MENARINI Buses Italy 1919-1989 BREDAMENARINI

(BREDA)MENARINI

Company History

Menarini as a carbody maker was born in 1919 during the difficult afterwar period in which Italy, yielded by the damages suffered, delayed to recover itself and start up new activities.
At the beginning the Company had an artisan profile since the total lack of capitals, but the skillness and the untiring work of Ettore Menarini imprinted in it a so great activity so as to ensure a constant and increasing development.
After a first period aimed to the refurbishing of vehicles bodies, in 1925 as soon as it was possible to extend the plant and buy machinery, the Company started, with good results, also to build carbodies for cars and taxi.

In the new location, the production went through an evolution and a transformation: the manufacture of tourism vehicles was stopped and the production of industrial vehicles: vans, ambulances, lorries, truck cabins was started and later, also buses the most complex and difficult among the others.
In ten years the bus production tripled and increased further until the burst of the Second World War. At the beginning of the war the italian factories built many more buses than cars.

In the first years of war the Menarini plant produced special vans, ambulances, shop trucks for war purpose, but later bad times occurred: the big plant was mostly damaged by bombing raids and the manufacturing activity had to be definitely stopped in 1944. This situation continued also when the war ended because of the plant requisition by the Allied Army.
In 1946 E. Menarini could take again possession of his property. He started to restore the various sectors and damaged machinery and finally in 1952 the plant started to build only buses.
In 1952 after the death of Ettore Menarini, his three sons Dante, Giorgio, Eugenio, continued the industrial activity under the new name Carrozzeria Menarini Bologna s.n.c..
In 1954 the Menarini brothers started the construction of a wide and modern plant for the manufacturing of every type of modern bus carbodies, including the self bearing structures. The great plant was completed in 1960 on a total area of 50.000 sm. whose 25.000 sm. are covered.
With the starting of activity of the new plant, also the success of Carrozzeria Menarini on the bus italian market improved as well as with further plant enlargement and updating.
The carbody model named “Essediemme”, launched in 1961 represented a real milestone for all the bus manufacturing techniques. After that, more or less all the bus manufacturers have to update their models in order to conform to the new style launched by Menarini whose main points were: no more transparent tiles on the roof, no more descending panes in the wall sides, electrically operated doors on coaches, flat roofs and large windows. Furthermore many other technical improvements were introduced such as a better acoustic insulation, the curb weight reduction, the interchangeability of parts which can fail.
The sixties are for Italy a period of fast progress in every industrial activity during which Menarini grows and strengthens designing and realizing by itself also the chassis for citybus and coaches, thus leaving its past characteristic of simple body maker, and becoming in full a complete bus manufacturer.
In the following years Menarini continues to follow the path of innovation in its products playing the role of the “bus state of art ” among the competitors and reaching the leadership on the domestic citybus and coach market.

The disc brakes application appears on the beginning of the eighties, then the front wheel suspensions for coaches, and even a DE DION rear axle on the coach Monocar 101 and 102 SBH, state of art in the development of the modern coaches design as well as the first studies for the low floor lay out on the city bus families.

In the most recent years, we are in 1989, Menarini is purchased by Breda Costruzioni Ferroviarie anticipating that process of industrial aggregation which would characterize also the bus sector as it occurred before among the car and industrial vehicles manufacturers.
The new trademark BredaMenarinibus is established; the red little horse will appear on all the buses produced by the Company based in Bologna.
The transfer of property to the Breda Group first, and later under the direct control of Finmeccanica (2001), the main industrial holding in Italy, allows Menarini to receive enough funding in order to renew its product range reducing the recurring difficulties due to the fall of the bus market following the cut in the state financing.

Many new models of success are launched in the urban segment: the first low floor families such as M 221, M 321, M 230. The last one represents the first ultralow floor in Italy in the Midi size.

Starting on 1997 an entire new product range, ultralow floor, is launched: M 240, M 231, M 340 some of them currently on catalogue. These buses witness the evolution to a new generation of vehicles, featuring a relevant technical content (engines, chassis, electronics, etc) and design solutions aimed to achieve high reliability and low managing costs.

