ZHONGTONG Bus Holding Co Ltd

Zhongtong logo

ZhongTong Bus

2012 ZhongTong bus van het gemeentevervoersbedrijf van Rabat wacht bij de eindhalte aan de Atlantische oceaan. Juli 2012

 Een ZhongTong bus van het gemeentevervoersbedrijf van Rabat(Marokko) wacht bij de eindhalte aan de Atlantische oceaan. Juli 2012

ZhongTong Bus

(voluit Zhongtong Bus Holding Co Ltd ((zh) 中通客车) is een Chinese autobusfabrikant uit Liaocheng in de provincie Shangdong. Het aan de Shenzhen Stock Exchange genoteerde bedrijf is een van China’s grootste busondernemingen.


Het bedrijf werd in 1958 opgericht als de Liaochengse Voertuig Fabrikatie en Reparatie Onderneming, en begon in 1971 met de fabrikatie van bussen. Na een aantal naamswijzigingen staat het bedrijf sedert 1998 bekend als de as Zhongtong Bus Holding Co Ltd in 1998.


Het bedrijf fabriceert bussen in alle soorten en maten, van 6 meter lange lichtgewicht bussen, tot 18 meter lange gelede luxebussen. Het bedrijf doet ook aan hybride bustechnologie

Zhongtong Bus

Zhongtong Bus Holding Co., Ltd.
Industry Automotive
Founded 1958
Headquarters Liaocheng, China
Area served Worldwide
Key people Qingfu Wang (President and CEO)
Products Buses
Employees Approx. 3,000
Website www.zhongtongbuses.com

Zhongtong Bus Holding Co., Ltd. (SZSE: 000957) (Chinese: 中通客车; pinyin: Zhōngtōng Kèchē) is a Chinese bus manufacturing company based in Liaocheng, Shangdong Province. The company is listed on the Shenzhen Stock Exchange, and is one of China’s major bus makers.


Originally founded in 1958 as Liaocheng Vehicle Manufacturing and Repair Factory, the company began building buses in 1971 and after a series of name changes adopted its current name of Zhongtong Bus in 1998.


Zhongtong Bus’ products range from 6-meter light buses to 18-meter high-end luxury buses, including road, urban, light, and Hybrid electric buses.

Zhongtong LCK6103GA Zhongtong LCK6103G

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERAA Zhongtong bus in service in Shenzhen

Zhongtong LCK6121GHEVA Zhongtong LCK6121GHEV


The company states the combined floor-space of its facilities total around 300,000 square meters. A subsidiary, Xinjiang Zhongtong Bus Co Ltd, is responsible for a production line that became operational in 2007.

Major customers

Zhongtong Bus’ major customers include the city of Jinan, Shandong Province. It is also custom made for TransJakarta, a Bus Rapid Transit system in Jakarta, capital city of Indonesia.

2012 ZhongTong bus van het gemeentevervoersbedrijf van Rabat wacht bij de eindhalte aan de Atlantische oceaan. Juli 2012 ZHONGTONG  CITY BUS  LCK6830G-2 Zhongtong a China Zhongtong b China Zhongtong Bova China OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA Zhongtong c China Zhongtong d China Zhongtong LCK6103G Zhongtong LCK6121GHEV Zhongtong logo

1-1b 2009 Zhongtong 0706193818788 2010 LCK6180G - Zhongtong 18m BRT City 2011 Zhong_Tong_Sparkling_-_Buses_Mancilla___Dic_2011 2012 Zhong Tong Bus 2012 Zhongton 0628112804683 2013 Zhongtong 160043C63-2 ZHONGTONG  CITY BUS  LCK6830G-2 Zhongtong 20100416085121315 Zhongtong 20100504013409149 Zhongtong Bus 201312171536208170 Zhongtong bus spare parts Zhongtong_BUS_Creator_8-12_Meter_Passenger_Vehicle Zhongtong_Bus_Nevigator_8-13_Meter_Bus zhongtong_LCK6129W_passenger_bus


ZiU (Zavod imeni Uritskogo) TROLZA Russia Trolleybuses


The ZiU-5 (in Russian ЗиУ-5) is a Soviet trolleybus. The ZiU acronym stands for Zavod imeni Uritskogo (Russian Завод имени Урицкого, ЗиУ, which corresponds to Plant named after Uritskiy (Moisei Uritsky, a Russian revolutionary). This model of city trolleybus was in mass production from 1959 to 1972. Total number of produced ZiU-5s exceeds 14500 vehicles. This allowed ZiU-5 to become dominant model of trolleybus in Soviet towns and cities of that time. Last vehicles were withdrawn from active service in the mid-1980s (the exact date varies from city to city). The small number of surviving vehicles are kept now for museum purposes.

