motor(cycles), cars, trucks, buses, MINERVA Antwerp Belgium IMPERIA







Société Anonyme Minerva Motors
Industry automobiles
Fate dissolved
Founded AntwerpBelgium (1900)
Founder(s) Sylvain de Jong
Defunct 1956
Products bicyclesmotorcyclesautomobiles, Buses,

The Minerva was a prominent Belgian luxury automobile manufactured from 1902 until 1938. The company became defunct in 1956.


In 1883, a young Dutchman, Sylvain de Jong (1868–1928) settled in AntwerpBelgium.

Bicycles and motorcycles

2 a Minerva motorized bicycle in Australia

A man on a Minerva motorized bicycle in Australia near the turn of the 20th century, by Alice Manfield
2a 1902 Minerva 211 cc
1902 Minerva 211 cc
2b 1903 Romania 1¾ pk
1903 Romania 1¾ pk (Minerva)
2c 1908 Minerva 432 cc (8 pk) zijklepper
1908 Minerva 432 cc (8 pk) zijklepper
1910 Minerva motorcycle
1910 Minerva motorcycle
small Minerva History
Small Minerva later BSA

Minerva started out manufacturing standard safety bicycles in 1897, before in 1900 expanding into light cars and “motocyclettes”, particularly motorized bicycles which were a forerunner of motorcycles.

They produced lightweight clip-on engines that mounted below the bicycle front down tube, specifically for Minerva bicycles, but also available in kit form suitable for almost any bicycle. The engine drove a belt turning a large gear wheel attached to the side of the rear wheel opposite to the chain. By 1901 the kit engine was a 211cc unit developing 1.5 hp, comfortably cruising at 30 km/h (19 mph) at 1,500 rpm, capable of a top speed of 50 km/h (31 mph), and getting fuel consumption in the range of 3 L/100 km (94 mpg-imp; 78 mpg-US). These kits were exported around the world to countries including the United KingdomFranceGermany, the NetherlandsAustralia, and other British territories of the time.

As engine power increased, frame ruptures became increasingly common, and by 1903 Minerva had developed an in-frame design for their bicycles, with the engine mounted above the bottom bracket, while still also offering the clip-on kit. From 1904 Minerva began focussing more on car production, and while development and production of the Minerva motorized bicycles and motorcycles continued through to about 1909, they increasingly became a less significant part of the company.

Minerva engines exported to the UK powered the very first Triumph, among others. Motorcycle production would continue until 1909 or 1914, and during this period Minerva became one of the world’s premier names in motorcycles and motorcycle engines. (For instance Chater-Lea produced Minerva-engines in the UK.)


In 1902 De Jong added cars to his production as well with a 6 hp four-cylinder model. In 1903 he founded Société Anonyme Minerva Motors in Berchem (Antwerp). Volume car production began in 1904 with a range of two-, three- and four-cylinder models with chain drive and metal clad wooden chassis and the Minervette cyclecar. The 8-litre Kaiserpreis won the Belgian Circuit des Ardennes race in 1907.

3 1931 Minerva 8 AL Rollston Convertible Sedan

1931 Minerva 8 AL Rollston Convertible Sedan

Charles S Rolls (of future Rolls-Royce fame) was a Minerva dealer in England selling the 2.9-litre 14 hp (10 kW). The most important market for the manufacturer remained England, where at £105 the small 636 cc single-cylinder Minervette was the cheapest car on the market, followed by the Netherlands and France.

In 1908, Minerva obtained a worldwide Knight Engine license. The Knight motor, developed by Charles Yale Knight in the United States, used double sleeve valves and ran almost silently. All future Minervas would use these engines. Sporting successes continued with the new engines including the Austrian Alpine Trials and Swedish Winter Trials. Customers for the Minerva would include kings of Belgium, Sweden and Norway, Henry Ford and the Impressionist Artist Anna Boch.

During World War I Sylvain de Jong and his engineers were based in Amsterdam where they maintained development of their automobiles. Minerva cars were used for hit and run attacks against the Germans initially with rifle fire and light machine guns from simply protected open topped vehicles. These vehicles became increasingly sophisticated until trench warfare robbed them of the mobility needed for their hit and run tactics.

4 1937 Imperia Minerva AP 22 CV limousine

1937 Imperia Minerva AP 22 CV limousine

In 1920, they returned to Belgium to restart the production of luxury cars with the 20CV 3.6-litre four-cylinder and 30CV 5.3-litre six-cylinder models.[7]The manufacturer’s star rose not only in Europe, but in the United States as well where American film stars, politicians and industrialists appreciated the cars. The Minerva had the same quality as the Rolls-Royce, but was slightly less expensive. In 1923, smaller models were introduced; the 2-litre four-cylinder 15CV and 3.4-litre six-cylinder 20CV with standard four-wheel brakes. In 1927, the 30CV was replaced with the 6-litre AK and also a new 2-litre six, the 12-14, was introduced. Large cars continued to be a specialty of Minerva’s, and in 1930 the then almost-compulsory-for-the-time straight eight was introduced in two sizes; the 6.6-litre AL and the 4-litre AP. The last Minerva was the 2-litre M4 of 1934 but it did not sell well.

With the financial crisis in the 1930s, the company was restructured as Société Nouvelle Minerva but in 1934 merged with the other major Belgian constructor Imperia. Imperia continued to make Minervas for a year and the AP until 1938 and from 1937 badged some of their cars and trucks for export to England and France as Minerva-Imperias. Just before the outbreak of the war, a group of businessmen from Verviers bought out Minerva.

5 Minerva Land Rover. Note the sloping front faces to the wings

1952 Minerva Land Rover. Note the sloping front faces to the wings

After World War II the company produced a version of the Land Rover under license for the Belgian army up to 1953. There were plans to re-enter the car market but these did not get beyond the prototype stage. The company struggled for survival and made the Continental-engined Land Rover-like C20 until 1956.

