ÖAF Wien Austria

ÖAF

ÖAF LogoLogo ÖAF

Buses AUSTRO FIAT Austria

Austro FIAT
Austro Fiat Omnibus AFN 11-42 um 1930

Austro Fiat in Wenen werd in 1925 al overgenomen door MAN en werd toen de Östereichisches Auto Fabric ÖAF. Het merk heeft dus maar kort bestaan. ÖAF behandelen we een stuk later.

Austro Fiat Omnibus AFN Langversion für Post
Austro Fiat O25 der Oberösterreichischen Kfz.AG
Austro Fiat 3 achsiger Omnibus um 1925
Austro Fiat 3 ton
Austro Fiat 5 DN 120 A der Post & Telekom Austria
Austro Fiat Omnibus Sonerausführung für die Gemeinde Wien um 1925

Gräf&Stift

Gräf & Stift was an Austrian manufacturer of automobilestrucksbuses and trolleybuses, from 1902 until 2001, latterly as a subsidiary of MAN. Founded in 1902 by the brothers Franz, Heinrich and Karl Gräf, and the investor, Wilhelm Stift. Before the Second World War, the company was a well-known manufacturer of luxury automobiles, including the one that famously took part in the Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand. By the 1930s Gräf & Stift had begun making trucks and buses, and it ceased car manufacturing in 1938. The company merged with Österreichische Automobil Fabriks-AG (ÖAF) in 1971, becoming ÖAF-Gräf & Stift AG, and later the same year was taken over by MAN AG. It continued in business as a subsidiary of MAN, and the Gräf & Stift name remained in use as an MAN brand for the Austrian market and for trolleybuses until 2001, when ÖAF-Gräf & Stift AG was renamed MAN Sonderfahrzeuge AG. It was located in Vienna, and the production facilities continue in use there, but no longer using the Gräf & Stift name.

1961-75 A Gräf & Stift double-decker bus in service in Vienna

1961-75 A Gräf & Stift double-decker bus in service in Vienna

The beginnings

The Gräf brothers started a bicycle service workshop in Vienna in 1893, quickly branching out into bicycle manufacturing. Their bicycles sold well, requiring the company to relocate to be able to increase capacity. While the bicycle business in Europe was booming, the brothers also saw potential in the fledgling automobile, and commissioned Josef Kainz to design one. The result was an unusual voiturette with by a one-cylinder De Dion-Bouton engine fitted in front of the vehicle, powering the front axle, built sometime between 1895 and 1898, according to various sources. It was thus arguably the world’s first front-wheel drive automobile, but it never saw mass production, with only one copy ever made, even though the technology was eventually patented in 1900. However, the voiturette remained in regular use until 1914 and was in working condition yet at the dawn of the 1970s.

Partnership with Willy Stift

In 1901, the brothers started cooperating with the Austrian businessman Wilhelm (Willy) Stift, an automobile importer who had already ventured into automobile manufacturing under the marque Celeritas. Celeritas automobiles were then assembled using French engines at the Gräf workshops, and in 1904 the gentlemen founded a joint company, named Gräf & Stift. Later, the company manufactured automobiles for the Spitz brand, owned by the automobile vendor Arnold Spitz. When Spitz went bankrupt in 1907, Gräf & Stift started building automobiles under their own brand.

The company concentrated on large, sophisticated and luxurious cars, which became popular with the Austrian aristocracy and even the Habsburg royal family. Apart from luxury cars, Gräf & Stift also became an important manufacturer of buses as well as tram bodies.

Assassination in Sarajevo

1911 Gräf & Stift Double Phaeton in which the Archduke Franz Ferdinand was riding at the time of his assassination on June 28, 1914
The 1911 Gräf & Stift Double Phaeton in which the Archduke Franz Ferdinand was riding at the time of his assassination on June 28, 1914

One of the Gräf & Stift luxury limousines, a Double Phaeton (engine no. 287), was bought by Count Franz von Harrach on 15 December 1910. Harrach’s car was fitted with a four-cylinder engine delivering 32 PS. In 1914 in Sarajevo, the Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife rode together with Harrach in this car, whenGavrilo Princip assassinated the Archduke. The assassination provoked a series of diplomatic manoeuvres that quickly led to declarations of war and the onset of the First World War.

