Buses and Coaches MERCEDES-BENZ Mannheim Germany since 1895

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Mercedes-Benz buses

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The new Mercedes-Benz Citaro presented in 2011

Mercedes-Benz has been making buses since 1895 in Mannheim in Germany. Since 1995, the brand of Mercedes-Benz buses and coaches is under the umbrella of EvoBus GmbH, belonging 100% to the Daimler AG.

Heritage

1886 Mercedes Benz Motorwagen Daimler Benz AG1886 Mercedes Benz Motorwagen Daimler Benz AG

The world’s first motorised bus was built in Germany by Karl Benz in 1895, some years before Gottlieb Daimler also started to build and sell buses in Germany as well. By 1898 both Karl Benz and Gottlieb Daimler, then rivals, were exporting their buses to Wales and England. Soon Daimler products were sold in the British Empire in a partnership with the British company Milnes. Milnes-Daimler developed a double-decker in 1902 and provided a bus for the first motorised bus service in the United Kingdom the following year. Though the company met success in selling buses throughout the British Empire, the partnership between Daimler and Milnes had to be undone due to the First World War.

002

1948 Mercedes-Benz OP3750 forward control coach

003

The Mercedes-Benz O 3500 touring coach based on the L 3500 truck

Due to economic hardships in the early 1900s, Daimler Motoren Gesellschaft and Benz & Cie. merged into one company in 1926, two years after both companies signed an agreement of mutual interest. Thus, Daimler-Benz AG (also known as Mercedes-Benz) was formed. In the next year, the company presented its first combined bus range. By that time emphasis was given to diesel engines (as opposed to petrol engines) for commercial vehicles.

1886 Mercedes Benz Patent Motorwagen Daimler Benz AG

1886 Mercedes Benz Motorwagen Daimler Benz AG

In 1951 Mercedes-Benz unveiled its first bus specifically designed for bus operation (and not derived from a lorry, as was the case of the other buses produced by the company until then) – the O6600 H. This 11-metre-long vehicle was equipped with a six-cylinder, transverse-mounted rear engine delivering 145 hp, a lower frame than its predecessors, and an electric gearshift system.

1895 Mercedes Omnibus

1895 Mercedes Omnibus

In 1954 Mercedes-Benz unveiled its first semi-integral bus – the O321 H. The semi-integral design meant a reduction in weight, improvements in stability and body resistance. The O321 H also was the first to feature coil springs in the front-axle suspension. This 9.2-metre-long vehicle (a 10.9-metre version was later unveiled) also featured a rear-mounted engine. The first version was available with an output of 110 hp, and a later optional 126-hp version was made available. More than 30,000 units of the O321 H complete bus and its platform were sold around the world, a mark which places it as the best-selling bus of its time and, until today, one of the most successful models by Mercedes-Benz.

1914 Mercedes Benz S 14 Daimler Benz AG

1914 Mercedes Benz S 14 Daimler Benz AG

Mercedes-Benz do Brasil Ltda. (Buses)

In the year 1951, technicians from Daimler Benz, accompanied by Brazilian specialists, carried out studies to analyse the viability of producing vehicles in Brazil. Two years later, on 7 October 1953, Mercedes-Benz do Brasil was officially founded, having as its first president Alfred Jurzykowski. A plant was then built in São Bernardo do Campo (a city neighbour to São Paulo city) in São Paulo State, Brazil. On 28 September 1956 the plant was inaugurated in the presence of the then President of BrazilJuscelino Kubitschek. This date marks the birth of the Brazilian vehicle industry.

1924 Mercedes Benz 2 Daimler Benz AG

1924 Mercedes Benz 2 Daimler Benz AG

Until 1958 only lorries were produced in the Brazilian plant, and local body builders used lorry chassis to make buses. In 1958, the integral bus Mercedes-Benz O321 H also started to be produced in Brazil, supplying the Brazilian market as well as the market of other South American countries (although some Latin-American operators also bought European-made Mercedes-Benz buses). For instance, 550 units of Brazilian-made O321 integral buses were exported to Argentina in 1961, and other 300 units were exported to Venezuela in 1965.

1925 Mercedes Benz 1 CN Daimler Benz AG

1925 Mercedes Benz 1 CN Daimler Benz AG

In 1963, a front-engine bus chassis was unveiled, based on the LP 321 lorry. New versions of this chassis as well as new versions of the O 321 integral bus were presented the following year. The first integral bus tailored to the Brazilian market was the O 326, a rear-engine coach unveiled in 1966. It featured the turbo-charged OM 326 engine delivering up to 200 hp. One year later, a new front-engine bus chassis was also unveiled – the LPO 344, also based on a lorry chassis.

1927 Mercedes-Benz Werkspoor ATO-04

1927 Mercedes-Benz Werkspoor ATO-04

In 1969 a new rural- and urban-service bus was presented by Mercedes-Benz do Brasil. Designated O 352, this integral bus was equipped with a direct-injection diesel engine. Two new front-engine chassis were presented that same year – the LPO 1113 and the LPO 1520.

1928 Mercedes-Benz N2

1928 Mercedes-Benz N2

During the 1970s the plant in São Bernardo do Campo was being expanded to meet with the increasing demand for the production of commercial vehicles. By the end of that decade, Mercedes-Benz had produced more than 500,000 commercial vehicles in the Brazilian plant, about 4,000 of which were integral buses.

1929 Mercedes Benz  Roosdorp - Lodewijkx Adam busserie17

1929 Mercedes Benz Roosdorp – Lodewijkx Adam busserie17

In 1970, the rear-engine OH 1313 and the front-engine OF 1313 bus chassis were unveiled. One year later, a new integral coach was unveiled – the O 362 – featuring a larger luggage compartiment than its predecessor, the O 321. Yet another integral bus was presented by Mercedes-Benz do Brasil – the O 355 – in 1974. The OH 1517 rear-engine chassis was also presented that year. One year after the first three-axle bus was built in Brazil (based on the Mercedes-Benz LPO 1113 front-engine chassis) made its debut in 1977, the new O 364 integral bus was presented by Mercedes-Benz do Brasil in two versions – one with a 130-hp engine, and the other with a 170-hp engine. Also in 1978 the production of the O 362 was discontinued, after more than 35,100 units were produced in Brazil.