193 Minerva landrover 1903 Motor-Minerva2 1905 0218Auto-Minerva6 1905 0606Motor-Minerva 1905 0606Motor-Minerva1 1906 1208MN-Minerva 1906 Auto-Minerva 344 1906 v3Auto-Minerva3 1907 061201MN-Minerva 1907 circuit des ardennes kaiser preis cars-minerva team1 1908 0707Mot-Minerva1 1909 LBVCR-349-AW223 1910 0723Auto-Minerva 1910 Minerva motorcycle 1910 Minerva WT 16 HP  4 cyl. – 2323 cc Hermes 1911 Minerva  (Minerva X) – 26 HP – 4 cyl. – 4084 cc 1911 Minerva images 1913 minerva-knight-04714 1914 Minerva 18 HP Type KK 1914 Motorcar no.1 Jean Porporato in a Minerva , 1914 Tourist Trophy motorcar race 1921 Minerva Type 00 – 30 HP – 6 cyl. – 5941 cc 1922 1104MC-Min 1922 Minerva 30 hp Open Touring Car 1922 Minerva Automobiles Ad 1922 minerva-front ambulance 20pk 1924 Minerva Autotraction 24 buurtspoorweg B 1924 Minerva Coupe Chauffeur 1924 Minerva Tastenhaye 1925 Minerva a 1925 Minerva AD– 16 HP  4 cyl.  2250 cc 1925 Minerva autotraction etterbeek B 1925 Minerva Prins Hendrik 1925 Minerva type-ab-torpedo-14 1925 Minerva 1925-Minerva-30CV-Type-AC1 1926 Minerva AC 1926 Minerva Autotraction Bostovo B 1926 Minerva Autotraction Metal B 1926 minerva-1926 1927 Minerva 10 HTM 1927 Minerva AFS 1927 Minerva AFSa 1927 Minerva-AFS Conv-DV-12-SJ 02 1928 0414CL-Minerva 1928 minerva 28buurtspoorwegenb 1928 Minerva 32CV AK Landaulette 1928 Minerva 1928 1928 minerva 1928a 1928 Minerva AF Transformable SAMSUNG 1928 Minerva ARM HTM 35 1928 Minerva Autotraction Bostovo B 1928 Minerva belchev 3 1928 Minerva bus met Asjes carrosserie en Kromhout 1928 Minerva Limousine with a British Cunard body 1928 Minerva3 1928 1928 Minerva's overvalwagens belchev 1928-Minerva-AK Weymann Sport-Sedan DV-08 GMG 01 1929 Minerva (Minerva AE) 20 HP 6 cylinders 3382 cc 1929 Minerva 16 1929 Minerva AK 1929 Minerva Autotraction Bostovo B 1929 Minerva HTM 2 1929 Minerva, Minerva, ARM, GTM 605 M-15305 1929 Minerva, Yellow 1929 Minervabus Jonckheere B 1929 Minerva-Uerdingen nr. 5  WSM 1929-htm-66-minerva-kromhout-arm 1930 MINERVA 22cv 1930 Minerva AL 40 HP  8 cyl.  6625 cc 1930 Minerva Allan HZ-5760 c-a-b-4 1930 Minerva bus HTM B 1930 Minerva HTM 61 1930 Minerva HTM six cylindres pour Amsterdam - DSCN0263 1930 Minerva Open Tourer 1930 Minerva, ARM, GTM606 M-21847 1930 Minerva_a_carrosserie_D_Ieteren_circa_1930 1930-Minerva AL VanDenPlas-3 DV-08 MB-02 1931 Minerva 8 AL Rollston 1931 Minerva autosalon brussel België 1931 Minerva bus verzekerde de dienst tussen het St-Pietersstation en de Dampoort Electrische Minerva gent 1931 Minerva, Uerdingen carr. GTM 607 M-16050 1932 Minerva '63 HTM 1932 Minerva Jonckheere België 1933 Bus Imperia Minerva 1933 Minerva 88 WG37 1933 Minerva 97 1933 MINERVA Fire Rescue car 1933 Minerva kromhout-04-kromhout 1933 Minerva 1934 images (1) 1934 Minerva bus Jonckheere B 1934 Minervabus HTM B 1935 minerva 1935 1935 Minerva ARM Tuinhuis HTM 1935 Minerva Verheul ATO-RD35 1935 Minerva Verheul Vitesse ex ATO RD31 1936 Minerva van-twist-85 1936 Minervabus B 1937 Imperia Minerva België 1937 Minerva Imperia belgië 1937 Minerva's belchev1937plus 1950 Minerva Rood Goud 1950 Minerva Verbeke B 63247 Asjes-1932 Minerva-HTM-A4-bouwjaar-1932-41-zpl.-rechtsvoor-EGMO-4-G-36981 Asjes Deze Minerva bus uit de reeks 111-113 zorgde voor de dienst tussen St Pietersstation en de Dampoort imperia logo_1 imperia logoscript minerva (1) Minerva 1 minerva 6-6 ltr ac Minerva 07 Minerva a minerva allan 97 minerva anni 40 con autobus sperimentale Minerva Armored Motor Car Minerva Bus Blue Minerva bus boven Minerva bus Manhaeve B Minerva HeklaSchoten024 Minerva Hemmings Minerva Imperial trucks 250 Minerva landrover a Minerva landrover b Minerva met houtgas generator Minerva Open Tourer a Minerva truck v Gend en Loos L-16442 Minerva Truck Minerva unknown Minerva Verhagen Aardappel en Expeditie Minerva Minerva_logo minerva50verbekeb small Minerva History Van Gend & Loos   Minerva

That’s it.



developed a double-decker in 1902 and provided a bus for the first motorised bus service in the United Kingdom the following year.

1901. Milnes Daimler Motor Wagon

1901. Milnes Daimler Motor Wagon

1902 The first bus arrived and went to Portsmouth and Gosport Motors. After this time Milnes-Daimler was founded.

1902. The Milnes-Daimler model

1902. The Milnes-Daimler model

1902 Incorporated as a limited company.

1903 Auto-Milnes Daimler

1903 Auto-Milnes Daimler

1907 Milnes and Milnes-Daimler were the largest provider of motorbuses and 600 were in service in the UK.

1903 Milnes Daimler

1903 Milnes Daimler

1909 Agents for Mercedes

1903. Milnes Daimler Motor Omnibus.

1903. Milnes Daimler Motor Omnibus.

1908 When Vanguard and Road Car fleets merged with London General Omnibus Co, there were over 300 Milnes-Daimlers in the combined fleet.

1903. Milnes-Daimler ltd. Ad

1903. Milnes-Daimler ltd. Ad

1914 Motor car manufacturers.

1904 Daimler Milnes Ltd. busEnV97-p215a

1904 Daimler Milnes Ltd. busEnV97-p215

WWI Though the company met success in selling buses throughout the British Empire, the partnership between Daimler and Milnes had to be undone due to the First World War.

1904 gwr-milnes-daimler-omnibus

1904 gwr-milnes-daimler-omnibus

The company eventually sold just chassis instead of complete vehicles with Milnes bodies as before.

1904 Milnes-Daimler 1904a

1904 Milnes-Daimler

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA 1904 Milnes-Daimler single-decker 1904 MotAnn-Milnes 1905 GCR-Milnes-Daimler-Bus-in-Mottram-Hollingworth 1905 Milnes-Daimler's were imported for the Horbart Electric Tramway Co. in 1905 1906 Milnes-Daimler Tower Wagon AK 49 Bradford City Tramways 1907 0703Eng-Milnes 1907 Milnes-Daimler Doppeldecker-Bus 1907 Milnes-Daimler Double-Decker Bus front 1907 Milnes-Daimler Double-Decker Bus Side View 1908 04Eng-06 1908 04Eng-Milnes 1908 04Eng-Milnes4 1908 04Eng-Milnes5 1908 aEng-MilnesD1 1908 aEng-MilnesD2 1908 aEng-MilnesD3 1908 autocars-milnes-daimler-autocar-img 1909 1106Auto-Mercedes3 1909 Milner Daimler An excursion in a Worthing Motor Services coach, circa 1909 1909-milnes-daimler-london-bus daimler milnes Milnes Daimler HCVC Rally in Croydon

That’s all folks

METALCRAFT busbody’s Staffordshire England UK

 Metalcraft  Buses  1946-1954

UK Metalcraft of Blythe Bridge (coachworks)

This magnificent creature is DUX 655, a 1947 Daimler CVD6 originally equipped with half-cab bodywork. It was barely two years old when rebodied with this elegant fully-fronted design by Metalcraft. Withdrawn from use in August 1966.the vehicle has been preserved in its original “Smith’s Eagle” livery by the group of enthusiasts who now own it, and has become something of a celebrity on the West Midlands bus rally scene. 

(B Mel Gough Collection)
Cooper of Oakengates liked Crossley SD42s and the vehicles accounted for more than half of their fleet in the 1950s, seeing daily service on their stage-carriage operations in the Wellington area of Shropshire. Most were bodied either by Junction Coachcraft of Manchester (to a fully-fronted design) or by Metalcraft of Blythe Bridge (to a traditional half-cab design as illustrated here). The body from this vehicle, GAW 380, was later transferred to another Crossley chassis in the Cooper fleet.
(Author’s Collection)
Harper Brothers of Heath Hayes, the well-known independent operator with services from Cannock and Lichfield to Birmingham, ran two Leyland Royal Tiger coaches with the “British” style of Metalcraft bodywork. At the time when this photograph of VRF 630 was taken Harpers were still using the fleet-name “Gloria-de-Luxe” on the side of their coaches. In 1960 the Metalcraft body on VRF 630 was removed and replaced by a home-made Harpers unit with bus seating and a high ugliness rating.
Photo: The late Arthur Hustwitt © NA3T
1949 Maudslay Churchbridge’s shorter Marathon IIIs, Metalcraft bodied SRE 203
1949 Maudslay Churchbridge’s shorter Marathon IIIs, Metalcraft bodied SRE 203
Another Cannock area operator, Churchbridge Luxury Coaches, liked their Metalcraft bodies on Maudslay Marathon Mk III chassis. Two of them were 30-footers and the second of those, URF 842, is seen here at the operator’s home base. Note the “cock’s comb” intake in the centre of the front dome, an optional extra which found few takers.
(Author’s Collection)
Down the road from Cannock in Rugeley, Whieldon’s “Green Bus” had long been enthusiastic about Fodens. The last of many was this rear-engined PVRF6 with Metalcraft’s “British” coach body, XRF 128, delivered in 1952. The next batch of deliveries would be from Sentinel, but they vanished within a few years of their arrival while the Foden would last until 1965.
(R H G Simpson)
And here’s a shot of one of Churchbridge’s shorter Marathon IIIs, Metalcraft bodied SRE 203, also fully-fronted, but without the roof-top intake to spoil its lines. For some reason the version of the Metalcraft body with the intake always reminded me of the “brush-headed Martian” character from Warner Brothers cartoons of the 1950s. Had Roy Snape been watching Daffy Duck?
(Authors Collection: possibly RHG Simpson judging from the location!)
Smith’s Eagle were so impressed by Metalcraft’s rebodying of the Daimler CVD6s that they came back for “British” style bodywork on two new AEC Regal IV coaches in 1951/52. This is the second of the pair, HUX 350. Withdrawn by Smith’s in 1961 it went to Jewitt of Spennymoor in County Durham where it gave a few more years service.
(Roy Marshall)

