TATRA Kopřivnice Moravia Czech Republic

Tatra (company)Tatra logo

TATRA, a. s.
Type Private
Industry Automotive
Founded 1850
1897 as a car manufacturer
Founders Ignác Šustala
Headquarters Kopřivnice, Moravia, Czech Republic
Key people Ronald Adams (CEO)
Hugo Fischer von Roeslerstamm (designer)
Hans Ledwinka (designer)
Julius Mackerle (designer)
Products Automobiles, wagons,carriages, trucks
Revenue Increase CZK 7.87 billion (2008)
Owners DAF Trucks (19%)
Employees 2,000 (2011)
Parent Paccar Inc (19%)
Website tatratrucks.com

Tatra Präsident on the Kopřivnice coat of arms.

Tatra is a vehicle manufacturer in Kopřivnice, Czech Republic. The company was founded in 1850 as Schustala & Company, later renamed Nesselsdorfer Wagenbau-Fabriksgesellschaft when it became a wagon and carriage manufacturer. In 1897, Tatra produced the first motor car in central Europe, and one of the first cars in world, the Präsident automobile. In 1918, it changed its name to Kopřivnická vozovka a.s., and in 1919 started to use the Tatra badge named after the nearby Tatra mountains in Slovakia.

Tatra is the third oldest car maker in the world after Daimler and Peugeot. During World War II Tatra was instrumental in the production of trucks, and tank engines for the German war effort. Production of passenger cars ceased in 1999, but the company still produces a range of primarily all-wheel-drive 4×4, 6×6, 8×8, 10×10, and 12×12 trucks. The brand is mainly known as a result of the legendary Czech truck racer Karel Loprais: in 1988–2001 he won the world’s hardest off-road race Dakar Rally as many as six times with the Tatra 815. At the time of his sixth victory, he was the most successful driver in the history of the Dakar.

Early years

 Ignác Šustala, founder of the company

PresidentFirstCar

 Präsident, the first factory made car in Central and Eastern Europe in 1897
1900 NW Rennzweier 1
 Rennzweier, the first race car made by the company in 1900

Ignác Šustala (1822–1891), founder of the company in Kopřivnice, Moravia, started the production of horse-drawn vehicles in 1850. In 1891 he branched out into railroad car manufacture, naming the company Nesselsdorfer Wagenbau-Fabriksgesellschaft, and employed Hugo Fischer von Roeslerstamm as technical director in 1890. After the death of Šustala, von Roeslerstamm took over running the company and in 1897 he bought a Benz automobile. Using this for inspiration, the company made its first car, the Präsident, which was exhibited in 1897 in Vienna. Orders were obtained for more cars and under the direction of engineers Hans Ledwinka and Edmund Rumpler, ten improved cars were made.

The first car to be totally designed by Ledwinka came in 1900 with the Type A with rear-mounted 2714 cc engine and top speed of 40 kilometres per hour (25 mph), 22 units were built. This was followed by the Type B with central engine in 1902 but then Ledwinka left the company to concentrate on steam engine development. He returned in 1905 and designed a completely new car, the Type S with 3308 cc 4-cylinder engine. Production was badly hit in 1912 with a 23-week strike and Hugo Fischer von Roeslerstam left the company.

Tatra concept

1924 Tatra T-11

 1924 Tatra T11

Tatra T-11 of 1924

Main article: Backbone chassis

After World War I Nesselsdorfer Wagenbau was renamed Kopřivnická vozovka, and in 1919 the name Tatra was given to the car range. Leopold Pasching took over control and in 1921 Hans Ledwinka returned again to develop the revolutionary Tatra 11. The new car, launched in 1923 featured a rigid backbone tube with swinging semi-axles at the rear giving independent suspension. The engine, front-mounted, was an air-cooled two-cylinder unit of 1056 cc.

1924 Tatra T12 convertible1926 Tatra T 12

The Tatra 11 was replaced in 1926 by the similar Tatra 12 which had four-wheel brakes.

1926 Tatra T17

1926 Tatra t17-31

A further development was the 1926 Tatra 17 with a 1,930 cc water-cooled six-cylinder engine and fully independent suspension. In 1927 the company was renamed Závody Ringhoffer-Tatra a.s..

Tatra 87-old

 Streamlined Tatras
 Tatra v570Tatra V570 1931, 1933
Tatra T77 Advertising-2 Tatra T77i
Tatra T77 1933–1938
Tatra T87 adTatra T87 1936–1950
Tatra T97 ad Tatra T97
Tatra T97 1936–1939
1961 Tatra 603 tatra-t603-02 Tatra-603-advert Tatra T603-1 tatra t603 7 Tatra T2 603 Rallye Monte Carlo Tatra 603b Tatra 603A Ambulance tatra 603 Tatra 603 b Tatra 603- Aerodynamické automobily Tatra 603 (3) Tatra 603 (2) 1969 Tatra 2 603 1968-75 Tatra 2 603 II Engine 2474 cc V8 1961 Tatra T603 1961 Tatra T603 MockUp 1961 Tatra T603 III 1961 Tatra T603 and T600 Tatraplan 1961 Tatra T603 (2) 1961 Tatra dTatra T603 1956–1975
TatraT97-frontTatra T97