1929 Mercedes Benz N56

1929 Mercedes Benz N56

Since the demand for buses was growing by that time, a new plant was inaugurated in Campinas (a city in São Paulo State, Brazil), dedicated only for the production of buses. This plant was considered the biggest and most modern plant dedicated for the production of buses in the Western World. Meanwhile, the plant in São Bernardo do Campo was still being expanded.

1932 mercedes-benz-busse-oldtimer

1932 mercedes-benz-busse-oldtimer

In 1984 two new integral bus range were presented by Mercedes-Benz do Brasil. One of them was O 370 coach range, available in two- and three-axle versions. It was the first coach range produced by Mercedes-Benz do Brasil fitted with air suspension as standard. The other was the O 365 regular-service bus range. In 1987 the O 370 and O 365 bus ranges were succeeded by the O 371 range (made up by three coaches and three regular-service bus models).

1933 Mercedes-Benz RD51 LO3200 ATO-05

1933 Mercedes-Benz RD51 LO3200 ATO-05

In 1991 the company inaugurates the Centro de Desenvolvimento Tecnológico (or Technological Development Centre in English) in Brazil. This is, until today, the largest of its kind in Latin America. Some of the projects developed by the Centro de Desenvolvimento Tecnológico in Brazil were the natural gas engine M-447 hLAG, used in the natural-gas-powered Citaro, and the cost-effective improvements made in the Axor truck worldwide.

1934 Mercedes Benz van Weil & Goerke

1934 Mercedes Benz van Weil & Goerke

In 1994, Mercedes-Benz do Brasil presented the O 400 integral bus range, which included one standardised city bus, four coaches and the O 400 UPA articulated bus – the first articulated bus produced by Mercedes-Benz in Brazil, which came into production only in 1995. This vehicle featured an electronic-managed articulation developed by the company. In that same year, Mercedes-Benz reached an 85%-share in the commercial vehicles market in Brazil. In the following year, Mercedes-Benz do Brasil received the ISO 9001 and the VBA 6.1 certifications.

1935 Mercedes Benz ATO-01

1935 Mercedes Benz ATO-01

In 1996 a new version of the O 371 integral bus for regular-service operation was presented. However, months later Mercedes-Benz announced the end of integral bus production in Brazil. A statement was made in which the company announced it would henceforth focus on the production and development of bus chassis and platforms, and so it occurred. Bus production was relocated in the São Bernardo do Campo plant in 2000, when the Campinas industrial complex was dedicated for activities related to training and overseeing the dealership network in Brazil, parts and accessories distribution and technical assistance.

1935 Mercedes-Benz LO 3500

1935 Mercedes-Benz LO 3500

In 2006 DaimlerChrysler do Brasil unveiled two new articulated modular bus chassis – the O 500 MA (raised floor) and the O 500 UA (low-floor). Both are equipped with a six-cylinder-rear-mounted engine delivering 360 hp as standard. Units of the O 500 articulated bus range were purchased to operate in the BRT systems of CuritibaSão PauloSantiago de Chile(Transantiago) and Bogotá (Transmilenio).

1935 Mercedes-Benz Stromlinie-Bus

1935 Mercedes-Benz Stromlinie-Bus

Nowadays (2014), under the umbrella of Mercedes-Benz do Brasil Ltda., the bus chassis produced by Mercedes-Benz in Brazil supply the Brazilian market and are exported for countries in the Americas, the Middle East, Africa and Asia. Amongst the buses produced by Mercedes-Benz in Brazil are the O 500 modular bus chassis series, which includes chassis made for urban and rural applications (available in raised- and low-floor versions) as well as coach chassis, the OH rear-engine bus chassis series, the OF front-engine bus chassis series and the LO mini- and micro-bus chassis series.

Mercedes-Benz Argentina

In 1951 the then Daimler-Benz AG set up in Argentina its first factories outside Germany: one in the town of San Martín, near Buenos Aires, and another in González Catán on industrial suburbs. The San Martin plant was closed in the finish of the 50’s.

1935 Mercedes-bus

1935 Mercedes-bus

Mercedes-Benz released updated local colectivo based on modified L 3500 truck chassis – LO 3500, OP 3500, LO 311, LO 312– with a separately manufactured body fitted at a later stage by different coach builders. In 1963 Mercedes built the 10,000th colectivo (model LO 312), and continued with other models, such as LO 1112, (120 HP), LA 1112 4×4 (traction in all wheels) and the LO 1114. Due to the family relationship with the truck, the Mercedes-Benz colectivos had a diesel engine with power transmitted to the rear axle by a five-speed constant-mesh gearbox.

1936 Mercedes Benz Kässbohrer Grossraum Sattelbus 172pers (2)

1936 Mercedes Benz Kässbohrer Grossraum Sattelbus 172pers

In 1967, manufacture of the middle-distance buses of self-supporting platform O120 began. In 1968 the O120 was replaced by the model O140 with a 130-hp engine.

In 1977, mass production of chassis for buses and buses with power steering began. Manufacturing of the LO914 and the O170, the successor to the O140 model with the OM 352 A supercharged engine with 156 hp and reinforced axles and suspension, also started.

1936 Mercedes Benz Kässbohrer Grossraum Sattelbus 172pers

1936 Mercedes Benz Kässbohrer Grossraum Sattelbus 172pers

In 1979, the company began the production of the bus chassis, front model, OC 1214, using the OM 352 engine like the LO 1114 bus.

In 1981, with some success, the OH 1419 bus was introduced and made in Argentina.

1936 Mercedes Benz, tipo L6500

1936 Mercedes Benz, tipo L6500

In 1982, the company built the first bus powered by compressed natural gas (CNG) in Argentina and launched two new models: the front-engine OF 1114 (for export markets only, like Perú) and the OF 1214, with a front engine. Also introduced was a new line of vehicles for urban transport of passengers, automatic transmission 1114, the new front chassis of 114, for export, and bus chassis rear engine OH 1314, with and without automatic transmission. Series production of the LO 1114 with automatic gearbox began and joined the air brake system on the Mercedes-Benz model LO 1114.

1936 Mercedes-Benz met struikelinstap 16 pers.ATO-08

1936 Mercedes-Benz met struikelinstap 16 pers.ATO-08

In 1987, Mercedes-Benz Argentina revolutionized the public transportation of passengers by launching the new line of rear-engined front-side bus (the “OH”), which replaced traditional front motor buses. 1998 is the year of manufacture of rear engine bus OH 1621 L.