Museum ZiU-5 trolleybus in Nizhny Novgorod, Russia. ZiU-5 trolleybus in Nizhny Novgorod, Russia.Museum ZiU-5 trolleybus in Nizhny Novgorod, Russia.


1978 ZiU-5

1959-72 ZIU 5 Trolleybus USSR

1959-72 ZIU 5 Trolleybus USSR

ZIU 5 trolleybus at the Budapest fun fair files

ZIU 5 trolleybus at the Budapest fun fair files


or ZIU-9 (Cyrillic: ЗиУ-9) is a Soviet (and later Russian) trolleybus vehicle. Other names and indexes for the same vehicle include ZiU-682 and HTI-682 (Cyrillic: ЗиУ-682 and ХТИ-682). The ZiU acronym stands for Zavod imeni Uritskogo, which is a plant named after Moisei Uritsky, the Russian revolutionary. Before 1996 this acronym was also a trademark of the vehicle manufacturer. It has been changed to Trolza. The ZiU-9 was put in mass production in 1971 and it is still assembled along with other more advanced trolleybus vehicles in the Trolza (former ZiU) factory. The total number of produced ZiU-9s exceeds 42,000 vehicles. In addition, many copies of ZiU-9 were made in other factories of the former Soviet bloc. This model is the most numerous trolleybus vehicle in the world.

History and development

ZiU-9G trolleybus in Nizhny Novgorod, Russia

ZiU-9G trolleybus in Nizhny Novgorod, Russia

The explosion-like development of trolleybus systems in the Soviet Union in the 1960s required a large number of trolleybus vehicles. The mainstay of the contemporary Soviet trolley fleet, the ZiU-5, was not sufficient for huge urban passenger transfers. It was more suited for medium-size cities rather than large megapolises such as Moscow or Saint Petersburg. In addition the ZiU-5 had an aluminium hull, which was expensive and complicated from a technological point of view. The two doors in the ZiU-5 hull ends did not work well in overcrowded situations which were quite common in Soviet public transportation.

The ZiU-9 was a quite successful attempt to solve this problems. It has one extra door compared to the ZiU-5. Two doors are wide and placed in the middle and rear end of the vehicle hull. One small door in the front end of the vehicle was/is comfortable for the driver and for outgoing passengers. The hull of the ZiU-9 is a welded steel one and it is significantly cheaper and simpler in production than the hull of the ZiU-5. The external appearance of the ZiU-9 was influenced by contemporary German-made MAN trolleybuses.

ZiU-9G trolleybus in Nizhny Novgorod, Russia a

ZiU-9G trolleybus in Nizhny Novgorod, Russia

ZiU-9 drawing

ZiU-9 drawing

The electrical equipment of the ZiU-9 had some minor differences from the ZiU-5. The power of the main motor was increased. The indirect resistor-based control system of electric current was slightly modified to deal with the increased power of the main motor. While western designers developed new semiconductor-based control devices, Soviet engineers decided to leave the old resistor-based system for service simplicity. The first prototype vehicles were tested in Moscow in 1971 and were approved for mass production after some minor design adjustments.

The ‘9’ in the vehicle name was the initial project index of the design team. However, after launching mass production, the new trolleybus received a new index ‘682’ from the united classification of non-rail public transport vehicles. So all series vehicles had a ZiU-682 designation. But the number 682 is difficult to pronounce and the shorter ‘9’ still lives in the everyday language of drivers and servicemen. In 1986, the new classification was introduced and the former ZiU-682 was designated as HTI-682. But this was not an end of renaming the same vehicle. The Russian acronym HTI in the Cyrillic alphabet is ХТИ and these three Cyrillic letters in 1995 were confused with the Latin letters XTU. This Latin acronym became an official name of the vehicle.



The first prototype ZiU-9 was built in 1966. Elements of the appearance and number of design decisions were borrowed from contemporary to the time foreign firms MAN and Chausson.


ZiU-9A – experimental version with wide body to 2680 mm. The only prototype was made in 1968.