Prewar streamliners

Tatra’s specialty was luxury cars of a technically advanced nature, going from aircooled flat-twins to fours and sixes, culminating (briefly) with the OHC 6 litre V12 in 1931. In the 1930s, under the supervision of Austrian engineer Hans Ledwinka, his son Erich and German engineer Erich Übelacker, and protected by high tariffs and absence of foreign assemblers, Tatra began building advanced, streamlined cars after obtaining licences from Paul Jaray, which started in 1934 with the large Tatra T77, the world’s first production aerodynamic car. The average drag coefficient of a 1:5 model of the fastback Tatra T77 was recorded as 0.2455. It featured (as did almost all subsequent big Tatras) a rear-mounted, air-cooled V8 engine, which was in technical terms very sophisticated for the time.

Tatra and the conception of the Volkswagen Beetle

Both Hitler and Porsche were influenced by the Tatras. Hitler was a keen automotive enthusiast, and had ridden in Tatras during political tours of Czechoslovakia. He had also dined numerous times with Ledwinka. After one of these dinners Hitler remarked to Porsche, “This is the car for my roads”. From 1933 onwards, Ledwinka and Porsche met regularly to discuss their designs, and Porsche admitted “Well, sometimes I looked over his shoulder and sometimes he looked over mine” while designing the Volkswagen. There is no doubt that the Beetle bore a striking resemblance to the Tatras, particularly the Tatra V570. The Tatra T97 of 1936 had a rear-located, rear-wheel drive, air-cooled four-cylinder boxer engine accommodating four passengers and providing luggage storage under the front bonnet and behind the rear seat. Another similarity between this Tatra and the Beetle is the central structural tunnel. Tatra launched a lawsuit, but this was stopped when Germany invaded Czechoslovakia. At the same time, Tatra was forced to stop producing the T97. The matter was re-opened after World War II and in 1961 Volkswagen paid Ringhoffer-Tatra 3,000,000 Deutsche Marks in an out of court settlement.

War years

After the 1938 invasion of Czechoslovakia by Nazi Germany, Tatras continued in production, largely because Germans liked the cars. Many German officers met their deaths driving heavy, rear-engined Tatras faster around corners than they could handle. At the time, as an anecdote, Tatra became known as the ‘Czech Secret Weapon’ for the scores of officers who died behind the wheel; at one point official orders were issued forbidding German officers from driving Tatras.

1961 Tatra T600 TatraplanTatra T600 Tatraplan

Postwar management

The factory was nationalised in 1945 almost three years before the Communist Party came to power and renamed to Tatra Národní Podnik. Although production of prewar models continued, a new model, the Tatra T600 Tatraplan was designed—the name celebrating the new Communist planned economy and the aeroplane inspiration (Colloq. Czech: aeroplán). It went into production in 1948. In 1951, the state planning department decided that the Tatraplan should henceforth be built at the Skoda plant in Mladá Boleslav, leaving Tatra free to concentrate on trucks, buses and railway equipment.

The Tatra T603

Main article: Tatra 603
1961 Tatra T603 (2)Tatra T603

A mere three years later, amid much dissatisfaction among officialdom about the poor-quality official cars imported from Russia, Tatra was again given permission to produce a luxury car, the Tatra T603. A fair successor to the prewar cars, it was also driven by a rear-mounted, air-cooled V8 and had the company’s trademark aerodynamic styling. Uniquely, the Tatra T603 featured three headlights, and the first prototypes had a central rear stabilising fin, though this was lost for production. It was also fitted with almost American-style thick chrome bumpers with bullets (a.k.a. Dagmar bumpers). Almost entirely hand-built, Tatras were not for everybody; normal citizens could not buy them. They were reserved for Party elites, communist officials, factory presidents and other notables, as well as being exported to most other communist nations as official cars. Even Cuban president Fidel Castro had a white Tatra T603, custom-fitted with air conditioning.

Tatra T603s were built until 1975, a twenty-year era as one of Communism’s finest cars. Numerous improvements were made over this time, but not all the new cars built in this period were actually new but rather reconditioned. When a new Tatra replaced an old, the old vehicle was returned to the factory. There, it was upgraded to modern condition, refinished, dubbed new and sent out again as a putatively new vehicle to replace another older Tatra. This makes it hard to trace the history of surviving vehicles.

1976 Tatra 613 2ITatra T613 (1976)

1970s makeover—the Tatra T613

Main article: Tatra T613

In 1968 a replacement was developed; the Tatra T613. It was styled by the Italian styling house of Vignale and was a more modern, less rounded shape. It was not until 1973 that the car went into production, and volume production did not begin until the following year. Although the layout remained the same, the body was all new, as was the engine, being equipped with four overhead camshafts, a higher capacity motor (3495 cc) and an output close to 165 bhp (123 kW; 167 PS). In addition, it had been moved somewhat forward for improved balance. These cars were built in five series and went through several modifications until production ceased in 1996. It is a tribute to Vignale’s styling that they did not look dated until rather late in that time period. Over 11,000 cars were built, and sales slowed to a trickle of just a few dozen per year towards the end of production as Tatras began to seem more and more outdated.

