Buses, Trucks, Armored Army and fire and Rescue MARMON-HERRINGTON U.S.A.



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Dayton 515 (1949 Marmon-Herrington). Photo by Steve Morgan.
A 1949 Marmon-Herrington TC48 trolley bus on the Dayton, Ohio trolleybus system.

The Marmon-Herrington Company, Inc. is an American-based manufacturer of axles and transfer cases for trucks and other vehicles. Earlier, the company built military vehicles and some tanks during World War II, and until the late 1950s or early 1960s was a manufacturer of trucks and trolley buses. Marmon-Herrington had a partnership with Ford Motor Company, producing trucks and other commercial vehicles, such as buses. The company may be best known for its all-wheel-drive conversions to other truck maker’s units, especially to Ford ones. Based originally in Indianapolis, Indiana, with a plant in Windsor, Ontario, Marmon-Herrington is now based in Louisville, Kentucky.


Two Marmon-Herrington CTLS US tanks maneuvering in a mountain pass in Alaska in 1942.

The company was founded in 1931 by Walter C. Marmon and Arthur W. Herrington and focused on building all-wheel-drive trucks. It was the successor to the Marmon Motor Car Company, a maker of automobiles from 1902 to 1933. Marmon-Herrington (MH) got off to a successful start by procuring contracts for military aircraft refueling trucks, 4×4 chassis for towing light weaponry, commercial aircraft refueling trucks, and an order from the Iraqi Pipeline Company for what were the largest trucks ever built at the time. Construction of all-wheel-drive (AWD) vehicles and conversion of existing vehicles to AWD were among the company’s products. Marmon-Herrington also made multi-stop delivery vans and passenger vehicles. The company designed a military armoured vehicle which could be constructed on a commercial truck chassis. The design was taken-up by South Africa in 1938, the result of which became known as the Marmon-Herrington Armoured Car, which was used by British and Commonwealth armies in the North Africa Campaign.

1926 American Motor Body Nairn 6-Wheel 1926

1926 American Motor Body Nairn 6-Wheel

During World War II the British were looking for a purpose-built airborne light tank to replace the Tetrarch light tank, but decided not to produce the tank in Britain due to a lack of production capacity. Instead the American government was approached with a request that it produce a replacement for the Tetrarch. This request was made by the British Air Commission in Washington, D.C., with a proposal calling for a tank of between 9 t (8.9 long tons) and 10 t (9.8 long tons) to be developed, this being the maximum weight the War Office had decided could be carried by current glider technology. The United States Ordnance Department was given the task of developing the proposed tank, and in turn requested designs from three American companies: General MotorsJ. Walter Christie and Marmon-Herrington. The design offered by Christie in mid-1941 was rejected as it failed to meet the specified size requirements, as was a modified design the company produced in November. At a conference in May 1941, the Ordnance Department chose the Marmon-Herrington design and requested that the company produce a prototype tank, which was completed in late 1941; it was designated the Light Tank T9 (Airborne) by the company and the Ordnance Department and later designated M22.

1932 Marmon-Herrington 1932 TH320-6 6x6 tractors Iraq

1932 Marmon-Herrington 1932 TH320-6 6×6 tractors Iraq

The company also manufactured airport fire trucks, like the Marmon Herrington MB-1 and Marmon Herrington MB-5. They were mainly used by the military, like the USAF and US Navy.

Trolley buses

The company’s foray into transit buses began in 1946, when it produced its first electric trolley bus. The end of World War II had brought a steep drop in the need for military vehicles, so Marmon-Herrington looked for another area of vehicle manufacturing in which it might find new business. Its first “trolley coaches”, the more common term for trolley buses at that time, introduced innovative features such as lightweight monocoque bodies and strong, double-girder sidewalls, which made the Marmon-Herrington trolley coach the best-selling trolley coach of the postwar era. Its trolley buses were successful in the fleets of many North American cities, most notably Chicago and San Francisco, which purchased large numbers; Chicago bought 349 in a single order (delivered in 1951–52), a record for the MH company. Marmon-Herrington supplied trolley buses to 16 different cities in the United States, among the buyers being the Cincinnati Street Railway Company, which purchased 214, and the Cleveland Railway, with 125; vehicles were also sold to two cities in Brazil. The principal models were the TC44, TC48, and TC49, with the number denoting the number of seats. A single order of the 40-seat TC40 model was produced for San Francisco, and likewise the TC46 was produced for only one customer, Philadelphia, before MH replaced it with the TC48 model.1949 Dayton Marmon 515 front

