Officine VIBERTY Turino Italy

Logo officine Viberti


Articulated trolleybus Fiat 2472 with Viberti body in MilanoArticulated trolleybus Fiat 2472 with Viberti body in Milano

Fiat Viberti Monotral CV61Fiat Viberti Monotral CV61

Viberti Logo

Viberti badge

Officine Viberti was an Italian manufacturer of trailers, coach and bus bodies and mopeds, better known by its integral Monotral chassisless self-supporting coaches and buses. It was based in Turin. Viberti made the Vi-Vi moped from 1955 until 1957 in alliance with the German motorcycle manufacturer Victoria.


The company was founded in 1922 to build civilian and military transport vehicles and was a supplier to the Italian armed forces during World War II. One of its products was the SPA-Viberti AS.42 armored car.

Viberti is now part of the Acerbi-Viberti Group.

See also

040 126 584 & 588 FIAT 405 Viberti buses 1568 - Lancia Esatau - 1511-1595 Viberti 1938 Carrozzeria Viberti arambul 1938 Viberti EIAR means Ente Italiano Audizioni Radioniche 1949 Fiat 1100 ELR Viberti Ambulancia 1949 viberti fiat 1100BLR ambulanza Ordine Mauriziano 1950 FIAT 680 Ru Viberti CV5 1950 Viberti Autosnodato 1951 fiatambulance 1949-1953 1100 ELR Viberti as well, I guess 1954 Fiat 682.RN Viberti CV.7 1 entro il 1972 1955 Fiat 682 RN Viberti Monotral 1955 Fiat 682.RN Viberti CV.6 entro il 1972 1955 Fiat 682RN Viberti Articulated Bus Factory Photo 1955 Fiat 682RN Viberti GT Intercity Bus Factory Photo 1955 Fiat 682RN Viberti Transit Bus Factory Photo 1955 Lancia car porter - Esatau P chassis, bodied by Viberti in 1955 1955 Lancia car porter - Esatau P chassis, bodied by Viberti 1955 Lancia V11 Viberti Transit Bus 1956 Fiat 411 Monotral Snodato Viberti 1956 Fiat 692.RN Viberti CV.6 1956 Golden Dolphin Viberti, Italian gas turbine bus 1956 OM Super Orione Viberti TS 23779 SAP Trieste 6 1956 1956 Viberti p 3 1957 lancia_esatau_1957_images_1_b 1958 Fiat 306-2 Viberti CV.24B 1958 1972-1979 1958 FIAT 2472 Viberti 4-axle articulated trolleybus on route 90 1958 FIAT 2472 Viberti 4-axle 1958 filosnodato Fiat 2472 Viberti CGE 1959 Fiat 306 2 Con Carrozzeria Viberti 1959 Fiat 306-2 con carrozzeria Viberti 1959 Lancia Esatau Viberti IMCD 1960 Fiat 306-2 Viberti CV.24B 1972-1980 1960 Fiat 405 Viberti CV39 1960 1961 Fiat 413 Viberti Monotral CV61 in Profumo di donna, 1974 1961 Viberti Monotral CV61 Fiat 413 ATM Torino 1961 1962 Lancia Esatau P V.11 Viberti Monotral 1964-FIAT 690 N1 - Rim.VIBERTI 1965 Lancia 703.08 Viberti AV.9 1965 Viberti advertisement 1968 Bus 703 Lancia and Fiat 306 of the company Officine Viberti of Turin 1978 Viberti JHM-1978-1321 - (I) Turin, autobus 2004 Viberti Turbo City U I 303300-2 ALFA ROMEO 350A VIBERTI FORSE Articulated trolleybus Fiat 2472 with Viberti body in Milano Autobotte Fiat 615N Viberti Autobotte Fiat 642N Viberti Autobus Fiat 680 carrozzato dalla Viberti. Autobus Viberti Autocarro Lancia Beta 190 Viberti Autocisterna Fiat 682N3 Viberti ESSO Autotreno cisterna Fiat 682N Viberti Bussen Viberti(I) Camion Fiat 634 Viberti Camion Fiat 682N Viberti Camion Lancia Esatau Viberti DSCN6698 (Lancia Esagamma 718) Tags bus torino oldtimer doubledecker Fiat 306 it's a monocoque Viberti Monotral CV24 with Fiat 306 engine, gearbox and axles Fiat 413 Viberti Fiat 413 Viberti ... Fiat 666 Viberti fiat 680 N pub-carrosse-viberti-barilla-img Fiat 680 RN Viberti Fiat 682 N2 Viberti Fiat 682 Viberti a Fiat 682 Viberti Fiat 682N2 3 assi Viberti Fiat 682n3 3 assi Perlini e rimorchio Viberti Piero Della Valentina Fiat 682n4 Scremin Bassano e Fiat 682n2 3 Assi Viberti Autotrasporti Ghezzi Mezzolombardo Raduno Oldtimer San Felice Bolzano Italy July 2012 Fiat 690 N1 - 8x2 Nachlaufachse Umbau Viberti Fiat 690 N3 Viberti 577 in viale Isonzo Fiat Viberti Monotral CV61 Fiat-Viberti filobus viberti ri Furgone Fiat 642RN2 Viberti trasporto latte Furgone OM Taurus 340 Viberti images Iveco 316 Viberti Lancia Esatau con rimorchio Viberti Lancia Esatau P V.11 Viberti Monotral a Lancia Esatau Viberti in Vento Logo officine Viberti Officine Viberti Torino - 1957 officine Viberti OM Super Taurus Viberti Monotral a OM Super Taurus Viberti Monotral OM Viberti 15 T 180 Pegaso Monotral Viberti (1955) pegaso-monotral-viberti-02 pegaso-monotral-viberti-07 pegaso-monotral-viberti-10 Pullman-Autobus-VIBERTI-Fiat-680-Bus-Milano semir.viberti towing a Viberti 141T trailer esatau864 tro_viberti V009_grande Viberti 1 Viberti 2 Viberti 11 Viberti BVF 203 Viberti Golden Dolphin Viberti Logo Viberti tonon5 Viberti Torino b Viberti Torino Viberti Turbo City S I Viberti U842 I Viberti VF 180 6x6 viberti-monotral-05 viberti-monotral-09 viberti-motocarro1 Victoria Viberti zo9nyu