ЗиУ-682Б (ЗиУ-9) №4409

In August 1972, began production of the first production series ZiU- 682B ( with designation change ZiU ZiU -9 -682 was due to the labeling requirements of bringing industry classifier ) . First serial trolley cars differed from later releases . Until 1974, had an angular wheel arches, and not circular. The first batch of trolleybuses raised outdated engine DC – 207G, which in 1973 was replaced by the DC -210 110 kW . Suspension on the first ZiU- 682B was pneumatic, with torque rods as guiding elements, later became pnevmoressornoy . Rear funded playground had a reduced level of the floor, which reduced the number of steps one at the back door and to facilitate loading wheelchairs and prams and large items . However, this “advantage” was leveled by a high handrail on the steps of separating the rear and middle doors. Transition from high floor in the cabin to lower smoothly carried out in the aisle between the rear wheel arches, which caused inconvenience to passengers at peak hours ( especially in winter), standing on an icy downhill ” hill .” In 1991, developers have replaced high -speed separator handrail attached to the door, but by this time all storage sites were at three stages from sidewalk level . For natural ventilation in the roof of the cabin was equipped with 4 ceiling hatch, and each is equipped with a sliding side window pane . Currently, the only instance ZIU- 9B preserved and operated in the linear regime in the city of Zaporozhye and has the side number 562.

ZiU-682V (B00/B0A)

Trolleybus ZiU-682v in Minsk

Trolleybus ZiU-682v in Minsk

At the end of 1976 began mass production next update ZiU- 682V, which replaced ZiU- 682B . Due to the presence of design flaws that emerged during the first years of operation, rather than jet thrust bearing elements as suspension springs were used . Since 1976, the number of fixtures in the cabin has been reduced from 12 to 11, every other window in the cabin lost air vents . Since 1978, the number of ceiling hatches reduced to three (due to hatch on the front axle ), steel trolley equipped with electric shtangoulovitelyami (apparently on the orders, since their machines Moscow was not until 1996 ) .

Since 1983, changed the shape and location of the front and rear position lamps . Lights original form, informally called ” boats” have been replaced by unified and offset edges closer to route indicators . In 1985 a similar design changes undergone external signal lights and turn indicators .

From March – May 1984 trolleybuses were produced without the low -level rear accumulation area, which was due to the need to strengthen the base structure of the body in the rear overhang . In 1985, the nameplate trolley was partially aligned with the standards forming the VIN code, which led to a change in marking HTI682V00 .

Since 1988, the plant switched to production modifications ZiU- 682V -012 ( ZiU- 682V0A ) powered DC -213 capacity of 115 kW. Since 1989, changed the shape of the housing radioreaktors roof trolley, it has decreased in size and had a sharp edge. In 1989, production started in parallel transition modification ZiU- 682V0B on which electric drive door opener was replaced pneumatically .


A trolleybus on Prospekt Leninskogo Komsomola Street in Vidnoye, Moscow Oblast, Russia

A trolleybus on Prospekt Leninskogo Komsomola Street in Vidnoye, Moscow Oblast, Russia

By the end of 1980 . individual components trolley manufactured at that time was almost 20 years, significantly outdated. Therefore, simultaneously with the launch of a series of recent modifications ZiU- 682V preparing to produce more profound modernization of the model trolley, which was designated ZiU- 682G . Experienced instances ZiU- 682G were released in 1988, and since February 1, 1991 the plant was fully passed on their production.

In addition to the changes already introduced earlier models ZiU 682V0A – and – ZiU 682V0B model ZiU- 682G has received the following differences . Front, under the windshield, placed the intake grille . Changed the location of windows with vents along the starboard side . Undergone significant redevelopment salon trolley . Most of the seats along the left side of the body is replaced with a double row on row, which increased the number of standing places . Changed design seat themselves and their handrails . Big changes undergone cab . Partition behind the driver, which had previously oval window became deaf ; extended sliding door in the driver’s cabin. In the cabin itself changed the layout of the dashboard, which became made of black plastic. Out of the past neergonomichny remote control trolley bus right from the dashboard, consisting of two long rows of identical tumblers . Control of external light devices was moved to the steering column . On a dedicated right panel were only control door opening, the wiper switch and alarm . Other switches transferred to the new control panel by trolley to the left of the driver’s side near the window. Redesigned suspension and brake pedals at the same time control approached the car .

On the other hand, ZiU- 682G supplied to provincial towns, 1993-2000 ., Compared with the previous model ZiU- 682V had significantly lighter load bearing elements of the frame component of the supporting frame (apparently, in order to reduce cost). As a result in severe operating conditions (e.g. in Nizhny Novgorod ) for 5 years, these structural elements to rot completely corroded, punctured a gentle kick screwdriver. Since 1997, the base modification in mass production became ZiU- 682G -012 ( ZiU- 682G0A ) . External difference between the new modification was reduced in height side window of the cab, also has another location pane . Minor changes have been planning the cabin. In fact it was adapted for the domestic market modification export version trolley ZiU- 682G -010, the production of which began in 1992.