Marmon-Herrington name plate on a Dayton trolley bus (below “City Transit”).

Trolley bus production lasted from 1946 until 1959; in total, 1,624 vehicles were produced. The last of San Francisco’s 260 MH trolley buses were retired in 1976 and Philadelphia’s last units in 1981. Some MH trolley buses withdrawn from service in the United States were sold secondhand to Mexico City‘s Servicio de Transportes Eléctricos (STE) between the late 1960s and late 1970s and continued in service for many more years on that city’s trolley bus network. Although the last Marmon-Herrington trolley buses in original form were retired by STE in 1988, many underwent a rebuilding of their bodies in the 1980s by the Mexican company Moyada and continued working; the last five of these Moyada-remodeled Marmon-Herrington trolley buses of STE survived in service until 2002. By the late 1950s the market for new trolley buses in North America had dried up, as some trolley bus systems were being abandoned while others had re-equipped with new MH vehicles. The company’s very last orders for transitvehicles were also its only export orders for trolley buses, to Recife and Belo Horizonte in Brazil, comprising 65 and 50 TC49s, respectively, delivered in 1958–59. Recife overhauled some of its TC49s in the 1980s, and several remained in service until 2001.

32 seater Motor Coach Damascus Bagdad

32 seater Motor Coach Damascus Bagdad

The Illinois Railway Museum has preserved two ex-Chicago Transit Authority Marmon-Herrington trolley coaches and one ex-Milwaukee unit.

1960s to present

In the early 1960s, the Pritzker family bought the company, and soon the focus on full vehicle manufacturing vanished, the truck designs being sold to a new company that traded under the Marmon brand. It became a member of an association of companies which in 1964 adopted the name Marmon Group. The MH company continues today as a converter of commercial trucks to all-wheel-drive (AWD) vehicles, as well as a maker of axles for heavy vehicles. Marmon-Herrington axles can still be found on even the newest military vehicles and commercial trucks. In addition to building installation kits for all-wheel-drive, the company has also become a front-drive-axle and transfer case manufacturer to the medium- and heavy-duty truck market.

1938 Marmon-Herrington Armoured Car Mk IV  Mk IVF

1938 Marmon-Herrington Armoured Car Mk IV Mk IVF

In 2008, the holding company Berkshire Hathaway purchased a majority stake in Marmon Holdings, which includes the Marmon Group and Marmon-Herrington.