That was all Viberti

VÉTRA Société des Véhicules et Tracteurs Electriques Paris 1925-1964 France


Former type Private
Industry Transportation
Fate Bankrupt
Founded 1925
Defunct 1964
Headquarters Paris, France
Area served Worldwide
Products Trolleybuses, electric locomotives

Vétra (or Vetra), or more formally the Société des Véhicules et Tracteurs Electriques, was a French manufacturer of trolleybuses and electric locomotives. Founded in 1925, it became one of Western Europe’s largest builders of trolleybuses during the middle decades of the 20th century, making in excess of 1,750 vehicles, for cities in France and in several other countries. The company ceased production in 1964.


1950 Limoges Vetra VBRh trolleybus 271 in 1988Limoges was one of the last places where Vétra trolleybuses operated. This 1950-built example was photographed in 1988.

Vétra was founded in 1925 and was based in Paris. After initially experimenting with production of accumulator railcars, the company made its first trolleybus in 1927. The first Vétra trolleybuses were two vehicles, model MV, supplied to the AubagneCuges trolleybus system, which was located just east of Marseille and began operation on 22 September 1927. In the decades that followed, Vétra had a near-monopoly on French trolleybus production. Trolleybus systems operating in France also bought their fleets nearly exclusively from Vétra. From the 1930s through the 1950s, the “overwhelming majority” of trolleybuses in use on French systems were built by Vétra. On a smaller scale, the company also sold trolleybuses to systems located in other countries.

1939 VETRA CS35 (et VBRH)

1939 VETRA CS35 (et VBRH)

The traction motors and other electrical equipment in Vétra trolleybuses were supplied by Alsthom (now called Alstom) in all or nearly all cases, while many mechanical parts, often including chassis, came from Berliet. The vehicle bodies were fabricated by various different companies, Berliet included. In its 38 years of trolleybus production, the company made no less than 31 different models. Some were only small variations on another model. For example, the VBRh was basically the same as the VBR except was 2.9 m tall instead of 2.7 m, and the h suffix in the model number stood for “haute” (high).

