Buses and Cars H.J. MULLINER and Co. England UK

H. J. Mulliner & Co.

The H J Mulliner showroom on the corner of Bath Road and Flanders Road, Bedford Park, Chiswick. Vehicular access to showroom and works is from Flanders Road. The customer’s pedestrian entrance on Bath Road is to the right of the pedestrian by the Citroën truck

1954 Bentley R-Type Continental HJ Mulliner Sports Saloon

2-dr lightweight sports saloon 1954
on a Bentley Continental chassis
1954 Bentley R-Type Continental HJ Mulliner Sports Saloon interior

interior of the Bentley in the image above

H. J. Mulliner & Co. was a well-known British coachbuilder operating from Bedford Park, Chiswick, West London. The company which owned it was formed by H J Mulliner in 1897 but the business was a continuing branch of a family business founded in Northampton in the 1760s to hire out carriages. In December 1909 the controlling interest in this company passed to John Croall & Sons of Edinburgh. Croall sold that interest to Rolls-Royce in 1959.

Mulliner” is now the personal commissioning department for Bentley.

Henry Jervis Mulliner

Brian_Snelson's_photos_of_the_London_to_Brighton_Veteran_Car_Run_2009_-_024

Double phaeton body 1900
on a 3½hp De Dion-Bouton chassis
1929 Rolls-Royce Phantom II Weymann body by H J Mulliner DSCF1651Kop Hill 2013

4-door 4-light lightweight Weymann construction sports saloon 1929
on a Rolls-Royce Phantom II chassis

Henry Jervis Mulliner (1870-1967), born in Liverpool but raised in Chiswick, was the second son of Robert Bouverie Mulliner (1830-1902) from Northampton, third son of Francis Mulliner (1789-1841) of Leamington Spa and Northampton. Robert Bouverie Mulliner had first established a thriving coachbuilding business in Liverpool in the mid 1850s then sold that to his brother and in the early 1870s started another in Chiswick on the outskirts of London.

His son H J Mulliner incorporated his own company in 1897 while with Mulliner London Limited. He found a special interest in the automobile side of that business and expanded in 1900 by buying from Mulliner London Limited the Mulliner showroom in Brook Street, Mayfair, London. The location was more convenient for his clients than Chiswick. One of the early clients was C.S. Rolls who had a body built on a Rolls-Royce Silver Ghost for his own use.

John Croall & Sons Edinburgh

In 1906 the London works were moved from Mayfair to Chiswick and in December 1909 H J Mulliner sold a controlling interest in the company to John Croall & Sons of Edinburgh. A family connection was maintained as Croall employed H J Mulliner’s wife’s brother, Frank Piesse (1885-1960), to run the company.

Although bodies were fitted to other chassis, by the 1930s virtually the entire output was being fitted to Rolls-Royce and Bentleys.

Rolls-Royce

Rolls-Royce acquired Mulliner in July 1959 and merged it with Park Ward which they had owned since 1939 forming Mulliner Park Ward in 1961. A financial columnist noted that the (cash) outlay for Rolls-Royce was relatively small as the net assets of John Croall were around £250,000. It was noted that Mulliner was one of the last independent coach builders, others being controlled by motor manufacturers or distributors.

Mulliner & Co. (H.J.)

The British Coachbuilding Mulliner family traces back to 1760, when the company was building coaches for the Royal Mail in Northampton.

There were at one time four separate companies trading with the name Mulliner, all seem to have descended from the original family:

– Arthur Mulliner based in Northampton.
– Mulliner in Liverpool who also opened a showroom in Brook Street, Mayfair, London with Arthur Mulliner trading as Mulliner (London) Ltd.
– H.J. Mulliner who bought the Mayfair showroom.
– Mulliners of Birmingham.

Henry Jervis Mulliner founded H.J. Mulliner & Co. in 1900 in the Mayfair area of London where the factory was set up. This was probably the premises previously occupied by Mulliners (London) Ltd. The location was convenient as his clients, the nobility could afford his services. One of the early clients was C.S. Rolls who had a body built on a Rolls-Royce Silver Ghost for his own use.

In 1906 the works moved out of Mayfair to Chiswick and shortly afterwards H.J. Mulliner sold his interest in the company to John Croall and retired. The family connection was maintained as Croall employed H. J. Mulliner’s brother in law Frank Piesse to run the company.

Although H.J. Mulliner designed coachwork for C. S. Rolls’ personal two-seater Silver Ghost roadster, it was not until 1928 that the firm began to regularly display its hand-crafted bodies on a Rolls-Royce chassis. From that year on, H.J. Mulliner always exhibited at least one Rolls-Royce chassis graced with their custom coachwork.

