Buses LAZ Lviv Bus Factory Ukraine

Lviv Bus Factory

laz_logo

Lviv Bus Factory LAZ
Type Holding company
Founded May 21, 1945
Headquarters LvivUkraine
Key people Igor ChurkinRoman Grudinin
Products Busestrolleybuses
Parent LAZ Holding
Website laz.ua

The Lviv Automobile Factory, (UkrainianЛьвівський автомобільний завод, L’vivs’kyi Avtomobil’nyi Zavod), mostly known under its obsolete name L’vivs’ky Avtobusnyi Zavod (UkrainianЛьвівський автобусний завод, literally “Lviv Bus Factory”) is a bus manufacturing company in LvivUkraine. Their brand-name is LAZ (ЛАЗ), and the company and its products are often referred to with this acronym rather than the full name.

 Structure

LAZ Holding consists of a few companies.

  • Lviv Bus Factory “LAZ”
  • Dnepro Bus Factory “DAZ”
  • Nikolayev Machine Plant “NMZ”
  • LAZ finance company “LAZ Finance”
  • LAZ sales “Targoviy Dom LAZ”
  • LAZ Service and parts “LAZ Service”
  • LAZ Holding central office “Office Kiev”
  • LAZ New York office “Office New York”
  • Lemberg Coach Luxury buses “Lemberg Coach”

Facilities

LAZ Holding has two factories located in Ukraine. LAZ being the bigger one and DAZ being the smaller one.

LAZ is in LvivUkraine and consists of over 300 buildings sitting in a small city of its own. The Factory Property is equipped with its own water pumping system, power transforming plant, gas filtration system, water cleaning and discharging system, machinery cooling system, centralized compressed air, fire house, police team, internal telephone/PA system, press building, laser cutting shop, chroming shop, metalworking shop, painting center, design borough, and marketing center. The Factory spans more than 20 city blocks wide and 30 deep.

DAZ is smaller, Consisting of 20 large buildings located in Dneprodzershinsk. DAZ is equipped with a large assembly hall, central compressed air, welding, painting, testing center, and much more.

The central office for LAZ Holding is in Kiev, Ukraine and is located in the city center.

Overview

It was one of the major bus manufacturers in the Soviet Union and the largest-ever industrial company in the city. Now it is a private holding company. It still manufactures city buses, coach buses, trolley buses, and special purpose buses. Trams are planned in the near future.

Some of its most widely known products include the LAZ-695 city bus and its stretched tourist-oriented version, the LAZ-699. ElectroLAZ, the distinctive modern LAZ trolleybus can be seen circulating in over 25 cities around the world. LAZ provided transportation for the UEFA Euro 2012 championship that was held in Ukraine and Poland in 2012. The Ukraine government signed a contract to purchase 2500 new “CityLAZ” buses along with a possible 800 more. After the championship, LAZ buses are used as regular city transportation in the cities hosting EURO 2012. The Lviv Bus Factory (LAZ) is undergoing constant change for the better. An example of this is the fact that LAZ is moving into the American market very soon. The trip for the company starts in New York, where the American offices are located. The first deliveries in Macedonia were made in February 2011. Deliveries for cities in Ukraine were be made throughout the year of 2011. In 2012, LAZ continues to develop many new models and continues to make the old ones better. 2012 is a year of great potential and proved to be a big year for the Lviv Bus Plant LAZ as 3 new models were introduced. The LAZ 695 Soyuz, the LAZ 4207 DM, and the LAZ A183 CNG. 2013 may be the year that the first tram LAZ will be introduced.

Production

The Lvov Bus Factory is a very different company compared to other bus plants in many ways. The first way is that LAZ can produce buses for an extremely low price if compared to other bus makes. The next is that LAZ uses a system called “flexible assembly line” which means that many models which are completely different can be produced on the same line reducing production time and cost. Most factories produce one model on an assembly line requiring many different assembly lines for different types of buses. The reason why other factories do not move to this process is because it is too complicated and difficult to arrange. Another way LAZ is better is the assembly itself. Most other buses are assembled by machine which means that making a custom vehicle to fit your needs is impossible. LAZ buses are all hand assembled. Hand assembly has two benefits. The first is that buses can be tailored to any customers needs. The next is that quality increases when people check over each other’s work.

History

The Lvov Bus Plant LAZ was built in 1945 to produce Zis buses for the USSR. As an idea came about to create a whole new bus, the LAZ 695 bus was designed and approved by the Moscow Ministry of Transport. Production was launched in 1956 and continued until 2006. This is the most successful bus in the world and holds a world record for the longest in production. During the 1970s many new models were created such as the LAZ 699 and 697 which are both coach buses. In 1967, LAZ won the best bus in Europe at the Brussels auto show. LAZ was the first ever to create the low floor bus in 1963 called the LAZ 360 designed by Nami USSR. After the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991, LAZ suffered a big meltdown economically due to the loss of funding. Production stopped due to no orders. After the economy started to pick up, LAZ started to produce buses again. The LAZ 52523 was created. In 2001, LAZ was sold to Russian business tycoon Igor Churkin. After the sale of the company, the whole line of production was re engineered to produce new buses which exceeded world standards in safety, looks, quality, and price.

