Book with International Trucks1955 International Cab Overs1955 International Harvester DC-405-L PIE1955 International Model SM Mounting Metro-Van1955 International R190 with integrated sleeper1955 International R-400 Series trucks1955 International R-Series trucks1955 International S-110 Light Duty Pickup Truck1955 International S-Line Light-Duty Trucks1955 International S-line Medium-Duty Trucks1955 International trucks coastguard1955 Kenworth-Pacific T-126 school bus1956 International DC-4051956 International KS6 Coach1956 International Metro Pepsi Delivery Truck1956 International Model R-202 Oil Field Truck1956 International model RF-190 oil field truck1956 International pickup1956 International Tractors and Truck1956 International Truck Advertising Proof a1956 International Truck Advertising Proof ad1956 International Truck Advertising Proof1956 International V-line COE Heavy-Duty Trucks1956 Workers service oil field equipment International model RDF-192 Truck1957 International A 100 Golden Jubilee Truck1957 International A-100 Truck Postcard1957 International A-110 Truck Postcard1957 International A-120 4x4 Truck Postcard1957 International A-120 Truck Postcard a1957 International A-120 Truck Postcard1957 International A-130 Truck Postcard1957 International A-150 Truck Postcard1957 International A-160 Truck Postcard a1957 International A-160 Truck Postcard1957 International A-180 Truck Postcard a1957 International A-180 Truck Postcard1957 International golden jubilee custom pickup1957 International H 6x6 Rotterdam1957 International Sightliner Trucks1957 International ХМ409, 8x81958 International R-195 Truck-Tilt Cab with Closed Top Van Body1959 International CO Line1959 International DCO1959 International Fire Truck Brochure1959 International Harvester RDC sleeper1959 International Harvester Sightliner 591959 International Heavy-Duty Trucks1959 International Medium and Heavy-Duty Trucks1959 International Medium-Duty Trucks1959 International Truck and Cofferdam1960 International Harvester Travelall & pickup 601960 International Light-Duty Trucks1960 International Truck Advertising Proof1960 International Trucks with Metroette Dari-Van Bodies1960 Universal Engineer Tractor a1960 Universal Engineer Tractor1961 IHC Scout adv1961 International C-line Travelall Station Wagon

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA
OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

1961 International Harvester DCOF-404's 250 HP Rolls Royce diesels1961 International Harvester Metro Van1961 International Harvester Travelall1961 International RD-4051961 International Scout 801961 international scout1961 international-englebert1961 Meet the International Scout for all roads, all weather, all uses !!1961+1962 International Light-Duty C-Line Trucks1961–1962 IHC C-120 Travelette1962 1803 Schoolmaster included an International V-345, 8-cylinder, gasoline engine1962 Int Harv product line1962 international 1962 scout1962 International dump truck1962 International Harvester DCOF405 tractor with a day cab1962 International Harvester DCOF405 tractor with a sleeper cab1962 International Loadstar 1600 with Flatbed1962 International Mk-II, 4x41962 International model V220 truck1962 International Scout Diesel Nameplate1962 International Travelall 10001962 International truck1962 International Trucks with Metro Bodies1962-65 International Harvester Scout 80 with the roll-down windows1963 Children with Circus Wagon1963 IH Travelakk Ambulance Conversion1963 International ACO a1963 International ACO b1963 International ACO1963 International Trucks Brochure1963s International DCOF-405 Emeryville