1996 Tatra 700 sTatra 700 in museum

1990s Tatra T700

Main article: Tatra T700

The Tatra T700 was a large luxury car released in 1996 by Tatra, essentially a heavily restyled version of the Tatra T613 model it replaced. The T700 was offered as both a saloon and coupé with either a 3.5 or 4.4 litre 90° air-cooled V8 petrol engine. The model was neither successful nor produced in large numbers, and production halted in 1999. The T700 was the last passenger car made by Tatra, which then concentrated on commercial vehicles.

1990s Tatra MTX V8

The Tatra MTX V8 was the fastest Czech car of all time. Production started in 1991 in Kopřivnice. Under the hood lies a Tatra 623 V8 motor, injection version making 225 kW at 6500 rpm. 0–100 km/h will take 5.6 seconds. Maximum speed is 265 km/h. It is the work of legendary Czech designer Václav Král. Only 5 units of this car were ever produced.

Tatra MTXTatra MTX V8

Tatra in the West

Unlike most Soviet Bloc manufacturers, Tatra enjoyed modest sales success in Western Europe, where its truck line had a reputation for simplicity and durability. No effort was made to distribute Tatra’s unusual automobiles in the West, though a small number did find their way to collectors in Western Europe, and even to the United States. The fall of the Soviet Union did not help Tatra’s fortunes, as the company made no inroads in Western Europe’s already crowded automobile market. Worse, the introduction of competitors, such as Mercedes-Benz and Peugeot into the Czech Republic, further eroded Tatra’s sales. Production of the T700 ended in 1999.

Among western collectors, Tatra automobiles remain largely unknown. The largest display of Tatra vehicles in the United States is at the Lane Motor Museum in Nashville, Tennessee. The museum’s eclectic automobile collection contains 12 Tatra models, including a T-613 ambulance. When talk show host and car collector Jay Leno visited the museum, the founder picked him up in a 1947 Tatra T-87, prompting Leno to purchase one himself. Leno soon become an advocate for the brand. In the United States, the few Tatra clubs are closely associated with Citroen clubs, as many Tatra collectors also collect Citroën DS series cars.

A Tatra T87 is on exhibit at the Minneapolis Institute of Arts.

Trucks

1898–1914 Beginning

1898 Tatra NW 1st lorry2The replica of the first truckmanufactured at Nesselsdorfer Wagenbau

The first truck manufactured at Kopřivnice in 1898 was a flatbed with 2 liquid-cooled side-by-side-mounted two-cylinder Benz engines each at 2.7 L capacity with total power output of 8.8 kW (12 hp) placed after the rear axle and cargo capacity of 2.5 ton. The unique feature of the engines setup was that the engines could be operated sequentially depending on the load requirements. No 1 engine was started via a cranking handle and had a flywheel attached and No 2 engine without the flywheel was connected via a gear clutch and started by the first engine already running. The second truck manufactured was once again a flatbed R type of 2.5 ton cargo capacity built in 1909. Powered by liquid-cooled petrol four-cylinder engine of 4.1 L capacity and power output of 18.4 kW (25 hp) with the engine placed above front axle which is the conventional design to this day. The vehicle featured solid rubber tyres and semi-elliptic leaf spring suspension. In 1910 Tatra manufactured its first bus the Omnibus type SO with total production of 5 units.

1914–1922 Serial Production

The first true serial truck production at Tatra was instigated by the beginning of World War I. In the year 1914 there were only 2 trucks made, type T 14/40 HP, however by the 1915 end the production jumped to the total of 105 TL-2 units and the following year 1916 the numbers rose to total of 196 TL-2 and 30 TL-4 truthe time peaked in 1917 with 19 TL-2 and 303 TL-4 models, after that production declined and the similar amount of vehicles of one type manufactured in a year was not achieved or surpassed until 1936 with the T 27 model. Technically models TL-2 and TL-4 were almost identically designed, in fact TL-4 evolved from TL-2 where both had liquid-cooled OHC engines of max power output of 25.7 kW (35 PS; 34 hp). The TL-2 had a GVM 2,100 kg (4,630 lb) and 4,000 kg (8,818 lb) GCM, TL-4 had 2,700 kg (5,952 lb) GVM and 6,700 kg (14,771 lb) GCM respectively. Both types remained in production in small series until 1927. The TL-4 is considered the first truck to come out of NW (Nesselsdorfer Wagen-bau) to carry the name Tatra in 1919.