1937 Mercedes-Benz O 10000 Reichspost bus, Gaggenau all-steel body

1937 Mercedes-Benz O 10000 Reichspost bus, Gaggenau all-steel body

For the first years of the 1990s, arrives the buses of the O-series likes the O 373 RSD (324 units built), the O 374 RSD (72 units built) and the O 400 RSD (61 units built) for the long-distance bus routes and also the OH 1522 (333 units built) and the OH 1526 (98 units built). All made in the factory of González Catán until 1995. In 1994, start the assembly of the OF 1620 with the 200 HP diesel engine with 6606 units made and large used in the provinces like Santa Fe, Jujuy and others.

1938 Mercedes Benz Den Oudstenbus van Mulder

1938 Mercedes Benz Den Oudstenbus van Mulder

For the urban buses, the OHL series added with the production line in 1990 with this models: OH/OHL 1316, OH/OHL 1320 and the OH/OHL 1420 with success in the urban transport.

1938 Mercedes-Benz LO 3750 Autobahn

1938 Mercedes-Benz LO 3750 Autobahn

After the 2001 crisis, develops many “colectivos” like the OH 1115 and OH 1315 (except the case in 2002, when industrialized the production of the OH 1721, a bus with a 210 HP engine), medium urban buses with a 150 HP engine. This models made and sold until 2008, replaced by the new OH 1618 L-Sb and the OH 1718, a local develop for Mercedes-Benz Argentina under the chassis of the OH 1618. The OH 1618 is ready to meet the highest requirements on emissions, Euro 3, 4 and 5. Has the renowned Mercedes-Benz OM 904 LA Euro 3 of a high torque: 675 Nm, a power of 177 hp DIN. The engine electronic management and 3 valves per cylinder, with the optional Top Brake system to improve vehicle efficiency and durability of the brake system. Optionally provides two types of gearbox: automatic and mechanical. The front and rear axles are developed, tested and manufactured by Mercedes-Benz, especially technology adopted and adapted to the needs of passenger transport: low velocity, starting and numerous arrests per kilometer, with extensive use of systems Brake and manageability of the unit.

1939 +1955 Mercedes Benz nr.3 uit 1939 met een nieuwe (tweede) karrosserie van Domburg uit 1955

1939 +1955 Mercedes Benz nr.3 uit 1939 met een nieuwe (tweede) karrosserie van Domburg uit 1955

Today it builds modern-style buses and several models of bus chassis and Mercedes-Benz Sprinter delivery vans, chassis cabs and minibuses with a large slice of them being exported to Germany. Mercedes-Benz commuter and touring buses are not necessarily up to European counterparts but robust enough to handle heavy urban usage and some of Argentina’s rugged backcountry and extra long-distance travel. For 2012, was return the production of the Sprinter NCV3, the successor of the T1N with many argentinian-made parts and it’s exported to the Mercosur, South Africa and other markets.

1939 Mercedes-Benz ATO-02

1939 Mercedes-Benz ATO-02

Since 2013, announced the assembly of the minibus LO 915 in the Virrey del Pino plant with the high floor rear engine (OH) chassis OH 1518  previously imported from Brazil the two models.

Mercedes-Benz Türk

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Mercedes-Benz Türk O 325

In addition, DaimlerChrysler AG is currently manufacturing buses and coaches under the brand Mercedes-Benz in Turkey. Mercedes-Benz Türk was established in Istanbul in 1967 as Otomarsan, it started the production of O 302 type buses in 1968.

1939 Mercedes-Benz O3750

1939 Mercedes-Benz O3750

In 1970, only 2 years after its foundation, the company started to export buses, over 12,600 buses have been exported to date. In 1984 the company was appointed as the general representative of Mercedes-Benz in Turkey, added with new partners to the enterprise and started a new investment necessary for production of trucks. In 1986, parallel to the growth potential of Turkey, the truck plant started production in Aksaray. In November 1990 the company name was changed to Mercedes-Benz Türk A.Ş.

1939 Mercedes-Benz, tipo O10000 BVG

1939 Mercedes-Benz, tipo O10000 BVG

The company currently employs 2,800 personnel. Due to increasing export activities Mercedes-Benz Türk built a new bus plant in Hosdere/Istanbul, which became active in December 1994.

1940 Mercedes-Benz stadsbus nr.10 met karrosserie Hainje

1940 Mercedes-Benz stadsbus nr.10 met karrosserie Hainje

Since its foundation Mercedes-Benz Türk has sold approximately 36,000 buses, 50,000 trucks and 1,000 midibuses from its own production in addition to 20,000 cars since 1989 when the company activated the importation of passenger cars. Mercedes-Benz Türk currently produces intercity and municipality buses at Hoşdere/Istanbul and Davutpaşa/Istanbul plants, and light and heavy duty trucks at the Aksaray plant.

1940 Mercedes-Benz WSM 257

1940 Mercedes-Benz WSM 257

Mercedes-Benz Türk is the first company in the Turkish primary automotive industry to get the ISO 9002 quality certificate, obtained in 1994 for Aksaray and ISO 9001 quality certificate, obtained in 1995 for Davutpaşa/Istanbul and Hoşdere/Istanbul production plants.

1941 Mercedes Benz Kriegstyp 41

1941 Mercedes Benz Kriegstyp

Furthermore Mercedes-Benz Türk has the certificate for ISO 14001 environment management standards since May 2000 and the certificate for ISO 9001:2000 and ISO 16949 since March 2002.

Mercedes-Benz and the VÖV

During the 1960s, the Verband Deutscher Verkehrsunternehmen (or German Association for Public Transport Operations in English) conducted a project of a highly standardised and specialised bus, in order to improve the quality, simplify the maintenance and reduce the production costs of buses in Germany – the VÖV-I. Based on the recommendations provided by the VDV, Mercedes-Benz unveiled the O305 regular-service bus in 1967. In 1973 the rural-service bus O307 was presented. It was based on the O305 and also conceived in line with the standards set by the VDV. In 1977, Mercedes-Benz presented a 17-metre-long articulated version of the O305 (the O305 G), featuring a rear-mounted engine.