Anticipating the market demand towards low emission buses, BredaMenarinibus presents CNG buses (EXOBUS), a battery minibus (ZEUS) and a hybrid bus (ALTERECO).
Since 1989 about 7200 buses are produced by BredaMenarinibus, while the continuous improvement in the manufacturing process allows the achievement in 1997 of the ISO 2001 certification for the Quality Assurance System. In June 2003 BredaMenarinibus also gets the certification to the ISO 9001 ed. 2000 confirming its leading position among the competitors in the bus sector, and later upgraded the 2008 update.

In 2005 BredaMenarinibus began marketing new ranges of vehicles with EURO 4 diesel engines and CNG engines called Avancity (10.8m, 12m and 18m) and Vivacity (8m and 9m).
These vehicles were known for their eye-catching design, for the adoption of a front axle independent wheel that has further improved the handling, roadholding and comfort, and for the construction wheelhouse integrated into the structure that has allowed a widening of the interior corridors improving the livability.
The ongoing know-how evolution allowed to BredaMenarinibus to propose in 2007 the restyling of the entire range of vehicles presenting the Avancity +, the  Vivacity+, the 2nd generation electric minibus Zeus with lithium-polymer batteries and the intercity bus Lander.

The trolleybus Avancity Plus HTB 18m hit the market in 2009.
At the end of 2011, the company obtained the ISO 14001 Environmental Certification, a way to prove, among other things, its commitment to reducing the environmental impact from industrial processes, products and services.

http://hottransport.blogspot.nl/2012/09/bussen-bredamenarini-bologna-italie.html

1 Menarini Logo 1 1942 Breda-61 1947 Fiat 666 Menarini 1950 Alfa Romeo Menarini stefer ar800 1953 FIAT 615 N - Menarini 1953 fiat-monaco-menarini-bus-(italie)-retro-classics-messe-stuttgart-mars-2012-057-10717 1953 Menarini Kleinbus, Oldtimer-Bustreffen Sinsheim 1954 O.M. Orione 580 Menarini stefer 1955 Aanhanger a-villani-bus-trailer-made-by-menarini-of-bologna 1955 a-villani-bus-made-by-menarini-of-bologna-used-by-the-business-tulli-di-sezze 1955-OM-Super-Taurus-Menarini-Bus 1956 OM Menarini stefer b 2504 1956 OM Menarini stefer b 5101 1958 FIAT 2411 Cansa - Menarini - CGE I 1959 menarini 1960 642 Menarini 1960 Fiat 410 OM Suzzara Menarini 1960 OM TIGROTTO year carrozzeria Menarini c.c.4941 1960-64 Alfa Romeo 1000 Menarini 375a 1961 OM Menarini Bus 1962 IVECO Menarini 1963 FIAT Menarini Italbus 1963 Mercedes-Benz 608D Menarini 1964 Fiat 411 Menarini scansione 0020 1965 bus-menarini-portesi-002 1965 Fiat 306-3 Menarini Monocar 104a 1965 Fiat 306-3 Menarini Monocar 1041-2 stefer b 2504 1965 O.M. Tigrotto Menarini 1966 Fiat 309 Menarini SDM Sintesi del Meglio Trieste 1966 Fiat 309-1 Menarini SDM (1966) 1966 Fiat 409 Menarini 607 ex ACNA MUGGIA e ACT Trieste f 1966 Fiat 625NP Menarini Tour Bus 1967 Fiat 409 Menarini 607 1967 FIAT 2411 Cansa - Menarini  San Remo 1967 MK14-Fiat 314-3 Menarini Monocar 1201 1968 Fiat 306-3 Menarini 1968 FIAT 320 Menarini Tubocar 1969 fiat 309 menarini 1969 FIAT Menarini k 1970 AUTOBUS FIAT 308-L MENARINI 1970 Fiat 306-3 Menarini 1970 fiat-monaco-menarini-bus-(italie)-retro-classics-messe-stuttgart-mars-2012--10718 1971 Fiat 320 Menarini Tubocar Monocar 1971 Lancia 718.241 Menarini  stefer bus 924 1972 FIAT 320 Menarini Tubocar k 1973 Fiat 405 Menarini Single Deck 1974 Fiat 309 Menarini Series 1977 Fiat 370 Menarini 1978 Fiat 2411 Menarini Marelli 1978 genova91-bus2 Menarini 1981 Menarini C13 FIAT 1983 IVECO 70 - 12 Menarini 1985 MENARINI 201 LS 1989 LOGO-BredaMenarinibus 1991 Bus - FIAT 418 Ac Menarini  Atesina 1991 twin-electric-bus-abb-socimi-foto-di-paolo-pagnoni 1994 Menarini Monocar M101SB 1998 BredaMenariniBus Monocar 1999 Bredamenarini-240l-alberoni 1999 Bredamenarini-240l-lidovenezia 2000 BredaMenarinibus in Moskou 2001 BREDAMENARINIBUS AC 2003 Menarini 418 e un nuovo IRISBUS Cityclass 2003 2004 Menarini Monocar 201 della 2005 BREDAMENARINIBUS 240LS  n° 2730 2005 BredaMenariniBus 321 AMT Genova 9072 2006 BredaMenarinibus Logo 2006 BredaMenarinibus M 200 E Zeus 2006 BredaMenarinibus M 240 EI 2006 BredaMenarinibus M 340 2007 BredaMenariniBus 230 AMT Genova 2008 BredaMenarinibus Avancity S 2008 BredaMenariniBus Urbano chioggia 2008 BredaMenariniBus Vivacity Plus ATC La Spezia 760 2009 breda-menarini-214319 2009 BredaMenariniBus Avancity Plus AMT 8875 2009 BredaMenarinibus B 230 U 2009 BredaMenariniBus Vivacity AMT 4603 2010 BredaMenariniBus 4530-4527 2010 BredaMenarinibus M150 Lander a 2010 BredaMenarinibus M150 Lander 2010 BredaMenarinibus Vivacity C 2010 BredaMenarinibus Vivacity 2010 BredaMenariniBus Vivavity 2011 BredaMenarini Zeus E 2011 BredaMenariniBus Bergamo Autobus linea 6 2011 BredaMenarinibus ZEUS M 200 E 2011 BredaMenarini-Bus-Zeus electric 2012 BREDAMENARINIBUS 240LS  n° 2727 2012 BredaMenarinibus M240 2013 BredaMenariniBus 231C CNG 2013 BredaMenariniBus 231C CNGa 2013 BredaMenariniBus M240 CNG Bredamenarini small pretty-bus Breda-Obus Trolley FIAT 101SB Menarini FIAT 316 Menarini, GEAF - Frosinone Menarini 101 SH Menarini 220 NI ATP