1951 Foden PVRF6 Metalcraft body1951 Foden PVRF6 Metalcraft body

1952 Foden Cheshire Metalcraft1952 Foden Cheshire Metalcraft

1952 Foden PVRF6 with Metalcraft’s “British” coach body, XRF 128, delivered in 19521952 Foden PVRF6 with Metalcraft’s “British” coach body, XRF 128

1954 Foden Metalcraft Alpine1954 Foden Metalcraft Alpine

1956 Foden + Metalcraft1956 Foden + Metalcraft

Foden Metalcraft NTU125Foden Metalcraft NTU125

Car’s, Buses, Trucks, Tri Cars (AUTO-)MIESSE Anderlecht Belgium

Turner-Miesse steam car


Miesse is een Belgisch historisch merk van auto‘s, autobussenvrachtauto‘s en motorfietsen.

Jules Miesse richtte in 1894 te Anderlecht een werkplaats op, waar hij in 1896 zijn eerste prototype bouwde. Het was een stoomvoertuig. Hij noemde zijn prototype Torpille. Hij noemde zijn auto’s simpelweg Miesse, niet te verwarren met Auto-Miesse. De eerste Miesse’s met stoom werden pas vanaf 1901 verkocht.

1902 Autocar-Miesse

Vanaf 1900 produceerde Miesse ook benzinemotoren, waarmee ook enkele motorfietsen werden uitgerust. In mei 1900 behaalde de coureur Mulder met een Miesse-motorfiets (no picture) een overwinning tijdens de kilometer met vliegende start in Diegem.

1902 J Miesse

Daarna volgden personen- en vrachtauto‘s, sommige daarvan uitgerust met een (Bolléestoommotor. In de vooroorlogse tijd waren de taxi‘s van Miesse een bekend gezicht in Brussel. In1927 stopte de autoproductie en werden enkel nog vrachtauto’s gemaakt. In 1929 nam het Bollinckx over. De nieuwe firma heette Automobiles Miesse et Usines Bollinckx Sociéte Anonyme, welke in 1939 werd verkort tot Auto-Miesse.

1904 Stanley 1911 et Turner-Miesse 1904

1904 Stanley 1911 et Turner-Miesse 1904

In 1972 rolde het laatste voertuig, een autobus, uit de fabriek.

1905 Belgian Miesse steam car

1905 Belgian Englisch Turner Miesse steam car


1904 Turner-miesse 10hp

1904 Turner-miesse 10hp
1905 Miesse TurnerSteamCar
1906 Miesse
Auto-Miesse is een Belgisch vrachtwagenmerk voor vrachtwagens en autobuschassis.

1906 Turner-Miesse Steam Car catalogue

Auto-Miesse kwam voort uit de fusie tussen Miesse en Bollinckx. Het was een Belgische producent van vrachtauto’s en autobussen.


Miesse werd in 1900 opgericht en bouwde toen stoomwagens en vrachtwagens. Rond 1925 bracht het bedrijf zijn eerste door een benzinemotor aangedreven vrachtwagen op de markt, met een laadvermogen van 5 ton. In 1926 stopte Miesse definitief met het maken van stoomwagens.

1907 MIESSE JULES -. - 1896 - 1926 -. TAXI - 1907



In 1929, na de fusie met Usines Bollinckx, veranderde de naam in Automobiles Miesse et Usines Bollinckx Societé Anonyme. In 1939 werd deze naam ingekort tot Auto-Miesse.

1909 taxi-miesse

1909 taxi-miesse


Vanaf 1932 kreeg Miesse toestemming om dieselmotoren van het merk Gardner te gebruiken in zijn vrachtwagens. Deze motoren kenden meestal een 6 of 8 cilinder uitvoering. Omdat deze motoren meer kracht hadden konden er ook zwaardere vrachtwagens geproduceerd worden. In 1939 werd een vrachtwagen met een laadvermogen van 16 ton in productie genomen. In 1946 werd het zwaarste type in productie genomen, een vrachtwagen met 38 ton laadvermogen.

1910 Turner Miesse Wedgwood

1910 Turner Miesse Wedgwood

Na de Tweede Wereldoorlog concentreerde men zich op zware trucks met motoren van Gardner, later met die van Detroit Diesel en Büssing.

1910 Turner Miesse

In 1949 werd een montagelijn ingehuldigd van de Nash ‘Airflyte’ Nash Kelvinator Corporation (USA)

1910 Turner-Miesse steam car shield


Vanaf eind 1968 kreeg Auto-Miesse te maken met concurrentie van grotere vrachtwagenmerken en begon de afname erg terug te lopen. In 1972 moest de fabriek haar poorten sluiten. In dat jaar rolde het laatste voertuig, een autobus, uit de fabriek.

1913 Miesse Petrol Car Syndicate Turner L3

1913 Miesse Petrol Car Syndicate Turner L3

1913 Turner Ten Sporting Tourer 1 1913 Turner Ten Sporting Tourer 2 1913 Turner Ten Sporting Tourer 1920 MIESSE BELGE BELGIQUE vintage bus oldtimer 1920-23 Miesse Type H 1922 Turner-Miesse A Miedema 1923 DASSE V 1923B Bollinckx 1923 Miesse Bostovo 1923 P-2271 Miesse Bostovo  2 1926 Miesse-1926-11-24-miesse a 1928 Miesse images 1929 Miesse- Waeytens B Gartner motor 1930 Miesse La Métallurgique 1932 Miesse 1933 kruger 369 miesse-bostovo 1933 MIESSEG 1934 Auto Miesse Jonckheere België 1934 Miesse spoorweg België 1935 Auto Miesse Gardner 1935 De Willems Ragheno A.403 uit 1935 1935 miesse Forst 1935 Miesse VanHool  B 1935 Miesse 1937 miesse export afrique 1938 Miesse 6x6 manufactured 5t military trucks with 8-cylinder row engine 1939 Camion Auto Miesse B 1939 Camions van het Franse merk Miesse 2DTCA 1939 Kom Auto Miesse WH-41636 Neufchateau Belgien 1939 miesse searchlight 01dwsx 1939 MIESSE-FN Tricar33x3 1939 Tricar FN Miesse 1940 Auto Miesse Stevens België  (1) 1940 Kom Auto-Miesse Typ unklar WL 1940 Miesse Stevens B 1942 miesse WhTr 1950 Auto-Miesse 1950 1952 Auto Miesse Gardner 1952 België 1952 Miesse B 1954 FN-Brossel-Miesse 62С4RM, 4×4 1956 Miesse bus 1957 Auto Miesse Bostovo 1957 Auto Miesse-Jonckheere 1957 Miesse Jonckheere B 1958 Autocar Miesse 37 1958 Miesse PULLMAN Jonckheere B 1960 Miesse Desot 1982 VanHool B 1962 Miesse Desot B 1963 Miesse-Genappe B 1964 Miesse Jonckheere 12-671b 1965 Miesse- VanHool B 1966 Miesse STACA Jonckheere B 1968 Miesse VanHool B 1968 miesse vrachtwagen 1969 Miesse Verleure B 1972 Miesse Remi Desot Auto Miesse 3 Auto Miesse antwerpen Auto-Miesse 6LW Auto-Miesse a Automiesse o Miesse miesse v6 detroit

CUMBERLAND Coachwork (Myers + Bowman Ltd.) Distington Cumberland England UK


Cumberland Coachwork (Myers & Bowman Ltd.) of Distington, Cumberland

1950 an advert for Cumberland Coachwork (Myers & Bowman Ltd.) of Distington, Cumberland., whose coachwork seen here could well “crossover” to the Highly Esteamed ‘Oddities on Wheels’ tread. A better photo would be welcome but a fuzzy wuzzy is better than nothing to see this unusual observation coach without a raised rear section. Instead seats behind the back axle are stepped down and face to the rear. Built on a Commer Avenger chassis for Sowerby’s Tours Ltd of Gilsland, Cumberland., where did the luggage go? Imagine too, being stuck behind it for for any great distance with rows of passengers looking out at you! More conventional coachwork from this LKC is seen in the second photo.