1941 Mercedes Benz RD80 te Elburg ATO-15

1941 Mercedes Benz RD80 te Elburg ATO-15

By the end of the 1970s the project was improved and a VÖV-II standardised bus range was presented. Mercedes-Benz again took part in the project and in 1980 presented the “S80” standardised regular-service bus. After minor changes were made, the Mercedes-Benz S80 came into production in 1984 as the O405, succeeding the O305. In the following year, an articulated (O405 G) and a rural-service version (O407) were unveiled.

EvoBus

Main article: EvoBus

In 1995 Daimler-Benz Bus and Coach range and Kässbohrer Bus Division were combined to form the EvoBus GmbH. Both Mercedes-Benz and Setra continued to operate separately on the market for some time.

1941 Mercedes Benz- Werkspoorbus van De Valk

1941 Mercedes Benz- Werkspoorbus van De Valk

One year later EvoBus was formed, the first of a new bus range from Mercedes-Benz was presented – the Integro (O550) rural-service bus, later joined by a three-axle 15-metre version. Besides the Integro, EvoBus also presented the Mercedes-Benz O405 NÜL (twin-axle long low-floor rural-service bus), O405 NK (compact city bus) and the Innovisia (an improved version of the O404). The Innovisia was the first bus to be equipped with an ABC suspension system. Shortly after the Citaro urban-service low-floor bus was unveiled. It was the first urban bus equipped with CAN data bus.

1942 MERCEDES BENZ L4500 1954 - Ford

1942 MERCEDES BENZ L4500 1924 – Ford

Coordinated production between Setra and Mercedes-Benz started in 1997. New versions of the Citaro low-floor bus were presented that year, including a 15-metre three-axle version and an 18-metre articulated version. In 1998 the new Mercedes-Benz Tourismo (O350) was presented in a super-high-deck version with three-axles, based on the O404 coach chassis. The O404 integral bus was succeeded by the Travego in 1999. The Travego was available either with a six-cylinder in-line engine (initially delivering 354 and 408 hp) or with a V8 engine (delivering 476 hp).

1946 Mercedes-Benz O 10000k4 Saarpost

1946 Mercedes-Benz O 10000k4 Saarpost

In the 17th edition of the Bus World exposition in Kortrijk (Belgium), Mercedes-Benz officially unveiled the Tourino – a 9,3-metre coach featuring automatic air suspension, disc brakes, ABS, EBS and ASR systems. There were two engine options (245 hp/279 hp), both six-cylinder rear-mounted engine.

1948 Mercedes-Benz tourwagen nr. 8 met tweede karrosserie

1948 Mercedes-Benz tourwagen nr. 8 met tweede karrosserie

The Citaro, Travego and Integro range were redeveloped by the end of 2005, and the CapaCity – a four-axle articulated low-floor bus 19.54-metre long – was unveiled in 2006. Also in 2006 the Tourismo was redeveloped, and a 14-metre version was presented. Amongst the innovations incorporated to the new Tourismo are the new engine output available (354 hp/408 hp/428 hp) and the new-generation transmissions available with EPS system.

1949 Mercedes Benz O 3500 Überland-Reisebus

1949 Mercedes Benz O 3500 Überland-Reisebus © O. Nordsieck

Currently Mercedes-Benz concentrates the integral bus production in Germany and Turkey, and chassis production in Spain and Brazil. There are other manufacturing basis around the world, such as the ones in France and Argentina.

Polomex

A joint-venture between Mercedes-Benz and Brazilian coachbuilder Marcopolo resulted in the formation of Polomex. The company assembles and sells urban buses and coaches with Mercedes-Benz chassis and Marcopolo body in Mexico. The coach range includes the Multego, a luxury coach based on the Mercedes-Benz OC500 modular bus chassis. The body, produced by Marcopolo, features a design similar to that of Mercedes-Benz Travego.

Alternative drive

The earliest cited alternative-drive bus sold by Mercedes-Benz is the O6600 T, a trolleybus based on the O6600 H diesel bus. In the early 1950s, 350 German-made Mercedes-Benz trolleybuses were exported to Argentina.

1950 Mercedes Benz O 3500 Reisebus lux

1950 Mercedes Benz O 3500 Reisebus luxembourg © G. Carbon

Nonetheless, Mercedes-Benz engaged in intensive research and development of alternative propulsion systems in the 1960s. In 1969 the brand presented the OE302 electric bus. Two years later, a natural-gas-fuelled version of the O305 was unveiled, and in 1975 the OE302 duo bus went into trial operation in Esslingen, Germany. A minibus operated on pure hydrogen was demonstrated in 1977. In 1978 the hybrid electric OE305 was presented. The same year Mercedes-Benz do Brasil presented the OF-1315 front engine natural-gas-fuelled bus chassis for the Brazilian market. Other five duo buses went into trial operation in Esslingen the following year, two of them in battery/trolley operation and the other three in diesel/trolley operation. Also in 1979, Daimler-Benz sent a German-built O305 trolleybus to be tested on the São Paulo trolleybus system, Brazil, then one of the most extensive trolleybus systems in the western world. The O305 GT trolleybus would go into production in 1981. Also in 1981 a methanol-fuelled O305 was unveiled.

1950 Mercedes-Benz O6600

1950 Mercedes-Benz O6600

In 1983 methanol-drive Mercedes-Benz buses were tested in São Paulo, Brazil. Some time later, 40 natural-gas-fuelled Mercedes-Benz O364 rear-engine integral buses went into experimental operation in that city. Two of them used a mixture of soy oil, ethanol and B-Diesel as fuel. In the following year Mercedes-Benz do Brasil unveil the OH-1315, a natural-gas-fuelled rear-engine bus chassis, and the O371 integral bus range for the Brazilian market, including a natural-gas integral urban bus and a trolleybus. In 1986 experiments were made in Europe with an articulated duo bus (diesel/electric) based on the O405. The O405 trolleybus was presented in that same year.

1949 Mercedes Benz O3500a Spanje

Mercedes Benz O3500 Spanje © Isidoro

In 1984, a trial was carried out with a four O305 buses already in use in Auckland, New Zealand, with two powered by liquid petroleum gas and two powered by compressed natural gas (CNG). At the same time, two Volvo B10M buses were converted to run on methanol. All six, as well as a further 50 O303 and O305 buses, were all put onto CNG. Auckland City had a fleet of one hundred O303 buses and three hundred O305 buses.