Gallery

1948 LAZ NAMI 750 1955-58 LAZ 695 1ed 5 1956 LAZ 695 5ed 1 1956 LAZ 695 in Kolesa strany Sovetov 1956 laz 695 1956 laz-695-10 1956 Ultra-LAZ-695-city2-2 1956 Ultra-LAZ-695-suburban-1 1957 LAZ 695 5ed 6 1957 laz 695 1957 laz 695a 1957 LAZ 695ex 1957 LAZ-695 Moskou 1957 laz-695-e-0002207917-preview 1957 laz-695n-03 1958 LAZ 695 7ed 2 1958 LAZ 695 B 1958 LAZ 695e 1958 LAZ 697 1small 1958 LAZ 697 Turist 1958 LAZ 697 Turista 1958 laz 697 1958 laz 697a 1958 laz-695e-07 1958–64 laz 695
1959 LAZ 695B 1ed 7 1959 LAZ 695T BT62 1 1959 LAZ 697 3 1959 LAZ 697 9 1959 LAZ 6567 1959 laz-695-06 1959-85 LAZ-697Р 1960 LAZ 697 1960 laz 698 1960 LAZ 699 1ed 7 1960 LAZ 699 A Karpaty 1960 LAZ-695e 1960 laz-695-r-08 1960 laz-699-a-turist-01 1960 LAZ-699A-Turist-5 1960-61 LAZ 695B 1ed 9 1960-66 LAZ 695 1ed 1 1960-66 LAZ 695Trolley 1960-66 LAZ 698 4 1960-66 LAZ 698 5 1960-66 LAZ 698 6 1960-66 LAZ 698 7 1960-1966 LAZ 698 3 1961 LAZ 695E 1 1961 LAZ 697 s 1961 LAZ 698 1 1961 LAZ 698 2 1961 LAZ 699 1ed 2 1961 laz ukraina 61 1961 laz ukraina 1961 LAZ UKRAINA1 1 1961 LAZ UKRAINA1 4 1961 LAZ UKRAINA2 1 1961 LAZ UKRAINA2 5 1962 LAZ 699 1ed 1 1962 LAZ 699A 2ed 2 1962 LAZ 699A 2ed 4 1962 LAZ 699A 3ed 2 1962 LAZ UA 1962 1962 laz-695-07 1962 laz-695e-11 1962 laz-697-turist-01 1963 LAZ 360EM 1963 LAZ 360EMa 1963 LAZ 695B 1ed 7 1963 LAZ 695E 4 1963 LAZ 695E 5 1963 LAZ 697E 1 1963 LAZ 699A 4ed 1 1963 LAZ 699A 5ed 1 1963 LAZ LVOV 695E Transit Bus 1964 LAZ 697E 2 1964 LAZ 697M 1964 LAZ 699A 1 1964 LAZ 699A 2 1964 LAZ-695 Moskou 1966 LAZ 696 2 1966 LAZ 698 26s 5326 1966 Laz-696 4x2 34s 84p 1967 LAZ 696 1 1967 laz 697 images 1 1967 LAZ 699A 4 1967 laz Ukra1tr 1967 LAZ UKRAINA67 1 1967 LAZ UKRAINA67 5 1967 LAZ UKRAINA67 6 1967 LAZ UKRAINA67 7 1967 laz-697-m-turist-07 1968 LAZ 696 3 1968 LAZ 697N 2 1968 LAZ 698 26s 105p 4x2 1969 LAZ 695M 1 1969 LAZ 695M 2 1969 laz 695n 1969 LAZ 699N 2 1969 LAZ Kiev 111-009 1969 laz ukraina 969 1969 laz ukraina 1969 1969 LAZ UKRAINA67 69 1969 LAZ-695 bus in Minsk 1969 laz-695-04 1969 laz-695-13 1969 LAZ-695M Oekraïne 1969 laz-695n-01 image description 1969-74 LAZ-695M 1970 LAZ 697M 3 1970 laz-695-05 1970 laz-695-bus-fotografiert-lviv-21270 1971 LAZ 695N 1971 LAZ UKRAINA71 1 1971 laz-695N-1 1972 LAZ 697M 4 1972 LAZ 698 14 1972 LAZ 698 22 1972 LAZ 698 23 1972 laz-697-n-turist-05 1972 laz-699-07 1972 laz-699-10 1972 laz-699-n-08 1973 LAZ 695R 1 1973 LAZ 698T 1 1973 LAZ 699P 4 1973 LAZ UKRAINA73 1 1973 LAZ UKRAINA73 3 1973 laz-699-a-karpaty-09 1974 LAZ 698 17 1974 LAZ 698 20 1974 LAZ 698 21 1974 laz 699 1 1974 LAZ 699N 5 OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA 1975 LAZ 697N 3 1975 LAZ 698 15 1975 LAZ 698 19 1976 LAZ 695N Bus blueprint 1976 LAZ 695N 1976 LAZ 698 16 1976 LAZ 698 18 1976 LAZ 698 24 1976 laz-695n-04 1976 laz-695n-05 ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? 1976 laz-699-11 1976–2002 laz 695n a 1976–2002 laz 695n 1978 laz 695N-699R 3d model 1978 laz 697 1978 LAZ 697N 5 1978 LAZ 697R 1 1978 laz 699 1978 1978 LAZ 699 KARPATY 1 1978 LAZ-695 BK(Rivne) 1978 LAZ-699R AC 1253 AK OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA 1978-83 LAZ 4202 3 1978-83 LAZ-4202 1978-83 laz-4202-01 1978-83 laz-4202-02 1978-83 laz-4202-03 1978-83 laz-4202-04 1978-83 laz-4202-05 1978-83 laz-4202-07 1978-83 laz-4202-08 1978-83 laz-4202-09 1978-83 laz-4202-10 1978-83 laz-4202-11 1978-83 laz-4202-12 1978-83 laz-4202-13 1979 LAZ 699B 1small 1979 LAZ 5255 1 1979 laz-695n-06 1980 laz 697 1 1980 laz 5255 -karpati 1980 LAZ 1980 laz-699-08 1981 LAZ 697R 2 1981 laz-695n-07 1981 LAZ-699 Oekraïne 1982 LAZ 4202 4 1983 laz 5255-karpati 1983-90 LAZ 699R 1 1985 LAZ 695 NG 4 1985 LAZ 695NG 3 1985 LAZ 699 1986 LAZ-699R Rostov 31.10.07-060 1987 laz-699-01 1987 laz-699-02 1988 laz-695n-10 1988 laz-699-04 1990 laz-699-03 1992 LAZ 5252 3 1 1992 LAZ 5252 3 3 1992 laz-699-05 1992-06 LAZ 5252 2 1992-06 LAZ MB Restyling 5252 2-05 Trolley 1993 LAZ 695D 1 1993 LAZ 695D 3 1993 LAZ 5252 2 1 1993 LAZ 52522 3 1994 LAZ 6205 1 1994 laz concepts 1994 laz-699-12 1998 LAZ A073 3 1998 LAZ A141 (Liner-9) 1998 LAZ A141 maxresdefault 1998-99 Laz A073 04 1999 LAZ A-141 Taganrog 1999 laz-5207-01 1999 laz-5207-02 1999 laz-5207-03 1999 laz-5207-05 1999 laz-5207-07 1999 laz-5207-08 1999 laz-5207-09 1999 laz-5207-10 OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA 1999 laz-5207-12 1999 laz-5207-13 2000 LAZ trolleybus 008 2005 LAZ 695 2006- AeroLAZ 2006 ElectroLAZ 20 2007 LAZ Trolley 2007 LAZ, Transexpo 2007 NeoLAZ-5208 Lviv 2008 CityLAZ-20 06 2008 LAZ City 2008 LAZ Liner 9 2009 LAZ City Trolley OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA 2009 LAZ-ZAGLAV 2010 LAZ E183 root9 pic 018 2010 newlaz-city-laz-04 2010 Trolleybus LAZ E301 2011 NewLAZ InterLAZ 13,5 2012 LAZ A141 Liner 2012 LAZ 2013 NeoLAZ Karpaty avtovokzal LAZ 3d model old bus laz b LAZ 3d model old bus laz LAZ GORIZONT1-viThat’s it.