On the basis of ZiU- 682G -012 began the further modernization of trolley conducted mainly commissioned Mosgortransa (as most other Russian cities at that time became insolvent ) and divided into several stages. For low voltage power generator instead of 63.3701 and auxiliary engine DC – 661B was set low noise static converter . Been improved waterproofing and grounding . Trolleybus began to possess higher corrosion protection, a number of sites now executes from aluminum, stainless steel and fiberglass . In parallel with ZiU- 682G -012, in 1998, started production in transition modification ZiU- 682G -014 ( ZiU- 682G0E ), which replace the old sofas in the lounge were installed individual padded seats, applied laser (source ?) Heaters cabin windows . This version is also equipped with a static converter.

ZiU-682G-016, 017 and 018

Trolleybus ZiU-682G, the last at the Moscow trolleybus-repair plant (MTRZ) overhaul with the removal of part of the apparatus on the roof

Trolleybus ZiU-682G, the last at the Moscow trolleybus-repair plant (MTRZ) overhaul with the removal of part of the apparatus on the roof

As a result of the continuation of the modernization of the trolley in the same 1998 there was a modification ZiU- 682G -016 ( ZiU- 682G0M ), which became the base model . Exterior siding boards became run from extruded galvanized steel sheet, which improved the appearance of the trolley and increased its corrosion resistance. Casement doors were subjected to additional rustproofing special compound. A great deal of work to improve the electrical trolley : applied dielectric coating rods susceptor set travel stops rods, improved insulation chicanery, installed in the cab indicator of leakage currents, improved design -board covers and sealing side compartments, redesigned heater . Also applied to the trolley locking system running with the doors open .

Back in the mid -1990s, it became apparent that the location of electrical underneath the trolley does not meet modern requirements of electric, because it does not protect it from moisture, anti-icing agents and many others, and also allows you to go through a puddle, if the depth exceeds ten centimeters. Then, in 1995, the model was designed ZiU- 52642, which is a major upgrade ZiU- 682G with the removal of electrical equipment on the roof of the trolley and other changes . However, for various reasons in the model series did not go.

The first production series with the removal of part of the apparatus on the roof became ZiU- 682G -017 ( ZiU- 682G0H ), launched in 2000. Unlike experienced ZiU- 52642 equipped with Thyristor-pulse control system, modification ZiU- 682G -017 remained equipped classical, uneconomical and unsupported acceptable smoothness Rheostat– contactor control system, electrical equipment factory “Dinamo ” conventional platen doors. Some of the changes undergone interior, in particular, have been installed interior lights more modern form. From 2002 to request the trolley began to be produced in variants with altered appearance cabin (this applied fiberglass pad ) .

ZiU-682G-016.02 and ZiU-682G-016.03

ZiU-682G-016.02 in Vladimir, Russia

 ZiU-682G-016.02 in Vladimir, Russia

Since October 2002, commercially produced modification ZiU- 682G – 016.02, which is a further development of the model ZiU- 682G -018 . Siding boards made of seamless steel sheet paneling front of the trolley combined with the use of fiberglass panels . The front bumper is also made of fiberglass. Passenger cabin windows are tinted glass, install new panoramic windshield . By trolley runs increased corrosion protection body, including the use of conductive soils firm «Sikkens» in lap welds, phosphate protective coating, as well as additional coverage base, sides, front and rear of the protective coating .

On trolley mounted traction motor DC – 213A production Moscow factory “Dinamo” 110 kW . Control system – rheostat- contactor . Most of traction electric trolley put to the roof . Collectors located on the roof, power resistors, group controller, radioreaktory circuit breaker WB -7 ( there is an option to install instead of the WB -7 breaker manual AV- 8 in the cab at the rear ), a static converter ( IPT-600/28 or BP -3G ), stroke limiter rods. Behind the driver is case inside of which has an electric panel protective relays . In this regard, the first window on the left side of the passenger compartment has reduced dimensions, there is no passenger seat facing the front wheel arch . Interior lighting passenger compartment carried fluorescent fixtures have modes full, partial and emergency lighting . Passenger room is equipped with separate comfortable seats ( which, however, often criticized for full passengers trouble and inconvenience) . Two passenger seats are equipped to transport people with limited mobility. Parking brake acts on the brakes the drive wheels of energy storage, control of air in the cab of the crane . Hydraulic oil tank is equipped with power steering oil level warning device .

To improve the electrical introduced fiberglass boards, electrical insulation flaps passenger doors from the body, external electrical insulation rod current collectors, insulation monitoring device UKI, emergency switch, the imposition of mostly electric traction kit from under the floor to the roof, technological track on the roof to move attendants, rear stopper rods pantographs fitted to three electrical insulators, locking the trolley system with open doors, emergency ( spare ) the passenger area lighting system ANTI passenger doors, emergency exits through the windows of the cabin, equipment service doors from inside and outside governments to open in an emergency installation on the roof of a high-speed circuit-breaker with remote control, etc.