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Author: Jeroen

In Dutch, my homelanguage: Ik ben Jeroen, tot januari 2015 was ik al dik 26 jaar werkzaam in een psychiatrisch ziekenhuis in een stad vlakbij Werelds grootste havenstad Rotterdam. Eerst als verpleegkundige/begeleider op high care, later op afdeling dubbeldiagnose (verslavingen) en ook nog een tijdje als administratief medewerker. Ik heb een spierziekte "Poli Myositis" (alle spieren zijn ontstoken) daardoor weinig energie. Sinds augustus 2015 is daarbij de diagnose Kanker gesteld, en ben ik helemaal arbeidsongeschikt geworden en zit middenin de behandelfase. Gelukkig ben ik daarnaast getrouwd, vader, en opa, en heb de nodige hobby's. Een daarvan is transportmiddelen verzamelen en daarmee een blog schrijven. Dit blog begon met bussen, maar nu komen ook sleepboten, auto's trucks en dergelijke aan bod. Kijk en geniet met me mee, reageer, en vul gerust aan. Fouten zal ik ook graag verbeteren. In English: I'm Jeroen, till januari 2015 I was already 26 years working as a nurse in a psychiatric hospital, near Rotterdam, Worlds biggest harbour with more than 98 nationalities living within it's borders. First I worked on closed high care ward and the last years on a ward with mainly addicted people. I liked my work very much. In 2007 I got ill. I got the diagnose Poli Myositis, a musscle dissease. Al my mussles are inflamed. And last august I got another diagnose. Cancer. It's plaveicelcel carcinoma and treated with Chemo and radioation. So I've even less energy than the last years. Still I try to make something of my life and the blog is helping with surviving with some pleasure.

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