HANOMAG Germany

Hanomag

Logo from a German Hanomag car ad from 1931

 Builder’s Plate of Hannoversche Maschinenbau locomotive No 1477 of 1882 0-6-0 at the Finnish Railway Museum

Hanomag (Hannoversche Maschinenbau AG) was a German producer of steam locomotives, tractors, trucks and military vehicles in Hanover. Hanomag first achieved international fame by delivering a large number of steam locomotives to Finland, Romania and Bulgaria before World War I. In 1925 they added automobiles to their line, additionally moving in 1931 into the production of construction machinery. Since 1989, the company has been part of the Komatsu company.

History

1932 Hanomag Railway Engine

Hanomag Railway Engine built in 1932

The company dates back to 1835 when Georg Egestorff founded in Linden near Hanover a company called Eisen-Giesserey und Maschinenfabrik Georg Egestorff to build small steam engines. They soon started making farm machinery and in 1846 built their first railway locomotive for the Royal Hanoverian State Railways. By 1870 they had made 500 locomotives and in 1871 changed their name to Hannoversche Maschinenbau Actien-Gesellschaft vorm. Georg Egestorff, Linden vor Hannover. Road vehicles followed when in 1905 they received a contract for steam waggons for theGerman army.

Petrol engined vehicles followed in 1912 with a line of farm tractors.

1882 Hannoversche Maschinenbau locomotive No 1477 of 1882 0-6-0 at the Finnish Railway Museum

 Hannoversche Maschinenbau locomotive No 1477 of 1882 0-6-0 at the Finnish Railway Museum

Cars

1927 Hanomag Kommissbrot

1924-29 Hanomag 2-10 PS Kommissbrot 1926 Hanomag 2-10 PS 1926 Hanomag 2-20 PS Kommissbrot Limousine 1926 Hanomag Kommissbrot Autostadt 1926 Hanomag Pitriet 1926 Hanomag2-10PS-rear 1926-Hanomag-2-10-PS-“Kommissbrot”

 1924-29 Hanomag 2/10PS “Kommissbrot”
1936 Hanomag-rekord
Hanomag 1.5 Litre “Rekord” 1936

By the 1920s, the market for steam road vehicles was in terminal decline and Hanomag looked to cars as the future, particularly economy models. In 1925, they launched the Hanomag 2/10, a 370 kg (816 lb) open two seater with a rear-mounted 500cc single-cylinder water cooled engine. Named Zweisitzer Limousine (two-seat limousine) by the company, its rounded front and rear gained it the nickname Kommissbrot for its resemblance to a loaf of Army bread. Although made in large numbers, 15,775 in total, it did not make much money for the company and in the late 1920s the railway locomotive division was sold to Henschel & Son of Kassel.

A more conventional car, the 3/16PS, and the first diesel engined tractors, came in 1928, taking the company back into profit. Hanomag were badly hurt by the drop in trade in 1929 and built a large stock of unsold vehicles. Things improved in 1930 and the company got 14 per cent of the domestic car market, second place behind Opel, but in 1931 a new crisis came when the banks called a loan. The factory was mortgaged to Hannover City and the Vereinigte Stahlwerketrust and the company relaunched as Hanomag Automobil und Schlepperbau GmbH.

For 1932, a new small car, the 1.1 Litre, renamed the Garant in 1934, was announced and sold well allowing two shift working to be introduced and it was joined by the larger 1.5 litre Rekord (a name later used by Opel) in 1933 with independent front suspension. A diesel Rekord was shown at the 1936 Berlin Motor Show.

Military vehicles

During World War II, the car plant made military vehicle engines, a military version of their heavy tractor renamed the SS-100, and half track troop carriers. Hanomag 20 B, a 4-wheel-drive Small Unit-Personnel Carrier was produced 1937-1940 (ca. 2000) under the parentage of Stoewer (as the R180, R200 and Type 40). Capacity problems by Stoewer resulted in co-production by both BMW (as the 325) and Hanomag. Together the three manufacturers made ca. 10.000 units. The special 4-wheel-steering system was fitted on most models. Operating a “lock-level” between the front seats made the steerable rear axle turn sideways to a certain angle.

The single most important and iconic military vehicle to be designed and built by Hanomag during World War II was the Sd.Kfz. 251 half-track (commonly called simply “the Hanomag”) with a total production numbering just over 15,000. Built to protect and transport the Panzergrenadier mechanized infantry forces, it was by far the most common German armoured troop-carrying vehicle of WWII, and a direct precursor to the armoured personnel carriers of today. In comparison to the most common Allied half-track of the war, the M3 Half-track, the Sd.KFz 251 was slower and lower-powered but with thicker, sloping side armor that provided better protection; the flat-sided M3 was at one point panned as the “Purple Heart Box” for being unable to stop7.92mm bullets at close range, while the Hanomag’s sloping side armor deflected the .30-caliber bullets of the Allies with no similar issue.