1929 OC7 Myers Bowman Ltd. of Distington Cumberland.

1934 Cumberland Motors 38, AAO574, a Leyland Lion LT5A with Massey body

1934 Cumberland Motors 38, AAO574, a Leyland Lion LT5A with Massey body

1936 Cumberland Motor Services BRM596, is a 1936 Leyland Titan TD4 which in 1948 received a new ECW body

1951 Cumberland 152, LAO146, seen at Wigton was a Leyland PSU1-13 Royal Tiger with Eastern Coachworks B45F body

1949 Cumberland 35, JAO837, a Leyland PS1-1 with an ACB C31F body was rebodied with an Eastern Coachworks FB35F body in December 1958

1951 Cumberland 324, LAO145, carried an early version of the ECW body which was B45F in this case

1949 Cumberland 358, HRM699, was a 1949 Leyland L27 26R bodied Leyland PD2 1


1951 Cumberland 152, LAO146, seen at Wigton was a Leyland PSU1-13 Royal Tiger with Eastern Coachworks B45F body


1951 Cumberland 153, LAO147, an Eastern Coachworks B45F bodied Leyland PSU1-13 Royal Tiger


1951 Cumberland 324, LAO145, carried an early version of the ECW body which was B45F in this case


1951 Cumberland 370, KRM252, a Leyland PD2-12 with Leyland L27-28R body


1952 Cumberland Motor Services 334, LRM108, a Leyland PD2-12 with Leyland L27-26R body


1953 Cumberland 155 and 158, MAO107 and MAO109, 1953 Leyland B44F bodied Leyland PSU1-17 Royal Tigers


1953 Cumberland 175, MAO105, was the last of three Leyland C41C bodied Leyland PSU1-15 Royal Tigers


1954 Cumberland 406, ORM141, an early Bristol LD6G with ECW H33-27RD body


1956 Cumberland 282, RAO736, a Bristol LS6G with ECW C39F body


1957 Cumberland 200, UAO373, was a Bristol SC4LK with an E.C.W. B35F body


1957 Former Eastern National Bristol SC 436, 606JPU, and seen here with Cumberland


1961 Cumberland 553, 112DRM, was a Bristol FS6G with an E.C.W. H33-27RD body


1961 Cumberland Motor Services 550, 109DRM, a 1961 Bristol Lodekka FS6G with ECW body


1963 Cumberland Motor Services 231, AAO34B, a 1964 Bristol MW6G with ECW bus body


1964 Cumberland 564, AAO574B, a Bristol FS6B with ECW H60R body


1966 Cumberland Motor Services 245, JAO245D, a Bristol MW6G with ECW B45F bodywork


1967 Cumberland Motor Services 256, KRM262E, a Bristol RELL6L with ECW B53F body, and 369, MAO369P, a new 52 seat Leyland National


1967 Cumberland Motor Services 809, NRM809M, a Ford R226 with Duple C53F bodywork


1967 Cumberland Motor Services 809, NRM809M, a Ford R226 with Duple C53F bodywork.

Inbetween Cumberland decided to do something else and became Cumberland Motors what was a buscompany.

Incoming Info

1948 Commer Q4 lorry chassis with B32F body from Myers&Bowman

Myers & Bowman Ltd.

That’s it

METALSUR Carrosseria Argentina


Started in 1989

Metalsur advances in spectacular style in its market offering and introduces a new range of models that prevail in addition to the

tradition to rosbutez, careful design both in form and in the variety of details and design features that are incorporated; trying than the sum of them from us as a result: perfection.

That and much more say Metalsur Bodywork SRL is permanently shining future we as a point of reference to the carrier.

1990 Metalsur Zeppelin Scania K112_COTAP 1990 Metalsur-publicidad-Zanello-Coleccion_Danilo_Homs 2001 Aerovias de Venezuela (107) Metalsur Starbus II DP MB O-500RSD 2006 Metalsur Starbus DP  MB O400RSD 2008 Metalsur_Starbus_-_M._Benz__Buses_Cata_Internacional 2009 Metalsur_Starbus__-_M._Benz___Buses_Rutas_Argentinas_Argentina 2011 BUSQUEDA-RESP-LOG-METALSUR 2011 Metalsur 2013 U.C.Ayacucho (2100) Metalsur Starbus II DP Scania K400 Expresos Maracaibo (1144) Metalsur Starbus II DP MB O-500RSD JJJD Logo-Matlasur-2012. Mercedes Benz O 500 RSD carrozado por la firma rosarina Metalsur Metalsur 3 Metalsur 8x2 dfgdfgdfgdgdfgfdgd Metalsur Arrow365CB MB O400RSD Metalsur Arrowliner Mercedes Benz O-400RSD Metalsur Carrocerias SRL Metalsur dark Metalsur Fase DP MB O400RSD_KK205 Metalsur fotog704 Metalsur in action Metalsur logo klein Metalsur Master Metalsur Starbus - ANDESMAR coche 5188 Metalsur Starbus DP - MB O400RSD 2006 Metalsur Starbus M.benz 0-500 RSDD Metalsur Starbus M.Benz 0-500RSD Metalsur Starbus PA Flecha 6039 Metalsur Test metalsur_starbus_pa MetalsurArrowliner405BusesCarazaInternac pruebadoble-1024x676

MERCURY School and Highway Buses New York USA


This is not the MERCURY what this blog is about.


1954 Mercury XM-800 Dream Car

Is it about some beautiful Mercury’s?

No it’s about


Mercury Buses - built by Mercury Aircraft, Hammondsport, NYMercury Brockway Buses – built by Mercury Aircraft, Hammondsport, NY

Penn Yan Buses Division of Hammondsport,New York.
Mercury Buses were built there from 1945 -48. They built school buses sold mostly in New York State.

thumb-mercury logo
In 1945, Mercury Aircraft decided to diversify their company and purchased Penn Yan Bus Bodies Inc. of Penn Yan, New York.

Penn Yan Bus Bodies Inc. was located on Liberty Street in Penn Yan and was formed when Whitfield and Sons Coach Builders Co. of Penn Yan went bankrupt in 1933.


Brockway-Mercury Bus

Whitfield and Sons Coach builders had been building coach and bus bodies since 1885. During the mid 20’s to the early 30’s, they built school buses too.

Willet Wetmore of Penn Yan bought the bankrupt Whitfield and Sons Coach Builders Co. and leased property and buildings from the Penn Yan Boat Co. on Liberty Street in Penn Yan and formed Penn Yan Bus Bodies Inc. of which he was president.

In 1941, the Penn Yan Bus Bodies Inc. building was seriously damaged in a fire that also damaged equipment and inventory. This may have been what lead Mr. Wetmore to seek a buyer for his company.

Back to 1945, this is when Mercury Aircraft steps in according to the article from the Geneva Times, and purchases remaining equipment and inventory belonging to Penn Yan Bus Bodies Inc. They opened a new Facility in Hammondsport, New York — Mercury Buses, Penn Yan Buses Division. Here they built 250 -300 school buses between 1945-48 utilizing techniques borrowed from their success in aircraft manufacture. Their school buses were built using aluminum frames and bodies that incorporated chassis by Brockway, Mack, Dodge, Ford, and International.

Here are examples of their construction sent to me by Mercury —


A model of a Mercury Bus resides in the Glen Curtiss museum in Hammondsport —




In 1948, Mercury decided to sell the Penn Yan Buses Division. Karl Kreutziger, who had been the sales manager of Mercury Buses, bought the division in 1948 to full fill Mercury’s contract for 100 unfinised school buses. From this purchase he formed Coach and Equipment Mfg, in Penn Yan, New York. They are still in business and one of the big success stories in New York State.


More pictures of Mercury Buses —

1946 Mercury Aircraft ad




MercuryLogoMercury Man Logo

1967-68 Mercury-Bus

1967-68 Mercury-Bus

thumb-mercury logo

Buses and Coaches MERCEDES-BENZ Mannheim Germany since 1895

000 images

Mercedes-Benz buses


The new Mercedes-Benz Citaro presented in 2011

Mercedes-Benz has been making buses since 1895 in Mannheim in Germany. Since 1995, the brand of Mercedes-Benz buses and coaches is under the umbrella of EvoBus GmbH, belonging 100% to the Daimler AG.