1948 Vétra-Berliet VBRh n° 272 ex-Paris Limoges F

1948 Vétra-Berliet VBRh n° 272 ex-Paris Limoges F

Models produced included both two-axle and three-axle rigid vehicles, with large numbers of each. In its history, Vétra only built one articulated trolleybus. This was a prototype for Algiers, Algeria. Built in 1950/51, it was designated model VA4.SR and had four axles, three in the front section and one in the trailing section. It was tested on the Paris trolleybus system in January 1951. This prototype was unsuccessful, and it was eventually rebuilt into a three-axle rigid vehicle.

1954 VETRA-BERLIET VA3B2 3 axelss

1954 VETRA-BERLIET VA3B2 3 axelss

Vétra also made some freight vehicles for a non-passenger trolleytruck line between Villey-Saint-Étienne and Varangéville, France. It also built small electric locomotives for use on mine railways.

1943 Vétra-Berliet CB60 n° 10 Limoges F

1943 Vétra-Berliet CB60 n° 10 Limoges F

In 1961 Pegaso, the Spanish truck and bus maker, reached an agreement with Vetra to launch to the Spanish market a Pegaso trolleybus, called model 8010, based on Vetra technology. The operation, however, was a failure, due to the contemporary import to Spain of several tenths of ex-London Transport BUT units; and only one Pegaso 8010, with a Seida body, was ever built.

1959-68 VETRA BERLIET Barcelona

1959-68 VETRA BERLIET Barcelona

By the early 1960s, several French trolleybus systems had closed, and most of those that remained were destined to close within a few years, so were not purchasing new trolleybuses. Facing a steep decline in orders, Vétra filed for bankruptcy. Production ended in 1964, with the completion of an order for two VBH85 trolleybuses for Fribourg, Switzerland.

Vetra 29 roule sur la ligne 8-9 en direction du Jura.

Vetra 29 roule sur la ligne 8-9 en direction du Jura. Suisse.


Vétra sold trolleybuses to transit systems in 12 different countries, on three continents, including as far away as Chile. However, the majority were sold to systems in France. The overall total was in excess of 1,750, a quantity that has been matched or exceeded by only very few other trolleybus manufacturers.


1957 Vétra VBF-model trolleybus in Grenoble in 1965. This vehicle originally served the Paris trolleybus systemA 1957 Vétra VBF-model trolleybus in Grenoble in 1965. This vehicle originally served the Paris trolleybus system.

Seida Pegaso 5070 Seida Pegaso 6035 SEIDA Trolleybus 3 asser Vetra

Seida bodied three-axle Vétra trolleybus for the city of Madrid


The Lyon trolleybus system purchased by far the largest number of Vétra trolleybuses of any system, a total of 372, comprising seven different models. Other large buyers in France were Marseille (145, of seven different models), Paris (133), St. Etienne (78), and Limoges (43). After the closure of the Paris system, in 1966, its 38 VBF trolleybuses were sold to the Grenoble system, and 40 of its VBRh trolleybuses were sold to Limoges; 24 of the latter entered service there, and some remained in service until 1989.

Other European countries where Vétra found buyers were Austria, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Spain and Switzerland. Most were small orders, but in Spain, 45 Vétras were purchased by Madrid and a total of 55 by Bilbao, in multiple orders.

Outside Europe

Vétra also found a good market in North Africa, where it sold to all but one of the eight trolleybus systems in operation, including Algiers,Constantine (3 separate operators) and Oran, in Algeria; Cairo, Egypt; Casablanca, Morocco; and Tunis, Tunisia. The sole exception was the system in Tétouan, Morocco, which bought all of its trolleybuses from Saurer. The trolleybuses sold to some of these systems in the 1930s were designed by Vétra but built by various other companies.

The company sold trolleybuses to a total of only two systems outside Europe and North Africa. Santiago, Chile, purchased 100 in 1952–53, and Niterói, Brazil, opened its trolleybus system with 45 Vétras in 1953. The Niteroi vehicles were model VBRh, which was Vétra’s most widely sold model in the post-war era, bought by many cities. By contrast, the Santiago vehicles were a unique model, VA2, and were approximately the same size as, and bore a strong resemblance to, trolleybuses that the Santiago system had purchased from the U.S. company Pullman-Standard in 1946–48 and 1952.

Last active examples

Lyon_trolleybus_471_in_1981A small fleet of short-chassis vehicles in Lyon were the last Vétra trolleybuses in service anywhere.