32 seater Motor Coach Damascus Bagdad 1926 American Motor Body Nairn 6-Wheel 1926 1932 Marmon-Herrington 1932 TH320-6 6x6 tractors Iraq 1932 1933 brochure Marmon-Herrington 6x6 truck 1933 Marmon Herrington Prototype TH320-6 under test at Indianapolis Motor Speedway prior to being shipped to Iraq in 1932 1935 damascus to bagdad silver bullet nairn transport 2 1935 Marmon-Herrington - Budd 1935 Marmon-Herrington THD-315-6 with articulated omnibus trailer Nairn a 1935 Marmon-Herrington THD-315-6 with articulated omnibus trailer Nairn 1938 Ford V-8 PickUp converted Marmon Herrington 1938 Ford V8 Sweeper by Marmon-Herrington 1938 FordFiretruckMarmonHerringtonAWD-vi 1938 Marmon-Herrington Armoured Car Mk IV  Mk IVF 1939 Reportedly, these tractors were based on 91Y chassis ( 1-ton 122 wb truck with 85-hp V8 engine) 1940 ford-marmon belg1940 1940 Marmon-Herrington DSD400-6 1940 restored Truck, 3-ton, 6x6, Crash Tender (Ford-Marmon-Herrington MM5-6) 1940 Truck, 3-ton, 6x6, Crash Tender (Ford-Marmon-Herrington MM5-6) 1940 Truck, 3-ton, 6x6, Crash Tender (Ford-Marmon-Herrington MM5-6)a 1940-ford-marmon-herrington-0001 WUV 1941 Ad Marmon Herrington Factory Indianapolis Indiana 1941 Ad Marmon Herrington 1941 Ford 1½ Ton 4X4 Marmon-Herrington Conversion 1941 Ford-Marmon-Herrington LLDMG5-4 1941 Marmon-Herrington armoured cars on patrol in the Western Desert, 28 November 1941. 1941 MARMON-HERRINGTON 1941 Mk II with an Italian Breda 20 mm gun near Tobruk, 8 May 1941. 1941 model No.3A tractor 1941 Truck, 2½-ton, 6x6, Searchlight and Sound Ranging (Ford 198T-Marmon-Herrington)Ned Indië 1942 Ford-Marmon-Herrington SnoGo 1942 Marmon Herrington Tanks LOC fsa 8e09169u 1942 Marmon-Herrington U.S. Army armored tank truck ad 1942 Snowgo 1942 Truck, 1½-ton 4x4, Dump (Ford-Marmon-Herrington) 1943 Ad Marmon Herrington Indianapolis Indiana Military Trucks 1943 Ad Marmon Herrington Indianapolis Military Vehicles 1944 Ad Marmon Herrington Indianapolis Hamilcars Tank 1945 Ford-Marmon-Herrington LD6-4 ½-ton 4x4 truck Nederlands Indië 1945 Marmon-Herrington DeliVr-All 1946 Marmon-Herrington Trolley Coach 1947-marmon-herrington-van 1948 Marmon-Herrington trolley bus in Dayton 1974 1948-1952-ford-fseries-trucks-10 Marmon-Herrington created the four-wheel-drive F-Series Ranger 1949 Dayton Marmon 515 front Dayton 515 (1949 Marmon-Herrington). Photo by Steve Morgan. 1950 Marmon-Herrington Motor Coach 1952 Ford Marmon Herrington Brush Breaker 1952 Ford Marmon Herrington MarksandRodsStuff018 1952 FordMarmonHerringtonBrushBreakere-vi 1952 Marmon Herrington Crash Tender 1952 Marmon-Herrington in 1952 as DTS 1060 1953 MarmonHarringtonEx Wigram 1955 Marmon-Herrington  Indianapolis Trolley 1960 GMC marmon herrington conversion 1964 Marmon 1364 on the Jackson line upbound at Baronne and St. Joseph Sts. (Howard Ave.) on November 28, 1964 52583fbbef070b15 Cincinnati-54 classic Marmon-Herrington coach Motorhome conversion Diesel Marmon Herrington Awd Truck Factory Original Ford 39M 3t Lkw Marmon Herrington 4x4 ford marmon herrington truck Ford Marmon Herrington Ford V8 Marmon Herrington images (1) images (2) images (3) images Inside a Marmon-Herrington trolleybuses from Kansas City kit_35080-800x600 KNILmhcrastenders Marmon-Herrington brochure (kindly provided by Bill Murray). They are built on Ford 1941 chassis Left (1) Left logo1 Marm-Herr-02 Marmon Harrington all wheel drive trucks Marmon herrington 504 Marmon herrington A.W.D Marmon Herrington Ad Marmon Herrington Delivr All Marmon Herrington for NAIRN Marmon Herrington on the 21 turning onto California St. on the 21 Hayes Marmon Herrington since 1851 Marmon Herrington Tc 44 halifax.211 Marmon Herrington Trolley's in MexicoCity-355 Marmon-24 Marmon-25 Marmon-Herrington 330 milwaukee330 Marmon-Herrington 441 in front of the barn Marmon-Herrington 734 on Market Street Marmon-Herrington Armoured Car Mk IV  Mk IVF Marmon-Herrington by paul.malon on Flickr Marmon-Herrington by William Marshall Marmon-Herrington HDT survivor Marmon-Herrington military vehicles Samoa Marmon-Herrington Mk II, with the British King's Dragoon Guards at Tobruk in 1941 Marmon-Herrington Mk VI Marmon-Herrington Mk.II Middle East type Marmon-Herrington product the M22 Locust airborne tank Marmon-Herrington The Rhino Marmon-Herrington tr Marmon-Herrington trolley coach 9553 1939 Marmon Herrington Marmon-Herrington. Armoured Reconnaissance Car Mark 4x4F marmon-herrington marmon-herrington1 marmon-herrington-delivr-all-02 marmon-herrington-delivr-all-08_zpsd2b07969 marmon-herrington-tc-44-03 marmon-herrington-tc-44-05 marmon-herrington-tc-48-11 MarmonMkIVGreek2 MH Cincinnati trolley bus 1300 M-H trolleybus-9502-02 mh_aftermarket_solutions_11 p1 Profile_AFV_030_Armoured_Cars_ Marmon-Herrington_etc Rhino, Aghnides Amphibious Roller or Polywog RNZAF 6x6 Marmon Crash-Fire tender S20MHF1 SA-MarmonHerrington-mk4F San Francisco Muni Marmon-Herrington Trolley Bus 776 SF-796-Pitts SF-MR-734 SNOGO-2 SNOGO-3 Tracteur Ford-Marmon-Herrington Belgium Tractor, Artillery (Aust) No.3 (LP3) Ford-Marmon-Herrington tractor_ad Trólebus Marmon Herrington 08 vintage_1 VirfTwmnexXYSM5 WhatAmItrucks_03_800