1886 Mercedes Benz Motorwagen Daimler Benz AG1886 Mercedes Benz Motorwagen Daimler Benz AG

The world’s first motorised bus was built in Germany by Karl Benz in 1895, some years before Gottlieb Daimler also started to build and sell buses in Germany as well. By 1898 both Karl Benz and Gottlieb Daimler, then rivals, were exporting their buses to Wales and England. Soon Daimler products were sold in the British Empire in a partnership with the British company Milnes. Milnes-Daimler developed a double-decker in 1902 and provided a bus for the first motorised bus service in the United Kingdom the following year. Though the company met success in selling buses throughout the British Empire, the partnership between Daimler and Milnes had to be undone due to the First World War.


1948 Mercedes-Benz OP3750 forward control coach


The Mercedes-Benz O 3500 touring coach based on the L 3500 truck

Due to economic hardships in the early 1900s, Daimler Motoren Gesellschaft and Benz & Cie. merged into one company in 1926, two years after both companies signed an agreement of mutual interest. Thus, Daimler-Benz AG (also known as Mercedes-Benz) was formed. In the next year, the company presented its first combined bus range. By that time emphasis was given to diesel engines (as opposed to petrol engines) for commercial vehicles.

1886 Mercedes Benz Patent Motorwagen Daimler Benz AG

1886 Mercedes Benz Motorwagen Daimler Benz AG

In 1951 Mercedes-Benz unveiled its first bus specifically designed for bus operation (and not derived from a lorry, as was the case of the other buses produced by the company until then) – the O6600 H. This 11-metre-long vehicle was equipped with a six-cylinder, transverse-mounted rear engine delivering 145 hp, a lower frame than its predecessors, and an electric gearshift system.

1895 Mercedes Omnibus

1895 Mercedes Omnibus

In 1954 Mercedes-Benz unveiled its first semi-integral bus – the O321 H. The semi-integral design meant a reduction in weight, improvements in stability and body resistance. The O321 H also was the first to feature coil springs in the front-axle suspension. This 9.2-metre-long vehicle (a 10.9-metre version was later unveiled) also featured a rear-mounted engine. The first version was available with an output of 110 hp, and a later optional 126-hp version was made available. More than 30,000 units of the O321 H complete bus and its platform were sold around the world, a mark which places it as the best-selling bus of its time and, until today, one of the most successful models by Mercedes-Benz.

1914 Mercedes Benz S 14 Daimler Benz AG

1914 Mercedes Benz S 14 Daimler Benz AG

Mercedes-Benz do Brasil Ltda. (Buses)

In the year 1951, technicians from Daimler Benz, accompanied by Brazilian specialists, carried out studies to analyse the viability of producing vehicles in Brazil. Two years later, on 7 October 1953, Mercedes-Benz do Brasil was officially founded, having as its first president Alfred Jurzykowski. A plant was then built in São Bernardo do Campo (a city neighbour to São Paulo city) in São Paulo State, Brazil. On 28 September 1956 the plant was inaugurated in the presence of the then President of BrazilJuscelino Kubitschek. This date marks the birth of the Brazilian vehicle industry.

1924 Mercedes Benz 2 Daimler Benz AG

1924 Mercedes Benz 2 Daimler Benz AG

Until 1958 only lorries were produced in the Brazilian plant, and local body builders used lorry chassis to make buses. In 1958, the integral bus Mercedes-Benz O321 H also started to be produced in Brazil, supplying the Brazilian market as well as the market of other South American countries (although some Latin-American operators also bought European-made Mercedes-Benz buses). For instance, 550 units of Brazilian-made O321 integral buses were exported to Argentina in 1961, and other 300 units were exported to Venezuela in 1965.

1925 Mercedes Benz 1 CN Daimler Benz AG

1925 Mercedes Benz 1 CN Daimler Benz AG

In 1963, a front-engine bus chassis was unveiled, based on the LP 321 lorry. New versions of this chassis as well as new versions of the O 321 integral bus were presented the following year. The first integral bus tailored to the Brazilian market was the O 326, a rear-engine coach unveiled in 1966. It featured the turbo-charged OM 326 engine delivering up to 200 hp. One year later, a new front-engine bus chassis was also unveiled – the LPO 344, also based on a lorry chassis.

1927 Mercedes-Benz Werkspoor ATO-04

1927 Mercedes-Benz Werkspoor ATO-04

In 1969 a new rural- and urban-service bus was presented by Mercedes-Benz do Brasil. Designated O 352, this integral bus was equipped with a direct-injection diesel engine. Two new front-engine chassis were presented that same year – the LPO 1113 and the LPO 1520.

1928 Mercedes-Benz N2

1928 Mercedes-Benz N2

During the 1970s the plant in São Bernardo do Campo was being expanded to meet with the increasing demand for the production of commercial vehicles. By the end of that decade, Mercedes-Benz had produced more than 500,000 commercial vehicles in the Brazilian plant, about 4,000 of which were integral buses.

1929 Mercedes Benz  Roosdorp - Lodewijkx Adam busserie17

1929 Mercedes Benz Roosdorp – Lodewijkx Adam busserie17

In 1970, the rear-engine OH 1313 and the front-engine OF 1313 bus chassis were unveiled. One year later, a new integral coach was unveiled – the O 362 – featuring a larger luggage compartiment than its predecessor, the O 321. Yet another integral bus was presented by Mercedes-Benz do Brasil – the O 355 – in 1974. The OH 1517 rear-engine chassis was also presented that year. One year after the first three-axle bus was built in Brazil (based on the Mercedes-Benz LPO 1113 front-engine chassis) made its debut in 1977, the new O 364 integral bus was presented by Mercedes-Benz do Brasil in two versions – one with a 130-hp engine, and the other with a 170-hp engine. Also in 1978 the production of the O 362 was discontinued, after more than 35,100 units were produced in Brazil.

1929 Mercedes Benz N56

1929 Mercedes Benz N56

Since the demand for buses was growing by that time, a new plant was inaugurated in Campinas (a city in São Paulo State, Brazil), dedicated only for the production of buses. This plant was considered the biggest and most modern plant dedicated for the production of buses in the Western World. Meanwhile, the plant in São Bernardo do Campo was still being expanded.

1932 mercedes-benz-busse-oldtimer

1932 mercedes-benz-busse-oldtimer

In 1984 two new integral bus range were presented by Mercedes-Benz do Brasil. One of them was O 370 coach range, available in two- and three-axle versions. It was the first coach range produced by Mercedes-Benz do Brasil fitted with air suspension as standard. The other was the O 365 regular-service bus range. In 1987 the O 370 and O 365 bus ranges were succeeded by the O 371 range (made up by three coaches and three regular-service bus models).

1933 Mercedes-Benz RD51 LO3200 ATO-05

1933 Mercedes-Benz RD51 LO3200 ATO-05

In 1991 the company inaugurates the Centro de Desenvolvimento Tecnológico (or Technological Development Centre in English) in Brazil. This is, until today, the largest of its kind in Latin America. Some of the projects developed by the Centro de Desenvolvimento Tecnológico in Brazil were the natural gas engine M-447 hLAG, used in the natural-gas-powered Citaro, and the cost-effective improvements made in the Axor truck worldwide.

1934 Mercedes Benz van Weil & Goerke

1934 Mercedes Benz van Weil & Goerke

In 1994, Mercedes-Benz do Brasil presented the O 400 integral bus range, which included one standardised city bus, four coaches and the O 400 UPA articulated bus – the first articulated bus produced by Mercedes-Benz in Brazil, which came into production only in 1995. This vehicle featured an electronic-managed articulation developed by the company. In that same year, Mercedes-Benz reached an 85%-share in the commercial vehicles market in Brazil. In the following year, Mercedes-Benz do Brasil received the ISO 9001 and the VBA 6.1 certifications.