By 1983, with the retirement of St. Etienne’s last Vétra trolleybuses, Limoges and Lyon were the only systems anywhere that continued to use Vétras in service. The last active examples in Limoges were ex-Paris VBRh vehicles built in 1949–54, and these were retired in June 1989. This left the Lyon trolleybus system as the last operator of Vétra trolleybuses anywhere.

Although Lyon once had a large fleet of Vétra trolleybuses, by late 1981 all that remained were ones from a batch of 22 VBH85 trolleybuses, built jointly by Vétra and Berliet in 1963, which had a short chassis and were used only on Lyon route 6, which follows narrow streets and has hairpin turns. In 1984/85, Lyon operator TCL chose to refurbish seven of these, rather than buy a new batch of non-standard-length trolleybuses just for one route.[16] As a result, these last Vétra trolleybuses (renumbered 1701–1707) received an extended life, remaining in service until early 2000.


More than 30 Vétra-built trolleybuses have been preserved, with 33 examples accounted for as of 2000, all but four being in France.

By operators

Some are owned by transit agencies that are currently still operate trolleybuses, but the vehicles concerned may or may not be in operating condition. The Limoges trolleybus system has preserved 1944/45 CB60 No. 18, and the Lyon system has preserved 1962 Vétra-Berliet ELR No. 10 (which is ex-Marseille 331 in 1977). The St. Etienne system has preserved three different examples: 1952 VCR No. 72, 1955 VA3B2 No. 151 (ex-Marseille 155), and 1962 VBBh/ELR No. 126.

At museums

Trolleybus Vetra-2Three restored Vétra trolleybuses on display at the Musée des transports urbains, interurbains et ruraux, in Paris

Most of the surviving Vétra trolleybuses are in the collections of museums or preservation groups. The largest number, by far, is owned by theAssociation pour le Musée des Transports Urbains, Interurbains et Ruraux (AMTUIR), in Paris, which counted 10 Vétra trolleybuses in its collection as of 2000. The Musée Provençal des Transports Urbains et Ruraux (MPTUR), in La Barque, has three Vétra trolleybuses. The Amis du Rail et des Transports de Marseille (ARTM), in Marseille, has two.

At least three Vétra trolleybuses are preserved outside France, including Limoges No. 5 (a 1943 CB60), which is owned by an individual but is kept at The Trolleybus Museum at Sandtoft, in the UK, and operates occasionally at the museum. Lyon 1704, a 1963 Vétra-Berliet VBH85, from the batch that were the very last Vétra trolleybuses in service anywhere, joined the Sandtoft collection in 2006.

1939 VETRA CS35 (et VBRH) 1939 Vétra CS55 n° 21 Poitiers F 1943 Vetra CB60 inside 1943 Vetra CB60 trolleybus 5, 964 H 87 1943 Vetra Inside 1943 Vétra-Berliet CB60 n° 10 Limoges F 1947 Vétra CS60 n° 53 Marseille 1948 Vétra-Berliet VBRh n° 272 ex-Paris Limoges F 1950 Limoges Vetra VBRh trolleybus 271 in 1988 1950 Vétra VA3 n° 124 Perpignan 1951 VETRA VBRH (et CS35) 1954 VETRA-BERLIET VA3B2 3 axelss 1957 Vétra VBF-model trolleybus in Grenoble in 1965. This vehicle originally served the Paris trolleybus system 1959-68 VETRA BERLIET Barcelona 1963 VETRA-BERLIET VBH85 Lyon 1972 Vetra CB 60 à Limoges 1981 Vetra ELR à Saint-Étienne Lyon_trolleybus_471_in_1981 Berliet Vetra 325 JE 06 Berliet-Vetra trolleybus, of STAS (Société de Transports de l'Agglomération Stéphanoise) St Ettiene Lyon Vetra VBH85 No. 1704 Seida Pegaso 5070 Seida Pegaso 6035 SEIDA Trolleybus 3 asser Vetra TROLLEYBUS VETRA - Ligne 183 TROLLEYBUS VETRA Logo Trolleybus Vetra-2 Vetra (Carde y Escoriaza) Spanje Vetra 4.7 Vetra 29 roule sur la ligne 8-9 en direction du Jura. Vetra 30 et 26 déclassés attendent leur sort. Vetra EH87 1704 7830 LG 69 Lyon (France) Vetra sur trolleybus CB 60 Vétra VBF n° 637 ex TAG Grenoble (Colombes - France) VETRA-BERLIET VA3B2 (Badge) LYON

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