Buses, Van’s, 4×4’s, UAZ “Bukhanka” + more

Ulyanovskiy_Avtomobilnyi_Zavod_logo

UAZ (УАЗ) is an initialism for Ulyanovsky Avtomobilny Zavod (Ульяновский Автомобильный Завод, which translates to “Ulyanovsk Automobile Plant”) is an automobile manufacturer based in UlyanovskRussia which manufactures off-road vehiclesbuses and trucks. It is best known for its Model 469 utility vehicle, which has seen wide use as a military vehicle in the Eastern bloc and around the world. The UAZ factory started production in 1941 as part of the Soviet war effort.

History

War and Post-War

The Ulyanovsk Automobile Plant was founded in 1941 as a direct result of the German invasion of the Soviet Union. The rapidly advancing Germans threatened to capture the bulk of Soviet industry, concentrated in the Western parts of the country, and thereby undercut the ability of the USSR to supply its troops. In response to this threat the government of Joseph Stalin ordered the evacuation of strategically crucial industrial centers to the East. By the October 1941, the rapid German drive to Moscow, triggered the decision to relocate the Moscow automotive manufacturer ZIS to the Volga town of Ulyanovsk. The town, already a nascent industrial center with a sufficiently developed infrastructure and a good supply of skilled workers, would be an ideal location for the reconstituted factory. It was also safely out of reach of the German army. At that time of its founding, the plant was considered a subsidiary of ZIS. By 1942, the plant began production of artillery shells and automobiles. The first automobile produced at the plant was the ZIS-5 three-ton truck.

In 1943, when the prospect of a German victory had become far less likely, it was decided that the relocated plant would remain in Ulyanovsk and be separated administratively from ZIS, which would be rebuilt in Moscow from scratch. This was in line with the Soviet post-war policy regarding various relocated industrial operations. It was considered more efficient to leave the newly built plants as is, while the original plants, provided they survived the war were outfitted anew, frequently with captured German machinery. At the end of 1944, the production of the ZIS-5 was transferred to The Ural Automotive Plant in Miass, while the Ulyanovsk plant began producing the smaller GAZ-AA.

gaz-aa

GAZ AA

GAZ Family variants

GAZ Family variants

In 1954 production was expanded to include the GAZ-69 jeep.

Gaz 69-2 tot 1970

Gaz 69A tot 1970

GAZ-69A

GAZ-69A

Two years later, the factory was not just assembling the jeeps from parts delivered elsewhere, but manufacturing the automobiles in their entirety.

Ulyanovskiy Avtozavod UAZ main entrance

Ulyanovskiy Avtozavod (UAZ) main entrance

The Golden Age

In 1958, UAZ began production of its first independently designed automobile, the UAZ-450 – a family of trucks and vans. In 1966, the UAZ-452D a further development of the 450, was put into production. The 452 would go on to become a workhorse of soviet agriculture and police.

In 1972 the well-regarded, but outdated, GAZ-69 was replaced by the more modern UAZ-469.

1972 - nu UAZ-469

1972 – nu UAZ-469

UAZ-469 new2

UAZ 469 from 1980

2005 UAZ-469 medical modification, used in Ukraine

2005 UAZ-469 medical modification, used in Ukraine

The UAZ-469 was a sturdy, but not-so-comfortable vehicle with the ability to overcome virtually any terrain, while also providing ease of maintenance. The 469 reached legendary status, thanks to its reliability and impressive off-road capability, even though it was not made available to the civilian market until late 1980s, before which time it was built exclusively for police and military use. A commercially-available variant was produced by the Lutzk Automotive Works.

The UAZ-469 and its modifications have gained a dedicated following because of its off-road ability, reliability and simplicity. Off-road enthusiasts welcome it as a lower-cost and better alternative to the American Jeep, British Land Rover and Japanese Land Cruiser.

Crisis

After the collapse of Soviet Union, UAZ has started feeling the heat. On one hand, people were willing to buy its cars due to its high reputation; on the other hand, most preferred used imported off-road cars due to the lack of reliability of UAZ cars made in the 1990s. UAZ produced a slightly modified version of its original UAZ-469 car, UAZ Hunter, but the sales were still lacking.

After the collapse of the Soviet Union, UAZ experienced many financial problems which resulted in poor quality control and cost cutting which resulted in the production of low quality UAZ automobiles compared to those made in Soviet times.

In 2004, the plant was bought by the Severstal financial group, which made many investments in the firm and had also bought the ZMA car plant in Naberezhnye Chelny.

In 2005, a new SUV-like car, UAZ Patriot, was unveiled. Extensive use of third-party parts (which finally allowed UAZ to replace its notorious transmission with a better, Korean-manufactured one), large capacity, good off-road capabilities and affordable price (<15,000 USD) predict good sales in Russia. UAZ unveils a new 4 door pickup truck.

Reliability

The UAZ-469 (and its modifications) has earned a reputation as a very reliable and capable 4×4. It has gained huge popularity among off-road enthusiasts within Russia, former Soviet republics as well as Europe, Asia, South America and Africa, and is preferred by many over other legendary 4x4s such as Land RoverJeep and Toyota.

One of the main reasons the 469 has enjoyed such popularity is its deliberately simple design, which allows for easy maintenance and repairs. Its simplicity is a deliberate design feature for two main reasons: the requirements of the Soviet Armed Forces, as well as that most people in the Soviet Union/Russia prefer to fix their cars themselves as opposed to taking them to an authorized mechanic.

Although the UAZ has proven to be a reliable 4×4, there have been a few problems with the car’s reliability that have slightly hurt its reputation.

The transmission of the original 469 has been known to have problems when not maintained properly (as the owners manual dictates). Another major problem within Russia has been the production ofcounterfeit parts made out of cheap metals. Furthermore, the 1990s (after the fall of the Soviet Union) saw a significant decline of quality in the assembly of UAZ vehicles as the company struggled to survive and could not afford to pay the salaries of its employees.