1923–1938 Tatra Concept

1937 Tatra 93, klimpercentage tot 55%Tatra T93

1932 Marxzell-TatraTatra, year 1932, 1155 ccm, 20 PS

After the introduction of Tatra 11 and Tatra 12 cars with their distinctive backbone tube design and swing axles, Tatra introduced its first truck on the same basis, the light utility Tatra 13 powered by 2-cylinder air-cooled petrol engine with power output 8.8 kW (12 hp) and 1,000 kg (2,205 lb) cargo capacity. Further models followed and in 1926 T23 and T24 were introduced nicknamed “bulldogs” which could be considered Tatra’s precursors to COE designed trucks. Improved version T13 introduced as T26 with more powerful 4-cylinder flat air-cooled engine and in six-wheeler chassis created capable offroad light utility truck which later evolved into T72 model which was heavily used by Czechoslovakian army at the time and was also manufactured under license by the French company Lorraine-Dietrich. In 1933 Tatra build limited series of T25 heavy artillery hauler with 4 and 6-cylinder petrol engines. The most popular Tatra truck before World War II was type T27 powered by 4-cylinder petrol or diesel engines and remained in production for nearly 17 years (1930–1947) with total production of 7,620 units, by adding an extra axle to the rear the type T28 was created however, it was not successful and only limited production resulted in a mainly bus chassis. In the period from 1931 to 1938 Tatra also built a small utility truck based on the chassis from T30 named Tatra T43 which remain popular with small business owners. T72 model successfully continued the line to T82 built mainly for military in cargo and personnel transport between 1935 and 1938 and further to T92 and T93 built for Romanian army from 1938 to 1941 which were identical except T93 had also a driven front axle.

1939–1956 The Legend Born

Main article: Tatra T111
1952 Tatra T111 Vojenská TatraTatra T111

Following the Nazi occupation of Czechoslovakia the production at Kopřivnice was annexed by the Germans for the supply of trucks needed by the Wehrmacht. Apart from the existing line up of T27, T92/92 a new heavy truck the T81 commenced production featuring liquid-cooled 12.5 L V8 diesel engine with a power output of 118 kW (160 PS; 158 hp), in 6×4 axle configuration. This vehicle evolved in 1942 into the legendary T111 which continued in production until 1962, with the total of 33,690 units made. The T111 also featured Tatra’s first air-cooled diesel engine, a massive V12 originally designed for the armoured SdKfz 234 Puma. In the latter stages of World War II Tatra was instrumental in the development of air-cooled diesel engines for German tanks. In late 1944 General Heinz Guderian ordered that production of the Type 38(t) Hetzer tank be modified to incorporate a Tatra Type 928 V-8 air-cooled diesel engine, though this order was delayed so production could continue uninterrupted. After the war the T111 contributed heavily to the rebuilding effort in Central and Eastern Europe and a memorial was built at Magadan, Siberia for its exploits in the Far East of the USSR.

1957–1982 Eastern Block Finest

Main articles: Tatra T138, Tatra T148 and Tatra T813
2002 Tatra T 813 8x8 ArmeeTatra T813 ‘KOLOS’

The decision to replace the reliable but ageing T111 was taken in 1952 based on central planning economy of socialist government where directive was made to Tatra N.P. that it should concentrate on the manufacture of 7 to 10 ton capacity commercial vehicles and in 1956 first T137 and T138 trucks were exhibited at Czechoslovak machinery expo in Brno. The production of T111 however continued alongside T138 series until 1962. T138 itself continued in production until 1969 when it was replaced by improved T148 where designers main target was increase in power output, reliability and product improvements.

In 1967 Tatra began production of one of its famous off-road trucks the T813 using its modular construction technology; the model incorporated the latest trends in commercial vehicle design such as cab-over-engine (COE) and wide profile tyres. It featured a new V12 engine and all military versions had a central tyre inflation/deflation system as standard equipment. The T813 was designed to tow loads up to 100 ton GCM and it was a familiar sight on the roads in Czechoslovakia hauling large often over-sized loads.

1982–2008 T815 and Beyond

Main article: Tatra T815
Tatra 1021Tatra 815, multiple winner of Dakar Rally
Tatra TerrNo1Tatra TerrNo1

Tatra T815 was designed for extreme off-road conditions, and its road versions are derived from the off-road original. After the 53-rd session of CMEA council a directive that Tatra N.P. would be a sole supplier of off road commercial vehicles of <12 ton capacity for Eastern Block countries, led to a modernization of company and its production models. Following extensive testing at different sites, including Siberia, the type T815 was introduced in 1982 and production started in 1983. Comparing to previous models T815 was made of 142 main assembly components as opposed to 219 main assembly components of its predecessor. The engines power output was increased up to 45% and a new COE tilt-able cabin was introduced. Modular engine designed resulted in V8, V10 and V12 engines with or without turbocharger.

T815 was upgraded to T815-2 with minor cosmetic changes and improved ergonomics and safety – the biggest change was the engine emissions accordance the “Euro 0” limits and to Euro1 limits in 1993 (turbocharged V8 engine only since this time for the full legislation. As alternative was offered also the Deutz 513 aircooled V8 engine). The next facelift in 1997 brought in the new exterior design cabin TerrNo1 with all new interior with better sound and heat insulation however the cabin design is based on the original so it can actually be retrofitted to all T815 built since 1993. In 2000 the TerrNo1 cabin is face-lifted again and for the first time there is an option to fit liquid-cooled engines.

