Buses IKARUS Budapest Hungary

Ikarus Bus

Type

Private company

Industry

Bus manufacturing

Founded

1895

Headquarters

BudapestHungary

Key people

Gábor Széles — Chairman

Products

Buses


01 Ikarus 415 022 Partyzantow
Ikarus 415.14B bus in Bielsko-Biała,Poland.

02 Ikarus_31,_front,_2

A restored Ikarus 31 (1959) in Miskolc.

Ikarus is a bus manufacturer based in BudapestHungary. It was established in 1895 as Uhri Imre Kovács- és Kocsigyártó Üzeme (roughly: “Imre Uhri’s Blacksmith Workshop and Coach Factory”).

1910 Old Ikarus DD regiemelet1910 Old Ikarus DD regiemelet

By 1913, the company focused mainly on constructing cars and due to increased sales during World War I it made great profits. In 1927, Ikarus had won an international tender and it was this year that large scale production could begin by delivering 60 shuttle buses. Following the Wall Street Crash the company became bankrupt as it did not receive any significant orders and it had to be closed down. In 1935 the company had resumed production and was fully functioning during World War II. On 23 February 1949, Ikarus was officially established when it merged with airplane manufacturer Ikarus Gép és Fémgyár Rt.

1947-1951 Mávag Ikarus 571 db1947-1951 Mávag Ikarus 571 db

In 1955 and 1956 with the new front engine models (Ikarus 620, 630 and 31) the company’s foreign sales were boosted and apart from Eastern-European countries,ChinaBurma and Egypt started using them in several of their cities. By 1962, Ikarus delivered 8,000 buses abroad and in 1970 it won second place at an expo in Monaco showing its prominence in Europe. In 1971, over 100,000 buses were manufactured and sales increased year-by-year. By 1973, Ikarus became the world’s fourth largest manufacturer, but lacking raw materials, orders were not delivered in time on several occasions. Until the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the German Democratic Republic was one of the most important trading partners of Ikarus, but when Germany was re-unified sales fell to about 10%.

1948-49 Mávag Ikarus Tr 3,5 78db1948-49 Mávag Ikarus Tr 3,5 78db

Ikarus provided body shells (without doors, windows, seats, engine) for Orion Bus Industries contracts to supply Toronto and Ottawa transit systems with articulated buses in late 1986-1987. The Orion Ikarus buses were put on the fast track for retirement by the TTC due to structural corrosion problems. These problems were blamed on poor spot welds made during the manufacture of the bus.

1949 MÁVAG Ikarus A191949 MÁVAG Ikarus A19 1949-50 Mávag Ikarus M5 170db1949-50 Mávag Ikarus M5 170db

From 1999, the company was owned by Irisbus, a French-Italian investing group. In 2006, Irisbus sold Ikarus Bus to Hungary’s Műszertechnika group for the full asking price. Műszertechnika signed a contract back in December to acquire 100% of the company, which was established back in 1999 as a 75:25 joint venture between RenaultIvecoand Hungarian Industrialist Gábor Széles for Ikarus. In 2002, Ikarus placed the Natural Gas (CNG) 18 meter articulated bus in Colombia, which is currently in operation inTransmilenio Rapid Bus Mass Transit System in the Capital City of Bogota. The company has come out in 2007 with a new low-floor model which they plan to produce in Hungary (200-400 per year), Russia (1000-2000 per year) and China (10,000 per year).

1951 Ikarus 311951 Ikarus 31

In 2006, Gary Urteaga, a business entrepreneur from Peru, initiated a project with Ikarus to penetrate the Latin American Market. The Project involves the supply of Natural Gas (CNG) Buses of 8 meters, 12 meters and articulated 18 meters together with the investment in Bus Assembly Plants for the Latin American region. Offers have been made to bidders of the Metropolitano Rapid Bus Transit System of the City of Lima in Peru which is to awarded in 2007 and implemented in 2008-2009. Also, the government of Venezuela has initiated dialogue with Ikarus derived from the strong interest in the market for Natural Gas Buses shown by Venezuelan PresidentHugo Chavez Frias.