Between the wars

1928 Gräf & Stift.

1928 Gräf & Stift.

As the war broke out, Gräf & Stift started manufacturing trucks in order to meet wartime demand, which, together with buses and special vehicles, became the company’s main business and enabled it to flourish in a rather difficult time. Manufacturing of passenger cars was resumed only in 1920, with a 2-litre intermediate-size model, Typ VK. The VK remained in production until 1928 (since 1926 as the modernized VK 2), but already in 1921 Gräf & Stift returned to making luxury cars, with a range of large six-cylinder models available through the 1920s and early 1930s. In 1930, the company presented its first eight-cylinder car, the sumptuous Typ Sp 8, in 1937 superseded by the Sp 9.

To acquire necessary volume to assure the profitability of carmaking business, Gräf & Stift also launched smaller models, badged G 35G 36 and G 8, powered by a 4.6-litre eight-cylinder engine. To cater for lower segments of the market, the company entered an agreement with Citroën, assembling one of the French automaker’s models as the MF 6 in 1935-36 (it had a 2.65-litre six-cylinder engine, with Gräf & Stift having had ceased the manufacturing of their own six-cylinders in 1935). Later, a joint-venture was started with Ford of Cologne, which provided for eight-cylinder Ford-licensed vehicles, badged Gräf-Ford V8, to be assembled by Gräf & Stift.

Neither of those ventures proved successful enough to assure the profitability of the passenger car business of Gräf & Stift, so the company decided to pull out of it. Its last own model was the rather modern C 12, fitted with a new twelve-cylinder engine, which was only made in very limited numbers in 1938, when the company ceased automobile production to concentrate on truck and bus manufacturing.

After World War II

Gräf & Stift remained in the truck and bus manufacturing business after 1945, continuing as a family-owned enterprise, being run by members of the Gräf family. The company built its first trolleybuses in 1948.

MAN subsidiary

1980-built Gräf & Stift trolleybus in service in 2003 in Romania

A 1980-built Gräf & Stift trolleybus in service in 2003 in Romania

In 1971 the company merged with Österreichische Automobil Fabriks-AG (ÖAF) to form ÖAF-Gräf & Stift AG, which in turn was taken over by MAN AG the same year. ÖAF-Gräf & Stift AG continued manufacturing under that name, as a subsidiary of MAN. Still based in Vienna, it was focused on supplying trucks and buses for the Austrian market, mostly based on MAN designs, and additionally specialised in trolleybuses. It was MAN’s main trolleybus producer in the 1980s and 1990s, and these were sold under the Gräf & Stift name, with trolleybuses’ being supplied to several European cities, including SalzburgSolingen and Bergen(Norway), among others.

As of 31 December 2000, ÖAF-Gräf & Stift AG had 897 employees, and its sales for the six-month period from 1 July 2000 through 31 December 2000 (the company’s “Short Fiscal Year 2000”) totalled €111 million.

Use of the longstanding Gräf & Stift name ended in 2001, when MAN renamed the company MAN Sonderfahrzeuge AG, as part of reorganizations following its June 2001 acquisition of Neoplan. This in turn became MAN Nutzfahrzeuge Österreich AG in 2004. In that year, MAN built a new plant on Gräf & Stift’s original site in the Liesing district of Vienna and continues to be the biggest employer in the area.

Gräf und Stift-Automarken-Logo

ÖAF

ÖAF LogoÖAF Logo

Österreichische Automobil-Fabrik
Type Subsidiary of MAN SE
Industry Automotive
Founded 1907
Headquarters FloridsdorfAustria
Products vehicles
Website Official Website

ÖAF is an initialism for Österreichische Automobil-Fabrik, previously known as Österreichische Austro-Fiat, an Austrian (Austro-Hungarian) car and truck manufacturer.

 Austro-Fiat

ÖAF was created by FIAT in 1907 and is now part of the German MAN group. The manufacture of automobiles began in the new plant built for the occasion in Vienna in 1908, while the number was only 50 employees. A truck of 4 tonnes, similar to the Italian Fiat model was manufactured from 1911. It was originally Austro-Fiat, which during the First World War began to develop their own products.

In 1925 the Austro-Fiat brand expired and the company became Osterreichische Automobil Fabrik AG, under the abbreviation ÖAF, with preservation of the trademark filed earlier. Also in 1925, a separate company took over sales of Italian FIAT cars, and Austro-Fiat became affiliated with Austro-Daimler and Puch. The last private car, Type 1001A, was different from the earlier Type 1001, having 34 bhp (25 kW) engines and conventional rear axles.