The TerrNo1 model introduced the “KingFrame” rear axles suspension. Another evolution step T3B engine came with the Euro2 emission limit. Following further improvements in 2003 T815 gets new Euro3 T3C V8 engine mated to all new 14-speed range+split gearbox as well as option for engines from other suppliers most notably CAT, Cummins, Detroit Diesel, Deutz and MTU with its “monster” 22.5 Litre V12 and up to 610 kW (829 PS; 818 hp) power output! In September 2006 Tatra introduced its Euro4 compliant turbocharged T3D engine with the SCR exhaust technology and in February 2008 the worlds’s first Euro 5 compliant aircooled diesel engine based on T3D engine

The evolution of Tatra T815 would not be complete without mentioning its derivates T816 (T815-6) Armax and Force series which had its origin back in 1993 when Tatra participated in the tender process for heavy duty off road trucks for UAE army and after two years of bidding the company was successful in securing a contract worth $180 million.

2005 Tatra JamalTatra 163 Jamal

The resulting model became known as T816 “LIWA” (Arabic for “desert”). The latest model for the military customers is T817(T815-7) marketed as high-mobility heavy-duty tactical truck with low profile cabin for C-130 Hercules transportability for NATO member countries armed services.

Tatra also went back to its roots and decided to produce once again a bonneted CBE heavy duty off road truck to continue the successful line started with T111, so in 1999 the T163 Jamal was put into full production after first prototypes were built in 1997 and followed extensive testing including at Siberia, as a heavy duty dump truck, once again based on proven backbone tube chassis construction with the cabin designed by Jiří Španihel TheT163 6×6 is used mainly on construction sites and in quarries.

2008 TatraTatra T-810 for Czech Army

Tatra was also a successful bidder for the Czech Army replacement of aging Praga V3S (with the Tatra I6 aircooled engine – one half of the T111 V12 one) medium off-road truck with T810 which technically is not a “genuine” Tatra as its origin goes back to when former Czech company ROSS, in partnership with Renault Trucks, obtained a contract to supply the army with medium size off-road trucks, the “ROSS R210 6×6”. The company however went bankrupt in 1998 and Tatra bought full rights to the design, then modernized and reintroduced it as T810 while continuing cooperation with Renault. Under the deal Renault supplies the cabins and the engines and Praga supplied axles and transmissions for the prototypes; however the whole project has been dogged by controversy due to the way Tatra had obtained the contract, its relationship with supplier Praga and the subsequent court case brought on against it by Praga. The serial T810 vehicles are than finally equipped with the new design Tatra rigid axles with the WABCO disc brakes, with the ZF Ecolite transmission and Steyr drop box.

Recent years

With orders and production almost at a standstill after the fall of Communism, Tatra decided to stop building the T613 automobile in 1996. An attempt was made to produce an updated version, the Tatra T700; it was largely based on the old car, with updated body panels and detail. Sales were poor, and having in its history produced a total of 90,000 cars, Tatra finally abandoned automobile manufacturing in 1999 in order to concentrate on trucks.

The United States Terex Corporation acquired the majority ownership (71%) of Tatra in late 2003. As of late 2006, however, majority ownership (80.51%) lies in the hands of Tatra Holdings s.r.o., an international consortium comprising Vectra Limited of UK, Sam Eyde of the U.S., KBC Private Equity of Belgium, Meadowhill s.r.o. of Czech Republic and Ronald Adams of the U.S. On 15 December 2006, a contract was signed between Tatra and the Czech Republic for 556 trucks at roughly $130 million, or 2.6 billion Czech crowns. This contract was signed in lieu of replacement of older military vehicles.

In April 2007, Tatra announced that it had already matched its production in 2006 and produced 1,600 vehicles. In 2007, Tatra plans to produce between 2,300 and 2,500 vehicles. In contrast to previous years, Tatra has increased employment by the hundreds within the past two quarters, has reversed previous errors, and is growing again. Although there have been many struggles in the past decade, the company still remains one of the great prides of Czech industry, and has proven to be a valuable asset to international engineering, with its unique assembly and production methods and designs.

In August 2011, DAF Trucks announced it had built up a 19% stake in Tatra, which will use DAF cabs and PACCAR engines. DAF dealers will sell Tatra off-road trucks.

In March 2013, Tatra was sold in auction for 176 mil CZK (ca. 7 mil euro) due to its debts. Production continues. In 2013 Tatra sold 722 trucks, the most since 2008. Approximately two-thirds of units were exported.

Current truck models

2002 Tatra T810Tatra 810

Tatra 815-7Tatra 815-7

2002 Tatra T815Terrn°1

2008 Tatra JamalTatra 163 Jamal

India

Tatra had a truck-building joint venture in India called Tatra Vectra Motors Ltd, formerly called Tatra Trucks India Ltd. It is a joint venture between Tatra and the Vectra Group from England. In 2009, Vectra announced a new joint venture with Russia’s Kamaz to form Kamaz Vectra Motors Limited to manufacture Kamaz trucks in India., This joint venture replaced the former Tatra Vectra venture. The manufacturing plant is located in Hosur, Tamil Nadu, around 40 km from Bangalore. The fully integrated manufacturing facility includes an engine assembly and testing plant, a cabin welding shop, a frame fabrication shop and a test track. Most Tatra trucks for sale in India are manufactured in collaboration with Bharat Earth Movers Limited.