1951-57 Ikarus 30 3.175db

1951-57 Ikarus 30 3.175db

In 2010 a new Ikarus V187 and other standard, and articulated models are introduced to the press and publicly tested on BKV lines

1951-59 ikarus 60t 1.744db1951-59 ikarus 60t 1.744db

As of 2010, a second bus factory is planned to be built in the United States, with new headquarters in Los Angeles. A third bus factory is also planned in Eskişehir, Turkey.

1952 Ikarus 31 autobus1952 Ikarus 31 autobus

1952 Ikarus 31 inside1952 Ikarus 31 autobus inside

In 2014 the Hungarian city of Szeged started operating new Ikarus-Skoda trolley busses. De busses are produced in Székesfehérvár, the motors in Czech republic.

Models

Model Engine Type/length/Length/Notes/Image
30 front 03 423px-Bundesarchiv_Bild_183-14581-0003,_Dresden,_Omnibus_-Ikarus_30-

31 front8.5 m/x 04 800px-Ikarus_31
55 rearcoach/11.4m 05 800px-Ikarus_55
60 front/9.4 m
66 rearcity/suburban/11.4 06 800px-Ikarus_66
180 midarticulated city/16.5mextended version Ikarus 556 Berlin, Gelenkbus Ikarus 180
190 rear11 m/ like West German standard; 1973–1983 1970 Ikarus 190 im prospekt
194 mid/city/suburban/on Volvo B10M chassis  Ikarus 194 prospektus
196 mid/city/suburban/on Volvo B10M chassis  Ikarus 196
196.02 mid/articulated/18 m/on Volvo chassis IKARUS 196.02
196.03 rear/articulated/on Scania chassis, 1984  impossible to find
208 rear/suburban/8.5 m  Ikarus-208
210 rear/coach  ikarus 210
210 rear/suburban—Ikarus 200 serie Ikarus-200-Series
211 rear/midi bus/coach 08 Ikarus_211_-_Kyiv_June2006
212 rear/midi bus/coach  Ikarus 212 MAN
216 rear/midi bus/coach Ikarus 216.00
220 rear/suburban/9.5 m/no series production  1970 Ikarus 220
230 rear/coach 1969 Ikarus 230 Prototype
240 rear/city/suburban Hungarian-made bus Ikarus 240 pictured in Vologda Russia in 2011
242 rear/city/suburban/11 m 1969-70 Ikarus 242
246 rear/city/suburban IKARUS 246
250 rear/coach/12 m/produced in large numbers 1 Ikarus_250_Békéscsaba
252 rear/coach/11 m 2 Ikarus_252.69_in_Barnaul_2005
255 rear/interurban/11 m 3 797px-Bundesarchiv_Bild_183-R0404-0015,_Berlin,_Palast_der_Republik
256 rear/coach/11 m 4 800px-Agria_IK-256
260 mid/city/11 m 5 Ikarus_260
260T mid/trolleybus/11 m ikarus 260 trolley
261 mid/city/11 m/Right-Hand Drive ikarus 261
263 mid/city/12 m/Upgraded, 12 m version of model 260 6 RVW_Z-VZ-199
266 rear/city/suburban/11 m 7 800px-Topliţa,_bus
280 mid/articulated/16.5 m 8 Ikarus280
280E articulated trolleybus 9 799px-Ikarus_280E
280T mid/articulated trolleybus 10 800px-Ikarus_280T_Trolleybus_R01
281 mid/articulated/16.5 m/Right-Hand Drive 1978 Ikarus-281
282 mid/articulated/18 m Ikarus-282
283 mid/articulated/18 m 11
284 rear/articulated/17.9 m Ikarus 284
286 mid/articulated/18.2 m/2.59 m wide for USA;see Crown-Ikarus 286 Ikarus 286
290 front/airport/14 m Ikarus 290 australië
293 mid/double articulated/prototype Ikarus 293
303 rear/coach/8.7 m/only 9 prototypes built 1959 Ikarus 303 luxus
311 front/8.5 m/1957–1972 Ikarus 311
380NE rear/coach/12 m/only 1 prototype built 1982 Ikarus 380 NE
410NE rear/city/11.4 m/only prototypes built Ikarus 410 NE
440NE rear/city/11 m/only 1 prototype built Ikarus 440a
553 front/minibus 12
556 mid/city/10.9 m 13 Ikarus_556_in_1973,_Baghdad_mosque
620 front/city/9.4 m Ikarus 620
630 front/interurban/9.4 m 14
695 mid/articulated/17.9 m/”PALT” apron bus Ikarus 695