Post war production resumed making trailer units followed by tractors and in 1949 a 1.5 ton truck. Although prototypes were made, no cars were produced postwar. Rudolph Hiller, who had been president of Phänomen trucks, joined the board and restructured the company by arranging for it to join the Rheinstahl consortium in 1952.

Merger & Split

1969 Hanomag-Henschel F 65

1969 Hanomag-Henschel F 65

In 1964, Rheinstahl took over Henschel-Werke and in a reverse of history the company was merged with Hanomag.

Hanomag Perfekt 400e

 Hanomag Perfekt 400e

The farm tractor operation was sold to Massey Ferguson and in 1969 the truck making division of Hanomag-Henschel went to Daimler Benz, leaving the Hanover works making earth-moving machinery for Massey Ferguson.

In 1989, the world’s second largest construction machine manufacturer, Komatsu, bought a share of Hanomag AG and since 2002 Komatsu Hanomag GmbH has been a 100% subsidiary of the global company.

Construction machinery

A loader of Hanomag in Germany

 Hanomag loader

In Hanover, the company is producing wheel loaders ranging from 54 to 353 hp (263 kW) and since 2005 also has been producing wheeled excavators from 14 to 22 tons. Thanks to the European Technical Center (EUTC), these correspond to the latest state of technology. In Hanover, the company develops construction machines which meet varied requirements of customers all over Europe as well as for certain products also worldwide.

See also

References

  1. Jump up^ G.N. Georgano Cars: Early and Vintage, 1886-1930. (London: Grange-Universal, 1985)
  2. Jump up^ G.N. Georgano.

