Somua machinery and trucks and buses, France
In 1930 Somua introduced several models of trucks equipped with advanced diesel engines, half cabins and three axles and with payloads from 10 to 13 tonnes. Somua also produced a lighter range with five to eight tonnes payload, equipped with gasoline engines. In 1936 Somua produced a railcar for PLM, the XS 1 to 11.
Arguably the most famous product in Somua’s history was its 20-ton World War II tank, the Somua S35 and the Somua S40. Furthermore, France’s first tank in 1916, the Schneider CA1, as well as later in 1918 some Renault FT tanks, were manufactured by Somua in their Saint-Ouen facility during World War I.
Somua’s production of trucks practically ceased between 1943 and 1946. However, in 1944 the company developed a truck under license from the Swedish Hesselman company. Named the JL 12 and equipped with a flex-fuel four cylinder engine, the vehicle did not impress the “Commission des plans de modernisation de l’automobile”, which decided in 1946 to merge Somua with Willème and Panhard to form a new company, the Générale française de l’automobile (GFA).
In 1946 Somua launched a new range of trucks, named JL 15, with a five-speed transmission to exploit the 130 horsepower delivered by the 8.6 liter six-cylinder diesel engine. It was available with six choices of chassis: 6.30 meters to 10.89 meters and 2 or 3 axles, supporting 11 to 16 tonnes payload. The JL 15 was available in truck or bus configuration – the models were respectively the JL 15T and JL 15LO.
In 1955 Somua introduced the JL 19, available with two or three axles and powered by a six-cylinder diesel engine, the D615 9.3 liter engine, producing 180 hp and with a manual ten speed transmission. The JL 19 was available as a carrier or tractor, with five different chassis, and bore a payload of up to 26 tonnes. Around this time Latil, the heavyweight vehicle division of Renault, and Somua were merged under the LRS brand, which later became Saviem.
In 1962, Somua introduced a new JL range, with a new cab with four headlights (which came from the Saviem group). The base JL model had a 6.8 to 12.75 tonnes payload. The JL20 tractor had a 520D6T Henschel direct-injection six-cylinder 204 horsepower diesel engine and a 10 speed transmission and 35 tonnes gross weight.
The company was a minor manufacturer of trolleybuses, building a total of just 55, one in 1938 and the others in the period 1947–55. Another French manufacturer, Vétra, supplied the “overwhelming majority” of trolleybuses in use on French systems during the relevant period. Somua-built trolleybuses used electrical propulsion equipment from Westinghouse.
1929 SOMUA RZDA
1929 SOMUA-Kegresse MCG-4
1930 Somua Pumper Fire Truck Sales Brochure France wj7916-WSRCRZ
1934 SOMUA MCG-4 bolster-type tractor
1935 S Somua 1
1935 SOMUA MCG-51936 SOMUA MCG Saumur 01
French medium Kegresse track SOMUA MCL-5, in 1939
SOMUA MCL6 heavy artillery Kegresse track tractor Fort de Fermont museum
1947 Somua JL171947 Somua long nez en six roues1948 SOMUA JL 171950 Autobus Somua type OP5-2 de la CTS sur la ligne 13, place de la gare de Strasbourg, en 1965. Somua-Panhard de 100 ch1950 Somua de 1950 carrossé par Cottard des Transports Lacroix1950 Somua 421950 Somua JL 17 porteur de 19 tonnes en 1950-51
1950 SOMUA JL 17, 150 cv, 6 cyl1951 SOMUA Belvédère – Drouin Frères – Nantes (44) – 1951 by Car-Histo-Bus1952 SOMUA cabine Victor TUAL et Gourmélen 4×21952 SOMUA JL 17 V 6×21953 SOMUA JL 17 habillé par Cottard
1953 SOMUA JL 17 refait à neuf de 1953 381954 SOMUA 6×2 cabine intégrale Victor TUAL et Gourmélen1954 Somua JL 17 citerne Esso à carburant de l’ aviation
1954 SOMUA JL 19 cabine Terzian
1955 SOMUA JL 19 des Transports R. L’ HUILLIER. de la région Toulousaine
1955 SOMUA JL 19 flambant neuf
1955 SOMUA JL 19
1955 Somua JL19, motorisé par un diesel le D615 de 180 cv, et une boîte de 10 vitesses
1956 SOMUA JL 19 de la flotte BP
1956 Somua JL19 flambant neuf
1956 SOMUA SAVIEM LRS 12 20 ton mining construction dump truck brochure1957 Somua JL 17 des Transports Closset à Isming en Moselle
1958 Somua à la base, rebadgé Saviem avec un calandre de JL 20 par Tual, tracteur semi frigo
1958 SOMUA baptisé LRS
1958 SOMUA JL19 T baptisé LRS en tracteur routier en 1958, moteur 150 cv D615H d’ origine SOMUA
1966 Somua Bus+Trolleybus TCM Mulhouse