Since 2004, also commercially produced trolley ZiU- 682G – 016.03 . Its main difference from ZiU – 682G – 016.02 is that the frame ( base) body made of an open profile ( sill ), which increases the rigidity and makes it more resistant to corrosion. Trolleybus body ZiU- 682G 016.03 – welded frame construction .

As an option, the setting of a wide front double doors swing- slide-type ( which is especially important for Moscow, used to pay for travel validator ) .

Since September 2009, in connection with the termination of a license to manufacture trolleybuses issue ZiU 682G016.02 – and – ZiU 682G016.03 discontinued.

ZiU-682G-016.04 and ZiU-682G-016.05

Trolleybus ZiU-682G-016.05 in Orël

 Trolleybus ZiU-682G-016.05 in Orël

Since September 2009, JSC “Trolza” in accordance with the obtained license for production to start the production of trolleybuses ZiU-682G-016.04 and ZiU-682G-016.05. And apparently, these trolleys and constructive modifications almost completely replicate their predecessors ZiU-682G-016.02 and ZiU-682G-016.03. As changes in the rank of permanent options included installing electronic route signs and a marquee in the passenger compartment and ABS that ZiU-682G-ZiU 016.02 and 016.03-682G-performed by the customer.

Modifications as of 2012

Note that approximately 2003 JSC “Trolza” changed several notations produced models trolleybuses family ZiU- 682G, considering them all modifications ZiU- 682G -016 (VIN- code starts with all modifications XTU682G0M ) . As of 2010 the manufacturer offers the following serial modifications ( listed in order of increasing number of changes compared to ZiU- 682G )

  • ZiU- 682G -016 (012 ) – basic model similar ZiU- 682G -012 (delivery in the form of a body 1st version)
  • ZiU- 682G -016 (018) – modification, similar ZiU- 682G -018, and has a slight performance improvement ZiU- 682G -016 (delivery in the form of a body 1st version)
  • ZiU- 682G – 016.02 (delivery in the form of a body 1st version)
  • ZiU- 682G – 016.03 (delivery in the form of a body 1st version)
  • ZiU- 682G – 016.04
  • ZiU- 682G – 016.05

In 2009, we developed a modification ZiU- 682G – 016.07 . This machine has a total 016.04 with different numbering and control system – TrSU ” Chergos ” instead of the standard rheostat- contactor . The only instance in operation in Murmansk.

In fact, the serial production ZiU- 9 in 2012 was discontinued due to lack of demand for the model .

Diagram of Russian trolleybus ZiU-9.

Clones produced by other companies

Many factories in modern Russia or Belarus developed their unlicensed or semi-licenced copies of the ZiU-9 design. They may have different designations and trademarks, but in the colloquial language all of them are referred to as “ZiU-9 clones”.

  • ACSM -101 and their various modifications manufacturer Belkommunmash (Minsk)
  • BTZ -5276 and modifications manufacturer Bashkir Trolleybus Plant ( Ufa)
  • VZTM -5284 and modifications manufacturer Volgograd Plant of Transport Engineering ( Volgograd)
  • VMZ -170 manufacturer Vologda Mechanical Plant (JSC ” Trans- Alpha”, Vologda )
  • Trolleybuses production ” Nizhtroll ” (Nizhny Novgorod), officially passing as overhaul reconditioning
  • CT- 682G production “Siberian trolley ” (Novosibirsk), officially passing as overhaul reconditioning
  • MTRZ – 6223 Moscow trolleybus production plant – modernization ZiU -682 for Moscow
  • ZiU -682 ZiU BTRM production ” Barnaul trolleybus repair shops ” ( Barnaul), officially passing as overhaul reconditioning
  • MTRZ – 6223 Altayelektrotrans production ” CAU ” Altayelektrotrans ” ” ( Barnaul)
  • ZiU -682 Barnaul production of ” Company ” Altai electric transport company ” ” ( Barnaul)


In Greece ZiU-9 in excursion route at Piraeus

In Greece ZiU-9 in excursion route at Piraeus
Ziu-9 in Budapest, Hungary

Ziu-9 in Budapest, Hungary

In Hungary, Ziu-9 trolleys still operate in Debrecen (DKV) and used to operate in Budapest (BKV) and Szeged (SzKT). ZiU-9s worked or are now working in all ex-USSR countries except the Baltic states. They were also sold to Greece, Argentina, in Colombia the EDTU (Empresa Distrital de Transportes Urbanos) was a larger operator of these buses; they was in a very bad conservation state in the former Eastern Bloc countries. Three cars were on loan in 1973 for testing purposes in Helsinki, Finland.