1935 Mercedes Benz ATO-01

1935 Mercedes Benz ATO-01

In 1996 a new version of the O 371 integral bus for regular-service operation was presented. However, months later Mercedes-Benz announced the end of integral bus production in Brazil. A statement was made in which the company announced it would henceforth focus on the production and development of bus chassis and platforms, and so it occurred. Bus production was relocated in the São Bernardo do Campo plant in 2000, when the Campinas industrial complex was dedicated for activities related to training and overseeing the dealership network in Brazil, parts and accessories distribution and technical assistance.

1935 Mercedes-Benz LO 3500

1935 Mercedes-Benz LO 3500

In 2006 DaimlerChrysler do Brasil unveiled two new articulated modular bus chassis – the O 500 MA (raised floor) and the O 500 UA (low-floor). Both are equipped with a six-cylinder-rear-mounted engine delivering 360 hp as standard. Units of the O 500 articulated bus range were purchased to operate in the BRT systems of CuritibaSão PauloSantiago de Chile(Transantiago) and Bogotá (Transmilenio).

1935 Mercedes-Benz Stromlinie-Bus

1935 Mercedes-Benz Stromlinie-Bus

Nowadays (2014), under the umbrella of Mercedes-Benz do Brasil Ltda., the bus chassis produced by Mercedes-Benz in Brazil supply the Brazilian market and are exported for countries in the Americas, the Middle East, Africa and Asia. Amongst the buses produced by Mercedes-Benz in Brazil are the O 500 modular bus chassis series, which includes chassis made for urban and rural applications (available in raised- and low-floor versions) as well as coach chassis, the OH rear-engine bus chassis series, the OF front-engine bus chassis series and the LO mini- and micro-bus chassis series.

Mercedes-Benz Argentina

In 1951 the then Daimler-Benz AG set up in Argentina its first factories outside Germany: one in the town of San Martín, near Buenos Aires, and another in González Catán on industrial suburbs. The San Martin plant was closed in the finish of the 50’s.

1935 Mercedes-bus

1935 Mercedes-bus

Mercedes-Benz released updated local colectivo based on modified L 3500 truck chassis – LO 3500, OP 3500, LO 311, LO 312– with a separately manufactured body fitted at a later stage by different coach builders. In 1963 Mercedes built the 10,000th colectivo (model LO 312), and continued with other models, such as LO 1112, (120 HP), LA 1112 4×4 (traction in all wheels) and the LO 1114. Due to the family relationship with the truck, the Mercedes-Benz colectivos had a diesel engine with power transmitted to the rear axle by a five-speed constant-mesh gearbox.

1936 Mercedes Benz Kässbohrer Grossraum Sattelbus 172pers (2)

1936 Mercedes Benz Kässbohrer Grossraum Sattelbus 172pers

In 1967, manufacture of the middle-distance buses of self-supporting platform O120 began. In 1968 the O120 was replaced by the model O140 with a 130-hp engine.

In 1977, mass production of chassis for buses and buses with power steering began. Manufacturing of the LO914 and the O170, the successor to the O140 model with the OM 352 A supercharged engine with 156 hp and reinforced axles and suspension, also started.

1936 Mercedes Benz Kässbohrer Grossraum Sattelbus 172pers

1936 Mercedes Benz Kässbohrer Grossraum Sattelbus 172pers

In 1979, the company began the production of the bus chassis, front model, OC 1214, using the OM 352 engine like the LO 1114 bus.

In 1981, with some success, the OH 1419 bus was introduced and made in Argentina.

1936 Mercedes Benz, tipo L6500

1936 Mercedes Benz, tipo L6500

In 1982, the company built the first bus powered by compressed natural gas (CNG) in Argentina and launched two new models: the front-engine OF 1114 (for export markets only, like Perú) and the OF 1214, with a front engine. Also introduced was a new line of vehicles for urban transport of passengers, automatic transmission 1114, the new front chassis of 114, for export, and bus chassis rear engine OH 1314, with and without automatic transmission. Series production of the LO 1114 with automatic gearbox began and joined the air brake system on the Mercedes-Benz model LO 1114.

1936 Mercedes-Benz met struikelinstap 16 pers.ATO-08

1936 Mercedes-Benz met struikelinstap 16 pers.ATO-08

In 1987, Mercedes-Benz Argentina revolutionized the public transportation of passengers by launching the new line of rear-engined front-side bus (the “OH”), which replaced traditional front motor buses. 1998 is the year of manufacture of rear engine bus OH 1621 L.

1937 Mercedes-Benz O 10000 Reichspost bus, Gaggenau all-steel body

1937 Mercedes-Benz O 10000 Reichspost bus, Gaggenau all-steel body

For the first years of the 1990s, arrives the buses of the O-series likes the O 373 RSD (324 units built), the O 374 RSD (72 units built) and the O 400 RSD (61 units built) for the long-distance bus routes and also the OH 1522 (333 units built) and the OH 1526 (98 units built). All made in the factory of González Catán until 1995. In 1994, start the assembly of the OF 1620 with the 200 HP diesel engine with 6606 units made and large used in the provinces like Santa Fe, Jujuy and others.

1938 Mercedes Benz Den Oudstenbus van Mulder

1938 Mercedes Benz Den Oudstenbus van Mulder

For the urban buses, the OHL series added with the production line in 1990 with this models: OH/OHL 1316, OH/OHL 1320 and the OH/OHL 1420 with success in the urban transport.

1938 Mercedes-Benz LO 3750 Autobahn

1938 Mercedes-Benz LO 3750 Autobahn

After the 2001 crisis, develops many “colectivos” like the OH 1115 and OH 1315 (except the case in 2002, when industrialized the production of the OH 1721, a bus with a 210 HP engine), medium urban buses with a 150 HP engine. This models made and sold until 2008, replaced by the new OH 1618 L-Sb and the OH 1718, a local develop for Mercedes-Benz Argentina under the chassis of the OH 1618. The OH 1618 is ready to meet the highest requirements on emissions, Euro 3, 4 and 5. Has the renowned Mercedes-Benz OM 904 LA Euro 3 of a high torque: 675 Nm, a power of 177 hp DIN. The engine electronic management and 3 valves per cylinder, with the optional Top Brake system to improve vehicle efficiency and durability of the brake system. Optionally provides two types of gearbox: automatic and mechanical. The front and rear axles are developed, tested and manufactured by Mercedes-Benz, especially technology adopted and adapted to the needs of passenger transport: low velocity, starting and numerous arrests per kilometer, with extensive use of systems Brake and manageability of the unit.

1939 +1955 Mercedes Benz nr.3 uit 1939 met een nieuwe (tweede) karrosserie van Domburg uit 1955

1939 +1955 Mercedes Benz nr.3 uit 1939 met een nieuwe (tweede) karrosserie van Domburg uit 1955

Today it builds modern-style buses and several models of bus chassis and Mercedes-Benz Sprinter delivery vans, chassis cabs and minibuses with a large slice of them being exported to Germany. Mercedes-Benz commuter and touring buses are not necessarily up to European counterparts but robust enough to handle heavy urban usage and some of Argentina’s rugged backcountry and extra long-distance travel. For 2012, was return the production of the Sprinter NCV3, the successor of the T1N with many argentinian-made parts and it’s exported to the Mercosur, South Africa and other markets.

1939 Mercedes-Benz ATO-02

1939 Mercedes-Benz ATO-02

Since 2013, announced the assembly of the minibus LO 915 in the Virrey del Pino plant with the high floor rear engine (OH) chassis OH 1518  previously imported from Brazil the two models.

Mercedes-Benz Türk


Mercedes-Benz Türk O 325

In addition, DaimlerChrysler AG is currently manufacturing buses and coaches under the brand Mercedes-Benz in Turkey. Mercedes-Benz Türk was established in Istanbul in 1967 as Otomarsan, it started the production of O 302 type buses in 1968.

1939 Mercedes-Benz O3750

1939 Mercedes-Benz O3750

In 1970, only 2 years after its foundation, the company started to export buses, over 12,600 buses have been exported to date. In 1984 the company was appointed as the general representative of Mercedes-Benz in Turkey, added with new partners to the enterprise and started a new investment necessary for production of trucks. In 1986, parallel to the growth potential of Turkey, the truck plant started production in Aksaray. In November 1990 the company name was changed to Mercedes-Benz Türk A.Ş.

1939 Mercedes-Benz, tipo O10000 BVG

1939 Mercedes-Benz, tipo O10000 BVG

The company currently employs 2,800 personnel. Due to increasing export activities Mercedes-Benz Türk built a new bus plant in Hosdere/Istanbul, which became active in December 1994.