1951 Mercedes Benz O 3500 Reisebus Sta

1951 Mercedes Benz O 3500 Reisebus Sta © O. Nordsieck

In the 1990s three new natural-gas-powered models were unveiled by Mercedes-Benz: the O405 GN GNG low-floor articulated bus, which was Europe’s first natural gas low-floor city bus; the O405 NG solo city bus and the O405 ÜNG for rural service. All models were fitted with the M-447 hG engine that was exported from Brazil.

1951 Mercedes Benz O 6600 H

1951 Mercedes Benz O 6600 H

In 1994 a prototype of a low-floor articulated duo bus based on the O405 – the O405 GNTD – was presented, featuring electric hub motors.

In 1996 the OH-1315 natural-gas bus chassis is succeeded by the OH-1621 LG, also natural-gas-powered. One year later, the OH-1621 LG was equipped with an electronic-managed engine as standard.

1952 Mercedes Benz saarpost

1952 Mercedes Benz saarpost

In 1997 Daimler-Benz presented its first fuel-cell bus, designated NEBUS (New Electric Bus), based on the O405 urban bus. It was the world’s first fully operational fuel-cell-powered bus. Another fuel-cell-powered was developed later, based on the Citaro. Exemplars of the Citaro Fuel Cell bus are currently being tested in Europe, China and Australia.

1952 Mercedes-Benz carr. Den Oudsten

1952 Mercedes-Benz carr. Den Oudsten

In 1998, the Cito (a diesel-electric midibus) was unveiled, featuring the low-floor concept.

In 2000, Mercedes-Benz do Brasil delivered the first 56 model M-447 hLAG turbocharged natural gas engines to the city of Hannover in Germany fitted to specially-designed Citaro citybuses for EXPO 2000. Subsequently, this engine has sold in larger numbers compared to the previous M-447 hG engine, with over 600 ordered by Australian bus operators alone.

Products

Minibuses

02 2000 Mercedes-Benz Sprinter 316CDI03 2008 Mercedes Sprinter

04 Mercedes-Benz Vario05 Compass Bus R84 EDW 2009

   Vario

  • Medio
  • LO series (mini- and micro-buses chassis)

Full-size buses

  • O317
  • O321H
  • O322
  • O326
  • O301
  • O302
  • O303

06 Transperth JW Bolton bodied O305 in Perth in September 2006Transperth JW Bolton bodied O305 in Perth in September 2006

     O305 & O305

07 Mercedes-Benz O309Mercedes-Benz O309

08 Mercedes-Benz O371 Mercedes-Benz O371

09 Transperth Volgren bodied O405NH on Great Eastern Highway in PerthTransperth Volgren bodied O405NH on Great Eastern Highway in Perth

  • O405, O405G, O405N, O405GN, O405N2, O405GN2 and O405NH
  • O407
  • O408
  • Conecto (O345)
  • Tourismo (O350)
  • Tourino (O510)
  • Cito (O520)
  • Citaro (O530 series)
  • Integro (O550)
  • Intouro (O560)
  • Travego (O580)
  • Touro (OC500RF 1836/1842/2542 raised-floor modular bus chassis)
  • OC500LE 1825h/1828h/1830h/1825hG low-entry modular bus chassis (also known as O500LE, soon to be accompanied by an articulated version)
  • OC500LF/OC500LF (A) low-floor modular bus chassis
  • O500 M (1725/1726/1728/1732), O500 R (1830/1833), O500 RS (1833/1836), O500 RSD (2036/2236/2242) and O500 MA (2836)
  • O500 U (1725/1726 low-entry modular bus chassis) and O500 UA (2836 low-entry articulated modular bus chassis)
  • OF series front-engine bus
  • OH series rear-engine bus

Gallery

005Mercedes-Benz Sprinter City 65 minibus.

006Mercedes-Benz Variominibus.

007A 24-passenger version of the Mercedes-Benz O309.

008Mercedes-Benz Cito.

009A VöV fronted Mercedes-Benz O305.

010Kowloon Motor Bus 11 metre Mercedes-Benz O305 double-decker bus.

011SBS TransitMercedes-Benz O405 in Singapore. Some buses have been exported to Bangkok.

012SMRT Mercedes-Benz O405G (Hispano Habit) articulated bus in Singapore.

013Transperth Mercedes-Benz OC500LE (Volgren) serving as the Blue CAT in Perth, Australia.

014Irvine-designed Citaro G in Hanover, Germany

015Mercedes-Benz Conecto.

016Mercedes-Benz Integro Intercity bus.

017Mercedes-Benz Intouro Intercity coach.

018Mercedes-Benz O404-based coach in the United States, modified as a tour/sleeper bus.

019Mercedes-Benz O371 RS in Chile.

020Mercedes-Benz O371 RSD in north of Chile.

021An APSRTC Garuda Plus Mercedes Benz Intercity Coach en route to Vijayawada in Hyderabad, India. APSRTC was one of the first bus operators in India to buy Mercedes Benz buses.

022Mercedes-Benz Tourino.

023A Mercedes-Benz Tourismo demonstrator.

024Mercedes-Benz Travego coach.