Modern types

Model Type Length/Notes/Image
405 city bus/7 m 1
411 low-floor city bus/11 m 2
412 low-floor city bus/11.9 m 3
412T trolleybus 4
415 city bus/11.4 m 5
415T trolleybus 6
417 low-floor articulated city bus/17.6m/only 30 ever produced 7
435 articulated city bus/17.8 m 8
438 articulated bus/only 1 prototype built
480 city bus/12 m/DAF 9
481 low-floor city bus/12 m 10
489 low-floor city bus/12 m/Polaris 11
EAG E91 mini city bus/7.8 m 12
EAG E92 city bus/9 m/only 1 prototype built Ikarus E92
EAG E94 urban bus 12 m 13
EAG E94G articulated urban/suburban bus/18m/only a few built 1997 Ikarus E94G
EAG E95 interurban bus/12.0 m 14
EAG E97 highdecker coach/12.0 m SONY DSC
EAG E98 coach/12.0 m IKARUS E98
EAG E99 double-deck coach/12.0m Eurolines Scania Ikarus E99
E127 / 127E low-floor suburban bus/12.725 m 15
E134 / 134E low-floor suburban bus/13.4 m Ikarus 134E 11
V134 / 134V low floor city /bus13.4 m IKARUS 134V
V187 / 187V low-floor articulated city bus/18.75 m/pre-production ARC-Ikarus V187

 

Portland Crown-Ikarus bus in 1993, r459f111993 Crown-Ikarus 286 bus of TriMet (Portland, Oregon)

References

  1. Jump up^ The Orion Ikarus Articulateds
  2. Jump up^ Vezess.hu article
  3. Jump up^ Vilaggazdasag.hu article
  4. Jump up^ TotalCar.hu article

External links

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Author: Jeroen

In Dutch, my homelanguage: Ik ben Jeroen, tot januari 2015 was ik al dik 26 jaar werkzaam in een psychiatrisch ziekenhuis in een stad vlakbij Werelds grootste havenstad Rotterdam. Eerst als verpleegkundige/begeleider op high care, later op afdeling dubbeldiagnose (verslavingen) en ook nog een tijdje als administratief medewerker. Ik heb een spierziekte "Poli Myositis" (alle spieren zijn ontstoken) daardoor weinig energie. Sinds augustus 2015 is daarbij de diagnose Kanker gesteld, en ben ik helemaal arbeidsongeschikt geworden en zit middenin de behandelfase. Gelukkig ben ik daarnaast getrouwd, vader, en opa, en heb de nodige hobby's. Een daarvan is transportmiddelen verzamelen en daarmee een blog schrijven. Dit blog begon met bussen, maar nu komen ook sleepboten, auto's trucks en dergelijke aan bod. Kijk en geniet met me mee, reageer, en vul gerust aan. Fouten zal ik ook graag verbeteren. In English: I'm Jeroen, till januari 2015 I was already 26 years working as a nurse in a psychiatric hospital, near Rotterdam, Worlds biggest harbour with more than 98 nationalities living within it's borders. First I worked on closed high care ward and the last years on a ward with mainly addicted people. I liked my work very much. In 2007 I got ill. I got the diagnose Poli Myositis, a musscle dissease. Al my mussles are inflamed. And last august I got another diagnose. Cancer. It's plaveicelcel carcinoma and treated with Chemo and radioation. So I've even less energy than the last years. Still I try to make something of my life and the blog is helping with surviving with some pleasure.

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