TAM Tovarna Avtomobilov Maribor Slovenia Buses and Trucks

Tovarna avtomobilov Maribor

TAM
Type Public
Industry Automotive
Founded 1947
Headquarters Maribor, Slovenia
Key people Janez Lipuš, Chairman
Products Buses, Trucks
Employees 8,175 (1986)

TAM (Tovarna avtomobilov Maribor – translated: Maribor Automobile Factory) was a Yugoslavian and Slovenian commercial vehicle manufacturer based in the city of Maribor.

History

TAM began as an aircraft-parts factory founded by the occupying Germans in 1941. Immediately following World War II, the Yugoslav government decided to convert the works to vehicle production and renamed it the Tovarna avtomobilov Maribor Tezno, “Maribor Tezno Automobile Factory” on December 31, 1946. TAM’s first model, the “TAM Pionir,” was built under license from the Czechoslovak company “Praga,” and was manufactured until 1962, with a total of 1700 produced in that period. TAM quickly became Yugoslavia‘s leading truck manufacturer. In 1958, it began manufacturing vehicles under license from the German company Magirus-Deutz. In 1961, the company was renamed to Tovarna Avtomobilov in Motorjev Maribor(“Maribor Automobile and Motorcycle Factory“), however the TAM acronym and logo were retained. At its height, it employed more than 8000 workers; however, the economic decline of the 1980s saw financial difficulties, and in 1996 the company was dissolved.

TAM was succeed by TVM (Tovarna vozil Maribor – translated: Maribor Vehicle Factory) in 2001, producing MAN trucks under license primarily for the Slovenian Army. The company ended in bankruptcy in 2011 with debts totaling over €62 million.

The TAM logo resembled a three-leafed clover standing on point, with each lobe containing one letter of the acronym and a small five-pointed star occupying the center.

Vehicles produced

TAM 125 T10 fire truck

TAM 150 military transport truck


TAM trucks were assigned a string of three variables, number-letter-number; for example, model 190 T 11.TAM vehicle naming convention

  • The first number represents engine power (in hp).
  • The letter T stands for the Slovenian word “tovornjak” (truck).
  • The second number (11) represents the maximum payload (in tons).

TAM buses were assigned a string of four variables, number-letter-number-letter, for example: 260 A 116 M.

  • The first number represents engine power.
  • The letter A stands for the word “avtobus” (bus).
  • The second number represents the maximum number of passengers.
  • The second letter could be either M, P, or T, for “mestni” (city bus), “primestni” (suburban bus), or “turistični” (tourist bus).

1950 M A R I B O R - G R A Z 1957 Deset tisoči izdelani Pionir v tovarni TAM 1957 1957 TAM 4500 1957 Tovarna avtomobilov Maribor 1961 Prvomajski sprevod v Ljubljani 1961 Vozila TAM 1962 Vozila TAM 1962 1962 Vozila TAM 1974 TAM 110 A 8 (7000-74) 1975 TAM AS 3500 E (3000-75) 1975 TAM AS 3500 EM (3000-75) 1977 TAM 170 A 11-T,L (3000-77) 1979 TAM 170 A 11-T,L (3000-79) 1979 TAM 170 A ii-M,P (5000-79) 1992 TAM 260 A110T+321 A119VT (RAI 92) 2008 Autobus Marbus Bus TAM 232 A 116 M in Bratislava Een licht gepanserde TAM 110 vrachtwagen Gasilsko vozilo TAM 190 T 15 v Črnučah (PGD Verd, 2013-08) Logo_of_TVM M94 Plamen S 128mm 2 super-tam 260A TAM 125 T10 fire truck TAM 190 T 15 Tam 190-a-11-03 Tam 190-a-11-04 Tam 190-a-11-07 ??????????????????????????????? TAM 260 A 116 P TAM 260 A 119 Tam 260-02 TAM 5500 kalemegdan tam Argentijnse Tank TAM kamion HV Tigrovi TAM logo Tam Super 260A ??????????????????????????????? tam-80-05 tam-110 t7 bv 4x4 TAM110 VS tam-110-02 (1) tam-110-02 tam-110-ambulance-truck-01 TAM-130 VS VZ MOST vatrogasci tam-150-t-12 tam-170-t14-02 tam-190-a-11-03 tam-190-a-11-04 TAM260T26-01a tam-4500-01 (1) ??????????????????????????????? Vojaški tovornjak TAM 110 M55 with SA2

Advertisements

Author: Jeroen

In Dutch, my homelanguage: Ik ben Jeroen, tot januari 2015 was ik al dik 26 jaar werkzaam in een psychiatrisch ziekenhuis in een stad vlakbij Werelds grootste havenstad Rotterdam. Eerst als verpleegkundige/begeleider op high care, later op afdeling dubbeldiagnose (verslavingen) en ook nog een tijdje als administratief medewerker. Ik heb een spierziekte "Poli Myositis" (alle spieren zijn ontstoken) daardoor weinig energie. Sinds augustus 2015 is daarbij de diagnose Kanker gesteld, en ben ik helemaal arbeidsongeschikt geworden en zit middenin de behandelfase. Gelukkig ben ik daarnaast getrouwd, vader, en opa, en heb de nodige hobby's. Een daarvan is transportmiddelen verzamelen en daarmee een blog schrijven. Dit blog begon met bussen, maar nu komen ook sleepboten, auto's trucks en dergelijke aan bod. Kijk en geniet met me mee, reageer, en vul gerust aan. Fouten zal ik ook graag verbeteren. In English: I'm Jeroen, till januari 2015 I was already 26 years working as a nurse in a psychiatric hospital, near Rotterdam, Worlds biggest harbour with more than 98 nationalities living within it's borders. First I worked on closed high care ward and the last years on a ward with mainly addicted people. I liked my work very much. In 2007 I got ill. I got the diagnose Poli Myositis, a musscle dissease. Al my mussles are inflamed. And last august I got another diagnose. Cancer. It's plaveicelcel carcinoma and treated with Chemo and radioation. So I've even less energy than the last years. Still I try to make something of my life and the blog is helping with surviving with some pleasure.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s