1952 Mercedes-Benz carr. Den Oudsten 1953 Mercedes Benz O 3500 Linienbus 1953 Mercedes Benz O-3500 Motor OM-312 Autocares Lazara a 1953 Mercedes Benz O-3500 Motor OM-312 Autocares Lazara b 1954 Mercedes Benz O 319 Kleinbus 1954 Mercedes Benz O 3500 Reisebus (Heck) Lux 1954 Mercedes Benz O 3500 Überlandbus 1954 Mercedes Benz O-3500 Motor OM-312 1954 Empresa 1954 Mercedes Benz O-3500 Motor OM-312 A 1954 Mercedes Benz O-3500 Motor OM-312 Año 1954 Empresa Cuiña 1954 Mercedes Benz O-3500 Motor OM-312 1954 Mercedes-O321H-Reisebus-Kerschner-weiss-weinrot 1955 Mercedes Benz - Bussbygg 1955 Mercedes Benz L319 1955 Mercedes Benz O 321 H Reisebus 1955 Mercedes-O3500-Linienbus-Adorf-Reisen-rot-weiss 1 1956 Mercedes Benz  321 H 1956 Mercedes Benz O321HL 1957 Mercedes Benz L319 1958 Mercedes Benz O 317 K Bahnbus 1958 Mercedes Benz O321H 1958 Mercedes-Benz L319 Panorama-Bus 1958 mercedes-benz-busse-319 1958 TB-23-81 Mercedes-Benz carr. Domburg 1959 Mercedes Benz L 391 Veluwe 1959 Mercedes Benz O-321H a 1959 Mercedes Benz O-321H b 1959 Mercedes Benz oldtimer duitsland 1959 Mercedes Benz Oldtimer motorhome 1959 Mercedes-Benz 8 seater Tourist Bus a 1959 Mercedes-Benz 8 seater Tourist Bus 1959 Mercedes-Benz O 321 HL unterwegs 1959 Mercedes-Benz, type L312 Roset 1960 MERCEDES Benz 0321 H 1960 Mercedes Benz bus in La Valeta Malta 1960 Mercedes Benz O 321 H Reisebus 1960 MERCEDES Benz O 321 H 1960 Mercedes Benz O302 1960 Mercedes Benz O321-H Spanje 1960 MERCEDES-BENZ O302 1960 Mercedes-Benz O-322 1960 Mercedes-bus van Meussen 1960 Mercedes-O321H-Reisebus-hellblau-Dek-dkblau-Puetz 1961 Mercedes Benz O 321 H Reise-Überlandbus 1961 Mercedes Benz O 321 HL Reisebus (Steib-Aufbau) DB 1962 Mercedes Benz OGHR492H 1962 Mercedes Benz Schoolbus Argentinië 1962 Mercedes Benz Steib-O321HL-Reisebus 1962 Mercedes-Benz L 319 D 1963 Mercedes Benz L312 El Condor Argentinië 1963 Mercedes Benz LAO 328 Allrad-Postbus 1963 Mercedes Benz O 321 H Drögmöller-Aufbau Vogel 1963 Mercedes Benz Roset Tholen 1963 Mercedes Benz 1964 Mercedes Benz Ernst Auwärter Aufbau 1964 Mercedes Benz O 321 H  Ramseier & Jenzer Clubbus 1964 Mercedes Benz Thai Bus Bangkok 1964 Mercedes benz Thai Bus 1964 Mercedes Benz 1964 Mercedes-Benz, LP323 Domburg 1964 Mercedes-O302-Reisebus-PVG-Pinneberg-weiss-rot 1964-65 Mercedes Benz Bus Thailand 1965 Mercedes Benz O302-Den Oudsten bus GVB19 1965 Mercedes Benz OF1113 - Viggaklev 1965 Mercedes Benz Oldtimer Motorhome 1966 Mercedes-O302-Steib-Reisebus-Reiners-weiss-bl-or 1967 Mercedes Benz 319 1967 Mercedes Benz O 317 K Postbus 1968 Mercedes Benz Hanomag F20 1968 Mercedes Benz L 206 D 44-20-EB 1968 Mercedes Benz OF 1113-Domburg nr.15 met 38 zitplaatsen 1968 Mercedes-Benz, O302 Den Oudsten 1969 El Condor - Mercedes Benz 1112 1969 Mercedes benz O 317 K Linienbus 1969 Mercedes Benz O140 DIC 1969 Mercedes-Benz LO 1112 Omnibus 1970 Mercedes Benz O 3O9 Kleinbus 1970 Mercedes-Benz L408 autobus BV-29-21 1971 Mercedes Benz Mannheimer serie 32-35 1971 Mercedes Benz O 302 360 10R 1971 Mercedes Benz O 302 360 1971 Mercedes Benz O-302-360 10R (2) 1971 Mercedes Benz O-302-360 10R 1971 Mercedes Benz O305's Hainje GVB47 1972 Mercedes Benz 200 1973 MERCEDES Benz 0302 1973 Mercedes Benz Domburg L, R de 30 merk Mercedes Benz BOVA 1973 Mercedes Benz O321 1973 Mercedes-Benz L207 camper 1973 Mercedes-Benz O 321HL 1973 Mercedes-Benz, O302, 10R Domburg 1974 Mercedes Benz Ludewig O 317 Eineinhalbdecker Essener Verkehrs-AG EVAG 1975 Mercedes-Berkhof Wim Vink OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA 1976 Mercedes-Benz 207D30 autobus 62-XG-39 1977 Mercedes Benz Australië Grenda 1978 Mercedes Benz LO1114 DECAROLI SPC 1978 Mercedes Benz O303 de Oranje 1978 Mercedes Benz Vetter 18 ÜM Gelenkbus Moselbahn GmbH, Trier 1979 Mercedes-Benz, 207D Mercedes 1980 Mercedes Benz Vetter O 305 G Gelenkbus 1980 1981 Mercedes-Berkhof 3027 1 was Van Egmond 26 1982 MERCEDES Benz 0305 1983 Mercedes Benz Vetter O 307 Überlandbus 1984 Den Oudsten Mercedes Benz 7004 1988 Mercedes Benz O405 uit de serie 81-88 op de Provincialeweg in Dordrecht SVD84 OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA 2001 Mercedes Benz Setra S315 GT HD Coach Wngine 14618cc OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA 2002 Mercedes-Benz Conecto  Estonia 2003 Mercedes Benz Cito-bussen SVD654 2003 Mercedes Benz -Drögmöller Bangl 2003 Mercedes Benz Drögmöller 2004- Mercedes Benz Viano Engine 2987cc V6 Diesel 2005 Mercedes Benz sprinter 2005 Unvi Cimo Mercedes UK 2008 Mercedes Benz Sprinter mini bus 2008 Mercedes Benz Standardbus GVB A'dam 2008 Mercedes Benz verlengd Basel Zwitserland 2008 Unvi Compa  Mercedes UK 2008 Unvi Wing 33 Mercedes UK 2009 Mercedes-Benz Cito 2010 Mercedes Benz SMB1H on 300 OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA 2011 Mercedes Benz O 550L, goldfarbe 2011 Mercedes Benz Sprinter-Bluekens 6x2 2011 Mercedes Benz Sprinter-Vip-luxus-omnibus-bus 2011 Mercedes-Benz Citaro O530 Arriva London 2012 MERCEDES Benz EVO CITARO 2012 MERCEDES Benz O 530 CITARO 2012 MERCEDES Benz O 530 CNG CITARO 2012 MERCEDES Benz O 530 K CITARO 2013 MERCEDES Benz O 530 L CITARO 2013 MERCEDES Benz O 530 LE CITARO 2013 MERCEDES Benz O 530 Ü CITARO 2014 Mercedes-Benz Citaro FuelCELL Hybrid A6A-711 Peru Mercedes Benz Bus 4 Decaroli Mercedes Benz 0-140 Decaroli Mercedes Chili Domburg Mercedes Benz 1 Ikarus-Mercedes MERCEDES 0303 BARBI Mercedes Benz (Deutz) Zakynthos Griekenland Mercedes Benz 5 Mercedes Benz 8 Super woonbus Maybach a Mercedes Benz 8 Super woonbus Maybach b Mercedes Benz 8 Super woonbus Maybach c Mercedes Benz 8 Super woonbus Maybach d Mercedes Benz 8 Super woonbus Maybach e Mercedes Benz 8 Super woonbus Maybach f Mercedes Benz 8 Super woonbus Maybach g Mercedes Benz 8 Super woonbus Maybach h Mercedes Benz 45 MERCEDES BENZ 100 Police Mercedes Benz 152 Mercedes Benz 206 D Kleinbus 3,5T Mercedes Benz 207-307 Mercedes Benz 208 D Kleinbus-Kombi 220Xpress in Den Bosch Mercedes BENZ 0303 15R 1977-78 CARROZZERIA BARBI SPA Mercedes Benz 0303-ARNA OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA Mercedes Benz 309 D BJ 52 BZ Roermond Mercedes Benz 408 Mercedes Benz 408geleed Mercedes Benz 0530G Wroclaw P Mercedes Benz, 711 D BUS, Legervoertuig, 1990 Mercedes Benz 