The latest model Fiat’s truck was TS 1924, equipped with a 45 hp (34 kW) Fiat engine. The company began production of other models in Austria, which has enabled the company to begin developing its own models. The most popular submitted in 1925 was the AFN light truck AFN with 1.75 tons of payload. This truck used a 42 hp 4 Cylinder Fiat engine 2850 cc, it also used gimbals and real tires, not solid tires, which allowed for a speed of 65 km/h. In 1928, the AF2 appeared and the following year a bus called the Austro-Fiat-1001. It is from this time that the company discontinued the manufacture of passenger cars to concentrate on commercial vehicles, trucks, vans and buses. This allowed the AFL/AFY to be manufactured from 1930 to 1937.

MAN acquisition

Austrian Army ÖAF-sLKW truck

Austrian Army ÖAF-sLKW truck

In 1938, when Austria was annexed by the Third Reich, German MAN obtained the majority of shares owned by Fiat in ÖAF, reducing the Italian firm’s share to 15%. ÖAF had begun equipping some of its trucks with diesel engines from MAN in 1934.

öaf, gräf und Stift, man bus ÖAF Logo Öaf Gräf & Stift ÖAF Gräf & Stift NGE 152 M17 Öaf busse oldtimer-02b-1000301955 ÖAF

1955 ÖAF Trambus DT 551955 ÖAF

1955 ÖAF bus, ccw.cz1955 ÖAF

1955 ÖAF bus, ccw.cz front1955 ÖAF

After the Second World War, the Floridsdorf factory was in the Russian zone and the plants were used for Russian reparations. In 1955, ÖAF was released from these payments and the factory began producing trucks again. They went to Austria to build military trucks but the Austrian army eventually selected rival Steyr for its famous Pinzgauer. The Tornado was ÖAF’ s challenger, best-selling truck in Austria.

In 1970, the company was privatized again; MAN then let it merge with Gräf & Stift, out of which ÖAF Gräf & Stift arose which in 1971 was fully taken over by MAN.

Vehicles

ÖAF Tornado 19-230ÖAF Tornado 19-230

  • ÖAF Tornado 16-192 with Trilex-Felgen
  • ÖAF Tornado 16-192 with Trilex-Felgen
  • ÖAF Tornado 19-186ÖAF Tornado 19-186
  • ÖAF Tornado 19-192ÖAF Tornado 19-192
  • ÖAF Tornado 9256

    ÖAF Tornado 9256

  • ÖAF Husar

    ÖAF Husar

  • MAN with ÖAF-Grille

    1982 MAN with ÖAF-Grille

  • 1977 ÖAF light wheeled tank

    1977 ÖAF light wheeled tank

    KONICA MINOLTA DIGITAL CAMERA

    100 jahre ÖAF

    ÖAF trt4klein

    ÖAF Tornado Racing Team

    Gräf und Stift-Automarken-Logo

    Futher wit Gräf & STift

1907 Gräf und Stift 18-32 PS

1907 Gräf und Stift 18-32 PS

1911 Gräf & Stift 40 HP Bois de Boulogne Tourer

1911 Gräf & Stift 40 HP Bois de Boulogne Tourer France

1911 Gräf & Stift Double Phaeton in which the Archduke Franz Ferdinand was riding at the time of his assassination on June 28, 1914