Author: Jeroen

In Dutch, my homelanguage: Ik ben Jeroen, tot januari 2015 was ik al dik 26 jaar werkzaam in een psychiatrisch ziekenhuis in een stad vlakbij Werelds grootste havenstad Rotterdam. Eerst als verpleegkundige/begeleider op high care, later op afdeling dubbeldiagnose (verslavingen) en ook nog een tijdje als administratief medewerker. Ik heb een spierziekte "Poli Myositis" (alle spieren zijn ontstoken) daardoor weinig energie. Sinds augustus 2015 is daarbij de diagnose Kanker gesteld, en ben ik helemaal arbeidsongeschikt geworden en zit middenin de behandelfase. Gelukkig ben ik daarnaast getrouwd, vader, en opa, en heb de nodige hobby's. Een daarvan is transportmiddelen verzamelen en daarmee een blog schrijven. Dit blog begon met bussen, maar nu komen ook sleepboten, auto's trucks en dergelijke aan bod. Kijk en geniet met me mee, reageer, en vul gerust aan. Fouten zal ik ook graag verbeteren. In English: I'm Jeroen, till januari 2015 I was already 26 years working as a nurse in a psychiatric hospital, near Rotterdam, Worlds biggest harbour with more than 98 nationalities living within it's borders. First I worked on closed high care ward and the last years on a ward with mainly addicted people. I liked my work very much. In 2007 I got ill. I got the diagnose Poli Myositis, a musscle dissease. Al my mussles are inflamed. And last august I got another diagnose. Cancer. It's plaveicelcel carcinoma and treated with Chemo and radioation. So I've even less energy than the last years. Still I try to make something of my life and the blog is helping with surviving with some pleasure.

One thought on “Buses, Trucks, Armored Army and fire and Rescue MARMON-HERRINGTON U.S.A.”

  1. Incredible! This blog looks exactly like my
    old one! It’s on a completely different topic but
    it has pretty much the same layout and design. Excellent choice of colors!


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