Following World War II, Mulliner was one of the few coachbuilders to resume building traditional, bespoke coachwork. By this time, the firm’s reputation was such that it focused primarily on being a supplier to Rolls-Royce and Bentley chassis, crafting the finest, high quality saloons, sedancas, limousines and dropheads for the world’s wealthy and elite. By the 1950s, however, Mulliner moved away from the traditional wood-frame coachbuilding techniques of its past, turning instead to the more modern methods of its competitors using a “stressed skin” all-steel structure.

Rolls-Royce acquired Mulliner in 1959 and merged it with Park Ward which they had owned since 1939 forming Mulliner-Park Ward in 1961. This new entity can hardly be called a coachbuilder, because it was no longer an independant company and they were solely focussing on Rolls-Royce and Bentley.

Today, Mulliner is no more than the personal commissioning department for Bentley, turning the Mulliner name into nothing more than some sort of luxury badge for standard works cars with a personalized interior.

01 Mulliner_Bentley_4_1-4_Litre_DHC_01

H.J. Mulliner Bentley 3 1/2 & 4 1/4 Litre Drophead Coupe

02 HJ_Mulliner_Bentley_R-Type_Continental_Fastback_Coupe_BC42LC_1954_01

H.J. Mulliner Bentley R-Type Continental Fastback Coupe

03 Mulliner_Bentley_S2_Continental_Flying_Spur_BC98AR_1960_01

H.J. Mulliner Bentley S2 Continental Flying Spur ‘Six Light’

04 Mulliner_Delaunay_Belleville_F6_RoidesBelges_Tourer_1908_01

H.J. Mulliner Delaunay Belleville F6 Roi des Belges Tourer

H05 J_Mulliner_Rolls-Royce_Phantom_II_Continental_Drop_Head_Sedanca_Coupe_1934_104PY_01

H.J. Mulliner Rolls-Royce Phantom II Continental Drophead Sedanca Coupe

06 HJ_Mulliner_Rolls-Royce_Phantom_III_Saloon_3AX79_1937_01

H.J. Mulliner Rolls-Royce Phantom III Saloon #3AX79

07 HJ_Mulliner_Rolls-Royce_Phantom_III_Sedanca_de_Ville_01

H.J. Mulliner Rolls-Royce Phantom III Sedanca de Ville

08 HJ_Mulliner_Phantom_V_Touring_Limousine_5AS93_1961_02

H.J. Mulliner Rolls-Royce Phantom V Limousine

09 HJ_Mulliner_Rolls-Royce_Silver_Cloud_DHC_1962_01

H.J.  Mulliner Rolls-Royce Silver Cloud dhc 1962

09a HJ_Mulliner_Rolls-Royce_Silver_Cloud_I_DHC

H.J. Mulliner Rolls-Royce Silver Cloud Drophead Coupe

10 HJ_Mulliner_Rolls-Royce_40-50_HP_Silver_Ghost_LondontoEdinburgh_Tourer_2517_1913_01

H.J. Mulliner Rolls-Royce Silver Ghost “London to Edinburgh” Tourer

11 HJ_Mulliner_Rolls-Royce_Silver_Wraith_Touring_Limousine_1953_01

H.J. Mulliner Rolls-Royce Silver Wraith Touring Limousine

After the Cars, The Buses:

1957 Guy Otter with rare Mulliner bodywork. 9, WMN485 (5)

1957 Guy Otter with rare Mulliner bodywork. 9, WMN485 (5) 1957 Guy Otter with rare Mulliner bodywork. 9, WMN485 (4) 1957 Guy Otter with rare Mulliner bodywork. 9, WMN485 (3) 1957 Guy Otter with rare Mulliner bodywork. 9, WMN485 (2) 1957 Guy Otter with rare Mulliner bodywork. 9, WMN485 (1) 1957 Guy Otter P6 with Mulliner B26F bodywork 1957 Bedford SBO Mulliner B36F 1954 Mulliner bodied Bedford SBG ngy823a 1954 Guy Warrior, XUK768, with Mulliner C37C body  xuk768 1954 Bedford Mulliner 29-AC-83_lr 1951 Bedford SB-Mulliner bus, reg no HAW 845 Cat# Hu02668 1949 Bedford OB with a Mulliner B31F body hcg581a 1949 Bedford OB with a Mulliner B31F body hcg581 Bedford OB Mulliner Coach 1949 1947 Mulliner B32F bodied Bedford OB dux160 1947 Mulliner B29F bodied Bedford OB Reading Corporation no. 69 1947 Bedford OB Mulliner J-6986_3 1947 Bedford OB Mulliner J-6986_2 1947 Bedford OB Mulliner J-6986 1946-bussen-commer-formerly-c5-ktw247-was-new-in-1946-mulliner-body 1946 Mulliner buses delivered in 1946 and, on the left, another pre-war Tiger CityCXW442 1946 Commer, formerly C5, KTW247, was new in 1946 Mulliner body 1946 Bedford OB with a Perkins P6 oil engine and a Mulliner B32F body csb28 1943 Mulliners CTP-41_lr 1943 Bedford OWB with a Mulliner B32F body bm187 1943 Bedford OWB with a Mulliner B32F body bm186 1943 Bedford OB DCA574 with Mulliner body dca574