Greek donation

In 2004, the ILPAP, the operator of trolleybusses in Athens, Greece donated nearly all of its old ZiU-9 trolleybuses to the city of Belgrade and to Georgia. One was donated to the East Anglia Transport Museum.

Belgrade has had ZiU-9 trolleys of its own since late 1970s. In 2010 a public action was taken to save Belgrade’s first ZiU-9 from being scrapped.


(Zavod imeni Uritskogo, Russian for Uritsky Factory) or ZIU-10 (Russian: ЗиУ-10), also referred to as ZIU-683, is a model of trolleybus, built in Russia. It has been manufactured since 1986 by the Uritsky Factory, in Engels, which later became Trolza. It is an articulated, three-axle variant of the ZiU-9/ZiU-682.

A ZiU-10 in MoscowA ZiU-10 in Moscow


2 ZiU-9 Riga 1959-72 ZIU 5 Trolleybus USSR 1988 ZIU 682 China 1991 ZIU 682 China 2003 ZIU 62052 China 2005 ZIU 62052 a China A trolleybus on Prospekt Leninskogo Komsomola Street in Vidnoye, Moscow Oblast, Russia A ZiU-10 in Moscow Diagram of Russian trolleybus ZiU-9. In Greece ZiU-9 in excursion route at Piraeus Moscow_trolleybus_3670 Museum ZiU-5 trolleybus in Nizhny Novgorod, Russia. Novgorod_-_Trolleys_and_a_bus_at_main_station Old Ziu Soviet Trolleybus Transporte_en_Córdoba_(Argentina)_2009-11-27 Trolleybus ZiU-682G, the last at the Moscow trolleybus-repair plant (MTRZ) overhaul with the removal of part of the apparatus on the roof Trolleybus ZiU-682G-016.05 in Orël Trolleybus ZiU-682v in Minsk Trolleybus_ZiU_(Trolza)-682G00_-_143_at_intersection_of_Stefan_cel_Mare_str_and_1_mai_str Trolleybus_ZiU-682G_in_SPB Trolza_Belgrad trolza-trolleybus-04 Uritsky ZIU 682B ZIU 5 trolleybus at the Budapest fun fair files ZIU 9-951-76-NZA Boekarest Trollybus made in Russia ZIU 682 kp ZIU 682 ZIU 682a China ZIU 682b China ZIU 683a China ZIU 683b China ZIU tek ZIU Trolleybus Budapest ZiU-5 trolleybus in Nizhny Novgorod, Russia. ZIU-5 trolleybus ziu5-78 ZiU-9 drawing Ziu-9 in Budapest, Hungary Ziu-9_Bryansk_2056 ZiU-9G trolleybus in Nizhny Novgorod, Russia a ZiU-9G trolleybus in Nizhny Novgorod, Russia ZIU-682G ZiU-682G-016.02 in Vladimir, Russia ЗиУ-682 ЗиУ-682Б (ЗиУ-9) №4409 ЗиУ-682Г-016.02_№3128 ЗиУ-682Г016.04_заводской_номер_80_во_Владимире_(№_300) КАПОЗИУ1128


ZIL (Zavod Imeni Likhachova) Cars, Buses, Trucks. Moscow Russia 1916 – now


AMO ZiL (Avtomobilnoe Moskovskoe Obshchestvo – Zavod Imeni Likhachova)
Formerly called
  • AMO (1916-1931)
  • ZiS (1931-1956)
Type Joint-stock
Industry Automotive
Founded Moscow, Russia (1916)
Headquarters Moscow, Russia
Key people
  • Igor Zakharov (CEO)
  • Konstantin Laptev (General Director, 2002–present)
  • Luxury automobiles
  • Heavy road vehicles
  • Offroad vehicles
  • Military vehicles
Website www.amo-zil.ru

Moscow Joint-Stock Company “The Likhachov Plant” AMO ZIL

“Zavod imeni Likhachova”, more commonly called ZiL (Russian: Завод имени Лихачёва (ЗиЛ)—Likhachov Plant, literally “Plant named for Likhachov”) is a major Russian truck and heavy equipment manufacturer based in the City of Moscow, which also produced armored cars for most Soviet leaders, as well as buses, armored fighting vehicles, and aerosani. The company also produces hand-built limousines and high-end luxury sedans (автомобиль представительского класса, also translated as “luxury vehicle”) in extremely low quantities, primarily for the Russian government. ZIL passenger cars are priced at the equivalent of models from Maybach and Rolls-Royce, but are largely unknown outside the CIS and production rarely exceeds a dozen cars per year.