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Author: Jeroen

In Dutch, my homelanguage: Ik ben Jeroen, tot januari 2015 was ik al dik 26 jaar werkzaam in een psychiatrisch ziekenhuis in een stad vlakbij Werelds grootste havenstad Rotterdam. Eerst als verpleegkundige/begeleider op high care, later op afdeling dubbeldiagnose (verslavingen) en ook nog een tijdje als administratief medewerker. Ik heb een spierziekte "Poli Myositis" (alle spieren zijn ontstoken) daardoor weinig energie. Sinds augustus 2015 is daarbij de diagnose Kanker gesteld, en ben ik helemaal arbeidsongeschikt geworden en zit middenin de behandelfase. Gelukkig ben ik daarnaast getrouwd, vader, en opa, en heb de nodige hobby's. Een daarvan is transportmiddelen verzamelen en daarmee een blog schrijven. Dit blog begon met bussen, maar nu komen ook sleepboten, auto's trucks en dergelijke aan bod. Kijk en geniet met me mee, reageer, en vul gerust aan. Fouten zal ik ook graag verbeteren. In English: I'm Jeroen, till januari 2015 I was already 26 years working as a nurse in a psychiatric hospital, near Rotterdam, Worlds biggest harbour with more than 98 nationalities living within it's borders. First I worked on closed high care ward and the last years on a ward with mainly addicted people. I liked my work very much. In 2007 I got ill. I got the diagnose Poli Myositis, a musscle dissease. Al my mussles are inflamed. And last august I got another diagnose. Cancer. It's plaveicelcel carcinoma and treated with Chemo and radioation. So I've even less energy than the last years. Still I try to make something of my life and the blog is helping with surviving with some pleasure.

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