1911 Gräf & Stift Double Phaeton in which the Archduke Franz Ferdinand

was riding at the time of his assassination on June 28, 1914

1913 Graf und Stift Sub-5

1913 Graf und Stift

1916 Graf und Stift М16

1916 Graf und Stift М16

1918 Gräf & Stift Dolomitenwagen_a

1918 Gräf & Stift Dolomitenwagen-bus

1921 Gräf & Stift Model

1921 Gräf & Stift Model

1922 Gräf und Stift 7.7 Litre 110 bhp SR4

1922 Gräf und Stift 7.7 Litre 110 bhp SR4

1923 Gräf & Stift, Brandweer

1923 Gräf & Stift, Brandweer

1923 graf-stift-spoormaker

1923 graf-stift-spoormaker

1924 Gräf & Stift SP

1924 Gräf & Stift SP

1926 Gräf und Stift S3 Coupe de Ville

1926 Gräf und Stift S3 Coupe de Ville

1927 Gräf & Stift VK 2

1927 Gräf & Stift VK

1928 graef & stift feuerwehr mannschaftswagen

1928 gräf & stift feuerwehr mannschaftswagen

1931 Gräf & Stift SP 5

1931 Gräf & Stift SP 5

1931 Gräf und Stift SP8 Pullman Limousine

1931 Gräf und Stift SP8 Pullman Limousine

Gräf & Stift LOGO

1932 Gräf und Stift SP8 Sport Coupe

1932 Gräf und Stift SP8 Sport Coupe

1935 Gräf & Stift SP 8 Sport-Phaeton 4 portes

1935 Gräf & Stift SP 8 Sport-Phaeton 4 portes

1935 Gräf & Stift

1935 Gräf & Stift

1936 Gräf & Stift SP 8

1936 Gräf & Stift SP 8

1936 Gräf und Stift SP8, the Rolls-Royce of Austria 5,9ltr motor

1936 Gräf und Stift SP8, the Rolls-Royce of Austria 5,9ltr motor

1936 Graf und Stift V6M

1936 Graf und Stift V6M

1937 Gräf & Stift V 6 Bus

1937 Gräf & Stift V 6 Bus © Holger Erdmann

1938 Gräf & Stift Omnibus

1938 Gräf & Stift Omnibus

Gräf&Stift

1938 Gräf & Stift V 6 D 1938 4x2 bus, 39k WW2 photo

1938 Gräf & Stift V 6 D 4×2 bus, 39k WW2 photo

1939 ÖAF Bus 3ton

1939 ÖAF Bus 3ton

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

1939-gräf & Stift-c-12

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA1939 Gräf & Stift LKW 2

1939 Gräf & Stift LKW 2

1950 Gräf & Stift  model, 76k photo.

1940 Gräf & Stift  model, 76k photo?

AFTER THE SECOND WORLD WAR

1948 (Gräf & Stift-BBC) mit Gräf & Stift-Anhänger,

1948 (Gräf & Stift-BBC) mit Gräf & Stift-Anhänger

1948 Gräf & Stift Alte LKW

1948 Gräf & Stift Alte LKW © Ralf Christiaan Kunkel

1948 Gräf & Stift

1948 Gräf & Stift

1949 Gräf & Stift

1949 Gräf & Stift

1949 Gräf & Stift  OGW-120 (M 649)

1949 Gräf & Stift  OGW-120 (M 649)

1949 Gräf & Stift 120 OGW 6cyl 7220cc

1949 Gräf & Stift 120 OGW 6cyl 7220cc

1949 Gräf & Stift 120 OGW

1949 Gräf & Stift 120 OGW

1950 Gräf und Stift 7860

1950 Gräf und Stift 7860

1951 Gräf & Stift SP8

1951 Gräf & Stift SP8

1939 Gräf & Stift, Wagen der Feuerwehr

1951 Gräf & Stift Feuerwehr

1952 Gräf & Stift LKW

1952 Gräf & Stift LKW

1953 Gräf & Stift 145FON (2)

1953 Gräf & Stift 145FON

1953 Gräf & Stift 145FON

1953 Gräf & Stift 145FON

1953 Gräf & Stift Österreichische Post

1953 Gräf & Stift Österreichische Post

1954 Gräf & Stift LZT 4

1954 Gräf & Stift LZT 4

1955 Öaf busse oldtimer-02b-100030 (1)

1955 Öaf busse

1955 Öaf busse oldtimer-02b-100030 (3)

1955 Öaf busse

1955 Öaf busse oldtimer-02b-100030 (4)