In 2002, the company received a 1,070 trucks order from the Government of India Tatra’s growing involvement in India’s defense industry is often cited as an example of growing relations between Czech Republic and India.

In 2010 the Indian Government ordered 788 vehicles from public sector defence equipment manufacturer BEML. The order comprises supply of 498 8×8 vehicles, 278 6×6 vehicles without winch and 12 6×6 with winch.

Tatra JalandharTatra Recovery Vehicle of the Indian Army

Tatra truckA Tatra Truck at India Gate, New Delhi on India Republic Day on 26 January

Tatra Smerch 30MM hemant rawatIndian Army Tatra truck mounting BM-30 Smerch.

Israel

2003 Tatra SPYDERSPYDER anti-aircraft missile system developed by the Israeli company Rafael, fitted atop a TATRA truck.

Reportedly following one of Israeli-Arab conflicts, Israel tested some Tatras captured from neighbour Arab armed forces (Egypt). Israel Defense Forces‘s command was apparently quite impressed with their performance, independence of cooling by air only and their capabilities as military trucks in desert and in wars for long-range raiding operations in such terrains etc., and felt necessary to include these trucks in their arsenal. As direct purchase from oppositely aligned Czechoslovakia was impossible, the lore has it that Israelis used some well-paid services of Nicolae Ceauşescu‘sRomania in cooperation with an American Company called ATC (American Truck Company) to purchase sand-coloured and military trucks, desert-equipped Tatra trucks too, leading to jokes along the line “Romania has a new desert”. Current photos of various Israeli weapon systems, e.g.,SPYDER slated, e.g., for India, show new Tatras as the carrier vehicles.

A number of Tatra trucks entered service in the Israeli Army also in many army sectors and as for example anti aircraft missile launcher, with the brand mark of “American Truck Company”, under which Tatras were sold on U.S. market and exported to Israel.

Future

In February 2008, Tatra announced the world’s first (and so far the only) air-cooled engine meeting the new Euro 5 standards. The press release claims 7.5 times lower emissions of particulates and 3.5 times lower emission of nitrogen oxides compared to the previous engine. Further, production of air-cooled engines should significantly reduce the production of greenhouse gasses due to the absence of liquid cooling systems. All Tatra vehicles from February 2008 onwards should use the new engine.
A month later, Tatra CEO Ronald Adams told The Prague Post Tatra could return to producing passenger cars, saying: ‘We would not come back to compete with the large automobile mass producers such as Volkswagen, Škoda, Toyota etc. But we might come back with a replica of the old Tatra cars using a current undercarriage and driveline from one of the major automotive producers.’ The company has launched a feasibility study, hoping to produce one thousand replicas of their legendary Tatraplan and 603 cars in 2010.

In July 2008 pictures of a fuel cell concept car designed by Mike Jelinek, the Tatra 903, were shown.

Navistar & Tatra

2002 Tatra-T815 780R59Tatra T815-7 (T817)

Tatra and Navistar Defence introduced at Eurosatory Exposition in Paris, France (Jun 14-18 2010) the results of their strategic alliance since October 2009, the models ATX6 (universal container carrier) and ATX8 (troop carrier)[48] The vehicles appear to be based on Tatra T815-7 (T817) 6×6, 8×8 chassis(see pics here),[49] suspension and cabins while using Navistar engines and other componets.[50] Under the deal Navistar Defence and Tatra A.S. will market the vehicles in North America, which includes sales to the United States military and foreign military sales financed by the United States government. Tatra will source parts and components through Navistar’s global parts and support network for Tatra trucks delivered in markets outside of North America as well as market Navistar-Tatra vehicles around the world in their primary markets.

Tatra aircraft[edit]

Tatra T.131, a licence-built Bücker Bü 131 Jungmann.

Tatra T.101 two-seater touring aircraft

Trucks

1959 Tatra T805 hasiči

 “baby” Tatra T805
2002 T813 army2

Buses

1928 Tatra typ 24

1928 Tatra typ 24 Tatra 24

Trolleybuses

Tatra T86 Tatra T86a

  • Tatra T86 (1936–38)

Ostrava, Tatra T 400

Ostrava, Tatra T 400 Tatra T400 (1949–55)

  • Tatra T 401 - T 402 - T 403
  • Tatra T401 (1958; only 1 built)

From now only Pictures:

1897 PresidentFirstCar tatra-phoenix t158-8p5s46 Tatra 817-2 8x8 Tatra 817-2 6x6 TATRA 816 8X8 tatra-t603-02 TatraT97-front TATRAg Tatra-603-advert Tatra-500hb tatra-27-11 Tatra v570 Tatra truck Tatra TerrNo1 Tatra T613 a Tatra t613 07 Tatra T603MB Tatra T603-1 tatra t603 7 Tatra T600 Tatraplan Tatra T600 Tatraplan met carrosserie van Sodowka, geschonken aan Stalin voor zijn 70ste verjaardag Tatra T97 Tatra T97 ad Tatra T87 Tatra T87 rear Tatra T87 ad Tatra T87 (2) Tatra T86a Tatra T86 Tatra T77i Tatra T77 Advertising-2 Tatra T75 Tatra T72 by kitchener.lord Tatra T72 bus Tatra T57B Tatra T43 Tatra t43 09 Tatra t43 02 Tatra T-27a bus Tatra T26-30 Tatra T3 Plzen Tatra T2 603 Rallye Monte Carlo TATRA T 815 Tatra T 603 MB Bus Tatra T 600 Monte Carlo Tatra T 600 Kabriolet1 TATRA T 500 HB Tatra T 401 - T 402 - T 403 Tatra Superbe Tatra Sport Tatra Smerch 30MM hemant rawat Tatra Ro80 Tatra MTX Tatra Minibus T 603 MB Tatra logo Tatra Jalandhar Tatra Folder TATRA DU RALLYE PARIS-DAKARb tatra dakar Tatra Bus Zakopane EOS 200 coach in Kraków, Poland. Tatra bus Val AVD 6x6 Tatra Brothers & Heart Tatra boekje tatra ballast trucktor Tatra A.S 1923- Tjechië Tatra 1021 Tatra 1011 tatra 903 Tatra 815-7 TATRA 815-2 ZO R45 12.400 4x4.1 Tatra 815 TATRA 815 Tankauto Tatra 815 militaire vrachtwagen, gebasseerd op Tatra 813 Tatra 815 low profile crane 6 6. Prague. Prague TATRA 815 320 Tatra 815 (2) Tatra 813-815 R Tatra 603b Tatra 603A Ambulance tatra 603 Tatra 603 b Tatra 603- Aerodynamické automobily Tatra 603 (3) Tatra 603 (2) tatra 600 w2 Tatra 600 Tatraplan- Samochody aerody Tatra 600 Kabriolet Sodomka Tatra 500hb 0 Tatra 500 HB TATRA 148 tatra 141 pub Tatra 114a Tatra 114 Tatra 111 Tatra 102 Tatra 101.2 Tatra 87-old tatra 87 VWE Tatra 80 Tatra 75 Tatra 57b Tatra 57a Tatra 57 Cabrio Limo 1933 Tatra 43 bus Tatra 27-91 Tatra 19 Tatra 15-30 railauto Tatra 011 tatra 5 T131 T93 SchwerlastZugmaschineTatra141 OT-64 SKOT Ostrava, Tatra T 400 M290.002 Lužná u Rakovníka, motorový vůz M Lopraisova Tatra Koprivnice CZ CoA Ignac Sustala memorial plaque 2009 TATRA de fl 2008 Tatra 2008 Tatra Jamal 2008 Tatra 10x8 2008 Tatra (2) 2006 Tatra T815-7MPR89.38.306, 8x8 2006 Tatra T810-1ROR26.13.177, 6x6 2006 TATRA 8x8 lx 2005 TATRA T 163 JAMAL 2005 Tatra Jamal 2005 TATRA JAMAL (2) 2005 Tatra Jamal - especially for Russian Siberia 2005 TATRA 4x2 2003 Tatra SPYDER 2002 Tatra-T815 780R59 2002 tatra-813 2002 TATRA TEL 2002 Tatra T816-6MWR8T Force, 12x12 2002 Tatra T815 2002 Tatra T810 2002 Tatra T 813 8x8 Armee 2002 TATRA 6x6 2002 T813 army2 2002 Lkw-tatra-813 2001 Tatra T816-6ZVR8T Force, 10x10 1999 TATRA TERNO 1999 Tatra T815-63VR41 Armax, 4x4 1999 Tatra Sipox Aktis 4x4.1R PV 1998 Tatra T816-6VWN9T Force, 8x8 1997 Tatra 700 coupé ECORRA 1996 Tatra T815VT-26.265.1R, 8x8 1996 Tatra T700 1996 Tatra 700 s 1996 Tatra 700 (Ctibor Veleba CZ) 1994 Tatra T-810 Czech Army 1994 TATRA T 815 Type 200S13 1994 Tatra 815 van de expeditie Live Afrika 1993 Tatra T815-24EN34 Terr № 1, 6x6 1987 Tatra 815 GTC (Grand Tourist Caravan) van de expeditie Tatra rond de wereld 1984 Tatra T613 Chromka 1984 Tatra 613 K, cabrio speciaal voor parades 1980 Tatra 613 Special 1976 TatraT-613 1976 Tatra T3SU #88022 1976 Tatra 613 2I 1972 tatra-08-praneda 1969 Tatra-148VN, 6x6 1969 Tatra 613 Vignale 1969 Tatra 2 603 1968-75 Tatra 2 603 II Engine 2474 cc V8 1968 Tatra148 1968 TATRA 6x4 hl 1967 Tatra-813 Kolos, 8x8 1966 Tatra T603X prototype 1964 Tatra-141А, 6x6 1964 Tatra 1009 1962 Tatra with mounted crane 1961 tatra-englebert 1961 Tatra T603 1961 Tatra T603 MockUp 1961 Tatra T603 III 1961 Tatra T603 and T600 Tatraplan 1961 Tatra T603 (2) OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA 1961 Tatra T600 Tatraplan 1961 Tatra T600 Tatraplan z02 1961 Tatra d 1961 Tatra 603 1959 Tatra T805 hasiči OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA 1959 Tatra 805 off-road voor expeditie van Zikmund en Hanzelka 1959 Tatra 138 6x6 VN van expeditie Lambarene 1959 T805HZ 1957-70 TATRA 141 1957-70 TATRA 141 h 1957 TATRA 6x4 1956 Tatra 1956 TATRA 111R-S 1955 Tatra-805, 4x4, Air Transportable 1953 Tatra-809 1953 Tatra-805, 4x4 1952 Tatra-111NR, 6x6 1952 Tatra T600 Tatraplan article 1952 Tatra T111 Vojenská Tatra 1951 Tatra-128, 4x4 1950-57 Tatra 500 HB 1950 Tatra T 600 Tatraplan 1950 Tatra 607 1949 Tatra-201 1949 Tatra plan mfd 1950cc 1948 Tatra T87 Diplomat 1948 Tatra 114 1943 Tatra-111 (Т8000), 6x6 1942 Tatra-87, Staff Star Car 1942 Tatra V855 1941 Tatra-57К 1941 Tatra T-V809 1941 Tatra T87 1940 Tatra-27В 1940 Tatra V809, 4x4 1939 Tatra-93, 6x6 1939 Tatra Type 87 - 4-door sedan body 1938 Tatra-93, 6x6, Staff 1938 Tatra-85, 6x6 1938 Tatra V799, 4x4 1937 Tatra T77a 1937 Tatra 93, klimpercentage tot 55% 1937 Tatra 28c 1937 Tatra 28b 1937 Tatra 28a 1936-38 Tatra T57A sport cabrio en Tatra T57B 1936 Tatra-82, 6x6, Staff Car 1936 Tatra T97 en Tatra T87, werden gelijktijdig gebouwd 1936 Tatra 85, klimpercentage tot 27% 1935+36 Tatra 43 52 vrachtwagen en Tatra T72 1935 Tatra-84, 6x6 1935 Tatra T75 4-zit cabriolet 1934 Tatra-72, 6x6, Staff car 1934 Tatra-29, 6x6, with repairshop 1934 Tatra-25, 6x6 1934 Tatra-22, 6x6 1934 Tatra T75 1934 Tatra T-57 Roadster 1933 Tatra V570 1933 Tatra V570 Prototype-fVr(Czechoslovakia) 1933 Tatra 77 1932 Tatra T70 6-zit luxe limousine 1932 Tatra T57 sport cabriolet 1932 Tatra T52 4-zit sport cabriolet 1932 Marxzell-Tatra 1930-47 TATRA T27 1930 Tatra V377 1930 Tatra T30-52 1929 Tatra-26-30, 6x6 1929 Tatra-24-65, 6x6 1928 Tatra-25, 6x6 1928 Tatra-23-65 1928 Tatra typ 24 1926 Tatra t17-31 1926 Tatra T17 1926 Tatra T12 convertible 1926 Tatra T 12 1924 Tatra T-11 1924 Tatra T11 1921 Tatra type U 1921 Tatra type T 1900 NW Rennzweier 1 1898 Tatra NW 1st lorry2