01 Расположение_АМО_ЗиЛ

 1916 plan for the AMO factory.


The factory was founded in 1916 as Avtomobilnoe Moskovskoe Obshchestvo (AMO, Russian Автомобильное Московское Общество (АМО)—Moscow Automotive Society). The plans were to produce Fiat F-15 1.5 tonne trucks under licence. Because of the October Revolution and the subsequent Russian Civil War it took until 1 November 1924 to produce the first vehicle, the AMO-F-15. In 1931 the factory was re-equipped and expanded with the help of the American A.J. Brandt Co., changed its name to Automotive Factory No. 2 Zavod Imeni Stalina (ZIS or ZiS). After Nikita Khrushchev denounced the cult of personality of Joseph Stalin in 1956, the name was changed again to Zavod imeni Likhachova, after its former director Ivan Alekseevich Likhachov.

ZiL lanes—road lanes dedicated to vehicles carrying top Soviet officials—were named after the car.


BAZ produces off-road tractors and chassis with carrying capacity from 14 to 40 tonnes.



02 ZIS-101


09 Ził 130ZIL 130

10 ZIL 5301
 ZIL 5301
11 ZIL 4331
 ZIL 4331
12 fire truck AC 3.2-40 (ZiL-4331)
 fire truck AC 3.2-40 (ZiL-4331)
13 fire truck Zil-4334
 fire truck AC 3,0-40 (ZiL-4334)

14 Zis_5


30 ZiS-127_front interurban bus ZIS-127

31 ZIL-119
  • AKZ-1 (1947-1948, based on ZIS-150 truck)
  • AMO-4 (1932-1934, based on the AMO-3)
  • ZIS-lux (prototype, based on the ZIS-6, 1934)
  • ZIS-8 (1934-1938, based on the ZIS-11)
  • ZIS-16 (1938-1942, based on the ZIS-5)
  • ZIS-17 (prototype, based on the ZIS-15, 1939)
  • ZIS-44 (based on the ZIS-5)
  • ZIS-127 (1955-1961)
  • ZIL-129 (short-range version of ZIS-127)
  • ZIS-154 (1946–1950)
  • ZIS-155 (1949–1957)
  • ZIL-118 “Yunost” (1962-1970, based on ZIL-111)
  • ZIL-119 (1971-1994, based on ZIL-118; also called ZIL-118K)
  • ZIL-158 (1957-1959, based on ZIL-164)
  • ZIL-159 (1959, prototype for LiAZ)
  • ZIL-3207 (1991-1999, based on ZIL-41047)
  • ZIL-3250 (1998-present, based on ZIL-5301)

32 ZiS-8

Sport and racing cars

ZIL-112 Sports1962 ZIL-112 Sports

36 ZIL-112S-front1962  ZIS-112 Sports


37 ZIL-49061 Soyuz_TMA-2_-_Edward_T._LuAstronaut Edward T. Lu, having landed with Soyuz TMA-2, is being recovered with a ZIL-49061 vehicle.