1955 Öaf busse Nostalgie Reisen

1956 Gräf & Stift Fahrzeuge

1956 Gräf & Stift Fahrzeuge

1956 Gräf & Stift KVT 9

1956 Gräf & Stift KVT 9

1956 Gräf & Stift ZAFD-240, Hiab 1

1956 Gräf & Stift ZAFD-240, Hiab 1

1956 gräf-stift-busse-oldtimer-02b-100014

1956 gräf-stift-busse-oldtimer

1956 ÖAF Tornado 19-192 a

1956 ÖAF Tornado 19-192 a

1956 ÖAF Tornado an die arbeit

1956 ÖAF Tornado an die arbeit

1956 ÖAF HA 2-90 Husar

1956 ÖAF HA 2-90 Husar

1957 ÖAF 6 D 135

1957 ÖAF 6 D 135

1957 ÖAF Tornado Pritschenkipper

1957 ÖAF Tornado Pritschenkipper © C. Thieler

1958 ÖAF in Montenegro

1958 ÖAF in Montenegro

1958 ÖAF Tornado Truck

1958 ÖAF Tornado Truck

1958 Gräf en Stift

1958 Gräf en Stift

1958 Graf und Stift LAVT-9F 1, 4x4

1958 Graf und Stift LAVT-9F 1, 4×4

1958 Gräf&Stift L200 6x6

1958 Gräf&Stift L200 6×6

1958 Graf und Stift ZAFD-240 36, 6x6

1958 Graf und Stift ZAFD-240 36, 6×6

1958 gräf-stif

1958 gräf & stift tanker

1959 ÖAF Tornado 19-186

1959 ÖAF Tornado 19-186

1959 Graf und Stift ZA-200 1, 6x6

1959 Graf und Stift ZA-200 1, 6×6

1960 Gräf & Stift Doppeldecker Type DD-2FU

1960 Gräf & Stift Doppeldecker Type DD-2FU

1960 ÖAF-Tornado-Pritschenkipper-dkbraun-Pr-rot-Schinko

1960 ÖAF-Tornado-Pritschenkipper-dkbraun-Pr-rot-Schinko © J. Thiele

1960 Gräf & Stift Tanker

1960 Gräf & Stift Tanker

1960 gräf-stift-busse-oldtimer-02b-0155

1960 gräf-stift-busse-oldtimer

1961-75 A Gräf & Stift double-decker bus in service in Vienna

1961-75 A Gräf & Stift double-decker bus in service in Vienna

1962 graef-und-stift-niger-africa

1962 graef-und-stift-niger-africa

1962 Gräf & Stift 145-FON 37 sitze

1962 Gräf & Stift 145-FON 37 sitze

1962 Gräf-stift-busse-oldtimer-02b-100015

1962 Gräf-stift-busse-oldtimer

1963 ÖAF bus-met-bak

1963 ÖAF bus-met-bak

1965 Gräf & Stift KF230-36 met Mercedes motor

1965 Gräf & Stift KF230-36 met Mercedes motor

1966 gräf & stift lkw

1966 gräf & stift lkw © NINJA

1966 Gräf en Stift a

1966 Gräf en Stift

1967 Gräf & Stift

1967 Gräf & Stift

1968 Gräf & Stift K230

1968 Gräf & Stift K230

SONY DSC

1968 ÖAF Husar in Tatra Rally

1968 ÖAF НА-2-90 Husar, 4x4

1968 ÖAF НА-2-90 Husar, 4×4

1968 ÖAF Husar Expeditionsmobil

1968 ÖAF Husar Expeditionsmobil

1969 Gräf & Stift OSU 155-46 Linienbus ex Stadtwerke Wien 1969

1969 Gräf & Stift OSU 155-46 Linienbus ex Stadtwerke Wien © O. Nordsieck

1969 Gräf & Stift OSU-155-46

1969 Gräf & Stift OSU-155-46

1969 Gräf & Stift U7-OSU 155-46 (M 797)

1969 Gräf & Stift U7-OSU 155-46 (M 797)

1970 Buspost Gräf & Stift OHL 150

1970 Buspost Gräf & Stift OHL 150 © Eduard Erhart

1970 Graf und Stift OLA-210 54, 4x4

1970 Graf und Stift OLA-210 54, 4×4

1970 MAN with ÖAF-Grille

1970 MAN with ÖAF-Grille

1970 ÖAF Österreichische Automobil Fabriks-AG

1970 ÖAF Österreichische Automobil Fabriks-AG

1970 ÖAF-26-260-Pritschenkipper-graubeige-Ch-rot-Ebner

1970 ÖAF-26-260-Pritschenkipper-graubeige-Ch-rot-Ebner © C. Thiele

1970 ÖaF-FE32460thelen080617

1970 ÖaF-FE32460thelen

1904-71 Gräf & Stift

1904-71 Gräf & Stift

1972 ÖAF Tornado 19-192

1972 ÖAF Tornado 19-192

1972 ÖAF

1972 ÖAF

1973 Gräf & Stift Steyr LU 200 M11

1973 Gräf & Stift Steyr LU 200 M11

1976 ÖAF swehrtransport silvretta