 That’s it

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Author: Jeroen

In Dutch, my homelanguage: Ik ben Jeroen, tot januari 2015 was ik al dik 26 jaar werkzaam in een psychiatrisch ziekenhuis in een stad vlakbij Werelds grootste havenstad Rotterdam. Eerst als verpleegkundige/begeleider op high care, later op afdeling dubbeldiagnose (verslavingen) en ook nog een tijdje als administratief medewerker. Ik heb een spierziekte "Poli Myositis" (alle spieren zijn ontstoken) daardoor weinig energie. Sinds augustus 2015 is daarbij de diagnose Kanker gesteld, en ben ik helemaal arbeidsongeschikt geworden en zit middenin de behandelfase. Gelukkig ben ik daarnaast getrouwd, vader, en opa, en heb de nodige hobby's. Een daarvan is transportmiddelen verzamelen en daarmee een blog schrijven. Dit blog begon met bussen, maar nu komen ook sleepboten, auto's trucks en dergelijke aan bod. Kijk en geniet met me mee, reageer, en vul gerust aan. Fouten zal ik ook graag verbeteren. In English: I'm Jeroen, till januari 2015 I was already 26 years working as a nurse in a psychiatric hospital, near Rotterdam, Worlds biggest harbour with more than 98 nationalities living within it's borders. First I worked on closed high care ward and the last years on a ward with mainly addicted people. I liked my work very much. In 2007 I got ill. I got the diagnose Poli Myositis, a musscle dissease. Al my mussles are inflamed. And last august I got another diagnose. Cancer. It's plaveicelcel carcinoma and treated with Chemo and radioation. So I've even less energy than the last years. Still I try to make something of my life and the blog is helping with surviving with some pleasure.

1 thought on “TATRA Kopřivnice Moravia Czech Republic”

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