1924 amo f15 1924 1934 ZIS-8 bus 21 s 1934 ZiS-8 city bus 1934-38 ZIS-8 21s 1935 NATI op Zis 8 chassis 1935 ZIS-6 chassis, 6x6 BZ-35 bowser 1935 ZiS-8 Moskou 1936 ZIS 8 side bus 1936 ZIS-12 chassis Flak artillery 1937 ZIS-12 chassis Z-15-4 searchlight 1938 ABTO 6 cylinder 1938 Zis 16 1938 ZIS-6 in Lithuanian army 1938-41 ZIS 16 1939 ZiS-16 city bus 1939 ZIS-16 USSR 1939 ZIS-22 1940 ZIS-35 1941 ZIS-32, 4x4 1942 ZIS-42 1944 ZIS-5 truck manufactured by Ural autoworks 1946 ZIS-151 truck, 6x6 1947 ZIS 110A Ambulance emergency 1947 Zis 154 1947 ZIS 154b 1947 ZIS-154 34s 4x2 1947 ZiS-154 1949-55 ZIS 155 4x2 USSR 1949-57 ZIS 155  comp busru1003a 1950 ZIS-150 1951 ZIL 112 Cyklon Experimental Car - fVl (Russia) 1954 ZIS-151А with TPP pontoon bridge nose section 1955 ZIS-151А chassis, 6x6 КММ mechanical bridge 1955 ZIS-E134, 8x8 1957 ZIL 158 (USSR) 1957 ZIL-134 (АТК-6), 8x8 1957 ZIL-157R, 6x6 1957 ZIL-158 1958 ZIL 111 1958 ZIL-135B amphibious vehicle, 8x8 1959 ZIL 111 1960 ZIS-120N with vaulted tyres 1961 ZIL-135L 8x8 1961 ZiL-158 1962 ZIL-112S-front 1962 Zil-118k (2) 1962 Zil-118k 1962 Zil-118k-02 1962 Zil-118k-03 1962 Zil-118k-05 1962 ZIL-157К with LPP pontoon bridge section 1962-70 Zil 118 Tartu Tarvo 1962-70 ZIL-118k Yunost 1963 zil 118 Ambu 1963 zil-118. 1963 Zil-118k 1964 Zil 118 back 1964 Zil 118 1965 Zil 118A Junost Ambulance 1965 ZIL-135P amphibious vehicle, 8x8 1966 ZIL-131, 6x6 1967 ZIL 114 1967 ZIL-135MSh self-propelled platform (wheel arrangement - 4x4 + 2x2) 1969 ZIL-132А, 8x8 1969 ZIL-135LN (8x8) tractor-leader of ZIL-135КP articulated truck 1971 ZIL 1971 1971 ZIL-137 (10x10) active articulated truck with ZIL-137B semitrailer 1972 ZIL-114 1976 ZIS-154 1978 ZIL-131 chassis PR-14М resupply vehicle 1980 ZIL-157KG, 6x6 1985 ZIL-131V with PR-11DA resupply machine of S-75М SAM 2007 Zil op Cuba 2012-Zil-980 2014 ZIL achterzijkant 2014 ZIL inside 2014 ZIL zijkant 2014 ZIL Amo amb bus F2802201113222 amo Molotok amo-3 AMO-F-15 ambulance bus Amo-f-15 Ikarus 545 ZIL Ikarus Ford ZIL pmz(zis42) Zavod imeni Likhachova ZIL Logo ZIL (1) ZIL (2) ZIL 1 (2) ZIL 1 ZIL 2 (2) ZIL 2 ZIL 3 ZIL 117V Zil 127 32s USSR zil 127og Zil 130 Ad Ził 130 ZIL 131 (firetruck) ZIL 131 Missile Launcher ZIL 131 ZIL 131v-1 Zil 133 G4 zil 158 2 zil 164 zil 164pm Zil 4331 (2) ZIL 4331 (3) ZIL 4331 Zil 4334 ZIL 5301 ZIL 41047 Staatsbegräbniswagen Carrozzeria Zanardo, AutoZeller GmbH & Co ZIL Bulgarije 2 Zil Bulgarije ZIL Limousine (2) ZIL Limousine 2 ZIL Limousine ZIL super Limousine ZIL Zavod imeni Likhachova 1956- Rusland Zil Zavod Imieni Lichacheva (Rusland) ZIL_8 ZIL-111 ZIL-112 Sports Zil-115 4104 1zil117 zil-118k-04 ZIL-118К ZIL-119 zil-130-front ZIL-131 ZiL-133.1 Zil-135 BM 27 Uragan ZiL-157-5340 ZIL170 KAMAZ ZIL-485 BAV ZiL-4331 Zil-4334 Zil-41047 ZIL-49061 Soyuz TMA-2-Edward T.Lu zil-e167 zil-e167-2 zil-e167-6 ZIL-E-167-6 zil-e167-bluebird Zil-MMZ 4502 zil-zis-155-05 Zis 5 zis 6 Zis 8 Aremkuz ZIS 8 zis 11 zis 13 Gasgenerator zis 15 zis 16 3 ZIS 17 USSR Zis 42m zis 53 zis 53b ZIS 110 I ZIS 127 (USSR) Zis 127 Moskva 1 zis 127tr Zis 150 ak32o Zis 150 museum zis 150 zis 150pm zis 151 ZIS 161 wy ZIS 162 zis 585 Zis Amphibie ZIS Buses bus568 Zis lux 6x4 USSR zis nami 375-4 ZIS Stalin zis yaaz ZIS Zavod Imeni Stalina 1924-1956 Moskou Rusland zis_101a_sport_by_reyork-d38df89 zis_127_by_rover57-d4qlze5 ZIS-6 zis8_Dan_MEgorov zis16_9838 ZIS-17 experimental USSR ZIS-33 Truck ZIS-101 zis110 ZiS-110B zis112-1_b ZiS-127 front ZIS-127-uuena ZIS-150 bus zis150-13 ZiS-151 ZIS-253 experimental a ZIS-253 experimental