1940 dodgeplansHistory of this ex-RAF WW2 crew bus 1940-2007 Mulliner 1940 dodgevk62b This 1940 Truck came to the UK as a chassis cab, was bodied by Mulliners 1943 Mulliners CTP-41_lr 1946 Commer, formerly C5, KTW247, was new in 1946 Mulliner body 1946-bussen-commer-formerly-c5-ktw247-was-new-in-1946-mulliner-body 1947 Bedford OB Mulliner J-6986 1947 Bedford OB Mulliner J-6986_2 1947 Bedford OB Mulliner J-6986_3 1947 Mulliner B29F bodied Bedford OB Reading Corporation no. 69 Bedford OB Mulliner Coach 1949 Cat# Hu02668 1951 Bedford SB-Mulliner bus, reg no HAW 845 1954 Bedford Mulliner 29-AC-83_lr 1956 Bedford A4LZ-Mulliner Hospital Bus 1956 Mulliner B-F. Ex-Ministry Of Supply · RGX162 (1956) Bedford SBG 1957 Bedford SBO Mulliner B36F AUSTIN 566A MULLINER COACH BUILT BUS GOODWOOD REVIVAL RACE CAMPER RV SHOW LOTUS Austin Mulliner Historic Goodwood Transporter Bus New Alloy BODY Bedford Mulliner House DUD810 Mike Penn Bedford OB Utility bus and a 29 seater Bedford OB with Mulliner body Outside Garage1 Bedford OB with Mulliner 29 seat bus body numbered 29 BEDFORD OB-MULLINER BUSES bedford,sbg,mulliner coachmulliner Devon General LTT 44 Bedford OB - Mulliner Dodge Mulliner crew_bus FDM 914 - Bedford OB  Mulliner B29F Guy Warrior, XUK768, with Mulliner C37C body xuk768 morris,cv11,mulliner Mulliner 3433821 Mulliner bodied Seddon Mark 6-2 Eastern Buses 12 Mulliner bus-bodied Bedford OB MHU 193 Mulliner J-6986_3 Mulliners 29-AC-78 Mulliners 29-AC-83_lr Mulliners vraagteken 41AC54 sog506,morris,cv11,mulliner

That’s what i could find.

Till next blog

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Author: Jeroen

In Dutch, my homelanguage: Ik ben Jeroen, tot januari 2015 was ik al dik 26 jaar werkzaam in een psychiatrisch ziekenhuis in een stad vlakbij Werelds grootste havenstad Rotterdam. Eerst als verpleegkundige/begeleider op high care, later op afdeling dubbeldiagnose (verslavingen) en ook nog een tijdje als administratief medewerker. Ik heb een spierziekte "Poli Myositis" (alle spieren zijn ontstoken) daardoor weinig energie. Sinds augustus 2015 is daarbij de diagnose Kanker gesteld, en ben ik helemaal arbeidsongeschikt geworden en zit middenin de behandelfase. Gelukkig ben ik daarnaast getrouwd, vader, en opa, en heb de nodige hobby's. Een daarvan is transportmiddelen verzamelen en daarmee een blog schrijven. Dit blog begon met bussen, maar nu komen ook sleepboten, auto's trucks en dergelijke aan bod. Kijk en geniet met me mee, reageer, en vul gerust aan. Fouten zal ik ook graag verbeteren. In English: I'm Jeroen, till januari 2015 I was already 26 years working as a nurse in a psychiatric hospital, near Rotterdam, Worlds biggest harbour with more than 98 nationalities living within it's borders. First I worked on closed high care ward and the last years on a ward with mainly addicted people. I liked my work very much. In 2007 I got ill. I got the diagnose Poli Myositis, a musscle dissease. Al my mussles are inflamed. And last august I got another diagnose. Cancer. It's plaveicelcel carcinoma and treated with Chemo and radioation. So I've even less energy than the last years. Still I try to make something of my life and the blog is helping with surviving with some pleasure.

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