814 Alfredo & Caetano Mercedes Benz 03500a Mercedes Benz 03500b Mercedes Benz AB Mercedes Benz Alphen a d Rijn Mercedes Benz Arg 03 Mercedes Benz Argentina 203 Mercedes Benz artenbus Mercedes Benz b-40142 Mercedes Benz Batnfjord Auto N Mercedes Benz Beccar Mercedes Benz belonging to CUSA (Colectiveros Unidos S.A.I.F.), fleet number 1554 argbus5 MERCEDES BENZ BEULAS MINICLUB Mercedes Benz Blauw witte bus Argentinië Mercedes Benz Bova XV Mercedes Benz bus 19 persoons LM1044 Mercedes Benz bus Eisenbahn AG Mercedes Benz Bus Luchthaven Mercedes Benz bus which was used by St. Xavier's college - Goa a Mercedes Benz bus which was used by St. Xavier's college - Goa Mercedes Benz Bus, als Zubringer zum Brauhaus in Hannover a Mercedes Benz Bus, als Zubringer zum Brauhaus in Hannover Mercedes Benz Bus, Guanajuato Mercedes Benz Buses Alimentadores Zonda D Transantiago Mercedes Benz bussen serie 102-123 Mercedes Benz CAIO Andino (MB LK1113)boekje Mercedes Benz camper bus Mercedes Benz Citaro Postus, line 104 Wahlendorf Zwitserland Mercedes Benz Citaro RET Rotterdam NL Mercedes Benz Coba 12 Montevideano ex Cutcsa Mercedes Benz Colares Mercedes Benz Combi Mercedes Benz COVEMA Jordanie Mercedes Benz des années 35 affecté pour la poste Allemande Mercedes Benz ELBA Jordanie Mercedes Benz Ernst Auwärter Economy Mercedes Benz Esp 0-9156 Mercedes Benz Firda-billag Bus Truck N Mercedes Benz FRAM0508 Mercedes Benz Geledebus GVB A'dam Digital StillCamera Mercedes Benz Groen Mercedes Benz GUADALAJARA Mercedes Benz Haaksbergen Mercedes Benz Hippodrome MERCEDES Benz INTEGRO Mercedes Benz InVenezuela Mercedes Benz Julsundruta N Mercedes Benz KLM-ABB MERCEDES Benz L 406D Mercedes Benz L319 k Mercedes Benz L319 l Mercedes Benz L319 q Mercedes Benz L319 z Mercedes Benz L319 Mercedes Benz LA1113 Zwitserland Mercedes Benz LO915 Marcopolo Perubus13 Mercedes Benz LO-1114-48 argbus12 Mercedes Benz -LoP 3500-e MERCEDES Benz LP 328 MERCEDES Benz LP 911 MERCEDES Benz LP 1113 Mercedes Benz MB O 3500 Oberhausen Mercedes Benz MCV 600 Jordanie Mercedes Benz met een Schenk geleding en Hainje ... Mercedes Benz Mexico standard Mercedes Benz midi coach Engeland Mercedes Benz Motor Coach Scene in Transkei Mercedes Benz O 303 wagen 87 Mercedes Benz O 321 H RE-H 3223 Castrop Rauxel Mercedes Benz O 404 Mercedes Benz O-140 Argentina Mercedes Benz O302 (Mercedes bodywork) Spanje Mercedes Benz O305 Mannheimer was echter de 98ste GVB29 Mercedes Benz o309 Mercedes Benz O-317 El Cóndor Mercedes Benz O-317 para la empresa El Cóndor Mercedes Benz O321+Jonckheere (1) Mercedes Benz O405 Mercedes Benz O520 Cito-Evobus 791-1 Mercedes Benz O520 Cito-Evobus 791avond Mercedes Benz OH 1313 Casanova 21 Clasa Mercedes Benz OH -ELBA Mercedes Benz oud Enschede Mercedes Benz postbus uit Liechenstein. Het kenteken met FL = Fürstentum Liechtenstein Mercedes Benz Romsdals-Skyssforening N Mercedes Benz Storfjord-rutebillag N Mercedes Benz Tågbussen Mercedes Benz Thailand Mercedes Benz Tourismo Jordanie Mercedes Benz Travego Bluetech 4-Euro 4 compliant Coach Mercedes Benz Travego Mercedes Benz van Hool Mercedes Benz VBK Mercedes Benz VfB Stuttgart Mercedes Benz vraagteken oorlogstijd Mercedes Benz Washington Sightseeing Tours Mercedes Benz Zuid Amerika Mercedes Benz, and is No.13 Mercedes Benz Mercedes-Benz 1112 Mercedes-Benz articulated bus of JetParks Manchester Mercedes-Benz B Jordan Mercedes-Benz based double deck bus Mercedes-Benz Bus History - PART I (2) Mercedes-Benz Bus History - PART I (4) Mercedes-Benz Bus History - PART I (5) Mercedes-Benz Bus History - PART I (7) Mercedes-Benz Bus History - PART I (11) Mercedes-Benz Bus History - PART I (12) Mercedes-Benz Bus History - PART I (14) Mercedes-Benz Bus History - PART I (17) Mercedes-Benz Bus History - PART I (18) Mercedes-Benz Bus History - PART I (19) Mercedes-Benz Bus History - PART I Mercedes-Benz Bus History PA Mercedes-Benz bus Jord Mercedes-Benz -Busaf Bus Germiston SA Mercedes-Benz Citaro First London Mercedes-Benz Coach Omnibus O 6600 H Mercedes-Benz Jordanië Mercedes-Benz LO915 Senior (bodywork by Marcopolo) perubus13 MERCEDES-BENZ LPO1113-45+LP1113-51 Mercedes-Benz mini bus Mercedes-Benz O 305G Mercedes-Benz O 404 based Rotel bus Mercedes-Benz O302 Jordanie Mercedes-Benz O302-Biamax Coach Greece Mercedes-Benz O303 Padane ZX Mercedes-Benz O305 double decker bus in HK with Walter Alexander R body. Mercedes-Benz O305 Heppenheim Mercedes-Benz O309 Mannheim 100 7663 Mercedes-Benz O321+Jonckheere (1) Mercedes-Benz O321+Jonckheere MERCEDES-BENZ O321H (45-Br 455-E) Mercedes-Benz O321H a Mercedes-Benz O371 Mercedes-Benz O405 (SBS 539P - SBS Transit) Mercedes-Benz O405 Mercedes-Benz OC500LE Mercedes-Benz Omnibus O 6600 H Mercedes-Benz Omnibus O 6600 Ha Mercedes-Benz Rohöl Omnibus Bus History - PART I (8) Mercedes-Benz Sprinter Travel 55 Mercedes-Benz Sprinter Mercedes-Benz T2 (Europa)  T3 Mercedes-Benz TN-T1 Mercedes-Benz Typ O 5000 Mercedes-Benz Type O 317 Bus Mercedes-Benz Type O 319 Mini Bus Mercedes-Benz Type O 321 H Omnibus Mercedes-Benz Type O 6600 H Omnibus tekening Mercedes-Benz Type O 6600 H Omnibus Mercedes-Benz Vario Mercedes-Benz Vito mercedes-benz-andare-02 Mercedes-Benz-bus-BorderMaker mercedes-benz-busse mercedes-benz-busse-319-bus-02b-200010 mercedes-benz-busse-o-6600-02b-200037 mercedes-benz-busse-oldtimer-02b-0052 mercedes-benz-busse-oldtimer-02b-0053 mercedes-benz-busse-oldtimer-02b-0092 mercedes-benz-busse-oldtimer-02b-0119 mercedes-benz-busse-oldtimer-02b-0146 mercedes-benz-busse-oldtimer-02b-100020 mercedes-benz-busse-oldtimer-02b-400005 mercedes-benz-multego-01 mercedes-benz-o-321-h-01 mercedes-benz-o-321-h-02 mercedes-benz-o-321-h-03 mercedes-benz-o-321-h-04 mercedes-benz-o-321-h-05 mercedes-benz-o-321-h-06 mercedes-benz-o-321-h-07 mercedes-benz-o-321-h-08 mercedes-benz-o-321-h-09 mercedes-benz-o-321-h-10 4 R mercedes-benz-o-321-h-12 Mercedesbus voor het stationsgebouw Hilversum Mercedes-O317-Eineinhalbdecker-EVAG-3902-elfenb-Str-gr Mercedes-O317K-Linienbus-Kaehler-dkrot-weiss-Dekor Mercedes-O317-Postbus-gelb Mercedes-O321H-Ramseier-Jenzer-Reisebus-kurz-Postl-Fr Mercedes-O321H-Ueberlandbus-dunkelgruen Mercedes-O3500-Reisebus-dkgruen-weiss-Carbon Plaxton Mercedes BeaverTreloar's Unvi Mercedes Sp