1976 ÖAF swehrtransport silvretta

1977 ÖAF 26.240FDA bowser , 6x6

1977 ÖAF 26.240FDA bowser , 6×6

1977 ÖAF light wheeled tank

1977 ÖAF light wheeled tank

1980 Austrian Army ÖAF-sLKW truck

1980 Austrian Army ÖAF-sLKW truck

1980 Gräf & Stift Steyr LU 200 M11 (M 1431)

1980 Gräf & Stift Steyr LU 200 M11 (M 1431)

1980 Gräf & Stift trolleybus in service in 2003 in Romania

1980 Gräf & Stift trolleybus in service in 2003 in Romania

1980 Gräf-Stift-GU230-Gelenkbus-dunkelgruen-hellgrau-Fr

1980 Gräf-Stift-GU230-Gelenkbus © O. Nordsieck

1981 Gräf & Stift GU 230-54 Gelenkbus

1981 Gräf & Stift MAN GU 230-54 Gelenkbus © W. Nordsieck

1982 ÖAF 20.320G1 (20.320VFAE), 6x6

1982 ÖAF 20.320G1 (20.320VFAE), 6×6

1984 Gräf & Stift ÜH 270 M 10

1984 Gräf & Stift ÜH 270 M 10

1986 Graf and Stift Oostenrijk

1986 Graf and Stift Oostenrijk

1988 Gräf & Stift GS GE 152 M18

1988 Gräf & Stift GS GE 152 M18

1999 Gräf & Stift Austria

1999 Gräf & Stift Austria

1999 Graf and Steyr NL205 Oostenrijk

1999 Graf and Steyr NL205 Oostenrijk

2000 Graf and Steyr NG235 M18 Oostenrijk

2000 Graf&Stift and Steyr NG235 M18 Oostenrijk

2001 ÖAF 32.403VFAEG (SX2000), 8x8 Bridge builder

2001 ÖAF 32.403VFAEG (SX2000), 8×8 Bridge builder

ÖAF Logo on ÖAAAF Tornado 16-192

ÖAF Logo on ÖAF Tornado 16-192

2002 Graf and Siemens NL243 Oostenrijk

2002 Graf and Siemens NL243 Oostenrijk

2005 ÖAF Gräf & Stift MAN NGE 152 M17

2005 ÖAF Gräf & Stift MAN NGE 152 M17

logo

ÖAF Logo

ENNND

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Author: Jeroen

In Dutch, my homelanguage: Ik ben Jeroen, tot januari 2015 was ik al dik 26 jaar werkzaam in een psychiatrisch ziekenhuis in een stad vlakbij Werelds grootste havenstad Rotterdam. Eerst als verpleegkundige/begeleider op high care, later op afdeling dubbeldiagnose (verslavingen) en ook nog een tijdje als administratief medewerker. Ik heb een spierziekte "Poli Myositis" (alle spieren zijn ontstoken) daardoor weinig energie. Sinds augustus 2015 is daarbij de diagnose Kanker gesteld, en ben ik helemaal arbeidsongeschikt geworden en zit middenin de behandelfase. Gelukkig ben ik daarnaast getrouwd, vader, en opa, en heb de nodige hobby's. Een daarvan is transportmiddelen verzamelen en daarmee een blog schrijven. Dit blog begon met bussen, maar nu komen ook sleepboten, auto's trucks en dergelijke aan bod. Kijk en geniet met me mee, reageer, en vul gerust aan. Fouten zal ik ook graag verbeteren. In English: I'm Jeroen, till januari 2015 I was already 26 years working as a nurse in a psychiatric hospital, near Rotterdam, Worlds biggest harbour with more than 98 nationalities living within it's borders. First I worked on closed high care ward and the last years on a ward with mainly addicted people. I liked my work very much. In 2007 I got ill. I got the diagnose Poli Myositis, a musscle dissease. Al my mussles are inflamed. And last august I got another diagnose. Cancer. It's plaveicelcel carcinoma and treated with Chemo and radioation. So I've even less energy than the last years. Still I try to make something of my life and the blog is helping with surviving with some pleasure.

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