1940 Mercedes-Benz stadsbus nr.10 met karrosserie Hainje

1940 Mercedes-Benz stadsbus nr.10 met karrosserie Hainje

Since its foundation Mercedes-Benz Türk has sold approximately 36,000 buses, 50,000 trucks and 1,000 midibuses from its own production in addition to 20,000 cars since 1989 when the company activated the importation of passenger cars. Mercedes-Benz Türk currently produces intercity and municipality buses at Hoşdere/Istanbul and Davutpaşa/Istanbul plants, and light and heavy duty trucks at the Aksaray plant.

1940 Mercedes-Benz WSM 257

1940 Mercedes-Benz WSM 257

Mercedes-Benz Türk is the first company in the Turkish primary automotive industry to get the ISO 9002 quality certificate, obtained in 1994 for Aksaray and ISO 9001 quality certificate, obtained in 1995 for Davutpaşa/Istanbul and Hoşdere/Istanbul production plants.

1941 Mercedes Benz Kriegstyp 41

1941 Mercedes Benz Kriegstyp

Furthermore Mercedes-Benz Türk has the certificate for ISO 14001 environment management standards since May 2000 and the certificate for ISO 9001:2000 and ISO 16949 since March 2002.

Mercedes-Benz and the VÖV

During the 1960s, the Verband Deutscher Verkehrsunternehmen (or German Association for Public Transport Operations in English) conducted a project of a highly standardised and specialised bus, in order to improve the quality, simplify the maintenance and reduce the production costs of buses in Germany – the VÖV-I. Based on the recommendations provided by the VDV, Mercedes-Benz unveiled the O305 regular-service bus in 1967. In 1973 the rural-service bus O307 was presented. It was based on the O305 and also conceived in line with the standards set by the VDV. In 1977, Mercedes-Benz presented a 17-metre-long articulated version of the O305 (the O305 G), featuring a rear-mounted engine.

1941 Mercedes Benz RD80 te Elburg ATO-15

1941 Mercedes Benz RD80 te Elburg ATO-15

By the end of the 1970s the project was improved and a VÖV-II standardised bus range was presented. Mercedes-Benz again took part in the project and in 1980 presented the “S80” standardised regular-service bus. After minor changes were made, the Mercedes-Benz S80 came into production in 1984 as the O405, succeeding the O305. In the following year, an articulated (O405 G) and a rural-service version (O407) were unveiled.


Main article: EvoBus

In 1995 Daimler-Benz Bus and Coach range and Kässbohrer Bus Division were combined to form the EvoBus GmbH. Both Mercedes-Benz and Setra continued to operate separately on the market for some time.

1941 Mercedes Benz- Werkspoorbus van De Valk

1941 Mercedes Benz- Werkspoorbus van De Valk

One year later EvoBus was formed, the first of a new bus range from Mercedes-Benz was presented – the Integro (O550) rural-service bus, later joined by a three-axle 15-metre version. Besides the Integro, EvoBus also presented the Mercedes-Benz O405 NÜL (twin-axle long low-floor rural-service bus), O405 NK (compact city bus) and the Innovisia (an improved version of the O404). The Innovisia was the first bus to be equipped with an ABC suspension system. Shortly after the Citaro urban-service low-floor bus was unveiled. It was the first urban bus equipped with CAN data bus.

1942 MERCEDES BENZ L4500 1954 - Ford

1942 MERCEDES BENZ L4500 1924 – Ford

Coordinated production between Setra and Mercedes-Benz started in 1997. New versions of the Citaro low-floor bus were presented that year, including a 15-metre three-axle version and an 18-metre articulated version. In 1998 the new Mercedes-Benz Tourismo (O350) was presented in a super-high-deck version with three-axles, based on the O404 coach chassis. The O404 integral bus was succeeded by the Travego in 1999. The Travego was available either with a six-cylinder in-line engine (initially delivering 354 and 408 hp) or with a V8 engine (delivering 476 hp).

1946 Mercedes-Benz O 10000k4 Saarpost

1946 Mercedes-Benz O 10000k4 Saarpost

In the 17th edition of the Bus World exposition in Kortrijk (Belgium), Mercedes-Benz officially unveiled the Tourino – a 9,3-metre coach featuring automatic air suspension, disc brakes, ABS, EBS and ASR systems. There were two engine options (245 hp/279 hp), both six-cylinder rear-mounted engine.

1948 Mercedes-Benz tourwagen nr. 8 met tweede karrosserie

1948 Mercedes-Benz tourwagen nr. 8 met tweede karrosserie

The Citaro, Travego and Integro range were redeveloped by the end of 2005, and the CapaCity – a four-axle articulated low-floor bus 19.54-metre long – was unveiled in 2006. Also in 2006 the Tourismo was redeveloped, and a 14-metre version was presented. Amongst the innovations incorporated to the new Tourismo are the new engine output available (354 hp/408 hp/428 hp) and the new-generation transmissions available with EPS system.

1949 Mercedes Benz O 3500 Überland-Reisebus

1949 Mercedes Benz O 3500 Überland-Reisebus © O. Nordsieck

Currently Mercedes-Benz concentrates the integral bus production in Germany and Turkey, and chassis production in Spain and Brazil. There are other manufacturing basis around the world, such as the ones in France and Argentina.


A joint-venture between Mercedes-Benz and Brazilian coachbuilder Marcopolo resulted in the formation of Polomex. The company assembles and sells urban buses and coaches with Mercedes-Benz chassis and Marcopolo body in Mexico. The coach range includes the Multego, a luxury coach based on the Mercedes-Benz OC500 modular bus chassis. The body, produced by Marcopolo, features a design similar to that of Mercedes-Benz Travego.

Alternative drive

The earliest cited alternative-drive bus sold by Mercedes-Benz is the O6600 T, a trolleybus based on the O6600 H diesel bus. In the early 1950s, 350 German-made Mercedes-Benz trolleybuses were exported to Argentina.

1950 Mercedes Benz O 3500 Reisebus lux

1950 Mercedes Benz O 3500 Reisebus luxembourg © G. Carbon

Nonetheless, Mercedes-Benz engaged in intensive research and development of alternative propulsion systems in the 1960s. In 1969 the brand presented the OE302 electric bus. Two years later, a natural-gas-fuelled version of the O305 was unveiled, and in 1975 the OE302 duo bus went into trial operation in Esslingen, Germany. A minibus operated on pure hydrogen was demonstrated in 1977. In 1978 the hybrid electric OE305 was presented. The same year Mercedes-Benz do Brasil presented the OF-1315 front engine natural-gas-fuelled bus chassis for the Brazilian market. Other five duo buses went into trial operation in Esslingen the following year, two of them in battery/trolley operation and the other three in diesel/trolley operation. Also in 1979, Daimler-Benz sent a German-built O305 trolleybus to be tested on the São Paulo trolleybus system, Brazil, then one of the most extensive trolleybus systems in the western world. The O305 GT trolleybus would go into production in 1981. Also in 1981 a methanol-fuelled O305 was unveiled.

1950 Mercedes-Benz O6600

1950 Mercedes-Benz O6600

In 1983 methanol-drive Mercedes-Benz buses were tested in São Paulo, Brazil. Some time later, 40 natural-gas-fuelled Mercedes-Benz O364 rear-engine integral buses went into experimental operation in that city. Two of them used a mixture of soy oil, ethanol and B-Diesel as fuel. In the following year Mercedes-Benz do Brasil unveil the OH-1315, a natural-gas-fuelled rear-engine bus chassis, and the O371 integral bus range for the Brazilian market, including a natural-gas integral urban bus and a trolleybus. In 1986 experiments were made in Europe with an articulated duo bus (diesel/electric) based on the O405. The O405 trolleybus was presented in that same year.

1949 Mercedes Benz O3500a Spanje

Mercedes Benz O3500 Spanje © Isidoro

In 1984, a trial was carried out with a four O305 buses already in use in Auckland, New Zealand, with two powered by liquid petroleum gas and two powered by compressed natural gas (CNG). At the same time, two Volvo B10M buses were converted to run on methanol. All six, as well as a further 50 O303 and O305 buses, were all put onto CNG. Auckland City had a fleet of one hundred O303 buses and three hundred O305 buses.