Other problems have been encountered with the modernization of the vehicle, as many of the new electrical and cosmetic parts have been of poor quality. To combat these problems, and return the reliability and dependability of UAZ vehicles to their former standards the UAZ Company has recently introduced a new Quality Control system which has reduced the number of UAZ vehicles with defects arriving in showrooms around the world.

uaz-452-allrad-sowjetarmee

uaz-452-allrad-sowjetarmee © Ralf Christian Kunkel

UAZ-Bukhanka-Kazakhstan-September-2013

UAZ-Bukhanka-Kazakhstan-September-2013

1999 UAZ-2206 Mongolië

1999 UAZ-2206 Mongolië

1998 UAZ-3303

1998 UAZ-3303

554680

UAZ Bus Bukhanka Mongolië

Bussen UAZ Van

UAZ Van-Bus

UAZ 452 tekeningen

UAZ 452 tekeningen

UAZ folder 5

UAZ folder 1

UAZ folder 2

UAZ folder 3

UAZ folder 4

UAZ folder

UAZ folder 7

UAZ folder 6

Bussen UAZ-452 experimental 6x6 12s  1973

 UAZ-452 experimental 6×6 12s  1973

UAZ screenshot.1573

 UAZ-452 experimental 6×6 12s  1973

conclusion-that-the-thing-will-break-down-somewhere-in-the-middle-of-the_5a6cc

UAZ 452 on lake baikal

UAZ 452, Ambulances, Koryazhma

UAZ 452, Ambulances, Koryazhma

UAZ УАЗ 452 Скорая помощь Харьков

UAZ УАЗ 452 Скорая помощь Харьков

uaz rups

uaz rups

UAZ-451 v

UAZ-451 v

UAZ-452 mud

UAZ-452 mud

UAZ-452 of the Soviet Army Road Police

UAZ-452 of the Soviet Army Road Police

UAZ-452-based fire-engine

UAZ-452-based fire-engine

UAZ-2206 4x4

UAZ-2206 4×4

UAZ-2206

UAZ-2206

UAZ-2206 8617f

UAZ-2206

UAZ-3741

uaz-buhanka-safe

uaz-buhanka-safe

uaz-kamper 3

uaz-kamper

uaz-kamper 40

uaz-kamper

UAZ-39625

UAZ-39625

UAZ-39094

UAZ-39094

UAZ-22069 nieuw

UAZ-22069 nieuw

UAZ-3909 Emergency gas service

UAZ-3909 Emergency gas service

uaz-452-d-04

uaz-452-d-04

uaz-buhanka-provodnik

uaz-buhanka-provodnik

UAZ Simbir policie

UAZ Simbir policie

Uaz Cargo 230602-050

Uaz Cargo 230602-050

Uaz Pickup 23632 with bedcap

Uaz Pickup 23632 with bedcap

2005 UAZ Pickup

2005 UAZ Pickup

2005 UAZ-469 medical modification, used in Ukraine

2005 UAZ-469 medical modification, used in Ukraine

2005-nu UAZ Patriot

2005-nu UAZ Patriot

2008 Ukrainian police UAZ-3151 UMM

2008 Ukrainian police UAZ-3151 UMM

2009 Russian Police UAZ Hunter in Saint Petersburg

2009 Russian Police UAZ Hunter in Saint Petersburg

UAZ-Hunter on tracks 1

UAZ-Hunter on tracks 1

2010 Cross-country vehicle UAZ-39294 «TREKOL»

2010 Cross-country vehicle UAZ-39294 «TREKOL»

2010 UAZ Patriot Sport police vehicle

2010 UAZ Patriot Sport police vehicle © Vitaly V Huzmin

2013 UAZ Patriot-Integrated Safety and Security Exhibition

2013 UAZ Patriot-Integrated Safety and Security Exhibition © Vitaly V Huzmin

END

Ulyanovskiy_Avtomobilnyi_Zavod_logo

Advertisements

Author: Jeroen

In Dutch, my homelanguage: Ik ben Jeroen, tot januari 2015 was ik al dik 26 jaar werkzaam in een psychiatrisch ziekenhuis in een stad vlakbij Werelds grootste havenstad Rotterdam. Eerst als verpleegkundige/begeleider op high care, later op afdeling dubbeldiagnose (verslavingen) en ook nog een tijdje als administratief medewerker. Ik heb een spierziekte "Poli Myositis" (alle spieren zijn ontstoken) daardoor weinig energie. Sinds augustus 2015 is daarbij de diagnose Kanker gesteld, en ben ik helemaal arbeidsongeschikt geworden en zit middenin de behandelfase. Gelukkig ben ik daarnaast getrouwd, vader, en opa, en heb de nodige hobby's. Een daarvan is transportmiddelen verzamelen en daarmee een blog schrijven. Dit blog begon met bussen, maar nu komen ook sleepboten, auto's trucks en dergelijke aan bod. Kijk en geniet met me mee, reageer, en vul gerust aan. Fouten zal ik ook graag verbeteren. In English: I'm Jeroen, till januari 2015 I was already 26 years working as a nurse in a psychiatric hospital, near Rotterdam, Worlds biggest harbour with more than 98 nationalities living within it's borders. First I worked on closed high care ward and the last years on a ward with mainly addicted people. I liked my work very much. In 2007 I got ill. I got the diagnose Poli Myositis, a musscle dissease. Al my mussles are inflamed. And last august I got another diagnose. Cancer. It's plaveicelcel carcinoma and treated with Chemo and radioation. So I've even less energy than the last years. Still I try to make something of my life and the blog is helping with surviving with some pleasure.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s