000 logo-Mercedes-Benz 0001 1978 abt_memory_mercedes14132 001 2010 mercedes-benz-buses-and-coaches-at-the-63rd-iaa-in-hannover-3 002 mercedes-benz-buses-and-coaches-at-the-63rd-iaa-in-hannover-2 003 mercedes-benz-bus-coach-malaysia-9 004 1969 Grenda77

That’s it

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Author: Jeroen

In Dutch, my homelanguage: Ik ben Jeroen, tot januari 2015 was ik al dik 26 jaar werkzaam in een psychiatrisch ziekenhuis in een stad vlakbij Werelds grootste havenstad Rotterdam. Eerst als verpleegkundige/begeleider op high care, later op afdeling dubbeldiagnose (verslavingen) en ook nog een tijdje als administratief medewerker. Ik heb een spierziekte "Poli Myositis" (alle spieren zijn ontstoken) daardoor weinig energie. Sinds augustus 2015 is daarbij de diagnose Kanker gesteld, en ben ik helemaal arbeidsongeschikt geworden en zit middenin de behandelfase. Gelukkig ben ik daarnaast getrouwd, vader, en opa, en heb de nodige hobby's. Een daarvan is transportmiddelen verzamelen en daarmee een blog schrijven. Dit blog begon met bussen, maar nu komen ook sleepboten, auto's trucks en dergelijke aan bod. Kijk en geniet met me mee, reageer, en vul gerust aan. Fouten zal ik ook graag verbeteren. In English: I'm Jeroen, till januari 2015 I was already 26 years working as a nurse in a psychiatric hospital, near Rotterdam, Worlds biggest harbour with more than 98 nationalities living within it's borders. First I worked on closed high care ward and the last years on a ward with mainly addicted people. I liked my work very much. In 2007 I got ill. I got the diagnose Poli Myositis, a musscle dissease. Al my mussles are inflamed. And last august I got another diagnose. Cancer. It's plaveicelcel carcinoma and treated with Chemo and radioation. So I've even less energy than the last years. Still I try to make something of my life and the blog is helping with surviving with some pleasure.

6 thoughts on “Buses and Coaches MERCEDES-BENZ Mannheim Germany since 1895”

  1. I enjoy, result in I discovered just what I used to be looking for.
    You have ended my four day lengthy hunt! God Bless you man. Have a nice
    day. Bye

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