1951 Mercedes Benz O 3500 Reisebus Sta

1951 Mercedes Benz O 3500 Reisebus Sta © O. Nordsieck

In the 1990s three new natural-gas-powered models were unveiled by Mercedes-Benz: the O405 GN GNG low-floor articulated bus, which was Europe’s first natural gas low-floor city bus; the O405 NG solo city bus and the O405 ÜNG for rural service. All models were fitted with the M-447 hG engine that was exported from Brazil.

1951 Mercedes Benz O 6600 H

1951 Mercedes Benz O 6600 H

In 1994 a prototype of a low-floor articulated duo bus based on the O405 – the O405 GNTD – was presented, featuring electric hub motors.

In 1996 the OH-1315 natural-gas bus chassis is succeeded by the OH-1621 LG, also natural-gas-powered. One year later, the OH-1621 LG was equipped with an electronic-managed engine as standard.

1952 Mercedes Benz saarpost

1952 Mercedes Benz saarpost

In 1997 Daimler-Benz presented its first fuel-cell bus, designated NEBUS (New Electric Bus), based on the O405 urban bus. It was the world’s first fully operational fuel-cell-powered bus. Another fuel-cell-powered was developed later, based on the Citaro. Exemplars of the Citaro Fuel Cell bus are currently being tested in Europe, China and Australia.

1952 Mercedes-Benz carr. Den Oudsten

1952 Mercedes-Benz carr. Den Oudsten

In 1998, the Cito (a diesel-electric midibus) was unveiled, featuring the low-floor concept.

In 2000, Mercedes-Benz do Brasil delivered the first 56 model M-447 hLAG turbocharged natural gas engines to the city of Hannover in Germany fitted to specially-designed Citaro citybuses for EXPO 2000. Subsequently, this engine has sold in larger numbers compared to the previous M-447 hG engine, with over 600 ordered by Australian bus operators alone.



02 2000 Mercedes-Benz Sprinter 316CDI03 2008 Mercedes Sprinter

04 Mercedes-Benz Vario05 Compass Bus R84 EDW 2009


  • Medio
  • LO series (mini- and micro-buses chassis)

Full-size buses

  • O317
  • O321H
  • O322
  • O326
  • O301
  • O302
  • O303

06 Transperth JW Bolton bodied O305 in Perth in September 2006Transperth JW Bolton bodied O305 in Perth in September 2006

     O305 & O305

07 Mercedes-Benz O309Mercedes-Benz O309

08 Mercedes-Benz O371 Mercedes-Benz O371

09 Transperth Volgren bodied O405NH on Great Eastern Highway in PerthTransperth Volgren bodied O405NH on Great Eastern Highway in Perth

  • O405, O405G, O405N, O405GN, O405N2, O405GN2 and O405NH
  • O407
  • O408
  • Conecto (O345)
  • Tourismo (O350)
  • Tourino (O510)
  • Cito (O520)
  • Citaro (O530 series)
  • Integro (O550)
  • Intouro (O560)
  • Travego (O580)
  • Touro (OC500RF 1836/1842/2542 raised-floor modular bus chassis)
  • OC500LE 1825h/1828h/1830h/1825hG low-entry modular bus chassis (also known as O500LE, soon to be accompanied by an articulated version)
  • OC500LF/OC500LF (A) low-floor modular bus chassis
  • O500 M (1725/1726/1728/1732), O500 R (1830/1833), O500 RS (1833/1836), O500 RSD (2036/2236/2242) and O500 MA (2836)
  • O500 U (1725/1726 low-entry modular bus chassis) and O500 UA (2836 low-entry articulated modular bus chassis)
  • OF series front-engine bus
  • OH series rear-engine bus


005Mercedes-Benz Sprinter City 65 minibus.

006Mercedes-Benz Variominibus.

007A 24-passenger version of the Mercedes-Benz O309.

008Mercedes-Benz Cito.

009A VöV fronted Mercedes-Benz O305.

010Kowloon Motor Bus 11 metre Mercedes-Benz O305 double-decker bus.

011SBS TransitMercedes-Benz O405 in Singapore. Some buses have been exported to Bangkok.

012SMRT Mercedes-Benz O405G (Hispano Habit) articulated bus in Singapore.

013Transperth Mercedes-Benz OC500LE (Volgren) serving as the Blue CAT in Perth, Australia.

014Irvine-designed Citaro G in Hanover, Germany

015Mercedes-Benz Conecto.

016Mercedes-Benz Integro Intercity bus.

017Mercedes-Benz Intouro Intercity coach.

018Mercedes-Benz O404-based coach in the United States, modified as a tour/sleeper bus.

019Mercedes-Benz O371 RS in Chile.

020Mercedes-Benz O371 RSD in north of Chile.

021An APSRTC Garuda Plus Mercedes Benz Intercity Coach en route to Vijayawada in Hyderabad, India. APSRTC was one of the first bus operators in India to buy Mercedes Benz buses.

022Mercedes-Benz Tourino.

023A Mercedes-Benz Tourismo demonstrator.

024Mercedes-Benz Travego coach.

1952 Mercedes-Benz carr. Den Oudsten 1953 Mercedes Benz O 3500 Linienbus 1953 Mercedes Benz O-3500 Motor OM-312 Autocares Lazara a 1953 Mercedes Benz O-3500 Motor OM-312 Autocares Lazara b 1954 Mercedes Benz O 319 Kleinbus 1954 Mercedes Benz O 3500 Reisebus (Heck) Lux 1954 Mercedes Benz O 3500 Überlandbus 1954 Mercedes Benz O-3500 Motor OM-312 1954 Empresa 1954 Mercedes Benz O-3500 Motor OM-312 A 1954 Mercedes Benz O-3500 Motor OM-312 Año 1954 Empresa Cuiña 1954 Mercedes Benz O-3500 Motor OM-312 1954 Mercedes-O321H-Reisebus-Kerschner-weiss-weinrot 1955 Mercedes Benz - Bussbygg 1955 Mercedes Benz L319 1955 Mercedes Benz O 321 H Reisebus 1955 Mercedes-O3500-Linienbus-Adorf-Reisen-rot-weiss 1 1956 Mercedes Benz  321 H 1956 Mercedes Benz O321HL 1957 Mercedes Benz L319 1958 Mercedes Benz O 317 K Bahnbus 1958 Mercedes Benz O321H 1958 Mercedes-Benz L319 Panorama-Bus 1958 mercedes-benz-busse-319 1958 TB-23-81 Mercedes-Benz carr. Domburg 1959 Mercedes Benz L 391 Veluwe 1959 Mercedes Benz O-321H a 1959 Mercedes Benz O-321H b 1959 Mercedes Benz oldtimer duitsland 1959 Mercedes Benz Oldtimer motorhome 1959 Mercedes-Benz 8 seater Tourist Bus a 1959 Mercedes-Benz 8 seater Tourist Bus 1959 Mercedes-Benz O 321 HL unterwegs 1959 Mercedes-Benz, type L312 Roset 1960 MERCEDES Benz 0321 H 1960 Mercedes Benz bus in La Valeta Malta 1960 Mercedes Benz O 321 H Reisebus 1960 MERCEDES Benz O 321 H 1960 Mercedes Benz O302 1960 Mercedes Benz O321-H Spanje 1960 MERCEDES-BENZ O302 1960 Mercedes-Benz O-322 1960 Mercedes-bus van Meussen 1960 Mercedes-O321H-Reisebus-hellblau-Dek-dkblau-Puetz 1961 Mercedes Benz O 321 H Reise-Überlandbus 1961 Mercedes Benz O 321 HL Reisebus (Steib-Aufbau) DB 1962 Mercedes Benz OGHR492H 1962 Mercedes Benz Schoolbus Argentinië 1962 Mercedes Benz Steib-O321HL-Reisebus 1962 Mercedes-Benz L 319 D 1963 Mercedes Benz L312 El Condor Argentinië 1963 Mercedes Benz LAO 328 Allrad-Postbus 1963 Mercedes Benz O 321 H Drögmöller-Aufbau Vogel 1963 Mercedes Benz Roset Tholen 1963 Mercedes Benz 1964 Mercedes Benz Ernst Auwärter Aufbau 1964 Mercedes Benz O 321 H  Ramseier & Jenzer Clubbus 1964 Mercedes Benz Thai Bus Bangkok 1964 Mercedes benz Thai Bus 1964 Mercedes Benz 1964 Mercedes-Benz, LP323 Domburg