599px-Hanomag_R35_Logo.svg 1882 Builder's Plate of Hannoversche Maschinenbau locomotive No 1477 of 1882 0-6-0 at the Finnish Railway Museum 1882 Hannoversche Maschinenbau locomotive No 1477 of 1882 0-6-0 at the Finnish Railway Museum 1899 BRUCHHAUSEN Bruchhausen-Vilsen 16.10.10(w5) 1916-09-30 Anweisung Reihe1 Nr.33008 Hannoversche Maschinenbau-Actien-Gesellschaft Hanomag Mark 1 Gustav ter Meer Erich Metzeltin 1917 Frankfurt-M-HBF 17082013 1924-29 Hanomag 2-10 PS Kommissbrot 1926 Hanomag 2-10 PS 1926 Hanomag 2-20 PS Kommissbrot Limousine 1926 Hanomag Kommissbrot Autostadt 1926 Hanomag Pitriet 1926 Hanomag2-10PS-rear 1926-Hanomag-2-10-PS-“Kommissbrot” 1927 Hanomag Kommissbrot 1928 Hanomag Kommisbrot Additional 1930 Hanomag 4-20PS (Kfz.2) 1930 Hanomag 1931 hanomag-12-myjer 1931 Logo aus PKW-Werbung 1931 1931-Hanomag-316-Coupe 1932 Hanomag Railway Engine 1933 Hanomag  kurier 1933 Hanomag 4-23 rear 1933 Hanomag 4strich23 BW 1933 Hanomag SS20 1m LM 1934 Hanomag kurier 1934 Hanomag Rekord 1934 Convertible 1934 Hanomag Rekord Cabrio 1934 Hanomag Special Sport Hano 1934 Hanomag Sturm - 2-window cabriolet body by Ambi-Budd 1934 Hanomag Sturm Cabrio 1934 hanomag-louwman-parqui 1935 Hanomag Kurier 1089ccm23PS 1936 Hanomag Rekord 01 700 1936 Hanomag rekord 1936 Hanomag sturm Kabrio 1936 Hanomag sturm roadster 1936 Hanomag sturm 1936 Hanomag-rekord 1936 Hanomag-Veteran 1937 HANOMAG STURM. HAMELNER 1937-38 Hanomag  sturm cabrio ambi-budd 1937-40 Hanomag type 20B 1937-40 Hanomag type 20Ba 1938 Hanomag 1,3 liter 1938 Hanomag 1.3 Liter Autobahn 1938 Hanomag Kurier 23H 1938 Hanomag record 3.1M DigitalCAM 1939 Hanomag 1,3 Liter 1939 Hanomag 1.3 Liter 1939 Hanomag Autobahn (2) 1939 Hanomag autobahn 1939 Kdf Hanomag 1940 Hanomag SS 100 1940 Hanomag SS100W 1940 Hanomag 1940 Kran1-Hanomag 1940-hanomag-s-p-w-ausf-c-sdkfz-251-1 Russland, Kettenfahrzeug Russland, motorisierte Truppen, russischer Panzerwagen BA10 1942 Hanomag (1) 1942 Hanomag Hkl6 (Sd.Kfz.11) 1946 Hanomag-SS-100-LN-Abschlepper-2 1946 Hanomag-SS-100-LN-Abschlepper-3 1947 Hanomag SS100 1950 Hanomag L 28 Pritsche 1950 Hanomag SS 100 Solomaschine 1950 Hanomag ST 100 Straßen-Zugmaschine 1950 Hanomag ST 100 1951 Hanomag Autobahn Anzeige Hanomag-Partner 1951 Hanomag L28 1951 Hanomag L28G 1951 Hanomag Partner (2) 1951 Hanomag Partner N511 1951 Hanomag Partner 1952 Hanomag Straßen-Zugmaschine 1953 HANOMAG L 28 1953 Hanomag R 16 1953 Hanomag-Zugmaschine-graublau-Ch-schwarz 1954 Hanomag Leeuwarden Peugeot 404 daarachter 1954 Hanomag R 22 1955 Hanomag R 12 A 1956 Hanomag R 12 KB 1957 Hanomag L28 1957 Hanomag R 35 A 1958 Hanomag R 217 1958 Rheinstahl-Hanomag-Logo nach der Übernahme von 1958 1958-67 hanomag-kurier-ii-04 1959 Hanomag Al 28 Kipper 1959 Hanomag AL28, 4x4 portugal 1959 Hanomag AL28, 4x4 1959 Hanomag Garant a 1959 Hanomag Garant Pritsche 1959 Hanomag Kurier a 1959 Hanomag Kurier B (2) 1959 Hanomag L28 Bestattungswagen Luchterhand & Freytag 1959 Hanomag Markant Pritsche-Doppelkabine 1959 Hanomag-Garant-Abschleppwagen-gelb-Fr 1959 hanomag-kurier-03 1960 Hanomag (2) 1960 Hanomag AL 28 1960 Hanomag C220 1960 Hanomag Freightliner Colimbia 1960 Hanomag Garant 1960 Hanomag L 28 1960 Hanomag L28 (2) 1960 Hanomag Markant Pritschenwagen 1960–67 1961 Hanomag AL28 camper (expedition) 1961 Hanomag Kurier Pritsche 1961 Hanomag L28 Sattelzug Hamburg 1961 Hanomag L28 1961 HANOMAG Vehicles, Hanomag Type AL28 4x4 Command-Radio Vehicle, Bonhams 1962 Hanomag 911 148 1962 Hanomag Kurrier 1962 hanomag-al-28-des-65712 1962 hanomag-AL28-wald 1963 Hanomag Brillant 600 S 1963 Hanomag Garant Abschleppwagen 1963 Hanomag Kurier Buldog 1963 Hanomag Kurier TV-28-67 1963 Hanomag-AL 28 mit Kofferaufbau 1964 Hanomag Al 28 open 1964 Hanomag AL28А, 4x4 OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA 1964 Hanomag-LKW 1965 Hanomag b 1965 Hanomag Bus 1 Tempo Matador 1965 Hanomag Markant 1965 Hanomag Robust 800 1967 Hanomag F55 Doppelkabine 1968 Hanomag F 66 Pritsche 1969 Hanomag bestel 1969 Hanomag Brillant 700 1969 Hanomag Drehleiter 1969 Hanomag-Henschel F 65 1969 Hanomag-Henschel F55 kurz 1970 Hanomag F76 1970 Hanomag Granit 501 E-S 1970 Hanomag l AL28А, 4x4 1971 Hanomag Robust 901-S 1988 Hanomag-Inhaberaktie-50DM A loader of Hanomag in Germany Abandoned Hanomag building Linden Sued Hanover Germany MINOLTA DIGITAL CAMERA Egestorff Maschinenfabrik und Eisengießerei etwa Mitte des 19. Jahrhunderts Hannoversche Maschinenbau AG Hanomag  R55 Hanomag 996 Hanomag a Hanomag A-L28 four wheel drive truck Hanomag entkernt 2011 Hanomag Fabrik Hannover Hanomag Fertigungshalle Hanomag Gebäude Schrift Hanomag Halle aussen Hanomag henschel f25 HANOMAG KURIERa Hanomag loader Hanomag Lok 00 Hanomag Lok 01 Hanomag Lok 02 Hanomag Perfekt 400e Hanomag R 16 Hanomag R 40 Hanomag Rizla Hanomag stoomlocomotief. Loc 4 van de Museum Buurtspoorweg Hanomag UBoothalle Hanomag Villa Hanomagstrasse Linden Hannover HANOMAG-08 hanomag-22-c Hanomag-Emblem Hanomag-Henschel F40, met Mercedes-Benz Düsseldorfer carrosserie. hanomag-kurier-diesel-gesehen-berlin-51814

https://myntransportblog.com/2014/02/11/buses-trucks-hanomag-germany/

$T2 1938 Hanomag 65 PS Diesel 1950 401_0 1950 hanomag-a-l Polizei bus 1950 hanomag-busse-oldtimer-02b-0096 1951 hanomag-wervo. advertentie 1952 hanomag-a-l-06 1953 Hanomag Truck Rot 1953 hanomag-a-l-05 1954 Hanomag Kurier DE enser002 1954 Hanomag-1954-10-wervo 1954 hanomag-a-l Army 1954 hanomag-wervo 1955 hanomag_logo3 1956 hanomag-busse-oldtimer-02b-0095 1956-66 Hanomag Kurrier ad 1957 Hanomag Henschel F35 1957 Hanomag Kurier 1958 Hanomag AL28 camper 1958 HANOMAG KURIER bus 1958 Hanomag Kurier 1958 hanomag-1958-03-tempo-wagens-import 1958-67 Hanomag Kurier Kofferwagen 1959 Hanomag Bus 1 W696 1959 Hanomag Garant Feuerwehr 1959 hanomag-garant-feuerwehr 1959 Hanomag-Markant-Pritsche-Doppelkabine-elfenbein 1959 HENSCHEL O BUSSE HS160OSL (9_'59) 1959 Tempo Matador Kleinbus Hanomag Bus 1959 Tempo Matador 1960 Hanomag kurier a 1960 Hanomag Kurier 1960 HANOMAG KURIERa 1960 hanomag logo 1960 hanomag-lkw-kurier 1961 Hanomag Kurier II Diesel 1961 hanomag kurier truck OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA 1962 Hanomag-Kurier-Behn-Behn 1962 hanomag-kurier-diesel-gesehen-berlin-51814 1964 Hanomag Kurier II 1965 hanomag emblem 1965 VA-86-95 Hanomag Kurier 1966 hanomag-f mercedes 1966 hanomag-henschel f25 1966 hanomag-rosier-1966 1966 Real size Hanomag Kurier 1967 Hanomag Henschel F25 1968 Hanomag Politiebus 1968 Hanomag-Henschel F85 1968 hanomag-henschel-f20-verlassen-gesehen-berlin-52692 1969 Hanomag Camper 1969 Hanomag Henschel 32490  Mobil 1969 HANOMAG Henschel Orion Camper a 1969 HANOMAG Henschel Orion Camper 1969 Hanomag IFA W50 Wilkau-Haßlau Freiwillige Feuerwehr 1969 hanomag-f-ambulance hilfsdienst 1969 Hanomag-Henschel Orion 1969 hanomag-henschel-f46 1970 bild 1970 Hanomag-Henschel F20 Rijkspolitie DS-06-28 1971 Hanomag City 154 1113 Eindhoven werkplaats foto Wim Vink 1972 HANOMAG-HENSCHEL F40B-F45B Omnibus 1973 Hanomag-Henschel F40 Brandweer 1974 hanomag-henschel-f55 1974 Hanomag-L306d 1976 Hanomgag henschel F35 Fram taxi 10 Vlieland Bussen hanomag-busse-oldtimer-02b-0095 Hanomag-logo1

Advertisements

Author: Jeroen

In Dutch, my homelanguage: Ik ben Jeroen, tot januari 2015 was ik al dik 26 jaar werkzaam in een psychiatrisch ziekenhuis in een stad vlakbij Werelds grootste havenstad Rotterdam. Eerst als verpleegkundige/begeleider op high care, later op afdeling dubbeldiagnose (verslavingen) en ook nog een tijdje als administratief medewerker. Ik heb een spierziekte "Poli Myositis" (alle spieren zijn ontstoken) daardoor weinig energie. Sinds augustus 2015 is daarbij de diagnose Kanker gesteld, en ben ik helemaal arbeidsongeschikt geworden en zit middenin de behandelfase. Gelukkig ben ik daarnaast getrouwd, vader, en opa, en heb de nodige hobby's. Een daarvan is transportmiddelen verzamelen en daarmee een blog schrijven. Dit blog begon met bussen, maar nu komen ook sleepboten, auto's trucks en dergelijke aan bod. Kijk en geniet met me mee, reageer, en vul gerust aan. Fouten zal ik ook graag verbeteren. In English: I'm Jeroen, till januari 2015 I was already 26 years working as a nurse in a psychiatric hospital, near Rotterdam, Worlds biggest harbour with more than 98 nationalities living within it's borders. First I worked on closed high care ward and the last years on a ward with mainly addicted people. I liked my work very much. In 2007 I got ill. I got the diagnose Poli Myositis, a musscle dissease. Al my mussles are inflamed. And last august I got another diagnose. Cancer. It's plaveicelcel carcinoma and treated with Chemo and radioation. So I've even less energy than the last years. Still I try to make something of my life and the blog is helping with surviving with some pleasure.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s